African Journal of
Health Sciences and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Health Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2805-4202
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJHST
  • Start Year: 2019
  • Published Articles: 31

AJHST Articles

Factors determining adherence to follow-up care for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV among pregnant women in Cross River State, Nigeria

November 2023

Adherence to the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in developing countries faces several barriers. The aim of the study is to identify factors determining adherence to follow-up care in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission among pregnant women living with HIV in Cross River State, Nigeria. It is a cross-sectional study applying systematic sampling techniques among antenatal attendees living...

Author(s): Iquo E. Okon, Etanguno E. Owowo, Deborah E. Okon and Grace O. Effiong

Clinical characteristics and induction outcome of pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients treated at Tertiary Referral Hospital, Addis Ababa,Ethiopia: a retrospective cross-sectional study

September 2023

The outcome of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has remained a major concern in low- and middle-income countries. It is envisaged that the outcome will be far worse in resource limited settings. However, studies are lacking and many of these low-income countries lack an effective cancer registry. The study was conducted to assess the socio-demographics, clinical patterns and induction outcomes of children with AML. All bone...

Author(s): Dinberu Oyamo and Gashaw Arega

Patterns of presentation of rotator cuff tendinopathy and the role of abnormal ultrasonography findings in its early detection among overhead sport athletes

July 2023

Rotator cuff tendinopathy (RCT), a common shoulder disorder in overhead sports, has different presentation patterns. The presentation mode may help identify altered biomechanics, a common cause of impingement of the rotator cuff tendon. Therefore, this study investigated the patterns of presentation of RCT and their association with selected biomechanical variables in overhead sport athletes. This cross-sectional study...

Author(s): Aiyegbusi Ayoola I., Odebiyi Daniel O. and Osasona Oluwatosin O.  

Frequency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase in holoendemic village of Sub-Saharan Africa

July 2023

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase enzyme deficiency (G6PD) is one of the malaria hypotheses, in addition to haemoglobinopathy, ovalocytosis, and thalassaemia, among others, that confer resistance to the severity of malaria infection to their carriers. High prevalent rates of these red blood cell abnormalities are known to correlate with malaria endemicity of an area as a natural selection. This study, which was part of...

Author(s): Onuigbo H. N.  

Prevalence of HBV/HIV co-infection and effect of HAART on HBSAg seroreactivity in Ayder Referral Hospital, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia

April 2023

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) co-infection with HIV is becoming a major challenge due to shared routes of transmission. Therefore screening HBV in HIV infected individuals should be a routine clinical practice. In Ethiopia practice of routine HBV screening, Use of HAART regimens with dual Anti HIV/HBV action & their effect on HBSAg sero reactivity is not well studied. To determine the sero prevalence of HBSAg in HIV...

Author(s): Temesgen A.  

Analysis of measles case-based surveillance data in Afar Regional State, Ethiopia, from 2013 to 2017

September 2022

Measles is a highly contagious viral disease caused by morbillivirus, a member of the Paramyxoviridae family, of which humans are the only reservoirs. Person-to-person transmission occurs via aerosolized droplets and infected people's throat secretions. The aim of study is to identify major gaps and assess the trend of reporting measles disease, the positivity rate of measles samples, identify the age group most...

Author(s): Mengistu Biru, Temesegen Geleta, Esate Assefa, Mikias Alayu, Adamu Tayachew, and Mesfin Wossen  

Psychometric Testing of a Cross-Culturally Adapted Fall Efficacy Scale (FES) Scale for Igbo Stroke Survivors

December 2021

Stroke Survivors are predisposed to certain fall risk factors like impaired gait, impaired balance and coordination, as a result of associated motor dysfunctions and disability. This influences their quality of life and causes limitations in their daily living activities. FES is a reliable and valid instrument for assessing confidence level while performing activities of daily living without falling. However, its...

Author(s): Echezona Nelson Dominic EKECHUKWU, Ibuchukwum Bernice UDEGBUNAM, Ifeanyichukwu U. IGWEBUIKE,

  • Article Number: BC5AE0569645

Awareness of the Importance and Utilization of Physiotherapy Services among Nurses in Tertiary Hospitals in Anambra State, Nigeria.

December 2021

Utilization of individual professional skills depends on the cooperation among health team members and the extent to which they value the knowledge of other team members in discharging their services to the patient, who is the main focus of the team. The study aims to determine the awareness of the importance and utilization of physiotherapy services among nurses in tertiary hospitals in Anambra state. This was a cross...

Author(s): Ifeoma B. NWOSU, Josephine NWANKWO, Ezinne EKEDIEGWU, Michael OGUNLANA, Yvonne IHEGIHU, Samuel MUONWE, Ekundayo OGUNKUNLE.

  • Article Number: A9595BA69635

Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics of Children with Erb’s Palsy and the Clinical Specialization of Their Therapists - A Retrospective Study

December 2021

Erb’s palsy accounts for 45% of brachial plexus birth injury (BPEP), with a 0.8-1 per 1,000 births incidence. Management of Erb’s palsy requires the services of a physiotherapist, occupational therapist and other rehabilitation specialists. The socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with Erb’s Palsy and the clinical competencies of their therapists in Southeast Nigeria are unknown....

Author(s): Echezona Nelson Dominic EKECHUKWU,,  Ngozika Roselyn CHIMEREZE, Blessing Blossom Chiagozikam ATUEY, Ezinne EKEDIEGWU.

  • Article Number: 276DE1969633

Forward-Backward Translation and Psychometric Testing of Fugl-Meyer Assessment Scale for Igbo Stroke Survivors

June 2021

Stroke survivors experience impaired motor function of affected limbs. However, improvements in motor function are possible and important as it helps reduce its negative effects on the activities of daily living, contributing to better quality of life. Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) is a tool for determining impaired motor functions. This has not been translated to Igbo language and so poses some restrictions for most...

Author(s): Ifeanyichukwu U. IGWEBUIKE , Ibuchukwum Bernice UDEGBUNAM , Echezona Nelson Dominic EKECHUKWU, ,  

  • Article Number: 46CDEB969080

The Contribution of X-Ray Equipment Control Panel Design Type to the Control of Nosocomial Infection: Soft Touch Button versus Knob Design

June 2021

The control panel of x-ray equipment is exposed to contamination from the radiographer during routine use, hence the need for constant disinfection. Older x-ray equipment designs have a control knob design (CKD), while newer designs have soft touch buttons or touch screens (STB). The aim of this study is to evaluate the rate at which nosocomial infection accumulates in each control panel design type by taking swab...

Author(s): Sobechukwu W.I. Onwuzu; Julius A. Agbo; Uloma B. Nwogu; Israel C. Onoh; Ikechukwu G. Onu, Ifunanya S. Onwuzu  

  • Article Number: 5177D3F69072

Correlation between Foot Arch Index and Quadriceps Angle among Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis in National Orthopaedics Hospital Enugu.

June 2021

Osteoarthritis is a chronic degenerative joint disease characterised by breakdown of cartilages in joints which may further alter the joint biomechanics such as the quadriceps (Q) angle. Patello-femoral joint biomechanics is influenced by the direction and magnitude of force exerted by quadriceps muscle which may impact on the foot biomechanics. This study sought to determine the relationship between foot arch index...

Author(s): Ginika G. Ajuzie, Chidiebere P. Ojukwu, Canice C. Ayachukwu, Henry D. Ajuzie, Echezona N.D. Ekechukwu.,

  • Article Number: 03779A869044

A Systematic Review of Ankle Injury Epidemiology in Dance

June 2021

To systematically review the ankle injury epidemiology among dancers. Design: Systematic review. Data sources: MEDLINE, PEDro, Google Scholar, PubMed databases were searched from their inceptions to 17th of March, 2021. Reference lists of identified studies were hand-searched for additional relevant studies. The guideline for Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) was adopted for...

Author(s): Umezulike Kenneth ANI, Peter Olanrewaju IBIKUNLE, Ushotanefe USEH, Christopher Olusanjo AKOSILE, Fatai Adesina MARUF, Chinweuba Chukwuebuka NWOSU,  Maduabuchukwu Joseph NWANKWO, Emmanuel Chiebuka OKOYE, Ukamaka Gloria MGBEOJEDO, Christiana Nkiru OKAFOR  Uzoamaka Nwakaego AKOBUNDU

  • Article Number: EA5CC4A69034

Cross-Cultural Adaptation of Activity-Specific Balance Confidence (ABC) Scale for Igbo Stroke Survivors

December 2020

Individuals post stroke are at high risk for devastating consequences from falls especially while performing their activities of daily living. This is due to postural instability and abnormal gait pattern resulting from balance impairment acquired post injury. The Activity-Specific Balance Confidence (ABC) scale is an instrument used to measure confidence in balance that hitherto was not available in Igbo language....

Author(s): Ibuchukwum Bernice UDEGBUNAM, Ifeanyichukwu U. IGWEBUIKE, Echezona Nelson Dominic EKECHUKWU,  

  • Article Number: 1674D5A68888

Perceived Readiness to Practice among Pre-Clinical and Clinical Undergraduates of Physiotherapy Department in University of Nigeria, Enugu-Campus

December 2020

Physiotherapy undergraduates undergo a rigorous training process which predisposes them to stress. One’s ability to cope with the stress and acquire the necessary knowledge and skills that accrue to confidence and competence in practice is expected to develop while in school. However, level of study and exposure could influence the readiness to go into professional practice. This study aims to determine the...

Author(s): Ezeukwu O.A., Aguguo D.C., Okoh, A.C., Okoro G.N., Anene C.D., Ekeledo D.C., Ekechukwu E.N.D.

  • Article Number: FC47E0969004

Some Haemostatic Parameters among Malaria Infected Patients in Semi-urban Setting of Malaria Endemic Region.

December 2020

Malaria a mosquito-borne protozoon infection is one of the health challenges facing majority of people living in sub-Sahara Africa including Nigeria (an endemic region). The causative agents Plasmodium species parasitizes host erythrocytes and destroys its hemoglobin thereby causing anaemia in some of the infected individuals. This study evaluated some haemostatic parameters of malaria parasitized subjects living in...

Author(s): Seto S. T. ALADENIKA, Johnson K. FADAIRO, Iniekong P. UDOH, Ebuka B. NNEDU, Ngozi F. ONYEMELUKWE.

  • Article Number: FAC328B68976

Adult cephalic index of the Igbo people in and around Nnewi town in Nigeria using computed tomography

December 2020

In disaster victims’ identification in forensic science, every piece of evidence is relevant. Biochemical assays, anthropometry, and recently, medical imaging, have all provided some form of evidence. Cephalic index, popular derived by ultrasound in utero, and with sliding calipers ex utero, can also be accurately derived ex utero using the medical imaging tool of computed tomography. To derive cephalic index for...

Author(s): Thomas ADEJOH,  Mohammed  SIDI, Chukwuemeka H. ELUGWU, Emeka E. EZUGWU, Emmanuella  C. OKAFOR, Felix O. ERONDU.

  • Article Number: 1F3F9D868998

Attitudes and Barriers towards Continuing Professional Development among Physiotherapists in South-Eastern Nigeria

June 2020

Continuing professional development (CPD) programmes are important components of professional training to maintain competence. There is insufficient information regarding physiotherapists’ participation in CPD activities in South-Eastern Nigeria. This study aimed to determine the attitude and barriers towards CPD among Physiotherapists in South-Eastern Nigeria. A cross-sectional survey involving 104 clinical...

Author(s): Anwara S.U, Nmecha C.E, Moses E.A, Okarekpe E., Mgbeojedo U.G., Ekechukwu E.N.D., Ezeukwu O.A  

  • Article Number: 0849BA768880

Attitude and Barriers to Community Based Rehabilitation Among Physiotherapists in Enugu Metropolis

June 2020

The frequent occurrence of disabilities in our communities and the near non-existence of Physiotherapists participation and other health care professionals in Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) programmes in the management of this mayhem to curb the increasing incidences is on the increase. There are limited studies on the attitudes and barriers to participation in Community Based Rehabilitation among Nigerian...

Author(s): Aroh J.C., Okakpu C.C., Anichebe C.A., Udeozor B.C., Ekediegwu E.C., Ekechukwu E.N.D.,, Ezeukwu O.A.

  • Article Number: 0613E9068850

Assessment of Health and Wellness Lifestyle Practices of Tertiary Institution Workers in the Phase of Prevalent Lifestyle Related Diseases

June 2020

Improved technologies and advances in vaccines have resulted in reductions in morbidities and mortalities from infectious diseases like HIV/AIDs, tuberculosis etc; but deaths and disabilities resulting from non-communicable diseases are on the increase globally. Lifestyle behaviours (LB) are believed to be related to health, wellness and quality of life of the citizenry. Therefore, this study assessed the health and...

Author(s): Kayode I. OKE and Joshua O. OJO

  • Article Number: 77ED79068830

Psychometric Testing of a Cross-Culturally Adapted Reintegration to Normal Living Index Scale for Igbo Stroke Survivors – A Preliminary Investigation

June 2020

Stroke is a major cause of long-term disability and the second leading cause of death globally. Majority of stroke survivors (SS) have varying degrees of disability that restrict their community reintegration (CR). The Reintegration to Normal Living Index (RNLI) is a good measure for assessing CR, but cannot be used by Non-English Speaking SS and thus the need to cross-culturally adapt it for Igbo-Speaking SS. This...

Author(s): Ibuchukwum Bernice UDEGBUNAM, Ifeanyichukwu U. IGWEBUIKE, Echezona Nelson Dominic EKECHUKWU,  

  • Article Number: F81213A68821

Effects of Ultrasound Therapy on Pain Intensity of Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis - A systematic Review of Evidence

December 2019

The knee is the major weight bearing joint of the body. It is therefore expected that the knee more than most joints of the body will be more prone to the development of Ostearthritis (OA). Literature appears unsettled regarding the most preferred treatment parameters and the effects of ultrasound in the management of knee OA. This study systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of...

Author(s): Nmachukwu Ifeoma Ekechukwu and Echezona Nelson Dominic Ekechukwu

  • Article Number: 3BCBE6268607

Do Engineers Know and Practice Ergonomics better than Healthcare Professionals or Vice-Versa?

December 2019

Ergonomics is a multidisciplinary field that seeks to promote the wellbeing of a person within a system, thereby fostering productivity with its concomitant economic effects. Professional training may impacts differently on the knowledge, awareness and practice (KAP) of certain constructs like ergonomics. Engineers and healthcare professional (HCP) are deeply involved in the promotion of ergonomics. However it is not...

Author(s): Echezona Nelson Dominic EKECHUKWU, Blessing Chiagozikam ATUEYI, Stephen C NWANYA, Obiageli Theresa MADU, Emmanuel N. AGUWA, Onyemaechi Valentine EKECHUKWU  

  • Article Number: 1B9793368606

Influence of Sleep Surface on Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Pain among Undergraduate Students in Lagos, Nigeria

December 2019

Certain sleep surfaces may trigger complaints of musculoskeletal pain and discomfort among otherwise healthy individuals. Thus, studies investigating the association between sleep surfaces and the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain and discomfort are imperative. This study investigated the influence of sleep surfaces on musculoskeletal pain among undergraduate students in Lagos, Nigeria. Five hundred undergraduate...

Author(s): Okafor Udoka C, Aiyegbusi Ayoola I, Odukoya Joy A, Oghumu SN, Sokunbi OG

  • Article Number: 45B672C68605

Assessment of Adiposity Indices among Female Staff in University of Nigeria Primary School Enugu Campus

December 2019

A central fat pattern has adverse health implications in both children and adult. Because adiposity tracks from childhood into adulthood, the ability of simple anthropometric techniques to correctly measure truncal adiposity in adulthood needs to be assessed. This study assessed the adiposity indices among female staff of University of Nigeria Primary School Enugu Campus. A total number of forty nine (49) female staff...

Author(s): Antoninius Obinna EZEUKWU, Afamefuna Victor EGWUONWU, Jenevive Nene JOHN, Ezinne Ekediegwu, Ukamaka Gloria Mgbeojedo, Echezona Nelson Dominic EKECHUKWU

  • Article Number: 7D7F2C368604

Histomorphometric Studies of Oral Contraceptives on the Ovaries of Adult Female Wistar Rats (Rattus Norvegicus)

June 2019

Contraception is the intentional prevention of fertilization from taking place through various means. Histomorphometry is the study of microscopic organization and structure of a tissue especially by computer-assisted analysis of images formed by a microscope. The aim of the study was to check the effects of oral contraceptives on histomorphometrical parameters in adult female Wistar rats. Twenty-four (24) adult female...

Author(s): Obasi K. K., Oyewopo O. A., Adedeji B. and Lambe E.

  • Article Number: 415545867696

Influence of Demographic and Academic Variables on Physical Fitness Level of Undergraduates in a Nigerian University

June 2019

Physical inactivity and sedentariness are modifiable risk factors of cardiovascular diseases and a variety of chronic diseases; it is therefore pertinent to improve on one’s physical activity and encourage regular assessment of Physical Fitness Level (PFL) especially among young adults. The level of PF and the factors that influence them among Nigerian Undergraduates appear unknown. This study assessed the PFL and...

Author(s): Echezona N.D. Ekechukwu, Chinenye D. Oluka, Esther Obidike and Antoninus O. Ezeukwu

  • Article Number: 0E57D7C67701

Femoral Neck Shaft Angle in an Adult Population in Southeast Nigeria

June 2019

The Neck Shaft Angle is an important morphological feature of the proximal femur. It plays an important role during walking. It is also an important parameter during the orthopaedic evaluation of the proximal femur especially when planning for total hip replacement. This angle has been found to vary among individuals of different race, ethnicity, age groups and gender. The aim of this study is to establish the normal...

Author(s): Angel-Mary C. ANAKWUE, Felicitas U. IDIGO, Uloma B. NWOGU, Beatrice U. MADUKA

  • Article Number: F48877067700

Risks of Disability Among Adults Living with Musculoskeletal Pain in Enugu, Nigeria: A Cross-Sectional Survey

June 2019

Pain has remained one of the disabling conditions in humans. Several survey studies have emphasized the magnitude of pain as a public health issue, citing its negative impact on patients' functional status and quality of life. This study sought to ascertain the disability risks among adults with low back pain in Enugu State with respect to age, gender, marital status, Body Mass Index (BMI) and occupation. A standard...

Author(s):  Ezema CI, Ezugwu G, Uchenwoke CI, Egbo TP and Okpala BC

  • Article Number: 17BBC0267699

Low Back Pain Among Practicing Radiographers in a Nigerian Population and their Coping Mechanisms

June 2019

Low back pain (LBP) affects majority of the population but common among workers. It affects diagnostic radiographers mainly due to occupational physical activities and age. This study sought to determine the prevalence, risk factors and coping mechanisms among practicing radiographers in Enugu and Ebonyi States, Nigeria. Cross sectional survey was adopted using a structured questionnaire and the data analyzed using Chi...

Author(s): Okeji MC, Idigo FU, Anakwue AC, Nwogu UB, Agbo JA, Onwuzu SIW, Abonyi OE and Maduka BU

  • Article Number: 2FB8ADC67698

Midwives Services Scheme: A Purposive Assessment of Performance in Enugu State, Nigeria

June 2019

Ending preventable maternal and infant deaths can be achieved by improving access to skilled health professionals. This study examined and elicited the contributions of the intervention of Midwives Services Scheme (MSS) on maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) in participating rural primary health facilities in Enugu State of Nigeria, between 2009 and 2015 when the programme was properly funded. The study was...

Author(s): Ifeyinwa Arize, Chikezie Nwankwor, Michael Obetta, Ijeoma Okoronkwo

  • Article Number: 02A3C0067697

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