Journal of
Development and Agricultural Economics

  • Abbreviation: J. Dev. Agric. Econ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9774
  • DOI: 10.5897/JDAE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 525

JDAE Articles

Options to reduce poverty among agro-pastoral households of Ethiopia: A case study from Aysaita district of Afar national regional state

June 2014

This paper discusses the dimension and intensity of poverty among the agro-pastoral households and development options based on survey data collected in 2011 from 180 randomly selected agro-pastoral households of Aysaita district. The study used the Foster, Greer and Thorbecke (FGT) index to examine the incidence of poverty, the poverty gap and severity of poverty. It also employed the Tobit regression model to analyse...

Author(s): Abubeker Mohammed, Ayalneh Bogale and Aseffa Seyoum

Assessment of technical efficiency and its determinants in beef cattle production in Kenya

June 2014

The stochastic metafrontier method is applied to estimate technical efficiency levels in beef cattle production in Kenya. Subsequently, a Tobit model is used to assess factors that might influence efficiency. Results show that the average efficiency level is 0.69, suggesting that there is considerable scope to improve beef production in Kenya. Considering the importance of the livestock enterprise to rural livelihoods...

Author(s): David Jakinda Otieno, Lionel Hubbard and Eric Ruto

Measurement of technical efficiency of smallholder fish production in Ghana: A stochastic frontier approach

May 2014

This paper examines the level and determinants of technical efficiency of smallholder fish production in seven of the ten regions of Ghana. We employ the single-stage stochastic frontier approach in this study. Regional location, feed, fingerlings and labour are found to influence technical efficiency positively and significantly. However, formal education, marital status, membership in fish farmer groups and contact...

Author(s): Christian Crentsil and Felix Larry Essilfie

The effects of land tenure practices on agricultural output in Agatu Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria

May 2014

The study examined the agricultural land use of small holders in Agatu Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria. It provides both qualitative and quantitative information about the prevailing agricultural land use practices in the study area. Various aspects of the existing agricultural practices (such as land use types, mode of access to land, implements and labour characteristics...

Author(s): Kim Idoma and Muhammad Isma’il

Trend and determinants of multidimensional poverty in rural Nigeria

May 2014

Government continues to initiate programmes to address the challenge of  poverty in Nigeria.This paper investigates  the poverty levels over time using the multidimensional approach and estimates its determinants; using the National Living Standard Survey data of 2004 and 2010. The Alkire-Foster methodology and the Logit model were employed for analysis. The result showed that 70% of rural households are...

Author(s): ADEOTI, Adetola I.

Analysis of determinants of farm-level adaptation measures to climate change in Southern Africa

May 2014

The study examines farmer adaptation strategies to climate change in Southern Africa based on a cross-section database of three countries (South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe). A multivariate discrete choice model was used to analyse the determinants of farm-level adaptation strategies. Results confirm that access to credit, free extension services, awareness of climate change are critical determinants of farm-level...

Author(s): Charles Nhemachena, Rashid Hassan and James Chakwizira

Understanding situational incompatibility of payment for the delivery of public extension services

April 2014

Persistent financial problems confront public extension organizations world-wide. Governments have embarked on funding arrangements, including commercializing the delivery of extension services to producers to ensure financial sustainability. These funding methods are innovative in the sense that they have not been used previously. They have to be accepted eventually by producers. The situational incompatibility aspects...

Author(s): D. B. Afful, A. Obi and F. S. Lategan 

Factors influencing rural household food insecurity: The case of Babile district, East Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia

April 2014

The paper examines the status and factors affecting food insecurity of rural household in Babile Ethiopia. A two-stage random sampling procedure was used to select 150 sample households from four kebeles. Both primary and secondary methods of data collection were used. Descriptive statistics and binary logit model were used as methods of data analysis. Binary logit model identified five out of ten variables included in...

Author(s): Tilksew Getahun Bimerew and Fekadu Beyene

The geographical information system (GIS) use on development of genetically engineered plants: The world perspective and the USA enterprise (1997 to 2003)

April 2014

The world population will hit the nine billion mark by 2050. Environmentally sustainable agriculture developed in a way that safeguarded the Earth and still could feed all nations is needed. All things being considered, the fact remains that the entire species on Earth share a single interconnected ecosystem. Finding acceptable solutions for the environmental and natural resource management problems and at the same time...

Author(s): Joyce Gosata Maphanyane

Saving patterns of rural households in east hararghe zone of Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia

April 2014

This study examined the patterns of rural household savings in East Hararghe zone of Oromia National Regional State in Ethiopia. The major objective of the study was to assess the patterns and its determinants of household savings in the study area. Data were collected from a total of 700 sample households which were also analyzed using descriptive statistics and multinomial logit model. The result of the study...

Author(s): Girma Teshome, Belay Kassa, Bezabih Emana and Jema Haji

Gender and small-farmer commercialisation: The case of two farming communities in Ghana

April 2014

Different options of enhancing household financial status are explored by farmers in Ghana in order to cope with fast changing economic conditions. These include intensification of traditional crop production, diversification into new high value crops and off-farm activities. This paper examines small-farmer commercialisation (SFC) activities in the forest and transition zones of Ghana. Participatory appraisal methods...

Author(s): Ivy Drafor 

Empirical investigation of the dynamic linkages between crude oil and maize prices: Dating the structural breaks

April 2014

The main purpose of this paper is to analyze the long- and short-run effects of crude oil prices on maize prices, taking into consideration the possible structural breaks in the relationship between them. Time-series analysis was used to estimate the dynamic linkages between variables under examination, while the Bai and Perron procedure was applied to endogenously identify the turning points. Data employed were...

Author(s): Marimpi, D. Maria

Assessment of operational aspects of the input supply chain under national agriculture input voucher scheme (NAIVS) in Tanzania

March 2014

This study examines the operational aspects of the National Agriculture Input Voucher Scheme in Tanzania from 2009/2010 to 2010/2011 based on secondary and primary data. Primary data were collected from a random sample of 300 households in four regions namely: Rukwa, Mbeya, Morogoro and Shinyanga. Secondary data were collected from the Ministry of Agriculture Food Security and Cooperatives (MAFC), Agro dealers and Local...

Author(s): Aloyce G. M., Gabagambi D. M. and Hella J. P.

Herd mobility, markets and informal insurance practices among herders in Ethiopia

March 2014

This paper examines portfolio of livelihood strategies that households employ in semi-arid and risky production environment. Results show that there are multiple choices available for pastoral and agropastoral herders to adapt to or cope with the changing conditions. These include herd mobility, relying on traditional early warning, informal asset transfer, livestock fattening (emergence of markets) and in some cases a...

Author(s): Fekadu Beyene

Sheep market integration in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia

March 2014

This study examines the existence of the spatial market integration of the different pairs of sheep markets in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Using modern time series econometric technique, uncovered compelling pieces of evidence of strong steady state linkages of the various pair-wise combinations of the sampled CRV markets, with only an insignificant few segregated routes. The main conclusion of the study is...

Author(s): Aklilu Nigussie, Dawit Alemu and Ayalneh Bogale

The Ricardian analysis twenty years after the original model: Evolution, unresolved issues and empirical problems

March 2014

This paper analyses the wide body of literature that concerns applications of the Ricardian approach to assess the economic effects of climate change on agriculture. Beginning with the original model proposed by Mendelsohn, Nordhaus and Shaw in 1994, the article discusses researchers’ main criticisms of the model and the innovations suggested to overcome its limitations. Finally, the study summarises the...

Author(s): Maria De Salvo, Diego Begalli and Giovanni Signorello

Determinants of live animals and animal products trade within the ECOWAS sub-region: A gravity model approach

March 2014

The scope and direction of international agricultural trade among nations depend on a number of factors. This study, thus, sought to identify and evaluate the determinants of trade in live animals and animal products among member countries in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) sub-region. Panel data on values of bilateral merchandise imports of agricultural commodities (HS Codes 1-24) at 2-digits...

Author(s): Reuben J., A. D. Barau and M. O. Akintunde

Determinants of soybean market participation by smallholder farmers in Zimbabwe

February 2014

This article examines the determinants of soybean market participation by smallholder farmers in Zimbabwe, with a view to identifying key policy entry points for increasing farmer incomes. Market linkages have been identified as key to the successful integration of grain legumes into the smallholder farming systems of southern Africa. Data for this article is derived from a baseline household survey in Guruve district...

Author(s): Byron Zamasiya, Nelson Mango, Kefasi Nyikahadzoi and Shephard Siziba

Synergies between urban agriculture and urban household food security in Gweru City, Zimbabwe

February 2014

It is estimated that 25% of Zimbabwe’s population lives in urban areas (CSO, 2002), 70% below the poverty line, and a million in the city of Gweru. The worsening macroeconomic situation in 2008 resulted in urban food insecurity. Households adopted different survival strategies, including the intensification of urban agriculture. In an effort to assess the extent to which urban household food insecurity is...

Author(s): Admire Jongwe

Awareness and adoption of improved cassava varieties and processing technologies in Nigeria

February 2014

Development of high yielding and disease resistant cassava varieties, coupled with the promotion of efficient processing technologies, was the principal intervention aimed at changing the cassava sub-sector in Nigeria. National research and extension programs in Nigeria and IITA have been spearheading efforts to disseminate these varieties alongside improving farmer’s access to processing machineries. Several...

Author(s): Abdoulaye T.,  Abass A., Maziya-Dixon B., Tarawali G., Okechukwu R.,  Rusike J., Alene A.,  Manyong V. and Ayedun B.

Export horticulture and household welfare: Evidence from Zambia

February 2014

Evidence is very scanty in Africa on the welfare effects of the recent shift of the horticulture industry from involving poor households through outgrower arrangements towards employing them in consolidated production entities. This study determines the impact of large-scale export vegetable production on the welfare of the employees in Zambia. It uses data from a survey of a random sample of farm worker households and...

Author(s): Gelson Tembo and Maureen M. Zulu

Econometric analysis of factors affecting competitive advantage of broiler agribusinesses in Ghana

February 2014

This paper econometrically analyzed the factors affecting competitive advantage of broiler agribusinesses in Ghana, using multiple regression analysis. Through a multi-stage random sampling technique, structured questionnaire was used to collect farm level data from 441 small-scale commercial broiler agribusinesses in the Greater Accra, Ashanti and Brong Ahafo Regions of Ghana. The average variable cost of producing a...

Author(s): Raymond K. Dziwornu

Econometric analysis of the changes in food consumption expenditure patterns in Egypt

January 2014

This paper analyses the changes in food expenditure patterns over time in Egypt with special emphasis on the differences between urban and rural sectors. Engel curves for food groups are estimated by using double-log function type. The method used for estimating regression equations is the Weighted Least Squares (WLS). Data used in the study are obtained from the Household, Income, Expenditure, and Consumption Survey...

Author(s): Dawoud, Seham D. Z.

The role of small scale irrigation in poverty reduction

January 2014

Poverty is of multidimensional characteristics affecting nearly a billion world population. Especially, a third of sub Saharans fall under poverty. The emergence of climate change coupled with the incidence of drought, are worsening the situation. The only option to escape this challenge is through the development of water resource projects. In attempting to do so, Ethiopia has yet developed not more than 5% of the...

Author(s): Adugna Eneyew, Ermias Alemu, Mekonnen Ayana and Mihret Dananto

Tenure security and soil conservation investment decisions: Empirical evidence from East Gojam, Ethiopia

January 2014

The purpose of this study is to investigate the mutual relation between tenure security and soil conservation investment and to examine the influence of other socio-economic and institutional factors on soil conservation investment and tenure insecurity. A formal survey is conducted in two districts of East Gojam Zone of Amhara region. The Zone and the districts are selected because of their long time experience with...

Author(s): Akalu Teshome

Consumer demand system of agri-food in Tanzania

January 2014

This paper focused on consumer demand system of agri-food in Tanzania. The study investigated on the budget share of agri-food, estimated own price and income elasticities of demand of agri-food consumed by the households in Tanzanian context. The Almost Ideal Demand System (AIDS) was employed to estimate the consumer demand system of agri-food. The empirical results revealed that households’ food budget share was...

Author(s): Joel Chongela, Vasudev Nandala and Suhasini Korabandi

Optimal control theory and fishery model

December 2013

Adequate numbers of relations have been provided to find the three unknowns following three equations: the state equation, the adjoint equation and maximum principle equation. If rigor is sacrificed, then a partial solution is quickly obtained by using the concept of calculus of variation. Our appealing and intuitive harvesting policy would be that, refrain from harvesting along the singular path, because zero harvest...

Author(s): M. A. Shah

Livelihood diversification and welfare of rural households in Ondo State, Nigeria

December 2013

Agriculture, the main source of livelihood in Nigeria, especially in the rural areas, is plagued with various problems. As a result, most of the rural households are poor and are beginning to diversify their livelihoods into off and non-farm activities as a relevant source of income. This study examined the effect of livelihood diversification on the welfare of rural households in Ondo State. Primary data used in the...

Author(s): Adepoju Abimbola O. and Obayelu Oluwakemi A.

Measuring the effect of climate change on agriculture: A literature review of analytical models

December 2013

This article provides a short overview of the principal models that can be used to estimate the effects of climate change on agriculture. The models are classified in relation to the following criteria: the specific impacts they aim to assess, their ability to measure production and/or economic losses, and the adoption of social indicators of the effects and responses. The weaknesses and strengths of the models are also...

Author(s): Maria De Salvo, Diego Begalli and Giovanni Signorello

Financial constraints and entrepreneurial activity choice among clients of micro finance institutions in Jimma area

December 2013

The research is intended to assess the small holder entrepreneurs’ enterprise choices under financial constraint. Adapting economic model of household-production interactions, results from a survey of 140 smallholders was used on multinomial logit regression techniques. The paper makes the case that the access to finance has limited effect on the choice of entrepreneurial activity than individual differences did....

Author(s): Misginaw Tamirat

Oil pollution and technical efficiency of food crop farmers in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria

December 2013

A study was carried out to investigate into factors responsible for technical inefficiency of food crop farmers in the oil polluted and non-polluted areas of Niger Delta. Data were collected from 270 (140 for oil polluted and 130 in unpolluted area) farmers selected through a multistage random sampling technique. A stochastic frontier function that incorporated inefficiency effect was estimated using the Maximum...

Author(s): F. O. Idumah and F. Y. Okunmadewa

Understanding the performance of food production in sub-Saharan Africa and its implications for food security

November 2013

The performance of the food production sector in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is critical for a number of reasons. Domestic production is the principal avenue to ensuring access to affordable food in poor countries with limited capacity to import food. The multiplier effect of sustainable food production on the economy is considerable as it has direct linkage with other activities such as transportation, marketing, tourism...

Author(s): M. Demeke, F. Di Marcantonio and C. Morales-Opazo,

Eradicating extreme poverty among the rural poor in Uganda through poultry and cattle improvement programmes - A Review

November 2013

Uganda is still struggling with chronic poverty and malnutrition especially among women and children despite the targeted efforts towards eradicating poverty by transforming subsistence agriculture to intensive or commercial agriculture that have been in place for the last 13 years. The aim of this paper was therefore to analyze the Republic of Uganda’s current strategy on eradication of extreme hunger and...

Author(s): J. Ekou

Econometric analysis of suitability and marginal value productivity of farmlands for cassava production in Imo State, Nigeria

November 2013

Indiscriminate allocation of farm farmlands beyond efficient level affect farmers return, hence suitability and standard value of lands for cassava production for optimal use were investigated. Data were obtained using a multi-stage sampling technique, from a sample of 203 cassava farmers in the state and were analysed using descriptive statistics, land productivity ratio and econonometric tools. Most farmers are female...

Author(s): Ehirim, N. C. , R. A. Okere, S. U. O. Onyeagocha, M. A. Y Rahji, T. T. Awoyemi, B. I. Oluwatayo and K. K. Salman

Economic impacts of cassava research and extension in Malawi and Zambia

November 2013

This paper estimates the economic impacts of cassava research and extension in Malawi and Zambia over the period 1990-2008. The data come from sample household surveys, planting material production records, and a series of cassava improvement experiments conducted in the two countries. Past investments in cassava improvement have led to the development and release of a good number of high-yielding and cassava mosaic...

Author(s): Arega D. Alene, R. Khataza, C. Chibwana, P. Ntawuruhunga and C. Moyo

Economic assessment of yam production in Kabba- Bunu Local Government Area of Kogi State, Nigeria

November 2013

This study examined the economic assessment of yam production in Kabba- Bunu Local Government Area of Kogi State, Nigeria. Data used for the study were obtained using structured questionnaire. The questionnaire was administered to 150 randomly selected yam farmers in the area. Descriptive statistics, multiple regression and gross margin (GM) analysis were used to analyze the data. The regression result showed that, farm...

Author(s): Ibitoye, Stephen Jimoh and Onimisi J. A.

Effects of property rights on agricultural production: The Nigerian experience

October 2013

  The study was conducted to examine the effects of property rights and other factors on the outputs of maize, yam and cassava in three zones of Osun State in Nigeria. This study employed a multi-stage sampling technique to select 105 farmers involving growers of maize, yam and cassava in the study area. Data were analyzed with the aid of descriptive statistics, budgetary techniques and a multiple linear...

Author(s): A. A. Akinola and R. Adeyemo

Determinants of productivity in Africa: The role of economic freedom

October 2013

  This paper examines the determinants of multifactor productivity in a cross-country study of 33 African countries. Among others, we specifically focus on the role of economic freedom, and its sub-components, as defined by the Heritage Foundation/Wall Street Journal Economic Freedom Index (EFI). The empirical results show that the economic freedom index (and most of its components) has a positive and...

Author(s): Cephas Naanwaab and Osei-Agyeman Yeboah

Assessment of effect of climate change on the livelihood of pastoralists in Kwara State, Nigeria

October 2013

The study examined socio-economic characteristics of pastoralists, investigated perceived effects of climate change on grazing land, herd’s performance and changes in livelihood of the pastoralists. Through a multi-stage sampling technique, 140 pastoralists were randomly selected. Data were collected using interview scheduled and analyzed by percentages, frequency, tables and Chi square statistical tools. The...

Author(s): I. F. Ayanda

Innovative development of agrifood system in Sverdlovskaya oblast of Russia

October 2013

  The study examines whether the goal of food security for the population of Sverdlovskaya oblast, one of the mostly industrial northern region in Russia, aiming agricultural productivity improvement and rural poverty reduction, could be achieved by the regional authorities within post-soviet type of agricultural policy. Results show that, the current trends of agricultural production and rural social...

Author(s): Sergey N. Polbitsyn, Veniamin V. Drokin and Alexei S. Zhuravlev

Extent and adoption determinants of floating tray technology by small holder tobacco farmers: A case of Zimbabwe

October 2013

  The study was on the extent and adoption determinants of floating tray technology by small holder tobacco farmers in Bindura District of Mashonaland province. The objectives of the study were to determine the extent of adoption, identify adoption determinants that influence farmer’s decision to take up floating trays. The study aimed also to identify challenges and opportunities of the floating trays....

Author(s): Dadirayi Manyumwa, Never Mafuse, Munyaradzi Matovore, Joseph Musara, Vincent Tinashe Munyati, Joseph Chimvuramabwe, Godfrey Chagwiza, Emmanuel Zivenge and Violet Dudu

Transaction costs and smallholder household access to maize markets in Zambia

September 2013

  After liberalization of the Zambian economy, farmers were faced with the responsibility of finding the right buyers, negotiating prices and delivering produce leading to them incurring transaction costs. This study aimed at identifying and quantifying transaction costs factors and their impact on maize market participation for small holder farmers in Zambia. The study used primary data collected from a sample...

Author(s): Richard Bwalya, Johnny Mugisha and Theodora Hyuha

Food crop supply in sub-Saharan Africa and climate change

September 2013

  This study estimates the impact of climate change on supply for the four most common crops (millet, maize, sorghum and cassava) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The analysis relates crop supply, measured as cropped area, to weather, climate and prices. Crop supply functions are estimated using an error correction model (ECM) built on panel data. Crop supply through 2100 is predicted by combining estimates from...

Author(s): Elodie Blanc

Factors determining red meat trade to the Asian and African markets: Its implication to the Namibian red meat industry

September 2013

  The primary objective of this study is to identify alternative export markets for Namibian meat and meat products. This study applied the Extended Gravity Model to a cross-sectional dataset of global trade for fresh beef and frozen beef, as well as sheep and goat meat, based on 2009 trade data to identify key determinants of the above-mentioned products trade flows in a regional perspective. The variables...

Author(s): Teweldemedhin M. Y. and Mbai S.

Adoption of New Rice for Africa (NERICA) technology in Ogun State, Nigeria

September 2013

  This study was carried out with the aim to find out the level and socio-economic determinants of the adoption of New Rice for Africa (NERICA) using Ewekoro Local Government Area of Ogun State in Nigeria as a case study. One hundred and sixteen rice farmers were randomly selected in this area, twenty eight of which adopted NERICA rice varieties within 2009/2010 cropping season. Information was gathered through...

Author(s): Adedeji T. O., Nosiru M. O., Akinsulu A. A., Ewebiyi I. O., Abiona B. G. and Jimoh T. S.

Participation in land market and technical efficiency in Southern Ethiopia: A case study after 2005 land proclamation of Ethiopia

September 2013

  Agriculture is the mainstay of the Ethiopian economy contributing 45% to GDP and 80% to employment opportunity. Majority of the farmers in Ethiopia are smallholder farmers possessing less than a hectare of land. Land transfer mechanism in Ethiopia is limited to temporal land rental market and lease. Land sale and long term lease by farmers is outlawed by proclamation. The present study examines the technical...

Author(s): Tewodros Tefera and D. V. Subaro

Viability of tobacco production under smallholder farming sector in Mount Darwin District, Zimbabwe

August 2013

  Smallholder commercial agriculture in developing countries is hinged on cash crop production and in Zimbabwe tobacco is increasingly becoming an important smallholder cash crop. This study therefore, analyzed the viability of tobacco production by smallholder farmers in Zimbabwe. Cross sectional survey data was collected for the 2010 and 2011 production season from 60 smallholder households in the Mount...

Author(s): James Masvongo, Jackqeline Mutambara and Augustine Zvinavashe

The implications of refuge requirements for Bt cotton in India on world cotton markets

August 2013

  The study evaluated the potential impacts of refuge requirements for Bt cotton in India on world cotton markets. The objective was accomplished by estimating regional cotton yield functions in the Indian fiber model, and connecting it with rest of the world fiber model. Results revealed that the refuge requirements have potential to impact world cotton markets; magnitudes of impacts are smaller, however. The...

Author(s): Rohit Singla, Phillip Johnson and Sukant Misra

Determinants of smallholder sweet potato farmers’ participation in different market options: The case of Vihiga County, Kenya

August 2013

  Market participation has a potential to increase farmers’ rural incomes and employment opportunities especially if farmers concentrate on production and marketing of local crops requiring low inputs such as sweet potatoes. The purpose of this research was to investigate the factors that determine farmers’ shift in market participation from village to regional market in Vihiga County....

Author(s): Benjamin K. Mutai, Elvi N. Agunda, Augustus S. Muluvi, Lawrence K. Kibet and Mary C. Maina

Econometric estimation of herd stocking decisions in South Ethiopia

August 2013

  This paper aims to share knowledge and the theoretical basis for understanding herd dynamics in pastoral communities of Hadiya, Southern Ethiopia, with the intention that it may improve effectiveness of development interventions. The study is based on data collected from two districts considering 160 pastoral households. Focus group and key informant discussions were also made to generate data to supplement...

Author(s): Misginaw Tamirat

Page 6 of 11, showing 50 records out of 525 total, starting on record 251, ending on 300