Journal of
Development and Agricultural Economics

  • Abbreviation: J. Dev. Agric. Econ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9774
  • DOI: 10.5897/JDAE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 525

JDAE Articles

Bio-economic modelling of the influence of family planning, land consolidation and soil erosion on farm production and food security in Rwanda

June 2015

Rwandan agriculture is not able to meet its population’s food needs from its own production, which results in food insecurity. Land degradation is a serious problem which contributes to a low and declining agricultural productivity and consequently to food insecurity. The objective of this paper is to develop a bio-economic model capable of analysing the impacts of soil erosion, family planning and land...

Author(s): J. C. Bidogeza, P. B. M. Berentsen, J. De Graaff and A. G. J. M. Oude Lansink

Health-care access and utilization among rural households in Nigeria

May 2015

This study examined healthcare access and utilization among rural households in Ogun state, Southwestern Nigeria. Primary data were collected through the use of structured questionnaires. Multistage sampling technique was employed for the selection of 200 rural households. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and health care accessibility index. The results show that the mean age of the respondents was 46...

Author(s): Omonona Bolarin Titus, Obisesan Adekemi Adebisola and Aromolaran Oluwatosin Adeniji

Determinants of technical efficiency in smallholder soybean production in Bomet District, Kenya

May 2015

Increased soybean productivity has great potential for alleviating the perpetual problems of food and nutrition insecurity, poverty and unemployment among the rural households in Kenya. This study analyses the determinants of technical efficiency in smallholder soybean production in a rural farm setting in Bomet District, Kenya. Technical efficiency in this case is the ability of the smallholder farmer to maximize...

Author(s): Patrick K. Yegon, Lawrence K. Kibet and Job K. Lagat

The effect of olive mill effluent and organic compost on evaporation and temperature in medium and coarse textured pot soils

May 2015

The effects of olive mill effluent on evaporation assessed from the surface of two kinds of soil sandy loam and loam textures with two different temperatures. In the other hand five treatments for each texture were prepared in three replicates, including wastewater treatment stained with olives in a value and two percent, compost mixture treatments, mulch amount equal to 50 tons/h, control and water. Eleven treatments...

Author(s): Bagheri, M. R. and Movahedi Naeini, S. A. R.

Agriculture – Industry linkages in the economy of Jammu and Kashmir India

April 2015

Agriculture serves as a primary sector of an economy which laid foundation for other sectors of an economy and with the support of industry sector the territory sector came in to existence. Thus the collective support of Agriculture and industry sector uplifts the economy and a sustainable growth of an economy is governed. The inter-linkage between Agriculture and industry sector from different aspects not only bring...

Author(s): Samir-Ul-Hassan, Kanhaiya Ahuja and Munasir hussain

Crop residue usage and its determinants in Kano State, Nigeria

April 2015

This study examined crop residue usage and determined factors influencing the decision to allocate as well as the intensity of crop residue in Kano state, Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling technique was employed to select 160 farming households in three local government areas of the state. Data collected were analyzed with descriptive statistics and double hurdle Tobit model. The results of the study showed that on a...

Author(s): Akinola, A. A., , Ayedun, B., Abubakar, M., Sheu, M. and Abdoulaye, T.

Determinants of the responsiveness of cooperative farmers to the cocoa renaissance programme in Osun State, Nigeria

April 2015

A key policy instrument in the cocoa transformation agenda is to provide subsidized inputs for farmers to replace old grooves to increase cocoa production in Nigeria. The study examined the role of cocoa marketing cooperatives in enhancing the incomes of its member patrons in Osun State under the cocoa renaissance policy. Multi stage sampling method was used to select 100 respondents from four cocoa produce marketing...

Author(s): Oluwasola O., Ige A. O. and D. Omodara

Technical and allocative efficiency gains from integrated soil fertility management in the maize farming system of Kenya

April 2015

Declining land productivity and per capita food availability poses challenges to overcoming land degradation and poverty in sub-Saharan Africa. There is a need to identify ways of improving land productivity particularly among smallholders. This study investigated the contribution of integrated soil fertility management (ISFM) practices to both technical and allocative efficiencies in the maize farming system of Kenya....

Author(s): Morgan C. Mutoko, Cecilia N. Ritho, James K. Benhin and Oliver L. Mbatia

Climate change and household food insecurity among fishing communities in the eastern coast of Zanzibar

April 2015

This paper examines the local vulnerability of households in two study communities in the east coast of Zanzibar focusing on food security, which is negatively impacted by climate variability and change. Findings have indicated that overall the local people in eastern coast of Zanzibar are insecure with respect to most major sources of food. Households solely dependent on natural resources through farming, fishing,...

Author(s): Makame O. Makame, Richard Y. M. Kangalawe and Layla A. Salum

Bread wheat production in small scale irrigation users agro-pastoral households in Ethiopia: Case of Afar and Oromia regional state

April 2015

Conceptually, benefits of irrigation are realized through improvements in agricultural productivity. At household level, agricultural production increases could be followed by improvements in food consumption patterns. The goal of this research is to examine relationship between irrigation, production and consumption patterns for rural smallholders with pre-scaling up of bread wheat (Ga’ambo variety). A survey was...

Author(s): Aklilu Nigussie, Adem Kedir, Abiy Adisu, Geatnet Belay, Desta Gebrie and Kidane Desalegn 

The empirical analysis of agricultural exports and economic growth in Nigeria

March 2015

Agriculture is both the main sector that is expected to provide employment to large segments of the population and the key to sustained economic growth of the countries. This study presented an empirical analysis of the effect of Agricultural Exports on economic growth of Nigeria. The model built for the study proxy gross domestic product as the endogenous variable measuring economic growth as a function of real...

Author(s): Victor Ushahemba Ijirshar

Factors determining allocation of land for improved wheat variety by smallholder farmers of northern Ethiopia

March 2015

This study was conducted in Northern Ethiopia, Adwa district. The main objective of the study was to examine factors influencing allocation of land for improved wheat variety by smallholder farmers of the study area. Descriptive, inferential and econometric methods were used to analyze data. Results of descriptive and inferential analyses showed that; adopters had high family size in adult-equivalent, high number of...

Author(s): Leake Gebresilassie and Adam Bekele

A decision framework for resource poor smallholder farmers on maize production based on results from empirical studies in the coastal lowlands of Kenya

March 2015

Maize is a principal food crop in Kenya and the coastal lowlands. Choice of the enterprise at household level is influenced by the social position maize commands both as a staple food and trade facility or good while production patterns are dictated by various factors among them being resource endowment. Research in the recent past has provided technological recommendations that include fertilizer and pesticides use...

Author(s): Danda M. K., Muli B. M., De Groote H and Murithi F. M.

Technical efficiency of traditional African vegetable production: A case study of smallholders in Tanzania

March 2015

Traditional African vegetables are receiving more attention for their significant contribution to food and nutrition security and enhanced livelihoods of smallholders. Although demand is increasing for these nutrients-dense crops, the production of traditional vegetables in Tanzania remains low. Technical innovations can reduce yield gaps and increase the productivity of traditional vegetable crops. This paper measures...

Author(s): Srinivasulu Rajendran, Victor Afari-Sefa, Daniel Kimani Karanja, Richard Musebe, Dannie Romney, Magesa A. Makaranga, Silivesta Samali and Radegunda Francis Kessy

Discontinued use decision of improved maize varieties in Osun State, Nigeria

March 2015

The study investigated the level and socioeconomic determinants of discontinued use decision of improved maize varieties among farming households in Osun State, Nigeria with a view to increasing food production. A multi-stage sampling procedure was adopted to select a sample of 321 farmers across the three agro ecological zones of the State. Data were collected using a pre-tested structured questionnaire and interview...

Author(s): Akinbode Wasiu Olalekan and Bamire Adebayo Simeon

Competitiveness of cocoa-based farming household in Nigeria

February 2015

Nigeria is the third largest producer of cocoa in Africa producing about 6% of the total World production. The objective of this study is to assess the competitiveness, comparative advantage and effect of government policies on cocoa production in Ondo State, Nigeria. The analysis was conducted for sole and intercropped cocoa production systems. Primary and secondary data were utilized for the study and were analyzed...

Author(s): Amao Oyetoun Dunmola, Oni Omobowale and Adeoye Iyabo

A comparative analysis of technical efficiency of smallholder tobacco and maize farmers in Tabora, Tanzania

February 2015

The study presented here considers the relative efficiency of planting tobacco and maize in the tobacco-producing Tabora region of Tanzania. The study used a 2013 survey that was conducted among smallholder farmers in the Tabora region. The aim was to investigate whether farmers are better off planting tobacco or maize. The paper briefly reviews the importance of agriculture in general and tobacco planting in particular...

Author(s): Asmerom Kidane, Aloyce Hepelwa, Ernest Tingum Ngeh and Teh-wei Hu

Economic impact of climate change and benefit of adaptations for maize production: Case from Namibia, Zambezi region

February 2015

The aim of this research is to examine the impact of climate change in maize farmers’ livelihood in Zambezi region, Namibia and benefit of adaptation. Trade-off analysis–multidimensional (TOA-MD) model was presented as a method for evaluation with a combination of simulated baseline production and future simulated yield using Decision Support Systems for Agro-technology Transfer (DSSAT) in maize production...

Author(s): Teweldemedhin M. Y., Durand W., Crespo O., Beletse Y. G. and Nhemachena C.

Technical efficiency of maize production in Ogun State, Nigeria

February 2015

This study examined the technical efficiency of maize production in Ogun State, Nigeria. Primary data were collected for this study using a multistage sampling technique to select 100 maize farmers from the study area. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics, gross margin analysis and stochastic production frontier. The socio-economic characteristics of respondents as evident from the data analysis revealed...

Author(s): Idris Akanbi Ayinde, Raheem Olatunji Aminu and Shakirat Bolatito Ibrahim

To conserve or convert wetlands: Evidence from Nyando wetlands, Kenya

February 2015

Wetland resources of Nyando Wetlands support important economic and ecological activities. However, it is faced with multiple pressures from different anthropogenic Activities within the wetlands and upstream. The Nyando wetlands are facing increasing threats of reclamation for agriculture. This is bound to intensify as population pressure increases. The question therefore is; should Nyando Wetlands be conserved or...

Author(s): Francis O. Oduor, Phillip O. Raburu and Samuel Mwakubo

Estimating the impact of a food security program by propensity-score matching

January 2015

Reducing poverty and improving household food security remains an important policy objective for rural development in the semi-arid areas of many countries in Africa. Many development programs have been introduced in efforts to bring the cycle of poverty and food insecurity to an end. This paper investigates the impact of a food security package (FSP) program in improving rural household’s food consumption in...

Author(s): Tagel Gebrehiwot and Anne van der Veen

Analysis of access to apiculture supporting services by smallholder farmers in northern Ethiopia

January 2015

This study was conducted to analyze factors affecting access to apiculture supporting services by smallholder beekeepers in Ahferom district of Tigray region, Ethiopia. Primary data were collected by interviewing 130 randomly selected smallholder beekeepers during March to April 2011. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and econometric (probit) model. Probit model results of farmers’ access to...

Author(s): Belets Gebremichael and Berhanu Gebremedhin

Determining factors of the strategies for diversifying sources of income for rural households in Burkina Faso

January 2015

This article has used a multinomial logit model to analyze the determinants of diversification strategies of rural households' income sources in Burkina Faso. The main results have enabled the identification of three strategies of the income-source diversification, all carried out around agriculture. They are low, average, high diversification strategies. The outcomes reveal that the age of the household head,...

Author(s): Omer S. Combary

Households willingness to pay for improved water services in urban areas: A case study from Nebelet town, Ethiopia

January 2015

Cross-sectional data was used that was collected from 181 households in 2011/2012, to estimate households’ willingness to pay for improved water service in Nebelet. The probit model was used to identify socio-economic factors that affect the willingness to pay (WTP) of households. Interruption, delay in maintenance, irregular/erratic availability of the public water supply, the price charged per unit, the unequal...

Author(s): Gidey Kidu Mezgebo and  Zeleke Ewnetu

Marketing and market integration of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) in Uganda

January 2015

Despite the importance of cowpea in Uganda as a leading legume, its production and improvement have not received much attention over the last two decades. Data was obtained on prices of grains of cowpeas on a weekly basis from FIT Uganda between 2008 to 2011 in Soroti, Lira and Kampala. Data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics, particularly, frequencies and the measures of central tendency. Several...

Author(s): S. P. Ddungu, W. Ekere, J. Bisikwa, R. Kawooya, D. Okello Kalule and M. Biruma

Economic analysis of factors influencing adoption of motor pumps in Ethiopia

December 2014

The Ethiopian economy depends heavily on smallholder agriculture, and this sector directly affects the country’s economic development, food security and poverty alleviation efforts. The adoption of smallholder irrigation technologies as a means to tackle these challenges has become an important policy issue in the development agenda of the country. The lack of access to low-cost irrigation technologies is,...

Author(s): Gebrehaweria Gebregziabher, Meredith A. Giordano, Simon Langan J. and Regassa E. Namara

Economic optimal allocation of irrigation water in Egypt

December 2014

The water scarcity problem is globally getting worse especially in the light of increase in water demand among its competing uses. Thus, it is an important to optimize the water allocation to crops. In this paper, a linear programming model has been formulated to ensure the efficient allocation of scarce water resources among the competing crops. This model was constrained by land, water, labour, production costs, and...

Author(s): Dawoud, Seham D. Z.

Prioritization and cost and returns analyses of selected non-timber forest products in Yobe State, Nigeria

December 2014

This article describes cost and returns analysis of first five preferred Sahel savanna non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in Yobe State, Nigeria. The results demonstrate that households in Yobe State could realize NGN2,898.48 and NGN142,615.49 from the NTFPs as the least and maximum gross margins (household incomes) respectively. Gross margin ratio of households across all the study sites ranged from 0.925 to 0.980, and...

Author(s): Tee N. Terver, Orsar J. Tyonzughul and Bugh J. Aondoaseer

Comparative economic analysis of tomato (Lycopersicon esculenta) under irrigation and rainfed systems in selected local government areas of Kogi and Benue States, Nigeria

November 2014

The study compared the economic performance of tomato (Lycopersicon esculenta) under irrigation and rain fed systems in Bassa and Makurdi Local Government Areas of Kogi and Benue States of Nigeria, with the aim of assessing the determinants of its profitability. Primary data obtained from a sample of 120 farmers by stratified and multi-staged random sampling from four villages were analyzed using percentages, means,...

Author(s): Josephine Bosede Ayoola

Profit efficiency of dairy farmers in Kenya: An application to smallholder farmers in Rift Valley and Central Province

November 2014

The dairy industry in Kenya is an important source of livelihood among the smallholder farmers who supply over 70% of the total milk. However, there is a growing concern on rising costs of milk production among farmers. The study assessed profit efficiency of smallholder dairying in the Rift Valley and Central Provinces of Kenya using stochastic frontier analysis for estimating farm level profit efficiency and...

Author(s): Leone Iga Mawa, Mutuku Muendo Kavoi, Isabelle Baltenweck and Jane Poole

Assessment of farmers’ perceptions and the economic impact of climate change in Namibia: Case study on small-scale irrigation farmers (SSIFs) of Ndonga Linena irrigation project

November 2014

This paper examines perceptions of small-scale irrigation farmers (SSIFs) with regard to climate change and their adaptation strategies in terms of its effects. The Multinomial Logit (MNL) and the Trade-Off Analysis models were applied. Farm-level data was collected from the entire population of 30 SSIFs at the Ndonga Linena Irrigation Project in February 2014. Results from the MNL reveal that the gender, age and...

Author(s): Montle, B. P. and Teweldemedhin, M. Y.

Determinants of farmers’ adoption decisions for improved pearl millet variety in Sahel savanna zone of northern Nigeria

October 2014

Millet is a staple food mainly from local varieties, throughout the Sahel and in parts of the Sudan Savanna. Improved millet varieties are higher yielding and of better quality than the local varieties. This study was carried out after the Yobe State Agricultural Development Program had carried out series of extension services to assess the determinants of adoption of the improved varieties. Multistage systematic and...

Author(s): Okeke-Agulu, K. I. and Onogwu, G. O.

Economic and technical efficiency of cassava production in Ika North East Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria

October 2014

Cassava production seems to be economically viable but there seems to exist no empirical documented evidence to this effect in Ika North East L.G.A of Delta State, Nigeria. In view of this, the study analyzed the economic and technical efficiency of cassava production in Ika North East Local Government Area of Delta State. A multistage random sampling was used to select a total of 120 respondents used for the study....

Author(s): Eze, A. V. and Nwibo, S. U.

Farmers’ perception on excreta reuse for peri-urban agriculture in southern Ghana

October 2014

Ghana lags behind the Millennium Development Goals’ target for sanitation, despite widespread effort by the central government. Most households in peri-urban communities in Ghana lack improved sanitation facilities, and access to faecal sludge disposal sites is also problematic. This study investigates farmers’ attitude and perception toward excreta reuse for peri-urban agriculture in Shai-Osudoku district,...

Author(s): Fred Nimoh, Kwasi Ohene-Yankyera, Kofi Poku, Flemming Konradsen andRobert C. Abaidoo

Estimating the effects of formal and informal credit on farm household welfare: A hierarchical competitive welfare model approach

October 2014

This paper uses the hierarchical competitive welfare model approach to estimate the effects of credit from formal and informal sources on welfare development of farm households in Ghana. Data used for the econometric analyses came from the Ghana Living Standards Survey Round 5 dataset. The results showed that when a farm household is given GHC100 as formal credit, its welfare expenditure would increase by about GHC6. On...

Author(s): M. A. Akudugu

Financial profitability and technical efficiency of horticultural crops in the Nakanbé River Watershed in Burkina Faso

September 2014

In the watershed of the Nakanbé River in Burkina Faso, horticultural crops are financially profitable with high gross incomes, cost/revenue ratios and attractive hourly returns to labor. Based on a 6-h work day, profitability indicators of horticultural crops show that farmers are better-off compared to the ‘less than one dollar’ situation of people in Burkina Faso; horticultural crop production could...

Author(s): Daniel P. KABORE

Adoption of drought-tolerant rice in Thailand: Participatory varietal selection and implications for breeding programs

September 2014

Rice production in Northeast Thailand has been suffering because of drought and limited irrigation. In this area, glutinous rice is generally produced for household consumption.  The new drought-tolerant glutinous rice, RD12, developed to target drought-prone area in Northeast Thailand, was approved by the Rice Department in 2007. The breeding of this new variety has incorporated farmers’ participation to...

Author(s): Orachos Napasintuwong and Carl Pray

An economic viability assessment of sisal production and processing in Limpopo: A stochastic budgeting analysis

September 2014

Creating sustainable jobs in the agricultural sector is an important aspect of rural development. Agriculture is often viewed as a sine qua non for rural development, because it provides the necessary economic stimulus for rural households to participate in productive economic activities. Yet, identifying viable agricultural projects that have the potential to create jobs in rural areas has continued to overwhelm...

Author(s): Thula S. Dlamini, Aart-Jan Verschoor and Precious Tshabalala

Assessing the extent and determinants of adoption of improved cassava varieties in south-western Nigeria

September 2014

This paper investigates the determinants of adoption of improved cassava varieties in south- western Nigeria. The data come from a farm household survey of 841 households selected using a three-stage stratified random sampling procedure. The data collection was conducted in 2011 by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigeria. Empirical estimates of a Double-Hurdle model revealed that...

Author(s): B. A. Awotide, T. Abdoulaye, A. Alene and V. M. Manyong

Willingness to pay for irrigation water and its determinants among rice farmers at Doho Rice Irrigation Scheme (DRIS) in Uganda

August 2014

The government of Uganda is currently rehabilitating its irrigation schemes. The largest of these is Doho Rice Irrigation Scheme (DRIS), where farmers will after rehabilitation bear the costs of its maintenance through payment of user fees. This study analyzes farmer’s willingness to pay (WTP) user fees and its determinants, using data gathered from 200 rice farmers at DRIS in 2012. The contingent valuation (CV)...

Author(s): Namyenya Angella, Sserunkuuma Dick and Bagamba Fred

Determinants of postharvest losses in tomato production in the Offinso North district of Ghana

August 2014

The aim of this study was to examine the determinants of postharvest losses in tomato production in the Offinso North district of Ghana. A standardized structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 150 farmers who were selected through a combination of purposive and simple random sampling techniques. We used descriptive statistics to summarize the characteristics of the respondents. Multiple regression analysis...

Author(s): Robert Aidoo, Rita A. Danfoku and James Osei Mensah

Women’s workload and their role in agricultural production in Ambo district, Ethiopia

August 2014

The Government of Ethiopia is working towards mainstreaming gender in all sector programmes, including agriculture. Women, despite having key role in advancing agricultural development and food security, their contribution is undervalued and they have been neglected in the making of agricultural policies. With the aim of tackling gender issues in agricultural production this study estimated total hours spent in farm...

Author(s): Mohammed Endris Harun

Impact of macroeconomic policies on poverty alleviation in Sub-Saharan African countries

August 2014

The objective of this paper is to examine the relationship between macroeconomic variables and poverty alleviation in Sub-Saharan Africa, by applying descriptive illustration and weighted least square (WLS) regression econometric analysis using the multidimensional poverty index (MPI) taken from the oxford poverty and human development initiative (OPHI) as dependent variable. Furthermore, principal component analysis...

Author(s): Mogos Teweldemedhin

An economic analysis of crude oil pollution effects on crop farms in Rivers State, Nigeria

July 2014

This study researched on crude oil pollution effects on crop farms in Rivers State, Nigeria using stochastic translog production function. Data were collected in the state, using multi-stage sampling technique. A total of 296 structured questionnaires retrieved from farmers in crude oil polluted and non-polluted areas of the state were used. Stochastic translog production interaction between land and heavy, medium and...

Author(s): ThankGod Peter Ojimba, Jacob Akintola, Sixtus O. Anyanwu and Hubbert A. Manilla

The role of ICTs in agricultural production in Africa

July 2014

Over the past two decades Africa has experienced the fastest growth in the global telecommunications market, especially due to the tremendous growth of the mobile telecommunications sector. Studies have shown that ICTs play a significant role in a country’s development, and the strategic application of ICTs to the agricultural sector, which is the largest economic sector in most African countries, offers the best...

Author(s): Hopestone Kayiska Chavula

The role of the rural labor market in reducing poverty in Western Ethiopia

July 2014

This study examines the role of the rural labor market in reducing poverty and improving the well-being of smallholder farmers in rural Ethiopia. Propensity score matching technique is used to estimate the effect of labor market participation on poverty, consumption expenditure and income of smallholder farmers. The overall result indicates that the rural labor market contributes significantly to income growth,...

Author(s): Amsalu Bedemo, Kindie Getnet, Belay Kassa and S. P. R. Chaurasia

The livelihood effects of landless people through communal hillside conservation in Tigray Region, Ethiopia

July 2014

In the Tigray region of northern Ethiopia, landless people contributed to the existing land degradation by exploiting the economic possibilities of natural resources from communal hillside areas. This has been practically observed in the area that the landless people have been depending on the available natural resources to supplement their means of living through sales of timber, fire-wood and charcoal. To address this...

Author(s): Melaku Berhe and Dana Hoag

Fertilizer adoption in Ethiopia cereal production

July 2014

          This paper was the first to use nationally representative data from the Agricultural Sample Surveys of Ethiopia to examine the factors affecting the adoption of the fertilizer-seed technology “package” promoted by Ethiopia’s government. We used a double hurdle model to analyze fertilizer adoption among four major cereal crops (barley, maize,...

Author(s): Bingxin Yu and Alejandro Nin-Pratt

Improved rice variety adoption and its effects on farmers’ output in Ghana

June 2014

Sub-Sahara Africa and for that matter Ghana, missed out of the first Green revolution. However, with the instrumentality of the former United Nations Secretary, Kofi Annan, through the Alliance for Green revolution in Africa (AGRA) and other bodies, the revolution is being introduced in some parts of Africa, including Ghana. The extent to which the new revolution would work depends on a careful study of the...

Author(s): Abel Kwaku K. Bruce, Samuel A. Donkoh and Michael Ayamga

Impact of the adoption of semi-mechanized technologies of shea processing on rural women’s income in Northern Benin (West Africa)

June 2014

In Benin, the shea sector is one of the most promoted sectors in government’s attempt to diversify sources of farm income. The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of the adoption of the semi-mechanized shea processing on the income of rural women in northern Benin. In total, a random sample of 200 women processing shea was investigated. A probit model was firstly run to analyze the factors...

Author(s): Jacob Afouda Yabi, Patrice Igue Adegbola, Dansi Silvere Tovignan, Morenike Cendrine Ahouandjinou and Adeyemi Suleiman Adekambi

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