Journal of
Development and Agricultural Economics

  • Abbreviation: J. Dev. Agric. Econ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9774
  • DOI: 10.5897/JDAE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 514

JDAE Articles

Measuring diet quantity and quality dimensions of food security in rural Ethiopia

May 2013

  Food insecurity is an overriding problem of most developing countries like Ethiopia, which requires empirical evidence pertinent to food security policy formulation and implementation. This paper investigates food security situation of households by surveying 260 farm households randomly and proportionately sampled from the major farming systems in Ethiopia. Households’ daily calorie availability and...

Author(s): Degye Goshu, Belay Kassa and Mengistu Ketema

Determinants of access to agricultural credit among crop farmers in a farming community of Nasarawa State, Nigeria

May 2013

  Farmers’ limited access to agricultural credit facilities is one of the major factors responsible for the declining agricultural productivity in Nigeria. Hence, this study aims to identify determinants of access to agricultural credit among smallholder farmers in Doma Local Government Area (LGA) of Nasarawa State, Nigeria. The data were obtained from 125 farmers by administered structured questionnaire...

Author(s): K. I. Etonihu, S. A. Rahman and S. Usman

Estimating technical efficiency of small scale beef cattle fattening in the lake zone in Tanzania

May 2013

  This study examines the technical efficiency of small-scale beef cattle fattening in eight districts of Mwanza and Shinyanga regions, the lake zone in Tanzania. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire which was administered to 90 randomly selected cattle fatteners from the eight districts. Data were analyzed using descriptive methods and stochastic frontier production function approach. The...

Author(s): S. N. Mlote, N. S. Y. Mdoe, A. C. Isinika and L. A. Mtenga

Effects of international fund for agricultural development (IFAD) credit supply on rural farmers in Rivers State, Nigeria

May 2013

  This study evaluated the effect of International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) credit supply on rural farmers in Rivers state. Data for the study were collected using a structured questionnaire administered to 90 farmer’s beneficiaries using a multi-stage sampling technique. The regression result shows that semi-log function gave the best fit with the highest value of coefficient of multiple...

Author(s): Tasie C. M.

Role of Fadama III in improving the income of Fadama User Groups (FUGs) through agro-processing and market accessibility in Adamawa State, Nigeria

April 2013

  This study was conducted to evaluate the income status of Fadama III beneficiaries in Adamawa State, Nigeria, with the ultimate aim of determining the effects of the project on Fadama User Groups (FUGs) in the month of June, 2011. A total of six (6) Local Government Areas (Fufore, Girei, Demsa, Mayobelwa, Maiha and Madagali) believed to have established FUGs with functional agro-processing enterprises were...

Author(s): M. R. Ja’afar-Furo, M. K. Bello, S. I. Mshelia and D. M. Hammanyaji

Cost-minimizing food budgets in Ghana

April 2013

  Attaining the daily required nutritional recommendations is a major challenge in Ghana where the average person earns about $1.89 per day. A linear programming diet model is used to determine the cheapest basket of food items that satisfy the recommended daily nutritional requirements of the average Ghanaian. Initial findings show that an average Ghanaian requires $0.36 per day to meet his daily nutritional...

Author(s): Francis Addeah Darko, Benjamin Allen, John Mazunda, Rafiullah Rahimzai and Craig Dobbins

Economic welfare effects of the increase in labor costs on U.S. tobacco farms

April 2013

  The United States Department of Labor (USDOL) amended elements of the 2008 H-2A Final Rule and adopted the 2010 Final Rule, which came into effect on March 15, 2010. Compared to the 2008 H-2A Final Rule, the 2010 H-2A Final Rule is arguably more expensive for farm employers. The H-2A Final Rule provides regulations which govern the H-2A program, a guest worker program allowing U.S. farm employers to bring...

Author(s): Shiferaw T. Feleke, Jane H. Starnes, Harwood D. Schaffer and Kelly J. Tiller

Production efficiency and risks in limited resource farming: The case of Bulgarian peanut industry

April 2013

  We used a stochastic production frontier and a Tobit model to evaluate technical efficiency and inefficiency of Bulgarian limited resource peanut farms for the period 2000/2002. We used a Just-Pope model to examine risks related to on-farm yield adjustments. Technical efficiency of farms ranged from 77 to 97%, with an average 92%, a median of 93%, mode of 90%, and skewness -1.49. The technical efficiency of...

Author(s): Carel Ligeon, Curtis Jolly, Nelly Bencheva, Stanko Delikostadinov and Naveen Puppala

Farm household level impacts of information communication technology (ICT)-based agricultural market information in Ghana

April 2013

  This paper assesses the impact of the information communication technology (ICT)-based market information service (MIS) on farm households in the eastern corridor of Northern Ghana. Data was collected from 346 farm households in the eastern corridor of Northern Ghana where an ICT-based market information project was implemented between 2006 and 2009. The sample included 159 participants and 187...

Author(s): Ramatu M. Al-Hassan, Irene S. Egyir and James Abakah  

Macro, mezzo and micro-level analysis of gender responsive budgeting in Rwanda

March 2013

This study focuses on Gender Responsive Budgeting (GRB) as an alternative approach for equitable allocation of gender resources for men, women, boys and girls in Rwanda. This study uses purposive sampling technique to identify 115 respondents from institutions and gender machineries in Rwanda. Face to face interviews and focus group discussions were utilised to gather primary data base. The empirical results indicated...

Author(s): Siringi Elijah Mirwoba

Factors affecting household access to enough food in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

March 2013

  South Africa is experiencing rapid increase in food prices while household income is increasing at a slower rate. This antagonistic state has positioned ordinary South Africans, at present struggling to meet their basic household requirements, more vulnerable to food security. The objectives of the study were to determine factors that affect household access to enough food in Eastern Cape...

Author(s): L. Musemwa, L. Zhou, S. Ndhleve and F. Aghdasi

Producer characteristics and determinants of technical efficiency of tomato based production systems in Ghana

March 2013

This paper uses cross-sectional data collected from 126 small scale tomato farmers in the forest, forest-savannah transition and the guinea savannah agro-ecological zones in 2011 to examine the characteristics of tomato based producing households in Ghana. It involved a description of the demographic characteristics of sampled farmers and an investigation of the production practices. This study further investigated the...

Author(s): B. O. Asante, M. K. Osei, A. A. Dankyi, J. N. Berchie, M. B. Mochiah, J. N. L. Lamptey, J. Haleegoah, K. Osei and G. Bolfrey-Arku

Assessing the evidence of climate variability in the northern part of Ethiopia

March 2013

  In semi-arid highlands of northern Ethiopia, episodes of droughts of varying severity and duration occur. The occurrence of these droughts is associated mainly with the seasonal rainfall variability. This study attempts to investigate the temporal and spatial variability of climate parameters, particularly rainfall and temperature for the period 1954-2008. Standardized rainfall anomaly was used to examine the...

Author(s): Tagel Gebrehiwot and Anne van der Veen

Determinants of income diversification among rural households: The case of smallholder farmers in Fedis district, Eastern hararghe zone, Ethiopia

March 2013

  This paper examines the determinants of income diversification among rural households using cross sectional data collected from Fedis District of Eastern Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia. Both descriptive statistics and rigorous econometric models are used to analyze the data. Multinomial logit model was used to pinpoint factors influencing households’ participation in non/off-farm activities while the...

Author(s): Amare Demissie and Belaineh Legesse

Economics of Bt cotton in India

March 2013

Since the introduction of Bt cotton in India, there has been a serious debate going on its impact on cost, returns and productivity. Andhra Pradesh continue to be the largest cultivator of Bt cotton in India and it occupies third position among Indian cotton growing states both in terms of area as well as outturn. In this context, it would be appropriate to analyze the output and efficiency of inputs used in cotton...

Author(s): A. Balakrishna

Child labour and wealth in rural Cambodia: Re-examination of alternative hypotheses

February 2013

  This study investigated whether the child labour prevailing in the rice-growing areas of Cambodia where wealth is measure in terms of cattle, can be explain by the poverty hypothesis and wealth paradox. In order to test if these hypotheses hold in all contexts, this study presented some evidences from rural Cambodia and used a Tobit model to investigate the impact of assets such as land and cattle on child...

Author(s): Fukui Seiichi, Miwa Kana and Han Phoumin

Gender discrimination in Agricultural land access: Implications for food security in Ondo State, Nigeria

February 2013

  This study assessed gender discrimination in agricultural land access: Implications for food security in Ondo State Nigeria. Specifically, it analysed men and female accessibility to forms of land holding and the factors affecting agricultural land accessibility in the study area. Multistage sampling technique was used in selecting 240 respondents used for this study. Data collected were summarized using...

Author(s): A. G. Adekola, F. O. Adereti, G. F. Koledoye and P. T. Owombo

The impact of climate change towards Malaysian paddy farmers

February 2013

  Ricardian model was used to estimate the impact of climate change on granary level net revenue of paddy sector in Malaysia. Panel data from eight granaries was used in this study and the annual net revenue was regressed against climate variables and other controlled variables. The results indicate that climate is one of the determinants of Malaysian paddy granaries’ profitability. Given future predicted...

Author(s): R. B. Radin Firdaus, Ismail Abdul Latiff and P. Borkotoky

Pomegranate marketing margins in the Neyriz, Iran

February 2013

  Marketing agricultural products while establishing a balance between supply and demand in various stages of production to final consumption stabilize farm income and satisfy consumer demand. Therefore, agricultural marketing study seems necessary. In this study, pomegranate marketing in Neyriz city of Fars province was investigated and its various marketing channels were also evaluated. The results showed...

Author(s): Mahdi Babaei, Elahe Asemani, Saeid Gazmeh, Soheyla Rezazadeh Shamkhal and Ebrahim Shirmohammadi

Technology competencies required by secondary school graduates in maintenance, servicing and repairing of electronic machines for agribusiness occupations to minimize wastage

January 2013

  This study focused on technology competencies required by secondary school graduates in maintenance, servicing and repairing of electronic machines for agribusiness occupations to minimize wastage. Three research questions and three hypotheses guided the study. The study made use of survey and functions of industry designs. It was carried out in Enugu State, Nigeria. The population for the study was 73, made...

Author(s): Olaitan, S. O., Asogwa, V. C. and Abu, Mohammed

Economics of farm safety: The Nigerian scenario

January 2013

  Investing in farm safety is a win-win game. Apart from improving the financial bottom line of a farm business, it increases and improves the labour productivity of farm workers, which in turn improve agricultural sector. Consequently, agricultural accidents place a great burden on the economy resulting in reduced return on investment (ROI) in agriculture and the burden of injuries/illness (BOI) is increased....

Author(s): Olowogbon S. T., Fakayode S. B., Jolaiya A. J. and Adenrele A. Y.

The structure of food demand in urban city of Nigeria: An application of a Linearized Almost Ideal Demand System (LA/AIDS)

January 2013

  Household-level micro data were fitted on Linearized Almost Ideal Demand System (LA/AIDS) model to estimate the structure of starchy, animal protein, plant protein and fatty foods demand in Uyo Metropolis of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Panel data used in this study came from four months household food consumption survey. Thirty responding households were randomly selected for the data collection. Estimates of...

Author(s): E. J. Udoh, E. R. Mbossoh, E. S. Udoh and S. B. Akpan

Cotton institutions and perverse incentives for fertilizer traders in Benin

January 2013

  Agricultural development in Benin is constrained by low productivity mainly due to low use of mineral fertilizers and improved seeds. After more than two decades of the cotton state company’s monopoly, a market liberalization program is being implemented since the 1990s but still fail to meet farmers’ needs for quality fertilizers and efficient supply-chain services. This paper discusses...

Author(s): Barthelemy G. Honfoga

Mechanism of poverty incident in agricultural sector of Sudan

December 2012

The northern states of Sudan, as one of the most important agricultural region, is characterized by low and erratic rainfall and limited arable land. Agriculture in north of the country provides employment for about 2/3 of the population. The last decades witnessed a dramatic deterioration in the contribution of agriculture to the country’s GDP; the agricultural export declined to about 3% in 2007 down from an...

Author(s): Elgilany Ahmed, Jamalludin Sulaiman and Saidatulakmal Mohd

Non governmental organizations (NGOS) and beneficiary participation in agricultural development projects

December 2012

The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the impact of the Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and beneficiary farmer participation in the establishment of agricultural development projects. This study evaluated two districts in different ecological regions for easy comparison. The study also considered the performance of irrigation and livestock projects that have been implemented differently, that is, involving...

Author(s): Portia Ndou

Drivers of improved maize variety adoption in drought prone areas of Malawi

December 2012

This study identifies the determinants of adoption and adoption-intensity of improved maize varieties in Malawi. We estimated a double hurdle model based on household-level survey data collected in the districts of Balaka and Mangochi in 2008 and found that labour endowment, access to rural credit, livestock wealth, access to agricultural extension, farm size and access to off-farm employment all significantly increase...

Author(s): Samson P. Katengeza, Julius H. Mangisoni, Girma T. Kassie, Chloe Sutcliffe, Augustine Langyintuo, Roberto La Rovere and Wilfred Mwangi  

Determinants for adoption of information and communications technology (ICT)-based market information services by smallholder farmers and traders in Mayuge District, Uganda

December 2012

Market access is increasingly relying on Information and communications technologies (ICTs) like telephony and internet that are only adopted haphazardly. Despite need for ICTs in Market Information Services (MIS), ICT usage in Africa is low. Little is known about ICTs for use in MIS including, technology, its potential users and characteristics of both entities. Closing such gaps was justified. The study...

Author(s): Haruna Sekabira, Jackline Bonabana and Narathius Asingwire

Factors determining access to formal credit in Ghana: A case study of smallholder farmers in the Abura-Asebu Kwamankese district of central region of Ghana

December 2012

This study sought to identify factors that limit or increase smallholder farmers’ access to formal credit in the Abura Asebu Kwamankese district of the central region of Ghana. The study was conducted in five towns of the district (that is Abura, Abakrampa, Asebu, Edumfa and Nyamebekyere). Sampled farmers comprised twenty previous credit applicants from each of the five towns. Primary data was collected from both...

Author(s): Dzadze P., Osei Mensah J., Aidoo R. and Nurah G. K.

Flooded economy of Pakistan

November 2012

  The ability to achieve sustainable recovery after a disastrous calamity remains an uphill task for an economy like Pakistan, owing to inefficiencies of the systems and the ineffectiveness of the policies in such economies. The floods in 2010 to 2011 have imposed a substantial adverse impact on the economy. As the effect on various macroeconomic parameters essentially depend on the policy that the government...

Author(s): Syed Shabib ul Hasan and Syed Shahid Zaheer Zaidi

Determinants of loan repayment default among farmers in Ghana

November 2012

  This paper investigates the determinants of loan repayment default among farmers in Brong Ahafo region of Ghana. Data used in this study was gathered through a survey of 374 farmers in five districts within Brong Ahafo region of Ghana. The study employed Probit model to investigate factors that influence farmer’s loan repayment default. The results showed that farm size, and engagement in off-farm...

Author(s): Dadson Awunyo-Vitor

Determining the effects of crude oil pollution on crop production using stochastic translog production function in Rivers State, Nigeria

November 2012

  Effects of crude oil pollution on crop production were determined using stochastic translog production function. Data were collected from 17 local government areas (LGAs) out of 23 LGAs using multistage sampling technique. A total of 296 questionnaires were suitable for analysis. The results showed that the effect of crude oil pollution variables on crop farms reduced the size of farmland (-2.5842),...

Author(s): ThankGod Peter OJIMBA

Disclosure of self-assessment tax systems on Malaysian agriculture based industries

November 2012

  This study examines the weakness issues in tax audits of Agriculture based industries from the perspectives of tax practitioners, with particular reference to the tax audit approach, audit process, and competency, as well as the mindset of government tax auditors in Malaysia. This work is a descriptive study based on 200 respondent surveys, where the majorities (62.5%) were from Kuala Lumpur, 14% from Ipoh,...

Author(s): Choong Kwai Fattand Edward Wong Sek Khin 

Climate change and food security in the developing world: Potential of maize and wheat research to expand options for adaptation and mitigation

October 2012

  Maize and wheat are two of the most important food crops worldwide. Together with rice, they provide 30% of the food calories to 4.5 billion people in almost 100 developing countries.Predictions suggest that climate change will reduce maize production globally by 3 to 10% by 2050 and wheat production in developing countries by 29 to 34%. This will coincide with a substantial increase in demand for...

Author(s): Jon Hellin, Bekele Shiferaw, Jill E. Cairns, Matthew Reynolds, Ivan Ortiz-Monasterio, Marianne Banziger, Kai Sonder and Roberto La Rovere

Prevalent agricultural credit system in River Nile State of Sudan

October 2012

  Agricultural finance in Sudan is considered as one of the main factors affecting food crop production. This study provides an overarch analysis of current trends in financing the main field crops in the public irrigated schemes of the River Nile State (RNS) and analyzes various agricultural credit mechanisms that have been used in the state. It assesses a plausible framework in order to increase agricultural...

Author(s): Elgilany A. Ahmed, Hamid H. M. Faki, Hashim A. Elobeid and Abubkr Hussein

Agricultural diversification in the Upper Krishna river basin, India

September 2012

  Irrigation is essential for assured agricultural yield. Regular water supply to crops along with other inputs goes to a long way in increasing the production and productivity of the agriculture sector. The areas of Maharashtra like Sangli, Satara, Solapur, Vidarba, Marathawada are permanently declared as district which is less than state average. This argument can be proved with the irrigation ratio, as it is...

Author(s): Anna K. Patil

Technical efficiency of beekeeping farmers in Tolon-Kumbungu district of Northern region of Ghana

September 2012

  This paper investigates technical efficiencies of beekeeping farms and their determinants, using stochastic production frontier function, in Tolon-Kumbungu district of Northern region of Ghana. Primary data were collected using a multi-stage sampling technique on 48 respondents. Results show that the mean technical efficiency of the beekeeping farms is 0.894. Most of the respondents are also fairly efficient...

Author(s): Abdulai Abdul-Malik and Abubakari Mohammed

Determinants of access to credit in Nigerian agriculture

June 2012

  This study was carried out in Oyo and Ondo States of South – Western Nigeria to investigate the determinants of households’ access to agricultural production credit under the National Special Programme for Food Security (NSPFS). A multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 600 farmers from 4 ‘local government areas’. Descriptive statistics and probit regression model were used...

Author(s): Oyedele, G. A. and Akintola, J. O.

Technical efficiency in Ghana’s cocoa industry: Evidence from Bibiani-Anhwiaso-Bekwai District

June 2012

  This study empirically examined the production efficiency of cocoa farmers in Bibiani-Anhwiaso-Bekwai District in Ghana using farm level data. Results presented were based on data collected from a random sample of 300 cocoa farmers in fifteen (15) communities/villages using standardized structured questionnaires. The productivity and technical efficiency in cocoa production were estimated through stochastic...

Author(s): G. Danso-Abbeam, R. Aidoo and K.O. Agyemang K. Ohene-Yankyera

Comparative analysis of rural and urban market prices for garri in Edo State, Nigeria: Implications for food security

May 2012

  This study compared the prices of garri in both rural and urban markets of Edo State, Nigeria covering the period 1990 to 2005. Specifically, the study examined the nature and trend of price movement of garri in both markets (rural and urban), determined the annual rate of increase in the price of garri in the markets and tested if the differences in the price of garri in the rural and urban markets were...

Author(s): S. I. Orewa and R. A. Egware

Round potato (Solanum tuberosum) profitability and implications for variety selections in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania

May 2012

  According to the standard economic theory that treats a person as a maximising agent of short run profit, it would be expected that farmers would select round potato varieties with the highest profit potential. However, previous studies treated round potato as one variety and other adoption studies often assumed that profitability was not important in the adoption of improved varieties. Therefore, this study...

Author(s): Hosea Mpogole and Reuben M. J. Kadigi

A study on the export of Saudi Arabian dates in the global markets

May 2012

  The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is among the leading producers of quality dates where the per capita consumption of dates is highest in the world. We studied the global markets in terms of date importing and date exporting countries. Among the five groups of importing countries, the first group comprised of European Union, North America, Australia and New Zealand, group two comprised of Eastern Europe, Turkey and...

Author(s): F. Al-Shreed, M. Al-Jamal, A. Al-Abbad, Z. Al-Elaiw, A. Ben Abdallah and H. Belaifa

The short-run and long-run trade balance response to exchange rate changes in Malawi

May 2012

  The objective of this paper has been to examine the short-run and long-run effects of real exchange rate changes on the trade balance in Malawi. The model was estimated using the multivariate cointegration framework proposed by Johansen (1988). The results from the study show that the impact of a real depreciation on the trade balance is not significant enough to change the trade pattern in the long-run....

Author(s): Samson Kwalingana, Kisu Simwaka, Thomas Munthali and Austin Chiumia

Access to resources, productivity and income generation of gender-differentiated households in Ogun State, Nigeria

May 2012

  This paper aims at making a point that reducing gender disparities would promote agricultural productivity in the country. The study was carried out through a survey of 140 small-scale plantain farming households in Remo Division of Ogun State, Nigeria. This comprised of 62 female-farmers and 78 male-farmers heading households. The female-headed households suffered less access to credit facilities and farm...

Author(s): Nosiru, M. O. and M. A. Y. Rahji

Comparative analysis of gender involvement in agricultural production in Nigeria

May 2012

  Agricultural sector is still the leading sector in Nigeria’s ailing economy as it provides direct employment to about 75% of the population. This paper examines gender involvement in agricultural production as a means towards increased food sufficiency and consequently curbing food crisis. It critically identified the specific gender involvement in agriculture and gender inequality is noticed in the...

Author(s): Mohammed, B. T. and Abdulquadri, A. F.

Assessing the technical efficiency of maize producers with Imazapyr-resistant maize for Striga control in Western Kenya

May 2012

  Imazapyr-Resistant Maize (IRM) is a weed control technology, not yet well adopted in theStriga prone area in Western Kenya. The adoption may expand in the future because itenhances maize production via efficiency gains. As to help farmers maximize the maize output affected by Striga for so long in time, research and development initiatives with substantial participation of...

Author(s): D. B. Mignouna, V. M. Manyong, K. D. S. Mutabazi, E. M. Senkondo and J. M. Oleke,

Determinants of migration and remittances in rural Nigeria

April 2012

This study uses NLSS, 2004 data collected for rural Nigeria to estimate a multinomial logit model of the economic and demographic determinants of migration and receipt of remittances in rural Nigeria. Findings showed that most of the human capital variables are statistically insignificant. However, for internal remittances, households with more educated members at the secondary school level (X2), age of household head...

Author(s): Olatomide W. Olowa and Timothy T. Awoyemi

Interdependence of smallholders’ net market positions in mixed crop-livestock systems of Ethiopian highlands

April 2012

Using simultaneous-equation models, this paper examines whether there is interdependence between smallholder’s net market positions in crop and live animal markets under mixed crop-livestock system. Household level data collected in 2009 from 1075 sample households in 10 districts of Ethiopia are used for this analysis. Results confirmed the existence of interdependence between household’s net positions in...

Author(s): Moti Jaleta and Berhanu Gebremedhin

Input patterns for agricultural family business: Case study on olive production

April 2012

This study is aimed at studying the input patterns of farming practices in family agricultural business. Olive farms were used as example for agricultural family business. Simple random sample was selected including 150 farmers in Karakgovernorate in Jordan. Out of these farmers about 89 farmers were included in the analysis practicing the agricultural family business. The questionnaire included parts reflecting the use...

Author(s): Jawad Atef Al-Dala&#;een

Profitability and constraints to dry season vegetable production under fadama in Sudan savannah ecological zone of Sokoto State, Nigeria

April 2012

Many developing countries face major challenges to achieve food security in a sustainable manner, considering the increasing population, limited availability of land and water resources. Thus, the study centered on analysis of profitability of small-scale dry season vegetable production under fadama in Sudan savannah ecological zone of Sokoto State, Nigeria. A three-stage sampling technique was employed to collect data...

Author(s): B. A. Tsoho and S. A. Salau

Analysis of factors influencing market channel access by communal horticulture farmers in Chinamora District, Zimbabwe

March 2012

Communal vegetable production is a key activity in Zimbabwe, contributing significantly towards food security and rural development. A study carried out in Chinamhora District determined factors influencing tomato market channel choices. Primary data were collected through formal interviews and questionnaires included household and production characteristics, markets information and social capital. Interviews with...

Author(s): Emmanuel Zivenge and Charles Karavina

Page 7 of 11, showing 50 records out of 514 total, starting on record 301, ending on 350