Journal of
Development and Agricultural Economics

  • Abbreviation: J. Dev. Agric. Econ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9774
  • DOI: 10.5897/JDAE
  • Start Year: 2009

JDAE Articles

May 2010

Spatial dimension of poverty in rural Nigeria

Poverty is a rural phenomenon in Nigeria. This study investigated poverty profile across geopolitical zones in rural Nigeria, using the 2003/2004 NLSS data. The result of FGT poverty decomposition shows that majority of the poor (84%) live in the rural area. Northwest zone had the highest relative contribution to incidence and depth of national rural poverty (29 and 30%, respectively) while Southwest had the least...

Author(s): Oluwakemi Adeola Obayelu and Taiwo Timothy Awoyemi

  • Article Number: 62F5DA41730

May 2010

Market liberalization and maize production in Nigeria

This study examined the impact of market liberalization on maize production in Nigeria. Time series data for a 29-year period (1970 - 1998) were collected. Zellner’s seemingly unrelated regression (SUR) model was used as the estimation technique. Output of maize was found to be more during liberalization. Fertilizer price and hectarage planted to maize were the significant variables affecting maize output....

Author(s): M. A. Badmus

  • Article Number: 7EAF6A71711

May 2010

Analysis of dry season vegetable production in Owerri West Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria

The study focused on the costs and returns of small-scale vegetable production in Owerri West Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria. A total of 150 respondents were interviewed using questionnaire. The production system and socio economic characteristics of the farmers were evaluated. Vegetable production was found to be profitable with a Benefit – Cost Ratio (BCR) of 1.64 and the return per capital invested...

Author(s): U. C. Ibekwe and O. M. Adesope

  • Article Number: 491B1061744

May 2010

Regional trade agreements and its impact on trade flows for South African agricultural products

The aim of this study was to measure the impact of liberalisation on the South African agricultural economy, particularly the impact on trade flow of the exchange rate, trade liberalisation and distance of trading partners using the gravity model. The model found that all variables were significant at one percent and carried the expected sign. Only the EU dummy variable had an inverse relationship, implying that the EU...

Author(s): M. Y. Teweldemedhin and H. D. Van Schalkwyk

  • Article Number: 75011861591

April 2010

An application of the von Cramon-Taubadel and Loy error correction models in analyzing asymmetric adjustment between retail and wholesale maize prices in Ghana

Previous studies analyzing asymmetric price transmission have been based on an econometric specification that is shown to be inconsistent with cointegration. This study draws on the concept of cointegration to implement the von Cramon-Taubadel and Loy error correction approach in analyzing retail-wholesale maize price transmission in Ghana. Asymmetries are modeled to affect the direct impact of price increases and...

Author(s): Henry de-Graft Acquah and Samuel Kwesi Ndzebah Dadzie

  • Article Number: 25EAB491400

April 2010

Why is understanding customer attitude toward 4Ps marketing mix important? The case of the livestock input industry in Indonesia

One of the main issues of agricultural development in Indonesia was marketing of agricultural products. It was not only due to the weakness of agricultural marketing policy, but also lack of research, particularly research related to the costumer’s attitude of marketing mix. Understanding of costumer’s attitude of marketing mix was really important. Many literatures indicated that one of the advantages of...

Author(s): Sutrisno Hadi Purnomo, Yi-Hsuan Lee , Soekartawi

  • Article Number: D8825CE1417

April 2010

Prediction of added value of agricultural subsections using artificial neural networks: Box-Jenkins and Holt-Winters methods

Added value of agricultural sub sectors is affected by many factors such as quantity production per agricultural sub sectors and selling price of producers and is related to some factors such as government investment and monetary and financial policies. This study examines the performance of artificial neural network, Box-Jenkins and Holt-Winters-no-seasonal models in forecasting added value of agricultural sub sectors...

Author(s): Elham Kahforoushan, Masoumeh Zarif and Ebrahim Badali Mashahir

  • Article Number: 5A7C1BB1449

April 2010

Measurement of economic efficiency for smallholder dairy cattle in the marginal zones of Kenya

Exotic dairy cattle have been adopted in the transitional zone IV of Kenya contrary to the opinion of experts who previously hypothesized that the "drier transitional zones" could not meet the requirements of the high performing exotic breeds. However, the economic efficiency of these breeds and the factors influencing them have not been ascertained and growers in the region are using these breeds. This study...

Author(s): M. M. Kavoi, Dana L. Hoag and James Pritchett

  • Article Number: 78425BE1476

April 2010

Why some rural people become members of agricultural cooperatives while others do not

Though agricultural cooperatives are considered as a basis for household food security, there are many rural people in Tigray (Ethiopia) who do not so far become members. The study explores why some rural people become member of cooperatives while others do not using group discussion, household survey and probit model. The result of the study shows the prominent variables that strongly and significantly induce rural...

Author(s): Woldegebrial Zeweld Nugussie

  • Article Number: 65C475C1523

April 2010

Gender, environment and poverty linkages

Poverty-environment linkages take different forms in rural and urban contexts. In rural areas, critical issues relate to access to natural resources such as land, forests etc. and their sustainable use. In urban areas, the poverty-environment agenda centres around questions relating to the use of natural resources such as water or air as sinks for the disposal of human and industrial wastes, and their impact on the...

Author(s): Siddhartha Sarkar

  • Article Number: DB349F61548

March 2010

Revisiting the synergy between no-till and roundup ready soybean technology

The objective of this study has been to identify the factors that influence the concurrent adoption of no-till technology and Roundup Ready (RR) soybean technology. Using data from a survey of 610 soybean growers in the United States and a two-equation probit model, our results reveal that ignoring the simultaneous nature of the decision to use no-till and RR soybean technologies could lead to the mis-specification of...

Author(s): Edwin Clifford Mensah and Ramin Cooper Maysami

  • Article Number: 0F979B84365

March 2010

Are Kenyan smallholders allocatively efficient? Evidence from Irish potato producers in Nyandarua North district

Irish potato production in Kenya has been on the decline, yet this crop is a major staple and a source of cash from sales. Using a random sample of 127 smallholder farmers in Nyandarua North district this paper applied a dual stochastic efficiency decomposition technique and a two - limit Tobit model, after disaggregating economic efficiency components using a dual stochastic frontier function, to analyze resource...

Author(s): Gideon A. Obare, Daniel O. Nyagaka Wilson Nguyo and Samuel M. Mwakubo

  • Article Number: 0B1250C4382

March 2010

An investigation of educational needs of Guilan- Iran's tea–planters

Agriculture has various roles on the development of Iran in different aspects. The most obvious roles are: food preparation, rural's migration prevention to urban areas, preservation of economical and political independence and material preparation for many industries. Tea is one of the crops among agricultural productions which it is still confronted with a series of poor natural and managerial barriers and lack of...

Author(s): Mohammad Karim Motamed , Farisa Irannejad, M. Rezaei and Kurosh Rousta

  • Article Number: 2FA49D44400

March 2010

Resource use and efficiency of artisanal fishing in Oguta, Imo State, Nigeria

This study determined the cost-returns and the efficiency of resources used in artisanal fishing by fishers in Oguta Local Government Area of Imo State Nigeria.  Data used for the study was obtained from primary and secondary sources using a multi-stage random sampling technique. In the first stage, 10 villages out of the 27 villages in Oguta were selected at random. In the second stage, 4 fishers were selected...

Author(s): A. Anene, C. I. Ezeh, and C. O. Oputa

  • Article Number: E1233854431

February 2010

Comparative analysis of poverty effects of various candidate biofuel crops in South Africa

The aim of this study was to investigate the poverty reduction impact of various potential biofuel crops in South Africa. A simple pro-poor development framework (in which income is substituted for by its function) is specified. After analysis for outliers with considerable leverage, a robust regression option was used to carry out estimations for physical output, values and inputs of each crop. For reasons of data...

Author(s): Nicholas N. Ngepah

  • Article Number: ED155402189

February 2010

Stimulating rural employment and income for cassava (Manihot sp.) processing farming households in Oyo State, Nigeria through policy initiatives

Smallholder agriculture is characterized by underemployment during off seasons, low-income earnings and severe post harvest losses. The study thus analyzed the economics of cassava processing by rural farm households to establish the socio-economic and policy strategies required to stimulate rural enterprise. Multistage sampling technique was used to collect data from 150 respondents using structured questionnaire....

Author(s): Oluwemimo Oluwasola

  • Article Number: 44D52DB4301

February 2010

Linkage between rural poverty and agricultural productivity across the districts of Uttar Pradesh in India

Improvement in agricultural productivity can reduce rural poverty in a major way. In India, various studies inferred that rural poverty is inversely related to the agricultural productivity and argued that agricultural productivity growth reduces rural poverty effectively as it generates income for poor farmers. Indian states are characterized by high variations in rural poverty levels, particularly, in Uttar Pradesh...

Author(s): Prabha, Kishor Goswami and Bani Chatterjee

  • Article Number: 6D3BB074307

February 2010

Poverty-environmental links: The impact of soil and water conservation and tenure security on household welfare in Kenya

This paper investigated the impact of investment in soil and water conservation strategies and tenure security on household welfare in Kenya. The paper used survey data collected from a sample of about 450 households in 2004. The paper estimated reduced form models to test the hypothesis that investments in soil and water conservation affect household welfare. The results showed that strong land rights are directly...

Author(s): Jane Kabubo-Mariara, Vincent Linderhof, Gideon Kruseman, Rosemary Atieno and Germano Mwabu

  • Article Number: F62B4324334

February 2010

Price and non-price determinants of farm household demand for purchased inputs: Evidence from Northern Ghana

The study examined the factors that influence the use of purchased inputs (fertilizer, hired labour, seed and ploughing services) by smallholders in Northern Ghana. The seemingly unrelated regression technique was used to estimate a system of cost share equations of the factor inputs. The elasticities of substitution and factor demand have been estimated. The estimated results suggested that higher amount of remittance...

Author(s): Akwasi Mensah-Bonsu

  • Article Number: 439F9374345

January 2010

Bilateral trade in Waemu and Cemac zone

In order to measure the effects of the monetary union on the intra zone trade, the study call on, a structural VAR, to which is associated the method of space state model assessment with the aim of distinguishing the impact of an economic policy shock in a group of country in open economy. The sample is constituted in this particular case of the 12 countries of the zone franc; seven countries of the West African...

Author(s): Latif Dramani

  • Article Number: A7132AC2167

January 2010

Comparison of Akaike information criterion (AIC) and Bayesian information criterion (BIC) in selection of an asymmetric price relationship

Information criteria provide an attractive basis for model selection. However, little is understood about their relative performance in asymmetric price transmission modelling framework. To explore this issue, this research evaluated the performance of the two commonly used model selection criteria, Akaike information criteria (AIC) and Bayesian information criteria (BIC) in discriminating between asymmetric price...

Author(s): Henry de-Graft Acquah

  • Article Number: 650D3294276

January 2010

GM technology and sustainable agriculture future: Empirical evidences from Bt cotton farmers in Maharashtra and Gujarat in India

World agriculture is passing through a distinct phase of transformation, called the ‘second Green Revolution’ or Gene Revolution, in which modern biotechnology enables the production of genetically modified (GM) crops/ foods that are claimed to help resolve the pressing problems of food security, malnutrition and abject poverty in different parts of the world. However, there are apprehensions the world...

Author(s): P. K. Viswanathan and N. Lalitha

  • Article Number: 4777B0F4282

October 2009

Determinants of household saving: Case study of smallholder farmers, entrepreneurs and teachers in rural areas of Kenya

The adoption of liberalization measures in Kenya culminated in a rise and spread of interest rates in the financial sector. The saving rate has however remained low. Most studies have not been conclusive on factors influencing savings in developing countries. This study adopted a microeconomic approach in investigating the factors that influence savings among households of teachers, entrepreneurs and farmers in rural...

Author(s): Lawrence K. Kibet, Benjamin K. Mutai, Desterio E. Ouma, Shem A. Ouma and George Owuor

  • Article Number: 1D5FACF3975

October 2009

Value added milk products: Constraints to women in milk micro enterprises in Kenya

As economic crisis deepens in Kenya, more and more women are joining the micro enterprise sector to earn a living. The dairy industry, in particular, provides opportunities for the Kenyan women to operate micro enterprises. However, these women face constraints in their efforts to sell high quality value added milk products. This paper is based on a study carried out in three districts in Kenya: Nakuru, Nairobi and...

Author(s): Dolphine Odero-Wanga, Milcah Mulu-Mutuku and Adijah Ali-Olubandwa

  • Article Number: 0A7FF883984

October 2009

An empirical study of the sheep meat production with fuzzy logic

In this paper, an effort was made in order to classify the European Union (EU) countries according to the quantity of the sheep meat production. In particular, the implementation of Fuzzy classification, indicated three sheep meat productionclasses in EU, according to their percentage of accession. Furthermore, the convergence in the sheep meat production...

Author(s): T. Koutroumanidis, E. Zafeiriou and S. Sofios

  • Article Number: 87F1F493993

September 2009

Female work participation in the emerging labour market- Case study of Sarhali village of Tarn-Taran district

The work participation scenario is changing in case of women workers due to changing living standards and growth of consumerism more and more women are joining the work force and opt for either jobs or self employment. Women are working because of gross economic necessity, to raise standard of living, to make use of their qualification, to pass their idle time or to earn their livelihood. This article takes into...

Author(s): Seozy Bhatia and Paramjeet Kaur Dhindsa

  • Article Number: 1B39EB13931

September 2009

Income and factor analysis of sweet potato landrace production in Ikom agricultural zone of Cross River state, Nigeria

This study was carried out to evaluate the income generation level and constraints of sweet potato landrace production in Ikom agricultural zone of Cross River state, Nigeria. The multi-stage sampling procedure was followed. The first stage involved the selection of Ikom agricultural zone out of Calabar and Ogoja agricultural zones, which was purposively selected. The reason is that there are a lot of farm settlements...

Author(s): M. C. Ogbonna, H. N. Anyaegbunam, T. U. Madu and R. A. Ogbonna

  • Article Number: 5F87B993946

August 2009

The determinants of cassava productivity and price under the farmers’ collaboration with the emerging cassava processors: A case study in East Lampung, Indonesia

This study identified the impact of the emerging cassava processors to the cassava production in Sukadana, East Lampung, Lampung, Indonesia. 80 cassava farmers in Sukadana were surveyed to know their relationships with processors, production cost structures and cultivation practices. Regression analysis showed that harvesting age was a critical factor to determine the cassava yield and price in the study area. Three...

Author(s): Tomohide Sugino and Henny Mayrowani

  • Article Number: 9F7D70A3870

August 2009

Characterization and frequency analysis of consecutive days maximum rainfall at Boalia, Rajshahi and Bangladesh

Probability distributions were to predict rainfall status of various return period estimating one day and two to seven consecutive days annual maximum rainfall of Boalia, Rajshahi, Bangladesh). Three commonly used probability distributions (viz: Normal, Log Normal and Gamma distribution) were tested to determine the best fit probability distribution using the comparison of chi-square values. Results showed that the...

Author(s): M. A. B. Barkotulla, M. S. Rahman and M. M. Rahman

  • Article Number: AC6BD373876

July 2009

Emerging rural development issues

Author(s): Prof. Diego Begalli

  • Article Number: 5C73EBC3760

July 2009

The wealth of the emerging world - the next 15 - 25 years

The article introduces a new economic concept - domestication of a territory. In the past, harnessing the Ricardian advantage of each successive unique territory meant the development of a brand new technological package along with social institutions, custom tailored to the land’s specifics. Today, we face a similar necessity of improving the productivity of territories of the developing world. They are rich,...

Author(s): Lucy Badalian and Victor Krivorotov

  • Article Number: AA55F933789

July 2009

Measuring agricultural productivity growth in MENA countries

This paper investigates the patterns of agricultural productivity growth in 16 Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries during the period 1970 - 2000. We use a nonparametric, output-based Malmquist index to examine whether our estimates confirm or invalidate the previous studies results indicating the decrease of agricultural productivity in developing countries. We will show that on average, agricultural...

Author(s): Mounir Belloumi and Mohamed Salah Matoussi

  • Article Number: CAB4BF83831

June 2009

Current technology issues

Author(s): Xiaomin Ruan

  • Article Number: E554CF73691

June 2009

A plan to place successfully organic products in the Cypriot market

This study aims to introduce a plan to place successfully organic products in the Cypriot market. In this sense, it attempts to offer more insight into Cypriot organic market. The research focused on three levels; consumers, producers and retailers of organic products in order to collect information regarding the production process of organic products, the difficulties in their disposal, the availability and quality of...

Author(s): M. Markou and T. Stylianides

  • Article Number: 70EDDB63707

June 2009

Diagnosis of business failures in Ikwerre local government area of Rivers State, Nigeria

This study explores the causes of business failures especially manufacturing firms in Ikwerre Local Government Area (KELGA) of Nigeria. The study samples were drawn from five (5) randomly selected manufacturing firms such as Rizonpalm Limited, Unizon Limited, Johnson Nigeria Limited, Chinda Limited, and Chizi Limited. Data were collected through the use of questionnaire and personal interviews of the sample elements of...

Author(s): Austin O. Oparanma, Isaac Zep-obipi, and Donald I. Hamilton

  • Article Number: C55ED223741

May 2009

Recent researches and development issues

Author(s): Nejat Erk

  • Article Number: 9CCBF963587

May 2009

Analysis of rural and urban households’ food consumption differential in the North-Central, Nigeria: A micro-econometric approach

This paper examines whether there are differences in food consumption patterns between the rural and urban households in the North-central Nigeria using food consumption data obtained from households’ seven days memory recall. While analytical tools like the descriptive statistics were used, the nature of data on fruits and vegetable with a lot of zero consumption led to the employment of the double-hurdle...

Author(s): Obayelu, A. E., Okoruwa, V. O. and Oni, O. A.

  • Article Number: 7A783083601

May 2009

Women entrepreneurship in Asian developing countries: Their development and main constraints

With limited data and information, this paper aims to examine recent developments of women entrepreneurship in Asian developing countries. This issue is currently very important since it is part of ongoing national efforts to alleviate poverty in developing countries in relation to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Greater opportunities for women to become entrepreneurs (or to have better income paid jobs) will...

Author(s): Tulus Tambunan

  • Article Number: F19467D3630

May 2009

Strategies for effective loan delivery to small – scale enterprises in rural Nigeria

Economic growth and development cannot be achieved without putting in place well-focused programmes to reduce poverty through empowering the rural entrepreneurs with credit. In noting this, government has initiated many programmes to enhance adequate loan to rural entrepreneurs. However, these programmes have achieved mixed successes. This paper therefore examines the determinants of loan acquisition to rural enterprise...

Author(s): Benjamin Okpukpara

  • Article Number: DC2EECE3643

May 2009

Economics evaluation of relative profitability in small hold dairy farms in western Kenya

The development and implementation of farm policies requires the general understanding of the farmers’ response to the availed technology. Where farmers have similar resource endowment, generalization of policies would help improve their production levels. The farmers profit levels were used in comparing their relative efficiency in dairy farming in western province Kenya where a bilateral donor agency had come up...

Author(s): Otieno D. C.  Iruria, D. M. Odhiambo and M. O. Mairura

  • Article Number: 35CCB1A3654

April 2009

The welfare costs of electricity outages: A contingent valuation analysis of households in the suburbs of Kampala, Jinja and Entebbe

Electricity power outages have been quite rampant in Uganda since the early 1990s.The water hyacinth, faults in the transmission and distribution systems, other generation related faults and the ever increasing demand for electric energy in the face of a given load capacity, are factors that have been responsible for the numerous outages experienced by both commercial and domestic power consumers. Inconveniences that...

Author(s): Eseza Kateregga

  • Article Number: 8840B953539

April 2009

Avoiding more biofuel surprises: The fuel, food and forest trade-offs

Biofuel policies involve a convergence between, policies to protect ecosystems and reduce greenhouse gases and policies to support food security and agricultural income. Beginning in 1985, agricultural programs shifted dramatically from being a major cause of environmental damage to providing a strong leverage which encouraged the most environmentally beneficial practices.  Biofuel programs are erasing some of...

Author(s): Clayton W. Ogg

  • Article Number: 38FFCB43552

September 2006

Prospects and challenges of seed sector privatisation

African countries embarked on privatisation of their seed industries in the 1980s as part of the structural adjustment programmes.  Botswana however, chose not to privatise its seed production services at that time.  This paper examines the prospects and challenges for embarking on seed sector privatisation in developing countries using Botswana as a case study.  The study found that the present system is...

Author(s): Patrick Malope

  • Article Number: F39368D8628

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