Journal of
Infectious Diseases and Immunity

  • Abbreviation: J. Infect. Dis. Immun.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2375
  • DOI: 10.5897/JIDI
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 83

JIDI Articles

May 2020

Ebola and its yet unproven therapeutic regimens

Ebola is a viral disease transmitted by bats and a species of rat to human. It was discovered in Zaire and latter spread to Zambia, Congo, Sierra Leone and Nigeria. The outbreak of Ebola in some parts of African countries posed therapeutic challenges, due to lack of ideal therapeutic agent against Ebola. In view of this, molecular and cellular pathogenesis of Ebola virus, therapeutic modalities as well as...

Author(s): Saganuwan Alhaji Saganuwan  

March 2020

Prevalence of acute diarrhea and associated precipitating factors among under-five children in West Guji Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia, 2018: Community based cross sectional study

Child hood diarrhea has continued as a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Ethiopia. In conjunction with implementing control programs, an up to-date comprehensive  information on the magnitude and contributing factors among child hood diarrhea is  needed to develop and design effective interventions at the district level. A community based cross sectional study was carried out among 717 mothers/care...

Author(s): Damene Darota Amamo, Melkamu Bekele Selgedo and Yimer Hottessa Dukale  

August 2019

Hepatitis B vaccination and its associated factors among health care workers working in Wolayita Sodo Hospitals, Southern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Hepatitis B is the principal public health problem among diverse segments of inhabitants. However, attention is not given on its prevention strategy, especially among health care workers. Hence, the intention of this study was to assess hepatitis B virus vaccination status and associated factors among health care workers working in Wolayita Sodo hospitals, Southern Ethiopia. An institution based cross-sectional study...

Author(s): Agegnehu Bante, Megbaru Debalkie, Asmare Getie, Biresaw Wassihun, Abera Mersha, Yimam Ahmed, Gedeno Kusse, Jemal Beketa, Jemal Seid and Mulugeta Abate  

December 2018

Micafungin and caspofungin pharmacodynamics in patients with candidemia

Candidemia is an important cause of health care-associated bloodstream infections. Appropriate antifungal therapy is crucial to reduce morbidity and mortality. A previous randomized clinical trial compared the clinical effectiveness of caspofungin 50 mg, micafungin 100 mg (M100), and micafungin 150 mg (M150) in treating invasive candidiasis and candidemia. M100 treatment success was non-inferior to caspofungin, while...

Author(s): Rawan Kassar, Janis Chang, Jerome Schentag and Coleman Rotstein  

June 2018

Typhoid fever outbreak investigation in Ofla Woreda, Southern Zone of Tigray Region, Ethiopia, 2016: An unmatched 1:2 case-control

Typhoid fever (TF) is a systemic infection caused by the bacterium, Salmonella typhi. Globally, 22 million illnesses and 216,000 deaths occurred annually. The woreda WAS have alerted the outbreak on 27 July, 2016. The objective of this study was to investigate typhoid fever outbreak in Dera Kebele of Ofla woreda, Tigray Region, Ethiopia. Here, we defined a suspected TF case as any person with gradual onset of remittent...

Author(s): Zerihun Degebasa Mamo, Aselefech Addisu and Taklu Marama

May 2018

Non pseudomonal Ecthyma gangrenosum: A case report of an infant seen at a tertiary hospital in Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria

Ecthyma gangrenosum (EG) is a cutaneous infection characterized by vesicles or blisters which rapidly evolve into necrotic ulcers with undermined tender erythematous border. It has been rarely reported from the African continent. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the commonest isolated organism but others, including Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Escherichia coli ((E. coli) have been reported. A case of EG in a child...

Author(s): Isezuo K. O., Sani U. M., Waziri U. M., Garba B. I., Yusuf A., Okwuolise O. B., Alasi M. A., Mohammed J. and Ajayi O.

April 2018

The curious tale of how crocodiles farmed for designer leather handbags are helping to develop human anti-arboviral vaccines

Most residents of industrialised nations in temperate climatic zones know mosquitoes to be an irritant; those blood-sucking pests that can blight a summer barbeque or family picnic. However, for people living in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, mosquitoes carry the threat of transmission of pathogens responsible for debilitating and often life-threatening blood-borne infectious diseases (Randolph and...

Author(s): Andrew W. Taylor-Robinson  

March 2018

Seroepidemiology of Toxoplasmosis among Pregnant Women in Osogbo, Southwestern, Nigeria

Infection with Toxoplasma gondii during pregnancy represents a risk of congenital infection. Simple hygienic practices due to adequate knowledge about the parasite is one of the major keys to avoiding this preventable infection among pregnant women and women of child bearing age. The present cross sectional study was carried out to investigate the seroprevalence of anti-Toxoplasma Immunoglobulin G (IgG) and...

Author(s): Olusi Titus Adeniyi, Salawu Saheed Adekola and Oniya Mobolanle Oladipo  

January 2018

Immunological outcomes of neverapin (NVP) versus efafrenz (EFV) based antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen among children on ART: A study from Black Lion Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Antiretroviral therapy has reduced HIV-related morbidity and mortality substantially. WHO recommends the use of Nevirapine or Efavirenz as first line combined with two from nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors. In this study the immunological outcomes of Neverapin versus Efafrenz based ART was assessed. Medical records of patients were retrieved and important variables were captured to standard questionnaire....

Author(s): Abebe Sorsa

July 2017

Treatment defaulter rate and associated factors among tuberculosis patients on follow up attending justh tuberculosis clinic

Tuberculosis is a chronic infections disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis attributable to nearly 9.3 million new cases and 2 million deaths a year, most of which occurring in developing countries. Besides its public health impact, tuberculosis continues to be a challenge for holistic development. Lack of proper knowledge regarding treatment of tuberculosis and consequences of defaulting lead to poor adherence in...

Author(s): Ebissa Bayana Kebede and Melaku Sambi

November 2016

Study about relationship between C-reactive protein (CRP) and other indicators in children with malaria

Measurement of C reactive protein rate in children suffering from falciparum malaria was done in order to determine its relationships according to parasite density, white blood cells, age and hemoglobin. This study was a prospective cross-sectional with descriptive and analytical purpose. It focused on 50 children aged from 0 to 15 years admitted in the Pediatric departments of university hospitals in Cocody and...

Author(s): Hien S., Yeboah O. R. , Adou H., N&#;Guessan K., Kouacou A. P. V. and Dassé S. R.

October 2016

Directly observed treatment short-course compliance and associated factors among adult tuberculosis cases in public health institutions of Hadiya zone, Southern Ethiopia

Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem in Ethiopia. This is at various levels of prevention; connected to early detection, prompt treatment seeking and compliance behavior of patients. DOTS is important strategy to tackle its prevalence and severity among public. In addition, development of MDR-TB is another emerging agenda which mainly happens as a result of poor compliance to treatment regimen. The main...

Author(s): Lonsako Abute, Yohannes Kebede, Tigist Astale, Bayu Begashaw Bekele and Tegene Legese  

May 2015

Thrombocytopenia and bleeding manifestations among patients with dengue virus infection in Port Sudan, Red Sea State of Sudan

Dengue is a global endemic and most prevalent human arbovirus disease. This study aimed at evaluating thrombocytopenia and to find out platelet activation in dengue across the spectrum of the disease. A prospective study was conducted from February, 2013 to June, 2014 at Port Sudan Teaching Hospital, Red Sea State, Sudan. 334 cases of dengue caused by dengue virus along with 101 cases of control were enrolled....

Author(s): Bashir, A.B., Mohammed, B.A., Saeed, O.K. and Ageep, A.K.

April 2015

Trend analysis of malaria prevalence in Arsi Negelle health center, Southern Ethiopia

Malaria is an issue in Ethiopia of which there is still no “Magic bullet”, no quick or easy solution, apart from extensive progress in its control over the past years. Analysis of documents on malaria data from health care system is essentially important to assess achievement or failure of malaria control programmes. The aim of this study was to investigate the five year trend of malaria prevalence in the...

Author(s): Mengistu Hailemariam and Solomon Gebre

November 2014

Cost effectiveness analyses of influenza A (H1N1) vaccination programs: How accurate were they?

Three economic evaluations of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) vaccination campaigns in North America concluded that the mass vaccination campaigns would be, or were, highly cost-effective, if not cost-saving. This paper re-assesses each study's analysis and presents three arguments: 1) prediction of vaccine program cost-effectiveness is unrealistic, if not impossible, unless quality surveillance data is available; 2)...

Author(s): Michael F. Beeler, Dionne M. Aleman and Michael W. Carter  

June 2014

Knowledge of HIV/AIDS, risk perception, sexual lifestyle and condom use among drivers in Sokoto, Nigeria

Reports from studies conducted among drivers in countries with high burden of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) show very high prevalence of HIV infection in multiples of the national average. HIV risk perception has been identified as an important antecedent for one’s adoption of protective behavior against contracting the disease. This study was conducted to assess the...

Author(s): Awosan, K. J., Ibrahim, M. T. O., Arisegi, S. A. and Erhiano, E. E.

May 2014

Efficacy of glucocorticoids in controlling leishmania major infecting Balb/c mice

Leishmaniasis is a growing health problem in many parts of the world. Efforts to find new chemotherapeutics for leishmaniasis remain a priority. This study was carried out to determine the effect of using glucocorticoid drugs to reduce production of chemokine production in a bid to control Leishmania major infection in BALB/c mice. A total of 48 mice were used. In the therapeutic arm (post-infection), 24 mice were...

Author(s): Rose M. Nyamao, Zipporah O. Lagat, Khayeka W. Christopher, Bernard N. Jumba and Rebecca W. Waihenya, Robert Karanja and Bernard Osero Ong&#;ondo

April 2014

Assessment of tuberculosis-related knowledge, attitudes and practices in Enugu, South East Nigeria

This study was carried out in 2009 to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of tuberculosis (TB) and its socio-demographic determinants in six selected Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Enugu State, South East Nigeria. A total of 1,200 respondents were selected from 6 Local Government Areas by multi-stage sampling technique and responses elicited from them by semi-structured, pre-tested interviewer administered...

Author(s): Onyeonoro Ugochukwu Uchenna, Chukwu Joseph Ngozi, Oshi Daniel C., Nwafor Charles C. and Meka Anthony O.

September 2013

Analysis of Beta-lactamase production and Antibiotics resistance in Staphylococcus aureus strains

The antibiotic susceptibility profile and the association of β-lactamase production to antibiotic resistance in Staphylococcus aureus strains were analysed. The disk diffusion antibiotic susceptibility pattern was conducted on S. aureus strains cultured from clinical specimens using standard bacteriological methods. The β-lactamase production was assayed using the modified Perret’s...

Author(s): Torimiro N, Moshood AA and Eyiolawi SA

September 2013

HIV co-infection among tuberculosis patients in Dabat, northwest Ethiopia

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of HIV co-infection among TB patients in Dabat district, northwest Ethiopia. Medical records of 1086 pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis patients registered from 2009 to 2012 at two health centers in the district were reviewed. HIV status was determined on 849 (78.2%) patients. The prevalence of HIV co-infection was 97 (11.4%). The majority, 61 (62.9%) and 90...

Author(s): Sebsibe Tadesse, Takele Tadesse

August 2013

Sero-prevalence of malaria, hepatitis b and syphilis among pregnant women in Osogbo, Southwestern Nigeria

Malaria, syphilis and Hepatitis B during pregnancy are detrimental to the life of the pregnant women and the foetus. In this study, we documented the prevalence of the three diseases among pregnant women attending a selected Comprehensive Health Care center in Osogbo, Nigeria using serological kits. Of the 200 participants consented to participate in the study, 26 (13%) were positive for malaria while 6 (3%) were...

Author(s): Adeleke, M. A., Adebimpe, W. O., Sam-Wobo, S. O., Wahab, A. A., Akinyosoye, L. S.and Adelowo, T. O.

August 2013

Urinary tract infections in Saudi renal transplant recipients

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common post-renal transplant complications. During the first month post-transplantation, bacterial septicemia due to UTIs is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The incidence, risk factors and causative bacteria of UTIs were assessed in 27 renal transplant recipients (RTRs). Bacterial UTI was diagnosed based on urine culture that was positive for bacterial growth greater...

Author(s): Abdulmalik M. Alkatheri,

February 2013

Knowledge of fearfulness of HIV/AIDS between floating and frequently moving population of three metropolitan cities in Bangladesh

This paper identifies the vulnerable groups which have lower level of specific knowledge about transmission and ways of avoiding human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS). Majority of respondents, about 92% floating and 99% frequently moving, heard the name HIV/AIDS from various sources of media, but 52% floating and 31% frequently moving respondents do not know the fearfulness of...

Author(s): Prosannajid Sarkar, Golam Mostofa and Mostafizur Rahman

February 2013

Prevalence of inducible clindamycin resistance among clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus detected by phenotypic method: A preliminary report

Clindamycin is one of the alternative antibiotics in the therapy of Staphylococcus aureus, particularly in methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infections. But inducible clindamycin resistance (iMLSB) has been described as a cause of clinical failure of such infections. The present study attempted to evaluate the prevalence of inducible clindamycin resistance among S. aureus isolates in a...

Author(s): Vineeta Mittal, Sachin Kishore and M. E. Siddique

October 2012

Estimation of cord factor antigen of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in pleural fluid and its diagnostic significance

In this study, a sandwich enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed to measure the concentration of cord factor (CF) antigen of M. tuberculosis in the pleural fluids of 42 patients with tuberculous pleural effusion (TPE). The assay was also simultaneously performed in 43 pleural fluid specimens with malignant pleural effusion (MPE). The assay detected CF antigen in 83.3% in patients with TPE...

Author(s): Cinta Rose, Neelima R., Mathai A., Harikrishnan V. S., Radhakrishnan V. V.

October 2012

Linear growth in children after acute meningitis: A controlled study

In this study, we recorded and analyzed the growth data of 40 children with acute meningitis (age 5.8 ± 3.1 years) for a year or more after treatment, and compared them with their age and sex matched healthy siblings (n = 100). None of the patients had any meningitis complications that could affect linear growth. None of them were underweight and/or stunted for one year or more after treatment. The height...

Author(s): Wail Said Seleem, Ashraf Soliman and Ahmed Elawwa,

March 2012

Influenza A H1NI (Pandemic 2009): How prepared are healthcare providers in Calabar, Nigeria?

In April 2009, an outbreak of influenza was reported in Mexico and California and within months, it spread to all continents of the world. An influenza pandemic has always posed a threat to global public health. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, reported practice and preparedness of health care providers in Calabar, Nigeria, regarding the H1N1 pandemic. This was a prospective study. A...

Author(s): Etokidem AJ, Ogaji DST, Nsan E, Ikpeme BM, Oyo-Ita AE, Ndifon WO, Okokon IBand Ebenso BE

March 2012

Trehalose 6, 6’dimycolate (cord factor) induced pulmonary granuloma in naive and lymphopenic mice

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a gram negative bacterium that primarily affects immunocompromised and clinically debilitated patients. It is known to affect many tissues and organ systems of the body, but it rarely causes otitis externa. We reported a case of otitis externa due to S. maltophilia in a 22-year-old immunocompromised male who had bilateral otalgia and ear discharge, as well as left facial...

Author(s): Mathai A, Neelima R, Harikrishnan V. S and Radhakrishnan V. V

February 2012

Serum proteins in health and in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Nigeria

Tuberculosis (TB) remains an important communicable disease all over the world. We therefore undertook this study to evaluate the relationship between TB and serum protein levels. 210 patients with pulmonary TB (PTB) aged 18 years and above from Lagos metropolis and age- and sex-matched controls were studied. Both cases and controls had serum proteins levels evaluated. Serum total globulin was estimated by subtracting...

Author(s): Damburam A., Garbati M. A. and Yusuph H.

February 2012

Otitis externa due to Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in an immunocompetent patient: Case report

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a gram negative bacterium that primarily affects immunocompromised and clinically debilitated patients. It is known to affect many tissues and organ systems of the body, but it rarely causes otitis externa. We reported a case of otitis externa due to S. maltophilia in a 22-year-old immunocompromised male who had bilateral otalgia and ear discharge, as well as left facial...

Author(s): Khalid Boraik Al-Ghamdi, Almoaidbellah Abdulaziz Rammal and Rafat Sadaqa Sindi

January 2012

Review on major viral diseases of chickens reported in Ethiopia

In Ethiopia, the major poultry products come from backyards chickens. But in recent times, more commercialized poultry farms are flourishing having considerable contribution to the supply of poultry products, especially to urban areas. There are also attempts to upgrade the productivity of local chickens through distribution of exotic and cross breeds to the rural areas. These endeavors, however, are hampered from...

Author(s): Hailu Mazengia

January 2012

Detection of IgG, IgA and IgM antibodies against Porphyromonas gingivalis in gingival crevicular fluid and saliva in patients with chronic periodontitis

Humoral immune response is an important host mechanism against periodontopathogenic microorganisms, such as Porphyromonas gingivalis. P. gingivalis is the most frequent causative agent of chronic periodontitis in Mexico, but its detection presents difficulties. The aim of this study was to identify antibodies against semi-purified culture-secreted proteins of P. gingivalis in saliva and gingival...

Author(s): Marcela Y. Martinez-Guzman, Manuel A. de la Rosa-Ramírez, Alma Y. Arce-Mendoza and Adrian G. Rosas-Taraco

December 2011

Postpolio syndrome: Epidemiology, pathogenesis and management

Post polio syndrome is a disorder of the nervous system that appears in many survivors of paralytic polio, usually 15 years or more after the original illness. Currently, there are more than 2 million people world wide who have been afflicted with polio as children or young adults and who now may exhibit symptoms of the post-polio syndrome. The purpose of this review is to provide the current information on the...

Author(s): Abdulraheem I. S., Saka M. J. and Saka A. O.

  • Article Number: A9B70645377

December 2011

Therapeutic effect of nitric oxide and antibiotic against Salmonella typhimurium

Typhoid fever is an important health menace in India and other developing countries. Human typhoid fever is a severe systemic infection of the reticuloendothelial system caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi. It was estimated that more than 22 million cases of typhoid fever occur in which 200,000 related deaths occur worldwide each year from S. typhi. Human typhoid is similar to the...

Author(s): S. S. Haque

November 2011

Leprosy: An overview

Leprosy is common in many countries worldwide, and in temperate, tropical, and subtropical climates. Approximately 100 cases per year are diagnosed in the United States. Leprosy is characterized by disfiguring skin sore, nerve damage, and progressive debilitation. Leprosy is caused by a bacterium which affects various parts of the body particularly the skin and nerves. Leprosy is difficult to transmit and has a long...

Author(s): Jyotsna A.Saonere

  • Article Number: 1DD26DC5361

November 2011

Specific immmunoglobulin-E responses to fractions of Cynodon dactylon pollen as allergen in in-vitro diagnostic test in Kashmir Himalaya-India

The study was aimed at identifying the presence of specific IgE antibody levels in vitro to antigen. Based on positive skin test with Cynodon dactylon and elevated levels of total IgE (>325 IU/ml), 104 patients were selected. Healthy, asymptomatic individuals (25) with low total IgE (<325 IU/ml) were included as controls. The mean OD values by ELISA for specific IgE were 0.67±0.21,...

Author(s): Nisar A. Wani, Zafar Amin Shah and Mahrukh Hameed

November 2011

Widal test case study in Togo: Proposition for a rational use

The Widal test is still being used in Togo and the results are labelled “positive” even for only one agglutinin without titration. As a result of that, more and more people claim to have typhoid fever while the clinical state is not suggestive and no bacteriological test is performed. We discuss here the results of 200 patients seen in routine laboratories from November 2005 to April 2006. The agglutinin TO,...

Author(s): Edinam AGBENU, Hervé d’ALMEIDA, Yaotsè DAGNRA, Maléwè KOLOU and Mireille DAVID

  • Article Number: 17C6BC95313

November 2011

HIV related stigmatizing attitude and practice among health care workers in Northern Nigeria

This study is designed to describe the HIV related stigmatizing attitude and practice among the health care workers in Nasarawa State, Northern Nigeria. This study is an analytical cross-sectional study. Multistage sampling technique was used to obtain a representative sample and structured self-administered questionnaire was used to collect relevant information. About half (40.9%) of the health care workers...

Author(s): AMORAN OE

  • Article Number: 10238E95324

October 2011

Mitogen activated protein kinase Influence the immune response of a prevalent Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical strain of the Indo-Oceanic Clade

Different strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) are known to modify the host immune response in a strain-specific manner. However, studies linking M. tuberculosis strain-specific impact upon the regulation of mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK)-induced monocyte activation are limited. We have studied the immunomodulation, induced by a prevalent Indo-Oceanic Clade clinical strain S7,...

Author(s): Palaniappan Natarajan, C. Ponnuraja  and Sujatha Narayanan

  • Article Number: 92052AE5211

October 2011

The co-infection of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Mycobacterium tuberculosis among patients seen at the general hospital Umuguma, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria

In this study, the co-infection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) andMycobacterium tuberculosis was investigated among patients.  HIV serology was performed on 100 tuberculosis patients whose sputum samples were AFB positive as tested at the General Hospital Umuguma, Owerri, Imo State, between 2nd May 2010 and 3rd February 2011. Seven (7.0%) of the 100 tuberculosis patients were HIV seropositive.  HIV...

Author(s): Opara, Ambrose Uche, Nnodim, John-Kennedy and Okorochi Enoch C.

  • Article Number: 3FAE2275229

October 2011

Treatment outcome of newly diagnosed sputum positive adult tuberculosis cases in the context of HIV infection

Nigeria is one of the highest burdened tuberculosis (TB) countries and HIV co-infection poses a challenge in the control efforts of the national programme. Treatment outcome in newly diagnosed smear positive pulmonary TB cases, associated factors and outcome in relation to HIV infection were determined. A 5-year retrospective cross sectional study was carried out on category 1 TB cases at the University College...

Author(s): Olusoji M. Ige and Regina E. Oladokun

  • Article Number: C57844440040

October 2011

HIV/AIDS in North-Eastern Nigeria: A review

The HIV/AIDS situation in Nigeria has undergone a lot of transformation following a long period that was plagued by superstition and denial. The HIV Sero Prevalence Sentinel Surveys were conducted among the antenatal clinic (ANC) attendees in Nigeria being considered to be a homogenous community of persons with steady sexual partners. Included in the survey were pregnant women aged between 15 to 49 years of age from...

Author(s): Garbati, Musa A, Abba, Abdullah A, Kabrang, Danjuma N and Yusuph, H

  • Article Number: CD31CC65117

October 2011

Progression of disease in a more clinically relevant mouse model of respiratory melioidosis

In acute and lethal infections, antibiotics reduce mortality and therefore extend the duration of the immune response. The progression of the immune response to acute,Burkholderia pseudomallei K96243 infection, via the aerosol route, in BALB/c mice treated with doxycycline (7 days, daily, orally) was explored. The therapy extended survival and limited bacterial growth in the lungs. After cessation of antibiotic...

Author(s): Thomas R. Laws, Andrew J. H. Simpson and Michelle Nelson

  • Article Number: 9777F625130

October 2011

Prevalance of tuberculosis in patients on hemodialysıs and peritoneal dialysis

It has been shown that the incidence of tuberculosis is higher in dialysis patients than general population. We retrospectively compared herein, the prevalance, frequency, clinical features and outcome of tuberculosis in patients on chronic hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) program for more than three months. We screened 1040 HD and 345 PD patients. The prevalence of tuberculosis was higher in HD...

Author(s): Pelin Karadag, Meltem Gursu, Savas Ozturk, Serhat Karadag,  Zeki Aydin, Sami Uzun, Emel Tatli, Abdullah Sumnu, Riza Umar Gursu and Rumeyza Kazancioglu

  • Article Number: 830D1525141

September 2011

Two cases of brucellosis with atypical maculopapular rash recorded in siblings

Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by bacteria of Brucella bacteria. It is still a frequently recorded disease in developing countries. Each year, 500,000 new cases of brucellosis develop globally and its incidence in our country, though varied with regard to geographical regions, was found between 1 to 26.7% in the studies conducted. Onset of the Brucella infections is insidious in almost half of the cases...

Author(s): Vefik Arica, Ali Karakuş, Seçil Arıca, Murat Tutanç, İbrahim Şilfeler and Vicdan Köksaldı Motor

  • Article Number: 4B039924018

September 2011

Comparison of acid-fast bacilli (AFB) positivity rate obtained by applicator stick and the plastic loop in a high TB incidence population of Zambia

The discovery of the causative organism of Tuberculosis (TB) dates back to 1882 by Robert Koch and described the isolation of the tubercle bacilli. Since then, a large number of Mycobacterium species responsible for causing pulmonary and extra pulmonary infections have been identified. Tuberculosis (TB) is an airborne disease caused by a pathogen belonging to the species Mycobacterium tuberculosis....

Author(s): Davies Chisenga Kalunga

  • Article Number: A409F954024

September 2011

Oral lesions and systemic diseases in HIV-infected subjects

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of oral lesions and systemic diseases in HIV- infected subjects and to assess possible relationship between them. This was a cross-sectional analytical study. Oral examination was performed in HIV-infected adult individuals. CD4+ count and viral load were recorded and systemic diseases classified. The most common oral lesions were oral candidiasis (26.8%), oral hairy...

Author(s): Maria Sueli Marques Soares, Dayane Franco Barros Mangueira Leite, Rachel Reinaldo Arnaud, Francisco Diogo Carrilho Oliveira Filho, Alysson Marconni Holanda Lima, Douglas Savio de Sousa and Moizes Alves de Lima Segundo

  • Article Number: 9B4E98C4032

September 2011

A rare cause of complete atrioventricular block: Lyme carditis

Lyme disease is a tick-borne spirochete infection that may affect the heart. Cardiac manifestations include conduction disturbances and other pathologies of the heart. Disturbance of atrioventricular (AV) node conduction is the most common cardiac manifestation of Lyme disease. We report a 61-year old female, who was admitted to the emergency department with the complaints of syncope, dizziness and generalized fatigue....

Author(s): Mesut Aydin, Serkan Bulur, Yasin Turker, Hakan Ozhan, Kezban Ozmen Suner and Ahmet Sahin

  • Article Number: 17775343932

September 2011

Legionella disease complicated by complete heart block

Legionella disease is a systemic infection with rare cardiac manifestations. Known cardiac presentations include myocarditis, pericarditis, endocarditis and pericardial effusion. Only two cases of conduction disturbance have been reported in adults, one in the setting of verapamil use. A 56 year-old African American woman with a history of active tobacco abuse and diabetes presented with fevers, fatigue and altered...

Author(s): Jonathan G. Stine, Omar Ragab and Chalapathy Venkatesan

  • Article Number: AE1C93F3966

September 2011

Clinical and health characteristic of patients diagnosed with Influenza A H1/N1 2009 and admitted in the respiratory unit of the area five hospital in the community of Madrid

We have performed an epidemiological analysis of adult patients hospitalized with influenza A/H1N1 in the year 2009 in the Pulmonology Service of La Paz University Hospital in Madrid, Spain. We carried out a retrospective cohort and descriptive study in La Paz University Hospital from July to December 2009 of 102 patients diagnosed with Influenza A in the first 24 h of their stay in the Emergency Unit. All patients...

Author(s): Barros D, Prados C, Martín-Quirós A, Martí M, Romero MP, Figueiras JC, Quintana M, Paño JR   and  Work group of  A/HN flu; La Paz University Hospital (Carpio CJ, Alcolea S, Gómez Mendieta MA, Santiago A, Ortega B, Martínez-Verdasco A, Fernández-Bujarrabal J, Álvarez-Sala R, Martínez Virto A, Paño JR, Martín Vega A, Arnalich F, Sánchez Pastor M, Herruzo R,  Castillo F, Santos A, Ruiz JA, Adalid FJ, García de Miguel MJ)

  • Article Number: B58EE793988

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