Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 653

JPHE Articles

Different types of aero-allergens causing nasobronchial allergy in District Kupwara of Jammu and Kashmir State -India

April 2012

Nasobronchial allergy is one important type of respiratory disorder. Aero allergens like pollen, dust, fungus, dander and many others play important role in nasobronchial allergies particularly in asthma and rhinitis. The prevalence of nasobronchial allergy among populations all over the world has been increasing rapidly. The role of different inhalant allergens in nasobronchial allergy varies with environmental...

Author(s): Nisar A. Wani, Zafar Amin Shah and Mahrukh Hameed

Examining the nutritional knowledge of nurses: A theoretical perspective

April 2012

Nurses have a fundamental responsibility of promoting good health and educating the patients they care for. This research explores nurses’ general knowledge about nutrition and whether the knowledge they have acquired is used in caring for their patients. The MEDLINE and the OVID database were searched for papers relating to the topic from 1990 to 2010 using “nurses and knowledge”, “nurses”...

Author(s): Aishat T. Bakre, Ashiyat K. Akodu C. and Babatunde A. Akodu

Diagnosis of invasive squamous cell carcinoma: Impact of opportunistic screening in >70 years old women in Trentino (northern region of Italy)

March 2012

To assess the value of opportunistic screening in diagnosis of invasive squamous carcinoma found in >70 years old women in Trentino (northern region of Italy) in the period 2007 to 2010, the cytopathology Section of Rovereto Hospital examined 28589 opportunistic Pap smears. papillomavirus (HPV) genotyping by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed in all histological specimens with diagnosis of low grade and...

Author(s): Teresa Pusiol, Doriana Morichetti and Maria Grazia Zorzi

Sero-prevalence of peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) in small ruminants in Blue Nile, Gadaref and North Kordofan States of Sudan

March 2012

The present cross-sectional survey was conducted in Blue Nile, Gadarif and North Kordofan states of Sudan. The study was conducted during the period May 2005 to September 2006 to provide an overview of the most important diseases affecting small ruminants’ productivity. Results of interviews with small ruminants’ keepers indicated thatpeste des petitis ruminants (PPR) was found to be one of the most...

Author(s): A. S. Abdalla, A. A. Majok, K. H. El Malik and A. S. Ali

Cutaneous infectious diseases in Tunisian adolescents

March 2012

Few studies have been completed in adolescent’s cutaneous diseases. The aim of this work is to assess the adolescent epidemiological profile of the cutaneous infectious diseases and its evolution between 1997 and 2007. We have performed a comparative retrospective study on all adolescent outpatients attending Charles Nicolle’s Hospital Dermatological Department on 1997 and 2007 and focused on cutaneous...

Author(s): El Fekih Nadia, Aounallah-Skhiri Hajer, Ben Thabet-Dorbane Imen, Zéglaoui Faten, kamoun Mohamed Ridha and Fazaa Becima

Knowledge and awareness on HIV/AIDS among blood donors: A Study at Rajshahi, Bangladesh

March 2012

Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is the most devastating disease that mankind has ever faced. For being neighboring country of India, Bangladesh has been highly vulnerable to HIV infection. Though Bangladesh continues to maintain low HIV prevalence status, however the infection rate is on the rise at Rajshahi Division. Some studies have been carried out on the knowledge...

Author(s): Abdul Goni and Mahfuzur Rahman

A descriptive study of behavioural patterns associated with gastrointestinal illness in the general Swedish population

February 2012

A nation-wide survey was conducted in 2009 to collect information about behavioural patterns possibly associated with gastrointestinal illness (GI) in the general Swedish population. One-third of the respondents used various internet and/or telephone resources to find information about GI. Nearly eighty percent said that they buy and consume certain food products or beverages, and one-third of the respondents claimed...

Author(s): Jonas Toljander and Nina Karnehed

Prevalence and transmission of Trichomonas vaginalis infection among women in Khartoum State, Sudan

February 2012

This study was carried out from January 2008 to December 2009 to determine the prevalence of trichomoniasis among women in Khartoum State, Sudan. Two different hospitals were selected. The two hospitals were Ibrahim Malik hospital which is serving an urban area and Ombada hospital which is serving a rural area and migrant people coming from other parts of Sudan particularly Western Sudan. Monthly data was collected...

Author(s): Dahab M. M., Koko W. S., Osman E. E. and Hilali A. H. M.  

Enteric pathogens and diarrhea disease potentials of water sources in Ahiazu Mbaise, Eastern Nigeria

February 2012

This research was targeted at determining the load of enteric pathogens and possible diarrheal disease potentials of the water sources to prevent possible disease outbreak through improved portable water supply for the inhabitants. Water samples were collected from boreholes, underground tanks, and streams and subjected to standard microbiological analysis. The result of total heterotrophic bacterial count (THBC) and...

Author(s): Esomonu Onyenonachi Charity, Abanobi Okwouma C. and Ihejirika Chinedu Emeka

Prevalence and factors associated with healing outcomes of hospital-acquired pressure ulcers among patients with spinal cord injury

February 2012

Pressure ulcers remain a perennial challenge in the management of patients with spinal cord injury in developing countries due to lack of preventive facilities and trained personnel. This study assessed the prevalence and factors associated with healing outcomes of hospital-acquired pressure ulcers among patients with spinal cord injury in a Nigerian tertiary hospital. A retrospective case chart review of patients with...

Author(s): Ezema Charles Ikechukwu, Idowu Opeyemi Ayodiipo, Anekwe David Emeka, Adelugba Julius Kayode, Nwoba Izuchukwu Michael and Ogunbameru Temitope Deborah

Assessment of awareness on food borne zoonoses and its relation with veterinary public health services in and around Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

February 2012

A qualitative survey was conducted to assess the awareness on food borne zoonoses and its relation with veterinary public health services in Addis Ababa and its surrounding districts. Structured questionnaire was used in the study. Factors like educational level, information source, and profession, were considered for possible explanation of the results. The most frequently known zoonotic diseases were rabies (100%),...

Author(s): Sisay Girma, Girma Zewde, Ketema Tafess, and Tariku Jibat

The plight of Haitian refugees in the Dominican Republic: Physical/psychosocial consequences

January 2012

Haitians are the largest minority living in Dominican Republic. These destitute people escaped the deprivations and disasters of their home country only to face other more tyrannical situations at asylums in the Dominican Republic. This manuscript focuses on the health consequences facing Haitians living on the north coast of the Dominican Republic. Their plight is a humanitarian crisis that requires the joint efforts...

Author(s): AbdulKareem Al-Obaidi, and Ghazwan Maqur

Primary health care services in Nigeria: Critical issues and strategies for enhancing the use by the rural communities

January 2012

Quality health is a fundamental right of all Nigerian citizens. While primary health care (PHC) centres are relatively uniformly distributed throughout local government areas (LGAs) in Nigeria, the rural people tend to underuse the basic health services. This article examines some cross cutting issues in PHC and outlines strategies to enhance the utilization of health services by rural people. The responsibility...

Author(s): Abdulraheem I. S., Olapipo A. R. and Amodu M. O.

A study of fertility intentions of women in Uyo, Nigeria

January 2012

Fertility desires are known to reflect subsequent fertility behaviour, therefore, understanding these desires therefore could help in planning strategies to modify fertility behaviour. We undertook the study to contribute useful information in planning future family planning strategies in our region. This was a questionnaire-based cross-sectional study among antenatal women in two health facilities in Uyo, Nigeria....

Author(s): Umoh A. V, Abah G. M and Ekanem U. S

Antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella serotypes isolated from human and animals in Sudan

January 2012

The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of multidrug resistance among Salmonella enterica serotypes recovered from human and animals in Sudan. A total of 119 Salmonella isolates recovered from stools of humans, cattle, camels and poultry were subjected to in vitro susceptibility against 10 commonly prescribed antibacterial agents. The test was done by the disc diffusion...

Author(s): Imad M.T. Fadlalla, Mohamed E. Hamid, Ahmed G. Abdel Rahim and Mohamed T. Ibrahim

An ecological view of the risk factors for tuberculosis in the United States

January 2012

There is scientific evidence of socio-demographic, behavioral and health risk factors associated with tuberculosis (TB) infection and TB disease. The primary objective of the study was to examine the correlation of TB risk factors at the state level in the United States (US) to obtain insights specific to the state of TB in the US. Secondary data from the centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) and US Census...

Author(s): David Young and Sheryl Strasser

Obesity: A major public health challenge of 21st century in the United Kingdom (UK)

December 2011

Obesity is one of the greatest public health challenges of modern times, especially in the UK, with its attendant negative health consequences and huge wider cost to the society. This paper aims to shed more light, stimulate debate and further research into the fifth wave of public health as well as emphasizing the strength and pitfall of basic principles of public health in addressing obesity. It examines the problem...

Author(s): Semeeh A. Omoleke

Gender differentials in factors associated with HIV testing intentions in Kenya: An application of the health belief model

December 2011

Demand for HIV testing and counseling has been growing with intensified efforts to scale up antiretroviral treatment globally. In Kenya, HIV testing and counselling programs have been expanding at an unprecedented pace. Knowledge of levels and associates of testing intentions is of essence. To obtain such knowledge, a recent nationally representative sample of reproductive-aged women and men was analyzed applying the...

Author(s): Li Liu

Maternal education and child nutritional status in the Democratic Republic of Congo

December 2011

Using data from the 2001 Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)-Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey, this study examines association between maternal education and child nutritional status in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Analyses are based on chi-square tests and logit generalized estimating equations. The results showed that maternal education difference in child nutritional status depends on the nutritional status...

Author(s): Jacques Be-Ofuriyua EMINA, Ngianga-Bakwin KANDALA, Joseph INUNGU and Yazoume YE

A systematic review of epidemiological studies on the association between smokeless tobacco use and coronary heart disease

December 2011

A systematic review was conducted of epidemiological studies focusing on the association between smokeless tobacco (SLT) use and coronary heart disease (CHD) in order to summarize the evidence and to identify scope for further study in South Asian countries. PubMed and ISI Web of Science databases were searched to find epidemiological studies (cohort, case-control and cross-sectional) published until 27 October, 2011....

Author(s): Muhammad Aziz Rahman, Mohammad Afzal Mahmood, Nicola Spurrier, Mahmudur Rahman and Stephen Leeder

A meta analysis of prevalence rate of hypertension in Nigerian populations

December 2011

This study aimed at synthesizing population-based studies on prevalence of hypertension in Nigeria from 1990 to 2009. General databases and subject-specific databases were searched for primary studies. Manuscripts of appropriate studies were retrieved. Based on some criteria, only eligible studies were included in the study. A total of 9 studies all from South-West region of Nigeria that fulfilled the inclusion criteria...

Author(s): Obinna Ikechukwu Ekwunife and Cletus Nze Aguwa

Combined intervention of intermittent preventive therapy and long-lasting insecticide treated nets among pregnant women in Nigeria

December 2011

Sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) prophylaxis and use of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated nets (LLINs) are the main interventions recommended by WHO to reduce malaria risks during pregnancy. To assess the degree of coverage against malaria afforded by treated mosquito net alone or combined with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine among currently pregnant women (cpw) in Nigeria. A population-based cross-sectional household survey...

Author(s): Bamgboye M. Afolabi, Festus Okoh, Bayo S Fatunmbi, William Komakech, Oladele Saliu, Felicia Ewoigbokhan, Aro Modiu, James Ujor and Marmoud Omo-eboh

Attitudes of antenatal patients at a tertiary hospital in Southern Nigeria towards caesarean section

December 2011

Caesarean section has contributed immensely to improved obstetric care throughout the world. In developing countries especially the sub-Saharan Africa, there is a great aversion to caesarean section. This study aims to assess the attitudes of antenatal patients at the University of Port-Harcourt Teaching Hospital towards caesarean section. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 400 antenatal clients seen at the...

Author(s): Israel Jeremiah, Esther Nonye-Enyidah and Preye Fiebai

Studying physical and sociological environment of malaria to implement an indoor insecticide spraying campaign in Oueme region, Benin

December 2011

Malaria is among the main problems of public health in Africa. In Benin, indoor residual spraying (IRS) of bendiocarb has been proposed by the National Malaria Control Programme in the districts of Adjohoun, Dangbo, Misserete and Seme to help eradicate the malaria-causing mosquito. Prior to implementing an IRS program, a study of the local physical and sociological environment was assessed to identify the...

Author(s): G. G. Padonou,G. L. Gbédjissi, H. S. Bankolé,  H. Noukpo, A. Yadouléton, M. C. Akogbéto,

Are Muslim women behind in their knowledge and use of contraception in India?

December 2011

This paper uses District Level House Survey (DLHS) and National Family Health Survey (NFHS) data to investigate the use and knowledge of contraceptive methods within two religious communities in India, Muslim and Hindu. The obligations and tenets of their religion require Muslim women to defer from using any contraceptive method. Such commitments to one’s faith may turn out to be a deterrent in the use of...

Author(s): Suresh Sharmaand Atika Pasha  

Education, poor antenatal care coverage and teenage pregnancy at Kassala Hospital, Eastern Sudan

December 2011

The present study was conducted at Kassala hospital in eastern Sudan over six month’s duration (April to October, 2009) to determine antenatal care coverage, risk of anemia, obstructed labor, preterm birth and low birth weight among teenage primiparous women (<20 years) with singleton deliveries compared with the similar group of women aged 20 to 35 years. All primiparous women who delivered single...

Author(s): Abdel Aziem A. Ali, Abdalla A. Mohammed and Mohammed A. Sulaiman

Quality of General Practitioner Referral Letters to a South African Tertiary Hospital: Determinants of Quality Content and Good Practice

November 2011

The aim of this paper is to describe the essential elements of information, to assess the quality of content, to audit the referral practice and to identify the determinants of both good referral and practice from the general practitioners’ referral letters received at a tertiary hospital. A cross-sectional descriptive and evaluative study was conducted at theOutpatient Department of the Dr. George...

Author(s): Mabuza Langalibalele, Maduna Patrick M. H, Mhlongo Samuel W. P, Ndimande John V and Longo-Mbenza Benjamin

A Study on Outbreak of Dengue from Bihar, India-Establishing New Foci, Attributable to Climatic Changes Ragini Mishra1* and Prashant Kumar2

November 2011

Dengue fever (DF) is a mosquito-borne viral infection which is emerging fast in terms of mortality and morbidity in humans worldwide, particularly in tropical and subtropical countries. DF is characterized clinically by headache, retro-orbital pain, myalgia, arthralgia, integumentary rashes, and sometimes with haemorrhagic manifestations. Aedes aegypti, the main vector species of dengue fever/dengue haemorrhagic...

Author(s): Ragini Mishra and Prashant Kumar

Community Attitudes Towards Male Involvement in Home Based Care Activities for People Living with HIV and AIDS in Maseno Division, Western Kenya

November 2011

Home-based care has emerged as an effective method of providing cost-effective and compassionate care to those infected with HIV and AIDS. Traditionally, women have been in the forefront in the provision of care for those infected with HIV/AIDS. However, there was low male involvement in home-based care services and little research has been done. This paper assesses community attitudes towards male involvement in...

Author(s): R. K. Makori, R. O. Onyango, R. Kakai and J. O. S. Osero

Prescription Errors Prevalent in Four Units of a University Teaching Hospital in Nigeria

November 2011

Errors in prescription in medical practice are a source of adverse events that can be prevented. This study aimed at assessing the prevalence of prescription errors and predisposing factors in four units (medical out-patient, general out-patient, wards, accident and emergency) of the University College Hospital (UCH) Ibadan. Twelve error descriptors developed from literature review were used to review the 1866...

Author(s): Oyedunni S. Arulogun, Simon K. Oluwole and Musibau A. Titiloye

Socio-Economic Inequalities in the Risk of Diseases and Associated Risk Factors in India

November 2011

Extant literature is full of studies on socio-economic inequalities in maternal and child health in India but studies on inequalities in risk of diseases are limited. We use data from India Human Development Survey (IHDS) conducted in 2004-05 to test two hypotheses: first, diabetes and high blood pressure are associated with affluence; and second, tuberculosis and mental illness are associated with poverty. We use...

Author(s): Mohammad Hifzur Rahman and Abhishek Singh

Esthetic Self-Perception of HIV/AIDS Patients under Antiretroviral Therapy Suffering from Lipodystrophic Syndrome and its Influence on the Quality of Life in a City of the Brazilian Northeast

November 2011

This paper aims to evaluate the impact of lipodystrophic syndrome (LDS) on the quality of life and esthetic self-perception of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) under highly activeantiretroviral therapy (HAART). This is an exploratory observational study, with quantitative and qualitative data, using world health organization quality of life instrument – HIV(WHOQOL-HIV BREF) and esthetic...

Author(s): Carla Glenda Souza da Silva and João Carlos Alchieri

Risk for Unplanned Early Hospital Re-admission for Patients with Respiratory Tract Diseases: A Retrospective Study

November 2011

The purpose of this study was to identify unplanned hospital re-admission risk factors in patients with respiratory tract diseases in Taiwan. This was a retrospective study. Study subjects were patients with primary diagnosis of respiratory tract diseases, which were defined by using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes. Eight hundred and seventy-six...

Author(s): Tzu-Chun Chen and Su-Hsien Chang

Impacts of HIV/AIDS on Secondary School Science Teachers and Learners in Namibia

November 2011

Namibia’s secondary school science teachers and learners are critical to the success of the country’s science, technology, engineering, and mathematics renaissance project. However, due to the high prevalence of HIV, there are fears that they may succumb to AIDS. Despite the eminent threats of HIV/AIDS on science education, there are no specific data that speak to the impacts of HIV/AIDS on science teachers...

Author(s): Kazhila C. Chinsembu, Choshi D. Kasanda, and Cornelia N. Shimwooshili-Shaimemanya

Prevalence of Dog Gastrointestinal Parasites and Risk Perception of Zoonotic Infection by Dog Owners in Wondo Genet, Southern Ethiopia

November 2011

Gastrointestinal parasites in dogs that inhabit in close proximity to humans have been shown to increase the risk of infection to humans, especially those living in rural areas. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of gastrointestinal helminth species found in partially owned/stray dogs and the potential impact these infection rates had on the surrounding communities in Wondo Genet, Southern Nations and...

Author(s): Octavius Jones, Nigatu Kebede, Tesfu Kassa, Getachew Tilahun, Chanda Macias

Prevalence of Dementia in an Elderly illiterate Native Mexican Population of Indigenous Origin

November 2011

This study aimed to clarify whether or not low level of education may function as a risk factor for dementia among native Mexicans. A door-to-door survey study in an elderly illiterate native Mexican subpopulation of indigenous origin was performed in order to detect prevalence of dementia using both DSM-IV criteria and the Brookdale test. The total village population surveyed included 2226 inhabitants, of which 65...

Author(s): Rafael Stryjer , , Baruch Spivak, , Roni Shiloh, , Lea Polak, ,Abraham Weizman,  and Josè Martin Rabey,

Glutathione–S-transferase polymorphic status modifies the arsenic induced clinical manifestation in Nadia District of West Bengal, India

October 2011

Subsoil water contamination with arsenic is a burning global health issue. People experiencing exposure to contaminated water by arsenic throughout years can give rise to development of myriad clinical manifestations with a chief of arsenicosis which is the collective form of pigmentation and keratotic lesion of the skin. We surveyed over a population of above 500 people in West Bengal who are chronically exposed to...

Author(s): Sarmishtha Chanda, Bhaswati Ganguli, Uma B. Dasgupta and Debendranath Guha Mazumder

The health and well-being of people with a previous diagnosis of cancer: A record-linkage study in Scotland

October 2011

Routinely collected health care data (the Scottish Cancer Registry) were record-linked to representative survey data on health and health behaviours (the Government-funded Scottish Health Survey) to compare the health and well-being of cancer survivors in Scotland with people who had never had cancer; a methodological approach which has been under-utilised. After adjusting for age, sex and occupational classification,...

Author(s): Josie M. M. Evans, Iain A. Atherton, Chris Dibben and Gill Hubbard

Assessment of public awareness on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Athens, Greece, and the effects of an awareness-raising national action plan

October 2011

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) lacks public recognition despite its high prevalence. Given the absence of an awareness assessing disease-specific questionnaire, we developed the 10-item Athens COPD awareness questionnaire (10-ACAQ, with 4 demographic and 6 COPD-oriented questions) in an attempt to assess the level of public awareness on COPD in 2002. Then, a 6-year action plan (2003 to 2008) was designed...

Author(s): Epameinondas N. Kosmas, Silvia Dumitru, Konstantinos Kougianos, Elpida Theodorakopoulou, Maria Harikiopoulou, Ourania Anagnostopoulou, , Michail Toumbis, Nikolaos M. Siafakas, and Nikolaos Tzanakis,

An assessment of the impact of health education on maternal knowledge and practice of childhood immunization in Kware, Sokoto State

October 2011

Immunization is one of the most powerful and cost effective weapons of modern medicine, and is a major tool being used to achieve the 4th Millennium Development Goals (MDG). This study was therefore aimed at assessing the impact of health education using the Community Level Nutrition Information System for Action (COLNISA) strategy on knowledge and practice of childhood immunization among mothers in Kware town, Sokoto...

Author(s): Oche, M. O., Umar, A. S., Ibrahim, M. T. O. and Sabitu, K.

Prevalence of hydatidosis in small ruminants and its economic significance in Modjo Modern Export Abattoir, Ethiopia

October 2011

This study was conducted from November 2009 to April 2010 with a purpose to assess the prevalence and economic significance of hydatid cyst in slaughtered sheep and goats at Modjo Modern Export Abattoir (MMEA), Ethiopia. The result of this study revealed that a total of 1115 small ruminants (348 sheep and 767 goats) were randomly sampled and examined after slaughter for the presence of hydatid cysts in the visceral...

Author(s): Abiyot J., Beyene, D. and Abunna F.

Use of oncology drugs in Japan compared to France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden, the UK and the USA: A comparison based on data from 1999 to 2009

October 2011

The development of new compounds over the past decades has provided a significant potential for improvements of cancer therapy and outcome. This study compares the use of oncology drugs in Japan with the use in the US and selected European countries (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden and the UK). The patterns of use of cancer drugs differ between the countries. Japan, France and the US spend more per capita than...

Author(s): Daniel Högberg, Nobuo Koinuma, Nils Wilking and Bengt Jönsson

Incidence of vulvovaginal candidiasis among Nigeria women in tight fitting underwears: The need for counseling and health education

October 2011

This cross sectional study aimed at investigating the effect of tight fitting underwears on the incidence of vulvovaginal candidiasis among non-pregnant women between aged 16 to 35 years. The study took place in seven health institutions between January and July 2009 in Uyo Metropolis, Nigeria. About 191(76.4%) of the 250 participants who were selected by sequential randomization met the inclusion criteria. Structured...

Author(s): U. P. Akpan, C. E. Ekpenyong, J. E. Ibu and J. O. Ibu

Operational impacts of the tamale abattoir on the environment

September 2011

The study was conducted to assess the water and noise quality of the Tamale Abattoir to evaluate their effects on the environment. The abattoir is located in Tamale, the regional capital of the Northern Region of Ghana. Data on noise quality was taken using the Integrated Noise Level Meter at five different locations. The results of maximum and minimum noise levels generated at the abattoir were 95.4 and 60.4 dB(A),...

Author(s): Conrad Atogi-Akwoa Weobong and Enyonam Y. Adinyira

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its associated factors among female nurses in a teaching hospital in North-Eastern state of Malaysia

September 2011

Nurses who are mostly shift workers were found to be at risk for coronary heart disease (CHD). This study was designed to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its associated factors among female nurses working in a teaching hospital. A cross sectional study was conducted among 404 female nurses working in a teaching hospital in north-eastern state of Malaysia. Data were collected using a proforma on...

Author(s): Mohd Nazri Shafei, Ahmad Faris Awang and Wan Mohd Zahiruddin Wan Mohamad

Exploring Fayoum (Upper Egypt) preparatory school students’ and teachers’ attitude towards obesity as health risk

September 2011

Childhood obesity is a serious non-communicable public health problem with negative physical, social, and mental health consequences. Factors contributing to childhood obesity are school nutrition, excessive snacks, fast food, lack of physical activity and family behavior. The objective of this study is to explore Fayoum preparatory of school students’ and teacher’s attitude concerning obesity and...

Author(s): Douaa El Derwi, Naglaa El Sherbiny and Adham Hazem Atta

Stroke in Nigerian Children with Sickle Cell Anaemia

September 2011

Stroke is a leading cause of physical disability worldwide. Sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is the most common cause of stroke in children. The aim is to determine the prevalence of stroke in children with SCA at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. Retrospective studies of patients with SCA (6 months to 16years) with stroke, over a 5 year period were carried out. Data was extracted...

Author(s): I. O. George and A. I. Frank-Briggs

Reproducibility regarding the age of introduction of complementary foods to infants as self-reported by urban and rural low-income mothers in Guatemala

September 2011

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life with the introduction of adequate complementary foods thereafter. The association between the early introduction of complementary foods and negative health outcomes may be underestimated by inconsistencies in reported age-of-introduction of complementary foods. We aimed to determine the...

Author(s): María José Soto-Méndez, Raquel Campos, Liza Hernández, Marieke Vossenaar and Noel W. Solomons

Alcohol consumption in Lusaka urban district, Zambia: A population based survey, 2007

September 2011

Alcohol use is an important preventable risk factor for several non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and injuries that is related to lifestyle choices. The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of alcohol consumption and its correlates. A cross sectional study utilizing a WHO stepwise approach to surveillance of NCDs was conducted in Lusaka district, Zambia. Current alcohol consumption was defined as having...

Author(s): Selestine H. Nzala, Olusegun Babaniyi, Peter Songolo, Adamson S. Muula, Emmanuel Rudatsikira and Seter Siziya

Prevalence of goitre and assessment of iodine nutritional status in 6-12 years primary school children of Narmada District, Gujarat, India

August 2011

Iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) are major public health problems in India, including Gujarat. Narmada district is a tribal area. The present study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of goitre in primary school children; to determine median urinary iodine concentration; to assess level of iodine in salt samples at household and retail shop level; and to study profile of salt sold at retail shops in Narmada...

Author(s): Haresh Chandwani, and Jyotsna Pandor

Page 11 of 14, showing 50 records out of 653 total, starting on record 501, ending on 550