Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 569

JPHE Articles

Immunization coverage of antenatal and immunization clinics attendees in the Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital

March 2011

The purpose of this study was to determine the coverage for immunization in the first year of life and maternal tetanus toxoid administration in the Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital (NDUTH), Bayelsa State; this will help in establishing ways of improving coverage. A total of 528 were surveyed retrospectively using the immunization register, 521 (98.7%) had BCG, 512(97.0%) had OPV0, 372 had (70.5%) had...

Author(s): Adekunle Kunle-Olowu, Onyi Euphemia Kunle-Olowu and Ugwu Moses Emeka

Evaluation of prescription pattern in Osun State (Southwest) Nigeria

March 2011

Drug therapy is the most commonly used method of any disease treatment in general practice. However, the patterns of drug prescription are often inappropriate and the need for registration of these patterns is essential in an effort to improve prescription standards. Retrospective analysis of prescriptions written by various cadres in primary health care department with emphasis on primary health care centers,...

Author(s): Babalola C. P., Awoleye S. A., Akinyemi J. O. and Kotila O. A.

Healthcare waste management in Nigeria: A case study

March 2011

Healthcare Waste (HCW) constitutes a special category of waste because they contain potentially harmful materials. The problem of how to manage HCW has become one of critical concerns in developing countries. A cross sectional descriptive study was carried out between June and September 2008 at a tertiary health facility (Teaching Hospital) in Nigeria with the aim of assessing the current practices and commitment to...

Author(s): Stephen Obekpa Abah and Elijah Ige Ohimain

Age at menarche and menstrual cycle pattern among schoolgirls in Kassala in eastern Sudan

March 2011

A cross-sectional school survey was carried out during January to February 2010 in 8 schools to investigate the age at menarche, menstrual cycle pattern among school girls in Kassala, eastern Sudan. Structured questionnaires were used to gather the socio-demographic data, age at menarche, regularity of the menstrual cycle and associated symptoms. Out of 900 schoolgirls investigated their age ranges...

Author(s): Abdel Aziem  A. Ali, Duria A. Rayis, Mona Mamoun and Ishag  Adam

Mobile phone use by drivers in Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies

March 2011

A cross-sectional study to determine the pattern of mobile phone use by drivers in Trinidad and Tobago. Data were obtained using a self-administered questionnaire that was completed by 1150 drivers. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics, Chi square test and multinomial logistic regression analysis. Overall, 91% of the drivers use a mobile phone while driving. Amongst these drivers, 86% use hand-held and...

Author(s): Abiodun Olukoga, George Legall and Abayomi Odekunle

Promotion of knowledge and attitude towards premarital care: An interventional study among medical student in Fayoum University

March 2011

Premarital care (PMC) is a worldwide activity aiming to diagnose, treat unrecognized disorders, and reduce transmission of diseases to couples. The study was an interventional educational prospective study; its aim was to assess and improve knowledge and attitude of 200 medical students in Fayoum University towards premarital care services; through health education intervention in the form of lectures and brochures that...

Author(s): Salwa Tawfik Abd Al Azeem, Eman Taher Elsayed, Naglaa Abd El Khalek El Sherbiny and Lamiaa Abd El Gawad ahmed

Prevalence and correlates for tobacco smoking among persons aged 25 years or older in Lusaka urban district, Zambia

February 2011

Tobacco use is the leading cause of non communicable diseases. There is paucity of information on correlates for tobacco smoking among adults in Zambia. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of tobacco use and its correlates in Lusaka urban district. A total of 1928 individuals aged 25 years or older participated in the survey, of which 33.0% were males. About half (53.2%) of the participants...

Author(s): Seter Siziya, Olusegun Babaniyi, Peter Songolo and Mutale Nsakashalo-Senkwe

Bacteria contamination of raw meat sold in Abakaliki, Ebonyi State Nigeria

February 2011

Frequency of contamination in retail meat sold in Abakaliki, Ebonyi State was examined in the present study. Three hundred raw meat samples including beef (n = 100), chicken (n = 100), chevron (n = 100) were collected from Abakaliki abattoir and were analyzed for microbiological contamination using standard Microbiological methods. Antimicrobial susceptibility of isolated microbes was determined using the Kirby and...

Author(s): Iroha I. R., Ugbo E. C., Ilang D. C., Oji A. E. and Ayogu T. E.

Urban solid waste management based on geoinformatics technology

February 2011

The solid waste materials in cities are the natural outcome of human activities. Provision of such system appears to be a major problem due to the complication and the wide nature of waste production. Due to the different parameters involved, deciding upon a suitable location is also very complicated, costly and time consuming. Different criteria are working in determination of an appropriate place for disposal; each of...

Author(s): Elmira Shamshiry, Behzad Nadi, Mazlin Bin Mokhtar, Ibrahim Komoo and Halimaton Saadiah Hashim

Patient satisfaction and expectations of the quality of service of University affiliated dermatology clinics

February 2011

Patient satisfaction is the major indicator of quality of care provided by a health facility. To determine the level of patient satisfaction with medical care at the Dermatology Clinics affiliated to Qassim University, Saudi Arabia and to identify the socio-demographic characteristics of patients that might influence the level of satisfaction. A cross-sectional survey of 741 patients attending the Outpatient Dermatology...

Author(s): Abdullateef A. Alzolibani

Congenital infection with Toxoplasma gondii: A case control study of Tehran, Iran

February 2011

The prevalence of antibodies in Toxoplasma gondii ranges from 24 to 57.7% in Iran. Children who acquire T. gondii in intrauterine period are at increased risk of sequels and need prolonged treatment. The aim of the study is to compare serum specific T. gondiiantibodies (IgM and IgG ELISA) between infants suspected to have intrauterine infections (< 1year) and control infants. This case...

Author(s): Nastaran Khosravi, Samileh Noorbakhsh Mohammad Farhadi and Azardokht Tabatabaei

Avian influenza news from China and Hong Kong

February 2011

We compared avian influenza coverage in two English-language newspapers from China and Hong Kong, and a third from the United States as a control. We collected bird flu stories for one year between July 1, 2006 and June 30, 2007 from China’s government-sanctioned China Daily (CD) and Hong Kong’s South China Morning Post (SCMP). The New York Times (NYT) was the...

Author(s): William Y. Y. Lai and Adrian Weisell

Avian influenza news from China and Hong Kong

February 2011

We compared avian influenza coverage in two English-language newspapers from China and Hong Kong, and a third from the United States as a control. We collected bird flu stories for one year between July 1, 2006 and June 30, 2007 from China’s government-sanctioned China Daily (CD) and Hong Kong’s South China Morning Post (SCMP). The New York Times (NYT) was the...

Author(s): William Y. Y. Lai and Adrian Weisell

Patient waiting time in a tertiary health institution in northern Nigeria

February 2011

The amount of time a patient waits to be seen, is one factor which affects the utilization of health care services. Patient satisfaction has emerged as an increasingly important parameter in the assessment of quality of health care; hence, healthcare facility performance can be best assessed by measuring the level of patient’s satisfaction. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out at the out...

Author(s): Umar I., Oche M. O. and Umar A. S.

The cost of double standard risk communication during the swine-flu epidemic: Reflections from Norway

January 2011

The pandaemia of swine influenza 2009 released a multitude of reactions and actions of public authorities and private enterprises. After the first announcement of a probable new epidemic in May 2009 WHO issued a pandaemia warning in June 2009. Norwegian health authorities reacted swiftly to the WHO recommendations and Norway became the first country opting for buying vaccines for the whole population. The background of...

Author(s): John E. Berg

Epidemiology of malaria and insecticide resistance burden in Nigeria

January 2011

Anopheles mosquito larvae were collected from the natural breeding sites in five of the six ecological zones in Nigeria between 2002 and 2004. The larvae were reared to adulthood in a standard insectary. Susceptibility tests were conducted on non - blood fed, 2 to 3-day-old emerged adult female mosquitoes using standard WHO procedures, diagnostic kits and test papers (WHO, 1998). PCR assays were used for the...

Author(s): I. O. Oyewole, A. A. Ogunnowo, C. A. Ibidapo, H. I. Okoh, T. S. Awolola and M. A. Adedayo

Evaluation of health status of pre-menarcheal and post-menarcheal girls by Rohrer index in Purulia, West Bengal

January 2011

Undernutrition in children and adolescents is a major problem in India. Age at menarche is a significant indicator of growth in girls. The present study records age at menarche, prevalence of under nutrition measured by Rohrer Index in both pre-menarcheal (n=107) as well as post-menarcheal (n = 131) girls (n = 238) aged 6.01 to 14.63 years. In this cross-sectional study, mean age at menarche is estimated to be 12.60...

Author(s): Sudip Datta Banik

Male perspective(s) on condom use: Context of STI/HIV prevention in the University of Ghana community

January 2011

This study examined the influence of condom use on men’s sexual behaviour in the University of Ghana community. In all, 600 men were sampled for this study using stratified and simple random sampling techniques. The ages of respondents ranged from 17 to 74 years with a mean age of 24 years. The study found that while 80% men have ever used condom, a little over 50% of them used condom at their last sexual...

Author(s): Daniel Yaw Fiaveh

The impact of parental education on infant mortality in Gaza strip, Palestine

January 2011

A society's infant mortality rate is considered an important indicator of its health status. Maternal education has been accepted almost unanimously as a major socio-economic factor in infant mortality. In addition, it is one of the few measures of health status for which data are widely available in most countries. Many research studies have been done on this topic, but never in Palestine. This study was...

Author(s): Mazen Abuqamar, Danny Coomans and Fred Louckx

Contraceptive knowledge and usage amongst female secondary school students in Lagos, Southwest Nigeria

January 2011

The high maternal mortality and morbidity rate in Nigeria is a major concern for every stakeholder in the health sector and unsafe abortion is a major cause. As a remedy, it was suggested that active efforts to promote sexuality education and contraceptive use should be intensified among Nigerian adolescents. In this regard, we studied the level of contraceptive knowledge and use among adolescents in three secondary...

Author(s): Adetokunbo Tayo, Oluwarotimi Akinola, Abiola Babatunde, Adeniyi Adewunmi, Dele Osinusi and Lukeman Shittu

Disasters in Kenya: A major public health concern

January 2011

A disaster is defined as an event or series of events, which give rise to casualties and/or damage or loss of property, infrastructure, essential services or means of livelihoods on a scale which is beyond the normal capacity of the affected community to cope with unaided. This event or events disrupt the normal patterns of life (or ecosystem) and extraordinary emergency interventions are required to save and preserve...

Author(s): Marion W. Mutugi and Samuel G. Maingi

Preterm delivery and low birth weight among neonates born to HIV-positive and HIV-negative Ghanaian women

December 2010

In sub-Saharan Africa, several hundreds of pregnancies are exposed to both malaria and HIV infections annually. Adverse perinatal outcomes as a result of these infections include preterm delivery (PTD), and low birth weight (LBW). These are not well characterized in Ghana. We determined whether malaria and HIV infections during pregnancy increase the risk of delivering a preterm or a LBW neonate. We enrolled 1,154 women...

Author(s): Laar A. K., Ampofo W., Tuakli J. M., Norgbe G. K. and Quakyi I. A.

Application of Gis-Rs in bacteriological examination of rural community water supply and sustainability problems with UNICEF assisted borehole: A case study of Alabata community, South-western Nigeria

December 2010

Alabata is a community with no electricity and comprehensive topographic or administrative map. They also depend on a fuelled generating set to power the pumping machine for the UNICEF assisted borehole. The citizens often had to resort to an unsafe alternative water source for domestic purposes. In March 2006 an observational study trip through which data on sanitation, health and water sources were acquired was made...

Author(s): Shittu O. B., Akpan I., Popoola T. O. S., Oyedepo J. A. and Oluderu I. B.

Vaginal douching practice in Eskisehir in Turkey

December 2010

The objective of the study was to identify the vaginal douching habits and the factors that would have a connection with this practice in women from Eskisehir Province in Turkey. This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted from 1 May to 30 June, 2005. In present study, any sampling technique was not used. The subjects were women belonging to the 15 - 49 age groups who were admitted to No. 2 Family Planning...

Author(s): Didem Arslantas, Hatice Karabagli and Filiz Koc

Risk assessment of cardiovascular disease among staff of the University of Buea, South Western Cameroon

December 2010

Current changing lifestyles of Africans may impact on their risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. This study aimed at identifying the pattern of the major risk factors of CVD and the total risk of CVD among workers of the University of Buea. A cross-sectional study was carried out involving 313 teaching and support staff of the institution. Fasting blood sugar, total cholesterol, Triglycerides and HDL cholesterol...

Author(s): Eric A. Achidi and Delphine A. Tangoh

Factors associated with disease outcome in children at Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH)

December 2010

Globally, 10.5 million children die annually. Approximately 6 million of Kenya’s population are under five years with a child mortality rate of 74 per 1000 live births. Children attending Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) have preventable and treatable illnesses. The aim of the study was to assess care taker factors associated with disease outcome among children at KNH. A cross sectional study was conducted;...

Author(s): Gichobi D., Wanzala P., Mutai J. and Kamweya A.

Childhood leprosy: A retrospective study

December 2010

Leprosy remains an important public health and social issue in South Asia, particularly in India. Its presence in childhood is an immense social burden on account of the associated disabilities and widely prevalent misconceptions regarding communicability and treatment potential. Besides, the prevalence of leprosy among children suggests possible lacunae in the operation of the national programmes aimed at elimination...

Author(s): Sandeep Sachdeva, S. Suhail Amin, Zulfia Khan Seema Alam and Pranav Kumar Sharma

Comparison of various immunoassay kits for rapid screening of pandemic influenza H1N1-2009 viruses

November 2010

The success of therapeutic measures is predicted on the basis of rapid and precise diagnosis of  infection. A comparison of three rapid influenza immunoassay (RIIA) kits, the Directigen Flu A+B test, QuickVue influenza A+B test and the Quick S-INFLU A.B, for detection of pandemic influenza H1N1 (2009) viruses, have been made on 105 patients with flu like syndrome. The sensitivity, specificity and ability to screen...

Author(s): Binod Kumar, Bhavna Sharma, Madhu Khanna, Varinder Singh, Mradul K Daga, V. K. Vijayan, A. C. Mishra, M. S. Chadha, Mamta Chawla-Sarkarand Harpreet Kaur

Contraception among persons living HIV with infection attending an HIV care and support centre in Kabale, Uganda

November 2010

The choice of contraception in people living with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is constrained by the need to prevent both sexual transmission of HIV and unwanted pregnancies.  We assessed contraceptive use among 400 HIV- positive persons attending a care and support centre in Kabale, Uganda. Participants completed a structured questionnaire on socio-demographic characteristics, sexuality,...

Author(s): Othman Kakaire, Dan K. Kaye and  Michael O. Osinde

Community social capital and the use of health care services in Uganda

November 2010

Evidence mainly from high and middle income countries shows that community social capital is associated with positive health outcomes. The current policy interest in social capital stems from the anticipation that investing in it will enhance improvements in population health and some governments in high income countries have promoted initiatives to enhance its generation. However, there is a paucity of empirical...

Author(s): Bakeera S. K., Petzold M., Pariyo G. W., Galea S., Tomson G. and Wamala S.,

Influenza surveillance results during 2008 - 2009 season in Turkey

November 2010

National influenza surveillance was performed by two institutions in Turkey, Refik Saydam National Public Health Agency (RSNPHA) and Istanbul Faculty of Medicine (IFM), which both are National Influenza Reference Laboratories. RSNPHA received samples from 9 sentinel Provinces and IFM received samples from 5 sentinel Provinces. We report the 2008 to 2009 surveillance results from October 2008 - May 2009. As many as 1,980...

Author(s): Nurhan Albayrak, Meral A. Ciblak, Ayse Basak Altas, Melis Kanturvardar, Yavuz Odabas, Bahadir Sucakli, Gulay Korukluoglu, Selim Badur and Mustafa Ertek

Adolescent suicidal behaviors, self rated health and multiple health risk behaviors: Exploring new perspectives in suicide prevention research

November 2010

We sought to evaluate the extent to which self-rating of health, gender, and the co-occurrence of other health risk behaviors were related to suicidal behaviors among adolescents. Cross-sectional survey data of Colorado middle and high school students aged 12 to 18 years were analyzed using logistic regression. Main outcome variables were suicide ideation, suicide planning, and suicide attempt. Predictors included...

Author(s): Stephen Nkansah-Amankra, Abdoulaye Diedhiou, Ashley Dawn Walker, Harry Agbanu and Alena Clark

Environmental risk factors and hospital-based cancers in two Nigerian cities

November 2010

This ecologic study assessed disparities between environmental risk factors and cancers in two Nigerian cities. Environmental data were obtained for Port Harcourt (highly industrialized) and Ibadan(less industrialized) cities respectively. Ten- year cancer records were also obtained from the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH), Port Harcourt and the University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan. Data were...

Author(s): Godson R. E. E. Ana, Mynepalli K. C. Sridhar and Michael C. Asuzu

Epidemiological features of a GIS-supported investigation of cholera outbreak in Abeokuta, Nigeria

October 2010

This study seeks to assess the epidemiological features of a GIS supported investigation of a cholera outbreak in Abeokuta. Abeokuta, the capital city of Ogun State, Southwestern Nigeria with an area of 1256 km2 and a population of 605, 451 people had an outbreak of cholera from 20th November, 2005 to 1st of January, 2006. The outbreak affected the Abeokuta North Local Government area where the municipal...

Author(s): O. B. Shittu, I. Akpan, T. O. S. Popoola, J. A. Oyedepo and E. O. Ogunshola

Epidemiological characteristics of liver cancer in Niger (1992 - 2006)

October 2010

The present work aims to bring out the epidemiological characteristics of liver cancer in Niger, especially as no previous studies have worked on the national epidemiology of cancer in Niger. This is a retrospective study in the period 1992 to 2006. The data were collected from the Laboratory of Pathological Anatomy and Cytology of the Faculty of Health Sciences of Niamey, which receives all the swabs intended for the...

Author(s): Mamoudou Garba Salamatou, Arfaoui Amine, Mastere Mohamed, Soulaymani Abdelmajid, Nouhou Hassan and Quyou Ali

Prevalence and epidemiology of pandemic H1N1 strains in hospitals of Eastern India

October 2010

A novel Influenza A (pH1N1) virus which emerged in April, 2009, spread rapidly across the continents to become pandemic by June, 2009. In Eastern India, testing for influenza was initiated in June, 2009 and continued through July, 2010 to determine prevalence and epidemiological character of circulating pandemic H1N1 strain. Real time PCR was done on nasal and throat swab samples of patients with influenza like symptoms...

Author(s): Anupam Mukherjee, Tapasi Roy, Anurodh S Agrawal, Mehuli Sarkar, Renu Lal, Sekhar Chakrabarti and Mamta Chawla-Sarkar

Epidemiological characteristics of Bancroftian filariasis and the Nigerian environment

September 2010

Bancroftian filariasis, caused by Wuchereria bancrofti is widespread in Nigeria. It is a serious public health problem as well as a major cause of acute and chronic morbidity in Nigeria. Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles funestus are the main vectors in the rural Nigeria while Culex quenquifasciatus is the vector in the urban and semi-urban areas. Although these mosquito...

Author(s): B. E. B. Nwoke, E. A. Nwoke, , C. N. Ukaga and M. I. Nwachukwu

Zoonotic tuberculosis: A review of epidemiology, clinical presentation, prevention and control

September 2010

The current increasing incidence of tuberculosis in humans, particularly in immunocompromised persons, has given a renewed interest in the zoonotic importance of Mycobacterium bovis, especially in developing countries. The roles of meat and milk, the commonest source of protein to man, in the transmission of the disease remain significant. Due to the grave consequences of M. bovisinfection on animal and human...

Author(s): Nwanta John Anaelom, Onunkwo Joseph Ikechukwu, Ezema Wilfred Sundayand Umeononigwe Chukwunonso Nnaemeka

Disease surveillance and reporting in two Southwestern states in Nigeria: Logistic challenges and prospects

September 2010

Disease surveillance has been recognized as an effective strategy in the control and prevention of diseases most especially communicable diseases. An effective surveillance system allows early intervention for the prevention and reduction of the mortality and morbidity that may result from epidemics of communicable diseases. This study assesses the adequacy of training of disease surveillance and notification officers...

Author(s): M. D. Dairo, J. O. Bamidele and W. O. Adebimpe

The impact of antenatal voluntary counseling and testing for HIV on future fertility intentions, desired family size and contraception in Uganda

September 2010

This study aimed is at assessing the impact of voluntary counseling and testing for HIV on family planning in a setting of high HIV prevalence and high TFR. An intervention study was conducted between January and March 2004 among women who had been counseled about HIV, STI and contraception during pregnancy followed with voluntary HIV testing. 121 HIV positive and 206 HIV negative attending antenatal clinic aged 24.6...

Author(s): B. C. Businge, , B. M. J. Nannozi, , C. Biryabarema, T. Mutyaba, J. Wandabwa, F. Mirembe, C. Kigundu and B. Longo-Mbenza

Priority families for health care according to family socio-demographic risks

September 2010

Socio-economic inequalities have been shown to be associated with disease burden in developing as well as developed countries. The aim of the study was (1) to test the association between family socio-demographic risks and health problems, and (2) to identify a “family sociodemographic risk line” above which families are at significant risk of developing health problems. A cross sectional community-based...

Author(s): Doa’a Ahmed Saleh, Sahar Yassin, Hend Aly Sabry and Madiha Said Abdelrazik

Symptomatic vulvovaginal candidiasis and genital colonization by Candida species in Nigeria

September 2010

Vulvovaginal candidiasis is a common clinical finding among women especially the sexually active group, even though there has been a sustained increase in both the variety and potency of antifungal drugs over the past three decades. The disease apparently appears not to have sufficiently yielded to these breakthroughs nevertheless. The study was therefore set up to ascertain the prevalence of vaginal candidiasis among...

Author(s): G. T. A. Jombo, S. O. Opajobi, D. Z. Egah, E. B. Banwat and P. Denen Akaa

Perspective: Filling in the gaps of the global research agenda for eliminating malaria

August 2010

Despite the scaling-up of existing control measures and the commitment to controlling malaria the global situation has worsened. Concurrently, the drug, which was hailed as the biggest hope for eradicating malaria, Artemisinin by having significant activity against developing gametocytes, is showing signs of resistance at the Thailand-Cambodia border. This article purports to draw on lessons learnt from this...

Author(s): Sonia Menon

Prevalence and constraints of typhoid fever and its control in an endemic area of Singida region in Tanzania: Lessons for effective control of the disease

August 2010

Typhoid fever (TF) is an important communicable disease that is endemic to Tanzania, quite often complicated with malaria co-infection leading to diagnostic complications and significant mortality. Despite considerable control efforts, the disease continues to persist in Singida urban leading to significant morbidity and mortality. This paper retrospectively examines morbidity and mortality trend of typhoid infection...

Author(s): Allen Malisa and Honest Nyaki

Factors influencing the sero-prevalence of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense sleeping sickness in Juba District, Central Equatoria State, Southern Sudan

August 2010

A surveillance of the Gambian type of Human African Trypanosomosis (HAT) conducted in Juba area using the Card Agglutination Test for Trypanosomosis (CATT) showed that 257 (11.1%) out of 2322 individuals were sero-positive. The sero-positive rate in the pooled adults was higher but not significanty different from that of the pooled children. The adult females sero-prevalence rate was significantly higher than those of...

Author(s): Yassir Osman Mohammed, Khitma Hassan ElMalik, Mohammed Musa Mohammed-Ahmed and Intisar Elrayah

Socio-economic implications of Simulium damnosum complex infestation in some rural communities in Odeda Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria

August 2010

Simulium damnosum sensu lato constitutes serious public health hazard and socio-economic problem in many areas of West Africa. The present study was carried out to document the socio-economic implications of black fly infestation in some rural communities of Odeda Local Government. Structured questionnaires were administered to thirty randomly selected people aged 18 years and above in three selected...

Author(s): M. A. Adeleke, , I. K. Olaoye and A. S. Ayanwale

Professional analysis of medical staff in public hospitals in China

July 2010

To analyze the efficiency of public hospitals in Guangdong Province, China, and to compare the differences by region and levels of care. To carry out a survey of selected hospitals in different cities by the method of cluster sampling and to analyze the efficiency of these hospitals using data envelopment analysis (DEA). 254 public hospitals were surveyed with a 100% response rate. About 184 (72.4%) completed the survey...

Author(s): Abdul K. Mbawah, Peng Xiaoming and Chen Shaoxian

Hypertension-related knowledge, attitudes and life-style practices among hypertensive patients in a sub-urban Nigerian community

July 2010

Hypertension (htn) is an important public health challenge at Auchi, Nigeria. The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological survey was to determine hypertensive patients’ knowledge, perceptions, attitudes and life-style practices so as to optimize their health and treatment needs. We examined a cohort of 108 randomly selected hypertensive by means of a self-structured questionnaire and a detailed interview....

Author(s): Godfrey B. S. Iyalomhe and Sarah I. Iyalomhe

The impact of health facility monitoring on cold chain management practices in Lagos, Nigeria

July 2010

About 1000 privately owned health facilities (HFs) were (re)-visited between September 2007 and September, 2009. A total of 2,100 health workers (HWs) were interviewed in these HFs to evaluate their knowledge on vaccine management and administration. Cold chain assessment form was completed for each HF revisited. Health Workers that were deficient in cold chain management knowledge were given on the spot training....

Author(s): A. Munir Bankole, Kola-Korolo Olusegun, N. Bankole Marian, Iboma Godswill, O. Adeluola Adebowale, A. J. Shittu Lukeman, Olonire Olufemi, Tayo Adetokunbo and A. Mariam Odunaiye

Refuse disposal practices in three major motor parks in Ibadan municipality, Nigeria

July 2010

Transportation and human mobility have become a part of development in many developing countries. In Nigerian cities, this vital activity has also led to problems associated with large quantities of waste generation and became a management issue for Local and State Governments. This work was carried out at three major motor parks, viz. Akinyele, Iwo Road, and New Garage, in Ibadan, the capital of Oyo State in...

Author(s): S. Ibekwe Titus, E. Dongo Andrew  and K. C. Sridhar Mynepalli

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