Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 581

JPHE Articles

Microbiology of otitis media among children attending a tertiary hospital in Benin City, Nigeria

July 2013

Otitis media has a worldwide prevalence. Though it is more common in children, the aetiologies and antibiogram varies with age, time and geographical location. A total of 220 children less than 18 years with signs and symptoms of otitis media were recruited for this study. Middle ear discharge were collected, processed and microbial isolates identified using standard microbiological techniques. Disc susceptibility tests...

Author(s): Philomena Ikharuonaemi Ogbogu, Nosakhare Odeh Eghafona and Michael Izuwanneka Ogbogu

Population screening for chronic kidney disease and its associated risk factors: a survey in Hail region, KSA

July 2013

Early identification of chronic kidney disease (CKD) provides valuable opportunities for effective interventions that reduce the risk of outcomes particularly renal failure and cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to screen the local population for CKD to identify potential risk factors for its development. Screening for CKD was performed involving 299 individuals aged over 15 year-old subjects in a cross...

Author(s): Ibrahim Abdelmajeed Ginawi, Abdelbaset AM Elasbali, Hussain Gadelkarim Ahmed, Ibraheem M. Ashankyty, Tahani Altamimi, Sharafeldien Alhasan and Awdah M. Al-hazimi

The promise of the services sector sustainability: A United Arab Emirates (UAE) perspective

July 2013

Emirates value their health care system above any other social program. The system of health care in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) faces significant financial and population pressures, relating to comprehensiveness, universality, accessibility and portability, healthcare quality, healthcare cost, and communication technologies (ICTs). All of these challenges are significant catalysts in the development of technologies...

Author(s): khalid Alrawi, Maher Ibrahim, Yacoub Hamdan and Waleed Alrawi

Suicidal ideation in callers to a crisis hotline in Mumbai, India

July 2013

Suicide is a worldwide public health problem. The stigma associated with suicide often deters people from seeking help. Although, helplines are not rated as very effective therapeutically, they offer an opportunity for intervention for people in crisis. The present study examined the characteristics of people attending an outpatient service after establishing an initial contact during an emotional crisis with a helpline...

Author(s): Amresh K. Shrivastava, Megan Johnston, Larry Stitt, Meghana Thakar, Sunita Iyer, Nilesh Shah and David Lester

Yellow fever outbreak in central part of Senegal 2002: Epidemiological findings

July 2013

In 2002, a yellow fever (YF) outbreak occurred in the regions of Diourbel and Fatick, centre of Senegal. The index case was a young woman without any history of vaccination. Immunoglobulin M (IgM) specific of YF was detected in her blood by the Centre de Référence OMS sur la Recherche des Arbovirus et des Fièvres Hémorragiques (CRORA) in the Institut Pasteur of Dakar. According to specific...

Author(s): M. Diallo#, A. Tall#, I. Dia, Y. Ba, F. D. Sarr, A. B. Ly, J. Faye, A. Badiane, G. Diakhaby, P. C. Faye, R. Michel, B. Diatta, P. Nabeth, L. Marrama and A. A. Sall

Formula for estimating incidence of chronic diseases from prevalence, mortality, and other indices from survey

June 2013

A theoretical formula was devised to calculate the age-specific estimated incidence (ASEI) rate of chronic diseases using consecutive-year data on disease prevalence and death rate. Data on the rate of persons who had suffered from one disease but died from another disease (RPDA) were retrieved from the database of a public health center. The ASEI rate of diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension among older age groups...

Author(s): Koujirou Inoue

Human metapneumovirus infections in adults associated with respiratory illness in Sao Paulo, Brazil

June 2013

The human metapneumovirus was associated with respiratory infections among children without others etiologic causes attributable. Researchers worldwide subsequently detected the virus in samples from all age groups. Our study was established on adults presented with acute respiratory infections from 2001 to 2003. Three groups of outpatients were enrolled: community patients, health care workers and kidney transplant...

Author(s): Daniel Ferreira de Lima Neto, Emerson Carraro, Celso Francisco Hernandes Granato and Nancy Cristina Junqueira Bellei

Perception, attitude and involvement of men in maternal health care in a Nigerian community

June 2013

This study aimed to examine men’s perception, attitude and involvement in maternal care. A cross-sectional descriptive survey was carried out in Atelewo community in Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria using multi-stage sampling technique to select 400 respondents. Participants were adult men of reproductive age. Data were collected using semi-structured questionnaire. In the study, there was no intervention component;...

Author(s): Olugbenga-Bello Adenike I., Asekun-Olarinmoye Esther O., Adewole Adefisoye O.,  Adeomi Adeleye A.   and Olarewaju Sunday O.

Trafficking and consumption of hard drugs in Côte d’Ivoire from 1999 to 2007

May 2013

Côte d'Ivoire, like other West African countries, is faced with the problem of drug trafficking and drug abuse in the last decade. During the period from 1991 to 1999, about 7,500 drug cases were handled by the Ivorian judiciary, with an average of 830 cases per year. This figure  increases the magnitude of the problem in Côte d’Ivoire, considering the negative effect of drug addiction ...

Author(s): Dano Djédjé  Sébastien, Manda Pierre, Ezoulin Miezan Jean Marc, Wandji Boris, Diakité Aissata and Sangaré-Tigori Béatrice

River Opa - A potential agent for the dissemination of multiple-antibiotic resistant bacteria

May 2013

In the process of determining the bacteriological quality of water from the Opa River, samples were taken from the river at five different points on five separate occasions. These samples were analysed by the most probable number method and by filtration, and the bacterial isolates obtained were identified by standard methods. The isolates obtained were tested for their resistance to thirteen antibiotics using the disc...

Author(s): Abdul-Rasheed Abdu, Oluwatoyin A. Igbeneghu and Adebayo Lamikanra

Kurdish women’s stories of abortion in Sanandaj, Iran

May 2013

Abortion is illegal in Iran, yet women go through the risks for various reasons. The purpose of this study was to explore the reasons why Kurdish women wanted to terminate their pregnancies, the methods used to induce the abortions, and their experience after abortion. The methodology for this study used a descriptive qualitative design. Five women with history of at least one induced abortion were interviewed in-depth...

Author(s): Fariba Ebtekar, Haliza Mohd Riji and Zhila Abed Saeedi

Evaluating primary healthcare service revitalization interventions though a knowledge, practice and coverage survey in earthquake-affected areas in Pakistan

May 2013

The study evaluated a primary healthcare service revitalization project in the 2005 earthquake affected areas in northern Pakistan by comparing the 2010 endline survey results with the 2007 baseline. A two-stage stratified sampling was used to sample 3,000 households in Bagh district of Azad Jammu and Kashmir. The data indicates significant improvements in majority of the indicators including use of tetanus toxoid...

Author(s): Rashid Uz Zaman, Tehzeeb Zulfiqar, Rashid Nazir, Sheldon Allen, Iftikhar Cheema, Shafique Arif, Chantelle Allen, Bruce Rasmussen and Simon Hunt

Intraorganizational human resource auditing of Ashas in Harahua block of Varanasi

May 2013

Intra-organizational auditing of human resource (AHR) evaluates personnel skill inventory in the organization towards identifying workers’ potential and capabilities for desired output. Thus, it is mandatory that such evaluation of Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) by respective Auxiliary Nurse Midwives (ANMs) could explore output components. The objectives of this study were to (1) obtain quantitative...

Author(s): Mohapatra A. and Mohapatra S. C.

Epidemiological model of influenza a (H1N1) transmission in Ashanti Region of Ghana, 2012

April 2013

The pandemic potential of influenza A (H1N1) has required decision makers to act in the face of uncertainties. A deterministic susceptible-exposed-infectious-recovered model was developed to study the spread of H1N1 using population data from the Ashanti region of Ghana. We assumed the population to be constant with birth rate equals death rate and they interact freely (homogeneous mixing). We determined the equilibria...

Author(s): Samuel Okyere, F. T. Oduro, Ebenezer Bonyah and Loius Munkayazi

Prevalence of vaginitis and vaginosis among University of Calabar female students

April 2013

The prevalence of vaginosis and vaginitis among the female students of the University of Calabar was studied between September and December, 2005. High vaginal swabs were collected from each respondent. Questionnaires were administered to the respondents and collected together with the specimen. A total of 1000 respondents aged between 15 and 35 years were examined. The survey revealed that 70% were infected with...

Author(s): J. A. Lennox, S. D. Abbey, D. Udiba, C. I. Mboto, I. S. Ikpoh and F. C. Akubuenyi

Nosocomial outbreak of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, 2010

April 2013

On 14 September, 2010, a suspected case of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) was admitted in Holy Family Hospital (HFH). The case was confirmed on 20 September, 2010. The hospital had experienced loss of one intern due to CCHF in 2000s, a panic was created and the blood specimens of team taking care of index case (IC) was sent to reference laboratory for examination. On 28th September, all specimens...

Author(s): Jawad A. Mofleh, Rana J. Asghar, R. S. Kakar , S. Z. Zaidi and B. M. Kazi

Knowledge and attitudes about induced abortions among female youths attending Naguru Teenage Information and Health Centre, Kampala, Uganda

April 2013

This study aims to investigate unsafe abortion, which is more prevalent in low resource countries, contributes significantly to maternal morbidity and mortality. In Uganda, majority of patients treated for complications of induced abortion are adolescents and young, yet their knowledge and attitudes are understudied. In this paper we described the knowledge and attitudes of female youths about medical complications of...

Author(s): Justin Lussy Paluku, Sam Kalisoke, Julius Wandabwa and Paul Kiondo

Impact of community health educators on the nutrition of children in Gaza province, Mozambique

April 2013

Twenty six percent of children with protein-energy malnutrition live in Africa. This studydetermines whether Care Groups (CG) in collaboration with Community-based HealthEducators (CHE) help reduce malnutrition in children between 0 and 23 months of age. A total of 299 caregivers at baseline (2004) and 380 at follow-up (2007) were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Caregivers were between 12 and 49...

Author(s): Stabern D. Kapurura and Andy Beke

Knowledge and preventive practices related to Avian influenza among livestock farmers and poultry traders in Ikorodu, Lagos state, Nigeria

April 2013

The emergence of H5N1 led to increased global attention as the virus could potentially represent the source of the next human influenza pandemic. The disease has led to the loss of millions of birds which constitute a major source of animal protein. This study was therefore aimed at determining the knowledge and preventive practices related to Avian influenza among livestock keepers and poultry traders in Ikorodu, Lagos...

Author(s): M. D. Dairo and Nusirat Elelu

Assessment of water quality and its effects on the health of residents of Jhunjhunu district, Rajasthan: A cross sectional study

April 2013

Achieving efficient, effective and cost effective water purification methods for the community is the key to human survival and development, as water management is a current global concern. Water is the basic resource necessary for sustaining all human activities, so its provision in desired quantity and quality is of utmost importance. Water pollution affects drinking water, rivers, lakes and oceans all over the world,...

Author(s): Taruna Juneja and Alankrita Chaudhary

Knowledge of sexually transmitted Infections among patients attending outpatient clinics at University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria

March 2013

The study was designed to assess the level of knowledge of sexually transmitted infections and possible factors associated with knowledge of patients attending outpatient clinic in University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. This is to enable appropriate advocacy targeted on at risk population so as to control sexually transmitted infections and prevent its complications in this environment. A cross sectional...

Author(s): Adegun, P. T., Solomon, O. A., Adegoke, S. A., Ade-Ojo, I. P. and Fape M. O.

Multiple outcome parameters: A 10 year follow-up study of first-episode schizophrenia

March 2013

Schizophrenia is a disease with multiple dimensions, thus its treatment also results in differential outcomes. A number of clinically recovered patients do not recover in several other parameters of social functions which are necessary to lead a socially integrated and functional life, for example, the ability to work or live independently. Until recently, the outcome of schizophrenia has been measured primarily in...

Author(s): Amresh Shrivastava, Nilesh Shah, Megan E. Johnston, Kristen Terpstra and Larry Stitt

A Bayesian Poisson specification with a conditionally autoregressive prior and a residual Moran’s coefficient minimization criterion for quantitating leptokurtic distributions in regression-based multi-drug resistant tuberculosis treatment protocols

March 2013

In this study, we employed an eigenfunction decomposition algorithm associated with a Moran’s coefficient to investigate district-level non-linearity in an empirical dataset of spatiotemporal-sampled MDR-TB parameter estimators sampled in San Juan de Lurigancho (SJL) Lima, Peru. The non-parametric technique attempted to remove the inherent autocorrelation in the model by introducing appropriate synthetic surrogate...

Author(s): Benjamin G. Jacob, Fiorella Krapp, Mario Ponce, Nanhua Zhang, Semiha Caliskan, Jose Hasemann, Daniel A. Griffith, Eduardo Gotuzzo and Robert J.  Novak

Prevalence of cockroaches (Periplanata americana) in households in Calabar: Public health implications

March 2013

The study was carried out in Anantigha area of Calabar, Nigeria and involved the trapping and examination of cockroaches from toilets, kitchens, living rooms and bedrooms of houses to determine the parasites in and on the cockroaches and also to assess the possible role of the cockroaches in the dissemination of medically important parasites. A total of 322 cockroaches were trapped from the different sites within the...

Author(s): Etim, S. E., Okon, O. E., Akpan, P. A., Ukpong G. I.  and Oku, E. E.

Perceived needs for school mental health among stakeholders in districts of South-west Nigeria

March 2013

Child and adolescent mental health problems could cause significant distress, and may limit the chance of a student to fully utilize his or her potentials.  School mental health services (SMHS) are standard practices in many parts of the world and serves as a useful preventive intervention against child/adolescent psychiatric disorders. The study is aimed at determining teachers, students and parents beliefs about...

Author(s): Oshodi O. Y., Aina O. F., Adeyemi J. D., Oduguwa T. O. and Ogundipe O. A.

Plasmodial infection and haematological parameters in febrile patients in a hospital in Oyo town, South-western Nigeria

March 2013

A cross-sectional study on Plasmodium infection was conducted among 158 febrile patients (65 males and 93 females) reporting to Oyo State Hospital, Oyo, South-western Nigeria. Parasitological and haematological examinations of the blood samples were conducted. An overall infection rate of 29.7% was observed with parasite densities ranging from 96 - 64680 asexual parasites/µL blood. The percentages of...

Author(s): Adedotun A. A., Salawu O. T., Morenikeji, O. A. and Odaibo A. B.

Uranium concentration in ground water samples belonging to some areas of Western Haryana, India using fission track registration technique

March 2013

Author(s): D.P.S. Rathore

How accurate is triaxial RT3TM (RT3) accelerometer for estimating energy expenditure?

February 2013

The participants are instructed to remove the RT3 only for sleeping, bathing and swimming activities but some studies have shown the participants remove the accelerometer for longer times. The activities performed while the accelerometer is not being worn and, or energy that was not recorded during this time has never been estimated. This study aimed to assess compliance in using the accelerometer and quantify the...

Author(s): Selma Liberato and Josefina Bressan

Equity of care: A comparison of National Health Insurance Scheme enrolees and fee-paying patients at a private health facility in Ibadan, Nigeria

February 2013

This study compared the cost and process of care for patients enrolled in the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) to those who made out-of-pocket payments for health care. A cross-sectional analytical study design was used. Data were obtained from case files of patients. The study was conducted at a privately owned general hospital in the city of Ibadan, Southwest Nigeria. A total of 200 NHIS enrollees and 200...

Author(s): Ilesanmi, Olayinka Stephen and Ige, Olusimbo Kehinde

Results of a peer navigation pilot program to link HIV positive clients of harm reduction services with Ryan White Clinical Service Providers

February 2013

Peer navigation programs may improve healthcare accessibility and adherence for hard-to-reach populations. We piloted a peer navigation program at 3 sites within the United States with the aim of linking HIV positive clients of harm reduction services with Ryan White Clinical Services. We compared navigator activity logs and client tracking forms to evaluate the efficacy of the peer navigation program and to determine...

Author(s): Rachel Hallum-Montes, Thekla Manoloudis, Rohan D’Souza, Cornell Wrisby, Barbara Cicatelli, Stefanie Cousins, Helen Rovito and Michael Anastario

Environmental audit of a refuse dump site in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria

February 2013

The overall objective of this study was to perform an external compliance environmental audit of open refuse dumping at the Ugbor dump site by describing the physical and economic characteristics of the study area using a descriptive, cross sectional comparative study design. Data were collected via key informant interviews, focus group discussion,checklists and standardized measuring tapes. The major...

Author(s): Owoeye I. O. Gani and Okojie O. H.

Asymptomatic bacteriuria among secondary school students in Benin City, Nigeria

February 2013

Asymptomatic bacteriuria (AB) is common, with varying prevalence by age and gender, amongst other factors. AB is more likely to develop to symptomatic urinary tract infection, thus, necessitating periodic review. This study aims to determine the prevalence of AB among secondary school students in Benin City. Etiologic agents and bacterial susceptibility will also be determined. Clean-catch mid-stream urine was obtained...

Author(s): Helen Oroboghae Ogefere and Sunday Ossai Oluka

Individual and area-based socioeconomic influences on HIV seroprevalence in Cameroon

February 2013

HIV infection prevalence shows strong regional variations in Cameroon, with the North West and the East as the most affected regions. Studies which have attempted to investigate the variation in HIV prevalence in Sub-Saharan countries found that the geographical heterogeneity in Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence between high and low prevalence areas still existed after considering the different distribution...

Author(s): Vescio, F., Cappelli, G., Foudà, P. J., Busani, L., Tchidjou, H., Colizzi, V. and Rezza, G.

Plants associated with aquatic stages of Onchocerciasis vector Simulium damnosum sensu lato in AbuHamed and Galabat Foci in Sudan

February 2013

Onchocerciasis vector, Simulium (Edwardsellum) damnsoum sensu lato (Diptera: Simuliidae), breeds near rapids and cataracts in running water rich in oxygen and are usually found attached to water plants, trailing roots and branches, stones and rocks. This study was conducted to identify the plant species associated with the aquatic stages of S. damnosum s. l. vectors in two foci: AbuHamed in...

Author(s): Isam M. A. Zarroug, Arwa H. Elaagip, Hanan A. Mohamed, Wigdan A. Mubarak, Kamal H. Osman, Tong Chor M. Deran, Nabil Aziz and A. D. Nugud

Distribution of cancers in Zambia: Evidence from the Zambia National Cancer Registry (1990–2009)

February 2013

The Zambia National Cancer Registry (ZNCR) data of 1990 to 2009 was analyzed with the aim of determining the distribution of cancers in Zambia in the 1990/2000 decades. A total number of 12891 cases of cancers were notified to ZNCR of which 4586 (36.6%) were for males. Most cases of cancers that were notified were for patients in the 25 years or older age group (21.9% among males in the 64 years or older age group, and...

Author(s): Cosmas Zyaambo, Selestine H. Nzala, Olusegun Babaniyi, Peter Songolo, Ellen Funkhouser and Seter Siziya

Prevalence of dermatomycoses in tertiary health institutions in Lagos State, Nigeria

February 2013

Studies on dermatophytes isolated from patients in tertiary health institutions in Lagos State, Nigeria were carried out between August, 2009 and January, 2011. Collection, isolation, characterization and identification of the isolated fungi were achieved using both conventional laboratory methods (in vitro culture and microscopy) and molecular techniques (Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) extraction, Polymerase chain...

Author(s): Samuel, T. O., Adekunle, A. A. and Ogundipe, O.T.

Improving surveillance for non-communicable diseases in the Eastern Region of Ghana - 2011

February 2013

The incidence of Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) is on the rise worldwide and Ghana continues to show an increasing trend especially for hypertension and diabetes. The NCDs surveillance system in Ghana was established through the District Health Information Management System in 2008 to detect and monitor morbidity, mortality and risk-factor trend for evidence-based public health decision making. However, it is not...

Author(s): Joseph Opare, C. Ohuabunwo, E. Agongo, E. Afari, S. Sackey and F. Wurapa

Social implications of hematuria on women for schistosomiasis control

January 2013

Hematuria associated with urinary schistosomiasis has been misconstrued for certain superstitious beliefs in some local communities in Nigeria and elsewhere. Hematuria and its social implications, especially on women, may have a negative impact on schistosomiasis control measures. Some of the limitations of the national programme on Schistosomiasis control are highlighted. This paper also reviews the effect of stigma...

Author(s): Nwabueze Agatha A.

Social determinants of health: Conceptual and operational predicaments

January 2013

Health is determined by many factors ranging from one’s immediate physical-psycho-socio environment to the political milieu of the society that an individual lives in. When we look through the biomedical paradigm of health, disease could be explained through a set of micro-level physiological, bio-chemical and pathological changes in the body which are triggered by internal or external environment. When we broaden...

Author(s): Rajan R. Patil

Sero-epidemiological survey of hepatitis B surface antigenaemia in children and adolescents in Ekiti State, Nigeria

January 2013

This study was carried out between October, 2010 and February, 2011 to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) among 1,000 children and adolescents in Ado-Ekiti and Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria. Serum samples were collected from the subjects and screened for antibodies to HBsAg, using hepatitis B kits with double sandwich antibody principles. Also, standardized questionnaire was used to...

Author(s): David, O. M., Oluduro, A. O., Ariyo, A. B., Ayeni, D. and Famurewa, O.

Validation of percent body fat using skinfold-thickness, bioelectrical impedance analysis and standard hydrostatic method in male wrestlers

January 2013

The aim of this present study was to determine and validate the percent body fat through skinfold-thickness and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) using hydrostatic (standardmethod) among male wrestlers in Ahvaz...

Author(s): Saeid Shakeryan, Masood Nikbakht and Hosein Bayat Kashkoli

Factors associated with female genital mutilation in Burkina Faso

January 2013

While the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) has been abandoned in western countries, it remains common in many African countries from Senegal to Somalia, in the Middle East, in some parts of South-East Asia and even among immigrant communities in Europe, North America and Australia. Previous studies in Burkina Faso reported a high prevalence (77%) of FGM among 15 to 49 years old women and described the...

Author(s): Joseph Inungu and Yacouba Tou

Epidemiology of astrovirus infection in young children hospitalized with gastroenteritis in Iran, over a period of seven years, using reverse Transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)

January 2013

Human astroviruses have been increasingly identified as important agents of diarrheal disease in children. Outbreaks of diarrhea due to astrovirus have frequently been reported and astroviruses have also been associated with nosocomial infections in hospitals. A 7-year study involving 2,490 gastroenteritis samples was conducted to determine the prevalence and age distribution of human astrovirus infection as well as the...

Author(s): Saied Maham, Neda Marhamati, Fatemeh Fallah, Raheleh Sadat Sajadi Nia and Fatemeh Atashrazm

Blood group and anemia: Exploring a new relationship

January 2013

Anemia is a huge public health and nutrition problem with serious consequences. Though oral supplementation of iron, vitamin B12 and folic acid are most commonly used as a therapeutic measure to correct anemia; it is suggested that the oral supplementation of iron is not the best way to correct anemia especially due to its adverse effect on some other body functions and other complications. Under this situation it is...

Author(s): Basak Asim Kumar and Maji Kaushik

Knowledge, attitude and practice of university students towards smoking in Irbid, Jordan

January 2013

The purpose of this cross sectional study was to explore university students' knowledge, attitude and practice towards smoking and to compare these factors between smokers and non-smokers. A sample of 2793 students was randomly selected to complete a self-administered questionnaire about knowledge, attitude and practice of smoking at three universities in Irbid, Jordan. The Majority of the smoking students (75.2%)...

Author(s): Labib Sharif, Abeer Qandil and Ahmed Alkafajei

The dilemma of diagnosis in bipolar patients with psychiatric disability in the Caribbean setting

December 2012

Although there has been a surge in research relating to psychiatric disorders, diagnosing bipolar disorder still proves to be an immense feat. This dilemma can seriously impact on the quality of life of bipolar patients with psychiatric disability. These case studies sought to highlight several factors which may fuel this diagnostic uncertainty. Two in-patients at the Eric Williams Medical Sciences Complex were...

Author(s): Asha Bissessar and Harrinath D. Maharajh

Psychosocial profile of students from public schools of the city of Tubarão, Santa Catarina, Brazil with positive indicators for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

December 2012

The objective of this study was to verify the prevalence of positive indicators for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children of public schools throughout the urban perimeter of Tubarão, Santa Catarina (SC). The study population composed of students enrolled in the first grades of 10 schools from the city of Tubarão. First, the teachers filled a standard questionnaire defined by...

Author(s): Francisco Rosa Neto, Patrícia Mello Garcia and Jaqueline Lourdes Rios

Awareness and attitude of health care workers in a teaching hospital in southwestern Nigeria towards nosocomial infections

December 2012

Despite advances in health care system, Nosocomial infections (NIs) still remain a preventable disease threatening public health. This study assessed awareness and attitude of health care workers in LAUTECH teaching Hospital Osogbo towards Nosocomial infections. Descriptive cross sectional study among hospital workers using multistage sampling method was used. Research instruments were semi structured self administered...

Author(s): Adebimpe Wasiu Olalekan, Bamidele James Olusegun, Asekun-Olarinmoye Esther Olufunmilayo and Abodunrin Olugbenga Lanre

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seroprevalence and pregnancy outcome among obstetric population in Abakaliki, Southeast Nigeria

December 2012

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has become a pandemic worldwide especially among the obstetric population where prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of the infection is still a major challenge. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of HIV seropositivity and pregnancy outcome among obstetric patients in Abakaliki, Southeast Nigeria. A retrospective review of all deliveries...

Author(s): C. Ibekwe Perpetus, A. Onu Fidelis, Agboeze Joseph and O. Ezeonu Paul

Epidemiological survey of gastrointestinal parasites of pigs in Ibadan, Southwest Nigeria

December 2012

A cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence and intensity of gastrointestinal parasites in pigs from the Teaching and Research Farm of the University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. Faecal samples were collected randomly from 271 pigs between April and October 2010, processed by modified Kato-katz technique and then examined for the presence of helminth ova and protozoan oocysts and cysts....

Author(s): Sowemimo O. A., Asaolu S. O., Adegoke F. O. and Ayanniyi O. O.

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