Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 569

JPHE Articles

Staphylococcal enterotoxins: Molecular aspects and detection methods

June 2010

Members of the Staphylococcus genus, especially Staphylococcus aureus, are the most common pathogens found in hospitals and in community-acquired infections. Some of their pathogenicity is associated with enzyme and toxin production. Until recently, S. aureus was the most studied species in the genus; however, in last few years, the rise of infections caused by coagulase-negative staphylococci...

Author(s): Nathalie Gaebler Vasconcelos and Maria de Lourdes Ribeiro de Souza da Cunha

Bovine trypanosomosis and its impact on cattle in derived savanna areas of Ogun State, Nigeria

June 2010

Parasitological evaluation of bovine trypanosomosis to assess its impact in 113 cattle from Ogunola, Olodo, and Imeko in derived savanna areas of Ogun State were carried out. Blood samples were collected aseptically and screened using Standard Trypanosome Detection Methods in addition to packed cell volume (PCV) determination. Results showed that mean prevalence rate of bovine trypanosomosis was 31.62% with varying...

Author(s): S. O. Sam-Wobo, A. J. Igenezoa, O. A. Idowu, E. B. Otesile, U. F. Ekpoand O. O. Kehinde

Parasitic infections and anaemia during pregnancy in the Kassena-Nankana district of Northern Ghana

June 2010

Anaemia is often an adverse outcome of severe parasitic infections during pregnancy in developing countries. This study examined the association between anaemia and Plasmodium and or intestinal helminth infections during pregnancy. A hospital based survey was conducted on 300 pregnant women on their first consultation to antenatal services in the Kassena-Nankana district of Northern Ghana from...

Author(s): Godwin Fuseini⊃, Dominic Edoh⊃, Bugre Gumah Kalifa⊃, Abdul-Wahab Hamid⊃ and Dave Knight 

The effect of intermittent preventive treatment using sulphadoxine pyrimethamine in the control of malaria in pregnancy: A cross-sectional study in the Offinso district of Ghana

June 2010

Malaria infection during pregnancy causes maternal anaemia and placental parasitaemia both of which pose substantial risks to the mother, the foetus and the newborn. This study assessed the effects of intermittent preventive treatment (IPTp) using sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) to control malaria in pregnancy in the Offinso district, Ghana. Pregnant women attending antenatal clinics (ANC) between October 2005 and June...

Author(s): Emmanuel Osei Tutu, , Easmon Otupiri, John Larbi, Charles Brown,Edmund Browne and Bernard Lawson

Pleomorphic appearance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis

April 2010

Mycobacterium tuberculosis still remains a substantial global threat due to ill defined mechanisms that enable this organism to persist and replicate. Although molecular methods have revolutionized the diagnostic techniques in tuberculosis, yet a conventional simple microscopy remains the most cheap, easy and simple method for its diagnosis. The only requirement for the same is a trained eye to identify different...

Author(s): S. Malhotra, N K. Bhatia, M. Kaushal, N. Kaur and A. Chauhan

Emerging health threats among a primitive tribal group of Central India

April 2010

A cross-sectional study was conducted among adult Saharia, a primitive tribal group (PTG) of Madhya Pradesh. A total of 364 subjects (168 males and 196 females) ranging in age group 18 - 60 years were divided into two groups based on their random blood sugar level. Stature, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, skin fold thicknesses, fat percent, blood pressure and blood sugar level were measured for all the...

Author(s): Satwanti Kapoor Renu Tyagi, Kiran Saluja, Anumeha Chaturvedi, A. K. Kapoor

Beta thalassemia major: The Moroccan experience

April 2010

Thalassemia has been described originally around the Mediterranean Sea. The main objective of this study is to find out how Morocco deals with it. It is a retrospective study which has been done in the hemato-oncology service that treats patients with beta thalassemia major who are registered for receiving blood transfusions. With sample size of 78, demographics, clinical and family data were collected and descriptive...

Author(s): Agouzal , A. Arfaoui, A. Quyou and M. Khattab

The European union micro-projects program in water and sanitation and reduction in the incidence of some diseases in the rural communities of Imo State

February 2010

Many studies in the rural communities in Imo State have revealed that the levels of water and sanitation services are generally unsatisfactory. This has led to high prevalence of many diseases associated with water scarcity and poor hygiene. This study examined the role of the European Union Micro-Projects Program in water and sanitation in the reduction of the incidence of some of these diseases in the rural areas of...

Author(s): Edmund E. Nkwocha and Ralph O. Egejuru

Laparoscopic repair of ventral hernia an early experience at Khyber teaching hospital Peshawar

February 2010

To analyze the results and outcome of laparoscopic ventral hernia repair as a relatively new technique in our setup. Prospective study from June 2007 to June 2008. Surgical-D Unit, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar. All the patients undergoing laparoscopic ventral hernia repair. The patients were evaluated clinically and by investigations. After appropriate preparation, laparoscopic mesh repair was performed. Intra and...

Author(s): Rooh-Ul-Muqim, Qutb-E-Alam Jan, Mohammad Zarin, Faryal Gul, Jawad Ahmed, Javeria Iqbal and Aziz Wazir

Prevalence of Campylobacter in poultry meat in Sokoto, North-western Nigeria

December 2009

The study was conducted in Sokoto, Nigeria from November 2007 to October 2008 to investigate the presence of Campylobacter spp. in poultry meat, by standard culture techniques. Campylobacter was detected in 558 (81.9%) of the 681 meat samples, the isolates were characterized by conventional phenotypic tests.Campylobacter jejuni was the most commonly identified species accounting for 340 (60.9%)...

Author(s): M. D. Salihu, A. U. Junaidu, A. A. Magaji, M. B. Abubakar, A. Y.  Adamu and A. S. Yakubu

Chromium and copper in toenails of some Kano inhabitants

December 2009

Toenail chromium and copper concentrations in toenails of some inhabitants resident in Kano for at least six months were assessed by atomic absorption spectrometry. Average toenail chromium and copper concentrations were 1.33 ± 0.68 and 27.62 ± 13.29 µg/g respectively. Both chromium and copper concentrations in nails decreased with age indicating that these metals may be playing some physiological...

Author(s): J. T. Ayodele and I. C. Ajala

Desire for pain relief in labour in Northeastern Nigeria

December 2009

Labour pain is a distressing and psychologically traumatizing experience to the parturient but little data exist in the Northeastern part of Nigeria regarding pain relief in labour, despite its many advantages. To determine the knowledge, desire and access to pain relief in labour as well as perception of labour pain. This is a cross sectional study of two hundred and fifty five women in two tertiary institutions in...

Author(s): Bala Audu, Usman Yahaya, Mohammed Bukar, Aliyu El-Nafaty, Hadiza Abdullahi and Othman Kyari

The use of intermittent preventive treatment with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine in pregnancy in Ibadan, Nigeria: Implications for policy

October 2009

Malaria in pregnancy (MIP) remains a major public health concern, inspite of the adoption of WHO recommended intermittent preventive treatment (IPTp) with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) for its control in Nigeria. Using interviewer administered questionnaires, information on knowledge of the burden, consequences and the use of SP for malaria control in pregnancy was obtained from 800 mothers within 24 h after delivery...

Author(s): Tongo O. Olukemi, Orimadegun Adebola Emmanuel and Akinyinka Olusegun Olusina

Cyanobacteria and absence of cyanotoxins in a public water supply source

October 2009

Current analysis, involving measurements of biotic and abiotic factors, determined which factor favored cyanobacteria with subsequent concentrations of microcystins in water collected from a public water supply source during the dry and rainy periods and which received residual water from agricultural production systems. Since no microcystins were detected, waters fitted within the maximum limits of...

Author(s): Ludmilla Santana Soares e Barros, Fagner Correia de Souza, Lúcia Helena Sipaúba Tavares and Luiz Augusto do Amaral

Determinants of knowledge and awareness about AIDS: Urban-rural differentials in Bangladesh

October 2009

This study utilized data from Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2004 to identify the determinants of knowledge about AIDS for women of urban and rural areas of Bangladesh, bi-variate and multivariate logistic regression methods were employed in analyzing data. This study found that a wider gap exists between urban and rural areas regarding knowledge about AIDS, where every 8 out of 10 urban women know about AIDS...

Author(s): Mosiur Rahman

Simplifying mathematical modelling to test intervention strategies for Chlamydia

October 2009

In recent years, there has been a rise in applications of mathematical modelling in sexually transmitted infections. This paper outlines a new approach to ma-thematical modelling that tests intervention efforts on Chlamydia. The aim was to produce a simple model that can be used when new data comes to hand without the need to re-run the simulation. A simple model was developed to study the effects of interventions...

Author(s): Catherine Heffernan and Jacob A. Dunningham

Tracking of overweight among urban school children: A 4 years cohort study in Sousse Tunisia

October 2009

Our objective was to examine tracking patterns of body mass index (BMI) as well as their predictors between childhood and adolescence. A cohort of 452 Tunisian children aged 13 - 15 years was followed for 4 years (1999 - 2003). Tracking of BMI was defined as in individual maintaining a certain status or relative position (relative BMI quartile) overtime. After 4 years, almost 50% of the subjects had maintained their...

Author(s): Harrabi Imed, Maatoug Maaloul Jihene, Ben Hammouda Hamida, Gaha Rafika, Lazreg Fatma, Boussaadia Amel and Ghannem Hassen.

Public participation to minimize waterborne diseases in Yom riverside communities

October 2009

The objective of this study was to assess public participation in the implementation of simple measures taken to minimize waterborne disease in Yom riverside communities. The location of the study was the Srimsamrong district. From two sub-districts in the area, were the research team. They found that the cause of waterborne diseases in Yom riverside communities was a two step process: 1. Contamination of Yom river...

Author(s): Narongsak  Noosorn and Prasit Niamkamnerd

The role of serum markers in assessing the severity and outcome of community acquired pneumonia in Trinidadian population

April 2009

Our aim was to determine whether the use of serum inflammatory markers such as erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT), either individually or in combination, is significantly associated with community-acquired pneumonia and to determine the role in assessment of the severity and outcome. This study was a prospective cohort study, included forty Trinidadian patients...

Author(s): B. Shivananda Nayak, M. Sateesh Sakhamuri, Barry Raghunanan, Anandee Allison, Kali Uppalapati and Kishore Patcha

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