Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 613

JPHE Articles

Public attitude and awareness towards their teeth color and dental bleaching in Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional survey

April 2016

Advances in restorative dentistry have made many tooth whitening techniques economical and cost effective both in developed and developing countries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the attitude and awareness of tooth bleaching among a sample of adults attending shopping malls in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. A cross sectional survey was performed in four major malls located in different regions of Riyadh city in...

Author(s): Nora Nomay

Prevalence of Schistosoma and other parasites among female residents of some communities in Oyo State, Nigeria

March 2016

Prevalence of Schistosoma and other parasitic infections in 507 females (5-78 years) was determined in a cross-sectional study undertaken in seven communities of Oyo State, Nigeria.  Urine and stool samples were examined, and 25.2% overall parasite prevalence was recorded. Schistosoma haematobium and Schistosoma mansoni prevalence was 5.5 and 0.3% respectively. Ascaris lumbricoides (11.4%), Hookworm (9.3%),...

Author(s): Awobode Henrietta Oluwatoyin, Okunlola Deborah Olukemi, Oyekunle Abidemi Omolara and Adekeye Taiwo Adetola

National measles surveillance data analysis, 2005 to 2009, Ethiopia

March 2016

Measles is a well known vaccine preventable disease causing significant morbidity and mortality among children worldwide especially in developing countries like Ethiopia. A surveillance data was analyzed to describe measles cases epidemiologically and identify locations where case loads are high for further investigations. The National Measles/World Health Organization (WHO) guideline was used for case definitions and...

Author(s): Belay Bezabih Beyene, Ghidey G/libanos G/Selassie, Aysheshim Ademe Tegegne, Daddi Jima Wayessa  and Fikre Enqueselassie

The epidemiology of thyroid diseases in the Arab world: A systematic review

February 2016

Thyroid gland diseases are a public health problem worldwide. Imbalance in the regulation of thyroid gland hormones can cause many disorders that range from a small goiter to life threatening diseases, such as thyroid cancer. Thyroid dysfunction both hyper and hypothyroidism can affect circulatory system by affecting cardiac output, cardiac contractility, blood pressure, vascular resistance and rhythm disturbance which...

Author(s): Awad Saad Al Shahrani, Ashraf El-Metwally, Khaled Al-Surimi, Salih Bin Salih, Yousef Saleh, Abeer Al-Shehri and Anna Ali

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of health care workers on Ebola virus disease in Conakry, Guinea: A cross-sectional study

February 2016

In the current Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak, health care workers (HCWs) are on the frontline of the response. The study aimed to report on the knowledge, attitudes and practices of Conakry HCWs. A cross-sectional survey was done among HCWs from the two national hospitals and at the communal hospitals in Conakry, using a standardized questionnaire. Demographic, knowledge, attitudes and practices data of the...

Author(s): A. Touré, F. A. Traoré, F. B. Sako, A. Delamou, F. S. Tonguino, D. Sylla, M. Bangoura, M. Barry, M. Cisse and P. Vanhems

Perception of obstetric danger signs among women living on the coastline of the Atlantic Ocean in rural Lagos, Nigeria

January 2016

Implementation of safe motherhood programs in sub-Saharan African nations requires recognition of signs of potential emergency obstetric cases to facilitate immediate care seeking and urgent medical intervention. This questionnaire-based survey aimed to describe the perception of obstetric danger signs among women of reproductive age, living on the Atlantic coastline of rural Lagos. This cross-sectional, descriptive...

Author(s): Bamgboye M. Afolabi, Emmanuel N. U. Ezedinachi, Sidney Opara, Iwara Arikpo and Abiodun Ogunwale

Breast feeding initiation time and its impact on diarrheal disease and pneumonia in West Africa

December 2015

Although breast feeding (BF) is protective against infectious disease amongst children, its timing initiation effect after birth is unknown, whether immediate (<1 h), hours (>1 to <24 h) or days (>24 h). The authors examined relationships between early initiation time of BF and the prevalence of pneumonia and diarrhea in infants and under 5 children adjusting for gender, previous sibling death, maternal...

Author(s): Nkemjika Stanley O. and Demissie Kitaw

Prevalence of Entamoeba histolytica among primary school children in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria

November 2015

Amoebasis is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality world wide, especially in developing countries because of lack of safe potable water and low level of hygiene due to high level of poverty. This study determined the prevalence and spatial distribution of amoebasis in school age children in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. Two hundred and seventy eight (278) stool samples were examined for the cyst or...

Author(s): Simon-Oke Iyabo Adepeju and Ogunleye Esther

Predictors of optimum antenatal iron-folate supplementation in a low resource rural set-up in Eastern Kenya

November 2015

There is depressed prevalence of the optimum iron-folate supplementation in Kenya and in other sub-Saharan Africa countries. The study was motivated by the paucity of area-specific data on predictors of optimum iron-folate supplementation. The aim of the study was to assess the maternal, knowledge and institutional factors that predict 90+ days (optimum) iron-folate supplementation among pregnant women in a rural set-up...

Author(s): Juma M., Oiye Shadrack O. and Konyole Silvernus O.,

The knowledge and practice of universal precautions amongst midwives in Central Hospital, Benin City

November 2015

This study seeks to assess midwives’ knowledge and practice of universal precautions in Central Hospital, Benin City. The study employed descriptive research design. The target population was all registered midwives in Central Hospital Benin City. A total number of 180 respondents were drawn from the total population using purposive sampling technique. A structured questionnaire containing 29 items was designed...

Author(s): Serah Osamudiamen Bolaji-Osagie, Florence O. Adeyemo and Olayinka. A Onasoga

Risk factors, electrolyte disturbances and lipid profiles in sudanese patients with stroke

October 2015

Stroke is a growing public health concern in low- and middle- income countries, however no systematic study has been conducted to elucidate possible causes of stroke among most low- and middle- income countries. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of stroke, associated risk factors, electrolyte disturbances and lipid profiles in Sudanese stroke patients. A retrospective hospital-based study was...

Author(s): Hassan H. Musa, Idriss H. Musa and Sarah M. El Sadig

Impact of multidisciplinary care in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis hospitalizations in the public health system of Brazil

October 2015

There is evidence that multidisciplinary care improves quality of life and there is a growing appreciation of public policies in Brazil that favor home care with a multidisciplinary team in chronic diseases. This study aimed to determine the epidemiological profile of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in the Federal District and the impact of tertiary reference center creation on patient care. A descriptive, cross-sectional...

Author(s): Mirian Conceicao Moura, Maria Rita Carvalho Garbi Novaes, Emanoel Junio Eduardo, Yuri SSP Zago, Ricardo Del Negro Barroso Freitas and Luiz Augusto Casulari

Medicine pricing: Impact on accessibility and affordability of medicines vis a vis the product origin as pharmaco-economic drivers in Comoros

September 2015

This paper highlights the availability, pricing and affordability of popular medicines in Comoros. We used the standardized survey methodology developed by the World Health Organization and Health Action International to conduct a cross sectional survey for collecting data on availability and patient prices of medicines in public, private and mission sector medicines outlets from April 1 to June 30, 2014. Median...

Author(s): Said Abasse Kassim, Raphael Nammahime Alolga, Assogba Gabin Assanhou, Said Mohamed Kassim, Li Hongchao and Ma Aixia

Knowledge of food borne infection and food safety practices among local food handlers in Ijebu-Ode Local Government Area of Ogun State

September 2015

Increase in food borne infection has been linked with the lack of knowledge of food borne infection (FBI) and poor food safety practice (FSP) of food handlers. This is a major determinant of the kind of patronage received by local restaurants and fast food restaurants. This study was carried out to assess the knowledge of FBI and FSP of local food handlers in Ijebu-Ode Local Government Area of Ogun State. Four hundred...

Author(s): Oladoyinbo Catherine Adebukola, Akinbule Oluwafunke Opeyemi and Awosika Israel Ayodeji

Geomedical study of thyroid disorders in the foot hill settlements of Pir Panjal Range

September 2015

The present study is an, attempt to find out the concentration of Iodine (I) in soil and water phases of the natural environment, and its relationship with the human health in the foot hill settlements of Pir Panjal Range in Anantnag district of Kashmir valley. Also, socio-economic determinants of health were taken into due account. Firstly, the area was divided into altitudinal zones and soils classes. Then, the soil...

Author(s): Rafiq Ahmad Hajam, Ghulam Mohmad Rather and Tasawoor Ahmed Kanth

Study of ABO and Rh-D blood group among the common people of Chittagong city corporation area of Bangladesh

September 2015

This study was aimed to identify the distribution patterns of ABO and Rh-D blood group among the population of Chittagong city corporation area in Chittagong city of Bangladesh in order to promote social awareness, and safe blood transfusion among the population. A cross sectional, analytical study was carried out on a total of 937 people in three different area of Chittagong City Corporation (that is, Central railway...

Author(s): Rashaduz Zaman, Mohammad Parvez, Md. Jakaria and Mohammed Abu Sayeed

Viral and bacterial acute lower respiratory tract infections in Khartoum children emergency hospital in 2012

September 2015

Acute lower respiratory tract infections (ALRI) including severe pneumonia are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in children under five years of age worldwide especially in developing countries. There is little information on the viral and bacterial etiology of severe pneumonia in Sudan where the disease burden is particularly high. The objectives of this study were to identify causative...

Author(s): Sozan M. Abdelkhalig, Elsheikh G. Mahgoub and Mohammed A. Soghaier

Audit of use of antimicrobial agents at a tertiary health centre in Lagos, Nigeria

August 2015

Antimicrobial agents are reported to be the commonest prescribed medication among physicians. Studies have shown that up to 50% of antimicrobial agents prescriptions are inappropriate. The study was a retrospective cross-sectional design. Records of all patients admitted to both the medical and paediatrics wards during the period of audit were reviewed after discharge from the hospital. The appropriateness of the...

Author(s): Sunday O. Ogundele, Olayinka O. Ogunleye, Bamidele Mutiu and Samuel O. Akodu

Is mobile health (mHealth) the magic bullet? A short review of the impact of mHealth on adolescent sexual health

August 2015

Adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) remains a major public health and developmental issue worldwide. The stage of adolescence is typically characterised by a desire for information, curiosity and experimentation. Adolescent social interactions, relationships and sexual behaviour are intimately linked to information available to them during this transition period and ASRH programmes deliver sexual and...

Author(s): Chukwuemeka Austin Ihesie

Seroprevalence of brucellosis among livestock workers at Maiduguri cattle market, Borno State, North Eastern, Nigeria

August 2015

A serological survey was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis in livestock workers at Maiduguri cattle market, Borno State, Nigeria. A total of 100 serum samples comprising 40 from animal handlers, 25 from livestock keepers, 20 from butchers and 15 from middlemen were tested using Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT) antigen for both Brucella abortus and Brucella melitensis. Seroprevalence rate of 11% was...

Author(s): Nuhu Bala Adamu, Solomon Olushola Adeniyi, Shuaibu Gidado Adamu, James Olaniyi Olabode Bale, Anthony Ekle Joseph Okoh, Gali Abaka Umaru and Yahaya Abdullahi Umar

The epidemiology of congenital heart diseases in Saudi Arabia: A systematic review

July 2015

Several studies have been conducted on congenital heart disease in different regions of Saudi Arabia. However, no recent systematic review has examined the growing scientific evidence with respect to the epidemiology of CHD in the Kingdom. The aim of this review is to provide a comprehensive summary of CHD incidence, prevalence, burden and impact on the Saudi population. A literature search was conducted through PubMed...

Author(s): Amirah M. Alenezi, Nada M Albawardi, Anna Ali, Mowafa S. Househ and Ashraf Elmetwally

Assessment of use of lavender lotion as repellent for protection against sand fly bites in endemic area with visceral leishmaniasis in Eastern Sudan

July 2015

This study was an epidemiological study regarding the prevalence of visceral leishmaniaisis among first year students (as new comers) in Gadarif University, Eastern of Sudan, in 2013. It was conducted to evaluate the use, efficacy and comfortability of the use of commercial lavender lotion as vector control tool among group of 10 students from first year (5 male and 5 female). Health education regarding use of...

Author(s): Mustafa Mohammed Mustafa and Nagwa Suliman Ahmad

Knowledge and attitudes of adult HIV positive patients to HIV/AIDS in Yola, Nigeria

July 2015

Though cases of AIDS are visible in Nigeria and high awareness of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), correct knowledge on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission and prevention has remained low with significant numbers of people living with HIV/AIDS having low attitudes towards life and the disease itself. This study determined the baseline knowledge on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission and...

Author(s): Olutayo Folashade Martins, Lekhraj Rampal, Lye Munn-Sann, Sherina Mohd Sidik, Norlijah Othman, Zubairu Iliyasu and Fatai Kunle Salawu

Coverage of child health services in rural districts of Ethiopia with the health services extension program

July 2015

Improving access to health care services has been advocated widely since the Declaration of Alma-Ata. Despite the efforts to realize this in Ethiopia, it is only in the year 2003 that the intention to take the package of essential health services to the kebele level (smallest administrative unit) was realized through the introduction of the Health Services Extension Program (HSEP). The objective of this study was to...

Author(s): Mirkuzie Woldie, Sudhakar Narayan Morankar, Garumma T. Feyissa, Ronald Labonte and David Sanders

Investigations on the transmission potentials of Simulium damnosum and the risk of human onchocerciasis in Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna State, Nigeria

July 2015

Onchocerciasis is transmitted to humans by the black fly, Simulium damnosum. Preliminary investigations were carried out between the months of June, 2008 and February, 2009 to verify the transmission potentials of S. damnosum for Onchocerca volvulus in a Public Amusement Park and its environs in Kaduna Metropolis of Kaduna State, Nigeria. Out of the 224 female black flies caught and dissected during the period of study,...

Author(s): Maikaje, D.B., Dibal, D.M., Umar, Y.A. and Egbe, N.E.

Inequalities in dental health: An ecological analysis of the interaction between the effects of water fluoridation and social deprivation on tooth decay in children living in England

July 2015

Oral health in England has improved considerably in recent years but continues to show a strong inequalities gradient. This study was aimed at investigating variations in dental decay and relation to social deprivation and local water fluoridation. An ecological analysis using the 2007 and 2008 National Dental Epidemiology Programme survey of 5 year old children in England. Postcode of residence was mapped to...

Author(s): Karen Tocque, and Lynne Kennedy

Profiling of community directed distributors on key household practices in resource-poor setting: A case study of Anambra State, Southeast Nigeria

June 2015

Improving malaria control, hygiene and sanitation in households is a challenge in the health system. Hence, several countries have used community directed distributors (CDDs) to assist in delivering health information and services. Despite their use there is little attempt to profile this group of workers. This was a cross sectional study conducted in 2014 involving 297 CDDs from 3 rural communities in Anambra Central...

Author(s): Ifeoma Modebe, Sussan U. Arinze-Onyia, Emmanuel N. Aguwa and Ed Nwobodo

Clinical and epidemiological profile of patients from the home care program of Federal District Brazil

June 2015

The hegemonic presence of chronic conditions in the world in recent decades has pushed health systems to reorganization, aimed at viability and economic sustainability with ‘user-centered’ and integrated actions, and also using the logic model of health care networks. One of the alternatives to meet this need relates to home care, which intends to assist bedridden chronic patients at home as a substitute...

Author(s): Maria Leopoldina de Castro Villas Boas, Helena Eri Shimizu and Mauro Niskier Sanchez

Factors associated with default from treatment among tuberculosis patients in Kassala State, Sudan 2013

June 2015

Sudan, particularly the eastern part shoulders 8% of TB burden in the World Health Organization (WHO) Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). Kassala state is classified as one of the most tuberculosis (TB) affected states in Sudan with annual risk of around 120 new cases per 100,000 of populations. TB medications take a relatively long time to ensure adequate treatment. Default from TB treatment leads to continuation of...

Author(s): Mutaz A. Abdelhadi, Talal E.Mahdi, Mohammed A.Soghaier, Heitham M. Awadalla, Anas E.Ahmed and Fatima A. Khalid

Internet-based interventions for pain management: A systematic review of randomised controlled trial (RCTs) conducted from 2010 to 2014

May 2015

Limited access to pain management programs was identified as one of the hindering factors in pain treatment. Several internet-based interventions have been developed to improve accessibility. A systematic review of trials of such programs in 2010 documented a preliminary promising effect.  A PubMed electronic search was used to identify a systematic randomized controlled trail (RCTs) published 1 January, 2010 to 4...

Author(s): Ashraf El-Metwally

Assessing healthy diet affordability in a cohort with major depressive disorders

May 2015

Although, the cost of food is commonly described as a barrier to consuming a healthy diet, the evidence for this viewpoint has been inconsistent to date. The purpose of this study was to assess whether a healthy diet is affordable for a sample population with major depressive disorder and current unhealthy eating patterns, enrolled in supporting the modification of lifestyle in lowered emotional states (SMILES) trial....

Author(s): Rachelle S. Opie, Leonie Segal, Felice N. Jacka, Laura Nicholls, Sarah Dash, Josephine Pizzinga and Catherine Itsiopoulos

Relationship between plasma levels of albumin, selenium, chromium and manganese of healthy subjects and patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease in Akwa-Ibom and Cross River States of Nigeria

May 2015

Plasma albumin, selenium, chromium and manganese levels of thirty patients each with HIV/AIDS, diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease (CVD), and one hundred and six apparently healthy adults in Akwa-Ibom and Cross River States, South-South Nigeria was studied. The mean plasma albumin was higher in the control than in the disease patients. The mean plasma selenium was lowest in the control (0.004 ± 0.01...

Author(s): Kolawole Sunday E. and Obueh Henrietta O.

Weight changes and dietary habits among breast feeding mothers

April 2015

Women are often advised that lactation accelerates loss of the excess weight gained during pregnancy, but the evidence underlying this advice is sparse and conflicting. The aim of this study is to show the relation of full breast feeding with mothers' weight change, and to assess traditional practices in Iraqi population during breast feeding period. Longitudinal study was conducted in Babylon governorate, Iraq,...

Author(s): Hadeel Fadhil Farhood

Knowledge and Misconception of Young Women toward Sexual Transmitted Infection and Condom Use in Northern Ethiopia: Cross Sectional Study

April 2015

The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge and misconception about sexual transmitted infections (STIs), mode of transmission, prevention methods and use of condom among young women in Northern Ethiopia. A facility-based cross-sectional study was employed among 326 young women aged 15 to 24 years from 1 to 30 May, 2013. A multistage sampling technique was used to select young women attending outpatient facility. A...

Author(s): Girmatsion Fisseha

Reproductive health needs and service utilization among youths in West Badewacho Woreda, Hadiya Zone, South Ethiopia

April 2015

Youths are facing different sexual and reproductive health problems. Most  health  services  for  youth  are  designed  for adults  and  do  not  always  have  favorable  conditions  to meet  the  special  needs  of  youths. As well, youths have been characterized by low sexual and reproductive health service utilization....

Author(s): Niguss Cherie, Gurmesa Tura and Aderajew, N Teklehaymanot

Challenges of integrated disease surveillance response reporting among healthcare personnel in Mangu, Plateau State, Nigeria

April 2015

Integrated disease surveillance and response comprises data collection, analysis, interpretation and feedback on communicable and non-communicable diseases like cholera and hypertension. It assists health workers detect and respond to these diseases. The regional office for Africa of the World Health Organization implemented it in 1998. Nigeria has embraced this strategy, but there are challenges regarding...

Author(s): Luret  Albert Lar, Tolulope Olumide Afolaranmi, Yetunde Olubusayo Tagurum, Benjamin Uzochukwu and Ayuba Ibrahim Zoakah

Geographic variations in the predictors of asthma, wheeze, and dry nocturnal cough among adolescents from the United Arab Emirates

April 2015

This study aims to determine the prevalence of asthma, wheeze and dry nocturnal cough, and also to assess predictors of these health outcomes among adolescents from nine different geographic regions in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Guided by the population health framework, analysis focused on responses to select items from a survey that was administered on 6,363 UAE adolescents. Frequency analyses determined the...

Author(s): Caroline Barakat-Haddadand Sheng Zhang

Physicochemical and microbial analysis of portable water sources in Enugu metropolis

March 2015

Water borne diseases and heavy metal poisoning as a result of poor quality of portable water has been of a major public health concern in Nigeria. The quality of portable water in Enugu, a fast growing and population expanding city calls for a general concern. Hence, this study was aimed to ascertain the quality of portable water sources in Enugu metropolis. A total of twelve water samples were randomly collected and...

Author(s): Engwa Azeh Godwill, Tagbo N. Richard, Iyala Chris Peniel Junior and Unaegbu Marcellus

Empirical analysis of factors associated with neonatal length of stay in Sunyani, Ghana

March 2015

Postpartum length of stay (LOS) in hospital continues to be a subject of intense discourse and research, especially for mothers of neonates born with low birth weight (LBW). This study investigates the association of total LOS (pre and postpartum) with a range of factors related to geo-demographics, maternal health and pregnancy history. It also provides simple estimates of likely duration of neonatal hospital length of...

Author(s): Atinuke Adebanji, Shola Adeyemi and Mark Gyamfi

Review: Health literacy intervention and their consequences

March 2015

Health literacy is one of the most critical issues threating the public health today and there are significant gaps behind the discipline of health literacy. Low health literacy was found to threaten the health and welfare of people. The past decades witnessed a revolutionary alteration in the health patterns and disease spread among the community from infectious diseases to chronic diseases such as, heart disease,...

Author(s): Taha H. Musa, Wei Ping-min and Pu Yuepu

Assessment of community knowledge about Tuberculosis and its treatment in rural areas of Shashemane, Southern Ethiopia

March 2015

Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Poverty, malnutrition and crowded living conditions have been recognized for decades to increase the risk of developing TB. In addition, lack of knowledge about TB could affect the health-seeking behavior of patients and sustain the transmission of the disease within the community. A community based cross-sectional study was...

Author(s): Fikru Melaku, Mengistu Legesse, Tariku Lambiyo, and Zenebe Mengistu Hailemariam

Household location and self-assessed health among Brazilian adults living in large cities: A multilevel analysis

March 2015

This paper evaluated the effect of household location on self-assessed health among adults living in large cities, with adjustments for environmental characteristics inside and outside homes and for characteristics of the individual. The results showed that, in comparison with rural areas, urban areas were associated with better self-assessed health levels among adults. Although the adjusted analysis did not show any...

Author(s): José Rodrigo de Moraes, Jéssica Pronestino de Lima Moreira, Karynna Pimentel Viana, Alexandre dos Santos Brito and Ronir Raggio Luiz

Perpetration and perceived spatial patterns of violent behaviours among university undergraduates in South-East Nigeria

March 2015

The study investigated perceived spatial patterns and formulated preventive strategies against violent behaviours among undergraduates of South-East Universities, Nigeria. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study while multi-stage sampling procedure was employed to draw the sample for the study. Well-completed 1,707 copies of researcher-designed undergraduates violent behaviours perpetration patterns...

Author(s): Chuks E. Ezedum, Olaoluwa S. Agbaje and Benedicta N. Agu

Clinical benefits to pregnant women on the use of rapid diagnostic test to microscopy in malarial diagnosis in Jigawa State, Nigeria

February 2015

The study was aimed at comparing rapid diagnostic test kits (RDTs) and microscopy in detecting sequestered placental malaria or deep tissue malaria from pregnant women and the clinical benefits that can be derived. About 300 pregnant women were enrolled in the study. Five (5) ml of venous and placental blood was collected into an ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) tube, respectively. The blood samples were tested...

Author(s): Ahmad, Mohammad Bello and Yahuza, Al-Muktar Adamu

Caregivers’ perception of the quality of child health care services in a General Hospital in Lagos State

February 2015

Nigeria shoulders about 10% of global childhood mortality rates. This poor statistics is related to the poor quality of child healthcare services in the country. This recent study assessed the quality of the different aspects of child healthcare services in an urban General Hospital in Lagos state, Nigeria. Descriptive cross-sectional study was undertaken. Participants were caregivers attending the Child welfare Clinic...

Author(s): Nwosu Benjamin Chukwudi and Princess Christina Campbell

Prevalence and public health significance of bovine cysticercosis at Elfora Abattoir, Bishoftu, Ethiopia

February 2015

A cross sectional study was conducted from November 2013 to April 2014 to determine the prevalence of bovine cysticercosis, assess the associated risk factors and public health importance of Taeniasis at Elfora abattoir, Bishoftu town. Active abattoir survey from local zebu cattle presented to Elfora Abattoir and questionnaire survey data collected were analyzed using STATA version 11. From the total 430 carcasses...

Author(s): Lielt Emiru, Desalew Tadesse, Tsegabirhan Kifleyohannes, Teshale Sori and Yohannes Hagos

Care of patients with liver cirrhosis: How are we doing?

February 2015

Cirrhosis carries high morbidity and mortality due to various complications and decompensation, which can be decreased by following various practice guidelines, which are variedly followed in actual practice. This multicentric prospective/retrospective study was conducted over a 3 month period to assess actual care of patients with cirrhosis. 416 patients with cirrhosis (median age 53 years, 316 males) were included in...

Author(s): Deepak Amarapurkar, Mrudul V. dharod, Madhuri Chandnani, Rajiv Baijal, Praveen kumar, Mayank Jain, Nikhil Patel, Praful Kamani, Nimish Shah, Sandeep Kulkarni, Sonali Gautam, Apurva Shah and Soham Doshi

Incidence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in anaemic patients attending General Hospital Kafanchan, Kaduna State, Nigeria

February 2015

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency is one of the most well known human genetic defects and could possibly result in acute haemolysis after exposure to various oxidative conditions. This work was therefore carried out to determine the incidence of G-6-PD deficiency in anaemic patients attending General Hospital Kafanchan, Kaduna State, Nigeria. The study group comprised of 50 sickle cell, 60 iron...

Author(s): Abubakar, A., Opata, M. O., Zubair A. I., Maigari, A. K., Yusuf, A. B., Okwonkwo, P. O., Duru, B. N., Junaid, S. A. and Mokogwu A. T. H.

Knowledge, attitude and acceptance of voluntary male medical circumcision among male students attending Botswana University

January 2015

In recent years safe voluntary male medical circumcision (VMMC) has been recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as one of the preventive strategies for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infection for those countries with high HIV prevalence and low medical male circumcision rates. This study aimed to assess the level of knowledge, attitude, and acceptance of safe VMMC among male university students...

Author(s): S. L. Mndzebel and G. A. Tegegn

Routine dissemination of summary syndromic surveillance data leads to greater usage at local health departments in North Carolina

January 2015

Public health surveillance data is critical as it provides actionable information to guide public health response. Thirty interviews were conducted across North Carolina from May to September, 2009 with local public health department staff to describe the use of routine syndromic surveillance data during a local outbreak and compared this to usage during a large, statewide outbreak, during which the state disseminated...

Author(s): Mary T. Fangman, Erika Samoff, Lauren DiBiase, Pia D. M. MacDonald, and Anna E. Waller,

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