Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 581

JPHE Articles

Knowledge and Misconception of Young Women toward Sexual Transmitted Infection and Condom Use in Northern Ethiopia: Cross Sectional Study

April 2015

The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge and misconception about sexual transmitted infections (STIs), mode of transmission, prevention methods and use of condom among young women in Northern Ethiopia. A facility-based cross-sectional study was employed among 326 young women aged 15 to 24 years from 1 to 30 May, 2013. A multistage sampling technique was used to select young women attending outpatient facility. A...

Author(s): Girmatsion Fisseha

Reproductive health needs and service utilization among youths in West Badewacho Woreda, Hadiya Zone, South Ethiopia

April 2015

Youths are facing different sexual and reproductive health problems. Most  health  services  for  youth  are  designed  for adults  and  do  not  always  have  favorable  conditions  to meet  the  special  needs  of  youths. As well, youths have been characterized by low sexual and reproductive health service utilization....

Author(s): Niguss Cherie, Gurmesa Tura and Aderajew, N Teklehaymanot

Challenges of integrated disease surveillance response reporting among healthcare personnel in Mangu, Plateau State, Nigeria

April 2015

Integrated disease surveillance and response comprises data collection, analysis, interpretation and feedback on communicable and non-communicable diseases like cholera and hypertension. It assists health workers detect and respond to these diseases. The regional office for Africa of the World Health Organization implemented it in 1998. Nigeria has embraced this strategy, but there are challenges regarding...

Author(s): Luret  Albert Lar, Tolulope Olumide Afolaranmi, Yetunde Olubusayo Tagurum, Benjamin Uzochukwu and Ayuba Ibrahim Zoakah

Weight changes and dietary habits among breast feeding mothers

April 2015

Women are often advised that lactation accelerates loss of the excess weight gained during pregnancy, but the evidence underlying this advice is sparse and conflicting. The aim of this study is to show the relation of full breast feeding with mothers' weight change, and to assess traditional practices in Iraqi population during breast feeding period. Longitudinal study was conducted in Babylon governorate, Iraq,...

Author(s): Hadeel Fadhil Farhood

Geographic variations in the predictors of asthma, wheeze, and dry nocturnal cough among adolescents from the United Arab Emirates

April 2015

This study aims to determine the prevalence of asthma, wheeze and dry nocturnal cough, and also to assess predictors of these health outcomes among adolescents from nine different geographic regions in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Guided by the population health framework, analysis focused on responses to select items from a survey that was administered on 6,363 UAE adolescents. Frequency analyses determined the...

Author(s): Caroline Barakat-Haddadand Sheng Zhang

Empirical analysis of factors associated with neonatal length of stay in Sunyani, Ghana

March 2015

Postpartum length of stay (LOS) in hospital continues to be a subject of intense discourse and research, especially for mothers of neonates born with low birth weight (LBW). This study investigates the association of total LOS (pre and postpartum) with a range of factors related to geo-demographics, maternal health and pregnancy history. It also provides simple estimates of likely duration of neonatal hospital length of...

Author(s): Atinuke Adebanji, Shola Adeyemi and Mark Gyamfi

Physicochemical and microbial analysis of portable water sources in Enugu metropolis

March 2015

Water borne diseases and heavy metal poisoning as a result of poor quality of portable water has been of a major public health concern in Nigeria. The quality of portable water in Enugu, a fast growing and population expanding city calls for a general concern. Hence, this study was aimed to ascertain the quality of portable water sources in Enugu metropolis. A total of twelve water samples were randomly collected and...

Author(s): Engwa Azeh Godwill, Tagbo N. Richard, Iyala Chris Peniel Junior and Unaegbu Marcellus

Review: Health literacy intervention and their consequences

March 2015

Health literacy is one of the most critical issues threating the public health today and there are significant gaps behind the discipline of health literacy. Low health literacy was found to threaten the health and welfare of people. The past decades witnessed a revolutionary alteration in the health patterns and disease spread among the community from infectious diseases to chronic diseases such as, heart disease,...

Author(s): Taha H. Musa, Wei Ping-min and Pu Yuepu

Perpetration and perceived spatial patterns of violent behaviours among university undergraduates in South-East Nigeria

March 2015

The study investigated perceived spatial patterns and formulated preventive strategies against violent behaviours among undergraduates of South-East Universities, Nigeria. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study while multi-stage sampling procedure was employed to draw the sample for the study. Well-completed 1,707 copies of researcher-designed undergraduates violent behaviours perpetration patterns...

Author(s): Chuks E. Ezedum, Olaoluwa S. Agbaje and Benedicta N. Agu

Assessment of community knowledge about Tuberculosis and its treatment in rural areas of Shashemane, Southern Ethiopia

March 2015

Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Poverty, malnutrition and crowded living conditions have been recognized for decades to increase the risk of developing TB. In addition, lack of knowledge about TB could affect the health-seeking behavior of patients and sustain the transmission of the disease within the community. A community based cross-sectional study was...

Author(s): Fikru Melaku, Mengistu Legesse, Tariku Lambiyo, and Zenebe Mengistu Hailemariam

Household location and self-assessed health among Brazilian adults living in large cities: A multilevel analysis

March 2015

This paper evaluated the effect of household location on self-assessed health among adults living in large cities, with adjustments for environmental characteristics inside and outside homes and for characteristics of the individual. The results showed that, in comparison with rural areas, urban areas were associated with better self-assessed health levels among adults. Although the adjusted analysis did not show any...

Author(s): José Rodrigo de Moraes, Jéssica Pronestino de Lima Moreira, Karynna Pimentel Viana, Alexandre dos Santos Brito and Ronir Raggio Luiz

Caregivers’ perception of the quality of child health care services in a General Hospital in Lagos State

February 2015

Nigeria shoulders about 10% of global childhood mortality rates. This poor statistics is related to the poor quality of child healthcare services in the country. This recent study assessed the quality of the different aspects of child healthcare services in an urban General Hospital in Lagos state, Nigeria. Descriptive cross-sectional study was undertaken. Participants were caregivers attending the Child welfare Clinic...

Author(s): Nwosu Benjamin Chukwudi and Princess Christina Campbell

Prevalence and public health significance of bovine cysticercosis at Elfora Abattoir, Bishoftu, Ethiopia

February 2015

A cross sectional study was conducted from November 2013 to April 2014 to determine the prevalence of bovine cysticercosis, assess the associated risk factors and public health importance of Taeniasis at Elfora abattoir, Bishoftu town. Active abattoir survey from local zebu cattle presented to Elfora Abattoir and questionnaire survey data collected were analyzed using STATA version 11. From the total 430 carcasses...

Author(s): Lielt Emiru, Desalew Tadesse, Tsegabirhan Kifleyohannes, Teshale Sori and Yohannes Hagos

Incidence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in anaemic patients attending General Hospital Kafanchan, Kaduna State, Nigeria

February 2015

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency is one of the most well known human genetic defects and could possibly result in acute haemolysis after exposure to various oxidative conditions. This work was therefore carried out to determine the incidence of G-6-PD deficiency in anaemic patients attending General Hospital Kafanchan, Kaduna State, Nigeria. The study group comprised of 50 sickle cell, 60 iron...

Author(s): Abubakar, A., Opata, M. O., Zubair A. I., Maigari, A. K., Yusuf, A. B., Okwonkwo, P. O., Duru, B. N., Junaid, S. A. and Mokogwu A. T. H.

Clinical benefits to pregnant women on the use of rapid diagnostic test to microscopy in malarial diagnosis in Jigawa State, Nigeria

February 2015

The study was aimed at comparing rapid diagnostic test kits (RDTs) and microscopy in detecting sequestered placental malaria or deep tissue malaria from pregnant women and the clinical benefits that can be derived. About 300 pregnant women were enrolled in the study. Five (5) ml of venous and placental blood was collected into an ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) tube, respectively. The blood samples were tested...

Author(s): Ahmad, Mohammad Bello and Yahuza, Al-Muktar Adamu

Care of patients with liver cirrhosis: How are we doing?

February 2015

Cirrhosis carries high morbidity and mortality due to various complications and decompensation, which can be decreased by following various practice guidelines, which are variedly followed in actual practice. This multicentric prospective/retrospective study was conducted over a 3 month period to assess actual care of patients with cirrhosis. 416 patients with cirrhosis (median age 53 years, 316 males) were included in...

Author(s): Deepak Amarapurkar, Mrudul V. dharod, Madhuri Chandnani, Rajiv Baijal, Praveen kumar, Mayank Jain, Nikhil Patel, Praful Kamani, Nimish Shah, Sandeep Kulkarni, Sonali Gautam, Apurva Shah and Soham Doshi

Routine dissemination of summary syndromic surveillance data leads to greater usage at local health departments in North Carolina

January 2015

Public health surveillance data is critical as it provides actionable information to guide public health response. Thirty interviews were conducted across North Carolina from May to September, 2009 with local public health department staff to describe the use of routine syndromic surveillance data during a local outbreak and compared this to usage during a large, statewide outbreak, during which the state disseminated...

Author(s): Mary T. Fangman, Erika Samoff, Lauren DiBiase, Pia D. M. MacDonald, and Anna E. Waller,

Knowledge, attitude and acceptance of voluntary male medical circumcision among male students attending Botswana University

January 2015

In recent years safe voluntary male medical circumcision (VMMC) has been recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as one of the preventive strategies for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infection for those countries with high HIV prevalence and low medical male circumcision rates. This study aimed to assess the level of knowledge, attitude, and acceptance of safe VMMC among male university students...

Author(s): S. L. Mndzebel and G. A. Tegegn

Knowledge, attitudes and participation of community pharmacists in Lagos State, Nigeria towards primary health care (PHC)

January 2015

The general objective of this study was to evaluate community pharmacists’ participation in primary health care as well as to assess community pharmacists’ knowledge of primary health care and determine their level of participation in health promotion, disease prevention and curative primary health care activities in Lagos, Nigera. A total of 120 community pharmacists were used for this study. Data was...

Author(s): Olumide I. Soyemi and Oladipo O. Hunponu-Wusu

Environmental human faecal contamination in pig raising in Soroti district of Uganda: A short communication

January 2015

Environmental faecal contamination is the defecation on the ground or failure to dispose faeces into the latrine; it could be because of lack of latrines or even a deliberate shunning of latrines. This contamination is a worldwide problem that is perhaps exercabating parasitic neglected tropical diseases (NTDs).The vice enables the lifecycle of parasitic zoonoses like taeniasis which is associated with...

Author(s): Zirintunda G., Fyfe J. , Nsadha Z. and Waiswa C.

Co-infections with Schistosoma haematobium and soil-transmitted helminths among school-aged children in Saki, Oyo State, Nigeria

December 2014

A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and intensity of soil-transmitted helminthiasis and urinary schistosomiasis and the co-infection of these intestinal helminths among school children in Saki town, Oyo state, Nigeria. Early morning stool samples were collected and a Kato-Katz thick smear technique was used to examine and count parasitic load.Urine samples were also collected and examined...

Author(s): Adekola Saheed Salawu, Samuel Ore Asaolu and Oluyomi Abayomi Sowemimo

Distribution of enteric bacterial pathogens among patients with gastrointestinal tract infections and food vendors in Lagos, Nigeria

December 2014

Stool samples from 2,200 patients with gastrointestinal tract (GIT) infections and 900 apparently healthy food vendors were collected in Lagos, Nigeria and examined to determine incidence and distribution of bacterial pathogens using standard microbiological methods. The isolates recovered were identified to belong to seven genera which include Salmonella, Shigella, Escherichia, Proteus, Klebsiella, Vibrio and...

Author(s): Dauphin D. Moro, Oluwole M. David, Anthonia O. Oluduro and Oladiran Famurewa

Study on community knowledge, attitude and practice of rabies in and nearby Gondar town, North West Ethiopia

December 2014

Rabies is one of the disastrous diseases for both animal and human beings. Questionaire based cross-sectional study was conducted in and nearby Gondar town from November 2013 to June 2014. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to 139 respondents comprised of 96 from urban and 43 from peri-urban areas to assess knowledge, attitude and practice of community about rabies. The current study generally illustrated...

Author(s): Shumuye Gebyaw Serebe, Kassaw Amssalu Tadesse, Haileluel Aleme Yizengaw and Sintayehu Minda Tamrat

Permeability and breakage status of male condoms artificially and naturally aged in humid tropical climate, the case of Jimma town, South-western Ethiopia

December 2014

Condoms are made up of polymers of rubber latex which undergoes gradual deterioration upon exposure to environmental conditions like high heat, ultraviolet light and humidity. This natural aging can also be simulated in laboratory and comparable results observed within short time. Deteriorated condoms show poor tensile strength and higher breakage rates. The breakage rate and permeability of condoms can be tested in...

Author(s): Tadele Mekuriya,

Social determinants of health and inequity among people with disabilities: A Brazilian experience

November 2014

This paper presents a discussion concerning the results of research conducted between 2011 and 2012 in the city of Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil, in which the general objectives were to understand the socio-familial inclusion of people with disabilities and their daily living needs. The methodological approach was qualitative and the data collection techniques were open life history interviews. The research subjects...

Author(s): Regina C. Fiorati  and Valeria M. C. Elui

Heath Care in the rural areas in Chad: Accessibility and catch of load (case study of the sub-prefecture of Donon Manga in East Tandjilé)

November 2014

  The Health sector occupies the 2nd of those which have profited from the financings of the oil incomes after education and agriculture for one decade. But in spite of this attention particularly given to the sector, the future remains dark. The average distance between the medical households and structures is 14 km at the national level against 26 km in the rural mediums which concentrate 80% of the...

Author(s): Ndoutorlengar Médard, Djimouko Sabine and Mbairo Pascal

Denoising a model employing automated bandwidth selection procedures and pre-whitened Euclidean-based quadratic surrogates in PROC ARIMA for optimizing asymptotic expansions and simulations of onchocerciasis endemic transmission zones in Burkina Faso

November 2014

  In this research we constructed multiple predictive ArcGIS Euclidean distance–based autoregressive infectious disease transmission oriented models for predicting geographic locations of endemic onchocerciasis (“river blindness”) transmission risk zones in Burkina Faso. We employed multiple spatiotemporal-sampled empirical ecological data sets of georeferenced covariates of riverine larval...

Author(s): Benjamin G. Jacob, Robert J. Novak, Laurent Toe, Moussas S. Sanfo, Rose Tingueria, Alain Pare, Mounkaila Noma, Daniel Griffith and Thomas R. Unnasch

Epidemiology of malaria among children aged 1 to 15 years in Southeast Nigeria

November 2014

An epidemiological survey was conducted on prevalence of malaria among children aged 1-15yrs in south east Nigeria. A total of 498 children were surveyed for malaria and other morbidity indicators. Out of these, 369 which include 195 (52.8%) males and 174 (47.2%) females were from experimental household and 129, including 66 (51.2%) males and 63 (48.8%) females from control household. Before the deployment of...

Author(s): Oko N. F., Odikamnoro O. O., Uhuo C. A. , Okereke C. N., Azi S. O. and Ogiji E. D.

Prevalence of malnutrition among preschool children (6-59 months) in Western Province, Kenya

November 2014

  Malnutrition being one of the major public health problems in developing countries, it is still unacceptably high and progress to reduce it in most regions of the world is low. In Eastern Africa region, stunting and being underweight is estimated at 48 and 36% and are expected to increase over the next decade. There is limited information available on the prevalence of malnutrition in this area. This study...

Author(s): Isaac Kisiangani, Charles Mbakaya, Anzelimo Makokha and Dennis Magu

Evaluation of measles surveillance systems in Afghanistan-2010

November 2014

  Measles is a leading cause of death among children under five years world-wide. In Afghanistan, measles claimed 35,000 lives in 2001. Despite reported measles vaccination coverage of 75%, the number of outbreaks was increasing in 2008. The systems involved in measles surveillance in Afghanistan include: Health Management Information System (HMIS), Disease Early Warning System (DEWS), and the Expanded Program...

Author(s): Jawad Mofleh and Jamil Ansari

Psychosocial wellbeing of orphan and vulnerable children at orphanages in Gondar Town, North West Ethiopia

October 2014

  The aim of this study was to explore the psychosocial problems and coping strategies of orphan and vulnerable children living in two orphanages, namely Yenege Tesfa and Bridge of Hope Ethiopia orphan and vulnerable children care and support centers in Gondar town, North West Ethiopia. The research primarily used a phenomenological study design of the qualitative method. Qualitative data was collected from 1...

Author(s):   Sebsibe Tadesse, Fekadu Dereje and Molalign Belay

Formula for mid-age of incidence from age-specific prevalence of chronic disease and its application

October 2014

  This study was aimed to devise a theoretical formula for the mid-age of incidence (MAI) from the prevalence of age groups and to confirm its application. The formula was devised using the concept of lost years of health and then simulated. In the inhabitants’ survey, MAI was calculated from the prevalence of liver disease in the areas, and the main cause of disease was analyzed between those areas where...

Author(s):   Koujirou Inoue

Status of modern contraceptive use among married women in Debre Birhan District, Ethiopia

October 2014

  Unless evidence based decisions are made based on local contexts, the low prevalence level of contraceptive use and the corresponding higher total fertility rate will make Ethiopia to remain the most populous country in Africa. The purpose of this study was to assess the status of modern contraceptive use among married women in Debre Birhan district, Ethiopia. A community based cross-sectional study was...

Author(s):   Muluken Dessalegn, Sileshi Behailu, Maereg Wagnew and  Muluneh Yigzaw

Interaction of sex with age at diagnosis and radiation therapy in the survival of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia

September 2014

Sex is a significant prognostic factor in the survival of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with girls having superior outcome. This phenomenon could be partly due to the intrinsic relationship between sex and other prognostic factors. The present study aimed to assess the effect of sex on ALL survival after accounting for interactions of sex with age at diagnosis and radiation, in addition to known...

Author(s): Md Jobayer Hossain, and Li Xie

Impact of environmental factors on the prevalence of autistic disorder after 1979

September 2014

The aim of this study was to investigate a previously overlooked, universally introduced environmental factor, fetal and retroviral contaminants in childhood vaccines, absent prior to change points (CPs) in autistic disorder (AD) prevalence with subsequent dose-effect evidence and known pathologic mechanisms of action.  Worldwide population based cohort study was used for the design of this study. The United...

Author(s): Theresa A. Deisher, Ngoc V. Doan, Angelica Omaiye, Kumiko Koyama and Sarah Bwabye

Factors associated with endemicity of Yersinia pestis in Namwala District of Zambia

September 2014

Plague which is a flea borne zoonotic disease of mammals caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis has occurred in Eastern and Southern parts of Zambia as epizootics. This study was conducted to determine factors associated with these outbreaks. The study was done in Namwala district of Zambia and a cross-sectional study design was used. The two stage cluster sampling technique was used. The first stage involved...

Author(s): Y. Banda, B. M. Hang’ombe, K. L. Samui,  D. Kaile,  A. S. Mweene and M. Simuunza

Client satisfaction with quality of health care in a rural area in Southern India

August 2014

Client satisfaction is an important method to assess the pattern of utilization of health care services amongst all sectors indirectly reflecting on the quality of services. Most of the clients prefer private over government services due to multiple reasons. The aim of this study was to assess the level of satisfaction of patients attending rural government and private health facilities in rural Andhra Pradesh. Ten...

Author(s): Enakshi Ganguly and Pawan Kumar Sharma

Prevalence of common childhood illnesses and immunization status in infants and young children in two districts of Zambia

August 2014

Scaling-up the Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI) strategy, Expanded Programme of Immunization (EPI) and improved infant feeding practices have contributed to a decline in child mortality in Zambia. Despite this progress, documentation on EPI and common childhood illnesses that are addressed in IMCI in the two districts where the study was conducted are scanty. The report below highlights findings on...

Author(s): Mary Katepa-Bwalya, Freddie Masaninga, Penelope Kalesha-Masumbu, Sarai Malumo, Chipepo Kankasa, Olusegun Babaniyi, Victor Mukonka and Seter Siziya

Traditional birth attendants and women’s health practices: A case study of Patani in Southern Nigeria

August 2014

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), current estimate of maternal mortality ratios is at more than 1000 per 100,000 live births in most African countries. Despite the existence of modern health facilities in Nigeria, over 58% of deliveries take place at home whereas only 37% take place in hospitals. As outcomes of pregnancy and their sequelae are purely left to the providence of women in many rural...

Author(s): Oshonwoh Ferdinand E., Nwakwuo Geoffrey C., Ekiyor Christopher P.

Magnitude of risky sexual behavior among high school adolescents in Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study

July 2014

Risky sexual behavior increases the likelihood of adverse sexual and reproductive health consequences such as unwanted pregnancies, unsafe abortion, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including (HIV/AIDS). Adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa including Ethiopia are highly exposed to various risky sexual behaviors. The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude of risky sexual behaviors among Boditti Secondary...

Author(s): Deresse Daka and Debebe Shaweno

Prevalence, associated risk factors and consequences of premarital sex among female students in Aletawondo High School, Sidama Zone, Ethiopia

July 2014

Youth age is the period when majority of youths become sexually active. However, majority of the youths lack sufficient knowledge about (HIV/AIDS) and other reproductive health issues. As a result, youths have multitude of reproductive problems, including HIV, other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), unwanted pregnancy, induced abortion and dropping out of school due to unwanted pregnancy. The objective of this...

Author(s): Emebet Tekletsadik, Debebe Shaweno and Deresse Daka

Nightmares: Knowledge and attitudes in health care providers and nightmare sufferers

July 2014

Chronic nightmares have a prevalence of 3 to 8% in the general population, but they seem not to play a relevant role in the health care system despite the existence of evidence-based treatments. The aim of this study was to identify nightmare-related knowledge, attitudes and coping approaches in the German mental health care system. A total of 219 health-care providers (primary care, psychiatrists, psychotherapists,...

Author(s): J. Thünker, M. Norpoth, M. von Aspern, T. Özcan and R. Pietrowsky

Confessions: Suicidal ideation on a Ghanaian radio program

July 2014

On July 17, 2013, listeners to a Ghanaian radio program were invited to telephone in and describe their personal experiences of suicidal ideation on air. Those who called the studio were asked four pointed questions by the program’s host: (1) Have you ever formed a suicidal intention? (2) What precipitated the formation of the suicidal ideation? (3) What suicide method did you plan to use? (4) Why did you refrain...

Author(s): Mensah Adinkrah

Underweight, overweight and obesity amongst young adults in Ota, Nigeria

July 2014

The pattern of body weight abnormality amongst persons in their early adulthood in Ota, Southwest Nigeria was investigated. A total of 341 healthy young adults (194 male; 147 female), aged 20 – 35 years participated in the study. Anthropometric measurements and WHO cut-offs were used to categorize their body weights into normal weight, underweight, overweight and obesity. Males were significantly (p<0.05)...

Author(s): Shalom Nwodo Chinedu and Opeyemi Christiana Emiloju

Prevalence of antibody titre in healthy individual and enteric fever patients in Owerri, Nigeria

June 2014

The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of enteric fever amongst individuals in Owerri municipal area of Imo state. The study shows that 61 (24.4%) patients had typhoid fever based on clinical examination and serological test results (Widal test). It was observed that prevalence of enteric fever was high among the patients of age group 26 to 35 years (44.3%). Similarly, prevalence of typhoid fever was...

Author(s): Ibegbulam-Njoku Peace N., Chijioke-Osuji C.C. and Duru F.C.

Epidemiology of schistosomiasis in school aged children in some riverine areas of Sokoto, Nigeria

June 2014

Prevalence of Schistosomiasis in primary school pupils in riverine areas of Sokoto, where most of the population is dependent on river and well water for their everyday activities, was surveyed using stool and urine samples. The stool samples were analysed using kato-katz thick faecal smear technique while the urine samples were processed by filtration technique. The overall prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis...

Author(s): Kiran Singh and D. Muddasiru

Daytime sleepiness, circadian preference, caffeine consumption and use of other stimulants among Thai college students

June 2014

This study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of daytime sleepiness and evening chronotype and to assess the extent to which both are associated with the use of caffeinated stimulants among 3,000 Thai college students. Demographic and behavioral characteristics were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale and the Horne and OstbergMorningness-Eveningness Questionnaire were...

Author(s): Jason Tran, Somrat Lertmaharit, Vitool Lohsoonthorn, Wipawan C. Pensuksan, Thanapoom Rattananupong, Mahlet G. Tadesse, BizuGelaye and Michelle A. Williams

Breast self examination among secondary school teachers in South-South, Nigeria: A survey of perception and practice

May 2014

Breast cancer continues to claim the lives of hundreds of women all over the world inspite of the existence of simple to perform procedures that could ensure the early detection of breast changes. The study aimed to assess the practice and perceptions towards breast self examination (BSE) among secondary school teachers in Benin City. A cross-sectional study was conducted in July, 2010 among 300 female secondary school...

Author(s): Tobin Ekaete Alice and Okeowo Philomena O.

A survey of hygiene and sanitary practices of street food vendors in the Central State of Northern Nigeria

May 2014

This study examined the general hygiene and sanitary practices of street food venders in Nigeria. 110 random samples of street food venders were selected to represent 18% of street food venders in the study area. Data was collected using pre-test structured questionnaire and observation checklists. The relationships in the factors studied were determined. Food venders lacked basic training on hygiene and only 2.7% had...

Author(s): Nurudeen, A. A., Lawal, A. O. and Ajayi, S. A.

Vaginal douching behavior among young adult women and the perceived adverse health effects

May 2014

Several health belief models suggest that health risk perception could enhance behavioral modification to reduce lifestyle-related risks. Perceived health risks associated with vaginal douching (VD), propensity to douche and effects on douching behaviors were assessed in a cross-sectional survey of 1,463 female undergraduates, aged 18 to 35 years, randomly selected in a tertiary institution between 2011 and 2012. A...

Author(s): Christopher E. Ekpenyong, Nyebuk E. Daniel and E. E. Akpan

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