Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2752

SRE Articles

Effects of infrared irradiation on barley grain starch degradation in the rumen of sheep

June 2013

    This study was conducted to evaluate effects of infrared irradiation for 60, 90, 120 and 150 s on starch ruminal degradability and chemical composition of barley grain. Three ruminally fistulated rams were used to measure in sacco degradation. There was a linear increase on DM chemical...

Author(s):   Amir Fattah, Ali Asghar Sadeghi, Ali Nikkhah and Mohammad Chamani

Role of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) enhanced anaerobic co-digestion of petrochemical wastewater on cycle time minimization during biomethanation

June 2013

    The latent of per-oxidation pretreatment to petrochemical waste water (PWW) prior to anaerobic co-digestion process was explored in continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) continually with dairy cattle and beef cattle manure. Oxidation by hydrogen peroxide (OHP), elevated biodegradability index (BOD/COD) up to 35%. While CSTR operated with non-OHP PWW, system was found to be...

Author(s):     Md. Nurul Islam Siddique, Mimi Sakinah Abd. Munaim and A. W. Zularisam

Regulation of cytokine gene expression during Brucella abortus infection

June 2013

  Toll-like receptors (TLR) play a key role in antimicrobial host defense. Bacterial cell wall components and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) are recognized by macrophages via TLR, resulting in activation of professional antigen-presenting cells, initiation of acquired immune responses and further elimination of the invasive bacteria. TLR2 and TLR4 have been shown to recognize bacterial components. TLR2...

Author(s):     Cervantes-Flores Maribel, Martínez-Romero Aurora, Ramírez-Valles Eda Guadalupe, Saucedo Mendiola-Leticia, Moreno-Lafont Martha C., López-Santiago Rubén, Estrada-García Iris and Mojica-Marín Virgilio

Formulation, characterization and ex-vivo permeation studies on gentamicin-loaded transdermal patches based on PURASORB® polymers

June 2013

    Topical administration of gentamicin, an aminoglycoside antibiotic commonly used for treatment of bacterial infections, is limited by toxicity and membrane impermeability. The purpose of this study was to develop an alternative non-invasive, convenient and cost-effective drug delivery system for enhanced skin delivery of gentamicin. The patches were formulated...

Author(s):   Petra Obioma Nnamani, Franklin Chimaobi Kenechukwu, Esther Uju Dibua, Celestine Chidi Ogbonna, , Mumuni Abdul Momoh, Augustina Uche Olisemeka, Agubata Chukwuma Obumneme and Anthony Amaechi Attama

Effects of combinations of ethanolic extracts of Blighia sapida and Xylopia aethiopica on progesterone, estradiol and lipid profile levels in pregnant rabbits

June 2013

    The effects of ethanolic extracts of Xylopia aethiopica fruits and Blighia sapidaroots, used by some rural dwellers in western part of Nigeria for arbortifacient purposes, were investigated using pregnant rabbits. A combination of X. aethiopicaand B. sapida in a ratio 1:1 at concentrations of 10.0 mg/ kg body weight (group B) and 50.0 mg/ kg body...

Author(s):   Odesanmi OS, Ayepola Olayemi, Omotosho OE, Ogunlana OO, Frank Onwuka and Nwankpa Promise

Predicting the microbial safety of irrigation water and fresh produce: A collaborative approach

June 2013

    Outbreak of food borne illnesses as a result of consumption of fresh vegetables and fruits is occurring regularly. In USA for example, it has become business as usual to hear and read about fresh produce recalls. Although, the increase has been attributed to many factors it is however more important to find solution to the problem. An effective solution will be a proactive...


Evolution of menstruation in mammals

June 2013

  Why do placental mammals dismantle their endometrium in cyclic pattern? And why the amount of blood that is lost relative to the reabsorbed amount differs between species Some species as in humans shed notable amount of blood in association with menstruation that occurs by the end of the menstrual cycle, whereas, other species barely discharge any blood in what is known as...

Author(s):   Rabi Ibrahim Rabady

Influences of nitrogen and potassium fertilizer rates on pepper and tomato yield and nutrient uptake under field conditions

June 2013

    The influence of nitrogen (N) and potassium (K) fertilizers on pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) and tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) growth, fruit production and nutrient uptake was determined under field conditions for two successive years. The aim of the experiment was to determine the optimum N and K fertilizer rate for yield and quality parameters. Experiments were...

Author(s): Ibrahim ORTAS

Influences of rosuvastatin on the expression of matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9) through extracellular-signal-regulated kinases (ERK) pathway in mononuclear cell line (THP-1) derived macrophages induced by oxidized low density lipoprotein

June 2013

    The current study aims to probe the changes in matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9)expression during differentiation as the mononuclear cell line THP-1 is converted into foam cells, as well as the underlying influence and mechanism of rosuvastatin.PMA was used to induce THP-1 cells transform into macrophages and treated with various concentrations, whereas...

Author(s):   Qian Zhang, Hong-jun Zhu, Ji Yan, Li-kun Ma, Jian Xu, Hua Yu and Kang-yu Chen

Homotopy analysis method for Zakharov-Kuznetsov (ZK) equation with fully nonlinear dispersion

June 2013

    In this paper, we apply Homotopy Analysis Method (MHAM) to find appropriate solutions of Zakharov-Kuznetsov (ZK) equations. Numerical results coupled with graphical representation explicitly reveal the complete reliability of the proposed algorithm. Key words: Homotopy analysis method, Zakharov-Kuznetsov (ZK) equation, exact solutions,...

Author(s):     Muhammad Usman, Irfan Rashid, Tamour Zubair, Asif Waheed and Syed Tauseef Mohyud-Din

Management of vegetal covers on Pecan tree with fertilizer irrigation

June 2013

    The pecan Carya illinoinensis (Wangeh.) K. Koch is a fruit tree in domestication process, and the components of its profitable and sustainable management are continuously generated by research (Wood, 1991, 2006). For the soil management, the plants that grow on it are traditionally cataloged under the “weed” concept, which states that they must be...

Author(s):   Socorro Héctor Tarango Rivero, Erasmo Orrantia Borunda and A. Duarte Moller

Surveillance of the condition of bacteria and Amaranthus viridis in a gasoline contaminated soil

June 2013

  The condition of bacteria and Amaranthus viridis in gasoline-contaminated soil was surveyed. The soil was treated with different concentrations of petrol oil: 0 ml (control), 18, 56, 112, 168 and 224 ml. Each of the concentrations was in triplicates. Seventeen (17) bacterial isolates were recovered from the control soil while twenty (20) bacterial isolates were recovered from the...

Author(s):   Adetitun, D. O., Olayemi, A. B., Kolawole, O. M., Akintunde, O. M. and Anibijuwon, I. I.

Design of an HIV drug resistant patient management system in a digitally connected world

June 2013

    It is inevitable that drug resistance will become of concern in the treatment of HIV/AIDS infected patients due to the fact that the virus mutates at a high speed, selective pressure and patients that default from treatment. Not only is the management of HIV drug resistant patients difficult, but so too is the management of the patients’ data. The use of information...

Author(s):   Yashik Singh, and Maurice Mars

First report of Tuber macrosporum occurrence in Poland

June 2013

    Tuber macrosporum, a large spore species is first time confirmed from Poland. It grows naturally in southern part of Poland, in calcareous soils. The fruit bodies of the species were found in mixed fresh forest with dominant tree species such as:Pinus sylvestris, Carpinus betulus and Quercus robur. The soil chemistry and texture of the site was analysed. Fruit...

Author(s):     Dorota HilszczaÅ„ska, Aleksandra Rosa-Gruszecka, Katarzyna Sikora and Hanna Szmidla  

Safety and efficacy of Contiflo OD (Tamsulosin) on catheterized patients treated for acute urinary retention caused by benign prostatic hypertrophy in Ekiti State, Nigeria

June 2013

    This study aims to assess the safety and efficacy of Contiflo OD (Tamsulosin) on catheterized adults treated for Acute Urinary Retention (AUR) caused by benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH). In this randomized double blind prospective study, patients that reported at the Accident and Emergency Department of Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital (EKSUTH) with AUR and had...

Author(s):   Adegun P. T. and Areo P. O.

Evaluation of crayfish chaff charcoal agar as a transport medium for anaerobes

June 2013

    A laboratory formulated crayfish chaff charcoal agar (CCCA) was evaluated both as transport and storage medium for anaerobic bacteria in parallel with Amies charcoal agar (ACA), cooked meat medium (CMM) and thioglycollate broth (TCB). The survival of anaerobes in swab obtained clinical specimens and viability of specific anaerobes in these media were assessed. Eight genera of...

Author(s):   Egwari Louis Osayenum, Nwokoye Nkiru Nneye and Oniha Margaret Ikhwili

Monitoring the temperature of the milling process using infrared camera

June 2013

    The study of temperatures generated in machining processes has been the theme of research since the beginning of the XX century. High temperatures can provoke changes in the microstructure of materials, resulting in form errors that may cause loss of the machined material and a decrease of tool life. As a result, high temperatures can be responsible an increase in...

Author(s): Carlos Henrique Lauro, Lincoln Cardoso Brandão, and Sergio Luiz Moni Ribeiro Filho

Static synchronous series compensator and static var compensator interaction on voltage stability limit enhancement and active power loss minimization through differential evolution algorithm

June 2013

    This paper proposes an application of differential evolution (DE) algorithm based extended voltage stability margin and minimization of real power loss incorporating static synchronous series compensator (SSSC) and static var compensator (SVC) devices. A new circuit element based model of SSSC and variable susceptance model of SVC are utilized to control the line power flows...

Author(s):   L. Jebaraj, C. Christober Asir Rajan, K. Sriram, J. Ramesh and R. Sivasankari

Validation of dynamic modelling of an industrial vibratory bowl feeder

June 2013

    This paper presents a simple approach to model an industrial vibratory bowl feeder. The vibratory feeder is a device used to separate, feed and locate automatically a variety of parts in order to speed up the process of manufacture and assemble in industry. The analytical model obtained is validated through an experimental setup, assembled in laboratory, composed by a...

Author(s):   Marcos A. Felizola, Álvaro M. S. Soares, João B. Gonçalves and Pedro P. L. Prado

Community knowledge of traditional mosquito repellent plants in Kolla Temben District, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

June 2013

    Insect repellents have been used to reduce human-vector contact for long periods of time in different parts of the world. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the knowledge of traditional mosquito repellent plants among inhabitants of Kolla Temben district, Ethiopia. Two hundred and forty households were selected for an ethnobotanical survey using stratified, systematic...

Author(s):     Dawit Kidane, Zewdneh Tomass and Tadesse Dejene

Effect of drought stress on yield and yield components of maize hybrids

June 2013

    The effect of drought stress on yield and its components was studied on six (6) Iranian commercial corn hybrids at the Khorasan Razavi Agricultural Research and Natural Resources Institute Mashhad, Iran in 2010. The study was conducted in a randomized complete block design with three replications under drought stress conditions. There were significant differences among hybrids...

Author(s):     Khodadad Mostafavi, Morteza Firoozi and Seyed Mohammad Nasir Mousavi

Development of drought vulnerability maps in the Parambikulam - Aliyar Basin, Tamil Nadu, India

May 2013

  Assessment of occurrence of drought in a basin provides useful information for sustainable water resource planning and management. This study attempts to develop the spatial pattern of drought vulnerability based on frequency and severity of drought events at 3 and 12 month time scales in the Parambikulam-Aliyar river basin. Using the standardized precipitation index (SPI) as a drought assessment and...

Author(s): M. Manikandan and D. Tamilmani

Moments of the number of triangular configurations in binomial trials

May 2013

  Consider a matrix of locations in rows and columns, and suppose that at each location a binomial trial materializes independently which results in a specified event E with some probability. One possible configuration is that the event occurs at three adjacent locations, which we call a triangular configuration. The number of these triangular configurations is a random variable with a highly complex...

Author(s): Zafar Iqbal

Intelligent-classical hybrid scheme controller for better transient response and steady state error of twin rotor MIMO system

May 2013

  A hybrid control scheme of Sugeno Fuzzy PD-like System (SFPDS) and PID controller is introduced in this work. The idea of the proposed strategy is to manipulate the control error signal in two stages: the SFPDS first, and then the PID. The manipulated signal is finally provided as a control action to the system. The proposed control strategy aims at combining the benefits of utilizing the artificial...

Author(s): Tang S. H., Thair Sh. Mahmoud and Mohammed H. Marhaban

Morphogenetic types of cuticles and melanin granules in the anagen phase of hair follicles

May 2013

  Our studies on the scalp and hair follicles have a particular interest in the formation of white hair and melanin; however, representative images of white hair and melanin formation have been difficult to find. The morphogenetic types of melanosomes and cuticles in hair follicles are diverse. The generated form of melanin granules include soft melanosomes that penetrate through the outer root sheath...

Author(s): Ju-Young Lee, and Byung Soo Chang

Investigation of corrosion properties of uncoated and hot dip galvanised dual phase steel (DP450) welded using spot welding

May 2013

  DP450 dual phase steel has attracted an increasing attention as a material with commercial value for certain applications in automotive industry, nowadays. The purpose of this study was to investigate microstructure, micro-hardness, tensile shear tests, and corrosion properties of DP450 dual phase steel sheet welded using spot welding under both uncoated and hot dip galvanised conditions. Experimental results...

Author(s): Mustafa ACARER, Hayrettin AHLATCI and Fatih HAYAT

Regional climate model: Investigating the impacts of climate change on water availability in Nigeria

May 2013

  Nigeria and the rest of African nations, despite the fact that they produce less than 4% of global greenhouse gas emissions, are considered the world’s most vulnerable regions with regard to the effects of climate change due to the fragility of their economies. However, it is still very difficult to assess the extent of such changes and the specific environmental impacts particularly on water...

Author(s): O. J., Matthew, Awotoye, O. O., Dada, A. C. and Odedokun, O. D.

An improvement on the use of empirical green functions for ground motion synthesis to predict Tehran’s main earthquake

May 2013

  This research presents potential use of the empirical green function (EGF) approach and kinematic rupture models as a predicting tool in strong ground motion seismology. The former applications of EGF were employed on very small earthquakes, so the results were not reliable for almost all earthquakes recorded in the crowded metropolitan areas, due to improper signal to noise...

Author(s): A. Golara, and R. Ahmady Jazany

Analytical and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) investigation of the applicability of a ferrofluidic magnetic micropump for fluids with stress-sensitive mircroparticles

May 2013

  This paper presents analytical and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) investigations of the applicability of a novel ferrofluidic magnetic micropump for fluids with stress-sensitive microparticles. The velocity, pressure, and stress fields in the annular channel of the pump were determined analytically for the case of channels with rectangular cross sections and small aspect ratios (h/w→ 0) under...

Author(s): M. I. Kilani, M. I. Al-Widyan and A. Al Halhouli,

Computational simulation of frequency inverter ramps applied to an electric vehicle

May 2013

  This work aims to represent acceleration/deceleration ramps generator and a voltage/frequency control through a SCICOS block diagram for evaluation of values commonly used with electric vehicles. It was opted for the representation of functional block diagrams for implementing the models, and was adopted the free software SCILAB/SCICOS to design and to simulate the representations proposed. Also measurements...

Author(s): Francisco Jose Grandinetti,, Luiz Octavio Mattos dos Reis, Wendell de Queiroz Lamas, Paulo Antonio dos Santos and Denis Fernando Ramos

Characteristics of duckweed and its potential as feed source for chickens reared for meat production: A review

May 2013

  With the high cost of the conventional protein required in producing meat and its products to meet demand by the ever-increasing population, it is imperative that other cheaper alternatives be explored. One such protein source is duckweed. This paper focuses on the attributes that duckweed has which make it a special contender as a protein source for chickens. The paper also focuses on the challenges...

Author(s): Marizvikuru Mwale and Francisca Rumosa Gwaze

Characterisation of two kaolin facies from Ediki, Southwest Cameroon

May 2013

  Sand-rich (ESR) and sand-poor kaolin (ESP) facies from Ediki, Southwest (SW) Cameroon, have been mineralogically and geochemically characterised in order to elucidate on their emplacement and degree of kaolinization. The mineralogical assemblage comprised quartz, kaolinite, muscovite, microcline, goethite and anatase. ESP registered a sharp peak at 3620 cm-1 and two weak inflections between the doublets...

Author(s): M. L. DIKO, and G. E. EKOSSE

Spatial and temporal variability of windborne dust in the Sahel-Sahara zone in relation with synoptic environment

May 2013

  Windborne dusts have been recognised as climatic indicators in the Sahel region, because of their ability to cause reduction in horizontal visibility. These phenomena have intensified after the exceptionally drought periods in the 1970s over the Sahel region. In this work, we have analysed the spatial and temporal evolution of visibility reduction in the Sahel-Sahara zone between 1957 and 1987. The results...

Author(s): Siélé SILUE, Abdourahamane KONARE, Arona DIEDHIOU, Véronique YOBOUE, N&#;Datchoh E. TOURE, and Paul ASSAMOI

Screening for antimicrobial and antimalarial activities of longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour) seeds

May 2013

  The aims of this study were to evaluate methanolic extract of longan seed for antibacterial, antimalarial (antiplasmodial) activity and conducted with cytotoxicity test by using sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay with Vero cells (African green monkey kidney cell line). The methanolic extract was tested for antimicrobial activity with five strains of pathogenic bacteria including Staphylococcus...

Author(s): Yuttana Sudjaroen

Melon pod fermentation and its effects on physio-chemical characteristics of melon seeds

May 2013

  Studies were carried out to determine the effects of melon pod fermentation on the proximate and mineral composition of the melon seeds. Two varieties of melon commonly found in Nigeria were analyzed for similarities in this study. Proximate and mineral compositions of the seeds (Citrullus vulgaris, Egusi melon) were determined using standard analytical procedures. Comparative analysis of the seeds from...

Author(s): B. A. Jackson, C. A. Adamade, I. I. Azogu and K. C. Oni

Impulsive control in permanent magnet synchronous motor

May 2013

  Permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) appears a chaotic phenomenon when PMSM is turn on or off. This paper analyses parameters of PMSM on how to effects chaos in PMSM and introduce the basic impulsive differential equation theory. An effective method is proposed by impulsive control base on impulsive differential equation theory. The simulation results show the effectiveness of the theoretical...

Author(s): Qiang Wei, Xing-yuan Wang and Xiao-peng Hu

Selection of chickpea cultivars with agronomic phosphorus (P) utilization characters as influenced by Rhizobium inoculation

May 2013

  Evaluation of phosphorus (P) efficient chickpea cultivars with and withoutRhizobium inoculation will provide considerable genetic resources for sustaining the yields and quality with reduced P application under the P deficient conditions on agricultural fields. For this aim, a pot experiment was conducted using a Calcareous Usthochrepts soil. Twenty different chickpea cultivars (Cicer arietinumL.) with...

Author(s): M. RüÅŸtü Karaman, Sezer Åžahin, Oral Düzdemir and Nejdet Kandemir

Identification of players’ positions in a multi-agent game using artificial neural networks and C4.5 algorithm: A comparative study

May 2013

  This research aims to classify simulated players in a multi-agent game for the best position and role they may play in according to their abilities. Three approaches were investigated for this purpose, C4.5 classification algorithm, backpropagation neural network and radial basis function network. This work depends on a video game that uses 28 attributes to distinguish every player from another. The applied...

Author(s): Ruba Obiedat, Mohammad Faisal, Hossam Faris, Osama Harfoushi and Saham A. Nawafleh

Development of a linear model for computational simulation of an induction motor driven by frequency inverter

April 2013

Frequency inverters are largely used as induction motor drives, so that a linear model for the torque of an induction motor can be useful for making computational simulations about that control technique. This paper propose to develop a model for a torque of an induction motor based on the torque versus speed characteristic, using the linearization method applied in a specific operating range, which normally work the...

Author(s): Paulo Antonio dos Santos, Francisco Jose Grandinetti, Marcio Abud Marcelino, Heitor Giovanelli Carlesimo and Wendell de Queiroz Lamas,

An improved algorithm for prediction of Young’s Modulus of wood plastic composites

April 2013

In this paper, a simulation model is proposed to predict Young’s Modulus for wood plastic composites (WPC) based on micromechanical models. Most of the previous models developed, have assumed that wood have uniform properties similar to synthetic fibers. But in reality wood behave differently due to different natural sources. During the manufacturing process of WPC, the cell wall of the wood...

Author(s): Ritu Gupta, Norrozila Sulaiman and Arun Gupta

A new search algorithm for documents using blocks and words prefixes

April 2013

Web has become the most enormous distributed databases on the Internet. The numbers of Web pages are growing in an amazing way. This leads to expanding the content information on the Web. With the rapid growing, it is easy to share information in web. At the same time, it is a hard task to search useful information effectively and accurately from vast amounts. This leads to create search methods that are more efficient....

Author(s): Khalid Thabit and Sumaia M. AL-Ghuribi

A property of meromorphic functions with Hadamard gaps

April 2013

In this paper, we obtain a sufficient and necessary condition for meromorphic function  on  with Hadamard gaps, that is, for  satisfying  for all  to belong to meromorphic Beov space on  The obtained results are characterizations of the weighted meromorphic  Besov-functions by the coefficients of certain lacunary series expansions in the unit...

Author(s): A. Kamal, and A. El-Sayed Ahmed,  

Investigation of thermal benefits of an extensive green roof in Istanbul climate

April 2013

Green roofs have become an ecological solution in cities with the environmental problems that have increased in recent years. Green roofs are used as aesthetic elements as well as their ecological benefits for the city and urban environment. Comparative measurements were performed through field study in Landscape Architecture Department, Faculty of Forestry, Istanbul University, Green Roof Research Station (IUGRRS), to...

Author(s): Mert EKŞİ and Adnan UZUN

Rhizospheric microbes associated with bioenergy crops with special reference to Jatropha curcas: A critical review on the prospects and future challenges for sustainable bio-energy production

April 2013

There is an ever increasing need for bio-fuels due to escalations in oil prices. The global biofuel production tripled in last decade and it is estimated that the demand for bio-ethanol and bio-diesel will further double by the end of this decade. Among the various bio-energy crops, Jatropha curcas L. is one of the most promising as it has been popularly exploited for the production of bio-diesel. The review...

Author(s): Santosh Ranjan Mohanty, Bharati Kollah, Kamalika Banerjee, Garima Dubey, Vijay Kumar Gour, Janardan Sharma and A Subba Rao

Valorization of wood sawdust in making porous clay brick

April 2013

This paper studies the application of a variety of sawdust materials in the production of lightweight insulating bricks. First, the mineralogical and chemical composition of clays was determined. Next, ceramic bricks were fabricated with different quantities of materials (3 to 6 and 9 wt. % for sawdust, 65 wt. % for grey clay, 24 to 27 and 30 wt. % for yellow clay and 2 wt. % of tuff). These bricks were fired at 800 and...

Author(s): Halima Chemani and Bachir Chemani

Hydrogeophysical delineation of groundwater prospect zones at Odigbo, Southwestern Nigeria

April 2013

Data from dc resistivity depth sounding and hydrogeologic measurements from Odigbo, Nigeria, were incorporated to delineate the groundwater prospect zones in the area. The area is underlain by the basement complex rocks of southwestern Nigeria, and characterised by biotite-gneiss and quartzite lithologies. The hydrogeologic data acquisition involved determination of depths (of wells) and static water levels which...

Author(s): Omosuyi, G. O., Oseghale, A. and Bayode, S.

Chemical analyses of aqueous extract of Parkia biglobosa fruit husk collected from Northern Ghana

April 2013

Water and ethanol extracts of Parkia biglobosa fruit husk were compared and analysed. Methods used were Sohxlet extraction, phytochemical screening, high power liquid chromatography (HPLC), fractionation and thin layer chromatography (TLC). Water was identified as a more efficient solvent than ethanol for the extraction of P. biglobosa fruit husk. The storage period (after harvest) of husk...

Author(s): Abagale, S. A., Twumasi S. K. and Awudza J. A. M.

Efficiency of applying a model for measuring key performance indicators in an industrial enterprise

April 2013

The paper presents the results of applying the developed models for measuring process key performance indicators (KPIs) in a complex industrial company, including analysis of the effectiveness of its implementation in the analyzed field. The aim of this study was to demonstrate that the general approach and principles of organization and management of an industrial enterprise - based on the integration of its functions...

Author(s): Željko Đurić and Rado Maksimović

Dietary supplementation with natural honey promotes growth and health of male and female rats compared to cane syrup

April 2013

The modern human diet contains refined sugars mainly fructose, with culpability in the pathogenesis of metabolic diseases. We investigated the effects of natural honey (NH) as a source of fructose on metabolism in growing animal models. This was to determine whether NH can substitute refined sugars, without adverse effects. Fifty-nine suckling rats were fed diets containing NH or cane syrup (golden syrup, GS)...

Author(s): Abdulwahid Ajibola, Joseph P. Chamunorwa and Kennedy H. Erlwanger

Studies on natural resources, trade and conservation of Kutki (Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth., Scrophulariaceae) from Kumaun Himalaya

April 2013

The present study deals with populations, trade and conservation aspect ofPicrorhiza kurroa. It is a rare and endangered medicinal plant useful in curing many diseases. The study reveals poor relative density of the species in almost all the populations, suggesting the need of careful and immediate conservation of the plant. It is dubious that the species can perform well ex-situ, due to its narrow ecological range, and...

Author(s): Deepshikha Arya, Deepika Bhatt, Ravi Kumar, Lalit. M. Tewari, Kamal Kishor and G. C. Joshi

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