Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2746

SRE Articles

Job satisfaction among selected workers in St Lucia, West Indies

September 2013

The aim of this study was to investigate the level of job satisfaction among supermarket workers. A self administered questionnaire survey was conducted from July-September 2007. Data were collected from 111 supermarket workers in a major supermarket located in Vieux Fort, Saint Lucia. Respondents were asked to complete a 10-item job satisfaction questionnaire. The response rate was 74%. The percentage of satisfied...

Author(s): R. O. Orisatoki and O. O. Oguntibeju

Wireless attendance management system based on iris recognition

September 2013

Iris recognition verification is one of the most reliable personal identification methods in Biometrics. With the rapid development of iris recognition verification, a number of its applications have been proposed until now including time attendance system etc. In this paper, a wireless iris recognition attendance management system is designed and implemented using Daugman’s algorithm (Daugman, 2003). This system...

Author(s): Seifedine Kadry and Mohamad Smaili

Policies on population, development and pollution of the Black Sea basin

September 2013

The Black Sea is a closed basin which is connected to Aegean Sea through Bosporus and Dardanel Straits: The basin is encircled with six countries from which major rivers Danube, Dniester, Dnieper, YeÅŸilirmak, Kizilirmak and Sakarya run through to the sea, which carry and discharge pollution from industrial, agricultural and domestic sources to Black Sea Basin that grows cumulatively. They discharge into virtually...

Author(s): D. S. Beyazli, Z. Y. Bayram and S. Aydemir

Laboratories at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Coimbra in the XIX century

September 2013

The beginning of natural sciences came to predominate in medicine with the emergence of natural scientific thinking in the first half of the 19th century. Philosophical approaches became less relevant. Research concentrated on the biological, physiological and chemical foundations of life. Therefore, the creation of laboratories of experimental physiology, histology, toxicology and pathological anatomy was the result of...

Author(s): Maria Burguete

Adaptive bandwidth allocation for call-level quality-of-service (QoS) in wireless mobile networks

September 2013

Different quality-of-service (QoS) required types of multimedia services and need a guaranteed service rate in wireless multimedia networks. When the number of user arrivals increases, bandwidth degradations may occur due to limited bandwidth nature of cellular wireless networks. The bandwidth that should be assigned to user cannot be met for QoS provisioning in congested network. In this paper, a priority-based call...

Author(s): Aytül BOZKURT  

Evaluation of the productivity of soil amended with different animal wastes in an acid ultisol at Abakaliki, Southeast Nigeria

September 2013

An experiment was carried out in order to evaluate the productivity of soil amended with different animal wastes at the Teaching and Research Farm at the Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources Management, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki. The field was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) comprising of poultry droppings (PD), swine waste (SW), goat droppings (GD), cow dung (CD) and control (c)...

Author(s): Nwite J. N., Okolo C. C. and Ezeaku, P. I.

Effect of crop fortification with pulse sprout extract on crop growth and seed yield in rice var Co 48

September 2013

Rice is the staple food for over half of the Indian population, hence great emphasis has to be laid on ways and means to fortify seeds organically for better seed vigour. Seed fortification is one of the important seed invigoration treatment. Germinated grains are good sources of ascorbic acid, riboflavin, choline, thiamine, tocopherols and pantothenic acid which increases the nutritional quality. Extract has been...

Author(s): Jayanthi M., R. Umarani, and V. Vijayalakshmi,

Wear resistance in hardfacing applied in substrate SAE 1020 using welding process Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) alloy Stellite 6 in powder form

September 2013

This article describes an innovative application of hardfacing using Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) process with alloys in powder form incorporated directly into the weld puddle. Stellite 6 alloy was used on the substrate of SAE 1020 steel mainly due to wear resistance. The good wear resistance is due to the characteristics of Co-Cr carbide dispersed in a matrix alloy deposited. Vickers hardness data,...

Author(s): Paulo Cezar Moselli, Marcelo Falcão de Oliveira and João Roberto Sartori Moreno

Hybrid particle swarm optimization: Evolutionary programming approach for solving generation maintenance scheduling problem

September 2013

This paper presents a hybrid particle swarm optimization based genetic algorithm and hybrid particle swarm optimization based evolutionary programming for solving long-term generation maintenance scheduling problem. In power system, maintenance scheduling is being done upon the technical requirements of power plants and preserving the grid reliability. The objective function is to sell electricity as much as possible...

Author(s): G. Giftson Samuel and C. Christober Asir Rajan

Analysis of the link between injuries on forest trees and presence of harmful fungal organisms

September 2013

This research focus on the occurrence of pathogenic microorganisms on beech trees relative to the presence of tree injuries, with the aim to ensure protection and preservation of this species in Serbia. The research was conducted in eastern Serbia, in a hillside beech forest Fagetum moesiacae submontanum of generative origin. The testing was carried out on two sites over 51 testing plots, with a total of 829 trees and...

Author(s): Miroslava MARKOVIC, Dragan MITIC, Snezana RAJKOVIC, Ljubinko RAKONJAC, Aleksandar LUCIC, Miroslav MARKOVIC and Radoslav RAJKOVIC

Use of mycorrhiza in soil remediation: A review

September 2013

Mycorrhiza-assisted remediation (MAR) is a sustainable method of remediation that uses natural organisms for soil remediation. It is a technique that not only ensures the removal of soil pollutants but also improves the structure of the soil and helps in plant nutrient acquisition. Thus, it helps in vegetation/revegetation of polluted soils after treatment. MAR can be used for the removal of both organic and inorganic...

Author(s): Chibuike, G. U.

Hydromorphone (OROS): Its efficacy in acute and chronic pain

September 2013

Pain control in chronic and acute disease conditions such as cancer pain or post-operative pain is often adequate with the help of appropriate pharmacological agent. A comprehensive review of numerous studies conducted to evaluate the efficacy of hydromorphone (OROS) for the management of acute and chronic pain was performed. Data from 17 controlled trials were reviewed, taking into consideration the...

Author(s): Rohit Kumar Verma, Piyush Mittal, Ankur Barua and Suresh Kumar

Implementation of Fourier Expansion Based Differential Quadrature Method (FDQM) and Polynomial Based Differential Quadrature Method (PDQM) for the 2D Helmholtz Problem

September 2013

The polynomial-based differential quadrature method (PDQM) and Fourier expansion-based differential quadrature method (FDQM) are examined to solve 2D Helmholtz problem expressing definition of many electromagnetic problems. PDQM and FDQM solution of the problems were calculated and compared, analytically. While grid node and wave number are steady, the PDQM and FDQM were applied to 2D Helmholtz problem for calculation...

Author(s): Ahmet Rifat GORGUN, Sukru OZEN and Selcuk HELHEL

Field-programmable gate array (FPGA)-based designed using VHDL hardware description language transmission performance analysis of binary phase shift keying (BPSK) and quadrature phase shift Keying (QPSK) modulators

September 2013

Binary phase shift keying (BPSK) and quadrature phase shift Keying (QPSK)modulation techniques are often proposed for satellite communications and band-limited communication channels; however, both modulations are important in high speed data communications. High speed data communications are implemented on high speed hardware in wireless systems. The paper presents the design of a QPSK and BPSK...

Author(s): Mehmet SÖNMEZ and Ayhan AKBAL

Salient features of vector control in AC motor drives: A review

September 2013

This paper presents a review of vector control methods for AC drives for the last decade. A variety of techniques with different concepts are mentioned for the control of induction motors (IMs), permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSMs), double fed induction generators (DFIGs) and switched reluctance motors (SRMs). Vector control has advanced its concept to AC drives for high performance applications with the help of...

Author(s): Sarat Kumar Sahoo and A. Ramulu

Comparison of an analogue and computer supported line generalisation following the concrete example of the Sitnica River system

September 2013

Cartography is a science which most presents changes over ever increasing modern computer technologies. A computer supported generalisation of water flow sets its goal on the effects and achievements of modern cartography science, also showing the results and the levels of basic manual generalisation, comparing them with the effects of a digital computer supported generalisation. Every newly made map which represents...

Author(s): Aleksandar Valjarević, Dragica Živković and Vladica Stevanović

Morphotaxonomic evaluation of the relationship between four species of Crassocephalum (Moench.) S. Moore (Asteraceae) in southwestern Nigeria

September 2013

The morphotaxonomic identity of Crassocephalum biafrae (Oliv. & Hiern.) S. Moore was compared with other three taxa namely: Crassocehalum crepidioides (Benth.) S. Moore, Crassocephalum rubens (Juss.ex.Jacq.) S. Moore and, Crassocephalum togoense C.D. Adams in the genus Crassocephalum tribe Senecioneae; with the intent of establishing some delimiting...

Author(s): A. S. OYELAKIN and M. S. AYODELE

Chemokine receptor 3 (CXCR3) and its ligands contribution to virus-induced acute hepatic failure

September 2013

The role of chemokines in virus-induced acute hepatic failure is not well defined. In this study, we investigated the role of CXC chemokine receptor 3 (CXCR3) and its ligands chemokine Mig/CXCL9 (monokine induced by IFN-gamma) and IP-10/CXCL10 (interferon-gamma-inducible protein 10) in the recruitment of intrahepatic lymphocytes and subsequent acute hepatic failure. Balb/cJ mice (6 to 8 weeks, female) were...

Author(s): Yong Zou , Junjie Bao and Yuesi Zhong

Comparison of design alternatives generated by computer aided design and user expectations from small urban spaces

September 2013

This study investigates the compliance of alternative design models based on perception of designer and users by creating 3D models of the fields before construction. The application part of this work presents 4 different ground cover materials, modeled on the computer, that were proposed for 2 predetermined small urban areas to apply the design in the highest demand. Questionnaire participants were then asked to...

Author(s): Buket Özdemir Işık and Öner Demirel

Artificial neural network approach to buckling coefficients of laminated orthotropic rectangular plates with a centrally rectangular hole

September 2013

The objective of the present study is to describe the results of research that has been conducted on the buckling behavior of rectangular laminated orthotropic plates that have a rectangular hole. As a result of using some geometrical holes which cause stress concentrations on laminated orthotropic plates, the analysis about the buckling coefficient of the elements become very important. This work deals with buckling...

Author(s): Mehmet Fatih Altan

Aircraft noise pollution assessment of Port Harcourt International Airport, Omagwa, Rivers State, Nigeria

August 2013

An expressive survey, measurement and analysis of aircraft noise pollution assessment at the Port Harcourt International Airport, Omagwa, Rivers State, Nigeria has been performed. The study collaborated both sound levels and environmental pollution of aircrafts noise impact on the communities. Physical/acoustic measurements of the airport were carried out through the use of a BK Precision digital sound level meter....

Author(s): Ogobiri, Godwin Ebikabowei, Owate, Israel, Avwiri, Gregory Onomakereand Mebine Promise

A robust digital watermarking technique based on feature and transform method

August 2013

This paper proposed a new robust digital watermarking technique with an aim of image protection. The proposed technique incorporates both the transform and feature methods. Initially, the Harris Laplacian detector extracts the features from the cover image that suites well for the watermarking. The extracted characteristic regions are grouped to form a primary feature set where the secret message is embedded to form a...

Author(s): A. Umaamaheshvari and K. Thanushkodi

An inverse feedback fuzzy state space modeling (FFSSM) for insulin-glucose regulatory system in humans

August 2013

The complexity and nonlinearity of the insulin-glucose regulatory system in humans demands for an inverse modeling technique. In this study the insulin-glucose regulatory system was modeled with the help of an inverse feedback fuzzy state space modeling (FFSSM) approach. The feedback insulin regulatory system was presented as a state space model, its input/output parameters fuzzified and the optimized values...

Author(s): Izaz Ullah Khan,, Tahir Ahmad, and Normah Maan,

Diagnosis and recommendation integrated system (DRIS) model establishment for diagnosing Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) nutrient status in Benin (West Africa)

August 2013

The Diagnosis and Recommendation Integrated System (DRIS) is a potential method for interpreting plant foliar nutrient composition. It provides a reliable means of linking leaf nutrient concentrations to the yield of sorghum, and has been developed for this crop using experimental data from organic and inorganic trials carried out in the Upper Catchment of Benin. Grain yield and leaf nutrient concentration were used to...

Author(s): Gustave D. Dagbenonbakin, Valentin Kindomihou, Emile C. Agbangba, Nestor Sokpon and Brice Sinsin

Impact of computer graphics on the engineering product design: Conceptual analysis

August 2013

Computer graphics matured over many years and played an important role in the development of engineering products like automotive and aircraft components. The current CAX (CAD/CAM/CAE) tools use computer graphics extensively, while helping in conceiving better designs with improved quality. Nowadays, engineering product development is being done concurrently and collaboratively, due to the advances in computer graphics....

Author(s): Osama Harfoushi, Ruba Obiedat, Rizik Al-Sayyed and Bashar Al-Shboul

Improved (G’/G)- expansion method for constructing exact traveling wave solutions for a nonlinear PDE of nanobiosciences

August 2013

In the present paper, the improved (G’/G) - expansion method combined with suitable transformations is used to construct many exact solutions involving parameters of a nonlinear equation describing the nano-ionic currents along microtublues. As a result, hyperbolic function solutions, trigonometric function solutions and rational function solutions with parameters are obtained. When these parameters are taken...

Author(s): Elsayed M. E. Zayed, Yasser A. Amer and Reham M. A. Shohib

Ocean wave energy – An option for Nigerian power situation

August 2013

As energy presents itself in various forms, here we will be looking at it from the perspective of wave energy. This paper investigates wave theory and use of some forms of mechanical wave fronts to generate electrical energy. A major means of production of these waves is discussed - being the wave front from the ocean, which is presently a source of worry to the people of Lagos State, Nigeria. These wave fronts from the...

Author(s): Collins Neku NWAOKOCHA and Abayomi Temitope LAYENI

Stability analysis for a turbocharger rotor system under nonlinear hydrodynamic forces

August 2013

Turbocharger is a high speed rotor system supported by a pair of floating ring bearings which comprise of double oil films. The stability of its rotor system is governed by not only the structure of the rotor but also by the nonlinear hydrodynamic force of two oil films. In this paper, a lumped dynamics model is developed for a turbocharger rotor system. In order to investigate the nonlinear behavior of the rotor...

Author(s): Hao Zhang, Zhanqun Shi, Shunxin Zhang, Fengshou Gu and Andrew Ball

A combinatorial approach to human face recognition and expression identification

August 2013

A new integrated approach to human face recognition and expression identification based on Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM) technique that will be useful for  Human Face Recognition and Feature Extraction system based on Local Ternary Pattern (LTP) for expression identification was introduced. It applies GLCM operation to extract the features of facial images to different classes for the purpose of image...

Author(s): M. Madhu and R. Amutha

Placement of distributed generation units using multi objective function based on SA algorithm

August 2013

This article presents an optimal placement method in order to size and sit distributed generation in IEEE 33 bus test system. The algorithm for optimization in this paper is Simulated Annealing. The proposed objective function considers active power losses of the system and the voltage profile in nominal load of system. In order to use Simulated Annealing algorithm, at first, placement problem is written as an...

Author(s): Mohammad Salehi Maleh, Ramtin Rasouli Nezhad and Noradin Ghadimi

Efficiency of slash bundling in mature coniferous stands

August 2013

The biomass of forests is one of the oldest and most popular sources of renewable energy. Aside from round wood, logging residue is also being used with increasing frequency to produce energy. Under European conditions, the most frequently implemented technology of using logging residue is chipping, either directly at the cutting site or at the forest roadside. However, for over a dozen years now, with more and more...

Author(s): Tadeusz Moskalik, Jarosław Sadowski, Wojciech Sarzyński and Dariusz Zastocki

Open sources three-dimensional ultrasound volumetric rendering in object oriented approach

August 2013

On account of the advanced technology in recent years, the increasing demand for an effective medical imaging system has addressed its significance in diagnosis especially in the development of three-dimensional medical image reconstruction. Based on literature revise on various computational investigated, none of them show efficiency in terms of cost and computing performance. Owing to this fact, a method of 3D...

Author(s): Lai Khin Wee, Hum Yan Chai and Eko Supriyanto

Smart structures and material technologies in architecture applications

August 2013

Smart structures and material technologies are a tool for sharing the knowledge of how various building materials can significantly increase production and profit using advanced communication, collaboration and management technologies. The paper provides an overview of the types of materials available giving a new insight into innovative methods and techniques that will be available, and open new doors for advancement...

Author(s): Sherif Mohamed Sabry Elattar

A collection of new preconditioners for solving linear systems

August 2013

In this paper, new preconditioners from class of (I+S)-type for solving linear systems are developed and preconditioned, accelerated overrelaxation (AOR) method is used for the systems. The proposed algorithms have a simple and graceful structure. Asymptotic convergence of the sequence generated by the methods to the unique solution of linear systems is proved, along with a result regarding the convergence rate of the...

Author(s): H. Saberi Najafi and S. A. Edalatpanah,

On meromorphic functions with fixed residue defined using convolution

August 2013

In this paper, we introduced a new subclass of meromorphic functions with residue, which is defined by means of a Hadamard product (or convolution). Then we determine some properties such as coefficient bound, distortion theorems, radius of starlikeness and convexity for this class.   Key words: Analytic, meromorphic functions, Hadamard product, convolution.

Author(s): F. Müge Sakar and H. Ozlem Güney

Alleviation of depression in teenagers using light-sound technology

August 2013

Teenage years are a time of rapid psychological transition from child to adult. The myth of universal teenage turmoil must not cloud professional judgment to the point that teenagers are not treated seriously. Today Light and Sound Stimulation are very much effective for the teenage to stimulate the connative aspect and decrease depression of an individual. The study highlights research about the effect of light and...

Author(s): Poonam Dhaka, V. L. Chouhan, and Dharm Singh

Some insights into the reproductive performance, selection criteria, production and market constraints in communal goat production systems of South Africa

August 2013

A farmer participatory survey was conducted in four communities, Mount Frere, Mount Ayliff, Maluti A and Maluti B, to establish reproductive performance, goat production and marketing constraints, and to examine the selection criteria for replacement goat does and bucks. Goat flock sizes ranged from 5 to 200 goats per household across the communities. Kidding rate varied with the community and also with the feed...

Author(s): Marume U., Chimonyo M. and Dzama K.

Development and evaluation of gas sucking machine for tubewell pit

August 2013

The use of tubewell irrigation has made it possible to increase crop productivity. While installing and using of tubewells cause many accidents to occur every year. Such accidents are reported by media in the rainy season. The purpose of this study was to develop a gas sucking machine for minimizing such fatalities. 30 tubewell pits were selected for the study, where such accidents happened. It was found that the depth...

Author(s): C. J. S. Pannu, Brajesh Nare, N. K. Chhuneja and P. K. Guru

Development of mini-infiltrometer for soil sorptivity test in the humid tropical climate of Nigeria

August 2013

Mini-infiltrometer for determining soil sorptivity, hydro-repellency and other hydraulic properties of soil using water and other forms of fluid was designed and developed. It was made of quality pyrex glass tubes and calibrated to metric standard after manufacture. The component of the mini-infiltrometer include: the infiltrometer tube, which bears a porous sponge at the tip for moisture metering into soil samples,...

Author(s): Fasinmirin J. T., Reichert J. M. and Ajayi, A. E.

Numerical evaluation of a landmine detection system based on the neutron back scattering technique

August 2013

This paper describes an anti-personnel landmine detection system, which is based on the neutron back-scattering technique. It consists of a point-like isotopic neutron source (252Cf, 2,31 × 107 n/s), eight BF3 detectors and a neutron moderating and shielding block made from borated paraffin (3 wt%). It was modeled and tested by carrying out Monte Carlo calculations (MCNP-4C2 Code). The tests were performed in some...

Author(s): Derya Yılmaz Baysoy and Metin Subaşı

Saline stress on seed germination

August 2013

Salinity is one of the major abiotic stresses in arid and semi-arid regions and it affects 7% of the world’s land area of about 930 million ha (Munns et al., 2006). Salinity reduces the ability of plants to take up water, leading to metabolic effect that reduces plant growth. It may reduce crop yield by upsetting water and nutritional balance of plant. The deleterious consequences of high salt concentrations in...

Author(s): M. Ameer Junaithal Begum, P. Selvaraju and B. Venudevan

Influence of seed polymorphism on physical, physiological and biochemical seed quality characters of endangered medicinal tree Bael (Aegle marmelos (l.) corr.)

August 2013

Bael is a medicinal tree with multipurpose utility propagated through seeds. Bulk seeds of Bael exhibit polymorphism in seed characteristics. Hence, a study was undertaken to evaluate the influence of seed polymorphism on physical, physiological and biochemical seed quality characters. Polymorphic seeds based on size were separated by size grading the seeds using round perforated metal sieves of sizes 6.4, 6.0 and 5.5...

Author(s): B. Venudevan and P. Srimathi

In vitro study of fungicides and biocontrol agents against Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. pini causing root rot of Western Himalayan fir (Abies pindrow)

August 2013

Nine fungicides namely: carbendazim, hexaconazole, thiophonate methyl, triadimefan, metalaxyl, mancozeb, captan, copper oxychloride and chlorothalonil and seven bioagents namely: Trichoderma harzianum, Trichoderma viride,Gliocladium virens, Lacaria laccata, Boletus edulis, Suillus placids and Russula lutea were evaluated in vitro by using dual culture and cultural filtrate...

Author(s): W. A. Dar, M. A. Beig, S. A. Ganie, J. A. Bhat, Shabir-u-Rehman and S. M. Razvi

Apo lipoprotein E4 gene APOE4: An early predictor of Dementia / Alzheimer’s disease

August 2013

The present study aimed to determine the relationship of APOE4 with socio demographic variables as well as with co-morbidities including hypertension and diabetes mellitus. In this study, 200 subjects with dementia were recruited, out of these 200 patients APOE4 was present in 130 cases, 85 (65.4%) were male and 45 (34.6%) females. However, in 70 cases APOE4 was missing, 41 (58.6%) males...

Author(s): Nelofar Sultana, Masood .A. Qureshi, Rukhshan Khurshid and Fatima Shad .K.

Volume based expression of soil variables: Good descriptor of soil-plant interrelationships

August 2013

This research compared the gravimetric method of expression of soil nutrient concentration with actual soil volume based expression in terms of yield response using rubber as a test crop. A rubber plantation (planted in year 1989 under a NPK fertilizer trial) was investigated. The experiment was laid out with thirteen treatments in three replications in a randomized block design planted with rubber (Clone RRII 105) at a...

Author(s): D.V.K. Nageswara Rao

Pneumococcal meningitis induced neuronal injury in motor cortex and cerebellum in Wistar rats

August 2013

Bacterial meningitis is known to cause neurodegenerations in the hippocampus, a region of the brain concerned with learning and memory. Aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of pneumococcal meningitis on motor cortex and cerebellum in rats. 30 days old rats were divided into normal control (NC) and meningitis (M) groups. Rats in the meningitis group were infected with Streptococcus pneumonia...

Author(s): Daphne Santhosh and Indira Bairy

A computational approach to analyze unbalancing in rotational systems

August 2013

Rotational systems are widely used in industrial application and its monitoring can improve production and decrease stop times of machines, for example. In industry these kind of problem is, in general, solved using a vibration meter and a phase meter in order to obtain the necessary data to correct the rotor unbalancing. This work presents the development of a computational application, using LabVIEW, for improving the...

Author(s): Bruna T. V. Silva, Álvaro M. S. Soares, Mauro H. Mathias, Pedro P. L. Prado, João B. Gonçalves

Positioning fruit trees into climate change/variability scenarios: Opportunities and constraints in the placement of fruit tree species in payment for environmental services

July 2013

Extreme environmental conditions due to climate change or variability are a threat to crop production, productivity and livelihoods. Thus, providing alternative livelihoods to communities, especially the rural masses remain an important catalyst in reducing poverty, food insecurity and deforestation in the development of climate change/variability scenarios. This is critical in southern Africa where poverty,...

Author(s): Simon A. Mng’omba and Tracy Beedy

Technological quality attributes of pork from a small-holder abattoir as affected by breed, age and season of slaughter

July 2013

The objective of the current study was to determine the effect of breed, age group and season of slaughter on technological quality attributes of pork from a smallholder abattoir. Meat from the Large White pig meat had higher (P < 0.05) pHuand lower a* than values of meat from the Landrace. No breed differences were observed in lightness (L*), yellowness (b*), shear force values, thawing loss, cooking loss and...

Author(s): C. S. Gajana, T. T. Nkukwana, U. Marume and V. Muchenje

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