African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006

AJAR Articles in press

Pre-scaling up of Irish Potato (Solanum tuberosum) in Bule Hora District of West Guji Zone,Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Article in Press

This activity was conducted during the 2013 and 2014 main cropping season at Bule Hora District of West Guji Zone to improve farmers’ income, develop local capacity for future scaling up of potato technology and strengthen stakeholders linkage and collaboration in the study area. A total of fourty (40) farmers in the district were participated for the activity. A multidisciplinary team composed of breeder, pathologist,...

Author(s):Ahmed Mohammed Abdulla, Feyissa Desiso and Ibsa Aliyi

Impact of microbial loads of thermotolerant coliforms in lake water for irrigation on vegetable crops grown around the lakes of Yamoussoukro, Côte d'Ivoire

Article in Press

The quality of the Yamoussoukro lakes and the risks of bacteriological contamination of the surrounding vegetables were assessed by studying thermotolerant coliforms and Escherichia coli, indicators of pollution. Sampling was carried out on five (5) lakes during two dry seasons and two rainy seasons of the years 2015 to 2016 and 2016 to 2017. The bacteriological results revealed very high bacterial loads compared to...

Author(s):Tchimonbié Messikely Anoman; Kpahé Herbert Michael Kpanh; Konan Samuel Ahoudjo; Adolphe Zeze

Performance Evaluation and Adaptation Trial of Tef (Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter) Genotypes for Midland Areas of Siltie Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Tef is one of the most important staple food crop cultivated throughout the country. Twenty (20) Tef varieties (including local check) were brought from Debre Zeit Agricultural Research center and planted in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications at Wulbareg and Dalocha woreda for two consecutive years. The study used Plots size 2mx2m with 1.5m, 1m distances b/n blocks and plots, respectively. ...

Author(s):Molalign Assefa

Phytochemical analysis and antifungal activity of Tithonia diversifolia and Kigelia africana extracts against Fusarium oxysporum in tomato

Article in Press

Fusarium wilt can cause severe losses in many vegetables and flowers, field crops and plantation crops. The main method for control of Fusarium wilt is through chemical methods which have a disadvantage of polluting the environment and are expensive. Thus, there is a need for more environmentally friendly and cheaper techniques for controlling Fusarium Wilt. This study screened phytochemical compounds of two plant...

Author(s):Awere, C. A, Githae, E. W , Gichumbi, J. M

Effect of Plant Growth Regulators on Growth, Flowering, and Yield Attributes of Marigold (Tagetes sp.)

Article in Press

A field experiment was conducted at Horticulture Farm of Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal from July 5 to October 20, in the year 2019 to evaluate the effect of concentrations of Gibberellic acid (GA3), Naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and Ethrel® on growth, flowering and yield attributes of a locally grown marigold (Tagetes sp.).The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design...

Author(s):Gaurav Adhikari, Susmita Sigdel, Kritika Adhikari, Susil Khanal, Bishal Shrestha, Shiva Om Makaju

Environmental risk assessment for the use of liquid swine manure as soil fertilizer

Article in Press

Liquid swine manure has been recognized as potential fertilizer for agriculture, but excessive and/or prolonged applications of high doses in agricultural systems may cause soil and water pollution. The present paper presents the proposition of a multicriteria model that aims to identify and classify agricultural areas that receive liquid swine manure as soil fertilizers, according to the degree of potential risk of...

Author(s):Eduardo Lando Bernardo, Claudio Rocha de Miranda, Sebastião Roberto Soares, Paulo Belli Filho

Effect of Mulching on Brinjal Production and Soil Properties under Pitcher Irrigation in an Alfisol of West Bengal in India

Article in Press

The present research work had been carried out to investigate the effect of different type of mulching with pitcher irrigation on changes of soil properties under brinjal production. The location of the experiment was at farmer’s field in Paschim Medinipur, under Red and Lateritic Zone of West Bengal. Five treatment combinations viz. Pitcher irrigation with jute fiber mulch (T1), with live mulch (black gram) (T2), with...

Author(s):Angira Prasad Mahata, Abantika Mondal, Susanta Kumar De

Genotype by Environment Interactions and Grain Yield Stability Analysis of Small Red Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Genotypes in West and Kelem Wollega Zones of Western Oromia, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Twelve small red common bean genotypes were evaluated for their yield performance and stability across seven environments at Haro Sabu Agricultural Research Center, West Oromia during 2015-2017 cropping seasons. The main objectives of the study were to identify and select high yielding and stable genotypes thereby suggesting for further releasing. Field experiment was conducted in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD)...

Author(s):Dereje Abera, Biru Alemu, Tashome Gutu

Farm income stabilization in developing countries: hedging effectiveness of revenue insurance

Article in Press

This study analyses the risk-reducing performance of revenue insurance for corn producers in Burkina Faso. We apply the Miranda (1991) model to empirical data from the corn sector of 13 agricultural regions of Burkina Faso from 1995 to 2009 to analyze the potential effects of revenue insurance in this sector. Our results show that revenue insurance can reduce farmers' income fluctuation by an average of 40% with variations...

Author(s):Abel Tiemtore

Determining optimum period of withholding irrigation for inducing maturity of sugarcane (Saccharum spp. hybrid) in Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Withholding irrigation before harvesting is important for inducing maturity in sugarcane. Study was carried out with the objective of determining optimum period of withholding irrigation for inducing maturity in sugarcane in southern Ethiopia. Field experiments were conducted on two sugarcane varieties, NCo334 and B52-298by five treatments of withholding irrigation periods for 20, 30, 40 50 and 60 days in randomized...

Author(s):Semu Yetaferu Ashagre, A. Q. Khan

Projected Climate Induced Global Distribution and Range Shifts of Fall Armyworm, Spodoptera Frugiperda

Article in Press

Fall Armyworm (FAW) (Spodoptera frugiperda), an endemic pest species in the tropical and subtropical Americas, is expanding its geographical range, with recent invasions reported in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, and their interconnection with Europe. With a host range of over 80 plants, the pest inflicts most damage to staple cereals, non-cereal crops, and pasture grasses impacting food security and livestock production....

Author(s):B. E. Isabirye, I. Rwomushana, A. M. Akol, A. Mayamba, F. Kagoda, P. Butono

Screening for biomass yield potential of Lablab purpureus accessions in Tanqua Abergelle district, Tigray, Ethiopia

Article in Press

A study was carried out with the objectives to screen/evaluate biomass yield potential of Lablab purpureus accessions under rain-fed condition in Tanqua Abergelle district, Tigray, Ethiopia. The experiment was arranged in randomized complete block design with eight treatments and three replications. The treatments were dolichos lablab, lablab accessions 7278, 10979, 147, 507, 11640, 6526 and 7319 for T1, T2, T3, T4, T5,...

Author(s):Desta Tekle

Availability, Access and utilization of ICTs and tools among Poultry farmers for improved productivity in Nigeria

Article in Press

A descriptive survey was conducted to investigate the availability, access and utilization of ICTs and tools among Poultry farmers for improved production in Yenagoa Local Government Area, Bayelsa State, Nigeria. 110 poultry farmers were purposively selected from eleven (11) communities in the study area. The instrument used for data collection was a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using frequencies,...

Author(s):G.A. Kalio

Distributiion, Composition and Economic Significance of Major Silk worm Diseases in Some Parts of Ethiopia

Article in Press

A survey was carried out to study the distribution, composition and economic importance of silkworm diseases between 2015 and 2017 in some parts of Ethiopia. From the surveyed areas, diseased silkworms were observed and distinguished at their station. In addition, sample infected silkworm parts were taken and examined in Melkassa Agricultural Research Center (MARC). The result showed that flacherie, grasserie and...

Author(s):Metasebia Terefe, Kedir Shifa, Abiy Tilahun and Ahmed Ibrahim

Growth, physiology and yield of onion (Allium cepa L.) under Salt Stress

Article in Press

Onion production and productivity is constrained by biotic and abiotic factors among which soil salinity was claimed by producers in Ethiopia. Hence, study was conducted to determine the relative tolerance of onion cultivars to salt stress levels under field condition on soil media filled in box at Melkasa Agricultural Research Center. Factorially combined treatments (4 x5) were arranged in Randomized Complete Block Design...

Author(s):Megersa Daba Regessa, Ambecha Olika Gemechis, Edossa Etissa Chala

Effect of Intra Row Spacing and Harvesting Frequency on Growth and Yield of Swiss chard (Beta vulgaris L. var cicla) at Debre Markos, North West Ethiopia

Article in Press

An experiment was conducted to evaluate influence of different intra row spacing and harvesting frequency on growth and yield of swisschard. The result showed that the interaction effect of intra row spacing and harvesting frequency had a significant effect on the growth and yield of swisschard. The highest plant height (34.133 and 32.067cm) was obtained from swisschard harvested every 14 days combined with intrarow...

Author(s):Yebirzaf Yeshiwas, Balewken Atnaf, Anchinalu Addisu and Shashi Shotaw

Effect of Moringa leaves Extracts and Licorice roots on some growth characteristics and grape yield (Vitis vinifera L.) cv. Halawany

Article in Press

This study was conducted in a private grape vineyard during the year 2019, was located in Tapalw village, Lailan district, Kirkuk province, Iraq. The was to study the effect of spraying four levels of the moringa leaf extract (0, 15, 30 and 45) g.L-1 and licorice root extract (0, 2.5, 5 and 7.5) g.L-1 on some growth characteristics and yield of grape (Vitis vinifera) cv. Halawany. Spraying of the extracts were applied...

Author(s): Bnar Fuad Jamal Alsalhy, Ali Muhi Aldeen Omar Aljabary

Exploiting Legume-Rhizobium Specificity to Enhance Yield and Economic Return of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.)

Article in Press

This study reports the interaction of rhizobium strains and varieties on yield and yield components of faba bean, and economic feasibility of the inoculant use in faba bean production. The two years field experiments used a split-plot design that involved six elite rhizobium strains as main plot and three faba bean varieties as sub-plot treatments. Non-inoculated plants with N fertilizer and without fertilizer were...

Author(s):Bayou Bunkura Allito; Nana Ewusi-Mensah; Vincent Logah, Demelash Kefale Hunegnaw, Diriba Muleta Yadetie

Response of Maize (Zea mays L.) Crop to Spatial Arrangement and Intra Row Spacing of Intercropped Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) at Guto Gida, Western Ethiopia

Article in Press

The field experiment was conducted during 2018 at Guto Gida to assess the response of maize crop to spatial arrangement and intra spacing of intercropped sesame on yield, yield components and productivity of intercropping system. The experiment was carried out in RCBD with combination of four spatial arrangement (1:1, 1:2, 2:1, 2:2) and three intra row spacing of intercropped sesame (10 cm, 15 cm and 20 cm). Main effect of...

Author(s):Abdela Tufa Woticha, Abdulatif Ahmed M., Hirpa Legesse Gemechu

Effect of Different Tire Inflation Pressures and Extra Ballasts on Tractor Performance in a Clay Loam Soil

Article in Press

The present study was carried out at the Farm of the University of Khartoum, Sudan during March 2017, to investigate the effect of different tire inflation pressure and extra front ballast on tractor performance in a clay loam soil at 23% moisture content. 2 WD tractor (62 kW) and three bottom disc plough were used for this study. The treatments included three values of tire inflation pressures (124.2, 165.6 and 207kPa)...

Author(s):Omer Ahmed Abdalla, Tewheeda Fareed

Smallholder Dairy Production Characteristics in Selected Areas of Eastern Gojjam, Ethiopia

Article in Press

The vast majority of smallholder farmers in Ethiopia use low input production systems that relate to relatively low milk yield per cow/day. While, the dairy sector is not yet developed to the expected level and its contribution to the national economy is quite low in Ethiopia. Even if Eastern Gojjam has good potential for milk and milk products production, diminutive is known about the existing characteristics of...

Author(s):Aleme Asresie, Zelalem Yilma, Eyassu Seifu, Lemma Zemedu, Mitiku Eshetu, Mohammed Y. Kurtu

Effects of aqueous plant extracts on cotton red spider mites (Tetranychus urticae) and ladybird beetles (Coccinellidae spp)

Article in Press

Cotton is one of the key agricultural exports in Zimbabwe. Low cotton yields in Zimbabwe are mainly due to pests and diseases among other factors. Red spider mites (RSM) can account for more than 40 % yield loss if not controlled. Control methods implemented for this pest include cultural practices, chemical control, biological control and use of biopesticides. Three aqueous plant extracts at 10 and 20 % v/v application...

Author(s):Rangarirai Mapuranga, Francis Jimu

Impact of Small Scale Irrigation on Income of Rural Farm Households, Case of Toke Kutaye District of West Shewa Zone Oromia, Ethiopia

Article in Press

This study aimed to determine factors affecting decision to participate in small scale irrigation and itsimpact on income of rural farm households. The primary data were collected from randomly selected 195 household of which 90 are participants and105 are non-participants based on proportion of population size. Secondary data were collected from different reports, reviews and related literatures. For analysis of the data...

Author(s):Fikiru Temesgen Gelata, Moti Debele, Chala Hailu

Phytoremediation of heavy metals using some selected leguminous crops.

Article in Press

The phytoremediation of heavy metals (cadmium, chromium, copper and lead) by Phaseolus vulgaris and Arachis hypogaea were investigated using standard techniques. The heavy metal polluted soil samples were collected from Crush Rock Industries Ishiagu, Ebonyi State, Nigeria, while heavy metal free control soil samples were obtained from Ebonyi State Ministry of Agriculture, Ishiagu Station. The seeds of the two plants were...

Author(s):G.I. Ameh, H.O. Nwamba, V.S. Njom and E.C. Ofordile

Diversity Analysis and Identification of Promising Powdery mildew Resistance Genotypes for Hybridization in Field Pea (Pisum sativum L.)

Article in Press

In the present study, seventy-one field pea gene pools including three released varieties were evaluated in an augmented block design for assessing genetic divergence and level of resistance to powdery mildew for exploitation in a breeding program aimed at improving yield potential of field pea by using cluster and principal component analysis. Among the 10 studied traits, four (Eigenvalue >1.0) contributed more than...

Author(s):Kedir Yimam Assen

Economics and Development of Palm Dates Marketing in Sudan

Article in Press

The main purpose of this research is to study the date products marketing, obstacles faced and how the dates business could be promoted in the Sudan, in particular, and in other producing countries in the region as general. The study based mainly on primary data from River Nile State of Northern Sudan. Secondary data was also employed. Descriptive statistical analysis has been applied to achieve the objectives of the...

Author(s):Elgilany A. Ahmed, Hamid Hussein M. Faki

Evaluation of pure breeds and crossed caprine genotypes by new synthetic productivity indexes for growth and dairy performances under oases breeding mode

Article in Press

The study aims to establish some evaluation indexes of the effectiveness of different genetic groups issued from the local goat crossbreeding program. The proposed indexes adjust, for each genotype, dairy and meat performances by the reproductive parameters and metabolic weight. A total of 1654 body weights and 993 dairy performances in the caprine herd of the Arid Areas Institute of Médenine were used. Proposed bio...

Author(s):Najari S. Atoui, A. & Abdennebi, Moldi

Comparative studies of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp) varieties to varying population densities in Southern Guinea Ecology of Nigeria

Article in Press

Field experiments were conducted at Teaching and Research farm of Landmark University in 2012 and 2013 to investigate the influence of three population densities (88,000, 44,000, and 29,000 plants/ha) on the growth and yield of five cowpea varieties (IT97K-461, IT97K-568-18, IT98K-131-2, IT99K-1060 and IT99K-`245). Plant growth parameters such as plant height, and number of trifoliate leaves per plant and flower production...

Author(s):Afolabi, M. S.

Technical Efficiency of Smallholder Cow Milk Producers in Yabelo District of Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Article in Press

This study measures the level of technical efficiency of smallholder cow milk producers using stochastic production approach of Cobb-Douglas production form and identified the possible cause for inefficiency in cow milk production using Tobit regression model. The data collected from 177 sample household randomly selected from pastoral and agropastoral Kebeles of Yabelo district. The result indicated the mean technical...

Author(s):Belay Biru Gabisa, Degye Goshu, Bosena Tegenge

The occurrence and pathological characterization of rust causing fungi infecting brachiaria grass in Kenya.

Article in Press

Brachiaria grass is one of the most important grasses distributed throughout the tropics especially in Africa. The quality of forage yields and biomass of brachiaria is negatively affected by diseases among which leaf spot, leaf blight and leaf rust are the most common. This research was conducted to characterize the rust pathogen of bracharia grass infecting selected cultivars in Kenya based on pathological and...

Author(s):Cherunya JA., Kipsumbai P K., Rop N

Design and Fabrication of an Electrically Powered Maize Planter

Article in Press

Maize is a staple cereal in many parts of the world. In Nigeria, it is most commonly used as livestock feed and in the production of ethanol, sweeteners and other related products. It can also be consumed as food either by roasting or boiling. Production of maize successfully depends on the correct application of production inputs that will sustain the environment as well as agricultural production. An electrically powered...

Author(s):Babatunde Oluwamayokun Soyoye

Studies on Integrated Nutrient Management of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) under sub tropical conditions of Uttarakhand

Article in Press

The present experiment was carried out at Horticulture Research Block, Shri Guru Ram Rai School of Agricultural Sciences, Shri Guru Ram Rai University, Dehradun, to study the effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and yield of French bean cultivar Pusa Parvati under subtropical conditions of Dehradun. Treatments included twelve combinations viz. T1 (Without any organic, inorganic or biofertilizer application),...

Author(s):Suneeta Singh, Anil Kumar Saxena

Interaction of phosphorus and foliar zinc on seed quality and aspergillus infection on groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) genotypes in dryland area of Tanqua Abergelle, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Groundnut is an important oil and protein crop in Ethiopia. Abergelle is one of the dryland part of Ethiopia that is agro ecological potential to groundnut production. Management practice and Lake of improved varieties are a major limitation for low yield and seed quality. Due to this intervention, field experiment was implementing at Sheka Tekli, dry land area of Abergelle, in 2017-2018 cropping season to investigate the...

Author(s):Hintsa Meresa, Yemane Tsehaye

Determinants of capacity utilization among agribusiness firms in Nigeria

Article in Press

For agribusinesses in developing economies to realize their potential, enhancing their overall performance in terms of capacity utilisation is essential. The objective of the paper is to provide information on the determinants of capacity utilization among agribusinesses in Nigeria. This study adopted the survey design. Data were collected from 2014 the World Bank Enterprise survey. Purposive sampling technique was used to...

Author(s):UME Chukwuma

Evaluation of agronomic response of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties to Phosphorus Fertilizer Rates and Inter Row Spacing Under Irrigation at Tselemti District, Northern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Objective of the studies was to evaluate agronomic response of chickpea varieties to phosphorus fertilizers rates and row spacing under irrigation condition. The study was done using split plot design spacing as a main plot, and fertilizer and variety as a subplot, where three row spacing (20cm, 30cm and 40cm) was assigned to the main plot while the factorial combination four triple super phosphate (0kg/ha,...

Author(s):Tesfahun Mekuanint Kifle

Genetic Variability in Black Cumin (Nigella sativa L.) Genotypes for Oil Contents and Agronomic Performances in Ethiopia

Article in Press

Black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) is an annual spice used for flavoring of food, cosmetics and other industrial products, besides oleoresins and essential oils are valuable sources for health care used for medicinal purposes. As first step for the improvement of the crop, this study was conducted to assess the genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance in 25 black cumin genotypes for agro-morphology traits,...

Author(s):Yewubdinber Lemma Tesfa

Effect of NP Fertilizer Rates and Plant Population Density on Late Maturing Maize Variety at Jimma and Buno-Bedele Zone, southwestern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Maize is among the leading cereals in production globally and an important potential food security crop in Ethiopia. However, its productivity is very low mainly due to low soil fertility and plant stands per area. Therefore, a field experiment was conducted to determine the effect of NP fertilizer and plant density at Jimma and BunoBedele Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia during 2016-2018 main cropping seasons. The experiment...

Author(s):Sisay Gurmu, Muhidin Biya, EshetuYadete

Evaluation of Toxicity of Extract of Brew the willow tree bark (Salix alba) on Mitosis Index and Chromosomal Abnormalities in Plant Cell Model

Article in Press

The use of medicinal plants has been widespread since ancient times to the present by the public, so the study of the effects of cytotoxicity and genotoxicity (chromosomal abnormalities) is necessary. The aim of this study was to evaluate the toxicity of extract of Brew the bark and branch of willow of Hamadan (Salix alba) in plant cell model. Plant samples were collected from Hamadan and the bark skin was dried at room...

Author(s):Mohammad Jafar Manteshloo, Ali Deljou, Khosro Piri

Skin and Leather Quality Attributes of Rutana, Gumuz and Washera sheep of Ethiopia supplemented with Two Levels of Concentrate

Article in Press

The study was undertaken to determine the chemical and physico-mechanical quality of leather produced from Rutana, Gumuz and Washera sheep breeds of Ethiopia under Low (300 g/day) and High (450 g/day) levels of concentrate supplementation. The supplement contains 45% wheat bran, 26% maize grain and 29% Noug cake. A total of 36 sheep (12 from each breed) were used in 3x2 factorial treatment arrangement in a completely...

Author(s):Anteneh Worku, Mengistu Urge, Getachew Animut Getnet Asefa

Analysis of Marketing Chain, Constraints and Opportunities of Beef Cattle Fattening Cooperatives and Individual Farmers in Gondar Town, Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia

Article in Press

A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Gondar town, Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia with the objective of assessing marketing chain, constraints and opportunities of beef cattle fattening cooperatives and individual farmers. A pre-tested, semi-structure questionnaire was used to collect data. Using a stratified sampling technique 102 households from Gondar town were selected in the survey. Data collected were...

Author(s):Eyayu Gobezie, Bekele Aysheshim

Effect of Fungicide Seed Treatments on Rhizobium Strain Performance, Nodulation, and Yield and Yield Components of Soybean in Western Ethiopia

Article in Press

The effect of fungicides on type of Rhizobia inoculted for optimum soybean production under field condition were investigated. In the present study, statistically significant interaction between seed applied fungicide and Rhizobial inoculant were detected for nodulation and yield of soybean. Application of Rhizobial inoculants alone were provided the highest nodulation and shoot dry weight performance as well as seed...

Author(s):Zerihun Getachew, Lijalem Abeble

Phytoremediation Potential of Four Tropical Plant Species Grown in Copper-Contaminated Soil

Article in Press

Despite being an essential element, at higher concentrations, Cu is highly toxic to plants, microorganisms, and invertebrates. Phytoremediation is a low-cost and effective strategy to clean up contaminated soils. This study was conducted to evaluate the potential of Jatropha curcas; Acacia mangium, Dyera costulata and H. odorata for remediation of soils contaminated with Cu. Seedlings were planted in growth media treated...

Author(s):Parisa Ahmadpour, Arifin Abdu, Nik M. Majid, Daljit Singh Karam Singh, Hazandy Abdul-Hamid, Nur Nazirah Patek Mohd, Osumanu Haruna Ahmed, Keeren Sundara Rajoo, Fatemeh Ahmadpour, Mohsen Soleimani

Effect of intercropping of cowpea with maize on grain yield, fodder yield and quality under irrigation condition

Article in Press

A study was carried out with the objectives to evaluate the effect of intercropping dates of cowpea with maize on grain yield, fodder yield and quality as well as its effect on weed suppress. It was conducted at Adiha in Kola Tembien district, Tigray, Ethiopia under irrigation conduction. Randomized complete block design with five treatments and four replications was used. The treatments were sole maize sown (T1), sole...

Author(s):Desta Tekle, G/slassie Gebru, Daniel Kahsu

Identification of resistant sources in lentil against Fusarium wilt under field condition

Article in Press

Fusarium wilt can cause yield losses up to 50% of the production to complete yield loss if severely affected. The use of resistant variety is one of the best option of disease management. Therefore, studies were planned to find out the genotypes against Fusarium wilt through sick plot technique. Keeping this point in view, one hundred fifty two genotypes of lentil were tested for the resistance against Fusarium oxysporum...

Author(s):Tolesa Bedasa, Asrat Zewdie

Spatial Distribution and Sampling Size for African Maize Stem Borer, Busseola fusca (Fuller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Maize is one of the most important crops in southern Ethiopia. Africa maize stem borer, Busseola fusca is one of the important biotic constraints. Knowledge of its spatial distribution is important for improving sampling procedures and designing correct control strategies. The spatial distribution pattern of B. fusca was studied in southern Ethiopia during 2015 and 2016 cropping seasons. A total of 24 maize farms were...

Author(s):Abrham Taddele, Ferdu Azerefegne, Yibrah Beyene

Role of aromatic plants in the integrated pest management (IPM) of Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)

Article in Press

Onion thrips, Thrips tabaci Lindeman is a cosmopolitan and polyphagous insect pest. Onion thrips cause direct and indirect damage to onion by feeding and ovipositing on leaves of several horticultural crops. Besides causing direct damage to its host plants, T. tabaci has known as an asymptomatic transmitter of plant pathogens such as tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), iris yellow spot virus (IYSV) and tomato yellow ring...

Author(s):Wondimagegn Atilaw

Genetic Divergence Study in Agro-Morphological Traits among Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes at Raya Valley of Southern Tigray, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Assessment of genetic divergence in crop species is one of the major activities of plant breeding which helps to analysis to quantify the genetic distance among the selected germplasm and reflects the relative contribution of specific traits towards the total divergence. Therefore, this field experiment was conducted to assess the genetic divergence in bread wheat genotypes, to determine the extent of genetic variation...

Author(s):Girma Degife, Wassu Mohammed, Kebebew Assefa

Modeling Weather Differentials and Discount Rate on Farmers’ Net Revenue. Evidence from Different Agroclimatic Zones in Ghana

Article in Press

In the developing Countries, weather differentials and discount rate had played an integral role in the decision making of farmers, which mostly affect their net revenue. This study hypothesized that weather differentials and discount rate has a significant influence on the farmers’ net revenue across three agroclimatic zones in Ghana. Using data from three different agroclimatic zones, we found discount rate...

Author(s):ISAAC DASMANI

Evaluation of Sequential Intercropping of Maize with Common bean followed by Chickpea

Article in Press

Food insecurity is increased by adverse weather condition. Intercropping has been practiced traditionally by small-scale farmers in the tropics. Most previous studies focused on intercropping systems involving two-crop associations. However, there is much scope to improve existing cropping systems by devising and evaluating modifications that allow more effective use of the season. Hence, this research aimed to improve the...

Author(s):Bezabih Woldekiros

Propagation of cashew (Anacardium occidental L.) by softwood grafting in Ghana.

Article in Press

An investigation was done to assess the graft success on seedlings and canopy substitution using grafting techniques, retention of basal leaves on the rootstock, age of rootstock and period of grafting in a randomize complete block design with twenty plants per treatment and replicated three times. Young vigorously growing cashew seedlings were used for grafting whilst poor performing cashew trees (in yield and young...

Author(s):J. Yeboah, A. M. Dadzie, M. A. D. Segbefia, S. T. Lowor F. M. Amoah, S. Osei-Akoto, F. Owusu- Ansah, B. K. B. Banful, L. Atuah

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