African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007

AJPSIR Articles in press

The Paradox of Silencing the Guns and Increasing Conflicts: A Critical Appraisal of the Role of the African Union Institutions

Article in Press

This paper aims to highlight the reasons behind the escalating conflicts in Africa in recent years. Through a desk review of the literature on the ongoing conflicts, the paper attempts to unpack the paradox surrounding silencing guns in Africa by the year 2020 and beyond. The objective of the paper is to uncover the reasons causing and contributing to conflicts in Africa. The conclusion of the study points to the fact that...

Author(s):Kebede Kassa Tsegaye

Kenya's Evolving Recognition and Non-Recognition Policy under Moi: A Case of China and Taiwan (1990-1998)

Article in Press

This scholarly study delves into the transformation of Kenya's foreign policy with regard to recognition and non-recognition, with a particular focus on its handling of China and Taiwan during the period spanning 1990 to 1998. Historically, Kenya's recognition policy adhered to the conventional norm of emphasizing the recognition of sovereign states over specific governments, as exemplified by Dr. Njoroge Mungai's stance...

Author(s):Ogeto Danvas Mabeya

Fighting the fire with the fire? Foreign intervention and sanctions against non-democratic regimes in Africa

Article in Press

Africa has experienced colonialism and domination from major global powers, and is still subject to various crises, mostly political, often characterized by a refusal to relinquish power after losing an election or engaging in ethnic-based conflicts or military coups. As a result, foreign intervention and sanctions have been used in an attempt to restore stability. Despite the abundance of literature that supports the use...


The Conundrum of SNNPRS to its Demise, Polarized Interest of the Public and The Stabling-Blocks to Re-organize the Region into Regions

Article in Press

The paper tries to analyze the dilemmas revolving around one of the regions of Ethiopia named Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People’s regional state which I here onwards refers SNNPRS. The region is comprised of some 56 nations and nationalities some of which are currently demanding their own regional states. Due to such demands of the public and internal problems of the region, the government has now decided to...

Author(s):Tensay Hailu

Post-Independence Eritrea: Political Ideologies and Human right in Focus

Article in Press

The title of the research is Post-Independence Eritrea: Political Ideologies and Human Rights in Focus. Eritrea faced lots of ups and downs after its independence from Ethiopia. Many people sacrificed their lives for independence because they expected change, prosperity, and above all free country that can grant every possible political right to its people. The expectation of many people including families of martyrs...

Author(s):Tensay Hailu


Article in Press

The purpose of this study was to understand economic-induced migration as a security threat to regional stability, with reference to Zimbabweans migrating to South Africa. The research employed the qualitative research methodology, and a case study research design. Primary data was obtained from the key informants, and secondary data from peer-reviewed articles, newspapers, and books. The results indicated that the causes...

Author(s):Stedy Chitaka, Jeffrey Kurebwa

What makes Africa Attractive to Developed countries?

Article in Press

Purpose: The main aim of this study was to explore the factors that contribute to the attractiveness of Africa in developed countries. Research design: In this study, a qualitative research design was used by involving interviews and focus group discussions to gain an in-depth understanding of the reasons that make Africa attractive to developed countries. Methodology: Data sources: The sources of data for this study...

Author(s):Sintayehu Ermias Lolemo


Article in Press

The issue of nuclear proliferation has been a significant concern for international security, with North Korea at the forefront of this debate. This study aims to investigate why despite the international community's efforts to curb North Korea's nuclear program through sanctions, negotiations, and military threats, the regime has continued to develop its nuclear arsenal. The study employs a qualitative research approach,...

Author(s):Azubuike Callistus Francis

‘New Wave’ of Nationalism in Ethiopian Politics: An Impediment for Nation Building

Article in Press

In recent time Ethiopia witnessed new political circumstances that altered the political landscape of the country. Coupled with a good many political anecdotes, this new phenomenon has been reinvigorating the nationalism discourse and becoming a grand predicament for nation engineering in the country. The trend even leads to extreme form of nationalism; ultra nationalism that will be a peril for the nation building that...

Author(s):Anteneh Melu

Understanding the role of Conference of the Parties (COPs) in addressing Climate Change Challenges

Article in Press

The effect of climate change is not abating, despite the numerous agreements entered into effect since the United Convention on Climate Change/UNCCC in 1992 and the over two dozen of international meetings of stakeholders to halt or reverse global warming and climate change. The general consensus among climate scientists and various communities in countries across the world is that heat waves, droughts, wild fires, floods...

Author(s):Musa Ajiya

Addressing Economic Inequalities and Poverty in Ghana

Article in Press

In the last two decades, Ghana has achieved some economic growth since the re-launch of democratic governance in the 1990’s, though this is becoming very volatile in recent past. Ghana’s upward development averaged 5.8 percent out of the thirteen years of the last two decades. In 2009, this growth period halted due to the global economic crisis which reduced the rate to 4 percent. Macro-economic indicators picked up in...

Author(s):Andrew Kweku Conduah


Article in Press

War as a continuation of diplomacy in international relations can be made either to maximize power as offensive realism explains or to maximize security as defensive realism suggests. The later resonates well with Ethiopia’s diplomatic history. Ethiopia in the history of its foreign policies strived to gain an appropriate amount of power to survive amid the anarchic world and more particularly amid the scramble for Africa....

Author(s):Yohannes Gebeyehu Alebachew


Article in Press

The past decade has witnessed continued increases of Sino-Russian mutuality, rapprochement and cooperation. In many ways, Sino-Russian geostrategic alignment has significantly altered the manner in which the United States (U.S) exercises its power and influence across the globe, especially in its ‘regions’ of strategic interest. In essence this article attempts to answer the following questions: How does Sino-Russian...

Author(s):Bekithemba Sibanda

Book Review and Notices: the Anarchical Society: A Study Order in World Politics. By Hedley Bull. (Basingstoke: Macmillan)

Article in Press

What is fascinating in the Bull's book titled the Anarchical Society: A Study Order in World Politics is that this book is undoubtedly one of the ways in which the field of interdisciplinary discussion and combined theories of other profits have provided. Contrary to what many may claim that his work is a classic book today that cannot be found in relatively contemporary complex theories, his book remains still, to a good...

Author(s):Amer Ababakr

Non-State Actors’ influence on Zimbabwe’s re-engagement efforts with the United Kingdom since 2017

Article in Press

The aim of the study was to explore the problematic nature of Zimbabwe’s re-engagement foreign policy from a non-state actor perspective. The findings of this research were that Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) in the governance sector were powerful and they had a major impact on Zimbabwe’s foreign policy outcomes, especially with Western countries. It was discovered that the actions of non-state actors, especially in...

Author(s):Takudzwa Basera Mutumbwa, David Makwerere, Cyprian Muchemwa Enock Chikohora

Tracing Rhetoric to Comprehend Contemporary Sino-Ghana Economic Policy Initiatives

Article in Press

Theories advanced in the political economy literature concerning China’s presence in Africa have often focused on Beijing’s motive, leaving under theorized the dynamics that may be causing the responsiveness and embrace of China by these African states. The president of Ghana at the 73rd UN General Assembly defended Chinese investment for Africa and described China as the new avenue that Africans can resort to address...

Author(s):Daniel Abankwa

A Critical Evaluation of Thirty Years of State-Civil Society Relations in Zambia, 1991 – 2021.

Article in Press

This paper aimed to assess the relations between the state and civil society in Zambia in the last thirty years of the country’s plural political dispensation. The study sought to establish the extent to which both the state and civil society regard each other to be genuine associates to the cause of national development. The areas of study focus were on human rights protection, adherence to the rule of law, economic...

Author(s):Nsama Jonathan Simuziya

Challenges to Electoral Democratisation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: Case studies of the 2006, 2011 and 2018 Presidential Elections

Article in Press

Democratisation in developing countries remains an incomplete and, in many cases, elusive project. The literature on democratisation is vast and there are many different possible understandings of the term and the process. While there are many possible criteria one could employ in examining processes of democratisation, this research paper focuses on its electoral components and on the degree to which these exhibit...

Author(s):Alphonse T.T. Mulumba

A review of ethnicity, democracy, and good governance in Africa

Article in Press

This paper argues that ethnicity by itself, even though misconceived is not a cause of conflict but could be, once easily manipulated by powerful elites to suit their political and economic needs. Using the data from the secondary sources, this review addresses how the misconceptions of democracy in Africa is expanding ethnicity challenges and how such affects good governance of the continent. The paper argues that most...

Author(s):Brivery Siamabele and Jonah Kondowe

A Review of Globalization and the Emergence of Cyber Crimes in Nigeria: the activities of ‘’yahoo boys’’.

Article in Press

The rise of cybercrimes in Nigeria has eaten deep into the fabrics of the nation and globalization is seen as the foundational cause of cybercrimes in Nigeria and other countries which are suffering from the same social menace. This paper adopted the documentary research method using the secondary source of data collection where information was derived from textbooks, journals, internet materials, periodicals and...

Author(s):Onota Ozavize

The 2014 Lesotho political crisis and the South African response: Challenges and achievements

Article in Press

This study investigates the 2014 Lesotho political crisis and assesses the South African response to the crisis. The 2014 crisis in Lesotho was a watershed moment as it exposed the fragile nature of the political setup of the country. Regional states had become worried and if the crisis was not settled, it had the potential of having regional spill-over effects. South Africa which was at the time the chair of the Organ on...

Author(s):Opeoluwa Biao

Trends in women’s political participation in Nigeria: Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research

Article in Press

This study examined the developments and trends of women's political participation in Africa in general, with specific reference to Nigeria. It relied on secondary sources of data and content analysis. Using an eclectic approach of a four tied theoretical discourse: liberal feminist theory, radical feminist theory, cultural determinism theory and functionalist theory. The study reveals that the gladiator level is the most...

Author(s):Omosefe Oyekanmi

The Allegory of the African Continental Free Trade Area: An Optimistic Prescription?

Article in Press

This paper explores the recent move towards a single continental economic bloc in the likes of the European Community, which spear-headed economic activities and integration in Europe before its final absorption into the European Union’s broader framework in 2009. It exposes the opportunities and equally show-case the possible hurdles that if not carefully handled, will bring this process of economic integration in a...

Author(s):Collins Nkapnwo Formella

Identity Deconstruction and Identification Problem in Ethiopia The Case of Agaw Khimra

Article in Press

After a long process of socio-cultural and linguistic symbiosis and subsequent identity deconstruction; the Khimra Agaw people are subjected to identification problems. The deconstruction of identity due to socio-economic and political factors and the latter reconstruction process instigated mainly by political factors was the focus of this study concomitant with the theoretical and empirical evidence and methods used to...

Author(s):Seifu Moges

Challenges and Opportunities of homegrown ways of Peace building: The Case of Gada system in Borana Community of Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

This study is concerned with challenges and opportunity of gada system in peacebuilding among Borana Oromo community of south Ethiopia. The objective of this paper was to assess the challenges and opportunities of the homegrown( gada system) in peacebuilding in Borana Oromo community. To achieve the objectives, a qualitative case study of research design was implemented. Members of gada council, gada leaders who are active...

Author(s):Assefa Tasgara

Ethnic Based Political Parties and Its Implication for National Unity: A Case Study between Oromo Liberation Front and National Movement of Amhara

Article in Press

Although there were ethnic based political organizations since 1970’s , the introduction of ethnic federalism in the post 1991 period opened a wider space for the mushroom growth of ethnic based parties in Ethiopia. Many of the political parties that are competing in the current Ethiopian politics are ethnic based. Their formation empowered many ethnic groups to have proper political representation at national and...

Author(s):Political science and International Relations


Article in Press

The study focuses on the gambit of capitalism (political downline) and its relationship with the theory of Nchindaism. It provides an understanding to the exploitative mechanics of capitalists on the less developed and predicts the pendulum from Western controlled capitalism to military alliances where Western countries are elbowed from masters to actors and the possible collapse of the United Nations (UN). It targets:...

Author(s):University of Yaounde


Article in Press

The paper looks at the foreign policy of Nigeria after the rise of Boko Haram in Nigeria. The Nigerian government has been seeking to establish ties with its immediate neighbors, Cameroon, the Republic of Niger, Benin and Chad, over the past few years. Since its independence, Nigeria has been pursuing a foreign policy which puts Africa at the center, particularly its West African neighbors. Africa, which was still stressed...

Author(s):Emmanuel Wasiu Akerele, Temple Obiefule Oguchukwu

Migration in the African Perspective: Theoretical and Conceptual Frameworks

Article in Press

The study examines the nature of migration in the African continent. A theoretical review of the impact of migration on the continent reveals two antagonistic consequences. On the one hand are the optimistic propositions, while on the other are the pessimistic suppositions fiercely debating the desirability or otherwise of migration. It therefore, seeks to examine the theoretical viewpoints on the impact of migration, in...

Author(s):Francis Bangura and Isaac Agyemang

Book Review on: Medhane Tadese (2004). Turning Conflicts to Cooperation in the Horn of Africa. Friedrich –Ebert-Stiftung, Addis Ababa

Article in Press

This paper aims to review Medhanes’s book “Turning Conflicts to Cooperation in the Horn of Africa”. The title and the discussion points forwarded by the author of this book are very impressive and valuable to understand the nature of conflict in the Horn of Africa and to turn the existence disorder into cooperation. Medhane identified three important objectives of the paper. Make out the root causes of the conflicts...

Author(s):Melkamu Mersha

Elite Convergence in Socio-Economic and Political Spaces. A Case Study of Zimbabwe’s Elite Actors

Article in Press

Elite convergence in Zimbabwe has often shaped the socio-economic and political environment. These convergences although not limited to political coalitions have shaped and influenced the course of direction the country has channeled. The aim of the paper is to highlight the presence of these supreme convergences between minority super powerful actors whose interests have determined how Zimbabwe is governed. The paper...

Author(s):Mtize Listen


Article in Press

Does social media have any effect on political rights in developing countries? We examine the impact of social media on political rights in 51 African countries. Political rights, which are similar to but separate from the notion of democracy, are associated with representation by the people’s choice. The continuous rise of information communication technologies like social media has enabled citizens to express their...

Author(s):Ajibola Victor

Ethnic Political Conflicts in Ethiopia and Its Repercussions on Neighboring States (1991-2019)

Article in Press

The article attempted to identify, explain and interprets the multidimensional security repercussion of ethnic political conflicts in Ethiopia on the neighboring countries in the period 1991-2018. The study specifically focused on the conflicts between the regime in power and Oromo/Somali ethnic based rebel groups. Key informant interview and FGD were employed to gather primary data which was substantiated by secondary...

Author(s):Solomon Desalegn Negash

Developmental state and democratization:Complementary or Contradictory? Some Reflections on Ethiopian Democratic Developmental State

Article in Press

This study examines the nexus between developmental state and democratization with references to Ethiopian democratic developmental state as the case study. The study employed qualitative research approach as the research methodology. This study is based on desk and policy review and review of literature related to developmental state and democratization in general and democratic developmental state of Ethiopia in...


Health Care Decentralization in Burundi. What type of Decentralized Health Care System do we have?

Article in Press

From the mid-1980s onwards, a wave of decentralization reforms swept across the developing world. A wide range of governments embarked on state reform processes aimed at transferring responsibilities, resources and authority from higher to lower levels of government. The Government of Burundi also embarked on a series of decentralization reforms. One of these reforms has been the decentralization of the health sector...

Author(s):Stève Cédric Bizimana


Article in Press

Parliaments, all over the world are expected to be the central institutions of democracy, embodying the will of the people hence should play a proactive role in the executive’s policy formulation and execution. The aim of this paper is to assess the dilemma that the parliament of Zimbabwe has faced in contributing to the formulation and execution of Zimbabwe’s foreign policy in particular. The Constitution of Zimbabwe,...

Author(s):Cleophas Gwakwara, Zwelibanzi Mpehle and Ricky Munyaradzi Mukonza


Article in Press

This study investigates the factors affecting rural youth active political participation in Alge Sachi Woreda of Ilu Aba Bora zone of Oromia regional state, Ethiopia. Two hundred twenty four (224) rural youths were randomly sampled from nine (9) clustered kebeles among 29 rural kebeles in the Woreda. Open-ended questionnaires for those selected sample size and semi structured interviews for those key informants were used...

Author(s):Getachew Mijana Sabu

The World of Aid, “in Dead Aid: Why Aid is Not Working and How There is a Better way for Africa by Dambisa Moyo (PP.1-70. New York: Farrar, Strauss, and Giroux)

Article in Press

There is no theoretical issue more interesting in contemporary literatures than the controversial dimensions of foreign aid. The author Dambisa Moyo is originally Zambian economist and writer, her books, articles, and public lectures gave more emphasis on the creation of wealth in a global economy.

Author(s):Belayneh Leta

The Factors Determining Voter Turnouts in Presidential Elections in Nigeria: Multivariate Correlation Analysis of the 2019 Presidential Election

Article in Press

People’s active participation in elections is one of the key measures of electoral democracy. The people’s lack of interests or apathy in elections tends to undervalue the democratic process, engender mistrust in political institutions, and enthrone unaccountable leadership. This is why voter turnout is a crucial aspect of electoral studies. Even though Nigeria has successfully undergone two decades of uninterrupted...

Author(s):Olalekan Waheed Adigun

The Role of Refugees in the Development of Nation States: A Sub-Saharan African Perspective

Article in Press

Across the globe, concerns have been expressed that accepting massive influx of refugees impacts on access to scarce available resources to meet the basic needs of the general populace of the host nation. This is a socially constructed view in the mind of some observers that refugees are a burden to the receiving states. BUT is this true? In an attempt to answer the question, this paper explores the role played by refugees...

Author(s):John Bosco Nizeimana, Celestin Mulindahabi

Natural Resource Governance in Africa

Article in Press

The continent of Africa is one of the most richly endowed continents with natural resources that would have placed it on a world map as the most developed continent but not many countries have succeeded in turning the revenues from these natural resources to enduring economic benefits. This phenomenon often described as the “resources curse” has not only stalled development but has created such grinding poverty and...

Author(s):Aluu Vincent Ogbonnia

Voters’ Education And Credible Election In Nigeria: Issues And Challenges Of 2019 General Elections

Article in Press

Following the transition from military dictatorship to democracy, the Nigerian-state has suffered several electoral misconducts since 1999. In an attempt to stop this ugly trend, voters’ education and effective electoral institution remain integral to a successful conduct of the electoral process especially, in a bid to grow and sustain the democratic process in Nigeria. Albeit, voters’ education has been acknowledged...

Author(s):Saheed Olasunkanmi ODUOLA, Bana SAWANEH and Hayatullah Boladale HASSAN


Article in Press

“A nation which refuses to learn from foreign cultures is nothing but a nation of idiots and lunatics. Mankind could not progress at all if we all refused to learn from each other. But [this] …does not mean we should abandon our own [to embrace] the sort of learning from which we can benefit is the kind which can help us to perfect and broaden our own culture” (Nyerere 1966: 187). The question, “Is there a Global...


Democratic Elections and Legitimacy Crisis in African Political Systems. Enhancing Election Credibility towards Fair Vote

Article in Press

Wide participation of citizens in the selection of leaders into public offices lends credibility to democratic system and enhances the level of acceptance of the elected leaders among citizens. However, the increasing volume of invalid votes in the recent times has cast lots of doubts on the level of citizen’s participation in the national elections in Sub-Saharan Africa. Therefore, the study explored vote counts and...


The Democracy Deficit in the Effort to Resolve the Niger Delta Question in Nigeria

Article in Press

This paper reflects on the inadequacy of democratic principles in the effort to resolve the Niger Delta question in Nigeria. Beyond the ethnic, regional and general sectional basis of the desire for restructuring generally in Nigeria, the theory of federal democracy provides a foundation for understanding and addressing those agitations. We focus on the agitations in the oil rich Niger Delta that is core to the agitations...


Youth and Political Socialization in Ethiopia: Thirty Years Balance Sheet

Article in Press

Political Socialization determines the future strength and weakness of one’s country leadership and societal solidarity. The aim of this paper is to investigate youth’s political socialization in Ethiopia since 1990s. The study use qualitative research approach. To achieve the intended goals secondary sources of data were collected from books, journal articles, academic curriculums, reports, newspapers, magazines and...


Wolaytta’s Quest for Statehood: A Historical Overview and Analysis of Contemporary Quests for Regional Statehood in Ethiopia’s Federation

Article in Press

The article examines the public service motivations and its impact on the academic performance of students using four schools: St. Louis Senior High, Asanteman Senior High, Osei Kyeretwie Senior High and Achinakrom Senior High Schools which are category A, B, C, and D schools respectively as cases for study. Comparative case study design that employed both closed and open ended questions was used as instrument to collect...

Author(s):social anthropologist and a lecturer at Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia

Teachers’ Public Service Motivation and the Academic Performance of Students in Second Cycle Institutions of Ghana

Article in Press

The article examines the public service motivations and its impact on the academic performance of students using four schools: St. Louis Senior High, Asanteman Senior High, Osei Kyeretwie Senior High and Achinakrom Senior High Schools which are category A, B, C, and D schools respectively as cases for study. Comparative case study design that employed both closed and open ended questions was used as instrument to collect...

Author(s):Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana


Article in Press

There was a global attention on Nigeria in the runoff to the 2015 general election given the implications of the outcome of the election not only for Nigeria but for Africa as a continent. This is because of the history of electoral violence in Nigeria, and the near state collapse in the country due to the Boko Harram insurgency in the north-eastern part of Nigeria. Thus, the successful conduct of the election would not...

Author(s):Olamide, Temitayo OJOGBEDE, Aluko, Opeyemi Idowu, Oladeji, Isaac Olayide

Representation of Somalia in Western Media: The Piracy Case and BBC

Article in Press

Somalia has been a chaotic situation for the last two decades, civil war broke in 1999 after dethroned central government of Somalia by an armed clan functions, many people lost their lives or their beloved ones and thousands internally displaced others fled to neighboring countries. The humanitarian situation of the displaced people became the worst one in the region. This is attracted the eyes of international donors,...


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