African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007

AJPSIR Articles in press

Article in Press

Genocide vs. Civil War?

The Rwandan Genocide has been at the forefront of many studies and used as example in countless others and with subjects as varied as conflict, racial hatred, tribal wars, reconstruction, rehabilitation, peace process. Since it happened it is the fourth genocide that has earned this appellation in the UN. This study aims to challenge the generally accepted view that is a genocide pure and simple using three different...

Author(s):Alexandra David

Article in Press

“Developing World” and the New World Order: Strategies for Ending Dependency Syndrome

The study in “Developing World” and dependency is not a mere intellectual exercise. It is about the contests of nations and the wily scheming of states and other actors that have on one hand made masters of some people and on the others permanently consigned them into a dependent race since the last five hundred years. This paper is intended to summarize in review, many of the enlightened opinions on this issue with...

Author(s):Dickson, Emmanuel Ekpe

Article in Press

The Role of Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commissions in Combating Corruption in Ethiopia: The case of Amhara National Regional State Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission

Corruption is one of the burning issue and impediments for the prevalence of democracy, good governance and sustainable development in Ethiopia. The Ethiopian government is aware of the severity of consequences of corruption and regarded it as a compulsive necessity to prevent it. In response to this the Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commissions (EACC) emerged as anticorruption authority for the struggle to create a...

Author(s):Erestu Legese Beyene, Taye Demssie Beshah

Article in Press

Assessing participation in urban land administration: The case of Abi Adi Town, Ethiopia

Land is a single greatest resource of any society so there is a need to ensure good governance in land administration. Efficient, effective, accountable, transparent, participatory and responsive land administration services are as much about the administration of land as they are about the civil service that operates within any country. The general objective of the study was to assess the participation of the populace in...

Author(s):Yohannes Hailu

Article in Press

DIPLOMACY THROUGH PEACE-KEEPING OPERATIONS: ASSESSING THE DYNAMICS OF NIGERIA’S FOREIGN POLICY, 1975-2007

This study seeks to investigate Nigeria’s foreign policy objectives in Africa and the world. Nigeria has employed several means-one of which is reliance on diplomacy of peacekeeping operations. However, one may be tempted to ask, in whose interests are Nigeria’s national interests? Also, what has Nigeria been able to achieve as a country and for its citizens? Hence, this study aims to answer the following research...

Author(s):CHRISTIAN ONYEMAECHI OSUAGWU AND PROF. OBIOMA M. IHEDURU

Article in Press

How Religious Institutions, as Pressure Groups, in Turkey and Pakistan Shape Policies?

Religious institutions have currently emerged as more powerful actors than ever before in many Muslim countries. This matter necessitates reassessing the role of religious institutions in policy making processes in such countries. This paper is a comparative study, employing the ‘Most Similar System Design’ to analyze the role of the religious institutions, as pressure groups, in policy-making processes in Pakistan and...

Author(s):Nader Ganji and Kioomars Ashtarian

Article in Press

Security Agencies and the Challenges of Insecurity in Nigeria

This paper examines the multiple security challenges confronting the Nigerian state with serious security implications for her national security and corporate existence. This is with the view to aptly interrogate the roles of the security agencies especially the Nigerian police and army saddled with the responsibility of enforcing laws and order and defending the territorial integrity of the country from any form of...

Author(s):SOLOMON AYEGBA USMAN

Article in Press

The politics and problem of fiscal federalism and revenue allocation formula in Nigeria: Who should get what, how, when and why?

This paper joins the debate on the fiscal policy of the Nigerian government in terms of the revenue allocation formula of the federating units which has been a recurring theme in the country’s political existence. A review of revenue allocation formulas shows that the tools used as a measure to allocate and distribute revenue had been more of political gerrymandering, with each regime choosing which formula suits them...

Author(s):Basil Chijioke Onuoha, Ufomba Henry, Samuel Etteudo Imoh

Article in Press

The triumph of the Futungo and the end of Angola’s Constitutional Paradox. The 2010 Angolan Constitution in comparative perspective.

This article argues that Angola’s new presidentialist regime, enshrined in the 2010 Constitution, its not an innovation per se but instead the outcome of an old political ambition of the MPLA elite. We will demonstrate that these new presidential features were already de facto in place before 2010, although without any constitutional update, and it was only due to Luanda’s Government legalist behaviour, the need to display...

Author(s):Malik Usman Rashid

Article in Press

The Bio-Politics of (Dis) placement in Sudan: Realpolitik and power behind the IDPs’ regimes

Two points can be pre-introduced for this paper. Firstly, according to “natural” disasters, government policies and internal conflicts Sudan is a country with the highest number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the world. Secondly, the process of south Sudan secession/independence into a new state witnesses the largest number of population movement and relocation in Sudan modern history. These two points make it...

Author(s):YASIR AWAD ELTAHIR

Article in Press

Social media and political development in Nigeria: The 2015 general election experience

The emergence of the internet as the new mass medium of the 21st century now changes the mass media substantially. With increasing knowledge of the computer and internet, and invention of many devices in Information Communication Technology (ICT), politicians as well as the electorate embrace the use of social media platforms for communicating political issues. This paper examines social media and political development in...

Author(s):Ajibade Olalekan Eyitayo, Ajayi Toluwalope Oluwatostin and Lamidi Oluwatobi Ayotunde

Article in Press

DEFECTIVE FEDERALISM AND THE EMERGENCE OF DOMESTIC TERRORISM IN NIGERIA

The extremist Islamic sect, Boko Haram, is now feared for its ability to mount both ‘low-scale’ and audacious attacks in Nigeria. This study attempts a consensual explanation of the defects of Nigerian federalism to extrapolate the emergence of the Boko Haram terrorism. The study is descriptive and data obtained from secondary sources. It was found that the insurgence is a manifestation of frustration on account of...

Author(s):Ola Temitope

Article in Press

Electronic government (e-government) and public service delivery in Nigeria: A web index analysis

The use of information and communication technology (ICT) to provide public services had rapidly been on the increase. The world had witnessed a sharp rise in the number of countries using electronic government (e-Government) to provide public services online, especially through one-stop-platforms. This study examined online public service delivery in Nigeria, using web measurement approach. Seven (7) Federal Ministries,...

Author(s):Afees Olumide Hassan

Article in Press

‘A kasa’, ‘A Tsare’ ‘A Raka’, aKuma‘Jira’ (Vote, Guard, Escort and Wait until Results are announced): The Buhari’s Political Campaign Speech and Slogan in Perspectives

Campaign speeches are vital tools which politicians use to express their views and feelings to the electorates with views to convincing, appealing, changing or reshaping and redirecting the electorate opinions to agree with theirs. It is usually laden with emotion and has the effect of causing the electorate to have a change of mind on some issues. Since Buhari’s metamorphosis into politics, a new era of campaign speech...

Author(s):Shehu Hashimu

Article in Press

As the beat goes on in Syria, is there an exit route?

On 18 December, 2015 the UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2254 (2015) that endorsed a Road Map for Peace Process and a Timetable for peace talks in Syria. The resolution calls for a “cessation of hostilities” between forces loyal to President Bashar-al- Assad and opposition groups and a political settlement in the country. Also, the resolution envisions the formation of a unity government and calls for an...

Author(s):Osaretin Idahosa

Article in Press

FINANCING POLITICAL PARTIES IN NIGERIA: A CURSORY EXPLORATION OF THE FOURTH REPUBLIC

Political party finance in Nigeria has been a subject discourse among scholars, politicians and civil society organisations in recent time. This is not only because of the currency of the concept, but as a result of the important roles it plays in democratic process across different political settings. The roles of money in the viability of political parties, advancement of democracy and democratization to a large extent,...

Author(s):Oluwadare Ayeni

Article in Press

The Politics of Leadership Innstability in Nigeria's Senate, 1999-2011

The legislature in Nigeria has not lived up to its bidden. Over the years this arm of government has suffered most from the frequent military interventions since 1966. Its powers are usually usurped by the executive arm under every military regime, thereby making its growth stunted and its members immature. Even under democratic governments, the legislature continues to suffer from similar ills, but this time from...

Author(s):LEKE ABRAHAM OLUWALOGBON

Article in Press

A Functional Analysis of the 2011 NN24 Nigerian Presidential Debate

This paper applies the Functional Theory of Political Campaign Discourse to the 2011 Network News 24 presidential debate. Three of the four leading candidates participated: Muhammadu Buhari (Congress for Progressive Change), Nuhu Ribadu (Action Congress of Nigeria), and Ibrahim Shekarau (All Nigeria Peoples Party). These candidates acclaimed (69%) more frequently than they attacked (27%) or defended (4%). They discussed...

Author(s):KING AKAN NNAEMEKA EYO

Article in Press

The Nigeria’s Foreign Policy and Establishment of the ECOWAS, 1960-1975: A Study in Diplomatic History

This article seeks to analyze the comparative initiatives undertaken by certain West African countries and international organizations with a view to integrating the sub-region between 1960 and 1975. It contends that the initiatives could not succeed in creating an inclusive sub-regional organization because the countries that spearheaded them lacked dynamic foreign policy, financial and human resources to pursue such...

Author(s):BASSEY JOSEPH ROBERT

Article in Press

ELECTORAL INSTITUTIONS AND VOTING BEHAVIOUR OF PROFESSIONALS IN SOUTH-WESTERN STATES, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Democratic principles and ideals are becoming entrenched across sub-Saharan Africa while voters' turnout, an important ingredient has been a steady decline in Nigeria. Although, the professionals are presumed to be the conscience of human societies, however, little attention is paid to their voting behaviour. This study, therefore, examines the voting behaviour of professionals in south western, Nigeria. The...

Author(s):Adeleke Gbadebo Fatai

Article in Press

Non- traditional Security: The new Outlook towards State Centric Approach

Abstract Security issues in international relations, particularly during the era of the cold war, were and had been dominated by the realist paradigm which saw the preservation of the state from external threat. Such conception of security provided a very myopic and narrow understanding of the security problem of states. During the past decade, attempts are being made to broaden the security agenda to include not only...

Author(s):Ningthoujam koiremba

Article in Press

YOUTHS VIOLENCE IN THE NIGER DELTA: THE MARITIME DIMENSION

This study sets out to examine the relationship between the youths and violence in the region with particular reference to maritime dimension of the violence. The study adopts the Frustration-Aggression and Basic Human Needs theories of conflict and reveals that the incessant cases of maritime crime is the result of long time feeling of neglect and marginalisation in the Niger Delta. The youths felt the region has been...

Author(s):Pabon Baribene

Article in Press

Assessing the Applicability of the Capability Approach to Zimbabwe’s Social Reality

The paper asserts that there are certain basic necessities and needs that are missing in the Zimbabwean society. The missing components are within the social, economic and political spheres. In definitive terms, the paper argues that there are some basic needs, necessities and freedoms that individuals in society should enjoy are trampled upon. In a sense, the well-being of individuals are stifled and as such, the paper...

Author(s):ERASMUS MASITERA

Article in Press

Hamas: Origins, Ideological Orientations and Evolving Tactics

Hamas has started as militant movement for liberation of Palestine. It has operated totally on charter at beginning. Hamas engaged in social activities for Palestinian and soon get popularity. But Hamas did not participate in politics (Elections) till 1996. In 2006, Hamas has to decide to participate in elections and participated. After the result, Hamas became victorious party and formed the government in Gaza Strip....

Author(s):ATIK UR RAHMAN

Article in Press

THE ROLE OF SANCTIONS IN PROMOTING DEMOCRACY IN NIGERIA

The return to democratic governance in Nigeria in 1999 after 16years of military rule 1983-1999) was facilitated by a constellation of factors. One of these factors was the sanctions imposed on the country by the international community, notably, the Commonwealth European Union, United states and Canada, on account of serious human rights violations, repression of opposition (NADECO), unfavourable political climate,...

Author(s):ORLUCHUKWU GODWIN

Article in Press

Transition from Civil War to Peace: The Role of the United Nations and International Community in Mozambique

Today most armed conflicts occur within states and not between them. These conflicts are more difficult to solve than international conflicts and often reoccur. What factors can help prevent warring parties from reverting to violence and instead create a sustainable peace? Does sustainable peace require support from the “outside”? Or is it most likely to succeed when driven from the “inside”? What lessons can other...

Author(s):Ayokunu Adedokun

Article in Press

The Effects of Chieftaincy and Land Conflicts on the Socio-political Development of Northern Ghana

This paper assesses the effects of inter-ethnic chieftaincy and land conflicts on the socio-political development of northern Ghana. The paper examines the theoretical antecedents of these conflicts and what could to be done to achieve lasting peace. Methodologically, the study makes use of content analysis of secondary data, by following the tenets of the realistic group conflict theory. Examples were drawn from the...

Author(s):MOHAMMED SULEMANA

Article in Press

The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on the Foreign Aid and the experience of United Kingdom

This paper presents an examination of the arguments why the UK government is committed to increasing its Foreign Aid spending to 0.7% of GNI. The study examines the facts around UK’s Foreign Aid policy and how the Aid is used. Further, it explores the theoretical basis for the arguments posed for and against foreign Aid and how these are relevant to the UK’s situation today. The UK’s decision to act contrary to the...

Author(s):PATRICK KYANDA

Article in Press

The role of international politics, the United Nations Security Council and other political entities in the evolution of international criminal justice: Evaluating the independence of Pre-International Criminal Court Institutions from international politics.

International politics, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and other political entities’ activities influenced a lot in the evolution of the international criminal justice system, more particularly in the development of international criminal law institutions. Since the end of World War II, institutions have been established to administer international criminal justice and these include the International Military...

Author(s):Brian Dube

Article in Press

National Interests versus Due Diligence for Global Security: A Rethink of States’ Actions in the 21st Century

Existing literatures have alluded to states’ pursuits of their interests at the expense of other entities within the international system; while some other perspectives prefer the moral obligation paradigm and the existence of a normative social structure, for the explanation of the low level of violence and high point of order within the global system. Nevertheless, the growing reality is a potpourri of statists’...

Author(s):Olusegun Paul ADESANYA

Article in Press

Is it not yet time to emancipate from the word “democracy”?

The deception associated with the word, ‘democracy’ has become a point of discussion for modern day’s scholars of political economy. The word has only found valued for liberal democracies and is considered undervalued for other systems which are perceived as non-democratic despite of the fact that this specific word has also been used for other systems of governance as well. This article aimed to show whether the word...

Author(s):Bin Amin Umar

Article in Press

Debunking the developmental state in Ethiopia: Seven (07) un-learned/wrongly learned lessons from the East Asian developmental states

This paper raises the question: Has the Ethiopian developmental state learned the lessons of the East Asian developmental states between the lines and to the end in order to claim to be a truly developmental state? Also, based on a re-collection of some seven (07) ‘bundles of lessons’ from the East Asian developmental states and an examination of the Ethiopian developmental state against such historical backdrop, the paper...

Author(s):Seife Hailu Gebreslassie

Article in Press

Multi-National corporations, the idea of sovereign state and local community: Analysis on mining scenario in the Junin District of Ecuador

The article was written to show the interplay between the state, mining multinational corporations (MNCs) and local community in Ecuador, with the central objective of showing the changing role of nation-state in environmental governance. It was organized in the following way. Firstly it addressed a sovereign nation-state in retrospect and its association with the natural environment. This encompassed the behavior of...

Author(s):Bimir Mathias Nigatu

Article in Press

Stakeholder participation in monitoring and evaluation of district assembly projects and programmes: The Savelugu-Nanton municipal assembly in perspective

Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation (PM&E) aid in promoting greater transparency and accountability and a response to the growing demand for organisations to improve project and programme outcomes and impacts. The beneficial spill over of PM&E has the effect of illuminating on results while giving stakeholders a clearer sense of the status of projects and programmes while the ability to demonstrate positive results can...

Author(s):Alhassan Baba Musah, Sulemana Mohammed, Kanlisi Kaba Simon

Article in Press

The impact of corruption and injustice on the good governance in Nigeria: Growth and development

The development of Nigeria’s democracy becomes repressed as a result of the combination of the general malaise of endemic corruption and systemic failure in all ramifications. Few countries of the world are as much endowed with human and natural resources as Nigeria. Governments are already failing to meet their immediate obligations of payment of salaries and maintaining the structures of governance thus signaling the...

Author(s):Bolanle, W. Shiyanbade

Article in Press

Analysis of online reactions to the proscription of Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) as terrorist organization

Classification of the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) as a terrorist organization has been condemned by those who felt government went overboard. The voice of these individuals and groups are so strident that it seemingly drowned the support accorded the proscription by those who believe that IPOB deserved to be so labelled. These divergent positions of newsmakers were examined since as opinion moulders, they greatly...

Author(s):Anthony C. Ekwueme and Ugochukwu S. Ugwuanyi

Article in Press

International human rights reports and the Ethiopian state’s reactions: The counter-discourse and beyond

While the human rights situation in Ethiopia has been in the spotlight of international scrutiny for a long time, the ruling government of Ethiopia had been unresponsive until recently. The substance of the critique of the human rights violations in Ethiopia, whether emanating from international human rights non-governmental organisations (NGOs) or the U.S Department of state, is literally analogous. By different...

Author(s):Paulos Milkias and Betel Bekele Birhanu

Article in Press

The intervention of the civilian joint task force (CJTF) in the war against Boko Haram in north east Nigeria: A theoretical approach

The Nigerian government has made several efforts in an attempt to tackle the mayhem brought upon the people of north-eastern region of the country by the Islamic extremist movement “nicknamed” Boko Haram, particularly, the people of Borno and Yobe states. Unfortunately, the efforts of government in fighting the insurgents through the instrumentality of the Military Joint Task Force (MJTF) are not without some major...

Author(s):David Joseph Dan-azumi and Ademola Azeez

Article in Press

AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE CONTRIBUTION OF WOMEN MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT ON ISSUES AFFECTING CHILDREN IN UGANDAN

This paper explores the contribution of women Members of Parliament (MPs) to decision making in Uganda. It an attempt to see whether women representatives in parliament are actively involved in parliamentary debates on issues of their concern particularly issues affecting children. The existing literature reveals that women are more responsive to issues of children compared to their male counterparts. This study through...

Author(s):Kakuba Juma

Article in Press

A review of the role played by war veterans in Zimbabwe’s post-independence development discourse

Having played a decisive role in Zimbabwe’s liberation movement, war veterans find themselves in a precarious socio-economic and political position in the post-independent era with the continued downward trajectory in development. War veterans, the majority of whom come from rural, peasant, and urban working class backgrounds have played a fluid role in Zimbabwe’s development discourse. The relationship between war...

Author(s):Landa Mxolisi

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