Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009

JVMAH Articles in press

Article in Press

Bovine Mastitis: Prevalence, Isolation and Identification of Major Bacterial Pathogens in Selected Areas of Bench Maji Zone, Southwest Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of mastitis in bovines and to , isolate and identify the major bacterial pathogens of lactating cows in six selected woredas of Bench Maji Zone of Southwestern Ethiopia from June 2017 - October 2017. Three hundred eighty four lactating cows were examined for mastitis by combination of udder physical examination, California Mastitis Test and subsequent...

Author(s):Teshome Gemechu, Hasen Awel Yunus, Morga Soma and Amare Beyene

Article in Press

PREVALENCE OF EXTERNAL INJURIES IN WORKING DONKEYS IN AND AROUND MEKELLE, NORTHERN ETHIOPIA

The study conducted from November 2007-April 2008 in and around Mekelle, to determine the magnitude of external injuries in donkeys revealed 39.64 %overall prevalence of injuries from 978 randomly selected donkeys. There was a significant variation between two veterinary clinics (x2=11.23, P

Author(s):Tolesa Garoma

Article in Press

ANTIBIOTIC SENSITIVITY AND SODIUM CHLORIDE SUSCEPTIBILITY PATTERNS OF Flavobacterium columnare ISOLATED FROM CLINICAL COLUMNARIS IN CULTURED Clarias gariepinus.

Antimicrobial resistance is a global concern, especially with the backdrop of the development of possible environmental and public health hazards. Flavobacterium columnare has been observed to be multi-drug resistant but highly susceptible to sodium chloride, hence the need for susceptibility profiling. Therapeutic efficacy of commonly used antibiotics and sodium chloride was tested in-vitro against four isolates of F....

Author(s):Oladosu Gbolahanmi Akinola and Oladosu Oluwatomilola Olakunbi

Article in Press

Seroepidemology of Bovine Brucellosis in Horro Guduru Animal Production and Research Center, and Its Surroundings in Western Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Wollega University Horro Guduru Animal Production and Research Center and its surrounding, of Western Ethiopia to estimate the seroprevelence of bovine brucellosis and its associated risk factors from December 2017 to March 2018. A total of 812 cattle from three stations (districts) were randomly selected for serology and questionery surveys from 102 respondents were collected using...

Author(s):Tolesa Garoma and Bedaso Mamo

Article in Press

The neglected welfare statue of working donkeys in Ethiopia: The case of Dale district in Southern Ethiopia

A cross sectional study was conducted on total of 246 working donkeys from October 2015 to May 2016 with the objectives of assessing the welfare problem and harness related wound in dale district of Sidama Zone. The data were collected using direct (animal-based, using The Hand Tool) and indirect (owners resource-based, through questionnaire survey) methods. Indirect data was collected on the working management of donkeys...

Author(s):Bereket Molla Tanga, Addis Kassahun Gebremeskel

Article in Press

RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF SOME VIRAL DISEASES OF POULTRY REPORTED IN SELECTED VETERINARY CLINICS IN JOS, PLATEAU STATE

A four year (2008-2011) retrospective study of the prevalence of some viral diseases of poultry diagnosed in selected Veterinary clinics in Jos was conducted. A prevalence of 3.0%, 5.7%, and 12.6% (out of a total of 14, 644 cases of poultry diseases) for Newcastle disease (ND), Infectious bursa disease (IBD) and Neoplastic viral diseases (NVD) of poultry respectively were recorded. The prevalence of IBD increased steadily...

Author(s):Bata, S. I., Ogbu, K. I., Abdullateef, H., Agwu, E.,Chindo, A., Udokainyang, A. D., Manasseh, L. N., Abba, M. and Obalisa, A

Article in Press

Assess the Prevalence of Hydatidosis in Cattle Slaughtered at Maychew Municipal Abattoir, EndaMekoni Woreda, Southern Tigray Zone of Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted from January to June, 2017 to assess the prevalence of hydatidosis in cattle slaughtered at Maychew Municipal Abattoir, EndaMekoni Woreda. The overall prevalence rate of the parasite was (32.03%) with a distribution rate of 31.88% and 33.33% in male and female slaughtered cattle, respectively. However, there were no statistical significance (p>0.05) differences between the sex. The...

Author(s):Yohans Hailu, Berhe Mekonnen Mengistu, Habtom Kiros Bitsue, Abreha Bsrat

Article in Press

Study on prevalence and associated risk factors of mange mite infestations in cattle in Damot Woyde district, Wolaita zone, Southern Ethiopia

A cross sectional study was conducted from October 2017 to April 2018 in Damot woyde district of Wolayta Zone with objective of estimating the prevalence of mange mite infestation in cattle and identify the associated risk factors. Out of 375 animals examined 41(10.9%) were found positive for mange mite infestations. No statistically significant difference was noted among sex, age, breed and management categories (p>0.05);...

Author(s):Sitotaw Kolato Koche, Gemechu Chala Hunderra, Aynalem Mandefro Getahun

Article in Press

Strategies for Animal Disease Control in Ethiopia: A Review of Policies, Regulations and Actors

A cross sectional study was undertaken from November 2015 to March 2016 at Dodola in Oromia Regional state to identify the major tick species of cattle and to determine the tick burden and as well as to asses possible risk factors that might be associated with cattle infestation. A total of 400 cattle were selected. Adult ticks were collected from nine half-body regions of cattle into universal sampling bottle containing...

Author(s):Adam Bekele, Dawit Alemu, Tilaye Teklewold, Henrietta L. Moore, Catherine Hodge, Stefan Berg

Article in Press

STUDY ON TICK INFESTATION IN CATTLE COME TO DODOLA VETERINARY CLINIC,WEST ARSI, OROMIA REGIONAL STATE

A cross sectional study was undertaken from November 2015 to March 2016 at Dodola in Oromia Regional state to identify the major tick species of cattle and to determine the tick burden and as well as to asses possible risk factors that might be associated with cattle infestation. A total of 400 cattle were selected. Adult ticks were collected from nine half-body regions of cattle into universal sampling bottle containing...

Author(s):Mohammed Ahmed Adem and Musa Shamo Nuunaa

Article in Press

Prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis and apparent vector density in HumboDistrict, Southern Ethiopia.

A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2017 to April 2018 in Humbo District, Wolaita zone, Southern Ethiopia with the aim to examine the prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis, recoongnize the most common species of trypanosomes and to study the density of tsetse flies in the area. In the studied villages, blood samples taken from 310 cattle selected randomly were analyzed using standard parasitological methods...

Author(s):Nahom BelayBekelea, Yifat Denbarga Gebrekidana

Article in Press

WELFARE ASSESSMENT AND RELATED HEALTH PROBLEMS OF WORKING EQUINES IN KAMBA WOREDA, SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA

A cross-sectional type of study was conducted from November 2016 to April 2017 with the objectives to assess welfare issues and associated risk factors compromising welfare concerns of equines health in Kamba Woreda, Southern Ethiopia. The study implemented both direct (animal based) and indirect (owner interview) assessment methods for welfare assessment. Out of 386 equines examined in the study16.6%, 16.6%, and 88.8%...

Author(s):Mandefot Meaza, Dereje Debalke and Tadele Gashaw

Article in Press

The Prevalence of Fasciolosis in Small Ruminants in and around Mekelle, Tigray Regional State, Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted in sheep and goats to determine the prevalence of fasciolosis in and around Mekelle, Tigray Regional State, Ethiopia. Faecal sample collected from a total of 412 small ruminants comprising of 259 sheep and 153 goats were examined by using the sedimentation technique to find out the eggs of Fasciola species. Out of the total, 412 examined faecal samples 67 were found positive for...

Author(s):Abebe Asnake, Berhe Mekonnen Mengistu, Mu’uz Gebru, Habtom Kiros bitsue

Article in Press

Peste des Petits Ruminants: Seropositivity and Associated Risk Factors in Goats and Camel in Dello Mena and MaddaWalabu Districts of Bale Zone, South Eastern Ethiopia

Despite its endemicity and economic significance in Ethiopia, there was no sero-surveillance report of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in Bale Zone. With this regard the study was conducted in Dello Mena and MaddaWalabu districts of Bale zone with the objectives of determining the seroprevalence of PPR and associated risk factors. A cross sectional study was conducted from March 2017 to May 2017 on weaned goat and camel...

Author(s):Dagim Berhanu Gebresilassiea, Minda Asfawb, Aynalem Teshomea

Article in Press

Outbreak Based Serotype Identification and Molecular Detection of Circulating FMD Virus Serotypes at Adea berga Dairy Farm, Central High Land of Ethiopia

Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a transmissible viral infection of cloven hooved animals associated with severe economic losses due to morbidity, mortality, and milk loss and trade restrictions. Outbreak investigation and cross-sectional study were conducted from September 2016 to April 2017 with the objectives of serotype identification and molecular detection from outbreak cases at Adea berga dairy farm in Adea berga...

Author(s):Beksisa Urge, Fufa Dawo , Daniel Gizaw

Article in Press

MAJOR CAUSES OF ORGANS AND CARCASSES CONDEMNATION AND THEIR FINANCIAL LOSSES IN CATTLE SLAUGHTERED AT SULULTA ABATTOIR ENTERPRISE, ETHIOPIA

The study was carried out from November 2017 to April 2018 on cattle slaughtered at Sululta abattoir to identify major causes of organs and carcass condemnation and to estimate the amount of direct economic losses. The study design was cross sectional and by using a systematic random sampling. Three hundred eight four cattle were selected for study. Both ante mortem and post mortem examination were employed. The ante...

Author(s):Yale let Worku Wodegebrieland Ephrem Teshome Mesfin

Article in Press

Reproductive health problems and associated risk factors in intensively managed dairy cows in Alage, Southern Ethiopia

Cross sectional study was conducted in Alage dairy farm with the objectives of determining the causes of reproductive wastages, their prevalence and the risk factors on 173 dairy cows (68 Holstein Friesian (HF) and 105 Borena breed) from November 2017 to April 2018. Additionally, a one year data, from September, 2016 to September, 2017 on a total of 172 cows were analyzed. From the one year record data, 33.72% (n=58) of...

Author(s):Addis Kassahun Gebremeskel, Bereket Molla Tanga, Yohannes Nigatu, Chala Feyera Olkeba

Article in Press

Prevalence and associated risk factors of ophthalmic problems of working donkeys in Mekelle Town, Northern Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of ophthalmic problems of working donkeys in Mekelle town, Northern Ethiopia. Out of the total 384 examined, 181 were found to be positive for ophthalmic problems with an overall prevalence of 47.14 per cent. In this study, a statistical significant difference (P10 years and 6-10 were 3.34 (OR=3.34; 95% CI: 2.002, 5.578) and 2.01...

Author(s):Teklay Kidanu, Yohannes Hagos, Habtom Kiros Bitsue, Hagos Yihdego, Berhe Mekonnen Mengistu, Netsanet Berhe

Article in Press

Prevalence and intensity of gastrointestinal nematodes infection in sheep and goats in semi-intensively managed farm, South Ethiopia

Infections with gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) severely affect small Ruminant's health and compromise their productivity and reproductive performances and can be a major cause of economic losses in small ruminant production. A cross-sectional study was conducted between January and March 2017 in semi-intensively managed sheep and goats farm to determine the prevalence and intensity, and to identify the major genera of...

Author(s):Bekalu Kuma,Rahmeto Abebe, Berhanu Mekbib, Desie Shiferaw ,Mesele Abera

Article in Press

Multidrug-resistant enterobacteria colonizes commercial day-old broiler chicks in Nigeria

Day-old chicks are important source of introduction of multidrug-resistant enterobacteria in broiler production chain. This study was conducted to isolate generic enterobacteria from day-old broiler chicks in Nigeria, and to determine the antibacterial resistance profile. The birds were sourced from 5 purposively-selected hatcheries identified as “A”, “B”, “C”, “D” and “E” in Southwest Nigeria. Non-duplicate cloacal swabs...

Author(s):Obianuju Nkiruka Okoroafora, Madubuike Umunna Anyanwub, Emmanuel Onyeka Nwafora, George Nnamdi Anosaa, Rita Ijeoma Udegbunamc

Article in Press

WELFARE PROBLEMS OF WORKING DONKEYS IN ARBAMINCH AND SODO TOWNS, SOUTHERN-WESTERN ETHIOPIA

A cross-sectional study was conducted out from November 2017 to April 2018 with the objectives of assessing welfare problems and determining risk factors on cart pulling donkeys in Arbaminch and Sodo towns, Southern Ethiopia. Both direct methods, based on observation of animals, and indirect methods, interviews of the owners which indicates the resource bases, were used to collect data. A total of 384 randomly selected...

Author(s):Bereket Molla Tanga, Addis Kassahun Gebremeskel, Yebelayhun Mulugeta

Article in Press

Major Causes of Organ and Carcass Condemnation in Cattle Slaughtered at Bahir Dar Municipality Abattoir, North West Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2010 to March 2011 in Bahir Dar municipality abattoir, Northwest Ethiopia to identify the major causes of organ and carcass condemnations and to estimate the direct economic losses. A total of 413 cattle were taken for antemortem and postmortem examination. During the antemortem examination of 413 cattle destined for slaughter, rough hair coat (2%) and tick infestation...

Author(s):Chemere Ayenew, AregaTafere, Ayichew Teshale

Article in Press

Morpho-histogenesis of midbrain of the grey breasted helmeted guinea fowl (Numida meleagris galeata) at post-hatch

The study was carried out to investigate the development of the midbrain in the grey breasted helmeted guinea fowl, Numida meleagris galeata, at post-hatch. Domestication of this species of bird is in an increase, but scanty documentation on the development of midbrain (mesencephalon) and how it relates to the neurobiology of this bird is lacking. In our findings, there was a steady increase in the midbrain mean weights...

Author(s):Wanmi Nathaniel Nzalak James Oliver, Samuel Oluwale Micheal and Pindar David

Article in Press

A COMPARISON ON AND PROGRESSION OF DENTAL DISEASE IN THREE AGE GROUPS OF CAPTIVE AND FREE GRAZING CEPHALOPHUS NIGER IN WET AND DRY SEASONS- CONTRIBUTORY IMPACTS OF DEFICIENT DIET AND EXTREME WEATHER

Purpose-The study aims to assess the contributory and predisposing effects of prolonged drought and climate phenomenon on occurrence of dental abnormalities among three age group categories of Cephalophus niger. Methods- This inquiry utilized a population cohort study comprising of 18 females and males for a period of three years in a continuum. Each group consisted of (eight) 0-10 months old kids (4 males and females),...

Author(s):Samuel O.M, Femi-Akinlosotu O.M, Usende, L.I

Article in Press

Study on ruminal and reticular foreign body in slaughtered cattle at Dessie municipal abattoir, Ethiopia

Cross-sectional study was conducted from October, 2016 to April, 2017 on 396 cattle at Dessie Municipal Abattoir, with the objectives to determine the prevalence and type of indigestible foreign body in rumen and reticulum of cattle in association with hypothetical risk factors. Simple random sampling technique was used for selecting the study animals which were ruminants brought from various localities to abattoir. 59...

Author(s):Tarekegn Tintagu Gizaw, Huzeyifa Shawol, Bethelehem Alemu Minalu, Yalew Tefera and Ali Selamawi Fantahun

Article in Press

Health and welfare problems of pack donkeys and cart horses in and around Holeta town, Walmara district, Central Ethiopia

This study was conducted from October, 2013 to May, 2014 to identify and compare common health and welfare problems of pack donkeys and cart horses in and around Holeta town, central Ethiopia. The presence of the problems was directly assessed on 301 pack donkeys and 84 cart horses, and indirectly assessed in the areas where the study animals were living, grazing and working. Indirect assessments of the problems were also...

Author(s):Chala Chaburte, Bojia Endabu, Feleke Getahun, Alemayehu Fanta, Zerihun Asefa, and Kassaye Aragaw

Article in Press

A comparative study on prevalence of major reproductive health problems of indigenous and cross breed dairy cattle in Jimma zone, south western Ethiopia

The objective of the current study was to assess the major reproductive health problems and associated risk factors of dairy cattle in and around Jimma town, South–Western Ethiopia in the current study, out of 343 cows investigated (28%) were found to be positive for at least one reproductive health problems. The major reproductive health problems identified in the current study were retained fetal membrane (8.75%),...

Author(s):Galana Abaya and Assefa Kebede

Article in Press

Prevalence of poultry coccidiosis in and around Guder town, West Shewa Zone, Oromia Regional State, Western Ethiopia

Coccidiosis is an important protozoal disease of chickens, which causes high economic losses in the poultry industry. A cross sectional study was conducted in and around Guder town, West Shewa Zone, Oromia Regional State, Western Ethiopia from November 2016 to March 2017 in order to determine the prevalence of coccidiosis and its associated risk factors in local and exotic breed chicken that were kept under free-range and...

Author(s):Getu Moti, Amare Eshetu, Endale Teshome, Solomon Shiferaw and Befikadu Seyoum

Article in Press

Prevalence and economic impact of bovine fasciolosis in Wolaita Sodo Municipal Abattoir, Southern Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2015 to April 2016 with the objectives of determining the prevalence of fasciolosis and predominant species, identifying the associated risk factors and their association with severity of liver lesions and economic significance due to liver condemnation in cattle slaughtered in Wolaita Sodo Municipal Abattoir, Southern Ethiopia. All cattle brought for slaughter to Wolaita...

Author(s):Bakalo Basa, Ayichew Teshale, Tamirat Herago and Abebe Agonafir

Article in Press

Some macro and micro-minerals content in milk of desert sheep and goats in South Darfur State, Sudan

This study was aimed to determine the content of some macro-minerals (Ca, P, Na and K) and micro-minerals (Zn, Cu and Mn) in the milk of desert sheep and goat as well as the effect of stage of lactation on mineral composition. Samples were collected from South Darfur State during dry season (November-February) 2011. Two hundred and five milk samples were collected from lactating desert sheep and 250 samples from desert...

Author(s):Ishraga G. Ibrahim, Hajer I. Ishag, Osman H., Amna E. Khallafalla and Sahar M. Nasar

Article in Press

Prevalence of Bovine Trypanosomosis in Gawo-Dalle district of Kellem Wollega zone, Oromia State, Ethiopia

A cross sectional study was carried out from October, 2007 to March, 2008 to determine the prevalence of bovine trypanosomiasis and tsetse apparent density using parasitological, entomological and questionnaire survey in Birbir valley Gawo-Dalle district. The overall prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis was 13.4%. Trypanosoma congolense was identified as the dominant species (71.8%) followed by Trypanosoma brucei (14.1%),...

Author(s):Waktole Terfa, Dinka Ayana, Yacob Hailu, Fufa Abunna

Article in Press

Prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes of small ruminants in and around Ambo Town of West Shoa, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

The gastrointestinal nematodes of small ruminants are one of the important parasitic diseases that obviously result in reduced productivity. A cross-sectional study was carried out from November 2015 to April 2016 to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with gastrointestinal nematode infestation by faecal examination of 384 small ruminants selected from five different sites in and around Ambo Town of...

Author(s):Gutu Terfassa, Lama Yimer and Chala Mohammed

Article in Press

Prevalence and risk factors of bovine tuberculosis in dairy cattle in Adama city, Central Ethiopia

Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a serious infectious disease of cattle with significant economic impact and public health risk. It is particularly important in Ethiopia where effective control programs are lacking. This cross-sectional study was carried out between April and July 2016 on 1038 cattle selected from 206 dairy farms in Adama city located in central Ethiopia to estimate the prevalence of bTB and assess the...

Author(s):Tefera Woldemariam, Gezahegne Mamo, Rahmeto Abebe and Gobena Ameni

Article in Press

Genetic diversity of Mycobacterium bovis in Jalisco, Mexico: Tracing back sources of infection

Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a disease of cattle that presents risk to public health, causing severe economic losses to the livestock industry and difficulty in eradication because of its complex epidemiology. The aim of this study was to identify relationships between Mycobacterium bovis strains from cattle in the State of Jalisco, and those of other States of México. Molecular fingerprints of 337 M. bovis isolates from...

Author(s):Sara González Ruiz, Susana L. Sosa Gallegos, Elba Rodríguez Hernández, Susana Flores Villalba, Sergio I. Román Ponce, Isabel Bárcenas Reyes, Germinal J. Cantó Alarcón and Feliciano Milián Suazo

Article in Press

Prevalence of bovine of schistosomosis in and around Nekemte, East Wollega zone, Western Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted from March 2016 to May 2016 at Guto Gida District, Nekemte, Ethiopia to determine the prevalence of bovine schistosomosis. Simple random sampling method was used to select the study animals and sedimentation technique was applied for finding Schistosoma eggs from fresh fecal samples. Out of 384 fecal samples examined, 22 were found positive indicating an overall prevalence of 5.7%...

Author(s):Abriham Kebede Jiregna Dugassa, Geremew Haile and Berhanu Wakjira

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