African Journal of
Food Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Food Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0794
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJFS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 801

AJFS Articles

March 2016

Vitamin A stability in Nigerian wheat flour and fortification compliance level

Stability and compliance level of fortified Nigerian retailed flour has not been determined. The aim of study therefore was to evaluate vitamin A stability in retailed flour and assess compliance status. Seventeen wheat flour samples were randomly selected from 12 bakeries across six Local Government Areas in Lagos, Nigeria. Pre- and post-storage retinol analyses of retailed flour stored for 30 days were carried out...

Author(s): Florence Ngozi Uchendu and Tola Atinmo

March 2016

Development of ELISA kit for the assay of ichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane in milk and milk products

Immunoassay of pesticide residues in foods is gaining importance in the past two decades. The objective of the present work is to develop an enzyme – linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit for the assay of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) in milk and milk products. Here, an ELISA method was developed using rabbit polyclonal antibodies against a hapten, DDT-OH for the detection of organochloride pesticide DDT...

Author(s): Pugazhenthi Thirumalai Rengasamy, Ayyadurai Kantharimuthu, Murugan Balaraman, and Senthilkumar Sivanesan

February 2016

Aroma profile of gowe, a traditional malted fermented sorghum beverage from Benin

Spontaneous fermented gowé was characterized by specific flavor produced by different enzymatic activities of microorganisms involved. Gowé was also produced by controlled fermentation using strains of Lactobacillus fermentum and Weissella confusa singly or in combination with Kluyveromyces marxianus and Pichia anomala after an accelerated saccharification. Investigation using Likens-Nikerson extraction...

Author(s): Générose Vieira-Dalodé, Noël Akissoé, Nana Annan, Djidjoho Joseph Hounhouigan and Mogens Jakobsen

February 2016

Composition and sensory properties of plantain cake

Nutrient composition, organoleptic attributes and overall acceptability of plantain cake were evaluated. Plantain fingers in stages 2 (URP) and 5 of ripeness (RP) used in this study were washed, peeled, sliced into small pieces, sun-dried for five days and milled separately into flour. Commercial wheat flour (WF100) served as the control. Each sample was sieved and analyzed for functional properties and nutrients and...

Author(s): Ibeanu Vivienne, Onyechi Uchenna, Ani Peace and Ohia Clinton

January 2016

Health factors associated with persistent konzo in four villages in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

Persistent konzo is low level incidence of konzo that is not associated with konzo epidemics due to drought or war. It has been reported from Mozambique and Tanzania. Various health factors associated with persistent konzo in four villages in Kasanji Health Area, Bandundu Province, DRC were studied, where there were 38 konzo cases in a population of 2283, with mean percentage konzo prevalence of 1.7%. Konzo occurred...

Author(s):  Banea J. P., Bradbury J. H., Nahimana D., Denton I. C., Foster M. P., Mekob N., Kuwa N., Bokundabi G. and Foley W. J.

January 2016

Residual chlorine and pH influence on hygienic tap quality water consumed in Togo

Water is used in personal hygiene, but also for food purposes. Unfortunately, the problem of drinking water consumption persists in developing countries. Water supply involves several stages from collection to storage through packaging and transport. During all these steps, the water can undergo various microbiological, physical and chemical contaminations that can transmit waterborne diseases among consumers. The...

Author(s): Tidjani A., Kimassoum D., Ameyapoh Y., Soncy K. and de Souza C.

January 2016

Influence of means of transportation on the quality of beef from three indigenous cattle breeds in Cameroon

The influence of transportation conditions on the quality of beef was evaluated on carcasses from three indigenous cattle breeds in Cameroon. Twenty bulls of similar age (3 to 5 years inclusive) from the Gudali, Red Mbororo and White Fulani breeds transported by train and by truck from the same production zone to the abattoir were investigated. Beef samples were used to evaluate technological and chemical properties....

Author(s): Fonteh F. A., Bawe N. M., and Awantu C. F.

December 2015

Staphylococcus aureus and other Staphylococcus species in milk and milk products from Tigray region, Northern Ethiopia

Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogen that can cause Staphylococcal Food Poisoning (SFP). Milk and dairy products are frequently contaminated by this bacterium. In this study, 310 samples (168 bovine raw milk and 142 dairy products) were collected in the Tigray region of Northern Ethiopia, with the objective of detection and enumeration of S. aureus and other Staphylococcus species. Baird-Parker agar for...

Author(s): Enquebaher Tarekgne, Siv Skeie, Knut Rudi, Taran Skjerdal and Judith A. Narvhus

December 2015

Effect of gamma irradiation on pasting characteristics and resistant starch levels of starches from locally-improved cassava accessions

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of gamma irradiation on pasting characteristics and resistant starch (RS) levels of starches from some locally-improved cassava accessions. Three cassava accessions were collected from Ministry of Food and Agriculture-Root and Tuber Section at Pokuase, Accra, Ghana. Approximately, 10 kg of each accession was used for the starch extraction. Samples were irradiated at...

Author(s): Agyei-Amponsah J., Asare I. K., Agbemavor W. S. K., Owureku-Asare M., Apatey J., Ayeh E. A., Acquah S. and Ocloo F. C. K. 

December 2015

Storage influence on beta-carotene and alpha-tocopherol contents of solar-dried Spirulina platensis (Spirulina)

Spirulina is called the ideal food for mankind and the World Health Organization considered it "super food" and the best food for the future because of its high nutritional value. The present study aimed to assess the storage influence on the levels of β-carotene and α-tocopherol in solar-dried spirulina. It was an analytical study to determine the levels of β-carotene and α-tocopherol in...

Author(s): Fabrice BATIONO, Aly SAVADOGO, Donatien KABORE, Laurencia OUATTARA/SONGRÉ, Heny Gautier OUEDRAOGO, Boubacar SAVADOGO and Alfred TRAORE

December 2015

Pasting characteristics of starches in flours of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and faba bean (Vicia faba L.) as affected by sorting and dehulling practices

This research was conducted to investigate the effect of sorting and dehulling postharvest practices on the pasting properties of flours of kabuli (Habru variety) and desi (local) chickpea and faba bean (local) grains. The legume samples were obtained from Hawassa University’s Agronomy section and prepared for the experiments. The pasting behavior of the flour samples was observed to be greatly influenced by...

Author(s): Teferra F. Tadesse, Abadi Gebre, Abrehet F. Gebremeskel and Carol J. Henry

December 2015

Effect of processing methods on nutritional composition, phytochemicals, and anti-nutrient properties of chaya leaf (Cnidoscolus aconitifolius)

Nutritional composition, phytochemical and anti-nutrient properties in blanched, boiled, leaves extract, and its residues respectively of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius, were determined using standard analytical methods. The moisture content significantly differed, with its values ranging from 89.30±0.21% in fresh leaves to 68.10±0.02% in leaf residue; the leave extract had the highest protein content...

Author(s): John O. Babalola and Opeyemi O. Alabi

November 2015

Effects of various freezing and thawing techniques on pork quality in ready-to-eat meals

Meat rapidly decomposes and discolours due to oxidation and enzyme activity; therefore, it must be frozen when stored. This study investigates the effects of different freezing and thawing processes on pork quality. Pork meat was frozen by natural convection freezing (NCF, -38°C), individual quick-freezing (IQF, -45°C), or liquid nitrogen freezing (LNF, -100°C). Freezing was completed when the thermocouple...

Author(s): Kwang-Il Kim, Jun-Bo Shim, Seon-Mi Yoo, Sang-Gi Min, SangYoon Lee, Yeon-Ji Jo and Mi-Jung Choi

November 2015

Changes in the quality characteristics of the butter of Pentadesma butyracea under various storage conditions

The aim of this study was to identify the storage conditions that warrant the optimum quality of the butter of P. butyracea. An experimental design was set up to study the effects of kernel boiling, the packaging material and the storage duration on the colour, saponification value and unsaponifiable fractions, acid and peroxide values and the iodine index of the butter of P. butyracea. The quality parameters of the...

Author(s): Bernolde Paul Ayegnon, Adéchola Pierre Polycarpe Kayodé, islamiath Nassia, Paulin Azokpota, Mohamed Soumanou and Joseph Djidjoho Hounhouigan

November 2015

Antioxidant activity of Iranian barley grain cultivars and their malts

Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) belongs to the grass family Poaceae and is an ancient and important cereal grain crop. Whole grain products are recommended for healthy diets as being recognized sources of dietary fiber and antioxidant substances such as polyphenols and vitamin E. The current study was conducted to evaluate the antioxidant activity for 19 cultivars (Bahman, MB-82-12, Nosrat, Kavir, Torkman, Makoeei, Karoun,...

Author(s): Tayyebeh Mahmoudi, Mohammad Reza Oveisi, Behrooz Jannat, Masoomeh Behzad, Mannan Hajimahmoodi and Naficeh Sadeghi

October 2015

Economic implication of industrialization of a popular weaning food “ogi” production in Nigeria: A review

Socio-economic relevance of fermented food in developing countries is evident. However, the production of this category of food is still achieved under primitive conditions. Ogi a fermented product from maize, sorghum or millet is usually transformed into gruel or porridge when heated. About a quarter of Nigeria population is said to consume Ogi on a weekly bases. This coupled with increasing industrialization and...

Author(s): Bolaji, O. T., Adepoju, P. A. and Olalusi, A. P.

October 2015

The impact of processing on the nutritional, mineral and vitamin composition of palm kernel nut (Elaeis guineensis)

Proximate, vitamin and mineral compositions of palm kernel nut (Elaeis guineensis) in the raw and processed form was investigated using standard analytical methods. The proximate composition (g/100g) for the raw palm kernel nut was as follows: moisture 7.15±0.21, dry matter 92.86±0.21, ash 2.90±0.00, crude fibre 11.38±0.04, ether extract 52.40±3.11, crude protein 8.69±0.01 and...

Author(s): Okonkwo, Chibuzor Onyinye and Ozoude, Uzumma Juliet

October 2015

Enhanced L-citrulline in parboiled paddy rice with watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) juice for preventing Sarcopenia: A preliminary study

Aging related muscle loss and sarcopenia are public health problems. The objective of this study was to investigate the potential of rice parboiled with watermelon juice as a source of L-citrulline and as a means of slowing or preventing sarcopenia. In the western and industrialized countries, preventive and curative treatments for sarcopenia include physical exercise, pharmacological approach and dietary...

Author(s): Mamadou SADJI, Penelope M. PERKINS-VEAZIE, Ndeye Fatou NDIAYE, Djibril TRAORE, Guoying MA., Cheikna ZONGO, Yves TRAORE, Mohamadou Diop SALL and Alfred TRAORE  

September 2015

Moringa oleifera: An underutilized tree in Nigeria with amazing versatility: A review

This article aimed to review the potential of Moringa oleifera tree, emphasizing its nutritional applications for humans, industrial uses and its propagation methods, as not everyone knows the enormous benefits it has. It is an exceptionally nutritious vegetable tree with a variety of potential uses. The tree is considered one of the world’s most useful trees, as almost every part of the tree can be used for food,...

Author(s): S. G. Zaku, S. Emmanuel, A. A. Tukur and A. Kabir

September 2015

Drying by spray drying in the food industry: Micro-encapsulation, process parameters and main carriers used

The process of spray drying consists of the transformation of a product in fluid form to the solid state in the form of powder. This is done through the dispersion of droplets from the product inside a chamber, in contact with hot air. In this process, substances known as carriers or encapsulating agents can be added, aiming at facilitating or even allowing the drying of certain products. The objective of this review...

Author(s): Samantha Serra Costa, Bruna Aparecida Souza Machado, Adriana Regina Martin, Fabio Bagnara, Sandro Andre Ragadalli and Aline Rabello Costa Alves

September 2015

Antioxidant properties of seven wild edible mushrooms from Tanzania

Consumption of mushroom has increased remarkably because of their desirable aroma, taste and high nutritional content. Wild edible mushrooms (WEM) are well known for their nutritious and antioxidant properties. This study was conducted to measure and compare the antioxidant activity, total phenolic content (TPC) and total flavonoid content (TFC) of six WEM from selected indigenous Tanzanian forests and one domesticated...

Author(s): Hussein J. M., Tibuhwa D. D., Mshandete A. M. and Kivaisi A. K.

September 2015

Essential mineral content of common fish species in Chanoga, Okavango Delta, Botswana

Developing countries remain overwhelmed by nutritional problems caused mainly by poverty, natural disasters and political instabilities. The aim of this study was to determine essential mineral content of some common fish species in the Okavango Delta, Botswana and assess their potential in enhancing mineral intake. Atomic Absorption Spectrometry was used for determination of Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn; flame photometry for...

Author(s): O. Mogobe, K. Mosepele and W. R. L. Masamba

September 2015

Effect of thermal treatment on phenolic content, antioxidant, and α-amylase inhibition activities of Moringa stenopetala leaves

Moringa stenopetala is a socioeconomic valued tree that is widely available and cultivated in Southern part of Ethiopia. The leaves have been traditionally used as a food source with high nutritional and medicinal values. The present work was carried out to evaluate the effect of thermal treatment on the total phenolic content, total flavonoid content, antioxidant activities and α-amylase inhibition of aqueous...

Author(s): Daniel Assefa, Engeda Dessalegn and Chetan Chauhan

August 2015

Improving the nutritional value of traditional finger millet porridges for children aged 7-24 months in Bujenje County of Western Uganda

Child malnutrition is a major problem in Western Uganda where finger millet porridges are commonly used as complementary foods. This study aimed at improving the nutritional value and safety of finger millet porridges using Moringa oleifera, Cucurbita maxima and lactic acid fermentation. Proximate analysis, iron, zinc and vitamin A contents of composite flours was done according to AOAC methods while agar diffusion...

Author(s): Barugahara Evyline Isingoma, Mbugua Samuel, Karuri Edward and Gakenia Maina

August 2015

Toxic trace elements in different brands of milk infant formulae in Nairobi market, Kenya

World Health Organization (WHO) among other health agencies recommends exclusive breast feeding during the first six months of infancy. However, Infant formula milk (IFM) has been increasingly used as a breast milk substitute due to maternal occupation, death and illness. The product has been associated with infant health complications and even deaths due to its contamination with aluminum (Al), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb)...

Author(s): Odhiambo, V. O., Wanjau, R., Odundo, J. O. and Nawiri, M. P.

August 2015

Assessment of essential trace elements in selected food grains, herbal spices and seeds commonly used in Kenya

Trace elements are essential in preserving good health and body immunity to diseases. The study was undertaken to determine the levels of chromium (Cr), vanadium (V), selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn) in herbal spices, food grains and edible seeds commonly used in Kenya. The levels of elements were determined using atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). The herbal spices, food grains and seeds considered in this study included...

Author(s): Muchemi G. N., Wanjau R. N., Murungi I. J., and Njue W. M.

August 2015

Effects of incorporation of cassava flour on characteristics of corn grit-rice grit-chickpea flour blend expanded extrudates

A rice grit-corn grit-chickpea flour blend was used as a model feed system for extrusion. Response surface methodology was used to study the effects of level of incorporation of cassava flour in feed composition (5-25%), feed moisture (12-16%), screw speed (1000-1400 rpm) and barrel temperature (80-120°C) by using a single screw extruder. Among the independent variables, feed moisture was found to be the most...

Author(s): Yadav K. C., Pashupati Mishra, Pramesh K. Dhungana, Ranjit Rajbanshi, Ghanendra Gartaula and Sushil Dhital

July 2015

Chemical composition and fatty acid profile of kernels from different Brazilian cashew tree genotypes

Kernels from nine cashew tree genotypes were characterized with respect to their chemical composition and fatty acids profile, peroxide value and free fatty acids content of the extracted oil. Their proximate composition ranged from 2.69 to 8.37% for moisture, 17.50 to 24.49% for proteins, 39.88 to 47.10% for lipids, 27.14 to 34.94% for total carbohydrate and 2.74 to 4.14% for ash. The amounts of free fatty acids in the...

Author(s): Janice Ribeiro Lima⊃, Ana Carolina de Oliveira Nobre⊃, Hilton Cesar Rodrigues Magalhaes⊃ and Raimundo Nonato Martins de Souza⊃

July 2015

Effect of drying temperature on the nutritional quality of Moringa oleifera leaves

Moringa oleifera leaves are generally consumed in the dry powdered form. Therefore, this research was carried out to investigate the effect of temperature on the nutritional quality of M. oleifera leaves powder. The leaves were dried under the shade at 30°C for two weeks and in the oven at temperature range from 40 to 70°C for 2 h.  The results show that temperature affects nutrient composition of the leaf...

Author(s): J. S. Alakali, C. T. Kucha and I. A. Rabiu

July 2015

Physiochemical and fatty acid analysis of Virescens (Ojukwu) oil and Nigrescens (ordinary) palm oil of Eleaisguineensis

Traditionally in Igbo land folklore medicine, Virescens (Ojukwu) palm oil of Eleaisguineensis is of value as anti-poison and miracle oil. The objective of the study was to evaluate the physiochemical properties with the identification of the fatty acids of the Virescens oil in comparison to Nigrescens oil of Eleaisguineensis. The result of the physiochemical properties shows that the values for meeting point (slip...

Author(s): Ogbuanu C. C., Chime C. C. and Nwagu L. N.

July 2015

Isolation and identification of fungi associated with some Libyan foods

Cereal and its products can be contaminated with fungi in the field, during drying, processing, transportation and subsequent storage, which may lead to secretion of mycotoxins under favourable condition. The aim of this study was the isolation and identification of some fungi associated with four kinds of Libyan food products of different trademarks. Twenty four (24) samples of couscous, macaroni, wheat flour and rice...

Author(s): S. Alkenz, A. A. Sassi, Y. S. Abugnah and M. B. Alryani

July 2015

Composition of sorghum-millet flour, Aframomum danielli essential oil and their effect on mycotoxins in kunu zaki

This paper determines the composition of sorghum-millet flour, Aframomum danielli essential oil and its effect on mycotoxins in kunu zaki.  Sorghum and millet grains in ratio 1:2 were cleaned, soaked for 12 h, washed, drained and dried in the hot air oven. The dried sorghum-millet grains were milled and packed for kunu zaki production. Kunu zaki was produced and different concentrations of Aframomum danielli...

Author(s): Olosunde, O. O.,⃰, Adegoke, G. O. and Abiodun, O. A.

July 2015

Assessment of aflatoxin B1 and ochratoxin A levels in sorghum malts and beer in Ouagadougou

Mycotoxins are natural metabolites produced by fungi that can cause disease and death in human and animals alike, even in low concentrations. More than thirty mycotoxins that contaminate sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) and its derived products are known. This work aimed to investigate the presence of aflatoxin B1 and ochratoxin A in sorghum malt and beer, sampled between January and April 2012 in Ouagadougou. Mycotoxins in...

Author(s): Jean Fidele Bationo, Philippe A. Nikiema, Karim Koudougou, Mariam Ouedraogo, Sylvain Raoul Bazie, Eloi Sanou and Nicolas Barro

July 2015

Donkey cheese made through pure camel chymosin

Cheese from donkey milk was never produced by traditional way. Research suggests that asinine milk by bovine chymosin form a very weak gel compared to the gel formed from bovine milk and with out curd formation.  Encyclopedia of Dairy Sciences 2nd edition reported that no cheese is made from donkey milk, due to its particular caseinic composition that makes inefficient the traditional rennet coagulation. However,...

Author(s): Giuseppe Iannella

June 2015

Analysis of different Namibian traditional oils against commercial sunflower and olive oils

The current situation in many developing countries is that, vegetable oils are replacing animal fats because of health concerns and cost. The objective of the study was to compare the iodine value, acid value, ester value, peroxide value, saponification number and cholesterol content of some locally produced vegetable oils like refined marula cooking oil, marula traditional cooking oil, marula cosmetic oil, melon oil,...

Author(s): Hesham R. Lotfy, Celine Mukakalisa and Celestine Raidron

June 2015

Sensory profile of fermented milk drinks flavored with fruits from the Brazilian Cerrado

The Brazilian cerrado has several fruit species with great potential for agro-industrial use including the production of milk drinks. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the sensory profile and purchase intent of fermented milk drinks added in increasing levels of fruits from the Brazilian cerrado. Four formulations of milk drinks were processed with concentrations of 4, 8, 12 and 16% of...

Author(s): Marco Antonio Pereira Da Silva, Nubia Ferreira Vieira, Yasmine Ariadne Andrade Martins, Veronica Freitas Pires Araujo, Diene Souza Goncalves, Ligia Campos De Moura, Geovana Rocha Placido and Bruno Souza Carvalho

May 2015

Microbiological quality of ready-to-eat foods of Tehran province

Recontamination of ready-to-eat (RTE) products during post-processing may be the cause of outbreaks of food-borne disease. In this study, a total of 150 RTE samples were obtained for bacteriological examination (coliforms, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella, Bacillus cereus, Psychrotrophic bacteria and Psychrophilic bacteria). Various types of RTE food products that contained frozen (cooked and...

Author(s): Zohreh Mashak, Ali Mojaddar Langroodi, Ali Ehsani, Ayub Ebadi Fathabad and Ashkan Ilkhanipoor

May 2015

Experimental study of the kinetics and shrinkage of tomato slices in convective drying

This work focuses on the convective drying of tomato slices with hot air at temperatures of 50 and 60°C and at velocities of 0.1, 0.25 and 0.5 m.s-1. The kinetics and drying rates are determined according to the temperature and velocity of the drying air. The equation of “Gaussian”, used for the first time and in this work, is more adaptable to the drying curves. Two methods have been used to determine...

Author(s): Dianda B., Ousmane M., Kam S.,  Ky T. and Bathiébo D. J.

May 2015

Nutritional potential of yam chips (Dioscorea cayenensis and Dioscorea rotundata Poir) obtained using two methods of production in Togo

Yam is one of the most staple foods in West African countries and provides an important part of the energetic for people. This study examines chemical composition of Dioscorea cayenensis and Dioscorea rotundata Poir species dried yam chips obtained using two methods of production in Togo. Three local varieties of yams (Koukou, Kéki and Laboco) were processed in chips and were sun dried (at 28-30°C) or...

Author(s): B. Djeri, Tchobo P. F., Y. Adjrah, D. S. Karou, Y. Ameyapoh, Soumanou M. M. and C. Souza

May 2015

Safety of bread for human consumption in an urban community in Southwestern Nigeria

Bread is an important staple food that does not require further processing before consumption. Despite the awareness created and efforts of government to ensure that quality bread are available for consumption of all, there are several routes through which bread is being contaminated. The aim of the study was to assess the hygiene involved from the point of production to sale of bread and document pathogens isolated...

Author(s): Olusegun T Afolabi, Olufemi O Aluko, Olaniran O, Olusola Ajao, Bolade K Ojumu and Oluwatoyosi Olawande

May 2015

Microbiological quality of food sold by street vendors in Kisangani, Democratic Republic of Congo

Food sold by roadside vendors was compared with French Standards (AFNOR, 1996) in order to determine the microbiological quality of cooked meals. Forty-two samples of fresh and smoked fish and bushmeat were collected between March and May 2013 in Kisangani (The Democratic Republic of Congo), and analysed. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and post-hoc Tukey tests were used to analyse the level of contamination according to...

Author(s): L. K. Makelele, Z. A. Kazadi, R. W. Oleko, R. Foma, Rosette Kabwang a Mpalang, Koto  - te - Nyiwa Ngbolua and Bongo Ngiala Gédeon,

May 2015

Effect of solar drying methods on total phenolic contents and antioxidant activity of commonly consumed fruits and vegetable (mango, banana, pineapple and tomato) in Tanzania

The effects of solar drying methods [Cabinet direct (CDD), cabinet mixed mode (CMD) and tunnel (TD) drying] on total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant capacities of commonly consumed fruits and vegetable in Tanzania were investigated. The TPC and FRAP in mangoes (Mangifera indica cv. Dodo, Viringe and Kent), bananas (Musa acuminata, cv. Kisukari, Kimalindi and Mtwike), pineapples (Ananas comosuss cv Smooth cayenne)...

Author(s): Richard J. Mongi, Bernadette K. Ndabikunze, Trude Wicklund, Lucy M. Chove and Bernard E. Chove

May 2015

Synergistic fermentative nutritional quality of Lactobacillus delbrueckii and Bacillus pumilus on date fruits (Phoenix dactylifera)

The work examined the effect of mixed cultural fermentation on the nutritional quality of date palm fruits (Phoenix dactylifera). This was done by isolating microorganism from samples subjected to natural fermentation. The isolated organisms were thereafter used as starter culture in a five day controlled fermentation. Lactobacillus delbrueckii and Bacillus pumilus were identified as the predominant microorganisms and...

Author(s): Bankefa, Emmanuel Olufemi and Oyedeji, Olumide Murtala

May 2015

Genetic variation of biochemical characteristics of selected sorghum varieties from East Africa

A total of 30 sorghum varieties from East Africa were analysed for their biochemical characteristics. The objective was to ascertain the extent of the genetic diversity underlying their biochemical and physiological characteristics that included starch (%), amylose (%), amylopectin (%), proteins (%), tannins (mg/100 ml), yield (Kg/ha) and height (cm). The principal component analysis (PCA) showed that the first two...

Author(s): Kiprotich Felix, Erick Cheruiyot, Charles M. Mwendia, Wachira N. Francis and Paul Kimani

May 2015

Production and evaluation of organoleptic characteristics of fruit juice and low-sugar pulp of Behbahan variety dates of Kasi and Kabkab

The purpose of this study was the production of high-value date syrup and low sugar powdered pulp and evaluation of its organoleptic characteristics. In this study, first, 100 g date were weighted and after disinfection, cleaning and removing of wastes and crushing, were mixed in 300 mL of boiling water for 20 min and then dates syrup were obtained by filter.  The low sugar pulps were weighted. Next, the...

Author(s): Ali Aberoumand

May 2015

Nutritional suitability of bred sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) accessions from East Africa

In many semi-arid and tropical areas of the world especially in sub Saharan Africa, sorghum is a staple food grain and has great potential to be used in various industries. Thirty sorghum highland and open pollinated varieties were analysed for their biochemical and physiological characteristic to determine their industrial suitability and breeding impacts. The results show that sorghum varieties have the capability to...

Author(s): Kiprotich Felix, Mwendia M. Charles, Cheruiyot K. Erick and Wachira N. Francis

May 2015

Effect of paddy storage and processing parameters on quality of Ofada rice in the production of ready to eat flakes

Effect of paddy storage duration and processing parameters (soaking time, parboiling temperature and drying temperature) were optimized using response surface methodology for the production of ready to eat Ofada rice flakes which serves as alternative mean of harnessing its potential. There exist significance differences at p<0.05 for all the parameters except carbohydrate and metabolizable energy. The quadratic...

Author(s): Oludare Olumuyiwa Adekoyeni, Rahman Akinoso and Akintunde Stephen Fagbemi

May 2015

Microstructure formation and rheological properties of bread containing medium-chain triacylglycerols (MCT) and its comparison with long-chain triacylglycerols (LCT) and butter containing bread

The microstructure formation and rheological properties of bread containing medium-chain triacylglycerols (MCT) were investigated in comparison with long-chain triacylglycerols (LCT) and butter. Baked breads absorbed moisture in storage, and consequently water activity (aW) decreased, reaching an equilibrium after eight days; the aW of LCT bread was 0.61. In contrast, the MCT and butter breads showed aW of 0.76 and...

Author(s): Toshiyuki Toyosaki, Michio Kasai , Yasuhito Konishi and Yasuhide Sakane

May 2015

Nutritional contents of Balanites aegyptiaca and its contribution to human diet

Wild edible plants are used as food and energy sources. However, their uses are not as the potential inherent in the resources. Balanites aegyptiaca is a multipurpose species in semiarid areas including Ethiopia. Hence, quantitative nutrition study in specific habitat is essential for sustainable use of the species. Composite fruits sample of B. aegyptiaca was collected from six areas of east Shewa, Ethiopia for...

Author(s): Debela Hunde Feyssa, T. J. Njoka, Zemede Asfaw and M. M. Nyangito

May 2015

Temperature and high pressure stability of lycopene and vitamin C of watermelon Juice

The retention of nutrient components of fruit juices during processing is an important criterion to produce better quality fruit products. Stability of nutrient components during processing vary from product to product and processing methods. Information about kinetic study of particular nutrient component under different processing conditions would enable to optimize processing parameters for better quality...

Author(s): Yetenayet B. Tola and Hosahalli S. Ramaswamy

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