African Journal of
Bacteriology Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Bacteriol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9871
  • DOI: 10.5897/JBR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 120

JBR Articles

Contribution of COVID-19 diagnosis in patients seen at the tuberculosis laboratory in the response to the COVID-19 pandemic in the Kayes Heath district

March 2024

The COVID-19 pandemic has posed challenges to tuberculosis (TB) services, leading to an increase in TB deaths for the first time in a decade. The aim of our study was to investigate the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in patients attending the Kayes Reference Health Center for tuberculosis diagnosis and anti-tuberculosis treatment monitoring. This was a cross-sectional and prospective study conducted at the Reference Health...

Author(s): Maiga A., Cisse A. B., Soumano I., Ag. Baraika M. , Sangare A. K., Diarra B, Traore B., Traore A., Hamidou A, Samake H, Maiga I. I., and Guindo I.,  

Resistance profile of isolated bacterial urinary tract infections in children in Abidjan from 2018 to 2020

February 2024

Urinary infection is a common pathology in children. It constitutes the second cause of pediatric consultation after respiratory infections. It is a public health problem, with 150 million cases of urinary tract infections recorded worldwide every year. The objective of this study was to update data on the prevalence of bacteria isolated from urinary infections in children and determine the evolution of sensitivity to...

Author(s): Tatiana Kangah, Sophia Lurette Okpo, Jean Claude Anne, Adompo Jaurès Cedric Yapi, Clarisse Kouamé-Elogne, Abalé Toty, Nathalie Guessend and Mireille Dosso,

Description of carbapenemase variants type OXA-181 and NDM-5 in clinical isolates of Enterobacteria in Senegal

January 2024

Antibiotic resistance is a global scourge. Carbapenems are one remedy for treating infections caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL)-producing enterobacterales. Unfortunately, carbapenemase-producing enterobacterales (EPC) are emerging. In Senegal, the epidemiology of carbapenem resistance genes needs to be updated. From January 2019 to July 2022, 240 enterobacteria were selected from Fann Hospital (Dakar)...

Author(s): Habibou Sarr, Aissatou Ahmet Niang, Amadou Diop, Fatoumata Diallo, Baidy Dieye, Mba El hadji Bambo Diakhaby, Rokhaya Diagne, Roughyatou Ka, Mouhamadou Lamine Dia and Ahmad Iyane Sow  

Challenges and opportunities in advancing microbiology research in Africa: A review

October 2023

The need for efficient microbiology technologies in Africa has been a significant challenge to advancing microbiology research and study. This review examines the impact of this challenge and identifies the opportunities that exist to address them. These include the slow pace of research and development, the limited ability to identify and manage infectious diseases, and the challenge of monitoring and controlling food...

Author(s): Eric Amenyogbe, Christian Larbi Ayisi, Eric Kwabena Droepenu, Grace Afumwaa Boamah, Rahmat Quaigrane Duker, Noel Ayivor and Isaac Kwame Akortia  

The prevalence of respiratory tract infections in the Ghaem Hospital of Mashhad

July 2023

Respiratory tract infection is a serious concern for public health worldwide, and imposes a lot of pressure on health facilities, specifically in developing countries along with economic restrictions. This study evaluated the prevalence of bacterial pathogens and their antibiotic sensitivity pattern among patients with respiratory tract infection in Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad, east of Iran during the 3 years period. All...

Author(s): Zohre Kaseb,#, Sepideh Hassanzadeh,#, Ali Mehri, Manizhe Khosravi, Sara Ganjloo and Kiarash Ghazvini,

Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of the borderline oxacillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (BORSA) strains in Bamako, Mali

March 2023

The borderline oxacillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (BORSA) strains have a low-level resistance to penicillinase-resistant penicillins. The aim of this study was to study the prevalence and the antimicrobial susceptibility of BORSA strains in Bamako. A retrospective study was conducted at the University Teaching Hospital of the Point G in Bamako. The S. aureus strains were isolated on Columbia agar supplemented...

Author(s): Dicko O. A., Maïga A., Diarra B., and Maïga I. I.,

Characterizing sweet potato RDR, AGO and DCL genes and potential involvement in defense against virus infections in sweet potato

March 2023

Characterizing anti-virus genes in sweetpotato is a vital step in mitigating yield loss due to virus infections. This work lays an insight into the structure and expression of key anti-virus genes. Related plant-based anti-virus genes were used as reference to mine key sweetpotato genes from various databases. BLASTN and BLASTP for transcripts was done for evaluation of phylogenetic relationship. Eight genes were...

Author(s): Peter Wasswa, Alexander Ssamula, Settumba B. Mukasa, John Ssengo and Victor Gaba

Multidrug resistant bacteria isolated from nosocomial infections at University Teaching Hospital of Point-G, Bamako, Mali

January 2023

An infection is said to be nosocomial or hospital if it is absent when the patient enters the hospital and it appears and develops at least 48 h late. The objective of this study was to determine the resistance phenotypes of bacteria isolated from nosocomial infections at the University Teaching Hospital of Point G. Urine, blood, pus, skin and bronchoalveolar fluid samples were taken in different units, and bacteria...

Author(s): Maiga Aminata, Beye Seydina Alioune, Cissoko Yacouba, Dicko Oumar Agaly, Diarra Bassirou, Traoré Abdoulaye, Coulibaly Djibril Mamadou, Koné Drissa, Diarra Lobogal, Coulibaly Djaminatou, Coulibaly Youssouf, Maiga Ibrahim Izetiégouma, and Fofana Djeneba Bocar,

Emerging threats of antibiotic resistance in Salmonella typhi and Salmonella paratyphi A among enteric fever cases of Dhaka, Bangladesh

January 2022

Enteric fever is a severe public health threat because of the rising antibiotic resistance of Salmonella species in developing countries, especially in its endemic areas like Bangladesh. This retrospective study was aimed to assess the effectiveness of a range of 17 commonly used antimicrobials against Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi A isolated from 601 enteric fever cases in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Conventional...

Author(s): Susmita Roy Chowdhury, Zubayed Ahamed, Krishna Roy, Abdullah Al Noman, Rashid Md. Haroon and Kamol Chandra Mondol

Assessment of antimicrobial resistance in avian pathogenic Escherichia coli Strains isolated over four years in Tunisian poultry

January 2022

Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli strains (APEC) are responsible for major economic losses in poultry farms. The use of antibiotics has led to the emergence of resistant bacteria having direct impact on the food industry. In order to evaluate the resistance of 191 Tunisian APEC strains, we determined the antimicrobial resistance profile of these bacteria to 18 antibiotics by disk diffusion method. This study revealed...

Author(s): Sara Thabet, Nada Souissi and Imed Khazri

High prevalence of multidrug resistant enterobacteriaceae isolated from wastewater and soil in Jos Metropolis, Plateau State, Nigeria

December 2021

The widespread emergence of antibiotic resistance, particularly multiple antibiotic resistance (MAR) among bacterial species has become one of the most serious challenges in environmental protection. Environmental bacteria are a reservoir of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and a potential source of novel resistance genes in environmental organisms. In the current study, we investigated the high prevalence of...

Author(s): Anayochukwu C. Ngene,, Chinedu G. Ohaegbu, Iroamachi E. Awom, John O. Egbere, Isaac A. Onyimba, Oluwatoyin D. Coulthard, Uzal Umar, Uchechukwu C. Ohaeri, Nnaemeka N. Nnadi and John C. Aguiyi

Antimicrobial susceptibility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains in Bamako, Mali

September 2021

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is generally susceptible to antibiotics of the families of Beta-lactam, aminoglycosides and quinolones. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial susceptibility of P. aeruginosa strains in Bamako, Mali. P. aeruginosa strains were isolated on Drigalski agar. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed using the disc diffusion method on Mueller-Hinton agar. Among 317 non...

Author(s): Dicko O. A., Traoré A., Maiga A., Coulibaly D. M., Diarra B., and Maiga I. I.,

Bacteriological load analysis of Moringa oleifera Lam. leaves consumed in Guinea Savannah vegetation zones of Nigeria

January 2021

The aim of this study was to evaluate the bacteriological load in Moringa oleifera Lam. leaves consumed in Guinea Savannah vegetation zones of Nigeria, via: Abuja (Gwagwalada market), Southern Guinea Savannah; Katsina (Daura market), Northern Guinea Savannah and Sokoto (Central market), Sudan Guinea Savannah. Three fresh and dried M. oleifera Lam. leafy samples each of 50 g were randomly collected per market location...

Author(s): Stanislaus Onyeberechiya Osuagwu, Patience Ihedigbo Ola and Tanko Onarigu Odeni

Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in some animal products sold within Sokoto Metropolis, Nigeria

January 2021

Escherichia coli O157:H7 is among the most pathogenic of all known foodborne pathogens. It causes severe diarrhoea with apparently low infective dose (< 10 cells). This study aimed to determine the prevalence of E. coli O157:H7 in foods of animal sources sold in Sokoto Metropolis, Sokoto, Nigeria. A total of 175 samples were collected from different locations within Sokoto metropolis. Culture and biochemical...

Author(s): Rabiu Muhammad Aliyu, Mikaeel Bala Abubakar, Yusuf Yakubu and Abdulmalik Bello Shuaibu

Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in HIV-negative patients in Lagos, Nigeria

November 2020

Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a big challenge to the tuberculosis control programmes worldwide. The aim of this work is to determine the rate of MDR-TB in HIV-negative patients with signs and symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis in Lagos State. 891 adult HIV-negative patients enrolled for the study and tested for acid-fast bacilli by culture; resistance to first-line anti-tuberculosis drugs was performed...

Author(s): Kunle-Ope Chioma N, Adeleye Isaac A, Iwalokun Bamidele O, Igbasi Uche T., Onyejepu Nneka, Ndubuisi Ifeanyi T, Tochukwu Nwanneka E, Adedeji Abimbola M, Onwujekwe Daniel I, Ezechi Oliver C, Odunukwe Nkiruka N, Iyke-Azike Obioma G and Onubogu Catherine C

Next generation sequencing platforms for potato virus hunting, surveillance and discovery

June 2020

Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is a key alternative to maize crop in Kenya. However, pests and diseases affect the yields. Information on Irish potato virology is continually patchy. Viral disease dynamics require constant updating to track new and novel agents. Efforts to mitigate viruses and crop breeding for tolerance can be determined this way. In Kenya, key potato viruses include: Potato Leaf Roll Virus (PLRV),...

Author(s): Alinda Alfred K., Okoth Patrick K., Onamu Rose, David Read, Genevieve Thompsons and Muoma John O.  

Genetic diversity and resistance profile of mycobacterial strains isolated in Senegal

December 2019

Tuberculosis remains a major public health problem in Senegal. The aim of this study was to determine the resistance and molecular profiles of mycobacterial strains isolated over a four-year period in Senegal. Mycobacterial isolates worked on were obtained at the National Reference Laboratory of the National Antituberculosis Program (NAP) in Senegal. These strains were cultured on Lowenstein-Jensen (LJ) medium or on LJ...

Author(s): Dia M. L., Affolabi D., Ba F., Sanoussi N., Gueye P. A. L., Kâ R., Sarr M. and Cissé M. F.

Occurrence of biofilm producing bacteria in packaged water sold in Lagos, Nigeria

April 2019

Bacterial biofilms have been linked with protracted and recurring human infections, and considering that biofilms shed microorganisms into their environment it becomes pertinent to examine their role in waterborne diseases through consumption of treated packaged water. To evaluate the consortia of bacteria in packaged water for the ability to form biofilms. Using membrane filtration technique polythene sachet and pet...

Author(s): William Warrie Effiok, Louis Osayenum Egwari and Leonard Oghenemaro Itaba

Multidrug resistant Escherichia coli isolated from asymptomatic school going children in Kibera slum, Kenya

October 2018

Pathogenic Escherichia coli are of different types, currently grouped into six groups depending on the virulence gene(s) they possess. This study isolated pathogenic E. coli from 580 stool samples obtained in the month of August, 2016. The samples were obtained from asymptomatic school going children in one of the biggest urban slums in Kenya. Ten primary schools were randomly sampled and 40 to 80 stool samples...

Author(s): Gitahi N. J., Gathura P. B., Gicheru M. M., Githinji T. W. and Nordin A.

Detection of Mycobacterium bovis in whey, by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and bacteriological culture

October 2018

The objective of this study was to detect the presence of Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) in whey. A total of 233 cow milk samples were analyzed together with 26 tank milk samples that came from dairy herds of several states of the Mexican Republic (Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Coahuila). DNA was obtained from whey and used for polymerase chain reaction-multiplex (PCR-M). Tuberculosis...

Author(s): Elaenia Minerva Gurrola-Mejía, Marco Antonio Santillán-Flores, Laura Hernández-Andrade and Marisela Leal-Hernández  

Antibiotic resistance genes in diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) isolated from livestock organic wastes in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

September 2018

Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) are often disseminated through the fecal matter of livestock and waste products including slurry and manure. The study aimed to characterize archived DEC recovered from cattle fecal matter, manure and slurry for quinolone resistance and extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) with focus on trends in antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. The susceptibility of the bacteria was...

Author(s): Evariste BAKO, Asseta KAGAMBEGA, Germaine MINOUNGOU, Noah Obeng NKRUMAH, Tounwendsida Serge BAGRE, Cheikna ZONGO, Oumar TRAORÉ, Réné DEMBÉLÉ, Sidi MOCTAR, Anne OUEDRAOGO and Nicolas BARRO  

In vitro assessment of Leuconostoc mesenteroides zinc nanoparticles against Salmonella serovars recovered from broilers chickens

September 2018

Salmonella serovars are responsible for a variety of acute and chronic diseases in poultry. Leuconostoc mesenteroides probiotic can exert antimicrobial activity by producing diverse fermentative metabolites with bactericidal or bacteriostatic activities such as lactic and acetic acids, fatty acids, hydrogen peroxide or diacetyl and antimicrobial proteins such as bacteriocins and peptidoglycan hydrolase enzymes. This...

Author(s): Ahmed Orabi, Ismail Radwan, Mohamed Rady and Marwa Yehia  

Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of crude aerial part extracts of Satureja Punctata (Benth) Briq

September 2018

This study evaluates the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the crude extract of an aerial part of Satureja punctata (Benth.) Briq. The dried aerial part of S. punctata (Benth.) Briq was extracted separately using aqueous, ethanol and n-hexane. The antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa was assessed using disc diffusion method, and the minimum...

Author(s): Mesfin Melaku, Yalemtsehay Mekonnen and Melaku Tefera  

Physicochemical analysis and microbial quality of cow butter obtained from Menz district of Amhara region, Ethiopia

August 2018

Menz has long been known for its quality butter production but traditional milk products are generally reported to be of substandard quality. Therefore, this investigation was conducted to access physiochemical and microbial quality of butter from Menz district along the market value chain. The study was conducted by using laboratory analysis of physiochemical and microbial quality. The microbiological count data were...

Author(s): Lina Gazu, Tewodros Eshete and Getachew Kassa  

Enteric bacterial communities associated with the Omubhira Stream in Kakamega County, Kenya

August 2018

The present study was undertaken to establish the distribution and diversity of enteric bacterial communities along the Omubhira stream and also determine if physico-chemical parameters influence their distribution in water in terms of total coliforms (TC) and Escherichia coli. Stratified random sampling was used and four strata with 15 selected sampling sites identified along the stream. Selection of the sampling sites...

Author(s): Menya A. A., Shivoga A. W. and Wawire S. A.

Bacterial identification and drug susceptibility pattern of urinary tract infection in pregnant Women at Karamara Hospital Jigjiga, Eastern Ethiopia

July 2018

Urinary tract infections are the most common bacterial infections during pregnancy and if left untreated in pregnancy it may result in acute pyelonephritis, abortion, premature delivery, low birth baby and even still birth. Thus the aim of this study was to determine the bacterial profile and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of urinary tract infection in pregnant women at Karamara Hospital Jigjiga, Eastern Ethiopia. A...

Author(s): Adugna Negussie, Getenet Worku and Ermiyas Beyene  

An overview of epidemiology and etiology of bacteria associated with diabetic injuries and their dominant infection at Central Region, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

July 2018

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most chronic and dangerous diseases worldwide and in the Saudi society in particular. Swabs (168) from DM injuries were collected from inpatient and outpatient departments. Analysis of variance revealed the high incidence of diabetic foot infections compared to other injuries by an average of 51 and 33, respectively. Adults’ category was significantly the highest age category...

Author(s): Hissah A. Alodaini and Alia A. Shoeib,  

Beijing and the T superfamily, the major families among multidrug-resistant (MDR) Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Senegal

March 2018

To determine the molecular profile of the multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolated in Senegal. From 2011 to 2014, 43 MDR strains isolated at the National Reference Laboratory for Mycobacteria of the National Antituberculosis Program (NAP) were characterized by spoligotyping. Nine different spoligotypes were identified, three of which were unique, the other six forming clusters of two to...

Author(s): Dia M. L., Affolabi D., Gueye P. A. L., Sanoussi N., Diouf B., Sow A. I. and Cissé M. F.

Studies on antibacterial spectrum of extracts of stem bark of Azadirachta indica A. Juss on some clinical isolates associated with urinary tract infection

November 2017

This investigation was aimed at determining the antibacterial activity of extracts of stem bark of Azadirachta indica A. Juss on some clinical isolates. Results of preliminary analysis showed that the stem bark of A. indica possesses alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, cardiac glycosides, phlobotannins and phenols. The ethanol extract produced higher antibacterial activity against all test microorganisms compare to the...

Author(s): Olaoluwa Bolu Success, Ugboko Harriet, Bobai Mathew and De Nandita

Antimicrobial activity of secondary metabolites obtained with different carbon sources at different stages of the Pseudomonas growth curve isolated from Fresnillo, Zacatecas, México mineral soils

August 2017

The obtention of secondary metabolites from bacterial filtrates has permitted the identification of new compounds with diverse biotechnological applications. These metabolites were generated under different conditions. Eighty-six strains of Pseudomonas were isolated from mineral soils of the central region of Zacatecas to determine if these generated secondary metabolites possess antimicrobial activity against...

Author(s): Mayela Robles-Huízar, Susana De La Torre-Zavala, Myriam A. De La Garza-Ramos and Luis J. Galan-Wong

An optimised in vitro protocol for mass production of Rhizophagus irregularis spores - for sustainable agriculture

July 2017

The Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus (AMF) plays a symbiotic vital role in most of the plant species by maintaining health, nutrient availability, against water stress, heavy metal resistance, against dreadful diseases with higher yields. To reach the requirement of AMF, large scale production practices can be required to produce specific strain aseptic inoculum. Carrot roots were selected for mass production of...

Author(s): B. Mohan Raj, R. Bharath Kumar, G. Venkata Rao and K. Sri Rama Murthy

Evaluating the antimicrobial potency of crude extracts of Psidium guajava bark, leaves of Vernonia amygdalina, Carica papaya and whole plant of Phyllanthus niruri against specific pathogenic bacteria

April 2017

The potency of hot water, cool water and ethanoilc extracts of bark and leaves of Psidium guajava, leaves of Vernonia amydalina, Carica papaya and whole plant of Phyllanthus niruri were assessed against isolates of Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans obtained from the Mampong Research Institute of Herbal medicine in the Eastern region of Ghana....

Author(s): Adetunde, L. A., Ninkuu, V. and Sacky, I.

Evaluation of the antibacterial activities of leaf extracts of Achyranthus aspera

February 2017

The fresh leaves of Achyranthes aspera Linn. soaked with water is traditionally used to treat skin infection in Ethiopia. The leaves are also applied traditionally to stop bleeding during cutoff in local people of Ethiopia. The above activities of the plant might be associated with antimicrobial activities. The leaves collected from their wild habitat were air dried under shade and ground into fine powder. The leaf...

Author(s): Asmamaw Habtamu and Yalemtsehay Mekonnen

Antimicrobial resistance pattern of bacterial isolates from different clinical specimens in Southern Ethiopia: A three year retrospective study

January 2017

Emergence of antimicrobial resistance is a major public health problem worldwide, particularly in developing countries. The effectiveness of currently available antibiotics is decreasing as a result of increasing resistant strains among clinical isolates. The aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial resistance pattern of bacterial isolate from different clinical specimens at Hawassa University Referral...

Author(s): Anteneh Amsalu, Zeleke Geto, Demissie Asegu and Setegn Eshetie

Screening of bacteria isolated from the environment for the capability to control mosquito larva

November 2016

Malaria fever is a major disease that has killed millions of people in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Mosquitoes are vectors of this debilitating and fatal disease. Therefore, mosquito control becomes paramount using environmentally friendly biological agents instead of chemicals. Water samples obtained from the gutters and water logged areas and soil samples analyzed resulted in 18 different bacteria...

Author(s): Josiah Asime Lennox, Onyinyechi Kalu and John Godwin Egbe

Antibiogram and the efficacy of leaf extract of Chromolena odorota (L.) R. M. King and H. Robinson on bacteria isolated from some swimming pools within Akure metropolis

November 2016

Microorganisms being cosmopolitan are widely distributed in nature and can as well be found in swimming pools. These microorganisms contaminate swimming pools and other recreational water through indiscriminate defecation, contamination from rodents and birds etc. making these sources of water threat to human life. Concurrently, the resistant to conventional antibiotics has also increased the danger on people that are...

Author(s): Omoya, F. O. and Olukitibi, T. A.

Isolation and characterization of feather degrading bacteria from poultry waste

October 2016

This study was conducted to isolate, partially purify and characterize keratinolytic microbes and their enzymes for commercial exploitation. A feather degrading bacterial strain was isolated from soil where poultry feathers were dumped by the poultry farms as a waste product. The isolated bacteria grew well at 37°C and the pH of 7.5. This isolate showed maximum feather degrading activity at 37°C. The enzyme...

Author(s): Manirujjaman M., Amin R., Nahid A. A. and Alam M. S.

Phenotypic and genotypic analysis of vancomycin-resistant Enterococci strains isolated from different water sources

February 2016

The purpose of this study was to investigate the phenotype, genotype and relationships of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcib (VRE) strains isolated from Minjiang River of Fujian province, residence district pond, university fish farm, cesspool and sewer. PCR was used to confirm Enterococci and amplify antibiotic resistance genes. Relationships between different strains were determined by repetitive extragenic palindromic...

Author(s): Jie Zhang, Yan-Qiu Wang, Jian Li, Yu-Fang Ma, Jin Lin, Zhen-Run Xiao and Dao-Jin Yu

Morphometric and quantitative analysis of the intestine of Rattus rattus infected by Strongyloides spp.

January 2016

Strongyloidiasis is caused by Strogyloides spp., which occurs when the parasite reaches the intestines. It is estimated that more than 370 million people throughout the world are infected with this disease. The aim of this study was to analyze the morphometric alterations and variation in the count of goblet cells of the jejunum of sinantropic rodents infected by Strongyloides spp., and to compare with non-infected...

Author(s): Adriana Valéria Batista, Ranulfo Piau Jr., Daniela Dib Gonçalves, Gabriel Coelho Gimenes, Fabiane Antiquera Ferreira, Edson Gerônimo, Wellington Henrique Bessi, Brenda Romite, Eduardo Herrera Dias and Valdeci Messa

In vitro efficacy of certain botanicals and their effect on some biochemical properties of Pectobacterium carotovora susp. carotovora inoculated tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.)

December 2015

Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) is a member of family Solanaceae. It is herbaceous, annual to perennial, prostrate and sexually propagated plant with bisexual flower. Tomatoes are attacked by many kinds of pathogens such as fungi, insects, nematodes, bacteria, viruses and viroid. Among bacterial diseases, bacterial soft rot devastates this important crop causing a huge decrease in yield and a greater loss in produce...

Author(s): Sabiu Hussaini Adamu and Abhilasha A. Lal

Prevalence and characterization of NDM-1 and OXA-48 carbapenemase gene harboring Enterobacteriaceae in a tertiary care hospital, South India

October 2015

The occurrence of carbapenem resistance among Enterobacteriaceae has reached critical levels worldwide. The present study was carried out to screen for carbapenem resistance among Enterobacteriaceae isolates from blood, surgical wound and tracheal samples in different wards and intensive care units between the period of 2010 through 2012 in a teaching hospital attached to JIPMER, south India. A total number of 425...

Author(s): Radha Srinivasan, Kalaiarasan Ellappan and Harish Belgode Narasimha

Comparison between the Widal test and culturing technique in the diagnosis of enteric fever in Khartoum State, Sudan

June 2015

Salmonella infection is a common bacteria disease that causes enteric fever in humans. Presently, Widal test, stool, blood and urine cultures are the most diagnostic means of confirming Salmonella infection in humans since they are based on the isolation, identification and demonstration of the presence of antibodies in the serum. However, the stool and serum sample of an infected patient against the (O) and (H)...

Author(s): Yagoub Hamadt Allah Elhaj Abd Elseed,

Polymicrobial ventilator associated pneumonia and antibiotic susceptibility of bacterial isolates in a university hospital, Tabriz, Iran

June 2015

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common infection, developed in intensive care units (ICU). Early diagnosis and appropriate selection of antimicrobial therapy is important to reduce the mortality rate of these patients. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid was obtained from 27 patients, who fulfilled the criteria for ventilator-associated pneumonia. Samples underwent cytological and bacteriological analysis....

Author(s): Mohammad Esmaeil Hejazi, Masoud Nazemiyeh, Fatemeh Seifar and Fatemeh Beheshti

Molecular and biochemical study of Anaplasma marginale in cattle in Wassit Province of Iraq

May 2015

This study was designed to investigate the prevalence of bovine anaplasmosis among cattle from various areas in Wassit governorate; the investigation was performed on 184 blood samples collected from suspected cattle suffering from fever (41°C), severe anemia, pale mucus membrane, progressive emaciation and drop in milk yield, including 85 male and 99 female cattle, aged from < 1 year to > 2 years, the samples...

Author(s): Ghaidaa Abbas Jassem and Olaa A. Agaar

Purification and characterization of tryptophan and indole-3-acetic acid produced by Serratia marcescens strain MCB associated with Oscheius sp. MCB (Nematoda: Rhabditidae) obtained from South African soil

May 2015

Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) of the genera Steinernema and Heterorhabditis are lethal to insect pests that attack plants. These EPNs are associated symbiotically with the two enterobacteria Xenorhabdus and Photorhabdus sp., respectively. The bacteria synthesize a range of insecticidal and antimicrobial metabolites which may be useful as agricultural pest control and medical disease control. Recently, EPNs...

Author(s): Mahloro H. Serepa, Nikita T. Tavengwa and Vincent M. Gray

Potential biodegradation of low density polyethylene (LDPE) by Acinetobacter baumannii

April 2015

Acinetobacter baumannii was isolated from municipal landfill area, Pallikaranai, Chennai, Tamilnadu. The degradation ability of the bacteria was determined by performing Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). The by-products of polyethylene degradation were monitored by gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS) analysis. The toxicity of degradation by-products of low density polyethylene (LDPE) was tested on...

Author(s): R. Pramila and K. Vijaya Ramesh

Acinetobacter spp. in the patients and environment of University Hospital of Yopougon, Côte d’Ivoire, from 2007 to 2011

April 2015

The objective of this work was to study the epidemiology and antibiotic resistance of strains of Acinetobacter spp. in the University Hospital of Yopougon Abidjan. This work studied the Acinetobacter strains isolated from humans and environment of the hospital; they were preserved in the culture collection of the Laboratory of Bacteriology from January 2007 to December 2011. Isolation and identification were made by...

Author(s): S. Méité, Boni-Cissé C., Mlan Tanoa A. P., Zaba F. S., Faye-Ketté H., and Dosso M.,

Effect of high temperature on viability of Lactobacillus casei and analysis of secreted and GroEL proteins profiles

April 2015

The bacterial heat shock response is characterized by the elevated expression of a number of chaperone complexes including the GroEL and the rate change of synthesis of certain proteins (total and secreted). In this work, after incubation at 45°C, total and secreted proteins profiles of stressed bacteria were found to be altered when analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE)....

Author(s): Najla Haddaji, Boubaker Krifi, Rihab Lagha, Sadok Khouadja and Amina Bakhrouf

Antibacterial activities of two medicinal herbs on Salmonella typhi isolates in Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria: Improvement to herbal medicine

March 2015

The study on the antibacterial activities of some medicinal plants on Salmonella typhi isolates in Abakaliki Ebonyi State was conducted using agar diffusion method. The study shows that there is high level yield in the dried leaves than in the wet leaves of the experimental plants (W/D). The investigation reveals that phenol yield is 296% W and 67% D in bitter leaf while oil yield in Utazi is 1.900 W and 1.034 D; phenol...

Author(s): Odikamnoro O. O. , Uhuo C. A., Ikeh I. M., Ogiji E. D., Ibiam, G.A., Azi, S.o., Akpam L. J. and Okoh N. F.

Extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase producing uropathogenic Escherichia coli infection in Dhaka, Bangladesh

January 2015

Extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing Escherichia coli that cause urinary tract infection (UTI) is a burning issue. This study was carried out to detect extended spectrum beta lactamase producing E. coli isolated from patients presented with UTI. This cross sectional study was conducted in the Department of Microbiology at Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka from January to December 2005, a period of one year....

Author(s): M. Saiful Islam, M. Abdullah Yusuf, Shaheen Ara Begum, AFM Arshedi Sattar, Afzal Hossain and Sushmita Roy

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