Journal of
Plant Breeding and Crop Science

  • Abbreviation: J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9758
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 409

JPBCS Articles

Phenological, morphological and agronomic characterization of sixteen genotypes of cotton plant (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in rainfed condition in Benin

February 2018

In Benin, cotton cultivation is rain fed. There is a need to develop varieties adapted to the current diversity of growing conditions caused by climate disruptions. To identify types of varieties that may be used in crossing to adapt varietal offer to climatic disturbances, sixteen genotypes of diverse origins were characterized with a randomized complete block design with four replications. Fifteen agro-morphological...

Author(s): Emmanuel SEKLOKA, Albert Kora SABI, Valérien Amégnikin ZINSOU, Abib ABOUDOU, Cyrille Kanli NDOGBE, Léonard AFOUDA and Lamine BABA-MOUSSA

Inheritance of cowpea resistance to flower thrips in Uganda germplasm

January 2018

Flower thrips [Megalurothrips sjostedti (Trybom)] is the most damaging insect pest on cowpea. However, information regarding the nature of gene action governing the inheritance of resistance to thrips is not available for cowpea genotypes in Uganda. This study was carried out to determine the inheritance pattern of cowpea resistance to flower thrips. Five resistant cowpea genotypes and three susceptible genotypes were...

Author(s): Symphorien Agbahoungba, Jeninah Karungi, Arfang Badji, Kassim Sadik, Paul Gibson, Richard Edema, Achille E. Assogbadjo and Patrick R. Rubaihayo

Evaluation of crossability studies between selected eggplant accessions with wild relatives S. torvum, S. anguivi and S. aethopicum (Shum group)

January 2018

Wild relatives of eggplants represent a good source of variation for breeding programmes, in particular for traits related to biotic and abiotic stresses and also fruit quality traits. However, wild species remain largely unexploited for eggplant breeding compared to other crops like tomato. Seven cultivated eggplant accessions (SM001-02, SM001-04, SM001-06, SM001-07, SA002-02, SA002-03 and SMA003-03) were crossed with...

Author(s): Afful N. T., Nyadanu D., Akromah R., Amoatey H. M., Annor C. and Diawouh R. G.

Performance of Solanum aethiopicum Shum group accessions under repetitive drought stress

January 2018

Drought is a serious climatic hazard to crop production, more especially when it occurs repeatedly. This created a need to identify repetitive drought tolerant varieties that recover following exposure to drought. Twenty accessions of Solanum aethiopicum Shum group were evaluated for their response to repeated drought exposure in a screen house at Uganda Christian University stressed and well-watered conditions in a...

Author(s): Mildred Julian Nakanwagi, Godfrey Sseremba, Michael Masanza and Elizabeth  Balyejusa Kizito

Estimates of combining ability for resistance to pod shattering in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) genotypes

December 2017

Combining ability estimates were studied for pod shattering and other agronomic traits in eight  parental soybean genotypes of different pod shattering group namely: susceptible to pod shattering, moderately resistant to pod shattering were crossed in a 4 x 4 North Carolina mating design II to generate 16 crosses, due to missing stands encountered in some crosses, 9 successful F1S hybrids were obtained in the...

Author(s): F. A. Umar, M. S. Mohammed, M. Oyekunle, I. S. Usman, M. N. Ishaq and S. N. Dachi

Assessment of the inheritance pattern of the novel "female only flower" trait in Jatropha curcas L. as potential for hybrid seed production

December 2017

Jatropha curcas L. (JLC) is a perennial shrub, originating in Central and South America and widely distributed in the tropical regions of the world. It is important in the bioenergy industries due to the characteristics of its oil which can be transformed into high quality biofuel for the substitution of diesel and jet fuel. The native gene, female only flower (FOF), is a desirable trait in the production of hybrid seed...

Author(s): Gongora-Canul, C. C., Aguilera-Cauich, E. A. and Martinez-Sebastián, G.

Genetic diversity in speckled bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes in Ethiopia

November 2017

In the present investigation, the genetic variability of 64 speckled type common bean genotypes were evaluated at Haramaya University during 2015 cropping season using 8 × 8 simple lattice design with three replications. The analysis of variance indicated highly significant (P<0.01) differences among genotypes for all the nine characters studied. High genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) was observed for...

Author(s): Yonas Moges Gelaw

Evaluation of five botanical powders against maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Motsch.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on maize (Jibat variety) under laboratory condition

November 2017

The present study was emphasized on low input technology entitled “Evaluation of five botanical powders against maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Motsch.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on maize (Jibat variety) under laboratory condition”, thereby decreasing the loss of maize in storage. Leave powder of five botanical used at four doses such as 2, 5, 8 and 11% weight by weight with maize seeds were evaluated in...

Author(s): Tufa Bulto, Mohammad Dawd and Surendra Kumar Singh

Combining ability of tropical early maize (Zea mays L.) inbred lines for grain yield and resistance to maize streak virus disease

October 2017

Maize is an important cereal crop in sub-Saharan Africa but production is adversely affected by maize streak virus disease (MSVD). In Ghana, re-occurrence of the disease has been reported in several regions, therefore, necessitating the development of resistant hybrids as the most sustainable and economical option. The objectives of the study were to identify parents and hybrids that combine MSVD resistance with high...

Author(s): Adenike Damilola Ige, Richard Akromah, Allen Oppong and Idris Ishola Adejumobi

Genetic variability, correlation and path analysis of yield and grain quality traits in bread wheat (Tritium aestivum L.) genotypes at Axum, Northern Ethiopia

October 2017

Forty-nine bread wheat genotypes were tested at Axum, Northern Ethiopia in 2016/17, with the objective of assessing the extent of genetic variation, correlation and path analysis of wheat genotypes in yield and grain quality traits using 7 x 7 triple lattice design. Data were collected for 17 agronomic and grain quality characters. For each of the test entries, samples of 500 g grains were taken from each plot for...

Author(s): Berhanu Meles, Wassu Mohammed and Yemane Tsehaye

Genetic inheritance of resistance to Fusarium redolens in cowpea

October 2017

Fusarium related root rots have been associated with reduced cowpea productivity in Uganda. Sources of genetic resistance to Fusarium redolens which was found to be the most virulent have been identified but the mode of inheritance of the genes conferring the resistance is unknown. This study aims to investigate how the genes for resistance to F. redolens are inherited in cowpea. Four F. redolens root rot resistant...

Author(s): Namasaka Roy Wanjala, Geoffrey Tusiime, Orawu Martin, Paul Gibson, Symphorien Agbahoungba, Alladassi Mahulé Elysé Boris and Richard Edema

Performances of selected tropical white maize single-cross hybrids for yield and yield attributing traits

September 2017

In Ghana, the production of hybrid maize is at its infant stage, occupying only about 3% of the area devoted for maize production. Therefore, the yields of this crop are low, 1.7 t ha-1 due to the use of open pollinated varieties (OPVs), shortage of high yielding varieties, biotic and abiotic stresses. Thus, the present study was designed to identify superior crosses based on their agronomic performance. Thirty-two...

Author(s): Yazachew Genet Ejigu, Pangirayi Bernard Tongoona and Beatrice Elohor Ifie

Evaluation of seventy six sugarcane families at early selection stages

September 2017

An experiment was conducted on sugarcane families belonging to the early selection stage of the Sugarcane Research Institute, Kaiyuan, Yunnan Academy, China, to evaluate them for the selection of superior families for the later stages of the breeding program. Seventy-six full-sib families and check variety were evaluated. The experiment was conducted during two growing seasons, corresponding to the plant cane and first...

Author(s): Eid M. Mehareb, Yang kun, Zhao Jun, Fouz  F Aboelenen, Qin Wei, Zan Fenggang, Liu Jiayong,  Xia Hongming, Yao Li, Zhao Peifang, Zhao Yong and Wu Caiwen

Estimation of heterosis and combining ability in maize (Zea mays L.) for maize lethal necrosis (MLN) disease

September 2017

Nature of gene action and genetic parameters for disease resistance are important attributes in developing resistant cultivars. This provides the sustainable, economically justifiable and environmentally friendly means of controlling plant diseases. In this study 6 x 6 full diallel cross involving genetically divergent maize inbred lines was performed with the aim of developing resistant cultivars against Maize Lethal...

Author(s): Kiyyo J. G. and Kusolwa P. M.

Agronomic performance evaluation of cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] varieties in Abergelle District, Northern Ethiopia

August 2017

Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) is one of the most important grain legumes in the semi-arid regions of many African countries including Ethiopia. However, it is less cultivated and scarcely distributed pulse crop in Abergelle due to a lack of improved varieties. A field experiment was conducted during the 2014 and 2015 main cropping seasons using a randomized complete block design with three replications to evaluate seven...

Author(s): Fantaye Belay, Atsbha Gebreslasie and Hintsa Meresa

Introgresion of the SH3 gene resistant to rust (Hemileia vastatrix) in improved lines of CASTILLO® variety (Coffea arabica L.)

August 2017

The genetic improvement at Cenicafé has developed varieties with resistance to Coffee Leaf Rust (CLR) (Hemileia vastatrix) derived from the Timor Hybrid. These varieties have durable rust resistance, especially against race II, the predominant race. In Colombia, these varieties have been cultivated for three decades and still show resistance. Recently, new rust races have appeared attacking these varieties....

Author(s): Andrea Valencia, Alexa Yadira Morales, María del Pilar Moncada, Hernando Alfonso Cortina, and Juan Carlos Herrera

Morphological distinctiveness between Solanum aethiopicum Shum group and its progenitor

August 2017

Use of morphological markers offers an alternative in germplasm discrimination of research-neglected crop species. A collection of 25 accessions including five wild progenitors was evaluated in screen house to identify the morphological difference between Solanum aethiopicum Shum and Solanum anguivi. An Unweighted Pair Group Method with Arithmetic mean hierarchical clustering revealed presence of moderate structure with...

Author(s): Godfrey Sseremba, Pangirayi Tongoona, John Savior Yaw Eleblu, Eric Yirenkyi Danquah, Nahamya Pamela Kabod, and Elizabeth Balyejusa Kizito

Cocoa floral phenology and pollin ation: Implications for productivity in Caribbean Islands

July 2017

Cocoa midges [Forcipomyia sp (Diptera: Cerato-pogonidae)] are major pollinators of cocoa and it is assumed that the number of fertilized pods and the increase in bean numbers may be the approach to enhancing cocoa yield. An insect survey using suction traps was employed to estimate the midge population dynamics in three Caribbean territories. Separate studies were conducted on the cocoa floral and reproductive phenology...

Author(s): Puran Bridgemohan, Kim Singh, Euphemia Cazoe, Garvin Perry, Aphzal Mohamed and Ronell SH Bridgemohan

Reaction of introduced Korean rice genotypes for resistance to rice blast in Uganda

July 2017

Rice blast caused by Magnaporthe grisea is an economically important disease which distributed in most rice growing areas of the world. Yield losses up to 100% are attributed to the blast disease in different rice growing regions of Uganda. In order to combat this disease screening of forty-six introduced Korean rice accessions and two checks IR-64 (resistant) and NERICA-1 (susceptible) were done in a 6 by 8 alpha...

Author(s): Zelalem Zewdu, Paul Gibson, Jimmy Lamo and Richard Edema

Diallel analysis of cowpea populations for resistance to Cowpea aphid-born mosaic virus disease (CABMV) in Burkina Faso

July 2017

Cowpea aphid-born mosaic virus disease (CABMV) is one of the reasons for rejection of cowpea seed by seed inspectors in Burkina Faso. With regard to this, this study was undertaken to analyze the genetic components underlying the resistance of cowpea lines to the cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus (CABMV) and to determine the mechanism of transmission of the resistance from parents to offspring. Therefore, crosses were...

Author(s): Barro Antoine, Batieno Benoit Joseph, Tignegre Jean-Baptiste, Dieni Zakaria, Sidibe Hamadou and  Sawadogo Mahamadou

Variation in the susceptibility of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) genotypes to okra mosaic virus and Podagrica species under field conditions

June 2017

A total of 21 okra (Abelmoschus escuentus L. Moench) genotypes were screened for their reactions against okra mosaic disease (OMD) and flea beetles (Podagrica species) infestations in field trials which were conducted from May to October, 2015 (wet season) and November 2015 to March 2016 (dry season), in order to identify sources of resistance and or tolerance. The trials were laid out in a randomised complete block...

Author(s): Elvis Asare-Bediako, Faustina Agyarko, Martin Verbeek, Kingsley J. Taah, Aaron Asare, Frimpong K. Agyei, Justice Sarfo, Moses Jojo Eghan and Rofella Combey

Inheritance of resistance to common bacterial blight in four selected common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes

June 2017

Common bacterial blight (CBB) is the most serious bacterial disease of common bean in Uganda. It causes severe yield losses of up to 62%. Genetic resistance is the most effective option for controlling CBB in smallholder common bean production systems. This study was carried out to determine the inheritance pattern of CBB resistance in leaf and pod of four new resistance sources. The four resistant and four susceptible...

Author(s): Boris M. E. Alladassi, Stanley T. Nkalubo, Clare Mukankusi, Eric S.Mwale, Paul Gibson, Richard Edema, Carlos A. Urrea, James D. Kelly and Patrick R. Rubaihayo

Molecular diagnostics of groundnut rosette disease agents in Uganda: Implications on epidemiology and management of groundnut rosette disease

May 2017

The objective of this study was to use molecular diagnostic tools to detect the agents of groundnut rosette disease (GRD) to guide in varietal development and disease management. Samples were collected from both GRD infected and healthy plants and sites geo-referenced. RNA extraction, cDNA synthesis, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification, electrophoresis, staining and visualization were performed according to...

Author(s): David Kalule Okello, Michael Adrogu Ugen, Phinehas Tukamuhabwa, Mildred Ochwo-Ssemakula, Thomas Lapaka Odong, John Adriko, Faith Kiconco, Allan Male and Carl Michael Deom

Improvement of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) by intraspecific hybridization between ecotypes of Africa and Americana

May 2017

Jatropha curcas is a plant with several attributes, multiples uses and considerable potentials. To mitigate the effects of climatic change, it is necessary to alleviate fossil power energy and increase biofuel energy. Plant-based fuels are among the best renewable sources, and their use can lead to a better balance of CO2 and other greenhouse gases responsible for global warming. The aim of this work was to study the...

Author(s): Ayizannon R. G., Ahoton L. E., Ezin V., Quenum  F. and Mergeai G.

Genotype × environment interactions and oil content stability analysis of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in Northern Cameroon

April 2017

High oil content of peanut is a crucial trait for the processing industry, especially in developing countries where most peanuts are for a major source of cooking oil. Twelve peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties were evaluated at three northern Cameroon locations for two consecutive seasons in order to estimate variability and stability of performance for seed oil content. A randomized complete block design replicated...

Author(s): Souina Dolinassou, Jean Baptiste Tchiagam Noubissié, Malhala Mamoudou, Richard Marcel Nguimbou and Nicolas Yanou Njintang,

Inheritance of resistance to brown spot disease in upland rice in Uganda

April 2017

Brown spot disease caused by Bipolaris oryzae [Breda de Haan (Shoem.)] is one of the most important diseases affecting rice (Oryza sativa L.) worldwide. Host plant resistance is considered an effective, cheap and environment friendly means of managing this disease. Nine rice genotypes with varying resistance levels were crossed in a full diallel mating design including reciprocals and parents. Parents, reciprocals and...

Author(s): Marco Martin Mwendo, Mildred Ochwo-Ssemakula, Saul Eric Mwale, Jimmy Lamo, Paul Gibson and Richard Edema

Genotypic evaluation of sugarcane (Saccharum spp. Hybrids) clones for sucrose content in western Kenya

March 2017

Sugarcane variety development programmes primarily envisage breeding of varieties with high cane yields and high sugar content in specific environmental conditions. Key components associated with sugar yields are tonnes of cane per hectare and sucrose content. A study was undertaken to evaluate 22 introduced sugarcane genotypes with three checks (KEN 83-737, EAK73-335 and D8484) for sucrose content in western Kenya. The...

Author(s): Edwin Shikanda, Japheth Jamoza and Oliver Kiplagat

Induction of flowering in cassava through grafting

February 2017

Flowering in cassava is related to branching. Erect plant architecture is usually preferred by farmers but results in late and scarce flowering, which slows down breeding and genetic studies. The objective of this study was to induce earlier and more abundant flowering, which have become key research needs for cassava. Six non- or late-flowering genotypes were selected for grafting on a profuse, early flowering...

Author(s): H. Ceballos, J. J. Jaramillo, S. Salazar, L. M. Pineda, F. Calle and T. Setter

Estimates of combining ability and heritability in cowpea genotypes under drought stress and non-stress conditions in Uganda

February 2017

Cowpea is an important source of food and income for small scale farmers in Uganda. Production is, however, affected by both biotic and abiotic stresses. Drought stress has recently emerged as a serious concern due to the effects of climate change. This study was therefore undertaken to estimate the general and specific combining ability effects of parents and crosses as well as estimate the heritability of delayed leaf...

Author(s): Saul Eric Mwale, Mildred Ochwo Ssemakula, Kassim Sadik, Boris Alladassi, Patrick Rubaihayo, Paul Gibson, Wales Singini and Richard Edema

Agro-morphological variability of Zea mays (L.) accessions collected in Southern Benin

January 2017

A better approach to assess plant genetic diversity is the agro-morphological characterization. The main objective of this study was to investigate the morphological variability of 87 maize (Zea mays L.) accessions collected in different agro-ecological zones of southern Benin. Thus, 16 agro-morphological characters (seven quantitative and nine qualitative) were selected from the maize descriptors. The experimental...

Author(s): Hafiz A. Salami, Haziz Sina, Nouhoun Zoumarou Wallis, Wilfrid Padonou, Djima Aly, Chabi Yallou, Kamirou Chabi-Sika, Pacôme A. Noumavo, Adolphe Adjanohoun and Lamine Baba-Moussa

Application of marker-assisted backcrossing to improve cowpea (Vignaunguiculata L. Walp) for drought tolerance

December 2016

Molecular-assisted backcrossing (MABC) was used to introgress drought tolerance, Striga and root-knot nematode resistance QTLs into a farmer-preferred widely grown cowpea landrace adapted for intercropping in Burkina Faso. Two backcross populations were developed using two drought tolerant donor lines IT93K-503-1 (nematode resistant) and IT97K-499-35 (Striga resistant) and the drought sensitive landrace Moussa Local as...

Author(s): Benoit Joseph Batieno, Eric Danquah, Jean-Baptiste Tignegre, Bao-Lam Huynh, Issa Drabo, Timothy J Close, Kwadwo Ofori, Philip Roberts and Tinga Jeremy Ouedraogo

A method of estimating broad-sense heritability for quantitative traits in the type 2 modified augmented design

November 2016

Heritability is a basic genetic parameter for quantitative traits that may determine their selection generation and intensity as well as predict their selection response and efficiency in plant breeding. Estimation of heritability varies based on experimental design. The type 2 modified augmented design (MAD2) as an unbalanced experimental design, has been proposed for evaluating numerous unreplicated test genotypes...

Author(s): Frank M. You, Gaofeng Jia, Sylvie Cloutier, Helen M. Booker, Scott D. Duguid and Khalid Y. Rashid

Combining ability and gene action in sesame (Sesamum indicum L) elite genotypes by diallel mating design

November 2016

An 8 x 8 diallel cross mating design with the parents and F1s was used to estimate gene action and combining ability for yield and yield characters in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). The experiment was conducted at the National Semi-Arid Resources Research Institute (NaSARRI), Serere, Uganda during the second season of 2013. The traits involved: days to 50% flowering, days to maturity, height to first branch, height to...

Author(s): Walter Okello Anyanga, Patrick Rubaihayo, Paul Gibson and Patrick Okori

Analysis of genotype x environment interaction and seed yield stability of sesame in Northern Ethiopia

November 2016

The experiment was conducted in Northern Ethiopia from 2011-2013  under rain fed conditions in a total of seven environments vis. E1, E2, E3, E4, E5, E6 and E7. The objective of the study was to evaluate the adaptability and stability of sesame genotypes across environments. 13 sesame genotypes were evaluated and the experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. The average...

Author(s): Fiseha Baraki, Yemane Tsehaye and Fetien Abay

Radio-sensitivity of cowpea to ultra-violet radiation by pollen treatment

November 2016

The technique of pollen irradiation for mutation induction technique has been successfully demonstrated in many crop species. Therefore, the mutagenic effects of UV irradiated pollen on cowpea accessions were investigated. Pollen grains of eight cowpea accessions were irradiated with 30,000µWs/cm2 UV for 60, 120, 180, 240, 300 and 360 minutes. Emasculated flowers of each accession were self-pollinated with...

Author(s): Festus Olakunle Olasupo, Christopher Olumuyiwa Ilori and Anna Abimbola Muyiwa

Pathogenic and genetic diversity in Puccinia hordei Otth in Australasia

October 2016

Two PCR-fingerprinting primers, (GACA)4 and M13, were tested across 22 pathotypes of Puccinia hordei Otth collected from Australasia over a 30 year period, to assess their usefulness in revealing genetic variability in this pathogen. Both primers revealed polymorphisms among the pathotypes, with (GACA)4 generating a higher level of polymorphism. Molecular analyses revealed evidence of clonality among the P. hordei...

Author(s): K. S. Sandhu, H. Karaoglu and R. F. Park

Organic and mineral fertilizer effects on growth and yield of cocoyam in a tropical Ultisol in South Eastern Nigeria

October 2016

The performance of cocoyam (Colocasia esculenta L. Schott) to varying levels of cow dung and potassium fertilizer was investigated in 2012 and 2013 cropping seasons under field conditions at National Horticultural Research Institute (NIHORT), Imo State, Nigeria. The experiment was a 4 × 2 factorial arrangement in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The treatments were four levels of cow...

Author(s): Mary Oluchi Iwuagwu, Dominic Aja Okpara, Cosmas Osita Muoneke and Adanma Augustina Ukaoma

Evaluation of large seeded faba bean genotypes for agronomic performance in vertisol areas of Southern Tigray, Ethiopia

October 2016

Thirty-two faba bean genotypes were evaluated for their yield and yield components in verstisol areas of Hashenge and Aiba in 2015. Alpha lattice design with two replications was used for the experiment. The Analysis of Variance showed highly significant differences (P<0.01) for thousand seed weight over locations. Based on this, genotype EH 06007-2 scored highest 1000 seed weight (1111 g) followed by EH 06088-6...

Author(s): Birhanu Amare Gidey

Allelopathic activity of extracts of Citharexylum spinosum L. from Tunisia

October 2016

Allelopathic potential of Citharexylum spinosum L. (Verbenaceae) an exotic tree introduced in Tunisia many years ago was evaluated. Organic extracts using hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol solvents together with aqueous extracts at different concentrations were prepared from different parts of the plant (roots, stems, leaves and flowers). Yields in the 12 organic extracts together with their phenol contents were...

Author(s): A. El Ayeb-Zakhama and F. Harzallah-Skhiri

Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) varieties evaluation in Borana zone, Yabello district, southern Ethiopia

October 2016

Tomato is one of the most important vegetable in Ethiopia as well as in the world in irrigated regions. It can be produced in a wide range of climatic conditions and many types of soils. Borana zone has potential to produce the crop, but not well done due to technical (production technology) and socio-economic problems. Among technical problem unavailability of seeds of adapted and improved tomato varieties is the most...

Author(s): Desalegn Regassa, Wakene Tigre and Addis Shiferaw

Agro-morphological characterization of Fonio millet accessions (Digitaria exilis Stapf.) collected from Boukoumbé, Northwest of Benin

October 2016

Fonio is a cereal food of great socio-economic and cultural importance in south Sahara African Countries. Unfortunately, it is practically absent from National Agricultural Research Programs. To characterize the agro-morphological diversity of fonio ecotypes grown in Benin, twenty accessions collected from Boukoumbé were evaluated in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replicates in Parakou....

Author(s): Emmanuel Sekloka, Cyrille Kanlindogbe, Samadori Sorotori Honoré Biaou, Hubert Adoukonou-Sagbadja, Albert Kora, Fidèle Tchossi Motouama, Moudjaidou Seidou, Valérien Amégnikin Zinsou, Léonard Afouda and Lamine Baba-Moussa

Effect of seed source and seed age on yield and yield related traits of malt barley (Hordium vulgare L.) varieties at Central Arsi Highlands Ethiopia

October 2016

The major constraints in fulfilling the growing demand of malt barley in Ethiopia are limited as a result of the selection of a favourable production environment and long-time seed storage for market advantages among others are few to mention. Besides, few research findings are available on evaluation of the potential differences across sites and crop management practices to meet malting and brewery industry quality...

Author(s): Tefera Regasa, Firew Mekbib and Firdissa Eticha

Genetic variation for corm yield and other traits in Ethiopian enset (Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman)

September 2016

Enset (Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman) is a multipurpose crop used for food, fuel, housing materials, fencing and livestock feed.  The major food types obtained from enset are kocho, bulla and amicho. Kocho is fermented starch obtained from decorticated (scraped) leaf sheaths and grated corms. Bulla is obtained by squeezing out the liquid containing starch from scraped leaf sheathes and grated corm and...

Author(s): Zerihun Yemataw, Kassahun Tesfaye, Tesfaye Taddese, Tesfaye Dejene, Sadik Muzemil, Zeritu Shashego and Daniel Ambachew  

Stability, agronomic performance and genetic variability of 10 cassava genotypes in Ghana

September 2016

Genetic enhancement of cassava aimed at increasing productivity through the provision of broad-based which improved germplasm and is also a major goal for cassava breeders. 10 genotypes (4 landraces and 6 developed lines) were evaluated at Fumesua, Ejura and Pokuase in 2 growing seasons in a randomized complete block design in 3 replicates to determine variability among genotypes for fresh root yield (FRY), root number...

Author(s): Bright B. Peprah, Adelaide Agyeman, Elizabeth Parkes, Ofori Kwadwo, Asante K. Isaac, Okogbenin Emmanuel and Maryke T. Labuschagne

Heritability analysis to screen elite sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) soma clones under field condition

September 2016

Three elite sugarcane varieties were used in this experiment to check the heritability parameters which consist of range, environmental variance, genetic variance, genetic advance and broad sense heritability. Four hundred and five soma clones were observed for phenotypic characters including number of tillers (plant-1), cane height (cm), number of internode (plant-1) and width of internode (cm). Variability range for...

Author(s): Sardar Khatoon Solangi, Sadaf Tabasum Qureshi, Nusrat Solangi, Mukhtiar Khatoon Solangi, Imtiaz Ahmed Khan and Asma Parveen, Asma Parveen Channar and Altaf Hussain Solangi

Comparing pollination control bag types for sorghum seed harvest

August 2016

Efficacy of pollination bags made of new nonwoven fabrics was compared with the traditional paper bags in sorghum during 2015 using three cultivars comprising BR007B (red seeded), SC283 (white seeded) and 1167048 hybrid with tannin (brown seeded). The five pollination bag treatments were: no bagging, traditional paper bag, paper bag plus plastic screen bag for extra bird protection, duraweb® SG2 polypropylene bag...

Author(s): R. E. Schaffert, D. S. Virk and H. Senior

Characterization of leaf rust resistance in international barley nurseries

August 2016

Barley nurseries comprising 820 lines with 479 unique pedigrees sourced from the International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) were screened for seedling and adult plant resistance (APR) against Australian isolates of barley leaf rust pathogen Puccinia hordei Otth. Ninety three percent of the lines were postulated to carry the seedling leaf rust resistance gene Rph3 based on their...

Author(s): K. S. Sandhu, D. Singh and R. F. Park

Inbreeding enhances field resistance to cassava brown streak viruses

August 2016

Cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) is currently the major disease affecting cassava production in Eastern and Southern Africa. Breeding for resistance has been hampered by a lack of sources of resistance and the complexity of CBSD. This study was initiated to assess the possibility of exploiting inbreeding, as a strategy for generating new sources of resistance to CBSD. This was based on the premise that inbreeding...

Author(s): Kaweesi Tadeo, Kyaligonza Vincent, Baguma Yona, Kawuki Robert and Morag Ferguson

Assessment of advanced Kenyan selected wheat lines for resistance to the prevailing stem rust races (Puccinia graminis f.sp.tritici) in Kenya

July 2016

Stem rust (Puccinia graminis f.sp.tritici) of wheat (Triticum aestivum) has caused wheat yield losses in Kenya for years and the trend shows the situation has worsened. The objective of the research was to identify elite genotypes for adult plant and seedling stage resistance. Adult plant resistance study was done under natural conditions in three locations. Scoring was done following the modified Cobbs scale. Seedling...

Author(s): Beatrice Nafula Tenge, Pascal Peter Okwiri Ojwang, Daniel Otaye and Peter Njau

Correlation and path co-efficient analysis for grain quality traits in F1 generation of rice (Oryza sativa L.)

July 2016

A study on correlation and path co-efficient analysis was conducted on eleven F1 generation derived from crosses between aromatic and non-aromatic parental landraces genotypes. The results showed that high standard deviation was observed on head rice recovery (16.12) followed by gel consistence (13.81) and milling recovery (10.74). The results also showed that correlation between brown rice length and paddy grain width...

Author(s): Abdala A. J., Bokosi J. M., Mwangwela A. M. and Mzengeza T. R.

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