Journal of
Plant Breeding and Crop Science

  • Abbreviation: J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9758
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 442

JPBCS Articles

Introgression of a gene for high grain protein content (Gpc-B1) into two leading cultivars of wheat in Eastern Gangetic Plains of India through marker assisted backcross breeding

August 2015

A wheat genotype named ‘PBW343+Gpc-B1+LR24’ containing Gpc-B1 gene linked with the DNA-based marker Xucw108,  developed at Choudhary Charan Singh University (CCSU), Meerut, through marker-assisted selection, was used as the donor parent to transfer the gene (Gpc-B1) for high grain protein content (GPC) into two popular cultivars (HUW234 and HUW468) of Eastern Gangetic Plains (EGP) of India. In both the...

Author(s): Vinod Kumar Mishra, Pushpendra Kumar Gupta, Balasubramaniam Arun, Ramesh Chand, Neeraj Kumar Vasistha, Manish Kumar Vishwakarma, Punam SinghYadav and Arun Kumar Joshi,

High efficiency macropropagation of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cv. Kufri Jyoti in Kumaun Hills

July 2015

The present study demonstrated the use of various PGR combinations for efficient in vitro regeneration of cv. kufri jyoti in kumaun hills. Best callus induction and proliferation was observed in MS medium supplemented with 13.59 µM 2,4-D alone and 2,4-D + kinetin (9.06 + 1.16 µM) out of different concentrations of 2,4-D (4.53 to 18.12 µM) alone and 2,4-D (0 to 18.12 µM) with kinetin (1.16...

Author(s): Manisha Dhaka and Tapan Kumar Nailwal

Identification of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) landraces tolerant to post flowering drought stress using drought tolerance indices

July 2015

Drought stress occurring during the post-flowering growth stage of sorghum can cause considerable reduction in yield. In order to identify drought tolerant Eritrean sorghum landraces and assess efficiency of drought tolerance indices, twenty five sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) accessions were evaluated in split plot design with three replications. Fully irrigated and drought stress treatments were assigned in main...

Author(s): Tesfamichael Abraha, Aggrey Bernard Nyende, Stephen Githiri Mwangi, Remmy Kasili and Woldeamlak Araia

Assessment of genetic variability and yield stability in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars in River Nile State, Sudan

July 2015

Eight chickpea cultivars (Shendi, Jabel Marra, Wad Hamid, Atmor, Hwata, Burgeig, Salwa and Matama) were evaluated for genetic variability, yield stability and contribution of yield attributes to seed yield. Field experiments were carried out for four seasons (2007/2008, 2009/2010, 2010/2011 and 2011/2012) at Hudeiba Research Farm in River Nile State, Sudan. Randomized complete block design with six replications was...

Author(s): Amel A. Mohamed, Izzat S. A. Tahir and Ashraf M. A. Elhashimi

Differential morphological, physiological, and molecular responses to water deficit stress in sugarcane

July 2015

This study was designed to characterize morphological, physiological and molecular responses of sugarcane genotypes to a simulated water deficit stress. Two genotypes (TSP05-4: Drought-tolerant; TCP02-4589: Drought-sensitive) were subjected to a 20-day water deficit treatment and an 8-day recovery period. Leaf photosynthesis (Pn), transpiration rate (E), stomatal conductance (Gs), leaf greenness index (SPAD) and...

Author(s): Cássia Ângela Pedrozo, John Jifon, Márcio Henrique Pereira Barbosa, Jorge Alberto Da Silva, Jong-Won Park And Nora Solis Gracia

Variability of root and physiological traits of different maturity groups of maize (Zea mays L.)

July 2015

Maize (Zea mays L.) is a major commercial crop, with high potential for production due to high solar radiation and low night temperature in sub-Saharan Africa. It is also the second most susceptible to drought among cereals, although phenotypic traits can be altered to improve drought resistance. Pot and field experiments were conducted to study the variability in root and physiological traits in different maturity...

Author(s): Shaibu A. S., Rabiu I. U. and Adnan A. A.

Generation mean analysis to estimate genetic parameters of some traits for rice–weed competitiveness

June 2015

Weeds are the most widespread biotic production constraint of rice in Africa and one of the major factors limiting grain yield. An efficient breeding strategy could be particularly important for improving weed management in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) because most smallholder rice farmers use few external inputs. To understand rice weed competitiveness, experiments on reciprocal interspecific crosses derived from FKR19...

Author(s): Moukoumbi Yonnelle Dea, Sie Moussa, Dieng Ibnou, Yao Kouadio Nasser and Ahanchede Adam

Climatic conditions requirements of maize germplasm for flowering in the rainforest Agro-ecology of Nigeria

June 2015

The number of days from planting to flowering in maize (Zea mays L.) is of interest to maize breeders because of its importance in the selection of appropriate hybrid parents. Highly significant interaction of planting dates with varieties for flowering traits have been observed during the early and late cropping seasons in the rainforest agro-ecology of South West Nigeria. This makes the use of flowering dates as...

Author(s): Abimbola Oluwaranti, Morakinyo Abiodun Bamidele Fakorede, Abebe Menkir and Baffour Badu-Apraku

Genetic diversity and association of physio-morphological traits for drought resistance in wheat (Triticum aesitivum)

June 2015

Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) occupied 17 percentage of the total cultivated land in the world whereas it has contributed major role to maintain the Nepalese agricultural gross domestic products (MOAC, 2012) but area of cultivation has been decreasing. Moreover, potential yield of popular varieties have reduced by the effect of drought. To combat from drought loss, tolerant variety is one of the major solutions to...

Author(s): Rudra Bhattarai, Surya Kant Ghimire, Dhruba Bahadur Thapa and Madhav Prasad Pandey

Analysis of phenotypic responses influencing leaf growth rate and harvest parameters in cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) under hydrothermal stress

June 2015

Plants under hydrothermal stress show a variety of responses aimed at reducing leaf growth and total leaf area, thereby reducing physiological processes such as transpiration and photosynthesis. The effects of hydrothermal stress on cassava plant growth parameters were thus investigated. Twenty cassava varieties representing a broad range of genetic diversity were used. Plants were grown in the field, physical...

Author(s): Ephraim Nuwamanya, Patrick R. Rubaihayo, Joseph F. Hawumba, Robert Kawuki and Yona Baguma

Variability for yield, yield related traits and association among traits of sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor (L.) Moench) varieties in Wollo, Ethiopia

May 2015

Sixteen sorghum varieties were tested in a randomized complete block design with three replications at Sirinka Agricultural Research Center and Kobo sub-center in 2010 with the objectives of estimating the genetic variability, associations among the traits and determining the direct and indirect effect of the traits on grain yield of varieties across the two locations. Analysis of variance revealed that there were...

Author(s): Kassahun Amare, Habtamu Zeleke and Geremew Bultosa

Genetic effects on panicle traits of crossbred rainfed rice cultivars using generation mean analysis

May 2015

The nature and magnitude of gene effects involved in expression of panicle traits in rainfed rice cultivars were estimated among a wide range of crosses using generation mean analysis. The parental lines comprised of two low-land and six upland rain-fed rice. The lowland parents were used as pollen parents and the upland genotypes were maintained as the seed parents. Crosses were made between them to obtain the F1...

Author(s): Chinyere Prisca Anyanwu and Ignatius Ugwudike Obi

Genetic diversity and trait association between growth, yield and seed component of Jatropha curcas (L.) source collection from Indian sub-continent

May 2015

Seventy-two Jatropha curcas clonal accessions, collected from different parts of India, were grown in randomized block design and evaluated for 13 characters. These showed significant differences in growth, yield and seed characteristics, except for number of primary branches per plant. The accessions AFRI-35, AFRI-52 and AFRI-56 showed above mean value for 12 growth, fruit and seed yield characters except for number of...

Author(s): Atul Tripathi, D. K. Mishra and J .K. Shukla

Some medicinal plant resources and traditional uses in Pakistan

May 2015

Present communication describes lesser known plant resources which have been used over the centuries by local communities and indigenous populations for their medicinal and nutritional properties. Many of these plants are now being discovered by modern science and medicine and their value recognized. The idea is to call attention of research institutions and policy makers to these “forgotten gems” which have...

Author(s): Mariam Ahmed

Combining ability and heterosis estimate of extra-early quality protein maize (QPM) single cross hybrids

April 2015

Six extra-early quality protein maize (QPM) inbred lines from IITA were investigated using a partial diallel cross design. The objectives were to assess the hybrids and their parents for their agronomic performance. The six parents along with their hybrids (15) were evaluated using a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications per site in four locations. General combining ability (GCA) and specific...

Author(s): Ofori, A. P., Ofori K., Obeng-Antwi, K., Tengan, K. M. L. and Badu-Apraku B.

Breeding for dual purpose attributes in sorghum: Identification of materials and associations among fodder and grain yield and related traits

April 2015

In view of the pressing need for both grain and fodder of sorghum as source for food and feed, a study was conducted during 2010 and 2011 to investigate the possibility of developing high yielding dual (grain/fodder) sorghum cultivars. A replicated breeding nursery comprising 122 genotypes was screened for dual grain/fodder attributes. 21 sorghum genotypes were selected and tested against 3 checks in Alpha lattice...

Author(s): Suad A. Hassan and Maarouf I. Mohammed

Breeding for dual purpose attributes in sorghum: Effect of harvest option and genotype on fodder and grain yields

April 2015

A study was conducted across different seasons during 2012 to 2013 to investigate the effect of harvest options and genotype on the dual fodder and grain yield in sorghum. The treatments were arranged in split–split plot design with the harvest options assigned to the main plot and the genotypes to the sub plot. The study revealed that performance of dual sorghum genotypes differed across harvest options and...

Author(s): Suad A. Hassan, Maarouf I. Mohammed and Samia O. Yagoub

Performance of farmers’ and improved varieties of barley for yield components and seed quality

April 2015

The objective of this study was to assess the performance of farmers’ and improved varieties of barley for yield and yield related traits and seed quality attribute in North Shewa Zone of Oromiya Region, Ethiopian. Seven farmer’s varieties (FVs) and three improved varieties (MVs) of barley were tested at three locations in Degem Wereda in randomized complete block design (RCBD) design with three replications...

Author(s): Girma Megersa, Firew Mekbib and Berhane Lakew

Crossability and germinability potentials of some cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) progenitors for selection

March 2015

Controlled crosses and selection of promising cassava genotypes were carried out at Cassava Breeding Programme of National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI), Umudike, Nigeria, in 2010. A 3 x 3 North Carolina mating design was used to generate nine F1 population. Out of 7,044 seeds expected from all the pollinated flowers, only 1,102 seeds (15.6%) were harvested. Majority of the pollinated flowers did not develop...

Author(s): Njoku, Damian Ndubuisi, Ikeogu, Ugochukwu Nathaniel, Ewa, Favour and Egesi, Chiedozie

Stability of resistance to cassava brown streak disease in major agro-ecologies of Uganda

March 2015

Cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) is the most devastating disease of cassava in southern,   eastern and cntral Africa, and can cause up to 100% yield loss. Limited progress has been made in breeding for host plant resistance due to limited knowledge on the resistance variability to the disease. Reaction of promising cassava genotypes to CBSD in multi-environments are also unknown. Therefore, this study...

Author(s): Anthony Pariyo, Yona Baguma, Titus Alicai, Robert Kawuki, Edward Kanju, Anton Bua, Christopher A. Omongo, Paul Gibson, David S. Osiru, Dennis Mpairwe and Phinehas Tukamuhabwa

Genotype by environment interaction of some faba bean genotypes under diverse broomrape environments of Tigray, Ethiopia

March 2015

Advanced breeding lines with acceptable resistance and tolerance levels to broomrape is an important way of decreasing yield loss. The objective of this research was to assess the yield stability of faba bean genotypes under diverse broomrape (Orobanche crenata) prone production environments. Six faba bean genotypes were tested across six environments. The AMMI analysis showed significant (P<0.01) genotype,...

Author(s): Teklay Abebe, Yemane Nega, Muez Mehari, Adhiena Mesele, Assefa Workineh and Hadas Beyene

Agro-morphological variability of shea populations (Vitellaria paradoxa CF Gaertn) in the Township of Bassila, Benin Republic

February 2015

Shea (Vitellaria paradoxa CF Gaertn) is a multipurpose forest tree species. This is one of the most integrated species in the cropping systems in the central and northern regions of Benin. It is also an important source of income for the population. Observations were made on some shea trees randomly selected in three vegetation types namely forests, fallows and farms. Data collection on quantitative and qualitative...

Author(s): SOUBEROU T. Kafilatou, AHOTON  E. Léonard, EZIN Vincent and SEKO H. Eliassou

Optimization of micropropagation protocol for three cotton varieties regenerated from apical shoot

February 2015

The need for alternative strategies to obtain transgenic cotton via apical shoot was necessitated due to the recalcitrance of cotton regeneration from somatic embryogenesis, this has greatly slowed down the development of transgenic cottons. To this effect, an optimized regeneration system from apical shoot was developed for three varieties of cotton. Ninety-five percent seed surface sterility was observed in seed...

Author(s): Afolabi-Balogun N. B., Inuwa H. M., Ume O., Bakare-Odunola M. T., Nok A. J. and Adebola P. A.

Morphological diversity and association of traits in ethiopian food barley (Hordeum vulgare l.) landraces in relation to regions of origin and altitudes

February 2015

One hundred and two barley accessions and five checks were evaluated using augmented design consisting of four complete blocks in 2012 main cropping season at holetta agricultural research center. Ten quantitative and six qualitative characters were recorded. Analysis of variance showed significant difference (p<0.01) among accessions for plant height, awn length, peduncle extrusion, thousand seed weight, number of...

Author(s): Bedasa Mekonnon, Berhane Lakew and Tadesse Dessalegn

Correlation, path coefficient analysis and heritability of grain yield components in pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.) parental lines

February 2015

Twenty four parental lines of pearl millet A/B pairs developed jointly by Lake Chad Research Institute (LCRI), Maiduguri and International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Kano during 1997 to 1999 were evaluated along with a seed parent (ZATIB) across five locations to determine yield and yield component relationships, heritability estimates as well as genetic advance. Correlation...

Author(s): Ezeaku I. E. Angarawai I. I., Aladele S. E. and Mohammed S. G.

Introgression of root protein and yield traits from backcross hybrids between cassava and its wild progenitor (Manihot esculenta ssp flabellifolia)

January 2015

Manihot esculenta spp flabellifolia is a potential progenitor for cassava root protein content and yield improvement. Storage roots of cassava landraces are low in protein content due to the fact that past breeding objectives concentrated mainly on yield and resistance to diseases. The improvement of cassava through its wild progenitor is of importance for the full utilization of the potential of the wild progenitor. An...

Author(s): Olalekan Akinbo, Maryke Tine Labuschagne and Martin Fregene

Correlation analysis for maize grain yield, other agronomic parameters and Striga affected traits under Striga infested/free environment

January 2015

Evaluation of 15 F1 hybrids and six parents obtained from partial diallel crosses was carried out during 2011 rainy season at Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR) Samaru, Zaria Striga infested field and Striga free field (2 environments). Interrelationships of grain yield and its components under Striga infestation revealed that character ear height had positive and highly significant phenotypic correlation with...

Author(s): J. Halidu, L. Abubakar, U. A. Izge, S. G. Ado, H. Yakubu and B. S. Haliru

Genetics of drought tolerance in common bean genotypes adapted to Ugandan conditions

January 2015

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important source of food and income for majority of households in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, bean production in Uganda is being affected by drought which has resulted from recent changes in climate. Developing high-yielding and drought-tolerant bean cultivars would significantly contribute to increased and stable yields in drought-prone environments. However, prior research...

Author(s): Winnyfred Amongi, Stanley Tamusange Nkalubo, Paul Gibson, Richard Edema and Mildred Ochwo-Ssemakula

Combining ability for yield and yield components in six parents and their 15 F1 hybrids of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) in half diallel mating design

December 2014

Combining ability estimates were studied for seed yield, yield components and other morphological traits in six sesame parental lines and their 15 F1  hybrids crossed in half diallel for two consecutive seasons 2012/2013 - 2013/2014 at Gadaref University Farm, Gadaref, Sudan. Combining ability analysis revealed that both additive and non additive types of gene actions were important in the studied traits. For days...

Author(s): Salah Balla M. Ahmed and Shahira I. Adam

Genetic diversity and adaptation to different tillage and farming systems of cocoyam genotypes (Xanthosoma sagittifolium L. Schott) in the Eastern Region of Ghana

December 2014

Experiments conducted in Ghana show that cocoyam exists as mixtures of clones in farmers farms. This work aimed to use RAPD markers to determine the extent of diversity in cocoyam genotypes collected from farms at different locations in the Eastern region of Ghana. The study also investigated whether the genotypes have different adaptation to different farming systems (intercropping with plantain and sole cropping) and...

Author(s): Linda Arhin, Lemuel Ohemeng Mintah and Robert Impraim

Genetic diversity in Tepary bean (Phaseolus acutifolius) landraces grown in Botswana

December 2014

A field experiment was conducted at Department of Agricultural Research in Sebele in the 2012 to 2013 season using nine accessions that were sourced from the National Plant Genetic Resource Centre (NPGRC), Gaborone, Botswana. Multivariate statistical procedures such as clusters and principal component analysis were used on 15 selected characters to assess agro-morphological variability among tepary bean landraces...

Author(s): Molosiwa O. O., Kgokong S. B., Makwala B., Gwafila C. and Ramokapane M. G.

Genetic variation and heritability of yield and related traits in promising rice genotypes (Oryza sativa L.)

November 2014

A study was conducted during 2008 to 2009 in 12 environments in Nigeria, Benin Republic and Togo to evaluate genetic variation and heritability of yield and related traits in 48 rice genotypes. The experiments were laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Genotypes differed significantly at p > 0.001 for all the traits studied, which implies that the genotypes contain adequate...

Author(s): S. A. Ogunbayo, M. Sié, D. K. Ojo, K. A. Sanni, M. G. Akinwale, B. Toulou, A. Shittu, E. O. Idehen, A. R. Popoola, I. O. Daniel and G. B. Gregorio

Management of major diseases and insect pests of onion and garlic: A comprehensive review

November 2014

Onion (Allium cepa L.) and garlic (Allium sativum L.) are the most important commercial crops grown all over the world and consumed in various forms. In India, onion and garlic have been under cultivation for the last 5000 years. It is generally used as vegetables, spices or as medicines. India ranks second to China in area and production in both onion and garlic, but ranks 102nd for onion and 74th for garlic in terms...

Author(s): R. K. Mishra, R. K. Jaiswal, D. Kumar, P. R. Saabale and A. Singh

Performance evaluation of indigenous Arabica coffee genotypes across different environments

November 2014

Evaluation of 30 Arabica coffee genotypes was carried out at four different locations in south-western Ethiopia to identify genotypes that exhibits stable performance across wide environments. The analyses of variances revealed that yield differences among genotypes were highly significant at all locations in both seasons except at Jimma during the second season. The interaction was also highly significant. Six...

Author(s): Yonas Belete, Bayetta Belachew and Chemeda Fininsa

Combining ability and heterosis for different agronomic traits in maize (Zea mays L.) under drought stress in the Sudan Savanna of Borno State, Nigeria

October 2014

Combining ability variances were estimated for grain yield and its related traits in maize (Zea mays L.). Nine maize varieties consisted of five IITA open pollinated varieties (OPVs) and four local varieties were crossed in line x tester mating design. During the 2007 cropping season to determine the general combining ability (GCA), specific combining ability (SCA) effects and heterosis. Parents and hybrids were...

Author(s): D. Aminu, M. A. Dawud and A. Modu

Evaluation of bean qualities of indigenous Arabica coffee genotypes across different environments

October 2014

Evaluation of bean qualities of 30 Arabica coffee genotypes were carried out at four different locations (South-western Ethiopia). The genotypes had high overall yield potential, during a preliminary evaluation carried out at Gera. The differences among genotypes for cherry weight (CW), bean weight, parchment length (PL), bean length (BL), floater beans and outturn percent at each location were highly significant (p...

Author(s): Yonas Belete, Bayetta Belachew and Chemeda Fininsa

Crop nutrition studies on grain filling and chalkiness in rice

October 2014

Rice grain chalkiness can reduce crop quality resulting in lower grades and returns. It is as a consequence of loose starch and protein particles packing during grain filling and maturation, and may due to nutritional, biochemical, physiological and environmental conditions particularly in varieties with high inheritable chalkiness. This study set out to evaluate the response to varying levels of nitrogen and potassium...

Author(s): Puran Bridgemohan and Ronell S. H. Bridgemohan

Genetic diversity studies for quantitative traits of tomato (Solanum lycopersicon L.) genotypes in Western Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

September 2014

The objective of the study was to estimate genetic diversity among tomato genotypes. Thirty-six genotypes introduced from different countries were evaluated at Humera Agricultural Research Center, Northern Ethiopia, during 2010/2011 in 6 × 6 simple lattice design with two replications. Cluster analysis was made by average linkage method. Mahalanobis distance (D2) was used to estimate the genetic distance between...

Author(s): Shushay Chernet, Derbew Belew and Fetien Abay

Efficient propagation of an endangered medicinal plant Jurinea dolomiaea Boiss in the North Western Himalaya using rhizome cuttings under ex situ conditions

September 2014

Jurinea dolomiaea is an important medicinal and aromatic plant species of Kashmir Himalaya. Due to its tremendous overexploitation the species has been listed as endangered for Himalayan region. In this study we carried out the propagation of J. dolomiaea using rhizome cuttings. Propagation through rhizome cuttings is a means towards conserving the species and making available planting material of this species for...

Author(s): Asma Banday, Irshad Ahmad Nawchoo, Zahoor Ahmad Kaloo, Peerzada Arshid Shabir and Ali Abbas Rather

Effects of yield components on yield potential of some lowland rice (Oyza sativa L.) in coastal region of Southern Nigeria

September 2014

The coastal region of Nigeria has abundant water naturally good for rice production, which is untapped due to oil exploration. The study was conducted to access the relationship between grain yield (GY) and its components of twenty-six segregating lines for the coastal region of Southern Nigeria. The experiment was conducted at the University of Port Harcourt teaching and Research Institution of Faculty of Agriculture...

Author(s): Andrew A. Efisue, Bianca C. Umunna and Joseph A. Orluchukwu

Response of transgenic Bt cowpea lines and their hybrids under field conditions

August 2014

Transgenic cowpeas are those genetically engineered with Cry1Ab gene for protection against the lepidopteran pest Maruca vitrata that could inflict upto 80% yield loss in severe infestation. Two transgenic events TCL-709 and TCL-711 were crossed to three non-transgenic lines IT97K-499-35, IT93K-693-2 and IT86D-1010 to generate six set of F1 hybrids. The study was designed and conducted to evaluate the performance of...

Author(s): Mohammed, B. S., Ishiyaku, M. F., Abdullahi, U. S. and Katung, M. D.

Analysis on combing ability and estimation of genetic parameters for chlorophyll content in maize

August 2014

Chlorophyll closely related to photosynthetic capacity and developmental stage in crops. In order to reveal the genetic characters of chlorophyll content in leaf above ear, ear leaf and leaf under ear (three-ear-leaves) of maize, ten inbred lines from five different heterotic groups were selected to make crosses by a completely diallel cross design. The combining ability analysis and genetic parameters estimations of...

Author(s): Haochuan Li, Jihua Tang, Yanmin Hu, Jiwei Yang and Zonghua Liu

Evaluation of highland maize (Zea mays L.) cultivars for polyethylene glycol (PEG) induced moisture stress tolerance at germination and seedling growth stages

July 2014

A laboratory experiment was performed at Ambo University, Department of Plant Sciences in March 2014, to evaluate the effect of moisture stress on germination and seedling growths of highland maize cultivars. The experiment was arranged factorially in completely randomized design with three replications. Five highland maize cultivars (Hora, Wenchi, Jibat, Argene and Wabi) were exposed to six levels of water stress (0,...

Author(s): Habtamu Ashagre, Melkamu Zeleke, Mesfin Mulugeta and Ermias Estifanos

Combining ability studies of pigeonpea cytoplasmic male sterile (CMS) lines with an obcordate leaf marker

July 2014

Hybrid pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] breeding technology based on cytoplasmic male sterile (CMS) was recently developed in India. A program was initiated to track the purity of female parental lines by incorporating an obcordate leaf shape marker in established male sterile A-lines. Seven obcordate A-lines developed by backcrossing and selection were crossed with four known fertility restorers in line x tester...

Author(s): S. B. Patil, A. J. Hingane, C. V. Sameerkumar, M. Myer, R. Vijaya Kumar and K. B. Saxena

Effect of initial stem nodal cutting strength on dry matter production and accumulation in cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz)

June 2014

This study was done to determine the effect of initial node strength on dry matter yield of cassava. Studies were conducted at the Waterloo Research Campus, University of Trinidad and Tobago using the sets of Mexican variety (Mx) at 6 months with 1 to 3 nodes, 4 to 9 cm, and dry matter of 6 to 15 g/set. The crop was established at 60 × 80 cm and treated with a compound NPK fertilizer. Growth analysis (functional...

Author(s): Puran Bridgemohan and Ronell S. H. Bridgemohan

Successful boll development after ovary damage during emasculation of Upland cotton flowers

June 2014

Gossypium hirsutum flowers are easily emasculated by splitting the staminal column with the fingernail and removing the corolla and androecium. However, any damage to the ovary is considered detrimental to successful boll formation and damaged flowers are typically discarded.  This study evaluated boll retention after different emasculation treatments. Removal of the membrane surrounding the ovary reduces boll...

Author(s): John E. Erpelding, Salliana R. Stetina and Rickie B. Turley

Genetics of yield and some yield contributing traits in Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)

May 2014

Inheritance, general combining ability and specific combining ability were studied using four parents: FH-901, NIAB-Karishma, CIM-496 and MS-84 for different plant traits in Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Mean values of all genotypes were significantly different from each other for all the traits studied. Epistasis was not found to be involved in any of the traits. The inheritance of all the traits was...

Author(s): Amir Latif, Tanweer Ahmad, Sikandar Hayat, Ghulam Sarwar, M. Zahid Ehsan, Muzaffar Raza, Muhammad Sarwer and Iftikhar Ahmad Khan

Use of biplot approach for genetic analysis of yield and related traits in cotton (Gossypiumbarbadense)

April 2014

Combining ability is an important genetic attributes to cotton breeders in anticipated improvement via hybridization and selection. Seven parents were involved in a half diallel mating design which was analyzed by genotype × environment interaction (GGE) biplot graphical method. General combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) effects were significant for all traits. None of the parents were...

Author(s): H. M. E. Hamoud

Reliability and comparison of the polymorphism revealed in amaranth by amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs) and inters simple sequence repeats (ISSRs)

April 2014

The present study reported the effectiveness of two PCR-based molecular techniques, inters simple sequence repeats (ISSRs) and amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs), for genetic assessment of amaranth. The polymorphic loci ranged from 110 among A. caudatus to 228 among A. cruentus and 16 among A. tricolor to 56 among A. hypochondriacus for AFLP primer combinations and ISSR primers, respectively. Among the two...

Author(s): Oduwaye, O. A., Baránek, M. ÄŒechová, J. and Raddová, J.

Genotype-environment interaction and correlation of some stability parameters of total starch yield in potato in Amhara region, Ethiopia

March 2014

This study was carried out to assess the nature and magnitude of genotype-environment interaction (GEI) and the correlation among some stability parameters. Eleven potato genotypes were evaluated during 2011 rainfed season at three locations with Randomized Complete Block design with three replications in Amhara region. Combined analysis of variance indicated that the main effect due to location, genotype and genotype...

Author(s): Gedif, Mulugeta, Yigzaw, Dessalegn and Tsige, Genet

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