Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2755

SRE Articles

Charaterization of galactose-specific lectin from the skin mucus of African catfish Clarias gariepinus aBurchell, 1822

October 2014

A galactose-specific lectin was purified from the skin mucus of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) and the physicochemical properties determined. Phosphate buffered saline extract of the skin mucus of African catfish specifically agglutinated erythrocytes of rabbit and human blood group B, but did not agglutinate bat, rat, hen and human blood A and O erythrocytes. The haemagglutinating activity of the lectin was...

Author(s): ODEKANYIN Oludele Olayemi and KUKU Adenike

Semi-analytic solutions to Riemann problem for one-dimensional gas dynamics

October 2014

This work deals with the implementation of reduced differential transform method (RDTM) for solving the Riemann problem for gas dynamics in one dimension. The RDTM is an analytical method that can be applied to many linear and nonlinear partial differential equations and is capable of reducing the size of computations. Using this method, the solution is calculated in the form of convergent power series with easily...

Author(s): Emad A. Az-Zo’bi and Kamal Al Dawoud

Numerical simulation of rainfall-induced rock mass collapse and debris flow

October 2014

Geologic disaster of rainfall-induced rock collapse and debris flow is an essential part of research in the field of geotechnical engineering. Based on the discrete element method, the article derived the constitutive model of particles bond-damage fracture-move. A two-dimensional slope model of rock mass collapse was established to simulate slide of rock mass collapse and dynamic evolution process of debris flow. The...

Author(s): Jikun Zhao, Dan Wang, Daming Zhang and Huiqing Zhang

Evaluation for nutritive values and antioxidant activities of Bang Chang’s Cayenne pepper (Capsicum annuum var. acuminatum)

October 2014

This objectives of this study were evaluated nutritive values of Bang Chang’s Cayenne pepper (Capsicum annuum var. acuminatum) and investigates its biological characteristics on health promotion, such as, antioxidant activities. The research was conducted by collecting sample, separating dried edible parts, which were determined nutritive values, including proximal analysis of water content, crude protein, crude...

Author(s): Yuttana Sudjaroen

Comparison of oral to intranasal administration of midazolam in children for dental surgery

October 2014

The current study compares intranasal and oral midazolam for effect on sedation for patients requiring dental procedure. Eighty subjects between the ages of 5 and 12 years were received randomly either intranasal (0.2 mg/kg) or oral (0.5 mg/kg) midazolam. The observer assessed the children for sedation level at the following time points: Immediately before the drug was administered, and 20 and 30 min after drug...

Author(s): Maisa A. Kamar, Ghazi S. Aldehayat, Basel M. Makhamreh and Saba S. AlMadain

Influence of post-fire successional gradients in Pinus brutia forests on ground beetle community changes

October 2014

Fire is a common disturbance factor in Mediterranean ecosystems. It is a very spectacular ecological force because it destroys ecosystems in a very short time. Insect groups are commonly used as indicators to evaluate habitat changes after disturbances. In this study, the successional changes were evaluated by the composition of ground beetles communities in East Mediterranean pine forests. Ground beetle fauna was...

Author(s): Burcin Yenisey Kaynas

Antioxidant and antibacterial activities of saponin fractions of Erythropheleum suaveolens (Guill. and Perri.) stem bark extract

September 2014

Erythropheleum suaveolens stem bark saponins fractions were investigated for antioxidant and antibacterial activities. In vitro systems such as, 1, 1- diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, reductive potential and inhibition of lipid peroxidation were carried out to determine the antioxidant activities. The antimicrobial activity was determined using the hole-in-plate agar diffusion technique and the minimum...

Author(s): Akinpelu B. A., Igbeneghu O. A., Awotunde A. I., Iwalewa E. O. and Oyedapo O. O.

Enhancing container transportation traceability based on intelligent product and web-services: Model driven approach

September 2014

Containers transportation involves various intermediate supply-chain actors. These containers are subject to myriad risks that can occur at any moment. In addition, the absence of a specialized stakeholder for securing containers flow and the lack of communication among actors impedes identifying responsibilities when an adverse event arises. For this purpose, we advocate the use of traceability system to enhance...

Author(s): Mehdi NAJIB, Mohamed Yassine SAMIRI, Abdelaziz EL FAZZIKI and Jaouad BOUKACHOUR

Effects of elevated temperature on seed germination and seedling growth on three cereal crops in Nigeria

September 2014

The effect of elevated temperature on seed germination and seedling growth was investigated on three Nigerian cereal crops: maize, rice and sorghum. Seeds where then allowed to germinate in controlled growth at 37 (control: room temperature), 40, 42, 45 and 50°C and monitored for germination, shoot length and root length for 24, 48, 72 and 96 h, respectively. Seeds were also sown in small poly bags in triplicates...

Author(s): Iloh, A. C., Omatta, G., Ogbadu, G. H. and Onyenekwe, P. C.

Southern Ethiopia Rift Valley lake fluctuations and climate

September 2014

This study describes hydrological fluctuations of Lake Abaya-Chamo via direct local measurements in relation to time-integrated climate anomalies. Reconstruction of an index involved compositing lake level and flow discharge station records in the period 1983-2009. Satellite and model interpolated rainfall, latent heat flux and run-off anomalies follow the hydrological records when summed over and lagged by one year....

Author(s): Mark R. Jury

Fractional order chaos in Josephson junction

September 2014

This paper studies the fractional-order chaotic dynamics of Josephson junction based on resistor and capacitor shunted junction (RCSJ) model proposed by W. C. Stewart and D. E. McCumber. The fractional-order numerical integration is carried out with modified trapezoidal rule. Fractional-order chaotic behaviors of the model are explained by bifurcation diagram. Numerical results confirm that there exists chaos at...

Author(s): Yoothana Suansook and Kitti Paithoonwattanakij

Hydrocarbon exploration in Odo Field in the Niger Delta Basin Nigeria, using a three-dimensional seismic reflection survey

September 2014

A three-dimensional seismic reflection survey carried out in Odo Field in the central swamp of the Niger Delta Basin has been interpreted with respect to exploration for hydrocarbons. The Odo Field is marked by a large southwest heading listric growth fault with numerous synthetic and antithetic faults. The two picked seismic events, horizons 1 and 2 indicate four closures each, which are hydrocarbon bearing. The faults...

Author(s): T. N. Obiekezie

Efficient tractor operation through satellite navigator

September 2014

A nine tyne tractor operated cultivator and spinner type fertilizer spreader were used to evaluate the efficiency of tractor. Tractor was operated without navigator and with navigator guidence to the operator to observe the missed area, overlapped area and actual productivity of the machines. Missing percentage was only 8.5% of total area cultivated in case of navigator assisted cultivator as comaperd to the 23.5%...

Author(s): A. P. Magar, M. Singh, J. S. Mahal, P. K. Mishra , R. Kumar, K. Sharma and A. Sharma

Applying robust variance components models in the analyses of major gene effects within fragile X families

September 2014

The effect of the fragile X allele on ridge breadth, height and testicular volume was examined using robust statistical techniques for the data collected from 8 families from Ibadan, south west Nigeria, afflicted with this disorder. There is the presence of outliers, an estimated 6.5% for testicular volume and 1.3% for ridge breadth and height data respectively. It is shown that fragile X affects ridge breadth, height...

Author(s): Latunji Charles A

Some multistep higher order iterative methods for non-linear equations

September 2014

We establish here new three and four-step iterative methods of convergence order seven and fourteen to find roots of non-linear equations. The new developed iterative methods are variants of Newton's method that use different approximations of first derivatives in terms of previously known function values, thus improving efficiency indices of the methods. The seventh and fourteenth order iterative methods use four...

Author(s): Nazir Ahmad Mir and Naila Rafiq

Results of treatment of tibial plafond fractures with articulated external fixation

September 2014

The aim of this study is to assessor the tibial pilon fractures treated primarily with results of the articulated external fixation. The study included 24 patients (18 male, 6 female) with mean age of 26 ± 4.2 (range 18-51). According to the classification of AO/OTA, 6 cases were diagnosed as Type A, 4 cases as Type B and 14 cases as type C. Also, according to the Gustilo and Anderson method four of the cases...

Author(s): ReÅŸit SEVÄ°MLÄ°,  M. Fatih KORKMAZ and MD ÖkkeÅŸ BÄ°LAL

Researcher vulnerability: An overlooked issue in vulnerability discourses

August 2014

Although widely referred to in research, vulnerability is arguably not well understood by both researchers and research regulators. Authoritative sources including dictionaries, ethics encyclopedia, and esteemed authorities in the field of ethics offer little help; multiple definitional perspectives exist on the subject. Efforts have been made to clarify a component of vulnerability in research –...

Author(s): Amos Laar

Persistent hydrophilicity for Titanium oxide (TiO2) thin films by Silicon oxide (SiO2) over nanolayers

August 2014

SiO2 thin layers in thicknesses (1, 5, 10, 18 nm) on TiO2 thin layer in thickness 79 nm deposited by reactive RF sputtering technique. The deposited films were heat treated at temperatures (200, 400, 500, 600°C). The surface properties of thin films by atomic force microscopy (AFM), surface chemical composition by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and self-cleaning effect in bi layers, were studied. In...

Author(s): Maryam Yaghoubi

Efficacy of compression application in instable intraarticular distal radius fractures, treated with external fixator

August 2014

This research studied the efficacy of compression application in patients with instable intraarticular distal radius fractures. Here, results for 44 patients (32 males 12 females, mean age 36, distribution 21 to 59), with instable distal radius fracture, was retrospectively assessed. 22 patients who have received conventional closed reduction prior to external fixation and 22 patients, who have received compression in...

Author(s): ReÅŸit SEVÄ°MLÄ°

Mobile electronic system ıntegration placement optımızatıon wıthın ankara by usıng genetıc algorıthms

August 2014

Due to the increase in criminality, surveillance of society is increasing all over the world. When it comes to urban management just is not right to talk about security aspect. Safety management systems used in the study, the city of surveillance technology and placement methods which are used in the field were investigated. MOBESE, carry out a combination of a lot of function such as transportation, health care, city...

Author(s): Aysun COÅžKUN and Bekir HORAT

Microclimatic gradients in transition zones of Andean forest: A case study of Purace National Park

August 2014

This study investigated two transition zones (matrix-forest edge-interior gradient) associated to forest fragments with different degrees of intervention, in an Andean paramo ecosystem located in Puracé National Park (Colombia). The relationship between the structures of vegetation and the spatial dynamics associated with microclimatic variation in each patch of woodland was determined in order to establish the...

Author(s): Angélica María Mosquera, Juan Pablo Martínez and Apolinar Figueroa

An experimental study on establishment of a high-volume common carotid-external carotid bypass model in dogs

August 2014

  High-volume intra- and extra cranial artery bypass surgery has been widely used, but it remains a difficult technique for most of surgeons. The objective of this study is to explore a training mode and platform. Six healthy dogs were divided into three groups at random. Twelve high-volume common carotid-external carotid bypasses were operated on both sides of six dogs (n=12). Digital subtraction angiography...

Author(s): Lin Ma, Hecheng Ren, Jialin Li, Xiangmao Zhang and Ying Huang

Feasibility study of chromium electroplating process in stamping tooling

August 2014

Due to the great need for reducing production costs, productivity increasing quality improvement of products, the study had its start drafting surface treatment of dies process development, where the first step was a market study looking for the treatment types and their applications. These treatments are intended to stabilize the production process so that there are no variations on the production and increasing the...

Author(s): Robson Luiz C. Moura, Francisco Jose Grandinetti, Evandro Luis Nohara, Jose Rubens de Camargo and Wendell de Queiroz Lamas

An investigation into the building-sanitary equipment in the traditional residential architecture

August 2014

  Despite the developments and changes in the constructional domain, most of the best construction materials of the past are still the best and the buildings of the past have still been superior to the present buildings. In such a case, the traditional must be stuck to and traditional solutions must be taken as examples. Therefore, this study investigated the building-sanitation-related elements (water disposal...

Author(s): Ä°smail Raci BAYER, Reyhan AKAT and Zeynep SOFUOÄžLU

Performance analysis of bandwidth and gain improvement of printed wide slot antenna using parasitic patch

August 2014

Here, a printed micro strip line fed wide slot antenna with rotated square slot resonator is presented. This article deals with design, modeling and simulation of slotted antenna. A parasitic patch is introduced to improve the gain along with the bandwidth. For bandwidth enhancement, a slotted approach is used in ground of antenna along with rotation in patch and a simple 50 Ώ microstrip line fed is used to excite the...

Author(s): Prachi Gupta and Brajlata Chauhan

Ecological governance in rural areas: Finnish approaches and practices

August 2014

Along with the development of rural areas, rural ecological issues caused by inappropriate anthropogenic activities have not been drowned in the contexts of global environmental problems. The acceleration of rural development in developing countries would result in a series of potential threats to the deteriorating environment, if no effective governance strategies were applied. The significance of ecological governance...

Author(s): Li Jiang, Xianglin He and Erkki Hiltunen,

Visualization analysis of feed forward neural network input contribution

July 2014

The complexity of domain problem can slow or even hinder the learning process of neural networks. It is rather difficult to overcome such an obstacle because neural networks, as cited today in the literature, lack the interpretability of their internal structures. In this paper, we present a visualization approach capable of enhancing the understanding of neural networks. Our approach visualizes input and weight...

Author(s): Jamal Alsakran, Ali Rodan, Nouh Alhindawi and Hossam Faris

Bearing characteristics and influencing factors analysis of bored pile under refreezing condition in permafrost region

July 2014

This paper represents study results of the bearing characteristics and influencing factors of large diameter bored pile under refreezing condition in permafrost region. Principles for designing piles in permafrost on the basis of both ultimate capacity and limiting deformations are first reviewed. To solve problems such as pile cap and bridge pier construction, super structure construction, time limit construction, a...

Author(s): Zhang Junwei, Zeng Yi, Ma Xiaojie and Li Lei

Evaluation of antiemetic effect of aqueous rhizome extract of Cynodon dactylon against all emetogenic stimuli

July 2014

This study was an extension of our previous antiemetic work. Many researchers quoted Cynodone dactylon as anti emetic agent but none of them have provided strong pharmacological evidence for it, which drove us for its therapeutic evaluation. Crude aqueous rhizome extract of C. dactylon was evaluated for anti-emetic activity. Emesis was induced by the oral administration of copper sulphate, fresh aqueous extract of...

Author(s): Imran Ahmad Khan, Abdul Aziz, Muzammal Sattar, Shaukat Hussain Munawar, Zahid Manzoor, Muhammad Asif Raza and Ghayoor Fatima

Interesting finding of hyperpyrexia relieving post-stroke spasticity: A case report

July 2014

As an important cause of disability in adults, post-stroke spasticity (PSS) is a big challenge for the clinician and the effective management of spasticity should be necessary and essential for patients. We herein present a rare case of hyperpyrexia caused by upper respiratory tract infection which obviously relieved post-stroke spasticity (PPS), inspired by this, hyperthermia might be a new good way to relieve...

Author(s): Bao-Juan Cui, Jian-Qing Qiu, Lai-Gang Huang, Fan-Shuo Zeng, Ben-Ling Liu, Min Sun, Dao-Qing Wang and Qiang-San Sun

Composting: An opportunity in a carbon conscious world for combating climate change

July 2014

Increase of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is an ever challenging concern to mitigate global climate change. Governments and corporations across the world have introduced innovative strategies to reduce steadily rising GHG emissions. Some of these strategies are carbon taxes, energy efficiency strategies, command and control policies and market-based pollution trading mechanisms. This review highlighted the concept of...

Author(s): Bharati Kollah, Garima Dubey, Jayanta Kumar Saha and Santosh Ranjan Mohanty

Evaluation of the fixed oil of two commonly consumed spices, Monodora myristica and Myristica fragrans, as adjunct in food formulations

July 2014

The seeds of two commonly consumed spices; Monodora myristica (Mm) and Myristica fragrans (Mf) were separately defatted with n-hexane and the resulting oils were analyzed for their physicochemical properties and fatty acids profile with a view to assessing their nutritional potentials. Results revealed that Mm and Mf had respective percentage oil yields of 25% and 37.7%; free fatty acid of 32.52 and 1.71%;...

Author(s): Bello, M. O., Adekunle, A. S., Oyekunle, J. A. O. and Yusuf, T. A.

Estimation of domain name system (DNS) server load distribution

July 2014

Domain name system (DNS) resolution service is usually provisioned by multiple authoritative servers for performance and robustness. Estimating the query load distribution among multiple authoritative servers is one of the key issues arising with DNS server load balancing and optimization. We propose an analytical model of Round-Trip-Time (RTT)-sensitive server selections consisting of cache servers, authoritative...

Author(s): Zheng Wang

Impact of organic techniques of seed crop management on seed yield and quality in rice cv. ADT 43

July 2014

A study was conducted at the Department of Seed Science and Technology, Tamilnadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore in June - July season of two different years to find out suitable organics for enhanced productivity of rice cv ADT 43 for organic seed production. The treatment comprises of soil application of neem cake, biogas slurry, vermicompost, green leaf manure + azolla and farmyard manure based on recommended N...

Author(s): R. Vijayan and V. Krishnasamy

A mechanical approach of overload protection mechanism for a heavy truck wheel force transducer

June 2014

The wheel force transducer (WFT), which measures the force or torque applied to the wheel, is an important instrument in vehicle testing field and has been extremely promoted by researchers. Since the high cost and technical secret of the commercial products may slow down the development of WFT to some extent, Southeast University has devoted to the WFT research with some prototypes. Essentially, the WFT is a multi-axis...

Author(s): Lihang Feng, Guoyu Lin, Weigong Zhang, and Dai Dong

The effects of humic acid application upon the phosphorus uptake of the tomato plant (Lycopersicum esculentum L.)

June 2014

Humic acid can transform mineral nutrients into available forms for the plants. High lime content, low organic matter content, high pH, low moisture content and insufficient profile characteristics all higher plant phosphorus uptakes and consequently regress plant growth and development. The present research was conducted to investigate the effects of humic acid treatments (H.A.) (0, 60, 120 mg/kg) on phosphorus use...

Author(s): Sezer Åžahin, M.Rustu Karaman and Naif Gebologlu

Recycling sodium dichromate in sodium chlorate crystallization mother liquor by nanofiltration membrane

June 2014

In the process of sodium chlorate electrolysis production, chemical precipitation is often used to remove the sulfate radical in the crystallization mother liquor which leads to the dichromate deposit to salt sludge together with sulfate, and finally causes chromium pollution. The nanofiltration membrane and freezing crystallization integrated technology was presented to treat crystallization mother liquor. The research...

Author(s): Junbo Zhou, Shan Hao, Wenjia Huang, Xiusong Mu, Jianfeng Yang and Wenbin Liu

Haar Wavelet-Picard technique for fractional order nonlinear initial and boundary value problems

June 2014

In this article, a technique called Haar wavelet-Picard technique is proposed to get the numerical solutions of nonlinear differential equations of fractional order. Picard iteration is used to linearize the nonlinear fractional order differential equations and then Haar wavelet method is applied to linearized fractional ordinary differential equations. In each iteration of Picard iteration, solution is updated by the...

Author(s): Umer Saeed, Mujeeb ur Rejman and Muhammad Asad Iqbal

Seamless transition of domain name system (DNS) authoritative servers

June 2014

The domain name system (DNS) resolution service often migrates from the one set of authoritative servers to another. The basic requirements for such transition are to ensure zero down time and minimize the transition delay. The optimum transition schemes are proposed favoring seamless and fast DNS resolution service migration. The transition of DNS authoritative servers may take place horizontally or vertically. For the...

Author(s): Zheng Wang

Analytical solution of the steady state condensation film on the inclined rotating disk by a new hybrid method

June 2014

In this paper, a similarity transformation is used to reduce the three-dimensional steady state condensation film on an inclined rotating disk by a set of nonlinear boundary value problems. This problem is solved using a new hybrid technique based on differential transform method (DTM) and Iterative Newton's Method (INM). The differential equations and its boundary conditions are transformed to a set of algebraic...

Author(s): S. Mosayebidorcheh, T. Mosayebidorcheh and M. M. Rashidi

Effects of an additional pharmaceutical care intervention versus usual care on clinical outcomes of Type 2 diabetes patients in Nigeria: A comparative study

June 2014

The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an additional pharmaceutical care intervention on clinical outcomes of Type 2 diabetes patients receiving care in tertiary hospitals. This study was a randomized, controlled and longitudinal study with a 12-month patient follow-up. This study was conducted in two Nigerian University Teaching Hospitals. Patients in ‘usual care’ received the...

Author(s): Maxwell Ogochukwu Adibe, Udeogaranya Pactrick Obinna, Igboeli Nneka Uchenna, Ubaka Chukwuemeka Michael and Cletus Nze Aguwa

Analysis of changes in grain production on fruit and vegetable cultivation areas in Turkey through geographically weighted regression

June 2014

The main purpose of this paper is to address the question of whether and how farmers have tried to increase agricultural productivity after the regulatory role of governments on the agricultural industry has been reduced due to financial crises. The relationship between agricultural sowing area shifts (grain to fruit, grain to vegetables, vegetables to fruit) were explored by using geographically weighted regression...

Author(s): Kenan Gocer

Prevalence and clinical characteristics of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in police officers in Istanbul

June 2014

This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in police officers. The retrospective study was carried out by applying a questionnaire including Rome II criteria in a study population of 1750 police officers who were selected by systematic sampling method among those admitted to Istanbul Police Hospital between 2000 and 2008. We determined IBS...

Author(s): Yasar Sertbas

Efficacy evaluation of new hemoglobin E screening test in community hospitals

June 2014

The objective of the research was to evaluate of the efficacy of new HbE screening test (E-Sure, Mitr Medical, Thailand) compared to the modified 2,6 dichlorophenol indophenols precipitation test (KKU-DCIP) and results were confirmed by capillary electrophoresis. Blood samples were collected from patients who came for physical examinations at Kutchap Hospital and hospitals with inter-laboratory cooperation from October...

Author(s): Yuttana Sudjaroen

Exploring anti-acetylcholinesterase, antioxidant and metal chelating activities of extracts of Moringa oleifera L. for possible prevention and cure of Alzheimer’s disease

June 2014

The aim of this research is to explore the natural flora of Kashmir for novel plant products for their possible applications in the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). In the current study, Moringa oleifera L. was selected for its possible memory-enhancing potential. Extracts of various parts of the plant were screened for anti-acetylcholinesterase, antioxidant and metal chelating activities. The...

Author(s): Tahseen Ghous, Aamir Rasheed, Kh. Ansar Yasin, Faiz-ul-Hassan Nasim, FehmidaYounas and Saiqa Andleeb

Journey of kenaf in Malaysia: A Review

June 2014

Kenaf is an industrial crop with high potential for cultivation in a tropical climate. It is a source of raw material for fiber-based industries and paper production. Considerable research has been conducted to explore its adaptability and utilization in Malaysia since 2000, under the supervision of governmental and private organizations. A number of technologies and expertise among researchers have been developed to...

Author(s): Mohd Hadi Akber Basri, Arifin Abdu, , Nasima Junejo,  Hazandy Abdul Hamid, and Khalil Ahmed

Numerical solutions for the nonlinear partial fractional Zakharov-Kuznetsov equations with time and space fractional

June 2014

In this article, we implement relatively analytical techniques such as the homotopy perturbation method and homotopy analysis method to solve nonlinear partial fractional differential Zakharov-Kuznetsov equations. The fractional derivatives are described in the Caputo sense. We compare between the approximate solutions obtained by the homotopy perturbation method and the approximate solutions obtained by homotopy...

Author(s): Khaled A. Gepreel, Taher A. Nofal, and Ali A. Al-Thobaiti

Flow-induced Noise Prediction for 90ËšBend Pipeby LES and FW-H Hybrid Method

June 2014

This paper focuses on an aerodynamic noise study of outlet elbow of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) machine by analyzing the wall pressure fluctuations and predicting the far filed sound generated by turbulent flow. A hybrid approach combing the Larger-Eddy Simulation (LES) and Ffcowcs Williams-Hawkings (FW-H) acoustic analogy was used to simulate the flow distribution as well as calculate the flow-induced...

Author(s): Zhang Chunjian, Luo Yuxi, Liang Jiuxing, Li Lala and Li Jiang

Paradigm shift to strengthen public health programming: A case for a unified public health leadership approach

June 2014

The continued challenges in public health programs and in particular the dearth of tested approaches that hinges on systems thinking approach, holistic planning and implementation with all relevant stakeholder calls for newer approaches in public health leadership. This work advances a unified leadership theory drawn from skills approach, high coaching and high directive behavior and system thinking approach. The...

Author(s): Umar A. S. and Oche M. O.

Effect of ultra-short wave on hormone-induced ischemic necrosis of femoral head in early stage

June 2014

This study aims to investigate the effect of ultra-short wave on hormone-induced ischemic necrosis of femoral head in early stage by using an Avascular necrosis of the femoral head (ANFH) rabbit model. Horse serum was administered to male rabbits via the marginal ear vein, whereas control rabbits received saline. After five weeks, the rabbits with horse serum were injected with methylprednisolone. Blood-lipoids and...

Author(s): Fanshuo Zeng, Benling Liu, Baojuan Cui, Laigang Huang, Min Sun and Qiangsan Sun

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