African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6626

AJAR Articles

Determinants of ecosystem-based adaptation to drought in the central cattle corridor of Uganda

July 2020

Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) is widely recognised as an important strategy for strengthening climate change resilience. Nevertheless, there is limited evidence on the factors that facilitate or impede EbA for ecosystem services, adaptation benefits and livelihood improvement. In this study, the determinants of EbA to drought were assessed. A mixed quantitative and qualitative cross-sectional survey among 183 farmer...

Author(s): Nanfuka Susan, Mfitumukiza David and Egeru Anthony,  

Cracking and breaking response in four rice varieties as influenced by fertilization regime and storage duration

July 2020

In Northern Ghana, harvesting of the bulk of paddy, which is cultivated under rain-fed conditions, coincides with the harmattan season. This season is characterized by low relative humidity and dry weather conditions which hasten drying and increase the tendency of the paddy to crack during milling. The farmers also store paddy for longer periods in anticipation of higher price in the open market, thus the paddy may...

Author(s): Robert Kwasi Owusu, Issah Sugri, Wilson Dogbe, Desmond Sunday Adogoba and Joseph Kugbe

Effect of growth and yield modelling on forest regulation and earnings

July 2020

The elaboration of a forest schedule involves constructing and solving a forest regulation model. The regulated structure is not easy to obtain, considering the fluctuations in the effective planting area during the planning horizon, technological advances, and changes in annual demand. Nevertheless, the establishment and implementation of a regulation model often results in an improvement of the forest, in terms of the...

Author(s): Larissa Bitti Vescovi, Helio Garcia Leite, Carlos Pedro Boechat Soares, Márcio Leles Romarco de Oliveira, Daniel H. B. Binoti, Leonardo Pereira Fardin, Gabriela Cristina Costa Silva, Lucas Sérgio de Sousa Lopes, Rodrigo Vieira Leite, Ricardo Rodrigues de Oliveira Neto and Simone Silva  

Evaluation of cowpea rust disease incidence and severity on selected cowpea genotypes in Western Kenya

July 2020

Cowpea production is common among smallholder subsistence farmers of Western Kenya due to its wide ecological adaptation. However, this crop is affected by cowpea rust Uromyces phaseoli var vignae (Baarel) Arth disease, causing economic yield losses with limited control measures. This study therefore, evaluated cowpea rust disease incidence (DI) and severity (DS) on growth of selected improved cowpea genotypes. A...

Author(s): Wabwayi Ndalira Odhiambo Judith Achieng and Basweti Evans Abenga  

Relationship between leaf rolling and some physiological parameters in durum wheat under water stress

July 2020

Durum wheat is an important staple food in Morocco. Wheat and barley are mostly grown in drought prone areas in this country. Drought is the most limiting factor under Mediterranean climate. Leaf rolling ability has been identified as a potential selection criterion for drought tolerance in cereals. The objective of this study is to test this hypothesis. The role of leaf rolling in water stress tolerance was assessed in...

Author(s): Amal Ben-Amar, Said Mahboub, Abdelaziz Bouizgaren, Mohammed Mouradi, Nasser Elhaq Nsarellah and Keltoum El Bouhmadi  

Assessment of the effects of water stress on seed yield of common bean genotypes

July 2020

Drought stress is among the most important abiotic factors that contribute to the significant yield reduction of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Due to unreliable and poor distribution of rainfall, drought tolerance has become the important train in common bean in bean growing areas. The objective of this study was to evaluate 16 common bean genotypes for drought tolerance under three moisture regimes and identify...

Author(s): Julius Peter Mbiu, Susan Nchimbi–Msolla, Magdalena N. William and Jean Claude Rubyogo

Promotion of rice growth and productivity as a result of seed inoculation with Azospirillum brasilense

June 2020

The present study refers to the results obtained in four experiments carried out in the 2015/2016 crop: Toledo/PR; Palotina/PR; Cascavel/PR; and São Miguel do Iguaçu/PR. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the agronomic efficiency of Azospirillum brasilense (pest strains Ab-V5 and Ab-V6) in four distinct rice culture regions (Oryza sativa L.). The tests were performed to meet the...

Author(s): Vandeir Francisco Guimarães, Jeferson Klein, Marcos Barbosa Ferreira and Débora Kestring Klein  

Production of liquid fertilizer by fermented livestock liquid and application on crops

June 2020

The livestock liquid commonly contains humic acid, amino acids and minerals; hence, it can be used for the fertilization of crops. These studies were conducted to examine the use of livestock fermented liquid in producing liquid fertilizers and irrigation application on two kinds of crops (tomato and wax apple). The experiments were designed as common liquid fertilizer and diluted by groundwater (CF), fermented...

Author(s): Yong-Hong Lin, Yi-Lang Wei, Juei-Yu Chiu, Tai-Yuan Chen and Chih-Hang Chang  

Effects of combined salt and flooding stresses on the growth and physiological behavior of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.)

June 2020

The present work focused on evaluation of the physiological and metabolic behavior of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L., var. Siriver), when faced with two important ecosystems constraints, namely salinity and flooding-associated hypoxia. After germination, seedlings in symbiosis with Sinorhizobium meliloti were grown on different salt concentrations (0, 20 and 50 mM NaCl). At four weeks post-germination, plants were...

Author(s): Hajer Sghaier, Achref Aloui, Ayda Khadri, Samira Aschi-Smiti and Renaud Brouquisse  

Severity and prevalence of the destructive fall armyworm on maize in Uganda: A case of Bulambuli District

June 2020

Maize kernel contains a large quantity of carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, oils, fats and competes favorably with root and tuber crops as a rich energy source. In Uganda, the per capita consumption ranges from 28 to 125 kg per annum. However, the yields remain low, fluctuating around 1.5 tons per hectare. Although some losses to maize production occur through the post-harvest period, pre-harvest factors such as biotic...

Author(s): Buteme Sharon, Masanza Michael and Masika Fred Bwayo  

Potential of reduced agricultural lime application rates to increase yield and profitability of maize through microdosing in central Malawi - A short note

June 2020

Maize (Zea mays L.) is a staple food crop in Malawi, with average yields of 1.8 -2.2 t ha-1 compared to potential yields of 5 to 10 t ha-1. In some areas, soil acidity is a serious constraint in crop production. The current recommendation is to apply 2.0 t ha-1 of lime as pre-plant broadcast and incorporated into soils with pHW < 5.5. A pilot study was conducted during 2015/2016 season at Bunda Campus (14° 35...

Author(s): Martin Lolani and Vernon H. Kabambe  

Role of leaf rolling on agronomic performances of durum wheat subjected to water stress

June 2020

In arid and semi-arid climates characterized by low rainfall with a great annual and inter-annual irregularity, drought can occur at any time inducing large losses in crop yield. Leaf rolling is one of the adaptive morphological responses to the water deficit observed in a number of species including cereals. It reduces the leaf area exposed to sunlight and transpiration. The aim of the present work was to characterize...

Author(s): Amal Ben-Amar, Anne-Aliénor Véry, Hervé Sentenac, Abdelaziz Bouizgaren, Said Mahboub, Nasser Elhaq Nsarellah and Keltoum El Bouhmadi  

Fertilizer-nitrogen use optimization for Tef in South Wollo Zone of Ethiopia

June 2020

Tef [Eragrotis tef] is a major staple cereal crop in Ethiopia but yields are low due to inadequate nutrient supply and other constraints. A field study was conducted in 2014 and 2015 in Jamma district of South Wollo Zone of Amhara Region to determine the economic optimum rate of fertilizer-N for tef. Fertilizer-N rates of 0, 23, 46, 69, 92, 115 and 138 kg ha-1 were evaluated. The randomized complete block design with...

Author(s): Abebe Getu Asfaw, Samuel Adissie Gedamu, Habtemariam Teshome Abushe, Tilahun Taye Mekonen, Seid Belay Muhamed and Tadesse Hailu Shibeshi  

Perception and uptake of aquaculture technologies in Kogi state, central Nigeria: imperative for Improved Management practices for sustainable aquaculture development

June 2020

The drivers of perception and adoption of aquaculture innovations were studied. Data obtained from 300 aquaculture operators, were analyzed using Heckman Probit sample selection model. Results revealed that perception and adoption of aquaculture innovations were high. Education (a=0.281), extension contact (a=0.149), experience (a=0.021), gender (a=0.440) and information source (a=0.145) increased the likelihood of...

Author(s): Unekwu Onuche, Mojisola Abosede Oladipo, Tina Enize and Ogala Daikwo  

Effects of pre-rice cassava/legume intercrops and weed management practices on weed dynamics and yield of low land rice in Badeggi, Nigeria

June 2020

The effects of cassava/legume intercrop-rice relay and weed management practices on weed infestation, growth and yield of rice were investigated at Badeggi, Southern Guinea Savanna of Nigeria in 2011 to 2013 cropping seasons. The treatments consisted of factorial combination of cassava (IIT 427) intercrop with: Mucuna or Velvet bean [Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC.], Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.], Soybean [Glycine max...

Author(s): A. U. Gbanguba, E. Daniya, M. G. M. Kolo, P. A. Ibrahim, U. Ismaila and A. Umar  

Analysing chicken meat production comparative advantage of South Africa

June 2020

The study examined the relative efficiency of producing chicken meat in South Africa, in 2017, and its comparative advantage in chicken meat production in Southern African Development Community (SADC). The study used the Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) to calculate the net financial and economic profitability, Nominal Protection Coefficient of output (NPCO), Nominal Protection Coefficient of input (NPCI), Effective...

Author(s): K. V. Pilusa, A. Belete and V. A. Baloi  

Comparison of laboratory methods in predicting the lime requirement of acid soil in Wombera District, North western Ethiopia

June 2020

Soil acidity is one of the major constraints of crop production in the Ethiopian highlands where precipitation is high enough to leach basic cations leaving the soil acidic. Liming is the major practice used to ameliorate the problem of soil acidity. Currently farmers use Ag lime in their fields to reduce soil acidity. However, the suitability of the existing methods of lime requirement (LR) has not yet being...

Author(s): Tesfaye Hirpo, Abebe Abay and Ayele Abebe  

Effect of different rates of filter cake against bruchids (Zabrotes subfasciatus (Boheman) and Callosobruchus maculatus (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) on common bean and cowpea

June 2020

Storage of common bean and cowpea is limited due to different species of bruchids. Zabrotes subfasciatus and Callosobruchus maculatus are the most important species of bruchids attacking stored common beans and cowpeas, causing yield losses reaching up to 38-100%. Two experiments, one on the effect of different rates of Filter Cake against Z. subfasciatus on common bean, and the other experiment on the effect of...

Author(s): Mulatwa Wondimu, Emana Getu and Ahmed Ibrahim   

Comparison of yield performance and rice quality between direct-seeded and hand-transplanted rice under different nitrogen rates in Eastern China

June 2020

In order to clarify whether the shift from hand-transplanting seedlings to direct seeding will bring negative effects to rice production and to find optimal nitrogen management for direct-seeded rice in Eastern China, research has been conducted in Quzhou City, in the Zhejiang Province of China in the year 2017 and 2018. One indica inbred rice variety, “Zhongjiazao-17” was planted by two different rice...

Author(s): Yu-Tiao Chen, Jia-Yu Song, Yan Chuan, Guang-Long Zhu and Xiao-Fu Hong  

Effect of food types of Galleria mellonella L. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on biological aspects and life table of Apanteles galleriae Wilkinson (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)

June 2020

In the present work, laboratory and field strains of the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella L. (Lepdoptera: Pyralidae) were reared on two food types (artificial diet for laboratory strain and wax frames for field strain) to study some biological aspects of the developmental stages of braconid wasp, Apanteles galleriae Wilkinson (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) the parasitoid of G. mellonella. Results of total developmental...

Author(s): Kandel M. A., Said S. M. and Abdelaal A. A. A.  

Extent and pattern of genetic diversity for pheno-agro-morphological traits in Ethiopian improved and selected farmers’ varieties of Tef (Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter

June 2020

Forty-nine tef, Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter, genotypes comprising 36 improved and 10 farmers’ varieties, and, three elite breeding lines were field evaluated using 7 × 7 simple lattice design at two contrasting locations (Debre Zeit and Alem Tena) in central Ethiopia during the main cropping season. The objective was to assess the extent and pattern of genetic diversity for 23 quantitative...

Author(s): Tsion Fikre, Kebebew Assefa and Kassahun Tesfaye    

Natural parasitism of hymenoptera (insect) on bruquids associated with Fabaceae seeds in Northern Sinaloa, Mexico

June 2020

With the purpose of identifying the parasitic hymenoptera species associated with the diversity of bruchidae over Fabaceae, in 2017 seeds of 25 plant species were collected from the municipalities of Ahome, El Fuerte, Choix and Guasave (Sinaloa, Mexico). From 68,344 seeds, 19,396 adult bruquids were obtained, distributed in nine species: Acanthoscelides desmanthi, Callosobruchus maculatus, Merobruchus insolitus,...

Author(s): Isiordia-Aquino N., Lugo-García G. A., Reyes-Olivas A., Acuña-Soto J. A., Arvizu-Gómez J. L., López-Mora F. and Flores-Canales R. J.  

Water use efficiency and fodder yield of maize (Zea mays) and wheat (Triticum aestivum) under hydroponic condition as affected by sources of water and days to harvest

June 2020

This study was conducted at Soilless Culture Unit, Azemor Agribiz Limited, Ibadan to evaluate the effects of sources of water (fish hatchery wastewater (FHW), borehole water (BW) and nutrient solution (NS)) and days to harvest (8, 10 and 12 days after sowing (DAS)) of two forage crops (maize (Zea mays) and wheat (Triticum aestivum)) for green fodder production and water use efficiency under hydroponic conditions. The...

Author(s): Adekeye Adetayo Bamikole, Onifade Olufemi Sunday, Amole Goke Tunde, Aderinboye Ronke Yemisi and Jolaoso Olufunmilayo Alaba  

Gender differences in agri-marketing farmer organizations in Uganda and Malawi: Implications for R4D delivery mechanisms

June 2020

Although farmer organizations are acknowledged to link their members to markets, enhance their business skills and enable access to services, there is need for evidence that ascertains if all members benefit equitably. This paper examines benefit distribution and sources of gender differences in mixed-sex collective marketing farmer organizations in Uganda and Malawi. Through a cross-sectional survey, key informant...

Author(s): Edidah L. Ampaire, Enid M. Katungi, Amare Tegbaru and Robin Buruchara  

Response of wild smooth-head catfish (Clarias liocephalus) fingerlings reared in earthen ponds

June 2020

Clarias liocephalus, an important small fish in the diet of rural households, is threatened by wetland degradation and overfishing for use as live bait. This study aimed at establishing the survival, condition, growth rate and feed utilization indices of C. liocephalus wild fingerlings reared outside the wetland environment through a feeding experiment. Fingerlings were fed with an isocaloric feed with four levels of...

Author(s): Jane Yatuha, Jeremiah Kang’ombe, Daniel Sikawa, Lauren Chapman and Justus Rutaisire  

Assessing landuse effect on soil properties in the Coastal plains sand, Imo State, Nigeria

June 2020

Impacts of landuses [old home garden (HG), oilpalm plantation (OP), fallow arable field (FA), grass lawn (GL)] on physico-chemical properties of an ultisol on a flat in the Coastal plains sand of Imo State, Nigeria were evaluated. Landuse significantly (at 5%) influenced the properties sand, organic matter (OM) content, soil reaction (pH), exchangeable cations Ca, Mg, K, exchangeable acidity (Al+H), effective cation...

Author(s): Ukaegbu E. P. and Nnawuihe C. O.  

Mitigating loan default in Nigeria through joint liability approach: The case of beneficiaries of microfinance bank agricultural loan in Calabar metropolis, Cross River State, Nigeria

May 2020

Due to persistent increase in loan default in developing countries especially Nigeria, several lending institutions resort to group lending that is based on joint liability approach to mitigate default. This study analyzes the mitigation of loan default in Nigeria through joint liability approach: The case of beneficiaries of microfinance bank agricultural loan in Calabar metropolis, Cross River State.  It...

Author(s): Eucharia Agom Ajah, Uket Ikpi Ofem and Asuquo Elijah Bassey  

Potential causes of postharvest losses, low-cost cooling technology for fresh produce farmers in Sub-Sahara Africa

May 2020

The aim of this review was to identify the causes of postharvest losses (PHL) in fruit and vegetables in relation to small-scale farming in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The reduction of PHL can improve food security at household level. Farmers involved in small-scale production of fresh produce experience high PHL due to physiological deterioration associated with technical, biological and environmental factors and lack...

Author(s): Sipho Sibanda and Tilahun Seyoum Workneh  

Risk assessment of the economic efficiency of rubber production: Case of smallholder rubber production in QuangBinh Province, Vietnam

May 2020

The paper reviews the economic risk of rubber production due to fluctuations of input factors, product price, natural disasters, epidemics, interest rates, and market demand. The data collected in this work were analyzed with accounting of production costs methods and accounting results and production efficiency method, benefit-cost analysis, sensitivity analysis and scenario analysis. QuangBinh, a province in Vietnam...

Author(s): Tu Luc Tran  

Nitrogen value of stockpiled cattle manure for crop production

May 2020

Cattle manure is a common source of fertilizer throughout Sub-Saharan Africa given problems with supply and pricing of inorganic fertilizers. The optimum rate of manure to use is often unknown and further compounded by variable N contents arising from long periods of stockpiling. This study investigated the rates of cattle manure required to optimize plant growth at different N contents arising from different storage...

Author(s): Innocent Muhereza, Deborah Pritchard, Roy Murray-Priorand David Collins  

Role of farmers’ organizations (FOs) in the strengthening of the technical and organizational capacities of farmers in Mezam Division of the North West Region of Cameroon

May 2020

This study was carried out from January 2018 to March 2019 in Mezam Division of the North West Region of Cameroon on the role of farmers organization (FOs) in the strengthening of the technical and organizational capacities of farmers, particularly the case of the Program for the Improvement of Competiveness of Family Agro-pastoral Farms (PCP-ACEFA) and the North West Farmers’ Organization (NOWEFOR). The objective...

Author(s): Kenette FRU MBANGARI, Mathias Fru FONTEH and Guillaume Hensel FONGANG FOUEPE  

Evaluation of maize (Zea mays L.) performance under minimum and conventional tillage practice in two distinct agroecological zones of Uganda

May 2020

Maize is one of the major staple foods in Uganda, providing over 40% of Uganda’s daily calorie consumption. Tillage practice is one of the crucial factors that influence crop productivity through maintenance of soil health. The aim of this study therefore is to validate the effect of tillage practice on the vegetative growth and yield of maize in Uganda. The trial was established on-station at Ngetta Zonal...

Author(s): Bongomin Lawrence, Acipa Alexandrina, Wamani Sam, Sseremba Godfrey and Opio Samuel Morris  

Assessment and characterization of mung bean (Vigna radiata) bacterial brown spot in Eastern Amhara, Ethiopia

May 2020

Mung bean is one of the major early maturing pulse crop grown all over the world including Ethiopia.  The production of the crop in Ethiopia, however, suffers from many diseases caused by bacteria. The study aims to assess the intensity and identify the major foliar bacterial and fungal pathogens of the crop. Purposively, 3 districts and randomly 90 mung bean fields were surveyed during the study period....

Author(s): Besfat Belay Teferie, Merkuz Abera Admasu and Gezahegne Getaneh Damessa  

Agro-morphological response of some groundnut genotypes (Arachis hypogaea L.) in water deficit conditions

May 2020

Groundnut is a crop that can be grown under varied production conditions (in intercropping or rotation with cereals). In Niger, the production of groundnut is decreasing over the year due to drought and low soil nutrients. In this work, an agro-morphological evaluation of five groundnut genotypes (55-437, ICG12697, ICG4750, JL24 and ICG8751) under water deficit was carried out in order to identify the best performing...

Author(s): TOUDOU DAOUDA Abdoul Karim, ATTA Sanoussi, INOUSSA Maman Maârouhi, HAMIDOU Falalou and BAKASSO Yacoubou  

Phytophthora seedling blight disease of cacao and its control measures

May 2020

Symptoms of Phytophthora seedling blight disease of cacao were found on 3 weeks old cacao seedlings at the nursery of Seed Production Division of Ghana Cocoa Board in New Tafo-Akim during routine surveys of cacao diseases in the Eastern Region of Ghana. Survey of seedlings in the nursery was conducted to determine disease incidence (DI). Heat sterilization of soil and drenching with Ridomil Gold plus 66 WP (6%...

Author(s): Asare Eric Kumi, Ishmael Amoako-Attah and Yahaya Bukari  

Selenium in Caprine feeding, its transference to the milk and relation with other minerals

May 2020

The experiment was performed in the campus of the State University of Alagoas, in Santana do Ipanema, in the semi-arid region of Northeast Brazil. This work is aimed at studying the transferences of Se from animals’ food to milk in various levels of offers and its correlations with Ca, P, Mg and soluble Fe. The work also analyzed the somatic cells counts, total bacteria count and chemical composition of milk: Fat,...

Author(s): José Crisólogo de Sales Silva, Luiz Carlos Caetano, Fabio Sales de Albuquerque Cunha, Conceição Maria Dias de Lima and André Maia Gomes Lages  

Inoculation of native arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi based bio-fertilizers for improvement of maize productivity in Central Benin

May 2020

The response of maize to a composite inoculation of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) in fields in Central Benin was evaluated. The 2000 SYNEE maize variety underwent 3 AMF groups involved in treatments namely: T1 = "Control (AMF and fertilizer free)"; T2 = "Glomeraceae"; T3 = Acau "Acaulosporacea"; T4 = Diversi " Diversisporaceae"; T5 = "50% NPK + Urea"; T6 =...

Author(s): ASSOGBA A. Sylvestre, AHOYO ADJOVI R. Nestor, BELLO Saliou, NOUMAVO A. Pâcome, SINA Haziz, AGBODJATO A. Nadège, KODA Abdel D., AGUEGUE M. Ricardos, ADJANOHOUN Adolphe and BABA-MOUSSA Lamine   

Technical efficiency in tomato production among smallholder farmers in Kirinyaga County, Kenya

May 2020

The study was conducted to assess tomato productivity and determine characteristics that influence technical efficiency among smallholder farmers in Kirinyaga County using the production function approach. Data were collected by administering structured questionnaires to a sample of 384 respondents randomly selected from six wards using multistage stratified and probability proportionate to size sampling procedures. The...

Author(s): Thomas Mbogo Mwangi, Samuel Njiri Ndirangu and Hezron N. Isaboke    

Inoculant production of Pisolithus sp. in submerged culture under agitation

May 2020

Ectomycorrhizal fungi inoculation can increase the sustainability of planted forests hence the inoculant production should be optimized. The objective of this study was to determine the agitation speed and time of growth for maximum production of mycelium of D216 isolate of Pisolithus sp. The treatments were established by factorial 6x3, being six agitation conditions and three different times (days) of growth. The...

Author(s): Eliane Cristine Soares da Costa, Lauana Lopes dos Santos, Paulo Henrique Grazziotti, Lidiomar Soares da Costa, Cleriston Souza Silva, Roberta de Vasconcelos Ramires,  Márcia Regina da Costa and Caíque Menezes de Abreu  

Gender roles and constraints in the aquaculture value chain in Western Kenya

May 2020

Aquaculture plays a critical role in food and nutrition security, economic empowerment and creation of employment opportunities for millions of people. However, the benefits from aquaculture are not evenly distributed between men and women due to gender-based constraints which limit maximum returns. The present study investigated gender roles and constraints in the aquaculture value chain in Western Kenya. A household...

Author(s): Cecilia Muthoni Githukia, Silke-Silvia Drexler, Kevin Odhiambo Obiero, Bryan Otieno Nyawanda, Judith Achieng’ Odhiambo, Joshua Wafula Chesoli and Julius Otieno Manyala

Determinants of sorghum productivity among small-scale farmers in Siaya County, Kenya

May 2020

The productivity of sorghum in Kenya is on decline despite sorghum being one of the suitable crops for the arid and semi-arid areas commonly found in Kenya. The study therefore aimed at establishing the effect of the selected socio-economic factors on sorghum productivity using a case of small-scale farmers in Siaya County. The four sub-counties considered for this study were selected on the basis of sorghum production....

Author(s): Samuel O. Okeyo, Samuel N. Ndirangu, Hezron N. Isaboke and Lucy K. Njeru  

Effects of variable light intensities on seedling photomorphorgenesis and field performances of tomato (Solanum lycopersicon ‘Lindo F1)

May 2020

Six tomato (Solanum lycopersicon ‘Lindo F1) nursery shades and no shade control were evaluated for their effects on seedling photomorphogenesis and field performances as influenced by variable light transmission through the shades. The shades were constructed with wooden frames and different coloured polyethylene sheets as cover (roof). Different polyethylene colours showed varying effects on all the parameters...

Author(s): Onyia V. N., Eze S. C., Chukwu C., Awere S. U., Atugwu A., Agba O. A. and Uzochukwu C.  

Evaluation of genotype × environment interaction effect on performance of garlic (Allium sativum L.) genotypes in Tigray region, Northern Ethiopia using AMMI and GGE biplot analysis

May 2020

Garlic is the major bulb crop next to onion in Ethiopia. Lack of stable and high yielding cultivars is one of the major problems for production and productivity of garlic in the country. Identification of adaptable, stable and high yielding genotypes under varying environmental conditions prior to release as a cultivar is the first steps for plant breeding. Therefore, developing high yielding and stable varieties is the...

Author(s): Fasikaw Belay, Guesh Tekle and Shushay Chernet  

Effects of land use on soil physicochemical properties at Barkachha, Mirzapur District, Varanasi, India

May 2020

Types of land use practice significantly affect the soil physico-chemical properties. Four different land use types were selected (natural forest, bamboo plantation, degraded forest and agricultural land) to analyze the effect of land uses change on soil chemical and physical properties. Among all land use pattern, the highest water holding capacity (40.06±0.74%), porosity (0.539±0.011%), soil...

Author(s): Weldesemayat Gorems and Nandita Goshal  

Evaluation of chemical and elemental constituents of Centella asiatica leaf meal

May 2020

Medicinal plants include various types of plants used in herbalism or herbal medicine. It is the use of plants for medicinal purposes, and the study of such uses. The use of medicinal plants is gaining popularity all over the world; hence the need to exploit various plant that could be of economic importance to both man and animal. Centella asiatica is one of such plants that are underutilized. Therefore, investigating...

Author(s): O. A. Ajayi, M. D. Olumide, G. O. Tayo and A. O. Akintunde  

Yield increase of soybean inoculated with a commercial arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculant in Brazil

May 2020

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) play an important role in plant growth. However, there are no records of the use of AMF-based inoculants in agricultural crops in Brazil. The objective of this work was to evaluate the agronomic efficiency of a commercial inoculant containing the AMF Rhizophagus intraradices in combination with phosphate fertilization in soybean under different edaphoclimatic conditions in Brazil....

Author(s): Shantau Camargo Gomes Stoffel, Cláudio Roberto Fonsêca Sousa Soares, Edenilson Meyer, Paulo Emílio Lovato, and Admir José Giachini  

New microchondrometer to measure hectoliter weight in small samples of wheat

April 2020

The hectoliter weight or test weight is an important wheat quality parameter for international trade and is traditionally evaluated on devices with a volume of 250, 500, 1000 or 1100 ml. At the experimental level, especially in crop improvement and in greenhouse studies, the amount of grain is often insufficient to determine hectoliter weight. The present work aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using a new 15.30 ml...

Author(s): Lauro Akio Okuyama, Paulo Henrique Caramori and Man Mohan Kohli  

Integrated management of Meloidogyne incognita in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) through botanical and intercropping

April 2020

Root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita, is the major limiting factor in tomato production in many regions of the world, including Ethiopia. Hence, there is a need for development of root-knot nematode management methods that are cheap and environmentally friendly. A greenhouse experiment was conducted with an objective to evaluate the integrated effect of botanicals and intercropping against M. incognita on tomato....

Author(s): Seman Abrar, Awol Seid and Mashilla Dejene  

Vertical versus horizontal expansion of food security crops in Sudan: A causality analysis of 1961-2017

April 2020

This research used FAO statistical data to test the causality between production, area and yield for Sudan’s three major food crops; sorghum, wheat and millet. Results indicated a sizable gap in yield between Sudan and some selected top producing countries for the selected crops. Two-way causality was observed from production to area and vice versa for sorghum crops, accentuating horizontal expansion, while the...

Author(s): Nagat Ahmed Elmulthum, Amal Saeed Abass and Abda Abdalla Emam  

Assessment of physicochemical properties of Besease wetland soils, Ghana

April 2020

The shallow and erodible soils of low fertility uplands have led to farmers extending their cultivable areas to wetlands for optimal crop production since these systems have the potential for exploitation in the dry season. To ensure its sustainable use, the physicochemical and the hydrological characteristics of the valley bottom should be ascertained. Studies were conducted to assess the suitability of wetlands for...

Author(s): Thomas Atta-Darkwa, Samuel Kwasi Asomaning, Alex Amerh Agbeshie, Eric Oppong Danso Gilbert Ayine Akolgo, Emmanuel Amankwah and Prosper Achaw Owusu  

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