African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6728

AJAR Articles

Supplemental value of exo-enzyme in the utilization of cassava fibre meal by broiler-chickens

January 2021

This study assessed the supplemental value of Roxazyme® G2 in the utilization of cassava fibre meal (CFM) by broiler-chickens in a 56 day feeding trial. A batch of three hundred and sixty day-old Arbor acre broiler-chicks was allotted to twelve treatments replicated five times of six birds in a 4 × 3 factorial in complete randomization. Cassava fibre meal was substituted for maize at 0, 20, 40 and 60% levels...

Author(s): Simeon Ajibade Akinyele, Muyiwa Hilarious Ogunsipe and Oyewumi Nather Oyewole  

Effects of cyanotoxins in germination, growth and DNA damages of Lettuce sativa (Lettuce) and Coriandrum sativum (Coriander)

January 2021

The use of irrigation water containing cyanobacterial toxins can cause significant impacts in agricultural and consequently environmental health. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of cyanotoxins (microcystin-LR and saxitoxin) on germination, growth and micronuclei formation in lettuce (Lettuce sativa) and coriander (Coriandrum sativum). Seeds of lettuce and coriander were exposed during 7-9 days to...

Author(s): Janiele França Nery, Gleydson Kleyton Moura Nery, Adriana Guedes Magalhaes, Walclécio Lira and Salomão de Sousa Medeiros  

Indigenous knowledge of Striga gesnerioides (Willd.) Vatke, in Burkina Faso

January 2021

Striga gesnerioides is one of the major constraints to cowpea production in West Africa. In Burkina Faso, Striga is a national phenomenon despite the control measures proposed by research. This study aims to collect farmers' perceptions of S. gesnerioides. Thus, a survey was conducted among cowpea producers in 15 localities across the four agroclimatic zones of Burkina Faso. Data collected were related to...

Author(s): Pingawindé SAWADOGO, Nerbéwendé SAWADOGO, Tinga Jeremy OUEDRAOGO, Zakaria DIENI, Teyioué Benoit Joseph BATIENO, Hamadou ZONGO, Léandre PODA, Jean Baptiste De La Salle TIGNEGRE and Mahamadou SAWADOGO  

Assessment of sixteen varieties of groundnut in two agro ecological zones in Burkina Faso for yield and tolerance to aflatoxin

January 2021

In Burkina Faso, groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is produced in almost the entire country except the north. Its multiple uses make it a highly appreciated oil seeds and leguminous crop. However, the presence of aflatoxins in grains constitutes a public health risk and thus limits its marketing to international markets. The present study evaluated sixteen (16) short duration (90 days) groundnut varieties (15 varieties...

Author(s): Amos MININGOU, Sy Appolinaire TRAORE, Blaise KABRE and Sondé Ardjouma Lassina Moulaye KONATE  

Effect of different vermicomposts and bioslurry on growth, yield and postharvest quality of statice

January 2021

An experiment at Egerton University in Kenya studied effects of vermicomposts and bioslurry on growth, yield and postharvest quality in statice. Three vermicomposts prepared from Kitchen waste (V1), mowed lawn grass (V2) and Weed biomass (V3) were mixed at a rate of 40% by volume with garden soil and tested against the untreated control (V0). Bioslurry from a digester at Tatton Agricultural Park in the university was...

Author(s): Amos Nyakeyo, Mariam Mwangi and Jane Nyaanga  

Climate-Smart Agricultural (CSA) practices and its implications to food security in Siyadebrina Wayu District, Ethiopia

January 2021

Climate change poses a major threat to agricultural production and food security in Ethiopia. Temperature rise and variability in rainfall patterns have had serious consequences on crop and livestock production. Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) is one of the solutions that simultaneously address the issues of food security, climate change and agricultural productivity. The objective of this study was to examine trends...

Author(s): Tekeste Kifle  

A comparative economic analysis of aquaculture production systems in Southern Agricultural Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria

January 2021

This study was undertaken to determine the factors that influence the output of aquaculture production and the profitability of three production systems (concrete tank, earthen pond, and mobile tank) in Southern Agricultural Zone of Cross River State. A multi-stage stratified random sampling technique was used to select 140 farmers from three LGAs in the study area. Structured questionnaire was used for data...

Author(s): Etuk, Ekanem Abasiekong, Ogban, Gloria Onette and Idiong, Christopher Idiong  

A review of food buffer system for urban areas: Case study of Jakarta

January 2021

Food is a human basic need and its provision should be secured by the government. In this regard, the government must control the stability of food price particularly in urban areas in which its food demand depends mostly on food supply from surrounding areas as a food buffer. However, the current food buffer system for urban areas has not been able to stabilize food price volatility experienced every year. This is...

Author(s): Agung Hendriadi, Benny Rachman and Arif Syaifudin  

Growth, phenology, yield and yield attributes of rice as influenced by tillage, residue and nitrogen management practice in Chitwan, Nepal

January 2021

A field experiment was conducted in three factorial strip-split-plot design to evaluate the effect of two establishment methods (EM) [transplanted in puddled soil (PuTPR) and direct seeded in zero tillage (ZT-DSR)], two residue levels [residue kept at 3 t ha-1 (RK) and residue removed (RR)] with two nitrogen doses [recommended dose (100 kg N ha-1) (RD) and farmers' dose (50 kg N ha-1) (FD)] with six replications on...

Author(s): Arjun Bastola, Tika Karki, Santosh Marahatta and Lal Prasad Amgain  

Inorganic fertilizer use among agroforestry and non-agroforestry practicing farmers in South West Cameroon: A comparative assessment and policy ramifications

January 2021

Continuous and excessive use of inorganic fertilizers by farmers across the world is causing more harm than good to croplands. This is because most of these inorganic fertilizers are toxic, which in essence defeats the very purpose for which they are produced. This paper sought to comparatively assess the use of inorganic fertilizer among agroforestry and non-agroforestry practicing farmers in south west Cameroon. Data...

Author(s): Azembouh Roshinus Tsufac, Nyong Princely Awazi and Bernard Palmer Kfuban Yerima  

Effect of crop canopy manipulation on light interception, growth, and development of wild proso millet and giant foxtail in row-cropping systems

January 2021

Crop canopy architecture is known to affect weed performance. Field experiments were conducted to examine the effect of altered crop canopy architecture and light interception on growth and development of wild proso millet and giant foxtail, two problematic weed species. Crop canopy architecture was manipulated by planting two sweet corn varieties contrasting in canopy architecture (Bonus-has a dense leaf canopy and...

Author(s): Jenipher Bisikwa, Roger L. Becker, Vince A. Fritz, Kevin Natukunda and Martha I. Natukunda,

Assessment of fertilizers usage and cropping patterns in study area of Naypyitaw, Myanmar

January 2021

A study was conducted to observe the demographic characteristics of farmers, to assess the use of fertilizers application by farmer and to identify the current status of cropping pattern in the study area. The demographic profiles of 60 respondents stated that the age ranged from 30 to 78 years and land holding ranged from 0.10 to 2.80 ha. The majority of farmers (40%) had a primary educational level. Farmers utilized...

Author(s): Hla Moe Khaing, Swe Swe Mar, Htay Htay Oo and Kyaw Ngwe  

Impact of tank geometry on production of African Catfish (Clarias gariepinus)

January 2021

Geometry of fish tanks tends to affect the growth and yield of fish. The impact of tank geometry on the production of Clarias gariepinus was evaluated. Circular, rectangular and ellipsoid tanks were used to test the variation of water temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen and total suspended solids on African catfish growth performance. Results on water temperature, pH, DO, were within the acceptable ranges of...

Author(s): Shadrack Kwadwo Amponsah, Sampson Agodzo, Etornyo Agbeko and Enock Asante Osei  

Screening of okra (Abelmoschus species) genotype for resistance to root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne species)

January 2021

Okra has significant area under cultivation in Africa and Asia, despite it has been considered as a minor crop and not much attention has been given to okra improvement in international research program. Niger produced during 2008, 2794 t of okra in 5288 ha with mean productivity of 0.39 t.ha-1. This poor average productivity is far below than the mean productivity of East Africa (6.2 t.ha-1) and North (8.8 t.ha-1)....

Author(s): IDI SAIDOU Sani,, HAOUGUI Adamou, ISSAKA Salia Ousseini, KUMAR Sanjeet, ALI Mahamane, and BAKASSO Yacoubou,  

Relative time of planting of legumes (cowpea, soybean and groundnut) on weed suppression and yield in cassava cropping system

January 2021

Weeds are a serious problem farmer’s face in tropical Africa, which significantly reduces yield. Field trials were conducted from September 2013 to September 2014 to determine the appropriate relative time of planting of legumes in cassava cropping system for optimum weed suppression. The experimental design was a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replicates. Treatments consisted of combinations...

Author(s): Kingsley Joseph Taah and Emmanuel Ogyiri Adu  

The effect of multi-component fertilizer and lime application on yield of common bean in Western Kenya

January 2021

Soil acidity and micronutrient deficiency is a major constraint affecting common bean production in Western Kenya. Farmers in the region have access to the two fertilizers Mavuno and Sympal fortified with different micronutrients and recommended for legumes; however, the performance of beans in the region remains low. A field experiment was, therefore, conducted in two sites in Nandi county, western Kenya, to determine...

Author(s): Shadrack C. Kipngetich, Samuel M. Mwonga and John O. Ojiem  

Estimation of magnitudes of heterosis for grain yield and yield contributing traits of conventional maize (Zea mays L.) single cross hybrids

December 2020

This study was initiated with the objective of estimating magnitude of heterosis of selected conventional maize inbred lines. Ten elite inbred lines were selected based on over per se performances. The crosses were done in a 10 x 10 half-diallel mating design to produce 45 F1 single crosses hybrids during 2016. The experiment was conducted at Bako National Maize Research Center in 2017 main cropping. The experimental...

Author(s): Zelalem Tafa, Gudeta Nepir and Girum Azmach  

Effects of two growth hormones and three manure formulas on a variety of papaya (Carica papaya L.) in the Sudano-Sahelian zone of Mali

December 2020

This study was conducted in the orchard of the Rural Polytechnic Institute for Training and Applied Research (IPR / IFRA) in Katibougou to assess the growth and production of solo papaya (Carica papaya L., 2n = 18) in Sudano-Sahelian zone of Mali as well as the effects of the hormone and manuring formulas. A split plot device, comprising 2 factors with 3 levels of variation each, was used. The main factor was  the...

Author(s): SIDIBE Abdoulaye, TRAORE Bakary Mamourou and YAHAYA Tassiou  

Limestone application effects on common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) yield and grain iron and zinc concentration on a Ferralsol soil in Uganda

December 2020

Soil acidification has major ramifications on crop production because low pH soils are less productive. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of limestone application on yield and grain iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) concentration in newly released high iron and zinc, drought resilient varieties of common bean (NAROBEAN 1 and 3). Using a split-plot in time design, an experiment was set up using three common...

Author(s): Rosemary Bulyaba, Andrew W. Lenssen, Kenneth J. Moore and Onesmus Semalulu  

Use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) as an innovation in agriculture

December 2020

Facing up with the effects of climate change, increasing human population, reduction of natural resources, and degradation of soils the agricultural sector has the challenge of meeting the world's demand for food. In this scenario, the interest of scientific communities for the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) in the agricultural sector has increased in recent years. The aim of this article is to provide a...

Author(s): Eduardo Cornejo-Velazquez, Hugo Romero-Trejo, Otilio-Arturo Acevedo-Sandoval, Alfredo Toriz-Palacios, and Mireya Clavel-Maqueda  

Managed bees as pollinators and vectors of bio control agent against grey mold disease in strawberry plantations

December 2020

Pollination by bees and other animals significantly increase both crop yields and quality. Bees also support the transfer of bio-control agents for suppression of crop pests and diseases through bio-vectoring technology that has not been applied in Africa. Two farms were set up to test the ability of managed bees to disseminate Trichoderma harzianum to control Botrytis cinerea, on strawberries. At on-station farm, three...

Author(s): Jane Muthoni Macharia, Mary Wanjiku Gikungu, Rebecca Karanja and Sheila Okoth  

Farmers’ preferences towards breeding objective for indigenous chickens in different agro-ecologies of Ethiopia

December 2020

A study was conducted in different agro-ecologies of Ethiopia with the objective of understanding the farmers’ preferences towards breeding objectives in indigenous chickens. For the interview, 245 households (60 from lowland, 100 from midland and 85 from highland) were randomly selected. Farmers in lowland had significantly (p<0.05) lower chicken populations while comparing with the remaining agro-ecologies....

Author(s): Berhanu Bekele, Aberra Melesse, Sandip Banerjee, Wondmeneh Esatu and Tadelle Dessie  

Effect of ploughing and weeding frequencies on growth, yield and yield components of Teff [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] in Mirab Abaya Area, Southern Ethiopia

December 2020

Inappropriate ploughing and weed control practices are among the major limiting factors for teff productivity in Ethiopia. Hence, this study was conducted to evaluate the effect of ploughing and weeding frequencies on growth and yield of teff varieties in Mirab Abaya district of southern Ethiopia during short cropping season of 2019. The treatments as combinations of three levels of ploughing (ploughing six times, four...

Author(s): Zewditu Dawit, Berhanu Lemma Robe and Amare Girma  

Effects of impurity on the efficiency of a legume threshing machine

December 2020

A motorized legume thresher was redesigned to utilize coefficient of friction to separate grains from impurities, the thresher performance was evaluated and best combination of parameters for highest separation efficiency determined. The study was carried out using a randomized design of three batch weights (BW): 100, 150 and 200 g, four surfaces (S) mild steel, plywood, rubber carpet and rug at an angle of inclination...

Author(s): Aluko O. B., Sanni L. A., Akingbade T. O. and Ogundahunsi Oluwafemi  

Foliar and time of application of silicon and the effect on rice yield components, productivity and seed quality

December 2020

The application of silicon (Si) has been beneficial to several cultures, mainly those considered Si accumulators, such as rice. Thus, in most cases Si is supplied via soil. However, it has been found that foliar application and small amounts of the element can be a viable alternative for its supply to plants. The objective of the present work was to evaluate the foliar application times of different silicon sources on...

Author(s): Jucilayne Fernandes Vieira, Michele Nadal, Lilian V. M. Tunes, Gabriel Duarte, Ewerton Gewehr, Otávio Oliveira Corrêa, Acácio Figueiredo Neto and Marylia de Sousa Costa  

Release of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) Variety “Bishoftu”

December 2020

Even if there are released Fenugreek varieties in Ethiopia, there is no variety specifically for color quality purpose. This study was conducted based on the objective of evaluation of different colored Fenugreek germplasm for yield and market preference in Ethiopia. Evaluation and preliminary variety trial were conducted at Debrezeit, Chefe donsa and Akaki locations. While national variety trial was conducted at...

Author(s): Dejene Bekele, Tewodros Lulseged, Dese Yadeta, Habtewold Kifelew, Abukiya Getu, Demis F. and Asmamaw B.  

Phenological and grain yield response of hybrid maize varieties, released for differing agro-ecologies, to growing temperatures and planting dates in Ethiopia

December 2020

Growing temperatures and planting dates affect phenology and grain yields of maize varieties and farmers have to choose suitable varieties that fit into different planting dates and growing temperatures. A field experiment was conducted to investigate the response of different hybrid maize varieties to different growing temperatures through growing the varieties at different locations varying in altitudes (low land, mid...

Author(s): Tesfaye Balemi, Mesfin Kebede, Begizew Golla, Tocha Tufa, Girma Chala and Tolera Abera  

Effect of methyl jasmonate on Acacia senegal (Hashab trees) production and characteristics of gum

December 2020

The study aimed to investigate the effect of the application of different concentrations of Methyl Jasmonate (JA-Me) on yield and quality of gum in Hashab (Acacia senegal) trees. Moreover, also studied the anatomy of the treated trees, and characteristics of gums produced. The study was carried out in two locations, Gedarif State (high rainfall area-clay soil) and North Kordofan State (low rainfall area- sand soil) in...

Author(s): Sayeda A. A. Khalil and Sayadat M. Eltigani  

Correlation between Arbuscular Mycorrhiza (AM) fungi and plant growth of two cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) clones under Bentex ‘T’(Benomyl+Thiram) soil treatments

December 2020

Growth response of two clones of Manihot esculenta Crantz (Cassava), TMS 30555 and TMS 30572 to Bentex T soil treatment was studied. Mycorrhizal root colonization in relation to growth parameters such as stomata size, plant water content, plant foliation, as well as height and stem circumference was examined. Bentex T, a fungicide which could be used to limit the growth of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) fungi was added to...

Author(s): Ifeanyi Mirian Oyem and Philippine Chigozie Okubor  

Effects of DEM resolution on the RUSLE-LS factor and its implications on soil and water management policies through the land cover seasonality

December 2020

This study aimed to demonstrate the effects of spatial resolution in modeling water erosion by the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE). In this study, three specific objectives were defined: Evaluation of the effect of the geographic information source on water erosion, seasonal effects on the potential production of sediments, as well as public policies concerning the different scenarios. The topographic...

Author(s): Matheus Fonseca Durães, Angelo Evaristo Sirtoli and Jean Sartori dos Santos  

Genetic diversity of elite wheat mutant lines using morphological characters and molecular markers

December 2020

Genetic diversity is the material basis for crop improvement. The genetic diversity of 17 wheat genotypes was evaluated using 25 agro-morphological characters and 10 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. The objective of this study was to determine the genetic diversity of elite stem rust resistant mutant lines in comparison with their adaptable but susceptible parent varieties using morphological traits and molecular...

Author(s): Philip K. Chemwok, Mirriam G. Kinyua, Oliver K. Kiplagat and Amos K. Ego  

Effects of genotypes and sowing time on phenology and yield performance traits of tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] in low moisture stress environments

December 2020

Tef (Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter) is among the most important cereals in Ethiopia in terms of both acreage and production. However, its productivity is relatively low as compared to other cereals mainly due to drought and climate variability coupled with lack of drought tolerant varieties. A field experiment was conducted with the objectives of assessing the effects of genotypes and sowing dates on the growth and...

Author(s): Mengistu Demissie, Kebebew Assefa and Dechassa Hirpa  

Demographic factors and perception in rhizobium inoculant adoption among smallholder soybeans (Glycine max L. Merryl) farmers of South Kivu Province of Democratic Republic of Congo

November 2020

The use of rhizobium inoculants fertilizer in soybean production has been practiced for over a century all over the world, but in Africa, the technology is relatively new. Rhizobium inoculants have been disseminated in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) by Nitrogen 2 Africa (N2AFRICA) project of CIAT and later IITA since 2010. However, demographic factors and perception in rhizobium adoption remain unknown. We...

Author(s): Ndusha Bintu Nabintu, Onwonga Richard Ndemo, Nabahungu Leon Sharwasi, Mushagalusa Nachigera Gustave, Kazamwali Muzee and Keya Shellemia Okoth  

Effect of on-farm water management practices and irrigation water source on soil quality in Central Ethiopia

November 2020

Soil salinity is the major factor that limits agricultural productivity in arid and semi-arid regions. The use of improved farm management practices in such areas is becoming a highly concerning issue to sustain agricultural productivity. This study, therefore, was conducted to evaluate the effect of on-farm water management practices and irrigation water sources on soil quality. The experiment was conducted on 16...

Author(s): Demelash Wendemeneh, Mekonen Ayana, Partap Singh and Amare Haileslassie    

Determinants of fish consumption in the state of Qatar: Post blockade

November 2020

This study used a count data model to analyse the factors that affect fish consumption in Qatar after the blockade; aiming for effective evaluation, formulation and implementation, of policies for the fishery sector. To achieve this, the community of Qatar is divided into three groups based on their fish consumption rate: high, moderate, and low consumer. The determinants of fish consumption were confirmed using the...

Author(s): Sana Abusin, Noor Al-Emadi and Engi Elmaghraby  

Growth, nodulation and yield response of green bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to plant population and blended NPS fertilizer rates at Alage, Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia

November 2020

Recently Green bean production and demand is increasing in Ethiopia due to its fast maturity and nutritional value. However, various constraints are reported for its low productivity, including inappropriate uses of plant population and fertilizer rates. The objective of this study was to determine the optimum plant population and NPS rate for quality and economically feasible yield of Green bean. The experiment was...

Author(s): Adugna Sori Shanko, Andargachew Gedebo and Ashenafi Haile Gebeye  

Drivers and restrictions of range pasture improvement by agro-pastoralists in Kiruhura District, Uganda

November 2020

Range pastures provide the basic ruminant feeds resource for livestock production in semi-arid areas despite ruminant nutrition remaining a challenge affecting productivity. Different livestock development interventions have been promoted to improve livestock nutrition with low farmer adoption rate. A cross sectional exploratory study was conducted between March and July 2018 to identify the drivers of range pastures...

Author(s): Twinamatsiko Robert, Nalule Agnes Sarah and Okello Samuel  

Evaluation of ten botanical insecticides against the sweet potato Weevil, Cylas formicarius (Fabricius, 1798) (Coleoptera: Brentidae)

November 2020

The sweet potato weevil, Cylas formicarius (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Brentidae), is a destructive insect pest that damages sweet potatoes both in the field and during storage. To identify new environmentally friendly insecticides to control this insect pest, three assays (olfactory test, anti-feeding assay, and toxicity assay) were conducted to evaluate the efficacy and mode of action of 10 botanical insecticides against...

Author(s): Liyun REN, Ganghui ZHENG, Bimei CHEN, Longfei He, Yongmei LIAO and Baoshan CHEN,  

Effect of calorie protein ratio on the growth performance and haematology of two strains of pullet chicks

November 2020

In a 56 days experiment, 432-day old chicks were used to determine the influence of varying levels of calorie:protein ratio on the growth performance and haematology of two strains of commercial pullet chicks. Each of the strains, (i)Nera Black (NB) and (ii)Isa Brown (IB) were randomly allocated to three dietary levels of calorie:protein ratio designed to contain normal calorie:protein ratio (NC:P), high calorie:protein...

Author(s): F. A. S. Dairo, Y. O. Oyewole and S. O. Olawumi  

Moving beyond manual software-supported precision irrigation to human-supervised adaptive automation

November 2020

This paper “looks across the river” to explore computer engineering applied within agriculture, particularly precision irrigation. It begins with work by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). They developed guidelines for estimating a crop’s water requirements. These guidelines describe a set of equations (Penman-Monteith form) drawn from the physics of evapotranspiration. The...

Author(s): Peter George Raeth  

Effect of sugarcane bagasse ash and manure amendments on selected soil properties in Western Kenya

November 2020

This research determined the effects of incorporating sugarcane bagasse ash and cattle manure on soil pH, available P, and cation exchange capacity (CEC) during a 2 seasons’ field experiment in Kakamega County of Western Kenya. The experiment used a Randomized Complete Block Design, 3 replications, and a 3 × 3 factorial arrangement of treatments. Sugarcane bagasse ash and cattle manure application showed...

Author(s): Tabere D. Taddeo Bidai, Joyce J. Lelei and Josephine P. Ouma  

Cultivation of edible mushrooms in Namibia: Prospects and challenges of small scale farmers

November 2020

The demand for mushroom cultivation rapidly increases over years in Namibia as more people discovered its health and medical benefits, as well as the mushroom economic value. However, high temperatures at some parts of the country had made the cultivation difficult though watering in the mushroom houses was recommended as a measure to decrease temperature and rise up the humidity in the mushroom houses. In order to...

Author(s): Fimanekeni Ndaitavela Shivute  

Pesticide use in vegetable production in rural Uganda - A case study of Kabale District, South western Uganda

November 2020

A study to investigate commonly grown vegetables, commonly used pesticides, and pesticide use practices was conducted in Kabale District, in South-western Uganda. This is because indiscriminate pesticide use and poor application practices can leave pesticide residues in food rendering it unsafe for consumption. The study revealed extensive pesticide application in Brassica oleracea; var. capitata (cabbage), Brassica...

Author(s): Hannington Ngabirano, and Grace Birungi  

Economic efficiency of rubber production and affecting factors: Case of smallholder rubber production in Quang Binh Province, Vietnam

November 2020

Rubber is a perennial crop, so to evaluate economic efficiency of smallholder rubber production, the author uses long-term analysis method with values such as actual present value (NPV), Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR), Internal rate of Return (IRR) and annual value. The factors affecting the productivity of smallholder rubber are assessed through the Cobb-Douglas functional production function analysis method with input...

Author(s): Tu Luc Tran  

Technical efficiency of pineapple production in Republic of Benin

November 2020

Assessing the technical efficiency of pineapple producers is essential to avoid waste of resources and above all to target advices for improving the productivity of the pineapple producers. For this, a survey was carried out among 365 randomly selected producers from five major pineapple-producing Communes. Using the meta-border stochastic production model, technical efficiency scores of pineapple producers are...

Author(s): Félix C. BIAOU  

Net income analyses of maize agribusiness in Wukari Taraba State, Nigeria

November 2020

The study was carried out to ascertain effects of agribusiness functions and experience on small scale maize agribusiness operators’ net income in Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria. A purposive sampling was used to select four area-markets namely Rafin-Kada, Gindin-Doruwa, Bantaji and Kente markets, where maize agribusiness owners predominantly carry out production and marketing of maize grain. Fifteen small scale...

Author(s): Godwin Odo Onogwu, Kingsley I. Okeke-Agulu , Osayi Chinwe Prisca and Agelaga Kume Benedict  

Involvement of key stakeholders in controlling animal diseases in rural settings: Experiences with African swine fever in Uganda

November 2020

Key stakeholders’ involvement in the design and enforcement of effective African swine fever (ASF) biosecurity measures is very vital. Unfortunately, many times key stakeholders are less involved in the policy designing process. This study analyzed information from stakeholders in Mukono District, to assess the acceptability of enforcing ASF biosecurity measures among key stakeholders. Mukono District has a high...

Author(s): Peter Ogweng, Charles Masembe, Johnson Francis Mayega, Ibrahim Keeya, Charles Tumuhe, Rodney Okwasiimire and Vincent Muwanika  

Biochemical characterization and genetic variability among thirteen black pepper genotypes

November 2020

There is limited information on the biochemical variability of black pepper genotypes in Ethiopia.  Dried fruit samples from 13 introduced black pepper accessions were used for biochemical analysis. All the determinants were done in triplicates.  Biochemical data ranged for essential oil between 1.70-3.60%; oleoresin, 8.30-12.15%; ash, 5.72-7.05%; acid insoluble ash, 1.97-4.06%; crude fiber, 13.61-17.96%;...

Author(s): Dejene Bekele and Andargachew Gedebo  

Leaf organic content variation of 2 durum wheat genotypes under water stress by applying phytohormone (IAA)

October 2020

Water stress is the most important problem in plant growth and development. Greenhouse trial is carried out on 2 durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf) genotypes (MBB and WAHA), to evaluate the effect of water stress on the biochemical content of leaves, and the possibility of reducing this effect by applying a growth regulator Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) by seeds soaking and foliar spraying. Water stress causes a large...

Author(s): A. Bendjama and S. Ramdani  

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