African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4164

AJBM Articles

The methodological profile of scientific publications on public transparency: An analysis of the African scenario

March 2015

This study seeks to analyze the methodological profile of scientific publications completed on public transparency within the context of the African continent. The following are the specific objectives of this study: to present the research methods commonly utilized in academic investigation concerning public transparency in Africa, to survey compilation of a sample of articles on public transparency contained in the...

Author(s): Belchior Pedro Cole, Maurício Vasconcellos Leão Lyrio, Sérgio Murilo Petri and Rogério João Lunkes

Does capital structure influence payout? A study on KSE -30 Index

February 2015

The paper aims to provide an insight into underlying factors which a given mix of owners’ funds and outside funds have on the payout of KSE 30 Index. Capital structure comprises equity and borrowed funds (debt) that listed companies need to carry out their business operations. We have applied panel data methodology on twenty-one KSE-30 companies for the period of 2001-2011. Our results show that high proportion of...

Author(s): Abdul Jabbar Kasim and Muhammad Ajaz Rasheed

The effect of privatisation on political and managerial accountability

February 2015

The study seeks to assess the effect of privatisation on political and managerial accountability, considering the cases of Intercity State Transport Company and GAFCO. A sample data were collected from both managerial staff and some junior employees through interviews and questionnaire. Paired sample test was used to analyse the data of the questionnaire and content analysis for the interviews. The results indicated...

Author(s): Patience Obeng Ahwireng

Developing an instrument to assess work-family pressures and resources needed by women managers in South Africa

February 2015

In the last decade, there has been a sharp increase in the employment of working mothers in the South African labour market. Work-family scholars argue that organisations must develop supporting policies and benefits to shield working mothers against work-family pressures. This article focuses on the development of the Work-Family Pressure and Support Questionnaire (W-FPSQ) as a measure to assess the pressures that...

Author(s): Leopold Petrus Vermeulen and Olubukunola Akinnusi Sonubi

The relation between organizational trust, organizational support and organizational commitment

February 2015

Organizations are bodies composed of people who gather in order to reach specific objectives. This situation prompts the organizations to produce people oriented policies and increase the interest in the subject of organizational commitment. However, there are not much academic studies in Turkey on organizational commitment. The general objective of this research was to assess the relationship between organizational...

Author(s): EÄžRÄ°BOYUN Dursun

Fame versus no name: Gauging the impact of celebrities and non-celebrities endorsement on purchase

February 2015

The use of celebrity in advertising has become a trend for companies and one of the best ways to strengthen brand image and marketing of products/services. Today, every company is promoting its products by using celebrities to gain customer’s attention and thus increase the market share. Advertising ideas involve this approach, and the choice of picking right celebrity is made through these strategic motives. The...

Author(s): Bhavesh Kumar J. Parmar and Rajnikant P. Patel

Audit research: A systematic literature review of published research on ISI Web of Science between 2002 and 2013

February 2015

We examined the international scientific productivity on auditing between 2002, when the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) was published, and the end of 2013, based on a bibliometrics/scientometrics analysis of scientific articles included in the Web of Science from the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI). A database was created including 2,394 publications. As a contribution it was possible to systematically identify the...

Author(s): Marcelo de Santana Porte, Irina Saur-Amaral, and Joaquim Carlos da Costa Pinho

An analysis of the impact of oil price shocks on the growth of the Nigerian economy: 1970-2011

February 2015

This paper examines the impact of oil price shocks on Nigerian economic growth while controlling the effects of unrest in the international oil market, exchange rate and agriculture output using quarterly time series data from 1970:q1-20011:q4.The broad objective of the study is to evaluate the long run relationship among the variables namely; oil price, exchange rate, agriculture output, unrest and economic growth. The...

Author(s): Musa Yusuf

An empirical study of consumers’ willingness to pay for traceable food in Beijing, Shanghai and Jinan of China

February 2015

There have been more and more food safety incidents since 1990s in China. Implementation of traceability system is an important way to improve food safety in China. The food traceability system is still in an initial stage and implemented only in limited products and companies in China. Contingent valuation method (CVM) was used to investigate the Chinese consumers’ willingness to pay for traceable vegetables and...

Author(s): Guifeng Liu and Honghua Chen

Monetary policy in Cape Verde and macroeconomic changes: Empirical evidences

February 2015

The main objective of this study was to analyze Cape Verdean monetary policy, the rules chosen by the decision makers, its changes and its transmission to the economy. Primarily, we analyzed the dynamics of the most important Cape Verdean macroeconomic time series. By using the Vector Autoregression (VAR) and the Markov Switching Vector Autoregression (MS-VAR) models, we also analyzed and compared how those dynamics...

Author(s): Jailson da Conceição Teixeira de Oliveira Bruno Ferreira Frascaroli and Osvaldo Candido da Silva Filho

Team briefing and workers’ commitment in Nigerian banking industry

February 2015

The association of team briefing and workers’ commitment was examined in this study. Respondents were drawn from a sample of 357 bankers in the South-south zone of Nigeria. Cross sectional survey design was utilized. With the use of Spearman Rank Order Correlation, we obtained the following results: team briefing had a significant positive relationship with affective, continuance and normative commitment. This...

Author(s): Tarela Okpu and Judipat Nkiru Obiora

The impact of credit risk on profitability performance of commercial banks in Ethiopia

January 2015

The objective of the study was to empirically examine the impact of credit risk on profitability of commercial banks in Ethiopia. For the purpose secondary data collected from 8 sample commercial banks for a 12 year period (2003-2004) were collected from annual reports of respective banks and National Bank of Ethiopia. The data were analyzed using a descriptive statics and panel data regression model and the result...

Author(s): Million Gizaw, Matewos Kebede and Sujata Selvaraj

The relationship between some demographic variables and leadership effectiveness among local government managers in South Africa

January 2015

Scholars have argued that demographic variables are critical factors that could also be used together with other factors to explain the variances in the behaviour of effective leaders. They are very significant to virtually all kinds of modern organizations. The current workforce is increasingly getting younger and highly educated. And an increasing proportion of female managers are also found in today’s...

Author(s): Clement Bell, Roelf Rvanniekerk and Petrus Nel

Networking for SMES in Uganda: A conceptual paper

January 2015

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are considered a sector with significant contribution to the economical growth of both developed countries and emergent countries. However, SMEs are facing challenges for their survival with their limited resources. There is also considerable lack of empirical studies focusing on networking between SMEs in developing countries. Promotion of networking approaches with other...

Author(s): Peter Turyakira and Cathy Ikiror Mbidde

Motivational factors of formation, cooperate actions and gains obtained from the cooperation networks of building material retail in Parana: A comparative between the associated managers’ and retailers’ perceptions

January 2015

This study analyzes factors that condition the formation of the building material of retailer cooperation networks and the results obtained with this actuation. This study was carried out of multiple descriptive and comparative cases, with transversal perspective of time. A non-disguised questionnaire was used, answered online by fifteen associated retailers and the manager of each one of the four formally incorporated...

Author(s): Sandro Deretti, Loise Schwarzbach,  Luciano Dalazen, Anderson Catapan and Claudimar Pereira da Veiga

Research on the mechanisms of big data on consumer behavior using the models of C2C e-commerce and countermeasures

January 2015

The purpose of this study is to investigate the mechanisms of big data on consumer behavior on the models of C2C e-commerce. From the beginning of the following five aspects: recommendation system, information search, reputation system, virtual experience and security system, the paper discusses some factors that affect buying intention in C2C e-commerce under big data. It fully considers the characteristics of big...

Author(s): Min Tang and Zhong Wu

Environment designing considering the needs of youth according to Abraham Maslow’s needs case study: District 9 of Isfahan City

January 2015

This study aims to design an environment for the youth by considering their needs and interests. This study sought to provide all of the needs of the youth by environmental affordances according to the hierarchy of needs developed by Abraham Maslow. It was conducted in district 9 of Isfahan city on about 380 of young people and evaluated 8 suggested spaces with 6 groups environmental affordance by use of questionnaire....

Author(s): Mahrouyeh Latifiyan and Morteza Salavati

The impact of tax policy stimulus on automobile choice- Evidence from Chinese automobile industry

January 2015

Using detailed national brand-level automobile sales data from January 2004 to the end of 2009, we quantify the impact of a series of tax policy stimuli initiated by the Chinese Government on automobile sales in China. These tax stimuli aimed either to prevent high displacement car consumption or to encourage low displacement car purchases. We conclude that the first two tax adjustments surpass high-emission auto sales,...

Author(s): Chen Xi and Wang Yun

MS excel functions as supply chain fraud detector

December 2014

Information technology (IT) is playing a vital role in increasing the productivity, profitability of businesses and optimizing decisions at each stage of Supply Chain Networks (SCN). Supply chain manager must often trust data for decision making even reported from vendors/suppliers. These types of data are vulnerable to manipulation and creating an opportunity for ‘supplier opportunism’. Use of MS excel...

Author(s): Tej Narain Prasad Varma and DA Khan

Accounting, taxation, and the cost of capital

December 2014

This paper investigates the link between accounting and taxation and its implications for the cost of equity capital. Using a simple model, we characterize the determinants of the cost of capital in a setting where reporting rules combine accounting and taxation estimations. Accounting and tax rules usually result in different estimates of true earnings, each one with its own estimation error. The correlation between...

Author(s): Stere Mihai

Effects of 2008 global liquidity crisis on the performance of banks’ shares traded in Nigeria stock exchange market

December 2014

The global financial crisis of 2008 is an event that affected the entire world economic cycle, the consumers, producers, financers and other parties that constitute the economy. The crisis was as a result of liquidity, currency, fluctuations of banks’ share prices and risks in business with banks, which started from major financial institutions of the US and spilt over to the rest of the world. These gave birth to...

Author(s): Aminu Yakubu Abubakar, Ambrose Jagongo, Obere J Almadi and Badayi S. Muktar

Factors hindering unemployed youths from starting their own business: The case of Mekelle City educated unemployed youths

December 2014

The general objective of the research is to assess major factors hindering unemployed youths from starting their own business. To identify the impediments, the research analyzed the influence of individuals’ behavior, the social and external contexts. In relation to identifying the major factors hindering the unemployed youths from becoming an entrepreneur, determinants of propensity to start own business in...

Author(s): Binyam Zewde Alemayehu

Information technology as a catalyst of relationship marketing within a global context

November 2014

Marketing has evolved since the beginning of the 20th century, thanks largely to information and communication technology (ICT). The transformation can be seen in changes to the economy and to technology and in the shifting preferences and needs of clients. With ICT, companies can deal directly with their clients, simulating real-life situations. This allows them to understand the necessities of the market in adopting...

Author(s): Gil-Lafuente Anna M. and Luis-Bassa Carolina

Modeling Green Supply Chain Management framework using ISM and MICMAC analysis

November 2014

In recent years, green supply chain management has gained popularity both in academics as well as in the industry and is reflected in the special issues of journals and themes of conferences. The rubber products manufacturing sector plays a pivotal role in the Indian economy and is considered to be one of the key players in global rubber business. Globalization and the increased number of countries entering the world...

Author(s): Surajit Bag and Neeraj Anand

Employees’ reactance and survival strategies in an underperforming Zimbabwean parastatal

November 2014

This research is an analysis of employees’ survival strategies in an under-performing Zimbabwean parastatal. It argues that employees’ survival strategies may evidence failure of an organisation to accommodate changing realities under conditions of distress. The prevailing economic conditions in Zimbabwe may discourage employees from switching jobs even though they are not paid by their employer so that they...

Author(s): Peter Sibanda, Emmanuel Mavenga, Langtone Maunganidze and Farai Ncube

An assessment of the economic viability of ecological coffee processing technology in Cameroon

November 2014

Coffee is an important crop in Cameroon in terms of income and employment generation. Productivity of coffee has been declining over time with a consequent decline in the corresponding incomes. The Government of Cameroon is addressing this shortfall through a number of measures, a key one being introduction of four pilot central pulping units (CPUs). This paper assesses the technical, economic and commercial...

Author(s): Musebe, R.O., Agwanda, C. A., Akiri, M. and Hyacinthe Founsie

Relationship analysis of B2B channels: A case study on channel relationships in Brazilian agribusiness companies

November 2014

This paper examines through a case study the relationships of an agricultural input supplier company with its distribution channels in Brazil. In this paper concepts are presented related to the subject distribution channels and the dimensions of behaviour in relationship marketing. We present four models attempting to evaluate the stage of relationship marketing that two companies can have. The focus of this paper is...

Author(s): Paulo Sérgio Miranda Mendonça, Luiz Gustavo Guerreiro Moreira, José Alberto de Camargo and Omar El Faro

The influence of age and gender on entrepreneurial behaviour characteristics of students and professionals of Business Administration

November 2014

The main objective of this study is to identify the elements that show the influence of age and gender on entrepreneurial behavior characteristics observed in both enterprising professionals and students of Business Administration. It was based on a survey with 851 professionals registered by the Regional Board of Directors of Business Administration of Bahia and with 207 students from public and private universities in...

Author(s): LIMA FILHO Raimundo Nonato, BRUNI Adriano Leal and AMORIM Ricardo José Rocha

External debt and economic growth in the East Africa community

November 2014

Using annual data from 1970-2010, this paper employs a panel fixed-effects model to estimate the effect of external debt, as a share of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), on economic growth in East Africa Community (EAC). This study was based on the Solow growth model augmented for debt. The Levin-Lin-Chu test (LLC) approach was used to investigate the properties of the data with respect to unit roots. The Hausman...

Author(s): James Ochieng Babu, Symon Kiprop, Aquilars M. Kalio and Mose Gisore

Accounting education at vocational high schools in Turkey: An application

November 2014

Accounting shows the process of taking right and effective decisions to present some regular, complete, and true information of the past and also make a plan towards the future. In other words, while accounting presents information about the present state in of managements, it shows a way for taking reel decisions related to the future and fixing risks and opportunities at the same time. Because accounting is able to...

Author(s): Semih Büyükipekçi and Hüseyin Çetin

Course performance evaluation based on neural network modeling

October 2014

Modeling the performance of an academic course based on a given set of affecting factors is the goal of this research. For different institutions, these factors differ in terms of availability and usefulness. This study was conducted for the nine engineering departments at King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia with a total of 281 courses for the last 8 years. First, all measurable input factors were acquired from the...

Author(s): Amjad Fuad Hajjar and Ayman Ghazi Fayoumi

A hybrid model for a performance measurement system of business: A case study in critical logistics process

October 2014

The performance evaluation of companies is an important issue.  Balanced Scorecard (BSC) and Six Sigma approaches are widely in use in business in this context. In this study, BSC and Six Sigma performance management systems have been elaborated, their strengths, which can be used in practice by a number of enterprises in a variety of sizes, have been identified; and a new hybrid model of performance measurement...

Author(s): Kasim Baynal and Gokhan Ozkan

A study of the relationship between carbon emission and tourism development in Maldives

October 2014

The scope of this paper is to explore the relationship between tourism development and carbon emission in Maldives. Data used are already published data for Maldives tourism development and carbon emission. Individual Model for tourism development indicators and combined model of all the indicators were used to test the relationship. Unit root test was used to test the stationary status of the data. Empirical tests were...

Author(s): Ahmed Amzath and Laijun Zhao

Leading self, teams and organizations from a female perspective: An exploration of the women leaders’ journey

October 2014

This paper seeks to capture the characteristics that prevail in the leadership styles of women leaders paying special attention to their individual leaders’ journeys. The study reviews the theoretical models of leadership and feminist theory that are particularly pertinent from the discussion of women leadership. A narrative approach is adopted for analyzing two women leaders’ journeys –Mary Kay and...

Author(s): Nuria Toledano and Crispen Karanda

Effect of family control and internal auditor on conservatism behaviour

October 2014

In this study, we deal with the effect of internal auditor and family control on operational accrual items measurements across the Tehran Stock Exchange registered firms. The operational accrual items of the Giuli and Hin Model have been used to measure the conservatism level. In comparison with other models, including Basu’s model, the above-mentioned model is more reliable. "Herfindal-Hirschman Model”...

Author(s): Mohamadreza Abdoli

The nurse as an integration agent in handoff: A social networks analysis perspective

October 2014

The growing interest in social networks, in health services, follows international pressure by improving quality and reducing costs in this sector. Identifying the most important actors in a social network is one of the applications of graph theory in social network analysis (SNA). Socialization among health professionals (actors) and their structural positions, in social networks, are important factors to be considered...

Author(s): Antonio Sergio da Silva, Aline Bento Ambrósio Avelar and Milton Carlos Farina

Regulation and gender equality and non-discrimination of women in top management positions in Ghana

October 2014

The engagement of more women at top level management positions in both public and private institutions has increasingly been attracting interest amongst the general public, academia and policy-makers; especially given the seemingly increasing participation of females in the labour market. In spite of the many campaigns for the inclusion of women at top level management, it appears the proportion of women to men in...

Author(s): Olivia Anku-Tsede and Cynthia Gadegbeku

Assortment planning: Strategic perception of retail owners and managers in Brazil

October 2014

The goal of the Assortment Planning (AP) is to specify an assortment that maximizes sales and profits which counterbalance the offer of products based on the decisions made about sales; it also increases the probability for consumers to find their own favorite product without increase in storage costs or risk of stock out. This work aims to investigate the strategic perception of retail owners and managers about...

Author(s): Claudimar Pereira da Veiga, Cássia Rita Pereira da Veiga, Anderson Catapan, Ubiratã Tortato, Edilson Antonio Catapan and Eduardo Vaz da Costa Junior

The next frontier: Open innovation and prospecting of knowledge for value co-creation in complex environments based on new business models by 3D modeling and additive manufacturing

October 2014

  This article aims to contribute to a policy of innovation management. To do so, it presents the influence of practices of open innovation in the prospecting of knowledge for value creation in highly complex environments under 3D modeling and additive manufacturing. The research was conducted in the light of theoretical excerpts and application of a survey to specialists, with knowledge about the investigated...

Author(s): Selma Regina Martins Oliveira and Jorge Lino Alves

Can training and career development be considered best practices using the universal and contingency approaches?

October 2014

  Because human resource management is a challenge for mostorganizations, many companies seek practices that will enable them to compete with other companies. In our work, we examine the study of training and career development and their consideration as high-performance practices by considering the universal and contingency approaches for a sample of 560 companies. If practitioners know the effects of these...

Author(s): Pedro Núñez-Cacho, Félix A. Grande-Torraleja and Jose Daniel Lorenzo-Gómez

Effect of knowledge management practices (KMPs) and the moderating role of interpersonal trust (IPT) on firm’s performance (FP): A study in software industry of Pakistan

October 2014

  The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of knowledge management practices on the firm’s performance in software industry of Pakistan. A co relational research design using a multiple regression was used to test the causal relationships among the knowledge management practices, firm’s performance and the moderating role of interpersonal trust. Hypotheses were tested through field...

Author(s): Munnaza Afzal and Umair Afzal

Organizational performance and readiness for change in public sector undertakings

October 2014

  The present study makes an assessment of the readiness/resistance to change of employees of State Public Sector Undertakings (SPSUs), compares readiness between executives and workers of SPSUs, employees of SPSUs and Central Public Sector Undertakings (CPSUs), and between employees of Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) making profits as well as losses. The factors affecting readiness to change were identified...

Author(s): George Mathew, Sulphey M. M. and Rajasekar S.

Measuring organizational innovative climates in technical institutes and university teachers

October 2014

Teachers’ perceptions of organizational innovation climates are vital to understand the success or failure of innovational implementations of technical institutes and universities. This study aims to develop a “Measure of Organizational Innovation Climates for Technical Institutes and University Teachers (MOIC-TT) in order to recognize the influence of schools on teachers’ creative behaviors. First,...

Author(s): Chun-Mei Chou O, Chien-Hua Shen, Hsi-Chi Hsia and Su-Chang Chen

Entrepreneurship complexity: Salient features of entrepreneurship

October 2014

The topic of entrepreneurship has attracted a lot of attention in academia and industry circles. This paper seeks to explore theories of entrepreneurship as well as its definitions. To this end a model that includes the salient entrepreneurial features, such as non-resource ownership and non-monetary gain, in defining entrepreneurship has been developed. It is now a known fact that no country can do without...

Author(s): J. Amolo and S.  O Migiro

Gender differences in intention and relationship among factors of using Facebook for collaboration

September 2014

In Taiwan, in an effort to reduce the cost associated with educational training, enterprises have started to resolutely introduce the use of Facebook to support collaboration as part of employee training. Unlike previous studies investigating the effectiveness of conventional learning, the purpose of this paper was to discuss how various factors interconnect to affect Taiwanese employees’ decisions regarding...

Author(s): Chin-Hung Lin, Shu-Ching Yang and Yung-Kun Sung

Significance of credit risk in economies in transition

September 2014

Uncontrolled wish for even larger profits led to neglecting the significance of credit risk, and later on to bankruptcy of American mortgage banks that significantly initiated the world economy crises. If credit risk manifested itself in a relatively stable economy such as American, it is not hard to draw a conclusion how important is quality credit risk managing in economies in transition, which are fragile and...

Author(s): Aleksandar Vasiljevic, Miodrag Koprivica and Vasilj Koprivica

An efficient XML query pattern mining algorithm for ebXML applications in e-commerce

September 2014

Providing efficient query to XML data for ebXML applications in e-commerce is crucial, as XML has become the most important technique to exchange data over the Internet. ebXML is a set of specification for companies to exchange their data in e-commerce. Following the ebXML specifications, companies have a standard method to exchange business messages, communicate data, and business rules in e-commerce. Due to its...

Author(s): Tsui-Ping Chang

Home telehealth acceptance model: The role of innovation

September 2014

This study aims at exploring the role of user innovativeness in the home telehealth acceptance model, clarifying whether innovativeness is the antecedent to or moderator of the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM); it also aims to discover the influences of related discussion on user acceptance. The results show that innovation is both the antecedent to and the moderator of TAM. Attitude toward using home telehealth...

Author(s): Jui-Chen Huang and Shu-Ping Lin

Effect of executive board and family control on audit opinion

September 2014

In this study the relation and effect of corporate governance on audit opinion of CPAs is investigated. The companies investigated are listed in Tehran Stock Exchange and are selected using the systematic elimination method. They are 104 companies. The time period is 2008-2010. The statistical methods used are logistic regression and Wald test. The data were collected from the companies’ annual financial...

Author(s): Mohamadreza Abdoli and Ali Pourkazemi

Organizational antecedents and perceptions of fairness in policy implementation among employees in the banking sector of Ghana

September 2014

This study examined the impact of fairness perceptions in policy implementations on employees’ job satisfaction, work motivation and organisational commitment in the banking sector of Ghana. A correlational research design was adopted for the study. A total of 100 participants were randomly selected to respond to a 45-item questionnaire. Data obtained from the study were analysed with Pearson correlation,...

Author(s): Kwasi Dartey-Baah

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