African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4046

AJBM Articles

July 2014

Impacts of economic, cultural, social, individual and environmental factors on demands for cinema: Case study of Tehran

This article seeks to identify the various factors affecting the demand for cinema and effectiveness degree of each factor. In this paper we seek to answer the main question that how much economic, cultural, social, individual and environmental factors affect demand of going to the cinema. In order to find the answer to the aforesaid question through survey, information about a sample of 800 who go to cinema in Tehran...

Author(s): A. Rahimi, M. Mousai, N. Azad and S. M. Syedaliakbar

July 2014

Strategic orientation and performance of agro-based firms in transition economy

Strategic orientations indicate organizational leanings and approach to competition and competitive behaviours focused at achieving competitive advantages. This study explores the impact of strategic orientation dimensions on corporate performance of agro-business industry. The study based on questionnaires administered to selected Agro-based firms in Lagos and Ogun utilized descriptive statistics, Pearson’s...

Author(s): Abiodun Abolaji Joachim and Ibidunni Ayodotun Stephen

July 2014

Assessing the role of branding in the marketing of pharmaceutical products in Ghana: A case of three pharmaceutical companies

The importance of branding as a tool for differentiation in the highly competitive pharmaceutical industry in Ghana has come to the fore due to competition and the influx of fake drugs. The purpose of this study was to assess the perception of managers about the strategic role branding plays in the marketing of pharmaceutical products in Ghana. Sixty respondents were sampled from three pharmaceutical companies. A...

Author(s): Peter Anabila and Dadson Awunyo-Vitor

July 2014

Profit creation, intra and inter-generational equity: Need for new company law

The issue of profits in company management is as old as the joint stock company but remains ever topical and somewhat controversial. Accountants have one measure for profit and economists another measure, whilst some others want to do away with the idea of profits entirely to ensure social responsibility by companies. The theory of sustainability calls into question the existing theory of profits, apparently based on...

Author(s): AJAI Olawale

July 2014

The impact of motivation on aggregate resignation: Case study of public health sector in Oman

This study examined the motivation effects of organizational commitment (OC) and organizational engagement (OE) on the relationship between human resource (HR) practices (motivation of staff, empowerment of staff, goal-setting motivations, safety motivations, environmental motivations) and resignation intention. The study covered almost 95% of Al Buraimi hospital’s foreign staff (325 people) (not including Omani...

Author(s): Khalid Sudian Al Badi

July 2014

Multi-country survey of attitudes towards the treatment of HIV/AIDS in the workplace

The Academy for Educational Development (AED) held a long-term, multi-country, multi-continent program funded by the United States Department of Labor (USDOL). It aimed to help both employees and employers deal with the impacts of the increase in the spread of human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in the various parts of the world.  The focus of this program was to...

Author(s): Susan J. Rogers and J. W. Wright, Jr.

July 2014

Employees’ satisfaction in travel agencies

This paper concisely deals with the current issue in the tourism sector, which is the satisfaction of the staff. This paper will result in the synthesis of theory and research on the satisfaction of human resources at travel agencies in Novi Sad. The primary aim of this study is to determine the current state and extent of employee satisfaction in certain key segments of business success. The basic method in this study...

Author(s): Tamara Gajić, Bojana Kovačević and Mirjana Penić

July 2014

Assessment of psychological contract fulfillment and breach: A study of selected firms in South Africa

This research investigates the key factors affecting retention of skilled employees using the psychological contract as a framework in an emerging economy context. The focus of the study was on employees’ perspectives regarding elements of the employment relationship they consider valuable and how these inducements affect their commitment and loyalty to the organization. Data were collected from 98 made up of...

Author(s): Caroline Obuya and Robert Rugimbana

July 2014

Internationalization strategies adopted by Natura in Latin America and Europe: An exploratory study with an emerging market company

This study seeks to identify the main strategies adopted by an emerging market company in its internationalization process in Latin America and Europe. The company studied was Natura Cosmeticos. To this end, a survey was conducted on the theoretical framework that discusses the internationalization theory from the behavioral perspective, the motivations for organizations to go international and the internationalization...

Author(s): Mariana Bassi Sutter, Eduardo Vasconcellos and Edison Fernandes Polo

July 2014

Food supply chain management in Indian Agriculture: Issues, opportunities and further research

This paper is an attempt to explore the problems faced by Indian agriculture for food security in terms of inadequate infrastructure and highly inefficient supply chain in context of information technology. Due to lack of efficient infrastructure and food processing industry about 30-35 per cent of all foods produced in India are wasted. This paper examines the critical issues at each sub-system of agriculture supply...

Author(s): Sazzad Parwez

June 2014

Grooming those microfinance fails to accommodate in: System needs major overhauling

Microfinance is claimed to be a strong poverty elevation mechanism. Prof Dr. Yunus of Bangladesh is said to be the inventor of the system. But presently, attempts are being made to credit the great Rabindranath Tagore with the idea. However, throughout the world Yunus’ model is on excessive try to wipe out poverty from the globe. Whatever is the result, the irony is that the system is being sliced between breeder...

Author(s): Monir Ahmed and Asif Iqbal

June 2014

An investigation of online review helpfulness based on movie reviews

This paper aims to propose a conceptual model to investigate the determinants of review helpfulness for movie reviews based on uncertainty reduction theory and review quality framework. Model of customer review helpfulness is built based on review quality framework. Movie reviews from IMDB (http://imdb.com) are collected. The proposed hypotheses are tested with logistic and multiple linear regressions. The results show...

Author(s): Liu Zhiming, Hong Li and Liu Lu

June 2014

The effects of participative leadership on organisational commitment: Comparing its effects on two gender groups among bank clerks.

The present study examined the effects of participative leadership on organisational commitment: comparing its effects on two gender groups among bank clerks. Study data was collected from a sample of 70 bank clerks in Alice and King William’s Town, using a participative leadership questionnaire adopted from Arnold et al. (2000); and Mowday et al. (1979) organisational commitment questionnaire. Participative...

Author(s): Clement Bell and Themba Mjoli

June 2014

Demand forecasting process evaluation: Multiple cases studies at 15 companies in Brazil

The purpose of this article is to evaluate what practices of the demand forecasting process are adopted by companies. The methodology used was multiple case studies. The identification of the practices was conducted by sending a questionnaire with 20 questions to 15 large companies in southern Brazil. The practices were divided into four dimensions of the analysis: functional integration, application, systems and...

Author(s): Ana Julia Dal Forno, Priscila Buss da Silva, Rodrigo Gabriel de Miranda, Antonio Cezar Bornia and Fernando Antonio Forcellini

June 2014

Obese's People Role in Brazilian Advertising: an Analysis on Fit Consumer´s Perspective

The way media presents fat people in ads is the focus of this paper. We analyzed, from the perspective of non-fat individuals the role played by fat people in Brazilian TV commercials. Therefore, there were one focus group with people who have seen advertisements in which the protagonist was a fat guy. There was initially a content analysis of a collection of commercial as well as the content of the discussions in which...

Author(s): Francisco Vicente Sales Melo, Salomão Alencar de Farias, Michelle Helena Kovacs and Elielson Oliveira Damascena

June 2014

Volatility behaviour of BRIC capital markets in the 2008 international financial crisis

Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC) are pointed as the most probable countries to enter the select group of industrialised countries, also appearing among the world’s twelve largest economies. The main objective of the present study is to assess whether the capital market behaviour of the BRIC’s emerging countries in the 2008 international crisis had already been equivalent to that of industrialised...

Author(s): Tabajara Pimenta Junior, Fabiano Guasti Lima and Luiz Eduardo Gaio

June 2014

Impact of supplier technology innovation on supply chain efficiency based on revenue-sharing contract

This study constructs a two-period supply chain model consisting of two suppliers and one retailer using a revenue-sharing contract. Considering random investment cost, the impact of supplier competition on innovation strategy is analyzed and the equilibrium strategy of suppliers’ technology innovation game as well as the optimal revenue-sharing contract is derived. It is found that technology innovation degree...

Author(s): Xiao-lu Zuo, Xin Tian, Guo-wei Hua and Zhi-xue Liu

May 2014

Public transport service quality in South Africa: A case study of bus and mini bus services in Johannesburg

This paper reports on commuters’ perceptions of bus and mini bus taxi service using an alternate to the most popular and commonly used service quality (SERVQUAL) instrument, namely The regional estuarine and coastal systems of the Americas (RECSA). From face-to-face interviews using a structured questionnaire to survey a convenience sample of 690 commuters at specifically selected mini-bus taxi and bus ranks using...

Author(s): Krishna K. Govender

May 2014

The effects of biased technological change on total factor productivity: Based on the new perspective of appropriate technology

The paper explains the effect of biased technological change (BTC) on total factor productivity (TFP) from the new perspective of appropriate technology. We have certified that the assumption of neutral technology progress of Solow is ostensible and also to get the general technological progress which can be divided into three parts: effect of knowledge progress, effect of capital intensity improvement and scale effect....

Author(s): Ping Li and Yongbao Ji

May 2014

Dimensions of a metamodel of an entrepreneurial university

The absence of a metamodel that is able to represent the main representations in literature, and to gather, synthesize the essential components that makes up the entrepreneurial university, reduces our capacity for understanding the underlying complexities of this subject matter. The objective of this article is to propose a reflection on the main representation models of the entrepreneurial university, seeking to build...

Author(s): Elzo Alves Aranha⊃ and Neuza Abbud Prado Garcia⊃

May 2014

Governance of logistics platforms: The use of a survey for building a framework of performance indicators

From bibliographical research on performance indicators in the business environment and logistics indicators (logistics services and supply chain), the objective of this research was to identify a set of performance indicators that can be used in the governance of logistics platforms. In order to achieve the proposed objective, a survey with experts from various institutions in Europe, Asia and North America was carried...

Author(s): Rafael Mozart da Silva, Eliana T. P. Senna and Luiz A. S. Senna

May 2014

Foreign exchange exposure and its reflection in corporate finances

In some periods of history currency volatility has been avoided due to agreements made between countries. From 1973 to fluctuation of currency quotations generated a great deal of economic theories that countries could manage their currencies. Companies with revenues in foreign currencies had to adapt and understand how the exchange rate policy of the country affects the results of organizations. This article is part of...

Author(s): Roque A. Zin

May 2014

Participation in the credit market by small scale enterprises in Ghana: Evidence from Wa Municipality

This study analyses the determinants of small scale enterprises participation in credit market and also examines their choice of credit source in the Wa Municipality of Ghana using 200 small scale enterprises. Primary data were collected with the help of self-administered structured questionnaires. In a departure from much of the existing literature, bivariate probit model is used to account for potential unobserved...

Author(s): Samuel Sekyi, Paul Kwame Nkegbe and Naasegnibe Kuunibe

May 2014

The need for cost audit in enhancing reliance in the disclosed operational performance of organisations: The case of Nigeria

In the present global business environment, cost reduction application has led to enhancing organisational value for many notable firms. However, in Nigeria, the situation is pathetic as companies incur high operational costs, in view of this reason, unit selling prices for most manufacturing outfit, including those of the market leader firms, are considered  exorbitant. This work, therefore, focuses on the...

Author(s): H.T. Iwarere

April 2014

The next frontier: Open innovation and prospecting of knowledge in highly complex environments – Towards value creation in high tech Industries

This article aims to contribute to a policy of innovation management. To do so, it presents the influence practices of open innovation in the prospecting of knowledge for value creation in highly complex environments. The research was conducted in the light of theoretical excerpts and application of a survey to specialists, with knowledge about the investigated object, selected by scientific and technical criteria. The...

Author(s): Selma Regina Martins Oliveira and Jorge Lino Alves

April 2014

The expatriate professor: Lessons from teaching management in Africa

Drawing on the experience gained by an American teaching undergraduate, graduate, and post-graduate student in three different African settings, this paper shares some key lessons learned and makes recommendations for other non-Africans who or will be teaching management in Africa. Pedagogically, it is important to utilize business cases that are relevant to the African context. Communicatively, it is recommended that...

Author(s): Richard N. Hayes

April 2014

The use of a hybrid ANP-VIKOR approach for establishing the performance evaluation model of e-business project

These years, Taiwan enterprises face a rapidly changing environment. This transformation was brought about by both the pressure to take on an international and global outlook and the increase to apply more e-business or information communication and technology (ICT) solutions. Furthermore, the subjects of the e-business research increase day by day. In accordance with this tendency, Taiwan authority schemes out...

Author(s): Shih-Ching Wang and Ming-Kuen Chen

April 2014

Leaving home: Relocation choices of South African multinational enterprise (MNEs)

As multinational enterprise (MNEs) from emerging markets grow into maturity they face significant challenges surrounding their identities and home country bases and, as a result, we see them making different choices. National champions choose to retain their corporate headquarters and identity from their emerging market homes while corporate emigrants relocate their head-offices abroad. Targets of mergers and...

Author(s): Saul Klein, Albert Wöcke and James M. Hughes

April 2014

Customers’ satisfaction with ATM banking in Malawi

Automated Teller Machine (ATM) banking is the second popular access channel to banking services behind branch banking in Malawi which offers competitive advantage in the homogenous market of retail banking products and services. It is important that banks achieve service quality and customer satisfaction to remain competitive through ATMs. The results are from 353 ATM card users where over half are satisfied with ATM...

Author(s): Charles Mwatsika

April 2014

Corporate social responsibility: A literature review

While corporate social responsibility was widely discussed in the last forty years of the twentieth century, the idea that business has societal obligations was evident at least as early as the nineteenth century. The concept of corporate social responsibility constantly adapts to the needs of global business. Given the recent development of corporate social responsibility and sustainability ideologies, along with...

Author(s): Bahman Saeidi Pour, Kamran Nazari and Mostafa Emami

April 2014

Rural women entrepreneurship in India: Challenges and opportunities

The entrepreneur is an economic man, who tries to maximize his profits by innovation. Innovation involves problem solving and entrepreneur gets satisfaction from using capabilities in attacking problems. There are around   seven lakh villages in India and also that more than 70% of our population that live in villages half are women. Rural women represent a sizeable percentage of labor force in our country, yet...

Author(s): Sanjeev Kumar Khare and Lilesh Gautam

March 2014

New developments in ICM: Image configuration method

The purpose of this paper is to present the latest format of the Image Configuration Method, created to ensure through proper management, sustainability of organizational reputation as well of its brands and products image. ICM is a method to constantly monitor organization, brand and product image, which reflects on management and communication planning for each year. The method detects problems and opportunities for...

Author(s): Maria Schuler, Deonir de Toni and Gabriel Sperandio Milan

March 2014

Causality analysis of the technology strategy maps using the fuzzy cognitive strategy map

The main purpose of this study is to find out the causality relationships between the strategic management of technology (SMOT) objects in the selected Iranian high technology companies, based on the balanced scorecard (BSC) and fuzzy logic approaches. Evaluations of critical technological indicators in the selected high technology-based companies illustrated they have used different cognitive procedures in their...

Author(s): Oleyaei-Motlagh Seyyed Yousef 

March 2014

Ranking DMUs based on efficiency stability

Decision-making process is to find the best option from all of the feasible alternatives. Considering the efficiency interval, efficiency scores from optimistic and pessimistic points of view, all the possible evaluations can be illustrated. Therefore, Interval DEA models can be helpful for a decision maker needs all those possible efficiency values that reflect different perspectives. The mentioned upper and lower...

Author(s): Farhad Hosseinzadeh Lotfi, Gholamreza Jahanshahloo, Mohsen Vaez-ghasemi and Zohreh Moghaddas

March 2014

Perceptions of accounting professionals about the influence of information technology in their individual work process

The continuous flow of technological innovations, combined with the changes that occur in accounting practice is changing the organizational environment and the people involved. Accounting professionals use IT to be able to make reliable and timely information available to managers, supporting the decision making process. This investigation aims to identify the perceptions of accounting professionals from the State of...

Author(s): Ricardo Adriano Antonelli, Lauro Brito de Almeida, Romualdo Douglas Colauto and Wesley Vieira da Silva

March 2014

Criteria for the selection of architects by first- time clients

The purpose of the research is to answer two questions: Which factors do individual clients consider when selecting an architect for the first time? How does the importance attached to these factors vary with the procurement method? These questions are answered in a questionnaire survey of recent clients of architects who commissioned architects for residential projects in Lagos, Nigeria. The respondents were asked to...

Author(s): Adedapo, Adewunmi Oluwatayo

March 2014

Modeling to assess the influence of knowledge on the technological innovation performance capacity in high complexity environments: Towards Brazilian multinationals companies

The present paper aims to contribute to the knowledge and innovation planning guidelines in the high complexity environments. Thus, a modeling proposal is presented to assess the influence of knowledge on the technological innovation performance capacity of multinationals companies. This procedure was prepared according to the following phases: Phase 1: Determination of the conceptual model; and Phase 2: Verification of...

Author(s): Selma Regina Martins Oliveira and Jorge Lino Alves

February 2014

The effectiveness of knowledge sharing on projects: How companies prosper by what they know

The topic focuses specifically on knowledge sharing on project team, specifically around project teams in the Information Systems (IS) sector. The paper review show knowledge sharing can be effective on IS projects, up to the point where the software is used by the business. A survey was conducted with participants who were actively involved in project teams. The focus was on key role-players, such as Project Managers,...

Author(s): Visvanathan Naicker and Hishaam Benjamin

February 2014

A simulation method for Material requirement planning supply dependent demand and uncertainty lead-time

Materials requirements planning (MRP) is a widely used method for production planning and scheduling. Planned lead-time (PLT) and lot size are two of the input parameters for MRP systems, which determine planned order release dates. In this paper deals with material requirement planning for a three levels production and assembly system with several types of components and one type of final product, in multi periods. In...

Author(s): Haibatolah Sadeghi, Ahmad Makui and Mehdi Heydari

February 2014

The effects of TMT interaction on enterprise performance from the perspective of enterprise culture

The relationship between enterprise culture and enterprise performance and the relationship between top management team (TMT) and enterprise performance have been the hot topics which academy and business circles focused on since Pettigrew put forward the "organizational culture"; Hambrick and Mason proposed the "upper echelons theory". However, previous studies on the relationship between enterprise...

Author(s): Xi Huai Liu, Yu Hui GE and QianNan Wang

February 2014

Conditions for female and young Brazilian entrepreneurs: Common aspects for guiding public policies for innovative ventures

Entrepreneurship and innovation are complex processes which are difficult to grasp and generalize because of the multiple actors involved and the diversity of historical, social, cultural, geographical and institutional contexts in which these processes take place. The aim of this article is to identify the structural processes concerning the exclusion of Brazilian young people and women from innovative employment based...

Author(s): Yára Lúcia Mazziotti Bulgacov, Denise de Camargo, Maria Lucia Figueiredo Gomes de Meza and Siglinde K da Cunha

February 2014

Impact of motivation as HR bundle on performance of teachers of public schools in Bungoma County

The challenge for managers today is to keep the staff motivated and performing well in the workplace. By understanding employees' needs, managers can understand what rewards to use to motivate them. The goal of most companies is to benefit from positive employee behavior in the workplace by promoting a win–win situation for both the company and workers. This research sought to determine the impact of...

Author(s): Wanyonyi Kadian Wanyama, Dankit Nassiuma and C. Zakayo

February 2014

About the relationship between health expenditure and GDP: more evidence

In this paper, the relationship between Health Care Expenditure (HCE) and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in different developed countries with different health care systems from 1960 to 2010 were analyzed. For this purpose, unit root test and cointegration techniques were used. We showed not only the trajectory of these variables over time but also other factors associated with them, as life expectancy at birth, total...

Author(s): Marta Pascual and Noelia González-Prieto

January 2014

Review of the principles of complexity in business administration and application in financial statements

This paper introduces the background and fundamental aspects of chaos and complexity together with the differences and the links between chaos and complexity, and the distinction between complicatedness and complexity with reference to issues in business administration. There is a need to be cautious when using chaos and complexity models in business administration, not to provide a superficial characterization of...

Author(s): Fernando Juárez

January 2014

Clients’ service perceptions of private higher education institutions in South Africa: An importance-performance analysis for strategic managers

Globally, higher education institutions (HEI) are required to be more business-like in their functioning. Students are increasingly being recognised as discerning customers, selecting a provider based on its ability to provide a superior value proposition. Unlike their public counterparts, private higher education institutions (PHEI) in South Africa receive no financial support from the government. To ensure...

Author(s): Bezuidenhout Gerhard and De Jager Johan

January 2014

Role of internal audit in managerial practice in organisations

Owing to transactional evolution among business entities, mostly related to globalization, the internal audit function (IAF) has assumed a relevant role in the organisational context as it advises and supports management. In this scenario there is an inquiry into the activities of internal auditing related not only to the technical perspective but also to its contribution to the managerial duties. Thus, the current...

Author(s): Juarez Pinto, Anisio Candido Pereira, Joshua Onome Imoniana and Marcos Reinaldo Severino Peters

January 2014

Measuring queuing system and time standards: A case study of student affairs in universities

The objective of the study is to examine the behavior and patterns of arrival of students in a university through observation method. Student affairs department of different universities are investigated in this study. Queuing theory is adopted for waiting in lines/queues. The results show that more than 70% of the students in universities are unhappy and dissatisfied with the service of student affairs.  The...

Author(s): Muhammad Imran Qureshi, Mansoor Bhatti, Aamir Khan and Khalid Zaman

January 2014

FDI inflows, transfer of knowledge, and absorptive capacity: The case of Mozambique

The literature has discussed the impact of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on host economies, but has overlooked the case of the least-developed countries (LDCs) and, in particular, the transfer of knowledge to these economies. Drawing on different streams of the literature (FDI impact, knowledge transfer, and absorption capacity), this paper analyzes how a country’s absorptive capacity may moderate the transfer...

Author(s): Roberto Gonzalez Duarte, José Márcio de Castro, Irene Kazumi Miura, Renato Almeida de Moraes, João Feijó and Joana Zaara de Carvalho

January 2014

Accounting professionals’ perceptions concerning the influence of information technology in decision-making process

Accounting role today as a primary provider of information to organizations becomes more and more prominent; its agent executor, the accountant, makes extensive use of information technology both in generating information and in decision-making. The aim of this study consists of mapping out accounting professionals’ perceptions regarding the influence of information technology on the individual decision-making...

Author(s): Ricardo Adriano Antonelli, Lauro Brito de Almeida, Romualdo Douglas Colauto and Fernanda Luiza Longhi

January 2014

The factors affecting employee turnover in an organization: The case of Overseas Pakistanis foundation

The purpose of this research paper is to find out the relationship of the factors such as retirement benefits, job security and financial crises affecting the turnover of an employee in an organization. The sample data were collected from more than one hundred people working in the private, semi_ government and commercial organization Overseas Pakistanis Foundation (OPF) in Islamabad, Rawalpindi and Peshawar....

Author(s): Sajjad Ali Khan

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