African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4080

AJBM Articles

A study of the relationship between carbon emission and tourism development in Maldives

October 2014

The scope of this paper is to explore the relationship between tourism development and carbon emission in Maldives. Data used are already published data for Maldives tourism development and carbon emission. Individual Model for tourism development indicators and combined model of all the indicators were used to test the relationship. Unit root test was used to test the stationary status of the data. Empirical tests were...

Author(s): Ahmed Amzath and Laijun Zhao

Leading self, teams and organizations from a female perspective: An exploration of the women leaders’ journey

October 2014

This paper seeks to capture the characteristics that prevail in the leadership styles of women leaders paying special attention to their individual leaders’ journeys. The study reviews the theoretical models of leadership and feminist theory that are particularly pertinent from the discussion of women leadership. A narrative approach is adopted for analyzing two women leaders’ journeys –Mary Kay and...

Author(s): Nuria Toledano and Crispen Karanda

Entrepreneurship complexity: Salient features of entrepreneurship

October 2014

The topic of entrepreneurship has attracted a lot of attention in academia and industry circles. This paper seeks to explore theories of entrepreneurship as well as its definitions. To this end a model that includes the salient entrepreneurial features, such as non-resource ownership and non-monetary gain, in defining entrepreneurship has been developed. It is now a known fact that no country can do without...

Author(s): J. Amolo and S.  O Migiro

Measuring organizational innovative climates in technical institutes and university teachers

October 2014

Teachers’ perceptions of organizational innovation climates are vital to understand the success or failure of innovational implementations of technical institutes and universities. This study aims to develop a “Measure of Organizational Innovation Climates for Technical Institutes and University Teachers (MOIC-TT) in order to recognize the influence of schools on teachers’ creative behaviors. First,...

Author(s): Chun-Mei Chou O, Chien-Hua Shen, Hsi-Chi Hsia and Su-Chang Chen

Organizational performance and readiness for change in public sector undertakings

October 2014

  The present study makes an assessment of the readiness/resistance to change of employees of State Public Sector Undertakings (SPSUs), compares readiness between executives and workers of SPSUs, employees of SPSUs and Central Public Sector Undertakings (CPSUs), and between employees of Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) making profits as well as losses. The factors affecting readiness to change were identified...

Author(s): George Mathew, Sulphey M. M. and Rajasekar S.

Effect of knowledge management practices (KMPs) and the moderating role of interpersonal trust (IPT) on firm’s performance (FP): A study in software industry of Pakistan

October 2014

  The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of knowledge management practices on the firm’s performance in software industry of Pakistan. A co relational research design using a multiple regression was used to test the causal relationships among the knowledge management practices, firm’s performance and the moderating role of interpersonal trust. Hypotheses were tested through field...

Author(s): Munnaza Afzal and Umair Afzal

Can training and career development be considered best practices using the universal and contingency approaches?

October 2014

  Because human resource management is a challenge for mostorganizations, many companies seek practices that will enable them to compete with other companies. In our work, we examine the study of training and career development and their consideration as high-performance practices by considering the universal and contingency approaches for a sample of 560 companies. If practitioners know the effects of these...

Author(s): Pedro Núñez-Cacho, Félix A. Grande-Torraleja and Jose Daniel Lorenzo-Gómez

The next frontier: Open innovation and prospecting of knowledge for value co-creation in complex environments based on new business models by 3D modeling and additive manufacturing

October 2014

  This article aims to contribute to a policy of innovation management. To do so, it presents the influence of practices of open innovation in the prospecting of knowledge for value creation in highly complex environments under 3D modeling and additive manufacturing. The research was conducted in the light of theoretical excerpts and application of a survey to specialists, with knowledge about the investigated...

Author(s): Selma Regina Martins Oliveira and Jorge Lino Alves

Assortment planning: Strategic perception of retail owners and managers in Brazil

October 2014

The goal of the Assortment Planning (AP) is to specify an assortment that maximizes sales and profits which counterbalance the offer of products based on the decisions made about sales; it also increases the probability for consumers to find their own favorite product without increase in storage costs or risk of stock out. This work aims to investigate the strategic perception of retail owners and managers about...

Author(s): Claudimar Pereira da Veiga, Cássia Rita Pereira da Veiga, Anderson Catapan, Ubiratã Tortato, Edilson Antonio Catapan and Eduardo Vaz da Costa Junior

Regulation and gender equality and non-discrimination of women in top management positions in Ghana

October 2014

The engagement of more women at top level management positions in both public and private institutions has increasingly been attracting interest amongst the general public, academia and policy-makers; especially given the seemingly increasing participation of females in the labour market. In spite of the many campaigns for the inclusion of women at top level management, it appears the proportion of women to men in...

Author(s): Olivia Anku-Tsede and Cynthia Gadegbeku

The nurse as an integration agent in handoff: A social networks analysis perspective

October 2014

The growing interest in social networks, in health services, follows international pressure by improving quality and reducing costs in this sector. Identifying the most important actors in a social network is one of the applications of graph theory in social network analysis (SNA). Socialization among health professionals (actors) and their structural positions, in social networks, are important factors to be considered...

Author(s): Antonio Sergio da Silva, Aline Bento Ambrósio Avelar and Milton Carlos Farina

Significance of credit risk in economies in transition

September 2014

Uncontrolled wish for even larger profits led to neglecting the significance of credit risk, and later on to bankruptcy of American mortgage banks that significantly initiated the world economy crises. If credit risk manifested itself in a relatively stable economy such as American, it is not hard to draw a conclusion how important is quality credit risk managing in economies in transition, which are fragile and...

Author(s): Aleksandar Vasiljevic, Miodrag Koprivica and Vasilj Koprivica

An efficient XML query pattern mining algorithm for ebXML applications in e-commerce

September 2014

Providing efficient query to XML data for ebXML applications in e-commerce is crucial, as XML has become the most important technique to exchange data over the Internet. ebXML is a set of specification for companies to exchange their data in e-commerce. Following the ebXML specifications, companies have a standard method to exchange business messages, communicate data, and business rules in e-commerce. Due to its...

Author(s): Tsui-Ping Chang

Home telehealth acceptance model: The role of innovation

September 2014

This study aims at exploring the role of user innovativeness in the home telehealth acceptance model, clarifying whether innovativeness is the antecedent to or moderator of the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM); it also aims to discover the influences of related discussion on user acceptance. The results show that innovation is both the antecedent to and the moderator of TAM. Attitude toward using home telehealth...

Author(s): Jui-Chen Huang and Shu-Ping Lin

Gender differences in intention and relationship among factors of using Facebook for collaboration

September 2014

In Taiwan, in an effort to reduce the cost associated with educational training, enterprises have started to resolutely introduce the use of Facebook to support collaboration as part of employee training. Unlike previous studies investigating the effectiveness of conventional learning, the purpose of this paper was to discuss how various factors interconnect to affect Taiwanese employees’ decisions regarding...

Author(s): Chin-Hung Lin, Shu-Ching Yang and Yung-Kun Sung

Effect of executive board and family control on audit opinion

September 2014

In this study the relation and effect of corporate governance on audit opinion of CPAs is investigated. The companies investigated are listed in Tehran Stock Exchange and are selected using the systematic elimination method. They are 104 companies. The time period is 2008-2010. The statistical methods used are logistic regression and Wald test. The data were collected from the companies’ annual financial...

Author(s): Mohamadreza Abdoli and Ali Pourkazemi

Organizational antecedents and perceptions of fairness in policy implementation among employees in the banking sector of Ghana

September 2014

This study examined the impact of fairness perceptions in policy implementations on employees’ job satisfaction, work motivation and organisational commitment in the banking sector of Ghana. A correlational research design was adopted for the study. A total of 100 participants were randomly selected to respond to a 45-item questionnaire. Data obtained from the study were analysed with Pearson correlation,...

Author(s): Kwasi Dartey-Baah

Disclosure of risk management practices in the top South Africa’s mining companies: An annual/integrated report disclosure analysis

September 2014

South Africa’s mining companies are facing many challenges, ranging from industrial actions, uncertainty in legislation, weaknesses in global export markets, and lack of access to capital. Accordingly, sound risk management and adherence to corporate governance principles and practices are essential to the sustainability of these companies. The objectives of this article are twofold: firstly, to provide a brief...

Author(s): Tankiso Moloi

Quality management practice in Ethiopia

September 2014

Competitiveness in the global market is becoming fierce. The importance of total quality management is growing to increase customers’ satisfaction and as a result to win the market in the long term. However, developing economies like Ethiopia is challenged in their quality of products and services. Based on the Ethiopian Quality Award (EQA) self-assessment model and the 2009 award participants, quality management...

Author(s): Birhanu Beshah and Daniel Kitaw

Export diversification and economic growth in some selected developing countries

September 2014

Nowadays, export diversification has become one of the most important economic objectives of development strategies in the developing countries. For various reasons, such as preventing instability in export prices of primary products in global markets and consequently, reducing fluctuations in exchanges of them compared with industrial goods, producing dynamic benefits resulted from exporting various goods and...

Author(s): Khodayi Hamed, Darabi Hadi and Khodayi Hossein

The critical success factors assessment of ISO 27001 certification in computer organization by test-retest reliability

September 2014

In the era of fast growing information technology, information security management system (ISMS) assessment has become a top priority of considerations in the operational organization because potential crisis increases when ISMS is vulnerable. The impact of ISMS will also bring revolutionary change on the management of business. The example used in study is the computer center at the Shih Chien University in Taiwan that...

Author(s): Hui-Lin Hai and Kuei- Min Wang

Financing of small and medium enterprises (SMEs): Determinants of bank loan application

September 2014

The main focus of this paper is to answer the question, ‘what are the factors that determine a SME to apply for a bank loan?’ Four elements namely human capital, firm, business strategy and information asymmetry underlie this study’s theoretical framework. The main objective of the paper is to develop a bank loan model based on applicability. The model was developed using quantitative method coupled...

Author(s): Khalid Hassan Abdesamed and Kalsom Abd Wahab

An exploratory investigation into using ITSM metrics to indicate the business value of IT in a South African financial services company

September 2014

Companies’ executives have long realised the importance of IT in conducting business. As such, an ever larger portion of capital is allocated to IT. Managers see an opportunity to reduce the input cost of producing value for clients by reducing IT expenditure; however, managers need a clear picture of the value of IT to make appropriate cut of IT cost. This study explores the value the IT unit provides to...

Author(s): Clinton Herring, Kevin Johnston and Gizelle Willows

Building sustainable business intelligence systems by integrating user-centred methodologies in re-engineering

September 2014

This paper entails an analysis of the influence of adopting user-centred design in business intelligence (BI) application development. The purpose of the research is to answer the following question: does the integration of user-centred methodologies into BI re-engineering translate to the development of a sustainable BI system? A combination of research methods was applied in the pursuit of answers to this question....

Author(s): Musa Khumalo and Sheryl Buckley

Commercialisation of research and technology: A multiple case study of university technology business incubators

August 2014

  One of the most important reasons for developing university technology business incubators (UTBIs) is to permit the commercialisation of technology and research by setting up new firms to graduate into fully-fledged businesses, which are normally referred to as new technology-based firms (NTBFs). Relying on the resource-based theory (RBT) and incubation models, the present research is concerned with proposing...

Author(s): Nkosinathi Sithole and Robert O. Rugimbana

Microcredit, asymmetric information and start-ups: An Italian case study

August 2014

  The paper aims to investigate the topic of microcredit with regard to the creation of start-ups, with a view to revisiting the principles, contrasting the informative asymmetries of the bank-company relationship. In this way, the objective is to propose integration of the existing literature, mainly resorting to the academic community and the actors of microcredit, through the offer of reviewing some...

Author(s): Raffaele Trequattrini, Vincenzo Formisano, Giuseppe Russo and Rosa Lombardi

What drives Chinese private colleges’ internationalization?

August 2014

  Internationalization of private higher education has attracted considerable interest recently. After clarifying the status quo of Chinese private colleges, we proposed the conceptual model of Chinese private colleges’ internationalization. This paper adopted a “strategy tripod” perspective in integrating the impact of the resource-, contingency-, and institution-based factors on Chinese...

Author(s): Xiaojing Wang

Surface acting and distress tolerance as predictors of workplace deviance among Nigerian commercial bank workers

August 2014

    This study examined surface acting and distress tolerance as predictors of workplace deviance. Three hundred and thirty-two (332) workers (176 males and 156 females) drawn from selected banks in Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria participated in the study. The participants responded to validated measures of surface acting and distress tolerance. The result of regression analyses indicated that surface...

Author(s): Lawrence O. Amazue, Ike E. Onyishi and Lucy E. Amazue

Competitive advantage in the Brazilian telecommunications market: An analysis founded upon the resource-based view in the post-privatization period

August 2014

  This paper examines which resources were responsible for the superior performance, between 1999 and 2008, of companies in the Brazilian telecommunications sector after privatization. The study methodology was founded on the Resource-Based View (RBV) and used data envelopment analysis (DEA) to investigate companies’ performance. Using the performance ratings generated by the DEA model, we performed a...

Author(s): Rodolfo Ribeiro, Belmiro do Nascimento João, Alexander Homenko Neto, Edison Fernandes Polo and Caio Flavio Stettiner

Assessing the performance appraisal concept of the Local Government Service in Ghana

August 2014

  This study seeks to investigate the assertion that staff performance appraisal was not being effectively implemented in the Local Government Service of Ghana. The East Mamprusi District Assembly was used for the case study. The rationale was to ascertain the truth or otherwise of this assertion and to make appropriate recommendations where necessary since it is believed that there is some correlation between...

Author(s): Joseph Attiah Seniwoliba

An analysis of the relations among job characteristics, manager leadership behaviours, and employees’ job satisfaction- The case of Taiwanese tax officials

August 2014

  This study uses a structural equation model to explore the relations among job characteristics, manager leadership behaviours, and employees’ job satisfaction with regard to Taiwanese tax officials. Data were collected using convenience sampling, and the results of analyzing 183 questionnaires are as follows: (1) there are positive correlations between the observed variables, and also between the latent...

Author(s): Lai-fa Hung and Chung-Ming Huang

The impact of human resource practices on employee perceived performance in pharmaceutical sector of Pakistan

August 2014

  Human resource has various practices such as compensation, promotion and performance evaluation etc. This study is going to evaluate the impact of these three human resource practices on perceived employee performance. The data are collected through questionnaire from pharmaceutical companies located in Islamabad and Rawalpindi cities of Pakistan. To measure the impact of human resource practices on employee...

Author(s): Malik Shahzad Shabbir

Marketing communication tools used in one of the traditional Hungarian food sectors

August 2014

  Sales promotion events, personal selling and public relations are all familiar to Hungarian wine producers. Different marketing activities are important in this area, because the wineries examined in this study lack the resources for expensive marketing campaigns. We have attempted to answer a question: which marketing tools are used, and which are preferred by Hungarian wine producers? A questionnaire was...

Author(s): Arnold Tóth, Péter Domján, Géza Székely, Csaba Németh, József Surányi, László Friedrich and Péter Póti

Consumers’ protection and creating consumers’ value

July 2014

Customer protection is a complex concept, which encompasses the care and protection of the so-called 'reasonably circumspect consumer'. Through legal, economic, health, safety and numerous other aspects, the modern state uses norms to regulate and control consumer protection. The aim of protecting reasonably circumspect consumers is to protect their health, safety and economic interests in the environment of...

Author(s): Suzana Salai, Ružica Kovač Žnideršić and Leonard Salai

Impacts of economic, cultural, social, individual and environmental factors on demands for cinema: Case study of Tehran

July 2014

This article seeks to identify the various factors affecting the demand for cinema and effectiveness degree of each factor. In this paper we seek to answer the main question that how much economic, cultural, social, individual and environmental factors affect demand of going to the cinema. In order to find the answer to the aforesaid question through survey, information about a sample of 800 who go to cinema in Tehran...

Author(s): A. Rahimi, M. Mousai, N. Azad and S. M. Syedaliakbar

Strategic orientation and performance of agro-based firms in transition economy

July 2014

Strategic orientations indicate organizational leanings and approach to competition and competitive behaviours focused at achieving competitive advantages. This study explores the impact of strategic orientation dimensions on corporate performance of agro-business industry. The study based on questionnaires administered to selected Agro-based firms in Lagos and Ogun utilized descriptive statistics, Pearson’s...

Author(s): Abiodun Abolaji Joachim and Ibidunni Ayodotun Stephen

Assessing the role of branding in the marketing of pharmaceutical products in Ghana: A case of three pharmaceutical companies

July 2014

The importance of branding as a tool for differentiation in the highly competitive pharmaceutical industry in Ghana has come to the fore due to competition and the influx of fake drugs. The purpose of this study was to assess the perception of managers about the strategic role branding plays in the marketing of pharmaceutical products in Ghana. Sixty respondents were sampled from three pharmaceutical companies. A...

Author(s): Peter Anabila and Dadson Awunyo-Vitor

Profit creation, intra and inter-generational equity: Need for new company law

July 2014

The issue of profits in company management is as old as the joint stock company but remains ever topical and somewhat controversial. Accountants have one measure for profit and economists another measure, whilst some others want to do away with the idea of profits entirely to ensure social responsibility by companies. The theory of sustainability calls into question the existing theory of profits, apparently based on...

Author(s): AJAI Olawale

The impact of motivation on aggregate resignation: Case study of public health sector in Oman

July 2014

This study examined the motivation effects of organizational commitment (OC) and organizational engagement (OE) on the relationship between human resource (HR) practices (motivation of staff, empowerment of staff, goal-setting motivations, safety motivations, environmental motivations) and resignation intention. The study covered almost 95% of Al Buraimi hospital’s foreign staff (325 people) (not including Omani...

Author(s): Khalid Sudian Al Badi

Multi-country survey of attitudes towards the treatment of HIV/AIDS in the workplace

July 2014

The Academy for Educational Development (AED) held a long-term, multi-country, multi-continent program funded by the United States Department of Labor (USDOL). It aimed to help both employees and employers deal with the impacts of the increase in the spread of human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in the various parts of the world.  The focus of this program was to...

Author(s): Susan J. Rogers and J. W. Wright, Jr.

Employees’ satisfaction in travel agencies

July 2014

This paper concisely deals with the current issue in the tourism sector, which is the satisfaction of the staff. This paper will result in the synthesis of theory and research on the satisfaction of human resources at travel agencies in Novi Sad. The primary aim of this study is to determine the current state and extent of employee satisfaction in certain key segments of business success. The basic method in this study...

Author(s): Tamara Gajić, Bojana Kovačević and Mirjana Penić

Assessment of psychological contract fulfillment and breach: A study of selected firms in South Africa

July 2014

This research investigates the key factors affecting retention of skilled employees using the psychological contract as a framework in an emerging economy context. The focus of the study was on employees’ perspectives regarding elements of the employment relationship they consider valuable and how these inducements affect their commitment and loyalty to the organization. Data were collected from 98 made up of...

Author(s): Caroline Obuya and Robert Rugimbana

Internationalization strategies adopted by Natura in Latin America and Europe: An exploratory study with an emerging market company

July 2014

This study seeks to identify the main strategies adopted by an emerging market company in its internationalization process in Latin America and Europe. The company studied was Natura Cosmeticos. To this end, a survey was conducted on the theoretical framework that discusses the internationalization theory from the behavioral perspective, the motivations for organizations to go international and the internationalization...

Author(s): Mariana Bassi Sutter, Eduardo Vasconcellos and Edison Fernandes Polo

Food supply chain management in Indian Agriculture: Issues, opportunities and further research

July 2014

This paper is an attempt to explore the problems faced by Indian agriculture for food security in terms of inadequate infrastructure and highly inefficient supply chain in context of information technology. Due to lack of efficient infrastructure and food processing industry about 30-35 per cent of all foods produced in India are wasted. This paper examines the critical issues at each sub-system of agriculture supply...

Author(s): Sazzad Parwez

Grooming those microfinance fails to accommodate in: System needs major overhauling

June 2014

Microfinance is claimed to be a strong poverty elevation mechanism. Prof Dr. Yunus of Bangladesh is said to be the inventor of the system. But presently, attempts are being made to credit the great Rabindranath Tagore with the idea. However, throughout the world Yunus’ model is on excessive try to wipe out poverty from the globe. Whatever is the result, the irony is that the system is being sliced between breeder...

Author(s): Monir Ahmed and Asif Iqbal

An investigation of online review helpfulness based on movie reviews

June 2014

This paper aims to propose a conceptual model to investigate the determinants of review helpfulness for movie reviews based on uncertainty reduction theory and review quality framework. Model of customer review helpfulness is built based on review quality framework. Movie reviews from IMDB (http://imdb.com) are collected. The proposed hypotheses are tested with logistic and multiple linear regressions. The results show...

Author(s): Liu Zhiming, Hong Li and Liu Lu

The effects of participative leadership on organisational commitment: Comparing its effects on two gender groups among bank clerks.

June 2014

The present study examined the effects of participative leadership on organisational commitment: comparing its effects on two gender groups among bank clerks. Study data was collected from a sample of 70 bank clerks in Alice and King William’s Town, using a participative leadership questionnaire adopted from Arnold et al. (2000); and Mowday et al. (1979) organisational commitment questionnaire. Participative...

Author(s): Clement Bell and Themba Mjoli

Demand forecasting process evaluation: Multiple cases studies at 15 companies in Brazil

June 2014

The purpose of this article is to evaluate what practices of the demand forecasting process are adopted by companies. The methodology used was multiple case studies. The identification of the practices was conducted by sending a questionnaire with 20 questions to 15 large companies in southern Brazil. The practices were divided into four dimensions of the analysis: functional integration, application, systems and...

Author(s): Ana Julia Dal Forno, Priscila Buss da Silva, Rodrigo Gabriel de Miranda, Antonio Cezar Bornia and Fernando Antonio Forcellini

Obese's People Role in Brazilian Advertising: an Analysis on Fit Consumer´s Perspective

June 2014

The way media presents fat people in ads is the focus of this paper. We analyzed, from the perspective of non-fat individuals the role played by fat people in Brazilian TV commercials. Therefore, there were one focus group with people who have seen advertisements in which the protagonist was a fat guy. There was initially a content analysis of a collection of commercial as well as the content of the discussions in which...

Author(s): Francisco Vicente Sales Melo, Salomão Alencar de Farias, Michelle Helena Kovacs and Elielson Oliveira Damascena

Volatility behaviour of BRIC capital markets in the 2008 international financial crisis

June 2014

Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC) are pointed as the most probable countries to enter the select group of industrialised countries, also appearing among the world’s twelve largest economies. The main objective of the present study is to assess whether the capital market behaviour of the BRIC’s emerging countries in the 2008 international crisis had already been equivalent to that of industrialised...

Author(s): Tabajara Pimenta Junior, Fabiano Guasti Lima and Luiz Eduardo Gaio

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