Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3702

JMPR Articles

Erectile dysfunction: Definition and materia medica of Bapedi traditional healers in Limpopo province, South Africa

January 2015

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a neurovascular event modulated by various factors impacting on the physiological functioning of the penile tissue. Interest in therapeutic substances of plant origin, used to treat ED, has progressively increased in the last decades. This ethnobotanical study on Bapedi aphrodisiacs was undertaken during 2010/2011 to document the floral diversity, species utilization, extract preparation and...

Author(s): Lourens Johannes Christoffel Erasmus, Marthienus Johannes Potgieter and Sebua Silas Semenya

Some alkaloids and flavonoids from Cissampelos capensis

January 2015

Following the screening of several plant species from an inventory of common medicinal plants from South Africa for medicinal properties, Cissampelos capensis was selected for further investigation due to its interesting and useful ethnomedicinal properties. This study attempts to relate specific constituents present in this plant with its widespread ethnomedicinal uses. Six compounds were isolated and their structures...

Author(s): Jelili Olalekan Babajide, Wilfred Thozamile Mabusela, and Ivan Robert Green  

In vivo TNF-α and IL-1β inhibitory activity of phenolics isolated from Trachelospermum jasminoides (Lindl.) Lem

January 2015

A bio-guided fractionation of the defatted ethanolic extract (DEE) of the aerial parts of Trachelospermum jasminoides and its fractions: ethyl acetate fraction (EAF), chloroform fraction (CF) and n-butanol fraction (BF) were carried out, using carragenan induced rat paw edema method, to evaluate the in vivo acute anti-inflammatory potential at a given dose of 100 mg/kg body weight compared to indomethacin (20 mg/kg body...

Author(s): Maha Salama, Seham El-Hawary, Ola Mousa, Noha El- Askary and Ahmed Esmat  

Antifungal activity of the aqueous extract of Stachytarpheta cayennensis, (Rich.) Vahl. (Verbenaceae), on oral candida species

January 2015

The objective of this study was to evaluate the antifungal activity of the aqueous extract of the leaves of the "verbena" (gervão roxo) Stachytarpheta cayennensis, (Rich.) Vahl. (Verbenaceae), by determining the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) on different species and strains of the genus Candida. In this study, the species Candida albicans, Candida...

Author(s): Sideney Becker Onofre, Zípora Morgana Quinteiro dos Santos, Francini Yumi Kagimura and Shaiana Paula Mattiello

Anti inflammatory properties of the root tubers of Gloriosa superba and its conservation through micropropagation

January 2015

Gloriosa superba L. (Liliaceae) is an important medicinal herb of Asia and Africa. The plant is used to cure ulcers, piles, cancer, gout, scrofula and act as abortifacient, anthelmintic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory drug. The main aim of the proposed work is to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of G. superba and also conserve the same plant through the in vitro propagation. The anti-inflammatory activity was...

Author(s): Nikhila, G. S., Sangeetha, G. and T. S. Swapna

Compact callus cultures and evaluation of the antioxidant activity of Hovenia dulcis Thunb. (Rhamnaceae) under in vivo and in vitro culture conditions

January 2015

Plant biotechnology enables the production of biomass under controlled conditions, providing the synthesis of raw material in a continuous and homogeneous way. The aim of the present study was to establish Hovenia dulcis callus cultures and to evaluate their antioxidant potential in comparison with wild grown and in vitro plants. The best results for compact calli were obtained with the supplementation of...

Author(s): Ivan Gonçalves Ribeiro, Carlos Roberto Machado Gayer, Tatiana Carvalho de Castro, Marsen Garcia Pinto Coelho and Norma Albarello  

In vitro antibacterial action on methicillin-susceptible (MSSA) and methicillin-resistant (MRSA) Staphylococcus aureus and antitumor potential of Mauritia flexuosa L. f.

December 2014

Mauritia flexuosa L.f. (Arecaceae), commonly known as the buriti palm, is used in traditional medicine in Brazil. Oil from fruits is used for wound healing of skin burns and as an anti rheumatic agent. The stem pith is used to treat dysentery and diarrhea. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro antibacterial and cytotoxic activities of M. flexuosa L.f. extracts and fractions. Crude ethanol extracts (EtOH)...

Author(s): Ezequias Pessoa de Siqueira, Anderson Assunção Andrade, Elaine Maria de Souza-Fagundes, Jonas Pereira Ramos, Markus Kohlhoff, Yule Roberta Ferreira Nunes, Maria das Dores Magalhães Veloso, Fernanda Fraga Campos, Susana Johann, Tânia Maria de Almeida Alves, Carlos Leomar Zani and Betania Barros Cota

Ethnobotanical and pharmacological properties of Aloe vera: A review

December 2014

Aloe vera belongs to the family of Alliaceae commonly known as Ghrit Kumari which is a popular medicinal plant. It has been used for centuries for its curative and therapeutic potential. More than 200 active ingredients of medical importance have been isolated from its inner gel. A. vera is rich in anthraquinones, vitamins, minerals, enzymes, amino acids, natural sugars and fatty acids. It has been used for an array of...

Author(s): Sandeep Kumar and J.P. Yadav

Promoting nursery enterprise in high altitude villages: A participatory approach for conservation and commercialization of Himalayan threatened medicinal plants

December 2014

Conservation of threatened species through cultivation is anticipated to be helpful in sustainable supply of raw material of high value Himalayan medicinal plants. However, adequate production of planting material of medicinal plants is essential for promoting mass scale cultivation of potential species and also, it can be a profitable enterprise for rural communities. Utilization of traditional agro-ecological...

Author(s): Chandra P. Kuniyal, Vijay P. Bhatt , Jitendra S. Butola, and Rakesh C. Sundriyal,  

Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of Lantana radula Swartz and its phenylethanoid glycosides

December 2014

Many species from the genus Lantana (Verbenaceae) have been used in traditional medicine, and their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities demonstrated. Lantana radula Swartz has been reported to be rich in phenylethanoid glycosides, which have various biological properties. In order to evaluate the actions of this plant, studies were performed on anti-inflammatory activity of the aqueous phase resulting from the...

Author(s): Marconi Rego Barros-Junior, Renata Ribeiro Marinho, Jandson de Souza Santos, Cliomar Alves dos Santos, José Guedes de Sena-Filho, Roberta Pereira Miranda Fernandes and Sara Maria Thomazzi

Ethnobotanical survey of some threatened medicinal plants of Kashmir Himalaya, India

December 2014

An ethnobotanical study was conducted from March, 2011 to October, 2012 to enumerate the diversity of traditionally used threatened medicinal plants in biodiversity rich temperate Himalayan ranges of Bandipora district, Kashmir, India. Ethnomedicinal data was gathered using semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions and walk-in-the-woods with local knowledgeable elders, tribals (Gujjars and Bakkerwals) and...

Author(s): Parvaiz Ahmad Lone, Ajay Kumar Bhardwaj, Kunwar Wajahat Shah and Suraya Tabasum

Inclusion of courses on phytotherapy in undergraduate curriculum of health-related courses

December 2014

Since 2006, complementary therapies, including phytotherapy, have been offered to patients in Brazil through the public health system. This indicates that health-care professionals, mainly those responsible for prescribing medications, should be prepared to provide the best information to their patients. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the inclusion of courses on phytotherapy in the undergraduate curricula of...

Author(s): Benilson Beloti Barreto and Dâmaris Silveira

Optimizing the extraction of phenolic compounds from Bixa orellana L. and effect of physicochemical conditions on its antioxidant activity

December 2014

For this work, the surface response methodology was applied in order to optimize the extraction using solvents of phenolic compounds present in Bixa orellana L. seeds through a central composite design that evaluated the effect of the factors: extraction time (36 to 60 h) and the solvent ml/g seed ratio (2/1 to 4/1), for the response variable total phenol content extracted from the seed. The levels on the factors that...

Author(s): Cindy Tatiana Sepúlveda Rincón, José Edgar Zapata Montoya, and Gelmy Luz Ciro Gómez  

Stem anatomy of cipó-caboclo (Davilla rugosa, Dillenianecae) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

December 2014

In Brazilian folk medicine, stems of Davilla rugosa, locally known as cipó-caboclo, are known for their anti-inflammatory and antiulcer uses, as well as their use as a laxative, stimulant, aphrodisiac, and tonic. The plant is also important in religious rituals. Previous studies showed that the stem contains flavonoids and terpenes. The ethnomedicinal use of D. rugosa has been reported all over Brazil. Plants of...

Author(s): Neves, M. F.,  Marques, V. V. L., de Fraga, C. N., Vieira, R. C., & Tamaio, N.

Antimicrobial act ivit y of essent ial oils obt ained from Stachytarpheta cayennensis, (Rich.) Vahl. (Verbenaceae) collect ed in the South-west region of Paraná - Brazil

December 2014

Essential oils extracted from plants are currently being used in chemical syntheses or as new materials, with various medical, pharmaceutical, technological and business applications. In this context, this study was carried out to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of the essential oil obtained from the verbena - Stachytarpheta cayennensis, (Rich.) Vahl. - (Verbenaceae) - collected in the Southwest region of...

Author(s): Onofre, S. B., Kagimura, F. Y.,  & Mattiello, S. P.  

Leaf powders utilization for Cola nitida protection against kola weevils (Balanogastris kolae and Sophrorhinus spp.) in storage

December 2014

The effectiveness of five plant species (Nicotiana tabacum L., Hyptis sauvolens Poit, Ocimum gratissimum L., Cymbopogon citrtus Stapf and Lantana camara L.) were investigated using their leaf powders at 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 g w/w as protectants of kolanuts against weevils. Nicotiana tabacum and C. citrtus suppressed the rate of Balanogastris kolae development at the treatment level of 15 g with mean adult emergence of...

Author(s): E. U. Asogwa, T. C. N. Ndubuaku, O. O. Awe and I. U. Mokwunye  

Medicinal plants used in South Ecuador for gastrointestinal problems: An evaluation of their antibacterial potential

December 2014

The present study aimed to identify the main medicinal plants used by people in Ecuador South Andes to treat gastrointestinal problems, and to evaluate their antibacterial effect.  Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp., as gram-negative and Staphylococcus aureus as gram-positive bacteria were used as in vivo models for the antibacterial screening. An ethnobotanical survey about gastrointestinal problems was applied...

Author(s): Lourdes Jerves-Andrade, Fabián León-Tamariz, Eugenia Peñaherrera, Nancy Cuzco, Vladimiro Tobar, Raffaella Ansaloni,  Louis Maes and Isabel Wilches  

Influence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on growth, mineral composition and production of essential oil in Mentha × piperita L. var. citrata (Ehrh.) Briq. under two phosphorus levels

December 2014

The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), Acaulospora morrowiae, Rhizophagus clarus and Scutellospora calospora on the growth and essential oil production of Mentha × piperita L. var. citrata plants. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse with a 5 × 2 factorial design with five mycorrhizal treatments (uninoculated control, Acaulospora morrowiae,...

Author(s): Verônica Cordeiro Silva, Patricia Alves Casaes Alves, Rosilene Aparecida de Oliveira, Raildo Mota de Jesus, Larissa Corrêa do Bomfim Costa and Eduardo Gross  

Oral Ricinus communis oil exposure at different stages of pregnancy impaired hormonal, lipids profile and histopathology of reproductive organs in Wistar rats

November 2014

Ricinus communis oil (RCO) has been used and shown to possess laxative, contraceptive, labour inducing, cosmetics and estrogenic capabilities. Despite these, there is paucity of studies on the effects of maternal RCO exposure at different stages of pregnancy. This study investigated effects of RCO exposure on maternal biochemical, hormonal and histopathology of reproductive organs. RCO was prepared by cold extraction...

Author(s): Shakiru Ademola Salami and Yinusa Raji

Effect of different concentrations of plant growth regulators on micropropagation of Lantana camara

November 2014

Lantana camara is a plant with numerous medicinal properties and belongs to Verbenaceae family. Too few studies on micropropagation of this plant exist in the literature. This study was designed and conducted to investigate the effective factors on in vitro shoot proliferation of L. camara. This experiment was conducted in Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran. In this study, nodal segments of L. camara were...

Author(s): Ehsan Naderi Samani, Zohreh Jabbarzadeh, Syrus Ghobadi and Marzieh Motamedi  

Inventory of medicinal plants of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic: A mini review

November 2014

The Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) or Laos has a long history in the use of medicinal plants, as well as in the use of traditional medicines. The Government of Laos also supports the use of medicinal plants and traditional medicines in the prevention and treatment of diseases. As a government institution, the Institute of Traditional Medicine (ITM) has carried out surveys and inventories of medicinal...

Author(s): Kongmany Sydara, Mouachanh Xayvue, Onevilay Souliya, Bethany G. Elkington, and Djaja D. Soejarto,

Basil leaf area by allometric relations

November 2014

The leaf area (LA) is a valuable measure to plant physiological studies; therefore, simple models are necessary to its determination, which may be used in many experimental comparisons. In view of the lack of studies about the estimative of basil leaf area, it becomes the objective of this study to propose models that use non-destructive measures of length (L) and/or width (W) of the leaves, to estimate the leaf area of...

Author(s): Jefferson Vieira José, Rafael Dreux Miranda Fernandes, Patricia Angélica Alves Marques, Ana Luíza Lima Ferreira, João Paulo Francisco and Sérgio Nascimento Duarte

Ethnobotanical survey and phytochemical analysis of medicinal plants used for the treatment of hyperprolactinemia in Lagos State, Nigeria

November 2014

Ethnobotanical survey and phytochemical screening of medicinal plants used for the treatment of hyperprolactinemia among women in Lagos State, Nigeria was carried out using oral interviews (without questionnaire) and standard screening procedures. Ethnomedicinal data was gathered from herb sellers, herbal medicine practitioners and elderly people in the rural parts of the state. The collected data included the names of...

Author(s): Olubunmi Josephine Sharaibi, Oluwatoyin Temitayo Ogundipe, Anthony Jide Afolayan and David Olaniran Aworinde

In vivo antimalarial activity of the crude extract and solvent fractions of the leaves of Zehenria scabra (Cucurbitaceae) against Plasmodium berghei in mice

November 2014

Zehenria scabra is among the Ethiopian folk medicine for malaria like fever and other infectious diseases. But it lacks apposite pharmacological investigation. This study aimed at evaluating the antimalarial activity and safety profile of Z. scabra. Plasmodium berghei was used for induction of malaria, kept in a refrigerator and maintained by serial passage of blood from mouse to mouse. The crude extract, chloroform and...

Author(s): Wubshet H. Tesfaye and Endalkachew A. Alamneh

Anticonceptive, estrogenic and antiestrogenic potentials of methanol extract of Garcinia kola seed in rodents

November 2014

The anticonceptive, estrogenic and antiestrogenic potential of methanolic extract of Garcinia kola seed in rodents was investigated. The anti-conceptive effect of extract showed that the extract dose-dependently protected female mice and rats from conception for two to three gestational periods. Changes observed in the length and weights of pups were not statistically significant relative to control. There were no...

Author(s): Grace Emmanuel Essien and Paul Alozie Nwafor

Contribution to the knowledge of affinities of traditional medicine of Bantu of high and low lands in the territories of Beni and Lubero

November 2014

The investigations were conducted during 2012 on the Nande Bantu ethnic majority in the villages of Beni and Lubero territories which are located in North Kivu province in the eastern part of Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Thus 6 villages in the zone of high altitude and 6 others in the zone of low altitude have been chosen randomly, by taking the farthest ones among them. Two-hundred and forty (240) persons...

Author(s): Eric Lukwamirwe Kasika, Valentin Kamabu Vasombolwa and Jean Lejoly

Traditional Tongan treatments for infections: Bioassays and ethnobotanical leads for activity

November 2014

An ethnobotanical survey of Tongan pharmacopoeia, conducted through semi-structured interviews with healers, informed the selection of twenty-six plants for antimicrobial bioassays. The parts of the plants recommended by the healers were collected and extractions were made with methanol and hexane in various concentrations, and screened against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Candida albicans using...

Author(s): Ryan D. Huish, Katherine H. Huish, Taylor J. Walker and Gajendra Shrestha  

Effects of aqueous extract of Waltheria indica leaves on blood profile of male albino rats

November 2014

This study was to investigate the effect of oral administration of aqueous extract of Waltheria indica leaf on the blood profile of male albino rats. The extract showed significantly (p < 0.01) different increase of red blood and white blood cell counts values at 400 and 800 mg/kg doses. However, the extract showed insignificant difference in packed cell volume, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular haemoglobin...

Author(s): Basiru, A. and Olayemi, F. O.

Acute toxicity, antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activity of the essential oil of fresh fruits of Piper guineense Schum & Thonn (Piperaceae) in rodents

October 2014

Piper guineense is a popular herbal medicine used to manage pains and arthritis among other indications in South-West Nigeria. Previous biological studies report anti-oxidant, anti-microbial and antidiabetic activities for the essential oil of the plant while studies on its acute toxicity profile, potential analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities were unavailable. This study investigated the antinociceptive and...

Author(s): Idris Ajayi Oyemitan, Fatmat Kolawole and Adebola Omowumi Oyedeji  

Phenolic contents and antioxidant activities in vitro of some selected Algerian plants

October 2014

In order to find new sources of natural antioxidants, the methanolic extracts of eleven Algerian medicinal plants from eight botanical families were investigated for their in vitro antioxidant activity using total antioxidant capacity (TAC), reducing power, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), hydroxyl radical scavenging and β-carotene–linoleate bleaching. The total phenolic, flavonoid and proanthocyanidin...

Author(s): Nabila Belyagoubi-Benhammou, Larbi Belyagoubi and Fawzia Atik Bekkara  

Essential oil, fatty acids and anti bacterial activity of Sesbania punicea from north of Iran

October 2014

Essential oil composition of the leaves and fatty acids from the seeds of Sesbania punicea (rattlebox) were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Forty components (91.35%) of the essential oil were identified with the major compounds: 1,8-cineole (47.58%) and α-pinene (7.30%). The main compounds from thirty seven identified components comprising 89.28% of the seeds...

Author(s): Mina Jamzad, Fariba Rostami, Amine Kazembakloo, Bahman Ghadami and Ali Shafaghat  

Protective effects of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) against cadmium chloride-induced oxidative stress in the blood of rats

October 2014

Cadmium is a heavy metal of wide occupational and environmental contamination. In recent years, however, cadmium has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several clinical disorders. Generation of oxidative stress is one of the plausible mechanisms for cadmium-induced diseases. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of ginger on oxidative stress in rats exposed to cadmium (Cd) of a dose (10 mg/kg b.w.)....

Author(s): Atef, M. M. Attia, Fatma, A. A. Ibrahim, Noha, A. Abd EL-Latif, Samir, W. Aziz and Sherif A. Abdelmottaleb Moussa,

Phytochemical screening and hypoglycemic effect of methanolic fruit pulp extract of Cucumis sativus in alloxan induced diabetic rats

October 2014

Phytochemical screening and hypoglycemic effect of methanolic fruit pulp extract of Cucumis sativus on alloxan induced diabetic rats was investigated. The phytochemical analysis of the methanolic fruit pulp extract of C. sativus indicated the presence of saponins, glycosides, terpenes, phenolics, alkaloids, flavonoids, and tannins. The methanolic fruit pulp extract of C. sativus was administered orally to the alloxan...

Author(s): Abubakar Ndaman Saidu, Florence Inje Oibiokpa and Iyanu Oluwakemi Olukotun  

Antioxidant activity of leaf and fruit extracts of Jordanian Rubus sanguineus Friv. (Rosaceae)

October 2014

The in vitro antioxidant activity of crude ethanolic, methanolic and aqueous extracts of the leaf and fruit of Rubus sanguineus were investigated. The antioxidant activities were performed using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging, nitrogen oxide (NO) scavenging, hydroxyl radical scavenging and lipid peroxidation. The methanolic, ethanolic and aqueous extracts of R. sanguineus fruit demonstrated higher...

Author(s): Rana Zeidan and Sawsan Oran

Structural organization and phytochemical analysis of Pimenta dioica (L.) Merrill (Myrtaceae) leaves collected from Goiás State, Brazil

October 2014

Several biological properties are attributed to the Pimenta dioica plants that are native to Central America. Given the possible variabilities in both the morpho-anatomical and chemical aspects of the species that grow in different locations, this study aimed to contribute to the pharmacognostic study of P. dioica leaves from Brazil. Therefore, we morpho-anatomically described the plants, performed a phytochemical...

Author(s): Leonardo Rodrigues Faria, Rúbia Darc Machado, Pedro Henrique Pimenta, Leandra de Almeida Ribeiro Oliveira, Josana de Castro Peixoto, José Realino de Paula, Pedro Henrique Ferri and Joelma Abadia Marciano de Paula  

Taxonomic and phytomedicinal properties of Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent: A wonderful gift of nature

October 2014

This paper is a review on pharmacological studies, phytochemical analysis and problems associated with natural seed germination of Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent. The different parts of this plant like leaves, fruits, stem bark, seeds and roots are used in indigenous medicine preparation against various diseases. Chemical investigation of various parts of this plant resulted in characterization of various bioactive...

Author(s): Neelu Joshi, Alok Shukla and Tapan Kumar Nailwal

An investigation of the hepatoprotective potential of Garcinia kola seed extract in an anti-tubercular treatment model

October 2014

Hepatoprotective effect of Garcinia kola seed extract on oxidative stress and hepatotoxicity biomarkers of rats exposed to antitubercular drugs was investigated to evaluate its potential to ameliorate drug-induced hepatotoxicity. Six groups of five animals each were used. Combination of Isoniazid (7.5 mg/kg bodyweight) and Rifampicin (10 mg/kg bodyweight) was administered intraperitoneally to a group. Drug combination...

Author(s): Tweneme Ogono, Oluwole Emmanuel Taiwo, Kabiru Usman, David Adeyemi, Efere Martins Obuotor, Francis Adelade Fakoya and Omolaja Osoniyi  

Influence of plant age on the content and composition of essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf.

October 2014

An experiment was carried out in Viçosa, Brazil to evaluate the influence of plant age (3, 6, 9 and 12 months) on the content and chemical composition of essential oils from lemon grass, using a completely randomized design with three replications. The plants were harvested between 7:00 and 8:30 a.m, and harvesting cut made at 20 cm height from the base of the leaf. The collected material was immediately taken to...

Author(s): Ronicely Pereira Rocha, Evandro de Castro Melo, Luiz Cláudio Almeida Barbosa, Ricardo Henrique Silva dos Santos, Paulo Roberto Cecon, Rivanildo Dallacort and Adalberto Santi  

Phytochemical screening and study of antioxidant and analgesic potentials of ethanolic extract of Stephania japonica Linn.

October 2014

The present study was conducted to evaluate the possible phytochemicals present, antioxidant activity and analgesic potential of ethanolic extract of leaves of Stephania japonica (Linn.). For investigating the antioxidant activity, four complementary test systems, namely 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging, reducing power assay, Fe++ ion chelating ability and total phenolic content were used....

Author(s): S. M. Naim Uddin, Mohammad Nurul Amin, A. F. M. Shahid-Ud-Daula, Hemayet Hossain, Md. Mahmodul Haque, Md. Saifur Rahman and Md. Abdul Kader  

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi increase gallic acid production in leaves of field grown Libidibia ferrea (Mart. ex Tul.) L. P. Queiroz

September 2014

Because arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) has been shown to induce concentration increases of pharmaceutically useful phytochemicals in some Brazilian semi-arid native plants, the current study examined whether mycorrhizal inoculation increased the production of bioactive compounds, especially gallic acid, in field grown Libidibia ferrea (Mart. ex Tul.) L. P. Queiroz plants. Seedlings were inoculated with...

Author(s): Francineyde A. Silva, Magda R. A. Ferreira, Luiz A. L. Soares, Everardo V. S. B. Sampaio, Fábio S. B. Silva and Leonor C. Maia

Antimicrobial properties of Sacrocephalus latifolius (Sm.) Bruce

September 2014

Sacrocephalus latifolius (Sm.) Bruce (Rubiaceae) formerly known as Nauclea latifolia (Sm.), is a highly valued medicinal plant used in ethnomedicine in the treatment of various infectious diseases due to  its insecticidal and antiparasitic properties. The proximate, mineral composition and antimicrobial properties of the leaves were  analyzed with a view to evaluate its nutritional and medicinal potentials....

Author(s): G. A. Shittu and Mercy E. Ephraim

Anatomy, histochemistry and chemical characterization of the essential oil of the gum tree Vochysia pyramidalis Mart

September 2014

The Gomeira (Vochysia pyramidalis Mart.), belonging to the family Vochysiaceae, is a plant species from the Brazilian cerrado used in folk medicine because of its reputedly anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anti-bacterial properties. However, scientific data concerning this species are scarce. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to conduct an anatomical and histochemical assessment of this plant...

Author(s): Gessiane Silva Cabral Guimaraes, Fabiula Gomes de Morais Ribeiro, Flávia Dionisio Pereira, Sebastiao Carvalho Vasconcelos Filho, Fabiano Guimaraes Silva and  Adriane da Silveira Gomes

Antibacterial activity of tannins from Psidium guineense Sw. (Myrtaceae)

September 2014

The aim of this study was to quantify and evaluate the antibacterial activity of tannins extracted from leaves of Psidium guineense, obtained using two different isolation methods, against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The first extraction method was used to isolate condensed tannins (Method A) and the second to isolate mixtures rich in esters of gallic acid and glucose (Method B). Both extraction...

Author(s): Rodrigues, C. G., Ferreira, P. R. B., Mendes, C. S. O., Reis-Jr, R., Valerio, H. M., Brandi, I. V., & de Oliveira, D. A.

Effect of extracts from field and in vitro plants of Petiveria alliacea L. on plasmidial DNA

September 2014

Petiveria alliacea L. is a native herbaceous species from the Amazon region traditionally used in folk medicine for its various pharmacological activities. This study aimed to perform a comparative assessment of genotoxic and antigenotoxic potential of field- and in vitro-grown plants. Specimens from different populations from Rio de Janeiro State were used as donor plants for in vitro culture on...

Author(s): Soares B. O., Oliveira M. B. N., Mansur E., Dantas F.J.S., De Mattos J. C. P., Caldeira-de-Araujo A. and Gagliardi R. F.

Medicinal plants from Saudi Arabia and Indonesia: In vitro cytotoxicity evaluation on Vero and HEp-2 cells

September 2014

Many types of naturally growing plants are used traditionally for the treatment of different types of cancers and infectious diseases. In this report, the cytotoxic activity of 30 medicinal plants, commonly used in folk medicine in Saudi Arabia and Indonesia, was evaluated in vitro using Vero and HEp-2 cell lines. Plants were randomly chosen and harvested from different districts of both countries based on...

Author(s): Abdul Latif, Haitham Mohamed Amer, Moawia Elead Hamad, Saud Abdul Rahaman Alarifi and Fahad Nasser Almajhdi

Development of a topical gel containing dried extract of Ipomoea pes-caprae brasiliensis (L.) R. Br. (Convolvulaceae)

September 2014

Gel formulations containing I. pes-caprae spray dried extract (SDE) at 0.11 and 0.18%, were developed with three types of polymers Ce = Cellosize® QP 100, Ca = Carbopol® ultrez, and Ar = Aristoflex® AVC. The pH, sensory characteristics, weight loss and the viscosity profile of gels were analyzed at times (t) t0, t90 and t180 (24 h, 90 and 180 days after their production, respectively), in ambient temperature...

Author(s): Jerusa Adriano; Tania M. B. Bresolin.; Daisy J. A. Netz; Rilton A. de Freitas and Angélica G. Couto.

Fatty chemical composition and antioxidant activities of coconut oils (Cocos nucifera L)

September 2014

Fixed oils from two cultivars (green and yellow) of solid albumen in the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera), were obtained by a solvent extraction using hexane in three different maturation stages, such as: unripe; ripe and dried. The aforesaid oils were saponified and methylated. Fatty acids and methyl esters were analyzed by the gas chromatography, mass spectrometry (CG-MS). The oils from unripe (green and yellow)...

Author(s): Aluísio M. da Fonseca Délcio D. Marques Telma Leda G. Lemos Gisele R. Aguiar  and Ayla Márcia C. Bizerra

Activities of Guatemalan medicinal plants against cancer cell lines and selected microbes: Evidence for their conservation

September 2014

Medicinal plants are important components in the primary health care of villagers in Guatemala.  However, an area often overlooked is the effect of medicinal plants on oral hygiene.  Acetone and methanol extracts from 63 medicinal plant species from 31 families were bioassayed against breast, cervical, skin and tongue cancers, and the following microorganisms: Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli,...

Author(s): Rex G. Cates, Andrew Thompson, Holly Brabazon, Sidney McDonald, Michael Lawrence, Steven Williams, Pablo Peniallilo, J. Alfonso Fuentes Soria, Luis V. Espinoza, José Vicente Martinez, Dany A. Arbizú, Ernesto Villagran and Fernando Ancheta  

Allelopathic effect of popular medicinal plants on Fagopyrum esculentum (Moench), Papaver somniferum (L.) and Brassica napus var. oleifera (L.)

September 2014

Glasshouse experiments were carried out to assess the effect of popular medicinal herbs dry matter on germination and early growth of common buckwheat (Fagpopyrum esculentum), opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) and two cultivars of oilseed rape (Brassica napus var. oleifera). Depending on species of the herb, leaves, inflorescences, fruits and whole plants were used. The greatest stimulatory effect on seedling emergence...

Author(s): Kinga Matysiak, Sylwia Kaczmarek and Roman Kierzek  

Nobiletin, a polymethoxylated flavone from citrus peels, induces differentiation of normal human epidermal keratinocytes

September 2014

Nobiletin, a polymethoxylated flavone from citrus peels, is known to have a wide range of pharmacological activities. In this study, we examined the effects of nobiletin on differentiation of normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEKs). Treatment of NHEKs with nobiletin was found to cause marked increases in the expression level of keratin 10 (K10) and involucrin, differentiation makers of...

Author(s): Kenji Ohguchi, Munekazu Iinuma, Yoshinori Nozawa and Masafumi Ito  

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