Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3672

JMPR Articles

Essential oil, fatty acids and anti bacterial activity of Sesbania punicea from north of Iran

October 2014

Essential oil composition of the leaves and fatty acids from the seeds of Sesbania punicea (rattlebox) were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Forty components (91.35%) of the essential oil were identified with the major compounds: 1,8-cineole (47.58%) and α-pinene (7.30%). The main compounds from thirty seven identified components comprising 89.28% of the seeds...

Author(s): Mina Jamzad, Fariba Rostami, Amine Kazembakloo, Bahman Ghadami and Ali Shafaghat  

Protective effects of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) against cadmium chloride-induced oxidative stress in the blood of rats

October 2014

Cadmium is a heavy metal of wide occupational and environmental contamination. In recent years, however, cadmium has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several clinical disorders. Generation of oxidative stress is one of the plausible mechanisms for cadmium-induced diseases. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of ginger on oxidative stress in rats exposed to cadmium (Cd) of a dose (10 mg/kg b.w.)....

Author(s): Atef, M. M. Attia, Fatma, A. A. Ibrahim, Noha, A. Abd EL-Latif, Samir, W. Aziz and Sherif A. Abdelmottaleb Moussa,

Phytochemical screening and hypoglycemic effect of methanolic fruit pulp extract of Cucumis sativus in alloxan induced diabetic rats

October 2014

Phytochemical screening and hypoglycemic effect of methanolic fruit pulp extract of Cucumis sativus on alloxan induced diabetic rats was investigated. The phytochemical analysis of the methanolic fruit pulp extract of C. sativus indicated the presence of saponins, glycosides, terpenes, phenolics, alkaloids, flavonoids, and tannins. The methanolic fruit pulp extract of C. sativus was administered orally to the alloxan...

Author(s): Abubakar Ndaman Saidu, Florence Inje Oibiokpa and Iyanu Oluwakemi Olukotun  

Antioxidant activity of leaf and fruit extracts of Jordanian Rubus sanguineus Friv. (Rosaceae)

October 2014

The in vitro antioxidant activity of crude ethanolic, methanolic and aqueous extracts of the leaf and fruit of Rubus sanguineus were investigated. The antioxidant activities were performed using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging, nitrogen oxide (NO) scavenging, hydroxyl radical scavenging and lipid peroxidation. The methanolic, ethanolic and aqueous extracts of R. sanguineus fruit demonstrated higher...

Author(s): Rana Zeidan and Sawsan Oran

Structural organization and phytochemical analysis of Pimenta dioica (L.) Merrill (Myrtaceae) leaves collected from Goiás State, Brazil

October 2014

Several biological properties are attributed to the Pimenta dioica plants that are native to Central America. Given the possible variabilities in both the morpho-anatomical and chemical aspects of the species that grow in different locations, this study aimed to contribute to the pharmacognostic study of P. dioica leaves from Brazil. Therefore, we morpho-anatomically described the plants, performed a phytochemical...

Author(s): Leonardo Rodrigues Faria, Rúbia Darc Machado, Pedro Henrique Pimenta, Leandra de Almeida Ribeiro Oliveira, Josana de Castro Peixoto, José Realino de Paula, Pedro Henrique Ferri and Joelma Abadia Marciano de Paula  

Taxonomic and phytomedicinal properties of Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent: A wonderful gift of nature

October 2014

This paper is a review on pharmacological studies, phytochemical analysis and problems associated with natural seed germination of Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent. The different parts of this plant like leaves, fruits, stem bark, seeds and roots are used in indigenous medicine preparation against various diseases. Chemical investigation of various parts of this plant resulted in characterization of various bioactive...

Author(s): Neelu Joshi, Alok Shukla and Tapan Kumar Nailwal

An investigation of the hepatoprotective potential of Garcinia kola seed extract in an anti-tubercular treatment model

October 2014

Hepatoprotective effect of Garcinia kola seed extract on oxidative stress and hepatotoxicity biomarkers of rats exposed to antitubercular drugs was investigated to evaluate its potential to ameliorate drug-induced hepatotoxicity. Six groups of five animals each were used. Combination of Isoniazid (7.5 mg/kg bodyweight) and Rifampicin (10 mg/kg bodyweight) was administered intraperitoneally to a group. Drug combination...

Author(s): Tweneme Ogono, Oluwole Emmanuel Taiwo, Kabiru Usman, David Adeyemi, Efere Martins Obuotor, Francis Adelade Fakoya and Omolaja Osoniyi  

Influence of plant age on the content and composition of essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf.

October 2014

An experiment was carried out in Viçosa, Brazil to evaluate the influence of plant age (3, 6, 9 and 12 months) on the content and chemical composition of essential oils from lemon grass, using a completely randomized design with three replications. The plants were harvested between 7:00 and 8:30 a.m, and harvesting cut made at 20 cm height from the base of the leaf. The collected material was immediately taken to...

Author(s): Ronicely Pereira Rocha, Evandro de Castro Melo, Luiz Cláudio Almeida Barbosa, Ricardo Henrique Silva dos Santos, Paulo Roberto Cecon, Rivanildo Dallacort and Adalberto Santi  

Phytochemical screening and study of antioxidant and analgesic potentials of ethanolic extract of Stephania japonica Linn.

October 2014

The present study was conducted to evaluate the possible phytochemicals present, antioxidant activity and analgesic potential of ethanolic extract of leaves of Stephania japonica (Linn.). For investigating the antioxidant activity, four complementary test systems, namely 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging, reducing power assay, Fe++ ion chelating ability and total phenolic content were used....

Author(s): S. M. Naim Uddin, Mohammad Nurul Amin, A. F. M. Shahid-Ud-Daula, Hemayet Hossain, Md. Mahmodul Haque, Md. Saifur Rahman and Md. Abdul Kader  

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi increase gallic acid production in leaves of field grown Libidibia ferrea (Mart. ex Tul.) L. P. Queiroz

September 2014

Because arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) has been shown to induce concentration increases of pharmaceutically useful phytochemicals in some Brazilian semi-arid native plants, the current study examined whether mycorrhizal inoculation increased the production of bioactive compounds, especially gallic acid, in field grown Libidibia ferrea (Mart. ex Tul.) L. P. Queiroz plants. Seedlings were inoculated with...

Author(s): Francineyde A. Silva, Magda R. A. Ferreira, Luiz A. L. Soares, Everardo V. S. B. Sampaio, Fábio S. B. Silva and Leonor C. Maia

Antimicrobial properties of Sacrocephalus latifolius (Sm.) Bruce

September 2014

Sacrocephalus latifolius (Sm.) Bruce (Rubiaceae) formerly known as Nauclea latifolia (Sm.), is a highly valued medicinal plant used in ethnomedicine in the treatment of various infectious diseases due to  its insecticidal and antiparasitic properties. The proximate, mineral composition and antimicrobial properties of the leaves were  analyzed with a view to evaluate its nutritional and medicinal potentials....

Author(s): G. A. Shittu and Mercy E. Ephraim

Anatomy, histochemistry and chemical characterization of the essential oil of the gum tree Vochysia pyramidalis Mart

September 2014

The Gomeira (Vochysia pyramidalis Mart.), belonging to the family Vochysiaceae, is a plant species from the Brazilian cerrado used in folk medicine because of its reputedly anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anti-bacterial properties. However, scientific data concerning this species are scarce. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to conduct an anatomical and histochemical assessment of this plant...

Author(s): Gessiane Silva Cabral Guimaraes, Fabiula Gomes de Morais Ribeiro, Flávia Dionisio Pereira, Sebastiao Carvalho Vasconcelos Filho, Fabiano Guimaraes Silva and  Adriane da Silveira Gomes

Antibacterial activity of tannins from Psidium guineense Sw. (Myrtaceae)

September 2014

The aim of this study was to quantify and evaluate the antibacterial activity of tannins extracted from leaves of Psidium guineense, obtained using two different isolation methods, against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The first extraction method was used to isolate condensed tannins (Method A) and the second to isolate mixtures rich in esters of gallic acid and glucose (Method B). Both extraction...

Author(s): Rodrigues, C. G., Ferreira, P. R. B., Mendes, C. S. O., Reis-Jr, R., Valerio, H. M., Brandi, I. V., & de Oliveira, D. A.

Effect of extracts from field and in vitro plants of Petiveria alliacea L. on plasmidial DNA

September 2014

Petiveria alliacea L. is a native herbaceous species from the Amazon region traditionally used in folk medicine for its various pharmacological activities. This study aimed to perform a comparative assessment of genotoxic and antigenotoxic potential of field- and in vitro-grown plants. Specimens from different populations from Rio de Janeiro State were used as donor plants for in vitro culture on...

Author(s): Soares B. O., Oliveira M. B. N., Mansur E., Dantas F.J.S., De Mattos J. C. P., Caldeira-de-Araujo A. and Gagliardi R. F.

Medicinal plants from Saudi Arabia and Indonesia: In vitro cytotoxicity evaluation on Vero and HEp-2 cells

September 2014

Many types of naturally growing plants are used traditionally for the treatment of different types of cancers and infectious diseases. In this report, the cytotoxic activity of 30 medicinal plants, commonly used in folk medicine in Saudi Arabia and Indonesia, was evaluated in vitro using Vero and HEp-2 cell lines. Plants were randomly chosen and harvested from different districts of both countries based on...

Author(s): Abdul Latif, Haitham Mohamed Amer, Moawia Elead Hamad, Saud Abdul Rahaman Alarifi and Fahad Nasser Almajhdi

Development of a topical gel containing dried extract of Ipomoea pes-caprae brasiliensis (L.) R. Br. (Convolvulaceae)

September 2014

Gel formulations containing I. pes-caprae spray dried extract (SDE) at 0.11 and 0.18%, were developed with three types of polymers Ce = Cellosize® QP 100, Ca = Carbopol® ultrez, and Ar = Aristoflex® AVC. The pH, sensory characteristics, weight loss and the viscosity profile of gels were analyzed at times (t) t0, t90 and t180 (24 h, 90 and 180 days after their production, respectively), in ambient temperature...

Author(s): Jerusa Adriano; Tania M. B. Bresolin.; Daisy J. A. Netz; Rilton A. de Freitas and Angélica G. Couto.

Fatty chemical composition and antioxidant activities of coconut oils (Cocos nucifera L)

September 2014

Fixed oils from two cultivars (green and yellow) of solid albumen in the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera), were obtained by a solvent extraction using hexane in three different maturation stages, such as: unripe; ripe and dried. The aforesaid oils were saponified and methylated. Fatty acids and methyl esters were analyzed by the gas chromatography, mass spectrometry (CG-MS). The oils from unripe (green and yellow)...

Author(s): Aluísio M. da Fonseca Délcio D. Marques Telma Leda G. Lemos Gisele R. Aguiar  and Ayla Márcia C. Bizerra

Activities of Guatemalan medicinal plants against cancer cell lines and selected microbes: Evidence for their conservation

September 2014

Medicinal plants are important components in the primary health care of villagers in Guatemala.  However, an area often overlooked is the effect of medicinal plants on oral hygiene.  Acetone and methanol extracts from 63 medicinal plant species from 31 families were bioassayed against breast, cervical, skin and tongue cancers, and the following microorganisms: Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli,...

Author(s): Rex G. Cates, Andrew Thompson, Holly Brabazon, Sidney McDonald, Michael Lawrence, Steven Williams, Pablo Peniallilo, J. Alfonso Fuentes Soria, Luis V. Espinoza, José Vicente Martinez, Dany A. Arbizú, Ernesto Villagran and Fernando Ancheta  

Allelopathic effect of popular medicinal plants on Fagopyrum esculentum (Moench), Papaver somniferum (L.) and Brassica napus var. oleifera (L.)

September 2014

Glasshouse experiments were carried out to assess the effect of popular medicinal herbs dry matter on germination and early growth of common buckwheat (Fagpopyrum esculentum), opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) and two cultivars of oilseed rape (Brassica napus var. oleifera). Depending on species of the herb, leaves, inflorescences, fruits and whole plants were used. The greatest stimulatory effect on seedling emergence...

Author(s): Kinga Matysiak, Sylwia Kaczmarek and Roman Kierzek  

Nobiletin, a polymethoxylated flavone from citrus peels, induces differentiation of normal human epidermal keratinocytes

September 2014

Nobiletin, a polymethoxylated flavone from citrus peels, is known to have a wide range of pharmacological activities. In this study, we examined the effects of nobiletin on differentiation of normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEKs). Treatment of NHEKs with nobiletin was found to cause marked increases in the expression level of keratin 10 (K10) and involucrin, differentiation makers of...

Author(s): Kenji Ohguchi, Munekazu Iinuma, Yoshinori Nozawa and Masafumi Ito  

Study of bioactivities of lipid content of fresh Lagenaria siceraria seeds pulp and identification of its chemical constituents

August 2014

  The aim of the present work was to analyse antimicrobial activities of the lipid content of seeds pulp of the fresh fruit of Lagenaria siceraria and identification of its chemical constituents by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Methanolic extract of the seeds pulp exhibited moderate to good efficacy against Achromobacter xylosoxidans, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus megaterium and Escherichia...

Author(s):   Raza Chaudhery, Dildar Ahmed, Inam Liaqat, Parsa Dar and Muhammad Shaban

Cytotoxic effect of Typhonium flagelliforme extract

August 2014

  Traditionally,Typhonium flagelliforme is used to treat cancer in Malaysia, People take it as powder or in combination with milk or different types of other herbal extracts as treatment of different type of cancers (Teo and Chang, 1996). The study was conducted to determine anticancer activity of crude extract of 1 to 6 months old ex-vitro plantlets and one sample of in vitro plants of T. flagelliforme against...

Author(s):   Nobakht, G. M., Kadir, M. A., Stanslas, J. and Charng, C. W.⊃

Analgesic effects of Arum maculatum plant extract in rats compared to other routine analgesics

August 2014

  Due to low side effects and costs as well as proper adaptation to body’s physiology, there is a global trend in using herbal medications. To investigate the analgesic effects of Arum maculatum plant extract in rats via an experimental study, 60 healthy male Wistar rats were divided into 6 equal groups including 3 plant extract groups, a negative control with normal saline and 2 positive control groups...

Author(s):   Naser Abbasi, Vahid Rafee Karkondi, Khairollah Asadollahi, Masoumeh Tahmasebi, Abangah Ghobad, Morovat Taherikalani and Asadollahi Parisa

Ethno-medicinal survey of plants of Soon Valley, Khushab District, Punjab, Pakistan

August 2014

  The present investigation aimed to document medicinal uses of plants utilized by local communities of Soon Valley, Khushab District, Punjab, Pakistan. The purpose of this study was to collect information about the interaction of various communities of the area with plant wealth. The study presents data on 15 species belonging to 10 families. It was found out that local communities of the area have a rich...

Author(s):   Abdul Ghani, Irfan Mustafa, Zulfaqar Ali, Muhammad Ishtiaq, Iftikhar Ahmed and Naqi Hasan

Effects of supplementing Aloe vera gel and garlic powder on blood biochemical parameters and immune response of broiler

August 2014

  The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of supplementing different levels of Aloe vera gel and garlic powder on blood biochemical parameters and immune response of broiler. For this purpose, one hundred and sixty, one-day-old, Ross chicks were used, in completely randomized design, in four treatments and each with four replicates. The treatment groups consisted of: control group fed only with...

Author(s):   Rozbeh Fallah

Traditional medicinal uses of plants in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan

August 2014

Ghizer district of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan is gifted with tremendous natural resources. Plant resources have long been used to cure different human as well as livestock ailments in this part like others in the world. This study was conducted to document the indigenous and traditional uses of medicinal plants, the status of traditional knowledge with the advancement of technology and modern healthcare facilities to...

Author(s): Arshad Ali Shedayi, Ming Xu, and Bibi Gulraiz  

Medicinal plants used in child care in southern Brazil

August 2014

In many cultures throughout the world, mostly in developing countries, medicinal plants play an important role in the maintenance of people’s health. Despite this, some plants can be inherently toxic. People are not generally well-informed about this risk, and the concept that natural means safe prevails. Considering the associated risk of the misuse of medicinal plants, children represent an even more vulnerable...

Author(s): Angela Erna Rossato, Mariana Borsatto D’Agostin, Jeverson Moreira, Silvia DalBó, Vanilde Citadini-Zanette and Patrícia de Aguiar Amaral

Comparative antimicrobial activity of Acacia nilotica L. leaves extracts against pathogenic bacteria and fungi

August 2014

The comparative in vitro antimicrobial activity of ethanol and chloroform leaves extracts from Acacia nilotica L. was studied. Leaves extracts exhibited considerable bacteriostatic activity against two Gram-positive and three Gram-negative strains. The antimicrobial action was compared with the effect of doxycycline antibiotic. The maximum zone of inhibition of 29 mm diameter was observed in Escherichia coli with...

Author(s): Amjad ur Rahman, Abdul Shakoor, Gul Zaib, Abdul Samad Mumtaz, Yasir Ihtesham and Abdul Aziz Napar

Biosynthesis, regulation and properties of plant monoterpenoids

August 2014

Monoterpenes are a big family of natural products which are well-known as the constituents of the essential oils and defensive oleoresins of the aromatic plants. In addition to ecological roles in pollinator attraction, allelopathy and the plant defense, monoterpenes are used extensively in the food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. Monoterpenes are widely spread in plants, from algae and fungi to monocots and...

Author(s): Parvin Ramak, Shahrokh Kazempour Osaloo, Mozafar Sharifi, Hassan Ebrahimzadeh and Mehrdad Behmanesh

Arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis in the maximization of the concentration of foliar biomolecules in pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) seedlings

July 2014

The pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a fruit tree with medicinal potential due to the presence of bioactive compounds with pharmacological characteristics. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), when in symbiosis, optimize the production of metabolites with medicinal potential. The objective of this study was to select efficient AMF to maximize the growth and the production of foliar metabolites with medicinal...

Author(s): Lauro Gonzaga da Silva, Lindete Míria Vieira Martins and Fábio Sérgio Barbosa da Silva

Antimicrobial activity of Brazilian plants of the genera Leguminosae and Myrtaceae

July 2014

Five Brazilian plant extracts from Pimenta pseudocaryophyllus, Erythrina speciosa, Tephrosia toxicaria, Inga marginata and Cassia leptophylla found in Paraná State and currently used in folkloric medicines, were assayed for antibacterial, antifungal and toxic activities. The antibacterial and anti-yeast activities were assessed by a diffusion assay on Gram (+) bacteria (Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus...

Author(s): Juliana Feijó de Souza Daniel,Daniela Rezkallah Iwasso, Maria Amélia Fiorini, Sandy Cristina Rieger, Terezinha de Jesus Faria, César Cornélio Andrei, Maria Inês Rezende and Aneli M. Barbosa

Anti-lipolytic, -amylase inhibitory and antioxidant activities of Pseuderanthemum palatiferum (Nees) Radlk. leaf ethanolic extract

July 2014

Pseuderanthemum palatiferum (Nees) Radlk. has been used extensively as a medicinal plant for the treatment of diabetes mellitus in various parts of Southeast Asia. However, the mechanism of its anti-diabetic action has not been fully characterized yet. The objectives of this study were to investigate the in vitro effects of P. palatiferum leaf ethanolic extract (PPE extract) on adipocyte lipolysis, α-amylase...

Author(s): Pawitra Pulbutr, Achida Jaruchotikamol, Benjamart Cushnie, Sakulrat Rattanakiat and Somsak Nualkaew

Anti-oxidant and anti-diabetic activities of Lespedeza cuneata water extract

July 2014

Oxidative damage induced by free radicals are the attendant causes of many chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether Lespedeza cuneata water extract (LCW) has anti-oxidant and anti-diabetic activities in vitro. Anti-oxidant activity was measured by superoxide anion (O2-), hydroxyl (·OH) radical, nitric oxide (NO) and peroxynitrite (ONOO-) scavenging assays. Further, radical-mediated...

Author(s): Bhesh Raj Sharma, Min Suk Kim, Takako Yokozawa and Dong Young Rhyu

Phytochemical and antimicrobial activity of the stem-bark of Gardenia aqualla Stapf & Hutch (Rubeacea)

July 2014

Gardenia aqualla Stapf & Hutch (Rubeacea) is a plant belonging to the family Rubeacea. Preliminary phytochemistry carried out on the methanolic (ME) extract of the stem bark revealed the presence of steroid, carbohydrates, anthraquinones, saponins, triterpenes, tannins, cardiac glycoside and flavonoid while the petroleum ether (PE) extract of the stem bark revealed the presence of steroid, triterpenes and...

Author(s): Njinga, N.S., Sule, M.I., Pateh, U.U., Hassan, H.S., Usman, M.A., Bilkisu, A., Danja, B.A. and Ache, R.N.

Secretory structures in Cochlospermum regium (Schrank) Pilg. (Bixaceae): Distribution and histochemistry

July 2014

Cochlospermum regium (Schrank) Pilg., known as the yellow cotton tree, is a small shrub with a number of pharmacological properties. A series of chemical compounds produced by the plant may be associated with secretory cells and tissues, such as idioblasts, trichomes and ducts. Thus, the aim of this study was to identify the secretory structures and major classes of compounds in vegetative organs of C. regium. Leaf,...

Author(s): Vasconcelos Filho, S.C., Ferreira, A.L.L., Vasconcelos, J.M., SILVA, L.S. and Pereira, L.C.S.

Effect of crude root extract from Synadenium glaucescens on selected bacterial infections in albino mice (Mus musculus)

July 2014

Studies were carried out to investigate the effect of root extract from a tropical plant Synadenium glaucescens against two pathogenic species of bacteria in mice. A total of 120 mice were used in two experiments involving two bacterial species, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In each experiment, 60 mice were randomly divided into 6 groups with or without bacterial infection and with or without root...

Author(s): R. A. Max, C. Mwageni and G. G. Bakari

Ethnopharmacological aspects of the genus Samanea Merrill (Fabaceae)

July 2014

The rain trees are specially denomined species of Samanea genus as Samanea saman, Samanea tubulosa and Samanea inopinata. These kinds of plants are recognized by its characteristic umbrella-shaped canopy and they are cultivated and naturalized throughout the tropics. These trees have been widely used in traditional medicine for the production of home remedies using various parts of the tree. The boiled bark is applied...

Author(s): Antony de Paula Barbosa

Physical and neurobehavioral development of rat offspring after maternal exposure to Valeriana officinalis during gestation

July 2014

The exposure to agents acting on GABA-A system during gestation in rats can produce behavioral alterations in their descendants in the adult life. This work was designed to evaluate the effects of the exposure to Valeriana officinalis L. during gestation on the development of the offspring and on their anxiety state and memory in the adult stage. Pregnant rats were randomly distributed into four groups (n = 10): control...

Author(s): Mara Lúcia de Campos, Carlos Alberto Mourao-Junior, Rita de Cássia da Silveira e Sá, Marcos Antônio Fernandes Brandão and Martha de Oliveira Guerra

Ethnobotanical and taxonomic screening of genus Morus for wild edible fruits used by the inhabitants of Lesser Himalayas-Pakistan

July 2014

The present study was focused on ethnobotanical and taxonomic screening of four wild edible fruit species of family Moraceae including Morus alba L., Morus laevigata Wall., Morus nigra L. and Morus rubra L. used by the local inhabitants of Lesser Himalayas-Pakistan. Questionnaires based on semi-structured interviews and observations were used to collect data about ethnobotanical importance of these plants....

Author(s): Arshad Mehmood Abbasi, Mir Ajab Khan, Mushtaq Ahmad, Mamoona Munir, Muhammad Zafar, Shazai Sultana, Zia-u-Rehman Mishwani and Zahid Ullah

Hypoglycaemic effect of Lagerstroemia speciosa in type 2 diabetic rats

July 2014

The objective of this study was to study the hypoglycaemic effect of the aqueous extract of Lagerstroemia speciosa in type 2 diabetic rats. Male albino Wistar rats (30) weighing 180 to 190 g were selected and divided into five groups, maintained six rats in each group. Groups I and II were served as normal and diabetic control. Group III was treated with standard drug as glibenclamide 0.25 mg/kg body weight, whereas...

Author(s): L. Samananda Singh, N. Shashikanta Singh and M. Anita Devi

Genetic homogeneity of vegetatively propagated Clinacanthus nutans (Acanthaceae)

July 2014

Clinacanthus nutans is a medicinal Asian plant often propagated by stem cuttings but little is known about the genetic relationships between existing accessions and the extent of homogeneity. In this study, we examined the genetic homogeneity in 12 C. nutans samples from Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam reproduced by vegetative propagation from different regions between and within countries, and compared it to sexually...

Author(s): Siat Yee Fong, Terrence Piva, Sylvia Urban and Tien Huynh

In vitro callus induction and plantlet regeneration of Indian red wood, Soymida febrifuga A. Juss (Roxb.)

June 2014

In vitro seedling explants of Soymida febrifuga were screened for their callus induction and morphogenic potential by culturing on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with naphthalene acetic acid (NAA), 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid  (2,4-D), indole3acetic acid (IAA) alone or in combination with benzyladenine (BA), kinetin (KN), 2-iP (2-isopentynyl adenine), coconut milk. Multiple shoots were regenerated...

Author(s): Kishore K. Chiruvella, Arifullah Mohammed, and Rama Gopal Ghanta

Uses of trees as medicine by the ethnic communities of Arunachal Pradesh, India

June 2014

Arunachal Pradesh, the largest state of North East India has been considered as one of the biodiversity ‘Hotspot’ areas in the world. The original inhabitants of Arunachal Pradesh are tribal people, belonging to 26 major tribes and 110 sub-tribes. The ethnic communities of the state have their own rich traditional knowledge in the use of various tree species for treatment of different diseases with a...

Author(s): Bhabajit Doley, P. R. Gajurel, P. Rethy and R. Buragohain

Anti-proliferative activities of Centella asiatica extracts on human respiratory epithelial cells in vitro

June 2014

Centella asiatica or “pegaga” is well known for its ability in promoting wound healing. This study focused on the effect of C. asiatica on the proliferation of human respiratory epithelial (RE) cells. RE cells were cultured using co-culture techniques until first passage (P1). Viability cell test by tryphan blue dye exclusion assay showed that there was high percentage of cell viability at both P0 (74%) and...

Author(s): Mohd  Heikal, M. Y., , Siti Mariam, H, Mohd Ilham, A., Mee Fong, C., Aminuddin, B. S., and Ruszymah BHI,

Micropropagation and conservation strategies of the potentially medicinal and economically-important tropical deciduous tree - Drypetes roxburghii (Wall.) Hurursawa

June 2014

The present study was designed to understand seed germination barriers and to develop an efficient micropropagation system in Drypetes roxburghii. Fresh seeds with coats removed, cultured on MS medium supplemented with + 1.4 μM gibberellic acid (GA3) + 0.01% activated charcoal (AC) resulted in maximum (83.30 ± 0.63%) seed germination with healthy seedling development. Cotyledonary nodal explants showed best...

Author(s): K. Sri Rama Murthy  and  M. Chandrasekhara Reddy

Relaxant effect of carvacrol, citronellal and p-cymene, monoterpenes present in Thymus and Cymbopogon species, in guinea-pig trachea: A comparative study

June 2014

Respiratory diseases are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality in worldwide. One of most important respiratory disease is asthma, which the current treatment is based on use of β2‑agonists combined to inhaled corticosteroids. However, in recent years, many in vitro studies have attempted to validate the use of aromatic medicinal plants and its chemical compounds, such as monoterpenes, as potential...

Author(s): Yonara M. S. Silva, Morganna T. A. Silva, Pedrita A. Sampaio, Jullyana S. S. Quintans, Lucindo J. Quintans-Júnior and Luciano A. A. Ribeiro

Ethnobotanical use of Commiphora swynertonii Burrt. amongst Dorobo people in Tanzania

June 2014

Dorobo, a sub-ethnic group of Maasai tribe in Tanzania, live in very remote areas without health facilities and hence depends entirely on plant and animal products for food and medicines. This paper describes attitude, beliefs and use of traditional medicines amongst Dorobo people, with a particular prominence to Commiphora swynertonii plant because of the reported extensive use by the Dorobo for treatment of a...

Author(s): Willbrord Maddo Kalala, Joseph Jangu Magadula and Robinson Hammerthon Mdegela

Successive variation in phytosociological aspects and threat categorization of Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth. in Kumaun Himalaya of Uttarakhand

June 2014

The present work is a part of a three years extensive study to observe the annual changes in phyto-sociological characters of Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth. (Family- Scrophulariaceae) in high altitudinal regions of Kumaun Himalaya, Uttarakhand. The work was undertaken with the objective of observing the annual variation in relative values of frequency, density, abundance and importance value Index (IVI) of the plant...

Author(s): Bhatt, D., Kumar, R. , Joshi,  GC., & Tewari,  LM 

Ethno botany of some selected Monochlamydeae plant species from the Kashmir Himalaya, India

June 2014

The strong connecting link between the current loss of medicinal plants/flora and the missing of valuable conventional knowledge associated with the plants suggests a need to conduct ethno-botanical research and to document the medicinal plants and the associated traditional knowledge. Importance of medicinal plants in the traditional health care has now assumed more importance. However, information on the uses of...

Author(s): Umar Farooq, Ghulam Abaas, M. I. S. Saggoo and M. A. Dar

Research on herbal combinations of traditional Chinese medicine for chronic gastritis based on network biology

June 2014

Herbal combinations are important for traditional Chinese medicine physicians to treat diseases. Based on Professor GAO Zhongying’s medical records, combination laws are explored in order to study and inherit Professor GAO’s academic thoughts and improve the level of clinical treatment from multiple perspectives in treating chronic gastritis. Based on an entropy clustering method of complex systems,...

Author(s): Peng Lu#, Qingqiong Deng#, Chenghe Shi#, Yibao Gao, Jianqiang Yi, Mingquan Zhou, Yiping Yang and Yuhao Zhao

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