Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3684

JMPR Articles

Identification of bio-active components in leaf extracts of Aloe vera, Ocimum tenuiflorum (Tulasi) and Tinospora cordifolia (Amrutballi)

July 2015

Plants are an integral part of life in many indigenous communities. Besides, being the source of food, fodder, fuel, etc., the use of plants as herbal medicines in curing several ailments goes parallel with the human civilization. The present study was carried out to identify the bio-active compounds in various leaf extracts of Aloe vera, Ocimum tenuiflorum and Tinospora cordifolia using different phytochemical...

Author(s): Jyoti V. Vastrad, Giridhar Goudar, Shameembanu A. Byadgi, Rajkumari Dhanalaxmi Devi and Rajashri Kotur

Serjania erecta Radlk. improves endothelial function in isolated aortic rings

July 2015

Arterial hypertension presents a high incidence in the population, and it is a chronic degenerative disease. The roots of Serjania erecta Radlk. popularly known as “cipó-cinco-folhas”, are used as a decoction against hypertension. This plant belongs to the Sapindaceae family and is plentiful in the Brazilian swamps. The present study was designed to study the effects of daily intake of S. erecta root...

Author(s): Camila Maschieto, Tiago Bruder-Nascimento, Roberta G. Coelho, Arnildo Pott, Clélia A. Hiruma-Lima, Sandra Cordellini and Juliana I. F. De Gobbi

A new pterocarpan from the leaves of Abrus precatorius L.

July 2015

A pterocarpan, 2,3,4,8-tetramethoxy-6a,11a-dihydro-6H-benzo[4,5]furo[3,2-c]chromene-7,9-diol (compound 1) was isolated from the dichloromethane extract of the leaves of Abrus precatorius L. The structure of the compound was elucidated by detailed spectroscopic analysis such as 1H NMR, 13C NMR, Distortionless Enhancement by Polarisation Transfer (DEPT), Heteronuclear Multiple-Quantum Correlation (HMQC) and Heteronuclear...

Author(s): Catherine N. Malele, Caroline C. Lang’at-Thoruwa, Anastasia N. Guantai and Sumesh C. Chhabra

Anti-acne activity of Achillea ‘Moonshine’ petroleum ether extract

July 2015

Achillea millefolium (yarrow) is a traditionally used plant to treat wounds. The present study was conducted to evaluate the anti-acne activity of Achillea ‘Moonshine’, a hybrid variety of Achillea. The plant was extracted in four solvents- petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, ethanol and water. These extracts were screened for anti-microbial, free radical scavenging, anti-tyrosinase,...

Author(s):   Rahul Shah, Abhishek Patel, Mamta Shah, Bela Peethambaran ,

Hepatoprotective effect of Amaranthus hypochondriacus seed extract on sodium arsenite-induced toxicity in male Wistar rats

July 2015

The hepatoprotective effect and antioxidant activity of ethanol extract of Amaranthus hypochondriacus seed (ESAH) were evaluated in sodium arsenite (SA) treated rats. Animals were divided into eight groups. The first group was used as control, group II was administered SA (2.5 mg/kg body weight). Groups III, IV and V were administered different doses of ESAH (100, 200 or 300 mg/kg b.w., respectively); groups VI, VII and...

Author(s): Pamela Eloho Akin-Idowu, Oyeronke Adunni Odunola, Michael Adedapo Gbadegesin, Ayodeji Oluwaseyi Aduloju, Solomon Aduvienane Owumi and Ayodeji Mathias Adegoke  

Synergistic activity from Hymenaea courbaril L. and Stryphnodendron adstringens (Mart.) Coville against multidrug-resistant bacteria strains

July 2015

Infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria are a problem of public health, turning the search for natural products an alternative to antibiotics of great importance. The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro antimicrobial activities of Hymenaea courbaril and Stryphnodendron adstringens against bacterial clinical isolates. The crude extracts of both vegetal species in study showed bacteriostatic...

Author(s): Álan Alex Aleixo, Vidyleison Neves Camargos, Karina Marjorie Silva Herrera, Ana Cláudia dos Santos Pereira Andrade, Michelli dos Santos, Vívian Correia Miranda, Rafaella Souza Carvalho, Juliana Teixeira de Magalhães, José Carlos de Magalhães, Luciana Alves Rodrigues dos Santos Lima and Jaqueline Maria Siqueira Ferreira  

Anti-arthritic and cytotoxic effects of methanolic extract of Ixora nigricans leaf

July 2015

This study aimed to evaluate anti-arthritic and cytotoxic effects of methanolic extract of Ixora nigricans leaf. Anti-denaturation method was performed by using bovine serum albumin (BSA) to evaluate the anti-arthritic potential. The screening of cytotoxic activity was done using brine shrimp lethality bioassay. The in vitro study on Ixora nigricans leaf showed the presence of significant anti-arthritic activity. Here,...

Author(s): Mohammad Nazmul Alam, Md. Shahrear Biozid, Ahmad Ibtehaz Chowdhury, Muhammad Moin Uddin Mazumdar, Sudipta Chowdhury and Md. Irfan Amin Chowdury

Testicular damage in Wistar rats caused by methanolic extracts of plants from the North of Mexico

July 2015

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of methanolic extract of plants from the north of Mexico, on testicular morphology and spermatic quality in Wistar rats. Methanolic extracts were orally administered to 4 experimental groups (n=6) of rat for 30 days; a control group not treated with plant extract was included. All animals were sacrificed 24 h after the last dose. Samples of testicles were...

Author(s): Rubén García Garza, Adolfo Soto Domínguez, Miguel Angel Tellez López, Nadia Denys Betancourt Martínez, Ruben Daniel Arellano Perez-Vertti, Carlos Leyva Orasma, Benjamín Serrano Gallardo and Javier Morán Martínez

Anti-inflammatory property and redox profile of the leaves extract from Morinda citrifolia L.

June 2015

Morinda citrifolia Linn (Rubiaceae), popularly known as noni, is widely used in folk medicine in the form of decoction and infusion, particularly as anti-inflammatory, depurative, anti-rheumatic and antiulcer remedy. The infusion of M. citrifolia L. leaves is used in popular medicine in Northeast of Brazil to treat inflammatory and painful diseases. The present study was designed to evaluate the antioxidant potential...

Author(s): Mairim Russo Serafini, Emiliano de Oliveira Barreto, Fabiola de Almeida Brito, João Paulo Almeida dos Santos, Bruno dos Santos Lima, Cristiani Isabel Banderó Walker, Francilene Amaral da Silva, Lucindo José Quintans-Junior, Daniel Pens Gelain and Adriano Antunes de Souza Araújo

A review of four common medicinal plants used to treat eczema

June 2015

Many medicinal plants are commonly used to treat skin diseases such as eczema, psoriasis, vitiligo, cellulitis, herpes and cancer. Herbal medicine is as old as civilization. Application of traditional herbal medicine is widespread in different regions of the world. It is more common in villages and desert areas where medical services are less accessible. Herbal treatments are generally perceived as effective and have...

Author(s): Shadi T. Zari and Talal A. Zari

Foliar bioactive compounds in Amburana cearensis (Allemao) A.C. Smith seedlings: Increase of biosynthesis using mycorrhizal technology

June 2015

Amburana cearensis (Allemao) A.C. Smith is a widely used legume by the population due to its medicinal properties. This species establish symbiosis with the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) that can increase the production of secondary metabolites, a fact which has not been clarified for this plant. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the contribution of the AMF in the production increase of foliar...

Author(s): Paula Tarcila Félix de Oliveira, Gilberto Dias Alves, Francineyde Alves da Silva and Fábio Sérgio Barbosa da Silva,

Effects of the stem barks aqueous extract of Anthocleista schweinfurthii Gilg (Loganiaceae) on acute and chronic gastric ulcers rats models

June 2015

Anthocleista schweinfurthii is used in the traditional management of gastro-duodenal ulcers; this led us to evaluate the gastro-cytoprotective and healing effects of this plant. Anti-ulcer activity of the stem barks aqueous extract of A. schweinfurthii (EAS) was evaluated using five methods: HCl/ethanol; indomethacin-HCl/ethanol; absolute ethanol; pylorus-ligated (acute gastric lesions); and acetic acid-induced chronic...

Author(s): Christophe Mezui, Frida Longo, Paul Tan, Celine Nkenfou, Ntsayo Fokou and Hamani Salou

Potential medicinal application and toxicity evaluation of extracts from bamboo plants

June 2015

Bamboo plants play a significant role in traditional Asian medicine, especially in China and Japan. Biomedical investigations on the health-benefiting effects as well as toxicity of different parts and species of bamboo have been carried out worldwide since the 1960s. This review summarizes the current scientific findings on the biological effects of bamboo-based products, and contrasts these findings with the...

Author(s): Jun Panee

Antiplatelet aggregation and cytotoxic activity of betulinic acid and its acetyl derivative from Melaleuca bracteata

June 2015

Platelet dysfunctions are implicated in cardiovascular diseases. Management of abnormal platelet aggregations with natural products is a promising approach to the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. In this study, betulinic acid (BA) isolated from Melaleuca bracteata leaf extract, and its acetyl derivative (3-β acetylbetulinic acid) (BAA) were investigated for their antiplatelet aggregation and cytotoxic...

Author(s): Foluso O. Osunsanmi, Oluwagbemiga S. Soyingbe, Idiat B. Ogunyinka, Rebamang A. Mosa  Monisola I. Ikhile, J. Catherine Ngila, Francis O. Shode and Andy R. Opoku  

Antituberculous, antimicrobial, cytotoxicity and phytochemical activity study of Piliostigma thonningii extract fractions

June 2015

World Health Organization studies have demonstrated that 80% of the world’s population depends on medicinal plants for their primary health care. This has prompted increased efforts to the adoption and integration of herbal practices in health systems. This study soughts to answer the question whether Piliostigma thonningii has antitubercular, antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic activity. Antimicrobial...

Author(s): Sospeter Ngoci Njeru, Meshack Amos Obonyo, Silas Mwaniki Ngari, Samwel Nyambati Onsarigo, John Mwaniki Njeru, and Paul Kuria Kamweru,

Studies on Chemical and Biological properties of Bryonia epigaea (Rottler)

June 2015

To investigate the phytochemical, antimicrobial and antioxidant potentials of Bryonia epigaea (Rottler). The study was performed by using various in-vitro methods such as 1, 1 Diphenyl 2 picryl hydrazyl (DPPH), and Agar well diffusion method for different concentrations of methanolic extracts. Phytochemical constituents of the three extracts (Hexane, Acetone and Methanol) were determined. Total Phenol content was...

Author(s): K. Narendra, J. Swathi, K.M. Sowjanya, K.V.N. Rathnakar Reddi, M. Maruthi Varaprasad, Ch. Padmavathi, G. Venkata Rao and A. Krishna Satya

A review on gall karkatshringi

June 2015

Karkatasringi (Pistacia integerrima) is a well known medicinal plant which belongs to the family of Anacardiaceae. The plant is indigenous to India and is found in the outer ranges of the North-Western Himalayas at an altitude of 500 to 2500 m. The different parts of the plant like leaf, bark, root and galls are reported to contain the secondary metabolites. Among them, the galls are more used in folk medicines. They...

Author(s): Kaur Barinder and Singh Saurabh

Antimicrobial activity and synergistic effects of an ethyl acetate fraction from methanol extract of Myracrodruon urundeuva bark

June 2015

This study aimed to investigate the antimicrobial action of different methanolic extract fractions from Myracrodruon urundeuva (Anacardiaceae) bark and to evaluate the interaction between the most active fraction and some commercial antibiotics. After methanolic extraction, the extract obtained was submitted to liquid/liquid fractionation using cyclohexane, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and water. All fractions showed...

Author(s): Jannyson José Braz Jandú, Luís Cláudio Nascimento da Silva, Márcia Vanusa da Silva and Maria Tereza dos Santos Correia

Refining the methods of extraction and purification of apigenin from Viola yedoensis makino

May 2015

In this study, the effects of supercritical CO2 extraction and macroporous adsorbent resin on separation and purification of apigenin were compared. A better separation and purification macroporous adsorbent resin was selected according to static adsorption and desorption results. Silica gel column chromatography and LSA-10 macroporous adsorbent resin performed better in the separation and purification procedure. The...

Author(s): Ai-wen Dong, Qi Zhuo, Xiao-ying Bu, Shen-hai Zhu and Guo-qing Wang  

Hypoglycemic activity in diabetic rats of stigmasterol and sitosterol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside isolated from Pseuderanthemum palatiferum (Nees) Radlk. leaf extract

May 2015

Two major compounds, stigmasterol (ST) and sitosterol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (SG) were isolated from Pseuderanthemum palatiferum leaf extract which is used traditionally as an antidiabetic. ST and SG at doses of 0.25 and 0.50 mg/kg were fed to diabetic rats for 21 days, and the fasting blood glucose (FBG) level and biochemical data on day 0, 4, 7, 10, 14, 17 and 21 were determined and compared with the...

Author(s): Somsak Nualkaew, Peerawit Padee, and Chusri Talubmook

Nutritional and medicinal potential of Grewia subinaequalis DC. (syn. G. asiatica.) (Phalsa)

May 2015

Grewia subinaequalis DC. (syn. G. asiatica) (Phalsa) is a food plant and can also be used as an herbal medicine for the treatment of various diseases. In traditional folklore medicine, the fruit has been used as astringent, stomachic and cooling agent. When unripe, it has been reported to alleviate inflammation and was administered in respiratory, cardiac and blood disorders, as well as in fever. Root and bark has been...

Author(s): Jyoti Sinha, Shalini Purwar, Satya Kumar Chuhan and Gyanendra Rai  

Anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory activity of a triterpene from Protorhus longifolia stem bark

May 2015

This work evaluated the anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory activity of a lanosteryl triterpene (3β-hydroxylanosta-9,24-dien-21-oic acid) isolated from Protorhus longifolia stem bark. Tail bleeding time assay was used to investigate the ex vivo anticoagulant activity. The effect of the triterpene on the thermally induced aggregation of malate dehydrogenase (MDH) and citrate synthase (CS) was studied. The...

Author(s): Rebamang A. Mosa, Thabo Ndwandwe, Nontando F. Cele and Andy R. Opoku  

Evaluation of extract from leaves of Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess. (Clusiaceae) using micronucleus assay in mouse bone-marrow cells

May 2015

This study evaluated the chomosomal damage potential of the extract from leaves of Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess. (Clusiaceae) in mouse bone-marrow cells. The extract was analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to assess the concentration of coumarin (-) mammea A/BB, a compound with antileishmanial activity. The chromosomal damage potential of the extract was evaluated by the micronucleus test in...

Author(s): Lilian Lucy dos Santos, Mislaine Adriana Brenzan, Paula Akemi Honda, Roberto Barbosa Bazotte, Carlos Eduardo Oliveira, Mirian Ueda Yamaguchi, Lucia Elaine Ranieri Cortez and Diógenes Aparício Garcia Cortez

The effect of light quality, temperature and substrate on seed germination and epicotyl development of Carapa guianensis, a multi-use neotropical tree

May 2015

The neotropical tree Carapa guianensis has several economic and medicinal applications, and is valued for both the high-quality oil extracted from its seeds and its mahogany-like wood. Recruitment and expansion of C. guianensis depend mainly on sexual reproduction. However, germination conditions for C. guianensis are poorly studied. This makes the understanding of its germination requirements vital for conservation and...

Author(s): Larisse Lobo de Oliveira and Andrea Furtado Macedo,  

Anti-carcinogenic effects of ethanolic extracts from root and shoot of Lupinus angustifolius on breast carcinoma cell lines MCF-7 and BT20

May 2015

The identification of medicinal plants and derived natural products for development as anti-cancer agents is of long standing interest. We have investigated the anti-proliferative properties of Lupinus angustifolius on breast cancer and, in particular, whether the extracts of roots and shoots of L. angustifolius can be considered as candidates for primary and secondary cancer prevention. Ethanolic extracts of roots and...

Author(s): Stapel, J., Oppermann, C., Richter, D. U., Ruth, W. and Briese, V.  

Antioxidant activity, total phenolic and flavonoids contents in Stachytarpheta cayennensis, (Rich.) Vahl. (Verbenaceae)

May 2015

In recent years, a substantial amount of evidence has pointed to the key role of free radicals and other oxidants as the main culprits for aging and degenerative diseases associated with aging, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, cataract, decline of the immune system and brain dysfunctions. The objective of this work was therefore to detect variations in total phenol and flavonoid content, and in the antioxidant...

Author(s): Sideney Becker Onofre , Zípora M. Q. Santos, Francini Y. Kagimura and Shaiana P. Mattiello

GC-MS analysis of esterified fatty acids obtained from leaves of wild and cultivated specimens of Leonotis nepetifolia

April 2015

Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R. Br. is an African bush that belongs to the Lamiaceae family which was introduced as ornamental plant in all the continents. In Brazil, the plant is known as “cordão de são francisco” or “cordão de frade”. The plant has a traditional use in folk medicine for the treatment of some human diseases. In this study, it was realized for the first time,...

Author(s): Ana Paula de Oliveira, Amanda Leite Guimarães, Edigênia Cavalcante da Cruz Araújo, Izabel Cristina Casanova Turatti, Norberto Peporine Lopes and Jackson Roberto Guedes da Silva Almeida  

Flavonoids from the rhizomes of Elephantorrhiza elephantina and Pentanisia prunelloides

April 2015

This paper is reports on the isolation of flavonoid compounds from two medicinal plant species that are widely used in Southern Africa, Elephantorrhiza elephantina and Pentanisia prunelloides which belong to families Fabaceae and Rubiaceae, respectively.  The identification and comparative analysis of flavonoids in E. elephantina and P. prunelloides as well as the structural elucidation of flavonoids were performed...

Author(s): S. J. Mpofu, T. A. M. Msagati and R. W. M. Krause  

Effect of different water regimes and organic manures on indole acetic acid (IAA), oxidase activity, leaf area, light transmission ratio, chlorophyll stability index, relative water content and yield attributes of noni (Morinda citrifolia L.)

April 2015

An experiment was conducted at Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Periyakulam in split plot design with irrigation regimes on main plot (four levels) and organic manures on sub plot (eight levels) with two replications. Among the different treatment combinations, M2S4 (100% WRc through drip irrigation + 50% farmyard manure + 50% vermicompost) exhibited superior performance...

Author(s): S. Muthu Kumar and V. Ponnuswami  

Traditional medicinal plants used by Kunama ethnic group in Northern Ethiopia

April 2015

Utilization of medicinal plants is almost as old as the history of mankind. Semi-structured interview, guided field walk, group discussion and market survey were used to collect ethnobotanical data in Tahitay Adiyabo and Kafta Humera districts in northern Ethiopia. A total of 47 informants (30 males and 17 females) were selected purposefully from three sub-districts: Lemlem (n = 27), Adi-Goshu (n = 10) and Hilet-Coca (n...

Author(s): Meaza Gidey, Tadesse Beyene, Maria Adele Signorini, Piero Bruschi and Gidey Yirga

Haematological parameters, semen characteristics and sperm morphology of male albino rat (wistar strain) treated with Aloe vera gel

April 2015

Haemograms, semen characteristics and sperm morphology of the male albino rat (wistar strain) treated with Aloe vera gel was studied. A. vera gel has been widely used for both medicinal and non-medicinal purposes. Fifteen male clinically healthy albino rats weighing between 0.15 to 0.24 kg and 16 to 20 weeks of age were randomly assigned to three groups A, B and C. Groups A and B were the experimental groups while Group...

Author(s): Matthew Olugbenga Oyeyemi and Olumide Samuel Ajani

Antioxidant and α-amylase inhibition activities in vitro of various solvent extracts of Thymus schimperi Ronniger

April 2015

Thymus schimperi Ronniger is a wild endemic herb to Ethiopia, and is traditionally used as food flavoring, preservative as well as medicinal ingredient. This paper reports the total phenolic and flavonoid contents, antioxidant capacity and α-amylase inhibition activity of various solvent extracts of the dried leaves. The acetone extracts contained the highest total phenolic content (122.0±11.6 mg GAE/g)....

Author(s): Engeda Dessalegn, Geremew Bultosa, Gulelat Desse Haki and H. P. Vasantha Rupasinghe

Isolation and characterization of filaricidal compounds from the stem bark of Voacanga africana, a plant used in the traditional treatment of onchocerciasis in Cameroon

April 2015

This study was carried out to isolate active ingredients from Voacanga africana Stapf (Apocynaceae) used as herbal medicine in Cameroon, and also to assess the efficacy of the compounds on Onchocerca ochengi and Loa loa worms. The compounds were isolated using solvent partitioning, column chromatography and fractional crystallization. The O. ochengi worms were isolated from cow skin while Loa loa was isolated from...

Author(s): Smith Babiaka Borakaeyabe, James Ajeck Mbah, Fidelis Cho-Ngwa, Jonathan Alunge Metuge, and Simon Mbua Ngale Efange,  

Identification of phenolic compounds by high performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (HPLC/MS) and in vitro evaluation of the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Ceratonia siliqua leaves extracts

April 2015

Ceratonia siliqua is a typical plant of the Mediterranean area, which is mainly used as animal and human food and in folk medicine for treating some diseases such as antidiarrheal and diuretic. The present study was planned to evaluate the potential of antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of C. siliqua leaves extract and the identification of bioactive compounds by high performance liquid chromatography/mass...

Author(s): Anis Ben Hsouna, Mohamed Trigui, Raoudha Mezghani Jarraya, Mohamed Damak and Samir Jaoua

Effects of 1.8-cineole (eucalyptol) on the spontaneous contractile activity of smooth muscles fibre

April 2015

Eucalyptus oil is frequently used in phytotherapy. The objective of the present paper was to investigate to what extent 1.8-cineole influences the activity of smooth muscle fibres. The effects of 1.8-cineole on the spontaneous contractile activity were investigated in in vitro experiments with circular smooth muscle fibres of guinea pig stomach. 1.8-cineole was found to have agonistic effects on the a1 and a2 adrenergic...

Author(s): Sagorchev Plamen, Lukanov Julian and Beer André-Michael

Morelloflavone and its semisynthetic derivatives as potential novel inhibitors of cysteine and serine proteases

April 2015

This article reports the three biflavonoids isolated from the fruit pericarp of Garcinia brasiliensis Mart. (Clusiaceae): Morelloflavone-4```-glycoside (compound 1), (±)-Fukugiside (compound 2), and Morelloflavone (compound 3). Structural modifications by acylation and alkylation reactions were performed on the natural biflavonoid (±) morelloflavone to obtain three semisynthetic compounds:...

Author(s): Vanessa Silva Gontijo, Jaqueline Pereira Januário, Wagner Alves de Souza Júdice, Alyne Alexandrino Antunes, Ingridy Ribeiro Cabral, Diego Magno Assis, Maria Aparecida Juliano, Ihosvany Camps, Marcos José Marques, Claudio Viegas Junior and Marcelo Henrique dos Santos

One-pot synthesis of potential antioxidant agents, 3-carboxylate coumarin derivatives

April 2015

A simple and efficient route to synthesize 3-carboxylate coumarin derivatives through three-component one-pot reaction in a single step has been recommended. This method provides a direct and rapid access to get 3-carboxylate coumarin derivatives. The structures of these synthetic products were identified and the antioxidant activities were tested by inhibiting DPPH· and ·OH radicals capacities. The data...

Author(s): Lijuan Han, Bing Huang, Zhiwei Xiong and Chunyan Yan  

Antioxidant and cytotoxic activity of black and green tea from Vaccinium meridionale Swartz leaves

April 2015

Tea is a beverage made from leaves with high contents of polyphenolic substances that vary based on the process they are subjected to. In this study, the apical and young leaves from Vaccinium meridionale (named mortiño) were processed to obtain two kinds of tea: green and black tea. This was done in order to compare their antioxidant activity, content of secondary metabolites at different temperatures of...

Author(s): Isabel Cristina Zapata-Vahos, Verónica Villacorta, María Elena Maldonado, Dagoberto Castro-Restrepo and Benjamín Rojano  

Antioxidant capacity of different African seeds and vegetables and correlation with the contents of ascorbic acid, phenolics and flavonoids

April 2015

The antioxidant capacity of 2 African seeds and 8 vegetables were analyzed using ferric reducing antioxidant power assay (FRAP assay) after water and acetone extractions. The contents of ascorbic acid, phenolics and flavonoids were determined and their correlations with FRAP value were investigated. The results showed that Vernonia amygdalina was stronger (4.84 mM/100 g dry weight (DW)) than other vegetables analyzed in...

Author(s): Edet E. E., Ofem J. E., Igile G. O., Ofem O. E., Zainab D. B. and Akwaowo G.  

Effect of Commiphora swynnertonii resin extract on various physiological parameters in chickens

April 2015

In the current study, various haematological and biochemical parameters of chickens were evaluated following an oral administration of resin extract from Commiphora swynnertonii. Sixty chickens (8 months old) were randomly assigned into 5 groups (n=12): G1 served as a negative control, that is, chickens received normal saline only, while G2 to G5 chickens were given different doses of the resin extract orally for 14...

Author(s): Bakari G. G., Max R. A., Mdegela H. R., Pereka A. E., Phiri E. C. J. and Mtambo M. M. A.  

Evaluation of antibacterial activity and modulatory effect of the hexane fraction from methanol extract of Cordia verbenacea DC leaves

March 2015

Medicinal plants have been used since the beginning of civilization, and even today, it is still widely used mainly due to the lack of necessary information on their physical and chemical components. Cordia verbenacea DC is a typical plant of the Brazilian coast, popularly known as "grass whaling" and is mainly used as antimicrobial agents, anti - inflammatory and analgesic. This study was conducted in order...

Author(s): ALVES Erivania Ferreira, SANTOS Beatriz Sousa, COUTINHO Henrique Douglas Melo, AGUIAR José Junior dos Santos,COSTA José Galberto Martins and MATIAS Edinardo Fagner Ferreira

Hepatoprotective medicinal plants used by the Gond and Bhill tribals of District Raisen Madhya Pradesh, India

March 2015

The ethnobotanical survey of the medicinal plants used in the management of jaundice (hepatic disorder) was carried out in the District Raisen of Madhya Pradesh. The herbalists, herb sellers and traditionalists were interviewed by the administration of questionnaires. Floristically, the area is placed in Malwa plateau region of Madhya Pradesh. Aims of the study were to document the medicinal plant resources and their...

Author(s): Zahoor Ahmad Lone, Yaqoob Lone, Shaukat Saeed Khan, Aijaz Ahmad Wani and Mohd Imran Reshi

Anti-inflammatory effects of Portulaca oleracea L. on the LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells

March 2015

Portulaca oleracea L. (Portulacaceae) has been widely used as a folk medicine in many countries. The present study investigated the effects of aqueous extract of P. oleracea (PO) on pro-inflammatory mediators secreted from lipopolysaccharide (LPS) - activated macrophage cells (RAW 264.7) as an established inflammation model. The reference drug indomethacin was used for comparison purpose. PO did not show cytotoxic...

Author(s): Young-Ock Kim, Sang-Won Lee, Sae Won Na, Hye Ran Park and Eun Suk Son  

Content and chemical composition of the essential oil from Byrsonima verbascifolia Rich. ex a. Juss. collected in different seasons and times of day

March 2015

Certain factors may influence the special metabolite production in plants. Leaves of Byrsonima verbascifolia (MALPIGHIACEAE) were collected during different seasons and times of day, to determine the concentration and chemical composition of volatile oils. Chemical analysis indicated that oxygenated sesquiterpenes were the most concentrated, and oxygenated monoterpenes were the least concentrated. The primary components...

Author(s): Henrique Antônio de Oliveira Lourenço, Juliana de Fátima Sales, Fabiano Guimarães Silva, Nathália Lopes Ribeiro, Jéssica Leal de Freitas e Souza and Paulo Sérgio Pereira  

Note on somatic embryogenesis and synthetic seed production in Angelica glauca: A valuable medicinal plant of Himalaya

March 2015

This is the first report of somatic embryogenesis and synthetic seed production in Angelica glauca, a valuable medicinal plant of Himalaya. Somatic embryogenesis protocol was developed using leaf explants from newly sprouted rhizomes. Mature leaf explants were inoculated in Murishige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 3 µM 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) induced 86% callus. Calli (0.5 g) subcultured...

Author(s): Anil Kumar Bisht, Arvind Bhatt and U. Dhar  

Acute toxicity and histopathological assessment of methanol extract of Cleome viscosa (Linn.) whole plant.

March 2015

Cleome viscosa Linn (Cleomaceae) is a medicinal plant used widely in Nigeria for the management of various ailments.  This research appraised the toxic potential of the plant with a view to validating or contesting its safety. Acute oral toxicity of the methanolic whole plant extract of Cleome viscosa was evaluated in mice using modified Lorke’s method. Signs accompanying toxicity and possible death of...

Author(s): Taiwo O. Elufioye and Joel O. Onoja

In vitro antimicrobial activity of “Antibact”, an herbal medicinal product against standard and clinical bacterial isolates

March 2015

In vitro antimicrobial activities of ethanol and aqueous “Antibact”, herbal products consisting of a combination of the leaves and branches of four different plants were evaluated against twenty one pathogenic bacteria. Saponins, reducing sugars, phenolics, polyuronides, and triterpenes were the major phyto-constituents of both the aqueous and ethanol “Antibact”. The LD50 analysis revealed the...

Author(s): Felix Charles Mills-Robertson, Cynthia Igbukolu Onyeka , Samuel Crowther Kofi Tay and Williams Walana  

Antimicrobial activity of Thymus schimperi Ronninger (Lamiaceae) against standard and clinical isolates of human pathogenic bacteria

March 2015

Thymus schimperi Ronninger (Lamiaceae) locally known as Tosign, is a multipurpose endemic plant that has been used for various remedies as constituents of traditional medicine in Ethiopia. The objective of this study is to evaluate antibacterial activity of water, ethanol, methanol and chloroform extracts of T. schimperi using agar well diffusion and broth dilution methods against human pathogenic bacterial strains....

Author(s): Abreham Bekele, Rahel Abera, Taye Mebratu, Workabebe Dessie, Awokech Getu, Birtukan Getnet

Systematic significance and pharmaceutical potentials of trichomes in accessions of Sesamum indicum L. Pedaliaceae

March 2015

Fresh leaves of twelve accessions of Sesamum indicum were collected after 12 weeks of planting and morphological-histology of trichomes were studied. These features may be used for the delimitation and determination of pharmaceutical potentials of the accessions. These accessions were found to exhibit high degree of heterogeneity in their trichome features. Nine types of trichomes were observed: unicellular, glandular...

Author(s): Daniel Andrawus Zhigila, Fatima BJ Sawa and Suleiman D. Abdul  

Assessment of antioxidant capacity of ethanolic extract of Portulaca oleracea leaves in vitro and in vivo

March 2015

The purpose of the present study was to prepare ethanol extract of Portulaca oleracea L. leaves (PLE) that is rich in phenolic compounds and investigate there in vitro and in vivo antioxidative activities using ethanol to induce oxidative stress in the liver. This study includes two phases. The first phase includes assessment of antioxidant capacity in vitro using 1,1- Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay and...

Author(s): Hefnawy Taha and Ali Osman

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