Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3672

JMPR Articles

Influence of extraction method on antibacterial activity of ethanolic extracts of Ocimum gratissimum L.

February 2015

The aim of this study was to define whether novel extraction methods such as microwave and ultrasound could obtain the most effective ethanolic extracts of Ocimum gratissimum as antibacterial agents. These extracts were compared with respect to extractive yield, eugenol content, antibacterial activity and brine-shrimp (Artemia salina) toxicity with extracts obtained by the classical procedures of maceration and Soxhlet....

Author(s): Lenise de Lima Silva, Clarissa Giesel Heldwein, Luiz Gustavo Brenner Reetz, Rosmari Hörner, Diogo Pompéu de Moraes, Fábio Andrei Duarte, Érico Marlon de Moraes Flores, Renato Zanella, Ana Maria Soares Pereira and Berta Maria Heinzmann,  

Identification of flavonol glycosides and in vitro photoprotective and antioxidant activities of Triplaris gardneriana Wedd

February 2015

Triplaris gardneriana belongs to the family Polygonaceae, known for producing a number of biologically important molecules. The present study was aimed at identifying and quantify its total flavonoid content and determining the antioxidant and photoprotective potential of the plant’s leaves. The flavonoids present in the extract and fractions were analyzed using Liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry...

Author(s): Macedo Sandra Kelle Souza, Almeida Tamires dos Santos, Ferraz Christiane Adrielly Alves, Oliveira Ana Paula, Anjos Victor Hugo Almeida, Siqueira Filho José Alves, Araújo Edigênia Cavalcante da Cruz, Almeida Jackson Roberto Guedes da Silva, Silva Naiane Darklei Santos and Nunes Xirley Pereira  

Pharmaco-toxic characterization of the aqueous extract from Pereskia grandifolia leaves

February 2015

Medicinal plants are rich sources of bioactive compounds with potential for therapeutic, cosmetic and food use, and the species Pereskia grandifolia is widely used by low-income populations for nutritional and medicinal purposes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the pharmaco-toxic potential of the aqueous extract from P. grandifolia leaves, in order to obtain information on the safety of its use. P....

Author(s): Anderson Assaid Simão, Angelita Duarte corrêa, Thaís Cristina Lima de Carvalho, Pedro Henrique Souza Cesar, Carlos Henrique de Moura Oliveira and Silvana Marcussi  

Assessment of the genotoxic and antigenotoxic potential of crude extracts and fractions of Schwartzia brasiliensis (Choisy) Bedell ex Giraldo-Cañas

February 2015

Schwartzia brasiliensis (Marcgraviaceae) is a native Brazilian shrub species with neotropical distribution in shoal environments. Recent studies have revealed its medicinal potential for some human diseases; therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the genotoxic and antigenotoxic potential of extracts and fractions obtained from different organs of S. brasiliensis. To accomplish this, plant extracts at different...

Author(s): Mello G. S., De Mattos J. C. P., Amaral A. C. F., Amorim L. M. F., Caldeira-de-Araujo A. and Albarello N.

Ethnobotanical survey and in vitro antiplasmodial activity of medicinal plants used to treat malaria in Kagera and Lindi regions, Tanzania

February 2015

Tanzania has over 12,000 plant species, some of which are endemic and have potential to yield useful medicines. This study seeks to document such plants used as traditional medicines for treatment of malaria in Kagera region of northwestern Tanzania and Lindi region in south eastern Tanzania. The study also reports on the antiplasmodial activity against chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum (Dd2) strain of some of...

Author(s): Ramadhani S.O. Nondo, Denis Zofou, Mainen J. Moshi, Paul Erasto, Samuel Wanji, Moses N. Ngemenya, Vincent P.K. Titanji, Abdul W. Kidukuli and Pax J. Masimba  

Comparative studies between the chemical constituents and biological properties of the extracts from the leaves and barks of Myracrodruon urundeuva Fr. All.

February 2015

The present study describes the comparation between the chemical constituents and biological properties of leaves and barks of Myracrodruon urundeuva for proposing the medicinal use of the plant from leaves, avoiding the degradation by remotion of the barks. The results of chromatographic profile of the hydroalcoholic extracts and fractions of leaves and barks showed similarities in the composition of the...

Author(s): Bárbara Caroline Ferreira Mota, Vanessa de Andrade Royo, Jaciara Maria Soares Fonseca, Ariadna Conceição dos Santos, Afrânio Farias de Melo Júnior, Elytânia Veiga Menezes, Viviane Rodrigues Esperandim and Rosangela da Silva Laurentiz  

The effect of growth regulators on two different in vitro-cultured explants of Carapa guianensis

February 2015

Carapa guianensis Aubl. (Meliaceae), known locally as andiroba, is a multi-use species from Amazonia. Andiroba oil is considered an important natural product in the Brazilian market, and international demand is increasing due to its cosmetic and pharmaceutical potential. C. guianensis trees produce seed irregularly over different harvest periods, leading to inconsistent oil production and difficulties with supply. No...

Author(s): Larisse Lobo de Oliveira, Anaíze Borges Henriques, Andrea Furtado Macedo,  

Antioxidant evaluations of polar and non-polar fractions of Cajanus cajan seeds

February 2015

Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp., named Arhar in Hindi and Pigeon pea in English, is an important grain crop of rain-fed agriculture in semi-arid tropics, belonging to family Leguminosae. It is a food and a forage crop, rich in proteins with amino acids like methionine, lysine and tryptophan. Extensive studies on chemical composition of C. cajan have been done during last few decades. This article presents an overview of...

Author(s): Raisa Khanum, Farhana Mazhar and Muhammad Jahangir

Light spectra affect the morphoanatomical and chemical features of clonal Phyllanthus tenellus Roxb. grown in vitro

February 2015

Phyllanthus tenellus Roxb. is a widely distributed tropical medicinal plant and highly valued for its therapeutic properties. Since variable light conditions can significantly alter phenolic compounds that are the main therapeutic constituents of P. tenellus, including tannins and flavonoids, the development of this plant and its chemical metabolism in response to different light spectra were investigated. To accomplish...

Author(s): Cristiane Pimentel Victório, Marcos Vinicius Leal-Costa, Eliana Schwartz Tavares, Ricardo Machado Kuster and Celso Luiz Salgueiro Lage,  

Effect of Ginkgo biloba extract on sperm quality, serum testosterone concentration and histometric analysis of testes from adult Wistar rats

February 2015

Ginkgo biloba extract is a widely consumed phytotherapic used mainly in the treatment of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, and it has also been employed to treat erectile dysfunction and as an aphrodisiac. This work was aimed at evaluating its effect on sperm quality, serum testosterone concentration and on the histometric analysis of the testes from adult male Wistar rats. Three-month-old Wistar rats were treated...

Author(s): Leonardo Toshio Oshio, Cláudia Cristina Teixeira Ribeiro, Renato Macedo Marques, Martha de Oliveira Guerra, Sérgio Luis Pinto da Matta, João Evangelista de Paula Reis, Rita de Cássia da Silveira e Sá, Leandro Vespoli Campos  and Vera Maria Peters  

In vitro and in vivo evaluation of quinones from Auxemma oncocalyx Taub. on Leishmania braziliensis

February 2015

The effect of a quinone fraction (QF) isolated from the heartwood of Auxemma oncocalyx Taub. was investigated in vitro and in vivo on Leishmania braziliensis. Although QF (1-10 μg/mL) showing marked in vitro anti-Leishmania activity (81 to 94%), the oral treatment with the compound did not protect hamsters against progressive L. braziliensis infection. When QF was administered intraperitoneally (20 mg/kg) the lesion...

Author(s): Sayonara de Melo Viana, Maria Augusta D. Ferreira, Priscila Valera Guerra, Glauce S. Barros Viana and Maria Jania Teixeira  

Libidibia ferrea (Mart. ex Tul.) L. P. Queiroz: A review of the biological activities and phytochemical composition

February 2015

Libidibia ferrea (Mart. ex Tul.) L. P. Queiroz is a medicinal plant widely known in Brazil as “jucá” or “pauferro” that belongs to the Fabaceae family. The species is native to Brazil and is mainly found in the North and Northeastern regions. It has been studied for its biological activities and chemical composition. Scientific literature has reported that this species contains different...

Author(s): Magda Rhayanny Assunção Ferreira, and Luiz Alberto Lira Soares,  

Evaluation of membrane stabilizing, anthelmintic, antioxidant activity with phytochemical screening of methanolic extract of Neolamarckia cadamba fruits

February 2015

The current study was directed on methanolic extract of Neolamarckia cadamba fruits, belonging to the family Rubiaceae, to reveal the possible phytochemicals existence and also to evaluate the membrane stabilizing, anthelmintic, antioxidant properties. To estimate the membrane stabilizing activity, both heat and hypotonic solution induced haemolysis techniques were used. The anthelmintic test was conducted on earthworm...

Author(s): Tairin Islam, Abhijit Das, Kumar Bishawjit Shill, Palash Karmakar, Shafiul Islam and Mohammad Mafruhi Sattar  

Antioxidant activity and total phenolic contents of some date varieties from Saravan Region, Baluchistan, Iran

January 2015

In this study, fruits of six soft cultivars of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) commonly grown in Saravan (Sistan and Baluchistan province) were analysed for their antioxidant activities using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) methods. As well, total phenolic contents were evaluated by Folin-Ciocalteu reagent. The antioxidant power of fruits was in range of 236.82 to...

Author(s): Zahra Sadeghi, Jafar Valizadeh and Omid Azizian Shermeh  

Pharmacognostic analyses and evaluation of the in vitro antimicrobial activity of Acmella oleracea (L.) RK Jansen (Jambu) floral extract and fractions

January 2015

Acmella oleracea (L) RK Jansen is a typical plant species of Northern Brazil, used in gastronomy and in the Amazonian folk medicine of Para State as analgesic, to treat diseases of the mouth and throat. In industry, extracts of this genus have been used in oral hygiene products and in food compositions, as refreshing and flavoring agent, and is also used in cosmetics and toiletry. This paper reports the pharmacognostic...

Author(s): Bianca Nascimento de Alcantara, Yuri Teichi Kobayashi, Karla Fabiana Barroso, Ianna Dias Ribeiro da Silva, Milton Begeres de Almeida and Wagner Luiz Ramos Barbosa  

Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Blumea lanceolaria (Roxb.)

January 2015

Medicinal plants are being used for the treatment of several ailments by the local tribes in Mizoram, North East India. The present study was focused to analyze the antibacterial and antioxidant activities of a widely used traditional medicinal plant, Blumea lanceolaria. Total phenol content was found to be high in the ethanolic extract of leaf (33.91 mg GAE/g DW) in comparison to root and stem of the plant. Reducing...

Author(s): Vineet Kumar Mishra, Ajit Kumar Passari, K. Vanlalhmangaihi, Nachimuthu Senthil Kumar and Bhim Pratap Singh

Antitermitic activity of plant essential oils and their major constituentsagainst termite Heterotermes sulcatus (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae)

January 2015

Termiticide potential of six plant derived essential oils and their thirteen major active chemical constituents were investigated for their termiticidal activities against the termites, Heterotermes sulcatus Mathews 1977 (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) using no-choice bioassay method. Responses varied with different plant essential oils and their major chemical constituents at a fixed oil concentration. Among the essential...

Author(s): Mayra L. S. Almeida, Angélica S. Oliveira, Allane A. Rodrigues, Gabriel S. Carvalho, Luciana B. Silva, João H. G. Lago and Fabiana E. Casarin,  

Anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory properties of fractions from Sargentodoxa cuneata ethanol extract

January 2015

Sargentodoxa cuneata is widely used in the treatment of rheumatic arthritis in China. This study was conducted to investigate the anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory activities of the ethanol extracts from S. cuneata and analyze the bioactive constituents. The ethyl acetate (ESCe), dichloromethane (ESCd) and aqueous (ESCa) fractions at a dose of 200 mg/kg significantly inhibited mice ear edema. Furthermore, the ethyl...

Author(s): Ruili Ma, Huifang Sun, Jian Tang#, Opeyemi Olatunji, Rong Zhang, Aun Raza Zhaoliang Su, Fusheng Wang, Zhen Ouyang and Huaxi Xu  

Antimicrobial, insecticidal, and antioxidant activity of essential oil and extracts of Guarea kunthiana A. Juss

January 2015

The goal of this study was to assess the antimicrobial activity of the essential oil and aqueous, alcoholic, and ethyl acetate extracts of Guarea kunthiana A. Juss against ten Salmonella serotypes from poultry origin (Enteritidis, Infantis, Typhimurium, Heidelberg, Mbandaka, Give, Saintpaul, Ohio, Gallinarum, and Agona); the insecticidal potential of the oil and extracts against larvae and adults of Alphitobius...

Author(s): Jessica Angela Pandini, Fabiana Gisele da Silva Pinto, Mayara Camila Scur, Luís Francisco Angeli Alves and Claudecir Castilho Martins  

Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of ethanolic extracts of kolanut (Cola nitida) (vent) and its toxicity studies in rats

January 2015

In this study, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) was used to analyse the isolated caffeine from kolanut and deternine the acute and chronic toxicity of the extract and the isolated caffeine. In chronic toxicity test, rats were divided into five groups (10 rats per group). Each rat was administered with normal saline (control group), crude kolanut extract (11.9 mg/kg), isolated caffeine (7.5 mg/kg), synthetic...

Author(s): Salahdeen, H. M., Omoaghe, A. O., Isehunwa, G. O., Murtala, B. A. and Alada, A. R. A.  

Erectile dysfunction: Definition and materia medica of Bapedi traditional healers in Limpopo province, South Africa

January 2015

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a neurovascular event modulated by various factors impacting on the physiological functioning of the penile tissue. Interest in therapeutic substances of plant origin, used to treat ED, has progressively increased in the last decades. This ethnobotanical study on Bapedi aphrodisiacs was undertaken during 2010/2011 to document the floral diversity, species utilization, extract preparation and...

Author(s): Lourens Johannes Christoffel Erasmus, Marthienus Johannes Potgieter and Sebua Silas Semenya

Some alkaloids and flavonoids from Cissampelos capensis

January 2015

Following the screening of several plant species from an inventory of common medicinal plants from South Africa for medicinal properties, Cissampelos capensis was selected for further investigation due to its interesting and useful ethnomedicinal properties. This study attempts to relate specific constituents present in this plant with its widespread ethnomedicinal uses. Six compounds were isolated and their structures...

Author(s): Jelili Olalekan Babajide, Wilfred Thozamile Mabusela, and Ivan Robert Green  

In vivo TNF-α and IL-1β inhibitory activity of phenolics isolated from Trachelospermum jasminoides (Lindl.) Lem

January 2015

A bio-guided fractionation of the defatted ethanolic extract (DEE) of the aerial parts of Trachelospermum jasminoides and its fractions: ethyl acetate fraction (EAF), chloroform fraction (CF) and n-butanol fraction (BF) were carried out, using carragenan induced rat paw edema method, to evaluate the in vivo acute anti-inflammatory potential at a given dose of 100 mg/kg body weight compared to indomethacin (20 mg/kg body...

Author(s): Maha Salama, Seham El-Hawary, Ola Mousa, Noha El- Askary and Ahmed Esmat  

Antifungal activity of the aqueous extract of Stachytarpheta cayennensis, (Rich.) Vahl. (Verbenaceae), on oral candida species

January 2015

The objective of this study was to evaluate the antifungal activity of the aqueous extract of the leaves of the "verbena" (gervão roxo) Stachytarpheta cayennensis, (Rich.) Vahl. (Verbenaceae), by determining the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) on different species and strains of the genus Candida. In this study, the species Candida albicans, Candida...

Author(s): Sideney Becker Onofre, Zípora Morgana Quinteiro dos Santos, Francini Yumi Kagimura and Shaiana Paula Mattiello

Anti inflammatory properties of the root tubers of Gloriosa superba and its conservation through micropropagation

January 2015

Gloriosa superba L. (Liliaceae) is an important medicinal herb of Asia and Africa. The plant is used to cure ulcers, piles, cancer, gout, scrofula and act as abortifacient, anthelmintic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory drug. The main aim of the proposed work is to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of G. superba and also conserve the same plant through the in vitro propagation. The anti-inflammatory activity was...

Author(s): Nikhila, G. S., Sangeetha, G. and T. S. Swapna

Compact callus cultures and evaluation of the antioxidant activity of Hovenia dulcis Thunb. (Rhamnaceae) under in vivo and in vitro culture conditions

January 2015

Plant biotechnology enables the production of biomass under controlled conditions, providing the synthesis of raw material in a continuous and homogeneous way. The aim of the present study was to establish Hovenia dulcis callus cultures and to evaluate their antioxidant potential in comparison with wild grown and in vitro plants. The best results for compact calli were obtained with the supplementation of...

Author(s): Ivan Gonçalves Ribeiro, Carlos Roberto Machado Gayer, Tatiana Carvalho de Castro, Marsen Garcia Pinto Coelho and Norma Albarello  

In vitro antibacterial action on methicillin-susceptible (MSSA) and methicillin-resistant (MRSA) Staphylococcus aureus and antitumor potential of Mauritia flexuosa L. f.

December 2014

Mauritia flexuosa L.f. (Arecaceae), commonly known as the buriti palm, is used in traditional medicine in Brazil. Oil from fruits is used for wound healing of skin burns and as an anti rheumatic agent. The stem pith is used to treat dysentery and diarrhea. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro antibacterial and cytotoxic activities of M. flexuosa L.f. extracts and fractions. Crude ethanol extracts (EtOH)...

Author(s): Ezequias Pessoa de Siqueira, Anderson Assunção Andrade, Elaine Maria de Souza-Fagundes, Jonas Pereira Ramos, Markus Kohlhoff, Yule Roberta Ferreira Nunes, Maria das Dores Magalhães Veloso, Fernanda Fraga Campos, Susana Johann, Tânia Maria de Almeida Alves, Carlos Leomar Zani and Betania Barros Cota

Ethnobotanical and pharmacological properties of Aloe vera: A review

December 2014

Aloe vera belongs to the family of Alliaceae commonly known as Ghrit Kumari which is a popular medicinal plant. It has been used for centuries for its curative and therapeutic potential. More than 200 active ingredients of medical importance have been isolated from its inner gel. A. vera is rich in anthraquinones, vitamins, minerals, enzymes, amino acids, natural sugars and fatty acids. It has been used for an array of...

Author(s): Sandeep Kumar and J.P. Yadav

Promoting nursery enterprise in high altitude villages: A participatory approach for conservation and commercialization of Himalayan threatened medicinal plants

December 2014

Conservation of threatened species through cultivation is anticipated to be helpful in sustainable supply of raw material of high value Himalayan medicinal plants. However, adequate production of planting material of medicinal plants is essential for promoting mass scale cultivation of potential species and also, it can be a profitable enterprise for rural communities. Utilization of traditional agro-ecological...

Author(s): Chandra P. Kuniyal, Vijay P. Bhatt , Jitendra S. Butola, and Rakesh C. Sundriyal,  

Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of Lantana radula Swartz and its phenylethanoid glycosides

December 2014

Many species from the genus Lantana (Verbenaceae) have been used in traditional medicine, and their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities demonstrated. Lantana radula Swartz has been reported to be rich in phenylethanoid glycosides, which have various biological properties. In order to evaluate the actions of this plant, studies were performed on anti-inflammatory activity of the aqueous phase resulting from the...

Author(s): Marconi Rego Barros-Junior, Renata Ribeiro Marinho, Jandson de Souza Santos, Cliomar Alves dos Santos, José Guedes de Sena-Filho, Roberta Pereira Miranda Fernandes and Sara Maria Thomazzi

Ethnobotanical survey of some threatened medicinal plants of Kashmir Himalaya, India

December 2014

An ethnobotanical study was conducted from March, 2011 to October, 2012 to enumerate the diversity of traditionally used threatened medicinal plants in biodiversity rich temperate Himalayan ranges of Bandipora district, Kashmir, India. Ethnomedicinal data was gathered using semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions and walk-in-the-woods with local knowledgeable elders, tribals (Gujjars and Bakkerwals) and...

Author(s): Parvaiz Ahmad Lone, Ajay Kumar Bhardwaj, Kunwar Wajahat Shah and Suraya Tabasum

Inclusion of courses on phytotherapy in undergraduate curriculum of health-related courses

December 2014

Since 2006, complementary therapies, including phytotherapy, have been offered to patients in Brazil through the public health system. This indicates that health-care professionals, mainly those responsible for prescribing medications, should be prepared to provide the best information to their patients. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the inclusion of courses on phytotherapy in the undergraduate curricula of...

Author(s): Benilson Beloti Barreto and Dâmaris Silveira

Optimizing the extraction of phenolic compounds from Bixa orellana L. and effect of physicochemical conditions on its antioxidant activity

December 2014

For this work, the surface response methodology was applied in order to optimize the extraction using solvents of phenolic compounds present in Bixa orellana L. seeds through a central composite design that evaluated the effect of the factors: extraction time (36 to 60 h) and the solvent ml/g seed ratio (2/1 to 4/1), for the response variable total phenol content extracted from the seed. The levels on the factors that...

Author(s): Cindy Tatiana Sepúlveda Rincón, José Edgar Zapata Montoya, and Gelmy Luz Ciro Gómez  

Stem anatomy of cipó-caboclo (Davilla rugosa, Dillenianecae) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

December 2014

In Brazilian folk medicine, stems of Davilla rugosa, locally known as cipó-caboclo, are known for their anti-inflammatory and antiulcer uses, as well as their use as a laxative, stimulant, aphrodisiac, and tonic. The plant is also important in religious rituals. Previous studies showed that the stem contains flavonoids and terpenes. The ethnomedicinal use of D. rugosa has been reported all over Brazil. Plants of...

Author(s): Neves, M. F.,  Marques, V. V. L., de Fraga, C. N., Vieira, R. C., & Tamaio, N.

Antimicrobial act ivit y of essent ial oils obt ained from Stachytarpheta cayennensis, (Rich.) Vahl. (Verbenaceae) collect ed in the South-west region of Paraná - Brazil

December 2014

Essential oils extracted from plants are currently being used in chemical syntheses or as new materials, with various medical, pharmaceutical, technological and business applications. In this context, this study was carried out to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of the essential oil obtained from the verbena - Stachytarpheta cayennensis, (Rich.) Vahl. - (Verbenaceae) - collected in the Southwest region of...

Author(s): Onofre, S. B., Kagimura, F. Y.,  & Mattiello, S. P.  

Leaf powders utilization for Cola nitida protection against kola weevils (Balanogastris kolae and Sophrorhinus spp.) in storage

December 2014

The effectiveness of five plant species (Nicotiana tabacum L., Hyptis sauvolens Poit, Ocimum gratissimum L., Cymbopogon citrtus Stapf and Lantana camara L.) were investigated using their leaf powders at 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 g w/w as protectants of kolanuts against weevils. Nicotiana tabacum and C. citrtus suppressed the rate of Balanogastris kolae development at the treatment level of 15 g with mean adult emergence of...

Author(s): E. U. Asogwa, T. C. N. Ndubuaku, O. O. Awe and I. U. Mokwunye  

Medicinal plants used in South Ecuador for gastrointestinal problems: An evaluation of their antibacterial potential

December 2014

The present study aimed to identify the main medicinal plants used by people in Ecuador South Andes to treat gastrointestinal problems, and to evaluate their antibacterial effect.  Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp., as gram-negative and Staphylococcus aureus as gram-positive bacteria were used as in vivo models for the antibacterial screening. An ethnobotanical survey about gastrointestinal problems was applied...

Author(s): Lourdes Jerves-Andrade, Fabián León-Tamariz, Eugenia Peñaherrera, Nancy Cuzco, Vladimiro Tobar, Raffaella Ansaloni,  Louis Maes and Isabel Wilches  

Influence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on growth, mineral composition and production of essential oil in Mentha × piperita L. var. citrata (Ehrh.) Briq. under two phosphorus levels

December 2014

The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), Acaulospora morrowiae, Rhizophagus clarus and Scutellospora calospora on the growth and essential oil production of Mentha × piperita L. var. citrata plants. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse with a 5 × 2 factorial design with five mycorrhizal treatments (uninoculated control, Acaulospora morrowiae,...

Author(s): Verônica Cordeiro Silva, Patricia Alves Casaes Alves, Rosilene Aparecida de Oliveira, Raildo Mota de Jesus, Larissa Corrêa do Bomfim Costa and Eduardo Gross  

Oral Ricinus communis oil exposure at different stages of pregnancy impaired hormonal, lipids profile and histopathology of reproductive organs in Wistar rats

November 2014

Ricinus communis oil (RCO) has been used and shown to possess laxative, contraceptive, labour inducing, cosmetics and estrogenic capabilities. Despite these, there is paucity of studies on the effects of maternal RCO exposure at different stages of pregnancy. This study investigated effects of RCO exposure on maternal biochemical, hormonal and histopathology of reproductive organs. RCO was prepared by cold extraction...

Author(s): Shakiru Ademola Salami and Yinusa Raji

Effect of different concentrations of plant growth regulators on micropropagation of Lantana camara

November 2014

Lantana camara is a plant with numerous medicinal properties and belongs to Verbenaceae family. Too few studies on micropropagation of this plant exist in the literature. This study was designed and conducted to investigate the effective factors on in vitro shoot proliferation of L. camara. This experiment was conducted in Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran. In this study, nodal segments of L. camara were...

Author(s): Ehsan Naderi Samani, Zohreh Jabbarzadeh, Syrus Ghobadi and Marzieh Motamedi  

Inventory of medicinal plants of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic: A mini review

November 2014

The Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) or Laos has a long history in the use of medicinal plants, as well as in the use of traditional medicines. The Government of Laos also supports the use of medicinal plants and traditional medicines in the prevention and treatment of diseases. As a government institution, the Institute of Traditional Medicine (ITM) has carried out surveys and inventories of medicinal...

Author(s): Kongmany Sydara, Mouachanh Xayvue, Onevilay Souliya, Bethany G. Elkington, and Djaja D. Soejarto,

Basil leaf area by allometric relations

November 2014

The leaf area (LA) is a valuable measure to plant physiological studies; therefore, simple models are necessary to its determination, which may be used in many experimental comparisons. In view of the lack of studies about the estimative of basil leaf area, it becomes the objective of this study to propose models that use non-destructive measures of length (L) and/or width (W) of the leaves, to estimate the leaf area of...

Author(s): Jefferson Vieira José, Rafael Dreux Miranda Fernandes, Patricia Angélica Alves Marques, Ana Luíza Lima Ferreira, João Paulo Francisco and Sérgio Nascimento Duarte

Ethnobotanical survey and phytochemical analysis of medicinal plants used for the treatment of hyperprolactinemia in Lagos State, Nigeria

November 2014

Ethnobotanical survey and phytochemical screening of medicinal plants used for the treatment of hyperprolactinemia among women in Lagos State, Nigeria was carried out using oral interviews (without questionnaire) and standard screening procedures. Ethnomedicinal data was gathered from herb sellers, herbal medicine practitioners and elderly people in the rural parts of the state. The collected data included the names of...

Author(s): Olubunmi Josephine Sharaibi, Oluwatoyin Temitayo Ogundipe, Anthony Jide Afolayan and David Olaniran Aworinde

In vivo antimalarial activity of the crude extract and solvent fractions of the leaves of Zehenria scabra (Cucurbitaceae) against Plasmodium berghei in mice

November 2014

Zehenria scabra is among the Ethiopian folk medicine for malaria like fever and other infectious diseases. But it lacks apposite pharmacological investigation. This study aimed at evaluating the antimalarial activity and safety profile of Z. scabra. Plasmodium berghei was used for induction of malaria, kept in a refrigerator and maintained by serial passage of blood from mouse to mouse. The crude extract, chloroform and...

Author(s): Wubshet H. Tesfaye and Endalkachew A. Alamneh

Anticonceptive, estrogenic and antiestrogenic potentials of methanol extract of Garcinia kola seed in rodents

November 2014

The anticonceptive, estrogenic and antiestrogenic potential of methanolic extract of Garcinia kola seed in rodents was investigated. The anti-conceptive effect of extract showed that the extract dose-dependently protected female mice and rats from conception for two to three gestational periods. Changes observed in the length and weights of pups were not statistically significant relative to control. There were no...

Author(s): Grace Emmanuel Essien and Paul Alozie Nwafor

Contribution to the knowledge of affinities of traditional medicine of Bantu of high and low lands in the territories of Beni and Lubero

November 2014

The investigations were conducted during 2012 on the Nande Bantu ethnic majority in the villages of Beni and Lubero territories which are located in North Kivu province in the eastern part of Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Thus 6 villages in the zone of high altitude and 6 others in the zone of low altitude have been chosen randomly, by taking the farthest ones among them. Two-hundred and forty (240) persons...

Author(s): Eric Lukwamirwe Kasika, Valentin Kamabu Vasombolwa and Jean Lejoly

Traditional Tongan treatments for infections: Bioassays and ethnobotanical leads for activity

November 2014

An ethnobotanical survey of Tongan pharmacopoeia, conducted through semi-structured interviews with healers, informed the selection of twenty-six plants for antimicrobial bioassays. The parts of the plants recommended by the healers were collected and extractions were made with methanol and hexane in various concentrations, and screened against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Candida albicans using...

Author(s): Ryan D. Huish, Katherine H. Huish, Taylor J. Walker and Gajendra Shrestha  

Effects of aqueous extract of Waltheria indica leaves on blood profile of male albino rats

November 2014

This study was to investigate the effect of oral administration of aqueous extract of Waltheria indica leaf on the blood profile of male albino rats. The extract showed significantly (p < 0.01) different increase of red blood and white blood cell counts values at 400 and 800 mg/kg doses. However, the extract showed insignificant difference in packed cell volume, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular haemoglobin...

Author(s): Basiru, A. and Olayemi, F. O.

Acute toxicity, antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activity of the essential oil of fresh fruits of Piper guineense Schum & Thonn (Piperaceae) in rodents

October 2014

Piper guineense is a popular herbal medicine used to manage pains and arthritis among other indications in South-West Nigeria. Previous biological studies report anti-oxidant, anti-microbial and antidiabetic activities for the essential oil of the plant while studies on its acute toxicity profile, potential analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities were unavailable. This study investigated the antinociceptive and...

Author(s): Idris Ajayi Oyemitan, Fatmat Kolawole and Adebola Omowumi Oyedeji  

Phenolic contents and antioxidant activities in vitro of some selected Algerian plants

October 2014

In order to find new sources of natural antioxidants, the methanolic extracts of eleven Algerian medicinal plants from eight botanical families were investigated for their in vitro antioxidant activity using total antioxidant capacity (TAC), reducing power, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), hydroxyl radical scavenging and β-carotene–linoleate bleaching. The total phenolic, flavonoid and proanthocyanidin...

Author(s): Nabila Belyagoubi-Benhammou, Larbi Belyagoubi and Fawzia Atik Bekkara  

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