Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3835

JMPR Articles

Antifungal and cytotoxicity activities of Anacardium othonianum extract

August 2016

The antifungal activities of the crude ethanolic extract of Anacardium othonianum (Anacardiaceae) leaves (EE) and the n-hexane (HF), EtOAc (EF), n-BuOH (BF) and hydromethanolic (HMF) fractions were assayed against Candida albicans (ATCC 64548) and Trichophyton rubrum (Tr1). Additionally, the cytotoxicities were also evaluated against normal human lung fibroblasts (GM07492A). The EE yielded minimum inhibitory...

Author(s): Flávia Maria Lígia Marangoni Jordão Curado, Ana Paula Gazolla, Rita Cassia Nascimento Pedroso, Letícia Pereira Pimenta, Pollyanna Francielli de Oliveira, Denise Crispim Tavares, Márcio Luis Andrade e Silva, Wilson Roberto Cunha, Rosemeire Cristina Linhari Rodrigues Pietro, Ana Helena Januário, Patrícia Mendonça Pauletti, Juliana de Fátima Sales and Fabiano Guimarães Silva

Chemical profile, antimicrobial activity, toxicity on Artemia salina and anti-acetylcholinesterase enzyme essential oil from Bauhinia ungulata L. (Fabaceae) leaves

August 2016

Bauhinia ungulata L. species, belongs to the genus Bauhinia, popularly known as pata de vaca, is among the species of medicinal employ in Brazil, used to treat diabetes. The aim of this study was to characterize the chemical composition, antimicrobial activity, toxicity on Artemia salina and acetylcholinesterase enzyme inhibition by essential oil from B. ungulata L. The chromatographic analysis revealed 18 components,...

Author(s): Sandra R. N. A. Medeiros, Antonio A. de Melo Filho, Habdel N. R. da Costa, Francisco dos Santos Silva, Ricardo C. dos Santos, Jacqueline A.Takahashi, Vany P. Ferraz, Ana C. G. R. de Melo, Pedro R. E. Ribeiro, Andreina G. de Andrade Laranjeira, Angela K. Kamezaki, Regildo M. G. Martins and Flavio da Silva Paulino

Effect of adding sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L.) seeds to a prototype of convenience food draft, on the nutritional composition and sensory acceptance

August 2016

The polyunsaturated fatty acids of Sacha Inchi seeds are important in the development of food products with healthy and nourishing properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Sacha Inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L) on a prototype convenience food. The nutritional composition and sensory acceptance was evaluated using a completely randomized experimental design. Fixed effect-balanced factorial multiple...

Author(s): Edwin Darío Betancur-Hoyos, Luz Amparo Urango-Marchena and Luis Fernando Restrepo-Betancur

The effects of an aqueous leaf extract of Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook.f.ex Benth. on blood pressure, urine output, angiotensin II levels and cardiac parameters in spontaneously hypertensive rats

July 2016

Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook.f. ex Benth (Rutaceae) is a medicinal plant indigenous to Southern Africa and scientific studies report on its biomedical activities and possible antihypertensive property by demonstrating in vitro angiotensin converting enzyme  inhibition. This study investigated the antihypertensive effects of an aqueous leaf extract of Clausena anisata in a spontaneously hypertensive rat model, and...

Author(s): Ntamo MacDonald Tshepo Lechaba, Paul Jacobus Schutte, Leon Hay, Linde Böhmer and Melvin Megandran Govender

The impact of compounds isolated from Ocimum sp. on apoptotic activity of osteoclast

July 2016

Periodontal disease has multifactorial etiology. The immune response to the microbial challenge leads to osteoclast activation and resorption of the alveolar bone, resulting in tooth loss. Compounds isolated from Ocimum americanum and Ocimum basilicum were analyzed for apoptotic activity towards osteoclast in this study. Steam distillation was used for the extraction of essential oils (EOs) from dry leaves and flowers....

Author(s): Paulo J. L. Juiz , Roberto Gambari, Roberta Piva, Letizia Penolazzi, Franceli Silva, Reinaldo J. C. Alves, Angélica M. Lucchese and Ana Paula T. Uetanabaro

Phytochemical screening, total phenolic content and antioxidant activity of some plants from Brazilian flora

July 2016

The present study evaluated the total phenolic and flavonoid content as well as the antioxidant activity of methanolic leaf extracts of five plants from Brazilian flora: Abarema cochliacarpos, Croton corchoropsis, Myroxylon peruiferum, Stryphnodendron pulcherrimum and Tanaecium cyrtanthum by 2,2’-azino-bis- (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonate) (ABTS), 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and total antioxidant...

Author(s): João da Rocha Lins Neto, Amanda Dias de Araújo Uchôa, Priscila Andrade de Moura, Clovis Macêdo Bezerra Filho, Juciara Carneiro Gouveia Tenório, Alexandre Gomes da Silva, Rafael Matos Ximenes, Márcia Vanusa da Silva, and Maria Tereza dos Santos Correia,

Cytotoxic effect and antioxidant activity of Andean berry (Vaccinium meridionale Sw) wine

July 2016

Vaccinium meridonale Sw or Andean berry has antioxidant properties due to its high content of polyphenols, as anthocyanins and phenolic acids. Polyphenols have been associated with the prevention of chronic and cardiovascular diseases. In the last years, alcoholic drinks have been studied for their composition and health benefits. By this, the aim of this research was to obtain three types of alcoholic beverages from...

Author(s): Isabel Cristina Zapata Vahos, Susana Ochoa,  María Elena Maldonado, Arley David Zapata Zapata and Benjamín Rojano

Characterization of the bioactive constituents of Nymphaea alba rhizomes and evaluation of anti-biofilm as well as antioxidant and cytotoxic properties

July 2016

Anti-biofilm represents an urge to face drug resistance. Nymphaea alba L. flowers and rhizomes have been traditionally used in Ayurvedic medicine for dyspepsia, enteritis, diarrhea and as an antiseptic. This study was designed to identify the main constituents of Nymphaea alba L. rhizomes and their anti-biofilm activity. 70% aqueous ethanolic extract (AEE) of N. alba rhizomes was analyzed by liquid chromatography, high...

Author(s): Riham Omar Bakr, Reham Wasfi, Noha Swilam and Ibrahim Ezz Sallam

Liver damage in an experimental model of peripheral neuropathy induced by Karwinskia humboldtiana (Buckthorn) fruit: Histopathological evidence

July 2016

Karwinskia humboldtiana (Kh) is a poisonous shrub that causes acute or chronic intoxication in animals and humans. In chronic intoxication, the main sign is the presence of paralysis. Previously we reported a model of intoxication with Kh fruit that reproduces paralysis and clinical phases in humans when they do not die; however, there are no studies that describe damage to liver in this model. The objective was to...

Author(s): Rubén García-Garza, Martha E. Salazar-Leal, Viktor J. Romero-Díaz, Jaime García-Juárez, Carlos Leyva-Orasma, Javier Morán-Martínez, Odila Saucedo-Cárdenas, and Adolfo Soto-Domínguez

Evaluation of new protocols to Curcuma longa micropropagation: A medicinal and ornamental specie

July 2016

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is an Asian native species used for ornamental, medicinal and food purposes. However, its conventional propagation method is costly and inefficient. Therefore, this study aimed to verify appropriate asepsis methods for shoots from rhizomes, evaluate concentrations of activated charcoal and sucrose, and determine appropriate salt concentrations in Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium for turmeric...

Author(s): Meire Pereira de Souza Ferrari, Dirlane Antoniazzi, Andressa Bezerra Nascimento, Larissa Fiama Franz, Camila Silva Bezerra and  Hélida Mara Magalhães

Modulatory effects of Hilleria latifolia and Laportea ovalifolia on activity of selected antibiotics

July 2016

Microorganisms are becoming resistant to almost all existing and newly discovered antimicrobial agents. This has led to ineffective treatment of infectious diseases with increased risk of complications. Few medicinal plants have been found to exhibit the ability of reversing the resistance mechanisms of microbes to antibiotics. The study investigates the influence of leaf methanol extracts of Hilleria latifolia and...

Author(s): Susana Oteng Dapaah, Christian Agyare, Yaw Duah Boakye and Theresa Appiah

Farmer's knowledge level and training needs toward the production and conservation of medicinal herbal plants in Jordan

June 2016

The main purpose of the study is to determine farmer's awareness and training needs towards the production of Medicinal and Herbal (M/H) plants in Jordan. A survey questionnaire described the personal characteristics of M/H farmers with sample size population of 209. Results showed the majority of farmers grow thyme, sage, and mint which is a popular M/H plant grown in Jordan. A majority of farmers, 71%, feel that...

Author(s): Laith Moh’d Rousan and Sammar Faiz Al-Uzaizi

The antimalaria effect of Momordica charantia L. and Mirabilis jalapa leaf extracts using animal model

June 2016

Momordica charantia L. (Cucurbitaceae) and Mirabilis jalapa L. (Nyctaginaceae) are medicinal plants used extensively in almost all folklore remedies around the world to treat malaria. This experiment investigated the effects of M. charantia L. and M. jalapa L. on malaria in a 4-day suppressive test. Animals received 50, 100, or 200 mg/kg of methanolic extracts orally. M. charantia and M. jalapa methanolic extracts...

Author(s): Akanji Olufunke Christy, Cyril-Olutayo C. Mojisola, Elufioye O.Taiwo and Ogunsusi Omowumi Ola

Vitamins C and E levels are enhanced by Azadirachta Indica leaves aqueous extract in paracetamol induced hepatoxicity in Wistar rats

June 2016

Azadirachta indica, used in many parts of the world as herbal medicine, has been reported to be antioxidative and hepatoprotective. This study investigated the effect of leaves aqueous extract of A. indica on plasma levels of vitamins C and E, liver enzymes alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in Wistar rats with hepatotoxicity. Four groups of twenty Wistar rats each...

Author(s): Emmanuel Ikechukwu Nwobodo, Dennis C. Nwosu, Harrison U. Nwanjo, Augustine C. Ihim, John Kennedy Nnodim, Chinyere I. Nwobodo and Ukamaka C. Edwrad

Antimicrobial activity of Piper aduncum leaf extracts against the dental plaque bacteria Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguinis

June 2016

Piper aduncum has been widely used for medicinal purposes, and it has also been known to possess antimicrobial activity. Dental plaque is a complex ecosystem that harbors benign and pathogenic bacteria. It is desirable that compounds targeted to treat dental plaque-related diseases should be selective in their action, preserving the benign bacteria and inactivating the pathogenic ones. Thus, the study evaluated the...

Author(s): Chaiana Froés Magalhães, Ezequias Pessoa de Siqueira, Elaine Alves de Oliveira, Carlos Leomar Zani, Rodrigo Loreto Peres, Kênia Valéria dos Santos, and Anderson Assunção Andrade,

Ethnobotanical and ethnoveterinary study of medicinal plants used in the municipality of Bom Princípio do Piauí, Piauí, Brazil

June 2016

Knowledge of medicinal plants has accumulated over centuries and often represents the only therapeutic resource of small municipalities in the interior of Brazil. The objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and use of medicinal plants by the population of the municipality of Bom Princípio do Piauí, Piauí state, for the treatment of diseases in humans and domestic animals. Interviews...

Author(s): Karina Neoob de Carvalho Castro, Dolores Wolschick, Roberta Rocha Silva Leite, Ivanilza Moreira de Andrade, João Avelar Magalhães and Simon Joseph Mayo

Syagrus coronata seed oils have antimicrobial action against multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

June 2016

Syagrus coronata (Mart.) Becc. (Arecaceae) is a native Brazilian palm (ouricuri) and despite the use of its derived products by traditional communities, few scientific reports have been published regarding its biomedical activity. This study investigates the chemical composition and anti-Staphylococcus aureus effects of both manufactured oil (SCO) and essential oil (SCEO) from S. coronata seeds. SCO was provided by...

Author(s): Cibele Maria Alves da Silva Bessa, Rodrigo Santana do Nascimento, Renata Carla Corrêa Alves, José Matias Anselmo, Ana Paula Sant&#;Anna da Silva, Alexandre Gomes da Silva, Vera Lúcia de Menezes Lima, Josean Fechine Tavares, Luís Cláudio Nascimento da Silva, Márcia Vanusa da Silva and Maria Tereza dos Santos Correia

Phytochemical screening of Xylopia aethiopica with emphasis on its medicinally active principles

June 2016

This work aimed at investigating the functional types and compositions of bioactive compounds in Xylopia aethiopica. Plant parts (petiole, leaf, seed, stem bark, and roots) were collected from Vandeikya Local Government Area of Benue State, North Central Nigeria. Extracts were qualitatively screened following standard protocols. Phytochemicals were screened and tested. This was followed by quantitative analysis of...

Author(s): C. U. Aguoru, C. Pilla and J. O. Olasan

Toxicity and effects of fig (Ficus carica) leaf aqueous extract on haematology and some biochemical indices of wistar albino rats (Rattus norvegicus)

June 2016

The toxicity and effects of Ficus carica leaf aqueous extract on the haematology and some biochemical parameters were investigated in wistar albino rats for 4 weeks. Various doses (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg body weight) of the extract were administered orally to the rats. The haematological parameters were determined using a Neubauer-type hemocytometer with Toisson’s solution as the diluting fluid for red blood cell...

Author(s): Odo, G. E., Agwu, J. E., Newze, N., Nwadinigwa, A., Onyeke, C. C., Nzekwe, U., Ajuziogu, G. C., Osayi, E. I. and Ikegbunam, C.

Eleutherine bulbous (Mill.) Urb.: A review study

June 2016

Eleutherine bulbous (Mill.) Urb, Iridaceae, is a native plant and quite common in several regions of America, commonly known as “coquinho” being widely used in the folk medicine for the treatment of giardiasis, amoebiasis and diarrhea. This paper presents a literature review of studies about Eleutherine bulbous including aspects of taxonomy, synonymies, geographical distribution, ethnopharmacology, chemistry...

Author(s): Carolyna L. L. Couto, Denise F.C. Moraes, Maria do Socorro S. Cartágenes, Flavia M. M. do Amaral and Rosane N. Guerra

Evaluation of acaricidal efficacy of Synadenium glaucescens (Euphorbiaceae) against boophilus species

June 2016

Synadenium glaucescens is a traditional medicinal plant used by some communities in Tanzania for the management of various diseases in animals and human including the use for control of ticks in cattle. The aim of this study was to investigate the ‘acaricidal effect’ of extracts from this plant on Boophilus decoloratus and B. microplus. The methodology involved the use of larval and adult immersion tests....

Author(s): Vitus Alberto Nyigo, Robinson Hermmerton Mdegela, Hamisi Massanja Malebo, Faith Philemon Mabiki and Gerda Fouche

Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in the treatment of women related diseases in Akoko Region of Ondo-State, Nigeria

May 2016

An ethnobotanical survey was conducted to document medicinal plants commonly used for the treatment of women related diseases by the inhabitants of Akoko in Ondo-State, Nigeria. A total of 36 plants, belonging to 29 families were documented. The abundance status of the identified plants revealed that 24% of the plants were very abundant, 34% were abundant while 42% were scarce. Aframomum melegueta, Ageratunm conyzoides,...

Author(s): Olanipekun M.K. , Arowosegbe  S.,  Kayode  J.O and Oluwole T.R.

Pharmacological Activities of Plectranthus scutellarioides (L.) R.Br. Leaves Extract on Cyclooxygenase and Xanthine Oxidase Enzymes

May 2016

Plectranthus scutellarioides (L.) R.Br. (family Lamiaceae) has been widely used in West Java, Indonesia, to cure various diseases. People boiled the leaves of the plant in water and consumed the tea daily until the symptoms reduced. This work was conducted to study the pharmacological activity of P. scutellarioides (L.) R.Br. extract on cyclooxygenases (COXs) and xanthine oxidase (XO) enzymes. The plant was purchased...

Author(s): Jutti Levita, Sri Adi Sumiwi, Tiara Indah Pratiwi, Ekky Ilham, Syafrudin Purnama Sidiq and Moelyono Moektiwardoyo

Isolation and characterization of terpene from leaves of Croton macrostachyus (Bissana)

May 2016

Croton macrostachyus, one of the Croton species found in Ethiopia, is used traditionally for treatment of a number of health ailments including diabetes, malaria, stomachache, ascariasis, abdominal pain, gonorrhea, wounds, ringworm infestation and hemorrhoids. In the present study, phytochemical screening of ethanol extract from leaves of C. macrostachyus revealed the presence of terpenes, flavonoids, alkaloids and...

Author(s): Abeje Abebayehu, Fikre Mammo and Belayhun Kibret

Antifungal activity of crude extracts of some medicinal plants against Fusarium sp., the pathogen of dirty panicle disease in rice

May 2016

Antifungal activity of the ethanolic crude extracts of twenty-four medicinal plants namely, Boesenbergia pandurata, Curcuma longa, Zingiber officinale, Alpinia galanga, Zingiber cassumunar, Amonum xanthioides, Kaempferia galanga, Curcuma aromatica, Curcuma xanthorrhiza, Kaemferia parviflora, Amonum krervanh, Syzygium aromaticum, Allium sativum, Allium ascolonicum, Cymbopogon citratus, Cymbopogon nardus, Leptochloa...

Author(s): Sawatdikarn Sanit

Inhibitory activity of fractions of Senna nigricans toward protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B and dipeptidyl peptidase IV

May 2016

Protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) 1B and dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP) IV are important in down regulation and secretion of insulin, respectively. While PTP 1B regulates insulin binding to its receptor, DPP IV hydrolyses incretin, which is an important regulator of postprandial insulin secretion. The study evaluated the in vitro inhibitory effect of different fractions of Senna nigricans against PTP IB and DPP IV and the...

Author(s): Yusuf Saidu, Suleiman Alhaji Muhammad, Lawal Suleiman Bilbis and Babangida Muhammad Sani

Phytochemical and pharmacological studies of Citharexylum quadrangulare Jacq. leaves

May 2016

Chromatographic investigation of the Citharexylum quadrangulare leaves led to isolation of nine compounds viz., stigmasterol (1), β-sitosterol (2), oleanolic acid (3), duranterectoside B (4), durantoside I (5), cirsimaritin 4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (6), 5-deoxypulchelloside (7), lamiide (8) and cirsimaritin 4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside 4"-sodium sulphate (9). The compounds (1, 3 and 4) were...

Author(s): Marwa Hassan Hussaen Mohammed, Ashraf Nageeb El-Sayed Hamed, Hany Ezzat Khalil and Mohamed Salah Kamel

Leaves of Schinus polygamous (Cav.) Cabrera (Anacardiaceae) are a potential source of hepatoprotective and antioxidant phytochemicals

May 2016

Phytochemical investigation of the crude ethanol extract of the leaves of Schinus polygamus (Cav.) Cabrera (Anacardiaceae) results in isolation of eight compounds identified as triterpenoids, 3-O-acetyllupeol (I), βeta-sitosterol (II), lupeol (III). In addition to the polyphenols, gallic acid (IV), methyl gallate (V), quercetin-3-α-O-rhamnoside (VI), kaempferol (VII) and quercetin (VIII). In Egypt,...

Author(s): Abeer Mohamed El Sayed

Antifungal activity and synergistic effect of acetophenones isolated from species Croton against dermatophytes and yeasts

May 2016

The aim of this study was to evaluate acetophenones isolated from Croton spp. for antifungal activity in vitro against Candida albicans, Microsporum canis and Trichophyton rubrum, and to evaluate the toxicity of these substances in vivo. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) were determined using the broth microdilution method. The combined effect of the...

Author(s): Francisca Lidiane Linhares de Aguiar, Selene Maia de Morais, Hélcio Silva dos Santos, Maria Rose Jane Ribeiro Albuquerque, Paulo Nogueira Bandeira, Erika Helena Sales de Brito, Marcos Fábio Gadelha Rocha and Raquel Oliveira dos Santos Fontenelle

Chemical composition and biological activities of Pouteria campechiana (Kunth) Baehni

April 2016

The present study was conducted to evaluate the analgesic, anti-inflammatory and gastroprotective activities of ethanol, de-fatted ethanol extracts and n-hexane fractions of Pouteria campechiana (Kunth) Baehni leaves and seeds. Further chemical analysis was done to isolate and identify its bioactive compounds. The seeds ethanolic extract produced 85% inhibition of inflammation in the rat paw oedema test at the dose of...

Author(s): Aly M. Elsayed, Nebal D. El-Tanbouly, Sherifa F. Moustafa, Rabab M. Abdou and Sally A. W. El Awdan

Identification of alkaloids of Indonesian Cacao beans (Theobroma cacao L.) and its effect on tooth enamel hardness

April 2016

Dental caries is still a major dental health problem in Indonesia, and preventive measures needs to be done to resolve it. Enamel is the outer layer of the tooth that is important to protect tooth against caries. Until now, fluoride is well known as one of the reinforcing materials which effectively prevent enamel from dental caries, but the side effects of fluorosis remain debatable because the dose that causes it can...

Author(s): Rina Permatasari, Dewi Fatma Suniarti, Ellyza Herda and Zainal Alim Mas’ud

Antifungal activity of selected medicinal plants against Alternaria species: The pathogen of dirty panicle disease in rice

April 2016

Antifungal activity of the ethanolic crude extracts from ten plants, namely: Curcuma xanthorhiza, Curcuma aromatica,  Kaempferia parviflora, Syzygium aromaticum, Origanum vulgare, Synedrella nodiflora, Sorghum bicolor, Rosmarinus officinalis, Piper longum and Eupatorium odoratum were tested against Alternaria species (the pathogen of dirty panicle disease in rice) by poisoned food technique at 0, 1,000, 2,500,...

Author(s): Sawatdikarn Sanit

Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Cymbopogon schoenanthus (L.) spreng. essential oil, growing in Illizi - Algeria

April 2016

Hydrodistilled volatile oil obtained from the aerial parts of Cymbopogon schoenanthus cultivated near Illizi, Algeria, was analyzed by Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) and Gas Chromatography – Flame Ionization Detector (GC-FID). More than twenty compounds were identified, representing 94.636% of the total oil. The major constituents of essential oil were piperitone (63.35%), β-eudesmol (9.305%)...

Author(s): Naima Hellali, Mahfoud Hadj Mahammed, Farah Ramdane and Alia Talli

Characterization of thirteen microsatellite loci from the Ghanian antimalarial plant Cryptolepis sanguinolenta

April 2016

Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl.) Schlechter (Periplocaceae) is an herbaceous plant used in traditional medicine to treat malaria and populations of the species are diminishing due to overharvesting and lack of conservation. Codominant microsatellite markers that can be used to characterize genetic diversity and population structure are currently not available. Therefore, the study isolated 75 microsatellite loci from...

Author(s): Naalamle J. Amissah, Phillip A. Wadl, Denita Hadziabdic, Sarah L. Boggess and Robert N. Trigiano

Chemical composition and evaluation of possible alpha glucosidase inhibitory activity of eight Aloe species

April 2016

Many of the health benefits associated with Aloe species have been attributed to the polysaccharides contained in the gel of the leaves. The aim of this study was to investigate the chemical composition as well as the biological evaluation of polysaccharides isolated from the leaves of eight different Aloe species, A. vera (A1), A. arborescens (A2), A. eru (A3), A. grandidentata (A4), A. perfoliata (A5), A. brevifolia...

Author(s): Abeer Mohamed El Sayed, Shahira Mohamed Ezzat, Mohammed Nabil Khalil and Seham Salah El-Hawary

In vitro anthelmintic activity of stem and root barks of Alstonia boonei De Wild

April 2016

Alstonia boonei De Wild ethanol extracts of the stem bark (ABSB) and root bark (ABRB) were evaluated for possible anthelmintic activity. Three different concentrations of each extract (50, 100 and 150 mg/ml) were evaluated for in vitro anthelmintic activity by determining the effects of the extracts on the paralysis and death times of Pheretima posthuma. Mebendazole (MBZ) 15 mg/mg was used as reference anthelmintic....

Author(s): Michael Worlako Klu, John Antwi Apenteng, David Ntinagyei Mintah, Bright Selorm Addy, Ivan Nyarko-Danquah and Samuel Boakye Afriyie

Administration of the aqueous extract of the stem bark of Hancornia speciosa Gomes (Apocynaceae) does not alter obesity induced by high-fat diet in mice

March 2016

Ethnobotanical surveys have shown that the stem bark of Hancornia speciosa Gomes (Apocynaceae) is popularly used to treat obesity and diabetes. However, there is no experimental evidence that confirms such use. The present study investigated the effects of the aqueous extract of the stem bark of H. speciosa (AEHS) on the glycemic and adipogenic profiles of obese mice. Mice were divided into four groups that received...

Author(s): Luana, M. Cercato, Pollyanna, A. S. White⊃, Vanessa, S. Batista⊃, Luciana, C. Brito, Charles dos Santos Estevam⊃, Márcio R. V. dos Santos⊃ and Enilton A. Camargo

Potency of extracts of selected plant species from Mbeere, Embu County-Kenya against Mycobacterium tuberculosis

March 2016

Tuberculosis is a serious chronic infectious disease affecting large global population. While efforts to control tuberculosis have intensified, they are challenged by rapid drug resistance development. For this reason, prospecting for compounds with potential antituberculous activity have been stepped up. The current study was done in a participatory appraisal manner to identify ten plants commonly used for management...

Author(s): Sospeter Ngoci Njeru, and Meshack Amos Obonyo

Antidiabetic property of some Nigerian medicinal plants

March 2016

The antidiabetic properties of extracts of three Nigerian medicinal plants - Ocimum basilicum L. (Lamiaceae, formerly Labiatae), Phyllanthus niruri L. (Euphorbiaceae) and Viscum album L. (Viscaceae or Loranthaceae) parasitic on Psidium guajava L. (Myrtaceae) on normoglycemic and alloxan-induced diabetic rats were studied. The extracts (258.3 g, 6.89% w/w of P. niruri, 189.17 g, 6.76% w/w of V. album and 131.50 g, 6.41%...

Author(s): Michel K. Tchimene, Charles O. Okoli and Maurice M. Iwu

Antimicrobial and phytotoxicity activities of aqueous crude extract from the Amazonian ethnomedicinal plant Bellucia grossularioides (L.) Triana

March 2016

The use of plants or their parts as alternative therapies for disease is very common in many countries worldwide. Secondary metabolites present in the extracts of certain plants can inhibit or halt the development of certain pathogen species. The present study assessed the possible antimicrobial activities of a popular crude aqueous extract. The aerial parts of the Amazon tree Bellucia grossularioides (L) Triana...

Author(s): Rafael Tagori De Melo Cutrim Martins, Ana Kleiber Pessoa Borges, Amaraína Maia Armiato and Raphael Sanzio Pimenta,

Terpenoids from Phaulopsis imbricata (Acanthaceae)

March 2016

The whole plant of Phaulopsis imbricata (Forssk.) Sweet (Acanthaceae) was collected at Bansoa, Cameroon, shade dried and extracted by maceration in methanol. This study was carried out to isolate secondary metabolites from this plant species that has not been investigated so far. Two lupane-type triterpenoids, one β-type carotenoid, one eudesmane-type sesquiterpenoid, and one sterol glycoside were isolated from the...

Author(s): Archile Bernabe Ouambo Kengne, Mathieu Tene, Alembert Tiabou Tchinda, Pierre Tane and Michel Frédérich

Influence of age and staking on the growth and cryptolepine concentration in cultivated roots of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl.) Schlt.

March 2016

Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl.) Schlt. is a popular medicinal plant species in Ghana that is used in the treatment of malaria. Despite the heavy demand for this species, harvesting is done solely from the wild, resulting in declining populations. As part of the ongoing research to develop domestication protocols for its cultivation, a field study was conducted to develop a cropping cycle and determine the effect of...

Author(s): J. N. Amissah, D. Osei-Safo, C. M. Asare, B. Missah-Assihene, E. Y. Danquah and I. Addae-Mensah

Anti-pyretic and anti-inflammatory effects of the methanolic extract of the rind of Citrullus lanatus on albino Wistar rats

March 2016

The present study aims to investigate the anti-pyretic and anti-inflammatory effects of the methanolic extract of the rind of Citrullus lanatus on male albino Wistar rats. Two set of rat groups designated groups 1 to 5 and A to E were used respectively for the anti-pyretic and anti-inflammatory studies. For the antipyretic study, fever was induced by subcutaneous injection of 20 ml/kg of a 20% suspension of...

Author(s): Tolu Kolawole and Victor Dapper

Antiprotozoal activity and cytotoxicity of extracts from Solanum arboreum and S. ovalifolium (Solanaceae)

February 2016

Leishmaniasis, Chagas and Malaria are a major health problem in Latin America. Medicinal plants constitute viable alternatives to conventional medicine in many developing countries. Several Solanum species have shown antimicrobial activity, specifically, Solanum nudum has shown in vitro antimalarial activity. Based on the aforementioned, we determined the antiprotozoal activity and cytotoxicity of alcoholic and...

Author(s): Fernanda Londoño, Wilson Cardona, Fernando Alzate, Felipe Cardona, Ivan D. Vélez, Yulieth Upegui, Victoria Ospina, July Andrea Muñoz and Sara M. Robledo

Inhibition of angiotensin converting enzyme by Rhazya stricta, Moringa peregrina and Achillea fragrantissima, used in traditional system of medicine in Arabian Peninsula: Implication in the management of hypertension

February 2016

In recent years, there has been a marked increase in the popularity of medicinal plants derived from the traditional sources of knowledge. This is in congruence to the associated benefits of ease of accessibility and low cost of disease management. Additionally, most of the potent drugs being used currently for chronic diseases are derivatives of natural products. In the current study, the potential of hydro-alcoholic...

Author(s): Mohammad Fahad Ullah and Faisel M. Abuduhier

Effect of frost on yield and composition of Aloysia triphylla essential oil

February 2016

Aloysia triphylla, also known as lemon verbena is a medicinal plant with aromatic leaves which produce essential oil rich in citral and has great importance for pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of frost on the chemical composition and yield of A. triphylla essential oil. The experiment was conducted at the Campus of UFSM in Frederico Westphalen, Rio Grande do...

Author(s): Denise Schmidt, Braulio Otomar Caron, Daiane Prochnow, Carine Cocco, Elvis Felipe Elli, John Stolzle, Bruna Altissimo and Berta Maria Heinzmann

Determination of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, as well as in vitro cytotoxic activities of extracts of Anastatica hierochuntica (Kaff Maryam) against HeLa cell lines

February 2016

Anastatica hierochuntica L. is distributed throughout the Arabian Peninsula, and North Africa. It is locally called "Kaff Maryam". All parts of the plant are used in folk medicine. This study aimed to investigate possible antioxidant activity of various extracts of Kaff Mariam, anti-inflammatory activities, as well as in vitro cytotoxic activities. Five extract types were used, namely, the whole ethanolic...

Author(s): Faten Abou-Elella, Eman A. Hanafy and Yahaya Gavamukulya

Bioactive properties of some selected Libyan plants

February 2016

The present work evaluates the antioxidant and antibacterial activities of four Libyan plants (Arbutus pavarii, Pegnanum harmal, Pistachia atlantica, and Fagonia bruguieri) using various assays including reducing power, Phosphomolybdenum, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH)  and nitric oxide free-radical scavenging activity. In vitro, the antibacterial activity of crude and flavonoids extracts were determined...

Author(s): Rabia Alghazeer, Taher Abourghiba, Ahmed Ibrahim and Esra Zreba

In vitro antioxidant and anticholinesterase activities and in vivo toxicological assessment (Zebrafish embryo model) of ethanolic extracts of Capsicum chinense Jacq.

February 2016

The ripe and dried fruits of organic pepper Capsicum chinense Jacq., obtained during planting, cultivation and harvesting, were subjected to solid-liquid extraction using a Soxhlet apparatus with hexane to remove non-polar compounds, and then with ethanol to remove the target compounds. The ethanolic extracts were characterized by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) determining the composition of capsaicin...

Author(s): Leonor Yamile Vargas-Méndez, Doris Natalia Rosado-Solano, Pedro Luis Sanabria-Flórez, Carlos Eduardo Puerto-Galvis and Vladimir Kouznetsov

Schistosomicidal and molluscicidal activities of two Junipers species cultivated in Egypt and the chemical composition of their essential oils

February 2016

In the present study, in vitro bioassay screening of total methanolic extracts of two Juniperus species (Juniperus horizontalis Moench. and Juniperus communis L.) cultivated in Egypt for schistosomicidal and molluscicidal activities was carried out. Schistosoma mansoni Sambon worms and Biomphalaria alexandrina (Ehrenberg) snails were used. The screening results showed that both tested extracts had almost similar...

Author(s): Ghaly, N. S., Mina, S. A. and Younis, N.

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