Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3672

JMPR Articles

High temperature stress decreases root iridoid glycosides biosynthesis of Scrophularia ningpoensis during florescence

March 2014

Radix Scrophulariaceae is an herbal medicine used as antipyretic and antibacterial. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of high temperature stress on the secondary metabolites of Scrophularia ningpoensis Hemsl (S. ningpoensis). Potted S. ningpoensis plants of three ecotypes in florescence were subjected to high temperature stress for 15 days. Results showed that under high temperature stress,...

Author(s): Z. S. Liang, Y. Y. An and H. Y. Liu

Medicinal characteristics of Smyrnium cordifolium Boiss. plant extract in rats

March 2014

The most common sleep disorder is insomnia and about 35% of all people suffer from this disturbance. A trend in using herbal medications for this disorder is increasing globally. Current study aimed to investigate the hypnotic characteristics of Smyrnium cordifolium Boiss (SCB) plant extract. From an experimental study, 96 healthy male Wistar rats were equally divided into 12 groups. For hypnotic evaluations, a negative...

Author(s): Naser Abbasi, Elham Mohammadyari, Khairollah Asadollahi, MasoumehTahmasebi, Abangah Ghobad, Morovat Taherikalani

Effect of methyl jasmonate on isoflavonoid accumulation and antioxidant enzymes in Pueraria mirifica cell suspension culture

March 2014

The effect of methyl jasmonate (MJ) on the isoflavonoid accumulation and activities of three antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase) were studied in Pueraria mirifica cell suspension culture after MJ elicitation for up to 6 days. Treatment with MJ at a concentration of 1.0 µg/ml induced the highest isoflavonoid contents at the first day after elicitation, when compared to...

Author(s): Tanatorn Saisavoey, Nuttha Thongchul, Polkit Sangvanich and Aphichart Karnchanatat

The influence of extraction solvents on the anticancer activities of Palestinian medicinal plants

March 2014

Palestine has a rich and prestigious heritage of herbal medicines. To investigate the impact of variable extraction techniques on the cytotoxic effects of medicinal plant extracts, 5 well-known medicinal plants from Palestine were extracted with 90% ethanol, 80% methanol, acetone, coconut water, apple vinegar, grape vinegar or 5% acetic acid. The resulting 35 extracts were screened for cytotoxic activities against three...

Author(s): Jawad Alzeer, Balayeshwanth R. Vummidi, Rami Arafeh, Waleed Rimawi, Hatem Saleem and Nathan W. Luedtke

Byrsonima intermedia preparations inhibits trypsin and chymotrypsin activities from Aedes aegypti larval gut

March 2014

This work describes the larvicidal activity of the ethanolic crude extract (EEB) as well as the hexanic (FH), chloroform (FCL), ethyl acetate (FAE) and remaining (FR) fractions obtained from Byrsonima intermedia leaves and bark against Aedes aegypti. Hexanic and remaining fractions from the leaves demonstrated larvicide activity against A. aegypti larvae on the 3rd stage, with LC50 values of 250 and 125 μg/ml-1,...

Author(s): Cristiane Bezerra da Silva, Katlin Suellen Rech, Fernanda Maria Marins Ocampos, Luciane Dalarmi, Vanessa Cristina Godoy Jasinski, Josiane de Fátima Gaspari Dias, Sandra Maria Warumbi Zanin, Vitor Alberto Kerber, Juliana Danna Kulik, Gislene Mari Fujiwara, Maislian de Oliveira, Obdúlio Gomes Miguel and Marilis Dallarmi Miguel

Phytochemical investigation and antioxidant activity of extracts of Lecythis pisonis Camb.

February 2014

Phytochemical investigation of the ethanol extract of leaves, twigs and fruit shell of Lecythis pisonis Camb. revealed the presence of squalene, a- e b-amyrin, lupeol, 3b-friedelinol, ursolic and oleanolic acids, (E)-phytol, sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol, quercetin-3-O-rutinoside and kaempferol-3-O-rustinoside. Structural elucidation was achieved using ultra violet (UV), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and...

Author(s): Éverton Leandro de França Ferreira, Thamires Silva Mascarenhas, Jocélia Pereira de Carvalho Oliveira, Mariana Helena Chaves, Bruno Quirino Araújo and Alberto José Cavalheiro

Altered sex expression by plant growth regulators: An overview in medicinal vegetable bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.)

February 2014

Bitter gourd is one of the popular vegetables for its medicinal values. It is monoecious cucurbitaceous plants which have imbalance sex ratio of male-female flowers that causes lower fruit yield. Different research works on cucurbits like bitter gourd and other related crops in respect of plant growth regulators, plant nutrients, and priming practices have been conducted in different parts of the world. Literatures...

Author(s): MA Baset Mia, MS Islam and ZH Shamsuddin

Assessment of the medicinal uses of plant species found on termitaria in the Pendjari biosphere reserve in Benin

February 2014

Medicinal plants are important in the life of African populations and there is nowadays an increasing need to gathering information related to them. In order to highlight the importance of termitaria to local populations, we investigated within the Pendjari Biosphere reserve the medicinal uses made from plant species found in association with them. We laid out plots in fields and fallows surrounding the Pendjari...

Author(s): H. O. Dossou-Yovo, F. G. Vodouhe and B. Sinsin

Hypotensive activity, toxicology and histopathology of different extracts of Berberis vulgaris

February 2014

A number of plants have been used widely in the traditional system of medicine or Tibb-e-Unani (Unani medicine) in the management of many diseases but these mostly, have not been investigated for their described effects. In this study, the hypotensive, toxicology and histological activities were studied in normotensive albino rats at different doses of ethanolic extract of root pulp (BRE) and aqueous extract of root...

Author(s): Aisha Azmat and Muhammad Ahmed

Antimicrobial activity of the leaf extract and fractions of Lupinus arboreus

February 2014

The antimicrobial effect of the leaf extract and fractions of Lupinus arboreus was investigated. The crude methanol extract (CME) of the dried leaves obtained by 48 h cold maceration was fractionated into n-hexane fraction (HEF), ethyl acetate fraction (EAF), and methanol fraction (MEF); and evaluated using modified agar-well diffusion method. The results showed that the extract and fractions at varying concentrations,...

Author(s): Ohadoma S. C., Nnatuanya I., Amazu L. U. and Okolo C. E.

Antioxidant and anticancer activities of Moringa oleifera leaves

February 2014

Moringa oleifera leaves extracted with methanol and dichloromethane were screened for antioxidant activity. The in vitro cancer antiproliferative and chemopreventive properties were also investigated. Radical scavenging assays with 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2´-azino-bis 3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) were used to determine the antioxidant activity. The antiproliferative assay was...

Author(s): Suphachai Charoensin

An anatomical study of medicinal species Ajuga orientalis L. (Lamiaceae) from Turkey

February 2014

Ajuga orientalis (Lamiaceae), with a wide distribution area in Turkey, is a traditionally used medicine in the treatment of some skin diseases in Anatolia. The aim of this study was to determine the anatomical characteristics of the root, stem, leaf, petiole, calyx and corolla of  medicinal species of A. orientalis in cross sections. As a result of the study, it was found out that the pith rays of the root composed...

Author(s): İlkay ÖZTÜRK ÇALI

Antibacterial and cytotoxic antibacterial potential of ethanol extract and fractions from Aristolochia galeata Mart. ex Zucc

February 2014

The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the phytochemical, antibacterial and cytotoxic activities of ethanol extract and hexane, dichlorometane, ethyl acetate and hydroethanolic fractions from Aristolochia galeata’s rhizomes. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum lethal concentration (MLC) were evaluated by the broth microdilution assay to investigate the antibacterial activity of various...

Author(s): Álan Alex Aleixo, Vidyleison Neves Camargos, Ana Cláudia dos Santos Pereira Andrade, Karina Marjorie Silva Herrera, Rosy Iara Maciel de Azambuja Ribeiro, Kamilla Monteiro dos Santos, Juliana Teixeira de Magalhães, José Carlos Magalhães, Luciana Alves Rodrigues dos Santos Lima and Jaqueline Maria Siqueira Ferreira

Phytochemical and in vitro anti-bacterial properties of Hibiscus sabdariffa L (Roselle) juice

February 2014

The anti-bacterial properties of aqueous and ethanol extracts of the calyces of Hibiscus sabdariffa on five bacteria genera, namely, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhi, Shigella  dysenteriae and Streptococcus mutans were evaluated using agar well and disc diffusion methods. Six bioactive compounds were identified from phytochemical analysis of the juice extract of H. sabdariffa. Analysis...

Author(s): Alaga T. O., Edema M. O., Atayese A. O., Bankole M.O.

Evaluation of whitening efficacy and safety of the water extract from bamboo shavings

February 2014

This aim of this study was to evaluate the whitening efficacy of the water extract from bamboo shavings (WEBS) in malignant melanoma cells (B-16) of mice. The safety of WEBS was evaluated by the acute oral toxicity test, the repeated skin irritation test and the acute eye irritation test was also evaluated. WEBS showed strong inhibitory effects against the activity of tyrosinase in B-16 cells in a dose dependent manner,...

Author(s): Zhang Jianyou, Gong Jinyan, Lu Baiyi, Wu Xiaoqin and Zhang Ying

Influence of oil content and yield of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. cv. Soroksary seeds by adapting different plant densities

February 2014

In this experiment, the effect of different plant densities on the oil content and yield of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Cv. Soroksary seeds was studied at the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Engineering, Karaj, Iran (Latitude 35° 47´ N and Longitude 50° 59´ E) in 2008. Different spacing studied were 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 cm and the distance between rows in all treatments was 40 cm using a complete...

Author(s): Jalal Khorshidi, Seyed Fazel Mirahmadi, Mohammad Fakhr Tabatabaei, Reza Omidbaigi and Fatemeh Sefidkon

Phytochemical analysis and biological activity of a precipitate from Pavetta crassipes

February 2014

Precipitate obtained from the aqueous extract of a Pavetta crassipes K. Schum (Rubiaceae) was analyzed for biological activity and phytochemical makeup. Phytochemical studies of the precipitate showed the presence of flavonoids. Antimicrobial studies showed that the precipitate inhibited the growths of Corynebacterium ulcerans, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa at 6.25 mg/ml with corresponding minimum...

Author(s): Bello Isaac Asusheyi, Ndukwe George Iloegbulam and Audu Oladimeji Tokumbo

Recovery effect of Zingiber officinale on testis tissue after treatment with gentamicin in rats

February 2014

Ginger rhizome (Zingiber officinale R., family: Zingiberaceae) is used medicinally and as a culinary spice. Gentamicin is synthetic antibacterial agent antibiotic with a very broad spectrum against microbial pathogens, especially the gram-negative. The aim of this study was to investigate the recovery effect of ginger on testis after treatment with gentamicin in rats. The forty male Wistar rats were selected and...

Author(s): A. Zahedi and A. Khaki⊃

Effects of Huanglian Jiedu Decoction (HLJDD) on fever induced by lipopolysaccharide and inflammation induced by carrageenan

February 2014

This study aimed to investigate the antifebrile and anti-inflammatory effect of Huanglian Jiedu Decoction (HLJDD). The rabbits received intravenous injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) after orally administered with HLJDD and the rectal temperatures of rabbits were monitored. The concentrations of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in serum were assayed using rabbit IL-1β...

Author(s): Ran Li, Lilong Jia, Xiu Dong, Juncai Liu and Haibo Li

Comparative genetic and chemical profiling performed on Alstonia scholaris in China and its implications to standardization of Traditional Chinese Medicine

February 2014

Validity of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is oppugned very often because of the bugs of quality, effectiveness, and repeatability. Standardization of TCMs is one way to make a change. How to realize standardization of TCMs and with what measures to shape the quality control system, is provoking much debate in the TCM field. Genetic and chemical profiling were comparatively performed on Alstonia scholaris in China...

Author(s): Zhaoyang Zhang, Xiaodong Luo, and Sheng Li

New antioxidant and cholinesterase inhibitory constituents from Lonicera quinquelocularis

February 2014

A phytochemical investigation on the ethyl acetate soluble fraction of Lonicera quinquelocularis (whole plant) led to the isolation of three new and two known compounds. The crude extract and the various soluble fractions were screened for cytotoxic activities. The ethyl acetate soluble fraction was found to be more cytotoxic. The chloroform soluble fraction showed moderate activity while the other fractions and crude...

Author(s): Dilfaraz Khan, Wang Zhao, Saeed Ahmad and Shafiullah Khan,

Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of substituted halogenated coumarins

February 2014

Pathogens frequently display resistance to current drugs, which frequently lack selectivity/efficacy and have detrimental side effects. Thus, there is a constant need for novel therapeutic agents. Coumarins belong to the family of lactones, having a benzopyrone system that can be isolated from plants as well as total synthesis that can be carried out in the laboratory. To date, many chemical reactions have been...

Author(s): Kasumbwe, K, Venugopala, K. N, Mohanlall, V. and Odhav, B.

Study on callus induction and plant regeneration of Leuzea carthamoides via tissue culture system

February 2014

Leuzea (Rhaponticum carthamoides) is a valuable medicinal plant from Asteraceae. Micropropagation could be a good alternative for the mass propagation of Leuzea carthamoides. To investigate the callogenesis of leaf explants, 12 different hormonal combinations including different concentrations of 16-benzylaminopurine (BA) and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2, 4-D) were studied in two separable experiments. In both...

Author(s): Akhtar Zand, Alireza Babaei, Reza Omidbaigi and Elham Daneshfar

A sensitive high performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet (HPLC-UV) method for the quantitation of α-obscurine in rat plasma and its application to pharmacokinetic studies

February 2014

A simple and sensitive high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for the determination of α-obscurine in rat plasma has been developed and validated. Separation was achieved on Century Sil EPS C18 (5 μm, 200 × 4.6 mm i.d). The mobile phase, water:methanol:triethanol amine (39:61:0.05 v/v/v), was delivered at a flow rate of 1.0 ml/min. The detector was set at 250 nm. No interfering chromatogram...

Author(s): Guixin Zou, Xianmin You, Hong Jiang and Guanghan Wang

Polygonatum cirrhifolium Royle and Polygonatum verticillatum (L.) Allioni: Status assessment and medicinal uses in Uttarakhand, India

February 2014

Polygnatum verticillatum (Linn) All. and Polygonatum cirrhifolium (Wall.) Royle (Liliaceae) growing in the Himalayan region is assigned as vulnerable by International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). To elucidate the status of the plants in the Uttarakhand Himalaya population assessment of the species is done in the study region. The study area is divided into five sites (Kilburry,...

Author(s): Deepika Bhatt, Ravi Kumar, L.M. Tewari and G. C. Joshi

Water extracts of dietary mushrooms, Agrocybe aegerita and Hypsizigus mamoreus, inhibit antigen expression of human hepatitis B virus

February 2014

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is prevalent but the current treatments remain to be improved. This study evaluated the effect of dietary mushrooms on expression of surface (HBsAg) and e (HBeAg) antigens of HBV. Hot-water extracts (HWE) of dietary mushrooms, Agrocybe aegerita (AA), Hypsizigus mamoreus (HM) and Flammulina velutipes (FV), were prepared and subjected to gel permeation chromatograph for molecular weight...

Author(s): Jie-Jen Lee,, Joen-Rong Sheu, Woan-Ching Jan and Chien-Liang Liu,

Effects of extracts from Linum usitatissimum on cell vitality, proliferation and cytotoxicity in human breast cancer cell lines

February 2014

The seeds of flax (binomial name: Linum usitatissimum L.) are well known for their high content of phytoestrogens. In the present study, extracts from roots, leaves and stems of flax were analysed for their content of compounds, which might have phytoestrogen-like properties, by pyrolysis field ionisation mass spectrometry. All extracts were tested on the human breast cancer cell lines MCF7 (estrogen receptor positive)...

Author(s): Marlen Szewczyk, Sibylle Abarzua, André Schlichting, Barbara Nebe, Birgit Piechulla, Volker Briese and Dagmar-Ulrike Richter

Seed treatments to break seed dormancy and Standardization of viability test procedure in Abrus precatorious

January 2014

Abrus precatorius is an indigenous medicinal plant belongs to Fabaceae family and grow as wild vine in tropical and subtropical climate conditions. Seeds of this species posses seed dormancy and restricts germination to overcome unfavorable environmental conditions. This dormancy need to be removed to enhance germination under favourable condition of plant growth. Hence, different dormancy breaking treatments were...

Author(s): Pallavi, H. M., Vishwanath, K., Harish, B. S., Prashanth, Y. and Manjunath Thattimani

Phytochemical and antimicrobial studies on extractives of Calyptrochilum emarginatum (SW) Schltr (Orchidaceae) growing in Nigeria

January 2014

Calyptrochilum emarginatum is an epiphytic shrub belonging to the orchid family with numerous medicinal uses. Phytochemical investigation of the leaf extractives revealed the presence of tannins, flavonoids, carbohydrates, terpenes, sterols and saponins. Alkaloids and cardiac glycosides could not be detected. Antimicrobial studies of the extracts revealed that at a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 1.6 mg/ml,...

Author(s): S. E. Okhale, G. E. Ugbabe, O. Bamidele, G. A. Ajoku and H. O. Egharevba

Standardization of Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) Calyx cultivated in Sudan

January 2014

Herbal products have become increasingly popular throughout the world; one of the impediments in its acceptance is the lack of standard quality control profile. This research was conducted to standardize Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) cultivated in Sudan. For this purpose, world health organization (WHO) monograph for medicinal plants was used to assess certain particulars of the plant including macro and microscopical...

Author(s): Eiman Hassan A. Rahman Elhassan, Elhadi M. Ahmmed and Nizar Sirag

Light, temperature, and aging dependent vegetative growth and sporulation of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides on different culture media

January 2014

The fungal organism Colletotrichum gloeosporioides is the causative agent of anthracnose disease of Citrus fruits. It is recently introduced as a potential producer of anticancer metabolite paclitaxel. Here, we introduce the optimal conditions for growth and sporulation of C. gloeosporioides. We have considered four fungal culture media, that is potato dextrose agar (PDA), carnation leaf agar (CLA), potato carrot agar...

Author(s): Jalal Soltani†, Mahsa Yousefi-Pour Haghighi † and Sonbol Nazeri

Anti-inflammatory effects and mechanisms of usnic acid, a compound firstly isolated from lichen Parmelia saxatilis

January 2014

Usnic acid (UA) was isolated for the first time from Parmelia saxatilis and was confirmed by physical and spectral evidence. Its anti-inflammatory effect and mechanism were explored on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cell line. The effects of UA on pro-inflammatory cytokines including tumor necrosis factor-alfa (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), pro-inflammatory...

Author(s): Zhijun Huang, Junyan Tao, Jinlan Ruan, Chongming Li and Guohua Zheng

Allelopathic effects of Cassia tora and Cassia uniflora on Parthenium hysterophorous L.

January 2014

Laboratory studies on the seed powder and water extract of seeds of Cassia tora and Cassia uniflora on the germination of Parthenium seeds was studied. Seed powders of both weeds were much inhibitory on seed germination of Parthenium than the water extract. Seed powder of Cassia tora showed maximum germination inhibition of 98% and water extract of 67%, whereas seed powder of C. uniflora showed germination inhibition of...

Author(s): Swati Vitonde, R. J. Thengane and V.S. Ghole

In vitro antibacterial activity and phytochemical analysis of some medicinal plants

January 2014

Essential oils of medicinal plants have been used traditionally against pathogenic bacteria that caused infectious disease in human and microbial spoilage of food and have been used safely in herbal medicine as antibacterial compounds. In the present study, the antibacterial activities of the oils were evaluated against human and animals pathogenic bacteria. In this assay, the selective plants reported ethnobotanical...

Author(s): Mohammadi Abolfazl, Amrollahi Hadi, Malek Frhad and Nazari Hossein

Effects of aluminum toxicity on the growth and antioxidant status in Jatropha curcas seedlings

January 2014

In the present study, the effects of aluminium (Al) concentrations on growth, superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT) and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), EC activities in Jatropha curcas L. seedlings were investigated. To carry out such investigations, J. curcas embryos were germinated and grown in vitro under Al concentrations of 0, 0.5, 1, 2 and 3 mM over a...

Author(s): Chao Ou-yang, Shun Gao, Lan-ju Mei, Tsair-Wang Chung, Lin Tang, Sheng-hua Wang and Fang Chen

A review on therapeutic potential of Nigella sativa (kalonji) seeds

January 2014

Nigella sativa name as black seed or Kalonji seed belongs to family of rananculacea. It is widely grown in different part of world and is an annual herb cultivated in India and Pakistan, Phytochemically; it contains fixed oil, protein, alkaloids saponin and essential oil. N. sativa has been reported to possess potent antioxidant, hepatoprotective, antiparasitic, anticancer, antidiabetic, antimicrobial, antiparasitic,...

Author(s): S. V. Tembhurne, S. Feroz, B. H. More and D. M.Sakarkar

Protective effects of Launaea procumbens against oxidative adrenal molecular, hormonal and pathological changes in rats

January 2014

The aim of the study was to investigate the protective effects of Launaea procumbens methanolic extract (LM) against CCl4-induced molecular, hormonal and pathological abnormalities in rats. Male Sprague Dawley rats were provided by National Institute of Health (NIH) Islamabad and orally fed with 100, 200 mg/kg body weight of LM after 48 h of CCl4 treatment (3 ml/kg body weight, 30% in olive oil) biweekly for 4 weeks....

Author(s): Rahmat Ali Khan, Muhammad Rashid Khan, Sumaira Sahreen and Jasia bokhari

The medicinal characteristics of alcohol-extraction-water-precipitation fraction from Swertia mussotii Franch.

January 2014

The alcohol-extraction-water-precipitation fraction of Swertia mussotii Franch. (SME-d) had been proved to be hepatoprotective without toxicity in previous report. In this article, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), rat experiment and P450 model tests were employed for studying the pharmacology characteristics of SME-d. The results showed that the contents of sweroside, swertiamarin, mangiferin,...

Author(s): Ping Lv, Lixin Wei, Yuzhi Du, Yuanchan Xiao and Min Peng

Toward a clinical research framework for collaboration among selected stakeholders in traditional herbal medical practice in seme and gem sub-locations in Nyanza province, Kenya

January 2014

Both World Health Organization (WHO) and Kenya government have recognized the role of herbal traditional medicinal practice in primary health management due to the observation that 80% of the rural communities consult traditional healers before they go for the orthodox medical services. The traditional herbal practice remains familiar and artitional, thus least developed and hence the patients do not get the best values...

Author(s): Job Isaac Jondiko Ogoche

Evaluation of the antioxidant and antiradical activities of perilla seed, leaf and stalk extracts

January 2014

The antioxidant properties of perilla seed, leaf and stalk extracts were evaluated by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and superoxide radicals scavenging activities, reducing power and metal chelating ability. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of perilla leaf extract was 57.5%, a value which was higher than scavenging activity of other perilla extracts at 15.0 μg/ml. Based on superoxide radical scavenging...

Author(s): En-Shyh Lin, Chia-Ching Li and Hung-Ju Chou

Medico-ethnobotanical investigations in Parbat district of Western Nepal

January 2014

The aim of present research was to record the indigenous knowledge on medicinal plants of Parbat district, Nepal. Field trips were arranged to collect the plants and ethnobotanical information from the study area during 2011 to 2012. The paper dealt with ethnobotanical plants along with their local names, parts and ethnomedicinal uses prescribed by ethnic tribes Gurung, Magar and Majhi of the district. A total of 61...

Author(s): B. Malla, D. P. Gauchan and R. B. Chhetri

Comparative assessment of genetic diversity among the Asclepiadaceous species using randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers and numerical taxonomy system (NTSYS) cluster analysis

January 2014

Asclepiadaceae is an economically important family species which are the source of fiber, rubber and dyes. In this study, genetic variability has been determined in three species, that is, Tylophora hirsuta, Wattakaka volubilis and Cryptolepis buchananii. The aim of present study was to understand the extent and pattern of genetic diversity among the individuals of same and different species of Asclepiadaceae. To asses...

Author(s): Adeeba Tariq, Tariq Mehmood, Mushtaq Ahmad, Uzma Sahar, Shazia Mushtaq and Muhammad Zafar

Preliminary studies on decontamination of some dried herbal products by gamma irradiation

January 2014

Seven dried herbal products (DHP) were decontaminated using gamma radiation. The microbial loads (total viable count, TVC) of the raw and irradiated products were determined using the methods of serial dilutions and pour plate. Based on international standards for microbial load, the effective decontamination doses were determined for the DHP. The range of TVC for the DHP was 105 to 109 cfu/g. Milled roots...

Author(s): A. Adu-Gyamfi, V. Appiah and J. Nketsia-Tabiri

DNA markers in the authentication of Traditional Chinese Medicine

January 2014

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), with its multi-target effects, is gaining more and more attention all over the world due to its specific theory and long historical clinical practice. But the absence of an objective and accurate inspection system is frequently cited as one of the major hurdles for its modernization and globalization. Benefiting from modern molecular biology and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...

Author(s): Ying Liu, Hannah Tan, Yuanling Qi, Xinmin Ruan and Naiyou Liu,

Wild edible fruits used by Badagas of Nilgiri District, Western Ghats, Tamilnadu, India

January 2014

Nilgiri means "Blue Mountains". The entire area of the Blue Mountains constitutes the present district of Nilgiri. It was originally a tribal land and was occupied by the Todas, Kotas, Kurumbas, Kattunayakkas and Panyas. Among them, the Badagas are one of the major communities in the district who reside in the mountain as long as other tribal population. The weather in this district favours the growth of...

Author(s): R. Sathyavathi and K. Janardhanan

DNA isolation and optimization of SRAP-PCR condition for endangered Polyporus umbellatus

January 2014

To provide a fast genetic diversity survey of endangered Polyporus umbellatus (Pers.) Fries for immediate conservation, DNA isolation and optimization of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay of sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) were investigated. Due to high amount of polysaccharide contained in mycelium, three special approaches were adopted to eliminate it during DNA isolation, including adding...

Author(s): Yuejin Zhang, Yalin Qin, Zhen Wang, Lijun Guo, Xin Chen, Zongsuo Liang and Hongbo Guo

Amazing bean “Mucuna pruriens”: A comprehensive review

January 2014

Mucuna pruriens commonly known as cow-age or cowitch or velvet bean or Alkushi, is a medicinal plant traditionally used in Indian medicine belongs to the family Leguminosae. M. pruriens seed is a natural source of the amino acid L-3,4-dihydroxy phenyl alanine (L-DOPA), the direct precursor to the neuro transmitter dopamine which is used widely in the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). Serotonin, oxitriptan,...

Author(s): Kavitha C. and Thangamani C.

A new acylated luteolin glycoside from Curcuma Longa L. and free radical scavenging potential of its extracts

January 2014

The ethanol and water extracts of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) displayed free radical scavenging activity. Chemical investigation of the ethanolic extract led to the isolation of a new acylated luteolin glucoside, luteolin-7-O-(6"-p-hydroxybenzoyl-b-D-glucopyranoside) (compound 1), together with the known flavonoids: luteolin 7-O-b-D-glucopyranoside (compound 2), apigenin-7-O-b-D-glucopyranoside (compound 3),...

Author(s): Manal H. Shabana and Manal S. Afifi

The effect of foliar applied urea on growth, yield, and oil contents of lemon grass variety-OD-19

January 2014

The influence of different foliar applications of urea on growth, essential oil accumulation in lemon grass (Cymbopogan flexuosus L.) was studied at the research area of medicinal and aromatic plants under department of Crop and Herbal Physiology during 2008 to 2009 to estimate the yield components, namely, plant height, tillers per plant, biomass yield, accumulation of essential oil, with treatment of different doses...

Author(s): Singh Aradhna and Singh Yashpal

Studies on the molecular mechanism of cholesterol reduction by Fraxinus angustifolia, Peumus boldus, Cynara cardunculus and Pterospartum tridentatum infusions

January 2014

Infusions of Peumus boldus Molina, Cynara cardunculus L., Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl and Pterospartum tridentatum (L.) Willk are recommended in Portugal to reduce serum cholesterol levels, among other effects. Volunteers drinking these infusions showed plasma total cholesterol reductions of 14% with Pterospartum boldus and 22% with P. tridentatum. C. cardunculus mixed with F. angustifolia or P. tridentatum resulted in...

Author(s): Pedro L. Falé, Catarina Ferreira, Ana M. Rodrigues, Fátima N. Frazão, and Maria L. M. Serralheiro,

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