Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3704

JMPR Articles

Effects of Huanglian Jiedu Decoction (HLJDD) on fever induced by lipopolysaccharide and inflammation induced by carrageenan

February 2014

This study aimed to investigate the antifebrile and anti-inflammatory effect of Huanglian Jiedu Decoction (HLJDD). The rabbits received intravenous injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) after orally administered with HLJDD and the rectal temperatures of rabbits were monitored. The concentrations of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in serum were assayed using rabbit IL-1β...

Author(s): Ran Li, Lilong Jia, Xiu Dong, Juncai Liu and Haibo Li

Comparative genetic and chemical profiling performed on Alstonia scholaris in China and its implications to standardization of Traditional Chinese Medicine

February 2014

Validity of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is oppugned very often because of the bugs of quality, effectiveness, and repeatability. Standardization of TCMs is one way to make a change. How to realize standardization of TCMs and with what measures to shape the quality control system, is provoking much debate in the TCM field. Genetic and chemical profiling were comparatively performed on Alstonia scholaris in China...

Author(s): Zhaoyang Zhang, Xiaodong Luo, and Sheng Li

New antioxidant and cholinesterase inhibitory constituents from Lonicera quinquelocularis

February 2014

A phytochemical investigation on the ethyl acetate soluble fraction of Lonicera quinquelocularis (whole plant) led to the isolation of three new and two known compounds. The crude extract and the various soluble fractions were screened for cytotoxic activities. The ethyl acetate soluble fraction was found to be more cytotoxic. The chloroform soluble fraction showed moderate activity while the other fractions and crude...

Author(s): Dilfaraz Khan, Wang Zhao, Saeed Ahmad and Shafiullah Khan,

Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of substituted halogenated coumarins

February 2014

Pathogens frequently display resistance to current drugs, which frequently lack selectivity/efficacy and have detrimental side effects. Thus, there is a constant need for novel therapeutic agents. Coumarins belong to the family of lactones, having a benzopyrone system that can be isolated from plants as well as total synthesis that can be carried out in the laboratory. To date, many chemical reactions have been...

Author(s): Kasumbwe, K, Venugopala, K. N, Mohanlall, V. and Odhav, B.

Study on callus induction and plant regeneration of Leuzea carthamoides via tissue culture system

February 2014

Leuzea (Rhaponticum carthamoides) is a valuable medicinal plant from Asteraceae. Micropropagation could be a good alternative for the mass propagation of Leuzea carthamoides. To investigate the callogenesis of leaf explants, 12 different hormonal combinations including different concentrations of 16-benzylaminopurine (BA) and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2, 4-D) were studied in two separable experiments. In both...

Author(s): Akhtar Zand, Alireza Babaei, Reza Omidbaigi and Elham Daneshfar

A sensitive high performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet (HPLC-UV) method for the quantitation of α-obscurine in rat plasma and its application to pharmacokinetic studies

February 2014

A simple and sensitive high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for the determination of α-obscurine in rat plasma has been developed and validated. Separation was achieved on Century Sil EPS C18 (5 μm, 200 × 4.6 mm i.d). The mobile phase, water:methanol:triethanol amine (39:61:0.05 v/v/v), was delivered at a flow rate of 1.0 ml/min. The detector was set at 250 nm. No interfering chromatogram...

Author(s): Guixin Zou, Xianmin You, Hong Jiang and Guanghan Wang

Polygonatum cirrhifolium Royle and Polygonatum verticillatum (L.) Allioni: Status assessment and medicinal uses in Uttarakhand, India

February 2014

Polygnatum verticillatum (Linn) All. and Polygonatum cirrhifolium (Wall.) Royle (Liliaceae) growing in the Himalayan region is assigned as vulnerable by International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). To elucidate the status of the plants in the Uttarakhand Himalaya population assessment of the species is done in the study region. The study area is divided into five sites (Kilburry,...

Author(s): Deepika Bhatt, Ravi Kumar, L.M. Tewari and G. C. Joshi

Water extracts of dietary mushrooms, Agrocybe aegerita and Hypsizigus mamoreus, inhibit antigen expression of human hepatitis B virus

February 2014

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is prevalent but the current treatments remain to be improved. This study evaluated the effect of dietary mushrooms on expression of surface (HBsAg) and e (HBeAg) antigens of HBV. Hot-water extracts (HWE) of dietary mushrooms, Agrocybe aegerita (AA), Hypsizigus mamoreus (HM) and Flammulina velutipes (FV), were prepared and subjected to gel permeation chromatograph for molecular weight...

Author(s): Jie-Jen Lee,, Joen-Rong Sheu, Woan-Ching Jan and Chien-Liang Liu,

Effects of extracts from Linum usitatissimum on cell vitality, proliferation and cytotoxicity in human breast cancer cell lines

February 2014

The seeds of flax (binomial name: Linum usitatissimum L.) are well known for their high content of phytoestrogens. In the present study, extracts from roots, leaves and stems of flax were analysed for their content of compounds, which might have phytoestrogen-like properties, by pyrolysis field ionisation mass spectrometry. All extracts were tested on the human breast cancer cell lines MCF7 (estrogen receptor positive)...

Author(s): Marlen Szewczyk, Sibylle Abarzua, André Schlichting, Barbara Nebe, Birgit Piechulla, Volker Briese and Dagmar-Ulrike Richter

Seed treatments to break seed dormancy and Standardization of viability test procedure in Abrus precatorious

January 2014

Abrus precatorius is an indigenous medicinal plant belongs to Fabaceae family and grow as wild vine in tropical and subtropical climate conditions. Seeds of this species posses seed dormancy and restricts germination to overcome unfavorable environmental conditions. This dormancy need to be removed to enhance germination under favourable condition of plant growth. Hence, different dormancy breaking treatments were...

Author(s): Pallavi, H. M., Vishwanath, K., Harish, B. S., Prashanth, Y. and Manjunath Thattimani

Phytochemical and antimicrobial studies on extractives of Calyptrochilum emarginatum (SW) Schltr (Orchidaceae) growing in Nigeria

January 2014

Calyptrochilum emarginatum is an epiphytic shrub belonging to the orchid family with numerous medicinal uses. Phytochemical investigation of the leaf extractives revealed the presence of tannins, flavonoids, carbohydrates, terpenes, sterols and saponins. Alkaloids and cardiac glycosides could not be detected. Antimicrobial studies of the extracts revealed that at a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 1.6 mg/ml,...

Author(s): S. E. Okhale, G. E. Ugbabe, O. Bamidele, G. A. Ajoku and H. O. Egharevba

Standardization of Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) Calyx cultivated in Sudan

January 2014

Herbal products have become increasingly popular throughout the world; one of the impediments in its acceptance is the lack of standard quality control profile. This research was conducted to standardize Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) cultivated in Sudan. For this purpose, world health organization (WHO) monograph for medicinal plants was used to assess certain particulars of the plant including macro and microscopical...

Author(s): Eiman Hassan A. Rahman Elhassan, Elhadi M. Ahmmed and Nizar Sirag

Light, temperature, and aging dependent vegetative growth and sporulation of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides on different culture media

January 2014

The fungal organism Colletotrichum gloeosporioides is the causative agent of anthracnose disease of Citrus fruits. It is recently introduced as a potential producer of anticancer metabolite paclitaxel. Here, we introduce the optimal conditions for growth and sporulation of C. gloeosporioides. We have considered four fungal culture media, that is potato dextrose agar (PDA), carnation leaf agar (CLA), potato carrot agar...

Author(s): Jalal Soltani†, Mahsa Yousefi-Pour Haghighi † and Sonbol Nazeri

Anti-inflammatory effects and mechanisms of usnic acid, a compound firstly isolated from lichen Parmelia saxatilis

January 2014

Usnic acid (UA) was isolated for the first time from Parmelia saxatilis and was confirmed by physical and spectral evidence. Its anti-inflammatory effect and mechanism were explored on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cell line. The effects of UA on pro-inflammatory cytokines including tumor necrosis factor-alfa (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), pro-inflammatory...

Author(s): Zhijun Huang, Junyan Tao, Jinlan Ruan, Chongming Li and Guohua Zheng

Allelopathic effects of Cassia tora and Cassia uniflora on Parthenium hysterophorous L.

January 2014

Laboratory studies on the seed powder and water extract of seeds of Cassia tora and Cassia uniflora on the germination of Parthenium seeds was studied. Seed powders of both weeds were much inhibitory on seed germination of Parthenium than the water extract. Seed powder of Cassia tora showed maximum germination inhibition of 98% and water extract of 67%, whereas seed powder of C. uniflora showed germination inhibition of...

Author(s): Swati Vitonde, R. J. Thengane and V.S. Ghole

In vitro antibacterial activity and phytochemical analysis of some medicinal plants

January 2014

Essential oils of medicinal plants have been used traditionally against pathogenic bacteria that caused infectious disease in human and microbial spoilage of food and have been used safely in herbal medicine as antibacterial compounds. In the present study, the antibacterial activities of the oils were evaluated against human and animals pathogenic bacteria. In this assay, the selective plants reported ethnobotanical...

Author(s): Mohammadi Abolfazl, Amrollahi Hadi, Malek Frhad and Nazari Hossein

Effects of aluminum toxicity on the growth and antioxidant status in Jatropha curcas seedlings

January 2014

In the present study, the effects of aluminium (Al) concentrations on growth, superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT) and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), EC activities in Jatropha curcas L. seedlings were investigated. To carry out such investigations, J. curcas embryos were germinated and grown in vitro under Al concentrations of 0, 0.5, 1, 2 and 3 mM over a...

Author(s): Chao Ou-yang, Shun Gao, Lan-ju Mei, Tsair-Wang Chung, Lin Tang, Sheng-hua Wang and Fang Chen

A review on therapeutic potential of Nigella sativa (kalonji) seeds

January 2014

Nigella sativa name as black seed or Kalonji seed belongs to family of rananculacea. It is widely grown in different part of world and is an annual herb cultivated in India and Pakistan, Phytochemically; it contains fixed oil, protein, alkaloids saponin and essential oil. N. sativa has been reported to possess potent antioxidant, hepatoprotective, antiparasitic, anticancer, antidiabetic, antimicrobial, antiparasitic,...

Author(s): S. V. Tembhurne, S. Feroz, B. H. More and D. M.Sakarkar

Protective effects of Launaea procumbens against oxidative adrenal molecular, hormonal and pathological changes in rats

January 2014

The aim of the study was to investigate the protective effects of Launaea procumbens methanolic extract (LM) against CCl4-induced molecular, hormonal and pathological abnormalities in rats. Male Sprague Dawley rats were provided by National Institute of Health (NIH) Islamabad and orally fed with 100, 200 mg/kg body weight of LM after 48 h of CCl4 treatment (3 ml/kg body weight, 30% in olive oil) biweekly for 4 weeks....

Author(s): Rahmat Ali Khan, Muhammad Rashid Khan, Sumaira Sahreen and Jasia bokhari

The medicinal characteristics of alcohol-extraction-water-precipitation fraction from Swertia mussotii Franch.

January 2014

The alcohol-extraction-water-precipitation fraction of Swertia mussotii Franch. (SME-d) had been proved to be hepatoprotective without toxicity in previous report. In this article, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), rat experiment and P450 model tests were employed for studying the pharmacology characteristics of SME-d. The results showed that the contents of sweroside, swertiamarin, mangiferin,...

Author(s): Ping Lv, Lixin Wei, Yuzhi Du, Yuanchan Xiao and Min Peng

Toward a clinical research framework for collaboration among selected stakeholders in traditional herbal medical practice in seme and gem sub-locations in Nyanza province, Kenya

January 2014

Both World Health Organization (WHO) and Kenya government have recognized the role of herbal traditional medicinal practice in primary health management due to the observation that 80% of the rural communities consult traditional healers before they go for the orthodox medical services. The traditional herbal practice remains familiar and artitional, thus least developed and hence the patients do not get the best values...

Author(s): Job Isaac Jondiko Ogoche

Evaluation of the antioxidant and antiradical activities of perilla seed, leaf and stalk extracts

January 2014

The antioxidant properties of perilla seed, leaf and stalk extracts were evaluated by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and superoxide radicals scavenging activities, reducing power and metal chelating ability. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of perilla leaf extract was 57.5%, a value which was higher than scavenging activity of other perilla extracts at 15.0 μg/ml. Based on superoxide radical scavenging...

Author(s): En-Shyh Lin, Chia-Ching Li and Hung-Ju Chou

Medico-ethnobotanical investigations in Parbat district of Western Nepal

January 2014

The aim of present research was to record the indigenous knowledge on medicinal plants of Parbat district, Nepal. Field trips were arranged to collect the plants and ethnobotanical information from the study area during 2011 to 2012. The paper dealt with ethnobotanical plants along with their local names, parts and ethnomedicinal uses prescribed by ethnic tribes Gurung, Magar and Majhi of the district. A total of 61...

Author(s): B. Malla, D. P. Gauchan and R. B. Chhetri

Comparative assessment of genetic diversity among the Asclepiadaceous species using randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers and numerical taxonomy system (NTSYS) cluster analysis

January 2014

Asclepiadaceae is an economically important family species which are the source of fiber, rubber and dyes. In this study, genetic variability has been determined in three species, that is, Tylophora hirsuta, Wattakaka volubilis and Cryptolepis buchananii. The aim of present study was to understand the extent and pattern of genetic diversity among the individuals of same and different species of Asclepiadaceae. To asses...

Author(s): Adeeba Tariq, Tariq Mehmood, Mushtaq Ahmad, Uzma Sahar, Shazia Mushtaq and Muhammad Zafar

Preliminary studies on decontamination of some dried herbal products by gamma irradiation

January 2014

Seven dried herbal products (DHP) were decontaminated using gamma radiation. The microbial loads (total viable count, TVC) of the raw and irradiated products were determined using the methods of serial dilutions and pour plate. Based on international standards for microbial load, the effective decontamination doses were determined for the DHP. The range of TVC for the DHP was 105 to 109 cfu/g. Milled roots...

Author(s): A. Adu-Gyamfi, V. Appiah and J. Nketsia-Tabiri

DNA markers in the authentication of Traditional Chinese Medicine

January 2014

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), with its multi-target effects, is gaining more and more attention all over the world due to its specific theory and long historical clinical practice. But the absence of an objective and accurate inspection system is frequently cited as one of the major hurdles for its modernization and globalization. Benefiting from modern molecular biology and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...

Author(s): Ying Liu, Hannah Tan, Yuanling Qi, Xinmin Ruan and Naiyou Liu,

Wild edible fruits used by Badagas of Nilgiri District, Western Ghats, Tamilnadu, India

January 2014

Nilgiri means "Blue Mountains". The entire area of the Blue Mountains constitutes the present district of Nilgiri. It was originally a tribal land and was occupied by the Todas, Kotas, Kurumbas, Kattunayakkas and Panyas. Among them, the Badagas are one of the major communities in the district who reside in the mountain as long as other tribal population. The weather in this district favours the growth of...

Author(s): R. Sathyavathi and K. Janardhanan

DNA isolation and optimization of SRAP-PCR condition for endangered Polyporus umbellatus

January 2014

To provide a fast genetic diversity survey of endangered Polyporus umbellatus (Pers.) Fries for immediate conservation, DNA isolation and optimization of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay of sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) were investigated. Due to high amount of polysaccharide contained in mycelium, three special approaches were adopted to eliminate it during DNA isolation, including adding...

Author(s): Yuejin Zhang, Yalin Qin, Zhen Wang, Lijun Guo, Xin Chen, Zongsuo Liang and Hongbo Guo

Amazing bean “Mucuna pruriens”: A comprehensive review

January 2014

Mucuna pruriens commonly known as cow-age or cowitch or velvet bean or Alkushi, is a medicinal plant traditionally used in Indian medicine belongs to the family Leguminosae. M. pruriens seed is a natural source of the amino acid L-3,4-dihydroxy phenyl alanine (L-DOPA), the direct precursor to the neuro transmitter dopamine which is used widely in the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). Serotonin, oxitriptan,...

Author(s): Kavitha C. and Thangamani C.

A new acylated luteolin glycoside from Curcuma Longa L. and free radical scavenging potential of its extracts

January 2014

The ethanol and water extracts of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) displayed free radical scavenging activity. Chemical investigation of the ethanolic extract led to the isolation of a new acylated luteolin glucoside, luteolin-7-O-(6"-p-hydroxybenzoyl-b-D-glucopyranoside) (compound 1), together with the known flavonoids: luteolin 7-O-b-D-glucopyranoside (compound 2), apigenin-7-O-b-D-glucopyranoside (compound 3),...

Author(s): Manal H. Shabana and Manal S. Afifi

The effect of foliar applied urea on growth, yield, and oil contents of lemon grass variety-OD-19

January 2014

The influence of different foliar applications of urea on growth, essential oil accumulation in lemon grass (Cymbopogan flexuosus L.) was studied at the research area of medicinal and aromatic plants under department of Crop and Herbal Physiology during 2008 to 2009 to estimate the yield components, namely, plant height, tillers per plant, biomass yield, accumulation of essential oil, with treatment of different doses...

Author(s): Singh Aradhna and Singh Yashpal

Studies on the molecular mechanism of cholesterol reduction by Fraxinus angustifolia, Peumus boldus, Cynara cardunculus and Pterospartum tridentatum infusions

January 2014

Infusions of Peumus boldus Molina, Cynara cardunculus L., Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl and Pterospartum tridentatum (L.) Willk are recommended in Portugal to reduce serum cholesterol levels, among other effects. Volunteers drinking these infusions showed plasma total cholesterol reductions of 14% with Pterospartum boldus and 22% with P. tridentatum. C. cardunculus mixed with F. angustifolia or P. tridentatum resulted in...

Author(s): Pedro L. Falé, Catarina Ferreira, Ana M. Rodrigues, Fátima N. Frazão, and Maria L. M. Serralheiro,

Ethnobotanical survey of some medicinal important leafy vegetables in North Western Nigeria

January 2014

This paper focuses on twenty-eight medicinally important leafy vegetables documented from the North Western part of Nigeria. It also highlights their medicinal importance in the treatment of minor ailments as well as their sources. The family Compositae (Asteraceae) contained the highest number of plants, followed by Cucurbitaceae, Malvaceae and Solanaceae. Sixty eight percent of the documented vegetables are...

Author(s): S. Muhammad and M. A. Shinkafi

Central nervous system depressant and analgesic activities of Scutia myrtina in experimental animal model

January 2014

  The purpose of this study is to investigate the central nervous system (CNS) depressant and analgesic activities of the ethanol extract of Scutia myrtina (EESM) (Family: Rhamnaceae) in Swiss albino mice. To evaluate the CNS depressant activity by using the methods such as general behavior, exploratory behavior, muscle relaxant activity and phenobarbitone sodium-induced sleeping time were studied....

Author(s): Sambath Kumar R, Asok Kumar K and Venkateswara Murthy N

Changes in Kaempferol content of Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) under water deficit stresses and planting densities

January 2014

To investigate the beneficial impacts of plant density on drought resistance of chicory (Cichorium intybus L. var. ‘Qazvin’), we conducted an experiment in the field by measuring certain features essentially related to yield characters. Our objective in this study was to assess the interactive effects of various plant densities (6, 9, 12 and 15 plants/m2) and watering limitation. In the latter, water supply...

Author(s): Mahdi Taheri Asghari and Hossein Aliabadi Farahani

Proteomic analysis of acute kidney allograft rejection in rat

January 2014

Kidney transplantation to treat end-stage renal disease has evolved rapidly from the first successful transplantations to the current widespread use of grafts from both cadaveric and living donors. But acute rejection is still a strong risk factor for chronic rejection in recipients of renal grafts. To investigate possible mechanisms, we describe a comparison between different proteins expression profile of acute...

Author(s): Chen Gang, Mi Jie, Wu XiaoHou, Luo ChunLi, Li JiaBing, Tang YaXiong and Li Jie

Rapid in vitro multiplication and biological potentialities of Sericostoma pauciflorum stocks ex Wight

January 2014

In the present study, an efficient in vitro plant regeneration protocol for Sericostoma pauciflorum stocks ex Wight, which is known for hypoglycemic efficacy, was achieved. Callus cultures from nodal explants were raised on Murashige and Skoog’s (MS) medium with Indole acetic acid (IAA, 0.5 to 2 mg/l) and 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2, 4-D, 0.5 to 2 mg/l). Shoot regeneration occurred from callus cultures...

Author(s): Satish C. Jain, Boskey Pancholi and Renuka Jain

Antidiabetic and genotoxic effects on Wistar rats treated with aqueous extract from Chrysobalanus icaco L.

January 2014

Chrysobalanus icaco L. is a medicinal plant, used to treat diabetes and dyslipidemia in Brazil. The biological effects may vary depending on the source of plant. Experiments were performed to assess these effects from plants collected in the field and those obtained from dried herbs market. Glycemia, cholesterol and triglycerides serum concentrations were measured in healthy and diabetic rats treated with aqueous...

Author(s): S. C. Ferreira-Machado, R. F. Gagliardi, A. P. M. Nunes, M. P. Rodrigues, F. J. S. Dantas, J. C. P. De Mattos, C. A. F. Peregrino, E. G. Moura and A. Caldeira-de-Araujo

Establishment of hairy root culture and production of secondary metabolites in Coleus (Coleus forskohlii)

January 2014

Production of hairy roots through transformation and in vitro culture was attempted in Coleus using MTCC 2364 strain of Agrobacterium rhizogenes. Nodal stem part and mature leaf were used as explants. The nodal stem part responded with huge amount of root production. From the nodal part first 3 to 4cm long shoot emergence took place and after that within 12 days roots started emerging from base of node. If the shoot...

Author(s): Rajiv Pandey, V. Krishnasamy, N. Kumaravadivel and K. Rajamani

In vitro antioxidant, total phenolic, membrane stabilizing and antimicrobial activity of Allamanda cathartica L.: A medicinal plant of Bangladesh

January 2014

The methanol extract of the leaf of Allamanda cathartica L. as well as its hexane, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform and aqueous soluble partitionates were subjected to screening for antioxidant, membrane stabilizing and antimicrobial activities. The antioxidant potential was evaluated by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and Folin-Ciocalteau reagents using butylated hydroxytolune (BHT) and ascorbic acid as standards....

Author(s): Rehan Sarker, Tasnuva Sharmin, Farhana Islam and Sharmin Reza Chowdhury

Antinociceptive effects of Maytenus imbricata Mart. ex. Reissek (Celastraceae) root extract and its tingenone constituent

January 2014

Plants belonging to the genus Maytenus (Celastraceae) are routinely used in folk medicine for the treatment of pain and inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the in vivo anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects of the root extracts and tingenone, a natural triterpene, from Maytenus imbricata Mart. ex. Reissek. Oral pre-treatment with methanol extract (ME), ethyl acetate extract (EAE) (both 100...

Author(s): Clarice de Carvalho Veloso, Vanessa Gregório Rodrigues, Adolfo de Oliveira Azevedo, Cristina da Costa Oliveira, Lindisley Ferreira Gomides, Lucienir Pains Duarte, Igor Dimitri Duarte, Andre Klein and Andrea de Castro Perez

Chemical composition of essential oil from the fiddleheads of Pteridium aquilinum L. Kuhn found in Ogoni

January 2014

The present study was designed to determine the chemical composition of the essential oil from the fiddleheads of Pteridium aquilinum L. Kuhn, so as to enable more effective utilization of such bioactive ingredients. Gas chromatography analysis of the essential oil distillate revealed the presence of 40 compounds that consisted mainly of alkanes (86.60%), monoterpenes (3.20%) and sesquiterpenes (2.40%). The most...

Author(s): Barine I. Nwiloh, Comfort C. Monago and Augustine A. Uwakwe

Using toasted barley in sesame oil mixture for non-surgical necrosis debridement of experimental burns in rat

January 2014

Burns are the most damaging kind of injuries, major global public health crisis and the fourth most common types of trauma. Decision making in the treatment of burns remains a challenge despite existence of improved assessment techniques and treatment procedures. One of the most complications in healing of burn tissues is necrosis. Several medicinal plants were used to treat skin disorders as burn wounds and necrosis so...

Author(s): Parviz Bazzi, Samad Akbarzadeh, Narges Obeidi, Mohamad kazem Noohpisheh, Adel Daneshi and Afshar Bargahi

Suppressive effects of Hydroxytyrosol on oxidative stress in erythrocytes

December 2013

We investigated the oxidative modifications of lipids, proteins and antioxidants enzymes activities, in erythrocytes treated with H2O2 in the presence or absence of hydroxytyrosol (HT) at 37°C for 30 min. Conjugated dienes level was measured as biomarker of lipid peroxidation. Protein carbonyl level was measured as biomarker of protein oxidation. The antioxidants enzymes activities were evaluated by superoxide...

Author(s): Bochra Gargouri, Khaled hamden, Malek Mseddi, Rihab Nasr, Allouch N. and Saloua Lassoued

Antimicrobial activity of five constituents isolated from Ranunculus muricatus

December 2013

Antimicrobial activity of five compounds isolated from Ranunculus muricatus, namely, Tricin7-O-β-D-lucopyranoside (1), protocatechuyl aldehide (2), isoscopoletin (3), anemonin (4), Β-sitoseterol (5) were tested against two human Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcus luteus) and four Gram-negative ones (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella...

Author(s): Sadia Nazir, Baoshan Li, Kamran Tahir, Arifullah Khan, Zia Ul Haq Khan and Shafiullah Khan,

Reverse phase-high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector (RP-HPLC-DAD) analysis of flavonoids profile from curry leaf (Murraya koenigii. L)

December 2013

Murraya koenigii L. Spreng, a medicinally important herb of Indian origin, has been used for centuries in the Ayurvedic system of traditional Indian medicine and popularly used in Indian cuisine on a daily basis. To evaluate the quality of M. koenigii, L. leaves, a sensitive, simple and precise reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) method was developed for assessment of four major bioactive...

Author(s): Kaliyaperumal Ashokkumar, Kumarakurubaran Selvaraj and Saradha Devi K. M.

Study on ethnomedicinal plants of Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary: A cold desert in Trans Himalaya, India

December 2013

The present study aimed to document the use of ethnomedicinal plants by Bodh or Bhotia tribe residing around Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary, a cold desert protected area in trans Himalayan Region. First-hand information on traditional knowledge was collected from Amchis (Folk healers) and local knowledgeable people of age groups that are between 30 and 75 years along with thorough review of previous studies in Indian...

Author(s): Usha Devi, M. K. Seth, Pankaj Sharma and J. C. Rana

Anti-ulcerogenic properties of Albuca setosa

December 2013

Albuca setosa is a medicinal plant used by Xhosa tribe in the rural area of South Africa for the treatment of wounds, articulation problems, rheumatoid arthritis and digestive disorders. This study aimed to evaluate the healing effect of A. setosa on experimental induced gastric ulcer. The anti-ulcerogenic effects of A. setosa were investigated in male Wistar rats. Gastric ulcer was induced per os using indomethacin (50...

Author(s): E. J. Ndebia, V. Tchokonte-Nana, E. Umapathy, C. R. Tamadjou Tchuen, R. P. Williams, C. R.  Sewani-Rusike, B. J. Page and J. E. Iputo

Determination of microelements in Codonopsis Radix by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry

December 2013

An inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was to determine microelements such as Be, B, Al, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Cd, Ba, Hg, Pb, Li, Mg, Ca, Ga, Rb, Sr, Mo, Ag, Sn and Cs with In as internal standard. The limits of detection (LOD) for elements mentioned earlier are between 0.003 and 2.478 ng/g, and the recoveries are between 92 and 112.20%. These results are in agreement with the...

Author(s): Fude Yang,  Haiming Lin and Rui Ding

Exploring plant lectins in diagnosis, prophylaxis and therapy

December 2013

Plant lectins are bioactive glycoproteins possessing carbohydrate-recognition domain which exhibit regiospecific, cell-surface specific and reversible interactions with glycoconjugates. Since, they can decode biological information, lectins play a pivotal role in mediating and triggering diverse cellular phenomena. They serve as powerful tools in immunological studies and can be employed as immunohistochemistry markers...

Author(s): Sutapa Biswas Majee and Gopa Roy Biswas

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