Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3672

JMPR Articles

Standardization of Hibiscus Schizopetalus (Mast) Hook according to World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines

June 2014

Hibiscus schizopetalus (Mast) Hook (Malvaceae) is a shrub with spreading or usually drooping branches, attaining a height up to 13 feet (4 m) and found in east of tropical Africa. It is also a common ornamental shrub cultivated in Pakistan. The pharmacognostic standards for the flower and leaves of H. schizopetalus were done for the first time and this...

Author(s): Hina Zahid, Ghazala H. Rizwani and Huma Shareef

Chemical composition and antinociceptive activity of the essential oil of Piper mollicomum and Piper rivinoides

June 2014

The analysis of chromatographic profiles of the essential oil of Piper mollicomum and Piper rivinoides for Multidimensional gas chromatography (MDGC) allowed the identification of 18 compounds in essential oil of Piper mollicomum (EOPM) and 19 compounds in essential oil of Piper rivinoides (EOPR), being β-ocimene and α-pinene which are the major compounds, respectively. In the test of writhing induced by...

Author(s): Stefânia P. de Souza, Simone S. Valverde, Nathalia F. Costa, Andrea S. Calheiros, Keila S. C. Lima, Valber S. Frutuoso and Antônio L. S. Lima

Bioactivity-guided studies on the antiinflammatory activity of extract of aerial parts of Schwenckia americana L. (Solanaceae)

June 2014

The antiinflammatory activity of the methanol:methylene chloride extract of the aerial parts of Schwenckia americana L. (Solanaceae) (SAE) and its mechanisms were evaluated. Bioactivity-guided studies on SAE and its fractions was done using the egg albumin-induced rat paw edema as activity guide. Further screening for anti-inflammatory activity was accomplished using the xylene-induced ear edema and cotton...

Author(s): Nwabunike, I. A., Ezike, A. C., Nwodo, N. J., Udegbunam, S. O. and Okoli, C. O.

Biotechnical application of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi used in the production of foliar biomolecules in ironwood seedlings [Libidibia ferrea (Mart. ex Tul.) L.P.Queiroz var. ferrea]

June 2014

Libidibia ferrea, popularly known as ironwood is a medicinal plant of the Caatinga, in semi-arid Brazil. It is used for traditional medicine because it has bioactive compounds. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) have been shown to improve the production of biomolecules in some plants. The objective of this study was to select efficient AMF for optimizing the growth and production of bioactive compounds in L. ferrea...

Author(s): Francineyde A. Silva; Fábio S. B. Silva and Leonor C. Maia

Exploration of the anti-diabetic effect of the matured seeds of Dioclea reflexa

June 2014

The study aimed at exploring the anti-diabetic effect of the seed flour of Dioclea reflexa on alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Thirty Wistar rats of both sexes were exposed to respective doses of the seed flour and the standardized drugs (Gliclazide 6.1 mg/kd body weight and Metformin 60 mg/kg body weight) according to the group specifications.  The seed flour at a dose of 2 g/kg body weight per oral once daily was...

Author(s): Adepoju Adeyinka GK and Balogun O.M.

Phenolics of Achillea fragrantissima growing in Egypt and its cytotoxic activity

June 2014

Achillea fragrantissima Sch. Bip. (Asteraceae) has been reputed in folk medicine of the Arabia region and Egypt for the treatment of many diseases. Air dried aerial parts of A. fragrantissima were extracted with 70% aqueous ethanol and fractionated with petroleum ether, dichloromethane, n-butanol and ethyl acetate fractions. Among them, dichloromethane showed the highest activity and was subjected to separation and...

Author(s): Riham Omar Bakr, Reem Khedr Arafa, Ahmed Mohamed Al-Abd, and Hisham Mohamed Elshishtawy

In vitro evaluation of Bixa orellana L. (Annatto) seeds as potential natural food preservative

June 2014

This paper evaluates the in vitro antimicrobial and antioxidant effect of the ethanolic extract of annatto seeds (EEBS). Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the EEBS was determinate through micro-dilution method in 7 bacteria and 5 fungi strains, all of which are ATCC. The EEBS shows a wide antimicrobial action spectrum for both Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, as well as for fungi with MICs between 0.5...

Author(s): Gelmy L. Ciro, José E. Zapata and Jessica López

Preliminary investigation on phytochemical composition and biological activity of Cunila microcephala Benth.

June 2014

Ethnobotanical studies have investigated the use of leaves of Cunila microcephala for respiratory, stomach and gastrointestinal disorders. The essential oil of this plant is mostly composed of menthofuran, which has a hepatotoxic effect. Due to the popular use of this plant in southern Brazil, this study aimed to perform phytochemical profile of C. microcephala to detect and determine the amount of secondary metabolites...

Author(s): Alan da Silva Felisbino, Marília Schutz Borges, Daniela Dimer Leffa, Paula da Silva Cardoso, Claus Troger Pich, Vanessa Moraes de Andrade and Patrícia de Aguiar Amaral

Gastroprotective and immunoadjuvant activities of butanolic extract of Calliandra haematocephala

May 2014

Calliandra haematocephala (Leguminosae) is a native species found in tropical America. This plant is widespread and cultivated with ornamental purposes in gardens and parks. Previous studies with other species of this genus confirmed some pharmacological properties, such as antiinflammatory, anticonvulsant, immunomodulatory, and mainly antiulcerogenic activity. Phytochemical investigations have been carried out on the...

Author(s): Antony de Paula Barbosa

Biological screening of Albizia lebbek L. and Mimosa himalayana Gamble (Mimosaceae)

May 2014

Methanolic leaf extracts of two medicinal plant species of family Mimosaceae: Albizia lebbek L. and Mimosa himalayana Gamble, were used to evaluate their antibacterial and antifungal activity using agar diffusion method. Extractions from leaves of selected plants were carried out by simple maceration process. The methanolic extracts of these plants were tested against four strains of bacteria (one strain was gram...

Author(s): Abdul Shakoor, Amjad ur Rahman, Gul Zaib, Uzma Khan, Yasir Ihtesham, Abdul Aziz Napar and Muhammad Naveed

Preliminary evaluation of ethanol leaf extract of Borreria verticillata Linn (Rubiaceae) for analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects

May 2014

Borreria verticillata L is used for the treatment of some painful and inflammatory conditions by traditional medical practitioners in Nigeria and other countries. The ethanol leaf extract of B. verticillata (EEBV) was investigated for possible analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects in mice and rats. The models used for the analgesic study were acetic acid induced abdominal writhes, hot plate tests in mice and formalin...

Author(s): Halima Sadiya Abdullahi-Gero, Abubakar Ahmed, Abdulkadir Umar Zezi and Isa Marte Hussaini

Chemical and biological study of Mentha suaveolens Ehrh. cultivated in Egypt

May 2014

Investigation of the different fractions of the ethanolic extract of the aerial parts of M. suaveolens growing in Egypt yielded nine compounds; two new triterpenes [3β-acetyl -22α-hydroxy ursa-12,20-diene (compound 1) and 2α, 3β-dihydroxy-olean-18-en-29-oic acid (compound 7)] and nine known compounds: a sterol and its glucoside; β-sitosterol (compound 2) and β-sitosterol-3-O-...

Author(s): El-Sayeda A. El-Kashoury, Hesham I. El-Askary, Zeinab A. Kandil, Shahira M. Ezzat, Mohamed A. Salem and Amany A. Sleem

Rapid and easy molecular authentication of medicinal plant Zingiber officinale Roscoe by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)-based marker

May 2014

The Zingiber genus, which includes the herbs known as gingers with maximal therapeutic properties, is well known for its medicinal importance as a purificant of body. Some morphological similar members of the genus are available but differ in their pharmacological and therapeutic properties. So there is an existing demand in herbal drug industry for an authentication system for gingers in order to facilitate their...

Author(s): Anis Ahmad Chaudhary, Mohsin Khan, Waleed M. Al-Shaqha, Mohammad Alharbi and Osama A. Al-Khamees

Compounds isolated from Harpalyce brasiliana Benth and their pharmacological properties

May 2014

Harpalyce brasiliana Benth, known as snakeroot, is one of the most popular herbal medicines against snakebite in South America. A hydroalcoholic solution is traditionally prepared from the roots of H. brasiliana. In the last two decades, understanding the pharmacological properties and the possible medicinal applications of H. brasiliana has increased considerably. H. brasiliana has antivenom activity and...

Author(s): Carla Brugin Marek and Ana Maria Itinose

Andiroba oil (Carapa guianensis) on ventral hernia repair

May 2014

In the Amazon rainforest region, Andiroba oil is an herbal oil that is widely used by the local population to treat several inflammatory diseases. The objective of this study was to test Andiroba oil as a mesh coating or by oral administration in a rat model of excisional abdominal wall defect as an alternative to modulate inflammatory response without impairing the ventral hernia repair. Thirty six animals were...

Author(s): Edson Yuzur Yasojima, Felipe Lobato da Silva Costa, Abdallah de Paula Houat, Renan Kleber Costa Teixeira, Edvaldo Lima Silveira, Marcus Vinicius Henriques Brito and Gaspar de Jesus Lopes Filho

DNA damage protecting activity and in vitro antioxidant potential of the methanol extract of Cherry (Prunus avium L)

May 2014

The characterization of sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) genetic resources in Turkey may help to increase their use in breeding programmers worldwide, as Turkey is the centre of origin of sweet cherry. In the Malatya region, cherry leaves are gathered in April and May, fresh and dried used for stuffing. Components of cherry trees have been used as traditional herbal remedies for various diseases. These components are...

Author(s): Türkan Kutlu, Kasim Takim, Bircan Çeken and Murat Kizil

Detection of tamarixetin and kaempferide in different tissues by high-performance liquid chromatography in tamarixetin and kaempferide treated rats

May 2014

Tamarixetin and kaempferide were considered as the major active constituents of Tamarix chinensis, and had several known bioactivities. An effective and inexpensive high-performance liquid chromatographic method was established and validated for the determination of tamarixetin and kaempferide in rat tissues following a single oral administration. Tissue distribution showed the highest level of tamarixetin was observed...

Author(s): Fu-quan Xu, Yuan-yuan Feng and Bin-lun Yan

Development of phytochemical fingerprint of an Indian medicinal plant Chitrak (Plumbago zeylanica L) using high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC)

May 2014

Fresh, shade-dried and powdered samples of leaf, stem and root of Chitrak (Plumbago zeylanica L) were subjected to fractional distillation in a Soxhlet apparatus using four organic solvents. Chloroform, acetone and ethanol extracts from root of Plumbago showed higher zone of inhibition of 22.66±1.52, 21.5±1.29 and 16.5±1.29 mm and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 1.0, 10.0 and 10.0...

Author(s): I. C. Mohanty, Vishnu K. Soni and G. R. Sahu

Antibacterial activity of two triterpenes from stem bark of Protorhus longifolia

May 2014

Antibiotic resistance of pathogenic strains has hugely contributed to the wide spread of new and re-emerging infectious diseases. There is thus the need for the discovery of new (non-penicillin based) antibiotics. The triterpenes [3β-hydroxylanosta-9,24-dien-21-oic acid (1) and methyl-3β-hydroxylanosta-9,24-dienoate (2)] isolated from stem bark of Protorhus longifolia (Benrh.) Engl. were evaluated for their...

Author(s): Rebamang A. Mosa, Mandlakayise L. Nhleko, Thandeka V. Dladla and Andy R. Opoku

Antifungal metabolite from Muntingia calabura root against early leaf blight of tomato

May 2014

The aim of the present study is to determine the in vitro antimicrobial activity of various extracts and fractions of Muntingia calabura (Elaeocarpaceae) root against a selected panel of microorganisms. Antifungal activity of different solvent extracts of M. calabura L. root, tested against Alternaria solani, Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici, Pythium species, Phytophthora species, Aspergillus niger, Colletotrichum...

Author(s): Ramasamy Rajesh, Nanjundan Jaivel and Ponnusamy Marimuthu

Angelica gigas Nakai extract ameliorates the effects of cyclophosphamide on immunological and hematopoietic dysfunction in mice

May 2014

The objective of this study was to develop a treatment for immune and hematopoietic system dysfunction in cancer patients. We induced immunosuppression and hematopoietic dysfunction in mice by injection of cyclophosphamide (CPA) and treated the animals with Korean angelica extract (Angelica gigas Nakai), an oriental medicine. Mice were injected with CPA on days 1 and 3 and were orally administered the indicated...

Author(s): Kap Joo Park, Byung Chul Lee, Jae Seok Lee and Myung Hwan Cho

Diversity among 20 accession of three germplasm of the medicinal plant, Ocimum (O. gratissimum, O. sanctum and O. basilicum, Lamiaceae)

May 2014

Ocimum spp, popularly known as Tulsi, has great commercial (food and perfumery industries) and medicinal importance due to antispasmodic, stomachicum, carminative, antimalarial and febrifuge properties. The aroma and flavor in Ocimum spp. is distinct due to the predominant aroma compound eugenol, camphor, citral etc. We used molecular techniques to assess the genetic variability and relatedness of 20 accessions of three...

Author(s): Shanthy Sundaram, Shalini Purwar, Santosh Kumar Singh and Priyanka Dwivedi

Antioxidant capacity of essential oils extracted from Lippia sidoides, Ageratum fastigiatum, Ocotea odorifera, Mikania glauca and their major components

April 2014

Essential oils are biologically important and a large number of studies to evaluate their antioxidant activities have been performed. The aim of this work was to evaluate the antioxidant capacity of the essential oils of Lippia sidoides, Ageratum fastigiatu, Ocotea odorifera, Mikania glauca and their major components, using different assays. The essential oil of L. sidoides exhibited the highest antioxidant capacity,...

Author(s): Luiz Gustavo de Lima Guimarães, Maria das Graças Cardoso, Juliana Andrade, Maria Luisa Teixeira, Marcos de Souza Gomes and Samísia Maria Fernandes Machado

Management of indigenous medicinal plants in Nigeria using phenological information

April 2014

Available information on medicinal plants indicates habitat loss and has heightened the need for more proactive conservation strategies. Conservation efforts in this direction resulted in an eco-pharmacological survey in the West African sub-region by three countries (Nigeria, Ghana and Republic of Benin) to assess frequently used medicinal plants. The result of the socio-economic study based on utilization pattern...

Author(s): Oni, P. I., Jimoh, S. O. and Adebisi, L. A.

In vitro anti-arthritic and thrombolytic activities of methanolic extract of Protium serratum leaves

April 2014

The present study was engineered to find out the anti-arthritic and thrombolytic activity of methanolic extract of Protium serratum by using in vitro method. Methanolic extract of P. serratum was assessed with the inhibition of protein denaturation model which was used to evaluate anti-arthritic potential and this extract assessed with human blood to evaluate thrombolytic effect. The extract showed remarkable...

Author(s): Mohammed Aktar Sayeed, Mohammad Mamun Ur Rashid, Mohammad Fazlul Kabir, Rashedul Alam, Md. Saiful Islam, Rana Dhar and A. T. M Yusuf

A review on pathophysiology of ischemic-reperfusion injury of heart and ameliorating role of flavonoids and polyphenols

April 2014

Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) syndrome is defined as injury caused by the restoration of coronary flow after a period of ischemia. The pathophysiology of ischemia-reperfusion injury involves cellular effect of ischemia, reactive oxygen species and inflammatory cascade. Flavonoids and polyphenols possess unique antioxidant properties and other protective activities which are beneficial for ischemia-reperfusion injury. It is...

Author(s): Jiban Debnath and L. K. Nath

Effect of six environmental variables on five Bupleurum species distribution in Guandi, Wutai, Xiaowutai and Dongling mountains

April 2014

Effects of environmental factors on the spatial distribution of five Bupleurum genera were investigated. Eighty seven samples in total in four mountains were collected; 158, 116, 130 and 128 plant species were recorded in Guandi, Wutai, Xiao Wutai and Dongling mountains, respectively. This study has been focused on five particular species (Bupleurum bicaule Helm, Bupleurum scorzonerifolium Willdenow, Bupleurum sibiricum...

Author(s): L. Nyobe, J. T. Zhang, Q. D. Zhang, S. G. Tian, L. H. Fan and S. T. Huang

Cytotoxic and cytogenetic effects of Convolvulus arvensis extracts on rhabdomyosarcoma (RD) tumor cell line in vitro

April 2014

The present study was designed to investigate the cytotoxicity of (aqueous and methanol) crude extracts of the leaves, stems and roots extracts as well as proteoglycan and glycoside fraction I (FI) of Convolvulus arvensis against human Rhabdomyosarcoma (RD) tumor cell line in vitro. The effect of glycoside FI fraction on mitotic index (MI) of RD cell line was investigated as well. The optical density (OD) of cell growth...

Author(s): Asaad Abdulwahed Bader AL-Asady, Dhamia Kasem Suker and Kawthar Kalaf Hassan

Medicinal plant parts and practices used by communities around the Miombo woodlands of Urumwa, Tanzania

April 2014

A study to document medicinal plants parts and practices in relation to sustainable use was performed in communities around the Miombo woodland of Urumwa in Tanzania. Data collection was based on semi-structured interviews and discussion with key stakeholders. G-tests were used to ascertain differences in medicinal plants practices between women and men. Roots were the commonly used parts for medicine followed by barks....

Author(s): Suzana Augustino, John B. Hall, Fortunatus B. S. Makonda and Romanus C. Ishengoma

Haematological parameters and serum testosterone of West African dwarf rams treated with aqueous extract of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius (Chaya)

April 2014

The effect of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius (Chaya) plant extract on the haematological and serum testosterone of West African dwarf (WAD) breeding rams was carried out. The plant has been used traditionally for both medicinal and non-medicinal purposes. Eight West African dwarf rams were used in this study. The experiment spanned through 14 weeks. The weight of the animals was between 20 to 25 kg and the age between 18 to...

Author(s): M. O. Oyeyemi and Ajani O. S.  

In vitro biological screening and chemical constituents of Euphorbia perbracteata Gage

April 2014

To assess the in vitro biological activity and chemical constituents of Euphorbia perbracteata using different polar solvents, the phytochemical constituents were screened and total phenols, antioxidants, flavonoids content, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity and IC50 values were calculated. Antimicrobial assay was carried out by using disc diffusion method and minimum inhibitory...

Author(s): Naidu Sarojini Devi, Yerukala Padma and Rudraraju Reddi Venkata Raju

The first flavonoid isolated from Bromelia laciniosa (Bromeliaceae)

April 2014

Bromelia laciniosa is a native species of the Caatinga biome, popularly known as “macambira” and “macambira de porco”. This paper describes the isolation and structural characterization of the first chemical constituent isolated from the leaves of B. laciniosa, an unprecedented flavonoid in the Bromeliaceae family. The structure was established as 5,7-dihydroxy-3,3',4'-trimethoxyflavone...

Author(s): Raimundo G. de Oliveira-Júnior, Ana P. de Oliveira, Amanda L. Guimarães, Edigênia C. C. Araújo, Raimundo Braz-Filho, Dag O. Øvstedal, Torgils Fossen and Jackson R. G. S. Almeida

Polyphenol derivatives from bioactive butanol phase of the Tunisian narrow-leaved asphodel (Asphodelus tenuifolius Cav., Asphodelaceae)

April 2014

Dichloromethane, ethyl acetate and butanol phases of the organic extract obtained from Asphodelus tenuifolius Cav., a plant growing spontaneously in Tunisia were assessed for antifungal and antibacterial effects using disc diffusion and dilution methods, respectively. The butanol phase exhibited significant antifungal activity against Candida albicans, Candida parapsilosis and Candida krusei and a considerable level of...

Author(s): Khaled Faidi, Saoussen Hammami, Abdelkader Ben Salem, Ridha El Mokni, Mariem Garrab, Maha Mastouri, Mohamed Gorcii, Melika Trabelsi Ayedi, Orazio Taglialatela-Scafati and Zine Mighri

Effect of adenine sulphate on in vitro mass propagation of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni

April 2014

Stevia rebaudiana, a medicinal plant normally used as a natural herbal sweetener, has documented properties of antimicrobial, antihypertensive and anti-hyperglycemic and hence a boon to diabetic people. An efficient protocol has been developed for the in vitro plant regeneration established from nodal explants of stevia. Best shoot proliferation was observed when nodal explants were inoculated on Murashige and Skoog...

Author(s): Mohd. Kamran Khan, Pragati Misra, Taru Sharma, P. K. Shukla and P. W. Ramteke

Aqueous leaves extract of Artemisia campestris inhibition of the scorpion venom induced hypertension

April 2014

The boiled leaves of Artemisia campestris (Asteraceae) was used as a folk-medicine against ophidian and scorpion envenoming in rural and nomad populations, but its bona fide mechanisms are still unknown. In this report, the effect of the aqueous dry leaves’ extract of this plant on hemodynamic variations induced by Buthus occitanus tunetanus venom was assayed in pregnant and non pregnant rats. Our results showed...

Author(s): Ben Nasr Hamed, Hammami T. Serria, Mahmoudi Lobna and Zeghal Khaled

Acceleration of wound healing activity by Polygonatum odoratum leaf extract in rats

April 2014

Polygonatum odoratum is an important herbal medicine that is used in folk medicine for the treatment of various elements and its components are reported to have various biological effects. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of topical application of ethanol leaf extract of this plant on the rate of wound healing closure and histology of healed wound. Four groups of male Sprague Dawley rats, all were...

Author(s): Fathi Farag Mughrabi, Harita Hashim, Mahmood A. A., Suzy S. M., Salmah I., Zahra A. A. and KamaL K.

Clinical response of broilers placed on varying levels of aqueous Cassia alata leaf extract

March 2014

This study examined the clinical response of 120 Anak broiler birds to inclusion of Cassia alata aqueous extract at different levels in their water (0, 5, 10 and 15 ml/L). The birds were allotted to four treatments of 10 birds each with three replicates. They were fed ad libitum and data were collected on haematological and serum parameters (packed cell volume, haemoglobin concentration, red blood cell count, white...

Author(s): Amao E. A., Adeoti T. M, Ayandele B and Jimoh A. R.

In vitro antifungal and antioxidant activities of two Benin medicinal plants

March 2014

Casuarina equisetifolia (L.) (Casuarinaceae) and Oxalis corniculata (L.) (Oxalidaceae), two medicinal plants used in Bénin were screened for their antifungal activity against six strains of the genus Aspergillus (Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus terreus, Aspergillus parasiticus, Aspergillus ochraceus and Aspergillus nidulans). The antioxidant activity and phytochemical constituents were also...

Author(s): Latifou Lagnika, Abdou Madjid O. Amoussa, Semiatou A. Oketokoun, Yann Adjovi and Ambaliou Sanni

Essential oil composition and biomass productivity of Moroccan endemic Thymus satureioides Coss. & Ball. growing in the Agoundis Valley

March 2014

Thymus satureioides Coss. & Ball. (Th. satureioides) is an endemic thyme of Morocco. Thirty two samples of wild T. satureioides were collected from High Atlas Mountains (Valley of Agoundis). The essential oils (EO) isolated by hydrodistillation from the aerial parts were analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The yield of EO ranged from 0.2 to 2.3%. Twenty six components, representing more than...

Author(s): Laila Zenasni, Khadija Bakhy, Fatima Gaboun, Rachid Mousadak, Abdelaziz Benjouad, and Chaouki Al Faiz

Phytochemistry and pharmacology of the genus Macaranga: A review

March 2014

The genus Macaranga Thou. (Euphorbiaceae) comprises of about 300 species that are native mainly to the tropics of Africa, Asia, Australia and the Pacific regions. Plants of this genus have a long history of use in traditional medicine to treat cuts, swellings, boils, bruises and sores. Phytochemical work on this genus has reported over 190 secondary metabolites being isolated mainly from the leave extracts of different...

Author(s): Joseph J. Magadula

Antioxidant and antibacterial activity of callus and adventitious root extracts from Rumex vesicarius L.

March 2014

The present work has been carried out for the in vitro production of biologically active constituents from Rumex vesicarius L. cultures. Calli and adventitious roots were tested for their antioxidant and antibacterial activities. Results of preliminary phytochemical screening revealed that cultures were rich in flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins, carbohydrates and/or glycosides, coumarins and cardiac glycosides. Sterols...

Author(s): El-Bakry A. A., Mostafa H. A. M. and Alam Eman A.

Effects of a commercial mixture of herbal essential oils and vitamins (Provital®) and an organic acid (Totacid®) on performance and economical efficiency in broilers: A field study

March 2014

A farm study was carried out to evaluate the inclusion of a commercially available blend of herbal essential oils (Provital) and an organic acid (Totacid) on productive performance and economical efficiency of broiler chickens. A total of 31,800 day old straight run broiler chickens (Ross 308) were allocated to three experimental treatments in three houses (10,600 birds per each) in a commercial farm for 50 days....

Author(s): G. H. Sadeghi, M. Janfadah and S. Moslehi

Biomass and essential oil production from menthe is influenced by compost and lime

March 2014

As a product of secondary metabolism, essential oils may exhibit variation in their composition according to mode of plant cultivation. The application of organic manure has been considered one of the key factors for increasing biomass and essential oil production in most of medicinal plants, as it provides nutrients and increases their uptake. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of organic fertilizer and lime...

Author(s): Patricia Alves Casaes Alves, Eduardo Gross, Larissa Corrêa do Bomfim Costa, Verônica Cordeiro Silva, Fábio Mathias Corrêa and Rosilene Aparecida de Oliveira

Behavioural assessment of Mikania micrantha Kunth roots in Wistar albino rats

March 2014

The present study was designed to evaluate the adaptogenic activity of methanolic and aqueous extract of roots of Mikania micrantha kunth in Wistar albino rats using different experimental models such as anoxia stress tolerance, swimming endurance and immobilisation stress. The plant was subjected to preliminary phytochemical screening. The parameters like anoxia stress tolerance and swimming endurance time were...

Author(s): Sibi P. Ittiyavirah and Sajid K.P.

Antimicrobial potential and bioactive constituents from aerial parts of Vitis setosa Wall.

March 2014

Plants still represent untapped sources of novel compounds with potential therapeutic effects. Hence, the present investigation was carried out to study the in vitro evaluation of antimicrobial potential and to assess the bioactive constituents of the aerial parts of Vitis setosa Wall. The powdered aerial material was extracted with different solvents and examined for antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli,...

Author(s): Rajagopal Gobalakrishnan, Periyasamy Manikandan, Rameshbabu Bhuvaneswari

In vitro killing rate of Euphorbia heterophylla and Pterocarpus lucens extracts minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) on some clinical bacterial isolates

March 2014

In vitro antibacterial activity of methanol and ethanol leaf extracts of Euphorbia heterophylla and Pterocarpus lucens were investigated against six bacterial clinical isolates using the tube dilution and agar diffusion methods. Salmonella typhi was the most susceptible to methanol leaf extracts of E. heterophylla with a zone of inhibition ranging from 16 to 24 mm for 12.5 to 100 mg/ml concentration. This was followed...

Author(s): S. A. Adegoke, L. O. Ogundipe and D. A. Agada

Antimicrobial activity and phytochemical screening of various parts of Ixora coccinea

March 2014

Ixora coccinea L. (Rubiaceae) has been used traditionally for a variety of ailments and also cultivated for ornamental purposes. The present study investigated antimicrobial activity of methanolic extracts of various parts of I. coccinea and determined the chemical groups of the active constituents. Antimicrobial activity was assessed using agar disc diffusion, microdilution and thin layer chromatography (TLC)...

Author(s): Mani Maran Marimuthu, Claira Arul Aruldass, Uma Mageswary Sandrasagaran, Suriyati Mohamad, Surash Ramanathan, Sharif Mahsufi Mansor and Vikneswaran Murugaiyah

Anti-depression effect of Chimonanthus salicifolicus essential oil in chronic stressed rats

March 2014

The aim of this study was to investigate the interventional effect of the Chimonanthus salicifolicus essential oil on murine chronic stress-induced anxiety. Rats model of uncertainty empty bottle was established to induce anxiety. The exploratory change, grooming and attack behaviors were observed. After 7 days training period followed by continuous 14 days’ stimulation, rats serum level of glucose (GLU), total...

Author(s): Xueli Zhou ,Yang Yu, Zhou Cheng, Shan Li, Yunguo Zhu and Xiaoling Yang

Assessment of the antimicrobial activity of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Piper guineense leaves

March 2014

The antimicrobial activity of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of leaves of Piper guineense was determined on some bacteria and fungi, namely, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis, Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, using agar well diffusion method and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). The ethanolic extract was found to show more activity than the aqueous...

Author(s): Anyanwu C. U. and Nwosu G. C.

New cultivation approaches of Artemisia annua L. for a sustainable production of the antimalarial drug artemisinin

March 2014

Artemisia annua L. is an important medicinal plant from which artemisinin was extracted to treat malaria effectively. Artemisinin is isolated from the aerial part of the A. annua harvesting from the wild is causing loss of genetic diversity and habitat destruction. The use of controlled environments can overcome cultivation difficulties and could be a means to manipulate phenotypic variation in bioactive compounds and...

Author(s): Nadali Babaeian Jelodar, Arvind Bhatt, Kamaruzaman Mohamed and Chan Lai Keng

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