Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3702

JMPR Articles

Study of bioactivities of lipid content of fresh Lagenaria siceraria seeds pulp and identification of its chemical constituents

August 2014

  The aim of the present work was to analyse antimicrobial activities of the lipid content of seeds pulp of the fresh fruit of Lagenaria siceraria and identification of its chemical constituents by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Methanolic extract of the seeds pulp exhibited moderate to good efficacy against Achromobacter xylosoxidans, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus megaterium and Escherichia...

Author(s):   Raza Chaudhery, Dildar Ahmed, Inam Liaqat, Parsa Dar and Muhammad Shaban

Cytotoxic effect of Typhonium flagelliforme extract

August 2014

  Traditionally,Typhonium flagelliforme is used to treat cancer in Malaysia, People take it as powder or in combination with milk or different types of other herbal extracts as treatment of different type of cancers (Teo and Chang, 1996). The study was conducted to determine anticancer activity of crude extract of 1 to 6 months old ex-vitro plantlets and one sample of in vitro plants of T. flagelliforme against...

Author(s):   Nobakht, G. M., Kadir, M. A., Stanslas, J. and Charng, C. W.⊃

Analgesic effects of Arum maculatum plant extract in rats compared to other routine analgesics

August 2014

  Due to low side effects and costs as well as proper adaptation to body’s physiology, there is a global trend in using herbal medications. To investigate the analgesic effects of Arum maculatum plant extract in rats via an experimental study, 60 healthy male Wistar rats were divided into 6 equal groups including 3 plant extract groups, a negative control with normal saline and 2 positive control groups...

Author(s):   Naser Abbasi, Vahid Rafee Karkondi, Khairollah Asadollahi, Masoumeh Tahmasebi, Abangah Ghobad, Morovat Taherikalani and Asadollahi Parisa

Ethno-medicinal survey of plants of Soon Valley, Khushab District, Punjab, Pakistan

August 2014

  The present investigation aimed to document medicinal uses of plants utilized by local communities of Soon Valley, Khushab District, Punjab, Pakistan. The purpose of this study was to collect information about the interaction of various communities of the area with plant wealth. The study presents data on 15 species belonging to 10 families. It was found out that local communities of the area have a rich...

Author(s):   Abdul Ghani, Irfan Mustafa, Zulfaqar Ali, Muhammad Ishtiaq, Iftikhar Ahmed and Naqi Hasan

Effects of supplementing Aloe vera gel and garlic powder on blood biochemical parameters and immune response of broiler

August 2014

  The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of supplementing different levels of Aloe vera gel and garlic powder on blood biochemical parameters and immune response of broiler. For this purpose, one hundred and sixty, one-day-old, Ross chicks were used, in completely randomized design, in four treatments and each with four replicates. The treatment groups consisted of: control group fed only with...

Author(s):   Rozbeh Fallah

Traditional medicinal uses of plants in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan

August 2014

Ghizer district of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan is gifted with tremendous natural resources. Plant resources have long been used to cure different human as well as livestock ailments in this part like others in the world. This study was conducted to document the indigenous and traditional uses of medicinal plants, the status of traditional knowledge with the advancement of technology and modern healthcare facilities to...

Author(s): Arshad Ali Shedayi, Ming Xu, and Bibi Gulraiz  

Medicinal plants used in child care in southern Brazil

August 2014

In many cultures throughout the world, mostly in developing countries, medicinal plants play an important role in the maintenance of people’s health. Despite this, some plants can be inherently toxic. People are not generally well-informed about this risk, and the concept that natural means safe prevails. Considering the associated risk of the misuse of medicinal plants, children represent an even more vulnerable...

Author(s): Angela Erna Rossato, Mariana Borsatto D’Agostin, Jeverson Moreira, Silvia DalBó, Vanilde Citadini-Zanette and Patrícia de Aguiar Amaral

Comparative antimicrobial activity of Acacia nilotica L. leaves extracts against pathogenic bacteria and fungi

August 2014

The comparative in vitro antimicrobial activity of ethanol and chloroform leaves extracts from Acacia nilotica L. was studied. Leaves extracts exhibited considerable bacteriostatic activity against two Gram-positive and three Gram-negative strains. The antimicrobial action was compared with the effect of doxycycline antibiotic. The maximum zone of inhibition of 29 mm diameter was observed in Escherichia coli with...

Author(s): Amjad ur Rahman, Abdul Shakoor, Gul Zaib, Abdul Samad Mumtaz, Yasir Ihtesham and Abdul Aziz Napar

Biosynthesis, regulation and properties of plant monoterpenoids

August 2014

Monoterpenes are a big family of natural products which are well-known as the constituents of the essential oils and defensive oleoresins of the aromatic plants. In addition to ecological roles in pollinator attraction, allelopathy and the plant defense, monoterpenes are used extensively in the food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. Monoterpenes are widely spread in plants, from algae and fungi to monocots and...

Author(s): Parvin Ramak, Shahrokh Kazempour Osaloo, Mozafar Sharifi, Hassan Ebrahimzadeh and Mehrdad Behmanesh

Arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis in the maximization of the concentration of foliar biomolecules in pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) seedlings

July 2014

The pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a fruit tree with medicinal potential due to the presence of bioactive compounds with pharmacological characteristics. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), when in symbiosis, optimize the production of metabolites with medicinal potential. The objective of this study was to select efficient AMF to maximize the growth and the production of foliar metabolites with medicinal...

Author(s): Lauro Gonzaga da Silva, Lindete Míria Vieira Martins and Fábio Sérgio Barbosa da Silva

Antimicrobial activity of Brazilian plants of the genera Leguminosae and Myrtaceae

July 2014

Five Brazilian plant extracts from Pimenta pseudocaryophyllus, Erythrina speciosa, Tephrosia toxicaria, Inga marginata and Cassia leptophylla found in Paraná State and currently used in folkloric medicines, were assayed for antibacterial, antifungal and toxic activities. The antibacterial and anti-yeast activities were assessed by a diffusion assay on Gram (+) bacteria (Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus...

Author(s): Juliana Feijó de Souza Daniel,Daniela Rezkallah Iwasso, Maria Amélia Fiorini, Sandy Cristina Rieger, Terezinha de Jesus Faria, César Cornélio Andrei, Maria Inês Rezende and Aneli M. Barbosa

Anti-lipolytic, -amylase inhibitory and antioxidant activities of Pseuderanthemum palatiferum (Nees) Radlk. leaf ethanolic extract

July 2014

Pseuderanthemum palatiferum (Nees) Radlk. has been used extensively as a medicinal plant for the treatment of diabetes mellitus in various parts of Southeast Asia. However, the mechanism of its anti-diabetic action has not been fully characterized yet. The objectives of this study were to investigate the in vitro effects of P. palatiferum leaf ethanolic extract (PPE extract) on adipocyte lipolysis, α-amylase...

Author(s): Pawitra Pulbutr, Achida Jaruchotikamol, Benjamart Cushnie, Sakulrat Rattanakiat and Somsak Nualkaew

Anti-oxidant and anti-diabetic activities of Lespedeza cuneata water extract

July 2014

Oxidative damage induced by free radicals are the attendant causes of many chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether Lespedeza cuneata water extract (LCW) has anti-oxidant and anti-diabetic activities in vitro. Anti-oxidant activity was measured by superoxide anion (O2-), hydroxyl (·OH) radical, nitric oxide (NO) and peroxynitrite (ONOO-) scavenging assays. Further, radical-mediated...

Author(s): Bhesh Raj Sharma, Min Suk Kim, Takako Yokozawa and Dong Young Rhyu

Phytochemical and antimicrobial activity of the stem-bark of Gardenia aqualla Stapf & Hutch (Rubeacea)

July 2014

Gardenia aqualla Stapf & Hutch (Rubeacea) is a plant belonging to the family Rubeacea. Preliminary phytochemistry carried out on the methanolic (ME) extract of the stem bark revealed the presence of steroid, carbohydrates, anthraquinones, saponins, triterpenes, tannins, cardiac glycoside and flavonoid while the petroleum ether (PE) extract of the stem bark revealed the presence of steroid, triterpenes and...

Author(s): Njinga, N.S., Sule, M.I., Pateh, U.U., Hassan, H.S., Usman, M.A., Bilkisu, A., Danja, B.A. and Ache, R.N.

Secretory structures in Cochlospermum regium (Schrank) Pilg. (Bixaceae): Distribution and histochemistry

July 2014

Cochlospermum regium (Schrank) Pilg., known as the yellow cotton tree, is a small shrub with a number of pharmacological properties. A series of chemical compounds produced by the plant may be associated with secretory cells and tissues, such as idioblasts, trichomes and ducts. Thus, the aim of this study was to identify the secretory structures and major classes of compounds in vegetative organs of C. regium. Leaf,...

Author(s): Vasconcelos Filho, S.C., Ferreira, A.L.L., Vasconcelos, J.M., SILVA, L.S. and Pereira, L.C.S.

Effect of crude root extract from Synadenium glaucescens on selected bacterial infections in albino mice (Mus musculus)

July 2014

Studies were carried out to investigate the effect of root extract from a tropical plant Synadenium glaucescens against two pathogenic species of bacteria in mice. A total of 120 mice were used in two experiments involving two bacterial species, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In each experiment, 60 mice were randomly divided into 6 groups with or without bacterial infection and with or without root...

Author(s): R. A. Max, C. Mwageni and G. G. Bakari

Ethnopharmacological aspects of the genus Samanea Merrill (Fabaceae)

July 2014

The rain trees are specially denomined species of Samanea genus as Samanea saman, Samanea tubulosa and Samanea inopinata. These kinds of plants are recognized by its characteristic umbrella-shaped canopy and they are cultivated and naturalized throughout the tropics. These trees have been widely used in traditional medicine for the production of home remedies using various parts of the tree. The boiled bark is applied...

Author(s): Antony de Paula Barbosa

Physical and neurobehavioral development of rat offspring after maternal exposure to Valeriana officinalis during gestation

July 2014

The exposure to agents acting on GABA-A system during gestation in rats can produce behavioral alterations in their descendants in the adult life. This work was designed to evaluate the effects of the exposure to Valeriana officinalis L. during gestation on the development of the offspring and on their anxiety state and memory in the adult stage. Pregnant rats were randomly distributed into four groups (n = 10): control...

Author(s): Mara Lúcia de Campos, Carlos Alberto Mourao-Junior, Rita de Cássia da Silveira e Sá, Marcos Antônio Fernandes Brandão and Martha de Oliveira Guerra

Ethnobotanical and taxonomic screening of genus Morus for wild edible fruits used by the inhabitants of Lesser Himalayas-Pakistan

July 2014

The present study was focused on ethnobotanical and taxonomic screening of four wild edible fruit species of family Moraceae including Morus alba L., Morus laevigata Wall., Morus nigra L. and Morus rubra L. used by the local inhabitants of Lesser Himalayas-Pakistan. Questionnaires based on semi-structured interviews and observations were used to collect data about ethnobotanical importance of these plants....

Author(s): Arshad Mehmood Abbasi, Mir Ajab Khan, Mushtaq Ahmad, Mamoona Munir, Muhammad Zafar, Shazai Sultana, Zia-u-Rehman Mishwani and Zahid Ullah

Hypoglycaemic effect of Lagerstroemia speciosa in type 2 diabetic rats

July 2014

The objective of this study was to study the hypoglycaemic effect of the aqueous extract of Lagerstroemia speciosa in type 2 diabetic rats. Male albino Wistar rats (30) weighing 180 to 190 g were selected and divided into five groups, maintained six rats in each group. Groups I and II were served as normal and diabetic control. Group III was treated with standard drug as glibenclamide 0.25 mg/kg body weight, whereas...

Author(s): L. Samananda Singh, N. Shashikanta Singh and M. Anita Devi

Genetic homogeneity of vegetatively propagated Clinacanthus nutans (Acanthaceae)

July 2014

Clinacanthus nutans is a medicinal Asian plant often propagated by stem cuttings but little is known about the genetic relationships between existing accessions and the extent of homogeneity. In this study, we examined the genetic homogeneity in 12 C. nutans samples from Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam reproduced by vegetative propagation from different regions between and within countries, and compared it to sexually...

Author(s): Siat Yee Fong, Terrence Piva, Sylvia Urban and Tien Huynh

In vitro callus induction and plantlet regeneration of Indian red wood, Soymida febrifuga A. Juss (Roxb.)

June 2014

In vitro seedling explants of Soymida febrifuga were screened for their callus induction and morphogenic potential by culturing on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with naphthalene acetic acid (NAA), 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid  (2,4-D), indole3acetic acid (IAA) alone or in combination with benzyladenine (BA), kinetin (KN), 2-iP (2-isopentynyl adenine), coconut milk. Multiple shoots were regenerated...

Author(s): Kishore K. Chiruvella, Arifullah Mohammed, and Rama Gopal Ghanta

Uses of trees as medicine by the ethnic communities of Arunachal Pradesh, India

June 2014

Arunachal Pradesh, the largest state of North East India has been considered as one of the biodiversity ‘Hotspot’ areas in the world. The original inhabitants of Arunachal Pradesh are tribal people, belonging to 26 major tribes and 110 sub-tribes. The ethnic communities of the state have their own rich traditional knowledge in the use of various tree species for treatment of different diseases with a...

Author(s): Bhabajit Doley, P. R. Gajurel, P. Rethy and R. Buragohain

Anti-proliferative activities of Centella asiatica extracts on human respiratory epithelial cells in vitro

June 2014

Centella asiatica or “pegaga” is well known for its ability in promoting wound healing. This study focused on the effect of C. asiatica on the proliferation of human respiratory epithelial (RE) cells. RE cells were cultured using co-culture techniques until first passage (P1). Viability cell test by tryphan blue dye exclusion assay showed that there was high percentage of cell viability at both P0 (74%) and...

Author(s): Mohd  Heikal, M. Y., , Siti Mariam, H, Mohd Ilham, A., Mee Fong, C., Aminuddin, B. S., and Ruszymah BHI,

Micropropagation and conservation strategies of the potentially medicinal and economically-important tropical deciduous tree - Drypetes roxburghii (Wall.) Hurursawa

June 2014

The present study was designed to understand seed germination barriers and to develop an efficient micropropagation system in Drypetes roxburghii. Fresh seeds with coats removed, cultured on MS medium supplemented with + 1.4 μM gibberellic acid (GA3) + 0.01% activated charcoal (AC) resulted in maximum (83.30 ± 0.63%) seed germination with healthy seedling development. Cotyledonary nodal explants showed best...

Author(s): K. Sri Rama Murthy  and  M. Chandrasekhara Reddy

Relaxant effect of carvacrol, citronellal and p-cymene, monoterpenes present in Thymus and Cymbopogon species, in guinea-pig trachea: A comparative study

June 2014

Respiratory diseases are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality in worldwide. One of most important respiratory disease is asthma, which the current treatment is based on use of β2‑agonists combined to inhaled corticosteroids. However, in recent years, many in vitro studies have attempted to validate the use of aromatic medicinal plants and its chemical compounds, such as monoterpenes, as potential...

Author(s): Yonara M. S. Silva, Morganna T. A. Silva, Pedrita A. Sampaio, Jullyana S. S. Quintans, Lucindo J. Quintans-Júnior and Luciano A. A. Ribeiro

Ethnobotanical use of Commiphora swynertonii Burrt. amongst Dorobo people in Tanzania

June 2014

Dorobo, a sub-ethnic group of Maasai tribe in Tanzania, live in very remote areas without health facilities and hence depends entirely on plant and animal products for food and medicines. This paper describes attitude, beliefs and use of traditional medicines amongst Dorobo people, with a particular prominence to Commiphora swynertonii plant because of the reported extensive use by the Dorobo for treatment of a...

Author(s): Willbrord Maddo Kalala, Joseph Jangu Magadula and Robinson Hammerthon Mdegela

Successive variation in phytosociological aspects and threat categorization of Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth. in Kumaun Himalaya of Uttarakhand

June 2014

The present work is a part of a three years extensive study to observe the annual changes in phyto-sociological characters of Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth. (Family- Scrophulariaceae) in high altitudinal regions of Kumaun Himalaya, Uttarakhand. The work was undertaken with the objective of observing the annual variation in relative values of frequency, density, abundance and importance value Index (IVI) of the plant...

Author(s): Bhatt, D., Kumar, R. , Joshi,  GC., & Tewari,  LM 

Ethno botany of some selected Monochlamydeae plant species from the Kashmir Himalaya, India

June 2014

The strong connecting link between the current loss of medicinal plants/flora and the missing of valuable conventional knowledge associated with the plants suggests a need to conduct ethno-botanical research and to document the medicinal plants and the associated traditional knowledge. Importance of medicinal plants in the traditional health care has now assumed more importance. However, information on the uses of...

Author(s): Umar Farooq, Ghulam Abaas, M. I. S. Saggoo and M. A. Dar

Research on herbal combinations of traditional Chinese medicine for chronic gastritis based on network biology

June 2014

Herbal combinations are important for traditional Chinese medicine physicians to treat diseases. Based on Professor GAO Zhongying’s medical records, combination laws are explored in order to study and inherit Professor GAO’s academic thoughts and improve the level of clinical treatment from multiple perspectives in treating chronic gastritis. Based on an entropy clustering method of complex systems,...

Author(s): Peng Lu#, Qingqiong Deng#, Chenghe Shi#, Yibao Gao, Jianqiang Yi, Mingquan Zhou, Yiping Yang and Yuhao Zhao

Standardization of Hibiscus Schizopetalus (Mast) Hook according to World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines

June 2014

Hibiscus schizopetalus (Mast) Hook (Malvaceae) is a shrub with spreading or usually drooping branches, attaining a height up to 13 feet (4 m) and found in east of tropical Africa. It is also a common ornamental shrub cultivated in Pakistan. The pharmacognostic standards for the flower and leaves of H. schizopetalus were done for the first time and this...

Author(s): Hina Zahid, Ghazala H. Rizwani and Huma Shareef

Chemical composition and antinociceptive activity of the essential oil of Piper mollicomum and Piper rivinoides

June 2014

The analysis of chromatographic profiles of the essential oil of Piper mollicomum and Piper rivinoides for Multidimensional gas chromatography (MDGC) allowed the identification of 18 compounds in essential oil of Piper mollicomum (EOPM) and 19 compounds in essential oil of Piper rivinoides (EOPR), being β-ocimene and α-pinene which are the major compounds, respectively. In the test of writhing induced by...

Author(s): Stefânia P. de Souza, Simone S. Valverde, Nathalia F. Costa, Andrea S. Calheiros, Keila S. C. Lima, Valber S. Frutuoso and Antônio L. S. Lima

Bioactivity-guided studies on the antiinflammatory activity of extract of aerial parts of Schwenckia americana L. (Solanaceae)

June 2014

The antiinflammatory activity of the methanol:methylene chloride extract of the aerial parts of Schwenckia americana L. (Solanaceae) (SAE) and its mechanisms were evaluated. Bioactivity-guided studies on SAE and its fractions was done using the egg albumin-induced rat paw edema as activity guide. Further screening for anti-inflammatory activity was accomplished using the xylene-induced ear edema and cotton...

Author(s): Nwabunike, I. A., Ezike, A. C., Nwodo, N. J., Udegbunam, S. O. and Okoli, C. O.

Biotechnical application of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi used in the production of foliar biomolecules in ironwood seedlings [Libidibia ferrea (Mart. ex Tul.) L.P.Queiroz var. ferrea]

June 2014

Libidibia ferrea, popularly known as ironwood is a medicinal plant of the Caatinga, in semi-arid Brazil. It is used for traditional medicine because it has bioactive compounds. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) have been shown to improve the production of biomolecules in some plants. The objective of this study was to select efficient AMF for optimizing the growth and production of bioactive compounds in L. ferrea...

Author(s): Francineyde A. Silva; Fábio S. B. Silva and Leonor C. Maia

Exploration of the anti-diabetic effect of the matured seeds of Dioclea reflexa

June 2014

The study aimed at exploring the anti-diabetic effect of the seed flour of Dioclea reflexa on alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Thirty Wistar rats of both sexes were exposed to respective doses of the seed flour and the standardized drugs (Gliclazide 6.1 mg/kd body weight and Metformin 60 mg/kg body weight) according to the group specifications.  The seed flour at a dose of 2 g/kg body weight per oral once daily was...

Author(s): Adepoju Adeyinka GK and Balogun O.M.

Phenolics of Achillea fragrantissima growing in Egypt and its cytotoxic activity

June 2014

Achillea fragrantissima Sch. Bip. (Asteraceae) has been reputed in folk medicine of the Arabia region and Egypt for the treatment of many diseases. Air dried aerial parts of A. fragrantissima were extracted with 70% aqueous ethanol and fractionated with petroleum ether, dichloromethane, n-butanol and ethyl acetate fractions. Among them, dichloromethane showed the highest activity and was subjected to separation and...

Author(s): Riham Omar Bakr, Reem Khedr Arafa, Ahmed Mohamed Al-Abd, and Hisham Mohamed Elshishtawy

In vitro evaluation of Bixa orellana L. (Annatto) seeds as potential natural food preservative

June 2014

This paper evaluates the in vitro antimicrobial and antioxidant effect of the ethanolic extract of annatto seeds (EEBS). Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the EEBS was determinate through micro-dilution method in 7 bacteria and 5 fungi strains, all of which are ATCC. The EEBS shows a wide antimicrobial action spectrum for both Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, as well as for fungi with MICs between 0.5...

Author(s): Gelmy L. Ciro, José E. Zapata and Jessica López

Preliminary investigation on phytochemical composition and biological activity of Cunila microcephala Benth.

June 2014

Ethnobotanical studies have investigated the use of leaves of Cunila microcephala for respiratory, stomach and gastrointestinal disorders. The essential oil of this plant is mostly composed of menthofuran, which has a hepatotoxic effect. Due to the popular use of this plant in southern Brazil, this study aimed to perform phytochemical profile of C. microcephala to detect and determine the amount of secondary metabolites...

Author(s): Alan da Silva Felisbino, Marília Schutz Borges, Daniela Dimer Leffa, Paula da Silva Cardoso, Claus Troger Pich, Vanessa Moraes de Andrade and Patrícia de Aguiar Amaral

Gastroprotective and immunoadjuvant activities of butanolic extract of Calliandra haematocephala

May 2014

Calliandra haematocephala (Leguminosae) is a native species found in tropical America. This plant is widespread and cultivated with ornamental purposes in gardens and parks. Previous studies with other species of this genus confirmed some pharmacological properties, such as antiinflammatory, anticonvulsant, immunomodulatory, and mainly antiulcerogenic activity. Phytochemical investigations have been carried out on the...

Author(s): Antony de Paula Barbosa

Biological screening of Albizia lebbek L. and Mimosa himalayana Gamble (Mimosaceae)

May 2014

Methanolic leaf extracts of two medicinal plant species of family Mimosaceae: Albizia lebbek L. and Mimosa himalayana Gamble, were used to evaluate their antibacterial and antifungal activity using agar diffusion method. Extractions from leaves of selected plants were carried out by simple maceration process. The methanolic extracts of these plants were tested against four strains of bacteria (one strain was gram...

Author(s): Abdul Shakoor, Amjad ur Rahman, Gul Zaib, Uzma Khan, Yasir Ihtesham, Abdul Aziz Napar and Muhammad Naveed

Preliminary evaluation of ethanol leaf extract of Borreria verticillata Linn (Rubiaceae) for analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects

May 2014

Borreria verticillata L is used for the treatment of some painful and inflammatory conditions by traditional medical practitioners in Nigeria and other countries. The ethanol leaf extract of B. verticillata (EEBV) was investigated for possible analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects in mice and rats. The models used for the analgesic study were acetic acid induced abdominal writhes, hot plate tests in mice and formalin...

Author(s): Halima Sadiya Abdullahi-Gero, Abubakar Ahmed, Abdulkadir Umar Zezi and Isa Marte Hussaini

Chemical and biological study of Mentha suaveolens Ehrh. cultivated in Egypt

May 2014

Investigation of the different fractions of the ethanolic extract of the aerial parts of M. suaveolens growing in Egypt yielded nine compounds; two new triterpenes [3β-acetyl -22α-hydroxy ursa-12,20-diene (compound 1) and 2α, 3β-dihydroxy-olean-18-en-29-oic acid (compound 7)] and nine known compounds: a sterol and its glucoside; β-sitosterol (compound 2) and β-sitosterol-3-O-...

Author(s): El-Sayeda A. El-Kashoury, Hesham I. El-Askary, Zeinab A. Kandil, Shahira M. Ezzat, Mohamed A. Salem and Amany A. Sleem

Rapid and easy molecular authentication of medicinal plant Zingiber officinale Roscoe by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)-based marker

May 2014

The Zingiber genus, which includes the herbs known as gingers with maximal therapeutic properties, is well known for its medicinal importance as a purificant of body. Some morphological similar members of the genus are available but differ in their pharmacological and therapeutic properties. So there is an existing demand in herbal drug industry for an authentication system for gingers in order to facilitate their...

Author(s): Anis Ahmad Chaudhary, Mohsin Khan, Waleed M. Al-Shaqha, Mohammad Alharbi and Osama A. Al-Khamees

Compounds isolated from Harpalyce brasiliana Benth and their pharmacological properties

May 2014

Harpalyce brasiliana Benth, known as snakeroot, is one of the most popular herbal medicines against snakebite in South America. A hydroalcoholic solution is traditionally prepared from the roots of H. brasiliana. In the last two decades, understanding the pharmacological properties and the possible medicinal applications of H. brasiliana has increased considerably. H. brasiliana has antivenom activity and...

Author(s): Carla Brugin Marek and Ana Maria Itinose

Andiroba oil (Carapa guianensis) on ventral hernia repair

May 2014

In the Amazon rainforest region, Andiroba oil is an herbal oil that is widely used by the local population to treat several inflammatory diseases. The objective of this study was to test Andiroba oil as a mesh coating or by oral administration in a rat model of excisional abdominal wall defect as an alternative to modulate inflammatory response without impairing the ventral hernia repair. Thirty six animals were...

Author(s): Edson Yuzur Yasojima, Felipe Lobato da Silva Costa, Abdallah de Paula Houat, Renan Kleber Costa Teixeira, Edvaldo Lima Silveira, Marcus Vinicius Henriques Brito and Gaspar de Jesus Lopes Filho

DNA damage protecting activity and in vitro antioxidant potential of the methanol extract of Cherry (Prunus avium L)

May 2014

The characterization of sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) genetic resources in Turkey may help to increase their use in breeding programmers worldwide, as Turkey is the centre of origin of sweet cherry. In the Malatya region, cherry leaves are gathered in April and May, fresh and dried used for stuffing. Components of cherry trees have been used as traditional herbal remedies for various diseases. These components are...

Author(s): Türkan Kutlu, Kasim Takim, Bircan Çeken and Murat Kizil

Detection of tamarixetin and kaempferide in different tissues by high-performance liquid chromatography in tamarixetin and kaempferide treated rats

May 2014

Tamarixetin and kaempferide were considered as the major active constituents of Tamarix chinensis, and had several known bioactivities. An effective and inexpensive high-performance liquid chromatographic method was established and validated for the determination of tamarixetin and kaempferide in rat tissues following a single oral administration. Tissue distribution showed the highest level of tamarixetin was observed...

Author(s): Fu-quan Xu, Yuan-yuan Feng and Bin-lun Yan

Development of phytochemical fingerprint of an Indian medicinal plant Chitrak (Plumbago zeylanica L) using high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC)

May 2014

Fresh, shade-dried and powdered samples of leaf, stem and root of Chitrak (Plumbago zeylanica L) were subjected to fractional distillation in a Soxhlet apparatus using four organic solvents. Chloroform, acetone and ethanol extracts from root of Plumbago showed higher zone of inhibition of 22.66±1.52, 21.5±1.29 and 16.5±1.29 mm and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 1.0, 10.0 and 10.0...

Author(s): I. C. Mohanty, Vishnu K. Soni and G. R. Sahu

Antibacterial activity of two triterpenes from stem bark of Protorhus longifolia

May 2014

Antibiotic resistance of pathogenic strains has hugely contributed to the wide spread of new and re-emerging infectious diseases. There is thus the need for the discovery of new (non-penicillin based) antibiotics. The triterpenes [3β-hydroxylanosta-9,24-dien-21-oic acid (1) and methyl-3β-hydroxylanosta-9,24-dienoate (2)] isolated from stem bark of Protorhus longifolia (Benrh.) Engl. were evaluated for their...

Author(s): Rebamang A. Mosa, Mandlakayise L. Nhleko, Thandeka V. Dladla and Andy R. Opoku

Antifungal metabolite from Muntingia calabura root against early leaf blight of tomato

May 2014

The aim of the present study is to determine the in vitro antimicrobial activity of various extracts and fractions of Muntingia calabura (Elaeocarpaceae) root against a selected panel of microorganisms. Antifungal activity of different solvent extracts of M. calabura L. root, tested against Alternaria solani, Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici, Pythium species, Phytophthora species, Aspergillus niger, Colletotrichum...

Author(s): Ramasamy Rajesh, Nanjundan Jaivel and Ponnusamy Marimuthu

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