Journal of
Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences

  • Abbreviation: J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9820
  • DOI: 10.5897/JTEHS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 197

JTEHS Articles

June 2011

Micronucleus test in post metamorphic Odontophrynus cordobae and Rhinella arenarum (Amphibia: Anura) for environmental monitoring

The genotoxic effect of cyclophosphamide and glyphosate in a commercial formulation were determined using the micronucleus test in peripheral blood erythrocytes of Odontophrynus cordobae and Rhinella arenarum, amphibians widely distributed in the Province of Córdoba, Argentina. For this, the basal frequency of the micronucleated erythrocytes (MNE) was determined by: 0.40±0.18 MNE/1000...

Author(s): Beatriz Bosch, Fernando Mañas, Nora Gorla , and Delia Aiassa

  • Article Number: 1720FA61538

May 2011

Influence of age on sub-chronic toxicity of the aqueous extract of the leaves of Calotropis procera on rabbits

Calotropis procera is of the family Asclepiadaceae. The whole plant is toxic. The influence of age on sub-chronic toxicity of aqueous leaves extract was investigated in New Zealand White X local breed rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) of both sexes. 200 mg/kg body weight of the extract was daily administered orally by gavages during 42 days. Vital signs, body weight change, mortality, serum biochemistry, hematology...

Author(s): Pouokam Guy B., Hatem Ahmed, Christianna Dawurung, Aliyu Atiku Shamaki David and Okewole Philipe

  • Article Number: 14148131451

May 2011

Evaluation of disease control and plant growth promotion potential of biocontrol agents on Pisum sativum and comparison of their activity with popular chemical control agent - carbendazim

The superiority of chemicals over biocontrol agents in terms of effective and quick disease control was confirmed in this research but the ill effects of chemicals on human health and environment are a major set back to application of chemical pesticides in the long run. In the present work, biocontrol agents showed significant control on Fusarium wilt disease of pea but the results were not consistent...

Author(s): Poornima Sharma

  • Article Number: 96D6F631485

May 2011

Effect of sprouting on trypsin inhibitor of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata)

With the increase role that legume protein plays in the world food supply, the nutritive quality related to trypsin inhibitor level is of major concern. The presence of trypsin inhibitors has been demonstrated in a wide variety of cereals and legumes. Rackis (1972) reported that an increase in nutritive value of soy flour paralleled the destruction of trypsin inhibitor activity. Liener (1974) suggested that trypsin...

Author(s): Malomo O., Ogunmoyela O. A. B. and Oluwajoba S. O.

  • Article Number: 3AB68D91495

May 2011

Prospects and processes of human waste management in the rural areas of Nigeria

The effect of indiscriminate defecation in the rural areas has degenerated into deadly disease such as, typhoid, tuberculosis, cholera, dysentery, diarrhoea etc. Even some of these killer diseases cause food poisoning when infecting human bodies by causing the various symptoms in some parts of the bodies, such symptoms include abdominal pains, diarrhea, gastroenteritis, prostration and vomiting. In the villages,...

Author(s): Otti V. I.

  • Article Number: A2FB2B01507

April 2011

Development of urea formaldehyde and polyethylene waste as a copolymer binder for emulsion paint formulation

Urea formaldehyde (UF) resin was prepared and copolymerized with polyethylene waste (PE) to form (UF/PE) composite. The resulting composite was analyzed for formaldehyde emission and other physical properties such as viscosity, gel time, density, refractive index, melting point and moisture uptake. IR analysis of UF, PE and UF/PE showed chemical interaction between UF and PE resins. The level of formaldehyde emission...

Author(s): Oemeahon S. A. and Archibong C. A.

  • Article Number: D0E21E11401

April 2011

Evaluation of environmental sulphide by stabilisation of the initial product of the pentacyanonitrosylferrate(II)-sulphide reaction

Determination of environmental sulphide requires non-interference from other anions. Cyanide stabilisation of the transient red-violet product of the pentacyanonitrosylferrate(II)-sulphide reaction enables effective quantification of a 0.3 to 5 working range and a 0.2 μg ml-1 limit of detection. Sulphide in standard 2.0 μg ml-1 solutions was detected to within 2.4% standard deviation. The technique has...

Author(s): Jolocam Mbabazi, S. Yiga and H. Ssekaalo

  • Article Number: B66E86C1395

April 2011

Some priority heavy metals in children toy’s imported to Nigeria

A total number of 51 toys manufactured from different countries were purchased and analysed to determine the level of lead, cadmium, chromium and nickel in the plastic components which was digested with concentrated HNO3 (CPSC-CH-E1002-08 method) and analyzed using atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS) to determine heavy metal concentration. The results obtained show that lead, cadmium, chromium and nickel were...

Author(s): Sindiku O. K. and Osibanjo O.

  • Article Number: C0704731412

April 2011

Ecotoxicology tests on microalgae from Córdoba, Argentina

The eutrophication process involves important changes in the normal characteristics of water quality that may alter the balance between organisms. Microalgae particularly are very sensitive to changes. International standarized protocols were developed in order to detect water contaminants by their effects on microalgae, but it is important to evaluate contaminants over native species in our ecosystems. Using potassium...

Author(s): Zanuzzi Andrea, Pierotto Marcelo and Prosperi Carlos

  • Article Number: 5ADE34A1423

March 2011

A geographic information assessment of exposure to a toxic waste site and development of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE): Findings from the buffalo lupus project

The Buffalo Lupus Project was a community-based participatory research partnership formed to address the relationship between an identified hazardous waste site and high rates of lupus and other autoimmune diseases in the surrounding community. Most cases identified began experiencing symptoms and were diagnosed in the periods when the site was inactive. Trends suggest that the impact of the site was more likely due to...

Author(s): Edith .M. Williams, Robert Watkins, Judith Anderson and Laurene Tumiel-Berhalter

  • Article Number: 048F7731054

March 2011

The socioeconomic impact of Arsenic poisoning in Bangladesh

The purpose of this paper is to propose a methodology to analyze the health effects, how people cope with the socioeconomic consequences of the disease and to predict the beneficial effects of various alternative mitigation methods and recommends governmental measures for prevention of Arsenic poisoning. This research has been evaluated by the Bangladeshi Health Care system for its ability to recognize, isolate, report...

Author(s): Shakeel Ahmed Ibne Mahmood and Amal Krishna Halder

  • Article Number: 1AEF32A1062

March 2011

Effects of parathion on cardiac rate, ventilatory frequency and hemolymphatic gas levels in the estuarine crab Neohelice granulata (Decapoda, Brachyura)

Adult crabs Neohelice granulata were exposed for 96 h to 0.125 mg/L of parathion under complete submersion. Crabs were then exposed to air for 6 h (emersion period) to be finally re-submerged. Cardiac rate and ventilatory frequency, as well as hemolymphatic pH, pCO2 and pO2 were measured at different times throughout the experiment. Cardiac rate was significantly lower in crabs exposed to parathion,...

Author(s): Daniel A. Medesani, Claudio O. Cervino, Martín Ansaldo and Enrique M. Rodríguez

  • Article Number: 9DBAC581089

March 2011

Toxicologic characterization of a novel explosive, triaminoguanidinium-1-methyl-5-nitriminotetrazolate (TAG-MNT), in female rats and in vitro assays

Sustainable use of training ranges requires the development of compounds that have a minimal impact on the environment when used in a weapon system.  Triaminoguanidinium-1-methyl-5-nitriminotetrazolate (TAG-MNT) is a novel, explosive, military compound of interest for application in some weapon systems.  Little is known of its toxicologic properties.  To ensure the health of potentially exposed personnel...

Author(s): Larry R. Williams, Cheng J. Cao, Emily M. Lent, Lee C. B. Crouse, Matthew A. Bazar and Mark S. Johnson

  • Article Number: 93520551177

February 2011

Effect of cashew wine on histology and enzyme activities of rat liver

Saccharomyces cerevisae SIL 59703 was used to ferment cashew apple juice supplemented with 30% Sucrose in the laboratory incubated at room temperature (28 ± 2°C) for six days (aerobic) and six weeks (anaerobic) for wine production. Toxicological effect of the wine produced was based on histology and enzyme activities of rats’ liver.Forty-two rats were divided into three groups: group I...

Author(s): S. Awe and E. Tunde Olayinka

  • Article Number: 3F1F13C1018

February 2011

Biochemical and hormonal effects of cadmium in female guinea pigs

Cadmium is a heavy metal toxicant, present widely in our environment and workplaces. In this study, the effects of cadmium on some biochemical and hormonal parameters of female guinea pigs were investigated. Single Intraperitoneal injection (ip) injection of 0.2 to 8.4 mg/kg of CdCl2 was given to female guinea pigs in proestrus state and observed for 24 h.  Also, single ip injection of 3 mg/kg of...

Author(s): Obianime A. W., Aprioku J. S. and Ahiwe N. J.

  • Article Number: 75929141026

February 2011

Mutagenecity testing of phamarceutical effluents on Allium cepa root tip meristems

Using macro analysis of root growth parameters and micro assay of the root tip meristems through the estimation of the mitotic indices and aberrant cells of Allium cepa root meristems, a study was conducted on  three Pharmaceutical effluents discharged into agricultural lands. The chemical analysis of the effluents showed the presence of some potential mutagenic heavy metals (Pb, Cu and Zn) and Cyanide....

Author(s): Abu, Ngozi E. and Mba, K. C.

  • Article Number: 1E0CD781033

February 2011

Beyond pest control: A closer look at the health implication of pesticides usage

Author(s): A. A. Salako, , O. O. Sholeye and O. O. Dairo

January 2011

Television watching and sleep promotes obesity in urban and semi-urban children in India

Obesity is an emerging problem in urban and semi urban Indian children; it is associated with several health problems and social consequences. Poor eating habits in all the children plays major role in the development and increases in childhood overweight and obesity. The present study was aimed to evaluate the dietary and physical activity patterns as determinants of overweight in a sample of children, along with...

Author(s): Suresh V., Rupnath K., Ramesh V., Rojarani M., Ramadevi T. and K. R. S. Sambasivarao

  • Article Number: 8C0EE01968

January 2011

Study on the leaching of mercury from compact fluorescent lamps using stripping voltammetry

A study had been done on the determination of the amount of mercury present in an average CFL and the amount of mercury leached from the CFLs into the soil from where they are dumped. The extraction of the mercury from CFLs and the polluted soil was done by acid digestion. The electrochemical analytical method called Anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV) which is based on the potential dependent current...

Author(s): P. S. Harikumar, Amit Dhruvan, Sabna V. and Babitha A

  • Article Number: 3A4703A976

January 2011

Use of biochemical biomarkers in the ecological risk assessment of permetrin pesticide exposure

Biochemical biomarkers were used in ecological risk assessment of pesticide exposure. The experiments were carried out on six weeks old poultry birds (Gallus domesticus) weighing between 400 and 600 g (12 birds) and were divided into four groups of three birds each. The poultry birds were exposed for four weeks to different concentrations (1, 5 and 10%) of a locally manufactured insect powder called...

Author(s): Ethelbert U. Ezeji, Ernest A. Anyalogbu and Christopher M. Duru

  • Article Number: 5FFFC69980

January 2011

The effects of lihocin toxicity on protein metabolism of the fresh water edible fish, Channa punctatus (Bloch)

In vivo evaluations were made to assess the pesticide activity of lihocin against fresh water fishChanna punctatus and its ultimate mode of action on fish protein metabolism. Biochemical studies show that after exposing the fish to sub lethal dose of lihocin, total protein levels significantly decreased while FAA, glutamine, alkaline phosphatases, acid phosphatases, AlAT, AAT, GDH, AMP deaminase and adenosine...

Author(s): Abdul Naveed, C. Janaiah and P. Venkateshwarlu

  • Article Number: D9C29CD987

December 2010

High urinary iodine content (UIC) among primary school children in Ibadan, Nigeria, a public health concern

Urinary iodine excretion is a good marker for the dietary intake of iodine, and is the index for evaluating the degree of iodine deficiency, correction and toxicity. A study, investigating the random urinary iodine level in school children in Ibadan, a South-Western cosmopolitan city of Nigeria, has not been evaluated, thus the emanation of this study. Random urinary iodine was measured in 300 primary school children in...

Author(s): Onyeaghala A. A., Anetor J. I., Nurudeen A. and Oyewole O. E.

  • Article Number: CDB75A6940

December 2010

Experimental model to evaluate the effect of aqueous extract of ‘Buzhong Yi Qi Wan’ on the survival of Escherichia coli submitted to treatment with stannous ion

Buzhong Yi Qi Wan’ is a combination of medicinal herbs widely used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to treat digestive and circulation disorders. It is an anti-inflammatory biocomplex with energizing and anti-cancer properties, and it should have an effect in natural killer cell (NK) activity, improving immunological capacity in elderly people. Substances present in the ‘Buzhong Yi Qi Wan’ extract could...

Author(s): Tania Santos Giani,, Cleide Aparecida Ferreira de Rezende and Estélio Henrique Martin Dantas

  • Article Number: 880F08D945

December 2010

Analyses of the effect of para- phenylenediamine Takaout roumia on the osmotic stability of human erythrocytes

This work analysed the effects of para- phenylenediamine (p-PD), a component in permanent hair dyes products on the osmotic stability of human’s erythrocytes. Hemolysis was monitored by measurement of absorbance at 412 nm following addition of erythrocytes to NaCl solutions of varying concentration. Absorbance was fitted to sigmoid regression curves given by Boltzmann equation, and hemolysis...

Author(s): Habti Norddine, Benzakour Ghita, Zaid Younes, Naya Abdallah, Nadia Nourichafi, Hassan Mifdal, Motaouakkil Said and Oudghiri Mounia

  • Article Number: C080057955

November 2010

Influence of chemical speciation and divalent cations on cadmium toxicity during microbial biodegradation of crude oil

Microbial metal toxicity had been attributed to metal concentration and bioavailability, the later factor being dependent on speciation; the distribution of metals into various physicochemical forms. This research was aimed at establishing a correlation between the nature of predominating ligands in natural environments which can associate with metals and influence toxicities to biodegrading microbes. Cadmium, a known...

Author(s): M. G. Ekpenyong and S. P. Antai

  • Article Number: C96204F905

November 2010

Effect of amoxycillin/clavulanic acid (Augmentin 625®) on antioxidant indices and markers of renal and hepatic damage in rats

Amoxycillin/clavulanic acid (Augmentin 625®) is an antibiotic which is being advocated by WHO as a drug for treatment of infection. Its efficacy and potential to inhibit microorganisms had led to their increased use. There is the possibility that the drug may have potential toxic effects on humans following consumption. The present investigation was therefore undertaken to study the status of antioxidant defense...

Author(s): E. Tunde Olayinka and I. L. Olukowade

  • Article Number: A0AA34D917

October 2010

Studies on biochemical changes in the tissues of Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala exposed to fenvalerate technical grade

Fenvalerate is one among the synthetic pyrethroids, preferred for its low persistence, low toxicity to birds and mammals, broad spectrum of action on plant pests and metabolites/degradation products non toxic to man and other vertebrates. However, it is highly toxic to fish causing severe alterations in the metabolism of the organism, sometimes proving to be fatal if the concentrations are high. The present study...

Author(s): T. Anita Susan, K. Sobha, K. Veeraiah and K. S. Tilak

  • Article Number: C603529877

October 2010

Ecological distribution of Macrozoobenthos in Hokera wetland of J&K, India

In the recent years, several scholars working on Himalayan "Ecocrisis" reported that the wetlands in the region are suffering from severe biotic stress and that the damage ensuing is getting to the point of becoming irreversible. The Wetlands are intimately linked with the agro-ecosystems in the mountainous area of the Himalaya and the depletion has definite and obvious impacts on the overall socio-economic...

Author(s): Idrees Yousuf Dar, G. A. Bhat and Zubair Ahmad Dar

  • Article Number: 0651AE1886

October 2010

Evaluation of incidence, clinical characteristics and management in organophosphorus poisoning patients in a tertiary care hospital

Acute poisoning with agricultural pesticides is an emerging global public health problem particularly in developing countries like India. Among the acute poisoning, organophosphorus poisoning (OP) is the most common and responsible for majority of deaths. In the present study, we aimed to correlate the incidence of acute OP poisoning with the type of pesticides, its clinical characteristics and quality of management...

Author(s): Girish Thunga, Kishore Ganna Sam, Kanav Khera, Sureshwar Pandey and Sudha Vidya Sagar

  • Article Number: D1CC230893

September 2010

Influence of pollutants on bottom sediment of sewage collecting Kalpi (Morar) River, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh (M. P.)

To investigate the nutrient value of bottom soil pH, conductivity, potassium, exchangeable potassium, total phosphorus, available phosphorus, organic carbon, total nitrogen, available nitrogen, calcium and magnesium were analyzed from monthly samples collected from six sampling stations during two year of study, that is, April 2002-March 2004 of study. Soil from station A was found unpolluted due to low level of...

Author(s): Avnish K. Verma and D. N. Saksena

  • Article Number: 3FE1433855

September 2010

Determination of aflatoxin M1 in raw milk and traditional cheeses retailed in Egyptian markets

AFM1 (Aflatoxin M1) is the major mycotoxin frequently found in milk and dairy products. A total number of 50 raw milk samples and 150 cheese samples (fifty of soft cheese, hard cheese and processed cheese samples) were analyzed. All of the samples were randomly purchased from Egyptian supermarkets in Alexandria city from February 2008 to March 2009. The method used was ELISA. Results showed that the mean concentration...

Author(s): A. Amr Amer and M. A. Ekbal Ibrahim

  • Article Number: B21C02A860

August 2010

Faecal and heavy metal contamination of some freshwaters and their vicinities in Ijebu-north, Southwestern Nigeria

Freshwater contamination poses several serious risks to human health. This study was designed to determine the level of faecal and heavy metal contamination in and around some freshwaters in Ijebu North, southwestern Nigeria. Soil samples collected from the vicinities of the freshwater bodies were examined parasitological using test tube floatation method. Soil and water samples were analyzed for Cu, Pb, Cd and Zn....

Author(s): O. M. Agbolade, O. O. Adesanya, T. O. Olayiwola and G. C. Agu

  • Article Number: 5521D1C842

July 2010

Ameliorative effect of cabbage extract on cadmium-induced changes on hematology and biochemical parameters of albino rats

The effect of dietary supplement containing cabbage on cadmium – induced toxicity was studied in wistar rats. The effect of cadmium was investigated in 3 animals groups. Group A, rats were fed normal basal diet only. Group B rats were placed on normal basal, mixed with cadmium chloride (3 mg/kg body weight daily) while group C rats were fed with basal diet mixed with Cadmium chloride (3 mg/kg body weight) and 0.5...

Author(s): F. C. Onwuka, O. Erhabor , M. U. Eteng and I. B. Umoh

  • Article Number: 58B704F810

July 2010

The correlation between the malignant proliferation on cholangiocarcinoma cell lines and in bile from Helicobacter pylori infected patients with biliary tract stones

Helicobacter pylori has been detected in human tissue and is a candidate for etiologic investigations on the causes of hepatic and biliary tract diseases, but reliable serologic tests need to be developed in order to pursue such investigations. The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between the infection of H. pylori in bile from patients with biliary tract stones and the proliferation of...

Author(s): Xudong Xu, Quan Sun, Zhisu Liu, Lin Zhang, Zhiyong Luo, Yun Xia and Yaqun Wu

  • Article Number: DB449BD821

July 2010

Fluorides and dental fluorosis in students from Tula de Allende Hidalgo, Mexico

This study correlates and presents the findings of the concentrations of fluorides – an important contaminant of ground water – present in two specific locations: The Ex-Hacienda well, which supplies the community of San Miguel Vindhó; and the Manzanitas-I well, which supplies La Malinche. The study concentrates on the prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis in students between 12 to 15 years old,...

Author(s): Patricia Vazquez-Alvarado, Francisco Prieto-García, Claudia Coronel-Olivares, Alberto José Gordillo-Martinez, Rosa María Ortiz-Espinosa and Alejandra Hernandez-Ceruelos

  • Article Number: 2C78D24832

April 2010

Effect of Hibiscus sabdariffa anthocyanins on 2, 4-dinitrophenylhydrazine-induced tissue damage in rabbits

This study examines the effects of anthocyanin extract of the dried calyces of Hibiscus sabdariffa Linn. on the 2, 4 -dinitrophenylhydrazine (2, 4 -DNPH)-induced cytotoxic effects in rabbits. Twenty male adult rabbits used for the study were divided into four groups. Group 1, the control took only water while animals in groups 2 and 4 received 100 mg/kg body weight of the anthocyanin extract of H....

Author(s): A. Ologundudu, A. O. Ologundudu, O. M. Oluba, I. O. Omotuyi and F. O. Obi 

  • Article Number: 2F1C8C1793

April 2010

Wastewater COD removal using sol-gel immobilized humic acid

In this study, humic acid which contains both hydrophobic and hydrophilic moieties is successfully entrapped in sol-gel matrix which is used to reduce the chemical oxygen demand (COD) of Gaza wastewater. The method was very efficient in which more than 90% reduction of the COD had been achieved, it was found that contact time with the matrix, temperature, pH, particles size, adsorbent dose, and agitation speed effect...

Author(s): Rafik Helles

  • Article Number: 36CE3E8796

December 2009

Organic pollution from the Songhua River induces NIH 3T3 cell transformation: Potential risks for human health

Epidemiological investigation has shown that organic contamination of the Songhua River is a risk factor for tumor development among residents who live nearby. A mutagenesis is induced by organic contamination using short-term genotoxic bio-assays. To further investigate the risk of carcinogenic potential to human health, the NIH3T3 cell line was used to examine the induction of transformation by diethyl...

Author(s): Jia-Ren Liu, , Hong-Wei Dong, Xuan-Le Tang, Jia Yu, Xiao-Hui Han, Bing-Qing Chen, Chang-Hao Sun and Bao-Feng Yang

  • Article Number: DBCC4CF42994

December 2009

Comparative nephrotoxic effect associated with exposure to diesel and gasoline vapours in rats

Comparative effect of exposure to 20.7 ± 5.8 cm3 h-1kg-1m-3 day-1 of diesel and gasoline vapours on the kidney functions was assessed in rats. It was observed that exposure to diesel and gasoline vapours produced a significant increase (P < 0.05) in serum creatinine, urea, BUN, uric acid, glucose and K+; and a significant decrease (P < 0.05) in serum Na+ and Cl- levels. However, the percentage...

Author(s): F. E. Uboh, M. I. Akpanabiatu, J. I. Ndem, Y. Alozie and P. E. Ebong

  • Article Number: A03B5CD42995

August 2009

Fluoride and thyroid function in children in two villages in China

Author(s): Quanyong Xiang, Liansheng Chen , Youxin Liang, Ming Wu and Bingheng Chen

  • Article Number: 9B3CE6142993

August 2009

Contamination profile of major rivers along the highways in Ondo State, Nigeria

The quality of major rivers (Oluwa, Owena, Ogbese and Ose) along the highways in Ondo state, Nigeria were investigated using water, surface sediment and African catfish, Clarias gariepinus, as environmental indicators. Results from the study revealed that some of the water quality constituents exceeded the World Health Organization (WHO) standards for drinking water and water meant for other recreational...

Author(s): I. A. Ololade and A. O. Ajayi

  • Article Number: DD6600F42992

July 2009

Prevention of renal toxicity from lead exposure by oral administration of Lycopersicon esculentum

For decades, lead (Pb) has being known for its adverse effects on various body organs and systems. In the present study, the ability of Pb to lower renal clearance (RC), as an index of renal function, was investigated and tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum: source of antioxidants) paste (TP) was administered orally to prevent the Pb’s adverse effects. 54 Sprague Dawley rats, randomly divided into 3...

Author(s): Salawu Emmanuel O., Adeleke Adeolu A., Oyewo Oyebowale O., Ashamu Ebenezer A., Ishola Olufunto O., Afolabi Ayobami O. and Adesanya Taiwo A.

  • Article Number: BC6636542989

July 2009

Studies on the pollution potential of wastewater from textile processing factories in Kaduna, Nigeria

Samples of effluents from 3 textile processing factories F(1), F(2) and F(3), were characterized for their pollution potential. The concentrations of solids were found to be 1020, 790 and 1,380 mg/l total solids for the factories 1, 2 and 3, respectively. The BOD’s and COD’s were 342.8 and 542.4 mg/l for F(1), 123.2 and 224.6mg/l for F(2) and 456 and 738.4mg/l for F(3). The pH for the effluents...

Author(s): Asia Imohimi Ohioma, Ndubuisi Obejesi Luke and Odia Amraibure

  • Article Number: 02E2EBE42991

July 2009

Association of interleukin 27 expression and p28 gene polymorphism with chronic hepatitis B virus infection

Interleukin 27 (IL-27) is a newly discovered cytokine encoded by 2 genes, EBI3 and p28. We investigated IL-27 serum levels and p28 gene -964 A>G polymorphism in patients with chronic HBV infection and in healthy individuals, with the aims to define the correlation between IL-27 expression and chronic hepatitis B development. 168 patients, 99 recovered individuals and 152 healthy individuals...

Author(s): Shiqun Wang, Chengliang Zhu, Rui Zhang, Li Liu and Jianguo Wu

  • Article Number: F0BBB4242990

June 2009

Characterization of industrial waste and identification of potential micro-organism degrading tributyl phosphate

The present research study has been carried out in the waste disposal site for characterization of physical, chemical and biological parameters to assess the microbial consortium present in the contaminated site and to isolate the potential microorganism for biodegradation of Tributyl Phosphate. The ambient conditions present in the contaminated site shows the values: pH (6.61), Temperature (35.6), Moisture (50.72%),...

Author(s): Trupti D. Chaudhari, Susan Eapen and M. H. Fulekar

  • Article Number: BE64F7B754

June 2009

Hydroxocobalamin (vit b12a) effectively reduced extent of cyanide poisoning arising from oral amygdalin ingestion in rats

This study investigated the efficacy of hydroxocobalamin in reducing cyanide toxicity arising from amygdalin administration in rats. Amygdalin at its therapeutic dose (20 mg/kg body weight) was co-administered with hydroxocobalamin to rats at two different levels (25 mg/kg and 50 mg/kg body weight) for 14 days. Symptoms of cyanide toxicity in the blood and liver were monitored in the animals and compared with the...

Author(s): O. I. Oyewole and E. T. Olayinka

  • Article Number: 5CDF542764

June 2009

Diclofenac induced toxic manifestations on adjuvant induced arthritic rats pheripheral and reproductive organ of male wistar rats rattus norvegicus

Non-Steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) are the most frequently prescribed therapeutic agents, used for the treatment of rheumatic diseases, because they have analgesic, antipyretic and anti- inflammatory actions. Diclofenac (Voltaren) is a well-known member of the acetic acid family of NSAIDs, used to reduce inflammation and pain associated with arthritis osteoarthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis. There is...

Author(s): Sambandam Subramanian

  • Article Number: 7F36FAC771

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