Articles

 

Page 16 of 1196, showing 50 records out of 59796 total, starting on record 751, ending on 800

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Nigerian morbid federalism and demand for political restructuring

January-March 2020

The foundation of Nigeria’s problems lies in its historical development. This is linked to the swift design by predatory colonial masters aimed at achieving their political economy in colonialization of Africa. Sequel to the amalgamation of the southern and northern protectorates in 1914, Nigeria’s minimal state has continued to witness serial and intractable agitations, political interplays and intrigues...

Author(s): ABADA Ifeanyichukwu Michael, OKAFOR Nneka Ifeoma and Tr. OMEH Paul Hezekiah  

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Potency of ECOWAS mission strategy in resolving electoral conflict in West Africa: A case of Côte d’Ivoire

January-March 2020

Conflict is inevitable in all human relations, but when managed properly, the cost in human lives and properties are minimized. This paper examined the extent of ECOWAS Peace Strategy in resolving the Post-Electoral crisis in Côte d’Ivoire and the efficiency of the ECOWAS Election Mission Strategy. In-depth interview research design was adopted, that is, both primary (structured interviews) and secondary...

Author(s): D. A. Daniel, and D. U. Enweremadu

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Desensitization of the Lebanese audience to the portrayal of violence on Game of Thrones and Breaking Bad: A case study

January-March 2020

This research investigated the desensitization signs shown by the Lebanese audience to the violence portrayed on Game of Thrones and Breaking Bad. The research’s study was a qualitative case study of the theory of desensitization applied on two Lebanese participants, each watching respectively the series Breaking Bad and Game of Thrones. The participants were chosen based on the fact that one had never watched...

Author(s): Tamara Noelle Alicia Abi-Khalil

International Journal of Livestock Production
Indigenous browse species and goats’ preferences in selected districts of Gamo Gofa and Wolayta zones, Ethiopia

January-March 2020

Important browses in selected districts were identified using goats’ preference and farmers’ knowledge. A total of 296 plots (20 × 20 m area) were placed along 16 transect lines randomly laid in plane and sloppy communal grazing lands to assess frequency of occurrences and density of the browse species. A total of 48 browse species out of which 31 were recognized by farmers were observed being browsed...

Author(s): Messele Taye Belachew, Berhan Tamir Mersso and Adugna Tolera Yadeta

International Journal of Livestock Production
Estimation of major livestock feed resources and feed balance in Moyale district of Boran Zone, Southern Ethiopia

January-March 2020

The study was conducted to assess the major livestock feed resources and estimating annual feed production and feed balance in Moyale district of Boran Zone, Southern Ethiopia. A simple random sampling technique was employed to select the household’s (HHs) and 96 representative households were selected. Data were collected using group discussions, structured questionnaire, secondary data and personal observations....

Author(s): Hassanuur Hassan, Netsanet Beyero and Merga Bayssa  

African Journal of Plant Science
Sorption characteristics, growth and yield response of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to application of essential nutrients on nitisol and vertisol of Central Highland of Ethiopia

March 2020

Wheat growth and yield response were evaluated in a greenhouse experiment using two major soils, Nitosols and Vertisols. Sorption capacities of the soils and crop response were employed to determine the availability of nutrients in the two soils. Eight fertilizer treatments (Optimum (Opt.),Optimum-N, Optimum-P,Optimum-K,Optimum-S,Optimum-B,Optimum-Zn and control) in Nitosols and six fertilizer treatments (Optimum,...

Author(s): Ayele Abebe, Girma Abera and Sheleme Beyene

African Journal of Plant Science
Heterosis and combining ability of highland adapted maize (Zea mays. L) DH lines for desirable agronomic traits

March 2020

Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the cereals that provide calorie requirements in the majority of Ethiopians diet. The national average maize yield in Ethiopia is low and thus knowledge of combining ability and heterosis is a prerequisite to develop high yielding maize varieties. The objective of the present study is to estimate combining abilities of double haploid (DH) maize inbred lines for grain yield and related...

Author(s): Zeleke Keimeso, Demissew Abakemal and Wosene Gebreselassie  

African Journal of Plant Science
The effects of gypsum on pod-yield and pre-harvest aflatoxin contamination in selected peanut cultivars of Zambia

March 2020

Good agricultural practices are an effective means of minimizing pre-harvest aflatoxin contamination in peanuts. A field experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of gypsum on pod yield and aflatoxin contamination in three peanut cultivars (Kadononga, MGV 4 and MGV 5) in Zambia. The experiment was conducted in Chongwe and Lusaka districts. Gypsum (15.6 % calcium) was applied at rates of 0 and 400 kg/ha at...

Author(s): Hendrix Muma Chalwe, Obed Isaac Lungu, Alice Mutiti Mweetwa, Elijah Phiri, Jones Yengwe, Samuel Christopher Njoroge and Rick Brandenburg

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Response of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) to differential pruning under greenhouse

March 2020

Sustainable cucumber production requires optimized agronomic practices that are adaptive to changing climates as well as enhanced crop yield and fruit quality. Commercial Greenhouse experiment was conducted to determine the effect of differential pruning on the growth and yield of cucumber in the Sudan Savanna of Nigeria. The treatments consisted of two hybrid cucumber varieties (Sirana F1 and Marketer) and four pruning...

Author(s): Ismail Ibrahim Garba, Fatima Zahra Buhari and Bello Kabir Samaila

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Laboratory evaluation of some botanicals and fermented cow urine against Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)

January-June 2020

Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) is the most important destructive pest of sorghum in Africa which results in complete crop loss. Currently the management strategies rely heavily on chemical insecticides, which do not provide effective control. The uses of bio-pesticides are encouraging over chemical pesticides. The study was carried out to identify effective plant and animal products and optimum concentrations against C....

Author(s): Adem Nega and Emana Getu  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Influence of clam shells and Tithonia diversifolia powder on growth of plantain PIF seedlings (var. French) and their sensitivity to Mycosphaerella fijiensis

March, 2020

Plantain prices in sub-Saharan markets are very high due to the fact that the supply does not cover the large demand. The main constraint of plantain cultivation is the seedlings unavailability in quantity and quality, which is essential to boost the creation of new plantations. The PIF technique could solve this problem if its substrate of production is amended with natural products for quality enhancement. This study...

Author(s): Cécile Annie Ewané, Ange Milawé Chimbé, Felix Ndongo Essoké and Thaddée Boudjeko,  

Educational Research and Reviews
How Turkish universities have evolved through constitutional changes

March 2020

National constitutions determine the foundation and the operation of universities in a country. Constitutions are renewed to meet changing societal needs. In Turkey, universities have also been affected by constitutional changes. This study examines how universities have evolved in the history of Turkey’s written constitutions and seeks to use this development to shed light on the structure and activities of...

Author(s): Mustafa Guclu  

Educational Research and Reviews
Impact of instruction with concept cartoons on students’ academic achievement in science lessons

March 2020

In this study, the impact of concept cartoons on students’ academic achievement in science lessons was investigated. The research was carried out in 2018-2019 spring term. The study group consisted of 49 4th grade students in Zonguldak Devrek Çaydeğirmeni TOKİ Primary School. 23 of the students were in the experimental group, and 26 of them were in the control group. Quasi-experimental design with pretest...

Author(s): Muamber YILMAZ  

Educational Research and Reviews
A graduate education program’s look at grading

March 2020

This study on grading was based on a mixed-method design. Assessment and evaluation have been used synonymously with grading, and have a deeply seated significance in the matters of curriculum, learning outcomes, and instructional strategies, to name a few. A point of convergence in the literature is that grade is an indication of student’s mastery, that is, what student knows, understands and can do. In the...

Author(s): Oluwatoyin Adenike Akinde

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Response of pepper leaves epidermal cell under ozone stress to ascorbic acid treatment

March, 2020

The present investigation studied the effectiveness of ozone (O3) concentrations on epidermal cells of pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.) leaves and its response to ascorbic acid (AS). The plants were grown at two sites in Riyadh, King Saud University (KSU) Campus, and the second industrial city (SIC) under an average of 42.33 and 138.66 ppb of O3. Two groups grown at KSU site as a control; one of them was treated with tap...

Author(s): Abdulaziz A. Alsahli, Mohamed El-Zaidy, Abdullah R. Doaigey and Ahlam Al- Watban  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Genetic gain of maize (Zea mays L.) varieties in Ethiopia over 42 years (1973 - 2015)

March, 2020

Currently under production, thirty-eight Ethiopian maize varieties released majorly for three agro-climatic zones over the past thirty-nine, twenty-nine and twelve years for the high altitudes, mid–altitudes and low altitudes, respectively, were conducted at three different research center’s field trials, using randomized complete block design with three replications in 2015 main cropping season to estimate...

Author(s): Michael Kebede, Firew Mekbib, Demissew Abakemal and Gezahegne Bogale  

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Relationship between women demographic characteristics, household structure and socio-economic status in Morogoro District, Tanzania

January-March 2020

Factors responsible for poor household socio-economic status (hSES) vary in different social groups. Little information exists to explain how demographic and household characteristics are related to hSES in rural societies of Tanzania. This cross-sectional study assessed associations between selected women demographic characteristics, household structure and hSES in a rural area in Morogoro District, Tanzania. The study...

Author(s): Edith T. Kwigizile, John M. Msuya and Michael J. Mahande  

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds
Growth and yield response of two groundnut cultivars to row pattern in the forest-Savannah Transition Zone of Ghana

January-June 2020

Two field trials (2017 and 2018) were conducted at the research field of the University of Education, Winneba, Mampong Campus from May to August to determine the growth and yield response of groundnut to row pattern. The experimental design was a 2 x 4 factorial arranged in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. The factors studied included: (A) Cultivar [(i) Yenyawoso and (ii) Adepa] and (B)...

Author(s): Essilfie M. E., Dapaah K. H., Essilfie K. J., Asmah F. B. and Donkor F.  

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Phytochemical Profiling of the Hexane fraction of Crassocephalum crepidioides Benth S. Moore leaves by GC-MS

January-March 2020

Crassocephalum crepidioides is an edible plant which is also used in the ethnomedical treatment of stomach ulcer, indigestion, wounds, boils and burns in Africa and some other parts of the world. This study aims at identifying and characterizing the bioactive compounds present in C. crepidioides hexane fraction which may be responsible for the ethnomedicinal uses and reported activities of the plant. The crude extract...

Author(s): Opeyemi O. Ayodele, Funmilayo D. Onajobi and Omolaja R. Osoniyi,  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Agricultural technology adoption and its impact on smallholder farmer’s welfare in Ethiopia

March, 2020

Agricultural production and productivity play a paramount role in the livelihood of rural farm households. Agricultural technology affects agricultural productivity and the welfare of rural farm households. However, there is a gap in knowledge on the effect of different technology adoptions on farm household’s welfare. This study examined the effect of improved wheat variety adoption on household’s welfare...

Author(s): Workineh Ayenew, Tayech Lakew and Ehite Haile Kristos  

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Assessing the impacts of climate change and variability on maize post-harvest system at Kongwa and Kondoa District in Tanzania

January-June 2020

This study attempted to investigate the pattern and trend of climate change, its influence and interaction with maize post-harvest system and established the current status of maize post-harvest losses at Kongwa and Kondoa district in Tanzania. Participatory rural appraisal technique and household survey methods were used to collect primary data. Secondary data for the study area including rainfall and temperature data...

Author(s): Namkunda Johnson, Agnes Nyomora and James Lyimo  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Improvement of growth performance and meat sensory attributes through use of dried goat rumen contents in broiler diets

March, 2020

The study investigated the use of dried goat rumen contents (DGRC) on growth performance of broiler chickens. Rumen contents were obtained from goats immediately after slaughter during the wet season, sundried, milled and incorporated in experimental diets at levels of 0, 5 and 10%. The 0% DGRC diet was the control. The experimental diets were formulated on iso-caloric and iso-nitrogenous principles in line with the...

Author(s): Mwesigwa Robert, , Migwi Perminus Karubiu, King’ori Anthony Macharia, Onjoro Paul Anthans, Odero-Waitiuh Jane Atieno, Xiangyu He and Zhu Weiyun  

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Genetic variability, heritability and correlation of quantitative traits for Arabusta coffee (C. arabica L. X Tetraploid C. canephora Pierre)

January-March 2020

The biennial bearing and the long productive nature of coffee makes it difficult to release coffee variety within a short time span. This study aimed at evaluating the yield performance of the Arabusta hybrids and its backcrosses developed by Coffee Research Institute of the Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO-CRI) using the morphological traits. Nineteen coffee genotypes were evaluated at...

Author(s): Jane Jerono Cheserek, Kahiu Ngugi, James Wanjohi Muthomi and Chrispine Ogutu Omondi  

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Use of charcoal (biochar) to enhance tropical soil fertility: A case of Masako in Democratic Republic of Congo

January-March 2020

Soil fertility transience in the region of Masako in Democratic Republic (RD) of Congo remains a major challenge to sustainable agricultural production. Recently, biochar application as soil amendment has attracted attention of the people across the world owing to its potential to improve soil physicochemical properties, crop yield and carbon sequestration into the soil. A study was conducted in Masako to analyze the...

Author(s): Tanzito G, Ibanda P. A., Ocan D., and Lejoly J.  

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Effects of long term sugarcane production on soils physicochemical properties at Finchaa sugar Estate

January-March 2020

In Ethiopia, where sugarcane has been cultivated for over 20 years, changes in soil physicochemical properties are expected to occur albeit information on the extent of change is scanty. A study was conducted in 2015 at Finchaa Sugar Estate with the objective of assessing the status of selected soil properties under long term mechanized sugarcane cultivation. Disturbed composite and undisturbed soil samples from 0-30...

Author(s): Tesfaye Wakgari, Kibebew Kibret, Bobe Bedadi, Melesse Temesgen and Teklu Erkossa  

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Phytochemical analysis, antioxidant and antidiarrhoeal activities of methanol extract of Fimbristylis miliacea (L.) Vahl

January-March 2020

The present study determined phytochemical content, antioxidant and antidiarrhoeal effect of methanol extract of Fimbristylis miliacea. Phytochemical screening showed the presence of flavonoids, saponins, tannins, phenols, alkaloids and cardiac glycosides. Total phenolic, flavonoids, flavonols, tannins, β-carotene, lycopene, chlorophyll-α, and chlorophyll-β contents were found 154.13 mg GAE/g, 83.14 mg...

Author(s): Ummah Hafsa Mukta#, Roni Roy#, A. F. M. Shahid Ud Daula, Mahmuda Ferdous, Anwesha Chowdhury, Sohel Mia, Afroza Akter, Israt Jahan Liya and Mohammad Anwarul Basher  

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Identification of small ruminant external parasite species in Tanqua Abergelle and Kola Tembien districts of Tigray region, Northern Ethiopia

January-March 2020

Ectoparasites are a major concern in sheep and goat flocks, wherever sheep and goat are kept. A cross-sectional study was carried out in the districts of Kola Tembien and Tanqua Abergelle from September 2014 to June 2017 with the objectives of identifying external parasites to their species level. Randomly selected sheep and goats were clinically examined for the presence of ectoparasites or lesions and identified in...

Author(s): Guash Abay  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of ethanol extracts from Orthostichella rigida (Mull. Hal.) B.H Allen & Magill (Bryophyta) on pathogenic microorganisms

March, 2020

1Universidade Estadual do Rio Grande do Sul (Uergs), Mestrado Profissional em Ambiente e Sustentabilidade, São Francisco de Paula, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. 2Universidade Estadual do Rio Grande do Sul (Uergs), Unidade Litoral Norte - Osório, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. 3Universidade do Vale do Taquari (Univates), Lajeado, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. 4Universidade Federal do Rio Grande...

Author(s): Christchellyn Klegin Rodrigues, Enio Lupchinski Júnior, Eduardo Miranda Ethur, Talita Scheibel, Bárbara Buhl, Neusa Fernandes de Moura and Juçara Bordin

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Screening of tree seedling survival rate under field condition in Tanqua Abergelle and Weri-Leke Wereda’s, Tigray, Ethiopia

January-March 2020

Rehabilitation of degraded lands through plantations is at the frontline of natural resource management in Ethiopia. However, plantations have been faced with various challenges mainly attributed to poor survival rate of tree seedlings. Hence, this research was conducted in Tanqua ‘Abergelle and Weri Leke Wereda’s with the objective of screening tree seedlings for their survival rates under field conditions....

Author(s): Gebrekidan Abrha, Sbhatleab Hintsa and Gebrekiros Gebremedhin  

Journal of Oceanography and Marine Science
Heavy metal concentration and public health risk in consuming Sardinella maderensis (Sardine), Sarotherodon melanotheron (Tilapia), and Liza falicipinis (Mullet) harvested from Bonny River, Nigeria

January-June 2020

Contamination of the river by oil spill had put the health of the people who consume fish at risk. Five fish samples each of Liza falicipinis (Mullet), Sarotherodon melanotheron (Tilapia) and Sardinella maderensis (Sardine) (n=15) were collected monthly from the Bonny Estuary from February to July 2018. The samples were oven dried at 100°C and analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (Model pm ver 2.02...

Author(s): Celina Obeka and Aroloye O. Numbere  

Educational Research and Reviews
Relationship between school, family and environment, according to school principals’ views

March 2020

The aim of the study is to identify any possible deficiencies and disruptions that may be in the way of establishing a healthy cooperation between school, family and environment. It is a mixed research design study. Data were collected by scanning model and document analysis methods. Survey was used in the scanning model. The opinion of the N=50 school principals working in Rize Province of Turkey and the data obtained...

Author(s): Mehmet Ulker and Emel Terzioğlu Bariş

Educational Research and Reviews
Comparisons of children’s level of recall: Stories told through e-book and picture book

March 2020

Preschool period covers the years when the child is in a rapid change and development in every aspect. The learning experiences in this period affect children’s development. The developments in knowledge technologies affect the child's environment and children's books. This rapid change brings with it some discussions. “Do either traditional methods or digital applications affect children's level...

Author(s): Özkan Sapsağlam, Demet Aydın and Nazlıcan Toksoy

Educational Research and Reviews
The Ottoman perception in process: Turkey social studies textbook analysis

March 2020

In the study, it is aimed to determine whether there has been a change in the image of the Ottoman in the social sciences textbooks in the last ten years (2006-2017) in Turkey. The study was structured through document analysis technique based on qualitative research model. In the research, samples were determined in accordance with purposeful sampling technique. In compliance with that, the book of the authorized...

Author(s): Ahmed Emin OSMANOĞLU

Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
Seasonal assessment of the physico-chemical properties of surface water and sediments in the vicinity of a scrap metal recycling industry in Southwestern Nigeria

January-June 2020

The study assessed the seasonal variations in the physico-chemical properties of surface water and sediments in some villages located around a scrap metal recycling industry in Ile-Ife. This is with a view to monitor the impact of the industry on the quality of surrounding water. The three water bodies (one river, one stream and one pond) identified in the area were sampled every other month for ten months. Water and...

Author(s): Okoya, A. A., Elufowoju, M. A., Adepoju, K. A. and Akinyele, A. B.  

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Post drilling investigation for prolific groundwater aquifer using geoelectric logging at Nigeria LNG base, Port Harcourt

January-March 2020

Post-drilling investigation for prolific groundwater aquifer was conducted in a well at the Nigeria LNG Base, Port Harcourt using geoelectric logging. Resistivity (Short Normal and Long Normal) and Self-Potential (SP) logs were employed. Two zones (A and B) were tested to determine the porosity (ɸ), permeability (k) and the total dissolved solids (TDS) in the aquifer. Results show that the inferred lithology in the...

Author(s): G. I. Alaminiokuma and T. Warmate  

African Journal of Business Management
Factors affecting women entrepreneurs in establishing their own business: The case of Afar Region, Ethiopia

March 2020

Women’s productive activities, particularly in industry, empower them economically and enable them to contribute more to overall development. Whether they are involved in small or medium-scale production activities, or the informal or formal sectors, women’s entrepreneurial activities  are not only a means for economic survival but also have positive social repercussions for the  women themselves...

Author(s): Demssie Amsalu Tadesse  

African Journal of Biotechnology
MiR-124 involvement of apoptosis, immunity and regulator of diseases

March 2020

Most microRNAs (miRNAs) are noncoding, conserved RNA molecules in vertebrates, and their roles are similar and very important. MiRNAs usually have tissue-specific expression, and abnormal levels of miRNAs have been associated with diseases and have been used as disease biomarkers. MiRNAs are widely involved in biological processes by regulating target mRNAs. MiR-124 is one of the best studied miRNAs in organisms. By...

Author(s): Hong-Yan Sun, You-Hua Huang, Zong-He Yu and Qi-Wei Qin  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Association of probiotic potential of strains of Pichia kudriavzevii isolated from “ogi” with the number of open reading frame (ORF) in the nucleotide sequences

March 2020

In this study, a total of 9 morphologically and biochemically different yeast species were isolated from Nigerian fermented food product, ‘ogi’. These yeast species were screened for probiotic properties such as antibacterial activities, acid and bile tolerance. Six species out of the yeast isolates that survived pH 2 were grown in 0.3% bile salts which were monitored by spectrophotometer for 5 h. Three...

Author(s): Tolulope P. Alakeji and Julius K. Oloke  

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
An assessment and local perception of sand deposits induced desertification in Sokoto State, Nigeria

January-March 2020

Sokoto State is one of the states in Nigeria that are prone to desertification. This study attempts to identify and delimit areas affected by desertification in the three northernmost Local Government Areas of Sokoto State, namely: Illela, Gada and Tangaza. Field study was carried out to verify the incident and occurrence of desertification and the menace of sand deposition. A simple random sampling method with...

Author(s): Ganiy Ishola Agbaje, Bolarinwa Olutayo Balogun, Rufus Olakunle Oladosu, Abdul-Rahman Adeniran Adegbite, Olaleye Salu, Felix Ndukson Buba, Arinzechukwu Charles Owoh and Timothy Oyesode  

Educational Research and Reviews
Teachers perspective on the extent to which the national interactive curriculum scheduled for governmental kindergartens in Jordan take into account the psychological, social, aesthetic and cognitive foundations

March 2020

The aim of this study is to know the extent to which the national interactive curriculum scheduled for governmental kindergartens in Jordan take into account the psychological, social, aesthetic and cognitive foundations are considered. The researchers used the analytical descriptive approach. The sample of the study consisted of all kindergarten teachers in the education districts of Central Badia Region. The sample...

Author(s): Mohammad A. Bani Khaled and Anoud Al-khresha  

Educational Research and Reviews
Remote and rural placements occurring during early medical training as a multidimensional place-based medical education experience

March 2020

The Northern Ontario School of Medicine delivers medical education aiming to improve the health outcomes for persons living in Northern Ontario, including those in underserviced rural and geographically remote communities. Second year students experience rural medicine and living during two four-week long placements set in remote and rural communities (RRCP) supervised by local physicians. This place-based approach to...

Author(s): Brian M. Ross, Erin Cameron, and David Greenwood,

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Multivariate analysis in the evaluation of sustrate quality and containers in the production of Arabica coffee seedlings

March, 2020

Coffee growing is recognized as an activity of great economic and social importance for Brazil. Obtaining good quality coffee seedlings is a major factor in the implantation of a productive and lasting crop. In view of the aforementioned, the objective of this study was to evaluate the quality of Arabica coffee seedlings produced with different substrates in different containers with multivariate analysis techniques....

Author(s): Mario Euclides Pechara da Costa Jaeggi, Richardson Sales Rocha, Israel Martins Pereira, Derivaldo Pureza da Cruz, Josimar Nogueira Batista, Rita de Kássia Guarnier da Silva, Magno do Carmo Parajara, Samuel Ferreira da Silva, André Oliveira Souza, Rogério Rangel Rodrigues, Wagner Bastos dos Santos Oliveira, Abel Souza da Fonseca, Tâmara Rebecca Albuquerque de Oliveira, Geraldo de Amaral Gravina and Wallace Luís de Lima  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of time of Azolla incorporation and inorganic fertilizer application on growth and yield of Basmati rice

March, 2020

Azolla tissue contains 5% N, which is slowly released into the soil upon decomposition. Timing of incorporation is therefore important for maximum benefit to a crop. The effect of time to incorporate Azolla biomass on growth and yield of rice was investigated in Mwea-Kenya. Treatments consisted of 7.5 t ha-1 Azolla biomass applied at transplanting, 7.5 t ha-1 Azolla applied at 21 days after transplanting (DAT) and 30 kg...

Author(s): W. A. Oyange, G. N. Chemining’wa, J. I. Kanya and P. N. Njiruh

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Slash-and-burn agriculture, the major cropping system in the region of Faradje in Democratic Republic of Congo: Ecological and socio-economic consequences

January-March 2020

The present study aims to explore smallholder’s household living standard relevant to slash-and-burn agriculture, and determine trend of key crops grown with respect to their production and related generated average gross income in the region of Faradje, in the far northeastern region of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Surveys were conducted on agronomic and social economic characteristics prevailing in...

Author(s): Tanzito G., Ibanda P. A., Talaguma R. and Lusanga N. M.  

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Spatial price transmission between white maize grain markets in Mozambique and Malawi

January-March 2020

The objective of this study was to measure white maize grain price transmission among markets in Mozambique and Malawi. Our analysis included two major deficit markets (Maputo in Southern Mozambique and Blantyre in Southern Malawi) and two major surplus markets (Chimoio in Central Mozambique and Nampula in Northern Mozambique). We used monthly wholesale white maize grain prices covering the period 2000 through 2016 to...

Author(s): Helder Zavale and Rafael da Cruz Macamo  

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds
Yield evaluation and character association of linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) genotypes in moisture stress areas of South Tigray, Ethiopia

January-June 2020

Linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) is one of the most important highland oil crops of southern Tigray, Ethiopia and it is considered as the least expensive source for oil related home consumptions. The 12 genotypes of linseed including two standard checks were evaluated in the highland and moisture stress area of Southern Tigray under rain fed condition with the objective of evaluating yield and yield components as well...

Author(s): Birhanu Amare Gidey, Kiflom Kahsay and Netsanet Kidane  

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Variability, Association and Path Coefficient Analysis of Green Pod Yield and Yield Components of Hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Landraces at Mereb Lehke, Northern Ethiopia

January-March 2020

Understanding the genetic variability and diversity of crops is the basis for breeding and improving of crops. Sixty four Ethiopian hot pepper genotypes were evaluated in 8×8 simple lattice design for genetic variability in green fruit yield and yield related traits at Axum Agricultural Research Center during 2018/2019 under irrigation. Data were collected on green pod yield and yield related characters. The...

Author(s): Fasikaw Belay and Yemane Tsehaye  

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Vitamin D status of pregnant Moroccan women during the last gestational trimester

January-March 2020

This work is a prospective study that aims to evaluate the vitamin D status of Moroccan women during the last trimester of their pregnancy to establish the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D. We carried out, within the Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital (HMIMV), a six-month prospective study on the vitamin status D of 152 Moroccan women during their last gestational trimester. Maternal blood was collected at the...

Author(s): Raoul Karfo,, Marie-Christelle Yélamto Touré, Aboubacar Dit Tietie Bissan, Elie Kabré, Jean Sakandé, Rahali Driss Moussaoui, and Saida Tellal,  

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
The level of adherence to food by prescription (FBP) program among adults living with HIV/AIDS in Addis Ababa City, Ethiopia: A facility-based cross-sectional study

January-March 2020

Considering the importance of nutritional health for people living with HIV, programs delivering nutritional support have been scaled up globally. Among various programs, the Food by Prescription (FBP) program has been implemented in Ethiopia since 2010. This study was undertaken to assess the level of adherence to the FBP program and identify the associated factors among HIV infected adults. Facility-based...

Author(s): Biniyam D. Kabtyimer, Ribka D. Gebre and Tesfalem T. Tessema  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Evaluation of the toxic effects of the bottled medicine (garrafada) containing the Echinacea purpurea, Annona muricata, Tabebuia avellanedae, Pterodon emarginatus and Uncaria tomentosa in rats

March, 2020

This study evaluated if the oral administration of a bottled medicine containing Echinacea, Graviola, Purple Ipe, Sucupira and Cat’s claw could cause changes in biochemical, coagulation, hematological and histopathological parameters in rats. This study arised after a report to Ceatox of a patient who used a bottled medicine and developed hematological, renal and histopathological changes. The bottled medicine...

Author(s): Denise Michelle Indras, Carla Brugin Marek, Ana Julia Penteado, Fabiana Sari Ferreira, Fernanda Coleraus Silva and Ana Maria Itinose  

Page 16 of 1196, showing 50 records out of 59796 total, starting on record 751, ending on 800