Articles

 

Page 12 of 1269, showing 50 records out of 63424 total, starting on record 551, ending on 600

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Physicochemical properties and fatty acid composition of freshly prepared palm oil

July-September 2023

Elaeis guineensis commonly known as the African palm oil, a monocotyledon widely used due to its nutritional and economic importance. The effect of deterioration of the harvested palm fruit on the physicochemical properties and fatty acid composition of palm oil was investigated. The palm fruit was processed after each period of deterioration (fresh, 7, 14 and 21 days after harvest) for oil production. AOAC Standard...

Author(s): Ndidi NWACHOKO, Udiomine B. AKURU, Inyingi A. GREEN, Reward M. KPAANADEE, Tamuno-Boma ODINGA and Chukwudi O. EGBUNEFU

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Biochemical exploration of pancreatic function in market gardeners exposed to pesticides in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso

July-September 2023

Market gardeners use pesticides that could contain disruptors affecting pancreatic function. The objective was to explore exocrine and endocrine pancreatic functions in market gardeners exposed to pesticides. This prospective study was conducted on a cohort of 50 market garden producer participants. Sociodemographic and clinical variables, as well as information on pesticides used, were collected alongside blood...

Author(s): Ollo DA, Emmanuel ZONGO, Fatou Gueye TALL, Bakari TRAORE, Sanata BAMBA, Maminata TRAORE-COULIBALY, Georges Anicet OUEDRAOGO and Philomène Lopez SALL

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Varietal differences in symbiotic nitrogen fixation and nitrogen redistribution in common bean

July-September 2023

The objective of this study was to investigate varietal differences in symbiotic nitrogen fixation (SNF) and redistribution of N in the leaves and stems. Five Andean genotypes Sisi, Bukoba, Red Hawk, Mecost and Cardinal were evaluated for SNF and N redistribution in a field trial conducted at University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia. Nitrogen derived from the atmosphere (NDFA) ranged from 15.9 kg ha-1 (Cardinal) to 48.4 kg...

Author(s): Kelvin Kamfwa  

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Determinants of youth unemployment in agribusiness employment opportunities in Northern Malawi

July-September 2023

Malawi is one of the underdeveloped agriculture economies in Sub-Saharan Africa where youth unemployment is worrisome. This study sought to analyse determinants of youth unemployment in agribusiness employment opportunities in northern Malawi. The study aimed at answering questions related to why youth unemployment when agribusiness employment opportunities were available. The study was descriptive in nature and adopted...

Author(s): Komani Augustine Tembo, Mavuto Tembo and Dominic Mapopa Ndengu  

African Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Clinical experience showing arterial traumas of limbs and the neck for more than sixteen consecutive years of civil practice in Abidjan

July 2023

To share our experience regarding the treatment of limb and neck arterial traumas, we conducted a retrospective descriptive study using the medical records of patients who underwent surgical repair at the Abidjan Heart Institute between August 2005 and March 2022. The epidemiological, anatomo-clinical and therapeutic parameters were studied. 1073 patient records were collected. There were 108 females and 965 males. The...

Author(s): Yoboua Aimé Kirioua-Kamenan, Jean Calaire Degr, Koutoua Eric Katché, Mariam Gnoundan Bamba, Assoumou Lucien Asseke, Ibrahim Junior Yeo, Kwadjau Anderson Amani, Kouassi Antonin Souaga, Marc Hervé Kassi, Zolé Cedrick Doh and Kouassi Flavien Kendja,  

Journal of Entomology and Nematology
Cannibalism and necrophagy in Spodoptera frugiperda and Spodoptera littoralis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

July-September 2023

For many years it has been known that cannibalism is a natural phenomenon in insects and has been documented in many insect orders including Lepidoptera. The present study was conducted to determine cannibalistic behavior amongst same-age 2nd, 4th and 5th instar stages of larval Spodotera frugiperda (FAW), Spodotera littoralis (CLW) or when both are combined together under laboratory conditions. The FAW larvae had a...

Author(s): Wedad Khafagi, Esmat Hegazi, Manal A. Attia and Mervat A. Hasaneen

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Migrant remittances, financial market development, and per capita real growth in sub-Saharan Africa

July-September 2023

The inflow of migrant remittances to developing economies in the recent past has been one of the most topical issues discussed in growth literature due to the increasing volume, stable nature, and capacity to enhance growth. This study examines the effect of migrant remittances and financial market development, on per capita real growth in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Data from twenty-seven African countries between the...

Author(s): Olapeju Akorede Ikpesu

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
CPA’s perception(s) regarding the Covid-19 crisis: A questionnaire development and validation

July-September 2023

The purpose of this study is to develop a valid and reliable questionnaire concerning the Certified Public Accountants’ (CPA) perception(s) regarding the Covid-19 pandemic and to provide insights into this issue. A questionnaire was developed combining the key aspects of professional guidelines, prior literature, and experts’ opinions. Our study focuses on the perceptions of Greek CPAs, ensuring the validity...

Author(s): Evangelos Chytis, Marios Fasoulas, Stergios Tasios and Michail Nerantzidis

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
To cancel debt or not to cancel debt: Evaluation of debt cancellation or provide a tax credit

July-September 2023

U.S. students are facing unprecedented student loan debt levels, roughly $1.75 trillion. The Biden Administration is proposing a debt relief program that will cancel student loan debt up to $20,000 for Pell Granted individuals. However, the current plan has faced substantial legal challenges and political pressure, and as suggested, it could increase the current inflation crisis. However, the size of the inflation...

Author(s): Jose Jay Vega, Jan Smolarski, Nikki Shoemaker and Kelly Noe

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Cash flow effect and financial performance of quoted oil and gas sector 2013-2022: Evidence from Nigeria

July-September 2023

The study aimed to explore the impact of cash flow on the financial performance of publicly listed oil and gas companies in Nigeria. An ex post facto research design was employed for this investigation. The study's focus was on the seven oil and gas companies listed on the Nigerian Exchange Group (NGX) as of December 31st, 2022, which constituted the population and sample due to its manageable size. The time frame...

Author(s): Kolawole Fijabi, Isiaka Bello, Rasheed Lasisi and Chris Akenroye

African Journal of History and Culture
Investigating the origin, elements and motivations of the Anglophone crisis in Cameroon

July-December 2023

Over the last five decades, the status of Anglophones in Cameroon as marginalized has surfaced in political and religious spaces, illustrating the politics of oppression that has persisted since the amalgamation of East and West Cameroon into the United Republic of Cameroon on May 20, 1972. Anglophone marginalization operates at various levels in the unitary state, with varying impacts. The purpose of this study is to...

Author(s): Clotilde Asangna

African Journal of History and Culture
The copper mine at Hofret en Nahas, Sudan

July-December 2023

Copper is the world’s third most important metal after iron and aluminium. It has been used for thousands of years and continues to be an important item in manufacturing, medicine, construction and the electrical industries. The world has enormous reserves of copper ore: It is found in many African countries. Sudan has considerable resources in the Red Sea area and in the southwest of the country but almost none...

Author(s): Richard Trevor Wilson

International NGO Journal
A literature review of the relationship between governance, funding strategy and sustainability of non-government organizations

July-December 2023

The correlation among governance, funding strategy, and sustainability is vital for non-government organizations (NGOs) and is significant to scholars, policymakers, and NGO practitioners. This paper presents an extensive review of existing literature and a thorough analysis of the key factors affecting NGOs' sustainability. The paper defines fundamental concepts, exploring the probable relationship between...

Author(s): Michael Tugyetwena

Journal of Engineering and Computer Innovations
Applying AquaCrop-OSPy to real-time irrigation

July-December, 2023

Crop and irrigation modeling based on fundamental physics can be very valuable in forecasting requirements and production in preparation for next season's planting/harvesting cycle. AquaCrop is such a model. It forecasts daily watering needs and allows for simple through detailed data input. Its supplied input files offer configurations for various crop, soil, terrain, and irrigation types. If one knows historical...

Author(s): Peter G. Raeth  

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity
Seroprevalence and risk factors associated with Toxoplasma gondii infection among pregnant women in Ile Ife, Southwestern Nigeria

July-December 2023

This study investigated the seroprevalence of anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies as well as associated risk factors among pregnant women attending ante-natal care clinics in Ile Ife, Southwestern, Nigeria. A cross sectional hospital study was carried out in three major health care facilities within the study area between June and October, 2019.  Three hundred and twenty pregnant women aged between 14-50 years...

Author(s): Olusi Titus Adeniyi, Salawu Saheed Adekola and Oniya Mobolanle Oladipo  

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Study on the Green Mussel, Perna viridis (L.) distribution, artificial spat collection, and raft culture along the Karwar Coast, Eastern Arabian Sea

July-December 2023

Green mussel, Perna viridis is widely distributed along the Indian peninsula and considered as a nutritious delicacy. The growing demand for edible mussels prospered the farming practices along the Indian coast for which seeds termed “Spats” are derived from nature. In this study, naturally distributed green mussels’ beds were surveyed along the intertidal and estuarine regions across the Karwar coast....

Author(s): Shivakumar Haragi, Prashant K. C., Saavi N., Rajeshree P., Shreedevi H. and Sreekanth G.B  

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Trophic relationship of fish species in Ogbese River, Ado-Ekiti, South-Western, Nigeria

July-December 2023

This study was conducted to determine the trophic relationship of Clarias gariepinus, Parachanna obscura, and Oreochromis niloticus collected from Ogbese River, Ado Ekiti, South-Western, Nigeria between June and September, 2017. The fish specimens were examined and their stomach contents analyzed. Numerical, frequency of occurrence and volumetric methods were employed in this study. The result of the analysis...

Author(s): Idowu Eunice Opeyemi, Oso James, Abayomi, Agunbiade Razaq Olusola and Efemieyah Joy Valentina

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Prevalence of Bartonella spp. in rodent and shrew species trapped in Kigoma and Morogoro Regions, Tanzania: A public health concern

July 2023

Bartonella spp. bacteria are responsible for bartonellosis in humans and animals for which rodents are the main natural reservoirs. Common bartonellosis symptoms include fever, chills, weakness, and headache. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Bartonella spp. infection in rodents and shrews of the genus Crocidura in the Kigoma and Morogoro regions of Tanzania. Blood culture and conventional PCR targeting a...

Author(s): Ginethon G. Mhamphi, Abdul S. Katakweba, Apia W. Massawe, Rhodes H. Makundi, Robert S. Machang’u, Erick V. G. Komba and Ladslaus L. Mnyone,

African Journal of Biotechnology
Contact activities of Piper guineense (Schum and Thonn) and Eugenia aromaticum (L). (Merril and Perryl) extracts against larvae of hide beetles, Dermestes maculatus (Degger) (Coleoptera: Dermestidae)

July 2023

Contact activities of Piper guineense (Schum and Thonn) and Eugenia aromaticum (L). (Merril and Perryl) extracts in the control of Dermestes maculatus larvae infesting stored fish (Clarias gariepinus) were investigated under laboratory condition (28 ±3°C and 65±5% RH). The extracts were tested by application of 2.0 µL each to ten third instars larvae using micro pipette at a concentration of...

Author(s): Jatau A., Badmasi M. Z and Yahaya M. A

African Journal of Biotechnology
Propagation of cochineal scale insect free cactus (Opuntia ficus-indica) by in vitro regeneration culture technique in Tigray, Ethiopia

July 2023

Cactus in northern Ethiopia is an endangered plant due to the attack by cochineal scale insect (Dactylopius coccus). The aim of this study was to micro propagate disease-free and cochineal resistance cactus pear by in vitro regeneration culturing technique. The study started with young cladodes carefully removed from mother plants. The surface-sterilized 1 cm2 cladode with one areole was cultured on shoot initiation MS...

Author(s): Tsehaye Kidus Ebuy and Kiros–Meles Ayimut

Journal of Clinical Medicine and Research
Post stroke special clinic in primary care: How well the patients with stroke can be managed in the community?

July-December 2023

Optimal control of modifiable cardiovascular disease risk factors for patients with stroke is essential to prevent further ischemic events. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of the Post-Stroke Special Clinic (PSSC), a public primary care setting run by family specialists, by testing the control of blood pressure, low density lipoprotein, haemoglobin A1c if diabetic and smoking, among patients who had...

Author(s): Jing Hou, Siu Hin Ko, Yim Chu Li and Xiao Rui Catherine Chen

Journal of Clinical Medicine and Research
Factors influencing the increase in the choice of nursing as career among students at the Department of Nursing, Njala University, Bo District, Southern Sierra Leone

July-December 2023

This study assessed the factors influencing the increase in the choice of nursing as career among students at the Department of Nursing, Njala University, Bo District. It adopted a descriptive research design to collect data on a sample size of 96 students. Data was collected the Career Search Questionnaire and was analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequencies, percentages, etc.) and inferential statistics...

Author(s): Mbavai, Joseph James, Joseph, Mary, Bayoh Isata and Bebeley, Samuel Joseph   

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Habitat preference and distribution of pangolin in Ala Forest Reserve and Onipanu Community Forest of Southwestern Nigeria

July-September 2023

Despite the ecological significance, social and economic values and the roles being played by pangolin, their ecological roles remain under-studied in context to Nigeria. There is dearth of information on the current status, distribution, habitat preferred by pangolin especially in the tropical rainforest ecoregion of Nigeria. Information on the overall habitat ecology, preference and the current distribution pattern of...

Author(s): ONI Foluke, EJIDIKE Bernadette Nwandu, OLADEJI Sunday Oladipo and IJOSE Opemipo Alaba

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Rural women vulnerability to human-wildlife conflicts: Lessons from villages near Mikumi National Park, Southeast Tanzania

July-September 2023

Human-wildlife conflicts (HWC) remain a serious conservation problem in Tanzania, particularly for rural communities near national parks. Despite this prevalence, research on rural women’s experiences with human-wildlife conflicts is limited. To address this research gap, this study examined the impacts of HWC on rural women from two villages neighboring Mikumi National Park (MNP) in Southeast Tanzania. A total of...

Author(s): Evodius Waziri Rutta

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Socioeconomic determinants of Cameroon’s Mefou Wildlife Sanctuary visitors' willingness to pay for seeing animals in the wild

July-September 2023

Protected areas (PAs) in Cameroon witness chronic underfunding, with most operating with only around 10% of the necessary funds. This study aimed to explore socioeconomic factors affecting Mefou Wildlife Sanctuary (MWS) visitors' willingness to pay (WTP) for wildlife species observation in their natural habitat. The study was based on semi-structured questionnaires conducted with 637 respondents and the contingent...

Author(s): ACHEY Baudelair NKENFACK DJIKE, Serge SILATSA NANDA, Marcien KUETE FOGANG, Mohamed Mounir MFONDEN POUMIE, Abdoulaye NCHANKOU NJOYA, Marceline EKOM ANGO and Lucie Félicité TEMGOUA

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Phenology and early growth performance assessment of the endangered Afromosia (Pericopsis elata) of the high forest zones in Ghana

July-September 2023

Pericopsis elata is a tall tree of high commercial value within moist and dry semi-deciduous West African forests. It is threatened with extinction, mainly due to overexploitation. Information on the reproductive phenology of such threatened but highly demanded trees remains crucial for taking conservation measures. This study examined the reproductive phenology of 50 individual trees relative to climatic variables,...

Author(s): Amponsah J. O., Kwarteng A. D., Eshun B. and Arhin A. A.

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
A comparative ecophysiological study of two forest understory ferns (Dryopteris marginalis and Polystichum acrostichoides) during summer drought and excessive heat

July-September 2023

This is a study of the photophysiology of two understory fern species growing on Torrey Cliff, Palisades, N.Y. during the summer of 2022 when the northeast incurred a significant period of drought and elevated temperatures. During the peak period of stress (July and August), mean photosynthesis rates of both species were lower than during more moderate weather in early summer and in autumn. Leaf fluorescence analyses...

Author(s): O. Roger Anderson

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Development of a filter system using silver nanoparticles modified silica sand for drinking water disinfection

July 2023

This study presents a filter system for the removal of pathogenic microorganisms from potable water using silver nanoparticle-modified silica sand. While silica sand has potential applications in wastewater treatment, its effectiveness in microbial filtration falls short. Thus, there is a need for an environmentally friendly enhancement method. The silver nanoparticles were synthesized using Commelina maculata leaf...

Author(s): Margareth Msoka, Fortunatus Jacob and Ally Mahadhy

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Impact of climate variability modes on trend and interannual variability of sea level near the West African coast

July 2023

The main objectives of this study are to assess the regional distribution of sea level in terms of trend and interannual varibility and to analyze the impacts of climate variability modes such as El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events, Tropical Atlantic Climate Modes of Variability (TACMV), North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) on interannual variability and trend of sea level near the West Africans coasts....

Author(s): Arame Dièye, Bamol Ali Sow, Habib Boubacar Dieng, Patrick Marchesiello and Luc Descroix

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Reservoir characterization of an x-field, offshore Niger Delta, Nigeria, using well data

July-December, 2023

Petrophysical parameters of an oil field in the Niger Delta, Nigeria, were analyzed and characterized using well log data. The well log data were used to determine the hydrocarbon depth (2757 to 3591 m) and lithology of the field. Shale volume (Vsh) was calculated using linear and Larinov equations while the Archile equation was used to determine the water saturation. The study revealed water saturation of 0.035 to...

Author(s): Alasi, T. K., Ugwu, G. Z. and Onyishi, G. E.  

Journal of Law and Conflict Resolution
International declarations and laws to mitigate gender base violence for women and men with highlights on Cameroon situation

July-December 2023

Laws and legislation significantly influence actions in societies to control rates of gender-based violence (GBV). Most domestic laws are developed from international declarations and conventions. This paper reviews declarations, policies, and laws enacted at international levels and ratified at national levels to mitigate GBV from a neutral perspective. Most countries ratify declarations and conventions to control GBV...

Author(s): Abena Mbah Tihnje, Achataseh Godwill and Bih Fosoh Ernestine

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Euler-Maruyama method for solving first order uncertain stochastic differential equations

July-December, 2023

Two forms of uncertainty are identified to be associated with dynamical systems, which are randomness and belief degree. The uncertain stochastic differential equation (USDE) is used to describe dynamical systems driven simultaneously by randomness and human uncertainty (belief degree). In this paper, the Euler-Maruyama method for solving USDEs is examined. The method is used to solve a stock pricing problem and the...

Author(s): C. E. Ukuedojor, I. Adinya and O. O. Ugbebor  

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Diversity and composition of the epiphytic flora in an urban agglomeration: The case of city of Douala, Cameroon

July-September 2023

Epiphytes constitute an element of climate regulation in the tropical zone. In Cameroon, the decline in forest area of about 220,000 ha, partly due to urbanization, has been observed. The research aim was to characterize the epiphytic flora of the urban ecosystem of Douala. Four zones represented by nine neighbourhoods were chosen for the surveys. Four transects of a maximum distance of 500 m were scanned on each...

Author(s): NGOTTA Biyon Jacques Bruno, BELL Danielle Magloire, MVOGO Ottou Patrice Brice, NGUIMFACK Dongmo Jasmine, DOUMBE Makembe Lea Clemence, WAFO Tchoue Yves Donald, BETTI Jean Lagarde and PRISO Richard Jules

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Effect of IAA on spore germination and gametophyte development in Ceratopteris thalictroides (l.) brongn. from Sitamata Wild Life Sanctuary, Rajasthan

July-September 2023

The effect of different concentrations of Indole acetic acid (IAA) on spore germination and gametophyte development of Ceratopteris thalictroides, a leptosporangiate fern of the family Pteridaceae found at the marshy places near Sitamata sanctuary in Rajasthan, was observed. The highest spore germination percentage was recorded in the 2 to 6 ppm concentration range of IAA, with minimum in the 10 ppm concentration. The...

Author(s): Vinay Sharma

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Effects of land use on floristic composition and diversity of woody vegetation in the commune of Enampore, Senegal

July-September 2023

The diversity of woody vegetation is threatened by intensified land use and soil chemistry. However, the effects of land use and soil chemistry on woody vegetation are not well known. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of land use classes (upland, uncultivated lowland, cultivated lowland, and tans) on the diversity and structure of woody vegetation in the commune of Enampore. To do this, an...

Author(s): Yaya Diatta, Sire Diedhiou, Antoine Sambou, Arfang Ousmane Kémo Goudiaby, Jean Bassene, Yves Paterne  Sagna, Mamadou Sow, Mariama Dalanda Diallo, Ibrahima Ndoye and Saliou Fall  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Pre-sowing treatments to improve seed germination and seedling growth of Commiphora swynnertonii (Burrt.) and Synadenium glaucescens (Pax.)

July, 2023

Medicinal and pesticidal plant propagation is hampered by poor seed germination due to seed dormancy. This study aimed to enhance seed germination and seedling growth using various pre-sowing treatments. A triplicated two-factor experiment in a Randomized Complete Block design was used. Soaking in water at 25°C for 24 h (T1), soaking in 60°C hot water for 10 min (T2), 10 ppm Potassium nitrate (KNO3) treatment...

Author(s): Madege Richard Raphael, Babu Saidi, Mabiki Faith Philemon, Hosea Mtui and Abdul Kudra  

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Natural regeneration pattern of the wild custard-apple, Annona senegalensis Pers. in the semi-arid area of Burkina Faso, West Africa

July-September 2023

Annona senegalensis Pers. (Annonaceae) is a multipurpose shrub species, but threatened in Burkina Faso. Therefore, understanding its natural regeneration is a challenge for the sustainable management of the species resources. Our study examines the regeneration potentials of A. senegalensis across two phytogeographic zones. The structure of Weibull showed that the distribution of the regeneration individuals based on...

Author(s): Aboubacar Baba ZOURE, Prospère SABO, Bassiaka OUATTARA, Edith Marie Sylvie DABOUE, and Amadé OUEDRAOGO  

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Assessment of forest cover changes in and around Jorgo Wato Forest, West Wollega, Oromia, Western Ethiopia

July-September 2023

Detecting and identifying the changes in land cover provides the updated information about forest cover changes. Identifying forest cover change is also necessary information for planning and management of sustainable use of natural resources. This study was conducted to detect the dynamics of forest cover change in and around Jorgo Wato forest, West Wollega zone of Oromia National Regional State. In order to assess...

Author(s): Fikadu Kitaba Tola, Gudina Legese Feyisa and Debela Hunde Feyssa  

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
The prevalence of respiratory tract infections in the Ghaem Hospital of Mashhad

July-December 2023

Respiratory tract infection is a serious concern for public health worldwide, and imposes a lot of pressure on health facilities, specifically in developing countries along with economic restrictions. This study evaluated the prevalence of bacterial pathogens and their antibiotic sensitivity pattern among patients with respiratory tract infection in Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad, east of Iran during the 3 years period. All...

Author(s): Zohre Kaseb,#, Sepideh Hassanzadeh,#, Ali Mehri, Manizhe Khosravi, Sara Ganjloo and Kiarash Ghazvini,

African Journal of Health Sciences and Technology
Frequency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase in holoendemic village of Sub-Saharan Africa

July 2023

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase enzyme deficiency (G6PD) is one of the malaria hypotheses, in addition to haemoglobinopathy, ovalocytosis, and thalassaemia, among others, that confer resistance to the severity of malaria infection to their carriers. High prevalent rates of these red blood cell abnormalities are known to correlate with malaria endemicity of an area as a natural selection. This study, which was part of...

Author(s): Onuigbo H. N.  

African Journal of Health Sciences and Technology
Patterns of presentation of rotator cuff tendinopathy and the role of abnormal ultrasonography findings in its early detection among overhead sport athletes

July 2023

Rotator cuff tendinopathy (RCT), a common shoulder disorder in overhead sports, has different presentation patterns. The presentation mode may help identify altered biomechanics, a common cause of impingement of the rotator cuff tendon. Therefore, this study investigated the patterns of presentation of RCT and their association with selected biomechanical variables in overhead sport athletes. This cross-sectional study...

Author(s): Aiyegbusi Ayoola I., Odebiyi Daniel O. and Osasona Oluwatosin O.  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Predictive factors of loss to follow-up and mortality in HIV-infected patients after initiation of antiretroviral therapy at district hospital of Boromo, Burkina Faso

July-September 2023

Loss to follow-up (LTFU) and mortality after initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) remain major problem. We described predictive factors of LTFU and mortality after initiating ART among people living with HIV (PLHIV) and were followed in the district hospital of Boromo. This was a retrospective cohort study design of PLHIV enrolled for care and treatment in the district hospital of Boromo between 1 January 2015 and 31...

Author(s): I. Yaméogo, N. F. Kaboré, M. Tassembedo, A. Sogli, A. M. Nyambré, T. T. E. Dah and N. Méda  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Drug resistant tuberculosis treatment service alignment with health seeking behaviour in selected states in Nigeria

July-September 2023

Nigeria is among the fourteen countries with the highest MDR-TB burden, and accounts for 12% of the global gap in DRTB diagnosis. Several control strategies have been put in place to ensure that all DRTB patients are diagnosed and placed on treatment, but this has not significantly closed this diagnostic gap. This study seeks to identify the drug resistant TB treatment service alignment with health seeking behavior of...

Author(s): Bethrand Odume, Michael Sheshi, Ogoamaka Chukwuogo, Useni Sani, Chidubem Ogbudebe, Elias Aniwada, Ubochioma Emperor, Debby Nongo, Rupert Eneogu, Omoselewa Oyelaran, Egwuma Efo, Degu Dare, Chukwuma Anyaike  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Modifiable lifestyle factors and their relationships with metabolic disorders among adults in Burkina Faso: Findings from the First National Survey

July-September 2023

Modifiable lifestyle factors should primarily be targeted for the cardiovascular diseases’ prevention. This study aimed to report the magnitude of modifiable lifestyle factors, their relationships with metabolic disorders in Burkinabè adults using nationally representative data. This cross-sectional study included 4100 adults selected through multistage cluster sampling performed during the first national...

Author(s): Jeoffray Diendéré, Jean Kaboré, Augustin Nawidimbasba Zeba, William Kofi Bosu, Jérôme Winbetouréfâ Somé, Franck Garanet, Pingdéwendé Victor Ouédraogo, Abdoul Aziz Savadogo and Athanase Millogo  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Underage vaping behaviors and perceptions: Evidence from a social media survey of youth and young adults in New York State

July-September 2023

Vaping products, or “vapes,” remain the most commonly used tobacco product among youth and young adults in the United States.  In 2020, we used social media advertisements to recruit current vape users aged 15 to 20 years in New York State. The online survey assessed vaping behaviors, dependence, harm perceptions, and cessation-related outcomes. Disposable vapes were the most commonly used type of...

Author(s): Ellen M. Coats, Matthew Farrelly, Amy Henes, Jessica Sobolewski, Michaela Fogarty, Elizabeth M. Brown, James Nonnemaker and OlaOluwa Fajobi

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Effects of traditional remedy Sarenta and glibenclamide combination on hyperglycemia orally induced in rats

July 2023

Herbal preparations are commonly used by low-income populations to treat diabetes. The objective of this work was to evaluate interaction between Sarenta remedy with antidiabetic drug such as glibenclamide. Experimental study was carried out according to protocol described by Kambouche.  Before giving different solutions on study, baseline blood glucose was taken using "One call plus" glucometer, then...

Author(s): Kouakou Sylvain, Yapo Guy, Djadji Ayoman, Adehouni Yacouba, Kouakou-Siransy G. and Irié-N’Guessan G.  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Variation of antioxidant and antibacterial activities of ethanolic extracts of propolis in three bee-keeping agro-ecological zones of Uganda

July 2023

Propolis is a resinous plant material collected by bees to defend their colony. This study evaluated the antibacterial and antioxidant activities of ethanolic extracts of Ugandan propolis in three bee-keeping agro-ecological zones. Antibacterial assays were performed on two Gram-positive (S. aureus and S. pneumoniae) and two Gram-negative (E. coli and P. aeruginosa) bacteria within a concentration range of ~1.6 to 100...

Author(s): Julius Kyomya, Mariam Kaanyi Kirabo, Wilberforce John Mayoka, Rehema Namunyenga, Rogers Jaggwe, Lawrence Imanirampa, and Jonans Tusiimire,  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Assessment of antibiotics use and associated problems at Jimma Health Center, South West Ethiopia

July 2023

Misuse of antibiotics is the main cause for resistance development. The objective of this study is to assess patterns of antibiotics use and associated problems at Jimma Health Center. The study was conducted from February 25, 2016 to March 25, 2016. For the analysis of prescribing indicators retrospectively 295 patient charts that fulfills inclusion criteria were systematically selected from a total of 9800 charts from...

Author(s): Geremew Kinati Terfa and Gemechu Zeleke  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Synthesis of organic compounds using yellow yam (Dioscorea praehensilis) tyrosinase as catalyst

July 2023

The authors report the synthesis of some bioactive organic compounds which could be of pharmacological interest using Dioscorea praehensilis tyrosinase immobilized on calcium-alginate beads. The enzymatic synthesis of these compounds involved pyruvic acid as a source of carbonyl groups, ammonia and catechol. Catechol was used as substrate and a parent compound that supplied aromatic ring carbons for the reactions. The...

Author(s): Olutosin Samuel Ilesanmi, Omowumi Funke Adedugbe, David Adeniran Oyegoke, Victory Ayo Olagunju and Isaac Olusanjo Adewale

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Response of rice (Oryza sativa L.) to foliar fertilizer

July, 2023

This experiment was conducted to evaluate the impact of foliar fertilizer on the growth and yield parameters of rice, due to the fact that foliar fertilizer utilization is not a common practice in field crop production in Ghana. Eight treatments comprising two (Recommended fertilizer application rate for farmers) and six others which are the foliar fertilizer (Boost Xtra foliar fertilizer) were used. The analyzed...

Author(s): Alice Afrakomah Amoah, Maxwel Asante, Ali Daniel Boadu, Jessica Akowuah, Philip Lincoln Blavo and Quansah Ayireibi Danso  

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