Articles

 

Page 12 of 1164, showing 50 records out of 58177 total, starting on record 551, ending on 600

March 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Inhibition of Streptococcus mutans (ATCC 25175) biofilm formation on eugenol-impregnated surgical sutures

The use of bioactive compounds as anti-infective coating on biomaterial surfaces has been studied as a tool against microbial adhesion and the establishment of biofilms. The objective of this work was to evaluate the antibacterial activity of eugenol, specifically the ability to interact with cotton suture threads for preventing adhesion and biofilm formation of Streptococcus mutans (ATCC 25175). The minimum inhibitory...

Author(s): Victor Alves Carneiro, Elaine de Fátima Furtado, Rafaela Mesquita Bastos Cavalcante, Maria Laína Silva, Rondinely Lima Silva, Queli Cristina Fidelis and Francisco Eduardo Aragão Catunda Júnior

March 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Utility of molecular diagnostic method compared with conventional methods in detection of etiologic agents of central nervous system infections in Rwanda

The incidence of meningoencephalitis in developing countries is high and its diagnosis being inadequate as it is mainly based on conventional methods with a limited diagnostic capacity for bacterial, fungal and viral detection. This results in prescription of a cocktail of antibiotics, antifungal, or anti-viral drugs, since the causative agent is often unknown. There is therefore need for timely and appropriate...

Author(s): Edouard Ntagwabira, Marianne Wanjiru Mureithi, Jean Baptiste Mazarati, Walter Jaoko and Omu Anzala  

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Development and technical validation of spray kit for coffee harvester

Spraying a coffee plantation simultaneously with harvesting ensures that the coffee plants are protected from pests and diseases, which are intensified during this period. In addition to economical operation, the pulverizer adapted to all harvester models promotes greater uniformity in pulverized syrup dispensing since the spray tips are arranged evenly around the plant. Two experiments were carried out in the...

Author(s): Felipe Santinato, Carlos Diego da Silva, Rouverson Pereira da Silva, Antônio Tassio Silva Ormond, Victor Afonso Reis Gonçalves and Roberto Santinato  

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Pig compost for the formation of coffee seedlings in the substrate composition

Pigs can be used in the formation of coffee seedlings; it gradually provides essential nutrients for the development of plants, in addition to promoting the improvement of the substrate and water retention. It was decided, with this work, to evaluate the use of pig compost in the formation of coffee seedlings. The topics studied were: T1 - Witness (absence of organic compound); T2-30% concentration of cattle compost;...

Author(s): Felipe Santinato, Carlos Diego da Silva, Renato de Mello Prado, Caio Fernando Eckhardt Souza, Victor Afonso Reis Gonçalves and Roberto Santinato  

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Correlation of climatic elements with phases of the lace bug Vatiga illudens (Hemiptera: Tingidae) in two cassava cultivars (Manihot esculenta Crantz, Euphorbiaceae)

Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is subject to various disease problems and insect attacks. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlations of climatic elements on the phases of the lacebug, Vatiga illudens in two cultivars of cassava. The study was carried out in a greenhouse using the ‘Sergipana’ and ‘Campina’ cultivars. Data were analyzed using the Pearson index for linear...

Author(s): Joice Kessia Barbosa dos Santos, Tamara Taís dos Santos, Aleyres Bispo Chagas, Eliane dos Santos, Adriely Vital de Souza, Diego Jorge da Silva, Alverlan da Silva Araujo, Rodrigo Almeida Pinheiro, João Pedro Ferreira Barbosa, Jhonatan David Santos das Neves, Ana Paula Gonçalves da Silva Wengrat and Rubens Pessoa de Barros  

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Comparison of cyanobacterial bio-fertilizer with urea on three crops and two soils of Ethiopia

Although chemical fertilizers have long been used to meet the high demand of nitrogen (N), the most common limiting nutrient to plant growth, the frequent use of this fertilizer gradually deteriorates soil fertility in addition to its high cost, lower supply and agronomic use efficiency in Ethiopia. Nevertheless, N-fixing cyanobacterial biofertilizers are eco-friendly, and currently considered important to support the...

Author(s): Mulat Asmamaw, Girma Wolde, Mekiso Yohannes, Solomon Yigrem, Endalkachew Woldemeskel, Alemayehu Chala and Jessica G. Davis      

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Genetic variation and heritability of kernel physical quality traits and their association with selected agronomic traits in groundnut (Arachis hypogeae) genotypes from Uganda

Breeding for improvement of physical kernel traits has a direct implication on acceptance of groundnut varieties. However, the genetic parameters associated with these traits are not well documented. Ten groundnut lines were evaluated in a Randomized Complete Block Design experiment with three replicates in 2015. Data were collected on yield parameters and pod and kernel physical traits. Mean values were used to...

Author(s): R. Kakeeto,, S. D. Baguma, R. Subire, J. Kaheru, E. Karungi and M. Biruma  

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of the effectiveness of different trap designs for the monitoring of Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura, 1931) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) in blackberry crop

Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii is one of the most important pests in berry crops around the world. In this study, different models of traps were evaluated for monitoring adult SWD. The study was conducted in a commercial blackberry orchard of the cultivar Chester, in the municipality of Vacaria, RS, Brazil in May 2016. The treatments consisted of three trap designs, namely the European model...

Author(s): Regis Sivori Silva dos Santos, Daniela Fernanda Klesener, Lucas de Almeida Bizotto and Lucas de Ross Marchioretto  

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Analysis of factors affecting the demand for inorganic fertilizer in Boricha and Wondogenet Districts, Southern Ethiopia

A study was undertaken to analyze factors affecting the demand for inorganic fertilizer in Boricha and Wondogenet farming Districts, Southern Ethiopia. Data on  gender, educational level, farming experience, health status, soil fertility status, organic fertilizer used, access to inorganic fertilizer, ownership and size of cultivated farm, on-farm income, contact with DAs, availability of certified seed, and credit...

Author(s): Yirssaw Demeke Ambaw  

March 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Physicochemical and microbiological stability of muffins packed in actives edible coatings from cassava starch: Inverted sugar/sucrose and natural additives

The aim of this study was to develop edible coatings containing natural additives incorporated to the matrix of cassava starch, for use in muffins, as well as to evaluate the efficacy of its use in the increase of shelf life and maintenance of the products characteristics. Seventeen film forming formulations were developed following a central composite experimental design (CCD). The influence of independent variables...

Author(s): Luana de Oliveira Melo Naponucena, Bruna Aparecida Souza Machado, Luciana Emanuella Ferreira Saraiva, Samantha Serra Costa, Rejane Pina Dantas Silva, Emanuelle Andrade Dantas, Roseane Santos Oliveira and Janice Izabel Druzian  

March 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Genetic diversity of antibiotic and plant extract resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from hospitalized patients in Ekiti State, Nigeria

This study aimed to determine the genetic diversity of antibiotics and plants extract resistant Staphylococcus aureus using molecular technique. A total of 106 human clinical samples were collected from patients in three different hospitals within Ekiti State. Microbiological and molecular analyses were performed using standard methods. Antimicrobial susceptibility test with common antibiotics and plant leaves extracts...

Author(s): Egbebi Adeola Oluwagbemileke, Oyama Maslhanty Obem and Fadare Olalekan Shadrach  

March 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Genetic diversity using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and inter-simple sequence repeats (ISSR) markers in Tinospora cordifolia from the Rayalseema region in Andhra Pradesh

Tinospora cordifolia is a highly important medicinal plant in India, with a rich source of different secondary metabolites. In the present study, 12 samples of T. cordifolia (collected from different areas of Rayalseema region,Andhra Pradesh) were studied for genetic diversity using 15 random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and eight inter-simple sequence repeats (ISSR) markers. Out of them, 10 RAPD and 5 ISSR primers...

Author(s): H. Fathima Nazneen, B. Arunkumar Naik, P. Ramesh, A. Chandra Sekhar and P. Chandramati Shankar  

February 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Water quality problems, related challenges and their impacts on Ethiopian fishery

The purpose of this review article is to explore the drivers of the water quality problems and associated impacts and mitigation schemes of the fishes and fisheries in Ethiopia. Data were obtained from both published and unpublished online documents as well as from different Ethiopian universities and institutions. The country has the potential to produce more fish yield (94, 500 ton/year. The published and unpublished...

Author(s): Agumassie Tesfahun  

February 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Modelling and simulation of atmospheric conditions impact on photovoltaic production in Saint Louis area

In this study, we worked on the modelling and the simulation of atmospheric conditions impact on photovoltaic production in Saint Louis area. Using Ineichen's model based on the disorder factor of Link, an assessment of sunshine in the study area was made. A characterization of the irradiation is elaborated by modelling the radiation and by simulating outputs of a photovoltaic power plant. We can estimate aerosols...

Author(s): Abdoulaye Bouya DIOP, Bouya DIOP, Abdou Karim FAROTA, Ababacar THIAM, Aichetou DIA and Djiby SARR

February 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Conditions of available sources of water for domestic use in selected communities in Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria

The challenges of high quality water for domestic use and particularly for potability must be overcome in its entire ramification for health and ecological environment. The aim of this study is to identify the conditions of domestic water sources in Ado-Ekiti. One water sample was drawn from the two different sources of water, that is, shallow well and Ureje River at Ureje, and two samples from one water source, that...

Author(s): Oluwadare Joshua OYEBODE, Adeshina Samuel ADEBANJO and Sukky Raymond ND-EZUMA  

February 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Waves-waves collide induced by different wind directions caused high exchanged in the water level at the open area Shallow Lake, China

Wind from different directions induce waves-waves to collid at the central zone of Taihu Lake. It causes exchange in water bodies and release of internal nutrients which increases algal bloom. This study aims to analyz the impact of the interactions between waves-waves collision from different directions and different sources such as traveling ships and explored factors, causing sediment resuspension. The results were...

Author(s): Qhtan Asmaa,  

February 2019

International Journal of Livestock Production
Toxin and toxin-binders affecting the performance, organs, haematology and histological characteristics of broilers fed with infected diets

The potency of four varieties of toxin binders (labeled A, B, C and D) on the physiological status of broiler birds fed with diets infected with aflatoxin was investigated. Six experimental diets were formulated: Diet 1 was infected with aflatoxin without binders, Diets 2 to 5 were infected but binders A, B, C or D were added, while Diet 6 was the control diet without infection. 180 birds were equally and randomly...

Author(s): Rafiu T. A., Babatunde G. M., Ibrahim O. O. K., Akanbi A. O. and Ojelade R. A.  

February 2019

International Journal of Livestock Production
Effects of snail offal meal on performance of broiler chickens

The study investigated the effects of inclusion of various levels of snail offal meal (SOM) on the performance of broiler chickens. The study was carried out in the animal farm of the Department of Animal Science, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka Anambra State. The experiment was designed on a 4×3 Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with four dietary treatments having 0, 2.5, 5 and 7.5% inclusion of SOM over a...

Author(s): Amobi M. I., Ebenebe C. I., Nwobodo J. C., Ezenwaeya G. U., Okereke N. H. and Okpoko, V. O.  

February 2019

International Journal of Livestock Production
Major causes of chicken mortality in and around Hawassa City, Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia

A cross sectional study was conducted from November 2017 to March 2018, to assess major causes of chicken mortality and identifying parasite types in and around Hawassa city, Southern Ethiopia. One hundred sixty respondents were selected using multistage sampling technique. Questionnaire and laboratory data were analyzed using STATA version 14. Among the respondents 34% kept their chicken extensively while 52 and 14%...

Author(s): Mishamo Sulayeman, Kabech Gedeno, Gizachew Hailegebreal, Mandefrot Meaza

February 2019

International Journal of Livestock Production
Effects of sources of dietary protein supplemented to oat-vetch hay mixture on milk yield and milk composition of crossbred dairy cows

The experiment was conducted in Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center with the objective of evaluating the effects of sources of dietary protein supplemented to oat-vetch mixture hay on milk yield, milk composition and profitability in lactating crossbred dairy cows. Four high grade cross bred (Holstein Friesian × Boran) dairy cows with similar lactation stage (mid lactation) and parity were used. The...

Author(s): Marishet Teshome, Mengistu Urge, Getnet Assefa and Kassahun Melesse  

February 2019

International Journal of Livestock Production
Urban poultry production systems and constraints of local and exotic chickens reared in Yirgalem and Hawassa Towns, Ethiopia

Rearing of chicken plays important roles on both the rural and urban economy of Ethiopia. This study was conducted to assess urban poultry production system and productive performance of local and exotic chickens reared at Yirgalem and Hawassa towns of Southern Ethiopia. Stepwise purposive sampling method followed by random sampling was used to select the respondents. In total, 180 respondents were selected based on...

Author(s): Yonas Kejela, Sandip Banerjee, Mestawet Taye and Mohammed Beyan  

February 2019

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Determinants of rural households’ participation in microfinance services: The case of Cheliya District, West Shoa Zone, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia

In under developed countries, most of the poor people have limited access to formal financial services, including credit, savings, and insurance. The study was focused on the determinants of the rural households’ participation in microfinance services in the study area.  The study was conducted in Cheliya District, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. A total of 188 sample households were selected through...

Author(s): Tadele Erena Geleta, Alelign Ademe Mengistu and Solomon Amsalu Gesese  

February 2019

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Sesame post-harvest loss from small-scale producers in Kafta Humera District, Ethiopia

Sesame post-harvest loss and its determinants in Kafta Humera, Ethiopia of cross-sectional data were obtained from interviewing 128 producers and measurement at 56 fields. The loss found were at harvesting (16.41%), drying (50.44%), un-threshed (11.55%), piles transportation (9.9%), storage (6.73%), cleaning (3.2%), and leads total loss of 23.7% (4260 Birr/ton). The significant determinants of sesame post-harvest loss...

Author(s): Desale Gebretsadik, Jema Haji and Bosena Tegegne  

February 2019

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Market chain analysis of potato and factors affecting market supply in West Gojam Zone, Ethiopia

The study was conducted in South Achefer and Jabi Tehinan districts of West Gojam Zone with the objectives of identifying the major potato marketing channels, to analyze potato marketing cost and margins, and to examine determinants of producer’s potato supply to market. The study took a sample of 100 producers, 70 traders and 40 end consumers randomly. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected and...

Author(s): Wondim Awoke and Desselgn Molla  

February 2019

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
The abundance, distribution and diversity of benthic invertebrates of Lake Malombe

The benthic zone of Lake Malombe was sampled for invertebrates, fungi and bacteria using an Ekman Grab measuring 15.2 cm by 15.2 cm. Thirty-six stations were surveyed for macro-invertebrates which were identified to the lowest taxa and enumerated to estimate abundance for the lake. Snails were the most dominant macro fauna, belonging to four genera Melanoides, Bellamya, Bulinus and Lanistes with the mean densities of...

Author(s): Kingsley Kamtambe, James Banda, Barnett Kaphuka and Orton V. Msiska  

February 2019

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Effects of feeding rates and feeding frequencies on growth performance, uniformity of the batch and survival rate of Amazon ornamental fish larvae

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of different feeding rates and frequencies on angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare) and severum (Heros severus) larvae. For this purpose, two similar experiments were conducted in parallel. For each experiment, a total of 360 larvae were distributed in 36-1 L aquariums. The experiments were done using a factorial 3x3 completely randomized design, with four replicates. The...

Author(s): Daniel Abreu Vasconcelos Campelo, Matheus Henrique Correa Marques, Odinilson Pereira Marim, Lorena Batista de Moura, Bruno José Corecha Fernandes Eiras, Marcos Ferreira Brabo and Galileu Crovatto Veras  

February 2019

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Determinants and challenges of rural livelihood diversification in Ethiopia: Qualitative review

The review was made on determinants and challenges of livelihood diversification in Ethiopia. Different published and unpublished documents were collected through different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and Google. After thorough reading, 42 papers were used to review out of 182 papers. There are a lot of pushes and pull factors that affect rural livelihood diversification. Some determinants,...

Author(s): Wondim Awoke Kassa  

February 2019

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Adoption determinants of row planting for wheat production in Munesa District of Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Agriculture takes the lion’s share in the economic development of many developing countries, including Ethiopia. Agricultural policy of the years has focused on supporting the introduction of improved technologies to boost production and reduce food insecurity. However, outcomes of such agricultural policies have been influenced by different factors of which low adoption of improved agricultural technology is a...

Author(s): Adunea Dinku and Fekadu Beyene  

February 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Resistance Mechanisms of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) to Root-Knot Nematodes (Meloidogyne species)

Root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne species) are the most devastating and as such they cause significant yield loss in tomato production. They are widely distributed in major tomato producing areas especially in warm climatic conditions. Because of the environmental impact of the application of pesticides, the use of nematode resistant varieties is becoming the most effective alternative to control root-knot nematodes....

Author(s): Mengistu Wubie and Zebyder Temesgen  

February 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Genetic variability studies on bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes

Thirty bread wheat genotypes were tested to assess the genetic variability, among studied genotypes using alpha-lattice design at Tongo sub-center of Assosa Agricultural Research Center and Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center in 2015. Analysis of variance revealed that there were statistically significant differences among the genotypes for most of the traits at individual and across locations. From the combined...

Author(s): Alemu Dabi, Firew Mekbib and Tadesse Desalegn  

February 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Phenotype characterization and diversity assessment of mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars in Ethiopia

Little efforts have been made on mango genetic resource assessment in Ethiopia though it is one of the major fruit crops. This study was conducted to assess the diversity of 69 mango cultivars of different growing regions of the country based on 44 phenotypic descriptors. The results of both univariate and multivariate analysis of variance computed for quantitative data, and results from descriptive statistics for...

Author(s): Tewodros Bezu Neguse, Fredah K. Rimberia Wanzala, Wassu Mohammed Ali, Githiri Stephen Mwangi and Willis O. Owino  

February 2019

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Atresia ani associated with recto-vaginal fistula in two months old Sudanesse crossbreed lamb

A case of atresia ani with recto-vaginal fistula was observed in a two-month old Sudanese crossbred lamb. On physical examination, the abdomen was distended, and there was bulging around the perineal region and severe straining. Upon palpation, the anal ring was felt at the anal area, voiding of feaces and urine from the vaginal opening was seen, while the fistula was felt upon vaginal palpation. Reconstructive...

Author(s): Mana H. P., Z.B Yusuf , Gapsiso R.H, M. A Umar.  

February 2019

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Bovine mastitis: Prevalence, Isolation and identification of major bacterial pathogens in selected areas of Bench Maji Zone, Southwest Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of mastitis in bovines and to, isolate and identify the major bacterial pathogens of lactating cows in six selected woredas of Bench Maji Zone of Southwestern Ethiopia from June 2017-October 2017. Three hundred eighty four lactating cows were examined for mastitis by combination of udder physical examination, California Mastitis Test and subsequent...

Author(s): Teshome Gemechu, Hasen Awel Yunus, Morga Soma and Amare Beyene  

February 2019

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Common health and welfare problems of working donkeys in Addis Ababa and its surrounding area: Retrospective and questionnaire survey

A retrospective study was conducted to assess the health and welfare problems of working donkeys at the Merkato Donkey Sanctuary clinic in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Data on 12,991 working donkeys from 2008 to 2010 were analyzed from the data record sheet kept by the clinic. Results on the age distribution of donkeys showed that the average age of the donkeys was around nine years old. Only 7.37% of the donkeys were with...

Author(s): Samson Terefe, Asnakech Ashine and Getachew Mulugeta  

February 2019

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Distribution and molecular characterization of avian hepatitis E virus (aHEV) in domestic and wild birds in Burkina Faso

Avian hepatitis E virus (aHEV), clinically important in poultry industry, can cause death and reduce egg production of chickens, resulting in significant economic losses in the poultry industry. However, little is known about this aHEV infection in Burkina Faso. This study presents the results of distribution and characterization of aHEV in domestic and wild birds without clinical disease. In total 173 birds liver...

Author(s): Jean B. Ouoba, Kuan A. Traore, Alphonsine K. M’Bengue, Solange Ngazoa, Hortense Rouamba, Moussa Doumbia, Alfred S. Traore, Pierre Roques, and Nicolas Barro  

February 2019

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Comparative cost analysis of three injectable ivermectin preparations in the control of gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep in Makurdi, Benue State Nigeria

The efficacy and comparative cost analysis of three injectable ivermectin preparations was evaluated in West African Dwarf (WAD) sheep naturally infected with gastrointestinal nematodes. Three anthelmintics: ivomec classic® (IVC), ivomec super® (IVS) and ivomec gold® (IVG) were administered at a dose rate of 200µg/kg to control gastrointestinal nematodes in three treatment groups comprising five...

Author(s): Mathew Adamu, Paul Amuta, Anthony Ameh and Samuel Ode    

February 2019

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Assessment of breast cancer risk factors among women of reproductive age group in Oshogbo using Gail model

The study identified the risk factors associated with breast cancer development and determined its prevalence. A cross sectional design using mixed method was adopted for the study. It was conducted in 22 Primary Health Care centres (PHCs) in Osogbo and Olorunda Local government areas of Osun State. A purposive sampling technique was used to select four hundred child bearing age women (19 - 44 years) who brought their...

Author(s): Adebayo R. O., Olaogun A. A., Loto O. M., Kolawole A. A., Alabi T. O., Ajao O. and Solarin A. E.  

February 2019

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Community based health insurance as a viable option for health financing: An assessment of household willingness to pay in Lagos, Nigeria

The high cost and effect of out of pocket payments for health care on households in developing countries have led to the use of community-based health insurance (CBHI) as a viable alternative for health care funding. The overall objective of the study was to assess the perception and determinants of willingness-to-pay (WTP) for a proposed community based health insurance scheme in urban and rural households in Lagos...

Author(s): Agbo Ijeoma, Onajole Adebayo, Ogunnowo Babatunde and Emechebe Angela  

February 2019

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Superstitious knowledge of the phenomena of teeth eruption in rural area of Ferlo in Senegal

Teeth are physiological phenomenon that appears in child and who begins around 6 to 8 months after birth. The aim of this work was to study superstitious knowledge of the phenomena of teeth eruption in the mothers peulhs of Ferlo in Senegal. The research method was a descriptive and qualitative study; comprising questioning the mothers of children in the phase of active teeth eruption by structured, semi-structured...

Author(s): Diouf Massamba, Boetsch Gilles, Dieng Amadou and Cissé Daouda  

February 2019

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Degradation of postharvest applied fludioxonil in pomegranate fruit cv. ‘Wonderful’ and efficacy on the gray mould

Present study aimed to determine the effects of fludioxonil (FLU) against the gray mould disease development on pomegranate fruits; and the residue levels of FLU during 150 days of storage. Pomegranate (Punica granatum) fruits are very susceptible to postharvest decay (Botrytis cinerea Pers.) and very few chemicals are approved for the use in postharvest storage. Studies conducted with ‘Wonderful’ cultivar...

Author(s): İbrahim Kahramanoğlu, Serhat Usanmaz and Turgut Alas  

February 2019

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Effect of Sulphur application and water salinity on soil and plant properties

The main objective of this work was to study the effect of sulphur application and irrigation water quality on some soil properties of the calcareous, alluvial and sandy soils. A lysimeter experiment was conducted and filled with calcareous, alluvial and sandy soils to evaluate the impact of using elemental sulfur on the yields and mineral uptake of wheat plant. The experiment was cultivated with wheat plant (Triticum...

Author(s): Ahmed Ibrahim Mohamed, Ahmed Osman Mohamed and Ozories Mohamed Ali  

February 2019

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Acute toxicity evaluation of water extract stem barks of Balanites aegyptiaca on adults of three different fish species

A 96 h static toxicity bioassay was carried out to examine fish responses and to determine the median lethal concentration (LC50) of Balanites aegyptiaca stem bark extract on adults of Brycinus nurse, Labeobarbus bynni and Labeobarbus intermedius. Experimental fish were exposed to piscicide plant extract of 0.0 (control), 15.0, 17.5, 20.0, 22.5, and 25.0 mgL-1. Fish exposed to these extracts except the control showed...

Author(s): Alamrew Eyayu, and Abebe Getahun  

February 2019

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Comparative field survival and growth of selected Ethiopian native tree species and the effect of whole soil arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi inoculation

Tree species selection and seedlings lack of infective arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) could potentially contribute to low forest restoration success in Ethiopia. Hence, we evaluated the comparative field performance of Cordia Africana (C. africana), Juniperus procera (J. procera), and Podocarpus falcatus (P. falcatus) seedlings and the effect of whole soil AMF inoculation. Seedlings prepared using the existing...

Author(s): Fisseha Asmelash, Tamrat Bekele and Zerihun Belay  

February 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Using citizen science in assessing the distribution of Sarus Crane (Grus antigone antigone) in Uttar Pradesh, India

The Indian Sarus Crane (Grus antigone antigone), is the world's tallest flying bird and a globally 'Vulnerable' species as per IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is the only resident breeding crane in India. Citizen scientists currently play active roles in a varied range of ecological assignments, and their contributions have enabled scientists to collect large amounts of data at minimal cost. eBird is...

Author(s): Adesh Kumar, Ankit Sinha and Amita Kanaujia,

February 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Activity budget of captive Drill monkeys Mandrillus leucophaeus (Cuvier) in Limbe Wildlife Center, Southwest Region, Cameroon

Drill monkeys (Mandrillus leucophaeus) are known to be the most endangered species of primates in Africa. Hunting and habitat loss are believed to be the major causes of the species decline in Cameroon. It is for this reason that the study explored the behaviour of captive drills in Limbe Wildlife Centre (LWC) in line with reintroduction plan. Data collection started in May 15th 2016 and ended in August 15th 2016. Scan...

Author(s): Melle Ekane Maurice, Nkwatoh Athanasius Fuashi, Tim Killian Lengha and Viku Bruno Agiamte-Mbom  

February 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Breeding biology of red wattled lapwing (Vanellus Indicus) from Southern Punjab, Pakistan

This study documented some aspects of breeding biology of Red Wattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus) such as breeding season, nest structure, clutch size, incubation period, hatching and fledgling success in Bahawalpur District. We selected 6 sites for the observation; barren, open, cultivated, grassy, area along road sides, and constructed areas with the common vegetation of Cynodon dactylon, Ziziphus mauritiana, Albizia...

Author(s): Sangam Khalil, Tanveer Hussain, Maqsood Anwar, Muhammad Rafay, Muhammad Abdullah, Muneeb Khalid, Menal Tariq, Saima Sarwar, Rana Tabish and Irfan Ashraf

February 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Religiosity and consumer behavior in developing countries: An exploratory study on Muslims in the context of Burkina Faso

The interest of researchers on religiosity and consumer behavior is explained by the fact that religion has an influence, not only on the social behavior of individuals, but also on their consumption behavior (Fam et al., 2004; Nasse, 2006; Mansori, 2012; Diop, 2012). Most of the studies on the topic are from Western and Asian countries. Little research on the subject has been conducted in Africa and particularly in...

Author(s): Théophile Bindeouè Nasse,, Alidou Ouédraogo and Fatou Diop Sall  

February 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Impact of non-performing assets on the profitability in Indian scheduled commercial banks

Banking in modern times is the kingpin of all economic activities. It is instrumental in shaping the economic destiny of a country. Banks are considered as the nerve-centres of economics and finance of any nation and the barometer of its economic prospective. Since the banks have stupendous investment potential, they can make a significant contribution in eliminating poverty and problem of unemployment. It can bring...

Author(s): Kavitha Nachimuthu and Muthukrishna Veni  

February 2019

African Journal of Business Management
The growth determinants of micro and small enterprises and its linkages with food security: The case of Mecha district, Amhara region, Ethiopia

The study assessed the growth determinants of micro and small enterprises (MSEs) and its linkages with food security in Mecha district of Amhara region. The research was conducted to fill the empirical gaps regarding the linkages of MSEs growth with food security. Previous researches conducted in Ethiopia on the MSEs growth did not explicitly show the relationships of the growth of those enterprises on households’...

Author(s): Yikeber Yimesgen  

February 2019

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Socio-economic importance of highland bamboo (Yushania alpina K. Schum) and challenges for its expansion in Bibugn District, East Gojjam, Ethiopia

Highland bamboo (Yushania alpina) plays an important role in various socio-economic aspects in Ethiopia. However, these socio-economic roles and the associated challenges have not been studied in Bibugn District of East Gojjam, Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the socio-economic importance of highland bamboo and the associated challenges for its expansion. For this study, four rural sub-districts...

Author(s): Yohannes Walie Guadie, Debela Hunde Feyssa and Dereje Bekele Jiru  

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