Articles

 

Page 12 of 1159, showing 50 records out of 57901 total, starting on record 551, ending on 600

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Organic amendments applied to a degraded soil: Short term effects on soil quality indicators

Low agricultural productivity is a threat to achieving global food security. Improving productivity of degraded soils is key to achieving sustainable food production. This study investigated the effects of four organic amendments (OAs) (Mushroom Compost, MC; PAS-100 compost, PAS; Anaerobic Digestate Solid Waste, AD_SW; and Poultry Manure, PM), applied at 10 t ha-1 and 30 t ha-1 on the physical, chemical and biological...

Author(s): UNAGWU B. O.  

January 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Investigation of the self-efficacy and occupational attitude of students of the recreation Department of Tourism and Sport Sciences Faculties of Gazi and Atatürk Universities, Turkey

The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between students’ attitudes towards the recreation specialty and self-efficacy of the students in the Recreation Departments of Sports Sciences and Tourism Faculty. In the study, “Occupational Attitude Scale” developed by Üstüner in 2006 and “General Self-Efficacy Scale” that was adapted to Turkish by Yildirim and İlhan...

Author(s): Yahya DOĞAR, Fatih BEDİR, Deniz BEDİR, S. Erim ERHAN and İlhan ŞEN  

January 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Teacher education in China, Japan and Turkey

The aim of this study is to analyze teacher education systems in China and Japan, and compare the findings with teacher education in Turkey, thus contribute to the developments in teacher education in Turkey. The research was based on the years 2000 to 2017. Document analysis method, which is one of the qualitative data collection methods, is used in this research. Within the scope of the document review, official...

Author(s): Yaman Barış and Aydemir Hasan  

January 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Transforming female aspirations to real presence: The case of higher education in Cameroon

Higher education for females is an indicator of development, democracy and gender equity, particularly necessary for a nation like Cameroon which attempts to become an emerging country by 2035. Hence, this paper is focused on ascertaining female aspirations to higher education for access and effective participation. In so doing, a study that employed a semi-structured questionnaire collected data from 977 female...

Author(s): Etta Mercy Aki  

January 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Effect of cutting position and indole butyric acid (auxin) concentration on rooting response of Araucaria heterophylla

The effects of cutting position (tip, middle and basal) and concentration of indole butyric acid (IBA) (0, 5, 7.5 and 11 g/L) on root and shoot growth of Araucaria heterophylla were evaluated to develop a method for vegetative propagation for this tree species. Leaf number, number of adventitious roots, root length and survival rates were measured. These parameters were significantly influenced by the interactive effect...

Author(s): Abera Tilahun, Begashaw Manahlie, Getachew Abebe and Genet Negash  

January 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
In vitro regeneration of two grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) varieties from leaf explants

The traditional way of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) propagation is time consuming and allows disease transmission from generation to generation. Moreover, it is difficult to improve this crop through conventional plant breeding methods. Therefore, the objective of this study was to develop efficient in vitro regeneration protocol for ‘Canonannon’ and ‘Chenin Blanc’ varieties of grapevine using...

Author(s): Fikadu Kumsa and Tileye Feyissa  

January 2019

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Modern approach of treatment on destroyable pathogenicity of malaria parasite: A review article

Plasmodium is the malaria parasite that completes the life cycle between two different hosts, such as human and Anopheles mosquito. These parasites go through several developmental stages like exo-erythrocytic stage that is absent in Plasmodium falciparum, so relapses do not occur. The drugs which contain three P’s like proguanil, primaquine, and pyrimethamine kill schizonts in the liver. Due to prolonged...

Author(s): Sourav Das, Sabahuddin Siddique, Ahmed  M Shehata, Mohamed A. Shaker, Mohi Iqbal Mohammed Abdul,  Asis Bala, ,Pallab Mandal, Shubhasis Dan and Anirbandeep Bose  

January 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Evaluation of bacterial culture and their resistant pattern in pus containing patients of different wards of the hospital, Lahore, Pakistan

In health care delivery worldwide, infections acquired in health care setting are the most challenging factors. Infections due to antibiotic resistant bacteria have increased day by day in both developed and developing countries. This study is performed to screen the bacterial pathogens present in pus samples taken from patients of different wards of hospital. Isolation of bacteria was determined by standard microbial...

Author(s): Nureen Zahra, Tooba iftikhair, Rabail Alam, Asia Parveen, Sobia Alyas, Beenish Zahid, Aysha Shaukat and Arshad Munir  

January 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
In vitro activities of aqueous and hydro-ethanolic extracts of Ocimum gratissimum on Escherichia coli ESBL, Klebsiella pneumoniae ESBL and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

The misuse of antibiotics plays a role in increasing of antimicrobial resistance. The plants, of traditional use, then become an alternative solution to deal with this public health issue. Ocimum gratissimum L. is a widely used plant in Togo for several diseases. The objective of this work was to evaluate the antibacterial activity of the hydro-ethanolic and aqueous extracts of the leaves of this plant, by measuring the...

Author(s): Mounerou Salou, Dede Egnoname Ekoue-Toulan, Sika Dossim and Amegnona Agbonon

January 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Multiplex RT-PCR identification of five viruses associated with the watermelon crops in the Brazilian Cerrado

Watermelon plants can be naturally infected by several viruses in single or mixed infections, of which the diagnosis is difficult and require specific techniques. This study aims to detect and to verify the presence of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), Papaya ringspot virus type W (PRSV-W), Watermelon mosaic virus (WMV), Zucchini lethal chlorosis virus (ZLCV), Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV), and the main cucurbit...

Author(s): Raimundo Wagner de Souza Aguiar, Adelmo Rodrigues Martins, Vitor L. Nascimento, Aristóteles Capone, Lara Teixeira Melo Costa, Fabrício Souza Campos, Rodrigo Ribeiro Fidelis, Gil Rodrigues dos Santos, Renato de Oliveira Resende and Tatsuya Nagata  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Crop abiotic stresses and nutrition of harvested food crops: A Review of impacts, interventions and their effectiveness

In tandem with the accelerating effects of climate change, efforts to increase agricultural productivity to feed the growing population are still being extensively rolled out in Africa. That notwithstanding, a large population in the continent remains food and nutrition insecure; rendering malnutrition the biggest public health challenge. Coupled with the increased incidences of abiotic stresses, developing countries...

Author(s): Rowland M. Kamanga and Leonard Mndala  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Characterization of Pico Island (Azores) wood-pastures

Wood-pastures are gaining importance in various parts of the planet, either for their role in combating desertification, protecting endemic faunas and flora, or their role in animal welfare or nutritional value in all year round grazing systems. On Pico Island and on other islands in the Azores, farmers have been using tree pastures for a long time, especially in the winter, when there is a shortage of grass and the...

Author(s): C. S. A. M. Maduro Dias, C. Ortiz, C. F. M. Vouzela, J. S. Madruga and A. E. S. Borba  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Genetic diversity of rice (Oryza sativa L.) accessions collected from Sudan and IRRI using SSR markers

The assessment of genetic diversity of the traditional rice varieties or landraces is an essential component in germplasm characterization and conservation to identify potential parents. In the present study SSR markers (588 SSR markers) were used for the assessment of genetic diversity and relatedness among 31 rice accessions. These included 18 accessions from Sudan and 13 from IRRI. Among the SSR markers used only 483...

Author(s): Seif Gasim, Ishraka Abuanja and Abdel-Wahab Abdalla  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Seed treatment and pre-inoculation of soybean: effect of storage period and agrochemicals on the physiological quality of seed and yield

Industrial seed treatment of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] has increased over the last years. New technologies have been developed to allow the inoculation procedure, which is traditionally done at the day of sowing, to be performed with the industrial treatment days or even weeks before sowing. Since little is known about the compatibility of agrochemicals and pre-inoculation, the objective of this study was to...

Author(s): Itacir Eloi Sandini, Rafael Brugnera Belani, Margarete Kimie Falbo, Fabiano Pacentchuk and Jaqueline Huzar-Novakowiski  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Identification of drought selection indices of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania

A study was conducted to evaluate common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes for drought tolerance in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania. Treatments included 18 genotypes laid out in a 3×18 split plot arranged in randomized complete block design with three replications. The data on yield under water stress and non-water stress treatments were used to calculate indices that can be used for predicting tolerant...

Author(s): Karantin D. Mazengo, George M. Tryphone and Akwilini J. P. Tarimo  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Comparative performance of commonly used portable coffee harvesters

In mountain regions due to the high slopes, the coffee harvest is carried out manually, generating higher production costs. An alternative to reducing these costs is to use portable breakers. The objective of this work was to evaluate the efficiency of portable coffee breakers in coffee harvesting. The experiment was carried out in a field of Catucaí Amarelo 24/137, 3.5 years old. In the study, six types of...

Author(s): Felipe Santinato, Rouverson Pereira da Silva, Caio Fernando Eckhardt Souza, Victor Afonso Reis Gonçalves, Carlos Diego da Silva and Roberto Santinato  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Adjustments for axial and sieves systems of coffee harvesters

During the mechanized harvesting of the coffee, there is a fall of fruits in the order of 10 to 20%. This coffee must be later collected. For that, it is necessary to use harvester adjustments that promote a greater picking efficiency. Therefore, the purpose of this work was to define the best adjustments for the axial and sieves system for coffee harvesters. The experiment was carried out using an axial system...

Author(s): Felipe Santinato, Elizabeth Haruna Kazama, Rouverson Pereira da Silva, Carlos Diego da Silva, Adão Felipe dos Santos and Roberto Santinato  

January 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Plant biotechnology: A key tool to improve crop production in Rwanda

Rwanda’s economy relies on agriculture; nevertheless, crop production remains insufficient for both local consumption and exportation. Overall, enough agriculture yields in Rwanda to ensure food security has not yet been achieved regardless of more than 87% population engaged in agriculture activities. In this context, this study aimed at gathering the information on Rwanda’s agriculture based on different...

Author(s): Leonce Dusengemungu, Clement Igiraneza and Sonia Uwimbabazi  

January 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Is the introgression of Lobi/Baoulé cattle by zebuine genes in Burkina Faso Lobi cattle threatened?

Burkina Faso livestock is made up of two main cattle population, namely Zebuine and Taurine. Transhumance and settlement of Zebu cattle breeders in tsetse challenged areas lead to cross-breeding Zebu and Taurine. Introgression of the Zebu cattle may have changed the structure of the trypanotolerant Lobi/Baoulé breed. The objective of the present study was to appreciate the introgression of Zebu genes into...

Author(s): Albert Soudré, Moustapha Gréma, Stéphane A. R. Tapsoba, Amadou Traoré, Salifou Ouédraogo-Koné, Maria Wurzinger, Simone Müller, Olivier Hanotte, Anicet Georges Ouédraogo and Johann Sölkner  

January 2019

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Spectral analysis and source parameter imaging of aeromagnetic data of Lafia and Akiri Areas, Middle Benue Trough, Nigeria

This study aimed to estimate the depth of magnetic source bodies in Lafia and Akiri areas which fall within the middle Benue trough, Nigeria. Aeromagnetic data were used and spectral analysis and source parameter imaging were used for the quantitative interpretation of the data. The total magnetic intensity (TMI) contour map obtained from gridding of the data ranging from -39.5 to 100.0 nT was separated into regional...

Author(s): Ngozi Agatha Okwesili, Johnson Uchenna Abangwu and Igwe Emmanuel Awucha.  

January 2019

Scientific Research and Essays
Development and execution of a novel strategic statistical tool to determine in-vitro in-vivo correlation for sustained release capsules of metoprolol tartrate in humans

The aim of this present study was to develop and formulate sustained release coated metoprolol tartrate matrix granules and to design an in-vitro in-vivo correlation (IVIVC) tool based on bioavailability data available from human volunteers. USP apparatus II, paddle type was used for generation of in-vitro drug release data for each formulation. The similarity factor (f2) was determined using dissolution data parameters...

Author(s): Sabahuddin Siddique, Mohi Iqbal Mohammed Abdul, Syed Ata Ur Rahman, Durdana Lateef, Anirbandeep Bose, Shubhasis Dan, Faraz  Siddiqui  

January 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Role of entrepreneurship education on students’ intention and mediating effect of self-efficacy

Entrepreneurship education trend is increasing rapidly worldwide. This increase was driven through entrepreneurship promise like a catalyst to promote economic revival and growth. It is anticipated entrepreneurship education provides the basis of entrepreneurship notions, forming attitude, behavior, and mind set of the entrepreneurs. Several programs regarding entrepreneurial education established in universities have...

Author(s): Nosheena Yasir, An Liren and Nasir Mahmood  

January 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Critique does not equate to rebellion: Positive deviance and entrepreneurial networking among small and medium enterprises in Uganda

This paper examines the relationship between positive deviance and entrepreneurial networking among small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Using a mixed method approach combined self-administered questionnaires and interview guide covering 228 SMEs in Uganda, the cross-sectional nature of this study revealed key nuances about SMEs. The research findings confirmed a significant positive relationship between positive...

Author(s): Samuel Mayanja, Joseph M. Ntayi, J. C. Munene, Balunywa Wasswa and Moses M. Kibirango

January 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Context and strategy: Managing Sanlam for and in change, 1945-2013

Business sustainability of corporations a hundred years old, is not a regular occurrence in Africa. A qualitative historical study of the development of an insurance company succeeding on the trajectory of adapting to challenging context constitutes the core of this study. The historical analysis illustrates the role of social context, international political economy and management agency in negotiating a successful...

Author(s): Drotskie Adri and Grietjie Verhoef  

January 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Internal equity and customer relationship management in developing countries: A quantitative and a comparative study of three private companies in Burkina Faso

Internal equity in customer relationship management is ignored by companies in Burkina Faso, which causes a reduction in terms of profitability. Equity and ethical practices in marketing are essential to the sustainable development of companies in Burkina Faso especially in the context of globalization where values of fair trade are promoted and where competition is ferocious. This research focuses on the contribution...

Author(s): Théophile Bindeouè Nasse,  

January 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Effects of Lactobacillus spp. isolated from the sap of palm tree Elaeis guineensis (palm wine) on cellular and innate immunity

The isolation, characterization and effects of lactobacillus spp. from fresh palm wine was undertaken in this study. The aim of this study was to isolate and investigate the in vivo effects of the isolates on innate and cellular immune system. The result of the phenotypic and genotypic characterizations showed the presence of Lactobacillus brevis, Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. Tolerans, Lactobacillus paracasei and...

Author(s): Eze Christopher Osita, Berebon Dinebari Philip, Gugu Thadeus Harrison, Nworu Chukwuemeka Sylvester and Esimone Charles Okechukwu  

January 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Identification of fliC and flagella expression in Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Gallinarum biovar gallinarum

Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica ser. Gallinarum biovar. gallinarum (S. gallinarum) is the causative agent of fowl Typhoid, a bacterial disease that affects domestic and wild birds. For many years, S. gallinarum was defined as an aflagellated bacterium, that is, non-motile. However, the closely related strain Salmonella pullorum is capable of expressing a flagellum-like filament. Since these bacteria are practically...

Author(s): Julia Díaz Cortés, Xochil Vega-Manriquez and Antonio Verdugo-Rodríguez

January 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Protective potential of Avena sativa seed mucilaginous extract against hyperlipidemia indicated by improved biomarkers and histopathology

Hyperlipidemia is one of the major health concerns worldwide. The present study aimed at utilizing clinicopathological tools to investigate the possible improving effect of Avena sativa mucilaginous extract (ASE) on lipid metabolic and liver function profiles in albino rats. The rats were rendered hyperlipidemic by 6-week supplementation of high-fat diet ad libitum. The rats were grouped into seven groups; with...

Author(s): Ibtsam M. Gheith, and Abubakr M. El-Mahmoudy  

January 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Assessment of antioxidant and antidiabetic properties of Picralima nitida seed extracts

The study investigated the antioxidant potential as well as the inhibitory potential of the seed extracts of Picralima nitida on α-amylase and α-glucosidase enzymes. The methanolic, aqueous and coconut water extracts were obtained using 70% methanol, distilled water and coconut water, respectively. Antioxidant properties were studied in vitro using DPPH (1, 1-diphenyl-2-pricrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging,...

Author(s): Akinwunmi Kemi Feyisayo and Amadi Chizi Victor  

January 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Utilization, cultivation practice and economic role of medicinal plants in Debre Markos Town, East Gojjam Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia

Medicinal plants are useful for primary healthcare as a remedy for diseases and injury, while they are also used traditionally as food and beverages. Despite the wide role of medicinal plant, traditional utilization and management practices are not well documented in Debre Markos Town. Thus, this study was conducted to assess utilization and cultivation practice of the medicinal plants and to identify commonly used...

Author(s): Yebirzaf Yeshiwas, Esubalew Tadele and Mahlet Workie  

January 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Assessment practices and factors for the disparity between students' academic scores at teacher-made and regional exams: The case of Bench Maji zone grade 8 students

This study had attempted to investigate assessment practices and factors for grade 8 students score disparity in Regional versus Teacher-made exams, from 2015 in Bench Maji Zone primary schools. In doing so, a descriptive survey method was employed. A sample of 185 stakeholders composed of 58 teachers, 101 students, 14 principals, 11 Woreda Education Department Officers, 12 school supervisors and the Zone Education...

Author(s): Mekonnen Melaku Anteneh and Besha  Dejene Silesh       

January 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Violence and fear In Francesca Simon's Series of Horrid Henry

Children's literature is the literary work concerned with the level of interest, need, readiness and development of children. It started in Europe and the Tanzimat in the 16th century. Children's books both local and foreign ones, enhance their cognitive and affective developments cumulatively. This study examines violence and fear in Francesca Simon's series of "Horrid Henry". This work identifies...

Author(s): Esma Dumanli Kadizade and Can Sakar

January 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
The practice and challenges of school-based teachers’ continuous professional development: A case of Government Secondary Schools of Hawassa City in Ethiopia

The purpose of this study was to examine the practices and challenges of school-based teachers’ continuous professional development implementation in secondary schools of Hawassa City Administration. The study employed a descriptive survey design with both quantitative and qualitative method. The sampling technique used in the study was availability and simple random sampling technique. The sample size was 101...

Author(s): Abraham Tulu  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Difficulties in adaptation to climate change by oil palm farmers in Southern Nigeria

There is an increasing concern that climate change is already having an impact on poor, small scale oil palm farmers in Southern Nigeria. Researchers have shown that Nigeria is already being plagued with diverse ecological problems which have been linked to climate change. More so, increase in the severity of extreme weather events, sea level rise, coastal erosion, changes in weather pattern that affect oil palm...

Author(s): Ojemade, A. C., Okorji, E. C. and Enete, A. A.  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of moisture stresses during vegetative and reproductive growth phases on productivity of six selected rain-fed rice varieties in Ifakara, Tanzania

In order to study the critical growth stages and the most tolerant rice varieties in both lowland and upland rainfed ecosystems, an experiment arranged in split plots based on randomized complete block design was conducted under field conditions with 3 replications. Three stress timing irrigation treatments (no stress, vegetative moisture stress, and reproductive moisture stress) were assigned as th main plots, while 6...

Author(s): KITILU M. J. F., , NYOMORA, A. M. S. and CHARLES J.  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Responses of Moringa oleifera root growth to container size during overwintering in temperate regions

Due to its fast growth rates, Moringa oleifera is being grown as an annual crop in temperate areas with freezing winter temperatures. Seedlings are raised under greenhouse conditions for overwintering and then transplanted outside at the beginning of spring, which allows for several cuttings prior to onset of the subsequent winter. However, there is limited information on container-size for overwintering of M. oleifera...

Author(s): Phatu W. Mashela  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Assessment of technical conformity of bench terraces for soil erosion control in Rwanda

The purpose of this paper was to evaluate technical conformity of bench terraces in the Eastern Province of Rwanda. A sample of 180 actual bench terraces from 12 sites located in this Province was tested against technical standards and models provided for by the Ministry of Agriculture of Rwanda and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The results showed that many sites have been constructed with no...

Author(s): Eric Derrick Bugenimana, Emmanuel Mhache Patropa, Charles Karemangingo and Theoneste Bimenyimana  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Levels of some selected metals (Fe, Cu and Zn) in selected vegetables and soil around eastern industry zone, central Ethiopia

The purpose of this study was to determine the concentration of selected metals (Fe, Zn and Cu) in vegetables and the soil contaminating levels due to irrigation, using Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (FAAS). The wet digestion and sequential fractionation extraction procedures were employed to solubilize the metals from the collected samples. The results obtained from this study showed overall concentration of...

Author(s): Dagne Bekele Bahiru and Endale Teju  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Levels of some toxic heavy metals (Cr, Cd and Pb) in selected vegetables and soil around eastern industry zone, central Ethiopia

The purpose of this study was to determine the concentration of heavy metals (Cr, Cd and Pb) in vegetables and the soil contaminating levels as a result of irrigation using Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (FAAS). The wet digestion and sequential fractionation extraction procedures were employed to solubilize the metals from the collected samples. The results obtained from this study showed overall...

Author(s): Dagne Bekele Bahiru, Endale Teju, Tesfahun Kebede and Negash Demissie  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Land Use Land Cover Change Trend and Its Drivers in Somodo Watershed South Western, Ethiopia

Land use land cover (LULC) dynamics are a widespread, accelerating, and significant process driven by human actions. LULC changes analysis is one of the most precise techniques to understand how land was used in the past, what types of changes are to be expected in the future, as well as the forces and processes behind the changes. This study was carried out to evaluate the historical and future trends as well as...

Author(s): Fasika Alemayehu, Motuma Tolera and Gizaw Tesfaye  

January 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Haplotype analysis of Ethiopian bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) cultivars and elite lines for yellow rust resistance genes using linked molecular markers

Yellow rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici, is one of the most important diseases of wheat in Ethiopia. Poor knowledge of resistance genes deployed in Ethiopian wheat cultivars is one major factor for recurrent epidemics of rust diseases. Molecular marker based gene identification showed the presence of Yr1, Yr4, Yr6, Yr7, Yr9, Yr10, Yr17 and Yr18 in various frequencies, whereas Yr8 was not detected in...

Author(s): Woubit Dawit, Ayele Badebo, Bekele Hunde, Daniel Kassa and M. S. Röder  

January 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Evaluation of the morphological and quality characteristics of new papaya hybrid lines in Kenya

Papaya (Carica papaya L.) is among the most grown fruit crops worldwide with high economic and nutritional value. In Kenya, the papaya industry relies heavily on imported varieties and farmers’ selected seed whose quality is not known. Therefore, the morphological and quality characteristics of mature fruits of eight newly developed papaya hybrids and their control, Sunrise solo were assessed using papaya...

Author(s): Gaudence Nishimwe, Janet Chepng’etich Kosgei, Everlyn Musenya Okoth, George Ochieng’ Asudi, and Fredah Karambu Rimberia  

January 2019

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Improving blood pressure control in patients with pseudoresistant hypertension – A pilot randomized trial

This study aims to evaluate the effect of an intervention focused on medication adherence to improve blood at three basic health units in Maceió, Brazil. Patients were followed-up for three months. Primary outcomes were pressure control in patients with pseudoresistant hypertension. A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted mean values of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure...

Author(s): Dilcy Morgana Barros Maciel Cabral Davino, Rosileide Zeferino Da Silva, Francisco de Assis Costa, Sabrina Joany Felizardo Neves and Alfredo Dias de Oliveira-Filho  

January 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Evaluation of starter culture fermented sweet potato flour using FTIR spectra and GCMS Chromatogram

Starch is the major component of cereal grains and starchy foods, and changes in its biophysical and biochemical properties (such as, amylose, amylopectin, pasting, gelatinization, viscosity) will have a direct effect on its end use properties (such as, bread, malt, polymers). Lactobacillus brevis and Debaromyces polymorphous  earlier obtained from fermented sweet poatao broth were used to ferment sweet potato and...

Author(s): Ajayi O. I., Okedina T. A.,  Samuel A. E.,  Asieba G. O., Jegede A. A., Onyemali C. P., Ehiwuogu-Onyibe J., Lawal A. K. and Elemo G. N.  

January 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
In vitro antibacterial activity of Rumex nervosus and Clematis simensis plants against some bacterial human pathogens

Due to quick growth of resistance and high cost of new generation antibiotics, lots of efforts were made to discover new antimicrobial agents from various sources. So, current study was assessed antibacterial activity of ethanol, methanol, acetone, diethyl ether and hexane leave extracts of Rumex nervosus and Clematis simensis by used paper disc diffusion and broth dilution procedures against six human pathogenic...

Author(s): Habtamu Tedila and Addisu Assefa  

January 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Study on bovine mastitis with isolation of bacterial and fungal causal agents and assessing antimicrobial resistance patterns of isolated Staphylococcus species in and around Sebeta town, Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2016 to May 2017 in and around Sebeta town with the aim of assessing the prevalence of mastitis, isolation of aerobic bacterial and fungal causal agents and assessing antimicrobial resistance pattern of isolated Staphylococcus species in dairy cows. From a total of 383 dairy cows, 220 (57.4%) were found to be positive for mastitis of which 10.4% were affected by...

Author(s): Tesfaye Bekele, Matios Lakew, Getachew Terefe, Tafesse Koran, Abebe Olani, Letebrihan Yimesgen, Mekdes Tamiru and Tilaye Demissie  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Review on bio-intensive management of African bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hub.): Botanicals and semiochemicals perspectives

African bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner), is a serious pest of cereals, sorghum, cotton, pepper, maize, sunflower, flax and niger. To control this insect pest, doses of insecticides have been used. The use of indiscriminate synthetic insecticides causes adverse effect like environmental pollution, human and animal health hazards, and development of pesticide resistance. To alleviate these bottleneck...

Author(s): Tariku Tesfaye Edosa  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Degradation assessment of wetlands under different uses: implications on soil quality and productivity

The assessment of degradation status of wetland soils under five different land use types (LUTs) in Ogun state, Nigeria were studied. The laboratory study was conducted to determine the physical, chemical and biological properties of these wetlands and the results obtained were compared with the food and agriculture organization (FAO) standard indicators and criteria for land degradation assessment. The textural...

Author(s): O.A. Osinuga and C.O. Oyegoke  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Natural occurrence of Diadiplosis megalamellae (Barnes) in mealybugs on roses in Kenya

Over the last decade there has been an increasing adoption of Integrated Pest Management on rose farms in Kenya. As a consequence, there has been a rise in secondary pests on rose plants, including in particular the citrus mealybug Planococcus citri (Risso). On cut flowerrose farms in Kenya, the presence of the predatory midge Diadiplosis megalamellae (Barnes) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) was observed. Therefore, a survey...

Author(s): Anouk H. J. Hoogendoorn, Ruth Murunde, Evans Otieno and Henry Wainwright  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Banana field resistance to insect-vector transmission of bacterial wilt caused by Xanthomonas campestris p.v musacearum

Banana, a major staple in East and Central Africa is constrained by banana Xanthomonas wilt (BXW) caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum (Xcm). Xcm-infected plants are rapidly destroyed leading to 100% yield loss. Cultural controls are effective but laborious attracting laxity among farmers. This has led to epidemic resurgence in areas where BXW had been contained hence spread to new regions. Reliable control...

Author(s): B. Mudonyi, L. Vanhaelewyn, G. Tusiime, F. Ssekiwoko, J.Kubiriba, W. K. Tushemereirwe and C. M. Changa        

Page 12 of 1159, showing 50 records out of 57901 total, starting on record 551, ending on 600