Articles

 

Page 12 of 1198, showing 50 records out of 59899 total, starting on record 551, ending on 600

African Journal of Food Science
Assessment of Arabusta coffee hybrids [Coffea arabica L. X Tetraploid Robusta (Coffea canephora )] for green bean physical properties and cup quality

June 2020

Robusta coffee is known to be high yielding than Arabica coffee, since it is more vigorous in growth. However, it is limited by the inferior cup quality. The aim of the study was to evaluate the performance of the Arabusta hybrids and its backcross derivatives for bean physical characteristics and organoleptic properties including their interrelationship. Nineteen coffee genotypes were evaluated at Siaya ATC and...

Author(s): Jane Jerono Cheserek, Kahiu Ngugi, James Wanjohi Muthomi and Chrispine Ogutu Omondi  

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Immunological and clinical response to antiretroviral therapy according to baseline CD4+ T-cell count in Karamara General Hospital, Jigjiga, Ethiopia

January-June 2020

In resource limited countries, there is scarcity of information regarding the degree of immunological and clinical recovery in remote communities with ART service. This study retrospectively assessed the degree of immune recovery by CD4 count after initiation of ART. A retrospective cohort study was conducted on adult HIV patients who have been on ART for more than one year at Karamara Hospital. All analyses were...

Author(s): Adugna Negussie, Walid Ali, Yerega Belete and Muktar Shekabdulahi  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Comparison of laboratory methods in predicting the lime requirement of acid soil in Wombera District, North western Ethiopia

June, 2020

Soil acidity is one of the major constraints of crop production in the Ethiopian highlands where precipitation is high enough to leach basic cations leaving the soil acidic. Liming is the major practice used to ameliorate the problem of soil acidity. Currently farmers use Ag lime in their fields to reduce soil acidity. However, the suitability of the existing methods of lime requirement (LR) has not yet being...

Author(s): Tesfaye Hirpo, Abebe Abay and Ayele Abebe  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of different rates of filter cake against bruchids (Zabrotes subfasciatus (Boheman) and Callosobruchus maculatus (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) on common bean and cowpea

June, 2020

Storage of common bean and cowpea is limited due to different species of bruchids. Zabrotes subfasciatus and Callosobruchus maculatus are the most important species of bruchids attacking stored common beans and cowpeas, causing yield losses reaching up to 38-100%. Two experiments, one on the effect of different rates of Filter Cake against Z. subfasciatus on common bean, and the other experiment on the effect of...

Author(s): Mulatwa Wondimu, Emana Getu and Ahmed Ibrahim   

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Comparison of yield performance and rice quality between direct-seeded and hand-transplanted rice under different nitrogen rates in Eastern China

June, 2020

In order to clarify whether the shift from hand-transplanting seedlings to direct seeding will bring negative effects to rice production and to find optimal nitrogen management for direct-seeded rice in Eastern China, research has been conducted in Quzhou City, in the Zhejiang Province of China in the year 2017 and 2018. One indica inbred rice variety, “Zhongjiazao-17” was planted by two different rice...

Author(s): Yu-Tiao Chen, Jia-Yu Song, Yan Chuan, Guang-Long Zhu and Xiao-Fu Hong  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of food types of Galleria mellonella L. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on biological aspects and life table of Apanteles galleriae Wilkinson (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)

June, 2020

In the present work, laboratory and field strains of the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella L. (Lepdoptera: Pyralidae) were reared on two food types (artificial diet for laboratory strain and wax frames for field strain) to study some biological aspects of the developmental stages of braconid wasp, Apanteles galleriae Wilkinson (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) the parasitoid of G. mellonella. Results of total developmental...

Author(s): Kandel M. A., Said S. M. and Abdelaal A. A. A.  

Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
Heavy metals in children’s toys and baby items commonly sold in Trinidad and Tobago

January-June 2020

Children’s toys and baby items are a unique source of exposure to heavy metals in young children. It is a global health concern because of the potential risk heavy metals pose during the early years of childhood development. This study assessed the levels of six heavy metals (lead (Pb), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni), chromium (Cr), cadmium (Cd) and copper (Cu)) in eleven toys and seven baby items currently sold in...

Author(s): Terry Mohammed, Dimitri Dial, Devika Maharaj, Carla Smith, Nadia Persad, Sasha Mohammed and Azad Mohammed  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
A study on the relationship between Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccination and Covid-19 prevalence: Do other confounders warrant investigation?

April - June 2020

The Covid-19 pandemic, which originated from Wuhan, Hubei province, China, and quickly spread to the rest of the globe is caused by SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus. Preliminary data suggest a relationship between the BCG vaccine and the prevalence of Covid-19. The vaccine is used in the prevention of tuberculosis, a disease that is most prevalent in developing countries. To determine the potential protective role of Bacillus...

Author(s): Mariita, R. M. and Musila, J. M.  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Performance of the routine health information system for epidemiological surveillance of road traffic injuries in Benin

April - June 2020

Road crashes are the leading cause of death among people aged 15 and above. The routine health information system is used to monitor common hospital illnesses, including road traffic injuries. The objective of this study was to evaluate its performance in the surveillance of road traffic injuries in Benin in 2019. This was an evaluative study, based on updated guidelines from the Centre for Disease Prevention and...

Author(s): Dosten Kpozèhouen, Yolaine Glèlè-Ahanhanzo, Ghislain E. Sopoh, Alphonse Kpozèhouen, Colette Azandjèmè and Alain Levêque  

International Journal of Science and Technology Education Research
Implementation of active learning methods in mathematics classes of Woliso town primary schools, Ethiopia

January-June 2020

The purposes of this study were to explore the nature of the teaching-learning process in line with active learning methods and to identify the major challenges hindering the implementation of these approaches in mathematics classes. Both qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection were employed which is a mixed method research design. Probability proportional sampling technique for students and availability...

Author(s): Melaku Takele

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Extent and pattern of genetic diversity for pheno-agro-morphological traits in Ethiopian improved and selected farmers’ varieties of Tef (Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter

June, 2020

Forty-nine tef, Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter, genotypes comprising 36 improved and 10 farmers’ varieties, and, three elite breeding lines were field evaluated using 7 × 7 simple lattice design at two contrasting locations (Debre Zeit and Alem Tena) in central Ethiopia during the main cropping season. The objective was to assess the extent and pattern of genetic diversity for 23 quantitative...

Author(s): Tsion Fikre, Kebebew Assefa and Kassahun Tesfaye    

African Journal of Biotechnology
TetraSOD® activates the antioxidant response pathway in human cells: An in vitro approach

June 2020

The combined action of both endogenous and exogenous factors stimulates the production of free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cells. They are neutralized by an elaborate antioxidant defense system, superoxide dismutase (SOD) being the first line of enzymes involved in ROS scavenging. However, when ROS production cannot be counteracted by cellular antioxidant mechanisms oxidative stress happens, inducing...

Author(s): Pilar Ramírez, Sonia Torres, Carmen Lama, Lalia Mantecón, Carlos Unamunzaga and Carlos Infante  

Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
Analysis of heavy metal concentration in auto-mechanic dumpsites in Makurdi Metropolis, North Central Nigeria

January-June 2020

This research was carried out to assess heavy metals pollution in Makurdi auto-mechanic dumpsites in Kanshio (K), Northbank (NB) and Wadata (W). Atomic absorption spectrophotometer (PG990) was used to determine the heavy metals concentration. Results of the mean heavy metals concentrations (Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn) were found to be K (4.65, 137.12, 257.77 and 294.75), NB (1.97, 65.67, 162.88 and 223.23), and W (2.92, 85.27,...

Author(s): Ogah E., Egah G. O., Neji P. A., Samoh F. T., Dodo J. D., Anidobu C.O., Amee S. K. and Bwede D. D.  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation of an emerging thermotolerant medically important Fungus, Lichtheimia ramosa from soil

June 2020

Lichtheimia ramosa, a ubiquitous clinically important mould was isolated during a screen for thermotolerant fungi obtained from soil on a freshly burnt field in Ikorodu, Lagos State. In the laboratory, as expected it grew more luxuriantly on Potato Dextrose Agar than on size limiting Rose Bengal Agar. The isolate had mycelia with a white cottony appearance on both media. It was then identified based on morphological...

Author(s): Imade Yolanda Nsa, Rukayat Odunayo Kareem, Olubunmi Temitope Aina and Busayo Tosin Akinyemi  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Fungal diversity within organic and conventional farming systems in Central Highlands of Kenya

June 2020

Fungal diversity in agro-ecosystems is influenced by various factors related to soil and crop management practices. However, due to the complexity in fungal cultivation, only a limited number has been extensively studied. In this study, amplicon sequencing of the Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) region was used to explore their diversity and composition within long-term farming system comparison trials at Chuka and...

Author(s): Edward Nderitu Karanja, Andreas Fliessbach, Noah Adamtey, Anne Kelly Kambura, Martha Musyoka, Komi Fiaboe, and Romano Mwirichia  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Presence of phytopathogenic fungi and oomycetes on rice and avocado crops in Tolima (Colombia)

June 2020

Tolima is one of the largest zones in Colombia where avocado and rice are produced. The disease management programs for these crops are mainly chemical-dependent and tend to have variable results since the diagnosis of some diseases is based on unspecific symptoms. In this context, the present study aims to bring information about the phytopathogens affecting Tolima´s rice and avocado crops. From foliar tissue,...

Author(s): Vinchira-Villarraga Diana Marcela, Macias-Camacho Jeimy, Mendez-Olivera Juan David, Méndez-Tibambre María Elizabeth, Rodríguez-García Victoria, Saavedra-Orduz Zeidy, Torres-López Michael Alejandro and Moreno-Sarmiento Nubia  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Evaluating the efficacy of household filters used for the removal of bacterial contaminants from drinking water

June 2020

Due to the erratic nature of microbial contaminants in drinking water, private and municipality water supply systems failed to deliver safe drinking water to households. In Ethiopia, there is lack of data and knowledge on the effectiveness of filter devices used to treat drinking water at household. This study aims to evaluate efficiency of household point of use filter devices (membrane filter, membrane with activated...

Author(s): Bayable Atnafu Kassa, Adey Feleke Desta and Fassil Assefa  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
First novel phages from rodents with lytic activity on clinical Enterobacteriaceae strains: Initiation for phage therapy in West Africa

June 2020

Bacteriophages (phages) are viruses that infect bacteria. The emergence of resistant bacteria has been reported worldwide. The use of phages to treat bacterial infection or to reduce bacteria load has become a new area of interest. The viral colonization of rodents represents an important source for a specific biotope. The objective of this study is to characterize the effect of novel phages isolated from rodents...

Author(s): Kakou-Ngazoa E. Solange, Addablah A. Audrey, Krylova Katerina, Saraka Daniel, Kouassi K. Stéphane, Coulibaly Ngolo David, Sina Kouamé Mireille, Aoussi Serge, Dozois Charles and Dosso Mireille

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Supply and demand side factors influencing utilization of infant and young child feeding in Gibe District, Hadiya Zone, South Ethiopia

April - June 2020

Although infant and young child feeding practices play an important role in reducing early childhood morbidity and mortality, very large proportions of women do not practice optimal breastfeeding and complementary feeding for their children in Ethiopia. Till date, none has addressed the supply and demand side factors that influence infant and young child feeding practices (IYCFP). This work aims to assess supply and...

Author(s): Tesfaye Feleke Gadore, Desta Erkalo Abame and Dejene Ermias Mekengo  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Natural parasitism of hymenoptera (insect) on bruquids associated with Fabaceae seeds in Northern Sinaloa, Mexico

June, 2020

With the purpose of identifying the parasitic hymenoptera species associated with the diversity of bruchidae over Fabaceae, in 2017 seeds of 25 plant species were collected from the municipalities of Ahome, El Fuerte, Choix and Guasave (Sinaloa, Mexico). From 68,344 seeds, 19,396 adult bruquids were obtained, distributed in nine species: Acanthoscelides desmanthi, Callosobruchus maculatus, Merobruchus insolitus,...

Author(s): Isiordia-Aquino N., Lugo-García G. A., Reyes-Olivas A., Acuña-Soto J. A., Arvizu-Gómez J. L., López-Mora F. and Flores-Canales R. J.  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Epidemiology of tuberculosis in the Somme Department, France five years after implementation of the French National Tuberculosis Program

April - June 2020

In order to assess the measures involved in the control of tuberculosis in the Somme Department, France, five years after the implementation of the French National Tuberculosis Program, we found it essential to describe the precise epidemiology on this disease. All reported cases of tuberculosis between 2007 and 2011 were retrospectively included and a descriptive analysis of the incidence of the disease and...

Author(s): Pauline Kiswendsida Yanogo, Jean-Luc Schmit, Anne Sophie Fresse, Nicolas Meda and Olivier Ganry  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Potential applications of enzymes on the extraction of vitexin from dried Mas Cotek leaves

June 2020

Mas Cotek or Ficus deltoidea var. deltoidea leaves extracts contain various beneficial properties such as antidiabetic, antihypoglycemic and antioxidant activities, which can be enzymatically extracted in water. Vitexin is one of the antioxidants and remarkable compound of flavone C-glycosides found in Mas Cotek leaves. Cellulase is one of the essential enzymes applied to hydrolyze cellulose into fermentable sugars and...

Author(s): N. Alim, A. Naila, A. Ajit, A. Z. Sulaiman and M. N. Che Isa

Educational Research and Reviews
Policy initiatives for improving the contributions of university agricultural education and extension institutions to environmental and sustainable development in agriculture

June 2020

This study determined policy initiatives for improving the contributions of university agricultural education and extension institutions to environmental and sustainable development (ESD) in agriculture. The study was carried out in Cross River State. Survey research design was adopted for the study. The population for the study of 534, comprising 195 registered farmers who have continuously participated in ADP farmer...

Author(s): David A. Alawa, Ikutal Ajigo, Fidelis Unimna, Elizabeth A. Udie and John B. Adie

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Renal Doppler values in healthy Nigerian children: Anthropometric variations

June 2020

The rising morbidity and mortality from end-stage renal disease (ESRD) among children in sub-Saharan Africa and Nigeria is now a primary health concern. Due to this, an accurate, simple, affordable, non-invasive method for early diagnosis of renal diseases in children is needed to prevent progression to ESRD. In this prospective, cross-sectional study among children with no evidence of clinical and pathologic...

Author(s): Atalabi O. M., Adekanmi A. J., Olatunji R. B. and Akinmoladun J. A.  

International Journal of Library and Information Science
The degree of possession of the faculty members at Princess Alia University College for the skills on the use of databases and its relation to research performance

January-June 2020

This study aimed to know the viewpoint of faculty members at Princess Alia University College on the degree of possession of the skills to use databases and its relationship with their research performance and to investigate the effect of gender, experience, qualification, and academic rank on the point of view of faculty members.The study sample consisted of 40 faculty members, males (17) and females (23) from Princess...

Author(s): Mohammad Niqresh and Khaldoon Al Dwairi  

Journal of Music and Dance
Cultural suppression of female gender in Nigeria: Implications of Igbo females’ songs

January-June 2020

The widespread of domestic violence is a social problem awakening the interest of different organizations, governments and people as a result of its negative consequences. Female gender in Nigeria has been marginalized, stereotyped and humiliated in various ways resulting in negative impacts on them such as depression, physical disability and even death. Music has been found to be an avenue for the female folk to...

Author(s): Ebele V. Ojukwu and Eunice U. Ibekwe

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
The value of exercise therapy to asthmatic patients as an adjunct treatment

January-June 2020

Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease that adversely influences the quality of life of many South Africans. The medical management of asthma includes identification, education, medical and pharmaceutical treatment. Literature has inequitably demonstrated that habitual structured exercise therapy can be a beneficial adjunct to general medical and pharmaceutical management strategies. This clinical commentary aims to...

Author(s): Bernelee Denize Doherty, Yvonne Paul, Terry Jeremy Ellapen and Marco Barnard  

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Evaluation of comparative intradermal tuberculin and interferon gamma release tests for prediction of tuberculous lesion development in slaughtered cattle

April-June 2020

Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) is a chronic contagious disease of cattle which has economical, public health and veterinary importance worldwide. So far, test and slaughter is the most feasible method to control the disease but identification of lesions from slaughtered animals does not always coincide with ante-mortem test results. Fifty four animals which were found positive by comparative intradermal tuberculin test...

Author(s): Bezina Arega Emeru, Geberemeskel Mamu Werid and Birhanu Abera  

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Effect of range land vegetation degradation on livestock and socio-economics status of the pastoralists, Afar regional state, Northern Ethiopia

June 2020

The objectives of the study were to assess current vegetation diversity in the rangeland and its effect on the livestock and socio-economics of the pastoralists. Vegetation data were collected from 72 sample plots laid on the four transects. The size of the main plot was 20 m x 20 m for tree species. Socio-economic data were analyzed using SPSS version 21 software packages. A total of 75 species of vascular plants...

Author(s): Mohammed Seid, Anteneh Belayneh Desta and Tessema Zewdu  

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Pattern of gynaecological malignancies in a Nigerian tertiary hospital

June 2020

The sociodemographic and histological patterns of gynaecological malignancies is important in their management. Facilities are now available for prevention, detection, treatment and palliative care for the wide spectrum of female genital tract malignancies. The study aim to determine the socio demographic and histological patterns of Gynaecological malignancies identified at the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital...

Author(s): I. F. Osinachi, N. Adewole, A. D. Isah, H. I. Abdullahi and E. T. Agida  

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Occurrence and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella spp. in broiler chicken neck skin from slaughterhouses in Zambia

April-June 2020

Salmonella is an important zoonotic foodborne pathogen and poultry meat is considered as one of its major sources. This study evaluated Salmonella spp. detected in broiler chicken carcasses in Zambia. A total of 440 broiler neck skin samples were collected from 6 slaughter houses along the process line after evisceration and tested for Salmonella spp. Eleven samples (2.5%) were positive for Salmonella spp. The suspected...

Author(s): Maureen Wakwamba Ziba, Benson Bowa, Romina Romantini, Violeta Di Marzio, Cristina Marfoglia, Salvatore Antoci, Geoffrey Muuka, Massimo Scacchia, Mauro Mattioli and Francesco Pomilio  

Educational Research and Reviews
Using films to teach Turkish as a foreign language: A study of classroom practice

June 2020

In recent years, developing communication skills is the main goal of foreign language learning, so the most effective way of developing this skill is to expose the learners to real life situations. Movies provide exposures to real language, used in authentic settings and in the cultural context. Movies are the most effective audiovisual materials both in teaching basic language skills and reflecting the language and...

Author(s): Fatih Yilmaz

Educational Research and Reviews
Satisfaction, utilitarian performance and learning expectations in compulsory distance education: A test of mediation effect

June 2020

People using the distance education system are students as well as consumers who use the services. In this sense, determining satisfaction with the use of this service is vital to the success of the system. The aim of this study is to determine the relationships between perceived utilitarian performance, expectation confirmation and learning satisfaction structures in universities that have been switched from formal...

Author(s): Caner Özgen and Servet Reyhan  

African Journal of Business Management
Artification as a driver of public value co-creation: Evidence from the photographic exhibition on Italian Ghost hotel

June 2020

This study attempts to enlarge knowledge on public value co-creation within a complex environment such as artification. The transfiguration of object that is not regarded as art in the traditional sense into something art-like underpins the development of processes suitable for analyses within the co-creation framework. The case of “EXIT”, the photographic exhibition on Ghost hotel in the province of Pavia...

Author(s): Michela Magliacani  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Water use efficiency and fodder yield of maize (Zea mays) and wheat (Triticum aestivum) under hydroponic condition as affected by sources of water and days to harvest

June, 2020

This study was conducted at Soilless Culture Unit, Azemor Agribiz Limited, Ibadan to evaluate the effects of sources of water (fish hatchery wastewater (FHW), borehole water (BW) and nutrient solution (NS)) and days to harvest (8, 10 and 12 days after sowing (DAS)) of two forage crops (maize (Zea mays) and wheat (Triticum aestivum)) for green fodder production and water use efficiency under hydroponic conditions. The...

Author(s): Adekeye Adetayo Bamikole, Onifade Olufemi Sunday, Amole Goke Tunde, Aderinboye Ronke Yemisi and Jolaoso Olufunmilayo Alaba  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Assessment of genetic diversity among cassava landraces using single nucleotide polymorphic markers

June 2020

This study seeks to determine the genetic diversity among cassava landraces using single nucleotide polymorphic (SNP) markers. One hundred and five cassava landraces were assayed with 195 SNP markers. Major allele frequency varied from 0.500 to 0.942 with an average of 0.728. Average gene diversity, heterozygosity and polymorphic information content (PIC) were 0.359, 0.314 and 0.286 respectively. These values were...

Author(s): Ruth Naa Ashiokai Prempeh, Joseph Akwasi Manu-Aduening, Marian Dorcas Quain, Isaac Kwasi Asante, Samuel Kwasi Offei and Eric Yirenkyi Danquah  

African Journal of Food Science
Health risk assessment of Brazil nut consumption by aflatoxin biomarker in urine samples

June 2020

Aflatoxins are the main mycotoxin related to the contamination of Brazil nut and an important product extracted from the Amazon region that has a high number of consumers due to its health benefits. Considering the frequent occurrence of aflatoxins in Brazil nuts, it is necessary to study the levels of exposure to these toxins associated with its consumption using biomarkers. To do this, a study was carried out with 30...

Author(s): Ariane Kluczkovski, Augusto Kluczkovski-Junior, Samia Braga, Emerson Lima, Cibele Viana and Lawrence Xavier  

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Comparison of several lime requirement methods in luvisol of Southern Ethiopia

April-June 2020

Ethiopian soil affected by strong acidity accounts for about 28% of the entire country and 43% of the total cultivated land. Soil acidity is expanding in scope and magnitude. To tackle the problem, lime addition is one of the solutions. The lack of soil specific lime recommendation method(s) to amend the increasing acidification problem has been one of the challenges to boost crop production. Therefore, a greenhouse...

Author(s): Abebe Abay, Tesfaye Hirpo, Ayele Abebe and Fikre Mekuria  

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Status of pests and diseases of sorghum and their management practices by “Fadama” III participating farmers in Abuja, Nigeria

April-June 2020

A diagnostic survey was carried out at the end of 2018 and early 2019 to assess the status of sorghum pests, diseases and their management strategies by the “Fadama” III participating farmers in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja, Nigeria. Data were collected from the 28 production clusters in 10 Fadama Development Areas in the six Area Councils. Instruments used were semi-structured interview, farm...

Author(s): Anjorin Toba Samuel, Oyerinde Akeem Abolade and Okafor Obiageli Evelyn  

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Adoption of artificial insemination service for cattle crossbreeding by smallholder farmers in Laelay-Maichew district, Tigray, Ethiopia

April-June 2020

Adoption of artificial insemination (AI) in Ethiopia is low and there is paucity of information in documentation. Therefore, the aim of this study is to identify the determinants of smallholder farmers’ adoption of AI technology in Laelay-Maichew district. Multi-stage random sampling technique was employed to select 155 sample respondents for the study. The primary data were collected through individual interviews...

Author(s): Berhe Abraha, Muluken Gezahegn and Jemal Yousuf  

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Inheritance pattern of resistance to Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp sesame) in sesame

April-June 2020

Fusarium wilts (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. sesame) is among of the most destructive soil-borne disease of sesame in Uganda. The disease may cause yield loss of up to 100% if not controlled. Breeding and use of resistant varieties is the most economic and eco-friendly solution to the disease since majority of sesame growers are resource constrained. Some genotypes were reported to be moderately resistant to the disease in...

Author(s): Z. S. Ngamba, G. Tusiime, P. Gibson, R. Edema, M. Biruma, P. A. L. Masawe, E. Kafiriti and F. Kapinga  

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene
Current aptitude on management of medically compromised patients: A questionnaire based survey of medical, dental and nursing students

January-June 2020

Advances in medical technology, greater access to medical facilities and better socio-economic conditions had increased the life expectancy. The proportionate increase of the elderly in the population caused a gradual escalation of the number of medically compromised patients. Knowledge, awareness and practices of health personnel hold paramount importance in the proper management of these patients to prevent...

Author(s): Aravinda Konidena, Komalpreet Kaur, Gagan Puri and Rajesh Gupta  

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Glycaemic control and correlation between estimated average glucose and glycated haemoglobin in diabetic patients seen in a tertiary hospital in Benin City, Nigeria

June 2020

Diabetes mellitus is on the increase worldwide and in Nigeria, with prevalence ranging from 0.65% in rural Mangu to as high as 11.0% in urban Lagos.  Its prevention, early diagnosis and adequate treatment to prevent morbidity and mortality are essential. Glycated haemoglobin estimation is a marker of glycaemic control and it reflects average plasma glucose over previous eight to twelve weeks. Reporting estimated...

Author(s): Adewolu Olanike F. and Ohenhen Oluwatoyin A.  

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
The challenges affecting tax collection in Nigerian informal economy: Case study of Anambra State

April-June 2020

The Federal and State Governments might not be able to provide infrastructural development for its citizens, if the citizens do not pay tax. Successive government officers and tax administrators in Nigeria have come up with different programs on how to increase tax collection. Each of these programs has been unsuccessful due to lack of accountability, poor awareness and publicity, and poor implementation. Recently,...

Author(s): Nobert Osemeke, David Nzekwu and Robert O. Okere  

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Patula pine (Pinus patula) cones opening under different treatments for rapid seed extraction in Londiani, Kenya

April-June 2020

Seed extraction from pines is challenging to the forestry sector globally. This is usually contributed by the pine cone anatomy that opens through a function of temperature and humidity which varies widely in the pine growing regions of the world and the Pinus species as observed in previous works done on Pinus roxburghii, Pinus halepensis, Pinus wallichiana, Pinus pinaster, Pinus radiata, and Pinus sylvestris. This...

Author(s): Alice Adongo Onyango, , Peter Murithi Angaine, Shadrack Kinyua Inoti and Jesse Omondi Owino

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
An analytical assessment of forest cover changes over the last 30 Years in the semi-deciduous forest zone of Togo

April-June 2020

Understanding dynamics of forest cover is important to monitor change in forest area. The objective of the present study is to develop an approach for assessing forest cover changes in landscapes with high spatial complexity and temporal variation that can allow the generation of robust monitoring information. The forest-cover change maps were produced using time-series of Landsat images, high resolution images from...

Author(s): Fifonsi Ayélé DANGBO, Oliver GARDI, Kossi ADJONOU, Atsu K. Dogbeda HLOVOR, Juergen BLASER and Kouami KOKOU  

Journal of General and Molecular Virology
SARS-CoV-2 Molecular Clock and Zoonosis

January-June 2020

SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2), associated with Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) coined by World Health Organization, belongs to single stranded RNA viruses (ssRNA Viruses) under Betacoronaviruses. The virus’ molecular dynamics are necessary in the wake of human-human transmissions globally with mortality cases on the rise, thusly the race for a vaccine. As the viral genome...

Author(s): ALINDA Alfred Khamala, AMBUTSI Michael John, KAKAI Shem Khakame and OKOTH Patrick Kirsteen  

African Journal of Plant Science
The major factors influencing coffee quality in Ethiopia: The case of wild Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica L.) from its natural habitat of southwest and southeast afromontane rainforests

June 2020

Coffee quality is a complex trait involving sensory and bean characteristics as well as biochemical contents. The objective of this study was to assess the major factors influencing the quality of wild Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica L.) in the natural coffee forests of southwest and southeast Ethiopia. Results revealed that both natural (soil, aspect, elevation, climate, geographic location) and human factors (cherry...

Author(s): Abebe Yadessa,, Juergen Burkhardt, Endashaw Bekele, Kitessa Hundera and Heiner Goldbach  

African Journal of Plant Science
Combining ability of maize inbred lines (Zea mays L.) for yields in mid altitude sub-humid Agroecology of Ethiopia

June 2020

Maize is an important staple food for most Ethiopians, but the national average productivity of maize is below that of the world. Development and cultivation of high yielding maize hybrids can improve maize productivity and production. Having information on combining ability and heterosis of maize inbred lines is important for the development of high yielding maize hybrids. The objectives of this study were to identify...

Author(s): Getachew Gemechu, and Ngozi E. Abu  

Educational Research and Reviews
Empathy trend of student-athletes in Turkey: Ardahan example

June 2020

The aim of the study is to analyze empathy tendencies among students who are involved in sporting activities at Ardahan Province. In accordance with this aim, this study has been conducted through the survey modelling of quantitative research methods. For the data analysis, T-Testing and ANOVA were applied. According to the obtained findings, it is detected that there is a significant difference in the ability of...

Author(s): Abdullah Kürşad AKBULUT  

Page 12 of 1198, showing 50 records out of 59899 total, starting on record 551, ending on 600