Articles

 

Page 14 of 1199, showing 50 records out of 59922 total, starting on record 651, ending on 700

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Nitrogen value of stockpiled cattle manure for crop production

May, 2020

Cattle manure is a common source of fertilizer throughout Sub-Saharan Africa given problems with supply and pricing of inorganic fertilizers. The optimum rate of manure to use is often unknown and further compounded by variable N contents arising from long periods of stockpiling. This study investigated the rates of cattle manure required to optimize plant growth at different N contents arising from different storage...

Author(s): Innocent Muhereza, Deborah Pritchard, Roy Murray-Priorand David Collins  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Role of farmers’ organizations (FOs) in the strengthening of the technical and organizational capacities of farmers in Mezam Division of the North West Region of Cameroon

May, 2020

This study was carried out from January 2018 to March 2019 in Mezam Division of the North West Region of Cameroon on the role of farmers organization (FOs) in the strengthening of the technical and organizational capacities of farmers, particularly the case of the Program for the Improvement of Competiveness of Family Agro-pastoral Farms (PCP-ACEFA) and the North West Farmers’ Organization (NOWEFOR). The objective...

Author(s): Kenette FRU MBANGARI, Mathias Fru FONTEH and Guillaume Hensel FONGANG FOUEPE  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
DPPH radical scavenging activity of extracts from Urtica urens (Urticaceae)

May, 2020

In this study, hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanolic extracts from leaves, stem-bark and root of Urtica urens were evaluated for their antioxidant activity by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging assay. The hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanolic extracts from leaves of U. urens showed scavenging activity ranging from 7.06±2.52 to 26.01±1.84, 10.86±1.81 to...

Author(s): Rets’epile Paul Matamane, Manoharan Karuppiah Pillai and Sibusisiwe Magama  

International Journal of English and Literature
Hesitancy as an innate flaw in Hamlet's character: Reading through a psychoanalytic lens

April-June 2020

This paper concentrated on hesitancy as a character's flaw from the Freudian psychoanalysis focal point. Hamlet's uncertainty is especially identified with his natural complex which frames his oblivious love for his mom and his lethal abhor for his dad. Freud's ideas of man's concealed want for annihilation and eradication may shape the reason for understanding Hamlet's craving for death and suicide...

Author(s): Abdul Mahmoud Idrees Ibrahim  

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Hypoglycaemic activity of preheated (roasting) Aframomum citratum (C. Pereira) K. Schum and Tetrapleura tetraptera (Schumach & Thonn.) fruits beverage on Streptozotocin-induced rats

April-June 2020

Tetrapleura tetraptera and Aframomum citratum fruits are used as spices and in the traditional pharmacopeia in Cameroon. They are mostly combined and preheated for many purposes while cooking. The effects of roasting on the phenolic content of spices, phenolic profile of a beverage made with the mix of roasted spices and its hypoglycaemic activity on diabetes complications were investigated. Aqueous extract (infusion:...

Author(s): Eyenga Manga, Takuissu N. G. R., Ziyyat A., Ngondi J. L. and Sindic M.,  

Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology
Usefulness of urinary fibronectin and laminin as biomarkers of glomerular injury in diabetics in Port Harcourt, Nigeria

January-June 2020

About one-third of diabetes mellitus (DM) patients are complicated by diabetic nephropathy. It is even more challenging in type 2 DM in which this complication may occur before presentation. Microalbuminuria which is the traditional marker of early diabetic nephropathy is limited in its usefulness because it is detected when significant renal damage has already occurred. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare...

Author(s): Michael Chinwe Orih and Christopher Chinedu Obiorah  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of maize (Zea mays L.) performance under minimum and conventional tillage practice in two distinct agroecological zones of Uganda

May, 2020

Maize is one of the major staple foods in Uganda, providing over 40% of Uganda’s daily calorie consumption. Tillage practice is one of the crucial factors that influence crop productivity through maintenance of soil health. The aim of this study therefore is to validate the effect of tillage practice on the vegetative growth and yield of maize in Uganda. The trial was established on-station at Ngetta Zonal...

Author(s): Bongomin Lawrence, Acipa Alexandrina, Wamani Sam, Sseremba Godfrey and Opio Samuel Morris  

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Technical efficiency of rice farmers in Anambra State value chain development programme

April-June 2020

The study is aimed at determining the technical efficiency of rice farmers in Anambra State value chain development programme. A well-structured questionnaire was administered to elicit information from 372 rice farmers from the five participating Local Government Areas (Ayamelum, Awka North, Anambra West, Anambra East, and Orumba North) after which only 337 respondents were fit for the study. Cobb Douglas stochastic...

Author(s): Obianefo Chukwujekwu A., Nwigwe Cecilia A., Meludu Theresa N. and Anyasie Ikechukwu C.  

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Evaluation of forest litter mineralization capacity on the growth of Irvingia gabonensis in Ogwashi-Uku Forest Reserve, Delta State, Nigeria

April-June 2020

The study evaluated litter production capacity of three forest plantation foliage litters as potential mineralization sources for the growth of Irvingiaga bonensis. Litter production capacity of Bamboo, Teak and Gmelina forest plantations was monitored for 70 days before Irvingia seeds were sown in open germination beds containing litters soil samples for vegetative development assessment. Data collected were analyzed...

Author(s): Egwunatum A. E., Dolor D. E. and Umeh P. C.  

African Journal of Oral Health Sciences
Pregnancy epulis: Case series among pregnant women in Kaduna, Northern Nigeria

January-June, 2020

The aim of this work is to report the clinical presentation and management of pregnancy epulis (PE) among pregnant women that attended ante-natal clinic in Barau Dikko Teaching Hospital, Kaduna, Northern, Nigeria. Three hundred and twenty self-administered, structured questionnaires were administered to pregnant women that attended ante-natal clinic in Barau Dikko Teaching Hospital, Kaduna. Intraoral examination was...

Author(s): Omisakin O. O., Mohammed-Durosinolorun A., Fomete B. and Adze J.  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Chemical characterization of seeds of Amazon fruits as nutritional contribution with functional medicinal potential

May, 2020

The fruit seeds of the Northern Amazon Region were evaluated bromatologically and nutritionally in terms of the level of macro- and micro-elements and fatty acids present in them. Bromatologically, the seeds of camu-camu (369.08 kcal 100 g-1) and biribá (364.78 kcal 100 g-1) have the highest energy value. In terms of the macroelements, the highest concentration was potassium (554.23 mg 100 g-1) seen in graviola,...

Author(s): Ismael Montero Fernández, Selvin Antonio Saravia Maldonado, Vany Perpetua Ferraz, Ricardo Santos Alemán, Jhunior Abrahan Marcia Fuentes and Antonio Alves de Melo Filho

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Evaluation of kinetics and equilibrium studies of biosorption potentials of bamboo stem biomass for removal of Lead (II) and Cadmium (II) ions from aqueous solution

April-June 2020

The discharged of lead and cadmium above maximum permissible limits into surface water and environment without any pre-treatment methods has caused severe heath challenges to humanity. In other to minimize the reoccurrence, this research aim to ascertain biosorption capacity of bamboo stem biomass to remove lead and cadmium from aqueous solution. Batch experiment and data evaluation under optimum removal conditions...

Author(s): Olayinka John Akinyeye, Tope Babatunde Ibigbami, Olubunmi Oluwakayode Odeja and Omoniyi Moses Sosanolu  

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Vitellaria paradoxa fruit pulp bioethanol production potential: A review

April-June 2020

In the last decade, bioethanol has become a powerful biofuel for the improvement of environmental pollution such as reduction in greenhouse gas levels. Yet, the source and type of substrate material plays a crucial role in the bioethanol production process due to the different compositional characteristics and availability of monomeric sugars. Different substrates of first, second and third generation fuel sources exist...

Author(s): Abdul-Mumeen Iddrisu, Zakpaa Hilary D., Felix Charles Mills-Robertson and Lowor Samuel T.  

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Evaluation of in vivo toxicity of rice husk used as fuel for cooking in households

April-June 2020

This study aimed to evaluate the toxicological effect of food cooked or water boiled with a fan-assisted top-lit-updraft rice husk fuelled gasifier stove named Paul Olivier 150 (PO150). Distilled water was boiled for 1 h using this stove in an opened pot and closed room. This water was then cooled to room temperature before being administered to rats with body weights ranging from 70 to 110 g. Two types of tests were...

Author(s): Mbassi Josiane Emilie Germaine, Sali Atanga Ndindeng, Achu Mercy Bih Loh, Dimo Théophile and Mbacham Fon Wilfred

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Allelic variability of oil palm inter-population progenies based on simple sequence repeats markers

April-June 2020

The genetic structure and variability was described among 52 oil palm inter-population crosses after two selection cycles using simple sequence repeats markers (SRR). The 10 sets of SSR markers covering 62.5% of the oil palm genome showed a high level of polymorphism (average number of alleles per locus = 6.7; unbiased expected heterozygosity = 0.655; G”st = 0.346) across the oil palm samples. On the basis of...

Author(s): Okoye Maxwell N.,, Uguru M. I., Bakoumé C. and Singh R.  

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism
Assessing the impact of ecotourism on livelihood of the local population living around the Campo Ma’an National Park, South Region of Cameroon

January-June 2020

Ecotourism has been reported as a sustainable measure of bridging conservation goals and livelihood sustenance around protected areas, with very little information on the Campo Ma’an National Park (CMNP). This study was initiated to assess the impact of ecotourism activities on the livelihood of the local population living around the CMNP. Data were collected with questionnaires through household surveys and focus...

Author(s): Gadinga W. Forje, Tchamba N. Martin, Barnabas N. Nfornkah, Nyong P. Awazi Chimi C. Djomo, Diabe E. Sone and Reeves M. Fokeng  

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Potential of ten wild diploid cotton species for the improvement of fiber fineness of upland cotton through interspecific hybridization

April-June 2020

Cotton is the highest source of natural fiber in textile industry worldwide. With the modern spinning technologies, the demand for cotton fiber with higher quality has increased, making the genetic improvement of fiber quality one of the main challenges for cotton breeders. In cotton breeding, wild species are important source of several desirable genes for genetic improvement of the main cultivated cotton Gossypium...

Author(s): N’Guessan Olivier KONAN, Jean Pierre BAUDOIN and Guy MERGEAI  

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Establishment of an early selection method (criteria) for breeding in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata)

April-June 2020

Populations with high genetic variability are targeted by breeders as they create opportunity for selection and genetic improvement. To achieve this, multiple populations are created, but resources are often scarce. This calls for identification of populations with the desired traits at early generation. The study was carried out at MUARIK in seasons 2017A and 2017B on 135 F2 and 40 F3 cowpea populations respectively...

Author(s): Avosa Oside Millicent, Orawu Martin, Ongom Obia Patrick, Dramadri Onziga Isaac, Rutayisire Amandin, Osundwa Cynthia, Paul Gibson and Edema Richard  

Journal of Cancer Research and Experimental Oncology
Prevalence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and its associated factors among women attending healthcare services in Eastern Uganda

January-June 2020

Cervical malignancy is still the leading cause of death for middle-aged women in the developing world. In Uganda, literature has shown that, cervical cancer incidence and death rates was 45.6 and 25 per 100,000 women respectively. However, the actual magnitude of cervical malignancy in Uganda might be higher since most of the cases are never reported. This study assessed the prevalence of cervical intraepithelial...

Author(s): Emmanuel Eilu, Adamu Almustapha Aliero, Martin Odoki, Julius Tibyangye, Saheed Adekunle Akinola, Ibrahim Ntulume, Okweny David, Matilda Angella Okech, and Charles Drago Kato,  

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Customs and traditional management practices of coastal marine natural resources in Lower Casamance: Perspectives of valorisation of endogenous knowledge

April-June 2020

In southern Senegal, specifically in Lower Casamance, many marine and coastal resources are of significant sociological importance for Jola populations. They are essential both for worship and for sustenance. Thus, through different customs and practices, the Jola helps to preserve their natural environment, even if their primary motivations were hardly conservation. Perceptions, beliefs, and avoidance practices with...

Author(s): Claudette Soumbane Diatta, Amadou Abdoul Sow and Malick Diouf  

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Tree’s spatial pattern, diversity and distribution in sub humid mountains ecosystems in south-west Togo

April-June 2020

West African Guinean forests are among the most diverse and threatened ecosystems in the world. The study aims to provide new insights about tree species patterns, abundance, and diversity for better management in Togo. Species diversity and density of trees were assessed in 170 plots randomly selected in the study area. Each tree with DBH >10 cm was identified and measured. Stem density, basal area, and diversity...

Author(s): Fifonsi A. DANGBO, Komla E. ABOTSI, Kossi ADJOSSOU, Atsu K. Dogbeda HLOVOR, Kouami KOKOU and Juergen BLASER  

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Causes of organ condemnations in cattle at slaughter and associated financial losses in Siaya County, Kenya

April-June 2020

Cattle production is an important economic activity worldwide. Its potential, however, is not fully maximized owing to disease conditions, some causing condemnation and wastage of edible organs at slaughter and a threat of zoonoses. This work aimed at establishing definitive causes of organ condemnation and financial losses in cattle from three slaughterhouses (Kaumara, Siaya, and Ugunja) in Siaya County, Kenya, through...

Author(s): A. M. Achollah, D. N. Karanja, C. J. Ng’ang’a and L. C. Bebora  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Comparative effect on liver fibrosis of bicyclol and silymarin

May, 2020

Bicyclol and silymarin are widely used in the treatment of various liver diseases; however, there is no report on comparative effect of them on liver fibrosis. To compare their liver protective effect, liver fibrosis rats induced by bile duct ligation (BDL) were orally treated with 100 mg/kg bicyclol and 100 mg/kg silymarin respectively for 4 weeks. Liver index, liver function activities, inflammatory biomarkers,...

Author(s): Liping Wang, Li Zhang, Kelan Gan, Xiaoping Hua, Ying Xiao, Yikun Shi and Zhenghuai Tan  

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Heavy metal pollution status and risk assessment on area with artisanal mining activities

April-June 2020

This study was undertaken to re-evaluate the heavy contamination level of Bagega community which recorded acute lead poisoning in 2010 and was reclaimed between 2010 and 2012. The levels of the following heavy metals (Zn, Pb, Hg, As and Cd) was measured in sixteen sampling sites around Bagega and its environs using Varian AA240 Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The assessment of pollution was achieved using the...

Author(s): Uzoekwe Anayo Stephen and Mbamalu Maryann  

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Performance analysis of Nigerian agricultural credit guarantee scheme: Bounds test approach to cointegration

April-June 2020

This study examined the performance of the Agricultural Credit Guarantee Scheme (ACGS) which is the major credit policy of the Federal Government of Nigeria. It was established in 1977 but started operation in 1978. Time series data from 1978-2014, extracted from the 2014 bulletin of the National Bureau Statistics were used for the study. Total volume and number of loans given were used to proxy the strength of the...

Author(s): Akinrinola, O. O. and Okunola, A. M.  

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity
Ebola and its yet unproven therapeutic regimens

January-June 2020

Ebola is a viral disease transmitted by bats and a species of rat to human. It was discovered in Zaire and latter spread to Zambia, Congo, Sierra Leone and Nigeria. The outbreak of Ebola in some parts of African countries posed therapeutic challenges, due to lack of ideal therapeutic agent against Ebola. In view of this, molecular and cellular pathogenesis of Ebola virus, therapeutic modalities as well as...

Author(s): Saganuwan Alhaji Saganuwan  

Clinical Reviews and Opinions
Multiple primary malignancies: Vigilance is paramount in identification

January-June, 2020

Ever since it was first described by Billroth, there is an increasing incidence of multiple primary malignancies cases, due to increase in the survival rate of cancer patients and improvement of diagnostic tools. Incidence of second malignancies in cancer patients is 10 to 20%. A total of 10 patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were included. All the 10 patients’ case sheets were pursued, and the...

Author(s): Pradeep Balineni, Rekha Arcot, Sandeep Pathivada and Bharath Narayanasami  

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Soil conservation techniques among arable crop farmers in Odo Otin local government area, Osun state: A multinomial logit approach

April-June 2020

The study investigated the soil conservation techniques among the arable farmers in Odo Otin local government area of Osun State. Two-stage sampling procedure was employed for the study. Primary data were collected from 120 arable crop farmers in the Local Government Area. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics; multinomial logit regression model. Result shows that most the respondents were aware of...

Author(s): Agboola Timothy Olusola, Balogun Olubunmi Lawrence, Ayantoye Kayode, Akinwole Oladele Timothy and Ayo-Bello Taofeek Ayodeji  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Assessment and characterization of mung bean (Vigna radiata) bacterial brown spot in Eastern Amhara, Ethiopia

May, 2020

Mung bean is one of the major early maturing pulse crop grown all over the world including Ethiopia.  The production of the crop in Ethiopia, however, suffers from many diseases caused by bacteria. The study aims to assess the intensity and identify the major foliar bacterial and fungal pathogens of the crop. Purposively, 3 districts and randomly 90 mung bean fields were surveyed during the study period....

Author(s): Besfat Belay Teferie, Merkuz Abera Admasu and Gezahegne Getaneh Damessa  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Agro-morphological response of some groundnut genotypes (Arachis hypogaea L.) in water deficit conditions

May, 2020

Groundnut is a crop that can be grown under varied production conditions (in intercropping or rotation with cereals). In Niger, the production of groundnut is decreasing over the year due to drought and low soil nutrients. In this work, an agro-morphological evaluation of five groundnut genotypes (55-437, ICG12697, ICG4750, JL24 and ICG8751) under water deficit was carried out in order to identify the best performing...

Author(s): TOUDOU DAOUDA Abdoul Karim, ATTA Sanoussi, INOUSSA Maman Maârouhi, HAMIDOU Falalou and BAKASSO Yacoubou  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Phytophthora seedling blight disease of cacao and its control measures

May, 2020

Symptoms of Phytophthora seedling blight disease of cacao were found on 3 weeks old cacao seedlings at the nursery of Seed Production Division of Ghana Cocoa Board in New Tafo-Akim during routine surveys of cacao diseases in the Eastern Region of Ghana. Survey of seedlings in the nursery was conducted to determine disease incidence (DI). Heat sterilization of soil and drenching with Ridomil Gold plus 66 WP (6%...

Author(s): Asare Eric Kumi, Ishmael Amoako-Attah and Yahaya Bukari  

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Watershed delineation and morphometric analysis using remote sensing and GIS mapping techniques in Qena-Safaga-Bir Queh, Central Eastern Desert

April-June, 2020

The development of drainage basins to raise aquifer potentiality is considering the major target in Qena-Safaga-Bir Queh (central Eastern Desert). It is attributed to drought, scarce groundwater resource, expansion of agriculture, growth population, infrastructures, and civilization. Geological, hydrogeological, and morphometric information is used to prepare the drainage development plan and strategy. The morphometric...

Author(s): Mohamed ElKashouty,  

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Evaluation of a novel ionic demulsifier in the treatment of selected Niger Delta crude oil emulsions

January-June 2020

Emulsion treatment is one of the major challenges in crude oil production, transportation and processing. It has great impact crude oil quality, refining costs and environment. The use of chemical demulsifiers is a widely accepted procedure in the industry. However, demulsifiers used in treatment of crude oil emulsions in Nigeria industries are imported. This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of a new...

Author(s): E. B. Mepaiyeda, A. A. Ofoegbu, S. O. Isehunwa and A. A. Akinola  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Selenium in Caprine feeding, its transference to the milk and relation with other minerals

May, 2020

The experiment was performed in the campus of the State University of Alagoas, in Santana do Ipanema, in the semi-arid region of Northeast Brazil. This work is aimed at studying the transferences of Se from animals’ food to milk in various levels of offers and its correlations with Ca, P, Mg and soluble Fe. The work also analyzed the somatic cells counts, total bacteria count and chemical composition of milk: Fat,...

Author(s): José Crisólogo de Sales Silva, Luiz Carlos Caetano, Fabio Sales de Albuquerque Cunha, Conceição Maria Dias de Lima and André Maia Gomes Lages  

Educational Research and Reviews
Context-specific inclusive education: A local perspective on the enterprise

May 2020

Inclusive education is moulded by local factors. A qualitative case study was used to explore professionals’ perceptions of inclusive education (IE) practice in local schools along with interventions for a support model in the schools. Observations, focus group interviews and individual interviews were used to collect data from teachers, school principals, curriculum advisors and psychologists in Capricorn South...

Author(s): Leuba Mphahlele

Educational Research and Reviews
Non-routine problem solving performances of mathematics teacher candidates

May 2020

The aim of this study is to determine the non-routine problem solving performances of mathematics teacher candidates. A descriptive survey model was used for this work and it was conducted with 50 teacher candidates studying elementary mathematics teaching in a medium-sized university in Turkey. To determine the non-routine problem solving performance of the teacher candidates, open ended non-routine problems were...

Author(s): Gözde Akyüz  

Educational Research and Reviews
Adaptation of quantitative measurement tools to quantitative measurement of possibility

May 2020

When correlation between variables is not explicit, data can be collected by adapting the quantitative measurement tools in use for quantitative measurement of possibility, a nonlinear measurement. This adaptation is possible because measurement data can be evaluated more qualitatively using parameters for possibility. These can be defined as regular-symmetric, irregular-symmetric, symmetric with regard to situation at...

Author(s): Ismail YILMAZ  

African Journal of Food Science
Influence of temperature and time on microbial, physicochemical and functional quality of goat milk

May 2020

Microbial load in fresh milk has a significant effect on its keeping quality and nutritional value. From Prehistoric time, human used heat process to reduce microbials load in raw milk to improve its sensory characteristics. This research is proposed to treat fresh goat milk with heating process to provide optimal pasteurization conditions that does not  influence the goat milk chemical composition to suite...

Author(s): Ibrahim Aldaw Ibrahim, Rifda Naufalin, Erminawati Wuryatmo, Hidayah Dwiyanti and Shima Esameldin Hamouda  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
In vitro efficacy of Trichoderma asperellum and detached leaflet assay on late blight pathogen: Phytophthora infestans

May 2020

Late blight is highly variable adapting to new fungicides and overcoming host resistance. The objective of the study was to determine efficacy of Trichoderma asperellum against Phytophthora infestans and its compatibility with fungicides. T. asperellum at 33% (3 × 106), 66% (7 × 106) and 100% (1 × 107 CFU/mL; g/L),   Ridomil® (Metalaxyl 4% + Mancozeb 64%) and Mistress 72® (Cynamoxil...

Author(s): Kilonzi J. M., Mafurah J. J. and Nyongesa M. W.  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Assessing the polymorphism of DHFR gene from Plasmodium falciparum in the south of Côte d’Ivoire

May 2020

Since 2005, Côte d'Ivoire has adopted new strategies of malaria management including free provision of Artemisinin-based Combination Therapy (ACT) to children less than five years of age and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) as Intermittent Preventive Treatment (IPT) for pregnant women. However, introduction of ATCs raises concerns about the extensive use of cheap SP which could increase Plasmodium falciparum...

Author(s): Dagnogo Oléfongo, Ako Aristide Berenger, Bla Kouakou Brice, Dago Dougba Noel, Coulibaly N&#;golo David, Coulibaly Baba, Touré Offianan André and Djaman Allico Joseph,  

African Journal of Plant Science
Assessment of woody species diversity, key drivers of deforestation and community perception; the case of Hotessa Forest, Bensa Woreda, Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia

May 2020

In Ethiopia, deforestation is a major challenge which leads to increased human encroachment upon wild areas and threats to biodiversity. In line with this, the aim of the current study was to assess woody species diversity and threats in Hotessa forest. Systematic sampling method was used to collect vegetation data. Accordingly, 100 plots each with 400 m2 (20 m × 20 m) for...

Author(s): Sintayehu Tamene Beyene  

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Discontinuation of intrauterine device: Are the reasons changing?

May 2020

Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are among the most widely used contraceptive methods and users discontinue use despite its effectiveness due to different reasons. This study is aimed at determining the reasons for IUD discontinuation. A retrospective survey was conducted at Family Planning Clinic of University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, IUD - duration of use and...

Author(s): Oluwasomidoyin Olukemi Bello and Adebayo Damilola Agboola  

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Is there borderline in Nigeria's northeast? Multi-national joint task force and counterinsurgency operation in perspective

April-June 2020

Borderline as a defence line is central in countering transnational insurgency. Yet, countries in African Sub-region are lackadaisical about redefining inherited colonial borders. Primarily, the study examined the origin of Multi-National Joint Task Force (MNJTF)  counterinsurgency (COIN) operational mandate as well as the linkage between border, threat of insurgency and MNJTF COIN operation  in Nigeria's...

Author(s): Lanre Olu-Adeyemi and Shaibu Makanjuola T.  

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Experiences and coping strategies of perinatally bereaved mothers with the loss

April-June 2020

This study explored the experiences, coping strategies, and support systems available for perinatally bereaved mothers. A descriptive phenomenological design was employed to explore lived experiences of perinatally bereaved mothers and saturation was reached with the 12th participant. Participants were recruited through purposive sampling and data was collected by in-depth, individual and face-to-face interviews. Data...

Author(s): Eniola Sarat Onaolapo, Edward Appiah Boateng, Felix Apiribu and Veronica Millicent Dzomeku

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Perceived determinants of home delivery following antenatal care in general hospital Ikara, Ikara Local Government Area, Kaduna State

April-June 2020

The study  aim to determine the factors that make women deliver at home after attending antenatal care, to determine the awareness of women on risks associated with home delivery, to determine the type of birth attendants’ available during home delivery, and to explore the opinions of women on various strategies to prevent home delivery. A non- experimental cross-sectional design was used, with a target...

Author(s): Mangai Joseph Mafuyai, Ari Eunice, Bonji Gaknung, Kumzhi Patience and Adamu Samaila  

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
State, vigilantism and youth violence in Nigeria: A study of ‘Onyabo’ in Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos State

April-June 2020

Studies and institutional reports have argued that youth violence is a precursor to national insecurity in Nigeria. Contrary to youth as an agent of transformation and national development, their recurrence in violent conflicts has continued to undermine the national security of the country. Such security backlash is further conflated by the protracted Boko Haram insurgency which has ruptured the nation building, but...

Author(s): Surajudeen O. Mudasiru and Abiodun Fatai  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Naftifine inhibits pigmentation through down-regulation on expression of phytoene desaturase gene CAR1 in Rhodotorula mucilaginosa

May 2020

Naftifine, an antifungal drug, inhibits pigmentation in Rhodotorula mucilaginosa. However, the relative mechanism is minutely understood. In this study, regulation of gene expression by naftifine was investigated to elucidate mechanism of yeast de-pigmentation. RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) was used to screen differentially expressed genes (DEGs), followed by quantitative PCR (qPCR). The qPCR results showed that mRNA...

Author(s): Guowang Huang, Nur Fazleen Binti Idris, Yimin Li, Yang Wang and Zeng Tu  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antibacterial resistance patterns of bacteria isolated from clinical specimens at Uttara IbnSina Diagnostic Centre, Dhaka

May 2020

Nowadays, antibiotic resistance is a global public health threat. Bangladesh is accelerated to this owing to its sub-standards healthcare along with the self-medication and overuse of antibiotics. The study aimed to assess patterns of antibacterial resistance in the clinical samples. The study was carried out at Ibn Sina Diagnostic and Consultation Center Uttara, Dhaka, from January to December 2019. All cultures and...

Author(s): Rashid Md Haroon, Md Motiur Rahman, Hafiza Sultana, Md Khorshedul Islam, M. M. Nahid Al Rakib, Muhammad Abul Kalam and Syeda Sumaiya Efa

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Assessment of operational facilities and sanitary practices in Zangon Shanu abattoir, Sabon Gari Local Government Area, Kaduna State, Nigeria

April-June 2020

A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the operational facilities and sanitary practices in Zangon Shanu abattoir, Kaduna State, Nigeria. Semi structured questionnaires were administered to the workers and also observational studies on facilities and sanitary practices in the abattoir were conducted. The results showed that 75.00% of the abattoir workers were between the ages of 25 to 35 years, with...

Author(s): Gali A. U., Abdullahi H. A, Umaru G. A., Zailani S. A, Adamu S. G., Hamza I. M. and Jibrin M. S.  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Inoculation of native arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi based bio-fertilizers for improvement of maize productivity in Central Benin

May, 2020

The response of maize to a composite inoculation of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) in fields in Central Benin was evaluated. The 2000 SYNEE maize variety underwent 3 AMF groups involved in treatments namely: T1 = "Control (AMF and fertilizer free)"; T2 = "Glomeraceae"; T3 = Acau "Acaulosporacea"; T4 = Diversi " Diversisporaceae"; T5 = "50% NPK + Urea"; T6 =...

Author(s): ASSOGBA A. Sylvestre, AHOYO ADJOVI R. Nestor, BELLO Saliou, NOUMAVO A. Pâcome, SINA Haziz, AGBODJATO A. Nadège, KODA Abdel D., AGUEGUE M. Ricardos, ADJANOHOUN Adolphe and BABA-MOUSSA Lamine   

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