Articles

 

Page 14 of 1168, showing 50 records out of 58377 total, starting on record 651, ending on 700

March 2019

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Poisonings with heavy metals and neoplasms - possible correlations

As a side effect of industrialization, some diseases have developed only recently, becoming a challenge for the medical specialists both in research and medical treatment fields. Among these, the poisoning with heavy metals occupies a certain category that must retain attention, due to since the effects of this kind of poisoning are very serious effects if these injuries poisonings are not properly recognized and...

Author(s): Lucia Bubulac, Dan Octavian Marculescu and Victor Lorin Purcarea  

March 2019

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Growth and feed utilization in Clarias gariepinus fingerlings fed on Acacia auriculiformis leaf supplemented diets

Effect of ‘Earleaf’ plant (Acacia auriculiformis) as feed additive was examined on Clarias gariepinus fingerlings (4.2±0.5 g) over a period 56 days against farm-made feed which served as the control. A. auriculiformis leaves were collected, air-dried (under shade), powdered and added at varying inclusion levels (0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0%) to basal diets containing 40% crude protein. Fish were randomly...

Author(s): AFE Oluwafunmilola Eunice and OMOSOWONE Olajumoke Olamiposi  

March 2019

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Socio-economic characteristics of small-scale catfish farming enterprise in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area, Rivers State, Nigeria

The study of the socio-economic characteristics of any group is a requirement to a successful implementation of effective government assisted programme. The study examined the socio-economic characteristics, production processes and production constraints of small-scale catfish fishing enterprises in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area in Rivers State, Nigeria. Simple randomized sampling technique was used to select 60...

Author(s): AMACHREE Dokuboba, JAMABO Nene and JOSEPH Dorah E.  

March 2019

African Journal of Plant Science
Evaluation of triticale (X. Triticosecale Wittmack) genotypes for adult plant resistance to stem rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici)

Stem rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici) is one of the three rust diseases that infect triticale (X. Triticosecale Wittmack). Twenty-six triticale genotypes were evaluated for adult plant resistance (APR) to stem rust (Sr) infection in the greenhouse in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD). R-TR (resistant –trace or minimal uredinia) reactions were observed on 6 genotypes EUT046, EUT59, EUT090, EUT093,...

Author(s): Isaiah Aleri, James O. Owuoche and Pascal P. Okwiri Ojwang

March 2019

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
The spatio-temporal dynamics of the fish assemblage of the man-made Lake Buyo (Cote d'Ivoire, West Africa)

This study aims to characterize the spatio-temporal variation of the fish assemblages in relation to the environmental variables of Buyo Dam Lake. Sampling was performed from July 2017 to June 2018 using experimental fishing and commercial fishing. Spatio-temporal analysis indicated a significant variation (p <0.05) in pH, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids, and water transparency. A total of 45 species...

Author(s): Binta Eric Pacôme GOLI BI, Tanoh Marius KAMELAN, Kouassi Brahiman KIEN, Siaka BERTE and Essetchi Paul KOUAMELAN  

March 2019

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Green sonochemical synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Bridelia micrantha extract and evaluation of their antibacterial activity

The emergence of drug resistance and multiple drug resistance has necessitated the discovery of novel strategies for development of new generation of antimicrobial agents from natural substances for control of microbial infections. Metal nanoparticles have proven to have antimicrobial properties, but the chemical methods used in their production use hazardous chemicals and nanoparticles produced are unstable. In this...

Author(s): Kithokoi Kilonzo Jackson, Lawrence Ochoo, John M. Maingi, Sauda Swaleh and Wilson Njue  

March 2019

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Antioxidant activity, total phenolic and flavonoid content of selected Kenyan medicinal plants, sea algae and medicinal wild mushrooms

Medicinal plants are good sources of bioactive compounds that guards the body against cancer and chronic ailments. A lot of studies have been done on medicinal values of higher plants but less on marine sources and wild non-edible mushrooms. The study aimed to assess the antioxidant activity, total flavonoid and total phenolic content from selected Kenyan medicinal plants, sea algae and mushrooms. The plants were...

Author(s): Belinda Nasike Siangu, Swaleh Sauda, Mwonjoria Kingori John and Wilson Mbiti Njue  

March 2019

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Prediction of the water saturation around wells with bottom water drive using artificial neural networks

This study is concerned with the water coning phenomenon that takes place around production wells of hydrocarbon reservoirs. In this paper, the development of artificial neural networks to predict the water saturation buildup around vertical and horizontal wells with a good level of accuracy is described. In the development of expert systems, it is assumed that water encroachment originates from an active aquifer which...

Author(s): Muhammad Alrumah and Turgay Ertekin  

March 2019

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Quantitative research on the influence of interlayer to thermal recovery horizontal wells in thick oil reservoir

At present, the effect of different development patterns of interlayer like the length and the longitudinal position of interlayer on thermal recovery modes such as steam stimulation (CSS) and steam flooding (SF) is still a qualitative understanding, and there is no systematic study yet. Therefore, it is difficult to control the thermal production of thick oil reservoirs according to different interlayer patterns. In...

Author(s): Dong Liu, Zong-Bin Liu, Jun-Ting Zhang, Jian-Min Zhu and Li-Lei Wang  

March 2019

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
A reconnaisance study to delineate the potential mineral zones around the schist belt areas Of Kano State, Nigeria using airborne magnetic data

This work presents a reconnaissance study to delineate potential mineral zones in the schist belt areas of Kano State. These parts of the state have received little or no attention for a long time and activities of artisanal miners suggest that the area is of economic mineral value. Airborne magnetic data acquired from Nigerian Geological Survey Agency (NGSA) were first reduced to the equator before subjecting them to...

Author(s): Shehu Sani Jamaluddeen, Musa O. Aku, Muhammad Saleh, Abdulrahim Ali Bunawa and Salihu Bolaji Sharafa

March 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Advances in carotenoid increments in storage parts of African staple crops

The importance of vitamin A and other carotenoids in controlling micronutrient based deficiencies in particular VAD has been emphasized in recent years. This has resulted into demands for availing these nutrients in forms that are easily accessible for most of the populations in micronutrient deficient areas. Specifically in Africa, various programs have been instituted to bio-fortify crops with nutrients with more...

Author(s): Ephraim Nuwamanya and Evans Atwijukire  

March 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Genetic Diversity Analysis of Ethiopian Elite Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Varieties Based on Agronomic Characters

This research aim to assess morphological diversity of the elite chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties in Ethiopia. Nineteen elite varieties of chickpea in Ethiopia were used to analyze the means and components of variability (genetic, phenotypic and environmental), and interrelationships (genetic and phenotypic) for yield and various other yield components. Such nineteen varieties were planted by the technique of...

Author(s): Zerihun Jida and Shiferaw Alemu  

March 2019

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Assessment of the trend and risk factors of under-five diarrhea morbidity and mortality in two selected communities in the West-Mamprusi District

Diarrhea episodes among children under five years with its devastating consequences have been a concern to stakeholders in child survival strategy programs. Mothers are key in the prevention of diarrhea among children since they are the care givers. The main aim of this paper is to assess the trend and risk factors of under-five diarrheal disease in the study areas. Descriptive research design was employed for the...

Author(s): Bashiru Mahama  

March 2019

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Determinants of khat chewing among urban households of Wolkite Town, Gurage Zone, Ethiopia

Khat is the second largest export item with great economic value in Ethiopia, but  the ongoing increased number of chewers in the country indirectly affects economic productivity by decreasing work-hours, household’s economic production, diversion of money to buy khat, absenteeism from work and unemployment. The study aimed at analyzing the status of khat consumption and identifying the determinants of...

Author(s): Yonnas Addis, Chigign Adamu, Dubale Abate and Habtamu Mossie  

March 2019

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
The role of Faidherbia albida tree species in parkland agroforestry and its management in Ethiopia

Agroforestry has been defined as a dynamic ecologically based natural resources management system that through the integration of trees on farms and in the agricultural landscape, diversifies and sustains production for increased social, economic and environmental benefits for land users at all levels. This paper highlighted the role of Faidherbia albida tree species in Parkland Agroforestry and its management. Large...

Author(s): Tsegu Ereso  

March 2019

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Evaluation of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) varieties for yield and yield components

Lack of well adapted potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) varieties is a production problem accounting for low yield. Farmers grow local landraces. A field experiment was conducted to investigate the performance of potato varieties for yield and yield components from 2013 to 2015 under rain fed condition using improved varieties and a local landrace. There were differences among varieties for all traits. Year had little effect...

Author(s): Solomon Fantaw, Asrat Ayalew, Daniel Tadesse, Zenebe G/Medhin and Eshetu Agegnehu  

March 2019

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Famers perceptions on effectiveness of extension delivery approaches to Mbororo female livestock farmers in North-West Region Cameroon

The purpose of the study is to determine farmers’ perception on agricultural extension delivery approaches on Mbororo female livestock farmers in North-West Cameroon. Primary data was collected using structured questionnaires established to Mbororo women. Interviews guides were used to get more information on the perception of Bororo female livestock farmer on effectiveness extension services delivery. Secondary...

Author(s): Loveline Enjoh Forbang, Fonteh Amungwa and Tohnian Nobert Lengha  

March 2019

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Determinants of agriculture participation among tertiary institution youths in Ghana

The study was conducted to examine the determinants of agriculture participation among tertiary institutions youth in Ghana. The study first, examined what factors influences youth decision to participate in agriculture activities and second, the intensity of participation of those youths who are participating in agriculture. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select respondents for the study. Data collected...

Author(s): Martinson Ankrah Twumasi, Yuansheng Jiang, Monica Owusu Acheampong  

March 2019

International Journal of Science and Technology Education Research
Distribution of ABO and Rh (D) blood groups among students attending secondary and preparatory schools in Bote town, Oromia national regional state, Ethiopia

Knowledge of distribution of ABO and Rh blood groups is helpful for effective management of blood banks and safe blood transfusion services. The prevalence of these blood groups varies worldwide and may not be found in equal numbers even among ethnic groups. The aim of this study was to find out the distribution of ABO and Rh (D) blood groups among students attending high schools in Bote town, Ethiopia from...

Author(s): Amsalu Wakgari Fufa and Daniel Getahun Debelo

March 2019

Journal of Land Management and Appraisal
Utilization of valuations for secured lending in Abuja, the federal capital city of Nigeria

Utilization of secured lending valuations (SLV) by deposit money banks (DMBs) has not been sufficiently investigated in Abuja, Nigeria. Adequacy of the reports, factors influencing their use and how DMBs utilized them for loans were examined. Primary data collected from Estate Valuation (ESV) firms and DMBs were analyzed. Although the study showed that substantial portions of the report were adequate, crucial aspects...

Author(s): Babatunde Isaiah Olajide and Ajayi Cyril Ayodele

March 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Determination of optimum plant density of broadcasting, row planting and transplanting on yield and yield components of Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] in Central Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia

The low national   tef productivity is mainly attributed by lack of improved agronomic practices.  The row planting and transplanting is one of the promising planting techniques proved to boost the yield of tef. The objective was to determine the optimum seed rate, row, broadcasting and plant population in intra and inter row spacing of transplanted tef. A field experiment was carried out at Laelay...

Author(s): Chekole Nigus, Haftamu Hailekiros and Kiros Wolday  

March 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Generation and evaluation of heterogeneous genotypes of tomato for small-scale farmers

Tomato is broadly distributed in tropical and subtropical America, where small farmers cultivate commercial and landraces or heirloom genotypes, which exchange genes within them when are planted in the same plot. In this context, three different genetic groups of tomato were evaluated for agromorphological and yield traits under greenhouse to assess the differences in function of the genotypic homogeneity and...

Author(s): José C. Carrillo-Rodríguez, José L. Chávez-Servia, Ricardo Lobato-Ortiz and Catarino Perales-Segovia  

March 2019

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
An overview of agricultural extension in Botswana and needed reforms

Crops and livestock sectors constitute agriculture in Botswana. The sectors are dominated by small-scale farmers engaged in traditional production systems. National Agriculture Policy calls for an effective extension service to ensure continued farmer capacity building, increased efficiency and production by the sectors. Several extension approaches adopted over 79 years have been replaced one after the other since 1926...

Author(s): Flora Modiane Tladi-Sekgwama  

March 2019

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Protective effect of vitamin C against theobromine induced hepatorenal and cardio toxicity in male albino Wistar rats

The protective effect of vitamin C against theobromine induced toxicity in male albino Wistar rats was investigated. Twenty-five (25) male Wistar rats weighing between 140 – 160 g were divided into 5 groups with 5 rats in each group. Group 1 served as the control. Group 2 received 700 mg/kg body weight of theobromine daily for 4 days. Group 3 was administered 100 mg/kg body weight of Vitamin C daily for 21 days....

Author(s): Utibe Evans Bassey, Edet Okon Akpanyung, Dennis Uju Nwaokonko and Burch Takim Ndifon

March 2019

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Determinants of neonatal sepsis among neonates admitted in a neonatal intensive care unit at Jinka General Hospital, Southern Ethiopia

In the face of recent improvements in neonatal care, the influences of neonatal sepsis remain a public health problem in developing countries. Thus, identifying the determinants of neonatal sepsis is an indispensable matter of enhancing neonatal care. Therefore, this study intends to identify the determinants of neonatal sepsis among neonates admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Jinka General Hospital in...

Author(s): Erkihun Ketema, Mesfin Mamo, Direslegn Miskir, Sultan Hussen and Negussie Boti  

March 2019

Journal of Oceanography and Marine Science
Spatial variability in autumnal equatorial upwelling intensity within the Gulf of Guinea as inferred from in situ measurements

In attempt to study the spatial differences in autumnal equatorial upwelling intensity relative to bio-productivity in the eastern equatorial Atlantic, oceanographic in situ data along regions 10°W, 0°E, 2.5°E and 6°E, collected in the Gulf of Guinea during autumn cruise carried out in September 2007 were analyzed. The surface mean values for temperature along 10°W, 0°E, 2.5°E and 6°E are...

Author(s): Nubi O. A., Oyatola O.O,and Bonou F,  

March 2019

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Firm specific determinants of financial distress: Empirical evidence from Nigeria

This paper in an attempt in answering the basic research question on what actually determines financial distress of firms in the manufacturing sector in the country employed the fully modified ordinary least square (FMOLS) on annual time series data of eighteen listed manufacturing firms on the Nigeria stock exchange (NSE) which was obtained from their audited financial statement. The endogenous variable used in the...

Author(s): Fredrick Ikpesu  

March 2019

African Journal of History and Culture
‘‘We Did Not Come as Mercenaries…!’: Linking the Origin, Ethnic Identity and Settlement of the Nubis in Uganda

Focusing on the period 1894 to 1995 and drawing on both written and oral sources, this article explores the origin, ethnic identity and settlement of the Nubians since their advent in Uganda. Ugandan Nubians abandoned some aspects of their former African traditional customs and adopted new ones borrowed from the Arabic culture, constituting a unique and distinct ethnic group. Using a historical research design and...

Author(s): Abudul Mahajubu, Balunywa M. and Musisi F.  

March 2019

African Journal of Food Science
Effect of traditional and hermetic bag storage structures on fungus contamination of stored maize Grain (Zea mays L.) in Bako, Western Shoa, Ethiopia

The experiment was conducted between December 2017 and May 2018 at Bako, Ethiopia to study the effectiveness of traditional (Gombisa, Sack) and Hermetic bag storage structures and storage periods on fungal contamination of stored maize grain on agar plate method. The incidence and frequency of storage fungi was determined at 0, 2, 4 and 6 months of storage periods. The experiment was replicated three times in factorial...

Author(s): Negasa F., Solomon A. and Girma D.  

March 2019

African Journal of Food Science
Status of commercial maize milling industry and flour fortification in Kenya

Maize is the most widely consumed staple food by the Kenyan population. Its wide consumption and centralized processing make it an appropriate fortification vehicle to supply essential micronutrients to the population. The legislation was enacted in 2012 that makes it mandatory for all commercial maize mills in Kenya to fortify the maize flour with specified micronutrients as a public health effort to reduce the...

Author(s): S. Khamila, D. S. Ndaka, A. Makokha, F. Kyallo, P. K. Kinyanjui, O. J. Kanensi and J. Mwai  

March 2019

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Factors associated with non-adherence of HIV/AIDS patients to HAART regimen in a healthcare facility in Ikot Ekpene, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimen, of at least 95%, is necessary for effective therapeutic response among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLWHIV). This study determined the factors associated with non-adherence of PLWHIV to HAART regimen among patients attending a healthcare facility in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Two hundred and fifty one patients, aged 18 to 70 years,...

Author(s): Augustina Onwunata, Omotayo O. Ebong and Geoffrey Enoh  

March 2019

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Effect of blended chemical fertilizer (sulfur, nitrogen and phosphorus) on yield and yield components of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in the rainy season

Potato is the fourth most important crop and consumed all around the world and is one of the main favorite vegetable in Ethiopia. However, the national productivity is very low as compared to the potential of the crop.  One of the main reason for low productivity is low soil fertility. Hence, a field experiment was conducted from 2016-2018 with 9 combination of nitrogen, phosphorous and sulfur fertilizers arranged...

Author(s): Solomon Fantaw, Derajew Asres and Aleminew Tagele  

March 2019

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Occupational hazards associated with human brucellosis in abattoir settings: A case study of Dodoma abattoir in Tanzania

Brucellosis is one of the most widespread zoonotic diseases posing a serious obstacle to public health, food safety and security and, socio-economic development in most African countries. A cross-sectional study was conducted to establish practices that may pose occupational risks of transmission of brucellosis to people working in abattoirs in Tanzania. A total of 452 serum samples; 190, 200 and 62 from cattle, goats...

Author(s): Denice Luwumba, Lughano Kusiluka and Gabriel Shirima  

March 2019

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Knowledge, attitude and uptake of family planning services among women of reproductive age group attending outpatient clinic at a tertiary health institution in Edo State, Nigeria

Globally, family planning service is an essential element of reproductive health care and contributes immensely to the reduction of the worldwide burden of maternal and child morbidity and mortality. This study was designed to assess the knowledge, attitude and uptake of family planning services, among women of reproductive age group attending outpatient clinic at Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Nigeria. A...

Author(s): Innocent Alenoghena, Sunday Yerumoh and A. M.  Momoh               

March 2019

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Combined exposure pattern of household products used by consumers

To accurately evaluate the health risk of consumers from the combined effects of substances in multiple used household products, data on co-use and multiple-use habits and practices of consumers necessarily constitute a fundamental element of the exposure assessment process. To understand the current combined use pattern of household products, reliable combined exposure data were investigated. Eleven household product...

Author(s): Joo-Hyon Kim, Moon-Young Hwang and Kwangseol Seok  

March 2019

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
Corporate social responsibility: An old wine in a new gourd

A corporation’s moral obligation is said to be sustained by two viewpoints: the narrow and broad views. The narrow view restrains a corporation’s moral obligation to the corporation’s owners and shareholders while the broad view, which is often deployed to support Corporate Social Responsibility initiatives, extends the corporation’s moral obligation towards others beyond the confines of the...

Author(s): Peter Sena Gawu and Husein Inusah  

March 2019

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
The voices of culture, conservation and the media event around bullfight ‘Jallikattu’ in Tamil Nadu, India

In the Southern Indian ‘State of Tamil Nadu’, the traditional Jallikattu sport involving young men competing against bulls is described as one of the ancient living sports in the modern era. Based on petitions by animal rights groups, the Supreme Court of India banned the ancient sport of Jallikattu in 2014 on the grounds of animal cruelty. The ban of this traditional sport ignited protests culminating in a...

Author(s): Jayashree B, Arul Aram and Yasmin Ibrahim  

March 2019

International Journal of English and Literature
Ambivalent identity and self repatriation in the plot characterisation of selected black auto/biographical novels

Literature of the Black Diaspora locates within its multi-layered gamut, a kaleidoscope of artistic productions; self-narratives careered by the quest for identity and self-expatriation from a ruthless atmosphere of slavery and racial subjugation. Studies have fixated on thematic preoccupation, language form in works of Afro-American and Caribbean traditions. Not so much has been explored especially on identity and...

Author(s): Ndubuisi Martins Aniemeka  

March 2019

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Post-epidemic lead exposure to animals following a decontamination exercise in gold mining village of Bagega, Zamfara State, Nigeria

This study focused on the evaluation of environmental lead contamination due to artisanal gold mining at a Nigerian village of Bagega one year after a clean-up exercise was carried out. Water samples were collected from earthen dams, faucets and wells, while plant and soil samples from grazing fields, residential areas and sites within the vicinity of the gold mine. The collected samples were digested and analyzed for...

Author(s): Mohammed Bashir Tijjani, Bello Mohammed Agaie, Kenneth Idowu Onifade, Abdullahi Sulaiman Mainasara, Ibrahim Lamidi Yusuf and Abdulyakeen Olawale Tijjani  

March 2019

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Comparative study of physico-chemical parameters with national and international standard and the insect community of Erelu Reservoir in Oyo town, Oyo State, Nigeria

Assessment of water bodies is very crucial to determine its quality and proffer solution before it has an adverse impact on its biota and direct users of the water body. Insect communities and physico-chemical parameters in comparison with national and international criteria of Erelu Reservoir were investigated to determine their impacts on insect community of the reservoir. Water and insect macro-invertebrates sampling...

Author(s): Popoola K. O. K, Sowunmi A. A. and Amusat A.I.  

March 2019

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Controversy and conflict over cemeteries and burials in Wolaita, South western Ethiopia

The controversy and conflict over cemetery places in Wolaita need scholarly and governmental attentions because displacing the existing cemeteries and emerging demands for new cemeteries due to urbanization and other factors make cemetery issues become challenging. This study intends to further explore the challenging nature of cemetery issues in rural and urban areas from different perspectives. The qualitative...

Author(s): Sagaye Santime

March 2019

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Modern counseling approaches in Ethiopia allied to the Westerners system

The underlying points of reference in the study was to obtain relevant information from modern and professional counselors in view of the societal understanding and interest, using the counseling services in their lifetime along with analysis of the  modern counseling system efficacy in the country. The two big institutions employing modern counseling systems were carefully chosen with purposeful selection of study...

Author(s): Getachew Abeshu Disassa and Tsehay Baissa Into

March 2019

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
The affective commitment of academics in a university in Botswana

Affective commitment remains an essential factor in key outcomes such as work performance and productivity, and has been shown to have the strongest positive relation with positive work behaviours when compared with normative commitment and continuance commitment. Using a sample of 164 academic employees at the University of Botswana, this study assessed the extent to which they had affective commitment to the...

Author(s): Esther Nkhukhu-Orlando, Byron Brown, Debra Rose Wilson, Ntonghanwah Forcheh, James G. Linn and Thabo T. Fako

March 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Comparative efficiency of three bait types for live trapping of small rodents in Central Africa

Low capture rates are a persistent problem in field studies of small rodents in Central Africa. This study aims to improve trapping efficacy by comparing the effectiveness of three types of bait placed in Sherman live traps: the traditionally used fresh manioc, palm nut and bait composed of peanut butter mixed with corn flakes. Trapping sites were located in the buffer zones of a total of five forest national parks in...

Author(s): Jean-François Mboumba, Maxime R. Hervé, Katy Morgan, Timy Tionga , Alyssa Taylor, Natasha Lowery, Fabrice Mezeme Ndong, Anicet Christel Maloupazoa Siawaya, and Nicola M. Anthony

March 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Trends in compensation for human-wildlife conflict losses in Kenya

Human-wildlife conflicts (HWC) can cause substantial losses. Compensation for such losses is essential to foster positive community attitudes toward wildlife conservation. Monetary compensation for the loss of human life, injury, crop and property damage, or livestock depredation by wildlife is a common strategy for mitigating HWC. We analyzed inter-specific, spatial, inter-annual and seasonal variation in...

Author(s): Joseph M. Mukeka, Joseph O. Ogutu, Erustus Kanga and Eivin Røskaft

March 2019

Journal of Bioinformatics and Sequence Analysis
Computational characterization of providence virus non-structural proteins: Evolutionary and functional implications

Providence virus is the only member of the family Carmotetraviridae and carries a positive single stranded RNA genome that encodes three open reading frames. The smallest open reading frame encodes the structural proteins. The largest open reading frame encodes a large putative protein, p130. The second overlapping open reading frame encodes two non-structural proteins; p40, a proposed accessory protein and p104, the...

Author(s): Nakayinga Ritah

March 2019

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
A theoretical analysis of corruption in Sudan: Causes, diagnostics, consequences, and remedies

This study is a descriptive and a theoretical analysis of corruption in Sudan. Given the causes and current level of corruption in the country, the current paper aims to determine some of the possible remedies of corruption. The study investigates the political, economic, social and legislative factors that contribute to the spread of corruption in the county. It analyzes—based on the literature—whether...

Author(s): Niematallah Elamin

March 2019

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
An evaluation of poaching and bushmeat off takes in the Ebo Forest Reserve (EFR), Littoral Region, Cameroon

Study on the poaching and bushmeat off takes /harvest in the Ebo Forest Reserve was carried out in 2012 and 2016 to identify and quantify species poached, poaching methods and seasonal impact on harvest rates and quantity. To achieve this task, purposeful and random sampling methods were used for the selection of respondents for questionnaires administration. In all, 182 from a population of about 461 poachers were...

Author(s): Nkwatoh Athanasius Fuashi, Melle Maurice Ekane, Engongwie Jacqueline and Fang Amos Zeh

30 March, 2019

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Magnetic source basement depth determination of Ikogosi Warm Water Spring South Western Nigeria and the environ using aeromagnetic data

Structural features of Ikogosi Warm Spring and its environs have been delineated using qualitative and quantitative interpretation methods. Euler-Deconvolution and local wave number methods were adopted for quantitative and qualitative interpretation of aeromagnetic data sheet 243 by Geological Survey Agency of Nigeria (GSN) in 2008, respectively. Euler solution revealed depth range of -2.98 to -290 m to the magnetic...

Author(s): Ayobami I. Ojoawo and Muideen I. Lateef  

March 2019

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Effect of Daniella olivera wood biochar on the growth and biomass of maize (zea mays L.) in Lafia, North central Nigeria

The study aimed to evaluate the effect of Daniella wood Biochar on the growth and biomass of maize harvested 8 weeks after sowing in a pot experiment. The research was carried out in order to evaluate the effect of Daniella wood biochar on the growth and biomass of maize and the effects of Daniella wood biochar on the physiochemical properties of the soil. Pots were filled with 5 kg of normal soil (oxisol) and biochar...

Author(s): Habibu Aminu and Ladan Shamsuddeen  

Page 14 of 1168, showing 50 records out of 58377 total, starting on record 651, ending on 700