Articles

 

Page 19 of 1186, showing 50 records out of 59262 total, starting on record 901, ending on 950

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Chemical composition, in vitro antioxidant and antiparasitic properties of the essential oils of three plants used in traditional medicine in Benin.

September, 2019

Sclerocarya birrea (Sb), Psidium guajava (Pg) and Eucalyptus camaldulensis (Ec) are widely used in traditional medicine for the treatment of many diseases, some of which were related to oxidative stress and parasitic diseases. Their essential oils (EO) were analyzed by GC/MS and FID and tested in vitro for their antioxidant activities (DPPH), their anti-trypanosomal and anti-plasmodial activities against Trypanosoma...

Author(s): Didier Kpadonou, Salomé Kpoviessi,, Joanne Bero, Pierre Agbani, Fernand Gbaguidi, Bénédicta Kpadonou-Kpoviessi, Brice Sinsin, Michel Frédérich and Joëlle Quetin-Leclercq  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Extreme resistance to late blight disease by transferring 3 R genes from wild relatives into African farmer-preferred potato varieties

September 2019

Three late blight resistance (R) genes from wild potato species were transferred as a stack into the farmer-preferred varieties ‘Tigoni’ and ‘Shangi’. Transgenic events were tested by detached-leaf assays (DLA) and whole-plant assays (WPA) with isolates of Phytophthora infestans using 20,000 sporangia / mL inoculum. For the first DLA, 9 out of 13 ‘Tigoni’ and 10 out of 12...

Author(s): Ethel N. Webi, Kariuki Daniel, Kinyua Johnson, Njoroge Anne, Ghislain Marc and Magembe Eric  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Characterization of products from sawdust biodegradation using selected microbial culture isolated from it

September 2019

Characterization of products from sawdust degradation using selected microbial culture isolated from it was carried out. A composite sawdust waste sample was collected from MCC timber market in Calabar. The sample was diluted using serial dilution method and inoculated on Nutrient agar and Sabauraud dextrose agar using pour plate technique and incubated at 370C and 270C respectively. Five bacteria species and 3 species...

Author(s): Lennox, Josiah A., Asitok, A., John, Godwin E. and Etim, Blessing T.

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Determinants of focused antenatal care service satisfaction in public health facilities in Ethiopia 2018: A mixed study design

September 2019

Ethiopia has been implementing focused antenatal care package to reduce maternal and child deaths. The quality of antenatal care service has not being resolved widely due to unstandardized measurement. Hence, this study assessed determinants of focused antenatal care service satisfaction in Public Health Facilities of West Guji Zone, Ethiopia, 2018. A facility based cross-sectional triangulated with qualitative study...

Author(s): Melkamu Bekele Selgado, Yimar Hotessa Dukele and Damene Darota Amamo

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Knowledge and practice of essential newborn care among postnatal mothers in Addis Ababa City Health Centers, Ethiopia

September 2019

Essential newborn care is a wide-ranging approach planned to improve the health of newborn through interventions after pregnancy. In Ethiopia, about 120,000 newborns die every year in the first weeks of life which accounts for 42% of all deaths of under-five mortality. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the knowledge and practice of essential newborn care practices among mothers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A...

Author(s): Workinesh Daba, Tsion Alemu, Mulugeta Shegaze Shimbre and Behailu Tsegaye

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Facebook use among Nigerians in Houston Texas USA

July-September 2019

Social Media came into our world in the 21st century and changed the way things are done, knitting itself into the fabric of everyday living. It has opened the world in ways that was unimagined in previous decades, connecting people through time and space. Being one of the largest immigrant groups in Houston Texas, this study investigates how Nigerians have embraced the new medium as Diasporas. Two Hundred Nigerians...

Author(s): Agnes Agbo Monjok, Christian Chinwe Ulasi and Eui Bun Lee

International Journal of Physical Sciences
The magnetic moment of elementary particles is studied by space vector and space curvature

September 2019

This paper reaffirms the basic agreement of the material space theory: (1) Space is a physical existence; (2) "Force" is the action to space, and "force" is equal to the reciprocal value of "time"; in the absence of special description, "force" is the reciprocal of time; (3) There is a steady velocity field in three-dimensional space, whose intensity is the speed of light C; (4)...

Author(s): Haitao Gao  

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Knowledge and practice of healthy nutrition among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at selected private hospitals in Benin City

July-September 2019

The health of a pregnant mother and her nutritional status can influence the health and survival of the growing foetus because of the biological link between her and her child. This study was conducted to assess the knowledge and practice of healthy nutrition among pregnant women attending selected private hospital, Benin City. Descriptive cross-sectional research design was used for the study. Two hundred and twenty...

Author(s): Ehwarieme A. Timothy, Amiegheme E. Felicia and Enosekhafoh B.  

International Journal of Livestock Production
Effect of supplementing Tsara (Pterocarpus lucens), pigeon pea (Cajanes cajan) leaves and concentrate mixture on carcass characteristics of Begait sheep fed hay as a basal diet

September 2019

The study was conducted with the objective of determining the carcass characteristics of Begait sheep fed hay basal diet and supplemented with different levels of Tsara (Pterocarpus lucens) leaves, pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) leaves and concentrate mixture on iso-nitrogenous basis to supply 66.60 g/day crude protein on dry matter (DM) basis. Twenty five yearling male Begait sheep with initial body weight (BW) of...

Author(s): Abraham T. Haymanot, Getachew Animut and Yaynishet Tesfay  

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Determinants of pastoral communities for adoption of forage production technology in Yabello rangeland, Southern Ethiopia

September 2019

Nowadays, adoption of forage enhancement technology is considered a primary action plan for enhanced livestock production through increasing forage production among pastoralist communities in the rangeland of Yabello. In addition, a number of factors help in determining adoption of these practices that varies with different socio-demographical issues within the pastoral household. This study focused on identifying major...

Author(s): Yeneayehu Fenetahun, XU-Xinwen and Wang Yong-dong  

Educational Research and Reviews
Analysis of the relation between creativity level and problem solving skills of gifted and talented students

September 2019

The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between intellect and creativity level of students with gifted, and to understand the relationship between their creativity level and creative problem solving skills. The target group of this study consists of a total of 20 primary school students between the ages 7 and 10; it is determined by the counseling and research center that the students involved in the study...

Author(s): Hasret Nuhoğlu and Savaş Akgül  

Educational Research and Reviews
Educational system and media content in the Republic of South Africa

September 2019

In this study, the education system of the Republic of South Africa was explored. The study focused on the successes as well as problems faced by the educational system. The research questions focused on the quality of education in the country. It also explored the problems faced by students as they try to gain access to schooling at all levels of the education system. Qualitative methods were used to collect data for...

Author(s): Ulker Mehmet  

Educational Research and Reviews
The relationship between self-sabotage and organizational climate of schools

September 2019

This study aimed to determine the relationship between self-sabotage behaviours of school administrators and teachers and their perceptions of organizational climate in schools. In the present study, ‘correlational screening model’ which is a quantitative research method was used. A sample consisting of 1204 teachers and 166 administrators working in 74 Turkish schools was selected through stratified cluster...

Author(s): Gülsüm SERTEL and Zeynep Meral TANRIÖĞEN

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Prevalence of intestinal schistosomiasis infections among school children in Danane, Western Côte D’Ivoire

September 2019

Intestinal schistosomiasis is very common in children and cause significant morbidity. Danané is located in the west of the Côte d’Ivoire which is an area where intestinal schistosomiasis transmission is established. The Ministry of Health of Côte d'Ivoire which have acceded to the global goal of eliminating these diseases as a public health problem, has adopted a five year strategic plan in...

Author(s): Pulchérie Christiane Marie Kiki-Barro, Abibatou Konaté, Kondo Fulgence Kassi, Kpongbo Etienne Angora, Henriette Vanga-Bosson, Vincent Djohan, Akoua Valérie Bédia-Tanoh, Assohoun Jean Sebastien Miézan, William Yavo and Eby Ignace Hervé Menan,  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Construction of a genetically engineered strain of nattokinase and assessment of its fibrinolytic activity

September 2019

A strain of Bacillus natto was isolated from natto and found to have a high yield of nattokinase. The aprN and pro-aprN gene fragments, encoding nattokinase from Bacillus natto, were amplified using two pair of primers and were expressed in Bacillus subtilis WB800N host cells using the pHT43 plasmid as a vector. In this system, the effect of leader peptides on nattokinase activity, revealing that these leader peptides...

Author(s): Li Tian, Wenke Zhou and Youhong Zhang  

African Journal of Business Management
Alcohol consumption and conflicts in developing countries: A qualitative and a quantitative research concerning Christian consumers in Burkina Faso

September 2019

The interest of researchers on consumption and conflicts is explained by the fact that consumption behavior leads to conflicts. Most of the studies on the topic are done in other contexts, and little research on the subject has been conducted in the context of Burkina Faso. This research aims to explore the concepts of alcohol consumption and conflicts in Burkina Faso, and underline the role of culture in management....

Author(s): Théophile Bindeouè Nassè  

African Journal of Business Management
Determinant factors of consumers’ bank selection decision in Sudan

September 2019

The purpose of this study is to identify the key determinant of the bank selection decision by Sudanese banks’ customers. The motivation for this paper is the lack of research that empirically studied bank selection criteria that influence customers' selection decisions on banking services in Sudan. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires to a sample of 253 of Banks customers in Khartoum...

Author(s): Mansour Ilham Hassan Fathelrahman  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Evaluation of inactivated vaccine against fowl cholera developed from local isolates of Pasteurella multocida in Ethiopia

September 2019

Fowl cholera caused by Pasteurella multocida is among the serious infectious diseases of poultry in Ethiopia. This study was conducted to develop a vaccine from local strains of P. multocida and evaluate its performance. Inactivated vaccine was prepared following the OIE standards in three adjuvant formulations (oil, alum and gel). The performance of the different formulations was evaluated at different dose rates (0.5...

Author(s): Wubet W., Bitew M., Mamo G., Gelaye E., Tesfaw L., Sori H., Zewdie T. and Abayneh T.

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Assessing yield stability and adaptability of Andean common bean genotypes in the semi-arid environment of Botswana

September, 2019

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is a vital source of nutrients worldwide. It is one of the most consumed grain legume in Botswana. Fourteen Andean common bean genotypes were evaluated in four environments (two seasons and two diverse agro-ecologies) to determine the effect of genotype and environment interaction and yield stability. The genotypes were grown in a randomized complete block design with three...

Author(s): Odireleng O. Molosiwa, Joseph Pharudi, Seipati Seketeme, Patrick Mashiqa and Rowland Chirwa  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Heritability of reversion from Sweet potato feathery mottle virus infection in sweetpotato

September, 2019

Sweet potato feathery mottle virus (SPFMV) causes 50% yield losses in sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas). However, some cultivars have been observed to become SPFMV free following initial infection, a phenomenon termed reversion. The heritability of reversion from virus infections in sweetpotato remains unclear. This study is aimed at determining heritability of reversion from SPFMV in progeny of crossed reverting and...

Author(s): Alexander Ssamula, Geofrey Ogwal, Anthony Okiror, Brasio Settumba Mukasa and Peter Wasswa  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Yield prediction under associated millet and cowpea crops in the Sahelian zone

September, 2019

Dekads in the prediction of yields under associated millet and cowpea crops were studied in three localities located in the Sahelian zone. Multiple linear regressions was applied to create predictive models based on variables extracted from the decadal Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) image series from the SPOT VEGETATION satellite, the GeoWRSI tool, and the recorded ground rainfall. The earliest forecast...

Author(s): Yahaya Mounkaila,  Issa Garba and Baragé Moussa  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Vegetative and enzymatic analysis of the initial stages of Coffea arabica L. grown from seeds treated with humic substances

September, 2019

Arabica coffee is a perennial crop usually propagated by seeds, which must be healthy and able to form normal plants. The objective of this study was to analyze the vegetative and enzymatic reactions in the initial stages of Arabica coffee seedlings treated with different humic substances and at different concentrations. A germination test was conducted with Arabica coffee seeds of the Topazio MG 1190 cultivar using...

Author(s): Hariana Paula Alves de Azevedo, Alex Mendonça de Carvalho, Mariana Thereza Rodrigues Viana, Carlos Alberto Silva, Heloisa Oliveira dos Santos and Joyce Doria Rodrigues  

International Journal of Livestock Production
Feed intake, digestibility and growth performance of Begait sheep fed hay basal diet and supplemented with Tsara (Pterocarpus lucens), Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) leaves and concentrate mixture

September 2019

The study was conducted with the objective of measuring feed intake, digestibility, and growth performance of Begait sheep fed hay basal diet and supplemented with different levels of Tsara (Pterocarpus lucens) leaves, Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) leaves and concentrate mixture on iso-nitrogenous basis to supply 66.60 g/day crude protein (CP) on dry matter (DM) basis. Twenty five yearling male Begait sheep with initial...

Author(s): Abraham Teklehaymanot  

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds
Evaluation of diallel crosses of maize at multilocation (Zea mays L.) for saline tolerance

July –December 2019

A diallel cross was produced using diverse maize (Zea mays L.) germplasm of saline tolerant and saline susceptible maize lines as parents. Agronomic performance of the offspring of the diallel cross was examined. Eight germplasm lines bearing diversified agronomic traits of five known tolerant and susceptible lines were involved as parents of the diallel cross that was evaluated at three different ecological areas viz....

Author(s): Md. Motiar Rohman, Mohammad Golam Hossain, Sumaiya Haque Omy, Nusrat Jahan Methela and Md. Rezwan Molla      

African Journal of Biotechnology
Phenotypic characterization of selected Kenyan Khat (Catha edulis) cultivars based on morphological traits

September 2019

Khat (Catha edulis Vahl) is an evergreen shrub habitually ingested for its euphoric and stimulatory effects. The crop is grown in the Middle East, Somalia, East Africa and Ethiopia. It is referred to as Miraa in Kenya, while in Yemen it has several names like Qat, Kat, Kath, Gat, Chat and Tschat. It belongs to the sub-order Rosidae, family Celastraceae and characterized by astringent taste. Despite the daily use and...

Author(s): Loise N. Ngari, Shadrack N. Njagi, James K. Kamau, Rose C. Lagat, Amos M. Musyoki, Beryl O. Akoth, Festus Kioko, Zedekiah-A Okwany and Mathew P. Ngugi  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Potential of Opuntia stricta Haw (Mexican elephant ear) in removing cyanobacteria in surface water

September 2019

In this study, assays were carried out to evaluate the efficiency of cactus Opuntia stricta cladodes as a coagulant for removal of cyanobacteria cells. To carry out the coagulation assays, water from eutrophic reservoir Bodocongó, in Brazilian semiarid, with cyanobacteria bloom of Microcystis aeroginosa, Plankthotrix isothrix and Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii were sampled. This water was submitted to coagulation...

Author(s): Janiele F. Nery, Gleydson K. M. Nery, Adriana G. Magalhães and Salomão S. Medeiros  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Molecular characterization of Acinetobacter baumannii from patients with prolonged hospital stays in three tertiary hospitals of Kano Metropolis, Northwestern Nigeria

September 2019

Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the most important opportunistic bacterial pathogens that cause serious health care associated complications in hospitalized patients. This leads to prolong hospital stay which increase cost to both healthcare provider and family of the patients. The study aimed at molecular characterisation of A. baumannii from patients with prolonged hospital stays in three tertiary hospitals of Kano...

Author(s): Alkali Bashir, Adamu Almustapha Aliero, Abdurrazak Muhammad Idris, Hamisu Umar Takalmawa, Sarkinfada Faruk, and Agwu Ezera,

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Region of acquisition of urinary tract infection (UTI) may be an important parameter while treating UTI cases

September 2019

The study recently published on urinary tract infection (UTI) cases at Najran University Hospital, Najran region of Saudi Arabia (Alshabi et al., 2019), though small, only on 19 cases, have been concluded beautifully, “regional clinical data regarding the prevalence and efficacy of antibiotics should be taken into consideration along with the treatment guidelines”. The authors reported a study on only 19...

Author(s): Bhoj Raj Singh  

African Journal of Food Science
Chemical compositions of the essential oils of Plukenetia conophora leaves

September 2019

Plukenetia conophora fresh leaves were obtained from a farm in the Surulere Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria. The plant is a climber which normally found support in kola nut or cocoa tree. Standard method was used for the extraction of the oil. The oil was analyzed using gas chromatographic and gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometric methods. Fifteen compounds were identified in the leaves. The...

Author(s): Akintola A. O., Ibikunle G. J., Odeniyi M. A., Faboya O. O. P., Onawumi O. O. E and Ayoola P. B  

Scientific Research and Essays
Structural plasticity and species distribution in a peri-urban mangrove of Southeastern Brazil

July-September 2019

The goal of this study was to evaluate the structural plasticity and distribution of mangrove species in the Estuarine System of Greater Vitória (ESGV). Four areas distributed along the estuary were analyzed. Fringe and basin forests were sampled in each station. Concomitantly to the forest sampling, interstitial salinity was measured in the field, and sediment was collected for analysis of organic matter (OM)...

Author(s): Sávia Soares Pascoalini, Mônica Maria Pereira Tognella, Karen Otoni de Oliveira Lima and Antelmo Ralph Falquetto  

Educational Research and Reviews
The opinions of participants’ about Grundtvig workshops on history and culture

September 2019

Grundtvig programme are activities aimed at providing adults with ways to improve their knowledge and skills. This study examined the opinions of adults who participated in four workshops on history and culture organized throughout Europe between 2009 and 2014 under the Grundtvig Adult Education Programme and Lifelong Learning Programme of the EU. The aim of the study was to analyze the opinions of adults from different...

Author(s): Ayşegül Nihan Erol Şahin  

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Evaluation of morphometric and physiological seed quality traits of improved cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) varieties in Sierra Leone

September 2019

A study was conducted at the Seed Laboratory of the Njala Agricultural Research Centre (NARC) to evaluate the seed quality traits of five cowpea genotypes at room temperature (25 ± 2°C). The five genotypes studied were Slipeas 1, 2, 4 and 5 and local Tabe. The trial was laid out in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) in four replicates. The results indicated that the local variety (Tabe) had the highest...

Author(s): Ernest G. Kamara, Saidu D. Mansaray, Milton K. Kabbia, Moses T. Moseray and Jigba M. Jabbie

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Impacts of soil and water conservation on crop yield, soil properties, water resources, and carbon sequestration: A review

July-September 2019

This paper reviews the impact of soil and water conservation (SWC) measures on crop yield, soil properties, water resources and carbon sequestration. Land degradation due to soil erosion in Ethiopia is too severe which affects the livelihood of a community and ecosystem functions. The dry and highland part of the country was identified as seriously vulnerable to land degradation because of soil erosion. And, soil...

Author(s): Abebe Bezu and Ketema Tezera  

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Soil characterization and evaluation of blended (YaraMila cereal) fertilizer for bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production at Aleltu areas in North Shewa Zone of Oromia region

July-September 2019

The main objective of the study was to characterize the soils on the basis of selected soil physicochemical properties and to evaluate the effects of blended fertilizer (YaraMila cereal) applications on yield and yield components of bread wheat on the major soil types in the study area. The field experiment involved 5 treatments (control, three rates of blended fertilizer and recommended nitrogen and phosphorus...

Author(s): Serkalem Tamiru and Sosena Amsalu  

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Impact of soil and water conservation technology adoption on smallholder farms in South-Western Uganda

September 2019

For countries where the agricultural sector supports a majority of the population as in Uganda, the link between poverty and land degradation is of great significance. Soil and water conservation technologies are a recommended means of reducing degradation rates. However, ex-ante and ex-post analyses of the impact of these technologies remain few. Using survey data collected from 338 randomly selected households in the...

Author(s): Alice Turinawe  

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Effect of lead on the activity of antioxidant enzymes and male reproductive hormones

July-September 2019

Environmental exposure to heavy metals such as lead is detrimental to male reproductive system. Lead induced oxidative stress is believed to contribute immensely to male infertility. The study was designed to investigate the influence of environmental lead exposure on the activities of antioxidant enzymes and male reproductive hormones levels in male individuals of Bagega and Kawaye villages of Anka Local Government...

Author(s): S. Rabiu, M. G. Abubakar, D. M. Sahabi and M. A. Makusidi  

Journal of Engineering and Computer Innovations
Notice of Retraction: RodentSQL: A software suite for colony management of animal protocols

September 2019

The editors of the Journal of Engineering and Computer Innovations (JECI) are retracting the article, “RodentSQL: A software suite for colony management of animal protocols” published in 2018 (Vol. 5(1), pp. 1-5, August 2018). This is informed by the authors’ requests due to funding issues.      

Author(s): Shrikant Pawar and Harshul Batra

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
A view of road transport in Africa

August 2019

Transport sector is usually divided into four main modes: road, air, maritime and rail modes. In sub-Sahara Africa, road appears as the dominant mode. Railways were developed during the colonial period but almost abandoned since the independence in most countries. Air transport once seen as sign of economic prosperity and instrument of sovereignty is far from being competitive. Maritime transport is mainly on coastal...

Author(s): B. F. Tchanche  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Assessment of radiological risk from the soils of artisanal mining areas of Anka, North West Nigeria

August 2019

Assessment of radiological risk was carried out on twenty soil samples collected from agricultural, mining and mine processing areas in Anka, Zamfara State, North Western Nigeria. The measurement of activity concentration of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K was performed using the gamma-ray spectrometer equipped with a high purity germanium detector. The values of the activity concentration of 226Ra ranged from 24.69±4.26 to...

Author(s): Mbet Amos Akpanowo, Ibrahim Umaru and Shekwonyadu Iyakwari  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Exergy consumption analysis of the transportation sector of Senegal

August 2019

Exergy analysis has become widely recognized and adopted as a powerful tool for physical and engineering systems analysis. In this paper, it was applied to transportation modes. Transport is second after the residential sector in Senegal when it comes to energy consumption and relies on imported fossil fuels. In 2013, it consumed around 32 PJ which represented 30% of total energy consumed in the country. Exergy use...

Author(s): B. F. Tchanche

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Effect of seed pre-treatment and its duration on germination of Detarium microcarpum (Guill. and Perr.)

August 2019

Detarium microcarpum Guill and Perr is a multipurpose tree species indigenous to semi-arid regions of Sub-Saharan Africa.  It is being exploited to local extinction due to high dependence for fuelwood and other uses. The present study explored different pre-treatment methods for enhancing seed germination and growth of D. microcarpum in the Guinea savanna zone of Ghana.  The experiment employed a 4 × 4...

Author(s): Bernard Nuoleyeng Baatuuwie, Latif Iddrisu Nasare, Adnan Smaila, Hamza Issifu and William Jasper Asante

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Antioxidant and cicatrizing activity of the species Abarema cochliacarpos (Gomes) Barneby & J. W. Grimes

August, 2019

In equine clinics, skin injuries are some of the most frequently treated injuries, this research evaluated the healing potential and antioxidant activity of Abarema cochliacarpos in order to develop a pharmaceutical formulation for treating skin lesions in horses. Firstly, the antioxidant activity of several fractions was evaluated using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical method and the thiobarbituric acid test....

Author(s): Saskya Araújo Fonseca, J. R. M. Costa, N. R. S. Gomes, Amanda Lima Cunha, João Gomes da Costa, Thiago José Matos-Rocha, Karwhory Wallas Lins da Silva, Paulo Henrique Barcellos França, Francisco Feliciano da Silva Júnior, Antônio Euzébio Goulart Sant’Ana and Aldenir Feitosa dos Santos,  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Acute toxicity evaluation of ethanolic extract of the air parts of Sida rhombifolia L., in wistar rats

August, 2019

Sida rhombifolia L., popularly known in Brazil as "SIDA" or "mata-pasto", is considered a weed; a plant of the American continent and widely distributed in North Africa, belongs to the Malvaceae family. In Brazil, S. rhombifolia L. is scattered throughout the national territory, infesting agricultural crops. Certain species of the genus Sida, including S. rhombifolia, are widely used in Indian,...

Author(s): Luciana da Silva Nunes Ramalho, Gabriela Tafaela Dias, Edla Julinda Ribeiro Coutinho Espinola Guedes, Micaelly da Silva Oliveira, Andressa Brito Lira, Kardilândia Mendes de Oliveira, Otemberg Souza Chaves, Josué do Amaral Ramalho, Alexandre Rolim da Paz , Janine Agra Padilha, Hilzeth de Luna Freire Pessoa, Maria de Fátima Vanderlei de Souza, Caliandra Maria Bezerra Luna Lima and Margareth de Fátima Formiga Melo Diniz  

African Journal of Plant Science
Correlation and path analysis of yield, yield contributing and malt quality traits of Ethiopian sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) genotypes

August 2019

Sorghum is a drought tolerant C4 tropical crop with wide diversity grown for food, feed and beverages. There is a growing demand for food and malt type sorghum varieties due to the low supply of mat barley, and climate resilient and gluten free nature of the crop. This study was initiated to estimate the associations among traits and the relative importance of traits in influencing grain yield and malting quality of...

Author(s): Gobezayohu Haftu Mengesha, Firew Mekbib Hailemariam, Taye Tadesse Mindaye, Berhane Lakew and Ramesh Pal Singh Verma

African Journal of Plant Science
Evaluation of sowing date and fertilization with nitrogen in maize cultivars in rainy conditions in Zambia

August 2019

A study was conducted at the Zambia Agriculture Research Institute (ZARI), Central Research Station, Mount Makulu (latitude: 15.550° S, longitude: 28.250° E, altitude: 1213 m), Zambia to investigate the effects of sowing date (SD), maize (Zea mays L.) cultivars and 3 N fertilizer rates on yield and yield components. Maize cultivars were planted on 12th December, 2016 (SD1), 26th December, 2016 (SD2) and 9th...

Author(s): Charles Bwalya Chisanga, Elijah Phiri and Vernon R. N. Chinene

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Determination of the genus Meloidogyne species and study of their impact on the market gardening in the area of Bamako, Mali

August, 2019

The development of market gardening is faced with many problems among which there are the nematodes of the genus Meloidogyne. The aim of this study is twofold: (a) determining the Meloidogyne species that are crowned by the perineal plates of female and (b) studying the impact of the multiplication of these nematodes on the tomato cv Roma (Lycopersicon esculentum L). Root samples were collected at five sites around...

Author(s): Boubacar K. Touré, Mohamed S. Maïga, Doulaye Dembélé and Hammache Miloud  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Genetic diversity of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) varieties grown in Daloa district in Central-Western Côte d'Ivoire

August, 2019

Cassava is an important staple food in Côte d'Ivoire produced in several areas including the Daloa district in Central-Western Region. However, this plant experiences biotic and abiotic constraints that strongly limit its productivity. Proper knowledge of genetic diversity is important to mitigate these constraints and select resistant and well adapted genotypes to increase the productivity. This study...

Author(s): Flora Yao, Mathurin Koffi, Innocent Abe, Bernardin Ahouty, Siriki Simaro, Ibrahim Konaté, Barkissa Traore, Edwige Sokouri, Martial N’Djetchi, Thomas Konan  and Tidou A. Sanogo  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Parent-offspring regression, correlation and genetic advance of drought and yield traits at early generation in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

August, 2019

A study was carried out to estimate the parent-offspring regression and correlation and, to determine genetic advance of yield and drought related traits of groundnut at early segregating populations. All the experiments were conducted in the dry season 2015/2016 at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics ICRISAT Samanko, Mali under full irrigation and drought stress conditions. The data...

Author(s): Ousmane Sanogo, Pangirayi B. Tongoona, Kwadwo Ofori, Samuel K. Offei and Haile Desmae  

African Journal of Food Science
Moisture-dependent physical properties of Opeaburoo and Abontem maize varieties during drying

August 2019

This study specifically seeks to find out the changes in moisture content (MC) on two maize varieties (Opeaburoo and Abontem) in relation to designated physical attributes during drying. Four designated MC within a range of 22.3 to 12.8% wb for Opeaburoo and 21.5 to 12.3% wb for Abontem were used. The mean length, width and thickness dimensions reduced from 12.67 to 12.54 mm, 9.19 to 9.12 mm, and 4.58 to 4.51 mm,...

Author(s): Ofori Hayford, Amoah Francis, Arah Kojo Isaac, Aidoo Isaac Albert and Okley Tei Nathan

African Journal of Food Science
Oil yields for Allanblackia parviflora (tallow tree) in Ghana: the effects of oil extraction methods, tree morphology and environmental characteristics

August 2019

This study provided understanding of the oil yields from Allanblackia parviflora fruits in Ghana. The study sought patterns of variations in oil yield between 157 trees, 16 communities and 3 ecological zones. Ecological zone and soil properties were considered as surrogates for growing conditions associated with tree and fruit morphology. Kernel and seed oil yields were determined using the manual screw press ranged...

Author(s): Wilfred Sefah, Pierre Horwitz, Mary C. Boyce and Lydia Sefah

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