African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007

AJMR Articles

February 2019

A comparative study on antibacterial effects of Hagenia abyssinica oil extracted from different parts of the plant using different solvents against two selected and standardized human pathogens

Hagenia abyssinica is an important medicinal plant that the traditional society relied on for generations as a traditional medicine for various types of worm infections. The tree is a multipurpose dioecious tree and can grow up to 20 m in length. This research work is designed to investigate the antibacterial activity of H. abyssinica oils extracted using three different kinds of solvent and from three...

Author(s): Getachew Abebe and Getachew Birhanu  

February 2019

Biosynthesis of cadmium selenide quantum dots by Providencia vermicola

Cadmium selenide quantum dots (CdSe QDs) were synthesized by using Providencia vermicola BGRW, which has discriminatory ability to resist many metals such as Selenium, Cadmium, Silver, Zinc, Copper, Lead, Nickel, Cobalt and Bismuth metals. BGRW was able to grow in the presence of 6 mM of CdCl2. The best conditions for extra/intracellular CdSe QDs synthesis were 0.1 mM SeO2: 0.9 mM CdCl2, 37°C, pH 9 within 24 h. The...

Author(s): Rawan S. Abou-Assy, Bahig A. El-Deeb, Abdullah D. Al-Talhi and Nasser Y. Mostafa,

February 2019

Influence of aqueous extracts of black angico on Pratylenchus brachyurus in cotton plants

The root lesion nematode (Pratylenchus brachyurus) is one of the main phytosanitary problems of cotton plants in Brazil. Searching for alternatives that minimize the damages in the crop, several methods are performed aiming to manage these damages. Among them, is the use of vegetal extracts. In this sense, the aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of black angico extract (Anadenanthera macrocarpa) in the...

Author(s): Wéverson Lima Fonseca⊃, Fernandes Antonio de Almeida⊃, Rezanio Martins Carvalho, Tarciana Silva dos Santos, Ananda Rosa Beserra Santos, Joelma Santana Rezende, Maria Lúcia Tiburtino Leite, Jeissica Taline Prochnow and Ana Paola Pieta Rambo

February 2019

Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacteria spp having antibacterial and antiviral effects on chronic HCV infection

Hepatitis C virus is a serious hepatic disease that could be developed into hepatocellular carcinoma. Previously, some probiotic strains showed a natural therapeutic activity against the fatty liver disorder. Therefore, it could make sense to evaluate the antiviral and antibacterial responses to probiotics as Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacteria spp. in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus. Twenty (20)...

Author(s): Nanis G. Allam, Mohamed L. Salem, Hassan Elbatae and Maii Moustafa Nabieh  

February 2019

Molecular characterization of silver resistant E. coli strains isolated from patients suffering from diarrhea

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are considered a good alternative for antibiotics due to emerging Multidrug Resistance (MDR) crisis. Resistance to AgNPs is approximately limited among Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens. Low toxicity to human cells permits its safe use as a new antimicrobial with broad spectrum. Bacterial cells are used as a factory for AgNPs synthesis supplying a powerful antimicrobial with...

Author(s): Doaa Safwat Mohamed, Eman Farouk Ahmed and Rehab Mahmoud Abd El-Baky,

January 2019

Antibacterial activities of aqueous and methanol leaf extracts of Solanum incanum Linn. (Solanaceae) against multi-drug resistant bacterial isolates

It is estimated that about 80% of the world’s population use medicinal plants either in their crude unmodified form or partially in their modified semi-synthetic form for their medical care. The present study investigated the antibacterial activity of aqueous and methanol leaf extracts of Solanum incanum Linn. (Solanaceae) against multiple drug resistant (MDR) clinical isolates (Streptococcus pyogenes,...

Author(s): Ayodele Oluwasoji Akanmu, Yakaka Alhaji Bulama, Sulayman Tunde Balogun and Samaila Musa

January 2019

Evaluation of bacterial culture and their resistant pattern in pus containing patients of different wards of the hospital, Lahore, Pakistan

In health care delivery worldwide, infections acquired in health care setting are the most challenging factors. Infections due to antibiotic resistant bacteria have increased day by day in both developed and developing countries. This study is performed to screen the bacterial pathogens present in pus samples taken from patients of different wards of hospital. Isolation of bacteria was determined by standard microbial...

Author(s): Nureen Zahra, Tooba iftikhair, Rabail Alam, Asia Parveen, Sobia Alyas, Beenish Zahid, Aysha Shaukat and Arshad Munir  

January 2019

In vitro activities of aqueous and hydro-ethanolic extracts of Ocimum gratissimum on Escherichia coli ESBL, Klebsiella pneumoniae ESBL and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

The misuse of antibiotics plays a role in increasing of antimicrobial resistance. The plants, of traditional use, then become an alternative solution to deal with this public health issue. Ocimum gratissimum L. is a widely used plant in Togo for several diseases. The objective of this work was to evaluate the antibacterial activity of the hydro-ethanolic and aqueous extracts of the leaves of this plant, by measuring the...

Author(s): Mounerou Salou, Dede Egnoname Ekoue-Toulan, Sika Dossim and Amegnona Agbonon

January 2019

Multiplex RT-PCR identification of five viruses associated with the watermelon crops in the Brazilian Cerrado

Watermelon plants can be naturally infected by several viruses in single or mixed infections, of which the diagnosis is difficult and require specific techniques. This study aims to detect and to verify the presence of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), Papaya ringspot virus type W (PRSV-W), Watermelon mosaic virus (WMV), Zucchini lethal chlorosis virus (ZLCV), Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV), and the main cucurbit...

Author(s): Raimundo Wagner de Souza Aguiar, Adelmo Rodrigues Martins, Vitor L. Nascimento, Aristóteles Capone, Lara Teixeira Melo Costa, Fabrício Souza Campos, Rodrigo Ribeiro Fidelis, Gil Rodrigues dos Santos, Renato de Oliveira Resende and Tatsuya Nagata  

January 2019

Effects of Lactobacillus spp. isolated from the sap of palm tree Elaeis guineensis (palm wine) on cellular and innate immunity

The isolation, characterization and effects of lactobacillus spp. from fresh palm wine was undertaken in this study. The aim of this study was to isolate and investigate the in vivo effects of the isolates on innate and cellular immune system. The result of the phenotypic and genotypic characterizations showed the presence of Lactobacillus brevis, Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. Tolerans, Lactobacillus paracasei and...

Author(s): Eze Christopher Osita, Berebon Dinebari Philip, Gugu Thadeus Harrison, Nworu Chukwuemeka Sylvester and Esimone Charles Okechukwu  

January 2019

Identification of fliC and flagella expression in Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Gallinarum biovar gallinarum

Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica ser. Gallinarum biovar. gallinarum (S. gallinarum) is the causative agent of fowl Typhoid, a bacterial disease that affects domestic and wild birds. For many years, S. gallinarum was defined as an aflagellated bacterium, that is, non-motile. However, the closely related strain Salmonella pullorum is capable of expressing a flagellum-like filament. Since these bacteria are practically...

Author(s): Julia Díaz Cortés, Xochil Vega-Manriquez and Antonio Verdugo-Rodríguez

January 2019

Evaluation of starter culture fermented sweet potato flour using FTIR spectra and GCMS Chromatogram

Starch is the major component of cereal grains and starchy foods, and changes in its biophysical and biochemical properties (such as, amylose, amylopectin, pasting, gelatinization, viscosity) will have a direct effect on its end use properties (such as, bread, malt, polymers). Lactobacillus brevis and Debaromyces polymorphous  earlier obtained from fermented sweet poatao broth were used to ferment sweet potato and...

Author(s): Ajayi O. I., Okedina T. A.,  Samuel A. E.,  Asieba G. O., Jegede A. A., Onyemali C. P., Ehiwuogu-Onyibe J., Lawal A. K. and Elemo G. N.  

January 2019

In vitro antibacterial activity of Rumex nervosus and Clematis simensis plants against some bacterial human pathogens

Due to quick growth of resistance and high cost of new generation antibiotics, lots of efforts were made to discover new antimicrobial agents from various sources. So, current study was assessed antibacterial activity of ethanol, methanol, acetone, diethyl ether and hexane leave extracts of Rumex nervosus and Clematis simensis by used paper disc diffusion and broth dilution procedures against six human pathogenic...

Author(s): Habtamu Tedila and Addisu Assefa  

January 2019

Study on bovine mastitis with isolation of bacterial and fungal causal agents and assessing antimicrobial resistance patterns of isolated Staphylococcus species in and around Sebeta town, Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2016 to May 2017 in and around Sebeta town with the aim of assessing the prevalence of mastitis, isolation of aerobic bacterial and fungal causal agents and assessing antimicrobial resistance pattern of isolated Staphylococcus species in dairy cows. From a total of 383 dairy cows, 220 (57.4%) were found to be positive for mastitis of which 10.4% were affected by...

Author(s): Tesfaye Bekele, Matios Lakew, Getachew Terefe, Tafesse Koran, Abebe Olani, Letebrihan Yimesgen, Mekdes Tamiru and Tilaye Demissie  

December 2018

Antibacterial activity of endophytic fungus, Penicillium griseofulvum MPR1 isolated from medicinal plant, Mentha pulegium L.

In the present study, an endophytic fungus with a considerable antimicrobial activity was isolated from the medicinal plant Mentha Pulegium L. The morphological and molecular identification revealed that this fungus is a Penicillium griseofulvum. A preliminary screening was done to choose the suitable culture medium for a maximum production of the bioactive compounds using the dual-culture agar diffusion assay. The malt...

Author(s): Amina ZERROUG, Nouari SADRATI, Rasime DEMIREL, Sabrina BAKLI and Daoud HARZALLAH  

December 2018

Health and nutritional quality assessment of salmonella-contaminated poultry products in sub-Saharan Africa; A case of cote d'ivoire

The poultry sector is developing rapidly in sub-Saharan Africa but it remains informal in many countries, including Côte d'Ivoire. This situation, which is favourable to the health and nutritional insecurity of food of avian origin, deserves special attention, because of Salmonella, which has poultry as its outbreak. The aim of this study was to help reduce the risk of food poisoning linked to the consumption...

Author(s): Koffi Ahua René, KOUADIO-N’GBESSO Nadège, Ouassa Timothée, Atobla Koua, KOUAME N’Zébo Désiré and DadiE Adjéhi

December 2018

Antimicrobial resistance pattern of MRSA strains isolated from patients of a hospital in Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains are on the rise leading to severe morbidity and mortality in ICU patients worldwide including Saudi Arabia. In the present study, the prevalence, gender distribution and antimicrobial resistance pattern of this gram-positive nosocomial bacterial pathogen were explored. The strains were isolated from 6840 sampled patients at King Fahd...

Author(s): Samah Ghanem, Saleh A. Bahashwan, Hatem M. El Shafey, Ahmed A. Fayed, Areej Alhhazmi and Nikhat Manzoor,

December 2018

An evaluation of the effect of graphene oxide on Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Graphene oxide (GO) has a wide range of applications. It has been identified to have significant potential for important biomedical and biochemical uses. Graphene and its derivatives are known to elicit toxic effects. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a versatile yeast of importance with several uses, one of which is its application as a human probiotic. The interaction of GO with living systems is of interest and relevance....

Author(s): Nafisat Omotayo, Onyanobi Abel-Anyebe,, Oluwasogo Olalubi,  Obaid Ullah, Shahlla Mir, Opeyemi Ojekunle, Adedamola Olatoregun, Judith Anglin and Ayodotun Sodipe,  

December 2018

Isolation and characterization of phenol degrading Bacillus species from a Southeast Brazilian mangrove sediment

Phenolic compounds are common pollutants in industrial effluents and pose a significant risk to the environment. The microbial capacity to degrade these molecules makes the prospection of bacteria with this ability very strategic for bioremediation processes in contaminated areas. This study was carried out to isolate bacteria with phenol degrading capacity from Brazilian mangrove soil. Microorganisms were evaluated for...

Author(s): Anna Paula Santos Almeida Rotta, Bruno Francesco Rodrigues de Oliveira, Renan de Souza Soares, Igor Daniel Alves Ribeiro, Ariana Alves Rodrigues, Danns Pereira Barbosa, Matheus Maitan Vieira and José Daniel Gonçalves Vieira  

December 2018

Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of uropathogenic microorganisms associated with vesico-vaginal fistula (VVF) patients in Abakaliki, South eastern Nigeria

The objective of this study was to review the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of uropathogenic microorganisms associated with VVF patients in Abakaliki, South eastern Nigeria. Out of the 117 bacterial isolates obtained from 108 mid-stream urine samples of VVF patients, 72 isolates [15 (20.8%) Staphylococcus aureus, 8 (11.1%) Enterococcus faecalis, 12 (16.7%) Klebsiella pneumoniae, 11 (15.3%) Proteus mirabilis, and...

Author(s): Ugbo, E. N, Moses, I. B, Orji, J. O. Ukpai, E. G, Eluu, S. C, Egbule, C. U, Uzoeto, H. O and Okata-Nwali, D. O  

December 2018

Diversity and Symbiotic Effectiveness of Rhizobium Isolates Collected from Different Faba bean (Vicia faba) Growing Areas of North and South Gondar, Ethiopia

Fifty seven Rhizobium isolates were retrieved based on infection method from different faba bean growing areas of North and South Gondar, Ethiopia. In sand culture, only 35.5% of isolates showed nodulation. Analyses of variance indicated that inoculation of isolates improved tested traits significantly (p< 0.05) at all measured investigated parameters such as shoot length, shoot dry weight, and plant total nitrogen...

Author(s): Zewdu Teshome Awlachew and Samuel Sahile Woldemariam

December 2018

Agronomic performance of soybean treated with Bacillus amyloliquefaciens

The development of practices that maintain or increases soybean yield can increase the profitability of this crop. In this context, the use of microorganism-based products in crops has been extensively studied. Among the species, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens has shown significant potential for agronomic use due to its ability to control phytoparasitic microorganisms and its effects in promoting plant growth. The aim of...

Author(s): Fabiano Aparecido Rios, Schwan-Estrada Kátia Regina Freitas, Robinson Luiz Contiero, Guilherme Braga Pereira Braz, Rodrigo Roman, Rafael Brugnera Belani and Valdenir Catapan

December 2018

Seroprevalence of Chikungunya during outbreak in Dhaka, Bangladesh in 2017

Chikungunya (CHIK) infection is re-emergence public health problem globally including Bangladesh. It is an arthropod-borne disease, which is transmitted by mosquitoes bite. The virus was first isolated in Newala district of Tanzania in 1953. In 2017, an outbreak of Chikungunya, has struck Bangladesh’s capital, Dhaka. This study was conducted to know the seroprevalence, clinical presentations and seasonal trends of...

Author(s): Or Rashid Md Haroon, Md Monowar Hossen Patwary, Syed Mohammed Faruk, Ahmed Imtiaz, Avijit Loha and Rahman Md. Zahedur

November 2018

Epidemiology, prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility profiles of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in farm animals and farm workers in the Central Region of Ghana

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the most important microorganisms which has increasingly become resistant to most commonly used antimicrobials. This research investigated the epidemiology, nasal carriage prevalence and the antibiotic susceptibility profile of MRSA among farm animals and farm workers in the Central Region of Ghana. A total of 396 nasal swabs were collected from farm animals...

Author(s): Clement Yaw Effah, Nicholas T. K. D. Dayie, Senyo Yao Akorli and Anthony Annan-Prah

November 2018

Root symbioses in two legume-grass consortia inoculated with soils obtained from degraded coal mining areas in reclamation

The intense exploitation of coal deposits in Southern Brazil has caused severe degradation problems in extensive areas. In order to recover such areas, the use of revegetation with species adapted to disturbed environments and with the capacity to establish mutual relationships with microorganisms have been of great value. The objective of this study is to characterize plant-root symbioses in two grass-legume...

Author(s): Anabel González Hernández, Andressa D. Canei, Diana M. Morales Londoño (In Memoriam), Emanuela Pille da Silva, Francisco Xavier Nascimento, Luiz F. Souza, Beatriz Garcez Freitas da Silva, Edison Cardona, Yohan Fritsche, Aline Martins Cardozo, Michelle Barbosa Teixeira Loss, Admir José Giachini, Rafael Dutra de Armas, Paulo E. Lovato and Cláudio R. Fonsêca Sousa Soares

November 2018

Epidemiology of bloodstream infection in Saudi Arabia

Bloodstream infections are a challenge to clinicians due to high rates of morbidity and mortality. Moreover, rational antimicrobial therapy, if promptly started, can improve the prognosis of sepsis. The gold-standard blood culture has some limitations and it takes time to complete (about 2-5 days). This leaves the clinicians to start immediately broad-range antimicrobial therapy until microbiology culture’s...

Author(s): Hani A. Ozbak  

November 2018

Diagnosis of Trichomonas vaginalis using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) among women at Institut Pasteur of Côte d’Ivoire

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a mobile flagellate pathogenic protist protozoan of the urogenital tract, Trichomonas vaginalis. No data is available in Côte d’Ivoire about its diagnosis by molecular methods. This study aims to identify T. vaginalis by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) among women at Institut Pasteur of Côte d’Ivoire. Vaginal swabs were obtained from each...

Author(s): Blavo-Kouamé T, Angora K. E., Yéo A., Ouattara A., Ira-Bonouman A., Offianan A. T., Ouhon J. and Faye-Ketté H.

November 2018

Diversity of culturable endophytic fungi of Hevea guianensis: A latex producer native tree from the Brazilian Amazon

Hevea guianensis is a species of rubber tree native to the Amazon rainforest. This tree is highly exploited for latex extraction but is not cultivated. Therefore, few studies have investigated its microbiota. The aim of this study was to analyze the diversity of endophytic fungi in the leaves, stems and roots of H. guianensis trees from the Brazilian Amazon. A total of 92 fungi were isolated from different tissues of...

Author(s): Kaliane Sírio Araújo, Vanessa Nascimento Brito, Tomás Gomes Reis Veloso, Tiago de Souza Leite, Olinto Liparini Pereira, Eduardo Seiti Gomide Mizubuti and Marisa Vieira de Queiroz

November 2018

Impact of faecal bacteria contamination on drinking water supply in Aghien Lagoon, Abidjan, Ivory Coast

In developing countries, urban surface waters are particularly affected by faecal pollution from domestic wastewaters due to the lack of sanitation and wastewater treatment plants. The presence of pathogenic microorganisms limits the uses of these waters for recreation and economic activities. In Ivory Coast, due to the important gap between water demand and water supply in urban areas, use of surface waters for the...

Author(s): Nouho Koffi Ouattara, Cyr-Kevin Yao Kouamé Bamory Kamagaté, Lanciné Goné Droh, Allassane Ouattara and Germain Gourène

November 2018

Antibiotics resistance patterns of Panton-Valentine leukocidin-positive methicillin-resistant staphylococci isolated from clinical samples in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

Methicillin-resistant staphylococci have emerged as significant pathogens which cause various infections and its multidrug resistance is a major concern. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) gene and antibiotic resistance patterns of staphylococci isolated from clinical infections in Abidjan. A total of 35 staphylococci strains was obtained from 35 clinical samples (pus,...

Author(s): Sylvie M. Kouamé-Sina, N’Golo D. Coulibaly, Fernique Konan, Yakoura K. Ouattara, Kan S. Kouassi, Solange Ngazoa-Kakou, Nathalie K.Guessennd and Adjéhi Dadié

November 2018

Phenotypic and molecular characterization of inducible clindamycin resistance among Staphylococcal strains isolated from cancer patients with febrile neutropenia

This work aimed at the phenotypic and molecular characterization of inducible clindamycin resistance among strains of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from cancer patients with febrile neutropenia. Out of 231clinical specimens Staphylococci were isolated from 179 (77.48%) cases. Isolates were identified by conventional microbiological methods. Antimicrobial sensitivity to all isolates was done using disc diffusion...

Author(s): Rasha A.Alm El-Din, Hanan El-Bassat, Mohamed El-Bedewy and Mohamed A. Alm El-Din

October 2018

Antibacterial activity of Ocimum gratissimum (scent leaf) on some pathogenic gastrointestinal bacteria

The emergence of antibiotic resistance as well as the recent undesirable side effect of some of the commercially available antibiotics has led to the screening of plant extract in order to discover new drug that could serve as alternative therapy for the treatment of various infections and diseases. Fresh leaf of Ocimum gratissimum (scent leaf) sample was collected, air-dried at room temperature and blended to powder...

Author(s): Agholor Kin, Lucy M. Yaki, Idris Abubakar, Lucy F. Olusola and Rakiya Zubairu  

October 2018

In vitro study on the anti-microbial efficacy of Aloe vera against Candida albicans

Oral Candida infections are common among the people who are immunocompromised, with poor oral hygiene, diabetics and advanced age. Even though several effective antifungal agents are available for treating oral Candida infections, on prolonged and frequent treatment with these drugs, they may result in development of drug resistant organisms. This leads to looking for an effective, inexpensive and simple alternative....

Author(s): T. Jeevitha, K. Deepa and A. Michael  

October 2018

Bio-preservative potential of lactic acid bacteria metabolites against fungal pathogens

Bio-preservative potential of the secondary metabolites produced by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from fermented cassava was assessed against fungal pathogens associated with spoilage of fresh fruits and vegetables. Twenty LAB isolates were identified according to standard morphological and biochemical methods and ten were subjected to phenotypic and genotypic identifications. The metabolites produced were tested...

Author(s): Awah, J. I., Ukwuru, M. U., Alum, E. A. and Kingsley, T. L.  

October 2018

Detection of Escherichia coli and total microbial population in River Siran water of Pakistan using Emb and Tpc agar

There is an increased ratio of gastrointestinal diseases in the area of Mansehra, Pakistan, which depends on the Siran River for drinking. These diseases drew our attention to analyze the microbial population. For detection of Escherichia coli and other microbial population, samples were collected from different regions of Mansehra, Pakistan. Two samples were collected from each site for proper detection of...

Author(s): Sahibzada Waheed Abdullah, Sahibzadi Aalia Gul, Sana Farheen, Tayba kibrea, Adila Saleem, Sahibzadi Sana Gul and Umair Ahmad

October 2018

Antimicrobial, antiparasitic and antiproliferative effects of the extract of Bacillus safensis SG-32 isolated from a Brazilian oil reservoir

Strains previously isolated from offshore oil reservoirs in Campos Basin (RJ, Brazil) and Potiguar Basin (RN, Brazil) were tested for production of antimicrobial compounds. Sixteen bacteria produced compounds with antimicrobial activity. The strain chosen for further study was Bacillus safensis SG-32 based on its ability to inhibit 76% of the strains tested. The bacterium was grown in Marine Broth (MB) and the hexane...

Author(s): Tiago Rodrigues e Silva, Eugenio Vaz dos Santos Neto, Ana Lucia Tasca Goiz Ruiz, Mary Ann Foglio, Caio Haddad Franco, Carolina Borsoi Moraes and Valéria Maia de Oliveira  

September 2018

Optimization of culture conditions for Paecilomyces lilacinus (Thom) Samson M-14

Paecilomyces lilacinus is known as an effective parasite on nematodes which cause diseases to plants. P. lilacinus shows potential as a biocontrol agent against plant parasitic nematodes. The objective of this study is to optimize culture methods including nutritional requirements and environmental factors. The optimized culture conditions for biomass yields of P. lilacinus M-14 were spore suspension on basal medium...

Author(s): Xiaoqing Wei, Changzhong Liu and Li Gao  

September 2018

Indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with tree species of the agroforestry systems of Rwanda and their potential to colonize maize roots

Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) form symbiotic associations with plant roots and can help mobilize nutrients from soil to the plant. The current study hypothesized that agroforestry systems of Rwanda harbor AMF with the potential to colonize roots of crops and hence enhance productivity. AMF spores were extracted from soil samples collected around most dominant tree species in Bugesera and Rubavu districts,...

Author(s): Jean de Dieu Habiyaremye, Catherine Muthuri, Viviene Matiru, John Nyaga, Athanase Mukuralinda, Vicky Ruganzu, Jean Damascene Ngabonziza and Fergus Sinclair  

September 2018

Candida albicans interdigital foot infection: A case report highlighting the importance of antifungal susceptibility testing

Candida species are opportunistic fungal pathogens which are often isolated from immunocompromised individuals. Candida albicans is the most frequently isolated species in both superficial and invasive candidiasis. Non-albicans species are equally striving in their pathogenic ability, but it is noticed that C. albicans continues to exert its relevance as the leading cause of candidiasis. This is confirmed by this case...

Author(s): Yahaya Hassan, Sharif Alhassan Abdullahi, and Leslie Thian Lung Than  

September 2018

Isolation and characterization of actinomycetes with antimicrobial activity from the soil and the effect of the environmental factors on their antimicrobial activity

This study aimed at isolating and characterizing antibiotic producing actinomycetes from a specific geographic location Alba’qa, Jordan, with a known soil character, and study the effect of the environmental factors on their antimicrobial activity, in order to relate the actinomycetes flora to the environmental characteristics. Soils of the Alba’qa region are of uniform composition and contain antimicrobial...

Author(s): Samar Qaddoumi, Nasser EL-Banna and Hanin El-Banna  

September 2018

Microbial contamination of the non-alcoholic beverage Gnamakoudji made from Zingiber officinale in Daloa, Côte d’Ivoire

Street food has become unavoidable in the current scheme of restoration in urban Africa. This study aimed to study the microbiological contamination of a refreshing artisanal drink, Gnamakoudji, made from Zingiber officinale sold in the city of Daloa (Côte d’Ivoire). Physicochemical tests showed that Gnamakoudji is an acidic drink (pH ≈ 3.83) and very sweet (0.2 gmL-1). Microbiological analyses...

Author(s): KOUASSI Kouassi Clément, VOKO Don-Rodrigue Rosin Bi, KOFFI Affoué Carole, KOUAME Konan Bekanti Eric-Bienvenue and KOFFI-NEVRY Rose    

September 2018

Handling conditions and microbial contamination of fish from Ouagadougou markets in Burkina Faso

The purpose of this study was to analyze the handling conditions and microbial contamination of fish from Ouagadougou markets. In spite of the fact that fish consumption is linked to several events of alimentary infection in Burkina Faso, fewer studies were dedicated to this issue. The study was conducted using two approaches. First, an investigation conducted with fish sellers to evaluate handling hygienic conditions...

Author(s): Achille S. OUEDRAOGO, Adama OUEDA, Awa GNEME, Gueswendé L. SAVADOGO, Nicolas BARRO and Gustave B. KABRE

September 2018

Isolation and characterization of pea plant (Pisum sativum L.) growth-promoting Rhizobacteria

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are well-known to influence plant growth via a variety of mechanisms such as nitrogen fixation, production of volatile organic compounds and enzymes, and bioremediation contaminants from the environment. PGPR have been previously identified by other researchers using laboratory screening methods. It was hypothesized that relying on these routine laboratory tests, some PGPR...

Author(s): Noha Ibrahim Osman, and Shixue Yin  

September 2018

Screening of bacteria isolated from the rhizosphere of maize plant (Zea mays L.) for ammonia production and nitrogen fixation

Eleven (11) rhizobacteria identified as Azospirillum sp. isolated from the rhizosphere of maize plants grown in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria were evaluated for ammonia production and nitrogen fixation. The micro-Kjeldahl method was used for the screening of the isolates for nitrogen fixation. Nitrogenase activity ranging from 1.20 to 10.60% was detected in seven of the eleven isolates. Results show that treatments with...

Author(s): Patrick Okorie Richard, Abimbola Olumide Adekanmbi and Adeniyi Adewale Ogunjobi  

September 2018

Predicting maize and soybean crops dry biomass through rhizobacteria microorganisms activity on foliar bio-fertilizer in an arid agro-climate: A multiple linear regression analysis

After previously showing rhizobacteria Pseudomonas fluorescence and foliar bio-fertilizer mixture as a suitable practice in improving maize and soybean crops development and dry biomass, this study thus embark on predicting the above-mentioned plants dry biomass feature through their yield and growth parameters by assessing P. fluorescence activities on foliar bio-fertilizer in an arid agro-climate. For this purpose,...

Author(s): Noel Dougba Dago, Nafan Diarrassouba, Martial Didier Yao Saraka, Jean-Luc Aboya Moroh, Inza Jesus Fofana,  Lamine Baba-Moussa and Adama Coulibaly  

September 2018

Molecular phylogeny and genetic diversity studies of some potent endophytic fungi isolated from medicinal plants (Calotropis procera and Catharanthus roseus) using 18S rRNA and RAPD analysis

Molecular identification of four endophytic fungi (Penicillium singorense, Curvularia geniculata, Aspergillus neoflavipes and Alternaria alternata) from two important medicinal plants, Calotropis procera (L.) R.Br. and Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don. was carried out by 18SrRNA sequencing. Genetic diversity using two RAPD primer viz. OPB-07 and OPC-06 showed good result with high polymorphism between the four strains....

Author(s): Debjani Roy Chowdhury, Swapan Kumar Chattopadhyay and Subhash Kanti Roy

September 2018

Detection of β-tubulin gene from benomyl sensitive isolates of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides causing anthracnose disease in mango

Twenty six isolates of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides from anthracnose infected mango fruits were isolated from different places of Tamil Nadu, India and these isolates were identified as C. gloeosporioides by Internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and species specific (CgInt) primers. The sensitivity of C. gloeosporioides isolates to benomyl fungicide were evaluated at five different concentrations viz., 0.5, 1, 2, 5, 10...

Author(s): Archana S., Raguchander T. and Prabakar K.

September 2018

Sero-prevalence of hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 3 in goats from Sokoto Metropolis, Nigeria

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a cause for public health concern in many developing countries where sanitation conditions are poor. Increasing attention has been focused on the zoonotic nature of HEV. Goats, along with other species of small ruminants have been reported to be susceptible to HEV infection. This study was designed to determine the infection rate of HEV3 by detecting antibodies against capsid proteins of HEV...

Author(s): Alkali B. R., Shuaibu A. B., Bello M., Abubakar M. B. and Daneji A. I.  

August 2018

Molecular detection and characterization of Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp. and Campylobacter spp. isolated from broiler meat in Jamalpur, Tangail, Netrokona and Kishoreganj districts of Bangladesh

The study was conducted to isolate, identify and characterize bacterial samples from broiler meat collected from 20 different upazilla markets of Jamalpur, Tangail, Netrokona and Kishoreganj districts of Bangladesh. A total of 20 samples were subjected to bacteriological isolation and identification, and the isolated bacteria were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing using disc diffusion method. Among the...

Author(s): Md. Kamrul Islam, S. M. Lutful Kabir, A. K. M. Ziaul Haque, Y. A. Sarker and M. H. Sikder  

August 2018

Screening of human diarrhoeal samples in Mymensingh city of Bangladesh for the isolation, identification and antimicrobial resistance profiles of Campylobacter spp.

Campylobacter spp. (Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli) are one of the major cause of food-borne bacterial diarrhoea in human worldwide. This study was conducted for the isolation, identification and antimicrobial resistance profiling of Campylobacter spp. from diarrhoeal samples of human collected from Surya Kanta (SK) hospital, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh during the period of August 2016 to October...

Author(s): Sudarsan Karmaker, S. M. Lutful Kabir, A. K. M. Ziaul Haque, Mohammad Ferdousur Rahman Khan and Yousuf Ali Sarker  

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