African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5169

AJMR Articles

Aflatoxins B1 contamination levels in maize and awareness of aflatoxins among main maize stakeholders in Chemba and Kondoa Districts, Tanzania

June 2022

Maize (Zea mays) is the staple food for the majority of people in Tanzania which plays a key role in subsistence and a cash crop among actors of the maize value chain. Environmental factors such as soil contamination by fungi, water stress, warm and humid conditions are among several factors contributing to fungal growth and aflatoxins contamination in maize, leading to significant economic loss, reduced household...

Author(s): Ndwata Asha Hamad, Rashid Suleiman A., Chaula Davis Noboth

Antibiotic susceptibility of bacteria isolates from ward environment of a hospital in Tema, Ghana

June 2022

Community and hospital-acquired antimicrobial resistance is on the increase worldwide and threatens the ability to treat patients effectively. This can result in high levels of morbidity and mortality from microbial infections. Susceptibility patterns help track microbial resistance potentials in order to enhance antibiotic prescription and use. The susceptibility patterns of Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella typhi...

Author(s): Apenteng John Antwi, Yeboah Esther Eyram Asare and Kyere-Davies Gertrude

Assessment of handwashing knowledge, attitude and practices among healthcare workers at Muhimbili National Hospital, Tanzania

June 2022

The World Health Organization (WHO) ranks healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) as one of the top ten causes of hospital death worldwide. Hand hygiene is arguably the simplest and most effective way to prevent the transmission of HCAI between one patient to another or from patients to healthcare workers. The practical implementation of hand hygiene depends on the attitude and knowledge of health practitioners regarding...

Author(s): Mtweve Deus M. and Sangeda Raphael Z.

Antibiogram and multidrug resistant pattern of Escherichia coli from environmental sources in Port Harcourt

June 2022

Antibiotics are the most successful form of therapeutics developed for the treatment of disease caused by bacteria. The study aimed to assess the prevalence of Escherichia coli and multidrug resistant pattern from environmental sources in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. Forty samples were collected from environmental sources including poultry litter, soil, waste water and cloaca. All samples were inoculated onto...

Author(s): Agbagwa O. E., Chinwi C. M. and Horsfall S. J.

Identification of Basidiobolus species from the common house gecko (Hemidactylus frenatus) and their association with isolates from human basidiobolomycosis

May 2022

The genus Basidiobolus contains large groups of terrestrial fungi including the etiological agents of human gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis (GIB). This study aimed to identify Basidiobolus species from the common house gecko and to compare them with human GIB isolates. Gecko and human GIB samples were collected from Muhayil Aseer area, south Saudi Arabia (2017-2019). Isolation of fungi from the gut contents of...

Author(s): Martin R. P. Joseph, Ali Al Bshabshe, Ahmed M. Al-Hakami, Mohammed M. Assiry, Anjali Mathew and Mohamed E. Hamid

Comparative study of the phytochemical and antibacterial activity of leaf extracts of Euphorbia heterophylla and Vitellaria paradoxa

May 2022

A comparative study was carried out to determine the phytochemical components and Euphorbia heterophylla antibacterial activity as well as Vitellaria paradoxaleaf crude extracts on four enteric organisms, namely: Proteus vulgaris, Salmonella Typhi, Shigella flexneri, and Escherichia coli. The clinical isolates of the enteric organisms were subjected to test of antimicrobial susceptibility using technique of agar...

Author(s): Oyedum U. M.

Prevalence and multidrug-resistant ESBL-producing E. coli in urinary tract infection cases of HIV patients attending Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria

May 2022

The study determined the frequency of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-PEc) in HIV-infected individuals with urinary tract infections (UTIs) attending Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki (FETHA II), and the responses of these bacterial pathogens to colistin, cephalosporins, aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones, and ertapenem. Exactly 200 urine samples (mid-stream) were collected from...

Author(s): John-Onwe B. N., Iroha I. R., Moses I. B., Onuora A. L., Nwigwe J. O., Adimora E. E., Okolo I. O., Uzoeto H. O., Ngwu J. N., Mohammed I. D. and Oladimeji A. S.

Bacterial contamination and risk factors associated with naira notes circulating in Polytechnic Campus, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State Nigeria

May 2022

The abused Nigerian currency became an issue of concern recently, when the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) launched a nationwide enlightenment campaign aimed at educating the public on the proper handling of Naira notes. The study investigated the current bacterial contamination of Nigerian currency notes as well as the risk factors associated with it in Polytechnic Community Ado- Ekiti, Nigeria. A total of 32 samples of...

Author(s): Anidiobu Chioma Oluchi, Anidiobu Vincent Okechukwu and Amasowomwan-Uyi Daberechi Ifunanya

Resistance profile of Staphylococcus strains and detection of the Mec A, Van A and Van B genes in private hospitals in Benin

May 2022

The present study aims to identify the emergence of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, S. aureus resistant to vancomycin and to investigate the presence of Mec A, Van A and Van B genes among Staphylococcus strains isolated from hospital environment. For each type of sample, surface of beds, recyclable material, boxes of rodar, floor and door slats, 53 samples were taken. So, a...

Author(s): Prosper Adzavon, Tamegnon Victorien Dougnon, Hornel Koudokpon, Boris Legba, Alidehou Jerrold Agbankpe, Kafayath Fabiyi and Lamine Baba-Moussa

Isolation, biochemical characterization and safety screening of potential probiotic lactic acid bacteria from spontaneously fermented cereal products from Western Kenya

April 2022

The global demand for non-dairy beverages has sky rocketed especially so during this Covid-19 pandemic for potential health benefits. Development of probiotic strains from fermented cereal and legumes with the ability to grow well and adapt to gastrointestinal conditions at the same time possess high therapeutic ability will be a great achievement. This study aimed at isolating and screening probiotic potential Lactic...

Author(s): Beatrice Aleyo Akweya, Joseph Mwafaida Mghalu, Rahma Udu M. Yusuf and Tochi Bitange

Antibiotic susceptibility profile of bacteria isolated from fomites in some day care centres in Ile-Ife, Nigeria

April 2022

This study was conducted by carrying out the isolation, identification and determination of the sensitivity profile to antibiotics in bacteria isolated from fomites in some day care centres in Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria. A total of one hundred and twenty-four fomites were collected from selected seventeen day care centers within Ile-Ife. These were cultured on nutrient agar plates incubated at 37°C for 24 h using...

Author(s): Eunice Damilola Wilkie, Anthonia Olufunke Oluduro and Toyosi Teniola Sotala

Isolation and identification of phytopathogenic bacteria in vegetable crops in West Africa (Côte D’ivoire)

April 2022

Yield losses in food crops due to plant pathogenic bacteria are significant and increasing over the years. The increasing losses caused by bacterial plant pathology are explained by the emerging resistance of bacteria to the chemical agents used in plant protection. Moreover, these chemical agents harm the environment through residue accumulation leading to soil pollution and the perturbation of the soil's inner...

Author(s): Akoua Emmanuella Adioumani, Solange Kakou-Ngazoa, Trebissou Jonhson Noel David, Thibaud Martin, Audrey Addablah, Aristide Koudou, Kan Stephane Kouassi, Sina K. Mireille, N’golo Coulibaly, S. Aoussi and Mireille Dosso

Morphological and molecular characterisation of termite species in Taita Taveta County, Kenya

April 2022

The diversity of termites remains obscure despite having seized the equatorial ecological community with numerous effects both environmental and solvent. In the current study, morphology and DNA based techniques were used to appraise the heterogeneity of termites in Taita Taveta County. Soldier termites were arbitrarily fragmented from the five main plant lives in the study region. A dissecting microscope was used to...

Author(s): Paulyne Akoth, Huxley M. Makonde, Nancy L. M. Budambula and Hamadi I. Boga

Prevalence of anemia and associated factors in HIV-1 infected children before and after initiation of antiretroviral therapy in Burkina Faso: A retrospective study

April 2022

Anemia is a public health problem and has significant adverse health consequences in HIV-infected persons. In Burkina Faso, there are little data on anemia in HIV-1 infected children. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of anemia and its associated factors in HIV-infected children before and after their highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). This was a retrospective study that involved a cohort of 151...

Author(s): Serge Theophile Soubeiga, Albert Theophane Yonli, Bapio Valerie Elvira Jean Telesphore Bazie, Henri Gautier Ouedraogo and Jacques Simpore,

Antibody responses after Oxford AstraZeneca (Covishield) vaccine among healthcare workers in Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh

March 2022

Oxford AstraZeneca (Covishield) vaccine is the 1st vaccine administered in Bangladesh to prevent the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The antibody response after 1st and 2nd doses of this vaccine was assessed in health care workers of Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Bangladesh. Blood sample was collected from healthcare workers (teachers, clinicians and medical staff) after 28 days...

Author(s): N. N. Tanni, M. Nesa, R. B. Kabir, F. B. Habib, R. Zaman, N. E. J. Tania, A. Haque, A. Chowdhury, N. Sharmin, K. Halder, M. Chowdhury, M. Rahman, S. B. Shahid, S. S. Nahar and S. M. Shamsuzzaman

Influence of phosphorus-solubilizing microorganisms and phosphate amendments on pearl millet growth and nutrient use efficiency in different soils types

March 2022

Two greenhouse growth trials were performed to assess inoculation with phosphorus (P)-solubilizing microorganisms (PSM) in combination with alternative sources of phosphate in pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) cultivation: One using sandy soil and the other using clayey soil. The treatments comprised five P sources, with or without inoculation with PSM B119 (Bacillus megaterium) and B2084 (Bacillus subtilis) strains....

Author(s): Flávia Cristina dos Santos, Denise Pacheco dos Reis, Eliane Aparecida Gomes, Daniela de Azevedo Ladeira, Antônio Carlos de Oliveira, Izabelle Gonçalves Melo, Fabiane Ferreira de Souza, Bianca Braz Mattos, Cleide Nascimento Campos and Christiane Abreu de Oliveira-Paiva

Assessment of antiplasmodial and immunomodulatory activities of endophytic fungal metabolites from Azadirachta indica A. Juss

March 2022

This study reported the antiplasmodial and immunomodulatory activities of extracts of endophytic fungi isolated from Azadirachta indica. The extracts were evaluated for potential in-vivo and in-vitro antiplasmodial activity using murine malaria models and microtechnique methods respectively. Immunomodulatory potentials of the extracts were assessed using cyclophosphamide-immunomyelosuppression in mice and...

Author(s): Nonye T. Ujam, Cyril C. Adonu, Thaddeus H. Gugu,Restus Onwusoba, Chibueze Ike, Raymond O. Offiah, Malachy C. Chigbo, Festus B. C. Okoye, Charles O. Esimone

Diversity and distribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated to Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdcourt) in Benin

March 2022

Bambara groundnut, despite its attributes in providing protein to human, is facing soil fertility and degradation problems, always leading to little performances. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) constitute a microorganism group used by many researchers to improve productivity of crops in poor soils. This study aimed to evaluate the distribution and diversity of AMF associated to Bambara groundnut in different...

Author(s): Leslie-Dolorès Raïssa BOSSOU, Fatioulaye MAMA, Appolinaire ADANDONON, Mahougnon Charlotte Carmelle ZOUNDJI, Moriaque Tobi AKPLO and Pascal HOUNGNANDAN,

Novel Alleles 8 and 9 Strains of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides circulating in South East Nigeria and Comparison with Vaccine Reference Strain T1/44

March 2022

Control of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is difficult in Nigeria due to lack of sufficient data. Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides is the causative organism of CBPP. This disease is endemic in Nigeria with serious economic impact. This study was undertaken to characterize M. mycoides subsp. mycoides (Mmm) in cattle in south-east Nigeria using single-locus sequence analysis based on polymorphism analysis of...

Author(s): Kingsley C. Anyika, Livinus T. Ikpa, Elayoni Igomu, Paul I. Ankeli, Pam D. Luka, Kenneth I. Ogbu,  Ishaku S. Bata, Olabode P. Mayowa and Usman A. Rayyanu

First report of Fusarium oxysporum causing root rot of garlic in China

February 2022

In the springs of 2020 and 2021, with a temperature of 15°C, root rot on garlic were widespread in Enshi, Hubei Province, China. Based on micro-morphological and cultural characteristics, the pathogen was identified as a Fusarium sp. Further, based on multilocus (ITS, EF-1α) phylogenic data, the strains were identified as Fusarium oxysporum. Koch’s postulates were thus fulfilled by pathogenicity tests on...

Author(s): Guo Fengling, Zhou Jie, Qi Chuandong, Fu Jiaping, and Wu Jinping,

Profiling of meropenem-resistant bacteria in a river receiving wastewater effluent from a pharmaceutical industrial unit

February 2022

The aim of the present study was to understand the seasonal occurrence and diversity of species of meropenem-resistant bacteria in the Gumuncheon river receiving effluents from a pharmaceutical industry in Seoul, Korea.Water samples were collected from the Gumuncheon river in Kyoung-gi province during winter (January), spring (April), summer (August), and fall (November) of 2018. Water samples were plated in triplicate...

Author(s): Sung Ho Hwang and Young Jin Kim

Isolation and in-vitro assessment of antagonistic activity of Trichoderma spp. against Magnaporthe oryzae Longorola strain causing rice blast disease in Mali

February 2022

Pyricularia oryzea (Magnaporthe oryzae) causes blast diseases in rice (Oryza sativa) in Mali. The losses could reach 90% of production during rainy weather conditions. Isolation and characterization of M. oryzae and Trichoderma species were carried out to assess the importance and distribution of the pathogen and antagonist Trichoderma species in rice fields in Sikasso (Mali), and select, in vitro, Trichoderma species...

Author(s): Mahamadou Diarra, Adounigna Kassogué, Amadou Hamadoun Babana, Oumarou Hamadoun, Fousseyni Cissé and Abdoulaye Hamadoun

Cellulolytic activity of bacteria from the gut of termites (Macrotermes michaelseni) from Eldoret and Kakamega

February 2022

Cellulose degrading bacteria in termites are important plant degraders as they play an essential role in digesting cellulose for termites. This study aimed to identify cellulose degrading bacteria in termites (Macrotermites michaelseni) collected from Kakamega and Kapsabet region. Six termites were aseptically crushed in an Eppendorf tube containing distilled water. To distinguish cellulose degrading bacteria from...

Author(s): Raheli Neema Miyayo, Lexa Gomezgani Matasyoh and George Obiero

Isolation of potentially pathogenic bacteria from Musca domestica captured in hospitals and slaughterhouses, Khartoum state, Sudan

February 2022

This study aimed to isolate and identify bacterial and parasitic pathogens from houseflies captured in hospitals and slaughterhouses. The present study involved 300 houseflies, of which 150 houseflies were collected from hospitals and 150 from slaughterhouses. Two samples were obtained from each housefly; one sample was obtained from the surface of the housefly, and the second was extracted from the intestine of the...

Author(s): Isam-Eldeen Itaype Ibrahim Bashir, AlaaEldin Yousri Muatsim Hamid, Mohamed Ahmed Ibrahim Holi and Eltayib H. Ahmed-Abakur,

Impact of mycorrhization on transplanting stress and the juvenile growth of an Ivorian forest species Guibourtia ehie (Fabaceae, (A. Chev.) J. Leonard)

January 2022

Ivorian forest has been experiencing degradation for several decades despite reforestation efforts. The main cause of the failure of reforestation policies is an important mortality at the time of planting (transplanting stress). To remedy this problem, mycorrhization technology based on the beneficial effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) could provide a sustainable solution. The objective of this study was to...

Author(s): Don-Rodrigue Bi Rosin Voko, Kouassi Clément Kouassi, Kra Athanase Kouassi and Ibrahim Konaté

Isolation and identification of cellulose-degrading endophytic bacteria from Tomoceridae (springtails)

January 2022

Springtails are considered as an important candidate bioindicator to assess soil quality spiked with trace metals, but little is known of their endophytic bacteria. In this study, a kind of Tomoceridae springtail was used, and a total of 45 effective sequences were obtained through the process of endophytic bacteria isolation, culture, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification and sequencing. After NCBI-BLAST, the...

Author(s): Wei Deli, Miao Xiulian, Tian Yue, Du Jing and Wang Meng

Antibiotic-producing bacteria isolated from some natural habitats in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Nigeria

January 2022

High global prevalence of multidrug-resistant bacteria due to antibiotics misuse has prompted the need for novel antibacterial compounds to replace the failing antibiotics. This study investigated some natural habitats in Abuja, Nigeria, for antibiotics-producing bacteria. Thirty-six soil samples from termite mounds, river banks and rhizospheres of Anacardium occidentale L. (cashew tree), Gmelina arborea Roxb. ex Sm....

Author(s): Olasinbo Olumuyiwa Balogun, Sylvanus Chukwudi Ugoh and Peters Olawale Oladosu

Characterization of culturable microbial community in oil contaminated soils in Greater Port Harcourt Area, Nigeria

January 2022

The study investigated microbial population dynamics in soils of Greater Port Harcourt Area, Nigeria. The study involved the quantification of petroleum pollutants and the enumeration and characterization of culturable fungi and bacteria. Gas Chromatograph FID method was used to quantify total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) in the soil while morphological and biochemical tests were used to characterize the microorganisms....

Author(s): Wanjala M. P., Odokuma L., Etela I., Ramkat R. and Odogwu B. A.

Microbiological, nutritional and sensory evaluation of snack bars developed using Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranean L.) and maize (Zea mays)

January 2022

Over the years, snacking has become a regular habit for majority of the population with increasing need for food manufacturers to meet consumers’ demand through product development. In this study, snack bars were prepared using maize and Bambara nuts mixed in the following ratios: A, 100% maize; B, 100% Bambara nuts; C, 50% maize: 50% Bambara nuts; D, 75% maize: 25% Bambara nuts; E, 75% Bambara nuts: 25% maize....

Author(s): Ihuoma Ahaotu, Marvellous Okechukwu Ichendu and Ndukwe Maduka

Molecular characterization of high-risk infection vaginal bacteria isolated from pregnant women in CHU-MEL of Cotonou (Benin)

December 2021

The aim of this study is to determine the distribution of the genotypic pathogenicity traits of vaginal high-risk infectious bacteria (HRIB) collected in the CHU-MEL of Cotonou (Benin). To achieve this, a recto-vaginal swab of 42 pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy was collected. Species identification was carried out by specific biochemical tests. Antimicrobial susceptibility was tested according to the...

Author(s): Haziz Sina, Christine N’tcha, Durand Dah-Nouvlessounon, Gnimdou Gnama-Tchao, Bawa Boya, Akim Socohou, Abdou Ramanou Alao Sanni, Farid Baba-Moussa, Adolphe Adjanohoun and Lamine Baba-Moussa

Notice of Retraction: General steps in the production and establishment of transgenic chicken lines carrying a bacterial lacZ gene expressing ?-galactosidase

December 2021

The editors of the African Journal of Microbiology Research (AJMR) are retracting the article, “General steps in the production and establishment of transgenic chicken lines carrying a bacterial lacZ gene expressing β-galactosidase” published in 2012 (Vol. 6(20), pp. 4344-4354, 30 May, 2012). This is because the data published were duplicated from a dissertation (submitted to the Graduate...

Author(s): Esmaeilzadeh Mahdi, Nejadali Abolfazl and Kazemzadeh Fariba

Taeniasis-cysticercosis complex and tuberculosis in food

December 2021

Although in 2020 the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) declined 4.1% compared to the previous year, the participation of livestock in the same period increased its representation from 8.4 to 10%. It is estimated that Brazil's contribution to the world food market has grown from 20.6 billion to 100 billion and the prospects are for greater increases for the coming years. In terms of people fed, the numbers...

Author(s): Maira Milton Coutinho Salomão and Ludmilla Santana Soares e Barros

Antibiotic resistant pattern of bacteria in untreated hospital wastewaters from Offa Local Government Area, Kwara State, Nigeria

November 2021

This study determined the prevalence and drug resistant patterns of bacteria isolated from untreated hospital wastewaters collected from selected hospitals in Offa Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria. A total of 42 composite samples were aseptically collected, transported and analyzed for enumeration of microorganisms, bacteriological identification and susceptibility testing following standard procedures. The...

Author(s): USMAN Kolawole Muftau, AROTUPIN Daniel Juwon and EKUNDAYO Fatuyi Olanipekun

Fungal contamination of dental appliances: A cross- sectional study

November 2021

Orthodontic treatment makes necessary to use a longtime fixed-band appliance, it offers suitable conditions for fungal growth, dentures also allow fungal contamination on their surfaces. The aim of our study is the identification of the fungal species colonizing surfaces of dental appliances, the cross-sectional study was carried out on 60 patients wearing dental appliances, during 5 months, and sterile swabs were used...

Author(s): Yassine Merad, Malika Belkacemi, Abdelkrim Messafeur, Derouicha Matmour, Zoubir Belmokhtar, Hichem Derrar, Samira Djaroud and Fatima Zohra Benaissa

Diagnostic value of two HIV rapid diagnostic tests 16 years after their adoption in national strategies in the Central African Republic (CAR)

November 2021

The broad genetic diversity of HIV requires regular reassessment of adopted HIV diagnostic tests. The objective of this study was to reassess the performances of Determine® HIV 1/2 and Uni-gold® HIV1/2, 2 HIV rapid diagnostic tests of the national algorithm, adopted since 2005 in Central African Republic. A reference prospective panel of 150 plasma samples were tested in duplicate with Determine® HIV 1/2 and...

Author(s): Christian Diamant Mossoro-Kpinde, Thierry Mbesse, Christelle Bobossi, Coretha Bokia-Baguida, Simplice Arthur Sombot, Nina Esther Ontsira Ngoyi, Hermione Dahlia Mossoro-Kpinde, Rosine Feissona and Gérard Gresenguet

Etiological and predictive factors of Acute Meningitis in Mansoura fever hospital, Egypt

November 2021

Meningitis is a public health concern. It is caused by several etiologic agents that vary by age group and geographical area. This study aims to highlight the etiological and predictive factors of acute meningitis in hospitalized febrile patients in Mansoura Fever Hospital, Egypt. This study includes cases admitted with suspected meningitis. The study is conducted in the period between April 2019 and March 2020. Lumbar...

Author(s): Sameh M. Abdel Monem, Hassan A. Shora, Aya M. Al Amely, Naglaa A. Khalifa and Ahmed L. Sharaf

Seroprevalence and behaviour at risk of zoonotic transmission of bovine brucellosis in Namentenga Province, Burkina Faso

November 2021

Bovine brucellosis is a major zoonosis caused by Brucella abortus. It is a disease with a high hygienic and economic impact that mainly affects breeders, handlers and consumers of dairy products and animal health professionals. It is therefore a real public health problem. The objective of this study was to assess seroprevalence and risk behaviour for zoonotic transmission of bovine brucellosis in Namentenga Province in...

Author(s): Dieudonné Tialla,

Survey on efficiency of inoculation methods of Pseudomonas fluorescens on growth and yield of Thymus kotschyanus

November 2021

Thyme is one of the most important medicinal plants in wild rangeland in Iran that has lots of benefits. Pseudomonas flourescence is one of the effective plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPR) as a bioinoculant for medicinal plants. This study aims to survey three inoculation techniques with PGPR on growth and oil content in Thymus kotschyanus for organic cultivation. For this research, an experiment...

Author(s): Ali Salehnia Sammak and Mohammad Matinizadeh

RAPD-based evaluation revealed genetically diverse populations of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus lytic bacteriophages isolated in urban sewage and Ebrie Lagoon, Côte d’Ivoire

October 2021

The application of bacteriophages biocontrol requires the formulation of genetically distinct bacteriophages in a phage cocktail. Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) - PCR is considered a cheap, reproducible, and readily applicable tool in detecting phage diversity compared to other molecular techniques such as whole-genome sequencing. We used in this study the RAPD-PCR technique to assess the genetic diversity of...

Author(s): Audrey A. Addablah, Solange Kakou-Ngazoa, Eric E. Akpa, Emmanuella Adioumani, Fred M’Bourou Ndombi, Serge Aoussi and Mireille Dosso

Characterization of bacterial strains from bacterial culture collection of rice sheath in Burundi highlights an Alcaligenes species strain with antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas fuscovaginae rice pathogen

October 2021

The sheath rot rice disease is known to be associated to Pseudomonas fuscovaginae and a recent study on the symptomatic of sheath rot revealed that this bacterial pathogen is abundant in highland rice ecology cultivation in Burundi. From asymptomatic samples of sheath rice, a collection of bacterial isolates and culturable microbiome have been carried out. A comparison between the culturable microbiome and total...

Author(s): Musonerimana Samson, , Cristina Bez, Habarugira Georges, Bigirimana Joseph and Vittorio Venturi  

Biosafety, bacteriological quality and strategy of biopreservative administration for controlling spoilage bacteria in Thai traditional dried seafood products

October 2021

Biosafety has currently become an important public health issue in seafood industry of Thailand. In order to enhance quality of seafood products, three phases of study were established. In the first phase, biosafety of traditional processed squid sold in Chon Buri province, Thailand compiled from literatures between 2002 and 2019 was evaluated. The squid products represented a health hazard due to 86.5% samples, having...

Author(s): Subuntith Nimrat, Pornpimon Soodsawaeng, Nanticha Rattanamangkalanon, Traimat Boonthai and Verapong Vuthiphandchai

Prevalence of SEA and SEB producing Staphylococcus aureus isolated from foodborne- outbreaks in Iran

October 2021

Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogen causing a wide variety of diseases such as skin infections, food poisoning, pneumonia and septicemia in humans and animals. Among the bacterial agents of food poisoning, S. aureus is the most common agent worldwide. The aim of this study was to assess prevalence of SEA, SEB enterotoxin producing S. aureus isolated from foodborne outbreaks in Iran. In this study, 313...

Author(s): Mehrnaz Mirzababaei, Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal, Ramin Mazaheri Nezhad Fard, Hossein Masoumi Asl and Mahdieh Pourmoradian

Rabies virus in biting dogs and behaviour at risk of zoonotic transmission of rabies in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

October 2021

Rabies is an infectious, viral disease, usually inoculable by dog bite and common to humans and other mammals. It is a major zoonosis but neglected especially in Africa. However, it is the most serious and feared zoonosis in the world because once declared it leads inevitably to death. The objective of this study was to search for rabies virus in biting dogs received in 2020 at the veterinary clinic of the National...

Author(s): Dieudonné Tialla,  

Q fever in Tunisia, an underestimated infection

October 2021

Q fever is a common zoonosis with almost a worldwide distribution caused by Coxiella burnetii. Farm animals and pets are the main reservoirs of infection and transmission to humans is usually via inhalation of contaminated aerosols. Infection in humans is often asymptomatic, but it can manifest as an acute disease (usually a self-limited flu-like illness, pneumonia or hepatitis) or as a chronic form (mainly...

Author(s): Naoufel Kaabia and Abdelkarim Bahloul

Hazard assessment and resistance profile of Escherichia coli strains isolated from bovine carcasses at the main slaughterhouses of Dakar, Senegal

September 2021

Foodborne bacterial hazards and antibiotics resistance are a public health threat. This study aimed at assessing the slaughter conditions, the bacteriological quality of bovine carcasses and at determining the antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia coli strains isolated from bovine carcasses. A questionnaire was administered to 41 stakeholders on the slaughter line. Swabbed carcasses were analyzed according to the...

Author(s): Luc Loubamba, Bellancille Musabyemariya, Rachel Moyen, Alpha Amadou Diallo, Khalifa S. Babacar Sylla, Pouwedéou André Bedekelabou and Rianatou Bada Alambédji

Candida spp. associated with hot beverages of coffee and tea sold on street in Côte d’Ivoire

September 2021

Some Candida species are considered as human opportunistic pathogens and can play an important role in spontaneous fermentations, but also as beverage-spoiling microorganisms. The aim of this pioneering study was to investigate Candida spp. in hot beverages, which is consumed mostly on the streets in Côte d’Ivoire. Yeast strains were isolated from 400 hot beverages of tea (200) and coffee (200) samples....

Author(s): Atobla Koua, Blé Yatanan Casimir, Ouattara Mohamed Baguy, Touré Naka, Adjehi Dadié and Niamké Sébastien

Prevalence of aflatoxin M1 in pasteurized and ultra-high temperature (UHT) milk marketed in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

September 2021

The aim of this study was to determine the level of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in pasteurized and UHT milk marketed in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.  AFM1 in pasteurized milk samples (75) and ultra-high temperature (UHT) milk (43) was determined by using immuno-affinity high performance liquid chromatography. AFM1 was detected in 97% (115/118) of samples that consisted of 96% (72/75) of pasteurized milk samples and 100%...

Author(s): Hilda F. Mwakosya and Jovin K. Mugula

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtype diversity in Busia, Western Kenya

September 2021

HIV infection is currently the single biggest epidemic globally. HIV the etiologic agent for AIDS is divided into two types: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-2 is rare and is mainly found in some parts of West Africa. HIV-1 accounts for most cases of AIDS reported globally. HIV-1 strains can be classified into four groups: The "major" group M, group O, group N and the most recent group P. All of which may represent...

Author(s): James Munyao Kingoo, Anne WT Muigai, Viviene Matiru and Samoel A. Khamadi

Detection of Legionella pneumophila as the cause of atypical pneumonia in the water sources of the holy places of Makkah

August 2021

Legionella pneumophila is an important pathogen and is involved in more than 95% of cases of severe atypical pneumonia. The current study focused on the ablution water in the grand mosque in Makkah as well as water tanks in hotels surrounding the holy mosque.  A total of 100 water samples were collected from ablution water in the Haram and the hotels in the central area around the grand mosque and sent to the...

Author(s): Sami S. Ashgar and Hamdi M. Al-Said

Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of antibiotic resistant gram negative bacteria isolated in Tabuk City, Saudi Arabia

August 2021

Antimicrobial surveillance and identifying the genetic basis of antimicrobial resistance provide important information to optimize patient care. The present study is an analytical cross sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of multidrug resistant (MDR), extensively drug resistant (XDR), pan drug resistant (PDR) and extended-spectrum ?-lactamases genes among Gram-negative bacteria isolated in Saudi...

Author(s): Tarig M. S. Alnour,, Elmutuz H. Elssaig, Faisel M. Abuduhier, Khalid A. S. Alfifi, Mohammad S. Abusuliman, Tawfiq Albalawi and Eltayib H. Ahmed-Abakur,

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