African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5147

AJMR Articles

First report of Fusarium oxysporum causing root rot of garlic in China

February 2022

In the springs of 2020 and 2021, with a temperature of 15°C, root rot on garlic were widespread in Enshi, Hubei Province, China. Based on micro-morphological and cultural characteristics, the pathogen was identified as a Fusarium sp. Further, based on multilocus (ITS, EF-1α) phylogenic data, the strains were identified as Fusarium oxysporum. Koch’s postulates were thus fulfilled by pathogenicity tests on...

Author(s): Guo Fengling, Zhou Jie, Qi Chuandong, Fu Jiaping, and Wu Jinping,

Profiling of meropenem-resistant bacteria in a river receiving wastewater effluent from a pharmaceutical industrial unit

February 2022

The aim of the present study was to understand the seasonal occurrence and diversity of species of meropenem-resistant bacteria in the Gumuncheon river receiving effluents from a pharmaceutical industry in Seoul, Korea.Water samples were collected from the Gumuncheon river in Kyoung-gi province during winter (January), spring (April), summer (August), and fall (November) of 2018. Water samples were plated in triplicate...

Author(s): Sung Ho Hwang and Young Jin Kim

Isolation and identification of cellulose-degrading endophytic bacteria from Tomoceridae (springtails)

January 2022

Springtails are considered as an important candidate bioindicator to assess soil quality spiked with trace metals, but little is known of their endophytic bacteria. In this study, a kind of Tomoceridae springtail was used, and a total of 45 effective sequences were obtained through the process of endophytic bacteria isolation, culture, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification and sequencing. After NCBI-BLAST, the...

Author(s): Wei Deli, Miao Xiulian, Tian Yue, Du Jing and Wang Meng

Characterization of culturable microbial community in oil contaminated soils in Greater Port Harcourt Area, Nigeria

January 2022

The study investigated microbial population dynamics in soils of Greater Port Harcourt Area, Nigeria. The study involved the quantification of petroleum pollutants and the enumeration and characterization of culturable fungi and bacteria. Gas Chromatograph FID method was used to quantify total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) in the soil while morphological and biochemical tests were used to characterize the microorganisms....

Author(s): Wanjala M. P., Odokuma L., Etela I., Ramkat R. and Odogwu B. A.

Antibiotic-producing bacteria isolated from some natural habitats in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Nigeria

January 2022

High global prevalence of multidrug-resistant bacteria due to antibiotics misuse has prompted the need for novel antibacterial compounds to replace the failing antibiotics. This study investigated some natural habitats in Abuja, Nigeria, for antibiotics-producing bacteria. Thirty-six soil samples from termite mounds, river banks and rhizospheres of Anacardium occidentale L. (cashew tree), Gmelina arborea Roxb. ex Sm....

Author(s): Olasinbo Olumuyiwa Balogun, Sylvanus Chukwudi Ugoh and Peters Olawale Oladosu

Impact of mycorrhization on transplanting stress and the juvenile growth of an Ivorian forest species Guibourtia ehie (Fabaceae, (A. Chev.) J. Leonard)

January 2022

Ivorian forest has been experiencing degradation for several decades despite reforestation efforts. The main cause of the failure of reforestation policies is an important mortality at the time of planting (transplanting stress). To remedy this problem, mycorrhization technology based on the beneficial effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) could provide a sustainable solution. The objective of this study was to...

Author(s): Don-Rodrigue Bi Rosin Voko, Kouassi Clément Kouassi, Kra Athanase Kouassi and Ibrahim Konaté

Microbiological, nutritional and sensory evaluation of snack bars developed using Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranean L.) and maize (Zea mays)

January 2022

Over the years, snacking has become a regular habit for majority of the population with increasing need for food manufacturers to meet consumers’ demand through product development. In this study, snack bars were prepared using maize and Bambara nuts mixed in the following ratios: A, 100% maize; B, 100% Bambara nuts; C, 50% maize: 50% Bambara nuts; D, 75% maize: 25% Bambara nuts; E, 75% Bambara nuts: 25% maize....

Author(s): Ihuoma Ahaotu, Marvellous Okechukwu Ichendu and Ndukwe Maduka

Notice of Retraction: General steps in the production and establishment of transgenic chicken lines carrying a bacterial lacZ gene expressing ?-galactosidase

December 2021

The editors of the African Journal of Microbiology Research (AJMR) are retracting the article, “General steps in the production and establishment of transgenic chicken lines carrying a bacterial lacZ gene expressing β-galactosidase” published in 2012 (Vol. 6(20), pp. 4344-4354, 30 May, 2012). This is because the data published were duplicated from a dissertation (submitted to the Graduate...

Author(s): Esmaeilzadeh Mahdi, Nejadali Abolfazl and Kazemzadeh Fariba

Taeniasis-cysticercosis complex and tuberculosis in food

December 2021

Although in 2020 the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) declined 4.1% compared to the previous year, the participation of livestock in the same period increased its representation from 8.4 to 10%. It is estimated that Brazil's contribution to the world food market has grown from 20.6 billion to 100 billion and the prospects are for greater increases for the coming years. In terms of people fed, the numbers...

Author(s): Maira Milton Coutinho Salomão and Ludmilla Santana Soares e Barros

Molecular characterization of high-risk infection vaginal bacteria isolated from pregnant women in CHU-MEL of Cotonou (Benin)

December 2021

The aim of this study is to determine the distribution of the genotypic pathogenicity traits of vaginal high-risk infectious bacteria (HRIB) collected in the CHU-MEL of Cotonou (Benin). To achieve this, a recto-vaginal swab of 42 pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy was collected. Species identification was carried out by specific biochemical tests. Antimicrobial susceptibility was tested according to the...

Author(s): Haziz Sina, Christine N’tcha, Durand Dah-Nouvlessounon, Gnimdou Gnama-Tchao, Bawa Boya, Akim Socohou, Abdou Ramanou Alao Sanni, Farid Baba-Moussa, Adolphe Adjanohoun and Lamine Baba-Moussa

Fungal contamination of dental appliances: A cross- sectional study

November 2021

Orthodontic treatment makes necessary to use a longtime fixed-band appliance, it offers suitable conditions for fungal growth, dentures also allow fungal contamination on their surfaces. The aim of our study is the identification of the fungal species colonizing surfaces of dental appliances, the cross-sectional study was carried out on 60 patients wearing dental appliances, during 5 months, and sterile swabs were used...

Author(s): Yassine Merad, Malika Belkacemi, Abdelkrim Messafeur, Derouicha Matmour, Zoubir Belmokhtar, Hichem Derrar, Samira Djaroud and Fatima Zohra Benaissa

Antibiotic resistant pattern of bacteria in untreated hospital wastewaters from Offa Local Government Area, Kwara State, Nigeria

November 2021

This study determined the prevalence and drug resistant patterns of bacteria isolated from untreated hospital wastewaters collected from selected hospitals in Offa Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria. A total of 42 composite samples were aseptically collected, transported and analyzed for enumeration of microorganisms, bacteriological identification and susceptibility testing following standard procedures. The...

Author(s): USMAN Kolawole Muftau, AROTUPIN Daniel Juwon and EKUNDAYO Fatuyi Olanipekun

Diagnostic value of two HIV rapid diagnostic tests 16 years after their adoption in national strategies in the Central African Republic (CAR)

November 2021

The broad genetic diversity of HIV requires regular reassessment of adopted HIV diagnostic tests. The objective of this study was to reassess the performances of Determine® HIV 1/2 and Uni-gold® HIV1/2, 2 HIV rapid diagnostic tests of the national algorithm, adopted since 2005 in Central African Republic. A reference prospective panel of 150 plasma samples were tested in duplicate with Determine® HIV 1/2 and...

Author(s): Christian Diamant Mossoro-Kpinde, Thierry Mbesse, Christelle Bobossi, Coretha Bokia-Baguida, Simplice Arthur Sombot, Nina Esther Ontsira Ngoyi, Hermione Dahlia Mossoro-Kpinde, Rosine Feissona and Gérard Gresenguet

Etiological and predictive factors of Acute Meningitis in Mansoura fever hospital, Egypt

November 2021

Meningitis is a public health concern. It is caused by several etiologic agents that vary by age group and geographical area. This study aims to highlight the etiological and predictive factors of acute meningitis in hospitalized febrile patients in Mansoura Fever Hospital, Egypt. This study includes cases admitted with suspected meningitis. The study is conducted in the period between April 2019 and March 2020. Lumbar...

Author(s): Sameh M. Abdel Monem, Hassan A. Shora, Aya M. Al Amely, Naglaa A. Khalifa and Ahmed L. Sharaf

Seroprevalence and behaviour at risk of zoonotic transmission of bovine brucellosis in Namentenga Province, Burkina Faso

November 2021

Bovine brucellosis is a major zoonosis caused by Brucella abortus. It is a disease with a high hygienic and economic impact that mainly affects breeders, handlers and consumers of dairy products and animal health professionals. It is therefore a real public health problem. The objective of this study was to assess seroprevalence and risk behaviour for zoonotic transmission of bovine brucellosis in Namentenga Province in...

Author(s): Dieudonné Tialla,

Survey on efficiency of inoculation methods of Pseudomonas fluorescens on growth and yield of Thymus kotschyanus

November 2021

Thyme is one of the most important medicinal plants in wild rangeland in Iran that has lots of benefits. Pseudomonas flourescence is one of the effective plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPR) as a bioinoculant for medicinal plants. This study aims to survey three inoculation techniques with PGPR on growth and oil content in Thymus kotschyanus for organic cultivation. For this research, an experiment...

Author(s): Ali Salehnia Sammak and Mohammad Matinizadeh

Biosafety, bacteriological quality and strategy of biopreservative administration for controlling spoilage bacteria in Thai traditional dried seafood products

October 2021

Biosafety has currently become an important public health issue in seafood industry of Thailand. In order to enhance quality of seafood products, three phases of study were established. In the first phase, biosafety of traditional processed squid sold in Chon Buri province, Thailand compiled from literatures between 2002 and 2019 was evaluated. The squid products represented a health hazard due to 86.5% samples, having...

Author(s): Subuntith Nimrat, Pornpimon Soodsawaeng, Nanticha Rattanamangkalanon, Traimat Boonthai and Verapong Vuthiphandchai

Rabies virus in biting dogs and behaviour at risk of zoonotic transmission of rabies in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

October 2021

Rabies is an infectious, viral disease, usually inoculable by dog bite and common to humans and other mammals. It is a major zoonosis but neglected especially in Africa. However, it is the most serious and feared zoonosis in the world because once declared it leads inevitably to death. The objective of this study was to search for rabies virus in biting dogs received in 2020 at the veterinary clinic of the National...

Author(s): Dieudonné Tialla,  

Q fever in Tunisia, an underestimated infection

October 2021

Q fever is a common zoonosis with almost a worldwide distribution caused by Coxiella burnetii. Farm animals and pets are the main reservoirs of infection and transmission to humans is usually via inhalation of contaminated aerosols. Infection in humans is often asymptomatic, but it can manifest as an acute disease (usually a self-limited flu-like illness, pneumonia or hepatitis) or as a chronic form (mainly...

Author(s): Naoufel Kaabia and Abdelkarim Bahloul

Characterization of bacterial strains from bacterial culture collection of rice sheath in Burundi highlights an Alcaligenes species strain with antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas fuscovaginae rice pathogen

October 2021

The sheath rot rice disease is known to be associated to Pseudomonas fuscovaginae and a recent study on the symptomatic of sheath rot revealed that this bacterial pathogen is abundant in highland rice ecology cultivation in Burundi. From asymptomatic samples of sheath rice, a collection of bacterial isolates and culturable microbiome have been carried out. A comparison between the culturable microbiome and total...

Author(s): Musonerimana Samson, , Cristina Bez, Habarugira Georges, Bigirimana Joseph and Vittorio Venturi  

RAPD-based evaluation revealed genetically diverse populations of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus lytic bacteriophages isolated in urban sewage and Ebrie Lagoon, Côte d’Ivoire

October 2021

The application of bacteriophages biocontrol requires the formulation of genetically distinct bacteriophages in a phage cocktail. Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) - PCR is considered a cheap, reproducible, and readily applicable tool in detecting phage diversity compared to other molecular techniques such as whole-genome sequencing. We used in this study the RAPD-PCR technique to assess the genetic diversity of...

Author(s): Audrey A. Addablah, Solange Kakou-Ngazoa, Eric E. Akpa, Emmanuella Adioumani, Fred M’Bourou Ndombi, Serge Aoussi and Mireille Dosso

Prevalence of SEA and SEB producing Staphylococcus aureus isolated from foodborne- outbreaks in Iran

October 2021

Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogen causing a wide variety of diseases such as skin infections, food poisoning, pneumonia and septicemia in humans and animals. Among the bacterial agents of food poisoning, S. aureus is the most common agent worldwide. The aim of this study was to assess prevalence of SEA, SEB enterotoxin producing S. aureus isolated from foodborne outbreaks in Iran. In this study, 313...

Author(s): Mehrnaz Mirzababaei, Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal, Ramin Mazaheri Nezhad Fard, Hossein Masoumi Asl and Mahdieh Pourmoradian

Hazard assessment and resistance profile of Escherichia coli strains isolated from bovine carcasses at the main slaughterhouses of Dakar, Senegal

September 2021

Foodborne bacterial hazards and antibiotics resistance are a public health threat. This study aimed at assessing the slaughter conditions, the bacteriological quality of bovine carcasses and at determining the antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia coli strains isolated from bovine carcasses. A questionnaire was administered to 41 stakeholders on the slaughter line. Swabbed carcasses were analyzed according to the...

Author(s): Luc Loubamba, Bellancille Musabyemariya, Rachel Moyen, Alpha Amadou Diallo, Khalifa S. Babacar Sylla, Pouwedéou André Bedekelabou and Rianatou Bada Alambédji

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtype diversity in Busia, Western Kenya

September 2021

HIV infection is currently the single biggest epidemic globally. HIV the etiologic agent for AIDS is divided into two types: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-2 is rare and is mainly found in some parts of West Africa. HIV-1 accounts for most cases of AIDS reported globally. HIV-1 strains can be classified into four groups: The "major" group M, group O, group N and the most recent group P. All of which may represent...

Author(s): James Munyao Kingoo, Anne WT Muigai, Viviene Matiru and Samoel A. Khamadi

Prevalence of aflatoxin M1 in pasteurized and ultra-high temperature (UHT) milk marketed in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

September 2021

The aim of this study was to determine the level of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in pasteurized and UHT milk marketed in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.  AFM1 in pasteurized milk samples (75) and ultra-high temperature (UHT) milk (43) was determined by using immuno-affinity high performance liquid chromatography. AFM1 was detected in 97% (115/118) of samples that consisted of 96% (72/75) of pasteurized milk samples and 100%...

Author(s): Hilda F. Mwakosya and Jovin K. Mugula

Candida spp. associated with hot beverages of coffee and tea sold on street in Côte d’Ivoire

September 2021

Some Candida species are considered as human opportunistic pathogens and can play an important role in spontaneous fermentations, but also as beverage-spoiling microorganisms. The aim of this pioneering study was to investigate Candida spp. in hot beverages, which is consumed mostly on the streets in Côte d’Ivoire. Yeast strains were isolated from 400 hot beverages of tea (200) and coffee (200) samples....

Author(s): Atobla Koua, Blé Yatanan Casimir, Ouattara Mohamed Baguy, Touré Naka, Adjehi Dadié and Niamké Sébastien

Aflatoxigenic potential of Aspergillus section Flavi isolated from maize seeds, in Burkina Faso

August 2021

The frequency of occurrence and four principal kinds of aflatoxin concentration in maize seeds grown in Burkina Faso was investigated. Ten (10) samples collected, were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with post-column derivatisation after immunoaffinity column cleanup. Eight strains of Aspergillus section Flavi were previously isolated from these samples and cultivated on “Aspergillus...

Author(s): Hamidou COMPAORE, Serge SAMANDOULOUGOU, Fidèle W. TAPSOBA, Alima BAMBARA, Hissein RATONGUE, Ignace SAWADOGO, Donatien KABORE, Pane B. OUATTARA-SOURABIE and Hagrétou SAWADOGO-LINGANI

Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of antibiotic resistant gram negative bacteria isolated in Tabuk City, Saudi Arabia

August 2021

Antimicrobial surveillance and identifying the genetic basis of antimicrobial resistance provide important information to optimize patient care. The present study is an analytical cross sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of multidrug resistant (MDR), extensively drug resistant (XDR), pan drug resistant (PDR) and extended-spectrum ?-lactamases genes among Gram-negative bacteria isolated in Saudi...

Author(s): Tarig M. S. Alnour,, Elmutuz H. Elssaig, Faisel M. Abuduhier, Khalid A. S. Alfifi, Mohammad S. Abusuliman, Tawfiq Albalawi and Eltayib H. Ahmed-Abakur,

Detection of Legionella pneumophila as the cause of atypical pneumonia in the water sources of the holy places of Makkah

August 2021

Legionella pneumophila is an important pathogen and is involved in more than 95% of cases of severe atypical pneumonia. The current study focused on the ablution water in the grand mosque in Makkah as well as water tanks in hotels surrounding the holy mosque.  A total of 100 water samples were collected from ablution water in the Haram and the hotels in the central area around the grand mosque and sent to the...

Author(s): Sami S. Ashgar and Hamdi M. Al-Said

Heavy metals and microbial contamination of palm oil produced and sold at some markets in Kogi East Area, Kogi State, Nigeria

August 2021

The physicochemical, microbial and heavy metal contamination of palm oil samples randomly selected from three different markets (Ankpa, Anyigba and Idah Markets) in Kogi State, Nigeria, was investigated. The results revealed the presence of moisture (0.5, 0.4, 0.4%); impurity (0.4, 0.4, 0.3%) and free fatty acid (13, 12.8, 12.3%) for Ankpa, Anyigba and Idah Markets respectively. The microbial contaminants isolated were...

Author(s): Enemuor S. C., Adige A. A. and Okechukwu V. C.

Effect of bacteriocins from lactic acid bacteria obtained from Zea mays-based “Ogi” on foodborne bacteria from contaminated cabbage

August 2021

The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of bacteriocins from lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in Zea mays-based Ogi on some foodborne bacteria contaminating cabbage in Abakaliki, Nigeria. Ten (10) samples (5 samples of Z. mays-based Ogi and 5 samples of suspected contaminated cabbage heads) were aseptically collected and analyzed using standard microbiological methods. Five different Lactobacillus isolates (A,...

Author(s): Orji J. O., Amaobi C. B., Moses I. B., Ayogu T. E., Elom E. E., Uzoh C. V., Otu J. O., Chukwunwejim C. R., Okeh C. O., Itorobong M. U., Peter I. U. and Igwe C. P.

Biopreservative application of bacteriocins obtained from samples Ictalurus punctatus and fermented Zea mays

August 2021

This study evaluated the preservative ability of protein-like cell free supernatants produced by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolates from samples of Ictalurus punctatus (Cat fish) and slurry of fermented Zea mays (Ogi). The LAB strains were separately isolated from understudied samples using De Man, Rogosa and Sharpe (MRS) media at 37°C for 48 h. The isolated strains were characterized with Gram staining, oxidase...

Author(s): Oyinlade C. Ogundare, Simeon K. Odetunde, Mutiat A. Omotayo, Oluremilekun O. Sokefun, Rasheed O. Akindiya and Adetayo Akinboro

Prevalence and characterization of extended-spectrum ?-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from poultry in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

August 2021

This study aimed to determine the prevalence of extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing (ESBL) and multidrug resistant Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Ouagadougou in two poultry farms and two slaughterhouses. 375 cloacal swabs and 46 environment samples were collected and members of Enterobacteriaceae were isolated on EMB agar containing 4 µg/L of cefotaxime....

Author(s): Souleymane Soré, Fatimata B. Josiane Diarra, Juste Isidore Bonkoungou, Charles Sawadogo, Boubié G. Bationo, Hervé Ky, Patrick Djim-Madjim Madingar, Abdoul Salam Ouédraogo and Idrissa Sanou,

Molecular diagnosis of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis from culture-positive isolates using line probe assay in North Karnataka

July 2021

The control of tuberculosis (TB) has become a global health challenge due to the emergence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). This highlights the need for faster and more accurate detection of tuberculosis cases. The study aims to detect MDR-TB strains of pulmonary tuberculosis using resistance ratio method and to compare the diagnostic value of drug susceptibility...

Author(s): Reshma Bellad and Mahantesh Nagamoti

Partial chemical characterization of the yeast extracts Lachancea thermotolerans CCMA 0763

July 2021

The fungi are living organisms of great importance around agriculture, food industry, and the  pharmaceutical industry. The usage of these microorganisms in agriculture is for the biocontrol of diseases in plants of commercial interest. Some yeasts can fight phytopathogens through secondary metabolites produced, inhibiting their development. Some species show positive results in the control of pathologies in...

Author(s): Moacir Torres, Marcos A. S. Ribeiro, João Arthur S. Oliveira, Eduardo C. Meurer and Kátia R. F. Schwan-Estrada

Antifungal and antibacterial activity of the different parts of mature Benincasa hispida against various microbial infectious agents

July 2021

In this study we assayed on antimicrobial activity of peel, pulp, waxy coating of Benincasa hispida. Various parts of the plant are reported as antibacterial agents worldwide. Leaves, flower, root, seed are the most studied elements as antibacterial agent. Some fruits are also proved as antibacterial agent and used as herbal medicine as well as nutritional supplements during disease. Different parts of mature and...

Author(s): Md. Khasrul Alam, Mohammad Abu Hena Mostofa Jamal, Morsed Ajam and Md. Rezuanul Islam

Isolation, identification and antibiogram of verotoxin producing Escherichia coli from raw salad vegetables at Jashore, Bangladesh

July 2021

Verotoxin-producing E. coli are getting an emergence for human health and day by day, it is also becoming more alarming in the fact that, they are acquiring multidrug-resistant profiles. This study aimed at isolation and identification of verotoxigenic E. coli followed by the antibiogram of the species from salad vegetables at Jashore district in Bangladesh. A total of 119 raw vegetable salad samples were collected from...

Author(s): Nigar Sultana Meghla, Debashish Mridha, Md. Sohel Rana, Md. Ahosanul Haque Shahid and Md. Muket Mahmud

Antibiotic susceptibility and production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) of E. coli strains isolated from meat

July 2021

The zoonotic potential of Escherichia coli from chicken and beef food products is well documented. The uses of antibiotics on agriculture encourage the development of resistance bacteria capable of causing human disease and passing resistance to human pathogens. This study aimed to detect the antibiotic susceptibility and production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) of E. coli strains isolated from meat. E....

Author(s): Omer A. S., Salwa E., Sanaa O. Y. and Elzubeir I. E. M.

Long-term effectiveness of commonly used hospital disinfectants against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus

July 2021

Nosocomial infections are enhanced due to a flop in the infection control processes such as disinfection. The aim of this study was to assess long term effectiveness and the stability of disinfectants currently used within healthcare settings in Accra, Ghana against two indicator pathogens. Two locally produced and two imported disinfectants usually used in health care settings were obtained. The efficacy and long-term...

Author(s): Stephen T.  Odonkor, Tahiru Mahami and Anthony M. Sallar

Assessment of the physicochemical qualities and microbiological profile of Idah River, Kogi State, Nigeria

July 2021

Analysis of water bodies, such as rivers and lakes can provide an insight into their intrinsic composition and potential impact on the environment. Water samples collected from four designated sites in Idah River, were assessed for their physicochemical parameters and microbial diversity using standard procedures. The temperature from all sites was 26.00°C and the pH ranged from 6.93 to 7.08. Turbidity values ranged...

Author(s): Deborah Ebunoluwa Adedire, Adijat Ozohu Jimoh, Zainab Kashim-Bello, Bilyaminu Adam Wase Shuaibu, Oluwabukola Atinuke Popoola, Kabiru Isa Pate, Onyinyechi Stainless Uzor, Eno Etingwa, Jumoke Florence Joda, Oyetola Olanrewaju Opaleye, Kehinde Rukayyat Adeniran, Ene Elizabeth Francis, Gbadebo Barnabas Olukotun and Oyekanmi Nashiru,

Resistance profile of Salmonella isolated from food sold in the streets of N'Djamena, Chad

June 2021

The preparation and sale of street foods is booming in African cities in general and especially in N’Djamena. However, the hygienic failures observed during this activity constitute a source of contamination of these foods. The objective of this work is to determine the different serotypes of Salmonella isolated from food sold in the streets of N’Djamena in Chad and to test their sensitivity...

Author(s): Mayoré Atéba Djibrine, Bessimbaye Nadlaou, Bodering Alain, Evariste Bako, Abdelsalam Tidjani and Nicolas Barro

Distribution patterns of Vibrionaceae abundance on the landing stages in coastal area: Understanding the influence of physicochemical variables by using multiple linear regression models and corrgram for matrix correlation

June 2021

The present work used multiple linear regression (MLR) models and corrgram to assess the importance of environmental parameters on diversity and abundance dynamics of Vibrio sp. in waters of few landing stages in the city of Douala (Cameroon). It was recorded in all the five selected stations, the presence of four species of Vibrio namely, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Vibrio cholerae, Vibrio fluvialis and Vibrio...

Author(s): Antoine Tamsa Arfao, Mamert Fils Onana, Luciane Marlyse Moungang, Joel Brice Tchuimaleu Emadjeu, Blandine Pulchérie Tamatcho Kweyang, Olive Vivien Noah Ewoti, Siméon Tchakonté, Belengfe Sylvie Chinche, Télesphore Sime-Ngando and Nola Moise

Probiotic properties of Lactobacilli isolated from human milk and their inhibitory effect on gastrointestinal pathogenic bacteria

June 2021

Breast feeding has critical effects on the newborns and either mother’s health. Some of such health-improving effects of the mother’s milk is associated with the beneficial microbes, lactic acid bacteria (LAB), which are normally present in the mother’s milk. Thus, human milk-associated lactobacilli were isolated in this study and some of their probiotic properties was investigated. Afterwards,...

Author(s): Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal, Niloofar Moghadam Maragheh, Zahra Rajabi, Mohammad Bagher Hosseini, Moslem Papizadeh, Gholamreza Hassanpour, Sara Sharifi Yazdi, Mojtaba Memariani, Shabnam Haghighat Khajavi, Seyedeh Masoomeh Abrichamchian langaroodi, Hedroosha Molla Agha Mirzaei and Mehrnaz Mirzababaei

Molecular characterization of carbapenem resistant Gram-negative rods in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Mansoura University Children's Hospital

June 2021

Carbapenems are group of extended-spectrum β-lactam antimicrobials frequently used for treating multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) infections. This study aimed at detecting and characterizing carbapenem resistance (CR) genes among GNB isolated from patients treated in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of Mansoura University Children's Hospital (MUCH), Egypt. It is a prospective study conducted...

Author(s): Heba Elsayed Eldegla, Islam Nour,  Nehad Nasef , Basma Shouman, Hesham Abdel-Hady, Mayada Zeid, Nawal S. Gouda, Manal M. Nomir, Abd Elazeez Shabaan, and Noha Mostafa Mahmoud,

Prevalence and factors associated with Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonisation in orthopaedic patients at a tertiary care hospital in Kenya

June 2021

Staphylococcus aureus is an important organism in orthopaedic practice as it is the most common cause of orthopaedic infections including surgical site infections (SSIs), osteomyelitis and septic arthritis. Carriers of S. aureus are predisposed to developing invasive staphylococcal infections. Knowledge of a patient’s carrier status before surgery together with interventions to eliminate the carrier state have...

Author(s): David Githiomi Mwaura, Sitati Fred Chuma and Edward Gakuya

Monitoring of physicochemical and microbiological parameters during nonnonkoumou (artisanal curdled milk) production in Daloa, Côte d’Ivoire

June 2021

This study aimed to study physicochemical and microbiological parameters during nonnonkoumou production. A total of 15 samples were analyzed during this study at a rate of 3 samples per fermentation time (T0 h, T6 h, T12 h, T18 h and T24 h). The physicochemical analyses showed a drop in pH (from 7.03 ± 0.028 to 4.59 ± 0.021) during the 24 h of fermentation. The titratable acidity increased from 0.30...

Author(s): ASSOHOUN-DJENI Nanouman Marina Christelle, ATTIEN Yao Paul, KOUASSI Kra Athanase, KOUASSI Kouassi Clément, KOUAME Aya Bah Marie-Ange Christelle, DJENI N’dédé Théodore and KONATE Ibrahim

Screening for the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection among dyspeptic patients using simple fecal antigen and serum antibody diagnostic methods at Mukalla city Hospitals, Hadhramout, Yemen

June 2021

Helicobacter pylori is the most common infection in the world, and the most main causes of dyspepsia are related to H. pylori infection. In that respect, several non-invasive methods for the diagnosis of H. pylori infection were utilized. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of H. pylori infection and its associated variables among dyspeptic patients in Mukalla city, Hadhramout-Yemen during a period from...

Author(s): Eidha Ali Bin-Hameed and Huda Mohammed Barajash

Substitution of non-biodegradable plastic food packagings by ecological food packagings at Abomey-Calavi University (Benin): State of place and microbiological quality of packagings

June 2021

Challenging with environmental problems and health due to non-biodegradable plastic wastes, Abomey-Calavi university heads have banned the use of any Non-biodegradable Plastic Food Packagings (NPFP) on all campuses.  This study aimed to verify the effective implementation of this decision and assess the microbiological quality of ecological primary food packagings used in Abomey-Calavi campus. To achieve the...

Author(s): Agossou P. Noumavo, Messan A. B. Ohin, Noel Tovide, Lucile Adjovi, Rachelle Dissou, Lamine Baba-Moussa, Fatiou Toukourou and Farid Baba-Moussa

Shelf stability of processed cocoyam flour during storage at room temperature (28.0 ± 2°C) for a period of four months

June 2021

The shelf life study of dry milled cocoyam flour packaged in low density polyethylene was carried out for a period of 4-month. Microbiological, nutritional, physicochemical quality characteristics and aflatoxin content were evaluated. The total viable bacterial counts  ranged from 1.6×103 - 4.8×105 cfu/g while the total viable fungal count increased from 5.0 × 101 - 3.8 × 105 sfu/g. The...

Author(s): G. I. Okwu, A. R. Akpe and A. A. Osawaru  

Characterization of diversity and pathogenecity of Pyricularia grisea affecting finger millet in Kenya

May 2021

Pyricularia grisea characterization is a prerequisite for species differentiation and understanding of the pathosystem, evolution and diversity of species. The aim of this study is to determine the morphological variation, pathogen virulence and molecular diversity of P. grisea isolates. Five isolates from infected heads of finger millet were collected from Bomet, Nakuru, Baringo, Busia and Machakos counties in 2019....

Author(s): Jayo Manyasi Tracyline Paul K. Kimurto and Joseph J. Mafurah

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