African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5195

AJMR Articles

ICU COVID-19 patients with bacterial and fungal super-infections in Saudi Arabia

March 2023

Bacterial and fungal infections in COVID-19 patients were reported all over the world. A retrospective study was conducted to determine the prevalence of bacterial and fungal superinfections in COVID-19 positive patients between April 2020 and December 2021. This research included patients admitted in a specialized medical center in Saudi Arabia. A total of 2643 patients with confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 via reverse...

Author(s): Manal M Darwish, Mohammed Ahmed Garout, Altaf A. Abdul Khaliq and Magda R. Abdultawab

Molecular cloning and functional research in drug-resistance of transposase gene in Burkholderia pseudomallei

March 2023

Transposons are widely used in genetic engineering research and play an essential role in microbial drug resistance research. Transposase is the key to constructing efficient transposons, but no studies have reported transposons in Burkholderia pseudomallei. In this study, a new transposase gene was cloned and identified from HNBp001 isolated from Hainan province. Blast and phylogenetic tree analysis showed that the...

Author(s): Hao Xiu, Jie Hou, Yunfan Quan, Tingting Fu, Sufang Dong, Chuizhe Chen, and Qinhui Sun,

Aflatoxins contamination in raw and roasted cashew nuts in Mtwara, Tanzania

March 2023

The aim of this work was to determine the contamination levels of raw and roasted cashew nuts sold in Masasi and Newala districts of Mtwara region in Tanzania. A total of 60 samples including 40 roasted (24 samples from Newala and 16 from Masasi) and 20 raw samples (12 from Newala and 8 from Masasi) were collected. Determination of total aflatoxins levels in raw and roasted cashew nuts samples was carried out by immune...

Author(s): Catherine Leonard Akwilapo, Beatrice M Kilima and Alex Wenaty

The role of effector Ssc1 in Sclerotinia Sclerotiorum and pathogenicity of Botrytis cinerea in the early infection stages

February 2023

In this experiment, the action mechanism of the gene Ssc1 was studied in the process of interaction with plants through heterologous expression, subcellular localization and fluorescent PCR technology. It was found that the gene Ssc1 could enhance the pathogenicity of Botrytis cinerea through heterologous expression. Fusing the promoter, SP and CTP of Ssc1 with GFP and expressing in tobacco, it was found that the...

Author(s): Li Xiaolong, Ren Aizhi, Shang Na, Guan Mengjiao, Zhang Jialin, Wang Lijun, Sun Shulei and Zhao Peibao,  

Antimicrobial susceptibility profile of Enterococcus species isolated from cows with clinical mastitis and from bulk milk tanks in Brazil

February 2023

Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) have been reported as a major hazard to human and animal health, causing problems like clinical mastitis in dairy cattle and nosocomial infections in humans. The aim of this study was to determine the in vitro microbial susceptibility profile of enterococci isolated from dairy farms in São Paulo and Minas Gerais states, Brazil. A total of 310 samples of Enterococcus species...

Author(s): de Moraes Gustavo Nunes, Guimarães Felipe de Freitas, Fornazari Felipe, Joaquim Sâmea Fernandes, Guerra Simony Trevizan, de França Danilo Alves, Possebon Fábio Sossai, Pantoja Jose Carlos de Figueiredo, Lucheis Simone Baldini, Rall Vera Lucia Mores, Hernandes Rodrigo Tavanelli, Ribeiro Marcio Garcia, Leite Domingos da Silva and Langoni Helio

Phenotypic characterization and antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Klebsiella isolates from Rattus rattus captured at university of Abuja metropolis

February 2023

The aim of this study is to phenotypically characterize Klebsiella isolates from rats. A survey  was  conducted on 100 swaps samples  obtained  from  captured  house  rats  in University of Abuja main campus from May to August 2021. Isolation and identification of the Klebsiella species was done using conventional cultural and biochemical techniques. Of the 100 samples analyzed,...

Author(s): Samuel Mailafia, Victor Bitrus Shammah, Kabiru Wazehorbor James, Casmir Ifeanyichukwu Cejatan Ifeanyi, Hakeem Olufemi Onigbanjo, Martha Echioda-Ogbole and Bridget Maria Jessica Adah

COVID-19 and pregnancy: Investigation of serological markers and associated factors

February 2023

COVID-19 is a major public health emergency that has recently shaken the world. Pregnant women have not been spared from this pandemic. Although there is no clinical difference between them and the general population, pregnant women are at increased risk of developing severe forms and pregnancy-related complications. The objective of this study was to investigate the presence of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies and to...

Author(s): Seynabou Lo, Alassane Dièye, Abou Abdallah Malick Diouara, Moustapha Mbow, Mba Elhadji Bambo Diakhaby, Ousmane Thiam, Sidy Diallo, Cheikhna Ndiaye, Momar Ndour and Ndèye Méry Dia-Badiane

Evaluation of diagnostic tests for plague in Madagascar

January 2023

Madagascar is the country that reports the most cases of plague in the world. This is an evaluation study of plague diagnosis over a 2-year period from January 2017 to December 2018. For all suspected plague cases, peripheral RDT (performed locally), central RDT (performed in the laboratory) and PCR were performed. Parameters of the diagnostic tests used, year of study, performance and study of concordance between tests...

Author(s): Rafaramalala S. S., Andrianarivelo A. M., Ratsimbazafy A. B. A., Randriamampionona L. B., Randriamboavonjy R., Randriamanantany Z. A. and Rasamindrakotroka A.

Molecular characterization of multiple antibiotic-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from selected hospital fomites and hands of health care workers in Ondo, Nigeria

January 2023

The study reported the molecular characterization, antibiotic susceptibility profile and the nature of resistance genes in the multiple antibiotic resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from selected hospital fomites and hands of health care workers in Ondo, Nigeria. Various fomites and hands of health care workers were swabbed for the detection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Each sample was cultured separately on...

Author(s): Olasehinde Deborah Oluwasola, Wilkie Eunice Damilola, Oluduro Anthonia Olufunke and Ezeani Chidinma Vivian

Bacterial communities associated with the surfaces of the fresh fruits sold around Dhaka Medical College and Hospital and their anti-microbial profiles

January 2023

Fresh fruits are popular sources of healthy diets with low energy density. Since they are consumed raw, it may act as a source of foodborne disease and a reservoir for antibiotic-resistant organisms. This study aimed to determine microbial prevalence among the fruits sold around hospital along with antimicrobial profiles. Thirty-five different types of fruits were bought from around Dhaka Medical College and Hospital...

Author(s): Kabir R. B., Zaman R., Tania N. E. J., Md. Asaduzzaman, Haque A., Habib F. B., Tanni N. N., Nesa M., Chowdhury A., Md. Rahman F., Sarker A., Halder K., Sharmin N., Chowdhury M., Nahar S. S., Rahman M., Shahid S. B. and Shamsuzzaman S. M.

Diversity and microbiological quality of fruit juices produced in southern Benin

January 2023

The fruit juice production sector is growing rapidly in Benin's major urban centers and appears to have enormous hygienic insufficiencies. This study aimed to identify and evaluate the microbiological quality of the different fruit juices produced in southern Benin. The methodological approach to the first objective consisted of a semi-structured survey coupled with direct observations of fifty enterprises produced...

Author(s): NOUMAVO Agossou D. P., GLODJINON Nicéphore M., OHIN Messan A. B., DOGNON d’Avila Y., SALAKO Valère, HOSSOU Epiphane, BABA-MOUSSA Lamine and BABA-MOUSSA Farid

Molecular analysis of zoonotic pathogens observed in Thryonomys swinderianus (Marsh cane rat) in the city of Daloa in Center Western Côte d’Ivoire

December 2022

Bush meat is a source of food and income for many people in Center Western Côte d’Ivoire. However, it can have adverse effects on the health of the population when food safety practices are not respected. The assessment of the health risk associated with the consumption of bush meat was carried out on 17 faeces samples of Thryonomys swinderianus (marsh cane rat) collected in the city of Daloa in Center...

Author(s): Yéboué Félix Kouadio,, Sylla Idrissa, Abé Innocent Allepo, N’Djetchi Martial Kassi, Konan Thomas Konan, Béné Jean-Claude Koffi and Koffi Mathurin

Characterization of tannase-producing bacteria in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.Walp)

December 2022

Bacteria populations isolated from Cowpea were screened on tannic acid agar medium and determined by zones of hydrolysis after 48 h of incubation at 35°C with three bacteria isolates with isolate codes; DVN 5, DVN 8 and DVN 17a, identified as Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus sp. and Staphylococcus sp. respectively observed as having the highest zones of hydrolysis and subjected to further screening. Tannase...

Author(s): Nwachukwu David, A. A. Ajayi, T. A. Kolawole and U. N. Nwokoma,

Performance of the PanbioTM COVID-19 Ag Rapid Test in a health care setting in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

November 2022

This study aimed to evaluate the performance of the PanbioTM Covid-19 Ag Rapid Test (Abbott) in a medical center in Ouagadougou. The PanbioTM COVID-19 Ag test was evaluated from January 26 to March 31, 2021 in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients in the medical Centre of Kossodo. A total of 268 individuals were tested by both SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR, and antigen RDT. Of these 268 individuals, 52 were positive and 216 were...

Author(s): Ouedraogo Henri Gautier, Zoure Abdou Azaque, Sagna Tani, Soubeiga Serge Théophile, Compaoré Tegwinde R, Zingue Dezemon, Zida Sylvie, Dabiré Charlemagne, Kagambega Alidou, Sawadogo Charles, Yabre Zakaria and Sangare Lassana

Antimicrobial properties of Moringa Stenopetala seed oil

November 2022

Moringa stenopetala is a multipurpose tree with considerable economic and social potential as it has vital nutritional, industrial, and medicinal applications. The study was aimed to investigate the antimicrobial activities of M. stenopetala seed oil against pathogenic microorganisms. M. Stenopetala seeds were collected from three locations (Damba Gofa, Shelle, and Konso) and extracted using two different solvents...

Author(s): Duguma Haile Tesfaye, Azene Meseret, Chameno Gebrmedhin and Haile Meseret

The effect of organic soil amendments on stalk rot of maize caused by Fusarium verticillioides

October 2022

The effect of 3 organic soil amendments viz., cassava peel (Manihot esculenta, Cranz), sawdust (Gmelina arborea, Roxb) and leaves of (Cedrela odorata, L) on the stalk rot of maize (Zea mays L.) caused by Fusarium verticillioides was investigated. Fourteen treatments made up of single or combined treatments with pathogenic or non-pathogenic inoculation of concentrations 3:1, 2:2 and 1:3 were added to 15.8 g sterilized...

Author(s): Abimbola Olajumoke, Alade Dorcas, Adegoke Moses, Odebode Adegboyega and Sobowale Ayodele

Microbiology spectrum and antibiotic susceptibility of bacterial pathogen from ready-to-eat sliced pineapple and water melon

October 2022

This study was conducted to examine microbiological quality and antibiotic susceptibility of bacterial pathogen of ready to eat sliced pineapple and water melon. Pineapples and water melon were purchased from three different vendors in Sango, University of Ibadan and Apete markets. Isolation and identification of pathogens were carried out using culture dependent method, morphological and biochemical characterization,...

Author(s): Ajao O., Nwose A. M., Olateru C. T., Onifade D. A.,  Abdulfatai A. I., Bolarinwa O. O. and Morakinyo Y. M.

Regulation of the bE and bW genes in Sporisorium scitamineum using silver nanoparticles synthesized with Carissa spinarum extract

October 2022

Sugarcane smut is caused by the fungus Sporisorium scitamineum. It is a disease of economic importance in the sugarcane industry because it can cause losses that can lead to total crop failure. Bio-synthesized silver nanoparticles have been found to possess antimicrobial properties, yet they have not been explored against S. scitamineum. Optimization of the mixtures using ultraviolet-visual spectroscopy (UV-Vis) showed...

Author(s): Bongani Z. Nkhabindze, Elijah M. Ateka, Diana M. Earnshaw and Harrison N. Wanyika

Antifungal activity of essential oil-based formulations used in corn preservation in Burkina Faso

October 2022

Fungi and their toxins have an impact on the hygienic standards and market value of corn (Zea Mayas L.) in Burkina Faso. Though effective, other pesticides have been shown to be harmful. This study aims to aid in the management of corn diseases by assessing the effectiveness of bio-fungicide formulations. In this study, the blotter method was used to assess the antifungal activity at doses of 0.5% (5 g/kg) and 1% (10...

Author(s): OUATTARA Lamoussa Paul, DINDANE Zakaria, SAWADOGO Ignace, SOALA W. Romain, ZIDA P. Elisabeth, KONATE Kiéssoun, ZONGO Cheickna, SAVADOGO Aly and NEBIE C. H. Roger

Comparison of modified Ziehl Neelsen staining technique with antigen detection using ELISA in the diagnosis of Cryptosporidiosis at a tertiary hospital in North-Western Nigeria

September 2022

Cryptosporidiosis is a diarrhoeal disease caused by Cryptosporidium species. It has become a more recognised pathogen especially in immunocompromised patients. It is an important opportunistic infection responsible for significant morbidity and mortality in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and AIDS patients. The main aim of this study is to compare microscopy using modified Ziehl-Neelsen (MZN) with ELISA in the...

Author(s): Tanko Zainab Lamido, Yaqub Yahaya, Shuaibu Usman Yahaya, Giwa Fatima Jummai and Olayinka Adebola   

Fungal colonization of air-conditioning systems and indoor cultivated plants and its relation to human health

August 2022

Fungi have been implicated as quantitatively the most important bio-aerosol component of indoor air associated with contaminated air-conditioning systems and soil of indoor cultivated plants. The objectives of this study were not only to assess the level of fungal contamination in the filter dust of air conditioning systems and soil of indoor cultivated potted plants present inside homes, offices and hospitals for one...

Author(s): Hassanein Naziha M. 

Microbiological characterization of traditionally fermented food in southern Mozambique

August 2022

Traditionally fermented foods are source of income and improve quality of diets in rural communities. In Mozambique there are several locally fermented foods, however little is known about fermentation technology and microbial composition. This study aimed to determine physico-chemical parameters and the microbial diversity of traditionally fermented foods in Mozambique. Samples of ucanhi, maheu, massi and rhali were...

Author(s): Nhassengo Anisa J. de A., Massamby Andreia M. M., Fulano Arsénio R. and Macuamule Custódia L. M.

In vitro antibacterial activity of mixed Garcinia buchananii B. and Curcuma longa L. ethanolic extracts against Streptococcus pneumoniae

July 2022

Streptococcus pneumoniae is the main bacterial cause of community-acquired pneumonia. In children, 22% of the deaths are due to pneumonia as the single leading cause of death. The local people in Uganda use herbs like Curcuma longa Linnaeus and Garcinia buchananii Baker to manage upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs). The ethanolic extracts of the C. longa rhizome and G. buchananii stem bark have individually...

Author(s): Atuhaire Joan Keziah, Nabasumba Anzerea Joan, Munanura Edson Ireeta, Anyama Norbert G., Rubayiza Paul, Kaggwa Bruhan, Ndagire Margaret and Kyeyune Henry

Emergence of Diarrhoeagenic Klebsiella pneumoniae Carrying astA and senB genes in Nigeria

July 2022

Klebsiella pneumoniae is increasingly being isolated from the stool of Nigerian patients. K. pneumoniae was isolated from stool samples submitted to two clinical laboratories in Nigeria from patients presenting with various symptoms of gastrointestinal tract infections, including diarrhoea. The authors characterized the virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes of these K. pneumoniae strains. Sixteen pure cultures of...

Author(s): David Olusoga Ogbolu, Akinwale Majeed Akinlabi, Adeolu Sunday Oluremi, Adewale Adegboyega Oke and Mark Alexander Webber,

Biosorption of heavy metals using bacterial isolates from e-waste soil

July 2022

The discharge of untreated wastes containing heavy metals into the environment is a challenge to living cells, and in the search for treatment method, biosorption has been an economical and easy technique for heavy metals removal. This study was carried out to determine the biosorption capacity of bacterial isolates from electronic wastes soil. The isolates from e-waste soil were screened and selected for heavy metals...

Author(s): Olubode T. P., Amusat A. I., Olawale B. R. and Adekola F. F.

Antibiotic susceptibility of bacteria isolates from ward environment of a hospital in Tema, Ghana

June 2022

Community and hospital-acquired antimicrobial resistance is on the increase worldwide and threatens the ability to treat patients effectively. This can result in high levels of morbidity and mortality from microbial infections. Susceptibility patterns help track microbial resistance potentials in order to enhance antibiotic prescription and use. The susceptibility patterns of Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella typhi...

Author(s): Apenteng John Antwi, Yeboah Esther Eyram Asare and Kyere-Davies Gertrude

Biodegradability of polystyrene plastics by bacterial isolates from plastic composted waste soil and molecular characterization of plastic degrading bacterial isolates

June 2022

This study examined the biodegradability of polystyrene (PS) plastics. Soil samples were collected from Oluku Community in Egor Local Government Area, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. Heterotrophic bacteria were enumerated and screened for PS degradation potential. Plastics degrading potential of the isolates was determined by Shake Flask method, degradation of PS plastics was determined by analyzing the formulated PS...

Author(s): Udochukwu Ugueri, Atuanya E. I. and Usman Zainab

Aflatoxins B1 contamination levels in maize and awareness of aflatoxins among main maize stakeholders in Chemba and Kondoa Districts, Tanzania

June 2022

Maize (Zea mays) is the staple food for the majority of people in Tanzania which plays a key role in subsistence and a cash crop among actors of the maize value chain. Environmental factors such as soil contamination by fungi, water stress, warm and humid conditions are among several factors contributing to fungal growth and aflatoxins contamination in maize, leading to significant economic loss, reduced household...

Author(s): Ndwata Asha Hamad, Rashid Suleiman A., Chaula Davis Noboth

Antibiogram and multidrug resistant pattern of Escherichia coli from environmental sources in Port Harcourt

June 2022

Antibiotics are the most successful form of therapeutics developed for the treatment of disease caused by bacteria. The study aimed to assess the prevalence of Escherichia coli and multidrug resistant pattern from environmental sources in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. Forty samples were collected from environmental sources including poultry litter, soil, waste water and cloaca. All samples were inoculated onto...

Author(s): Agbagwa O. E., Chinwi C. M. and Horsfall S. J.

Assessment of handwashing knowledge, attitude and practices among healthcare workers at Muhimbili National Hospital, Tanzania

June 2022

The World Health Organization (WHO) ranks healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) as one of the top ten causes of hospital death worldwide. Hand hygiene is arguably the simplest and most effective way to prevent the transmission of HCAI between one patient to another or from patients to healthcare workers. The practical implementation of hand hygiene depends on the attitude and knowledge of health practitioners regarding...

Author(s): Mtweve Deus M. and Sangeda Raphael Z.

Bacterial contamination and risk factors associated with naira notes circulating in Polytechnic Campus, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State Nigeria

May 2022

The abused Nigerian currency became an issue of concern recently, when the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) launched a nationwide enlightenment campaign aimed at educating the public on the proper handling of Naira notes. The study investigated the current bacterial contamination of Nigerian currency notes as well as the risk factors associated with it in Polytechnic Community Ado- Ekiti, Nigeria. A total of 32 samples of...

Author(s): Anidiobu Chioma Oluchi, Anidiobu Vincent Okechukwu and Amasowomwan-Uyi Daberechi Ifunanya

Prevalence and multidrug-resistant ESBL-producing E. coli in urinary tract infection cases of HIV patients attending Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria

May 2022

The study determined the frequency of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-PEc) in HIV-infected individuals with urinary tract infections (UTIs) attending Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki (FETHA II), and the responses of these bacterial pathogens to colistin, cephalosporins, aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones, and ertapenem. Exactly 200 urine samples (mid-stream) were collected from...

Author(s): John-Onwe B. N., Iroha I. R., Moses I. B., Onuora A. L., Nwigwe J. O., Adimora E. E., Okolo I. O., Uzoeto H. O., Ngwu J. N., Mohammed I. D. and Oladimeji A. S.

Identification of Basidiobolus species from the common house gecko (Hemidactylus frenatus) and their association with isolates from human basidiobolomycosis

May 2022

The genus Basidiobolus contains large groups of terrestrial fungi including the etiological agents of human gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis (GIB). This study aimed to identify Basidiobolus species from the common house gecko and to compare them with human GIB isolates. Gecko and human GIB samples were collected from Muhayil Aseer area, south Saudi Arabia (2017-2019). Isolation of fungi from the gut contents of...

Author(s): Martin R. P. Joseph, Ali Al Bshabshe, Ahmed M. Al-Hakami, Mohammed M. Assiry, Anjali Mathew and Mohamed E. Hamid

Resistance profile of Staphylococcus strains and detection of the Mec A, Van A and Van B genes in private hospitals in Benin

May 2022

The present study aims to identify the emergence of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, S. aureus resistant to vancomycin and to investigate the presence of Mec A, Van A and Van B genes among Staphylococcus strains isolated from hospital environment. For each type of sample, surface of beds, recyclable material, boxes of rodar, floor and door slats, 53 samples were taken. So, a...

Author(s): Prosper Adzavon, Tamegnon Victorien Dougnon, Hornel Koudokpon, Boris Legba, Alidehou Jerrold Agbankpe, Kafayath Fabiyi and Lamine Baba-Moussa

Comparative study of the phytochemical and antibacterial activity of leaf extracts of Euphorbia heterophylla and Vitellaria paradoxa

May 2022

A comparative study was carried out to determine the phytochemical components and Euphorbia heterophylla antibacterial activity as well as Vitellaria paradoxaleaf crude extracts on four enteric organisms, namely: Proteus vulgaris, Salmonella Typhi, Shigella flexneri, and Escherichia coli. The clinical isolates of the enteric organisms were subjected to test of antimicrobial susceptibility using technique of agar...

Author(s): Oyedum U. M.

Prevalence of anemia and associated factors in HIV-1 infected children before and after initiation of antiretroviral therapy in Burkina Faso: A retrospective study

April 2022

Anemia is a public health problem and has significant adverse health consequences in HIV-infected persons. In Burkina Faso, there are little data on anemia in HIV-1 infected children. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of anemia and its associated factors in HIV-infected children before and after their highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). This was a retrospective study that involved a cohort of 151...

Author(s): Serge Theophile Soubeiga, Albert Theophane Yonli, Bapio Valerie Elvira Jean Telesphore Bazie, Henri Gautier Ouedraogo and Jacques Simpore,

Antibiotic susceptibility profile of bacteria isolated from fomites in some day care centres in Ile-Ife, Nigeria

April 2022

This study was conducted by carrying out the isolation, identification and determination of the sensitivity profile to antibiotics in bacteria isolated from fomites in some day care centres in Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria. A total of one hundred and twenty-four fomites were collected from selected seventeen day care centers within Ile-Ife. These were cultured on nutrient agar plates incubated at 37°C for 24 h using...

Author(s): Eunice Damilola Wilkie, Anthonia Olufunke Oluduro and Toyosi Teniola Sotala

Isolation and identification of phytopathogenic bacteria in vegetable crops in West Africa (Côte D’ivoire)

April 2022

Yield losses in food crops due to plant pathogenic bacteria are significant and increasing over the years. The increasing losses caused by bacterial plant pathology are explained by the emerging resistance of bacteria to the chemical agents used in plant protection. Moreover, these chemical agents harm the environment through residue accumulation leading to soil pollution and the perturbation of the soil's inner...

Author(s): Akoua Emmanuella Adioumani, Solange Kakou-Ngazoa, Trebissou Jonhson Noel David, Thibaud Martin, Audrey Addablah, Aristide Koudou, Kan Stephane Kouassi, Sina K. Mireille, N’golo Coulibaly, S. Aoussi and Mireille Dosso

Morphological and molecular characterisation of termite species in Taita Taveta County, Kenya

April 2022

The diversity of termites remains obscure despite having seized the equatorial ecological community with numerous effects both environmental and solvent. In the current study, morphology and DNA based techniques were used to appraise the heterogeneity of termites in Taita Taveta County. Soldier termites were arbitrarily fragmented from the five main plant lives in the study region. A dissecting microscope was used to...

Author(s): Paulyne Akoth, Huxley M. Makonde, Nancy L. M. Budambula and Hamadi I. Boga

Isolation, biochemical characterization and safety screening of potential probiotic lactic acid bacteria from spontaneously fermented cereal products from Western Kenya

April 2022

The global demand for non-dairy beverages has sky rocketed especially so during this Covid-19 pandemic for potential health benefits. Development of probiotic strains from fermented cereal and legumes with the ability to grow well and adapt to gastrointestinal conditions at the same time possess high therapeutic ability will be a great achievement. This study aimed at isolating and screening probiotic potential Lactic...

Author(s): Beatrice Aleyo Akweya, Joseph Mwafaida Mghalu, Rahma Udu M. Yusuf and Tochi Bitange

Novel Alleles 8 and 9 Strains of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides circulating in South East Nigeria and Comparison with Vaccine Reference Strain T1/44

March 2022

Control of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is difficult in Nigeria due to lack of sufficient data. Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides is the causative organism of CBPP. This disease is endemic in Nigeria with serious economic impact. This study was undertaken to characterize M. mycoides subsp. mycoides (Mmm) in cattle in south-east Nigeria using single-locus sequence analysis based on polymorphism analysis of...

Author(s): Kingsley C. Anyika, Livinus T. Ikpa, Elayoni Igomu, Paul I. Ankeli, Pam D. Luka, Kenneth I. Ogbu,  Ishaku S. Bata, Olabode P. Mayowa and Usman A. Rayyanu

Diversity and distribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated to Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdcourt) in Benin

March 2022

Bambara groundnut, despite its attributes in providing protein to human, is facing soil fertility and degradation problems, always leading to little performances. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) constitute a microorganism group used by many researchers to improve productivity of crops in poor soils. This study aimed to evaluate the distribution and diversity of AMF associated to Bambara groundnut in different...

Author(s): Leslie-Dolorès Raïssa BOSSOU, Fatioulaye MAMA, Appolinaire ADANDONON, Mahougnon Charlotte Carmelle ZOUNDJI, Moriaque Tobi AKPLO and Pascal HOUNGNANDAN,

Antibody responses after Oxford AstraZeneca (Covishield) vaccine among healthcare workers in Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh

March 2022

Oxford AstraZeneca (Covishield) vaccine is the 1st vaccine administered in Bangladesh to prevent the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The antibody response after 1st and 2nd doses of this vaccine was assessed in health care workers of Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Bangladesh. Blood sample was collected from healthcare workers (teachers, clinicians and medical staff) after 28 days...

Author(s): N. N. Tanni, M. Nesa, R. B. Kabir, F. B. Habib, R. Zaman, N. E. J. Tania, A. Haque, A. Chowdhury, N. Sharmin, K. Halder, M. Chowdhury, M. Rahman, S. B. Shahid, S. S. Nahar and S. M. Shamsuzzaman

Influence of phosphorus-solubilizing microorganisms and phosphate amendments on pearl millet growth and nutrient use efficiency in different soils types

March 2022

Two greenhouse growth trials were performed to assess inoculation with phosphorus (P)-solubilizing microorganisms (PSM) in combination with alternative sources of phosphate in pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) cultivation: One using sandy soil and the other using clayey soil. The treatments comprised five P sources, with or without inoculation with PSM B119 (Bacillus megaterium) and B2084 (Bacillus subtilis) strains....

Author(s): Flávia Cristina dos Santos, Denise Pacheco dos Reis, Eliane Aparecida Gomes, Daniela de Azevedo Ladeira, Antônio Carlos de Oliveira, Izabelle Gonçalves Melo, Fabiane Ferreira de Souza, Bianca Braz Mattos, Cleide Nascimento Campos and Christiane Abreu de Oliveira-Paiva

Assessment of antiplasmodial and immunomodulatory activities of endophytic fungal metabolites from Azadirachta indica A. Juss

March 2022

This study reported the antiplasmodial and immunomodulatory activities of extracts of endophytic fungi isolated from Azadirachta indica. The extracts were evaluated for potential in-vivo and in-vitro antiplasmodial activity using murine malaria models and microtechnique methods respectively. Immunomodulatory potentials of the extracts were assessed using cyclophosphamide-immunomyelosuppression in mice and...

Author(s): Nonye T. Ujam, Cyril C. Adonu, Thaddeus H. Gugu,Restus Onwusoba, Chibueze Ike, Raymond O. Offiah, Malachy C. Chigbo, Festus B. C. Okoye, Charles O. Esimone

Cellulolytic activity of bacteria from the gut of termites (Macrotermes michaelseni) from Eldoret and Kakamega

February 2022

Cellulose degrading bacteria in termites are important plant degraders as they play an essential role in digesting cellulose for termites. This study aimed to identify cellulose degrading bacteria in termites (Macrotermites michaelseni) collected from Kakamega and Kapsabet region. Six termites were aseptically crushed in an Eppendorf tube containing distilled water. To distinguish cellulose degrading bacteria from...

Author(s): Raheli Neema Miyayo, Lexa Gomezgani Matasyoh and George Obiero

First report of Fusarium oxysporum causing root rot of garlic in China

February 2022

In the springs of 2020 and 2021, with a temperature of 15°C, root rot on garlic were widespread in Enshi, Hubei Province, China. Based on micro-morphological and cultural characteristics, the pathogen was identified as a Fusarium sp. Further, based on multilocus (ITS, EF-1α) phylogenic data, the strains were identified as Fusarium oxysporum. Koch’s postulates were thus fulfilled by pathogenicity tests on...

Author(s): Guo Fengling, Zhou Jie, Qi Chuandong, Fu Jiaping, and Wu Jinping,

Isolation of potentially pathogenic bacteria from Musca domestica captured in hospitals and slaughterhouses, Khartoum state, Sudan

February 2022

This study aimed to isolate and identify bacterial and parasitic pathogens from houseflies captured in hospitals and slaughterhouses. The present study involved 300 houseflies, of which 150 houseflies were collected from hospitals and 150 from slaughterhouses. Two samples were obtained from each housefly; one sample was obtained from the surface of the housefly, and the second was extracted from the intestine of the...

Author(s): Isam-Eldeen Itaype Ibrahim Bashir, AlaaEldin Yousri Muatsim Hamid, Mohamed Ahmed Ibrahim Holi and Eltayib H. Ahmed-Abakur,

Profiling of meropenem-resistant bacteria in a river receiving wastewater effluent from a pharmaceutical industrial unit

February 2022

The aim of the present study was to understand the seasonal occurrence and diversity of species of meropenem-resistant bacteria in the Gumuncheon river receiving effluents from a pharmaceutical industry in Seoul, Korea.Water samples were collected from the Gumuncheon river in Kyoung-gi province during winter (January), spring (April), summer (August), and fall (November) of 2018. Water samples were plated in triplicate...

Author(s): Sung Ho Hwang and Young Jin Kim

Isolation and in-vitro assessment of antagonistic activity of Trichoderma spp. against Magnaporthe oryzae Longorola strain causing rice blast disease in Mali

February 2022

Pyricularia oryzea (Magnaporthe oryzae) causes blast diseases in rice (Oryza sativa) in Mali. The losses could reach 90% of production during rainy weather conditions. Isolation and characterization of M. oryzae and Trichoderma species were carried out to assess the importance and distribution of the pathogen and antagonist Trichoderma species in rice fields in Sikasso (Mali), and select, in vitro, Trichoderma species...

Author(s): Mahamadou Diarra, Adounigna Kassogué, Amadou Hamadoun Babana, Oumarou Hamadoun, Fousseyni Cissé and Abdoulaye Hamadoun

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