African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 712

AJPS Articles

Influence of medium type and growth regulators on in vitro micropropagation of pineapple (Ananas comosus (L.), var. Smooth cayenne)

September 2014

Aseptic cultures of pineapple ‘smooth cayenne’ were established from shoot tip explants. They were initiated on Murashige and Skoog (MS) basal medium with vitamins supplemented with various combinations of 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) (0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4 mg L-1) and Gelrite [1.0 g L-1 (semi-liquid), 1.5 g L-1 (semi-solid) and 2.0 g L-1 (solid)]. Explants were transferred five weeks...

Author(s): Pamela Eloho Akin-Idowu, Sunday Oluseyi Solomon Akinyemi and Dorcas Olubunmi Ibitoye

Approaches for the control of banana Xanthomonas wilt in East and Central Africa

August 2014

The livelihoods of millions of banana farmers in East and Central Africa have been threatened by the devastating epidemic of banana Xanthomonas wilt (BXW) caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum. The disease is widespread and has been reported in East and Central Africa. The economic impact of the disease emanates from loss of yield and cost of control measures. All banana cultivars grown in the region are...

Author(s): J. Kubiriba and W. K. Tushemereirwe

Acute toxicity effects of dichloromethane fraction of ethanol extract of stem bark of Piliostigma reticulatum on rats

August 2014

The aim of this study was to investigate the oral acute toxicity effects of dichloromethane fraction of ethanol extract of stem bark of Piliostigma reticulatum on rats using conventional methods. The rats were divided in nine groups. The control group received normal saline. The others groups received the order of doses of 800, 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000, 5000, 6000 and 7000 mg/kg body weight. However, the rats showed signs...

Author(s): Kassim DOSSO, Benoit Banga N’GUESSAN, Boua Narcisse GNANGORAN and Angoué Paul Yapo

Effect of different population densities and fertilizer rates on the performance of different maize varieties in two rain forest agro ecosystems of South West Nigeria

August 2014

The study aimed at identifying the influence of different plant population density and fertilizer rates on three different maize varieties, it was carried out in two cropping seasons (2007/2008 and 2008/2009) at Ibadan and Ikenne in South-western Nigeria. The experiment was a split-split-plot design with three replications. Maize variety (Swan 1-SR an open-pollinated, Obasuper a hybrid and Quality Protein Maize, an...

Author(s): Adeniyan, O. N.

Drought stress and its intensity, the factor of strategies selection for drought tolerance in Haloxylon aphyllum

July 2014

Osmotic parameters of Haloxylon aphyllum were studied after inducing dryness. Water relations parameters with improving resistance to dryness of this species through inducing severe dryness and clarification of physiologic mechanisms of this plant in response to a low water and dryness were among the objectives of this study. For this purpose, the method of pressure chamber was employed. By this method, the...

Author(s): Naser Arabzadeh

Chemical profiles as chemotaxonomic tools for Loranthaceae in Nigeria

July 2014

The Loranthaceae species are widespread throughout most regions of the world, and are used for various medicinal and ethnopharmacological purposes. However, the species vary in their pharmacological activity, sometimes in correlation with the species from same ecological region or host plant, due to variation in the chemical profiles. This has led to great emphasis on caution in identification and collection for use....

Author(s): Jemilat Aliyu Ibrahim, Henry Omoreige Egharevba, Ibrahim Iliya, Florence Tarfa and Abiodun Emmanuel Ayodele

Efficacy of leaf extracts of some medicinal plants on growth of Colletotrichum capsici butler and bisby

July 2014

Attempts were made to determine the effect of leaf extracts of Azadirachta indica, Ocimum sanctum, Tridex procumbens, Clerodendron innermis, Cathranthus roseus, Ricinus communis, Citrus limon against Colletotrichum capsici. Out of these medicinal plants tested, 15% alcoholic extract of Azadirachta indica and O. sanctum was found inhibitory for the growth of Colletotrichum capsici. The results show that extracts from...

Author(s): Shinde J. U. and D. U. Gawai

Effects of crude extracts on some selected physiological parameters of French beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) infected with rust (Uromyces appendiculatus)

July 2014

Rust (Uromyces appendiculatus) is a major foliar disease that reduces yield and pod quality in beans. The field trial of French beans was established at Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT). Single plant extracts and combinations of Boscia angustifolia, Zanthoxylum chalybeum and Melea volkensii were used to evaluate their effect on U. appendiculatus in the field. During the growing period,...

Author(s): Menge D. M. S., Makobe M., Monda E. O. and Okemo P. O.

Fatty acid composition of the seed oil of Chrysophyllum albidum (G.Don)

July 2014

The fatty acid composition of seed oil of Chrysophyllum albidum was determined by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS). The seed oil contained much important fatty acids with linoleic (26.21%) and palmitic (14.41%) acids being the most abundant unsaturated and saturated fatty acids, respectively. The total unsaturation for the oil was 67.61%. These results confirm that the oil of C. albidum is of industrial...

Author(s): Paul M. Osamudiamen and Lukman O. Afolabi

An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Debre Libanos Wereda, Central Ethiopia

July 2014

An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Debre Libanos Wereda, in central Ethiopia, was carried out from October 2008 to June 2009. A total of 60 informants were interviewed that include knowledgeable farmers, monks, nuns, herbalist farmers and full time herbalists. A total of 83 medicinal plants classified under 77 genera and 46 families were collected. Asteraceae were the most prominent family (7) species and...

Author(s): Seyoum Getaneh and Zerihun Girma

Community structure, regeneration potential and future dynamics of natural forest site in part of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, Uttarakhand, India

July 2014

Realizing the overarching values of forests and considering their depletion at unprecedented rate, conservation of forests has emerged as the prime objective across the globe. Forest vegetation of Pindari-Sunderdhunga-Kafni (PSK), a protected area, part of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve in west Himalaya was analyzed for structure, composition and development of future compositional patterns. Forest vegetation surveys were...

Author(s): Balwant Rawat, Sanjay Gairola, K. Chandra Sekar and R. S. Rawal

Chemical characterization and antimicrobial activity of essential oils and Croton’s varieties modulator in the Brazilian’s Northeast semiarid

July 2014

This study aimed to analyze the chemical composition and evaluate the antibacterial activity of essential oils and modulator of Croton heliotropiifolius Kunth and Croton blanchetianus Baill. The oils were obtained with distilled water and their components identified with GC/MS. Eucalyptol (16.9%), β-caryophyllene (15.9%) and germacrene-D (14.5%) for C. heliotropiifolius and cedrol (28.4%), eucalyptol (17, 4%) and...

Author(s): Elissandra C. Angélico, Onaldo G. Rodrigues, José G. M. da Costa, Maria de Fátima A. Lucena, Vicente Queiroga Neto and Rosália Severo de Medeiros

Effect of foliar application of humic acid, zinc and bo-ron on biochemical changes related to productivity of pungent pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)

June 2014

To study the effect of foliar application of humic acid at 0.05%, zinc at 0.05% and boron at 0.02% on biochemical changes related to productivity of pungent pepper cv. Bullet (Capsicum annuum L.), a pot experiment in randomized block design with three replications was conducted in the net house of Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia-741252, West Bengal, India. In This experiment, we observed some...

Author(s): Denre Manas, Bandopadhyay, P. K., Chakravarty, A., Pal, S. and Bhattacharya, A.

Seed germination and abnormality of cotyledon of Peganum harmala populations in Mongolia

June 2014

The present study assessed whether seed germination of Peganum harmala L. is related to population size and whether factors that control three and four cotyledons and difference in cotyledon shape are different and whether abnormality of cotyledons is related to genetic drift. The percentage of final seed germination was highest in Dzungarian Gobian population and followed by Trans-Altai Gobian population and lowest was...

Author(s): Amartuvshin NARANTSETSEG

Germination tests of seeds of argan tree (Argania spinosa (l.) skeels) of two sources (Tindouf and Mostaganem) in the semi-arid western Algerian.

June 2014

The Argan tree (Argania spinosa) is a drought-tolerant, and forest species observed in arid and semi-arid zone in Algeria, has specific ecological characteristics and many interests (forest, field, and fruit).  The natural reproduction of the tree has become difficult; we have assessed the propagation method by seedlings. In our experiments, we used two seed sources collected from Tindouf and Mostaganem. Based on...

Author(s): Benaouf Zohra, Miloudi Ali and Belkhodja Moulay

Foliar anatomical studies of some taxa of Euphorbiaceae

June 2014

Foliar anatomical studies of fifteen taxa belonging to fifteen genera of Euphorbiaceae were done to understand the foliar structural details in unravelling taxonomical disputes if any. There is a range of characters which varies between genera and species. The presence of single, double and multiple layer of epidermis, palisade parenchyma, spongy parenchyma and other special tissues and storage organs are of taxonomic...

Author(s): R. Elumalai, R. Selvaraj, R. Arunadevi and A. L. A. Chidambaram

Utilization of Indian spinach (Basella Linn.) in Ondo State, Nigeria

June 2014

This paper reports on the survey carried out among consumers on the uses of Indian spinach in Ondo State, Nigeria. Well-structured questionnaires were prepared and one hundred (100) questionnaires were randomly distributed to consumers in each of the 16 local government areas of Ondo State, Nigeria. Result showed that there are more female respondents (59.4 %) than the males (40.6%). This could have resulted from the...

Author(s): Adenegan-Alakinde, T. A. and Adedeji, O.

Effect of inter and intra row spacing on seed tuber yield and yield components of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) at Ofla Woreda, Northern Ethiopia

June 2014

Farmers in southern zone of Tigray are using different spacing below or above the national recommendation depending on the purpose of planting either for seed tuber or consumption due to lack of recommended plant spacing. This study was therefore conducted with the objective of determining the best inter and intra-row spacing for optimum tuber seed yield and quality of potato seed tuber at Ofla Wereda, Northern...

Author(s): Harnet Abrha, Derbew Belew and Gebremedhin Woldegiorgis

Colchicine and duration time on survival rate and micropropagation of Dionaea muscipula Ellis

June 2014

Young leaf bases and leaf blades about 0.5 cm in height of a carnivorous plant Dionaea muscipula were used as explants for determining the callus multiplication. Explants were cultured on 1/2MS medium supplemented with various concentrations of benzyladenine (BA; 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1.0 mg/l). 1/2MS medium supplemented with 1.0 mg/l BA gave the highest average diameter of callus about 0.55 cm after culturing for nine...

Author(s): Anchalee Jala

A comparative study of antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of garlic (Allium sativum L.) extracts in various localities of Pakistan

June 2014

The present study was conducted to analyze garlic extracts using compositional analysis and assessment of antibacterial and antioxidant properties against various microbes. It was observed that garlic consist of various bioactive compounds such as alkaloids, phenols, tannins and flavonoids with different concentration levels. Antimicrobial activity of different solvent extracts (n-hexane, chloroform, acetone, butanol...

Author(s): Muhammad Gulfraz, Muammad Imran, Sobia Khadam, Dawood Ahmed, Muhammad J. Asad, Kashis S. Abassi, Muhammad Irfan and Sajid Mehmood

Salt spray as a micro-environmental factor affecting the growth of Commelina maritima L. at Lekki Beach, Nigeria

June 2014

Commelina maritima L. is a dominant perennial halophyte that is restricted to sandy beaches where it plays major ecological roles in Southern Nigeria. This study examines the response of this plant to saltwater sprays, a factor that affects the growth of coastal plants. Plants were sprayed with seawater twice per week (2/week), four times per week (4/week) or six times per week (6/week) while control was sprayed without...

Author(s): Otitoloju Kekere and Joseph Femi Bamidele

Anticancer activity of n-hexane extract of Cichorium intybus on lymphoblastic leukemia cells (Jurkat cells)

June 2014

Cichorium intybus commonly known as chicory is a member of the family Compositeae. It has been known for various pharmacological activities and anticancer effects against various cell lines including breast cancer MCF-7, prostate cancer LNCaP, amelanotic melanoma C32 and renal adenocarcinoma ACHN. In the present study, aerial parts of C. intybus were collected, identified, soaked in n-hexane non polar solvent, filtered...

Author(s): Mohammad Saleem, Khizar Abbas, Faiza Naseer, Mobasher Ahmad, Nawazish-i-Husain Syed, Fatima Javed, Khalid Hussain and Samia Asima

The effect of salinity (NaCl) on germination and early seedling growth of Lathyrus sativus and Pisum sativum var. abyssinicum

May 2014

High salt level of a germination medium may induce a reduction, delay and even complete inhibition of germination due to osmotic effect and/or ion toxicity. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of salinity due to NaCl on germination and early seedling growth of two crops, Pisum sativum var. abyssinicum and Lathyrus sativus. Seeds of these two crops were treated with NaCl induced saline germinating...

Author(s): Berhanu Abraha Tsegay and Berhane Gebreslassie

Effect of seed-borne fungi on germination and seedling vigour of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus thumb)

May 2014

The effect of Mucor racemosus and Rhizopus nigricans inoculation (g and 0.1 g L-1 distilled water) and a seed dressing fungicide Seedplus® (1.25 g 0.5 kg-1 seeds) on germination and seedling vigour of watermelon (cv. Chaliston gray) was investigated. The experiment involved a complete randomized design (CRD) with three replicates. It was confirmed that the combined inocula with higher density caused significantly...

Author(s): S. T. Anjorin and M. Mohammed

Study on the biochemical effects of barley fiber on the hypercholesterolaemic rats

May 2014

Chemical compositions and nutritive value of Barley (Hordeum vulgare) samples (barley grain and barley hull) were determined by proximate analysis. The percentage value of moisture, ash, protein, fat, fiber, cellulose, lignin and carbohydrate in barley whole grain and hull is deliberated. Moreover, evaluation of functional properties of barley, anti-hypercholesterolaemic effect of barley hull high fiber diet is studied....

Author(s): Sakhawat Ali, Saima Nazir, Shumaila Usman, Zahida Nasreen, Ume Kalsoom and Tanzeela Inam

Noni: A new medicinal plant for the tropics

May 2014

Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) is a tropical plant belonging to the family, Rubiaceae. It is a small evergreen tree or shrub growing to a height of 3 to 6 m. Fruits are multiple, oblong, 5 to 7 cm long, soft, watery with a cheesy aroma. Fruits contain more than 150 compounds having nutraceutical properties. The major compounds isolated are scopoletine, octaanoic acid, vitamin C, terpenoids, alkaloids, anthraquinones, beta...

Author(s): Sharma Yashaswini, Venugopal C. K., Hegde R. V. and Mokashi A. N.

In vitro and in vivo production of polygalacturonase, polymethylgalacturonase and cellulase enzymes by Alternaria solani at different incubation periods

May 2014

The production of polygalacturonase (PG), polymethylgalacturonase (PMG) and cellulase (Cx) enzymes have been studied at different incubation period. The fruit rot pathogen of tomato Alternaria solani was cultured at 28°C on semi ripe tomato fruit broth medium for 2, 4, 6,  8, 10 and 12 days. Isolated pathogen A. solani has a capability of producing PG, PMG and Cx enzyme within short incubation period, that is,...

Author(s): Amit Kumar Chaurasia, Shubha Chaurasia, Sushmita Chaurasia and Shridha Chaurasia

Camel urine, a potent tool for plant protection

April 2014

Cross-tolerance is the phenomenon by which a plant resistance to stress results in resistance to another form of stress. Such intriguing links has made the author to suggest that foliar camel urine (CU) application depending on its amazing constituents may mimic elicitor actions and prime tissues to pathogens in normally susceptible host plants. This study was conducted to assess anatomical and biochemical pathogenesis...

Author(s): E. Nafie

Effect of growing media on seed germination and seedling growth of papaya cv. ‘Red lady’

April 2014

This study was carried out to explore the effect of growing media on seed germination and seedling growth of papaya (Carrica papaya). The research was conducted at the model nursery of Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Sirohi during two successive seasons from July to August 2008-2009 and 2009-2010. This research was arranged in a complete randomized design with nine treatment combinations and three replications. The...

Author(s): R. L. Bhardwaj

Extraction, characterization and application of natural dyes from selected plants in Uganda for dyeing of cotton fabrics

April 2014

Cotton fabrics were dyed with natural dyes derived from the crude bark extracts of Albizia coriaria, Morinda lucida, Syzygium cordatum and Vitellaria paradoxa dye-yielding plants collected in 2004 from Mukono and Mbale districts of Uganda. Natural dyes are becoming very important in industry for their less toxic tendencies as compared to synthetic dyes. They are friendly to the environment and hence their increasing...

Author(s): P. A. G. Wanyama, B. T. Kiremire and J. E. S. Murumu

Release of cowpea line IT99K-494-6 for yield and resistance to the parasitic weed, Alectra vogelii Benth. in Malawi

April 2014

Field trials were conducted between 2008/09 and 2009/10 seasons to evaluate four new cowpea lines, selected in preliminary studies, for yield, adaptation and resistance to the parasitic weed Alectra vogelii in Malawi. The design was randomised complete block design with 4 replicates at research stations and 5 at on-farm sites. For on-farm, villages were the sites and each farmer hosted one replicate. The trial sites...

Author(s): V. H. Kabambe, E. D. L. Mazuma, J. Bokosi and E. Kazira

Sustainability of maize-wheat cropping system by different legume intercropping and nitrogen level treatments on light distribution, soil temperature and crop productivity

April 2014

Agriculture designs for cropping system with legume intercropping for increased resource use efficiency, profitability, productivity and reduced adverse environmental impact are urgently required. A three-year field experiment consisting of six cropping treatments applied during both seasons was conducted during 2008-2009 to 2010-2011 to study the effect of nitrogen and legume intercropping with maize for sustainability...

Author(s): R. K. Naresh, S. S. Tomar, U. P. Shahi, S. P. Singh, Purushottam, B. Singh and Parvinder Kumar

Assessment of drought stress tolerance in root and tuber crops

April 2014

Plant growth and productivity is adversely affected by environmental abiotic and biotic stresses. Drought is one of abiotic stresses that cause serious damage to plants. Therefore, understanding the extent of drought stress and assessing the mechanisms of drought tolerance in plants is very crucial to devise different coping mechanisms with the stresses. Brief discussions have been given on some of the terminologies...

Author(s): Placide Rukundo, Hirut Getinet Betaw, Stephan Ngailo and Fekadu Balcha

Skip-row planting of maize and sorghum in semi-arid Ethiopia

March 2014

Soil water deficits during grain fill constrain crop production in semi-arid areas of Ethiopia. Skip-row planting is a means of saving soil water for grain fill while tie-ridging can improve soil water availability throughout the season by reducing runoff. The hypotheses were that where rainfall ceases before or during early grain fill 1) maize (Zea mays L.) and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) yield can be...

Author(s): Tewodros Mesfin, Jibril Mohammed, Abuhay Taklete, Feyera Merga and Charles Wortmann,

Cloning and expression of anthocyanidin synthase (ANS) gene from peel of mango (Mangifera indica Linn)

March 2014

Fruit coloring is a major source of anthocyanin and carotenoid in mango. The anthocyanidin synthase (ANS) is a key enzyme in the anthocyanin biosynthesis. The ANS gene was cloned from mango peel by homologous cloning method. This manuscript reported characterization of ANS from mango peel that comprised 1,262 bp full-length cDNA with open reading frame (ORF) of 1,056 bp and encoding a protein of 351 amino acids. The...

Author(s): Zhao Zhichang, Chen Yeyuan, Gao Aiping, Huang Jianfeng and Dang Zhiguo

Groundnut rosette disease symptoms types distribution and management of the disease in Uganda

March 2014

Groundnut rosette disease (GRD), caused by a complex of three agents: groundnut rosette assistor luteovirus, groundnut rosette umbravirus, and the associated satellite RNA, is a major groundnut disease in Uganda. Two main symptom types, chlorotic rosette and green rosette occur. A nationwide survey covering 23 districts was done in 2012 and 2013 to ascertain the predominant GRD symptom types, GRD incidences and...

Author(s): D. K. Okello, L.B. Akello, P. Tukamuhabwa, Odong, T.L., M, Ochwo-Ssemakula , J. Adriko and C. M. Deom

King tuber mushroom: Bioconversion of fluted pumpkin, sawdust and paper

March 2014

Pleurotus tuber-regium (Rumph. Ex Fr.) Singer (King tuber mushroom) was cultivated on sawdust; mixture of sawdust and waste paper and mixture of Telfairia occidentalis Hook.F. (Fluted pumpkin) stem and waste paper in order to examine growth of the mushroom on the test substrates. The spawn of the mushroom was used to inoculate the substrates. Mycelia ramification and sclerotia production were monitored on the substrates...

Author(s): Precious C. Nwachukwu and Olutayo M. Adedokun

Influence of boron on seed germination and seedling growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

February 2014

A laboratory experiment was conducted at Department of Plant Science, Ambo University, Ethiopia, to study the effect of boron availability on seed germination and seedling growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. var Danda’a). Seeds were sown in petri dishes with varying concentrations of boron (0, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16 mg/L) at room temperature (24 ± 2°C) in complete randomized design (CRD) with...

Author(s): Habtamu Ashagre, Ibrahim A. Hamza, Urgecha Fita and Worku Nedesa

In vitro potential antimicrobial activities of medicinal plants, Cirsium arvense and Cirsium japonicum

February 2014

Antimicrobial activities of Cirsium species (Cirsium arvense and cirsium japonicum) was evaluated against six bacterial species, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 700603, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (clinical strain/PIMS), Enterobacter (clinical strain/PIMS), Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA, clinical strain/PIMS) and six...

Author(s): Amjad Khan, Zia Ul Haq Khan, Pingyu Wan, Yongmei Chen, Don Don Kong, Mo Heng Liang, Karman Tahir, Arif Ullah Khan, Sadia Nazir and Shafi Ullah Khan

Seasonal availability and palatability of native flora of Santh Saroola Kotli Sattian, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

February 2014

The purpose of this study was to document the palatable indigenous flora of Santh Saroola Kotli Sattian, Rawalpindi. A total of 169 plant species belonging to 126 genera and 56 families have been identified during 2009-2010. Of them, 106 species are noted as highly palatable with the percentage of 62.72%, followed by moderately palatable plants (37 species; 21.89%), whereas, only small proportion was found as are less...

Author(s): Humaira Shaheen, Rahmatullah Qureshi, Shahid Iqbal and Mirza Faisal Qasem

Comparative effects of NPK fertilizer, cowpea pod husk and some tree crops wastes on soil, leaf chemical properties and growth performance of cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.)

February 2014

A nursery experiment was carried out in Akure (rain forest zone), south-western Nigeria to study relative effect(s) of some organic wastes as fertilizers on growth performance, soil and leaf chemical composition of cocoa seedlings (Theobroma cacao L.) in the nursery. The experiment comprised of five treatments: Cowpea Pod Husk (CPH) (2.5 t/ha), cocoa pod husk ash (CPHA) (2.5 t/ha), kola pod husk (KPH) (2.5 t/ha),...

Author(s): Adejobi, K. B., Akanbi, O. S., Ugioro, O., Adeosun, S. A., Mohammed, I., Nduka, B. A. and Adeniyi, D. O.

New technique for adventitious rooting and clonal propagation of Piper longum L. (pippali) through leaf cuttings

February 2014

A simple but unique protocol was developed for root production and clonal propagation of Piper longum L. (pippali), an important medicinal plant of India. Roots and shoots were induced in apical and basal petiolar halves of leaf using auxins. Average root number, root length and survival of rooted leaf cuttings were not significantly affected by type of auxin and leaf cuttings. Highest number of roots (13.40), root...

Author(s): Uday Chand Basak, Dipika Dash, Gourisankar J. P. Jena and Ajay Kumar Mahapatra

Effect of ethephon and planting density on lodged plant percentage and crop yield in maize (Zea mays L.)

February 2014

Increasing maize production is vital in many developing countries. One way of increasing production is through adoption of high planting densities. However, high planting densities are associated with intra-specific competition between plants for resources like nutrients, water and sunlight, as a result weak stalks develops which are susceptible to lodging. The challenge of lodging in high planting densities can be...

Author(s): Misheck Chandiposha and Fanuel Chivende

Seasonal variation of air, soil and leaf surface fungi of broad bean and cellulolytic ability in Upper Egypt

February 2014

Seventy-five species and 3 species varieties belonging to 21 fungal genera were collected from air, soil and leaf surface of broad bean plant on dicholran chloramphenicol malt extract agar (DCMA) and dichloran Rosebengal chloramphenicol agar (DRBC) at 28°C. The results obtained from leaf surface (phyllosphere and phylloplane), soil and atmosphere were basically similar in the two types of media and the most common...

Author(s): A. A. EL-Shahir

Variability, heritability and genetic advance in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)

January 2014

The analysis of variance study indicated the presence of significant difference among all the traits in Gossypium hirsutum accessions. The highest phenotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) and genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) were recorded by seed index, plant height, lint index and boll weight. Genotypic co-efficient of variation had a similar trend as PCV. High heritability along with high genetic advance was...

Author(s): R. Dhivya, P. Amalabalu, R. Pushpa and D. Kavithamani

Properties, users’ assessment and applicability of nine types of taxonomic keys in diagnosing some Nigerian species of Ocimum L., Hyptis Jacq. and Ficus L.

January 2014

Nine types of taxonomic keys have been listed from the literature. These are the dichotomous, numerical, multi-access table of identification, punched-card, columnar-diagram, graphical, flow-chart, pictorial-diagram and circular-diagram keys. In this study, each type of key was observed at two levels namely, its format (which is its peculiarity, depicting the general plan, arrangement or organization of its elements)...

Author(s): Adepoju Tunde Joseph OGUNKUNLE

Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.): Processing, nutritional and functional aspects

January 2014

Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) being an annual herb is most commonly used for seasoning purpose. Its plant seeds, leaves and roots are edible, although they have very distinct flavors and uses. The herb has a light and fresh flavor. Coriander can be used as whole plant and can be processed because of its perishable nature of leaves and to increase the palatability of ripe fruits (seeds) before using it as flavoring...

Author(s): S. Bhat, P. Kaushal, M. Kaur and H. K. Sharma

Hepatoprotective and hepatocurative properties of alcoholic extract of Carthamus oxyacantha seeds

January 2014

Carthamus oxyacantha commonly known as “Poli” or “Peeli kandiary” belongs to family Asteraceae/Compositae. Protective and curative effects of alcoholic extract of C. oxyacantha seeds were investigated against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced hepatic damage in rats (Sprague Dawley Strain). Hepatic damage was induced by injecting a single intraperitoneal dose of 4 ml (50%v/v) CCl4 in olive oil....

Author(s): Ellahi Bukhsh, Salman Akber Malik, Sheikh Saeed Ahmad and Summra Erum

Traditional knowledge on plant resources of Ashezai and Salarzai Valleys, District Buner, Pakistan

January 2014

An ethnobotanical study was done in the Ashezai and Salarzai Valleys, District Buner, Pakistan. A total of 163 plant species belonging to 73 families were reported with the help of standardized questionnaires for their traditional, medicinal and economic uses. Out of these, 62 families were dicots; 8 monocots and two pteridophytes. Gymnosperms were represented by one family. Asteraceae had 16 spp. which was followed by...

Author(s): Zaman Sher, Farrukh Hussain and Muhammad Ibrar

Survival, growth and biomass production of Moringa oleifera provenances at Gairo inland plateau and Ruvu Coastal Region in Tanzania

January 2014

Survival, growth and biomass production was studied among 14 Moringa oleifera provenances at Gairo inland plateau-Morogoro, and Ruvu Coastal Region in Tanzania employing randomized complete block design with three replications. Growth assessment was done at six months intervals while biomass assessment was only done at 30 months. During final assessment, untransformed survival at Gairo site ranged from 65.33% for...

Author(s): Ezekiel Edward, Shabani A. O. Chamshama, Yonika M. Ngaga and Mathew A. Mndolwa

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