African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 747

AJPS Articles

Yield and quality of statice [Limonium sinuatum (L.) Mill.] as affected by cultivars and planting densities

November 2013

A study was conducted in a plastic greenhouse at Freesia Ethiopia PLC Sululta located in the central highlands of Ethiopia with the objective of determining the effect of cultivar, planting density and their interaction effect with reference to yield and quality of Statice.The experiment was laid out in a 3 x 4 factorial arrangement using a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. The...

Author(s): Biruk Mellesse, Nigussie Kassa and Ali Mohammed

Chromosome numbers and karyotype in three species of the genus Vernonia Schreber in Southern Nigerian

November 2013

Detailed cytological studies were carried out on three species of the genus Vernonianamely Vernonia amygdalina (bitter leaf and non-bitter leaf), Vernonia cinerea andVernonia conferta to ascertain their chromosome number. The taxa studied showed diploid number of chromosome for V. cinerea (2n = 18) and V. conferta (2n = 20) and tetraploid number for V....

Author(s): Kemka-Evans, C. I. and Okoli, Bosa

Earliness and yield parameters of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) grafts under different spacing and fertigation levels

November 2013

Field study was undertaken to standardize spacing and fertigation levels for eggplant(Solanum melongena L.) grafts. A strip plot design was adopted with four spacing levels (1 × 1, 2 × 1, 1.5 × 1.5 and 0.6 × 0.6 m) and three fertigation levels: 75, 100 and 125% recommended dose of fertiliser (RDF) replicated four times. After six months, the plants were pruned to obtain the ratoon crop...

Author(s): A. Ndereyimana, S. Praneetha, L. Pugalendhi, B. J. Pandian and P. Rukundo

Study on malting barley genotypes under diverse Agroecologies of north western Ethiopia

November 2013

The study was conducted with the objectives to determine the magnitude effect of genotype, environment, and their interactions on economically important traits and identify stable malt barley (Hordeum distichon L.) genotypes. Combined analysis of variance indicated that the main effects due to environment, genotype and GxE interaction were highly significant for grain yield and economically important malting...

Author(s): Muluken Bantayehu

Evaluation of allelopathic potential of an aromatic exotic tree, Melaleuca leucadendron L.

November 2013

An attempt was made to evaluate the allelopathic potential of an exotic tree species,Melaleuca leucadendron L. using mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) seeds as responsive bioassay material. This was recorded in terms of the plant extract and plant leachate-induced changes of seed germination behaviour, the levels of DNA and RNA as well as amylase activity in the seed kernels. The results of the present...

Author(s): Subhojit Ojha, Chandan Kumar Pati and Aloke Bhattacharjee

Relationship between gibberellins and carbohydrates in vegetable products

October 2013

Gibberellin is a vegetable hormone widely used in agriculture and horticulture. The objective of this review was to show the relationship between gibberellins and carbohydrates in vegetable products. Thus, the study concludes that the involvement of substances may be related with the terminal stages of development of various plants. However, the interactions of carbohydrate content and gibberellin are still...

Author(s): Marcos Ribeiro da Silva Vieira, Adriano Nascimento dos Simões, Alexandre Tavares da Rocha, Luzia Ferreira da Silva and Pahlevi Augusto de Sousa

Medicinal orchids and their uses: Tissue culture a potential alternative for conservation

October 2013

Orchids are nature's most extravagant group of flowering plants distributed throughout the world from tropics to high alpine. They exhibit incredible range of diversity in size, shape and color of their flowers. Though orchids are grown primarily as ornamentals, many are used as herbal medicines, food, and other have cultural value by different cultures and tribes in different parts of the...

Author(s): Bijaya Pant

Sesbania sesban (L.) Merrill: Potential uses of an underutilized multipurpose tree in Ethiopia

October 2013

Sesbania sesban (L.) Merrill is the most productive multipurpose tree widely distributed in tropics and subtropics; and usually planted by smallholder farmers mostly for its fodder and soil improvement values. The objective of the present study was to review the various aspects (with emphasis on its importance) of S. sesban and generate comprehensive technical information for scholars who wish to study...

Author(s): Zerihun Nigussie and Getachew Alemayehu

Antifungal activity of aerial parts as well as in vitro raised calli of the medicinal plant, Balanites aegyptiaca Del.

October 2013

The antifungal potential of an endangered medicinal plant, Balanites aegyptiaca Del. and its in vitro raised calli was evaluated by agar well diffusion method. The alcoholic extract of fruits of parent plant as well as its callus showed good antifungal activity against various pathogenic and opportunistic fungi. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of the extracts were determined by broth...

Author(s): Razia Khatoon, Noor Jahan, Siraj Ahmad and Anwar Shahzad

Characterization of dekoko (Pisum sativum var. abyssinicum) accessions by qualitative traits in the highlands of Southern Tigray, Ethiopia

October 2013

Cultivated Pisum is dominated with Pisum sativum subgroup, but P. sativum var.abyssinicum (Dekoko) is a unique subgroup developed and cultivated in Ethiopia. The objectives of the study were the characterization of the accessions using three qualitative traits and understanding the genetic diversity of the crop. Twenty-four (24) accession/local collections of Dekoko collected from...

Author(s): Haddis Yirga and Dargie Tsegay

Direct regeneration of the medicinal herb Cucumis anguria L from shoot tip explants

October 2013

A protocol was developed by in vitro regeneration by shoot induction of Cucumis anguria, a plant used as medicine and vegetable belonging to the family Cucurbitaceae. High frequencies of multiple shoot regeneration were achieved from nodal explants on MS fortified with 2 mg/l 6-benzyl amino purine (BAP) and 0.5 mg/l indole acetic acid (IAA). Five to ten shoots per explant were obtained. The elongated...

Author(s): S. Senthil Kumar

Lactuca sativa mediated chitinase activity and resistance in pearl millet against Sclerospora graminicola

October 2013

Pearl millet seeds were treated with latex extracts (L1- 50 µl, L2- 100 µl and L3- 200 µl) ofAsclepias curassavica, Calotropis gigantea, Croton sp., Eucalyptus alba, Morus alba,Nerium odoratum, Lactuca sativa and Tridax procumbens were applied on pearl millet seeds for 3 and 6 h to evaluate their role in growth promotion and downy mildew resistance. Latex extracts of...

Author(s): S. R. Mythrashree, N. P. Geetha, H. G. Pushpalatha, M. Murali, H. S. Shetty and K. N. Amruthesh

A review on Justicia adhatoda: A potential source of natural medicine

October 2013

It has been established that up to 25% of the drugs prescribed in conventional medicines are allied directly or indirectly to natural substances mostly of plant origin. Hence, during the last few decades there has been an increasing interest in the study of medicinal plants and their long-established use in different countries. However, today it is compulsory to afford scientific testimony as to whether it is reasonable...

Author(s): Sandeep Dhankhar, Ramanjeet Kaur, S. Ruhil, M. Balhara, Seema Dhankhar and A. K. Chhillar  

The extraction and mass transfer process of soluble solids in Russian olive

September 2013

In this paper, through the research of mass transfer mechanism of the extraction process of soluble solids (SS) in Russian olive, the kinetic model of concentration change for the SS with the solvent multiple B (mL/g), extraction temperature T (K) and extraction time t (h) during extraction process was established for the first time. Russian olive extract concentration values  (%) can be calculated in...

Author(s): Kang Jian, Wu Tong, Zhu Hongyuan and Sun Leilei

Short-term responses of shrub layer communities to dry season fires and tree thinning in semi-arid miombo woodlands of north-western Zimbabwe

September 2013

  Short-term responses of shrub layer communities to dry season fires and tree-thinning were investigated in semi-arid miombo woodlands in North-western Zimbabwe. Fifty-four (54) plots, 50 x 50 m each, were demarcated at three miombo sites. Treatments applied were: no burn, no tree thinning; no burn, thinned; early burn, no thinning; early burn, thinned; late burn, no thinning; late burn, thinned. After three...

Author(s): Isaac Mapaure

Anti-emetic activity of some members of the family, Euphorbiaceae of Lahore region

September 2013

  The present investigation aimed to evaluate the anti-emetic activity of some members of the family Euphorbiaceae of Lahore region. The selected plants were Euphorbia prostrata, Euphorbia splendens, Euphorbia hirta, Euphorbia helioscopia, Ricinus communis, Jatropha integerrima, Putranjiva roxburghii and Phyllanthus emblica. Anti-emetic activity was carried out...

Author(s):   Tahira Mughal and Sana Mahboob

Testing of striga resistant composite maize varieties for response to two levels of nitrogen fertilizer up-take

September 2013

  Trials were carried out using five composite maize varieties in a Striga lutea (Lour) endemic soil of Temidire-Eruwa, Oyo State, Nigeria, in 2004 and 2005. The composite maize varieties were tested under varied fertilizer types, nitrogen (N) concentrations and artificial striga infestation. The objective was to test these striga resistant maize varieties for yield and agronomic performance under the...

Author(s): F. B. Anjorin, S. A., Olakojo and M. A. Aduloju

Variation of alkaloids in the Kenyan Zanthoxylum gilletii (De Wild Waterman)

September 2013

 Zanthoxylum gilletii is an African indigenous deciduous tree which is important for its medicinal use in many communities to treat a wide range of ailments. This study was conducted to identify the alkaloids present in the bark, root and leaves of the Kenyan Z. gilletii. The plant materials were randomly sampled, dried at room temperature, powdered and subjected to thin layer chromatography (TLC), high...

Author(s): Gaya, C. H., Kawaka, J. F., Muchugi, A. and Ngeranwa, J. J.

Description and morphometric analysis of a novel species of Ophrys (Orchidaceae) from Hymettus, Greece

August 2013

  An orchid from Mt. Hymettus in Athens, Greece was isolated and described as new in science. The plant, Ophrys dicipulus (sp. nova), a scolopaxoid orchid, morphologically related to the Ophrys heldreichii group was encountered in three distinct locations within an enclosed and previously uncharacterized area of 259000 m2 on the slopes of Mt. Hymettus. The study to...

Author(s): Michael T. Valahas

Test modeling of the growth of self-fertilized embryos of Phaseolus vulgaris L. and Phaseolus coccineus L. genotypes

August 2013

  Biologists usually rely on modelling tools as well as simulation to try to understand the behaviour of biological phenomena theories. In this research study, we focus on the development and study of mathematical models from environmental problems about genotypes of Phaseolus coccineus L. (NI16 and NI1108) and Phaseolus vulgaris L. (NI637 and X707). Interspecific crosses and...

Author(s): Pamphile NGUEMA NDOUTOUMOU, Gino BOUSSIENGUI BOUSSIENGUI, Albert NGAKOU, Yves BROSTAUX, André TOUSSAINT and Jean Pierre BAUDOIN

Contribution of plant species in homestead farms, to food security and sustainability in Ebonyi state – South eastern Nigeria.

August 2013

  A three Agricultural Zone (Abakaliki, Afikpo and Ohoazzara) exploratory survey of useful plant species in three compound farms in 12 communities in Ebonyi State of Nigeria was conducted to develop a plant species inventory study so as to assess the contribution of plant species in homestead farm to food security and stability in the State. A total of 156 different plant species including 63 woody plant...

Author(s): B. A. Essien, J. B. Essien, J. C. Nwite, J. U. Ogbu, S. N. Okereke and M. U. Agunannah

The effect of pre-treatments on the germination and early seedlings growth of Acacia auriculiformis Cunn. Ex. Benth

August 2013

  Acacia auriculiformis Cunn. Ex. Benth is a multipurpose wattle tree with diverse environmental and ecological significance. However, seeds dormancy and low germination percentage are problems for its use in agro-forestry practices. Investigations were carried out on the effect of pre - treatment on the germination and early seedlings growth of A. auriculiformis. Germination were observed in seeds...

Author(s): Olatunji D., Maku J. O. and Odumefun O. P.

Shoot growth behaviour of selected trees and shrub species along an altitudinal gradient in Kumaun Himalaya, India

August 2013

  This paper reports on the shoot diameter and shoot elongation of common 10 trees and 9 shrubs species of 6 natural forests occurring between 350 to 2500 m in Kumaun Himalaya. The findings indicated that over 90% shoot elongation was accomplished prior to the commencement of rainy season in a majority of species. The average values of diameter increment were similar for canopy and subcanopy species...

Author(s): Sanjay Kumar and Lalit M. Tewari

Vegetation structure in summer of Tehsil Takht-e-Nasrati plains, district Karak, Pakistan

August 2013

  Community structure is a key marker of long-term vegetation change in ecosystem. In the present investigation, 11 plant communities were recorded in plains area. The cluster analysis gives rise to 5 groups on the basis of important value and 4 groups on basis of soil. The vegetation changed with change of distance. As a whole in plains, the CZS community was developed. There were 6 tree, 7 shrub and 19 herb...

Author(s): Musharaf Khan and Farrukh Hussain

Characterization and selection of upland rice germplasm under low and high soil phosphorous (p) and nitrogen (n) environments

August 2013

  A total of 389 accessions and a local cultivar Duorado precoce were evaluated in a simple 30 × 13 alpha lattice design with two replications under four experimental environments (N-P-, no N or P application; N-P+, P applied; N+P-, N applied and N+P+, both N and P applied) at the rate of 60 kg P and 90 kg N ha-1. Data was recorded on Days to heading, anthesis and maturity (days), P and N...

Author(s): Kimani J. M., Tongoona P. and Derera J.

In vitro anthelminthic activities of four medicinal plants against Haemonchus contortus

August 2013

  In vitro experiments were conducted to determine the anthelmintic effects of crude aqueous extracts of the leaves of Carissa spinarum and Azadrichta indica, fruits ofPhytolacca dodecandra and stem bark of Acacia tortilis on eggs and adults ofHaemonchus contortus using egg hatch assay and mortality of adult parasite. Extracts of the leaves of C....

Author(s): Abdi Mohammed, Abebe Wossene, Mirutse Giday, Getachew Tilahun and Nigatu Kebede

Effect of water deficit on relationship between yield and physiological attributes of banana cultivars and hybrids

August 2013

  This study examined the relationship between the yield reduction by chlorophyll stability index (CSI), membrane stability index (MSI) and relative water content (RWC). The field experiment was conducted at National Research Centre for banana to screen the banana cultivars and hybrids for water deficit tolerance and to elucidate information on growth attributes mechanism of banana cultivars and hybrids. Water...

Author(s): K. Krishna Surendar, D. Durga Devi, I. Ravi, P. Jeyakumar and K. Velayudham

Biosystematic relationships among Psathrostachys, Critesion and Hordelymus in Hordeinae (Poaceae) based on the anatomical characteristics of leaf blades

August 2013

  The anatomical characteristics of leaf blades of the major species of Psathyrostachys,Critesion and Hordelymus in Hordeinae were examined, their similarities and differences on the leaf blades were summarized, and the taxonomic significance of leaf anatomical features among them also were discussed. Furthermore, according to the evolutionary trends of anatomical characteristics of three...

Author(s): Xu SU, Yu-ping LIU and Ke-long Chen,

Determination and isolation of protein from different fractions of defatted groundnut oil cake

August 2013

  Groundnut is the major oilseed in India. Groundnut has a high amount of protein (26%), and it is a good source of calcium, phosphorus, iron, zinc and boron. After extracting oil, the cake was only used as cattle feed or livestock, hence in the present study protein was isolated by different fractions of defatted groundnut oil cake because of its higher protein content. Sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide...

Author(s): Kalpana Devi B., Vidhya R. and Jaganmohan R.

Vegetational structure and plant diversity relation in a sub-alpine region of Garhwal Himalaya, Uttarakhnad India

August 2013

  The present study investigated the community structure of a sub- alpine region of Mandal Valley (2200 to 3000 m) along the altitudinal gradient in Garhwal Himalay abased on analytic and synthetic characters. Poa annua  was dominant and Potentilla fulgence wasco- dominant along the altitudinal gradient, indicating that most...

Author(s): A. S. Bisht and A. B. Bhat

Genetic variability of three cassava traits across three locations in Ghana

July 2013

  A study was conducted to assess the extent of genetic variability, broad-sense heritability and correlations for fresh root weight, root number and top weight of five cassava genotypes across three locations in 2 years. Combined analysis of variance revealed highly significant genotypic effect for all the traits. Genotype x environment interaction was also significant for all the traits studied indicating...

Author(s): Peprah Bright Boakye, Ofori Kwadwo, Asante Isaac K. and Elizabeth Yaa Parkes,

The folklore of medicinal plants recorded from Leepa Valley, Azad Jammu and Kashmir

July 2013

  The folklore of 43 species of ‘medicinal plants’ belonging to 27 families was recorded form Leepa Valley, Muzaffarabad. Out of 43 medicinal plants, 4 gymnosperms, 38 angiosperms and 01 fern species were used against different diseases. The major problems cured by ‘medicinal plants’ were digestive problems (24 spp), dermal system problems (13 sp), hepatic problems (11 spp) and...

Author(s): Tariq Habib, Zahid Hussain Malik, Muhammad Altaf Hussain and Ashfaq Ahmed Awan

Identification of plants visited by the honeybee, Apis mellifera L. in the Sudan Savanna zone of northeastern Nigeria

July 2013

  A total of 61 species of savanna plants visited by the honeybee, Apis mellifera L. were identified through direct observation of foraging bees. The time of flowering of the plants was also recorded.  The largest number of species (26.2%) was recorded for the family Fabaceae. Combretaceae ranked second with 9.8% of the species, while Arecaceae, Lamiaceae, Poaceae Rhamnaceae and Rubiaceae ranked...

Author(s): Usman H. Dukku

Plants used in material culture in Oromo community, Jimma, Southwest Oromia, Ethiopia

July 2013

  Since antiquity, plants have been used as a source of material culture by the human societies. The purpose of this study was to assess the plant species and associated traditional knowledge used in making material cultures. A quantitative method (structured interviews and questionnaire) was used to collect data. A total of 75 key informants above 45 age groups were questioned and data on the plant...

Author(s): Balcha Abera

Fatty acid composition and antibacterial activity of Swietenia Macrophylla king seed oil

July 2013

  Pathogenic bacteria cause many acute and serious diseases, especially ‘multiple-drug-resistant’ strains have become such a problem due to overuse of antibiotics. Various medicinal plants are used to prevent or cure infectious diseases. The aims of this study were to determine the oil content, fatty acids compositions, and antibacterial activity ofSwietenia macrophylla king seed oil against...

Author(s): Mohammed B. Suliman, Azhari H. Nour, Mashitah M. Yusoff, Abdurahmn H. Nour, Palaniselvam Kuppusamy, Yuvaraj A. R. and Mazza S. Adam

The impact of drought stress on photosynthetic quantum yield in Haloxylon aphyllum and Haloxylon persicum

June 2013

The impact of periodic drought stress on photosynthesis changes was examined inHaloxylon aphyllum and Haloxylon persicum. Parameters F0, Fv/Fm, the chlorophyll content and chlorophyll a/b ratio were measured. Drought stress factor was consideredas lack of irrigation of potted-seedlings of two...

Author(s): Naser Arabzadeh

Influence of Acacia senegal varieties on quality of gum arabic in Baringo District, Kenya

June 2013

A study was done to determine the influence of Acacia senegal variety senegal and var.kerensis on quality of gum arabic in Solit, Kapkun, Kimorok and Maoi, Marigat division, Baringo District. Soil and gum arabic samples were collected, dried and analysed to establish their chemical characteristics. Gum nitrogen from A. senegal variety senegal in Kapkun and Solit was...

Author(s): J. K. Lelon, I. O. Jumba, J. K. Keter and F. D. O. Oduor

Conservation status of trees in Tehsil Takht-e-Nasratti, Karak Pakistan

June 2013

The present study documents the conservation status of 21 trees belonging to 14 families on small scale in Tehsil Takht-e-Nasrati, Karak through field surveys, frequently conducted in spring, summer and winter 2009-2010. Among these nine species were found to be rare, vulnerable (six species), infrequent (3 species), endangered (one specie) and dominant (two species). The conservation status of plants is determined...

Author(s):   Musharaf Khan, Farrukh Hussain and Shahana Musharaf 

Amelioration of aluminum toxicity on OM4900 rice seedlings by sodium silicate

June 2013

Silicon has versatile functions in plant biology, especially in plant defense and tolerance to both biotic and abiotic stressors. In this study, it was investigated if silicon could reduce the toxic effect of aluminum on rice. Aluminum was applied to OM4900 rice seedlings, and then their growth and sugar metabolism were determined. At doses of aluminum chloride of 100 and 200 µM, plant height was significantly...

Author(s): Pham Phuoc Nhan and Nguyen Thanh Hai

Allometric prediction models of growth variables of Daniella oliveri in the Nigerian Guinea Savanna

June 2013

Trees show considerable variation and flexibility in their size of crowns, height, stem diameters, crown height and crown length. Stem diameter at breast height is an important tree characteristics and an accurate prediction of tree growth dimensions. Relationships between stem diameter and crown length with other variables of Daniella oliveri was studied. The result reveal positive correlations between...

Author(s): Toma Buba

Genetic analysis of some yield attributes in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.)

June 2013

The present investigation on Brassica juncea L. genotypes is an attempt to study variations and to generate variability through hybridization and also to obtain genetic information on some yield attributes for selection in segregating generations. Eight promising genotypes were selected and crossed in all possible combinations under complete diallel system. Data was recorded for seed yield and some...

Author(s): Muhammad Arifullah, Muhammad Munir, Abid Mahmood, Saifullah Khan Ajmaland Fayyaz-ul-Hassan

Factors influencing high callusing proliferation in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)

June 2013

In vitro regeneration of cotton (Gossypium spp.) has been a subject of intense research for the last two decades because of the commercial value of the crop. A study was conducted to assess the callusing potential of two local cotton genotype varieties viz., MCU-5 and SVPR-2 and two exotic genotypes, Coker 310 and 312. High significant difference was observed between media composition, genotype and explant...

Author(s): R. Pushpa and T. S. Raveendran

Effect of enzymatic treatment on carrot cell wall for increased juice yield and effect on physicochemical parameters

June 2013

Combination of crude pectolytic and cellulolytic enzymes (both prepared from Aspergillus foetidus) was used as pretreatment for extraction of carrot juice since pectinases and cellulases contribute to the breakdown of pectin and cellulose, respectively, hence enhance the juice yield and clarity. Juice yield was increased by 11.38% due to enzyme action. Juice samples along with control were stored at room (30...

Author(s): Mandeep Kaur and H. K. Sharma

In vitro plantlet regeneration and genetic transformation of sponge gourd (Luffa cylindrica L.)

June 2013

In vitro plantlet regeneration via organogenesis was observed in leaf and nodal explants cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium fortified with various concentrations ofthidiazuron (TDZ), benzylaminopurine (BAP) or kinetin (Kn) in sponge gourd (Luffa cylindrica L) accession number 1868). TDZ was superior to BAP or Kn in inducing more number of shoots in leaf and nodal explants....

Author(s): Sujatha D., Ravi Chithakari, Raghuvardhan L., Prasad B., Gulab Khan R., Sadanandam A. and Christopher Reuben T.

In vitro propagation of Anchote (Coccinia abyssinica) (Lam.) Cogn.]

June 2013

Coccinia abyssinica (Lam.) Cogn.] (Cucurbitaceae) is a tuberous neutraceutical plant locally known as Anchote (Oromo language). A micropropagation protocol was developed for C. abyssinica. Seeds were planted ex vitro in a pot that contained different soil mix ratios, and two weeks old seedlings were used as a source of explants. Shoot tip and nodal explants were sterilized...

Author(s): Folla Bekele, Balcha Abera, Mezgebe Getahun

Aspects of the floral biology and pollen properties of Vigna unguiculata L. Walp (Fabaceae)

May 2013

  The present work had the objective of collecting information pertaining to the floral biology and properties related with the viability and germinability of black-eyed bean (Vigna unguiculata) pollen grains. The study was conducted in the municipal area of Cruz das Almas, Bahia, Brazil during the months of April to June of the year 2011. In the climate and soil conditions of the study area, V....

Author(s):   Generosa Sousa Ribeiro, Adailton Freitas Ferreira, Cynthia Maria de Lyra Neves, Fernanda Silva das Mercês Sousa, Carina de Oliveira, Eloi Machado Alves, Gení da Silva Sodré and Carlos Alfredo Lopes de Carvalho

Physiological and morphological responses of three Bromus species to drought stress at seedling stage and grown under germinator and greenhouse conditions

May 2013

In order to determine the reaction of three Bromus species to drought stress, two separate experiment were conducted in both germinator and greenhouse conditions using factorial experiment based of completely randomized design with three replications in 2010 in Tehran, Iran. The drought treatments were four levels of osmotic potential (0, -0.3, -0.6 and -0.9 MPa) in germinator and four levels of osmotic...

Author(s): Mojtaba Akhavan Armaki, Melika Hashemi and Hossein Azarnivand

Poultry manure and inorganic fertilizer to improve pearl millet yield in Niger

May 2013

Low soil fertility and insufficient rainfall are the major constraints limiting pearl millet yields in Niger. Farmers use organic amendments from diverse sources as an integral component for meeting crop nutritional needs. In the Maradi region of Niger, a private poultry farm produces tons of poultry manure annually, much of which is applied to pearl millet in farmer’s fields. A field survey was conducted in...

Author(s): Nouri Maman and Stephen Mason

Canopy trees leaf phenology in tropical dry deciduous and evergreen forests of Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka, India

May 2013

  Leaf phenology tree species of dry deciduous and evergreen forests of Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary (13°25’ and 13°50’ N, 75°15’ and 75°50’ E) was studied during June 2004 to May 2006. Leaf fall starts in September and with a peak in December and January. Leaf initiation starts in February and with a peak in April before monsoon, while leaf expansion starts in February...

Author(s): Appaji Nanda, Yelugere L. Krishna Murthy and Hebbalalu S. Suresh

Effects of crop rotation and residue management on bread wheat

May 2013

The objective of this study was to determine the influence of crop rotation and crop residue management on wheat yield and yield components with four crop rotations [wheat-wheat-wheat-rapeseed-wheat (WWWRW), wheat-sugar beet-wheat-potato-wheat (WSWPW), wheat-maize-wheat-potato-wheat (WMWPW) and wheat monoculture for the whole period (WWWWW)] and three levels of retaining crop residues to soil (0, 50 and 100% produced...

Author(s): Ahmad Zare Feizabady

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