African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 688

AJPS Articles

January 2012

Determination and comparing of the essential oil components in wild and cultivated populations of Thymus kotschyanus Boiss. & Hohen

Thymus kotschyanus Boiss. & Hohen. is a grassy, permanent herb which belongs toLabiatae family and grows wild in some regions of Iran including West Azarbaijan province. In this study, variations in the quantity and quality of the essential oils of wild and cultivated populations of T. kotschyanus are reported. The aerial parts of T. Kotschyanus at the beginning of flowering stage (20%...

Author(s): Mohamad Pirigharnaei Samad Zare, Reza Heidary, Jalil Khara and Reza EmamaliSabzi        

January 2012

Karyotype characterization of Platostoma africanum P. Beauv. in Southeastern Nigeria

Platostoma africanum P. Beauv. is a tropical plant species valued for its efficacy in traditional medicinal system in West Africa. Although studied for its chemical properties, no cytogenetic study has been reported on this plant species. Axillary buds obtained from the growing plants were used to conduct mitotic study. Results obtained in this study showed that P. africanum is a diploid species with...

Author(s): Aikpokpodion P. O. and Edet O. U.  

January 2012

Validation of the use of secondary traits and selection indices for drought tolerance in tropical maize (Zea mays L.)

Breeding progress for drought tolerance in maize has been slow since drought tolerance is a complex trait controlled by many genes. Breeders improving maize for drought tolerance have therefore been using secondary traits and selection indices for selecting the best genotypes under drought stress. The objectives of this study were to determine the combining ability of the inbred lines in stress and non stress...

Author(s): Xavier Mhike, Patrick Okori, Cosmos Magorokosho and Thokozile Ndlela        

January 2012

Response of tomato (Solanum lycopersicon) to cadmium toxicity: Growth, element uptake, chlorophyll content and photosynthesis rate

The effect of cadmium (Cd) accumulation on mineral composition in roots and shoots, growth development, chlorophyll and water content of tomato (Solanum lycopersiconMill 63/5F1) seedlings was tested under doses of 0 (control), 10, 50 and 100 µM. Cadmium accumulation was defined by elevated concentrations as 50 to 100 µM in root and shoot tissues. Element uptake by roots and shoot was negatively affected...

Author(s): Chiraz Chaffei Haouari, Afef Hajjaji Nasraoui, Donia Bouthour, Maaroufi Dghimi Houda, Chiraz Ben Daieb, Jamel Mnai and Houda Gouia        

January 2012

Effects of food spices on Gram-negative food indicator bacteria from some Nigerian ethnic fermented plant food condiments

Varied but multiple antibiotic resistance rates were exhibited by all the foodborne indicator bacterial species, Citrobacter, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter, Klebsiella,Morganella morganii, Salmonella, Shigella, Pseudomonas isolated from four most-popular Nigerian indigenous fermented plant food condiments ogiri, iru, okpehe andugba. The generally...

Author(s): Adenike  A. O. Ogunshe, Zibi M. Johnny and Amala O. Arinze      

January 2012

Vegetation and flora dynamic of the fallow of the national centre of floristic (NCF) of Cocody-Abidjan University (Ivory Coast)

The flora and the vegetation of the fallow of the National Centre of Floristic (NCF) were analyzed 14 years after first inventory was carried out in 1995. The objective of this study was to evaluate the evolution of the flora and the vegetation of the fallow of the NCF. Thus, the fallow was divided into 4 layers representing each one with homogeneous plot. The methodology of inventory adopted is the combination of the...

Author(s): Ipou Ipou J., Koffi K. A. D., Ouattara D, and N’Guessan K. E.,        

January 2012

A community analysis of Quercus baloot Griff, forest District Dir, Upper Pakistan

Twenty-two relatively undisturbed Quercus baloot dominating stands were surveyed on different physiographic situations in district Dir upper Pakistan. The purpose of the study was to investigate the types and structure of plant communities and ecological status ofQ. baloot using agglomerative cluster analysis and detrended correspondence analysis (DCA ordination). The distribution pattern and influential...

Author(s): Nasrullah Khan    

January 2012

Genotype × season interaction and characters association of some Sesame (sesamum indicum L.) genotypes under rain-fed conditions of Sudan

The experiment was carried out at Gedarif Agricultural Research Station Sudan, during the rainy seasons 08/09 and 09/2010, to estimate the genotype x season interaction and to asses the characters association for seven sesame genotypes. A randomized complete block design with four replicates was used. The...

Author(s): Salah Balla M. Ahmed and Abubakri  F. Ahmed        

January 2012

Pollen morphology of Tacca leontopetaloides (L.) Kuntze in Nigeria

The pollen of Tacca leontopetaloides collected from four different locations across Nigeria was prepared and studied under the light microscope. The exine pattern was observed to be fairly striate in all samples from the four different locations, while all the grains were monosulcate. Based on the polar axis size, the pollen sample from Akoko (sample A) was small sized, while the rest are medium sized. The...

Author(s): T. I. Borokini and A. E. Ayodele        

December 2011

Innovations in resource management for sustainable rice based farming

Agricultural practice cannot be sustainable unless and until it is improving or at least conserving the natural resource base. There is need for a shift in outlook of viewing only the immediate benefits of farming practices. Rather, farming practices should be judged in terms of its effects on natural resources and environment, besides benefits in terms of yield and quality. Some ways and means of managing external...

Author(s): S. K. Rautaray    

December 2011

Response of Ethiopian durum wheat genotypes to water deficit induced at various growth stages

Understanding the effect of water stress on yield and its components is the essential step in developing of high yielding and stable genotypes. Substantial reduction in grain yield can be caused by water deficit depending on the intensity, duration and the developmental stage at which water stress occurred. An experiment was conducted in the lathouse at Sinana Agricultural Research Center in...

Author(s): Ashinie Bogale and Kindie Tesfaye      

December 2011

Yield potential evaluation and path analysis of different sesame genotypes under various levels of iron

In order to evaluate yield potential of different genotypes of sesame under different levels of iron micronutrient and determinate the most effective traits on the yield, the experiment was carried out as split plot based on randomized complete block design at Jiroft during 2008. Treatments consisted of three levels of Fe fertilizer (chalet 138) (0, 5 and 10 kg/ha) as the main factor and different genotypes of sesame...

Author(s): Rahimeh Kurdistani and Enayatollah Tohidinejad

December 2011

Sunflower seed invigoration by chemical manipulation

Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L. cv. Morden) seeds lose viability at a rapid pace under accelerated ageing (AA) condition. Pretreatment of the seeds with salicylic acid and ascorbic acid for 8 h before imposition of accelerated ageing treatment in desiccator (99.1% RH and 32 ± 2°C) or continuous treatment of the seeds with Eucalyptus oil vapour for 60 days in a separate desiccator under the same...

Author(s): Chandan Kumar Pati and Aloke Bhattacharjee    

December 2011

Effect of storage temperature and packaging materials on seed germination and seed-borne fungi of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench.) in South West Nigeria

A laboratory experiment was conducted at Ibadan, Nigeria to determine the effect of storage temperature and packaging materials on the germination and associated seed-borne fungi of two accessions of sorghum seed (NG/SA/07/0194 and NGB/08/0270). The seeds were stored at three different storage temperature (gene bank temperature -5°C), freezing temperature (-20 ± 2°C) and ambient temperature (25 ±...

Author(s): Owolade O. F., Olasoji J. O. and Afolabi C. G.        

December 2011

Interaction between maize phenology and transgenic maize hybrids on stalk rots following European corn borer infestation

Field studies were carried out at Hoytville and Wooster, Ohio, USA from 2006 to 2008 to determine the influence of planting date and transgenic Bt maize on incidence and severity of stalk rots of maize. Transgenic and non-transgenic Bt maize hybrids with different maturity ratings were planted on late April/early May, mid-May and early June each year. The incidence and severity of the maize stalk rot complex were...

Author(s): Motshwari Obopile Ronald B. Hammond and Pierce A. Paul      

December 2011

Volatile constituents of essential oils isolated from different parts of Alpinia calcarata Rosc

The essential oils isolated from different parts of Alpinia calcarata Rosc. growing in Chittagong, Bangladesh, were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The leaf oil contained 1,8-cineole (28.48%) and camphor (21.40%) as the major constituents. The stem sheath oil had fenchyl acetate (19.16%) and carotol (16.77%) as the major compounds. On the other hand, the root oil...

Author(s): Md. Nazrul Islam Bhuiyan, Jaripa Begum and Nemai Chandra Nandi        

December 2011

Effect of calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium on farm plantations of various agroeclogical zones of Punjab, Pakistan

The immense impact of trees in the development of a country cannot be denied and over-emphasized. Pakistan has a narrow forest resource base extending over only about 4.8% (4.59% excluding farmland plantations) of its area, which is insufficient to provide the material needs for the growing population, expanding and to retard and arrest the ongoing environmental and ecological degradation process. Based on...

Author(s): Syed Muhammad Akmal Rahim, Shahida Hasnain and Jabeen Farkhanda            

December 2011

Appraisal of methods for assessing black Sigatoka resistance in diploid banana populations

Three black Sigatoka assessment protocols, (i) assessing disease severity 6 months after planting, (ii) estimating disease development over time in the different accessions, and (iii) assessing the youngest leaf spotted (YLS) at flowering were appraised. The assessment was implemented on 18 diploid accessions together with susceptible and resistant checks, planted in a 4 × 5 rectangular lattice design with two...

Author(s): A. Barekye, P. Tongoona, J. Derera, M. D. Laing and W. K. Tushemereirwe        

November 2011

Early tests on tolerant kabuli chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes selection for drought stress

In order to determine early selection parameters for drought stress tolerance, an experiment was carried out, in situ, in pots under controlled climatic conditions. Drought stress tolerance of eight “kabuli” chickpea type accessions (Béja1, Amdoun 1, Nayer, Kasseb, Bochra, FLIP96-114C, FLIP88-42C and ILC3279) was evaluated with four amounts of irrigation: 100, 75, 50 and...

Author(s): Kamel Ben Mbarek, Mohsen Boubaker and Tijani Mehoichi      

  • Article Number: 31A403911189

November 2011

Cost analysis of on-farm adaptive research (OFAR) as a strategy for Hevea technology transfer in the rubber belt of Nigeria

Author(s): D. Y. Giroh, Y. Waizah,  F. S. Yustus  and  P. Imarhiagbe

  • Article Number: B46B81111196

November 2011

Change of some defense compounds of cucumber treated with Bacillus cereus and salicylic acid against Meloidogyne javanica

In this research, the effects of antagonist bacterium (Bacillus cereus) and salicylic acid (SA) as chemical inducer alone and in combination against root knot nematode (Meloidogyne javanica) as the most important nematode in Iran, on cucumber roots (cv. superdominus) was investigated. The used concentrations were 109 cfu/ml for bacteria and 5 mM for SA. In greenhouse experiments some parameters were...

Author(s): Sara Siahpoush, Navazollah Sahebani and Heshmatollah Aminian      

  • Article Number: AF84F2911228

November 2011

Mitotic chromosome studies of some accessions of African yam bean Sphenostylis stenocarpa (Hochst. Ex. A. Rich.) Harm.

In this study the chromosome number, chromosome length and mitotic indices of 21 accessions of African Yam Bean (AYB) were determined. To accomplish this, the best time to harvest growing root tips was identified by measuring mitotic index of chromosomes prepared from root tips of accession TSs148 collected at two hours interval within a 24 h study period from 8 am to 6 am of following day. Cell division occurred...

Author(s): Adesoye, A. I. and Nnadi, N. C.        

November 2011

Assessment of disturbances caused by interaction of multinutrient deficiencies of sulphur, zinc and boron in mustard

In higher plants, due to indiscriminate use of fertilizers, sometimes multiple deficiencies or toxicity is created in the growing medium, which disturbed the yield and metabolism of plants. To observe the effect of sulphur (S) deficiency on zinc (Zn) and boron (B) nutrition of mustard (Brassica  compestris L.) var. T9, plants were grown in refined sand in complete nutrition (control - 2 mM S, 1 µM...

Author(s): P. Sinha and C. Chatterjee      

November 2011

In vitro propagation of Ceropegia juncea Roxb

The present study was conducted to establish a protocol for in vitro propagation of an endemic medicinal plant Ceropegia juncea (Asclepiadaceae) from one month old aseptic seedling nodal explants. The highest shoot multiplication rate of 20.65 ± 0.20 shoots/explant was achieved on Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with BAP 8.87 mM + TDZ  4.54 mM. Excised shoots were rooted...

Author(s): Krishnareddy P. V., Karuppusamy S. and Pullaiah T.        

  • Article Number: 7B945FE11203

November 2011

Evaluation of cumin (Cuminum Cyminum L.) landraces under drought stress based on some agronomic traits

The present study was conducted to establish a protocol for in vitro propagation of an endemic medicinal plant Ceropegia juncea (Asclepiadaceae) from one month old aseptic seedling nodal explants. The highest shoot multiplication rate of 20.65 ± 0.20 shoots/explant was achieved on Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with BAP 8.87 mM + TDZ  4.54 mM. Excised shoots were rooted...

Author(s): Leili Motamedi-Mirhosseini, Ghasem Mohammadi-Nejad, Alireza Bahraminejad, Pooran Golkar and Zahra Mohammadinejad      

  • Article Number: 5EB148911211

November 2011

Green house assessment of drought tolerance in maize (Zea mays L.) using some plant parameters

A green house study was conducted between July and August, 2009 to test and determine the drought tolerance levels of ten maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes. The top soil used was retrieved from Bediease series (Chromic lixisol). Ten genotypes, (six inbred lines and four varieties) having different...

Author(s): E. Obeng-Bio, M. Bonsu, K. Obeng-Antwi and R. Akromah    

  • Article Number: B54DBD111218

November 2011

Comparative studies on consumption preference, mineral contents and proximate composition of five ecotypes of Gnetum aficanum Welw. from Northwest Cameroun and Southeast Nigeria

A comparative study on the consumption preference, mineral contents and proximate composition of five ecotypes of the edible vegetable, Gnetum africanum Welw. was carried out. The five ecotypes were Umuahia ecotype, Calabar ecotype, Ikom ecotype, Eket ecotype (Nigeria) and Limbe ecotype (Cameroun). These five ecotypes were chosen because they represent a wide consumption range of the vegetable. The minerals...

Author(s): Etta Hannah Edim, Ijakeyi Blessing and Udo Sammuel      

  • Article Number: 1C968C111130

November 2011

Sensitivity of some quantitative and yield characters of ‘Egusi’ melon (Colocynthis citrullus L.) to treatment with microtubule inhibitors

A major constraint in the improvement of ‘Egusi’ melon lies in the fact that attempts attransferring desirable genes into the plant from wild relatives are limited by interspecific hybridization barriers. Therefore, antimitotic agents were used as a means of introducing genetic variability for possible incorporation into breeding programmes of the crop. Seeds soaked in water and three different...

Author(s): Ebiamadon Andi Brisibe, Ogbu Udensi, Valentine O. Ntui, Peggy A. Otu and Peter N. Chukwurah        

  • Article Number: D21DB1411136

November 2011

Establishment of high-elevation fourwing saltbush (Atriplex canescens Pursh Nutt.) ecotypes in Northern Mexico´s oak-bunchgrass rangelands

In Mexico, fourwing saltbush grows in shrubland ecosystems where the highest elevation is approximately 1,500 m, while in the United States of America (USA) it is found up to 2,400 m elevations. The objective was to evaluate the growth and survival of the Sandoval, Grants and Trinidad ecotypes in Mexico’s oak-bunchgrassland, as well as to characterize the soils of two high-elevation sites in southwest United...

Author(s): Rubén Alfonso Saucedo-Teran, Jose Luis Javier Badillo-Almaraz, Hector Rubio-Arias and Pedro Jurado-Guerra    

  • Article Number: 4FE142611145

November 2011

Rooting and vegetative growth responses of “difficult-to-root” Ixora coccinea and Ficus benjamina cv. ‘starlight’ to different stem cutting types and soilless media

Studies were carried out at the Department of Horticulture, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana, to determine the rooting and vegetative growth responses of different stem cutting types (heel and straight) of Ixora coccineaand Ficus benjamina cv. ‘Starlight’ to different soilless media formulations over a 10-week period. Two experiments of a 2 × 6 factorial...

Author(s): Idun I. A., Kumah P. and Adzraku H. V.      

  • Article Number: FF3366311153

November 2011

Stock of Prunus africana stems on the mount Cameroon forest

Prunus africana is a species of the Rosaceae family, known under its trade/pilot name as pygeum or African cherry. The bark is the major source of an extract used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia, an increasingly common health problem in older men in the western world. A study for estimating the stock of the stems of P. africana was carried out in December 2010 – February...

Author(s): Jean Lagarde BETTI, Salomon Janvier BELINGA and Dagobert SAMBA          

  • Article Number: E20A7A311161

October 2011

Economic assessment of some pre-emergence herbicides in the production of millet-cowpea intercrop in the Sudan Savanna Zone of Nigeria

Field trials were conducted in 1997 and 1998 cropping seasons at the University of Maiduguri Teaching and Research Farm located in Maduguri (11° 50’N; 13° 10’E). The aim was to carry out an economic analysis of the use of some pre-emergence herbicides for the production of millet-cowpea intercrop. The experiment consisted of 14 treatments which included four different herbicides at three rates each,...

Author(s): I. A. Teli, N. A. Gworgwor, S. D. Joshua and E. O. Imoloame  

  • Article Number: D02FFB611050

October 2011

Establishing the basis for drought tolerance in maize (zea mays L.) using some secondary traits in the field

A field experiment was carried out from October 2009 to February 2010, to determine the drought tolerance levels of ten maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes and to establish a basis for the development of drought tolerant hybrids. The soil used belongs to theAsuansi series (Ferric Acrisol). Six inbred lines and four varieties with different genetic backgrounds were used. A total of 80 plots were prepared in the...

Author(s): E. Obeng-Bio, M. Bonsu, K. Obeng-Antwi and R. Akromah        

  • Article Number: 291974911063

October 2011

Drought response of some tropical rice genotypes: Rooting, vegetative traits and grain production

Sixteen upland rice varieties, comprising of some interspecific New rice for Africa (NERICA) hybrids, established varieties and some breeding lines, were raised in the greenhouse and used to expound drought response under varying moisture conditions, as a guide for breeding genotypes with appreciable drought tolerance and grain yield. Varieties were subjected to different levels of drought stress through different...

Author(s): Nassir, Adesola L. and Adewusi, Kayode M.      

  • Article Number: 01F21EF11069

October 2011

Effect of plant spacing on seed yield and yield components in kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) variety, Ifeken 400

Plant spacing required for optimum crop productivity depends on morpho-physiological traits between varieties, and the interaction between genotype and the environment.  Studies were conducted in Ibadan (7°38’N 3°84’E) Nigeria, at the Institute of Agricultural Research and Training (IAR and T) during 2006 and 2007 to determine the influence of row spacing on seed yield in  kenaf ...

Author(s): Agbaje G. O, Aluko O. A and  Olasoji  J. O      

  • Article Number: 0AA5EB311073

October 2011

Effects of organic and inorganic fertilizers on early growth characteristics of Khaya ivorensis Chev (African mahogany) in nursery

The effects of two inorganic fertilizers (urea and super phosphate simple) and organic manure (fowl droppings) on the early growth of seedlings of Khaya ivorensis in nursery were investigated using ten nutrient treatments, nine of which were nutrient combinations and one, a negative control. Urea was added at 0.75 and 112.50 mg while super phosphate simple (SPS) was added at 0.30 and 60 mg. Changes in plant...

Author(s): Focho Derek Afa, Eneke Bechem, Egbe Andrew, Fongod Augustina Genla, Fonge Beatrice Ambo and Njoh Roland Ndah      

  • Article Number: F477A4511081

October 2011

Quantities and values of selected forest medicines harvested by eight villages adjacent to natural woodlands in the four ecological zones of rural Swaziland

Harvesting patterns of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) normally vary within and between communities and villages adjacent to natural woodlands. The objective of this study was to undertake user surveys to determine the actual quantities of harvested and utilized medicinal NTFPs, and to do an economic valuation of their direct use values. Methods used included literature research, community consultations, household...

Author(s): Cliff S. Dlamini and Coert J. Geldenhuys      

  • Article Number: 80300CA11085

October 2011

Morpho-anatomical variation in some accessions of Moringa oleifera Lam. from Northern Nigeria

Variations in the leaf morphological and anatomical features of Moringa oleifera Lam. accessions from Northern Nigeria have been reported. The wide range of uses of this naturalised crop in Nigeria has in recent time witnessed increasing demand of its foliar product in nutritional, medical and ecological applications. The upsurge demand for this product needs to be balanced with new lines...

Author(s): B. Y. Abubakar, S. MuA’zu, A. U. Khan and A. K. Adamu

  • Article Number: 6C19EF511093

October 2011

Evaluation of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) landraces under drought stress based on some agronomic traits

Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) is a herbaceous and medicinal crop which is one of the most important export crops for countries such as Iran. This study was conducted to study the effects of drought stress on agronomic traits in cumin landraces of Iran. This experiment was conducted in simple lattice design, with two replications in drought stress and non-stress conditions. Nine land races (49 sub landraces) from...

Author(s): Leili Motamedi-Mirhosseini, Ghasem Mohammadi-Nejad, Alireza Bahraminejad, Pooran Golkar and Zahra Mohammadinejad  

  • Article Number: 7452FA511100

October 2011

Anti–diabetic studies of aqueous extract of Triplochiton scleroxylon on platelets and associated parameters in alloxan-induced diabetic rabbits

The effects of aqueous extract of Triplochiton scleroxylon (TS) on platelet and associated parameters, namely, platelet counts, volume and distribution width in alloxan-induced diabetic rabbits (New Zealand strain) were carried out. Plasma glucose concentration was also monitored as the test rabbits were treated with at least 100 ml of the aqueous extract daily through clean drinking troughs for a period of 28...

Author(s): Prohp T. P. and Onoagbe I. O.  

  • Article Number: EB7681911055

October 2011

Salinity tolerance of rice lines related to endogenous abscisic acid (ABA) level synthesis under stress

As the plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) is involved in responses to salinity stress. We tested its putative relationship with the degree of tolerance to this abiotic stress. For this purpose we have examined the responses of sensitive (IR29) and tolerant (IR651) varieties of indica rice (Oryza sativa L.) to a range of salinity (0 (control) and 100 mM NaCl). Shoot and root dry weight was reduced and leaf Na...

Author(s): Saeed Saeedipour    

  • Article Number: BD1D86F10948

October 2011

Effect of drought stress and N fertilizer on yield, yield components and grain storage proteins in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars

Among the unfavorable environmental conditions, water deficit is the most significant factor that adversely affects plant growth, development and productivity. To determine the effects of drought stress and N fertilizer on yield, yield components and grain protein profiling pattern of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) a field experiment was conducted on a clay soil, in Razi University of Kermanshah, Iran. The...

Author(s): Cyrus Mansourifar, Morad Shaban, Mokhtar Ghobadi and Abasalt Rostami Ajirlu        

  • Article Number: C2DE0C910957

October 2011

Effects of fungicides on pollen germination peach and nectarine in vitro

Alive pollen with good viability and germination ability for fruit setting in peach and nectarine is necessary. For pollen viability test and aware of pollen quality in these fruits, experiment was done in vitro conditions based on effects of eight fungicides including Sumi-eight, Cupravit, Karatane, Topsin-M, Vitavax thiram, Beam, Benlate and Tecto at commercially recommended concentrations and at double...

Author(s): Mahamad Hadi Kargar and Ali Imani  

  • Article Number: 2DC16A310965

October 2011

Economic aspects of intercropping systems of vegetables (okra, tomato and cowpea)

Various field experiments were conducted in the cropping seasons of 2007 and 2008 to evaluate the agro-economic returns obtainable from the intercrop involving tomato, okra and cowpea at varying levels of cropping densities. The experimental design used for each of the field analyses was randomized complete block design with each of the treatments replicated three times. Average of yields over the consecutive two-year...

Author(s): O. R. Adeniyi      

  • Article Number: FEFD54410973

October 2011

Relationship between morphological characters, dry matter yield and fruit yield of cucumber

Field experiment was conducted during the wet season of 2008 at the Teaching and Research Farm of Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma (Lat. 6° 45' North and Long. 6° 08' East and an altitude of 460 metres above sea level), to evaluate the relationship between farmyard manure, inorganic fertilizer and dry matter weights on the yield of cucumber. The experiment consisted of one variety of cucumber (Ashley),...

Author(s): E. K. Eifediyi, S. U. Remison and V. B. Okaka      

  • Article Number: 16766D110980

October 2011

Response of germination, growth and yield of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) to seed priming duration and p-sources in Northwest Pakistan

An experiment was conducted at Horticulture Research Farm, KPK Agricultural University Peshawar during summer 2008 to evaluate the response of okra to phosphorus sources and soaking durations. The experiment was laid down in randomized block design with three replications. Four priming sources that is, distilled water, Diammonium phosphate (DAP), single super phosphate (SSP), SSP + Na2CO3and 4 h durations up to 48 h...

Author(s): Abdul Raziq Shah, Muhammad Sajid, Abdur-Rab, Neelam Ara, Masood Ahmad, Fazal-i- Wahid and Gohar Shafi      

  • Article Number: 9F0B1B210984

October 2011

Micrografting and micropropagation of olive (Olea europea L. ) Iranian cultivar: Zard

A protocol for micropropagation and micrografting of shoots of olive (cv. Zard) was developed in Iran, because this variety of olive (cv. Zard) had difficult in proliferation. Three-week-old seedlings were used as rootstock. Lateral meristems (1 to 1.5 cm long), taken from olive (cv. Zard) mother plants, were cut and grafted onto healthy olive seedlings, micrografts cultured on OM medium culture...

Author(s): Farah Farahani, Samaneh Razeghi, Maryam Peyvandi, Saideh Attaii and Mehdi Hosseini Mazinani  

  • Article Number: BA9B64710995

October 2011

Evaluation of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) variety tolerance to foliar diseases at Kenya Agricultural Research Institute Centre-Kitale in North west Kenya

Most vegetable cultivar evaluation trials focus on yield and quality attributes. However, disease tolerance is not routinely evaluated along with other parameters. The objective of this study was to evaluate new tomato cultivar for yield, quality and tolerance to foliar diseases. The most ubiquitous and devastating pathogen that infects tomatoes in the North rift Kenya is Phytophthora infestans that causes...

Author(s): Masinde A. O. Anastacia, Kwambai K. Thomas, and Wambani N. Hilda  

  • Article Number: 5800E8611006

October 2011

Distribution, Biology and Ecology of Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Congress Grass) an invasive species in the North-Western Indian Himalaya (Himachal Pradesh)

Parthenium hysterophorus L. is a native plant of sub-tropical America and it is rapidly invading in the North-Western Indian Himalaya (Himachal Pradesh), from last two decades onwards. Here, it invaded up-to 2000 m altitude from mean sea level and drastically effecting native plant resources in the invaded habitats.  The density and dominance of the P. hsterophorus has been higher in the summer and...

Author(s): Kuldip S. Dogra, Sarvesh K. Sood and Romita Sharma  

  • Article Number: 0FF64F911027

September 2011

A review of shelf-life extension studies of Nigerian indigenous fresh fruits and vegetables in the Nigerian Stored Products Research Institute

The Nigerian Stored Products Research Institute has been conducting research in technology development suitable for post-harvest handling of Nigerian indigenous fruits and vegetables for extension of the shelf-life of these commodities, retention of nutrients and aesthetics of fresh produce in storage, enhancement of the nutritional status and earning capacity of both the rural and urban poor through proper handling,...

Author(s): Ubani, Ozioma Ndubunma and Okonkwo, Ego Ulu      

  • Article Number: 39BA6D210780

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