African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 712

AJPS Articles

Nutrient composition of Moringa oleifera leaves from two agro ecological zones in Ghana

January 2014

Moringa oleifera Lam. (MO) is a small size multipurpose tree of approximately 5 to 10 m in height which is cultivated all over the world. The study was conducted in the Guinea Savanna and the semi-deciduous forest zones of Ghana in December 2011 to compare the nutrient levels of MO leaves from the two agro-ecological zones. Leaf samples were collected from three randomly selected districts in each ecological zone for...

Author(s): William Jasper Asante, Iddrisu Latif Nasare, Damian Tom-Dery, Kwame Ochire-Boadu and Kwami Bernard Kentil

Phytochemical studies on the extract and essential oils of Artemisia dracunculus L. (Tarragon)

January 2014

Artemisia dracunculus L. (Tarragon) is a species of flowering plant within the family Asteraceae, commonly used as a dietary seasoning. During the present study, the plant was collected from Indian Institute of Integrative Medicines (IIIM Srinagar). Air dried shoots (room temperature 25-35°C) were used to extract essential oil using Clevenger type apparatus for 3 h and analyzed. Thirty-four (34) compounds were...

Author(s): Irfan-ur-Rauf Tak, Dawood Mohiuddin, B. A. Ganai, M. Z. Chishti, Fayaz Ahmad and Jehangir Shafi Dar

A preliminary approach to halo sensitivity of sorghum cultivars

January 2014

Effect of five salt concentrations viz, 0, 130, 160, 190, 220 and 250 mM on germination and seedling growth of sorghum cultivars (Asian, Indian, Mycho and Summer graze) was evaluated under laboratory condition. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed significant differences for germination percentage, plumule and radicle growth, fresh and dry weight for different salt concentrations except moisture contents. Inter...

Author(s): Ayaz Khan, Muhammad Ibrar and Ishtiaq Ahmad   

Ripening of sapodilla fruits (Manilkara zapota [L.] P. Royen) treated with 1-methylcyclopropene after refrigeration

December 2013

An experiment was conducted during the year 2010 to evaluate the effect of the treatment with 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) on the ripening process of sapodilla fruits, after refrigeration. The fruits were exposed to 0 and 1 µL/L of 1-MCP for 24 h in airtight chambers at 25°C, after which they were stored at 16°C for four periods of refrigeration (0, 11, 18 and 25 days). At the end of each refrigeration...

Author(s): Victor M. Moo-Huchin, Raciel Estrada-León, Iván A. Estrada-Mota, Luis F. Cuevas-Glory and Enrique Sauri-Duch

An overview of human-plant interaction in Nikyal rangeland district Kotli Azad Jammu and Kashmir

December 2013

The aim of this study was to document the local uses of important plant species of Nikyal valley particularly medicinal, fodder, fuel, timber, fruit, vegetable, tanning, dying and furniture uses. A total of 111 species belonging form 51 families were found to have a variety of uses by the local people for the accomplishment of their basic needs. These species includes 9 tree 20 shrubs and 82 herbs. The major bulk of 52...

Author(s): Muhammad Shoaib Amjad, Muhammad Arshad and Malik Zahid Hussain

Species composition, diversity and distribution in a disturbed Takamanda Rainforest, South West, Cameroon

December 2013

This study assessed the diversity and distribution of trees and shrubs in a 16 ha disturbed plot in the Takamanda Rainforest. Linear transects (8) were laid in the field which radiated from the centre of the plot. The girth of the trees and shrubs were measured and species identified. A total of 99 species (72 trees and 27 shrubs) belonging to 87 genera and 34 families were recorded. Caesalpinaceae was the most...

Author(s): Njoh Roland Ndah, Egbe Enow Andrew and Eneke Bechem

Effect of salt stress on osmolyte accumulation in two groundnut cultivars (Arachis hypogaea L.) with contrasting salt tolerance

December 2013

The effects of salt stress on the level of osmolyte accumulation in two different cultivars (K-134 and JL-24) of groundnut seedlings were studied. Seeds were grown at different concentrations of NaCl stress: 50, 100 and 150 mM and their respective controls (0.0% NaCl) for nine days. Salt stress resulted in a significant modification in the level of osmolyte accumulation in the two cultivars of groundnut. The...

Author(s): Ranganayakulu G. S., Veeranagamallaiah G. and Chinta Sudhakar

The effects of pH and growing medium type on the susceptibility of Moringa oleifera to fungal diseases during seedling emergence

December 2013

Moringa oleifera seed germinates poorly and most seedlings die during early establishment. To solve this problem, the effects of pH and growing medium type on the susceptibility of M. oleifera to fungal diseases during seed emergence and early seedling establishment were evaluated in a 3 x 6 factorial experiment arranged as a randomized complete block design with three replications in a greenhouse experiment. Six...

Author(s): Maria Goss, Tendai. A. Shiri and Upenyu Mazarura

Knowledge on cassava disease management: The case of cassava brown streak disease awareness in Northern Uganda

December 2013

The cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) has spread rapidly in Northern Uganda since its emergence in Uganda in 2005. Field surveys conducted in 2010 and 2011 by Ngetta Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute (Ngetta ZARDI) revealed high CBSD prevalence in the zone. CBSD epidemic has severely affected livelihood of smallholder farmers in the region. Lack of knowledge on disease recognition and management...

Author(s): A. Kumakech, A. Acipa, V. Tumwine and G. A. Maiteki

Pollen morphology of seven wild species of Acacia in Saudi Arabia

December 2013

Pollen micromorphological characters such as pollen size, shape, number of associated monads, colpi and ornamentation of the tectum surface, of seven species of Acacia belonging to the family Mimosaceae were studied, using light microscope (LM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The study showed that the pollen size range from 42.1 to 69.4 µm, pollen shape is round to semi- round, the number of associated...

Author(s): Ahlam A. Al-Watban, Ebtesam Al-Mogren, Abdullah R. Doaigey and Mohamed El Zaidy

Petiole anatomy of some species of Asteraceae in southwest Nigeria

December 2013

Petiole anatomy of 12 species of Asteraceae around Ile-Ife in South-Western Nigeria was described. Transverse section of the petiole (median) was cut at 20 µ using Reichert Sledge Microtome. The specimens were stained in 1% aqueous solution of Safranin O for 5 min, washed in three changes of water to remove excess stain and counterstained in 1% solution of Alcian blue for 5 min, and cleared in xylene. The section...

Author(s): AKINNUBI Funmilola Mabel, AKINLOYE Akinwumi Johnson and OLADIPO Olaniran Temitope

Effect of intra-row spacing on yield and quality of some onion varieties (Allium cepa L.) at Aksum, Northern Ethiopia

December 2013

Lack of improved varieties and production practices have been the major bottlenecks of onion production and productivity in Tigray, particularly at Aksum area. There have been no recommended intra-row spacing and variety for that area specifically; rather farmers used to practice non-uniform plant spacing. Thus, a field experiment was conducted to investigate the influence of intra-row spacing, variety and their...

Author(s): Yemane Kahsay, Derbew Belew and Fetien Abay

Scope of medicinal flora as effective anti ulcer agents

November 2013

Gastric ulcer generally results from persistent erosions and damage of the stomach wall which become perforated and develops into peritonitis and massive haemorrhage as a result of inhibition of the synthesis of mucus, bicarbonate and prostaglandins. The commercially available antiulcer drugs usually have various side effects. Due to these side effects, there is a need to find new antiulcerogenic compound(s) with...

Author(s): Sandhya S., Venkata Ramana K., Vinod K. R., Swapna Reddy and Asia Begum

Studies on floral phenology, fruit and seed maturation and harvest index based on fruit colour in Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre

November 2013

Pongamia pinnata is a leguminous tree having enormous potential of producing high seed oil that could be as a source of biofuel. The collection of pods with higher seed quality characters is much important for production of elite seedlings at nursery and hence studies related to seed maturation were initiated as matured seed is the basic character of quality seed. To evaluate the steps in obtaining quality seed...

Author(s): P. Srimathi, N. Mariappan, L. Sundaramoorthy and K. Sudhakar

In vitro antifungal effects of the essential oil of Mentha piperita L. and its comparison with synthetic menthol on Aspergillus niger

November 2013

The antifungal activity of Mentha piperita L. essential oil and its comparison with synthetic menthol on Aspergillus niger growth have been determined in vitro. The chemical compositions of essential oil of M. piperita provided from the aerial parts of plants grown in a village in Kerman Province in June 2012 were determined. The sample was cleaned and...

Author(s): M. Moghtader

Yield and quality of statice [Limonium sinuatum (L.) Mill.] as affected by cultivars and planting densities

November 2013

A study was conducted in a plastic greenhouse at Freesia Ethiopia PLC Sululta located in the central highlands of Ethiopia with the objective of determining the effect of cultivar, planting density and their interaction effect with reference to yield and quality of Statice.The experiment was laid out in a 3 x 4 factorial arrangement using a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. The...

Author(s): Biruk Mellesse, Nigussie Kassa and Ali Mohammed

Chromosome numbers and karyotype in three species of the genus Vernonia Schreber in Southern Nigerian

November 2013

Detailed cytological studies were carried out on three species of the genus Vernonianamely Vernonia amygdalina (bitter leaf and non-bitter leaf), Vernonia cinerea andVernonia conferta to ascertain their chromosome number. The taxa studied showed diploid number of chromosome for V. cinerea (2n = 18) and V. conferta (2n = 20) and tetraploid number for V....

Author(s): Kemka-Evans, C. I. and Okoli, Bosa

Earliness and yield parameters of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) grafts under different spacing and fertigation levels

November 2013

Field study was undertaken to standardize spacing and fertigation levels for eggplant(Solanum melongena L.) grafts. A strip plot design was adopted with four spacing levels (1 × 1, 2 × 1, 1.5 × 1.5 and 0.6 × 0.6 m) and three fertigation levels: 75, 100 and 125% recommended dose of fertiliser (RDF) replicated four times. After six months, the plants were pruned to obtain the ratoon crop...

Author(s): A. Ndereyimana, S. Praneetha, L. Pugalendhi, B. J. Pandian and P. Rukundo

Study on malting barley genotypes under diverse Agroecologies of north western Ethiopia

November 2013

The study was conducted with the objectives to determine the magnitude effect of genotype, environment, and their interactions on economically important traits and identify stable malt barley (Hordeum distichon L.) genotypes. Combined analysis of variance indicated that the main effects due to environment, genotype and GxE interaction were highly significant for grain yield and economically important malting...

Author(s): Muluken Bantayehu

Evaluation of allelopathic potential of an aromatic exotic tree, Melaleuca leucadendron L.

November 2013

An attempt was made to evaluate the allelopathic potential of an exotic tree species,Melaleuca leucadendron L. using mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) seeds as responsive bioassay material. This was recorded in terms of the plant extract and plant leachate-induced changes of seed germination behaviour, the levels of DNA and RNA as well as amylase activity in the seed kernels. The results of the present...

Author(s): Subhojit Ojha, Chandan Kumar Pati and Aloke Bhattacharjee

Relationship between gibberellins and carbohydrates in vegetable products

October 2013

Gibberellin is a vegetable hormone widely used in agriculture and horticulture. The objective of this review was to show the relationship between gibberellins and carbohydrates in vegetable products. Thus, the study concludes that the involvement of substances may be related with the terminal stages of development of various plants. However, the interactions of carbohydrate content and gibberellin are still...

Author(s): Marcos Ribeiro da Silva Vieira, Adriano Nascimento dos Simões, Alexandre Tavares da Rocha, Luzia Ferreira da Silva and Pahlevi Augusto de Sousa

Medicinal orchids and their uses: Tissue culture a potential alternative for conservation

October 2013

Orchids are nature's most extravagant group of flowering plants distributed throughout the world from tropics to high alpine. They exhibit incredible range of diversity in size, shape and color of their flowers. Though orchids are grown primarily as ornamentals, many are used as herbal medicines, food, and other have cultural value by different cultures and tribes in different parts of the...

Author(s): Bijaya Pant

Sesbania sesban (L.) Merrill: Potential uses of an underutilized multipurpose tree in Ethiopia

October 2013

Sesbania sesban (L.) Merrill is the most productive multipurpose tree widely distributed in tropics and subtropics; and usually planted by smallholder farmers mostly for its fodder and soil improvement values. The objective of the present study was to review the various aspects (with emphasis on its importance) of S. sesban and generate comprehensive technical information for scholars who wish to study...

Author(s): Zerihun Nigussie and Getachew Alemayehu

Antifungal activity of aerial parts as well as in vitro raised calli of the medicinal plant, Balanites aegyptiaca Del.

October 2013

The antifungal potential of an endangered medicinal plant, Balanites aegyptiaca Del. and its in vitro raised calli was evaluated by agar well diffusion method. The alcoholic extract of fruits of parent plant as well as its callus showed good antifungal activity against various pathogenic and opportunistic fungi. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of the extracts were determined by broth...

Author(s): Razia Khatoon, Noor Jahan, Siraj Ahmad and Anwar Shahzad

Characterization of dekoko (Pisum sativum var. abyssinicum) accessions by qualitative traits in the highlands of Southern Tigray, Ethiopia

October 2013

Cultivated Pisum is dominated with Pisum sativum subgroup, but P. sativum var.abyssinicum (Dekoko) is a unique subgroup developed and cultivated in Ethiopia. The objectives of the study were the characterization of the accessions using three qualitative traits and understanding the genetic diversity of the crop. Twenty-four (24) accession/local collections of Dekoko collected from...

Author(s): Haddis Yirga and Dargie Tsegay

Direct regeneration of the medicinal herb Cucumis anguria L from shoot tip explants

October 2013

A protocol was developed by in vitro regeneration by shoot induction of Cucumis anguria, a plant used as medicine and vegetable belonging to the family Cucurbitaceae. High frequencies of multiple shoot regeneration were achieved from nodal explants on MS fortified with 2 mg/l 6-benzyl amino purine (BAP) and 0.5 mg/l indole acetic acid (IAA). Five to ten shoots per explant were obtained. The elongated...

Author(s): S. Senthil Kumar

Lactuca sativa mediated chitinase activity and resistance in pearl millet against Sclerospora graminicola

October 2013

Pearl millet seeds were treated with latex extracts (L1- 50 µl, L2- 100 µl and L3- 200 µl) ofAsclepias curassavica, Calotropis gigantea, Croton sp., Eucalyptus alba, Morus alba,Nerium odoratum, Lactuca sativa and Tridax procumbens were applied on pearl millet seeds for 3 and 6 h to evaluate their role in growth promotion and downy mildew resistance. Latex extracts of...

Author(s): S. R. Mythrashree, N. P. Geetha, H. G. Pushpalatha, M. Murali, H. S. Shetty and K. N. Amruthesh

A review on Justicia adhatoda: A potential source of natural medicine

October 2013

It has been established that up to 25% of the drugs prescribed in conventional medicines are allied directly or indirectly to natural substances mostly of plant origin. Hence, during the last few decades there has been an increasing interest in the study of medicinal plants and their long-established use in different countries. However, today it is compulsory to afford scientific testimony as to whether it is reasonable...

Author(s): Sandeep Dhankhar, Ramanjeet Kaur, S. Ruhil, M. Balhara, Seema Dhankhar and A. K. Chhillar  

  • Article Number: EFA667010942

The extraction and mass transfer process of soluble solids in Russian olive

September 2013

In this paper, through the research of mass transfer mechanism of the extraction process of soluble solids (SS) in Russian olive, the kinetic model of concentration change for the SS with the solvent multiple B (mL/g), extraction temperature T (K) and extraction time t (h) during extraction process was established for the first time. Russian olive extract concentration values  (%) can be calculated in...

Author(s): Kang Jian, Wu Tong, Zhu Hongyuan and Sun Leilei

Short-term responses of shrub layer communities to dry season fires and tree thinning in semi-arid miombo woodlands of north-western Zimbabwe

September 2013

  Short-term responses of shrub layer communities to dry season fires and tree-thinning were investigated in semi-arid miombo woodlands in North-western Zimbabwe. Fifty-four (54) plots, 50 x 50 m each, were demarcated at three miombo sites. Treatments applied were: no burn, no tree thinning; no burn, thinned; early burn, no thinning; early burn, thinned; late burn, no thinning; late burn, thinned. After three...

Author(s): Isaac Mapaure

Anti-emetic activity of some members of the family, Euphorbiaceae of Lahore region

September 2013

  The present investigation aimed to evaluate the anti-emetic activity of some members of the family Euphorbiaceae of Lahore region. The selected plants were Euphorbia prostrata, Euphorbia splendens, Euphorbia hirta, Euphorbia helioscopia, Ricinus communis, Jatropha integerrima, Putranjiva roxburghii and Phyllanthus emblica. Anti-emetic activity was carried out...

Author(s):   Tahira Mughal and Sana Mahboob

Testing of striga resistant composite maize varieties for response to two levels of nitrogen fertilizer up-take

September 2013

  Trials were carried out using five composite maize varieties in a Striga lutea (Lour) endemic soil of Temidire-Eruwa, Oyo State, Nigeria, in 2004 and 2005. The composite maize varieties were tested under varied fertilizer types, nitrogen (N) concentrations and artificial striga infestation. The objective was to test these striga resistant maize varieties for yield and agronomic performance under the...

Author(s): F. B. Anjorin, S. A., Olakojo and M. A. Aduloju

Variation of alkaloids in the Kenyan Zanthoxylum gilletii (De Wild Waterman)

September 2013

 Zanthoxylum gilletii is an African indigenous deciduous tree which is important for its medicinal use in many communities to treat a wide range of ailments. This study was conducted to identify the alkaloids present in the bark, root and leaves of the Kenyan Z. gilletii. The plant materials were randomly sampled, dried at room temperature, powdered and subjected to thin layer chromatography (TLC), high...

Author(s): Gaya, C. H., Kawaka, J. F., Muchugi, A. and Ngeranwa, J. J.

Description and morphometric analysis of a novel species of Ophrys (Orchidaceae) from Hymettus, Greece

August 2013

  An orchid from Mt. Hymettus in Athens, Greece was isolated and described as new in science. The plant, Ophrys dicipulus (sp. nova), a scolopaxoid orchid, morphologically related to the Ophrys heldreichii group was encountered in three distinct locations within an enclosed and previously uncharacterized area of 259000 m2 on the slopes of Mt. Hymettus. The study to...

Author(s): Michael T. Valahas

Test modeling of the growth of self-fertilized embryos of Phaseolus vulgaris L. and Phaseolus coccineus L. genotypes

August 2013

  Biologists usually rely on modelling tools as well as simulation to try to understand the behaviour of biological phenomena theories. In this research study, we focus on the development and study of mathematical models from environmental problems about genotypes of Phaseolus coccineus L. (NI16 and NI1108) and Phaseolus vulgaris L. (NI637 and X707). Interspecific crosses and...

Author(s): Pamphile NGUEMA NDOUTOUMOU, Gino BOUSSIENGUI BOUSSIENGUI, Albert NGAKOU, Yves BROSTAUX, André TOUSSAINT and Jean Pierre BAUDOIN

Contribution of plant species in homestead farms, to food security and sustainability in Ebonyi state – South eastern Nigeria.

August 2013

  A three Agricultural Zone (Abakaliki, Afikpo and Ohoazzara) exploratory survey of useful plant species in three compound farms in 12 communities in Ebonyi State of Nigeria was conducted to develop a plant species inventory study so as to assess the contribution of plant species in homestead farm to food security and stability in the State. A total of 156 different plant species including 63 woody plant...

Author(s): B. A. Essien, J. B. Essien, J. C. Nwite, J. U. Ogbu, S. N. Okereke and M. U. Agunannah

The effect of pre-treatments on the germination and early seedlings growth of Acacia auriculiformis Cunn. Ex. Benth

August 2013

  Acacia auriculiformis Cunn. Ex. Benth is a multipurpose wattle tree with diverse environmental and ecological significance. However, seeds dormancy and low germination percentage are problems for its use in agro-forestry practices. Investigations were carried out on the effect of pre - treatment on the germination and early seedlings growth of A. auriculiformis. Germination were observed in seeds...

Author(s): Olatunji D., Maku J. O. and Odumefun O. P.

Shoot growth behaviour of selected trees and shrub species along an altitudinal gradient in Kumaun Himalaya, India

August 2013

  This paper reports on the shoot diameter and shoot elongation of common 10 trees and 9 shrubs species of 6 natural forests occurring between 350 to 2500 m in Kumaun Himalaya. The findings indicated that over 90% shoot elongation was accomplished prior to the commencement of rainy season in a majority of species. The average values of diameter increment were similar for canopy and subcanopy species...

Author(s): Sanjay Kumar and Lalit M. Tewari

Vegetation structure in summer of Tehsil Takht-e-Nasrati plains, district Karak, Pakistan

August 2013

  Community structure is a key marker of long-term vegetation change in ecosystem. In the present investigation, 11 plant communities were recorded in plains area. The cluster analysis gives rise to 5 groups on the basis of important value and 4 groups on basis of soil. The vegetation changed with change of distance. As a whole in plains, the CZS community was developed. There were 6 tree, 7 shrub and 19 herb...

Author(s): Musharaf Khan and Farrukh Hussain

Characterization and selection of upland rice germplasm under low and high soil phosphorous (p) and nitrogen (n) environments

August 2013

  A total of 389 accessions and a local cultivar Duorado precoce were evaluated in a simple 30 × 13 alpha lattice design with two replications under four experimental environments (N-P-, no N or P application; N-P+, P applied; N+P-, N applied and N+P+, both N and P applied) at the rate of 60 kg P and 90 kg N ha-1. Data was recorded on Days to heading, anthesis and maturity (days), P and N...

Author(s): Kimani J. M., Tongoona P. and Derera J.

Effect of water deficit on relationship between yield and physiological attributes of banana cultivars and hybrids

August 2013

  This study examined the relationship between the yield reduction by chlorophyll stability index (CSI), membrane stability index (MSI) and relative water content (RWC). The field experiment was conducted at National Research Centre for banana to screen the banana cultivars and hybrids for water deficit tolerance and to elucidate information on growth attributes mechanism of banana cultivars and hybrids. Water...

Author(s): K. Krishna Surendar, D. Durga Devi, I. Ravi, P. Jeyakumar and K. Velayudham

In vitro anthelminthic activities of four medicinal plants against Haemonchus contortus

August 2013

  In vitro experiments were conducted to determine the anthelmintic effects of crude aqueous extracts of the leaves of Carissa spinarum and Azadrichta indica, fruits ofPhytolacca dodecandra and stem bark of Acacia tortilis on eggs and adults ofHaemonchus contortus using egg hatch assay and mortality of adult parasite. Extracts of the leaves of C....

Author(s): Abdi Mohammed, Abebe Wossene, Mirutse Giday, Getachew Tilahun and Nigatu Kebede

Biosystematic relationships among Psathrostachys, Critesion and Hordelymus in Hordeinae (Poaceae) based on the anatomical characteristics of leaf blades

August 2013

  The anatomical characteristics of leaf blades of the major species of Psathyrostachys,Critesion and Hordelymus in Hordeinae were examined, their similarities and differences on the leaf blades were summarized, and the taxonomic significance of leaf anatomical features among them also were discussed. Furthermore, according to the evolutionary trends of anatomical characteristics of three...

Author(s): Xu SU, Yu-ping LIU and Ke-long Chen,

Determination and isolation of protein from different fractions of defatted groundnut oil cake

August 2013

  Groundnut is the major oilseed in India. Groundnut has a high amount of protein (26%), and it is a good source of calcium, phosphorus, iron, zinc and boron. After extracting oil, the cake was only used as cattle feed or livestock, hence in the present study protein was isolated by different fractions of defatted groundnut oil cake because of its higher protein content. Sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide...

Author(s): Kalpana Devi B., Vidhya R. and Jaganmohan R.

Vegetational structure and plant diversity relation in a sub-alpine region of Garhwal Himalaya, Uttarakhnad India

August 2013

  The present study investigated the community structure of a sub- alpine region of Mandal Valley (2200 to 3000 m) along the altitudinal gradient in Garhwal Himalay abased on analytic and synthetic characters. Poa annua  was dominant and Potentilla fulgence wasco- dominant along the altitudinal gradient, indicating that most...

Author(s): A. S. Bisht and A. B. Bhat

Genetic variability of three cassava traits across three locations in Ghana

July 2013

  A study was conducted to assess the extent of genetic variability, broad-sense heritability and correlations for fresh root weight, root number and top weight of five cassava genotypes across three locations in 2 years. Combined analysis of variance revealed highly significant genotypic effect for all the traits. Genotype x environment interaction was also significant for all the traits studied indicating...

Author(s): Peprah Bright Boakye, Ofori Kwadwo, Asante Isaac K. and Elizabeth Yaa Parkes,

The folklore of medicinal plants recorded from Leepa Valley, Azad Jammu and Kashmir

July 2013

  The folklore of 43 species of ‘medicinal plants’ belonging to 27 families was recorded form Leepa Valley, Muzaffarabad. Out of 43 medicinal plants, 4 gymnosperms, 38 angiosperms and 01 fern species were used against different diseases. The major problems cured by ‘medicinal plants’ were digestive problems (24 spp), dermal system problems (13 sp), hepatic problems (11 spp) and...

Author(s): Tariq Habib, Zahid Hussain Malik, Muhammad Altaf Hussain and Ashfaq Ahmed Awan

Identification of plants visited by the honeybee, Apis mellifera L. in the Sudan Savanna zone of northeastern Nigeria

July 2013

  A total of 61 species of savanna plants visited by the honeybee, Apis mellifera L. were identified through direct observation of foraging bees. The time of flowering of the plants was also recorded.  The largest number of species (26.2%) was recorded for the family Fabaceae. Combretaceae ranked second with 9.8% of the species, while Arecaceae, Lamiaceae, Poaceae Rhamnaceae and Rubiaceae ranked...

Author(s): Usman H. Dukku

Plants used in material culture in Oromo community, Jimma, Southwest Oromia, Ethiopia

July 2013

  Since antiquity, plants have been used as a source of material culture by the human societies. The purpose of this study was to assess the plant species and associated traditional knowledge used in making material cultures. A quantitative method (structured interviews and questionnaire) was used to collect data. A total of 75 key informants above 45 age groups were questioned and data on the plant...

Author(s): Balcha Abera

Fatty acid composition and antibacterial activity of Swietenia Macrophylla king seed oil

July 2013

  Pathogenic bacteria cause many acute and serious diseases, especially ‘multiple-drug-resistant’ strains have become such a problem due to overuse of antibiotics. Various medicinal plants are used to prevent or cure infectious diseases. The aims of this study were to determine the oil content, fatty acids compositions, and antibacterial activity ofSwietenia macrophylla king seed oil against...

Author(s): Mohammed B. Suliman, Azhari H. Nour, Mashitah M. Yusoff, Abdurahmn H. Nour, Palaniselvam Kuppusamy, Yuvaraj A. R. and Mazza S. Adam

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