African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 729

AJPS Articles

Skip-row planting of maize and sorghum in semi-arid Ethiopia

March 2014

Soil water deficits during grain fill constrain crop production in semi-arid areas of Ethiopia. Skip-row planting is a means of saving soil water for grain fill while tie-ridging can improve soil water availability throughout the season by reducing runoff. The hypotheses were that where rainfall ceases before or during early grain fill 1) maize (Zea mays L.) and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) yield can be...

Author(s): Tewodros Mesfin, Jibril Mohammed, Abuhay Taklete, Feyera Merga and Charles Wortmann,

Cloning and expression of anthocyanidin synthase (ANS) gene from peel of mango (Mangifera indica Linn)

March 2014

Fruit coloring is a major source of anthocyanin and carotenoid in mango. The anthocyanidin synthase (ANS) is a key enzyme in the anthocyanin biosynthesis. The ANS gene was cloned from mango peel by homologous cloning method. This manuscript reported characterization of ANS from mango peel that comprised 1,262 bp full-length cDNA with open reading frame (ORF) of 1,056 bp and encoding a protein of 351 amino acids. The...

Author(s): Zhao Zhichang, Chen Yeyuan, Gao Aiping, Huang Jianfeng and Dang Zhiguo

Groundnut rosette disease symptoms types distribution and management of the disease in Uganda

March 2014

Groundnut rosette disease (GRD), caused by a complex of three agents: groundnut rosette assistor luteovirus, groundnut rosette umbravirus, and the associated satellite RNA, is a major groundnut disease in Uganda. Two main symptom types, chlorotic rosette and green rosette occur. A nationwide survey covering 23 districts was done in 2012 and 2013 to ascertain the predominant GRD symptom types, GRD incidences and...

Author(s): D. K. Okello, L.B. Akello, P. Tukamuhabwa, Odong, T.L., M, Ochwo-Ssemakula , J. Adriko and C. M. Deom

King tuber mushroom: Bioconversion of fluted pumpkin, sawdust and paper

March 2014

Pleurotus tuber-regium (Rumph. Ex Fr.) Singer (King tuber mushroom) was cultivated on sawdust; mixture of sawdust and waste paper and mixture of Telfairia occidentalis Hook.F. (Fluted pumpkin) stem and waste paper in order to examine growth of the mushroom on the test substrates. The spawn of the mushroom was used to inoculate the substrates. Mycelia ramification and sclerotia production were monitored on the substrates...

Author(s): Precious C. Nwachukwu and Olutayo M. Adedokun

Influence of boron on seed germination and seedling growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

February 2014

A laboratory experiment was conducted at Department of Plant Science, Ambo University, Ethiopia, to study the effect of boron availability on seed germination and seedling growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. var Danda’a). Seeds were sown in petri dishes with varying concentrations of boron (0, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16 mg/L) at room temperature (24 ± 2°C) in complete randomized design (CRD) with...

Author(s): Habtamu Ashagre, Ibrahim A. Hamza, Urgecha Fita and Worku Nedesa

In vitro potential antimicrobial activities of medicinal plants, Cirsium arvense and Cirsium japonicum

February 2014

Antimicrobial activities of Cirsium species (Cirsium arvense and cirsium japonicum) was evaluated against six bacterial species, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 700603, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (clinical strain/PIMS), Enterobacter (clinical strain/PIMS), Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA, clinical strain/PIMS) and six...

Author(s): Amjad Khan, Zia Ul Haq Khan, Pingyu Wan, Yongmei Chen, Don Don Kong, Mo Heng Liang, Karman Tahir, Arif Ullah Khan, Sadia Nazir and Shafi Ullah Khan

Seasonal availability and palatability of native flora of Santh Saroola Kotli Sattian, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

February 2014

The purpose of this study was to document the palatable indigenous flora of Santh Saroola Kotli Sattian, Rawalpindi. A total of 169 plant species belonging to 126 genera and 56 families have been identified during 2009-2010. Of them, 106 species are noted as highly palatable with the percentage of 62.72%, followed by moderately palatable plants (37 species; 21.89%), whereas, only small proportion was found as are less...

Author(s): Humaira Shaheen, Rahmatullah Qureshi, Shahid Iqbal and Mirza Faisal Qasem

Comparative effects of NPK fertilizer, cowpea pod husk and some tree crops wastes on soil, leaf chemical properties and growth performance of cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.)

February 2014

A nursery experiment was carried out in Akure (rain forest zone), south-western Nigeria to study relative effect(s) of some organic wastes as fertilizers on growth performance, soil and leaf chemical composition of cocoa seedlings (Theobroma cacao L.) in the nursery. The experiment comprised of five treatments: Cowpea Pod Husk (CPH) (2.5 t/ha), cocoa pod husk ash (CPHA) (2.5 t/ha), kola pod husk (KPH) (2.5 t/ha),...

Author(s): Adejobi, K. B., Akanbi, O. S., Ugioro, O., Adeosun, S. A., Mohammed, I., Nduka, B. A. and Adeniyi, D. O.

New technique for adventitious rooting and clonal propagation of Piper longum L. (pippali) through leaf cuttings

February 2014

A simple but unique protocol was developed for root production and clonal propagation of Piper longum L. (pippali), an important medicinal plant of India. Roots and shoots were induced in apical and basal petiolar halves of leaf using auxins. Average root number, root length and survival of rooted leaf cuttings were not significantly affected by type of auxin and leaf cuttings. Highest number of roots (13.40), root...

Author(s): Uday Chand Basak, Dipika Dash, Gourisankar J. P. Jena and Ajay Kumar Mahapatra

Effect of ethephon and planting density on lodged plant percentage and crop yield in maize (Zea mays L.)

February 2014

Increasing maize production is vital in many developing countries. One way of increasing production is through adoption of high planting densities. However, high planting densities are associated with intra-specific competition between plants for resources like nutrients, water and sunlight, as a result weak stalks develops which are susceptible to lodging. The challenge of lodging in high planting densities can be...

Author(s): Misheck Chandiposha and Fanuel Chivende

Seasonal variation of air, soil and leaf surface fungi of broad bean and cellulolytic ability in Upper Egypt

February 2014

Seventy-five species and 3 species varieties belonging to 21 fungal genera were collected from air, soil and leaf surface of broad bean plant on dicholran chloramphenicol malt extract agar (DCMA) and dichloran Rosebengal chloramphenicol agar (DRBC) at 28°C. The results obtained from leaf surface (phyllosphere and phylloplane), soil and atmosphere were basically similar in the two types of media and the most common...

Author(s): A. A. EL-Shahir

Variability, heritability and genetic advance in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)

January 2014

The analysis of variance study indicated the presence of significant difference among all the traits in Gossypium hirsutum accessions. The highest phenotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) and genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) were recorded by seed index, plant height, lint index and boll weight. Genotypic co-efficient of variation had a similar trend as PCV. High heritability along with high genetic advance was...

Author(s): R. Dhivya, P. Amalabalu, R. Pushpa and D. Kavithamani

Properties, users’ assessment and applicability of nine types of taxonomic keys in diagnosing some Nigerian species of Ocimum L., Hyptis Jacq. and Ficus L.

January 2014

Nine types of taxonomic keys have been listed from the literature. These are the dichotomous, numerical, multi-access table of identification, punched-card, columnar-diagram, graphical, flow-chart, pictorial-diagram and circular-diagram keys. In this study, each type of key was observed at two levels namely, its format (which is its peculiarity, depicting the general plan, arrangement or organization of its elements)...

Author(s): Adepoju Tunde Joseph OGUNKUNLE

Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.): Processing, nutritional and functional aspects

January 2014

Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) being an annual herb is most commonly used for seasoning purpose. Its plant seeds, leaves and roots are edible, although they have very distinct flavors and uses. The herb has a light and fresh flavor. Coriander can be used as whole plant and can be processed because of its perishable nature of leaves and to increase the palatability of ripe fruits (seeds) before using it as flavoring...

Author(s): S. Bhat, P. Kaushal, M. Kaur and H. K. Sharma

Hepatoprotective and hepatocurative properties of alcoholic extract of Carthamus oxyacantha seeds

January 2014

Carthamus oxyacantha commonly known as “Poli” or “Peeli kandiary” belongs to family Asteraceae/Compositae. Protective and curative effects of alcoholic extract of C. oxyacantha seeds were investigated against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced hepatic damage in rats (Sprague Dawley Strain). Hepatic damage was induced by injecting a single intraperitoneal dose of 4 ml (50%v/v) CCl4 in olive oil....

Author(s): Ellahi Bukhsh, Salman Akber Malik, Sheikh Saeed Ahmad and Summra Erum

Traditional knowledge on plant resources of Ashezai and Salarzai Valleys, District Buner, Pakistan

January 2014

An ethnobotanical study was done in the Ashezai and Salarzai Valleys, District Buner, Pakistan. A total of 163 plant species belonging to 73 families were reported with the help of standardized questionnaires for their traditional, medicinal and economic uses. Out of these, 62 families were dicots; 8 monocots and two pteridophytes. Gymnosperms were represented by one family. Asteraceae had 16 spp. which was followed by...

Author(s): Zaman Sher, Farrukh Hussain and Muhammad Ibrar

Survival, growth and biomass production of Moringa oleifera provenances at Gairo inland plateau and Ruvu Coastal Region in Tanzania

January 2014

Survival, growth and biomass production was studied among 14 Moringa oleifera provenances at Gairo inland plateau-Morogoro, and Ruvu Coastal Region in Tanzania employing randomized complete block design with three replications. Growth assessment was done at six months intervals while biomass assessment was only done at 30 months. During final assessment, untransformed survival at Gairo site ranged from 65.33% for...

Author(s): Ezekiel Edward, Shabani A. O. Chamshama, Yonika M. Ngaga and Mathew A. Mndolwa

Nutrient composition of Moringa oleifera leaves from two agro ecological zones in Ghana

January 2014

Moringa oleifera Lam. (MO) is a small size multipurpose tree of approximately 5 to 10 m in height which is cultivated all over the world. The study was conducted in the Guinea Savanna and the semi-deciduous forest zones of Ghana in December 2011 to compare the nutrient levels of MO leaves from the two agro-ecological zones. Leaf samples were collected from three randomly selected districts in each ecological zone for...

Author(s): William Jasper Asante, Iddrisu Latif Nasare, Damian Tom-Dery, Kwame Ochire-Boadu and Kwami Bernard Kentil

Phytochemical studies on the extract and essential oils of Artemisia dracunculus L. (Tarragon)

January 2014

Artemisia dracunculus L. (Tarragon) is a species of flowering plant within the family Asteraceae, commonly used as a dietary seasoning. During the present study, the plant was collected from Indian Institute of Integrative Medicines (IIIM Srinagar). Air dried shoots (room temperature 25-35°C) were used to extract essential oil using Clevenger type apparatus for 3 h and analyzed. Thirty-four (34) compounds were...

Author(s): Irfan-ur-Rauf Tak, Dawood Mohiuddin, B. A. Ganai, M. Z. Chishti, Fayaz Ahmad and Jehangir Shafi Dar

A preliminary approach to halo sensitivity of sorghum cultivars

January 2014

Effect of five salt concentrations viz, 0, 130, 160, 190, 220 and 250 mM on germination and seedling growth of sorghum cultivars (Asian, Indian, Mycho and Summer graze) was evaluated under laboratory condition. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed significant differences for germination percentage, plumule and radicle growth, fresh and dry weight for different salt concentrations except moisture contents. Inter...

Author(s): Ayaz Khan, Muhammad Ibrar and Ishtiaq Ahmad   

Ripening of sapodilla fruits (Manilkara zapota [L.] P. Royen) treated with 1-methylcyclopropene after refrigeration

December 2013

An experiment was conducted during the year 2010 to evaluate the effect of the treatment with 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) on the ripening process of sapodilla fruits, after refrigeration. The fruits were exposed to 0 and 1 µL/L of 1-MCP for 24 h in airtight chambers at 25°C, after which they were stored at 16°C for four periods of refrigeration (0, 11, 18 and 25 days). At the end of each refrigeration...

Author(s): Victor M. Moo-Huchin, Raciel Estrada-León, Iván A. Estrada-Mota, Luis F. Cuevas-Glory and Enrique Sauri-Duch

An overview of human-plant interaction in Nikyal rangeland district Kotli Azad Jammu and Kashmir

December 2013

The aim of this study was to document the local uses of important plant species of Nikyal valley particularly medicinal, fodder, fuel, timber, fruit, vegetable, tanning, dying and furniture uses. A total of 111 species belonging form 51 families were found to have a variety of uses by the local people for the accomplishment of their basic needs. These species includes 9 tree 20 shrubs and 82 herbs. The major bulk of 52...

Author(s): Muhammad Shoaib Amjad, Muhammad Arshad and Malik Zahid Hussain

Species composition, diversity and distribution in a disturbed Takamanda Rainforest, South West, Cameroon

December 2013

This study assessed the diversity and distribution of trees and shrubs in a 16 ha disturbed plot in the Takamanda Rainforest. Linear transects (8) were laid in the field which radiated from the centre of the plot. The girth of the trees and shrubs were measured and species identified. A total of 99 species (72 trees and 27 shrubs) belonging to 87 genera and 34 families were recorded. Caesalpinaceae was the most...

Author(s): Njoh Roland Ndah, Egbe Enow Andrew and Eneke Bechem

Effect of salt stress on osmolyte accumulation in two groundnut cultivars (Arachis hypogaea L.) with contrasting salt tolerance

December 2013

The effects of salt stress on the level of osmolyte accumulation in two different cultivars (K-134 and JL-24) of groundnut seedlings were studied. Seeds were grown at different concentrations of NaCl stress: 50, 100 and 150 mM and their respective controls (0.0% NaCl) for nine days. Salt stress resulted in a significant modification in the level of osmolyte accumulation in the two cultivars of groundnut. The...

Author(s): Ranganayakulu G. S., Veeranagamallaiah G. and Chinta Sudhakar

The effects of pH and growing medium type on the susceptibility of Moringa oleifera to fungal diseases during seedling emergence

December 2013

Moringa oleifera seed germinates poorly and most seedlings die during early establishment. To solve this problem, the effects of pH and growing medium type on the susceptibility of M. oleifera to fungal diseases during seed emergence and early seedling establishment were evaluated in a 3 x 6 factorial experiment arranged as a randomized complete block design with three replications in a greenhouse experiment. Six...

Author(s): Maria Goss, Tendai. A. Shiri and Upenyu Mazarura

Knowledge on cassava disease management: The case of cassava brown streak disease awareness in Northern Uganda

December 2013

The cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) has spread rapidly in Northern Uganda since its emergence in Uganda in 2005. Field surveys conducted in 2010 and 2011 by Ngetta Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute (Ngetta ZARDI) revealed high CBSD prevalence in the zone. CBSD epidemic has severely affected livelihood of smallholder farmers in the region. Lack of knowledge on disease recognition and management...

Author(s): A. Kumakech, A. Acipa, V. Tumwine and G. A. Maiteki

Pollen morphology of seven wild species of Acacia in Saudi Arabia

December 2013

Pollen micromorphological characters such as pollen size, shape, number of associated monads, colpi and ornamentation of the tectum surface, of seven species of Acacia belonging to the family Mimosaceae were studied, using light microscope (LM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The study showed that the pollen size range from 42.1 to 69.4 µm, pollen shape is round to semi- round, the number of associated...

Author(s): Ahlam A. Al-Watban, Ebtesam Al-Mogren, Abdullah R. Doaigey and Mohamed El Zaidy

Petiole anatomy of some species of Asteraceae in southwest Nigeria

December 2013

Petiole anatomy of 12 species of Asteraceae around Ile-Ife in South-Western Nigeria was described. Transverse section of the petiole (median) was cut at 20 µ using Reichert Sledge Microtome. The specimens were stained in 1% aqueous solution of Safranin O for 5 min, washed in three changes of water to remove excess stain and counterstained in 1% solution of Alcian blue for 5 min, and cleared in xylene. The section...

Author(s): AKINNUBI Funmilola Mabel, AKINLOYE Akinwumi Johnson and OLADIPO Olaniran Temitope

Effect of intra-row spacing on yield and quality of some onion varieties (Allium cepa L.) at Aksum, Northern Ethiopia

December 2013

Lack of improved varieties and production practices have been the major bottlenecks of onion production and productivity in Tigray, particularly at Aksum area. There have been no recommended intra-row spacing and variety for that area specifically; rather farmers used to practice non-uniform plant spacing. Thus, a field experiment was conducted to investigate the influence of intra-row spacing, variety and their...

Author(s): Yemane Kahsay, Derbew Belew and Fetien Abay

Scope of medicinal flora as effective anti ulcer agents

November 2013

Gastric ulcer generally results from persistent erosions and damage of the stomach wall which become perforated and develops into peritonitis and massive haemorrhage as a result of inhibition of the synthesis of mucus, bicarbonate and prostaglandins. The commercially available antiulcer drugs usually have various side effects. Due to these side effects, there is a need to find new antiulcerogenic compound(s) with...

Author(s): Sandhya S., Venkata Ramana K., Vinod K. R., Swapna Reddy and Asia Begum

Studies on floral phenology, fruit and seed maturation and harvest index based on fruit colour in Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre

November 2013

Pongamia pinnata is a leguminous tree having enormous potential of producing high seed oil that could be as a source of biofuel. The collection of pods with higher seed quality characters is much important for production of elite seedlings at nursery and hence studies related to seed maturation were initiated as matured seed is the basic character of quality seed. To evaluate the steps in obtaining quality seed...

Author(s): P. Srimathi, N. Mariappan, L. Sundaramoorthy and K. Sudhakar

In vitro antifungal effects of the essential oil of Mentha piperita L. and its comparison with synthetic menthol on Aspergillus niger

November 2013

The antifungal activity of Mentha piperita L. essential oil and its comparison with synthetic menthol on Aspergillus niger growth have been determined in vitro. The chemical compositions of essential oil of M. piperita provided from the aerial parts of plants grown in a village in Kerman Province in June 2012 were determined. The sample was cleaned and...

Author(s): M. Moghtader

Yield and quality of statice [Limonium sinuatum (L.) Mill.] as affected by cultivars and planting densities

November 2013

A study was conducted in a plastic greenhouse at Freesia Ethiopia PLC Sululta located in the central highlands of Ethiopia with the objective of determining the effect of cultivar, planting density and their interaction effect with reference to yield and quality of Statice.The experiment was laid out in a 3 x 4 factorial arrangement using a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. The...

Author(s): Biruk Mellesse, Nigussie Kassa and Ali Mohammed

Chromosome numbers and karyotype in three species of the genus Vernonia Schreber in Southern Nigerian

November 2013

Detailed cytological studies were carried out on three species of the genus Vernonianamely Vernonia amygdalina (bitter leaf and non-bitter leaf), Vernonia cinerea andVernonia conferta to ascertain their chromosome number. The taxa studied showed diploid number of chromosome for V. cinerea (2n = 18) and V. conferta (2n = 20) and tetraploid number for V....

Author(s): Kemka-Evans, C. I. and Okoli, Bosa

Earliness and yield parameters of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) grafts under different spacing and fertigation levels

November 2013

Field study was undertaken to standardize spacing and fertigation levels for eggplant(Solanum melongena L.) grafts. A strip plot design was adopted with four spacing levels (1 × 1, 2 × 1, 1.5 × 1.5 and 0.6 × 0.6 m) and three fertigation levels: 75, 100 and 125% recommended dose of fertiliser (RDF) replicated four times. After six months, the plants were pruned to obtain the ratoon crop...

Author(s): A. Ndereyimana, S. Praneetha, L. Pugalendhi, B. J. Pandian and P. Rukundo

Study on malting barley genotypes under diverse Agroecologies of north western Ethiopia

November 2013

The study was conducted with the objectives to determine the magnitude effect of genotype, environment, and their interactions on economically important traits and identify stable malt barley (Hordeum distichon L.) genotypes. Combined analysis of variance indicated that the main effects due to environment, genotype and GxE interaction were highly significant for grain yield and economically important malting...

Author(s): Muluken Bantayehu

Evaluation of allelopathic potential of an aromatic exotic tree, Melaleuca leucadendron L.

November 2013

An attempt was made to evaluate the allelopathic potential of an exotic tree species,Melaleuca leucadendron L. using mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) seeds as responsive bioassay material. This was recorded in terms of the plant extract and plant leachate-induced changes of seed germination behaviour, the levels of DNA and RNA as well as amylase activity in the seed kernels. The results of the present...

Author(s): Subhojit Ojha, Chandan Kumar Pati and Aloke Bhattacharjee

Relationship between gibberellins and carbohydrates in vegetable products

October 2013

Gibberellin is a vegetable hormone widely used in agriculture and horticulture. The objective of this review was to show the relationship between gibberellins and carbohydrates in vegetable products. Thus, the study concludes that the involvement of substances may be related with the terminal stages of development of various plants. However, the interactions of carbohydrate content and gibberellin are still...

Author(s): Marcos Ribeiro da Silva Vieira, Adriano Nascimento dos Simões, Alexandre Tavares da Rocha, Luzia Ferreira da Silva and Pahlevi Augusto de Sousa

Medicinal orchids and their uses: Tissue culture a potential alternative for conservation

October 2013

Orchids are nature's most extravagant group of flowering plants distributed throughout the world from tropics to high alpine. They exhibit incredible range of diversity in size, shape and color of their flowers. Though orchids are grown primarily as ornamentals, many are used as herbal medicines, food, and other have cultural value by different cultures and tribes in different parts of the...

Author(s): Bijaya Pant

Sesbania sesban (L.) Merrill: Potential uses of an underutilized multipurpose tree in Ethiopia

October 2013

Sesbania sesban (L.) Merrill is the most productive multipurpose tree widely distributed in tropics and subtropics; and usually planted by smallholder farmers mostly for its fodder and soil improvement values. The objective of the present study was to review the various aspects (with emphasis on its importance) of S. sesban and generate comprehensive technical information for scholars who wish to study...

Author(s): Zerihun Nigussie and Getachew Alemayehu

Antifungal activity of aerial parts as well as in vitro raised calli of the medicinal plant, Balanites aegyptiaca Del.

October 2013

The antifungal potential of an endangered medicinal plant, Balanites aegyptiaca Del. and its in vitro raised calli was evaluated by agar well diffusion method. The alcoholic extract of fruits of parent plant as well as its callus showed good antifungal activity against various pathogenic and opportunistic fungi. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of the extracts were determined by broth...

Author(s): Razia Khatoon, Noor Jahan, Siraj Ahmad and Anwar Shahzad

Characterization of dekoko (Pisum sativum var. abyssinicum) accessions by qualitative traits in the highlands of Southern Tigray, Ethiopia

October 2013

Cultivated Pisum is dominated with Pisum sativum subgroup, but P. sativum var.abyssinicum (Dekoko) is a unique subgroup developed and cultivated in Ethiopia. The objectives of the study were the characterization of the accessions using three qualitative traits and understanding the genetic diversity of the crop. Twenty-four (24) accession/local collections of Dekoko collected from...

Author(s): Haddis Yirga and Dargie Tsegay

Direct regeneration of the medicinal herb Cucumis anguria L from shoot tip explants

October 2013

A protocol was developed by in vitro regeneration by shoot induction of Cucumis anguria, a plant used as medicine and vegetable belonging to the family Cucurbitaceae. High frequencies of multiple shoot regeneration were achieved from nodal explants on MS fortified with 2 mg/l 6-benzyl amino purine (BAP) and 0.5 mg/l indole acetic acid (IAA). Five to ten shoots per explant were obtained. The elongated...

Author(s): S. Senthil Kumar

Lactuca sativa mediated chitinase activity and resistance in pearl millet against Sclerospora graminicola

October 2013

Pearl millet seeds were treated with latex extracts (L1- 50 µl, L2- 100 µl and L3- 200 µl) ofAsclepias curassavica, Calotropis gigantea, Croton sp., Eucalyptus alba, Morus alba,Nerium odoratum, Lactuca sativa and Tridax procumbens were applied on pearl millet seeds for 3 and 6 h to evaluate their role in growth promotion and downy mildew resistance. Latex extracts of...

Author(s): S. R. Mythrashree, N. P. Geetha, H. G. Pushpalatha, M. Murali, H. S. Shetty and K. N. Amruthesh

A review on Justicia adhatoda: A potential source of natural medicine

October 2013

It has been established that up to 25% of the drugs prescribed in conventional medicines are allied directly or indirectly to natural substances mostly of plant origin. Hence, during the last few decades there has been an increasing interest in the study of medicinal plants and their long-established use in different countries. However, today it is compulsory to afford scientific testimony as to whether it is reasonable...

Author(s): Sandeep Dhankhar, Ramanjeet Kaur, S. Ruhil, M. Balhara, Seema Dhankhar and A. K. Chhillar  

The extraction and mass transfer process of soluble solids in Russian olive

September 2013

In this paper, through the research of mass transfer mechanism of the extraction process of soluble solids (SS) in Russian olive, the kinetic model of concentration change for the SS with the solvent multiple B (mL/g), extraction temperature T (K) and extraction time t (h) during extraction process was established for the first time. Russian olive extract concentration values  (%) can be calculated in...

Author(s): Kang Jian, Wu Tong, Zhu Hongyuan and Sun Leilei

Short-term responses of shrub layer communities to dry season fires and tree thinning in semi-arid miombo woodlands of north-western Zimbabwe

September 2013

  Short-term responses of shrub layer communities to dry season fires and tree-thinning were investigated in semi-arid miombo woodlands in North-western Zimbabwe. Fifty-four (54) plots, 50 x 50 m each, were demarcated at three miombo sites. Treatments applied were: no burn, no tree thinning; no burn, thinned; early burn, no thinning; early burn, thinned; late burn, no thinning; late burn, thinned. After three...

Author(s): Isaac Mapaure

Anti-emetic activity of some members of the family, Euphorbiaceae of Lahore region

September 2013

  The present investigation aimed to evaluate the anti-emetic activity of some members of the family Euphorbiaceae of Lahore region. The selected plants were Euphorbia prostrata, Euphorbia splendens, Euphorbia hirta, Euphorbia helioscopia, Ricinus communis, Jatropha integerrima, Putranjiva roxburghii and Phyllanthus emblica. Anti-emetic activity was carried out...

Author(s):   Tahira Mughal and Sana Mahboob

Testing of striga resistant composite maize varieties for response to two levels of nitrogen fertilizer up-take

September 2013

  Trials were carried out using five composite maize varieties in a Striga lutea (Lour) endemic soil of Temidire-Eruwa, Oyo State, Nigeria, in 2004 and 2005. The composite maize varieties were tested under varied fertilizer types, nitrogen (N) concentrations and artificial striga infestation. The objective was to test these striga resistant maize varieties for yield and agronomic performance under the...

Author(s): F. B. Anjorin, S. A., Olakojo and M. A. Aduloju

Variation of alkaloids in the Kenyan Zanthoxylum gilletii (De Wild Waterman)

September 2013

 Zanthoxylum gilletii is an African indigenous deciduous tree which is important for its medicinal use in many communities to treat a wide range of ailments. This study was conducted to identify the alkaloids present in the bark, root and leaves of the Kenyan Z. gilletii. The plant materials were randomly sampled, dried at room temperature, powdered and subjected to thin layer chromatography (TLC), high...

Author(s): Gaya, C. H., Kawaka, J. F., Muchugi, A. and Ngeranwa, J. J.

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