Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009

JPHE Articles

November 2018

Prevalence and socio-demographic factors associated with malaria infection among children under five years in Tanzania

Malaria is one among four main infectious diseases leading in death for the under-five children in Africa. This study aim to determine prevalence of malaria and social demographic factors related with children under-five in Tanzania. The study used cross section data extracted from Tanzania demographic health survey collected from 2015 to 2016. A sample of 9,322 under five children with malaria rapid diagnostic test...

Author(s): PAUL Edwin and MSENGWA Amina S.  

November 2018

Bacteriology of Opa River, Ile-Ife, Nigeria and its public health implication on selected bordering areas

This study determined the bacteriological quality of water from the Opa River and assessed the impact of human behaviour on the quality of water along the river course. Twenty five water samples were collected over a period of five weeks at five selected points based on population clusters along the river. A hundred questionnaire items were administered to randomly selected residents to elicit information about the...

Author(s): Onana Vera E., Afolabi Olusegun T., Aladesanmi Omolara T. and Adepoju Kayode A.  

November 2018

Assessment of the unmet needs of contraception among female undergraduate students in southern Nigeria

The proportion of women who have an unmet need for modern contraception is highest (24%) in Sub-Saharan Africa, which is double the world average of 12% in 2015. This unmet need leads to unintended pregnancies, unsafe abortions and limitation of women’s ability to achieve educational, employment and economic goals. This study aims to assess the unmet needs of contraception and the reasons for contraceptive non-use...

Author(s): Esohe Olivia Ogboghodo and Obehi Hilda Okojie  

November 2018

Prevalence and intensity of urinary schistosomiasis in Ogun state, Southwest, Nigeria

Schistosomiasis is an environmentally-mediated disease that depend on the presence of suitable habitats for snails, which serve as intermediate hosts for the causative parasites. Research has shown that the disease is endemic in Osun state and remains unabated. Until now, there has never been any mapping of the disease in the State. This study will serve as a reliable baseline data for intervention planning in the...

Author(s): Alabi P. Oladejo S. O. and Odaibo A. B.  

October 2018

Prevalence of premarital sexual practices and its associated factors among high school students in Addis Zemen Town, South Gondar, Ethiopia, 2017

Pre-marital sex is a penetrative vaginal or anal sexual intercourse performed before formal marriage in younger population. Moreover, these population groups are less likely than adults to have the information, skills and support to protect themselves against HIV/AIDS and other consequences of premarital sex. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of pre-marital sexual practice and its associated factors...

Author(s): Netsanet Habte, Ayanalem Adu, Tizita Gebeyehu, Shimeles Alemayehu, Yemane Tesfageorgis and Terefe Gatiso  

October 2018

Mental health status of students attending tertiary institutions in Bayelsa State, Nigeria

National health policies that take into cognizance the interventions against the menace of students’ ill health in Nigeria are limited. This study investigated the health status of students in tertiary institutions in Bayelsa State. A descriptive study design was adopted to randomly select four tertiary institutions out of six. Two hundred students were randomly selected from the four schools; fifty from each...

Author(s): Ebenezer Amawulu, and Kurokeyi Eniyekedidei Prosper  

October 2018

Sanitation practice and associated factors among slum dwellers residing in urban slums of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: A community based cross-sectional study

Attaining sustainable sanitation in urban slum community is still an issue and continues to be a gap. Furthermore, factors associated with sanitation practices among slum dwellers has not been yet well explored in many low income countries, such as Ethiopia. This study was designed to determine the sanitation practice and associated factors among slum dwellers residing in urban slums of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A...

Author(s): Biniyam Sahiledengle, Fessahaye Alemseged, Tefera Belachew  

October 2018

Investigating risk factors associated with the persistence of malaria in the Obang valley, North West Region, Cameroon

Malaria interventions - vector control using long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) or indoor residual spraying, chemoprevention and case management including diagnosis and treatment of infections - are highly effective and affordable. These interventions have led to a significant reduction in malaria prevalence, and a marked decline in morbidity and mortality associated. Despite these increasing control efforts, this...

Author(s): Tiburce Gangue, Laurentine Sumo, Ngum Helen Ntonifor, Etso I. Che and Hugues C. Nana-Djeunga,  

September 2018

Tinea capitis:A tropical disease of hygienic concern among primary school children in an urban community in Nigeria

Tinea capitis is the most common dermatophyte infection in school age children in developing countries and is known to impact negatively on their health and well-being. This study determined the prevalence of T. capitis and its relationship with hygiene among primary school pupils in Ile-Ife. This descriptive cross-sectional study recruited randomly selected pupils from public and private schools in Ile-Ife from March...

Author(s): Olusegun Temitope Afolabi, Olumayowa Oninla and Funmito Fehintola  

September 2018

Seroprevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics within Kaduna metropolis, North-Central, Nigeria

Chlamydia trachomatis is a major causative agent of sexually transmitted disease (STD), which can damage a woman’s reproductive organs. The prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection was investigated among 200 pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in three hospitals located within Kaduna metropolis, North-Central, Nigeria. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay technique was performed to detect chlamydia...

Author(s): Garba, B. F.,  Abdulsalami, M. I. and Egbe, N. E.  

September 2018

Assessment of major causes of heart failure and it’s pharmacologic management among patients at Felege Hiwot referral hospital in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

Heart failure is a complex, clinical syndrome of signs and symptoms that are caused by defects in cardiac structure, function, or both, resulting in impairment of peripheral circulation and organ oxygenation. It is a staggering clinical and public health problem and the study of the epidemiology on heart failure demonstrated that heart failure is associated with significant mortality, morbidity, and health care...

Author(s): Melkamu Ayana Zeru  

September 2018

Quality of tuberculosis treatment services in public hospitals of Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia, 2016

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global health problem, responsible for ill health among millions of people each year. It is the second leading cause of death from an infectious disease worldwide following human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Tuberculosis control measures are limited by the quality of care provided at the local level. Providing a quality and timely care for patients with TB is crucial in prevention and...

Author(s): Shibiru lencho Megene, Elias Ali Yesuf, Dejene Melese and Zalalem Kaba Babure  

September 2018

Occurrence of diarrhea and utilization of zinc bundled with ORS among caregivers of children less than five-years in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

In response to the high occurrence of diarrhea in Ethiopia, the Federal Ministry of Health employed an effective strategy that included administration of zinc together with oral rehydration salt to treat children suffered diarrhea since 2013. Nonetheless, information on zinc bundled with ORS uptake is limited and thus this study has examined zinc utilization among beneficiaries. A community based cross-sectional study...

Author(s): Solomon Hassen, Jemal Haidar and Agajie Likie Bogale  

August 2018

Determinants of modern contraceptive use among fertile women in Debark districts, North West Ethiopia

This study examined and identified the determinants of modern contraceptive use among fertile women in Debark district. In order to meet the objective descriptive, multiple logistic regression and multilevel logistic regression statistical techniques were used for data analysis. The results of multiple logistic regressions showed that health center, place of residence, marital status, access to media, environmental...

Author(s): Mebetu Gebre Demozie, Kidanemariam Alem Berhie and Asrat Atsedeweyn Andargie

August 2018

Statistical model of weight outcome among college students

The issue of weight outcome is a common problem across all ages in the world, regardless of being a male or female. Studies show  that its cause is more associated with insufficient physical activities due to technological addicts and improper eating habits. However, this study sought to find out whether the predictors by authorities are in existent among college students in this part of the country. In a cross...

Author(s): Maxwell Seyram Kumah, Awuitor Godwin Kofi, Dorkenoo Bridget Aku and Kumi John Newton

August 2018

Factors associated with birth preparedness and complication readiness among antenatal clinic attendants in selected public Hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Institution based cross sectional study

Birth preparedness and complication readiness is a comprehensive strategy aimed in promoting timely access to skilled maternal and neonatal services. It also facilitates active preparation and decision making for delivery by pregnant women. The aim of this study was to assess birth preparedness and complication readiness plans of antenatal clinic attendees in selected public Hospitals of Addis Ababa. Institution based...

Author(s): Hawi Chala, Sahilu Asseged, Demelash Woldeyohannes and Yohannes Tekalegn

August 2018

Cancer survival in Brazil: Estimate through the mortality to incidence ratio

Information about cancer incidence, mortality and survival is one of the pillars for disease monitoring. In Brazil, only a few studies show population-based survival. The mortality to incidence ratio (M:I) is an indirect measure of cancer survival and can be used to estimate a population cancer survival. To calculate the mortality to incidence ratios (M:I), an official information for incidence and mortality rates in...

Author(s): Rejane de Souza Reis and Alfredo José Monteiro Scaff

August 2018

Health problems related to algal bloom among seaweed farmers in coastal areas of Tanzania

There is a scarcity of research-based data on the factors associated with skin irritation due to algal blooms in seaweed farming. Changes in temperature with an increase in nutrients levels lead to the growth of harmful algal blooms, which produce many active metabolites, some of which induce toxic responses in human including skin irritation. The objective of this study was to identify health problems experienced by...

Author(s): Aziza, H. Said, , , Flower, E. Msuya, Margareth, S. Kyewalyanga, Aviti, J. Mmochi, Evalyn, W. Mwihia, Eystein Skjerve, Helena, A. Ngowi and Jan, L. Lyche

July 2018

Incidence of pre-pregnancy and pregnancy-related illnesses in rural women accessing antenatal care services in Awka, south-east, Nigeria

Nigeria accounts for a considerable proportion of maternal deaths that occur annually worldwide. The study investigated the incidence of pre-pregnancy and pregnancy-related illnesses in women accessing antenatal care services at health facilities in Awka South Local Government Area, Anambra State. The study adopted cross-sectional research design. The population comprised 3,207 registered pregnant women from January to...

Author(s): Ugoma Deborah Ezeani, Olaoluwa Samson Agbaje, Chucks E. Ezedum, Prince Iheanachor Christian Umoke, Cylia N. Iweama and Kiloh A. Nfor

July 2018

Precision health contributions to public health: An integrative review

Precision health is an all-encompassing term, which can describe a type of care that shows the intersectionality of genomics, precision health or medicine and public health. This integrative review aimed to investigate how precision health strategies could contribute to the public health and improve health-related outcomes among populations. The search strategy included 5 main keywords combined with other 63...

Author(s): Vineeth Amba, Marina Celly Martins Ribeiro de Souza, Carole Kenner and Carolina Marques Borges

July 2018

Malaria outbreak and contracting factors in Afar Region, Ethiopia, 2016

On July 5, 2016, Amibera District Health office was alerted of excess of malaria cases in two villages. Within July 5 to 17, 2016 malaria outbreak and associations factors were investigated. A malaria case is when a person with fever or fever with headache is confirmed either microscopically to have Plasmodium parasites or by Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) to detect the malaria antigens. In the last five years malaria data...

Author(s): Mitiku Bonsa Debela, Alemayehu Bayray Kahsay, and Taklu Marama Mokonnon

July 2018

Genotypic variation, demographic characteristics and risk factors of hepatitis C virus in Scotland

Knowledge on the epidemiology of hepatitis C virus (HCV) has implicit significance for the diagnosis, duration and treatment response of infected patients, as some genotypes are more responsive to therapy than others. In this paper, an examination of the possible association of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes with demographic and risk factors for transmission was described. The study utilized routinely collected data...

Author(s): Iveren Winifred Nyinoh

July 2018

Prevalence and associated factors of undernutrition among school adolescents in Gobu Seyo District, East Wollega Zone, Oromia regional state of West Ethiopia, 2016

Adolescence is the transitional period between childhood and adulthood. During this, nutrient needs are greatest. There is so little data on adolescents' nutrition and research needs are immense. The objective of the study was to assess prevalence and associated factors of undernutrition in school adolescents aged 10 to 19 years. A cross-sectional study was conducted at GobuSeyo district in December, 2016. Using...

Author(s): Kassahun Tegegne Bidu, TsedekeWolde Hailemariam, Elias Legesse Negeri and Zalalem Kaba Babure  

June 2018

A longitudinal data analysis on risk factors for developing type-2 diabetes mellitus at the University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Gondar, Ethiopia

Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic chronic diseases characterized by high blood sugar levels with multi-system complications. The objective of this study was to assess the risk factors for developing type-2 diabetes mellitus over time in their random blood sugar and to obtain better predictive model for type 2 diabetes patients’ random blood sugar (RBS) level in the University of Gondar Comprehensive...

Author(s): Asrat Atsedeweyn Andargie and Melkamu Ayana Zeru  

June 2018

Investigation on the effect of a one-day pharmacovigilance training of healthcare professionals

A key objective of the decentralized pharmacovigilance program is to increase the knowledge of in-service healthcare professionals in pharmacovigilance to enable them develop a culture and practice of adverse drug reactions reporting. It is imperative to evaluate the impact of the training offered, as it is a key component of the national decentralized pharmacovigilance program. Thus the aim of this study was to...

Author(s): Mukesh Dheda, Henry Kambafwile and Frasia Oosthuizen  

June 2018

Caregiver feeding practices in Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone is a basis for developing a community based Early Childhood Development (ECD) programme. Using a set of questions in a household survey, it was found that 92% of children are given breast milk as their first food. However, for 39% of children, breastfeeding stops after 40 days.  46% of the children were not breastfed exclusively until six months. 28% of the children did not get three meals per day, and...

Author(s): Boniface Francis Kalanda and Asseneth Jerotich Cheboi  

June 2018

Prevalence of hepatitis B and C among HIV/AIDS patients attending Bingham University Teaching Hospital Jos Plateau State Nigeria: A retrospective study

The prevalence of hepatitis B and C (HBV and HCV) among HIV infected persons is a major public health problem in Nigeria. The increasing number of people living with HIV in Nigeria has presented the health care system with new co-morbid infections such as HBV and HCV. This study was designed to investigate the prevalence of hepatitis B and C among HIV/AIDS patients attending Bingham University Teaching Hospital Jos...

Author(s): Odjimogho Stella, Agofure Otovwe, Oghenenioborue R. A Okandeji-Barry and Ibrahim Zainab Ladidi  

June 2018

Knowledge, attitude and practice on hand washing and associated factors among public primary schools children in Hosanna town, Southern Ethiopia

The burden of communicable diseases within developing countries is mainly influenced by poor personal hygiene practices Despite substantial evidence about the effectiveness of hand washing, especially using soap at all critical time, the practice is poor in developing countries including Ethiopia. The problem is not researched well on children who are major risk groups for diarrheal diseases, ARI and other hygiene...

Author(s): Alula Seyum Buda, Dejene Ermias Mekengo, Terefe Markos Lodebo, Abinet Arega Sadore and Bazie Mekonnen  

May 2018

Factors affecting implementation of integrated community case management of childhood illnesses in South West Shoa Zone, Central Ethiopia

Integrated community case management (ICCM) is a program that allowed Health Extension Workers (HEWs) treat the three most common childhood illnesses: pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria through delivering a closer and accessible care. In Ethiopia, this proven strategy was being implemented in selected districts of the regions but there were no sufficient evidences to decision-makers for improvement interventions....

Author(s): Wase Benti Hailu, Waju Beyene Salgedo and Ayinengida Adamu Walle  

May 2018

Factors associated with sputum conversion in a multinational population of tuberculosis patients

Various factors had been related with sputum conversion in tuberculosis patients, which constituted an essential indicator of the effectiveness of treatment and the infectivity of patients. The study evaluates the factors related with smear sputum conversion in pulmonary tuberculosis. A retrospective cohort study of newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis was performed from January 2013 to September 2016 in Cuban...

Author(s): Humberto Guanche Garcell, Ariadna Villanueva Arias, Francisco Gutierrez García, Victor E. Ramírez Zenón and Ramón N Alfonso Serrano

May 2018

Satisfaction of maternal care among women delivered at Asrade Zewude Memorial Primary Hospital, Bure, West Gojjam, Amhara, Ethiopia: A cross sectional study

Maternal satisfaction is a means of evaluating quality of maternal health care given in health facilities. The objective  was to assess the level of maternal  satisfaction and associated factors  at  Asrade Zewude Memorial Primary Hospital. Cross-sectional study was conducted on 420 clients by systematic sampling method from February 8, 2017 to September 25, 2017. Structured questionnaire that was...

Author(s): Gizew Dessie Asres

May 2018

Maternal dietary and nutritional characteristics as predictor of newborn birth weight in Jimma Town, Southwest Ethiopia, 2017

Maternal nutrition plays a major role in influencing fetal growth and birth outcomes. It is a modifiable risk factor which drags a significant public health consideration to avert adverse birth outcomes, specially, in low and middle income countries. Suboptimal dietary and nutritional characteristics and low birth weight are prevalent in the present study setting. This study was conducted to assess the association of...

Author(s): Hawi Goshu, Melese Sinaga Teshome and Kalkidan Hassen Abate  

May 2018

Socio-demographic determinants of health support services among orphans and vulnerable children in Nigeria

Worldwide, the population of orphans and vulnerable children is estimated to be around 160 million with sub-Sahara Africa accounting for 80% of these children owing largely to the effect of HIV/AIDS, civil wars, road accidents, sectarian violence, terrorism, and other factors. Efforts have been made over the years by governments and development partners to mitigate the effects of orphanhood, but these efforts have...

Author(s): Chima Victor

April 2018

Assessment of impediments affecting health systems response to neurocysticercosis in two districts (Gulu and Amuru) of Northern Uganda: A cross sectional study

Northern Uganda is recovering from the effects of prolonged war which devastated most of the health systems in the region. The aim of the study was to identify health sector impediments affecting health systems response to Neurocysticercosis in the districts of Gulu and Amuru.  A cross sectional study was conducted on two hospitals and 10 health centers.  Two hundred and three (n=203) respondents were...

Author(s): Simon Peter Alarakol, Constantine Steven Labongo Loum, Walter Onen Yagos and Kenneth Luyramamoi

April 2018

Compliance to treatment regimen among diabetic patients attending outpatient department of selected hospitals in Benin City, Edo State

Diabetes is a global health issue as it is a metabolic disease that affects individuals of all ages. The success of long term maintenance therapy for diabetes mellitus depends largely upon the patient’s compliance with a therapeutic plan. This study investigated the level of compliance with treatment regimen among clients with diabetes mellitus in selected hospital in Benin City, Edo state. A descriptive cross...

Author(s): Ehwarieme T. A., Ogbogu C. J., Mbadugha Chisom and Obiekwu Adaobi, L.

April 2018

Factors associated with utilization of institutional delivery care and postnatal care services in Ethiopia

Ethiopia is one of the sub-Saharan African countries with high maternal mortality rate due to complication of delivery. Institutional delivery care and postnatal care are key health services that can reduce maternal mortality. The main objective of this study was to identify factors affecting utilization of institutional delivery and postnatal care services. The data for this study were obtained from the 2014 EDHS which...

Author(s): Asrat Atsedeweyn Andargie and Mengistu Abebe

April 2018

Assessment of community knowledge, attitude and practice on milk borne zoonoses disease in Debre- Birhan town, north Shewa, Ethiopia

A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted in Debre-Birhan town, North shoa, Ethiopia, with the objectives of assessing the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of the study participants with respect to milk borne zoonoses; and to determine the effect of demographic character of respondents on knowledge, attitude and practice of zoonotic diseases. Data were collected from the respondents through...

Author(s): Mandefero Delelegn and Yeshibelay Girma

March 2018

Vitamin-D deficiency and insufficiency and quality of life in Jeddah, KSA: Is there any evidence of association

Vitamin D (VD) deficiency and insufficiency have been linked to poor quality of life (QoL); general weakness, fatigue, and nonspecific pain. Despite abundance of sun light, there is a wide spread VD deficiency in the Arabian Gulf countries. However, the impact of VD deficiency on the quality of life has not been well documented in the Arabian Gulf countries, including the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). This study aims...

Author(s): Shirina Alsowai and Zahia Bin Bakr

March 2018

Physical activity levels among Fayoum governorate population (Egypt): Community-based survey

Physical inactivity is one of the most important public health problems in the 21st century. It plays an active role in the prevention of both non-communicable diseases and premature death. A community-based survey was conducted to assess the level of physical activity among household population and to identify associated demographic factors of physical inactivity. A sample of 5000 households was selected by a...

Author(s): Naglaa A. El-Sherbiny and Asmaa Younis Elsary

March 2018

Epidemiology of Hepatitis B viral infection among students and non-teaching (casual) staff of Nile University of Nigeria: A 2017 study

Hepatitis B viral infection is a silent deadly disease. According to the Society for Gastroenterology and Hepatology in Nigeria (SOGHIN), over 20 million persons are infected with hepatitis and death from it is on a large scale. This study was carried out in order to estimate the prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) among students and non-teaching staff of Nile University of Nigeria, Abuja. The study was...

Author(s): Zainab Y. Lado, Chukwuma C. Ogbaga and Onyinye F. Nwagbara

February 2018

Service availability and readiness assessment of maternal and child health services using the WHO tool in Kapasia and Sreepur Upazila of Gazipur District in Bangladesh

The world is making significant progress in reducing the number of women and children dying from preventable causes. Bangladesh is also on track. The objective of this study was to strengthen maternal and child health service delivery in Kapasia and Sreepur Upazila of Gazipur district using SARA tool. The present assessment was a cross-sectional quantitative assessment. This evaluation was performed between January 2015...

Author(s): Mohammad Rashedul Islam and AKM Nazrul Haider

February 2018

Helminthiasis and chronic suppurative otitis media in Ijoun Community in Ogun State, Nigeria

This study, carried out in a rural community in Ogun state Nigeria, aims to determine the prevalence of soil-transmitted helminths, bacteria causing Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media (CSOM), and their coinfection among school-aged participants. Formol-ether sedimentation technique was used to check for helminth eggs in stool samples. Ear swabs collected were cultured on chocolate, blood and MacConkey agar plates. CD4+T...

Author(s): Z. A. Abdullahi, O. A. Morenikeji, A. A. Adeyemo and V. O. Ogunleye

February 2018

Client satisfaction among private wing and regular health care services at Nekemte Referral Hospital, East Wollega Zone, Oromia regional state, Western Ethiopia: A comparative cross-sectional study, 2016

The level of client satisfaction with the services provided by the hospitals is one critical area that must be assessed continuously. There is the paucity of information on the comparison of the level of client satisfaction from regular and private wing services of public hospitals in Ethiopia. Thus, the current study aims to compare the level of clients’ satisfaction in the adult outpatient department among...

Author(s): Zalalem Kaba Babure, Fekadu Assefa Jiru and Tesfaye Dagne Weldemarium

January 2018

Malaria among relatives escorting sick patients during the dry season to Karume Health Centre, Mwanza, Northwestern Tanzania

Malaria is still a public health problem in the world. It accounted for an estimated 214 million cases and 438,000 deaths in the year 2015. During the dry season, most people are likely to be asymptomatic and therefore fail to be diagnosed with malaria. This study established the proportion of people who came to health facility, escorting sick relatives and had detectable malaria parasites. This was a cross sectional...

Author(s): Erasmus Kamugisha, Julius Karol Marwa, Emelie Lund and Göte Swedberg

January 2018

Substance use and factors associated with risky sexual practice in school youth in Asella Town, South-East Ethiopia, 2017

Globally, risky sexual behavior accounts for large number of opportunities for sexually transmitted infection including human immunodeficiency virus and unintended pregnancy. The study is intended to describe substance use and factors associated with risky sexual practice among school youth. School based cross sectional study was conducted through self-administered questionnaire. Simple random sampling technique was...

Author(s): Solomon Mariam W., Nega Assefa, Solomon Tejineh and Hiwot Zelalem

January 2018

The characteristics of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in Rumah Sakit Umum Haji Medan

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate gland caused by progressive hyperplasia of glandular cells or stoma cells from prostate tissues. BPH is a common problem that increases in people from 40 years old. The symptom is lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) that consist of the followings: Strenuous urination, frequent urination, urinary hesitancy and retention. This study aims to know the characteristic...

Author(s): Shahrul Rahman

January 2018

Effects of some micronutrients on mice infected with Plasmodium berghei

Malaria is a disease which is prevalent in tropical regions; however, it is preventable and curable with the use of certain micronutrients thereby reducing the life threatening disease. The effect of micronutrients (vitamin C, calcium, iron and magnesium) on mice infected with Plasmodium berghei NK-65 species was evaluated using standard methods. The percentage suppression and the parasitemia levels were counted daily...

Author(s): Omoya Funmilola Oluyemi and Oyebola Taiwo Folayele

December 2017

An appraisal of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus health system in Nigeria

The study aimed to assess the strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and threats influencing the achievement of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus. It also sought to suggest recommendations to improve the current prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus health system in Nigeria. A critical appraisal of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B...

Author(s): Olutomi Yewande Sodipo and Bassey Ebenso

December 2017

Magnitude of occupational injury and associated factors among factory workers in Ethiopia: The case of Mugher Cement Factory

Throughout the world, occupational exposure in cement factories continue to cause serious public health problems and are leading cause of disability and disease among workers. Since there has not been any study on the prevalence and associated factors of occupational injury in cement factory, this study investigates the prevalence and associated factors of occupational injuries among cement factory workers in Mugher. An...

Author(s): Mulu Gebretsadik, Abera Kumie and Gebrekiros Gebremichael

November 2017

Assessment of knowledge of Ebola virus disease management of medical residents in a tertiary medical college

The Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa in 2014 resulted in cases spreading to other parts of the world, such as the United States of America (USA). A survey was carried out among Meharry Medical College residents to ascertain their knowledge of Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines on prevention and management of EVD. A structured questionnaire was administered to a cross-section of...

Author(s): Elmang Nchako, Carlos Nesbeth and Chisom Odoh

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