Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 575

JPHE Articles

Comparative assessment of fluid intake of sedentary and manual workers in Anambra State, Southeast Nigeria

July 2021

Daily fluid intake in individuals is known to be influenced by several factors such as climatic conditions, physical activities, nature of fluid and its availability, and behavioural responses. The high temperature of the tropics is expected to increase fluid intake, and more so for labor-intensive workers. The fluid intake of sedentary and manual workers in southeast Nigeria was assessed and compared with international...

Author(s): Ibeh, Christian Chibuzo, Florence Obiageli Emelumadu,  Chigozie Ifeadike, Mary Jane Umeh, Christian Ejike Onah, Ahoma Victor Mbanuzuru, Anugo Ogbuagu, Chijioke Ezenyeaku and Chioma Ajator, Jisieike – OnuigboNonyelum, Obi Darlington, Okonkwo Kenechukwu  

Preventing prematurity: The power of determining factors and challenges in a rural district hospital in Benin

July 2021

Preterm births remain a major public health issue due to its weight in neonatal mortality and the significant socio-economic costs for its care. The aim of the current study was to identify factors associated with preterm births at Allada-Toffo-Zè zone hospital in Benin. This was a case-controlling study, which took place in April 2019. A total of 222 women's files were examined, including 74 cases and 148...

Author(s): SAIZONOU Jacques, MONGBO Virginie, AFFO Alphonse, MAKOUTODE Patrick and HOUESSOU Gad  

Comparative screening for cervical cancer and women’s knowledge of the disease at the Douala General Hospital, Cameroon

May 2021

Cervical cancer screening is not routinely done in Cameroon because of poor knowledge of the disease. This study evaluated the validity of VIA test, assessed women’s knowledge on cervical cancer and assessed the relationship between knowledge score and previous screening participation. Between June and September 2018, this cross-sectional study enrolled 256 women aged between 25 and 65 years at the Douala General...

Author(s): Bernard Wabo, Dickson Shey Nsagha, Théophile Njamen Nana and Clement Jules Nguedia Assob  

Analysis of the environmental factors associated with deaths from road traffic crashes in Benin from 2008 to 2015

May 2021

In most African countries, road safety policies are mainly focused on the human factor. In order to inform policy makers about the role of other factors in road mortality, this study aims to analyse the road and environmental factors associated with traffic mortalities in Benin. This is a cross-sectional study using secondary data from road accidents collected by the police between 2008 and 2015. The database included...

Author(s): Donatien Daddah, Yolaine Glèlè Ahanhanzo, Alphonse Kpozehouen, Bella Hounkpe Dos Santos, Huguette Tédji, Edgard-Marius Ouendo and Alain Leveque  

Prevalence and correlates of physical health conditions in Jamaica and Guyana

May 2021

The increasing prevalence of non-communicable diseases remains an important source of concern in the Caribbean and Latin American regions. This study examines rates and the associated socio-demographic correlates of physical health indicators in Jamaica and Guyana. Area probability cross-sectional data were collected on 1,218 Jamaicans and 2,068 Guyanese participants in 2005. Physician- diagnosed hypertension, diabetes...

Author(s): Krim K. Lacey, Karen P. Sears, Tazhmoye V. Crawford, Letroy O. Cummings, Sasha R. Drummond-Lewis, Rohan D. Jeremiah and James S. Jackson  

Impact of family planning on maternal and infant mortality in Cameroon: Protocol for a clustered non-randomized controlled trial

May 2021

The study aimed to assess the impact of family planning on maternal and infant mortality in Tiko CDC plantation camp. This is a clustered non-randomized controlled trial with a predetermined intervention site (Tiko CDC plantation camp) and a control site (Pena Mboko camp). Four clusters were randomly selected in each group using simple ballot and the intervention administered in all clusters in the intervention...

Author(s): Agbor Nathan Emeh, Ngouakam Hermann and Nsagha Dickson Shey  

Knowledge, attitudes and perceptions related to covid-19 among Beninese military

April 2021

The aim of this study was to assess the level of knowledge guiding attitudes, and to highlight the perceptions of Beninese military personnel towards COVID-19. This is a cross-sectional study conducted from May 18 to June 16, 2020 in the garrison of Cotonou through the administration of an anonymous questionnaire to 836 participants. To assess the level of knowledge, major and minor criterion were defined. The level of...

Author(s): Agnès Angélique Houéfa KPADE, Alexis do SANTOS ZOUNON, Léonce AHOUANVOEKE and Félix ATADOKPEDE

Determinants of internet-based resources for sex education among in-school and out-of-school adolescents in Kogi State, Nigeria

April 2021

Sex education is a vital aspect of health education. It provides factual knowledge to assist adolescents to avoid sex related problems. Due to the sensitive nature of sex education many adolescents rely on internet resources for information on sex education because it offers information in a confidential manner. The study assessed and compared the determinants of internet based resources for sex education among in and...

Author(s): Fehintola F. O., Ogundele O.A., Uwaila C. U., Adegbenro C. A. and Olowookere S. A.

HIV-positive status disclosure with stable sexual partner at Gabriel Touré University Hospital, Bamako, Mali, 2017

April 2021

Preventing new cases of HIV infection and mother-to-child HIV transmission requires knowledge of the factors associated with HIV-positive status disclosure with the sexual partner. Our objective was to determine the factors associated with HIV-positive status disclosure with the stable sexual partner at Gabriel Touré University Hospital, Mali. We conducted a cross-sectional study from February to March 2017 at...

Author(s): Yaya Ballayira, Pauline Kiswendsida Yanogo, Fadima Diallo, Bernard Sawadogo, Simon Antara and Seydou Doumbia

Factors associated with chronic respiratory disorders in the saleswomen working near Dantokpa’s market highways in Cotonou, Benin

April 2021

Sales around roads, a common activity mainly carried out by women in African urban areas, expose these later to outdoor air pollution (OAP), leading to chronic respiratory diseases (CRD). This research aims at studying associated factors with CRD among these professionals. A cross-sectional, analytical study was conducted among 396 saleswomen working on the outskirts of the main track of Dantokpa’s market in...

Author(s): Hervé Agbomakou Gbegnide, Ghislain Emmanuel Sopoh, Denise Assiba Davou,  Michel Makoutode, and Gildas Agodokpessi

Awareness of sleeping sickness by the populations of the Bipindi historic focus: Lessons for ownership and sustainability of control interventions

April 2021

Socio-economic and socio-demographic factors have been considered as critical in disease epidemiology and need to be taken into consideration when designing health interventions. It is therefore strongly recommended to investigate population ownership to ensure sustainability of a given intervention. To this end, a household-based cross sectional survey was conducted to assess knowledge and perceptions regarding...

Author(s): Guy R Njitchouang, André Domche, Laurentine Sumo, Jeanne C Sondi-Dissake, Cédric G. Lenou-Nanga , Alphonse Acho and Hugues C. Nana-Djeunga,  

Knowledge and adherence to social distancing guidelines in Nigeria during the COVID-19 pandemic

April 2021

Social distancing refers to actions or steps taken by an individual or groups of individuals with the main purpose of reducing physical and social interaction to curb the spread of infectious disease. This study sought to determine Nigerians’ knowledge of social distancing and why most people do not adhere to the guidelines amid the COVID-19 pandemic. A non-probability sampling method was used for this study; data...

Author(s): Ebidor U. Lawani-Luwaji, Pere-ere F. T. Victor and Dorcas B. Esene  

Prevalence of tobacco use and associated risk factors among pregnant women in Maracha District, Uganda

April 2021

Globally, tobacco use has become the largest public health threat that kills around 7 million people annually, of which about 6 million deaths are due to direct tobacco use, and 890,000 are attributed to passive smoking. This study assessed  prevalence and associated risk factors of tobacco use among pregnant women, 15 to 49 years.  Health facility-based  analytical cross-sectional study was conducted...

Author(s): John Bosco Alege, Russall Okudra Jurua, and Judith Drazidio  

Environmental and behavioural factors associated with Mycobacterium ulcerans infection in the district of Lalo in Benin: A case-control study

April 2021

The mode of transmission of Buruli ulcer (BU) is not yet well understood. This study aimed to identify risk factors for BU in the district of Lalo in Benin. This is a case-control study taking into account all cases of BU detected from 2013 to 2018 and treated at the Buruli’s ulcer Screening and Treatment Center (CDTUB) of Lalo. For each case, two controls were matched according to age and sex. Conditional...

Author(s): Anagonou Gimatal Esaï, Sopoh Ghislain Emmanuel, Biaou Chabi Alphonse, Barogui Yves Thierry, Wadagni Anita Carolle, Gnimavo Sètondji Ronald, Ayelo Gilbert Adjimon, Saka Kora Eric, Houezo Jean Gabin and Johnson Roch Christian,  

Knowledge and risk factors for Lassa fever amongst students of Federal Polytechnic Auchi, Edo State, Nigeria

March 2021

Lassa fever (LF) is an acute, viral hemorrhagic illness which is common in West Africa. Students of tertiary institutions are also exposed to risk factors. Hence, the study aimed to assess the knowledge and risk factors for Lassa fever amongst students of the Federal Polytechnic Auchi, Edo State, Nigeria. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 240 undergraduate students of the Federal Polytechnic,...

Author(s): Alenoghena Osi Innocent, Ehighalua Destiny, Awunor Nyemike Simon and Yerumoh Sunday  

Alcohol use and compliance with road safety rules among commercial motorcyclists in Southwest Nigeria

March 2021

Alcohol has been identified as one of the major causes of traffic accident as those driving under the influence of alcohol barely comply with road safety rules and regulations. This study investigated the influence of alcohol use on compliance with road safety rules among commercial motorcyclists in Southwest Nigeria. Cross sectional descriptive research of the survey type was used to conduct the study. The sample size...

Author(s): Awosusi A. O., Adegboyega J. A., Adebimpe W. O. and Osunmakinwa O. O.  

Impact of the home-based management of malaria on morbidity and mortality in under-five children in Penka-Michel and Santchou Health Districts of Cameroon

March 2021

In Cameroon in 2017, malaria accounted for 53% of hospitalizations, 61% of deaths among under-five children. The National Program adopted since 2015 the integrated Community Directed Interventions (CDI) for the control of malaria. This study determined the impact of the home-based management of childhood malaria morbidity and mortality in the Penka-Michel and Santchou Health Districts of the West Region in Cameroon. A...

Author(s): Esther Kenfack Dongmo, Nicholas Tendongfor and Dickson Shey Nsagha  

The prevalence, knowledge of health effect and attitude towards smoking among undergraduates in a Nigerian University

February 2021

Smoking prevalence has been on the rise among university students in Nigeria despite the high awareness of harmful effects of smoking on health irrespective of the substance smoked, leading to death of millions annually. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence, knowledge of health effect and attitude towards smoking among students of Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike, Ebonyi State. This was a...

Author(s): Chima Uzoma Igwe, Japheth Chukwuebuka David, Oghenevwede Anderson Okuma and Vivian Chizoma Njemanze  

COVID-19: Correlation between gross domestic product, number of tests, and confirmed cases in 13 African countries

February 2021

This study aimed to analyze the relationship between gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, the number of tests, and confirmed cases of COVID-19 in South Africa, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Kenya, Ethiopia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Togo, Tunisia, and Zimbabwe. The database data on COVID-19 (coronavirus) (GitHub platform) was the source of information on GDP per capita, the number of tests, and confirmed...

Author(s): Edgar Manuel Cambaza and Gabriel Chico Viegas  

Knowledge, attitudes, perception and behaviours of HIV/AIDS among end-cycle students in Cote d’Ivoire: Cross-sectional survey

January 2021

In Cote d’Ivoire, the prevalence of HIV/AIDS has declined significantly in the last decade as a result of public health actions. An assessment of knowledge, attitudes, perception and behaviours was carried out to assess the outcome of the strategies for raising awareness and communicating with students about HIV/AIDS. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014 among students enrolled in third year...

Author(s): Man-Koumba Soumahoro, Harvey Attoh-Touré, Kouamé Mathias N&#;Dri, N’Dri Anatole Mian, Mariam Diomandé, Constant Joseph Koné, Amadou Ouattara, Souleymane Sidibé, Chantal Akoua-Koffi,et Mireille Dosso  

Traditional inoculation practices that led to the development of modern vaccination Techniques: A review

January 2021

Most developments in biotechnology during the last few decades focused on the potential applications of human health, vaccination being the most prominent invention to date. Disease prevention is the most convenient and highly effective approach to promoting human health and prolonging life. Vaccinations have prevented millions of deaths worldwide every year and diseases that used to kill, disable or debilitate millions...

Author(s): Tadesse Mehari  

Effectiveness of the medical response teams to the 2014 Ebola outbreak: African immigrants’ perceptions

December 2020

During the 2014 Ebola virus outbreak, international medical response teams were sent to help contain the virus. The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of the medical response teams from African immigrants’ perspectives. Qualitative data was gathered through the use of a semi-structured interview guide. Participants included thirteen African immigrants, ages 18 and above living in California....

Author(s): Ogbochi Mckinney, Dominick Sturz, Pamela Mukaire, Lindsay Brown, Heather Toki and Ellen Van Druten  

Risk factors of under nutrition among indigenous children under five years in developing countries: A scoping review

December 2020

Undernutrition is a leading cause of child mortality, especially among indigenous peoples worldwide. Understanding associated predictors is essential for mitigation strategies. This review was undertaken to identify existing literature on the determinants of undernutrition among under-five indigenous children in developing countries, and to reveal existing knowledge gaps. Using relevant terms, we searched for relevant...

Author(s): Florence Titu Manjong, Vincent Siysi Verla, Thomas Obinchemti Egbe and Dickson Shey Nsagha  

Meteorological factors associated with a high prevalence of leishmaniasis in Nicaragua

December 2020

Nicaragua has an alarmingly high prevalence of cutaneous (CL) and mucocutaneous (MCL) leishmaniasis in recent years with environmental factors creating a perfect habitat for vector-mammalian reservoirs and transmission of the parasite. The aim of this study is to identify environmental risk factors that may play a role in the high prevalence of CL in Nicaragua. The epidemiological, clinical, and tissue sample diagnosis...

Author(s): Santiago E. Hernandez, Jeegan Parikh, Gerardo Blass-Alfaro, Marissa Anne Rickloff and  Benjamin G. Jacob  

Preparing for the COVID-19 pandemic response in a country emerging from an Ebola Epidemic: Assessment of health workers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices on coronavirus (COVID-19) in Guinea

November 2020

On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization designated the outbreak as a Public Health Emergency of International Scope (USPPI). The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of medical personnel on the prevention of Covid-2019. A cross-sectional study among front-line health workers in the health facilities in the city of Conakry was carried out. The knowledge and attitude score...

Author(s): Ibrahima Camara, Abdoulaye Touré,, Alioune Camara, Frederic Le Marcis,, Salifou Talassone Bangoura, Cécé Kpamou, Mamadou Saliou  Sow, , and Alpha Kabinet Keita,  

Which approach to modeling? Predicting infectious disease dynamics in epidemics

November 2020

Disease outbreaks can be devastating to many nations. Interventions of all kinds are run alongside treatments or preventive measures. The effectiveness of the measures taken depends on the number of individuals who are susceptible, exposed, infectious or recovered. These in turn are a function of the nature of the disease: The mode of transmission, the risk of infection reproduction number and incubation period among...

Author(s): Reuben Cheruiyot Lang’at  

Cluster of neonatal tetanus: Case series from one traditional birth attendant's home in Uyo, South-South Nigeria

November 2020

Neonatal tetanus, a completely preventable disease, still contributes to morbidity and mortality in Akwa Ibom State, despite the fact that there should have been a global eradication many years back. It therefore still constitutes a public health problem. The aim of this work is to highlight the importance of continuous educational actions for pregnant women, mother and midwives with a view to preventing neonatal...

Author(s): Eno Etim Nyong, Jacob Jackson Udoh, Ibanga Jonah Inyang, Iso Precious Oloyede and Patience Aniekan Udoh  

Mapping and characterization of Ijede community - A semi-urban population in Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos, Nigeria

November 2020

Demographic and health surveys provide household level data on population dynamics and health-related issues. Findings from a well characterized community can be used by relevant stakeholders to plan appropriate and acceptable health interventions for the benefit of the citizens. This project aimed to characterize Ijede community in Ikorodu LGA of Lagos State, Nigeria in preparation for a more appropriate Demographic...

Author(s): Agatha N. David, Oluwatosin O. Odubela, Abideen O. Salako, Adeola Y. Olukosi, Oluwagbemiga Aina, Ajibaiye Olushola, Adesola Z. Musa, Baruwa Basit, Samson Awolola, Babatunde L. Salako,  

Could serum levels of calcidiol predict the onset of chronic inflammatory conditions?

October 2020

Previous research studies had suggested that low serum calcidiol could lead to the onset of chronic inflammatory conditions (CIC). This study used the dataset of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2006 to investigate whether serum calcidiol can predict CIC. The linear correlation between serum calcidiol and body mass index (BMI) was explored for therapeutic purposes. A point prevalence of...

Author(s): Bruno Ela Ondo, John Doucette and Denise Gaughan  

Prevalence of intestinal helminths and their effects on anthropometric, haematological and metabolic parameters among patients of two teaching hospitals in N’Djamena (Chad)

October 2020

This study was to determine intestinal helminths and their effects on anthropometric, hematological and metabolic parameters among patients in two teaching hospitals in the region of N’Djamena (Chad). Patients consisting of 300 adults at the gastroenterology service of the National Reference Teaching Hospital (NRTH) and 112 children at the pediatric ward in Mother and Child Teaching Hospital (MCTH). Their ages...

Author(s): Hamit M. A., Issa R. A, Fombotioh Ndifor, Nack J., Kemba S., Ali M. M. and C. F. Bilong Bilong

Geospatial variation and risk factors for under-five mortality in rural Misungwi, North-western Tanzania

September 2020

This study aims to examine if, when holding socio-economic, bio-demographic and healthcare covariates constant, geospatial indicators help to explain variations in the under-five mortality rate across wards from a high focus district of Misungwi in Tanzania. Data were collected from a 2019 survey which canvassed 540 households with 471 women aged 15-49. A total of 737 live births that occurred during five years...

Author(s): George Felix Masanja  

Potential impact of temperature and atmospheric pressure on the number of cases of COVID-19 in Mozambique, Southern Africa

September 2020

The potential reasons why COVID-19 is not spreading rapidly in Sub-Saharan Africa include sociopolitical, biological and environmental variables. Among the latter, some studies indicate temperature and atmospheric pressure as significantly influential. Could they have impact on the number of COVID-19 cases in Mozambique? The aim of this study is to analyze the relationships between weather and the frequency of confirmed...

Author(s): Edgar Manuel Cambaza, Gabriel Chico Viegas and Cesário Manuel Cambaza  

Birth defects among immigrants: Impact of exposure to a new environment, a 20 year population-based study

September 2020

Birth defects remain a global health issue. With increasing rates of migration, it is important to explore the role of immigration and the impact of new environments, especially food fortification, on birth defect prevalence. The prevalence of birth defects in the first year of life was compared between children born to immigrant and non-immigrant mothers in Ontario, Canada. Data on country of origin and arrival date...

Author(s): Agha, M. M.,, Glazier, Richard H.,, and Moineddin R.,,  

Review of Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome: Implications for Puerto Rico

September 2020

In recent years in the United States there has been a shift towards legalization of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes. The medical use of cannabis is legalized in 33 states, 4 territories and the district of Columbia. Medical marijuana use was legalized in Puerto Rico in 2015.  Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome (CHS) is one of the effects of the use of cannabis.  This paper will attempt to...

Author(s): Carlos Omar Nesbeth⊃, Mina Ossei, Jonathan Vélez Hernández⊃, Pedro J, De Jesús⊃,  Ruben Ruiz Zapata⊃  and Humbierto Olivencia Rabell⊃  

Factors affecting one-year follow-up visit after cryotherapy among women in Côte d’Ivoire: A retrospective cohort analysis

August 2020

Cervical cancer screening program based on a single visit approach through visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) and cryotherapy is scaled up since 2012 in Cote d’Ivoire. To assess factors affecting one-year follow-up visit after cryotherapy, a retrospective cohort analysis was performed among all women tested positive and treated by cryotherapy in cervical cancer units in Abidjan from 2010 to 2014. A logistic...

Author(s): Simon Pierre Boni,  Kouassi Comoe JC, Aristophane Tanon, Apollinaire Horo, Alexandra Bitty-Anderson, Patrick Coffie, Didier K Ekouévi, Innocent Adoubi, and  Boris Tchounga,  

Assessing predictive factors of the patient’s length of stay in the emergency room of Yaoundé Central Hospital, Cameroon

August 2020

We assessed whether the emergency room at Yaoundé Central Hospital (YCH) met international standards; while analyzing factors that are associated with the length of stay, a key performance indicator of the emergency medicine department. Based on the data of patient admissions and discharges recorded from February 2017 to June 2018 in the emergency room of YCH, data was extracted from about two thousand research...

Author(s): Bruno Ela Ondo, Pierre Joseph Fouda, James Katzenstein and Ernest Tambo  

High-accuracy detection of malaria mosquito habitats using drone-based multispectral imagery and Artificial Intelligence (AI) algorithms in an agro-village peri-urban pastureland intervention site (Akonyibedo) in Unyama Sub–County, Gulu District, Northern Uganda

July 2020

The purpose of this research is to design, deploy and validate artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms operating on drone videos to enable a real time methodology for optimizing predictive mapping  unknown, geographic locations (henceforth, geolocation)  of potential, seasonal, Anopheles (gambiae, and funestus)  larval habitats in an agro-village, epi-entomological, intervention site (Akonyibedo village)...

Author(s): Mona Minakshi, Tanvir Bhuiyan, Sherzod Kariev, Martha Kaddumukasa, Denis Loum, Nathanael B. Stanley, Sriram Chellappan, Peace Habomugisha, David W. Oguttu and Benjamin G. Jacob  

A comparison of male and female headed house holding of orphans and vulnerable children in Nigeria

July 2020

Literature revealed the prognosis of vulnerability of households headed by females in general is poor. One can imagine the situation in households occupied by orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). Orphan-hood may arise from the death of one or both parents. This study compared the situation in male and female headed households among OVC households in three selected communities in Nigeria. The survey was carried out...

Author(s): Bamgboye Elijah A., Odusote Temitayo, Olusanmi Iyabode, Yusuf Oyindamola, Bamgboye Eniola A., Asaolu Olugbenga S., Iwuala Felix, Ayeni Oluwagbemiga and  Ladipo Oladapo A.  

Effects of COVID-19 on healthcare practice, medical education, and pre-medical educational experiences

July 2020

The focus of the study is to gather data on the current effects of COVID-19 on healthcare practice, medical and pre-medical educational experiences, and permanent implications. This was completed by analyzing data from novel COVID-19 and related studies. The results of the study can show the lasting impact of COVID-19 on medical education and the healthcare field. To reduce exposure and possible disease transmission,...

Author(s): Darren Ioos and Vincent Gallicchio  

A protocol for a randomized controlled trial on mobile phone text messaging to improve sexo-reproductive health in Cameroon

July 2020

This trial aims at testing the efficacy of weekly sexo-reproductive health educational text messages to improve perception of adolescent girls on sexo-reproductive health in Cameroon. This is a single-centered randomized controlled single-blinded trial. Adolescent girls aged 10 to 19 years in the Kumbo West Health District are the target population. A central computer generated randomization list was used to prevent...

Author(s): Frankline Sevidzem Wirsiy, Dickson Shey Nsagha, Omer Tchikamgoua Njajou and Joseph Besong Besong  

Performance of the routine health information system for epidemiological surveillance of road traffic injuries in Benin

June 2020

Road crashes are the leading cause of death among people aged 15 and above. The routine health information system is used to monitor common hospital illnesses, including road traffic injuries. The objective of this study was to evaluate its performance in the surveillance of road traffic injuries in Benin in 2019. This was an evaluative study, based on updated guidelines from the Centre for Disease Prevention and...

Author(s): Dosten Kpozèhouen, Yolaine Glèlè-Ahanhanzo, Ghislain E. Sopoh, Alphonse Kpozèhouen, Colette Azandjèmè and Alain Levêque  

Risky sexual behaviors and substance use among youths in post-conflict Liberia

June 2020

Sexually transmitted infections pose a public health crisis globally and in low and middle-income countries, and substance use has been linked to an increased risk of engaging in risky sexual behaviors among youths. This work aims to explore the relationship between substance use and risky sexual behaviors among school-based youths in Liberia. An 86-question survey was developed to collect information about substance...

Author(s): Temitope Ogundare, Senait Ghebrehiwet, Benjamin L. Harris, Babawale Ojediran, Alison M. Duncan, Haniya S. Syeda, David C. Henderson,  and Christina P. C. Borba,  

Knowledge and awareness of pregnant women on HIV and AIDS in Butwal, Nepal

June 2020

This study examined knowledge and awareness regarding HIV and AIDS among pregnant women in Butwal, Nepal. Pregnant women were selected using a systematic random sampling method from the antenatal care registry at every 5th and 10th interval. Although 80% of women mentioned unprotected sexual contact as the major route of HIV transmission, only 36.7% women knew that HIV can be transmitted from the infected mothers to...

Author(s): Rudra Dahal, Khimananda Bhandari and Kamala Adhikari  

Association of glycaemia control, age and duration of morbidity with the quality of life in patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus attending the tertiary care hospital in field practice area of Ottapalam Palakad

June 2020

Diabetes is a chronic progressive endocrine disease characterized by elevation of blood glucose level. This disease is associated with decreased life expectancy; increased morbidity and diminished quality of life. The objective of the study is to assess the correlation of glycaemic control, age and duration of disease with quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.  The present cross-sectional study...

Author(s): Arjit Kumar and Singh Amit Kumar  

A study on the relationship between Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccination and Covid-19 prevalence: Do other confounders warrant investigation?

June 2020

The Covid-19 pandemic, which originated from Wuhan, Hubei province, China, and quickly spread to the rest of the globe is caused by SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus. Preliminary data suggest a relationship between the BCG vaccine and the prevalence of Covid-19. The vaccine is used in the prevention of tuberculosis, a disease that is most prevalent in developing countries. To determine the potential protective role of Bacillus...

Author(s): Mariita, R. M. and Musila, J. M.  

Epidemiology of tuberculosis in the Somme Department, France five years after implementation of the French National Tuberculosis Program

June 2020

In order to assess the measures involved in the control of tuberculosis in the Somme Department, France, five years after the implementation of the French National Tuberculosis Program, we found it essential to describe the precise epidemiology on this disease. All reported cases of tuberculosis between 2007 and 2011 were retrospectively included and a descriptive analysis of the incidence of the disease and...

Author(s): Pauline Kiswendsida Yanogo, Jean-Luc Schmit, Anne Sophie Fresse, Nicolas Meda and Olivier Ganry  

Supply and demand side factors influencing utilization of infant and young child feeding in Gibe District, Hadiya Zone, South Ethiopia

June 2020

Although infant and young child feeding practices play an important role in reducing early childhood morbidity and mortality, very large proportions of women do not practice optimal breastfeeding and complementary feeding for their children in Ethiopia. Till date, none has addressed the supply and demand side factors that influence infant and young child feeding practices (IYCFP). This work aims to assess supply and...

Author(s): Tesfaye Feleke Gadore, Desta Erkalo Abame and Dejene Ermias Mekengo  

How United States healthcare can learn from Costa Rica: A literature review

May 2020

As the development and upkeep of the United States healthcare becomes increasingly debated in society, the systems in place of other successful countries provide opportunities for erudition and comparison. One country’s system which seems to be consistently overlooked despite its vast improvement to the country is Costa Rica’s universal healthcare. In this comprehensive study of the healthcare systems in...

Author(s): Riley Baker and Vincent S. Gallicchio  

Epidemiological and demographic factors associated with diarrhoea in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria

May 2020

Diarrhoea is a disease condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day. It often lasts for a few days leading to dehydration as a result of fluid and electrolyte losses. The aim of this study was to identify epidemiological factors leading to diarrhoea amongst children (0–5) years in selected hospitals in Makurdi, Benue State. An interviewer structured questionnaire was administered to...

Author(s): Samson Amali Onyilokwu, Alimi Michelle Aye, Shuaibu Gidado Adamu and Fatima Adamu Lawan  

Prevalence and risk factors for pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in Northern Tanzania

April 2020

Pre-eclampsia/Eclampsia has significant impact on maternal and perinatal health. Little is known about prevalence and risk factors for pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in Tanzania. This study aimed to determine prevalence and risk factors for pre-eclampsia/eclampsia among women who delivered at KCMC  hospital between 2000 and 2014. Retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted at KCMC medical birth registry....

Author(s): Frank I. Olotu, Michael J. Mahande, Jenny Renju, and Joseph Obure  

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