Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 581

JPHE Articles

Prevalence of xerophthalmia and associated factors among school age children of Fadis, Oromia regional state, Eastern Ethiopia: School based cross-sectional study

September 2016

Vitamin A deficiency has long been a public health nutritional problem among children across the world, affecting mostly children in sub-Saharan African countries including Ethiopia. Vitamin A deficiency causes xerophthalmia, a range of eye conditions from night blindness to more severe clinical outcomes such as keratomalacia and corneal scars, and permanent blindness. Therefore, this study aimed to assess prevalence of...

Author(s): Aliye Youya Wodaye, Addisu Shunu Beyene and Hirbo Shore Roba

Precarious employment and health outcomes in Sweden: A systematic review

September 2016

This study aimed to review articles which investigated the relationship between precarious employment and health outcomes in the Swedish population at national and regional levels. Publications comparing health outcomes among permanent and precariously employed workers were accessed systematically. The results indicated that although scarce, available studies have found a relationship between precarious types of...

Author(s): Gloria Macassa 

Assessment of substance abuse and risky sexual behaviour among female sex workers in Addis-ketema sub city, Addis-Ababa, Ethiopia

September 2016

The global burden of substance use is substantial, accounting for 8.9% of productive life lost annually due to disability and premature mortality, as measured in disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs). Among the ten leading risk factors in terms of avoidable disease burden, tobacco was fourth and alcohol fifth in 2000 and both remain high on the list in the 2010 and 2020 projections. Within any HIV epidemic, sex workers...

Author(s): Trhas Tadesse, Zelalem Kebede and Tigist Tamirayehu

Knowledge and risk perception of the middle-east respiratory syndrome corona virus [MERS-CoV] among Ivoirian hajj pilgrims in 2013

September 2016

The 2013 Hajj (Muslims’ annual pilgrimage to Mecca) was marked by an outbreak of the middle-east respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in Saudi Arabia. In response to this threat, the Ivoirian health authorities carried out campaigns to inform and sensitize future pilgrims. Before departure to Saudi Arabia, a survey was conducted among the pilgrims to assess their level of knowledge about MERS-CoV as well as...

Author(s): Daouda Coulibaly, Youssouf Traore, Anderson K. N’gattia, Kouakou E.M. Ahoussou, Elisée A Kangah, Hervé A Kadjo, Djibril Cherif and Simplice N Dagnan,

Knowledge of risk factors for lifestyle induced chronic diseases among secondary school students in Obio/Akpor LGA, Rivers State

August 2016

The study determined knowledge of risk factors for lifestyle induced chronic diseases among secondary school students in Obio/Akpor LGA, Rivers State. The sample for the study consisted of 480 secondary school students. The sample was drawn using multistage sampling procedures. The instrument for data collection was a researcher-designed structured questionnaire. Three experts validated the instrument. Reliability of...

Author(s): Olaoluwa S. Agbaje, Benedicta N. Agu, Felicia S. Ekpu, Theresa C.  Maduekwe and Prince C. I. Umoke

Descriptive epidemiology and predisposing factors to idiopathic talipes equinovarus in South South Nigeria

August 2016

Talipes equinovarus (Clubfoot) is the commonest foot deformity with variable incidence across races. Exact etiology remains elusive. The objective of this study is to describe the epidemiology of clubfoot in our centre, looking for predisposing factors. This is a descriptive clinic based epidemiologic study of 106 feet belonging to 69 subjects from January 2014 – December 2015 was conducted. Structured...

Author(s): Joseph Effiong Asuquo, Innocent Egbeji Abang, Chukwuemeka Anisi, Samuel Urom, Pius Agweye, Ngim Ewezu Ngim and Nwakeago Ezinwane Okeke

Availability of guidelines and policy documents for enhancing performance of practitioners at the Primary Health Care (PHC) facilities in Gaborone, Tlokweng and Mogoditshane, Republic of Botswana

August 2016

This study aimed to determine the profile and availability of policies and guidelines as reference documents at Primary Health Care (PHC) facilities in Gaborone and its surrounding in Botswana using the World Health Organisation/Drug Action programme (WHO/DAP) Questionnaire. The Questionnaire is a standard recommended by WHO and therefore was not piloted. All 20 PHC facilities were included in the study, however, data...

Author(s): Yohana James Mashalla, Enoch Sepako, Vincent Setlhare, Mpho Chuma, Maureen Bulang and Amos Yared Massele

Benefits of animal intervention strategies in the control of neglected zoonotic diseases in Nigeria

July 2016

Nigeria among many other developing countries of Africa, Asia and Latin America still suffers the impact of neglected zoonotic diseases (NZDs) such as rabies, brucellosis, cysticercosis, echinococcosis and other geo-helminths which have been successfully eradicated in industrialized countries. These diseases cause economic bankruptcy among over 70% of Nigerians who live in the rural areas and whose livelihood is...

Author(s): Karshima Solomon Ngutor

Trends of risk factors of completed suicide by gender and age

July 2016

The objective of this study was to identify trends of completed suicide based on gender and age groups. Population data of complete suicide in Sri Lanka during 2005 to 2014 were collected from the Sri Lanka Police Statistics Department. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), chi-square test and descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. Risk factors of completed suicide is significantly depending with age...

Author(s): N. N. Balasooriya and M. G. Kularathne

Prevalence of Brucella antibodies in horses (Equus Caballus) in Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria

July 2016

A study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Brucella antibodies in Jalingo using the Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT) and the serum agglutination test (SAT). A total of 90 adult horses that were on zero grazing management system were sampled. The sampling sites were selected based on the availability of horses. The objectives of the study were to determine the prevalence of Brucella antibodies in horses as well as...

Author(s): Mohammed Baba Ardo, Dauda Mohammed Abubakar and Zubairu Adamu

Prevalence of risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases in the municipality of Porto Velho, occidental Amazon, Brazil

June 2016

To describe and analyse, according to sociodemographic characteristics, the major risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCDs) in adults aged over 18 years, residing in the municipality of Porto Velho, State of Rondonia, during 2006-2011. Prevalence of major risk factors for CNCDs were estimated within the population aged 18 and over, using telephone interviews with random samples of the population covered...

Author(s): Karen dos Santos Gonçalves, Paulo Roberto Benchimol-Barbosa, Sandra de Souza Hacon and Hermano Albuquerque de Castro

Determinants of place of delivery: A comparison between an urban and a rural community in Nigeria

June 2016

Child-birth is a risk producing event that requires timely and adequate medical intervention for women who experience obstetric complications. The provision of a health worker with midwifery skills at every birth, plus access to emergency hospital obstetric care, is the option to mitigate this risk. However, in sub Saharan Africa, most births take place outside health facilities and without skilled attendants. This...

Author(s): Shehu C. E., Ibrahim M. T. O., Oche M. O. and Nwobodo E. I.

Prevalence of neonatal jaundice in Eku Baptist Community Hospital in Delta State Nigeria

May 2016

The prevalence of neonatal jaundice among newborn babies in Eku Baptist Community Hospital in Delta State was studied between January 2007 and May 2013. A total of 2,509 neonatal case folders were reviewed to determine the prevalence, pattern of occurrence, and associated risk factors of neonatal jaundice among the newborn babies aged between 1 and 28 days. Neonatal jaundice accounted for a total prevalence of 52. 6 in...

Author(s): Kolawole S. E., Obueh H. O. and Okandeji-Barry O. R.

Which suicides increase during the economic crisis? A commentary and a proposal

May 2016

Both suicide and economic crisis as terms are defined differently in scientific studies. Suicides before the crisis have several causes, and the proportion of such suicides during a crisis is unknown. Calculating these suicides as part of the purported economic crisis induced suicides may exaggerate the increase in the suicide rate. Suicide statistics is not reliable in all countries. Several years may pass before the...

Author(s): John E. Berg

Breast cancer knowledge and screening practices among female secondary schools teachers in an urban local government area, Ibadan, Nigeria

May 2016

Breast cancer a major public health challenge is often associated with high morbidity which often times is not unconnected with poor knowledge and screening practices. Teachers who are seen as role model are the key stakeholders in prevention of breast cancer (BC). However their knowledge and screening practices have not been fully explored. Therefore this study was designed to investigate knowledge of breast cancer and...

Author(s): Ojewusi Ayoola A. and Arulogun Oyedunni S.

Autism, genetics, and inbreeding: An evolutionary view

May 2016

Recently there have been increased reports of autism, yet the disease is not contagious. Since it is not catching, there must be other forces at work that somehow create or pass on the autistic symptoms. DNA reports show that deviations in the genetic code due to ancient inbreeding can follow a human line for generations. Studies show that inbreeding was widespread until a few hundred years ago and is continued today,...

Author(s): Alex S. Prayson

Knowledge, risk perception and hepatitis B vaccination status of healthcare workers in Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria

April 2016

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection threatens the health of populations across the globe. It is an important occupational risk for health care workers (HCWs); they are known to be at high risk of the infection following needle stick injuries and accidental exposure to infected blood and other body fluids. This study was conducted to assess the knowledge, risk perception and hepatitis B vaccination status of HCWs in Usmanu...

Author(s): Hassan, M., Awosan, K.J., Nasir, S., Tunau, K., Burodo, A., Yakubu, A. and Oche, M.O.

Public attitude and awareness towards their teeth color and dental bleaching in Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional survey

April 2016

Advances in restorative dentistry have made many tooth whitening techniques economical and cost effective both in developed and developing countries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the attitude and awareness of tooth bleaching among a sample of adults attending shopping malls in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. A cross sectional survey was performed in four major malls located in different regions of Riyadh city in...

Author(s): Nora Nomay

Relationship between dietary practices, physical activity and body mass indices of type 2 diabetics attending a clinic in Accra, Ghana

April 2016

Data on dietary practices, physical activity and body mass indices of type 2 diabetics in Ghana is scanty. This study therefore assessed relationships between dietary practices, physical activity, and body mass indices of type 2 diabetic patients using a cross-sectional survey. One hundred and twenty type 2 diabetic patients were purposely recruited from the Diabetes Centre at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital in Accra,...

Author(s): Christina A. Nti, David Arthur and Clara Opare-Obisaw

Prevalence of Schistosoma and other parasites among female residents of some communities in Oyo State, Nigeria

March 2016

Prevalence of Schistosoma and other parasitic infections in 507 females (5-78 years) was determined in a cross-sectional study undertaken in seven communities of Oyo State, Nigeria.  Urine and stool samples were examined, and 25.2% overall parasite prevalence was recorded. Schistosoma haematobium and Schistosoma mansoni prevalence was 5.5 and 0.3% respectively. Ascaris lumbricoides (11.4%), Hookworm (9.3%),...

Author(s): Awobode Henrietta Oluwatoyin, Okunlola Deborah Olukemi, Oyekunle Abidemi Omolara and Adekeye Taiwo Adetola

National measles surveillance data analysis, 2005 to 2009, Ethiopia

March 2016

Measles is a well known vaccine preventable disease causing significant morbidity and mortality among children worldwide especially in developing countries like Ethiopia. A surveillance data was analyzed to describe measles cases epidemiologically and identify locations where case loads are high for further investigations. The National Measles/World Health Organization (WHO) guideline was used for case definitions and...

Author(s): Belay Bezabih Beyene, Ghidey G/libanos G/Selassie, Aysheshim Ademe Tegegne, Daddi Jima Wayessa  and Fikre Enqueselassie

The epidemiology of thyroid diseases in the Arab world: A systematic review

February 2016

Thyroid gland diseases are a public health problem worldwide. Imbalance in the regulation of thyroid gland hormones can cause many disorders that range from a small goiter to life threatening diseases, such as thyroid cancer. Thyroid dysfunction both hyper and hypothyroidism can affect circulatory system by affecting cardiac output, cardiac contractility, blood pressure, vascular resistance and rhythm disturbance which...

Author(s): Awad Saad Al Shahrani, Ashraf El-Metwally, Khaled Al-Surimi, Salih Bin Salih, Yousef Saleh, Abeer Al-Shehri and Anna Ali

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of health care workers on Ebola virus disease in Conakry, Guinea: A cross-sectional study

February 2016

In the current Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak, health care workers (HCWs) are on the frontline of the response. The study aimed to report on the knowledge, attitudes and practices of Conakry HCWs. A cross-sectional survey was done among HCWs from the two national hospitals and at the communal hospitals in Conakry, using a standardized questionnaire. Demographic, knowledge, attitudes and practices data of the...

Author(s): A. Touré, F. A. Traoré, F. B. Sako, A. Delamou, F. S. Tonguino, D. Sylla, M. Bangoura, M. Barry, M. Cisse and P. Vanhems

Perception of obstetric danger signs among women living on the coastline of the Atlantic Ocean in rural Lagos, Nigeria

January 2016

Implementation of safe motherhood programs in sub-Saharan African nations requires recognition of signs of potential emergency obstetric cases to facilitate immediate care seeking and urgent medical intervention. This questionnaire-based survey aimed to describe the perception of obstetric danger signs among women of reproductive age, living on the Atlantic coastline of rural Lagos. This cross-sectional, descriptive...

Author(s): Bamgboye M. Afolabi, Emmanuel N. U. Ezedinachi, Sidney Opara, Iwara Arikpo and Abiodun Ogunwale

Breast feeding initiation time and its impact on diarrheal disease and pneumonia in West Africa

December 2015

Although breast feeding (BF) is protective against infectious disease amongst children, its timing initiation effect after birth is unknown, whether immediate (<1 h), hours (>1 to <24 h) or days (>24 h). The authors examined relationships between early initiation time of BF and the prevalence of pneumonia and diarrhea in infants and under 5 children adjusting for gender, previous sibling death, maternal...

Author(s): Nkemjika Stanley O. and Demissie Kitaw

Prevalence of Entamoeba histolytica among primary school children in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria

November 2015

Amoebasis is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality world wide, especially in developing countries because of lack of safe potable water and low level of hygiene due to high level of poverty. This study determined the prevalence and spatial distribution of amoebasis in school age children in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. Two hundred and seventy eight (278) stool samples were examined for the cyst or...

Author(s): Simon-Oke Iyabo Adepeju and Ogunleye Esther

Predictors of optimum antenatal iron-folate supplementation in a low resource rural set-up in Eastern Kenya

November 2015

There is depressed prevalence of the optimum iron-folate supplementation in Kenya and in other sub-Saharan Africa countries. The study was motivated by the paucity of area-specific data on predictors of optimum iron-folate supplementation. The aim of the study was to assess the maternal, knowledge and institutional factors that predict 90+ days (optimum) iron-folate supplementation among pregnant women in a rural set-up...

Author(s): Juma M., Oiye Shadrack O. and Konyole Silvernus O.,

The knowledge and practice of universal precautions amongst midwives in Central Hospital, Benin City

November 2015

This study seeks to assess midwives’ knowledge and practice of universal precautions in Central Hospital, Benin City. The study employed descriptive research design. The target population was all registered midwives in Central Hospital Benin City. A total number of 180 respondents were drawn from the total population using purposive sampling technique. A structured questionnaire containing 29 items was designed...

Author(s): Serah Osamudiamen Bolaji-Osagie, Florence O. Adeyemo and Olayinka. A Onasoga

Risk factors, electrolyte disturbances and lipid profiles in sudanese patients with stroke

October 2015

Stroke is a growing public health concern in low- and middle- income countries, however no systematic study has been conducted to elucidate possible causes of stroke among most low- and middle- income countries. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of stroke, associated risk factors, electrolyte disturbances and lipid profiles in Sudanese stroke patients. A retrospective hospital-based study was...

Author(s): Hassan H. Musa, Idriss H. Musa and Sarah M. El Sadig

Impact of multidisciplinary care in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis hospitalizations in the public health system of Brazil

October 2015

There is evidence that multidisciplinary care improves quality of life and there is a growing appreciation of public policies in Brazil that favor home care with a multidisciplinary team in chronic diseases. This study aimed to determine the epidemiological profile of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in the Federal District and the impact of tertiary reference center creation on patient care. A descriptive, cross-sectional...

Author(s): Mirian Conceicao Moura, Maria Rita Carvalho Garbi Novaes, Emanoel Junio Eduardo, Yuri SSP Zago, Ricardo Del Negro Barroso Freitas and Luiz Augusto Casulari

Knowledge of food borne infection and food safety practices among local food handlers in Ijebu-Ode Local Government Area of Ogun State

September 2015

Increase in food borne infection has been linked with the lack of knowledge of food borne infection (FBI) and poor food safety practice (FSP) of food handlers. This is a major determinant of the kind of patronage received by local restaurants and fast food restaurants. This study was carried out to assess the knowledge of FBI and FSP of local food handlers in Ijebu-Ode Local Government Area of Ogun State. Four hundred...

Author(s): Oladoyinbo Catherine Adebukola, Akinbule Oluwafunke Opeyemi and Awosika Israel Ayodeji

Medicine pricing: Impact on accessibility and affordability of medicines vis a vis the product origin as pharmaco-economic drivers in Comoros

September 2015

This paper highlights the availability, pricing and affordability of popular medicines in Comoros. We used the standardized survey methodology developed by the World Health Organization and Health Action International to conduct a cross sectional survey for collecting data on availability and patient prices of medicines in public, private and mission sector medicines outlets from April 1 to June 30, 2014. Median...

Author(s): Said Abasse Kassim, Raphael Nammahime Alolga, Assogba Gabin Assanhou, Said Mohamed Kassim, Li Hongchao and Ma Aixia

Geomedical study of thyroid disorders in the foot hill settlements of Pir Panjal Range

September 2015

The present study is an, attempt to find out the concentration of Iodine (I) in soil and water phases of the natural environment, and its relationship with the human health in the foot hill settlements of Pir Panjal Range in Anantnag district of Kashmir valley. Also, socio-economic determinants of health were taken into due account. Firstly, the area was divided into altitudinal zones and soils classes. Then, the soil...

Author(s): Rafiq Ahmad Hajam, Ghulam Mohmad Rather and Tasawoor Ahmed Kanth

Viral and bacterial acute lower respiratory tract infections in Khartoum children emergency hospital in 2012

September 2015

Acute lower respiratory tract infections (ALRI) including severe pneumonia are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in children under five years of age worldwide especially in developing countries. There is little information on the viral and bacterial etiology of severe pneumonia in Sudan where the disease burden is particularly high. The objectives of this study were to identify causative...

Author(s): Sozan M. Abdelkhalig, Elsheikh G. Mahgoub and Mohammed A. Soghaier

Study of ABO and Rh-D blood group among the common people of Chittagong city corporation area of Bangladesh

September 2015

This study was aimed to identify the distribution patterns of ABO and Rh-D blood group among the population of Chittagong city corporation area in Chittagong city of Bangladesh in order to promote social awareness, and safe blood transfusion among the population. A cross sectional, analytical study was carried out on a total of 937 people in three different area of Chittagong City Corporation (that is, Central railway...

Author(s): Rashaduz Zaman, Mohammad Parvez, Md. Jakaria and Mohammed Abu Sayeed

Audit of use of antimicrobial agents at a tertiary health centre in Lagos, Nigeria

August 2015

Antimicrobial agents are reported to be the commonest prescribed medication among physicians. Studies have shown that up to 50% of antimicrobial agents prescriptions are inappropriate. The study was a retrospective cross-sectional design. Records of all patients admitted to both the medical and paediatrics wards during the period of audit were reviewed after discharge from the hospital. The appropriateness of the...

Author(s): Sunday O. Ogundele, Olayinka O. Ogunleye, Bamidele Mutiu and Samuel O. Akodu

Is mobile health (mHealth) the magic bullet? A short review of the impact of mHealth on adolescent sexual health

August 2015

Adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) remains a major public health and developmental issue worldwide. The stage of adolescence is typically characterised by a desire for information, curiosity and experimentation. Adolescent social interactions, relationships and sexual behaviour are intimately linked to information available to them during this transition period and ASRH programmes deliver sexual and...

Author(s): Chukwuemeka Austin Ihesie

Seroprevalence of brucellosis among livestock workers at Maiduguri cattle market, Borno State, North Eastern, Nigeria

August 2015

A serological survey was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis in livestock workers at Maiduguri cattle market, Borno State, Nigeria. A total of 100 serum samples comprising 40 from animal handlers, 25 from livestock keepers, 20 from butchers and 15 from middlemen were tested using Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT) antigen for both Brucella abortus and Brucella melitensis. Seroprevalence rate of 11% was...

Author(s): Nuhu Bala Adamu, Solomon Olushola Adeniyi, Shuaibu Gidado Adamu, James Olaniyi Olabode Bale, Anthony Ekle Joseph Okoh, Gali Abaka Umaru and Yahaya Abdullahi Umar

Investigations on the transmission potentials of Simulium damnosum and the risk of human onchocerciasis in Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna State, Nigeria

July 2015

Onchocerciasis is transmitted to humans by the black fly, Simulium damnosum. Preliminary investigations were carried out between the months of June, 2008 and February, 2009 to verify the transmission potentials of S. damnosum for Onchocerca volvulus in a Public Amusement Park and its environs in Kaduna Metropolis of Kaduna State, Nigeria. Out of the 224 female black flies caught and dissected during the period of study,...

Author(s): Maikaje, D.B., Dibal, D.M., Umar, Y.A. and Egbe, N.E.

Inequalities in dental health: An ecological analysis of the interaction between the effects of water fluoridation and social deprivation on tooth decay in children living in England

July 2015

Oral health in England has improved considerably in recent years but continues to show a strong inequalities gradient. This study was aimed at investigating variations in dental decay and relation to social deprivation and local water fluoridation. An ecological analysis using the 2007 and 2008 National Dental Epidemiology Programme survey of 5 year old children in England. Postcode of residence was mapped to...

Author(s): Karen Tocque, and Lynne Kennedy

Coverage of child health services in rural districts of Ethiopia with the health services extension program

July 2015

Improving access to health care services has been advocated widely since the Declaration of Alma-Ata. Despite the efforts to realize this in Ethiopia, it is only in the year 2003 that the intention to take the package of essential health services to the kebele level (smallest administrative unit) was realized through the introduction of the Health Services Extension Program (HSEP). The objective of this study was to...

Author(s): Mirkuzie Woldie, Sudhakar Narayan Morankar, Garumma T. Feyissa, Ronald Labonte and David Sanders

Assessment of use of lavender lotion as repellent for protection against sand fly bites in endemic area with visceral leishmaniasis in Eastern Sudan

July 2015

This study was an epidemiological study regarding the prevalence of visceral leishmaniaisis among first year students (as new comers) in Gadarif University, Eastern of Sudan, in 2013. It was conducted to evaluate the use, efficacy and comfortability of the use of commercial lavender lotion as vector control tool among group of 10 students from first year (5 male and 5 female). Health education regarding use of...

Author(s): Mustafa Mohammed Mustafa and Nagwa Suliman Ahmad

The epidemiology of congenital heart diseases in Saudi Arabia: A systematic review

July 2015

Several studies have been conducted on congenital heart disease in different regions of Saudi Arabia. However, no recent systematic review has examined the growing scientific evidence with respect to the epidemiology of CHD in the Kingdom. The aim of this review is to provide a comprehensive summary of CHD incidence, prevalence, burden and impact on the Saudi population. A literature search was conducted through PubMed...

Author(s): Amirah M. Alenezi, Nada M Albawardi, Anna Ali, Mowafa S. Househ and Ashraf Elmetwally

Knowledge and attitudes of adult HIV positive patients to HIV/AIDS in Yola, Nigeria

July 2015

Though cases of AIDS are visible in Nigeria and high awareness of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), correct knowledge on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission and prevention has remained low with significant numbers of people living with HIV/AIDS having low attitudes towards life and the disease itself. This study determined the baseline knowledge on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission and...

Author(s): Olutayo Folashade Martins, Lekhraj Rampal, Lye Munn-Sann, Sherina Mohd Sidik, Norlijah Othman, Zubairu Iliyasu and Fatai Kunle Salawu

Factors associated with default from treatment among tuberculosis patients in Kassala State, Sudan 2013

June 2015

Sudan, particularly the eastern part shoulders 8% of TB burden in the World Health Organization (WHO) Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). Kassala state is classified as one of the most tuberculosis (TB) affected states in Sudan with annual risk of around 120 new cases per 100,000 of populations. TB medications take a relatively long time to ensure adequate treatment. Default from TB treatment leads to continuation of...

Author(s): Mutaz A. Abdelhadi, Talal E.Mahdi, Mohammed A.Soghaier, Heitham M. Awadalla, Anas E.Ahmed and Fatima A. Khalid

Clinical and epidemiological profile of patients from the home care program of Federal District Brazil

June 2015

The hegemonic presence of chronic conditions in the world in recent decades has pushed health systems to reorganization, aimed at viability and economic sustainability with ‘user-centered’ and integrated actions, and also using the logic model of health care networks. One of the alternatives to meet this need relates to home care, which intends to assist bedridden chronic patients at home as a substitute...

Author(s): Maria Leopoldina de Castro Villas Boas, Helena Eri Shimizu and Mauro Niskier Sanchez

Profiling of community directed distributors on key household practices in resource-poor setting: A case study of Anambra State, Southeast Nigeria

June 2015

Improving malaria control, hygiene and sanitation in households is a challenge in the health system. Hence, several countries have used community directed distributors (CDDs) to assist in delivering health information and services. Despite their use there is little attempt to profile this group of workers. This was a cross sectional study conducted in 2014 involving 297 CDDs from 3 rural communities in Anambra Central...

Author(s): Ifeoma Modebe, Sussan U. Arinze-Onyia, Emmanuel N. Aguwa and Ed Nwobodo

Relationship between plasma levels of albumin, selenium, chromium and manganese of healthy subjects and patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease in Akwa-Ibom and Cross River States of Nigeria

May 2015

Plasma albumin, selenium, chromium and manganese levels of thirty patients each with HIV/AIDS, diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease (CVD), and one hundred and six apparently healthy adults in Akwa-Ibom and Cross River States, South-South Nigeria was studied. The mean plasma albumin was higher in the control than in the disease patients. The mean plasma selenium was lowest in the control (0.004 ± 0.01...

Author(s): Kolawole Sunday E. and Obueh Henrietta O.

Assessing healthy diet affordability in a cohort with major depressive disorders

May 2015

Although, the cost of food is commonly described as a barrier to consuming a healthy diet, the evidence for this viewpoint has been inconsistent to date. The purpose of this study was to assess whether a healthy diet is affordable for a sample population with major depressive disorder and current unhealthy eating patterns, enrolled in supporting the modification of lifestyle in lowered emotional states (SMILES) trial....

Author(s): Rachelle S. Opie, Leonie Segal, Felice N. Jacka, Laura Nicholls, Sarah Dash, Josephine Pizzinga and Catherine Itsiopoulos

Internet-based interventions for pain management: A systematic review of randomised controlled trial (RCTs) conducted from 2010 to 2014

May 2015

Limited access to pain management programs was identified as one of the hindering factors in pain treatment. Several internet-based interventions have been developed to improve accessibility. A systematic review of trials of such programs in 2010 documented a preliminary promising effect.  A PubMed electronic search was used to identify a systematic randomized controlled trail (RCTs) published 1 January, 2010 to 4...

Author(s): Ashraf El-Metwally

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