Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 653

JPHE Articles

Factors associated with utilization of institutional delivery care and postnatal care services in Ethiopia

April 2018

Ethiopia is one of the sub-Saharan African countries with high maternal mortality rate due to complication of delivery. Institutional delivery care and postnatal care are key health services that can reduce maternal mortality. The main objective of this study was to identify factors affecting utilization of institutional delivery and postnatal care services. The data for this study were obtained from the 2014 EDHS which...

Author(s): Asrat Atsedeweyn Andargie and Mengistu Abebe

Compliance to treatment regimen among diabetic patients attending outpatient department of selected hospitals in Benin City, Edo State

April 2018

Diabetes is a global health issue as it is a metabolic disease that affects individuals of all ages. The success of long term maintenance therapy for diabetes mellitus depends largely upon the patient’s compliance with a therapeutic plan. This study investigated the level of compliance with treatment regimen among clients with diabetes mellitus in selected hospital in Benin City, Edo state. A descriptive cross...

Author(s): Ehwarieme T. A., Ogbogu C. J., Mbadugha Chisom and Obiekwu Adaobi, L.

Assessment of impediments affecting health systems response to neurocysticercosis in two districts (Gulu and Amuru) of Northern Uganda: A cross sectional study

April 2018

Northern Uganda is recovering from the effects of prolonged war which devastated most of the health systems in the region. The aim of the study was to identify health sector impediments affecting health systems response to Neurocysticercosis in the districts of Gulu and Amuru.  A cross sectional study was conducted on two hospitals and 10 health centers.  Two hundred and three (n=203) respondents were...

Author(s): Simon Peter Alarakol, Constantine Steven Labongo Loum, Walter Onen Yagos and Kenneth Luyramamoi

Epidemiology of Hepatitis B viral infection among students and non-teaching (casual) staff of Nile University of Nigeria: A 2017 study

March 2018

Hepatitis B viral infection is a silent deadly disease. According to the Society for Gastroenterology and Hepatology in Nigeria (SOGHIN), over 20 million persons are infected with hepatitis and death from it is on a large scale. This study was carried out in order to estimate the prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) among students and non-teaching staff of Nile University of Nigeria, Abuja. The study was...

Author(s): Zainab Y. Lado, Chukwuma C. Ogbaga and Onyinye F. Nwagbara

Physical activity levels among Fayoum governorate population (Egypt): Community-based survey

March 2018

Physical inactivity is one of the most important public health problems in the 21st century. It plays an active role in the prevention of both non-communicable diseases and premature death. A community-based survey was conducted to assess the level of physical activity among household population and to identify associated demographic factors of physical inactivity. A sample of 5000 households was selected by a...

Author(s): Naglaa A. El-Sherbiny and Asmaa Younis Elsary

Vitamin-D deficiency and insufficiency and quality of life in Jeddah, KSA: Is there any evidence of association

March 2018

Vitamin D (VD) deficiency and insufficiency have been linked to poor quality of life (QoL); general weakness, fatigue, and nonspecific pain. Despite abundance of sun light, there is a wide spread VD deficiency in the Arabian Gulf countries. However, the impact of VD deficiency on the quality of life has not been well documented in the Arabian Gulf countries, including the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). This study aims...

Author(s): Shirina Alsowai and Zahia Bin Bakr

Client satisfaction among private wing and regular health care services at Nekemte Referral Hospital, East Wollega Zone, Oromia regional state, Western Ethiopia: A comparative cross-sectional study, 2016

February 2018

The level of client satisfaction with the services provided by the hospitals is one critical area that must be assessed continuously. There is the paucity of information on the comparison of the level of client satisfaction from regular and private wing services of public hospitals in Ethiopia. Thus, the current study aims to compare the level of clients’ satisfaction in the adult outpatient department among...

Author(s): Zalalem Kaba Babure, Fekadu Assefa Jiru and Tesfaye Dagne Weldemarium

Service availability and readiness assessment of maternal and child health services using the WHO tool in Kapasia and Sreepur Upazila of Gazipur District in Bangladesh

February 2018

The world is making significant progress in reducing the number of women and children dying from preventable causes. Bangladesh is also on track. The objective of this study was to strengthen maternal and child health service delivery in Kapasia and Sreepur Upazila of Gazipur district using SARA tool. The present assessment was a cross-sectional quantitative assessment. This evaluation was performed between January 2015...

Author(s): Mohammad Rashedul Islam and AKM Nazrul Haider

Helminthiasis and chronic suppurative otitis media in Ijoun Community in Ogun State, Nigeria

February 2018

This study, carried out in a rural community in Ogun state Nigeria, aims to determine the prevalence of soil-transmitted helminths, bacteria causing Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media (CSOM), and their coinfection among school-aged participants. Formol-ether sedimentation technique was used to check for helminth eggs in stool samples. Ear swabs collected were cultured on chocolate, blood and MacConkey agar plates. CD4+T...

Author(s): Z. A. Abdullahi, O. A. Morenikeji, A. A. Adeyemo and V. O. Ogunleye

Effects of some micronutrients on mice infected with Plasmodium berghei

January 2018

Malaria is a disease which is prevalent in tropical regions; however, it is preventable and curable with the use of certain micronutrients thereby reducing the life threatening disease. The effect of micronutrients (vitamin C, calcium, iron and magnesium) on mice infected with Plasmodium berghei NK-65 species was evaluated using standard methods. The percentage suppression and the parasitemia levels were counted daily...

Author(s): Omoya Funmilola Oluyemi and Oyebola Taiwo Folayele

The characteristics of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in Rumah Sakit Umum Haji Medan

January 2018

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate gland caused by progressive hyperplasia of glandular cells or stoma cells from prostate tissues. BPH is a common problem that increases in people from 40 years old. The symptom is lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) that consist of the followings: Strenuous urination, frequent urination, urinary hesitancy and retention. This study aims to know the characteristic...

Author(s): Shahrul Rahman

Substance use and factors associated with risky sexual practice in school youth in Asella Town, South-East Ethiopia, 2017

January 2018

Globally, risky sexual behavior accounts for large number of opportunities for sexually transmitted infection including human immunodeficiency virus and unintended pregnancy. The study is intended to describe substance use and factors associated with risky sexual practice among school youth. School based cross sectional study was conducted through self-administered questionnaire. Simple random sampling technique was...

Author(s): Solomon Mariam W., Nega Assefa, Solomon Tejineh and Hiwot Zelalem

Malaria among relatives escorting sick patients during the dry season to Karume Health Centre, Mwanza, Northwestern Tanzania

January 2018

Malaria is still a public health problem in the world. It accounted for an estimated 214 million cases and 438,000 deaths in the year 2015. During the dry season, most people are likely to be asymptomatic and therefore fail to be diagnosed with malaria. This study established the proportion of people who came to health facility, escorting sick relatives and had detectable malaria parasites. This was a cross sectional...

Author(s): Erasmus Kamugisha, Julius Karol Marwa, Emelie Lund and Göte Swedberg

Magnitude of occupational injury and associated factors among factory workers in Ethiopia: The case of Mugher Cement Factory

December 2017

Throughout the world, occupational exposure in cement factories continue to cause serious public health problems and are leading cause of disability and disease among workers. Since there has not been any study on the prevalence and associated factors of occupational injury in cement factory, this study investigates the prevalence and associated factors of occupational injuries among cement factory workers in Mugher. An...

Author(s): Mulu Gebretsadik, Abera Kumie and Gebrekiros Gebremichael

An appraisal of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus health system in Nigeria

December 2017

The study aimed to assess the strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and threats influencing the achievement of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus. It also sought to suggest recommendations to improve the current prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus health system in Nigeria. A critical appraisal of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B...

Author(s): Olutomi Yewande Sodipo and Bassey Ebenso

Cognitive impairment among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia

November 2017

Cognitive impairment is the major health problem particularly in elderly with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude of cognitive impairment and associated factors among type 2 diabetics in Jimma University Specialized Hospital, 2016. Comparative cross sectional study was employed among 105 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients and 105 matched healthy individuals at Jimma University...

Author(s): Baye Dagnew, Amare Desalegn Wolide and Andualem Mossie

Smokeless tobacco consumption among public and heavy load drivers in Karachi, Pakistan: A cross-sectional study

November 2017

Tobacco use remains a major cause of preventable morbidity and mortality worldwide. The World Health Organization states that 19.1% of the Pakistani population consumes smoked or smokeless tobacco (SLT). Although many population focused studies have focused on the use of SLT in Pakistan, but they have failed to address the use of SLT among laborers, especially the niche population of public and heavy load drivers (that...

Author(s): Ibrahim Warsi, Anjum Younus, Abdur Rasheed, Javeria Ahmed, Syed Muhammad Hamza, Rabeea Farooqui and Ambrina Qureshi

Assessment of knowledge of Ebola virus disease management of medical residents in a tertiary medical college

November 2017

The Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa in 2014 resulted in cases spreading to other parts of the world, such as the United States of America (USA). A survey was carried out among Meharry Medical College residents to ascertain their knowledge of Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines on prevention and management of EVD. A structured questionnaire was administered to a cross-section of...

Author(s): Elmang Nchako, Carlos Nesbeth and Chisom Odoh

Proportion of safe abortion and associated factors among women who seek abortion care services in family guidance and Marie Stopes International Clinic in Dessie Town, North East Ethiopia

October 2017

In Ethiopia, abortion is illegal except in cases where the mother’s and fetal life is in danger. As such, little is known about safe abortion. This study aimed to assess proportion of safe abortion and associated factors among women who seek abortion care services in Family Health Guidance and Marie Stopes International Clinics, Dessie town, North East Ethiopia. Cross-sectional study was conducted among 422...

Author(s): Niguss Cherie and Beyrau Asmerom

Emergency contraceptive use and associated factors among undergraduate female students in Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia

October 2017

Unwanted pregnancy can occur due to unprotected sexual intercourse and condom breakage. To prevent such problem, emergency contraceptives is the only method that can be used after unprotected sex. This study aimed to assess emergency contraceptive utilization and associated factors among regular undergraduate female students of Wollo University.  A cross sectional study was conducted from April 1 to 15, 2017....

Author(s): Nigus Chere and Tilahun Belete

Prevalence and covariates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk behaviours among circumcised and uncircumcised men in Botswana: A national cross sectional study

October 2017

There is insufficient evidence documenting and comparing the prevalence and covariates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk behaviours among circumcised and uncircumcised men in Botswana. The main aim of this paper was to assess prevalence and covariates of HIV risk behaviours among circumcised and uncircumcised men in Botswana. Data used for this study was derived from the 2013 Botswana AIDS Impact Survey which...

Author(s): Mpho Keetile and Hadgu Bariagaber

Magnitude and predictors of antenatal care (ANC) completion among mothers attending delivery and post-natal service in Jimma town, Oromia Region, South West Ethiopia

September 2017

Antenatal care is more beneficial in preventing adverse pregnancy outcomes when received early and continued till delivery. World Health Organization (WHO) recommends at least four antenatal care visits for women with no complication. Conversely, survey data from Ethiopia showed that only one third are initiated early. Thus, assessing magnitude and factors affecting antenatal care (ANC) completion is required for public...

Author(s): Bultu Abagero, Melese SinagaTeshome and Kalkidan Hassen Abate

Knowledge of rabies in and around Nekemte Town, Ethiopia

September 2017

Rabies is a serious fatal disease and a public health problem in Ethiopia. This study was conducted to investigate knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) related to rabies and its prevention and control amongst households in Nekemte town and its surroundings. A cross-sectional study design was used. A multistage sampling procedure with simple random sampling technique was employed to select households. The data were...

Author(s): Tariku Tolessa and Araya Mengistu

Tuberculosis data sampling of a district hospital in Malawi: An epidemiological perspective

September 2017

This study is a direct hands-on epidemiological sampling of a hospital data of registered patients for tuberculosis (TB) in the Kasungu District Hospital of Malawi. The data for the year 2013 and 2014 were chosen as the latest but random sample to analyze whether the data fit in and follow the broad pattern of the country at the national level and also at the global level. The data represent convoluted results of...

Author(s): Judy S. Lee, Tae Youn Kim, Fengjun Shen, Hannah Son, Won Seok Yoo, Sung-Jae Chung, George Talama and Jerome Z. Nkambule

The economic strength of caregivers of orphans and vulnerable children in Akwa Ibom and Rivers States, Nigeria

September 2017

The true statistics of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in Nigeria is not well known. Therefore, a lack of empirical data on the economic conditions of OVC in Nigeria has hampered the development of effective intervention strategies to mitigate their economic needs. This study assessed the economic activities and capabilities of caregivers in enrolled vulnerable households in Akwa Ibom and Rivers States into a...

Author(s): Bamgboye Elijah A., Odusote Temitayo, Olusanmi Iyabode, Yusuf Oyindamola B., Bamgboye Eniola A., Asaolu Olugbenga S., Iwuala Felix, Ayeni Oluwagbemiga and Ladipo Oladapo A.

Barber’s knowledge and practice of biological hazards in relation to their occupation: A case of Hawassa Town, Southern Ethiopia

August 2017

Many health hazards plus other contagious diseases and skin infections are related to barbers’ occupation, to which their clients are exposed to.  Barbers’ awareness and practice plays a vital part in the hindrance and management of these health related risks. The objective of this study is to assess the knowledge and practice of barbers regarding biological hazards related to their occupation in...

Author(s): Deresse Daka

Determinants of practices for dengue diagnosis among healthcare professionals working in public hospitals of Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire

August 2017

Dengue has become a major public health concern in Cote d’Ivoire since 2010. In malaria endemic countries, such as Cote d’Ivoire, healthcare workers often confuse dengue with other tropical fevers, such as malaria. However, to control dengue fever, healthcare workers must be knowledgeable about this disease. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 400 healthcare workers’ knowledge, attitude, and...

Author(s): Kouadio Daniel Ekra, Djibril Cherif, Damus Paquin Kouassi, Yao Lucien Konan, Daouda Coulibaly, Youssouf Traore, and Simplice N’cho Dagnan

Prevalence of intestinal parasites in children from four to twelve years in the city of Itapetim- PE Brazil

July 2017

The intestinal parasitosis constitutes one of the main problems of public health, presenting itself endemic in several areas of Brazil. They may be closely related to socio-demographic and environmental factors; and the child population is often hardest hit. In this context, the objective of this study was to analyze the prevalence of intestinal parasites in children aged 4 to 12 years belonging to the city of...

Author(s): Ednaldo Queiroga de Lima, Nara Gilmara de Sousa and Raquel Lira Braga da Silva

Socioeconomic conditions and health hazards of brick field workers: A case study of Mymensingh brick industrial area of Bangladesh

July 2017

The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of brick kilns on socioeconomic conditions working environment, hazards and risk associated with each of the tasks as well as the negative effect of hazardous work of brick field workers. A semi-structured survey has been served as the main data collection method from the different 9 brick fields of Gouripur and Ishwargonj sub district under the Mymensingh district...

Author(s): Sajan Das, Md. Shamim Quamrul Hasan, Rumana Akhter, Sumaiya Huque, Sumana Khandaker, Md. Zobayer Hossain Gorapi and Mohammad Shahriar

Assessment of respiratory symptoms and associated factors among solid waste collectors in Yeka Sub City, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

June 2017

Respiratory symptoms are frequently manifested among solid waste collectors. They are suffering from respiratory diseases because of frequent exposure to waste materials containing pathogenic materials and chemicals hazards for human being. Cross-sectional study was carried out to assess prevalence of respiratory symptoms and associated factors among solid waste workers  in Yeka sub city, Addis Ababa from March to...

Author(s): Zerihun Emiru, Meaza Gezu, Tesfaye Yitna Chichiabellu, Lemma Dessalegn and Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo

Delivery at home and associated factors among women in child bearing age, who gave birth in the preceding two years in Zala Woreda, southern Ethiopia

June 2017

A key intervention to achieve the goal of maternal mortality reduction in deliveries that occur at home is significant. In Ethiopia, the MMR has reduced from 676/100,000 live births in 2011 to 420/100,000 live births in 2013 with a skilled attendant of 23%, whereas 77% deliveries occurred at home without proper medical attention and care during childbirth. Little is known about cultural factors that contribute to home...

Author(s): Bedilu Kucho and Niguse Mekonnen

Socio-demographic profile of individuals who received care from a Brazilian out-patient oncology clinic between 2010 and 2011

June 2017

Cancer encompasses more than 100 diseases that increase in frequency in older populations. Causal agents include hereditary factors, as well as the exposure to environmental elements. Socio-demographic profile, as a determinant of exposure to different environmental factors, also affects cancer incidence. In Brazil, between 2010 and 2011, 489.270 new cases of cancer were recorded.  In face of these facts, the...

Author(s): Bárbara Luisa Fermino, Elaine Ramos, Felipe Nathanael Coelho Vaz, Maria Vaitsa Loch Haskel, Larissa De Lima Faustino, João Batista Teixeira Da Rocha  and Juliana Sartori Bonini

Community based cross-sectional study on knowledge, attitudes and practices towards rabies in Munesa District, Arsi Zone, Southeastern Ethiopia

June 2017

Rabies, one of the oldest and deadliest diseases known to human, is incurable and neglected viral zoonosis which has been threatening the human life for many years despite being entirely preventable. Community awareness play significant role in preventing this fatal disease. Therefore, this cross sectional study was conducted from November to December 2016 with the objective to assess the community knowledge, attitudes,...

Author(s): Nejash Abdela and Endale Teshome

Perceptions of school going adolescents about substance abuse in Ramotswa, Botswana

June 2017

Drug and substance abuse is a global public health problem affecting adolescents and young adults especially in developing countries. This study investigated the perceptions of school-going adolescents about substance abuse in Ramotswa, Botswana. A cross-sectional design study using mixed methods was used to collect data from primary, junior and senior secondary school children aged 13 to 19 years. Some 207 school...

Author(s): Garechaba Gotsang,  Yohana Mashalla and Esther Seloilwe

Modeling health status using the logarithmic biophysical modulator

May 2017

There are different methods to measure health and nutritional status of samples at different sociodemographic settlements in different communities. Of them, one method can be preferable at a certain topographic condition for specific group of people. Typically, it can then become a common method due to widespread uses by other groups, and hence many researchers often are in doubt to choose the apt method for their...

Author(s): Azizur Rahman and Md. Abdul Hakim

Magnitude of maternal complications and associated obstetric factors among women who gave birth by cesarean section at Arba-Minich General Hospital, Southern Ethiopia: Retrospective cohort

May 2017

Cesarean section is the most common major surgical procedure in obstetrics and gynecology in the world. Though advance in cesarean section technique, it still poses higher maternal morbidity and mortality than vaginal delivery. This study aimed to determine the magnitude of maternal complications (Including the presence of one of the intera-operative surgical complication or postoperative maternal complication;...

Author(s): Melkamu Biniyam Wae, Fanuel Belayneh, Niguse Mekonnen and Feleke Hailemicheal

Sero-epidemiological investigation and risk factors for contagious bovine pleuro pneumonia infection of cattle in Dello Mena and Sawena Districts of Bale Zone, South Eastern Ethiopia

May 2017

Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a highly infectious cattle disease, which is widespread in pastoral areas of Africa and it is a major problem for Ethiopian livestock. A cross-sectional study on sero-epidemiology and risk factors for contagious bovine pleuropneumonia infection of cattle in Dello Mena and Sawena districts of Bale Zone was conducted from February, 2016 to May, 2016. Competitive Enzyme Linked...

Author(s): Minda Asfaw Geresu, Kemal Kedir, Dagim Birhanu and Aynalem Teshome

Descriptive epidemiology of orofacial clefts in Africa using data from 46,502 Smile Train surgeries

May 2017

The descriptive epidemiology of orofacial clefts (OFC) is an essential prerequisite towards improved care, investigations into the etiology, and eventually prevention. In the present study the distribution of OFC in sub-Saharan Africa using post-surgical data from the Smile Train organization, was examined. Data from 46,502 individuals from Ethiopia (16,049), Nigeria (8,209), Uganda (5,138), Kenya (4,084), Tanzania...

Author(s): Azeez Butali, Keyla Pagán-Rivera, Deborah V. Dawson, Ronald Munger, Mekonen A. Eshete, Wasiu L. Adeyemo and Peter A. Mossey

Knowledge, attitude and practice of self-medication among health science students at Debre Markos University, Northwest Ethiopia

May 2017

Self-medication is defined as obtaining and consuming drugs without the advice of a physician either for diagnosis, prescription or surveillance of treatment. Self-medication can lead to wasteful expenditure, increase in morbidities due to adverse events and resistance to antibiotics. So enhancing the knowledge and attitude of consumers is very important to reduce practice of self-medication. The objective of the study...

Author(s): Abebe Dilie, Tenaw Gualu, Dessalegn Haile and Franelee Alay Zuleta

A 14 year review of neonatal tetanus at Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Northwest Nigeria

May 2017

Neonatal tetanus (NNT) is still one of the major preventable causes of neonatal death in Nigeria. It is a disease of poverty, adverse social and environmental conditions. The aim of the study was to review neonatal tetanus cases, determine the prevalence, disease outcome and what possible interventions can be done in the study area to reduce its prevalence. This was a retrospective study of cases of NNT seen in Special...

Author(s): Alhaji A. Aliyu, Isa Abdulkadir, Lawal Amadu and Tukur Dahiru

Role of treatment supporters beyond monitoring daily drug intake for TB-patients: Findings from a qualitative study in Nigeria

April 2017

This research was conducted in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja of Nigeria and aimed at discovering areas of support needs required by TB patients from Treatment Supporters (TS), from the perspectives of TB patients, as compared to what the managers of TB program consider as ideal support. Here, qualitative design using Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), In-depth Interview (IDI) and Key Informant Interview (KII)...

Author(s): Richard Olukolade, Abiodun Hassan, Queen Ogbuji, Seyi Olujimi, Lucia Okwuonye, Oluremilekun Kusimo, Josephine Okechukwu, John Osho, Kehinde Osinowo and Oladapo Ladipo

Blood pressure pattern and hypertension related risk factors in an urban community in Southwest Nigeria: The Mokola hypertension initiative project, Ibadan, Nigeria

April 2017

There is rising incidence of hypertension especially among children and young adults in Nigeria. Hypertension in childhood could be harbinger for adult hypertension. This study looked at the prevalence of hypertension in children and adults in an urban community. A cross sectional survey was conducted among 5,733 respondents aged 3 to 78 years residents in Mokola Ibadan, South Western Nigeria selected using a multistage...

Author(s): Ajayi I. O., Soyannwo M. A. O., Asinobi A. O., Afolabi N. B., Ayede A. I. and Bamgboye E. A.

Health seeking behaviour among particularly vulnerable tribal groups: A case study of Nilgiris

April 2017

The article hinged upon exploring the patterns and determinants of healthcare utilization and financing amongst particularly vulnerable tribal groups (PVTG's) in Nilgiri district of Tamil Nadu. Three PVTG’s viz Paniyas (P), Kattunayakans (KN) and Bettakurumbas (BK) are explored in the study. These groups have some quint essential features impacting the healthcare seeking behaviour e.g. Paniyas were subject to...

Author(s): Sumirtha Gandhi, Veenapani Rajeev Verma and Umakant Dash

Malaria prevention practices among pregnant women resident in two Nigeria army barracks, Ibadan, South Western, Nigeria

April 2017

Malaria in pregnancy is one of the major disease burdens of public health significance in sub-Saharan Africa. Comprehensive preventive strategy including intermittent preventive treatment and effective use of insecticide treated bed nets has been recommended among pregnant women in endemic regions. However the extent to which these preventive strategies are utilized are not fully explored among pregnant women living in...

Author(s): Musibau Ayoade Titiloye, Evangeline Anuli Onuosa, and Oyedunni Sola Arulogun

Risky sexual behavior and associated factors among youth in Haramaya Secondary and Preparatory School, East Ethiopia, 2015

April 2017

World Health Organization (WHO) defines “youths” as age group of 15 to 24 years, and are characterized by significant physiological, psychological and social changes that place their life at high risk. Youth who initiate sexual activity earlier get exposed to risks such as sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancy, at a time when their developmental status places them at a disadvantage in the...

Author(s): Hirbo Shore and Addisu Shunu

Prevalence of precancerous cervical lesion and associated factors among women in North Ethiopia

March 2017

Literature shows that cervical cancer is very prevalent among women living in low resource settings. Once it progresses to invasive cervical cancer, its cost is very high. Thus, screening cervical cancer is highly recommended in poor settings including Ethiopia, where the disease burden is very high. However, little is documented on the prevalence and determinants of precancerous cervical lesion among healthy women....

Author(s): Kebede Haile Misgina, Hailay Seyoum Belay and Teklehaymanot Huluf Abraha

A study on the fungi isolated from the carpeting, walls and prayer beads from the “New Mosque and Nuruosmaniye Mosque” situated in the province of Istanbul

March 2017

Mosques which are visited by many people every day, for both worship and touristic purposes, play an important role in the spread of infections in society.  It is for this reason that research into the fungal concentrations found on the carpets, walls and prayer beads in mosques may prove instrumental in determining potential risks and in protecting the health of visitors. The sampling of fungus content from the...

Author(s): Hanife Handan Paça and Günay Tülay ÇolakoÄŸlu

Retrospective study on rabies at selected districts of Tigray Region, Northern Ethiopia

March 2017

A retrospective study was conducted on the prevalence of rabies at selected districts of Tigray (Gantafeshum, Enderta, Mekelle, and Adigrat) from 2008 to April 2009 for human and animals. In addition to the retrospective study, a questionnaire was also prepared and circulated to 420 study participants. As per the information collected, 267 animals and humans died of rabies and the highest percentage of cases was in dogs...

Author(s): Hailelule Aleme and Yibrah G/meskel

Short term medical mission: Serving the underserved patients in south southern Nigeria

February 2017

Medical missions focus on assessing the medical needs of the population encountered and providing medical opinions/ consultation, medications and surgeries. These missions are necessary due to a lack of sustainability principles and limited capacity building opportunities and institutional development in developing nations. These mission have led to increased volunteerism of highly skilled medical practitioners from the...

Author(s): Felicia U. Bassey-Akamune, and Margaret O. Ilomuanya

Caregivers’ knowledge, home treatment of diarrhoea disease and predictors of child diarrhoea disease in a semi urban community of Sokoto, North-west, Nigeria

February 2017

The World Health Organization advocates on some form of home treatment of children with diarrhoea disease in its Integrated Management of Childhood illness (IMCI) guideline. Caregivers need to have some knowledge of diarrhoea disease as well as know what is expected of them when their children start to have episodes of diarrhoea disease.   This study aimed to assess caregivers’ knowledge, home treatment...

Author(s): M. O. Raji, U. Abdullahi, I. A. Raji, R. A. Oladigbolu, A. U. Kaoje, and K. J. Awosan,

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