Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 613

JPHE Articles

Prevalence of tobacco use and associated risk factors among pregnant women in Maracha District, Uganda

April 2021

Globally, tobacco use has become the largest public health threat that kills around 7 million people annually, of which about 6 million deaths are due to direct tobacco use, and 890,000 are attributed to passive smoking. This study assessed  prevalence and associated risk factors of tobacco use among pregnant women, 15 to 49 years.  Health facility-based  analytical cross-sectional study was conducted...

Author(s): John Bosco Alege, Russall Okudra Jurua, and Judith Drazidio  

Environmental and behavioural factors associated with Mycobacterium ulcerans infection in the district of Lalo in Benin: A case-control study

April 2021

The mode of transmission of Buruli ulcer (BU) is not yet well understood. This study aimed to identify risk factors for BU in the district of Lalo in Benin. This is a case-control study taking into account all cases of BU detected from 2013 to 2018 and treated at the Buruli’s ulcer Screening and Treatment Center (CDTUB) of Lalo. For each case, two controls were matched according to age and sex. Conditional...

Author(s): Anagonou Gimatal Esaï, Sopoh Ghislain Emmanuel, Biaou Chabi Alphonse, Barogui Yves Thierry, Wadagni Anita Carolle, Gnimavo Sètondji Ronald, Ayelo Gilbert Adjimon, Saka Kora Eric, Houezo Jean Gabin and Johnson Roch Christian,  

Knowledge and risk factors for Lassa fever amongst students of Federal Polytechnic Auchi, Edo State, Nigeria

March 2021

Lassa fever (LF) is an acute, viral hemorrhagic illness which is common in West Africa. Students of tertiary institutions are also exposed to risk factors. Hence, the study aimed to assess the knowledge and risk factors for Lassa fever amongst students of the Federal Polytechnic Auchi, Edo State, Nigeria. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 240 undergraduate students of the Federal Polytechnic,...

Author(s): Alenoghena Osi Innocent, Ehighalua Destiny, Awunor Nyemike Simon and Yerumoh Sunday  

Alcohol use and compliance with road safety rules among commercial motorcyclists in Southwest Nigeria

March 2021

Alcohol has been identified as one of the major causes of traffic accident as those driving under the influence of alcohol barely comply with road safety rules and regulations. This study investigated the influence of alcohol use on compliance with road safety rules among commercial motorcyclists in Southwest Nigeria. Cross sectional descriptive research of the survey type was used to conduct the study. The sample size...

Author(s): Awosusi A. O., Adegboyega J. A., Adebimpe W. O. and Osunmakinwa O. O.  

Impact of the home-based management of malaria on morbidity and mortality in under-five children in Penka-Michel and Santchou Health Districts of Cameroon

March 2021

In Cameroon in 2017, malaria accounted for 53% of hospitalizations, 61% of deaths among under-five children. The National Program adopted since 2015 the integrated Community Directed Interventions (CDI) for the control of malaria. This study determined the impact of the home-based management of childhood malaria morbidity and mortality in the Penka-Michel and Santchou Health Districts of the West Region in Cameroon. A...

Author(s): Esther Kenfack Dongmo, Nicholas Tendongfor and Dickson Shey Nsagha  

The prevalence, knowledge of health effect and attitude towards smoking among undergraduates in a Nigerian University

February 2021

Smoking prevalence has been on the rise among university students in Nigeria despite the high awareness of harmful effects of smoking on health irrespective of the substance smoked, leading to death of millions annually. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence, knowledge of health effect and attitude towards smoking among students of Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike, Ebonyi State. This was a...

Author(s): Chima Uzoma Igwe, Japheth Chukwuebuka David, Oghenevwede Anderson Okuma and Vivian Chizoma Njemanze  

COVID-19: Correlation between gross domestic product, number of tests, and confirmed cases in 13 African countries

February 2021

This study aimed to analyze the relationship between gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, the number of tests, and confirmed cases of COVID-19 in South Africa, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Kenya, Ethiopia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Togo, Tunisia, and Zimbabwe. The database data on COVID-19 (coronavirus) (GitHub platform) was the source of information on GDP per capita, the number of tests, and confirmed...

Author(s): Edgar Manuel Cambaza and Gabriel Chico Viegas  

Knowledge, attitudes, perception and behaviours of HIV/AIDS among end-cycle students in Cote d’Ivoire: Cross-sectional survey

January 2021

In Cote d’Ivoire, the prevalence of HIV/AIDS has declined significantly in the last decade as a result of public health actions. An assessment of knowledge, attitudes, perception and behaviours was carried out to assess the outcome of the strategies for raising awareness and communicating with students about HIV/AIDS. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014 among students enrolled in third year...

Author(s): Man-Koumba Soumahoro, Harvey Attoh-Touré, Kouamé Mathias N&#;Dri, N’Dri Anatole Mian, Mariam Diomandé, Constant Joseph Koné, Amadou Ouattara, Souleymane Sidibé, Chantal Akoua-Koffi,et Mireille Dosso  

Traditional inoculation practices that led to the development of modern vaccination Techniques: A review

January 2021

Most developments in biotechnology during the last few decades focused on the potential applications of human health, vaccination being the most prominent invention to date. Disease prevention is the most convenient and highly effective approach to promoting human health and prolonging life. Vaccinations have prevented millions of deaths worldwide every year and diseases that used to kill, disable or debilitate millions...

Author(s): Tadesse Mehari  

Effectiveness of the medical response teams to the 2014 Ebola outbreak: African immigrants’ perceptions

December 2020

During the 2014 Ebola virus outbreak, international medical response teams were sent to help contain the virus. The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of the medical response teams from African immigrants’ perspectives. Qualitative data was gathered through the use of a semi-structured interview guide. Participants included thirteen African immigrants, ages 18 and above living in California....

Author(s): Ogbochi Mckinney, Dominick Sturz, Pamela Mukaire, Lindsay Brown, Heather Toki and Ellen Van Druten  

Risk factors of under nutrition among indigenous children under five years in developing countries: A scoping review

December 2020

Undernutrition is a leading cause of child mortality, especially among indigenous peoples worldwide. Understanding associated predictors is essential for mitigation strategies. This review was undertaken to identify existing literature on the determinants of undernutrition among under-five indigenous children in developing countries, and to reveal existing knowledge gaps. Using relevant terms, we searched for relevant...

Author(s): Florence Titu Manjong, Vincent Siysi Verla, Thomas Obinchemti Egbe and Dickson Shey Nsagha  

Meteorological factors associated with a high prevalence of leishmaniasis in Nicaragua

December 2020

Nicaragua has an alarmingly high prevalence of cutaneous (CL) and mucocutaneous (MCL) leishmaniasis in recent years with environmental factors creating a perfect habitat for vector-mammalian reservoirs and transmission of the parasite. The aim of this study is to identify environmental risk factors that may play a role in the high prevalence of CL in Nicaragua. The epidemiological, clinical, and tissue sample diagnosis...

Author(s): Santiago E. Hernandez, Jeegan Parikh, Gerardo Blass-Alfaro, Marissa Anne Rickloff and  Benjamin G. Jacob  

Preparing for the COVID-19 pandemic response in a country emerging from an Ebola Epidemic: Assessment of health workers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices on coronavirus (COVID-19) in Guinea

November 2020

On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization designated the outbreak as a Public Health Emergency of International Scope (USPPI). The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of medical personnel on the prevention of Covid-2019. A cross-sectional study among front-line health workers in the health facilities in the city of Conakry was carried out. The knowledge and attitude score...

Author(s): Ibrahima Camara, Abdoulaye Touré,, Alioune Camara, Frederic Le Marcis,, Salifou Talassone Bangoura, Cécé Kpamou, Mamadou Saliou  Sow, , and Alpha Kabinet Keita,  

Which approach to modeling? Predicting infectious disease dynamics in epidemics

November 2020

Disease outbreaks can be devastating to many nations. Interventions of all kinds are run alongside treatments or preventive measures. The effectiveness of the measures taken depends on the number of individuals who are susceptible, exposed, infectious or recovered. These in turn are a function of the nature of the disease: The mode of transmission, the risk of infection reproduction number and incubation period among...

Author(s): Reuben Cheruiyot Lang’at  

Cluster of neonatal tetanus: Case series from one traditional birth attendant's home in Uyo, South-South Nigeria

November 2020

Neonatal tetanus, a completely preventable disease, still contributes to morbidity and mortality in Akwa Ibom State, despite the fact that there should have been a global eradication many years back. It therefore still constitutes a public health problem. The aim of this work is to highlight the importance of continuous educational actions for pregnant women, mother and midwives with a view to preventing neonatal...

Author(s): Eno Etim Nyong, Jacob Jackson Udoh, Ibanga Jonah Inyang, Iso Precious Oloyede and Patience Aniekan Udoh  

Mapping and characterization of Ijede community - A semi-urban population in Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos, Nigeria

November 2020

Demographic and health surveys provide household level data on population dynamics and health-related issues. Findings from a well characterized community can be used by relevant stakeholders to plan appropriate and acceptable health interventions for the benefit of the citizens. This project aimed to characterize Ijede community in Ikorodu LGA of Lagos State, Nigeria in preparation for a more appropriate Demographic...

Author(s): Agatha N. David, Oluwatosin O. Odubela, Abideen O. Salako, Adeola Y. Olukosi, Oluwagbemiga Aina, Ajibaiye Olushola, Adesola Z. Musa, Baruwa Basit, Samson Awolola, Babatunde L. Salako,  

Could serum levels of calcidiol predict the onset of chronic inflammatory conditions?

October 2020

Previous research studies had suggested that low serum calcidiol could lead to the onset of chronic inflammatory conditions (CIC). This study used the dataset of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2006 to investigate whether serum calcidiol can predict CIC. The linear correlation between serum calcidiol and body mass index (BMI) was explored for therapeutic purposes. A point prevalence of...

Author(s): Bruno Ela Ondo, John Doucette and Denise Gaughan  

Prevalence of intestinal helminths and their effects on anthropometric, haematological and metabolic parameters among patients of two teaching hospitals in N’Djamena (Chad)

October 2020

This study was to determine intestinal helminths and their effects on anthropometric, hematological and metabolic parameters among patients in two teaching hospitals in the region of N’Djamena (Chad). Patients consisting of 300 adults at the gastroenterology service of the National Reference Teaching Hospital (NRTH) and 112 children at the pediatric ward in Mother and Child Teaching Hospital (MCTH). Their ages...

Author(s): Hamit M. A., Issa R. A, Fombotioh Ndifor, Nack J., Kemba S., Ali M. M. and C. F. Bilong Bilong

Geospatial variation and risk factors for under-five mortality in rural Misungwi, North-western Tanzania

September 2020

This study aims to examine if, when holding socio-economic, bio-demographic and healthcare covariates constant, geospatial indicators help to explain variations in the under-five mortality rate across wards from a high focus district of Misungwi in Tanzania. Data were collected from a 2019 survey which canvassed 540 households with 471 women aged 15-49. A total of 737 live births that occurred during five years...

Author(s): George Felix Masanja  

Potential impact of temperature and atmospheric pressure on the number of cases of COVID-19 in Mozambique, Southern Africa

September 2020

The potential reasons why COVID-19 is not spreading rapidly in Sub-Saharan Africa include sociopolitical, biological and environmental variables. Among the latter, some studies indicate temperature and atmospheric pressure as significantly influential. Could they have impact on the number of COVID-19 cases in Mozambique? The aim of this study is to analyze the relationships between weather and the frequency of confirmed...

Author(s): Edgar Manuel Cambaza, Gabriel Chico Viegas and Cesário Manuel Cambaza  

Birth defects among immigrants: Impact of exposure to a new environment, a 20 year population-based study

September 2020

Birth defects remain a global health issue. With increasing rates of migration, it is important to explore the role of immigration and the impact of new environments, especially food fortification, on birth defect prevalence. The prevalence of birth defects in the first year of life was compared between children born to immigrant and non-immigrant mothers in Ontario, Canada. Data on country of origin and arrival date...

Author(s): Agha, M. M.,, Glazier, Richard H.,, and Moineddin R.,,  

Review of Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome: Implications for Puerto Rico

September 2020

In recent years in the United States there has been a shift towards legalization of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes. The medical use of cannabis is legalized in 33 states, 4 territories and the district of Columbia. Medical marijuana use was legalized in Puerto Rico in 2015.  Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome (CHS) is one of the effects of the use of cannabis.  This paper will attempt to...

Author(s): Carlos Omar Nesbeth⊃, Mina Ossei, Jonathan Vélez Hernández⊃, Pedro J, De Jesús⊃,  Ruben Ruiz Zapata⊃  and Humbierto Olivencia Rabell⊃  

Assessing predictive factors of the patient’s length of stay in the emergency room of Yaoundé Central Hospital, Cameroon

August 2020

We assessed whether the emergency room at Yaoundé Central Hospital (YCH) met international standards; while analyzing factors that are associated with the length of stay, a key performance indicator of the emergency medicine department. Based on the data of patient admissions and discharges recorded from February 2017 to June 2018 in the emergency room of YCH, data was extracted from about two thousand research...

Author(s): Bruno Ela Ondo, Pierre Joseph Fouda, James Katzenstein and Ernest Tambo  

Factors affecting one-year follow-up visit after cryotherapy among women in Côte d’Ivoire: A retrospective cohort analysis

August 2020

Cervical cancer screening program based on a single visit approach through visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) and cryotherapy is scaled up since 2012 in Cote d’Ivoire. To assess factors affecting one-year follow-up visit after cryotherapy, a retrospective cohort analysis was performed among all women tested positive and treated by cryotherapy in cervical cancer units in Abidjan from 2010 to 2014. A logistic...

Author(s): Simon Pierre Boni,  Kouassi Comoe JC, Aristophane Tanon, Apollinaire Horo, Alexandra Bitty-Anderson, Patrick Coffie, Didier K Ekouévi, Innocent Adoubi, and  Boris Tchounga,  

A comparison of male and female headed house holding of orphans and vulnerable children in Nigeria

July 2020

Literature revealed the prognosis of vulnerability of households headed by females in general is poor. One can imagine the situation in households occupied by orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). Orphan-hood may arise from the death of one or both parents. This study compared the situation in male and female headed households among OVC households in three selected communities in Nigeria. The survey was carried out...

Author(s): Bamgboye Elijah A., Odusote Temitayo, Olusanmi Iyabode, Yusuf Oyindamola, Bamgboye Eniola A., Asaolu Olugbenga S., Iwuala Felix, Ayeni Oluwagbemiga and  Ladipo Oladapo A.  

A protocol for a randomized controlled trial on mobile phone text messaging to improve sexo-reproductive health in Cameroon

July 2020

This trial aims at testing the efficacy of weekly sexo-reproductive health educational text messages to improve perception of adolescent girls on sexo-reproductive health in Cameroon. This is a single-centered randomized controlled single-blinded trial. Adolescent girls aged 10 to 19 years in the Kumbo West Health District are the target population. A central computer generated randomization list was used to prevent...

Author(s): Frankline Sevidzem Wirsiy, Dickson Shey Nsagha, Omer Tchikamgoua Njajou and Joseph Besong Besong  

Effects of COVID-19 on healthcare practice, medical education, and pre-medical educational experiences

July 2020

The focus of the study is to gather data on the current effects of COVID-19 on healthcare practice, medical and pre-medical educational experiences, and permanent implications. This was completed by analyzing data from novel COVID-19 and related studies. The results of the study can show the lasting impact of COVID-19 on medical education and the healthcare field. To reduce exposure and possible disease transmission,...

Author(s): Darren Ioos and Vincent Gallicchio  

High-accuracy detection of malaria mosquito habitats using drone-based multispectral imagery and Artificial Intelligence (AI) algorithms in an agro-village peri-urban pastureland intervention site (Akonyibedo) in Unyama Sub–County, Gulu District, Northern Uganda

July 2020

The purpose of this research is to design, deploy and validate artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms operating on drone videos to enable a real time methodology for optimizing predictive mapping  unknown, geographic locations (henceforth, geolocation)  of potential, seasonal, Anopheles (gambiae, and funestus)  larval habitats in an agro-village, epi-entomological, intervention site (Akonyibedo village)...

Author(s): Mona Minakshi, Tanvir Bhuiyan, Sherzod Kariev, Martha Kaddumukasa, Denis Loum, Nathanael B. Stanley, Sriram Chellappan, Peace Habomugisha, David W. Oguttu and Benjamin G. Jacob  

Epidemiology of tuberculosis in the Somme Department, France five years after implementation of the French National Tuberculosis Program

June 2020

In order to assess the measures involved in the control of tuberculosis in the Somme Department, France, five years after the implementation of the French National Tuberculosis Program, we found it essential to describe the precise epidemiology on this disease. All reported cases of tuberculosis between 2007 and 2011 were retrospectively included and a descriptive analysis of the incidence of the disease and...

Author(s): Pauline Kiswendsida Yanogo, Jean-Luc Schmit, Anne Sophie Fresse, Nicolas Meda and Olivier Ganry  

Supply and demand side factors influencing utilization of infant and young child feeding in Gibe District, Hadiya Zone, South Ethiopia

June 2020

Although infant and young child feeding practices play an important role in reducing early childhood morbidity and mortality, very large proportions of women do not practice optimal breastfeeding and complementary feeding for their children in Ethiopia. Till date, none has addressed the supply and demand side factors that influence infant and young child feeding practices (IYCFP). This work aims to assess supply and...

Author(s): Tesfaye Feleke Gadore, Desta Erkalo Abame and Dejene Ermias Mekengo  

Performance of the routine health information system for epidemiological surveillance of road traffic injuries in Benin

June 2020

Road crashes are the leading cause of death among people aged 15 and above. The routine health information system is used to monitor common hospital illnesses, including road traffic injuries. The objective of this study was to evaluate its performance in the surveillance of road traffic injuries in Benin in 2019. This was an evaluative study, based on updated guidelines from the Centre for Disease Prevention and...

Author(s): Dosten Kpozèhouen, Yolaine Glèlè-Ahanhanzo, Ghislain E. Sopoh, Alphonse Kpozèhouen, Colette Azandjèmè and Alain Levêque  

A study on the relationship between Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccination and Covid-19 prevalence: Do other confounders warrant investigation?

June 2020

The Covid-19 pandemic, which originated from Wuhan, Hubei province, China, and quickly spread to the rest of the globe is caused by SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus. Preliminary data suggest a relationship between the BCG vaccine and the prevalence of Covid-19. The vaccine is used in the prevention of tuberculosis, a disease that is most prevalent in developing countries. To determine the potential protective role of Bacillus...

Author(s): Mariita, R. M. and Musila, J. M.  

Association of glycaemia control, age and duration of morbidity with the quality of life in patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus attending the tertiary care hospital in field practice area of Ottapalam Palakad

June 2020

Diabetes is a chronic progressive endocrine disease characterized by elevation of blood glucose level. This disease is associated with decreased life expectancy; increased morbidity and diminished quality of life. The objective of the study is to assess the correlation of glycaemic control, age and duration of disease with quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.  The present cross-sectional study...

Author(s): Arjit Kumar and Singh Amit Kumar  

Knowledge and awareness of pregnant women on HIV and AIDS in Butwal, Nepal

June 2020

This study examined knowledge and awareness regarding HIV and AIDS among pregnant women in Butwal, Nepal. Pregnant women were selected using a systematic random sampling method from the antenatal care registry at every 5th and 10th interval. Although 80% of women mentioned unprotected sexual contact as the major route of HIV transmission, only 36.7% women knew that HIV can be transmitted from the infected mothers to...

Author(s): Rudra Dahal, Khimananda Bhandari and Kamala Adhikari  

Risky sexual behaviors and substance use among youths in post-conflict Liberia

June 2020

Sexually transmitted infections pose a public health crisis globally and in low and middle-income countries, and substance use has been linked to an increased risk of engaging in risky sexual behaviors among youths. This work aims to explore the relationship between substance use and risky sexual behaviors among school-based youths in Liberia. An 86-question survey was developed to collect information about substance...

Author(s): Temitope Ogundare, Senait Ghebrehiwet, Benjamin L. Harris, Babawale Ojediran, Alison M. Duncan, Haniya S. Syeda, David C. Henderson,  and Christina P. C. Borba,  

How United States healthcare can learn from Costa Rica: A literature review

May 2020

As the development and upkeep of the United States healthcare becomes increasingly debated in society, the systems in place of other successful countries provide opportunities for erudition and comparison. One country’s system which seems to be consistently overlooked despite its vast improvement to the country is Costa Rica’s universal healthcare. In this comprehensive study of the healthcare systems in...

Author(s): Riley Baker and Vincent S. Gallicchio  

Epidemiological and demographic factors associated with diarrhoea in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria

May 2020

Diarrhoea is a disease condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day. It often lasts for a few days leading to dehydration as a result of fluid and electrolyte losses. The aim of this study was to identify epidemiological factors leading to diarrhoea amongst children (0–5) years in selected hospitals in Makurdi, Benue State. An interviewer structured questionnaire was administered to...

Author(s): Alimi Michelle Aye Celestine Aguoru, Grace Gberikon  

A narrative synthesis on COVID-19 risks and concerns in developing countries: The case of Ethiopia

April 2020

In this review, we addressed risk factors for the spread of COVID-19 in the perspective of developing countries, and necessary measures to be undertaken to minimize or control its consequential crisis. Databases such as MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science, Scopus and websites of WHO, CDC, and ECDC were searched for relevant information and a narrative analysis approach was followed. As of April 10, 2020,...

Author(s): Tekle Airgecho Lobie, Dereje Tesfaye, and Aklilu Abrham,  

Prevalence and risk factors for pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in Northern Tanzania

April 2020

Pre-eclampsia/Eclampsia has significant impact on maternal and perinatal health. Little is known about prevalence and risk factors for pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in Tanzania. This study aimed to determine prevalence and risk factors for pre-eclampsia/eclampsia among women who delivered at KCMC  hospital between 2000 and 2014. Retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted at KCMC medical birth registry....

Author(s): Frank I. Olotu, Michael J. Mahande, Jenny Renju, and Joseph Obure  

Evaluation of the delivery of biological specimens from health care facilities to the National Laboratory in Abidjan, Cote D’ivoire

March 2020

In 2018, the National Institute of Public Hygiene (INHP) signed an agreement with a courier deliver company to transport specimens from health facilities at district level to the national laboratory in Abidjan. This study aims to evaluate the quality of the specimens transport system, one year after implementation. The duration of specimen’s delivery was used as a quality indicator. It is the difference between...

Author(s): Kadjo Florence, Ngattia Anderson, Savané Sita,  Koffi Félix, Beugré Landry and Coulibaly Daouda

Quality of life of HIV patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy: A scoping review

March 2020

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is one of the life-threatening conditions that affect various domains of patients’ life. The quality of life (QoL) of HIV patients has emerged as a major public health concern. People living with HIV (PLHIV) experience numerous problems that range from discrimination, changes in the patterns of relationships (intimacy), loss of social status, role, jobs and financial...

Author(s): Nsagha Dickson Shey, Kibu Odette Dzemo, Verla Vincent Siysi, Albert Same Ekobo and Njouendou Abdel Jelil  

Assessment of healthcare facilities location and medical waste generation and handling in Nigeria

February 2020

This paper assessed healthcare facilities location and medical waste generation and handling in Nigeria. Analysis such as descriptive statistics, correlation and factor analysis was carried out to identify gaps in healthcare facilities location and medical waste management in Nigeria. The population-to-healthcare provider ratio and healthcare waste generation rates in Nigeria were also analysed. The north central...

Author(s): Roland Clement Abah  

A mixed method approach for the assessment of demand creation intervention strategy for polio eradication on exclusive breast feeding in Northern Nigeria

February 2020

The Federal Ministry of Health, Nigeria introduced incentives such as sachets milk powder to increase demand for oral polio vaccine (OPV). This study assessed whether the milk encourages the use of breast milk substitutes thereby dis-incentivising exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in children during the first six months of life. A cross sectional design with mixed method was used for collecting quantitative and qualitative...

Author(s): Oladele Akogun, Omolola Olojede, Adedoyin Adesina and Sani Njobdi  

Psychoactive substance: Determining its harmful and dependent use patterns and associated level of risks among high school students in Afar region, Ethiopia

January 2020

This research investigates psychoactive substance abuse that causes significant health problems in its various chemical effects. It also determines the patterns of its use and level of risk of harm assessment to humans. Harmful determination is dependent upon patterns used in psychoactive substance and its associated level of risk among high school students in Afar region, Ethiopia. The study described a survey of 400...

Author(s): Tariku Woldemikael Tekesa  

Hypertension and associated factors in Atlantic region of Benin in 2015: A community-based study

January 2020

Hypertension is a major public health problem that does not spare Sub-Saharan Africa and especially Benin. There is scarce data on the factors associated with this condition in areas of high population pressure in Benin. We investigated factors associated with hypertension in Atlantic region. We conducted a cross-sectional survey in Benin in the Atlantic region for people aged 18 and over. This was an analysis of data...

Author(s): Akoklannou Albert Houssou, Pauline Kiswendsida Yanogo, Jean Kaboré, Alexis Bokossa, Bernard Sawadogo, Simon Antara, Dismand Houinato, and Nicolas Meda,  

Factors associated with low birth weight at Tchamba District Hospital, Togo: 2014 to 2016

January 2020

In 2013, in Togo, the Demographic and Health Survey III estimated the proportion of low birth weight at 10%. The objective of this study was to determine the factors associated with low birth weight in Togo. We conducted a case-control study on newborn records from Tchamba Hospital from 2014 to 2016. Cases were newborns with birth weight strictly below 2500 g whereas controls were those with a weight greater than or...

Author(s): Hamadi Assane, Pauline Kiswendsida Yanogo, Agballa Mebiny-Essoh Tchalla Abalo, Afiwa Wembo Halatoko, Mouchedou Abdoukarim Naba, Fadima Diallo, Abago Balaka, Toyi Tchamdja, Kossi Badziklou, Bernard Sawadogo, Simon Antara, André McKenzie, Djagadou Kodjo Agbéko, Balaka Bahoura, Messanvi Gbeassor, Mamadou Sawadogo, Nicolas Meda, and Laurent Ouedraogo  

Survival and predictors of mortality from multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) among patients treated at MDR-TB Referal Hospitals in Ethiopia: A retrospective cohort study

January 2020

The extent and burden of MDR-TB varies significantly from country to country. In Africa, fewer than half of patients receiving therapy for multidrug-resistant TB (MDR TB) are successfully treated. Even though MDR-TB treatment was started in 2009 survival of MDR-TB treatment particularly of adverse treatment outcome is not studied in national level.  Institution based retrospective cohort study was conducted at...

Author(s): Mulugeta Shegaze Shimbre, Tamiru Shibru Degaga, Sultan Hussen Hebo,  Zerihun Zerdo Tadele Girum and Teklu Teshome  

Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practices of healthcare workers about prevention and control of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis at Infectious Diseases Hospital Kano, Nigeria

January 2020

Tuberculosis is one of the major public health problems in Kano. With the occurrence of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, little is known about the views of health care workers on this disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of healthcare professionals about prevention and control of Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) at Infectious Diseases Hospital (IDH), Kano,...

Author(s): Ahmad Salisu Aliyu, Hafsat Usman , Haruna Alhaji Bura , Auwalu Yahaya and Nuru Yakubu Umar  

Unmatchability of mobile phone and handlebar: Predictors among professional motorcyclists at Cotonou (Benin)

December 2019

In Benin, professional motorcyclists represent a consistent part of transport services, particularly in the city of Cotonou. However, this activity remains poorly regulated, which contributes to the development of risky behaviors. Among these latter, there is not enough evidence about the use of mobile phones while driving. The study aims to estimate the prevalence of mobile phone use while driving and to identify the...

Author(s): Yolaine GLELE AHANHANZO, Nicolas GAFFAN, Alphonse KPOZEHOUEN, Charles SOSSA-JEROME, Colette AZANDJEME and Alain LEVEQUE

Resurgence of yaws in Benin: Four confirmed cases in the district of Zè, Southern Benin

December 2019

Yaws is an infectious neglected tropical disease (NTD) caused by the Treponema pallidum pertenue which is highly contagious and transmitted through direct contact with an infected person. It mainly affects skin, bone and cartilage and predominantly in children under 15 years of age. The last cases in Benin were documented in 1982 in the districts of Adjohoun, Bonou and Dangbo in Southern Benin. In line with the global...

Author(s): Adjimon Gilbert Ayélo, Bérénice K. Esthelle Degboe, Yves Thierry Barogui, Inès Cica Gomido, Anita Carolle Wadagni, Christelle d’Almeida, Gabriel Diez, Jean Gabin Houezo, Johnson Roch Christian and Sopoh Ghislain Emmanuel,  

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