Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3749

Table of Content: 16 March, 2012; 6(10)

March 2012

Chemistry, pharmacology and medicinal properties of Heracleum persicum Desf. Ex Fischer: A review

Heracleum persicum is known as Persian Hogweed. H. persicum extracts and essential oil are important areas in drug development with numerous pharmacological activities in the Middle East especially in Iran. For a long time H. persicum has been used in traditional medicines for the relief of flatulence, stomachs as well as flavoring, as a digestive and an antiseptic. H. persicum has...

Author(s): Jinous Asgarpanah, Gita Dadashzadeh Mehrabani, Maryam Ahmadi, Rezvaneh Ranjbar and Masoomeh Safi-Aldin Ardebily

March 2012

Review of the application of the traditional Chinese medicinal herb, Ranunculus sceleratus Linn.

Ranunculus sceleratus Linn. is a wetland plant and a widely used traditional Chinese medicinal herb that has been  researched intensively. It has many pharmacological effects, such as antibiosis, antiphlogosis, and the relief of articular effusion. R. sceleratus also has water purifying effects because it can adsorb large amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus, decompose suspended organic particles, and...

Author(s): H. Mei, S. Zuo, L. Ye, J. Wang and S. Ma

March 2012

Ethanomedicinal trends in Indian tradition for treatment of vitiligo

Vitiligo is an acquired disorder of pigmentation, caused by decreased production of melanin as a result of dysfunction of melanocytes. The present work is collection of information regarding plants having potential in treatment in vitiligo, used in the traditional Indian system of medicine. The plants used are enlisted by their botanical name, families, parts used, chemical components, recommended doses and adverse...

Author(s): Girish Chandra Sharma, Anupama Sharma, Sanjeev Kumar Singh and S. D. Tonpay

March 2012

Enhancing yield and aloin concentration of Aloe vera plants by simultaneous application of N and benzyladenine

Aloe vera is extensively used as a base element in preparation of medicine, cosmetics and food supplements. The objective of this study was to find out the effect of different  nitrogen (N) and Benzyladenine (BA) rates on the growth, yield and aloin concentration of A. veraplants. Treatments include four levels of N (0, 500, 1000 and 1500 mg pot-1) and four levels of Benzyladenine (0, 500, 1000 and...

Author(s): Saeid Hazrati, Zeinolabedin Tahmasebi Sarvestani and Alireza Babaei

March 2012

Thin layer chromatography (TLC) technique in the investigation of artemisinin production in Artemisia annua L. medicinal plant hairy roots

Artemisia annua L. is an important medicinal plant, which is used for the treatment of malaria. Artemisinin is the active secondary metabolite in this plant and it is a sesquiterpen. This plant was studied for artemisinin production in hairy root induced by Agrobacterium rhizogenes. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for rolB gene confirmed the transformed hairy roots induced by A. rhizogenes. Then,...

Author(s): Mohammad Bagher Pasha Zanousi, Tayebe Soleimani, Mehrnaz Keyhanfar, Saeed Shirali and Mahdi Raeesi

March 2012

Evaluation of the antimicrobial activity in species of a Portuguese “Montado” ecosystem against multidrug resistant pathogens

Forty polar and non polar extracts from six “Montado” species (Adenocarpus anisochilus., Erica lusitanica, Lavandula stoechas subsp. luisieri, Paeonia broteroi, Quercus fagineasubsp. broteroi  and Rosmarinus officinalis) were evaluated for their antimicrobial activity against a broad panel of microorganisms that include standard and resistant strains of...

Author(s): B. Lai, G. Teixeira, I. Moreira, A. I. Correia, A. Duarte and A. M. Madureira

March 2012

Pharmacological screening of Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers., Calvatia gigantea (Batsch ex Pers.) Lloyd and Astraeus hygrometricus Pers., mushroom collected from South Waziristan (FATA.)

The mushrooms were screened for their antimicrobial, and cytotoxicity, six strains of bacteria viz. Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC6538), Bacillus subtilis (ATCC6633), Vibrio cholerae(ATCC6643), Escherichia coli (ATCC15224), Klebsiella pneumoniae (MTCC618) andEnterobacter aerogenes (ATCC13048) were utilized as test organisms for determination of antibacterial activity....

Author(s): Hussain Badshah, Rizwana Aleem Qureshi, Javed Khan, Farman Ullah, Shah Fahad, Faizan Ullah, Amir Muhammad Khan, Ishtiaq Hussain and Naeem Khan

March 2012

Psychostimulants activity of Rosmarinus officinalis L Methanolic and Aqueous Extracts

We evaluate the psychostimulants activity of Rosmarinus officinalis L. (lamiaceae) on central nervous system. The effects of the methanolic and aqueous extracts of the stems and leaves of this plant were investigated in three behavioral models including, observation of animals in free situation, search of stereotypes movement in rats and interaction with thiopental in mouse. We observed...

Author(s): Rachad Alnamer, Katim Alaoui, El Houcine Bouidida, Abdelaziz Benjouad and Yahia Cherrah

March 2012

Anatomical description, alkaloid content and quality control of the bark of Pau-pereira (Geissospermum laeve, Apocynaceae)

Fifteen samples commercialized as Pau-pereira have been purchased from open-air fairs, herbal stores, newsstands, and Internet sites, and their anatomical features were compared with two reference samples of Geissospermum laeve, Apocynaceae. In addition, an analysis was carried out to track the presence of flavopereirine, an alkaloid described in G. laeve and other species of the genus, in both...

Author(s): Márcia R. Almeida, Alessandra E. S. Silva, Andrezza O. Braga, João Marcelo A. Braga, Neusa Tamaio and Angelo C. Pinto

March 2012

Effect of planting date and plant density on morphological traits, yield and water use efficiency of Plantago ovate

In order to study the effect of planting date and plant density on morphological traits, yield and water use efficiency (WUE) of Plantago ovata, an experiment was conducted as a split-plot based on a Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications at experimental field of Islamic Azad University, Birjand Branch, Birjand, Iran in 2008. The main plot was planting dates (April 19, May 9 and May 30) and the...

Author(s): Seyyed Gholamreza Moosavi, Saeed Sadegzadeh Hemayati, Mohamad Javad Seghatoleslami and Elham Ansarinia

March 2012

Cymbopogon citrates: A remedy to control selected Alternaria species

Alternaria species, ubiquitous post harvest pathogens, contribute to the spoilage of 20 to 40% of the agricultural output. Alternaria usually attacks aerial parts of its host and symptoms appear as small, circular, dark spots.  Control of this pathogen has become an obligatory requirement. In the present study, two species of Alternaria (Alternaria alternata andAlternaria...

Author(s): Sobiya Shafique, Ruqeyah Abdul Majeed and Shazia Shafique

March 2012

Antioxidation and protection against H2O2 induced oxidative stress on normal human hepatocytes cell line (LO2) by extracts and three compounds from the root of Isatis Indigotica

The effect of Isatidis indigotica Fort (banlangen) extracts with its three typical compounds on antioxidation and oxidative stress damage induced in LO2 by hydrogen peroxide has been investigated. Their antioxidant activities were assessed by two complementary test systems, namely DPPH radical scavenging activity and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay. Among the tested samples, considerable...

Author(s): Chen Han, Cheng Yan, Li Xiang, Chen Jian-Wei, Li Jin, Xue Ping, Wang Shengand Ye Wei-Yang

March 2012

Antibacterial activity of clove, cinnamon, and datura extracts against Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica causative agent of black stem and soft rot on potato

This study was carried out to evaluate the antibacterial activity of clove (Eugenia caryophylata) hexane extract, cinnamon (Cinnamomum zelanicum), and datura (Datura metel) ethanol extracts against the phytopathogenic Erwinia carotovora subsp. atrosepticagrowth, causative agent of black stem and soft rot on potato, in both cultured media and on plants in pots under natural conditions. Concentrations of...

Author(s): Rakib A. Al-Ani, Mustafa A. Adhab and Haidar H. Nawar

March 2012

Effect of exogenous silicon on germination and seedling establishment in Borago officinalis L.

Borage (Borago officinalis L.) is a valuable medicinal plant with a high content of gamma linolenic acid. Seed germination and early seedling growth are critical stages for plant establishment and production. One of the major problems in the field of plant cultivation and production of this plant is low and uniform seed germination. Thus in this experiment, the influences of exogenous silicon concentration during...

Author(s): Firoozeh Torabi, Ahmad Majd and Shekoofeh Enteshari

March 2012

Antioxidant activity of lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.) receptacles of eleven cultivars grown in China

Receptacles of 11 lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn) cultivars [ShiLiHe 1 (L-1), Taikong 1 (L-2), GanLisn 62 (L-3), DaHongLian (L-4), Taikong 3 (L-5), JianXuan 17 (L-6), CunSanLian (L-7), JianLian (L-8), Taikong 36 (L-9), Zajiaolian 8236 (L-10) and Jianjibaihualian (L-11)] were analyzed for the contents of total phenolic, flavonoid and proanthocyanidin, and tested for antioxidant activity by some different assays....

Author(s): Li-Jun Zheng,#, Yan-Bin Wu#, Jian-Guo Wu, Chun-Jiang Tan, Jun Yi, Ti-Qiang Chen and Jin-Zhong Wu

March 2012

Fungal risk in commonly used traditional Chinese patent medicines

Fungal contamination of 27 commonly used Traditional Chinese Patent Medicines (TCPM) was investigated. Six (6) forms of prepared medicines including watered pills, honeyed pills, condensed pills, tablets, capsules and granules were chosen for fungal observation. Three (3) medicines, namely Trollius chinensis bunge capsules (TCBC), Yinqiao Jiedu watered pills (YJWP) and Fufang Danshen tablets (FDT) were contaminated, the...

Author(s): Amanda-Juan Chen, Dan Tang, Hong-Ling Li and Wei-Wei Gao

March 2012

Biological activities of extract of Anthemis aetnensis Schouw: In vitro evaluation

Although Anthemis spp. are commonly used as anti-inflammatory, antibacterial agents, the exact mechanism of action is still unknown. We evaluated the antioxidant effect of Anthemis aetnensis by testing the free radical scavenging capacity and its effect on xanthine oxidase (XO) activity. In addition, the effect of the same extract on human leukocyte elastase activity was also evaluated. Flowers...

Author(s): Rosaria Acquaviva, Claudia Di Giacomo, Michele Malaguarnera, Salvatore Ragusa, Valeria Sorrenti, Rosa Santangelo, Silvana Mastrojeni, Ignazio Barbagalloand Liliana Iauk

March 2012

Anticandidal effect of Syzygium aromaticum on biofilm formation, cell surface hydrophobicity, and cell cycle

Candida infections are frequently associated with biofilm formation occurring on the surfaces of host tissues and medical devices. Biofilms have been shown to display significantly increased levels of resistance to the conventional antifungal agents. Higher cell surface hydrophobicity (CSH) is related with increased virulence of C. albicans due to stronger adherence to surfaces. Cloves, the aromatic dried...

Author(s): Younhee Kim and Heung-Shick Lee

March 2012

Monosaccharide compositional analysis of purified polysaccharide from Tricholoma matsutake by capillary gas chromatography

Two polysaccharide (MTS-1 and MTS-2) were isolated from the water extract of Tricholoma matsutake and purified through ethanol precipitation, deproteination, DEAE-52 cellulose anion exchange and Sephadex G-100 gel-filtration chromatography. Their molecular weight was determined using high performance liquid chromatography and gel permeation chromatography (HPGPC) and their monosaccharide composition was...

Author(s): Hui Wang#, Gang Liu#, Benhong Zhou and Xianming Hu

March 2012

Study on the application of intestinal absorption in vitro coupled with bioactivity assessment in Yuanhu Zhitong preparation

Generally, crude herbal extracts contain hundreds of components, and only the absorbed constituents among them may produce possible pharmacological effects. In previous studies, researchers directly utilized crude herbal extracts into cells or organs culture system for pharmacological test, which might easily result in false positive or false negative results. Therefore, reasonable pharmacological methods for...

Author(s): Yingchun Zhang, Haiyu Xu,#, Xiaomeng Chen, Dan Shen, Bin Huang, Shuo Lin, Ye Zhao and Hongjun Yang,#

March 2012

Influence of plant growth regulators on growth performance and photosynthetic pigments status of Eruca sativa Mill.

Eruca sativa Mill. (rocket) is an important plant that contains health promoting agents. The feasibility of applications of plant growth regulators (kinetin GA3, spermidine and naphthalene acetic acid) was tested for improving performance of rocket plants. Application of plant growth regulators significantly enhanced the plant growth parameters (shoot fresh weight, root fresh weight, shoot dry weight, root dry...

Author(s): Mohamed H. Al-Whaibi, Manzer H. Siddiqui, Bandar M. A. Al-Munqadhi, Ahmed M. Sakran, Hayssam M. Ali and Mohammed O. Basalah

March 2012

Role of leaf epidermis in identification and differentiation of grasses in tribe Chlorideae (Poaceae) from Pakistan

In the present investigations, leaf epidermal studies of 5 species belonging to 3 genera of tribe Chlorideae (Poaceae) from salt range of Pakistan were carried out. The investigated species were Chloris barbata Sw, Chloris dolicostachya Lag, Cynodon dactylon Pers,Tetrapogon cenchriformis (A.Rich) Clayton and Tetrapogon villosus Desf. The size of stomatal complex, long cells,...

Author(s): Farooq Ahmad, Mansoor Hameed, Muhammad Ashraf, Mushtaq Ahmad, Ameer Khan, Tahira Nawaz, Khawaja Shafique Ahmad and Muhammad Zafar

March 2012

Free radical scavenging and antibacterial activity of essential oil and solvent extracts of Iris planifolia (Mill) from Algeria

Free radical scavenging and antibacterial activity of essential oil and solvent extracts of Iris planifolia (Mill) was investigated. The essential oil was analyzed by Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and a total of 38 types of volatile organics were identified. The essential oil consists chiefly of alkanes (36.5%), acids (19.1%), ketones (11.7%), alcohols (9.0%), arylpropanoids (6.8%) and aldehydes...

Author(s): Ilyas Chikhi, Hocine Allali, Mohamed El Amine Dib, Noureddine Halla, Alain Muselli, Boufeldja Tabti and Jean Costa

March 2012

Quality evaluation of different products derived from Ganoderma

Quality assessment of commercial products derived from Lingzhi was performed based on both their small (triterpenes) and macro (polysaccharides) molecular bioactive components by using high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) and high-performance size-exclusion chromatography-evaporative light scattering detector (HPSEC-ELSD). Enzyme (α-amylase) digestion was employed for avoiding the...

Author(s): Jing Yang, Yiwen Chen,#, Nga-I Leong, Jing Zhao,#, Jin-ao Duan, Yu-ping Tang, Shao-ping Li,

March 2012

Antimicrobial activity of different Aloe barbadensis Mill. and Aloe arborescens Mill. leaf fractions

The interest on Aloe based natural products is fast growing during recent years, particularly regarding their nutraceutical and antimicrobial properties. However, the information available on this item is limited and discrepancies can be found in literature. In this work, the antimicrobial properties of Aloe barbadensis Miller and Aloe arborescens Miller dermal and inner gel leaf...

Author(s): Marco Pellizzoni, Gabriela Ruzickova, Libor Kalhotka and Luigi Lucini

March 2012

Hypoglycemic and anti-hyperglycemic study of Phaleria macrocarpa fruits pericarp

Fruits of Phaleria macrocarpa are used in the traditional health system of the Indonesians and lower course of Malaysia, as effective remedy and management for diabetes mellitus. This study therefore investigated the hypoglycemic and anti-hyperglycemic effects of P. macrocarpa extracts in normal and diabetic rats, respectively. The fruits were sequentially extracted in petroleum ether, methanol and...

Author(s): Rabyah B. Ali, Item J. Atangwho, Navneet Kuar, Elsnoussi A. H. Mohamed, Ali J. Mohamed, Mohd. Z. Asmawi and Roziahanim Mahmud

March 2012

Ultrasound-assisted extraction of oxymatrine from Sophora flavescens

Oxymatrine is one of main active compounds found in Sophora flavescens, which have been extensively used in China for the treatment of several diseases on viral hepatitis, cancer, cardiac and skin. The optimization of ultrasound-assisted extraction of oxymatrine from S. flavescens was investigated, and the extracts were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Effects of several...

Author(s): En-Qin Xia, Hui-Ling Li, Xiang-Rong Xu, Fang Li, Gui-Fang Deng, Sha Li, Shan Wu and Hua-Bin Li

March 2012

cDNA cloning, sequence characterization and expression analyses of a novel gene-TPI from pepper cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS)

The complete coding sequence (CDS) of the gene triose phosphate isomerase (TPI) was amplified using the reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction based on the conserved sequence information of some Solanaceae plants and known highly homologous pepper ESTs. The results showed the pepper TPI gene encodes a protein of 254 amino acids that has high homology with the proteins of six other...

Author(s): Ming-hua DENG, Jin-fen WEN, Jin-long HUO, Hai-shan ZHU, Xiong-ze DAI, Zhu-qing ZHANG, Hui ZHOU and Xue-xiao ZOU

March 2012

Effect of Fumaria parviflora alcoholic extract on male rat’s reproductive system

This study was undertaken to study the effect of Fumaria parviflora alcoholic extract on male rat spermatogenesis. F. parviflora was administered orally at doses of 750 and 1050 mg/kg b.w. for 3 days and 250 mg/kg b.w. for 5 days through oral gavage. Experimental and control rats were sacrificed on day fifteenth after the first gavage. The testes were removed and analyzed. The weight and volume of...

Author(s): Mitra Heydari Nasrabadi, Helia Aboutalebi and Maryam Naseri

March 2012

Protective effect of shikimic acid on acetic acid induced colitis in rats

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of shikimic acid (SA), an active component extracted from Chinese star anise, on acetic acid (AA)-induced colitis in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups: control, AA, AA+sulfasalazine (SASP; 500 mg/kg), and AA + SA at doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg. Colitis was induced in all groups except the control group by AA. The AA group received...

Author(s): Jian-Feng Xing, Jian-Ning Sun, Jin-Yao Sun, Sa-Sa Hu, Chen-Ning Guo, Mao-Ling Wang and Ya-Lin Dong

March 2012

Impact of artemisinic acid on the growth and catharanthine production in Catharanthus roseus cultured cells

In this paper, we investigate the effects of artemisinic acid on the growth and alkaloids production of Catharanthus roseus cell cultures. For the first time, we have shown that artemisinic acid could promote the production of catharanthine in C. roseus suspension cell cultures. The highest total catharanthine yield (0.584 mg/flask) was obtained with the addition of 60 mg·L-1 artemisinic...

Author(s): Wei Wen#, Jianhua Zhu#, Jinwei Liu and Rongmin Yu,

March 2012

Anti-platelet activity of methanolic extract of Grewia asiatica L. leaves and Terminalla chebula Retz. fruits

There is resurgent interest in exploring the anti-platelet activity of medicinal plant extracts because these are cost effective, easily available form of indigenous resources and are comparable to synthetic blood thinners in this prospective. Current investigation has been carried out to assess the anti-platelet activity of crude methanolic extracts of Grewia asiatica L. leaves and Terminalia...

Author(s): M. Zia-Ul-Haq, Shakir Ahmad Shahid, Sagheer Ahmed, Shakeel Ahmad, Mughal Qayum and Inamullah Khan

March 2012

The 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activities of green, red and white teas and their effects on the lipid profiles of rats

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant activities (2,2-Diphenyl-1-Picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activities) of different teas from Camellia sinensisand their effects on the blood lipid profiles of rats. Green, red and white teas were examined. Liquid and dietary intake, body weight, peritoneal fat, lipid profiles (total cholesterol and fractions and triacylglycerols) and...

Author(s): Fabrícia Rehbein Nörnberg, Fernanda Aline de Moura, Rafael Aldrighi Tavares, Magna da Gloria Silva Lameiro, Elessandra da Rosa Zavareze, Alvaro Renato Guerra Dias and Elizabete Helbig

March 2012

Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants used in the traditional treatment of diabetes mellitus in the North Western and South Western Algeria

In this study, the medicinal plants used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus were inventoried. The ethnopharmacological information was obtained from 470 patients suffering from diabetes mellitus in different areas in the North Western and South Western Algeria; 266 of them were of type 2 diabetes. The results indicated that only 28.30% of patients interviewed used medicinal plants as treatment alone or in association...

Author(s): Azzi Rachid, Djaziri Rabah, Lahfa Farid, Sekkal Fatima Zohra, Benmehdi Houcine, and Belkacem Nacéra

March 2012

Essential oil, phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity of Thymus daenensis Celak. at different harvest times

Thymus daenensis Celak. is an important medicinal plant grows in different climatic regions of Iran. A pot experiment was conducted to evaluate the essential oil yield and oil composition of thyme as affected by harvest time during 2010. Isolate the essential oil of the plant samples were determined by hydro-distillation in Clevenger Apparatus with three hours. Composition of the essential oils was determined by...

Author(s): Hamid Nouri and Yaser Esmaeilian