Articles

 

Page 10 of 1166, showing 50 records out of 58272 total, starting on record 451, ending on 500

April 2019

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Perception of stressors by mothers with babies admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Women and New Born Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia

Admission of a new born to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is a stressful and unexpected event to most parents. This quantitative study aimed at identifying factors that contribute to stress in mothers nursing babies in the NICU at the Women and New Born Hospital in Zambia. A cross sectional study was conducted among 280 mothers who were randomly selected over a three-month period. Stress levels were assessed...

Author(s): Maureen Masumo, Lonia Mwape, Patricia Katowa-Mukwato, Margaret Maimbolwa and Ellen Chirwa  

April 2019

Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research
Impact of electromagnetic interface of soft magnetic sensor on IoTs current detector: Design and development

This paper presents the electromagnetic interface (EMI) impact on the current transformer with amorphous HB1-M core, printed circuit board (PCB) power transformer and the filter of inductor for Internet of Things (IoTs) device. According to the antenna principle, the radiation emission power responses of PCB transformer and current transformer are estimated and found to be negligible due to the EMI experimental report....

Author(s): Chang-Hung Hsu, Ann-Shing Chang and Chin-Ping Fung  

April 2019

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Geological analysis of ground radiometric survey data of Hong hills, Hawal basement complex, N. E. Nigeria

A ground radioactivity survey report and it geological analyses are presented in this work. The survey was aimed at delineating possible zones of concentration of pegmatite intrusions, a rock whose components are useful in the in the electrical and ceramic industries among others. The survey covers longitude 12°54’-13°00’E and latitude 10°7’-10°15’N, with a total surface area of...

Author(s): Nsikak E. Bassey and Helen N. Unachukwu  

April 2019

African Journal of Plant Science
Taxonomic significance of the vegetative anatomy of members of genera Colocasia (L.) Schott and Xanthosoma (L.) Schott in the family Araceae

Anatomical attributes are important for taxonomic studies of plants.  This study investigated foliar and petiole anatomy of some members of the genera Colocasia and Xanthosoma. Similar and diagnostic characters critical for the taxonomy of the two genera were identified. The similar characters include, polygonal epidermal cell shape, straight adaxial anticlinal wall pattern, brachyparacytic stomata type, elliptic...

Author(s): Oluwabunmi Okerinmola Arogundade and Olubukola Adedeji

April 2019

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Taxpayers’ online information privacy concerns, antecedents, and behavior intention

More and more individual taxpayers are using the online services of commercial tax software to prepare and file their tax returns electronically. However, online tax return does have risks, especially the risk of information privacy evasion. Little research has been conducted on the linkage between taxpayers’ online information privacy concerns (TOIPC) and taxpayers’ behavior intentions, and factors...

Author(s): Xiaoyan Chu, Xun Li, Wei-Chih Chiang, and Yu Zhang

April 2019

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
The mobility of intergenerational income for rural residents: The case of China

Based on the data of China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) from 1989 to 2015, this paper analyzes the mobility and transmission mechanism of rural residents' intergenerational income. The OLS estimation of father and son yields a value of 0.549. The results of quantile regressions show that in rural China, the intergenerational income elasticity (IGE) is higher at the high end but lower at the low end. The human...

Author(s): Jie Chen, and Tingting Li  

April 2019

African Journal of History and Culture
Beneficiaries’ perceptions of the contributions of community development projects to peacebuilding process in South Sudan: A case of Terekeka State

Despite the fact that a lot of research has been done about community development in relations to peacebuilding, there are a few studies available on the contribution of community development projects to peacebuilding process. The intention of this article is to start to fill the gap by investigating beneficiaries’ perceptions of the contribution of the community development projects to peacebuilding process in...

Author(s): Aleu Garang Aleu, Paul Bukuluki and Christine Mpyangu Mbabazi

April 2019

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Morpho-qualitative characterization of ten local cassava accessions (Manihot esculenta crantz) in Njombé, Cameroon

The need of characterization of local ecotypes has emerged because of abandonment of traditional varieties and a loss of genetic resources, associated with increasing demography and environmental. Thus, a study was conducted at the Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD) of Njombé multipurpose station with the objective of characterizing ten local accessions of cassava both morphologically and...

Author(s): Simo Claude, Rim A Mbassa Edouard, Manga Gabriel Ambroise and Djocgoue Pierre François,  

April 2019

African Journal of Plant Science
Nutrient and antinutrient constituents in seeds of Sphenostylis stenocarpa (Hochst. Ex A. Rich.) Harms

Nutrient and antinutrient constituents in seeds of Sphenostylis stenocarpa were determined. The proximate composition revealed that S. stenocarpa seed contains 12.44% moisture, 18.55% protein, 2.41% lipid, 2.93% ash, 1.95% fibre, 74.16% carbohydrate and 392.50 kcal caloric value. The antinutrients analysis showed that the seed contains 15.25 mg/100 g hydrocyanide, 144.14 mg/100 g tannins, 1.01 mg/100 g phytate and 61.60...

Author(s): Sam S. M.  

April 2019

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Transportation infrastructure of Pakistan’s agricultural export

Pakistan has the highest potential for agri-business development and global marketing. This study responded to standing views about the importance of infrastructure for agricultural trade in Pakistan. It raises the concern to investigate the basic trade facilitation for the transportation of agricultural commodities. This research focuses on transport infrastructure being basic distribution drives. A gravity model is...

Author(s): Nazia Tabasam, and Normaz Wana Ismail  

April 2019

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Assessing soil quality of Abargay Rangeland in Farta District, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia

Rangelands provide many supporting, regulative and provisioning ecosystem services to man. The mounting anthropogenic pressure on them is, however, causing their degradation and decline in productivity. Assessment of their soil quality is important for identifying sustainable land management practices. The present investigation was, therefore, carried out to assess the soil quality of adjoining protected and unprotected...

Author(s): Tadla Guadie Feleke, Parshotam Datt Sharma and Dereje Tsegaye Selfeko    

April 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Interface of biodiversity and ecosystem services: Does soil organic carbon correlate with the diversity of carabid beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in the Uzungwa Scarp Nature Reserve, Tanzania?

Tropical forest soils have potential to mitigate climate change and support biodiversity. Human activities in these forests threaten biodiversity and alter the ability of the soil to sequester carbon. Many tropical countries experience rampant anthropogenic activities in the forests, yet the extent to which these activities affect biodiversity and soil organic carbon and the relationship between the two is not well...

Author(s): Anna N. Mwambala, Bruno A. Nyundo and Elikana Kalumanga  

April 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Effect of construction of natural reserve on the livelihoods and income of local residents around Conkouati-Doulinational Park, Republic Of Congo

This study was conducted in Conkouati-Douli National Park (CDNP) to analyze the effect of CDNP construction on local residents’ livelihoods and income. A survey of questionnaires of 100 households was carried in four villages: Tandou-Ngoma, Nzambi, Ngoumbi and Mpela. Focused groups discussions, field observations and secondary data from different sources were used to collect information. The data were analyzed...

Author(s): Gilles Moutanda Loussakou and Zhen Zhu

April 2019

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Occurrence of biofilm producing bacteria in packaged water sold in Lagos, Nigeria

Bacterial biofilms have been linked with protracted and recurring human infections, and considering that biofilms shed microorganisms into their environment it becomes pertinent to examine their role in waterborne diseases through consumption of treated packaged water. To evaluate the consortia of bacteria in packaged water for the ability to form biofilms. Using membrane filtration technique polythene sachet and pet...

Author(s): William Warrie Effiok, Louis Osayenum Egwari and Leonard Oghenemaro Itaba

April 2019

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Effectiveness of counselling services on retention rate of undergraduate students in selected universities in Kenya

The purpose of the study is to assess the extent to which counselling services in universities in Kenya influences students’ retention rate. The study was carried out in 2018 where one hundred and one medical students in first year second semester from two public universities were studied to determine the effectiveness of counselling services on retention rate of undergraduate students. Quantitative data were...

Author(s): Nyutu Jane Gathoni, Merecia Ann Sirera and Wilfridah Olaly  

April 2019

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Determinants of profit shifting by multinational companies in developing countries: A case of Rwanda

The objective of this study is to examine the determinants of profit shifting by multinational enterprises in Rwanda. The study specifically sought to determine the extent to which finance costs, intra group transactions / services costs and royalty expense influence profit shifting by multinational companies in Rwanda. Profit shifting was measured on the basis of total cost as well as taxable income reported by...

Author(s): Daniel Twesige and Faustin Gasheja  

April 2019

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Estimation of sedimentary thickness using spectral analysis of aeromagnetic data over Otukpo and Ejekwe areas of the lower Benue Trough, Nigeria

The aeromagnetic data of Otukpo (sheet 270) and Ejekwe (sheet 289) areas of the lower Benue Trough of Nigeria were interpreted quantitatively. The quantitative interpretation employed spectral analysis technique with the aim of locating specific basement depths to buried magnetic source rocks in the study area. First order polynomial fitting was adopted for regional-residual separation of the total magnetic intensity...

Author(s): Asielue, K. O., Ugwu, G. Z. and Ikeh, J. C.  

April 2019

Journal of Languages and Culture
Verbal semiotics resources employed in advertising cigarette on TV in Indonesia

This work analyzes the verbal semiotics resources used for advertising cigarette in Indonesia. Descriptive qualitative method was used in this study. The data of this study are verbal semiotics resources (oral and written) used for cigarette advertisement. From the result of this work, it is seen that in ideational function, material process was dominantly used in advertising cigarette on TV, and in interpersonal...

Author(s): Bambang Nur Alamsyah Lubis and Busmin Gurning and Amrin Saragih  

April 2019

Journal of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Research
The perils of artificial intelligence in healthcare: Disease diagnosis and treatment

For the past decade, artificial intelligence (AI) and its related technologies have made remarkable advances in marketing and business solutions based on AI-driven big data analysis of customer queries, and it, when coupled with bioinformatics, seemingly holds out great promise for use in healthcare. In reality, however, AI is still largely a buzzword when it comes to disease diagnosis and treatment. This review...

Author(s): Jung C. Lee

April 2019

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research
Is it more than a trade war?

The paper examines the underlying reasons for the trade war and is mainly aimed at China. It was suggested that there is an underlying motive apart from trade imbalance or intellectual property issues as accused by the United State of America government. It examines to some extent the possible contributions of countries such as Canada, England, Australia and the European Union (EU) to isolate China strategically. As...

Author(s): Peter W. Wong

April 2019

Journal of Engineering and Technology Research
Fast transmission of image, reduction of energy consumption and lifetime extension in wireless cameras networks

In this paper, a fast image processing was proposed. It ensures energy efficiency and the extension of both the lifetime and the proper functioning of the network. It is a filtered zonal discrete cosine transform that allows and optimizes an effective adjustment of the trade-off between power consumption and image distortion. This is a remarkable energy saving method, in this kind of networks. It is applied throughout...

Author(s): Nirmi Hajraoui and N. Raissouni  

April 2019

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Evaluation of Desho Grass (Pennisetum pedicellatum Trin) lines for their adaptability at Mechara Research Station, Eastern Oromia, Ethiopia

This experiment was under taken at Mechara Agricultural Research center of on- station site for two consecutive years of 2016 and 2017 cropping season. The aim of the research was to identify the best adaptable and high biomass and dry matter yielders from four ecotype of Desho grass (Pennisetum pedicellatum) to demonstrate promising ecotypes for livestock producer’s community in the study area. Randomized...

Author(s): Birmaduma Gadisa, Tamrat Dinkale and Muleta Debela

April 2019

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
The Nigerian senate and the politics of the non-passage of the gender equality bill

The gender equality discourse assumed a global dimension since the fourth World Conference on Women held in Beijing, China in 1995. The hallmark of the Conference was the Beijing Platform for Action which was agreed upon by all 189 countries in attendance. Furthermore, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) subscribed to by United Nations member states in the year 2000, ascribed a worthy place to gender equality,...

Author(s): Damilola Taiye AGBALAJOBI and Leke Abraham OLUWALOGBON

April 2019

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Strategic leadership factors of school administrators influencing the effectiveness of small- sized schools

This research is aimed to study the direct, indirect and total influence of strategic leadership factors of school administrators influencing the effectiveness of small-sized schools. The samples were 1,396 administrators of small-sized schools under the primary educational service area office, the Basic Education Commission in the academic year 2017. The population was 15,999 small-sized school administrators who are...

Author(s): Torsak Singphen, Piangkhae Poopayang, Sunan Siphai and Prayoon Charoensuk

April 2019

International Journal of Science and Technology Education Research
Effect of social media on undergraduate students’ achievement and interest in chemistry in the North-central geo-political zone of Nigeria

This paper gives a report of the effect of social media on undergraduate students’ achievement and interest in chemistry in the north-central geo-political zone of Nigeria. The research design adopted was a cross-sectional survey. The population of this study comprised all undergraduate chemistry students from the universities in the north-central geopolitical zone of Nigeria. 240 undergraduate chemistry students...

Author(s): K. Victoria Fatokun

April 2019

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education
Psycho productive skills multiple choice test items for assessing students in mechanical engineering craft in technical colleges in Nasarawa State, Nigeria

This study focused on the development and validation of psycho productive skill multiple choice test (PSMCT) for assessment of technical college students’ achievement in mechanical engineering craft. The study adopted the instrumentation research design and was conducted in Nasarawa State, Nigeria. The population of the study was 248 National Technical Certificate (NTC) III students comprising three capability...

Author(s): Danjuma A. Ombugus, Sabina A. Dingba, Comfort A. Krene and Abdulahi A. Odus

April 2019

African Journal of Food Science
Evaluation of antioxidant, nutritional and sensorial properties of novel functional beverage from milk-cocoa powder blends

Increasing awareness of health benefits of plant-based food/drinks has resulted in increased preference of consumers for functional beverages as compared to conventional sugar-laden drinks/beverages which only quench thirst but provide little or no nutritional or health benefits. However, most commercially-available functional drinks/beverages are often expensive and not affordable for most people especially low-income...

Author(s): Helen Nwakego AYO-OMOGIE, Esther Emem NWANNA and Esosa Theresa EGUAVOEN  

April 2019

African Journal of Food Science
Nutritional quality of meals served under the Ghana school feeding programme at the Upper West and Central Region of Ghana

This research evaluated the nutritional quality of meals that were served to school children under the Ghana School Feeding Programme in Wa and Cape Coast. A cross-sectional and descriptive survey research designs were employed from which purposive and simple random sampling technique was adopted. In all, a total of 720 respondents were selected and that comprised 600 pupils, 60 teachers and 60 kitchen staff. Data were...

Author(s): Kate Bigson, Edward Ken Essuman, Vida Gyimah Boadu and Gifty Serwaa Otoo

April 2019

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Citizens’ trust in public and political institutions in Ethiopia

This article examines the pattern of popular trust in public and political institutions in Ethiopia. The analysis employs individual-level survey data and uses ordinary least square regression to analyze the relative explanatory power of independent variables for variations in citizens’ institutional trust. The results demonstrate that citizens’ trust in public institutions varies extensively from one public...

Author(s): Gudeta Kebede Asfaw  

April 2019

Scientific Research and Essays
Patterns of incidence of colorectal cancer in Brazil from 1990 to 2016

Colorectal cancer (CRC) has a high prevalence in both sexes. Although its incidence among the elderly is declining, some studies show an increased incidence in age group under 50 populations, an age group that is not included in the global screening protocols. However, screening the disease in a defined population at younger age groups is of paramount importance in reducing mortality rate. This is an ecological study...

Author(s): Livia Akemi Ramos Takahashi, André Akira Ramos Takahashi, Sandra Di Felice Boratto, Marcella Conz Rodrigues, Diogo Fontes Santos, Jaques Waisberg and Luiz Vinicius de Alcantara Sousa  

April 2019

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of premarital sex among bedsit-living students in Hue City, Vietnam

The study aimed to explore knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of premarital sex and its associated factors among bedsit-living students. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Hue city, Vietnam in 2015. Multi-stage cluster sampling was used to recruit students. Data were collected by using a self-administered questionnaire at participant’s room. A total of 730 students (men/women: 44.2%/55.8%,...

Author(s): Nguyen Thi Thanh Nhan, Phan Trieu Phu, Phan Thi Thanh Tra, Pham Thi Anh Phuong, Nguyen Quynh Nhu and Nguyen Thi Thu  

April 2019

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Relationship of combined frequency of hypertension and diabetes mellitus to socioeconomic status: A comparative study in Anambra State of Nigeria

There are conflicting reports on the relationship between hypertension and diabetes mellitus (DM) with socioeconomic status. This study explores this relationship individually and jointly. This is a cross sectional comparative study. Adults that participated in medical outreach organized for high and low socioeconomic status (SES) were tested for hypertension and DM. Mean age in years for high and low SES was 58.69...

Author(s): Jide Onyekwelu  

April 2019

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Effect of drip lateral spacing and mulching on yield, irrigation water use efficiency and net return of onion (Allium cepa L.) at Ambo, Western Shoa, Ethiopia

Field experiment was conducted at Ambo during the 2017/2018 to investigate effects of drip lateral spacing and mulching on yield, water use efficiency and net return of onion. Eight treatments with three replications were randomized in complete block design to conduct the experiment. Two levels of drip lateral spacing and four levels of mulch were used to evaluate their effects. The result showed that both onion yield...

Author(s): Oli Firissa, Teshome Seyoum, and Fentaw Abegaz  

April 2019

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Impacts of human resettlement on forests of Ethiopia: The case of Chamen-Didhessa Forest in Chewaka district, Ethiopia

Ethiopia has been practicing population resettlement programmes since 1960s mainly as a response to extreme land degradation in the highlands. The programmes were carried out mainly in the lowlands of western, southwestern and southern Ethiopia. Accordingly, 12,305 households (56,715 people) from Eastern and Western Hararghe zones were formally resettled in Chamen-Didhessa forest in Chewaka district. The major aim of...

Author(s): Derjew Yilak and Daniel Getahun Debelo  

April 2019

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Government education expenditure and primary school enrolment in Nigeria: An impact analysis

This study investigated the impact of government education expenditure on primary school enrolment in Nigeria by applying the bounds testing (ARDL) approach to cointegration for the period of 1970 to 2017. The model was constructed to identify the relationship between the two variables while also considering the interaction with control variables; per capita income, remittances, investment and population growth. The...

Author(s): Ihugba, Okezie A., Ukwunna, Joseph C. and Obiukwu Sandralyn  

April 2019

International NGO Journal
Food insecurity conundrum: A case study of Amathole district in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa

Over half of the population in the Amathole district in South Africa experiences food insecurity, despite on-going government initiatives to combat the problem. The study reported here investigated factors that inhibit the achievement of food security by households in the district and government responses, to better understand the factors that might account for the persistence of this challenge. Using a literature...

Author(s): X. G. Ngumbela, E. N. Khalema and T. I. Nzimakwe

April 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Improving agriculture in Nigeria through public-private partnerships

The agriculture sector in Nigeria has remained largelylargely undeveloped. The reason for this is due to the limited public sector funding in the different agricultural value chains including research and development. On the other hand, there has also been very minimal private sector investment in the sector. The cause of this is a lack of incentive for the private sector in Nigeria to invest in sectors like agriculture...

Author(s): George Nwangwu  

April 2019

African Journal of Business Management
An evaluation of the impact of the management practices and how they impact on employee-engagement: Employees’ perceptions

The employer-employee relationship has always been governed by the understanding that the employee is simply a hired hand to complement the business owner in the process of achieving a firm’s set objectives. The rest of the other activities and phenomena are taken for granted – ‘I employ you, you do your work I pay you’, so the circle continues. The employer drives the employee to perform to...

Author(s): Larry E. Jowah and Tendency Beretu  

April 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Cash inflow conundrum in Ugandan SMEs: A perspective of ISO certification and firm location

The study employed the World Bank Enterprise survey 2013 for Uganda and quintile method to determine the relationship between firm location, International Standards Organization (ISO) certification and cash inflows of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Uganda. The results show that ISO certification and firm location are positively and significantly related to SMEs’ cash inflows. It was also realized that...

Author(s): I. Kintu, P. Naluwooza and Y. Kiwala  

April 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Anti-quorum quenching activity of methyl gallate isolated from galls of Guiera senegalensis J. F. Gmel (Combretaceae)

Many pathogenic bacteria produce virulence factors controlled by a mechanism of regulation named quorum sensing (QS). Inhibition of bacterial QS system is a more recent therapeutic approach to counterbalance the emergence of multi-drug resistant bacteria. This study aimed to assess the abilities of methanol extract from Guiera senegalensis galls and its isolated compound methyl gallate to quench the quorum sensing...

Author(s): Vincent Ouedraogo, Pierre Alexandre Eric Djifaby Sombié, Moussa Compaoré and Martin Kiendrébéogo  

April 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Vegetation cover affects rhizobia-tree legume symbiosis in the semi-arid region of Brazil

Biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) is the main form of introducing nitrogen into systems with low fertilizer input, which prevail in the semi-arid region of Brazil. BNF was evaluated in leucena and sabiá grown in samples of a soil collected under different vegetation cover: native vegetation; capoeira (area abandoned for the restoration); agricultural use; sabiá grove; and leucena grove. Nodulation was...

Author(s): Luciana Remígio Santos Nascimento, Ana Dolores Santiago de Freitas, Vinicius Santos Gomes da Silva, Augusto Cesar de Arruda Santana, Aleksandro Ferreira da Silva, Carolina Etienne de Rosália e Silva Santos, Juscélia da Silva Ferreira, Leandro Reis Costa Santos and Jéssica Rafaella de Sousa Oliveira  

April 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Stakeholders’ perception of weaver ant’s effects on mango fruits quality in Benin

Weaver ant (Oecophylla longinonda) used in biological control of pest, is said to improve the organoleptic quality of protected fruits. This study aims at bringing out stakeholders’ perception of weaver ants effect on mango quality. A survey was performed in Parakou (Benin), with stakeholders to assess their perception of mango quality and their opinion about weaver ant’s effect on mango quality. Then, the...

Author(s): Hermance Yénoukounmey HOUNGBO, , Florence Mahouton ANATO AFORA, Déley Sylvain DABADÉ, , Antonio SINZOGAN and Paulin AZOKPOTA,  

April 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Prediction of genetic gain using selection indices in maize lines

Maize is an important cereal crop in scientific research area and the world economy, where Brazil is one of the leading producers. High production and productivity are partly due to plant breeding programs, where the selection of superior genotypes is based on indexes. This strategy has been very efficient o obtaining superior genotypes since there are simultaneous gains for various agronomic and economic characters....

Author(s): Silviane de Santiago, Claudio Lopes de Souza Junior , Leandro Borges Lemos and Gustavo Vitti Môro  

April 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Isolation and identification of compounds with dioxin-induced AhR transformation inhibitory activity from the leaves of Mallotus japonicus (Thunb.) Muell. Arg.

The solvent extracts of 368 plant parts from 191 different species cultivated in Tsukuba (Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan) were previously screened for aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) transformation inhibitory activity. It was observed that the leaf extract of Mallotus japonicus had strong activity. To clarify the antidioxin phytochemical, a 70% acetone extraction from the leaves was fractionated with three kinds of solvent...

Author(s): Keizo Hosokawa, Atsuyuki Hishida, Shin Nishiumi, Eri Fukushi, Jun Kawabata and Hitoshi Ashida  

April 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Production of polyhydroxyalkanoates by hydrocarbonaclastic bacteria

Production of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) by bacteria isolated from spent engine oil (SEO) contaminated soils was investigated using nitrogen limitation in the production medium. Out of ten isolates, three were selected as the best based on their ability to metabolize SEO effectively and fluoresce orange when stained with Nile Blue A dye. Fourier Transform Infrared spectrophometer was used as a confirmatory test for PHA...

Author(s): Mwamburi Samuel M., Mbatia Betty N., Remmy Kasili, Kirwa Edward M and Noah Naumih M.  

April 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Cellulase production and molecular identification of Xanthobacter flavus (IM32-90) isolated under eucalyptus plantation in the cerrado of Minas Gerais

Lignocellulosic biomass has become a major ally for production of biofuels as a clean and renewable energy source. The manufacturing of cellulolytic enzymes capable of hydrolyzing lignocellulose and producing fermentable sugars has been, and still is a great challenge. There is a wide variety of microorganisms, both bacteria and fungi, capable of producing cellulolytic enzymes. These microorganisms can be grown by solid...

Author(s): Farley Souza Ribeiro Menezes, Maria Cecília Mota Docha, Any Caroliny Pinto Rodrigues, Jéssica Naiara Dos Santos, Gizelly Gomes da Cruz, Viviane Ferreira dos Anjos, Tarcisio Tomás Cabral de Sousa and Marcelo Luiz de Laia

April 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Readiness of Turkish Education system for Multicultural education

The purpose of this study is to analyze multicultural education and evaluate the Turkish education system regarding the acceptance of diversity. In this era, cultural diversity and identities are given equal importance in the world. Multiculturalism gives the opportunity for each citizen to secure life styles with equal rights, grow in a world of cultural heritage and raise children in the same world without being...

Author(s): Eshabil Erdem PAKSOY and Sabri ÇELİK

April 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
An evaluation of the teachers’ classroom management problems

This study aims to address the problems that teachers are facing in classroom management and to find solutions to these problems. This is a phenomenologically designed qualitative research study. 28 classroom teachers, who are working in the city of Malatya in 2017-2018 school year, easy to reach with the help of the convenience sampling, a purposive sampling method and who are working at different primary schools, made...

Author(s): Önder Şanlı

April 2019

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Endopleura uchi (Huber) Cuatrec, a medicinal plant with potential anti-inflammatory activity: A review of its phytochemistry and biological activities

Endopleura uchi (Huber) Cuatrec. is a tree found in the Brazilian Amazon, whose barks are used in folk medicine as an alternative treatment for inflammatory-related diseases. This review, performed using current available international scientific literature, aimed to survey biological activities reported from E. uchi, and describes its phytochemistry. In folk medicine, the barks are used to treat a range of conditions...

Author(s): Beatriz Martins de Sá Hyacienth, Brenda Sánchez Ortiz , Arlindo César Matias Pereira, Danilo Cabral de Sá Hyacienth, Josué Arturo Velázquez Moyado, Glória Melisa Gonzales Aduanga, Andrés Navarrete and José Carlos Tavares Carvalho,  

April 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation and antibiotic resistance profiles of bacteria from influent, effluent and downstream: A study in Botswana

Antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) have been globally considered environmental contaminants that pose a serious problem to the health of humans, animals and the ecosystem. The primary objective of the study was to characterize the antibiotic resistance phenotypes and genotypes of bacterial isolates from Gaborone wastewater treatment plant (GWWTP) and the downstream environment...

Author(s): K. Tapela and T. Rahube

Page 10 of 1166, showing 50 records out of 58272 total, starting on record 451, ending on 500