Articles

 

Page 10 of 1178, showing 50 records out of 58897 total, starting on record 451, ending on 500

October 2019

African Journal of Food Science
Development and characterization of biodegradable films from fermented yam (Dioscorea trifida L. f.)

The objective of this work was to develop and characterize biodegradable starch films at 14 and 21 days of fermentation, aiming to develop packaging with added value. For the extraction of starch, yam tubers were washed, crushed, filtered and fermented for 14 and 21 days, and then filtered and dehydrated. Water-starch-glycerol mixtures were prepared in a randomized design using a factorial scheme (5x2), with five...

Author(s): Ana Cecília Nina Lobato, João Batista Dias Damaceno, Jaime Paiva Lopes Aguiar, Eyde Cristianne Saraiva-Bonatto, Charline Soares dos Santos Rolim, Nilma de Souza Fernandes, Albejamere Pereira de Castro, Carlos Victor Lamarão and Francisca das Chagas do Amaral Souza  

October-December 2019

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Morphological characterization and Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs) based DNA fingerprinting of selected mango (Mangifera indica L.) genotypes in Bangladesh

Nineteen genotypes of mango including nine released varieties viz. BARI Aam-1, BARI Aam-2 (Laxmanbhog), BARI Aam-3, BARI Aam- 4 (Hybrid), BARI Aam-5, BARI Aam-6, BARI Aam-7, BARI Aam-8, BARI Aam-9; one parental line viz. M- 3896 and nine Geographical Indication Crops (GIs) viz. Haribhanga, Surjapuri, Fazli, Gourmoti, Ashwina, Khirsapat, Gopalbhog, Langra and Ranipasand were characterized with a view to identifying the...

Author(s): Md. Rezwan Molla, Iftekhar Ahmed, Md. Amjad Hossain, Md. Shafiqul Islam, Md. Aziz Zilani Chowdhury, Dilruba Shabnam and Md. Motiar Rohman  

October, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Labour cost implication of malaria and perception of cocoa farmers on its preventive measures in Ondo State, Nigeria

The study was executed to examine the cost implication of labour used by cocoa farmers during periods of incapacitation caused by malaria and to determine the perception of the farmers on malaria preventive methods. Descriptive statistics were used to classify farmers by days of incapacitation and the cost of labour for cocoa plantation management when farmers were absent from the cocoa plantation because of malaria. A...

Author(s): Eniafe David Olakunle and Oseni Joseph Olumide  

October, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of planting time and fungicide application frequency on severity of late blight (Phytophthora infestans), yield and yield components of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) at Kulumsa, Southeast Ethiopia

Phytophthora infestans is the major bottleneck in potato production in Ethiopia. Selection of appropriate planting time is highly location specific and the most important subject in rain-fed potato production. However, research recommendation on optimum planting time and fungicide application frequency for high lands area of Arsi (Kulumsa) is lacking. Thus, field experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of...

Author(s): Getachew Kebede Tufa, Fekadu Gebretensay Mengistu  and Gezahegn Berecha Yadessa  

October 2019

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Livelihood impacts of Calliandra calothyrsus and Sesbania sesban: Supplementary feed in smallholder dairy farms in Kenya

An agroforestry land use system aimed at improving the productivity of smallholder dairy farms using Calliandra calothyrsus and Sesbania sesban shrubs as feed supplements was introduced to semi-commercial SDFs in Meru, Kenya, as part of a field trial. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of using the C. calothyrsus and S. sesban on family income and livelihoods during the 16-month trial period. Eighty...

Author(s): Makau D. N., VanLeeuwen J. A., Gitau G. K., McKenna S. L., Walton C., Muraya J. and Wichtel J. J.  

October 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Genetic diversity assessment of yams (Dioscorea spp.) from Ethiopia using inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers

The genetic diversity and relationships of 70 accessions of yam belonging to Dioscorea cayenensis/Dioscorea rotundata complex (55), Dioscorea bulbifera (13) and Dioscorea alata (2, as a reference) were assessed using six inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) primers. DNA was extracted from a bulk of two plants per accession using a modified cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) method. Six ISSR primers amplified 77...

Author(s): Kedra Mohammed Ousmael, Kassahun Tesfaye, and Teklehaimanot Hailesilassie

October 2019

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Factors affecting the technical efficiency of oil palm fruit processing units in South-East Benin

As the independent Benin's first export crop, oil palm continues to play an important role in the Beninese economy and society despite the decline in its production that has begun since the 1970s. It is present in most cropping systems throughout southern Benin. The objective of this article is, on the one hand, to assess the level of technical efficiency of oil palm fruit processing units in South-East Benin and,...

Author(s): Jean Adanguidi  

October-December 2019

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
A historical perspective of the field of emotional and behavioral disorders: A review of literature

The purpose of this paper is two-fold. First, to review relevant literature forming the foundation of the field of emotional and behavioral disorders. This historical methodology focuses on examining research from the 1700s to 2017, starting with the history of emotional disorders, the Freudian theory, the federal special education laws that emerged throughout history, and lastly tracing its evolution within the...

Author(s): Celestial Wills-Jackson  

October-December 2019

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Literature review of sexual reproductive health campaign messages: What are the milestones and potential research topics within the Kenyan context?

This paper presents a literature review of the sexual reproductive health campaign messages and highlights the milestones in the existing literature. The review begins with definition of health campaign messages and other key concepts. The subject is then situated within the discipline of communication studies particularly within the branch of health communication. A review of relevant theories follows after which...

Author(s): Bernice Ndegi Gatere and Charles Ongondo  

October-December 2019

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
A comparative study of phytochemical profile and antioxidant activity of Sahelian plants used in the treatment of infectious diseases in northern part of Burkina Faso: Acacia seyal Delile and Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne subsp. raddiana (Savi)

Acacia seyal and Acacia tortilis are used in the treatment of infectious diseases in traditional medicine by population in Northern Burkina Faso. Phytochemical screening by tube test and on HPTLC plates showed the presence of important chemical compounds in these plants. Determination of total phenolic content using method of Folin-Ciocalteu Reagent (FCR) and antioxidant activity by 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH)...

Author(s): Alphonsine RAMDE-TIENDREBEOGO, Moumouni KOALA, Nabere OUATTARA, Marius LOMPO and Innocent Pierre GUISSOU  

July-December 2019

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Prevalence and intensity of urogenital and intestinal schistosomiasis among primary school children in rural districts of Senegal

Schistosomiasis is a public health problem in Senegal with unevenly distributed prevalence. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma haematobium and Schistosoma mansoni infections among primary school children in eight districts of Senegal. A cross-sectional survey including school children aged from 7 to 13 years were included and was conducted in 3 ecological areas. Urine and...

Author(s): Mame Cheikh SECK, Khadim Diongue, Mouhamadou Ndiaye, Aida Sadikh Badiane, Mamadou Alpha Diallo and Daouda Ndiaye,  

July –December 2019

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Software approach on crude oil yields prediction: A case study of Tema Oil Refinery

Yield prediction is an integral part of every refinery process due to the intricacy of the process and composition of crude oil. Inability to sufficiently predict the yields before refinery process creates challenges such as inadequacy in planning the operating conditions to meet product target, product optimisation failure and inability to meet product market specification. Predicting yields using a yield pattern model...

Author(s): Solomon Adjei Marfo, Prince Opoku Appau and Daniel Tettegah  

July-December 2019

ISABB Journal of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics
In silico detection and correlative analysis of antibiotic resistance plasmid-incompatibility (Inc/ rep) groups from different environments

Plasmids are extra-chromosomal mobile DNA elements found mostly in bacteria, and often serve as vectors for accumulation and transfer of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) within bacterial populations in different environments. Plasmid mediated transfer of ARGs has accounted for the spread of antibiotic resistance within clinically relevant pathogenic bacteria; this has escalated into a global health problem. Plasmids...

Author(s): Monamodi Kesamang and Teddie O. Rahube  

October-December 2019

Journal of African Studies and Development
State regulation of religion in Uganda: Fears and dilemmas of born-again churches

Since 2016 when the government of Uganda announced its intention to enact a policy about regulating religions and faith-based organizations, there have been contrasting responses from those this policy intends to regulate. The mainstream religious groups especially; the Moslem community, Anglican Church of Uganda, the Seventh-Day Adventist Church, Roman Catholic Church, Greek Orthodox church and generally all those that...

Author(s): Alexander Paul Isiko  

October-December 2019

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Geographic Information System (GIS) based soil loss estimation using Universal Soil Loss Equation Model (USLE) for soil conservation planning in Karesa Watershed, Dawuro Zone, South West Ethiopia

Soil erosion is the most challenging and continuous environmental problems resulting in both on-site and off-site effects in the world particularly in Ethiopia. Karesa watershed is one of the most erosion-prone watersheds which received little soil conservation attention. This study was conducted to estimate average annual soil loss rate using Geographic Information System and Universal Soil Loss Equation Model adapted...

Author(s): Bagegnehu Bekele, Alemayehu Muluneh and Nigatu Wondrade  

October 2019

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Comparative study of caffeine content in beans and leaves of Coffea arabica using UV/Vis spectrophotometer

Caffeine is one of the compounds found in coffee beans and other parts of coffee plant. However, the relative caffeine content in different coffee plant parts is least researched. Therefore, this study was designed to determine the content of caffeine in green coffee leaves and beans. In this work, we report content of caffeine in green coffee beans and leaves of Coffea arabica using UV/Vis spectrophotometer with...

Author(s): Adane Tadesse Dado, Yoseph Alresawum Asresahegn and Kusse Gudishe Goroya  

October 2019

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Micro-financing and rural poverty reduction: A case of Rima Microfinance Bank in Goronyo Local Government Area, Sokoto State, Nigeria

Microfinance is proposed to be an efficient and viable means to poverty alleviation in the developing world, but there has been little empirical study on the impacts of microfinance banks. This study examines the impact of Rima Microfinance Bank on beneficiaries’ income and poverty in Goronyo Local Government Area of Sokoto State, Nigeria. A multistage-sampling technique was used to draw the sample and a...

Author(s): M. B. Mustapha, B. I. Yusuf and A. N. Abdullahi  

October 2019

Journal of Engineering and Technology Research
Agricultural tractor and machinery performance and serviceability in Delta State, Nigeria

A sufficient tractor and implements utilizations in agricultural activities and their proper serviceability optimize agricultural productivities in farm operations. A study was conducted in Delta State, Nigeria assessing level of machinery utilization in farm operations and serviceable conditions. Eight (8) government owned tractors locations with 60 tractors and eight private owned farms with 29 tractors were studied....

Author(s): Silas O. Nkakini and Francis O. Etenero  

July-December 2019

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Geology and petrography of Sabon Garin Kara and environs part of Malumfashi sheet 79 NE Nigeria

The study area is about 40 km2 that is (8 km × 5 km) which is located in Gwarzo Local Government area of Kano State part of  Malumfashi sheet 79NE which lies within Longitude E07°57’19.5” and E08°00’00” and Latitude N11° 51’30”andN11°47‘00. Major rock types identified include medium grained biotite-muscovite granite, coarse grained muscovite-biotite...

Author(s): Ahmed Abubakar Sarki, Mohammed Yerima  Kwaya, Nasir Abdullahi  Maiauduga, Timothy A. Adedokun, Yusuf Usman Muhammad, Abubakar Nasir  Karofi, Abubakar Sadiq Maigari  

July-December 2019

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Crustal structure of southern Benue Trough, Nigeria from 3D inversion of gravity data

3D Moho interface has been computed from the airborne Bouguer anomaly beneath the southern part of the Benue Trough (BT), using the MATLAB program 3DINVER.M. From the study, the maximum Moho depth of 27.5 km and the minimum Moho depth of 18.1 km were computed. Interpretation of the gravity data of the southern part of the BT suggests that igneous input contributed greatly to the understanding of its concomitant deep...

Author(s): Mukaila Abdullahi, Upendra K. Singh and Umar M. Modibbo  

October 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Evaluating endodontontic dental education by clinical errors (iatrogenic perforations) made by students in their last year of education

The aim of this study was to evaluate the technical procedural iatrogenic errors, especially to determine the frequency of dental perforation made by undergraduate students in Sofia, Faculty of Dentistry, Bulgaria, in the school years of 2014/2015 and 2015/2016. The assessment was by examination of periapical radiographs of completed endodontically treated teeth, performed by last year dental students. A total of 748...

Author(s): Ivanka Veselinova Dimitrova, Liliya Marinova Angelova and Krasimir Mitkov Hristov

October, 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Supply chain management constraints in Tanzanian small and medium enterprises

Supply chain management (SCM) has gained popularity around the globe due to its significance in relation to improving business performance. Although large enterprises have been able to successfully implement SCM, it is different in small and medium enterprises (SMEs) as they are faced with several constraints that hinder the effective implementation of SCM. Variables such as technological difficulties, poor coordination...

Author(s): Jesca Mhoja Nkwabi  

October-December 2019

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Unprotected sexual practice and associated factors among people on anti-retro-viral therapy at public health facilities of Arba Minch town: Cross-sectional study

Unprotected sexual practice with multiple partners is identified as the greatest risk factor for transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Sub Saharan Africa and it is a public health concern among people infected with HIV. However, due to the focus of HIV prevention efforts was largely on people uninfected with HIV, people on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) were not addressed by prevention strategies in...

Author(s): Zeleke Hailemariam Abebo, Mekuria Asnakew Asfaw, Alemayehu Bekele Kasahun, Aleme Mekuria Belachew, Tiglu Haile Haressa and Alemayehu Worku Yalew  

October-December 2019

Journal of African Studies and Development
Foster care ontologies: A qualitative study in Zimbabwe

Both the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child place premium on having children grow up in families. Foster care is one of the opportunities that can be used to ensure that children grow up in families on the African continent and Zimbabwe in particular. There are however some minefields which have to be explored carefully. The paper dedicates some...

Author(s): Musavengana W. T. Chibwana  

October-December 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Current distribution, regeneration and management practice of Hagenia abyssinica in different agroforestry systems of Ethiopia: A review

Hagenia abyssinica is a multipurpose tree, which is sparsely distributed in the highland of Ethiopia. It is used for illness remedy, furniture, fuel, and as a soil additive. This review provides information on the present status and management practice of H. abyssinica in Ethiopia to give urgency care other than that given to introduced species for future conservation. The foliage and flowers have a higher quality of N...

Author(s): Akale Assamere Habtemariam and Alemu Mamuye Woldetsadik

October-December 2019

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Forest land use and native trees diversity conservation in Togolese mega hotspot, Upper Guinean, West Africa

In tropics, species diversity in agricultural systems is often assessed without distinction between native and exotic species. However, the conservation value of an ecosystem depends on its richness in native species. This study was conducted to determine the conservation value of agricultural systems in Togo megahotspot, one of the species-rich sites in Upper Guinean. Specifically, the study compares fallow systems...

Author(s): Kossi Adjossou, Fifonsi Ayélé Dangbo, Tossimidé Houngbedji, Komla Elikplim Abotsi, Donko Koudzo Koda, Atsu Kudzo Guelly and Kouami Kokou

October-December 2019

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Do economic variables still influence tax compliance intentions of self-employed persons in developing economies? Evidence from Ghana

The purpose of this study was to establish whether tax compliance intentions of tax-registered self-employed persons are still influenced by economic variables instead of non-economic variables which are now at the centre stage in tax compliance research. A quantitative research design based on a survey of 453 self-employed persons randomly selected from 15 Small Taxpayers’ Offices across the Greater Accra region...

Author(s): Jones Adjei Ntiamoah, David Sarpong Jnr. and Ernest Christian Winful  

October-December 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Floristic composition, vegetation structure and regeneration status of Wabero forest, Oromia Regional State, Southeastern Ethiopia

Wabero forest is one of the very few remnant moist evergreen montane forests in Southeast Ethiopia. However, basic data on vegetation structure and composition of the forest that could provide valuable information for possible conservation measures is lacking. The main objective of this study, therefore, was to investigate the woody species composition, vegetation structure and regeneration status of the forest. In the...

Author(s): Nigatu Dejene, Firew Kebede and Mulugeta Kebede  

October-December 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Do internal roadways influence tree diversity and density in a reserve forest? - A reality check at BRT Tiger Reserve, Karnataka, India

Roadways are inevitable components in any human managed landscape across the world, with the sole objective to facilitate transportation. Reserve forests are not an exception to this situation. A roadway being a potential factor in influencing biodiversity, this study checks the possibility of relationship between the distance of tree communities from roads and the basic characteristics (diversity and density) of the...

Author(s): Anandhapriyan M., Naveen Babu K., Barathan N. and Ayyappan N.  

October-December 2019

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Effect of tax identification number on revenue generation in Southwest Nigeria

This paper examined the effect of tax identification number on revenue generation in south-west, Nigeria. The ex-post facto research design was adopted and the population covered all the states in the Southwest geopolitical zone of Nigeria, out of which three states namely Ekiti, Osun and Ondo States were selected as the study elements using simple random sampling technique. Quantitative secondary data were sourced from...

Author(s): Gideon Tayo Akinleye, Festus Oladipupo Olaoye and Adeduro Adesola Ogunmakin

October-December 2019

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Determinants of public preferences for Hawassa Amora-Gedel recreational park, Southern Ethiopia

This study investigates the economic value of Hawassa Amora-Gedel recreational park and determines the factors that affect the public’s willingness to pay for the quality improvement of the recreational park. A contingent valuation method was applied to measure public willingness to pay (WTP) for the quality improved recreational park. Based on random sampling technique, 390 visitors were selected to determine...

Author(s): Teshome Berasso Tule

October-December 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Species-based approach to biodiversity conservation: An innovative step in Madagascar

Known for its diversity and high endemicity, half of Madagascar's floral richness is sheltered in the Island's eastern evergreen dense rainforest; including key, threatened and socio-economically valuable species. The vulnerability of such habitat, combined with overexploitation of timber, threatens the livelihoods of forest communities and conservation of biological diversity. Up till date, the main actions...

Author(s): Rindra Ramananjatovo, Lolona Ramamonjisoa, Gabrielle Rajoelison, Joelisoa Ratsirarson and Harison Rabarison

July-December 2019

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research
Pursuing Sustainable Development Goals in Uganda: Do anti-corruption strategies of Management Development Institutes matter?

Sustainable development refers to using resources sparingly so that future generations may also use them for development. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a global development agenda adopted in 2015 to “end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure prosperity for all”. The 15-year development agenda recognizes eradication of poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, as the...

Author(s): Christopher S. Mayanja and James L. Nkata  

October-December 2019

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Factor analysis on IFRS Adoption: A survey study on lenders, users and audit firms’ perspective in West Hararghe Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

The adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) around the world is occurring rapidly to bring about accounting quality improvement through a uniform set of standards for financial reporting standards and harmonization of reporting procedures. For the same purpose, Ethiopia begins the IFRS adoption process since the year 2014. For this study, 200 questionnaires were distributed and administered to...

Author(s): Belesti Wodaje and Kerima Rahmeto  

September 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Seasonal variability of rainfall and thunderstorm in Guinea over the period 1981 to 2010

Republic of Guinea is one of the West African countries which share form a border with the southern part of the Sahel. It is located in the tropical area where the convective systems activities are intense with strong rainfall. Our results on Standardized Precipitation Index are coherent with the Sahel drought during the 1970s, and a recovery period of rainfall since the last years. The Standardized Thunderstorms Index...

Author(s): Ibrahima Kalil Kante,, Saïdou Moustapha Sall, Daouda Badiane, Idrissa Diaby and Ibrahima Diouf,

September 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Solid waste management in urban communities in Ghana: A case study of the Kumasi metropolis

Globally, solid waste management has in recent times attracted massive attention, and one of the commonly cited areas is the sprawling cities and urban communities, where plastics and other solid waste have become major management challenge. In Ghana, solid waste management has become a major problem, particularly in urban settlements. The overall objective of the study was to investigate the key factors that underlie...

Author(s): Paul Sarfo-Mensah, Kwaku Obeng-Okrah, Albert Abraham Arhin, Theophilus Kwarteng Amaning and Richard Tetteh Oblitei  

September 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Household perception and willingness to pay for improved waste management service in Mamfe, Cameroon

Lack of financial resources and public participation are major factors that constrain solid waste management in many towns in developing countries. This study sought to determine the willingness to pay (WTP) and the perception of the inhabitants of Mamfe, Cameroon for an improved solid waste management system. A total of 371 households were interviewed and data analysis to identify the determinants of WTP values was...

Author(s): Veronica Ebot Manga, Oru Thompson Oru and Martin Ngwa Ngwabie  

September 2019

African Journal of Plant Science
Identification and control of post-harvest rot of pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo L.) in Hong, Adamawa State

Pumpkins (Cucurbita pepo) are grown all around the world for a variety of reasons ranging from agricultural purposes to commercial and ornamental sales. The pathogens causing the rot of pumpkin in the world include fungi, bacteria, and viruses. Three hundred and sixty-six (366) fruits of pumpkins were studied in Pela, Gaya and Kulinyi districts of Hong Local Government Area of Adamawa State. The diseased samples...

Author(s): Kazi N., Chimbekujwo I. B. and Anjili S. M.  

September 2019

African Journal of Plant Science
Homegarden plants in Legambo District (Chiro Kebele) South Wollo, Ethiopia: Future implication for food security and rehabilitation program

Homegarden is a traditional farming practice that consists of growing adaptable landraces and endangered species which have been conserved. Previously, status of the homegarden has not been studied. Therefore, this study provided information about homegarden species composition, status and value of species for future food and rehabilitation program. The study was conducted in Chiro kebele, South Wollo of Ethiopia during...

Author(s): Akale Assamere Habtemariam, Alemu Mamuye Woldetsadik and Asmamaw Meneilh Belay  

September 2019

African Journal of Plant Science
Impact of quarries emissions on the leaf morpho-anatomy of three olive (Olea europea L) cultivars grown in Palestine

To investigate the effects of quarries emissions on the leaf morpho-anatomy of Romi, Nabali and K18 olive cultivars in Taffouh village (Palestine), one set of olive cultivars of two-years old was cultivated close to quarries while the control set was cultivated almost 4 km from quarries. The morphology of six month-old leaves was examined. Leaf segments were fixed in compound fixative of formaldehyde, acetic acid and...

Author(s): Sharaf Musa Al-Tardeh and Mohammad Ibrahem Al-Taradeh

September 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Resistance of cowpea to Cowpea bruchid (Callosobruchus maculatus Fab.): Knowledge level on the genetic advances

Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] is an important food legume. This crop considered as source of dietary protein is also used as a leafy vegetable in many African countries. Its usage as food and animal fodder is focused on food security and diminishing malnutrition particularly in marginal areas. Bruchid (Callosobruchus maculatus) is the most damaging, cosmopolitan pest of stored cowpea grains especially in the...

Author(s): D. Kpoviessi, S. Agbahoungba, Eric E. Agoyi, D. C. Chougourou and A. E. Assogbadjo

September 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Germplasm collection and morphological characterization of local accessions of tigernut (Cyperus esculentus L.) in Ghana for conservation and utilization

Tigernut (Cyperus esculentus L.) is a nutritious crop of the sedge family.  In Ghana available local accessions have not been collected and characterized for conservation and utilization purposes. The objective of this study was to collect, conserve and characterize twenty-four local accessions of tigernut in Ghana based on agro-morphological traits. The ANOVA revealed significant (p<0.05) differences among the...

Author(s): Esther Donkor, Daniel Nyadanu and Harrison Dapaah  

September, 2019

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Canvassing of biological attributes by In vitro screening of Canarium bengalense

Various Hoang family remedies known as Dai-Thien-Nuong, utilize Canarium bengalense Roxb. (Family: Burseraceae) as a major component for the treatment of tumor and liver damage. This study was performed using the crude methanol extract of C. bengalense Roxb. bark and its petroleum ether, carbon tetrachloride, dichloromethane and aqueous soluble fractions for antioxidant, cytotoxic, thrombolytic, membrane stabilizing and...

Author(s):  Sanjina Saif Karim, Quazi Sufia Islam and Tasnuva Sharmin  

September, 2019

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Tolerance and observance of methotrexate in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis at the university Hospital Bogodogo, Burkina Faso

This study is aimed at assessing tolerance and observance of the patients with RA (rheumatoid arthritis) treated by methotrexate at University Hospital Bogodogo, in Burkina Faso. A cross-sectional study was conducted from July to September 2015 in outpatients with rheumatoid arthritis monitored in rheumatology service. Data were obtained from interview, by reviewing medical cards of the patients and consultation report...

Author(s): R. Frank E. Zongo, Joelle S. Zabsonré, Aminata Nacoulma, Souleymane Fofana, Moise W. Sawadogo, Estelle Noella Youl, Moussa Ouédraogo, and Dieu-Donné Ouédraogo,  

September 2019

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Rural communities access to community and social development projects in North Central Nigeria

This study on rural communities’ access to community and social development projects in North Central Nigeria was carried out in North Central Nigeria. Multistage sampling technique and a sample size of 418 respondents was selected for the study. Data for the study were collected from primary sources. Primary data were collected through a well-structured questionnaire. 58.7% of the respondents were males whereas...

Author(s): Ochepo Comfort Owakoyi  

September 2019

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Pre-scaling up of improved maize variety in Highlands and Midhighlands of West Guji Zone, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia

This study was conducted at Bule Hora district of West Guji zone, Southern Oromia with the objective of further disseminating the already evaluated and selected variety maize, Jibat (AMH-851) to the farming community. The district was selected purposively based on potentiality and accessibility for maize production; and two potential peasant associations (PAs), Hera Liphitu and MetiTokuma were selected. A total of 20...

Author(s): Feyissa Desiso, Ahmed Mohammed Abdulla and Yonas Asefa  

September, 2019

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Use of medicinal plants for the treatment of gastric ulcer in some parts of Southwestern Nigeria

Ulcer is erosion in the lining of the stomach or duodenum. It is caused by disruption of the gastric mucosal defense and repair systems. There has been much interest in natural medicines derived from traditional knowledge of pharmacological properties of plants recently. The major aim of this study was to conduct an ethnobotanical survey of plants used in the treatment of Gastric ulcers in some local government areas of...

Author(s): Idayat A. Akinwumi and Mubo A. Sonibare  

July-September 2019

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Evaluation of some selected forage grasses for their salt tolerance, ameliorative effect and biomass yield under salt affected soil at Southern Afar, Ethiopia

Soil salinity is a growing problem on many irrigated parts of arid and semi-arid areas of Ethiopia. Utilization of improved salt-tolerant forage grasses help farmers to maximize production and reclaim saline soil. A study was conducted at Werer Agricultural Research Center (WARC) from 2012 to 2014 to evaluate performance of four forage grass species of salinity tolerance, ameliorative effect and biomass production. The...

Author(s): Ashenafi Worku, Bethel Nekir Lemma Mamo and Teshome Bekele  

July-September 2019

Scientific Research and Essays
Positioning smallholder farming in the agricultural productivity and food security in resource limited Sierra Leone

Agriculture is dominated by smallholder farmers who occupy the majority of land, and produce most of the crop and livestock products in Sierra Leone. Nonetheless, the key long-standing challenge of the smallholder farmers is low productivity that stems from the lack of access to markets, credit and technology, and in recent years these are compounded by the volatile food and energy prices and very recently by the global...

Author(s): Bashiru M. Koroma, Alpha Jalloh, Alhaji Brima Gogra and Musa Aziz Yokie  

September, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of biocontrol agent and wheat straw mulch on yield and yield components of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) genotypes in Central Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is the 13 and 4th most important food and oil seed crops in the world. Groundnut is a source of vitamin E. However, due to low soil fertility, drought stress, fungal diseases and lack of appropriate management, production has been constrained qualitatively and quantitatively in the study area. Trichoderma harzianum and wheat straw mulch could increase the growth performance of groundnut...

Author(s): Nahom Weldu and Mashilla Dejene  

Page 10 of 1178, showing 50 records out of 58897 total, starting on record 451, ending on 500