Articles

 

Page 8 of 1162, showing 50 records out of 58059 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400

March 2019

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
The role of Faidherbia albida tree species in parkland agroforestry and its management in Ethiopia

Agroforestry has been defined as a dynamic ecologically based natural resources management system that through the integration of trees on farms and in the agricultural landscape, diversifies and sustains production for increased social, economic and environmental benefits for land users at all levels. This paper highlighted the role of Faidherbia albida tree species in Parkland Agroforestry and its management. Large...

Author(s): Tsegu Ereso  

March 2019

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Evaluation of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) varieties for yield and yield components

Lack of well adapted potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) varieties is a production problem accounting for low yield. Farmers grow local landraces. A field experiment was conducted to investigate the performance of potato varieties for yield and yield components from 2013 to 2015 under rain fed condition using improved varieties and a local landrace. There were differences among varieties for all traits. Year had little effect...

Author(s): Solomon Fantaw, Asrat Ayalew, Daniel Tadesse, Zenebe G/Medhin and Eshetu Agegnehu  

March 2019

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Famers perceptions on effectiveness of extension delivery approaches to Mbororo female livestock farmers in North-West Region Cameroon

The purpose of the study is to determine farmers’ perception on agricultural extension delivery approaches on Mbororo female livestock farmers in North-West Cameroon. Primary data was collected using structured questionnaires established to Mbororo women. Interviews guides were used to get more information on the perception of Bororo female livestock farmer on effectiveness extension services delivery. Secondary...

Author(s): Loveline Enjoh Forbang, Fonteh Amungwa and Tohnian Nobert Lengha  

March 2019

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Determinants of agriculture participation among tertiary institution youths in Ghana

The study was conducted to examine the determinants of agriculture participation among tertiary institutions youth in Ghana. The study first, examined what factors influences youth decision to participate in agriculture activities and second, the intensity of participation of those youths who are participating in agriculture. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select respondents for the study. Data collected...

Author(s): Martinson Ankrah Twumasi, Yuansheng Jiang, Monica Owusu Acheampong  

March 2019

International Journal of Science and Technology Education Research
Distribution of ABO and Rh (D) blood groups among students attending secondary and preparatory schools in Bote town, Oromia national regional state, Ethiopia

Knowledge of distribution of ABO and Rh blood groups is helpful for effective management of blood banks and safe blood transfusion services. The prevalence of these blood groups varies worldwide and may not be found in equal numbers even among ethnic groups. The aim of this study was to find out the distribution of ABO and Rh (D) blood groups among students attending high schools in Bote town, Ethiopia from...

Author(s): Amsalu Wakgari Fufa and Daniel Getahun Debelo

March 2019

Journal of Land Management and Appraisal
Utilization of valuations for secured lending in Abuja, the federal capital city of Nigeria

Utilization of secured lending valuations (SLV) by deposit money banks (DMBs) has not been sufficiently investigated in Abuja, Nigeria. Adequacy of the reports, factors influencing their use and how DMBs utilized them for loans were examined. Primary data collected from Estate Valuation (ESV) firms and DMBs were analyzed. Although the study showed that substantial portions of the report were adequate, crucial aspects...

Author(s): Babatunde Isaiah Olajide and Ajayi Cyril Ayodele

March 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Determination of optimum plant density of broadcasting, row planting and transplanting on yield and yield components of Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] in Central Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia

The low national   tef productivity is mainly attributed by lack of improved agronomic practices.  The row planting and transplanting is one of the promising planting techniques proved to boost the yield of tef. The objective was to determine the optimum seed rate, row, broadcasting and plant population in intra and inter row spacing of transplanted tef. A field experiment was carried out at Laelay...

Author(s): Chekole Nigus, Haftamu Hailekiros and Kiros Wolday  

March 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Generation and evaluation of heterogeneous genotypes of tomato for small-scale farmers

Tomato is broadly distributed in tropical and subtropical America, where small farmers cultivate commercial and landraces or heirloom genotypes, which exchange genes within them when are planted in the same plot. In this context, three different genetic groups of tomato were evaluated for agromorphological and yield traits under greenhouse to assess the differences in function of the genotypic homogeneity and...

Author(s): José C. Carrillo-Rodríguez, José L. Chávez-Servia, Ricardo Lobato-Ortiz and Catarino Perales-Segovia  

March 2019

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
An overview of agricultural extension in Botswana and needed reforms

Crops and livestock sectors constitute agriculture in Botswana. The sectors are dominated by small-scale farmers engaged in traditional production systems. National Agriculture Policy calls for an effective extension service to ensure continued farmer capacity building, increased efficiency and production by the sectors. Several extension approaches adopted over 79 years have been replaced one after the other since 1926...

Author(s): Flora Modiane Tladi-Sekgwama  

March 2019

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Protective effect of vitamin C against theobromine induced hepatorenal and cardio toxicity in male albino Wistar rats

The protective effect of vitamin C against theobromine induced toxicity in male albino Wistar rats was investigated. Twenty-five (25) male Wistar rats weighing between 140 – 160 g were divided into 5 groups with 5 rats in each group. Group 1 served as the control. Group 2 received 700 mg/kg body weight of theobromine daily for 4 days. Group 3 was administered 100 mg/kg body weight of Vitamin C daily for 21 days....

Author(s): Utibe Evans Bassey, Edet Okon Akpanyung, Dennis Uju Nwaokonko and Burch Takim Ndifon

March 2019

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Determinants of neonatal sepsis among neonates admitted in a neonatal intensive care unit at Jinka General Hospital, Southern Ethiopia

In the face of recent improvements in neonatal care, the influences of neonatal sepsis remain a public health problem in developing countries. Thus, identifying the determinants of neonatal sepsis is an indispensable matter of enhancing neonatal care. Therefore, this study intends to identify the determinants of neonatal sepsis among neonates admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Jinka General Hospital in...

Author(s): Erkihun Ketema, Mesfin Mamo, Direslegn Miskir, Sultan Hussen and Negussie Boti  

March 2019

Journal of Oceanography and Marine Science
Spatial variability in autumnal equatorial upwelling intensity within the Gulf of Guinea as inferred from in situ measurements

In attempt to study the spatial differences in autumnal equatorial upwelling intensity relative to bio-productivity in the eastern equatorial Atlantic, oceanographic in situ data along regions 10°W, 0°E, 2.5°E and 6°E, collected in the Gulf of Guinea during autumn cruise carried out in September 2007 were analyzed. The surface mean values for temperature along 10°W, 0°E, 2.5°E and 6°E are...

Author(s): Nubi O. A., Oyatola O.O,and Bonou F,  

March 2019

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Firm specific determinants of financial distress: Empirical evidence from Nigeria

This paper in an attempt in answering the basic research question on what actually determines financial distress of firms in the manufacturing sector in the country employed the fully modified ordinary least square (FMOLS) on annual time series data of eighteen listed manufacturing firms on the Nigeria stock exchange (NSE) which was obtained from their audited financial statement. The endogenous variable used in the...

Author(s): Fredrick Ikpesu  

March 2019

African Journal of History and Culture
‘‘We Did Not Come as Mercenaries…!’: Linking the Origin, Ethnic Identity and Settlement of the Nubis in Uganda

Focusing on the period 1894 to 1995 and drawing on both written and oral sources, this article explores the origin, ethnic identity and settlement of the Nubians since their advent in Uganda. Ugandan Nubians abandoned some aspects of their former African traditional customs and adopted new ones borrowed from the Arabic culture, constituting a unique and distinct ethnic group. Using a historical research design and...

Author(s): Abudul Mahajubu, Balunywa M. and Musisi F.  

March 2019

African Journal of Food Science
Effect of traditional and hermetic bag storage structures on fungus contamination of stored maize Grain (Zea mays L.) in Bako, Western Shoa, Ethiopia

The experiment was conducted between December 2017 and May 2018 at Bako, Ethiopia to study the effectiveness of traditional (Gombisa, Sack) and Hermetic bag storage structures and storage periods on fungal contamination of stored maize grain on agar plate method. The incidence and frequency of storage fungi was determined at 0, 2, 4 and 6 months of storage periods. The experiment was replicated three times in factorial...

Author(s): Negasa F., Solomon A. and Girma D.  

March 2019

African Journal of Food Science
Status of commercial maize milling industry and flour fortification in Kenya

Maize is the most widely consumed staple food by the Kenyan population. Its wide consumption and centralized processing make it an appropriate fortification vehicle to supply essential micronutrients to the population. The legislation was enacted in 2012 that makes it mandatory for all commercial maize mills in Kenya to fortify the maize flour with specified micronutrients as a public health effort to reduce the...

Author(s): S. Khamila, D. S. Ndaka, A. Makokha, F. Kyallo, P. K. Kinyanjui, O. J. Kanensi and J. Mwai  

March 2019

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Factors associated with non-adherence of HIV/AIDS patients to HAART regimen in a healthcare facility in Ikot Ekpene, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimen, of at least 95%, is necessary for effective therapeutic response among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLWHIV). This study determined the factors associated with non-adherence of PLWHIV to HAART regimen among patients attending a healthcare facility in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Two hundred and fifty one patients, aged 18 to 70 years,...

Author(s): Augustina Onwunata, Omotayo O. Ebong and Geoffrey Enoh  

March 2019

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Effect of blended chemical fertilizer (sulfur, nitrogen and phosphorus) on yield and yield components of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in the rainy season

Potato is the fourth most important crop and consumed all around the world and is one of the main favorite vegetable in Ethiopia. However, the national productivity is very low as compared to the potential of the crop.  One of the main reason for low productivity is low soil fertility. Hence, a field experiment was conducted from 2016-2018 with 9 combination of nitrogen, phosphorous and sulfur fertilizers arranged...

Author(s): Solomon Fantaw, Derajew Asres and Aleminew Tagele  

March 2019

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Occupational hazards associated with human brucellosis in abattoir settings: A case study of Dodoma abattoir in Tanzania

Brucellosis is one of the most widespread zoonotic diseases posing a serious obstacle to public health, food safety and security and, socio-economic development in most African countries. A cross-sectional study was conducted to establish practices that may pose occupational risks of transmission of brucellosis to people working in abattoirs in Tanzania. A total of 452 serum samples; 190, 200 and 62 from cattle, goats...

Author(s): Denice Luwumba, Lughano Kusiluka and Gabriel Shirima  

March 2019

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Knowledge, attitude and uptake of family planning services among women of reproductive age group attending outpatient clinic at a tertiary health institution in Edo State, Nigeria

Globally, family planning service is an essential element of reproductive health care and contributes immensely to the reduction of the worldwide burden of maternal and child morbidity and mortality. This study was designed to assess the knowledge, attitude and uptake of family planning services, among women of reproductive age group attending outpatient clinic at Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Nigeria. A...

Author(s): Innocent Alenoghena, Sunday Yerumoh and A. M.  Momoh               

March 2019

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Combined exposure pattern of household products used by consumers

To accurately evaluate the health risk of consumers from the combined effects of substances in multiple used household products, data on co-use and multiple-use habits and practices of consumers necessarily constitute a fundamental element of the exposure assessment process. To understand the current combined use pattern of household products, reliable combined exposure data were investigated. Eleven household product...

Author(s): Joo-Hyon Kim, Moon-Young Hwang and Kwangseol Seok  

March 2019

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
Corporate social responsibility: An old wine in a new gourd

A corporation’s moral obligation is said to be sustained by two viewpoints: the narrow and broad views. The narrow view restrains a corporation’s moral obligation to the corporation’s owners and shareholders while the broad view, which is often deployed to support Corporate Social Responsibility initiatives, extends the corporation’s moral obligation towards others beyond the confines of the...

Author(s): Peter Sena Gawu and Husein Inusah  

March 2019

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
The voices of culture, conservation and the media event around bullfight ‘Jallikattu’ in Tamil Nadu, India

In the Southern Indian ‘State of Tamil Nadu’, the traditional Jallikattu sport involving young men competing against bulls is described as one of the ancient living sports in the modern era. Based on petitions by animal rights groups, the Supreme Court of India banned the ancient sport of Jallikattu in 2014 on the grounds of animal cruelty. The ban of this traditional sport ignited protests culminating in a...

Author(s): Jayashree B, Arul Aram and Yasmin Ibrahim  

March 2019

International Journal of English and Literature
Ambivalent identity and self repatriation in the plot characterisation of selected black auto/biographical novels

Literature of the Black Diaspora locates within its multi-layered gamut, a kaleidoscope of artistic productions; self-narratives careered by the quest for identity and self-expatriation from a ruthless atmosphere of slavery and racial subjugation. Studies have fixated on thematic preoccupation, language form in works of Afro-American and Caribbean traditions. Not so much has been explored especially on identity and...

Author(s): Ndubuisi Martins Aniemeka  

March 2019

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Post-epidemic lead exposure to animals following a decontamination exercise in gold mining village of Bagega, Zamfara State, Nigeria

This study focused on the evaluation of environmental lead contamination due to artisanal gold mining at a Nigerian village of Bagega one year after a clean-up exercise was carried out. Water samples were collected from earthen dams, faucets and wells, while plant and soil samples from grazing fields, residential areas and sites within the vicinity of the gold mine. The collected samples were digested and analyzed for...

Author(s): Mohammed Bashir Tijjani, Bello Mohammed Agaie, Kenneth Idowu Onifade, Abdullahi Sulaiman Mainasara, Ibrahim Lamidi Yusuf and Abdulyakeen Olawale Tijjani  

March 2019

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Comparative study of physico-chemical parameters with national and international standard and the insect community of Erelu Reservoir in Oyo town, Oyo State, Nigeria

Assessment of water bodies is very crucial to determine its quality and proffer solution before it has an adverse impact on its biota and direct users of the water body. Insect communities and physico-chemical parameters in comparison with national and international criteria of Erelu Reservoir were investigated to determine their impacts on insect community of the reservoir. Water and insect macro-invertebrates sampling...

Author(s): Popoola K. O. K, Sowunmi A. A. and Amusat A.I.  

March 2019

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Controversy and conflict over cemeteries and burials in Wolaita, South western Ethiopia

The controversy and conflict over cemetery places in Wolaita need scholarly and governmental attentions because displacing the existing cemeteries and emerging demands for new cemeteries due to urbanization and other factors make cemetery issues become challenging. This study intends to further explore the challenging nature of cemetery issues in rural and urban areas from different perspectives. The qualitative...

Author(s): Sagaye Santime

March 2019

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Modern counseling approaches in Ethiopia allied to the Westerners system

The underlying points of reference in the study was to obtain relevant information from modern and professional counselors in view of the societal understanding and interest, using the counseling services in their lifetime along with analysis of the  modern counseling system efficacy in the country. The two big institutions employing modern counseling systems were carefully chosen with purposeful selection of study...

Author(s): Getachew Abeshu Disassa and Tsehay Baissa Into

March 2019

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
The affective commitment of academics in a university in Botswana

Affective commitment remains an essential factor in key outcomes such as work performance and productivity, and has been shown to have the strongest positive relation with positive work behaviours when compared with normative commitment and continuance commitment. Using a sample of 164 academic employees at the University of Botswana, this study assessed the extent to which they had affective commitment to the...

Author(s): Esther Nkhukhu-Orlando, Byron Brown, Debra Rose Wilson, Ntonghanwah Forcheh, James G. Linn and Thabo T. Fako

March 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Comparative efficiency of three bait types for live trapping of small rodents in Central Africa

Low capture rates are a persistent problem in field studies of small rodents in Central Africa. This study aims to improve trapping efficacy by comparing the effectiveness of three types of bait placed in Sherman live traps: the traditionally used fresh manioc, palm nut and bait composed of peanut butter mixed with corn flakes. Trapping sites were located in the buffer zones of a total of five forest national parks in...

Author(s): Jean-François Mboumba, Maxime R. Hervé, Katy Morgan, Timy Tionga , Alyssa Taylor, Natasha Lowery, Fabrice Mezeme Ndong, Anicet Christel Maloupazoa Siawaya, and Nicola M. Anthony

March 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Trends in compensation for human-wildlife conflict losses in Kenya

Human-wildlife conflicts (HWC) can cause substantial losses. Compensation for such losses is essential to foster positive community attitudes toward wildlife conservation. Monetary compensation for the loss of human life, injury, crop and property damage, or livestock depredation by wildlife is a common strategy for mitigating HWC. We analyzed inter-specific, spatial, inter-annual and seasonal variation in...

Author(s): Joseph M. Mukeka, Joseph O. Ogutu, Erustus Kanga and Eivin Røskaft

March 2019

Journal of Bioinformatics and Sequence Analysis
Computational characterization of providence virus non-structural proteins: Evolutionary and functional implications

Providence virus is the only member of the family Carmotetraviridae and carries a positive single stranded RNA genome that encodes three open reading frames. The smallest open reading frame encodes the structural proteins. The largest open reading frame encodes a large putative protein, p130. The second overlapping open reading frame encodes two non-structural proteins; p40, a proposed accessory protein and p104, the...

Author(s): Nakayinga Ritah

March 2019

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
A theoretical analysis of corruption in Sudan: Causes, diagnostics, consequences, and remedies

This study is a descriptive and a theoretical analysis of corruption in Sudan. Given the causes and current level of corruption in the country, the current paper aims to determine some of the possible remedies of corruption. The study investigates the political, economic, social and legislative factors that contribute to the spread of corruption in the county. It analyzes—based on the literature—whether...

Author(s): Niematallah Elamin

March 2019

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
An evaluation of poaching and bushmeat off takes in the Ebo Forest Reserve (EFR), Littoral Region, Cameroon

Study on the poaching and bushmeat off takes /harvest in the Ebo Forest Reserve was carried out in 2012 and 2016 to identify and quantify species poached, poaching methods and seasonal impact on harvest rates and quantity. To achieve this task, purposeful and random sampling methods were used for the selection of respondents for questionnaires administration. In all, 182 from a population of about 461 poachers were...

Author(s): Nkwatoh Athanasius Fuashi, Melle Maurice Ekane, Engongwie Jacqueline and Fang Amos Zeh

March 2019

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Magnetic source basement depth determination of Ikogosi Warm Water Spring South Western Nigeria and the environ using aeromagnetic data

Structural features of Ikogosi Warm Spring and its environs have been delineated using qualitative and quantitative interpretation methods. Euler-Deconvolution and local wave number methods were adopted for quantitative and qualitative interpretation of aeromagnetic data sheet 243 by Geological Survey Agency of Nigeria (GSN) in 2008, respectively. Euler solution revealed depth range of -2.98 to -290 m to the magnetic...

Author(s): Ayobami I. Ojoawo and Muideen I. Lateef  

March 2019

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Effect of Daniella olivera wood biochar on the growth and biomass of maize (zea mays L.) in Lafia, North central Nigeria

The study aimed to evaluate the effect of Daniella wood Biochar on the growth and biomass of maize harvested 8 weeks after sowing in a pot experiment. The research was carried out in order to evaluate the effect of Daniella wood biochar on the growth and biomass of maize and the effects of Daniella wood biochar on the physiochemical properties of the soil. Pots were filled with 5 kg of normal soil (oxisol) and biochar...

Author(s): Habibu Aminu and Ladan Shamsuddeen  

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
A review on golden species of Zingiberaceae family around the world: Genus Curcuma

Genus Curcuma has a long history of traditional uses, ranging from folk medicine to its culinary uses. More than 70 species of Curcuma are distributed throughout the world but extensively cultivate in Asian, Australian and Western African counties. Many phytochemical, pharmacological and molecular studies have been conducted on several Curcuma species worldwide. The interest on its medicinal properties have increased...

Author(s): Ewon Kaliyadasa and Bhagya A. Samarasinghe  

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Nutritional status of three sugarcane varieties grown in the northeast region of Brazil

The diagnosis of plant nutritional status was a tool to improve crop fertilization and thus ensure better productivity. This study aimed to evaluate the nutritional status of three sugarcane varieties (RB92579, RB98710 and RB961552) in the plant-cane and first regrowth cycles in the sub-humid region of the state of Alagoas, located in the Northeast of Brazil. The experiment consisted of a randomized complete block...

Author(s): Daniele Costa de Oliveira, Mauro Wagner de Oliveira, Vinicius Santos Gomes da Silva, Terezinha Bezerra Albino Oliveira, Hugo Henrique Costa do Nascimento and Siglea Sanna de Freitas Chaves  

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Mathematical modelling of greenhouse drying of red chilli pepper

The purpose of this study was to examine twelve different mathematical models for red pepper plant (Capsicum annum L.) and to investigate the appropriate models of mass fraction (Mt / Mo) in relation to drying time.This study attempted to assess the efficiency and profitability of the drying of red pepper under the plastic tunnel greenhouse and a total of twelve models, including Newton, Page, Improved Page, Henderson...

Author(s): Bekir YELMEN, Çağrı ÜN,  Havva Hande ŞAHİN and  Mert YÜKSEKDAĞ  

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
A synthesis of Ethiopian agricultural technical efficiency: A meta-analysis

In Ethiopia, technical efficiency studies started about three decades ago. These studies have reached different conclusions regarding agriculture efficiency based on technical efficiency scores. This study represents the first attempt to use meta-analysis to examine the mean technical efficiency estimates in agriculture in Ethiopia. The current study employed 45 frontier studies published from 1993 to 2014 for the...

Author(s): Tesfaye Solomon and Tadele Mamo  

March 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Effects of varying factors on performance of construction projects in terrorism hit areas of the world

Construction projects have encountered poor performance due to the insecure environment caused by insurgency and terrorism in the world. The real cause includes lack of desired resource and reluctance of stakeholders/project teams to work in such areas. The project suffers a massive loss of finances, time overrun and poor quality which ends up the project in the midway. In the current research, various risks which...

Author(s): Waqas Anwar, Eduardo Munive Hernandez and Mohammad Khurshid Khan

March 2019

African Journal of Business Management
The joint effect of firm capability and access to finance on firm performance among small businesses: A developing country perspective

The purpose of this paper was to establish the joint effect of access to finance and firm capability on small businesses’ performance in Kampala, Uganda. The study adopted a cross-sectional design with a sample of 384 small businesses. Self administered questionnaires were used in data collection and data was collected from August to November 2018. The study utilised SPSS to perform correlation and regression. The...

Author(s): Peter Turyakira, Sendawula Kasimu, Pedson Turyatunga and Saadat Nakyejwe Kimuli  

March 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Estimating the maximum probable annual losses due to flooding

This paper aims to estimate the maximum probable annual losses to the risks of flooding. While examining the frequency of the event, it was observed that, at least one accident occurred periodically, which resulted in maximum losses. This is an empirical study and it is based on maximum losses due to floods per year, as obtained from the International Disaster Database and Munich Re. The analysis is based on 66 extreme...

Author(s): Emad A. A. Ismail, and Fuad A. A. Awwad

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Reputation effect of the moral hazard on contract farming market development: Game theory application on rice farmers in Benin

A good reputation is the basis for rice farmers to survive and gain trust from buyers in a competitive business environment. However, due to the existence of information asymmetry between buyers and rice farmers, the moral hazard problem is the key obstacle that impedes the benefits of related shareholders and hinders the efficiency of contract farming negotiations. It is crucial to design a control mechanism to avoid...

Author(s): Odountan Ambaliou Olounlade, Li Gu-Cheng, Lacina Traoré, N’banan Ouattara, François Vihôdé Dossouhoui and Gauthier Biaou  

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Sorption-desorption isotherms of diuron alone and in a mixture in soils with different physico-chemical properties

Herbicide mixture is a widely used weed control practice in many agricultural areas. However, interactions between the herbicide mixture and soil may alter the soil dynamics. This research evaluated the effect of the physicochemical properties of the soils in the application of diuron alone and in a mixture with hexazinone, by means of sorption-desorption Freundlich isotherms. 14C-diuron sorption (isolated and mixed)...

Author(s): Vanessa Takeshita, Kassio Ferreira Mendes, Pedro Jacob Christoffoleti, Valdemar Luiz Tornisielo and Ana Carolina Dias Guimarães  

March 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Purification and characterisation of a novel broad spectrum anti-tumor L-glutaminase enzyme from marine Bacillus subtilis strain JK-79

L-glutaminase is a therapeutic enzyme used in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). In this study, the extracellular L-glutaminase produced by Bacillus subtilis strain JK-79 was purified to homogeneity. The purified L-glutaminase has specific activity of 937 U mg−1 with KM and VMax value of 8 × 10-2 mM and 200 µM/ml min, respectively. Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel...

Author(s): Jambulingam Kiruthika and Sudhakar Swathi  

March 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Hepatitis C virus infection in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus in Cotonou, Benin

Screening of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection by molecular test is not routinely performed for the care of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients in most countries of Sub-Saharan Africa such as Benin. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of HCV infection in patients infected with HIV in Cotonou. This study was conducted from February to June 2017 on HIV infected patients from the National...

Author(s): Sogbo Frederic, Kpossou Aboudou Raïmi, Affolabi Dissou, Lafia Barnabe and Zannou Marcel,  

March 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Ultra high dilutions: A review on in vitro studies against pathogens

Multiple in vitro studies using homeopathic medicines are conducted for their effectiveness against various microbes. The reporting of results and the methodology in many studies are a query. The present review reveals the evidence based medicinal effects of homeopathic medicines on various plant and human pathogens in vitro with the help of quality studies. The studies showed positive outcome for homeopathic medicines....

Author(s): Aditya Dilipkumar Patil, Anuj Deepakrao Chinche, Atul Kumar Singh, Sana Parvej Peerzada, Snehal Ashok Barkund, Jay Nilesh Shah and Arun Bhargav Jadhav

March 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Isolation of five type IIG restriction modification (RM) enzyme genes with different DNA recognition sites from a single environmental DNA sample

A new method of screening type IIG restriction modification (RM) enzyme has been developed using REBASE, a database of all known and putative restriction enzymes and methyltransferases found throughout the bacterial genome sequences available in GENBANK. The in silico analysis of a group of putative type IIG RM enzymes in Microcystis aeruginosa showed a high sequence homology at both ends. This peculiarity allows for...

Author(s): Le Thi Kim Tuyen, Bach Khanh Hoa and Lam Nguyen-Ngọc

March 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Bio-guided identification of antiglycative constituents from the leaves of Mangifera indica L.

Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) have been shown to be implicated in many degenerative disorders as well as diabetic pathology. Of interest, several natural compounds including phenolic constituents are capable of inhibiting the formation of AGEs. Bio-guided fractionation of a methanol extract from Mangifera indica leaves led to the characterization of six antiglycative constituents including gallic acid (1),...

Author(s): Samba Fama Ndoye, Didier Fraisse, Blandine Akendengué, Rokhaya Sylla Gueye, Cheikh Sall, Mael Gainche, Insa Seck, Catherine Felgines, Matar Seck and François Senejoux  

Page 8 of 1162, showing 50 records out of 58059 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400