Articles

 

Page 8 of 1196, showing 50 records out of 59795 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400

Educational Research and Reviews
Constructing and measuring of the critical success factors of college students' international mobility: Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method

July 2020

With the increasing popularity and importance of globalization issues, “global mobility” has become one of the important education policies of Taiwan's higher education. Many universities have actively applied “Shuei-Hai-Fei-Yan” and “Shuei-Hai-Shi-Jhu” programs to follow the trend of globalization and arrange outstanding students to participate in overseas training or internships...

Author(s): Shu-Min Tsai, Yaw-Yih Wang, Yuan-Duen Lee and Song-Tsan Hong

Educational Research and Reviews
Variables affecting social-emotional development, academic grit and subjective well-being of fourth-grade primary school students

July 2020

This study aims to examine the effects of some demographic variables on the social-emotional development, academic grit and subjective well-being of fourth-grade primary school students. The sample of this cross-sectional study consisted of 582 fourth grade primary school students. Data were collected using the Social-Emotional and Character Development Scale, the Academic Grit Scale, and the Subjective Well-Being in...

Author(s): Kayhan Bozgün and Meltem Akın-Kösterelioğlu  

African Journal of Plant Science
Sensor based validation of nitrogen fertilizer for quality protein maize variety using a handheld normalized difference vegetative index sensor at Bako, Western Ethiopia

July 2020

Regardless of the huge yield potential and area under maize production, its current productivity in Ethiopia is by far below its potential. Declining of soil fertility and poor nutrient management is among the major factors limiting the productivity of the crop. As a result, an experiment was conducted at Bako, Ethiopia in 2016 to validate the N application and determine the best rate for side dressing using handheld...

Author(s): Hailu Feyisa and Tolera Abera

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Climate variability, biodiversity dynamics and perceptions of local populations in Waza National Park (Far North Region, Cameroon)

July-September 2020

Climate variability is one of the major ecological challenges of the 21st century in Waza Logone Plain in the Far North region of Cameroon. The physical environment in this area has almost completly deteriorated as a result of declining rainfall and rising temperatures. A study was carried out to understand the dynamics of biodiversity in terms of climate variability in the Waza National Park. This study was based on...

Author(s): Souare Konsala, Megaï Mahamat Hamaye, Hamawa Yougouda, Rousgou Gnowe Romain, Djibrilla Mana and Tchobsala

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Simulating ionosphere parameters by thermosphere-ionosphere-electrodynamics general circulation model

July-September, 2020

Ionosphere region is the part of atmosphere layer where radio waves reflect for telecommunication. This is due to its composition in particles. Solar radiation hit particles in ionosphere. This phenomenon causes an ionization of particles in the ionosphere. According to the particles density in this region, radio waves emitted in telecommunication can pass through this region or be reflected. The ionization of...

Author(s): Emmanuel Nanéma, Christian Zoundi, Amadou Ousseini Kotia and Frédéric Ouattara  

International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology
Impact of glutathione S-transferase genes polymorphisms on human papillomavirus infection and precancerous lesions in West African women

July-December 2020

Genetic polymorphisms of certain classes of glutathione S-transferase (GST), enzyme responsible for the biotransformation of drugs and xenobiotics, have been associated with risk of several cancers such as cervical cancer. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of glutathione S-transferase M1 and T1 deletion on high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infections and on dysplasia. A case-control study was...

Author(s): Teega-Wendé Clarisse OUEDRAOGO, Florencia Wendkuuni DJIGMA, Boureima IDANI, Théodora Mahoukèdè ZOHONCON, Pegdwendé Abel SORGHO, Prosper BADO, Mah Alima Esther TRAORE, Abdoul Karim OUATTARA, Marius Ayaovi SETOR, Shoukrat Ohuwa Toyin BELLO, Simplice Damintoti KAROU, Apollinaire HORO, Kouame Privat KOUAKOU, Moutawakilou GOMINA, Mady NAYAMA, D. Callinice CAPO-CHICHI, Ambaliou SANNI, Dorcas OBIRI-YEBOAH, Simon AKPONA, Albert Théophane YONLI, Charlemagne OUEDRAOGO and Jacques SIMPORE,  

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Application of the alternative variational iteration method to solve delay differential equations

July-September, 2020

In this paper, alternative variational iteration method (AVIM) is presented to solve linear and nonlinear delay differential equations (DDEs). A general lagrange multiplier is used to construct a correction functional. The proposed series solutions are found to converge to exact solution rapidly. The computation of three test examples of DDEs was presented to confirm the efficacy and validity of AVIM. The results...

Author(s): Ahmad A. H. Mtawal, Saif A. E. Muhammed and Ayiman A. Almabrok

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Change in appetite and food craving during menstrual cycle in young students

July-September 2020

The change in appetite and food cravings before, during and after menstruation and the relationships between each premenstrual symptom and change in appetite and type of food with increased intake were investigated. This study was conducted by a self-administered questionnaire in 311 female students of health sciences. It was found that the proportion of students who increased the appetite was 70.4% during the...

Author(s): Yukie Matsuura, Aoi Inoue, Mizuki Kidani and Toshiyuki Yasui  

African Journal of Business Management
Using big data in telecommunication companies: A case study

July 2020

The study was aimed at examining big data management in three telecommunication companies. The case of Big Data management was studied using a qualitative research approach with the primary method of open-ended interview. Websites and documents were examined for developing company profile. Observations augmented data collection from other sources. Companies have widespread operations with substantial stakes. Big Data...

Author(s): Sajjad Rehman and  Dhary Al-Raqom  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Comparison between real and label content of different bottled water brands from Saudi Arabia and other international countries

July 2020

For consumers, the water composition is indicated on a label attached to the water bottle. Reports about wrong label information were the motivation for this comparative study of the real content of 20 different bottled water brands from Saudi Arabia and 19 other brands from different countries in Asia, Oceania, Africa, and Europe. The pH, total dissolved salt (TDS) concentration, and concentrations of nine cations and...

Author(s): Anas S. Dablool  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Stabilisation potentials of the essential oils of Thymus vulgaris L., Cinnamomum zeylanicum B. and Mentha piperita L. on palm olein at accelerated storage

July 2020

This study aims at bringing to light the preservative potential of essential oils of Thymus vulgaris, Cinnamomum zeylanicum and Mentha piperita in the stabilisation of lipids against oxidation. The essential oils were extracted by hydrodistillation and chemical composition were analysed by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. In vitro antioxidant potentials of the essential oils were tested by the 2,...

Author(s): Wilson Agwanande Ambindei, Pierre Michel Dongmo Jazet, Leopold Ngoune Tatsadjieu, Priya P. and Nisha P.  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Response of catalase to drought in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) seedlings and its purification

July 2020

Drought induced oxidative stress triggers anti-oxidative system in cell to minimize oxidative damage where catalase plays vital role to neutralize H2O2. In this work, catalase activity was evaluated to examine the role of catalase in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) seedlings under drought stress. As compared to control, catalase activity increased with decreasing soil moisture where 219% higher activity were recorded at 10%...

Author(s): Md. Motiar Rohman, Sadia Sabrina Alam, Afsana Hoque Akhi, Ferdousi Begum and Mohammad Amiruzzaman

African Journal of Biotechnology
Diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and soils potential infectivity of Vachellia nilotica (L.) P.J.H. Hurter & Mabb. rhizosphere in Senegalese salt-affected soils

July 2020

Vachellia nilotica, a multipurpose tree useful to rural populations, is often used to rehabilitate Senegalese salt-affected soils due to its salt-tolerance probably related to arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) symbiosis. This work aimed to determine the AMF communities associated with V. nilotica rhizosphere in salt-affected soils and their potential infectivity. Soils were sampled from six sites in the...

Author(s): Samba-Mbaye, R. T.,, Anoir, C. M.,, Diouf, D.,, Kane, A.,, Diop, I., Assigbete, K., Tendeng, P., and Sylla, S. N.,

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
‘They deceived us’: Narratives of Addis Ababa development-induced displaced peasants

July-September 2020

This paper explores the impacts of the fast spatial expansion of Addis Ababa, the capital city of Ethiopia, on the suburb small-scale farming community. Recently, combined with rapid population growth and booming economy, the city experienced a rapid physical expansion without proper urban planning. The sprawl of the city has dislocated small-scale farming communities in the suburbs and led to one of the major deadly...

Author(s): Bula S. Wayessa  

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Macroeconomic effects of improving road transport infrastructure in Ethiopia: A computable general equilibrium model analysis

July-September 2020

The main objective of this study is to investigate the economy-wide effect of improving road transport infrastructure. The study uses the updated and adjusted version of the 2005/2006 social accounting matrix of Ethiopia. The study applies a single country computable general equilibrium model. The simulation scenario is a reduction of trade and transport margin and an increase in the total factor productivity (TFP) of...

Author(s): Abdulaziz Abdulsemed Mosa, Harald Grethe and Khalid Siddig

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Queer spirituality of black lesbians in Bloemfontein, South Africa

July-September 2020

Research on lesbian women and their sexuality has increased since the adoption of a democratic constitution in South Africa. Yet a large part of the research has focused more on the prevalence of rape on Black lesbians in South African townships, while a substantial amount focused more on the lived experiences of Christian gays. The available body of work above has been taken into consideration and, therefore, this...

Author(s): Ntombana Luvuyo, Nombulelo Towa and Nobubele Phuza

African Journal of Food Science
Effect of medium-chain triacylglycerols on reactive oxygen species in light irradiation-induced Maillard reaction with glucose-lysine systems

July 2020

The primary objective of this study was to investigate the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the induction of Maillard reaction in the presence of medium-chain triacylglycerols (MCTs). Light irradiation was found to induce Maillard reaction in a glucose-lysine system and led to the generation of ROS. The glucose-lysine Millard reaction was clearly inhibited by the presence of MCTs. Enhancement of this...

Author(s): Toshiyuki Toyosaki and Yasuhide Sakane  

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
The United Nations (UN) and human rights: Challenges and prospects

July-September 2020

The two World Wars (1914-18, 1939-1945) cannot be forgotten easily. This is because of their uncanny brutality and imponderable consequences which in no small measure demonstrated man’s capacity to destroy himself and decimate the environment. This assertion is predicated on the millions of people who were gruesomely killed, maimed and properties wantonly destroyed. The proliferation of weapons of mass destruction...

Author(s): Eze Chris Akani  

African Journal of Food Science
Food safety knowledge and practices of street food vendors in selected locations within Kiambu County, Kenya

July 2020

The safety of street foods remains a public health concern especially in developing countries like Kenya where foodborne illnesses associated with these foods have often been reported. This study determined the food hygiene and safety knowledge and practices of 345 street food vendors (SFVs) in selected locations within Kiambu County, Kenya. Data collection was accomplished through face-to-face interviews using...

Author(s): Johnson Mwove, Samuel Imathiu, Irene Orina and Paul Karanja

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Inhibitory potential and antidiabetic activity of leaf extracts of Vitex doniana

July-September 2020

Pancreatic alpha (α)-amylase and intestinal α-glucosidase involved in the enzymatic breakdown of dietary carbohydrates are implicated in postprandial hyperglycemia. The inhibition of these two enzymes has been exploited in the design of antidiabetic drugs. This study was therefore designed to investigate the ability of the leaf extracts of Vitex doniana to inhibit α-amylase and α-glucosidase as...

Author(s): Ani Onuabuchi Nnenna, Udedi Stanley Chidi, Anajekwu Benedette Azuka, Asogwa Kingsley Kelechi and Ekwealor Kenneth Udeh  

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Ethnobotanical study of indigenous knowledge on medicinal plant uses and threatening factors around the Malga District, Southern Ethiopia

July-September 2020

The study conducted in Malga district in 2019 aimed at documenting indigenous medicinal plants use among the Kebeles community, and the factors threatening local knowledge on medicinal plants before suggesting ways to overcome such threats. A total of 100 informants were selected and snowball sampling techniques were used. Ethnobotanical data were collected using semi-structured interviews, field observations, guided...

Author(s): Sintayehu Tamene  

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Psychological distress as a predictor of quality of life among selected Filipino school personnel

July-September 2020

This study examined the possible relationship and predictive impact of psychological distress on the quality of life among school personnel. 112 personnel employed in a private school in Caloocan City, Philippines, who participated in the study and completed the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS 21) and World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) survey. The occurrence of severe to extremely severe level...

Author(s): Elgin Clavecillas and Hector Perez

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Reliability Generalization (RG) of the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms (CCAPS)

July-September 2020

Due to an increased usage of college counseling centers in the treatment of mental health concerns, it is imperative that centers implement appropriate assessments of psychological symptoms. We examined the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms (CCAPS), which was designed as a routine instrument to assess a range of mental health symptoms. Proper assessment and reporting of reliability are essential...

Author(s): Samuel A. Montano, Trisha M. Kivisalu and Jennifer L. Harrison#  

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Ladder of citizen participation: Insights into female student representatives on public university councils in Uganda

July-December 2020

Globally, there has been a campaign to promote participation of females in the entire development agenda in general, but specifically in the higher education sector. Public universities in Uganda have attempted to ensure that female stakeholders are given a platform to participate in leadership and governance of their respective universities, though still seemingly scanty. The study therefore explored perceptions of...

Author(s): Christopher Samuel Mayanja  

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
African compliance with state fragility to gain agency in the international system: A case study of Uganda

July-September 2020

Most states in Africa, due to their unique history of state formation, do not satisfy the established (western-centric) pre-requisites of statehood. This incongruity results in Africa being framed as a place of fragile states with African agency discounted in the process. The discourse on state fragility is instrumental in insidiously granting legitimacy for western governmental interventions in Africa. Meanwhile, the...

Author(s): Anamika Madhuraj

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
The politics of the coronavirus and its impact on international relations

July-September 2020

Pandemic outbreaks are not a new phenomenon globally. There is plethora of evidence to substantiate this view. However, each epidemic has its own defining features, magnitude, and discernible impact. Societies are affected differently. The coronavirus or COVID-19 is not an incongruity. Although it is still active, thus making detailed empirical data inconclusive, it has already impacted societies in many ways - leaving...

Author(s): Bheki Richard Mngomezulu  

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Critical success factors for public-private partnership in universal secondary education: Perspectives and policy lessons from Uganda

July-December 2020

There is a dearth of phenomenological interpretive studies in public-private partnership (PPP) policy in education service delivery. The limited extant literature on PPPs in education hardly explores insights into how stakeholders understand them, and what they perceive as critical success factors (CSFs) for their implementation in the context of developing countries. The overarching purpose of this study is to explore...

Author(s): Ivan Kiiza Twinomuhwezi and Chaya Herman  

Journal of African Studies and Development
Religious construction of disease: An exploratory appraisal of religious responses to the COVID-19 pandemic in Uganda

July-September 2020

This article presents empirical analysis of religious attitudes and interpretation of pandemics in Uganda. The study sought to analyze the religious explanatory models of pandemics offered by the three major religions of Uganda: Christianity, Islam and African Traditional religious belief system. The COVID-19 pandemic which ravaged the whole world, Uganda inclusive, was used as a case study. Based on a qualitative...

Author(s): Alexander Paul Isiko

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Learning and/or “Cure”? The notion of learning context in the health ambit

July-September 2020

Mental health is not the object of study of only one discipline, but of different fields of knowledge including anthropology. If it is considered that (1) mental illness is related to learning and (2) learning happens in a relational context between the subject and his/her environment, it is possible to assume that a change in the context could mean changes in the subject’s health. Therefore, an approximation to...

Author(s): Héctor B. Lahitte and María de los A. Bacigalupe  

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Attitudes of local leaders towards wildlife conservation in village areas in southern Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Karatu District, Tanzania

July-September 2020

Understanding attitudes of local leaders towards conservation issues in village areas surrounding protected areas is vital for the success of sustainable biodiversity conservation. This is because of the need of designing effective conservation programs outside protected areas and to reduce resource-based conflicts involving local communities and protected areas. Twenty villages in Karatu district located between...

Author(s): Kwaslema Malle Hariohay, Joseph Gwandu Gambay and Eivin Røskaft  

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Antibacterial activity of endophytic fungi isolated from leaves of medicinal Plant Leucas martinicensis L. growing in a Kenyan tropical forest

July-September 2020

Infectious diseases are major threat to public health; a problem that has been exacerbated by emergence of multi-drug resistant (MDR) strains. Finding alternative antimicrobial compounds from natural sources such as fungal endophytes and medicinal plants is crucial for addressing antimicrobial resistance. Thus, in this study search for endophytes with antibacterial activities from leaves of medicinal plant Leucas...

Author(s): Ruth Moraa Obare, Stephen A. Indieka and Josphat Matasyoh  

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Study of the nutritional values and sanitary quality of soumbala collected from six regions of Burkina Faso

July-September 2020

Soumbala is regularly consumed as a condiment in most households in Burkina Faso. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to assess its nutritional and sanitary quality. To achieve this purpose, samples of sombala have been analysed for the determination of pH, water and ash contents, biochemical parameters, mineral elements, and aflatoxin contents. Results showed that Fada N’Gourma soumbala had the highest...

Author(s): Elie Kabré, Raoul Bazié, Moumouni Bandé, Thierry Sanou, Fulbert Nikiéma and Jean Sakandé,  

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Moderating effects of social learning on the usage of formal financial services in Kampala, Uganda

July-September 2020

The use of formal financial services has been associated with increased financial wellbeing and overall economic growth. Efforts to increase financial inclusion have emphasized financial literacy provided through formal training and education without due recognition that people’s financial behaviors and practices may be motivated by social interactions. The current study examines the moderating effects of social...

Author(s): Colin Agabalinda and Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh  

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Two qualified models of learning by doing

July-September 2020

Learning by doing (or learning curves) is a well-known law in economics and psychology, but no consensus has been achieved on the “qualified” models for more than a century. This article explores the expression of learning by doing in a way where the expression is not involved with changing the prime factors of a learning process. If one prime factor changes dramatically during the course of a learning...

Author(s): Samuel Huhui  

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Transformations in Nigeria’s foreign policy: From Balewa to Obasanjo

July-September 2020

This article re-examines and reassesses Nigeria’s foreign policy from 1960 to 1979. From independence in 1960, all the administrations in Nigeria had similar foreign policy objectives until 1975 when General Murtala Mohammed became the Head of State. General Mohammed was killed in a failed military coup d’état and General Olusegun Obasanjo, his deputy, became the head of state; hence, the usage of...

Author(s): Dele Jemirade  

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Structural modification challenges facing the implementation of inclusive education policy in public secondary schools in Tharaka-Nithi County

July-December 2020

Educational policy guidelines mandate that all learning institutions, adopt, design and embrace programs that are conducive to learners with disabilities. In spite of inclusive education policy guidelines, disability remains a major course of discrimination in Kenyan schools. This study therefore, examined the structural modification challenges on the implementation of inclusive education policy in schools. The study...

Author(s): Bibiana Ruguru Ireri, Madrine King’endo, Eric Wangila and Simon Thuranira

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Elasticity and buoyancy of tax system in Cote d’Ivoire

July-September 2020

This paper examines the productivity of revenue from the Ivorian tax system over the period 1984 to 2016. To do this, it estimates the buoyancy and elasticity of tax revenues over this period. It uses the Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) method to estimate the buoyancy and elasticity. The results show a buoyancy and elasticity less than one, reflecting the inelasticity of tax system. Furthermore, they reveal tax reforms...

Author(s): Soro Siongofolo Seydou  

International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology
Molecular characterization of viruses causing maize lethal necrosis disease in South-Rift region, Kenya

July-December 2020

The first report of Maize lethal necrosis (MLN) disease in Africa was in Bomet, Kenya, nine years ago. It has since spread in East and Central African (ECA) countries, causing massive yield losses. Currently, 90% of the preferred commercial maize germplasm grown by farmers in Kenya is susceptible to MLN disease. As such, the disease has continued to pose a serious challenge to food security in the ECA region. This study...

Author(s): Robert K. Leitich, Jackson C. Korir, John O. Muoma, Anne Wangai, Kim Bong, Guri Johal and Sue Loesch-Fries  

Journal of African Studies and Development
Neglect and discrimination: A tale of Zimbabwe’s inaccessible public transport system

July-September 2020

Lack of disability accessible services is commonplace in many African countries. This includes health care, educational, recreational and transportation services amongst many others. In Zimbabwe in particular, the deteriorating socio-economic situation has exposed the glaring insufficiencies of the public transport system. The expression that best describes this situation is neglect and discrimination. This paper...

Author(s): Thembelihle Ndebele

ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences
Factors associated with irregular consumption of fruits and vegetables among health professionals in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

January-June 2020

Fruits and vegetables (F&Vs) are an essential food group for humans and prevent non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The objective of this study is to know the level of consumption of F&Vs by health professionals in Ouagadougou and their determinants. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted from May to August 2016 in the Central Region of Burkina Faso. It included 442 health workers according to...

Author(s): Yewayan Larba Berenger KABORE, Jean TESTA, Aristide Romaric BADO, Anyovi FOLLY and Souleymane KABORE  

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Analysis of economic efficiency among smallholder sorghum producers in Kenya

April-June 2020

This study used Cobb-Douglas Stochastic Profit Frontier to analyze economic efficiency of sorghum farmers in Tharaka Nithi County, Kenya. Using a multi-stage stratified sample of 259 farmers, results depicted a wide range of profit efficiency between the best (0.96) and the worst (0.12) farmer with a mean of 0.17. The actual and potential profit was USD 164.88 ha-1 and USD 969.87 ha-1 respectively. This indicates that,...

Author(s): Backson Mwangi, Ibrahim Macharia and Eric Bett  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Control of papaya fruits anthracnose by essential oils of medicinal plants associated to different coatings

June, 2020

Chemical pesticides have been commonly used for the control of various plant diseases. Although pathogens can be controlled with the application of these products, there are hazardous impacts in human health and environment. In parallel, essential oils have been shown to be effective in plant diseases management and can be safely incorporated as suitable alternatives for synthetic fungicides. Therefore, the aim of this...

Author(s): Bruna Leticia Dias, Priscila Fonseca Costa, Mateus Sunti Dakin, Dalmarcia de Souza Carlos Mou rao, Felipe Rocha Dias, Rosangela Ribeiro de Sousa, Ped ro Raym undo Argiielles Osorio, Talita Pereira de Souza Ferreira, Fabricio Souza Campos and Gil Rod rigues Dos Santos  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
The effects of aqueous extract of Bowdichia virgilioides Kunth in the immune functions of thymocytes and B-lymphocytes

June, 2020

Bowdichia virgilioides Kunth (Fabaceae) is a tree species used in folk medicine against inflammatory disorders, and it is still unclear whether consumption of the B. virgilioides stem bark extract has any effect on immune cells. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of B. virgilioides stem bark extract (AEBv) on the functions of the thymus and B lymphocytes. The AEBv was obtained by decoction and administrated...

Author(s): Maria Danielma dos Santos Reis, Larissa Fernanda de Araújo Vieira, Altair Rogério Alves Brandão, Emiliano Barreto, and Salete Smaniotto,  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Hydroethanolic stem bark extract of Vernonia amygdalina Del. (Asteraceae) suppresses yeast-induced pyrexia and Plasmodium berghei malaria in murine models

June, 2020

Vernonia amygdalina has been widely utilized in Ghana and other West African states for numerous parasitic infections, diabetes and some inflammatory conditions. In this study we evaluated the antipyretic and antimalarial properties as well as in vitro antioxidant activities of an ethanolic stem bark extract of V. amygdalina (VAE). The antipyretic effect of VAE was assessed using Baker’s yeast-induced pyrexia and...

Author(s): Anna Kwarley Quartey, Yakubu Jibira, Arnold Forkuo-Donkor, Isaac Ayensu, Adwoa Agyakoma Oduro-Kwarteng, Sussana Emi-Reynolds Asuamah and Patience Noah  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antibacterial, cytotoxic, and schistosomicidal activities of the methanolic extract from Cassia grandis L.f. (Fabaceae) stem bark and its fractions

June, 2020

Cassia grandis L. (Fabaceae), a native tree from Amazon Forest, has been used in folk medicine against worms and intestinal parasites, and to treat stomach and respiratory problems, blood diseases, among others uses. This study aimed to evaluate the antioxidant, cytotoxic, antimicrobial, and schistosomicidal activities of the methanolic extract from C. grandis stem bark (CgME) and to elucidate the chemical profile of...

Author(s): Luciméri Paulino Machado Magalhães, Bárbara Azevedo Ramos, Márcia Vanusa da Silva, Maria Tereza dos Santos Correia, Kêsia Xisto Fonseca Ribeiro de Sena, Túlio Diego da Silva, André de Lima Aires, Mônica Camelo Pessôa de Azevedo Albuquerque, Gardênia Carmen Gadelha Militão, Teresinha Gonçalves da Silva, Renata Mendonça Araújo, Julianna Ferreira Cavalcanti de Albuquerque and Rafael Matos Ximenes  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Biological properties and therapeutic applications of cannabidiol

June, 2020

Cannabis sp. has important pharmacological activities, so it has been the focus of attention of the scientific community. Through the search for new drugs, it was found that cannabinoids present in the plant can modulate transient potential receptors (TPR). Cannabidiol (CBD), also known as “medical marijuana”, represents the second most abundant phytocannabinoid of the Cannabis plant and it is widely used in...

Author(s): Elanne Costa Glória, Adriana Idalina Torcato de Oliveira, Juliana Fonseca Moreira da Silva and Raphael Sanzio Pimenta,  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Chemical composition and biological potentials of Lebanese Cupressus sempervirens L. leaves’ extracts

June, 2020

The essential oils and defatted ethanolic extracts isolated from Cupressus sempervirens L. leaves collected from two geographically distinct regions in Lebanon; Beit El-Dein (mountain) and Jbeil (sea-side) were analysed for their chemical composition by GC/MS and qualitative phytochemical screening, respectively. These were then tested for their in-vitro antioxidant and antibacterial activities. Fourteen and eighteen...

Author(s): Layal Anka, Hassan Rammal, Ahmad Kobeissi and Hamid Bou Saab  

International Journal of Livestock Production
Comparative effects of Moringa oleifera powder and soybean meal on the zootechnical parameters of the ISA Brown pullet

April-June 2020

Poultry farming is an important sector of the Beninese agriculture. But this sector is facing economic difficulties. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of Moringa oleifera powder and soybean meal on zootechnical parameters in the ISA Brown pullet. For this purpose, the experiment was carried out on a total of 250 day-old chicks with an initial average weight of 40 ± 1 g. Among these chicks, 25...

Author(s): Jacques S. Adouko, Bienvenu O. M. Koutonin, Kévin S. Kassa, Arnaud S. S. Soha, Fréjus O. H. Ohouko and Jacques T. Dougnon  

International Journal of Livestock Production
Effect of nutritional flushing on reproductive and body weight performance of Abergelle goat does

April-June 2020

This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of flushing on the reproductive and body weight change on Abergelle breed does. The study indicated that a mix of 300 or 450 g wheat bran (WB) with 50 g noug seed cake (NSC) flushed per day improved the does’ conception rate (70 to 80%) and kidding rate (70%); while does flushed with low concentrate level (150 g WB plus 50 g NSC) or those not flushed had poor and reduced...

Author(s): Minister Birhanie, Mulalem Zenebe and Hailai Hagos  

International Journal of Livestock Production
The last of us? An online survey among German farm veterinarians about the future of veterinary training, livestock farming and the profession in general

April-June 2020

This online survey investigated how German farm veterinarians perceive the future of their profession. According to the participants, the following topics should play a greater role in veterinary training: Economics, herd health management, practical education, agricultural knowledge and animal welfare issues. The top answer indicates that knowledge about entrepreneurship is seen as a crucial competence of...

Author(s): Christian Dürnberger  

Page 8 of 1196, showing 50 records out of 59795 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400