Articles

 

Page 8 of 1229, showing 50 records out of 61440 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Design, fabrication and performance evaluation of animal feed chopping machine

August, 2021

Ethiopia’s livestock population is the largest in Africa, however different factors or constraints limit the full exploitation of the agricultural sector in general and the livestock sub sector in particular. In the country, the availability, quality and quantity of feed has always been a challenge in the livestock sector. Poor feed resources management, especially those of the bulky and fibrous crop residue is...

Author(s): Yonas Mulatu

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
A critical evaluation of thirty years of state-civil society relations in Zambia, 1991 - 2021

July-September 2021

This paper aimed to assess the relations between the state and civil society in Zambia in the last thirty years of the country’s plural political dispensation. The study sought to establish the extent to which the state and civil society regard each other as genuine associates to the cause of national development. The areas of study focused on human rights protection, adherence to the rule of law, economic...

Author(s): Nsama Jonathan Simuziya

Educational Research and Reviews
Visually supported activity suggestions to develop secondary school students' story writing skills

August 2021

There are many researches, activities and other application examples, examining the effects and importance of visuals in education. Although there are studies to develop writing skills through visuals in literature, there is no study on the development of story writing through visuals. In this study, examples of activities were developed in order to develop middle school students' story writing skills with visual...

Author(s): Soyucok Mehmet and Musa Cifci

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Relationship between renal ultrasonographic, CD4 cell count and proteinuria findings in HIV infected adult patients in Jos, Nigeria

August 2021

This study intends to describe renal sonographic outcomes in matured patients with HIV/AIDS in Plateau State capital Jos and relate the outcome with proteinuria and the subjects’ CD4 cell count. The 504 subjects were evaluated for renal ultrasound scan, CD4 cell counts and dipstick proteinuria (using Combi 10 Urinalysis strips) were obtained, and their findings recorded. Twenty-four (4.8%) of the patients had...

Author(s): P. M. Gwom, D. Atsukwei, E. D. Eze, E. O. Igoh, E. A. Gabkwet, M. D. Adams, K. M. Rabiu and I. Ezekiel

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Determinants of credit demand by smallholder farmers in Morogoro, Tanzania

August, 2021

Agriculture plays a great role in the economy of many countries including Tanzania where the majority depends on agriculture-based activities for their livelihoods. Access to agricultural credit is vital for growth and development of agricultural sector in Tanzania, hence financing agriculture is a key issue in rural development. Despite effort of the Government to make agricultural credit services available and...

Author(s): Lazaro Athanas Mwonge and Alexis Naho

African Journal of Plant Science
Meta-analysis of the effects of Rhizobia inoculants and phosphorus fertilizer on soybean nodulation in Africa

August 2021

Soybean has the potential to bring significant benefits in diversified cropping systems, which could help restructuring soil fertility and allow smallholders to increase grain yield. Rhizobium inoculation improves the biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) in legume crops and assists resource-poor farmers to increase grain yield at lower financial costs. The efficacy of symbiotic bacteria on legumes can also be...

Author(s): Jasper Kanomanyanga, Xiaoqiang Jiao, Shingirai Mudare, Stanford Mabasa and Lixia Tang

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Assessment of open defecation in Kwahu Afram Plains South District, Ghana

August 2021

This study examined the barriers to open defecation (OD) free in Kwahu Afram Plains South District, Ghana. A combination of diverse tools was used to collect the data (in-depth interviews, Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) and observation), different means was adopted in selecting the participants. Much of the time in the early stages of the field work was spent having interactions with various groups within the community....

Author(s): Daniel Kwarteng Amponsah

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Growth and yield response of okra (Ablemochus esculentus) to varying rates of different sources of organic soil amendments at Njala, Moyamba District, Southern Sierra Leone

August, 2021

Synthetic fertilizers and pesticides in vegetable production have negatively impacted the soils, water quality, food security and health of farmers and consumers. Hence, sustainable, economically feasible, environmentally friendly soil fertility, pests and disease management options are needed to improve vegetable production. This study evaluated the growth and yield of okra due to varying rates of different sources of...

Author(s): Ashadu Nyande, Melvin S. George, Fayia A. Kassoh and Alieu M. Bah

Journal of Physiology and Pathophysiology
Intentional mismatch in primer design to stabilize discrimination of CFTR and adenovirus targets

July-December 2021

The purpose of this study was to apply an intentional mismatch design technique for primer-based detection of gene targets. In this study, wild-type versus mutant cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator alleles as well as two related adenovirus B7 and E4 genomes were used to test discrimination of primers. Lambda viral DNA genome template as well as published primers versus purified human genome template was...

Author(s): Emma L. Bush, Katelyn D. Johnson, Akhil Sekar, Kate Gislason, Caleb W. Furlow, Michael J. Reiterman and Douglas B. Luckie

African Journal of Oral Health Sciences
Perception and attitude of Sudanese dentists about COVID-19

July-December, 2021

The present study was conducted to give an insight into the level of perception, practice and attitude of Sudanese dentists in relation to infection control measures at the time of the 2020 outbreak of COVID-19 through an online survey. A sample of 315 participants was enrolled in the study. An online survey was conducted in August 2020, using the Google Form software. Data were analyzed using the statistical software...

Author(s): Nada Tawfig Hashim, Linda Mohamed Ali Saleh, Azza Tagelsir Ahmed and Sara Faisal Elbadri

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
The influence of training outcome and competency on effective utilization of malaria microscopy result amongst health professionals in South Eastern Nigeria

July-December 2021

Malaria diagnosis in Nigeria mostly relied on clinical manifestations until 2011, when the government issued a policy requiring parasitological confirmation of all suspected malaria cases prior to treatment. Poor usage of malaria test results in health care delivery is one of the possible causes of over-diagnosis and over-treatment of malaria in Nigeria. This study demonstrated the influence of in-service training on...

Author(s): Okoro, Chinyere Ihuarulam, Ihenetu, Francis Chukwuebuka, Dunga, Kingsley Excel, Achigbu, Kingsley Ihedioha, Ogboi Sonny Johnbull, Ejiogu, Ikechukwu V., Obasi, Chidera C., Okoro, Oluchi I. and Okoro, Chigozie O.

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Histidine-rich protein-2 based malaria rapid diagnostic tests performance among febrile pregnant women in high malaria transmission area

July-December 2021

The diagnosis of malaria in pregnancy remains a challenge due to the low parasite density and placental sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum. A field performance evaluation of a malaria diagnostic test was carried out in an intense transmission setting in Nanoro, Burkina Faso. Pregnant women with symptoms suggestive of malaria were recruited and their results compared with microscopy, the current gold standard for P....

Author(s): Marc Christian TAHITA, Paul SONDO, Berenger KABORE, Biebo BIHOUN, Hamidou ILBOUDO, Adama KAZIENGA, Palpouguini LOMPO, Florence OUEDRAOGO, Karim DERRA, Macaire NANA, Yabré Edmond SAWADOGO, Hermann SORGHO, Maminata TRAORE/COULIBALY and Halidou TINTO

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Analysis of clinical and multi antigenic aspects of malaria serodiagnosis tests prescribed to patients at Institut Pasteur de Côte d'Ivoire from 2016 to 2019

July-December 2021

Malaria is the world's leading parasitic endemic and the major cause of morbidity and mortality in Côte d'Ivoire. The aim of this study was to analyse the clinical aspects and evaluate a kit’s performance (NovaLisa® Malaria) against a panel of antigens (AMA1, GLURP, CSP and Schizont Extract) to determine the antigen used in diagnosing malaria serology in Côte d’Ivoire. A retrospective...

Author(s): Serge-Stéphane Yao, Sylvain Beourou, Brice Kouakou Bla, David Koffi, N’guessan Landry Tiacoh, N’tayé Lucien Aka, Ako Aristide bérenger Ako, Thierry-Borel Kouadio N’dri, Stéphane Tosséa Koui and André Offianan Toure

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Taxing the informal sector through presumptive taxes in Zimbabwe: An avenue for a broadened tax base, stifling of the informal sector activities or both

July-September 2021

Domestic revenue generation occupies a central domain in most countries, leading to continuous mapping of strategies towards its enhancement. Taxation is a dependable and foreseeable avenue to generate revenue for governments to fulfil their key obligations of employment creation, economic growth and infrastructural development, poverty reduction and state security. Despite these plausible arguments, tax revenues are...

Author(s): Favourate Y. Sebele Mpofu

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Stock returns, inflation and interest rate In Nigeria

July-September 2021

The generalized Fisher effect has attracted a great deal of controversy around the world. This is similar in the Nigerian scenario as study established that there exist no long-run relationship between stock returns and inflation while some studies reported that only a unidirectional causation of returns on stocks with money flow exist as the variation in the flow of money will alter returns on stocks significantly, but...

Author(s): Ogbebor, Peter Ifeanyi, Awonuga Adesola, Oyamendan Nathaniel, and Oamen Gregory

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Thick lenses systems

July-September, 2021

The matrix optics formalism is applied to show that a simple Gaussian equation is enough to relate object and image distances in an optical system consisting of an arbitrary number of thick lenses in cascade immersed in air. First, the case of a single thick lens was studied. Applying sequentially the optical matrixes corresponding to refraction and displacement of the optical ray, and imposing certain conditions on the...

Author(s): Fulvio Andres Callegari

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
An empirical investigation of the audit expectation gap: Evidence from Cameroon

July-September 2021

Although the audit expectation gap has been subject to substantial research over the past two decades, it remains a controversial issue for the audit profession. This study, therefore, examines the existence of an audit expectation gap in Cameroon between auditors and users (accountants, bankers, and investors), assesses the dimensions of the gap, and relates the findings to prior findings on the expectation gap. A...

Author(s): Lazarus Elad Fotoh, Johan Ingemar Lorentzon and Michael Forzeh Fossung

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Oil, gas and goodwill: Assessing press coverage of Nigeria’s oil industry CSR activities

July-September 2021

Oil, being the mainstay of Nigeria’s economy has continuously generated controversies at various levels, particularly between government, exploration companies and host communities. One useful method of dousing such tension is to display a sense of empathy, creating some level of ownership mindset in natives and residents of host communities and the nation at large. This study probes into the volume of coverage of...

Author(s): Aiyesimoju Ayodeji Boluwatife and Olasanmi Kehinde Ayodele

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Understanding levels and motivations of rural women engaging in Forest Management Institutions: Evidence from developing countries

July-September 2021

Although studies emphasize that rural women are persistently being marginalized in forest governance in the Global South, some feminist scholars contend that women are still joining and engaging in forest management institutions. Drawing on the ‘Typology of Participation’ model and the ‘Gender Box’ framework, this article intends to widen our understanding of the levels and motivations of rural...

Author(s): Edwin A. B. Juma, Paul Omondi and Raphael W. Kareri

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Preventing prematurity: The power of determining factors and challenges in a rural district hospital in Benin

July-September 2021

Preterm births remain a major public health issue due to its weight in neonatal mortality and the significant socio-economic costs for its care. The aim of the current study was to identify factors associated with preterm births at Allada-Toffo-Zè zone hospital in Benin. This was a case-controlling study, which took place in April 2019. A total of 222 women's files were examined, including 74 cases and 148...

Author(s): SAIZONOU Jacques, MONGBO Virginie, AFFO Alphonse, MAKOUTODE Patrick and HOUESSOU Gad  

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Disseminated tuberculosis with pulmonary and renal infections: A confirmed case in a severely immunocompromised HIV patient

July 2021

Tuberculosis continues to be a major public health issue. The advent of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections led to a dramatic increase in extrapulmonary forms of tuberculosis, with a non-negligible number of cases with multifocal lesions. This study reports a disseminated tuberculosis case with pulmonary and renal localization in a severely immunocompromised HIV patient diagnosed by microscopic examination and...

Author(s): Alain Farra, Gaspard Tekpa, Gilles Ngaya, Hervé Gando and Alexandre Manirakiza  

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Cocoa-based agroforestry systems and its potential for tree resource conservation around the Dja Biosphere Reserve Southeastern Cameroon

July-September 2021

The objective of this study was to evaluate tree species diversity, structure and conservation status of these tree species in cocoa-based agroforestry systems around the Dja Biosphere Reserve, South East of Cameroon. This reserve is divided into four clusters due to its large nature and location between two regions. A random sampling approach was adopted, whereby, 100 plots of 100 m × 20 m and 10 m × 20...

Author(s): Njini Loveline Munjeb, Marie-Louise Avana Tientcheu, Yerima Bernard Kfuban Palmer and Roger Kogge Enang

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antibiotic susceptibility and production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) of E. coli strains isolated from meat

July 2021

The zoonotic potential of Escherichia coli from chicken and beef food products is well documented. The uses of antibiotics on agriculture encourage the development of resistance bacteria capable of causing human disease and passing resistance to human pathogens. This study aimed to detect the antibiotic susceptibility and production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) of E. coli strains isolated from meat. E....

Author(s): Omer A. S., Salwa E., Sanaa O. Y. and Elzubeir I. E. M.

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Agricultural zoning and recommendations for the seeding of wheat (Triticum species) in the Central-Southern Mesoregion of Parana State in Brazil

July, 2021

Wheat is one of the most cultivated cereals and is essential for human and animal feeding. Since it is a sensible species to the meteorologic conditions, the climate changes can alter all its cultivation areas and practices known in the present agriculture. This paper aims to make the zoning of climatic risk for agriculture for the wheat crop (Triticum species) and recommend the planting window for the central-southern...

Author(s): Ana Paula Ferreira Dominoni⊃, Nathan Felipe da Silva Caldana⊃, Leonardo Rodrigues⊃, Bruno Wismeck Negrão⊃, Vitor Rampazzo Favoretto⊃, Victor Ricardo Bodnar⊃ and Marcelo Augusto de Aguiar e Silva⊃

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Metabolic profile of wistar rats after consumption of flour prepared with grains and fruits

July, 2021

The occurrence of chronic and degenerative diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and cancer is increasing sharply. In the last years, there has been an increase in interest in the consumption of foods with functional properties that are related to weight loss and disease prevention. For these reasons, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of flour prepared with grains and fruits on the...

Author(s): Barbara Bucalem, Barbara Geraldo Amaro, Bruna Gomes Prado, Julia Novacki, Sandra Maria Barbalho, Élen Landgraf Guiguer, Maricelma da Silva Soares de Souza, Manuela dos Santos Bueno, Adriano Cressoni Araújo and Patrícia Cincotto dos Santos Bueno,

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Implementation of COVID-19 control measures: Effect on fertilizer supply and soil fertility in Africa

July, 2021

The unexpected outbreak of novel COVID-19 in late 2019 and continual spread across the world has disrupted the agricultural value chain. The World Health Organization (WHO) prescribed border closure, lockdown, social distancing, wearing a mask, and handwashing to combat the pandemic. These control measures, especially the closure of borders, have affected the importation and supply of fertilizer for crop production. The...

Author(s): Emmanuel Hanyabui, Samuel Obeng Apori, Selorm Akaba and Joseph Ssekandi

Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
Potential for anaerobic digestion by incubation and anaerobic fermentation of landfill waste: A case of the city of Lomé (Togo)

July-December 2021

The objective of this work is to determine the methanogenic potential of landfill waste. To do this, two types of tests were carried out. The first one is the pre-test of anaerobic digestion by incubation carried out in a 500 mL flask in which 50 g of waste is placed in contact with 350 mL of water and the second one is the pre-test of the anaerobic digestion by fermentation also carried out under the same conditions as...

Author(s): Edem Komi Koledzi, Kokou Semeho Hundjoe and Nitale M’Balikine Krou

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Phosphorus management issues for crop production: A review

July, 2021

Phosphorus (P) is an essential element for plant growth. On account of its low solubility in soil, P is often a limiting factor to optimum crop growth and therefore P fertilisation is an important aspect of nutrient management plans to ensure profitable and sustainable crop production. Plant P availability is controlled by sorption, desorption and precipitation of P from P released during weathering of P minerals and...

Author(s): T. Mardamootoo, C. C. du Preez and J. H. Barnard

Journal of Economics and International Finance
An econometric analysis: Is there an optimal external debt threshold for Guinea?

July-September 2021

This study aimed to determine the threshold level of public external debt-to-GDP ratio for Guinea and compared it with the current evolution of public debt. The authors used an autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) approach to test the hypothesis of long-term relationship among the variables of interest and the data used ranged from 1990 to 2018. The results revealed that External debt-to-GDP ratio and per capita GDP...

Author(s): Abdoul Aziz Diallo and Felix Fofana NZue,

African Journal of Food Science
Profiling of processors for baked and fried wheat based products in Nairobi Kenya

July 2021

This study aimed at profiling bakers and fryers of wheat products in Nairobi to inform decisions leading towards incorporation of Orange Fleshed Sweet Potato (OFSP) puree in these products. An exhaustive sampling was carried out and 748 processors were interviewed in Nairobi County. The results indicate that even though there were more female processors than men, this difference was not significant (p>0.05). Majority...

Author(s): George Ooko Abong, Mukani Moyo, Elmah Odhiambo Geoffrey and Tawanda Muzhingi

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research
Influence of thermal and osmotic pressure on the growth and viability of Candida shehatae var shehatae

July-December 2021

Environmental stresses can bring abrupt changes in microbes and it can affect its growth with a number of visible modifications. Although some studies emphasize on the bacterial and fungal cellular response against acute heat and mitochondrial substrate oxidative stresses, in case of yeast very few researches were conducted. Currently, Saccharomyces cerevisiae is only known yeast about their responses against...

Author(s): Sadia Afrin, Jannatul Sumaiya Promee, Meher Nahid, Mohammed A. Satter, Mohammad Amirul Haque, Ashish Kumar Sarker and Mohammad Nazrul Islam Bhuiyan  

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Towards meaningful social development in the covid-19 era: Strategies for capacity building in a gang-affected community in Port Elizabeth (Gqeberha), South Africa

July-September 2021

At the second think-tank session of the Helenvale Dialogues initiative held in Port Elizabeth, South Africa, in May 2018, the main theme of the session focused on scenario planning for the community of Helenvale, regarded as one of the most fragile and volatile communities in Port Elizabeth.  The author, as an invited member of the think-tank, engaged in group discussions with other attendees, with the aim of...

Author(s): Theodore Petrus

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Career decision making among young adults in Ghanaian secondary schools using super’s career choice theory as a lens

July-September 2021

This study focused on analysis of Donald Super’s Theory of Career Choice among young adults in Ghanaian Secondary Schools. This study indicates that, decisions made at tender age may relate to nothing but fantasy because they are likely to learn more on needs and wants of self rather than reality factor and also the inability of young adults to choose a good career for their lives is lack of career information and...

Author(s): Alfred Alunga Anovunga, John N-yelbi and Joseph Akpadago

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Soil survey and characterization of soil of Argo- Gedilala Sub Watershed in Dugda District, Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia

July-September 2021

A detailed study on soil resources characterization based on the understanding of the soil system is not available at Dugda district. With the cognizance of this fact, the present study was conducted to characterize the morphological and physicochemical properties of soils, classify the soils according to World Reference Base for Soil Resources (WRB) of Argo-Gedilala Subwatershed in Dugda District of Oromia Regional...

Author(s): Bekele Abebe , Lemma Wogi and Samuel Feyissa

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Contribution of multi-nutritional blocks and treatment of roughage for the resilience of beneficiary of rural households in Niger

July, 2021

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of using multi-nutritional blocks and roughage processing as alternatives for the resilience of beneficiary households in the study area. The study was conducted in the rural communes of Sakoira and Kourtheye (Department of Tillaberi) through a survey of 32 producers of multi-nutritional blocks and treated straw. The structure by age class reveals, among the Peulh ethnic...

Author(s): Harouna ABDOU, Ibrahim ADAMOU KARIMOU, Abdoulkadri LAOUALI and Issa NOMAOU SANI

African Journal of Plant Science
Growth, yield and phosphorus use efficiency of potato varieties propagated from apical rooted cuttings under variable phosphorus rates

July 2021

This study determined effect of phosphorus (P) rates on growth, yield and phosphorus use efficiency (PUE) of potato varieties propagated from apical rooted cuttings. Experiments were conducted at Egerton University, Njoro and Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research organization, Molo, in a split plot arrangement in randomized complete block design with three replicates. Main plot factors were four potato varieties...

Author(s): Pauline Aarakit, Josephine P. Ouma and Joyce J. Lelei

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Diversity and molecular systematics of orchids in Mount Cameroon

July-September 2021

A survey was carried out in Mount Cameroon to document the distribution and diversity of the Orchidaceae which is the most abundant plant family worldwide and the second most abundant in this study area. The study area was divided into 5 different zones made up of 4 ecotypes in the wild and some cultivated gardens. The ecotypes in the wild were further divided into different macro-habitats based on altitudinal gradients...

Author(s): Sylvie Etanke Essomo, Eneke Esoeyang Tambe Bechem, Beatrice Ambo Fonge, Doris Besem Arrey, Pascal Tabi Tabot, Yannick Afanga Afanga and Joice Meshi

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Back and upper body musculoskeletal pain and associated factors among medicine and nursing practicing students at university of Gondar, Ethiopia

July 2021

Musculoskeletal pain are common problems for nursing and medicine students especially in developing countries. The study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of back and upper body musculoskeletal pain among nursing and medicine students at the University of Gondar. Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted. Stratified simple random sampling technique and structured self-administered...

Author(s): Getasew Yirdaw, Yonas Lamore, Abate Lette and Sintayehu Daba  

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Attributions for the culture of silence among victims of domestic violence: A case of married men in Kenya

July-September 2021

The study examines attributions for the culture of silence among ever-married male victims of domestic violence in Kenya. This study targets ever-married men who had attained post-secondary education and working in public service. The study adopted a case study design that allows a combination of descriptive and explanatory strategies. The public institution was purposively selected from where 120 respondents were...

Author(s): Ciriaka Muriithi Gitonga

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Can conservation incentives promote willingness to coexist with large carnivores in the eastern Serengeti ecosystem?

July-September 2021

Communities living adjacent to protected areas tend to express more willingness to coexist with large carnivores in their areas when they receive tangible benefits. The aim of this study was to explore people’s willingness to coexist with large carnivores, including lions (Panthera leo), leopards (Panthera pardus), cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus), spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta), African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) and...

Author(s): Franco P. Mbise and Eivin Røskaft

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Impact of row spacing on soybean morphological parameters and yield

July, 2021

The variable distribution of soybean seeds in rows can reduce the final stand and compromise grain yield. This article assesses the impact of seed distribution on the morphological characteristics of some plants and on the final yield of soybeans. The study was carried out in the experimental area of ??the federal university of Santa Maria, Frederico Westphalen campus, in the state of rio grande do sul, Brazil, in a...

Author(s): Claudir José Basso, Willian Bizarro Pertile, Mateus Junior Rodrigues Sangiovo, Fernanda Marcolan de Souza and Diecson Ruy Orsolin da Silva

African Journal of Plant Science
Standard heterosis and heterotic grouping of highland adapted maize (Zea Mays L.) inbred lines in Ethiopia

July 2021

The current study was initiated to estimate the magnitude of standard heterosis for grain yield and yield related traits in a line x tester hybrids and to classify the inbred lines into different heterotic groups. Fifty entries consisting of 48 testcrosses developed from 12 inbred lines and 4 testers using line x tester design and two commercial check hybrids used in the study. The experiment was conducted using alpha...

Author(s): Dufera Tulu, Demissew Abakemal, Zeleke Keimeso, Tefera Kumsa, Worknesh Terefe, Legesse Wolde and Abenezer Abebe

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Does the importance of relevance and faithful representation differ between GAAP and tax reporting? A discussion of the trade-offs between cash-basis, accrual-basis, and fair value accounting methods

July-September 2021

This paper explains the trade-offs between the relevance and faithful representation of accounting information analyzed in the contexts of the cash-basis, accrual-basis, and fair value accounting methods used to prepare financial statements for Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and tax reporting. Discussion of the role of the relevance and faithful representation of accounting information is generally...

Author(s): Sarah C. Lyon, Timothy Kelley, Loren Margheim

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Profitability analysis of smallholder cocoa production in South West Region of Cameroon

July, 2021

Over the years, cocoa production in Cameroon has served as a source of employment for many smallholder farmers. However, aging trees amongst other factors is a limiting factor in the productivity of cocoa. The study compared the economic performances of different crop ages of smallholder cocoa production using primary data obtained by means of semi-structured questionnaires. Multi-stage random sampling was adopted to...

Author(s): Norbert N. Ngwang and Majory O. Meliko

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
The study of land use and land cover (LULC) dynamics and the perception of local people in Aykoleba, Northern Ethiopia

July 2021

It is believed that since the advent of agriculture, changes in land use and land cover (LULC) have happened. However, rates, extents and intensities of LULC changes have become more aggravated at all levels. The current study aims to examine the dynamics and perceptions of LULC change in the last four decades (1973-2013) in Aykoleba, Ethiopia using a combination of remote sensing data and the ground truth data. Focus...

Author(s): Mehari Mariye, Melesse Maryo and Jianhua Li

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Inheritance studies of grain shape and aroma traits of rice genotypes in Uganda rice germplasm

July-September 2021

A study was conducted to determine the mode of inheritance for grain shape and aroma traits of lines in the Uganda rice germplasm. Five aromatic and four non-aromatic rice lines were crossed in screen house using North Carolina Design II at the National Crops Resources Research Institute, Uganda. The resulting F2 seeds and their parents were planted in the field using complete randomized block design in two...

Author(s): David Ocan, Richard Tusiime, Bill Williams Khizzah, Jimmy Lamo, Albert Chiteka and Patrick Rutimbanzigu Rubaihayo  

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Agromorphological characterization of scarlet eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum L.) grown in the Republic of Benin

July-September 2021

The scarlet eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum L.) is an African traditional vegetable grown for its edibles leaves and fruits, which can contribute to food security in Republic of Benin. However, very little information is available on the genetic variability of this vegetable for varietal improvement purposes. Sixty accessions of scarlet eggplants collected throughout 52 villages in Benin republic were characterized using...

Author(s): Aguessy Scholastique, Idossou Roger, Loko Yêyinou Laura Estelle, Agre A. Paterne, Dassou Anicet, Dadonougbo Eric, Dansi Alexandre and Agbangla Clément

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Determinants of farmers’ adoption decision of improved crop varieties in Ethiopia: Systematic review

July, 2021

Determinants of adoption decision have been studied by many researchers for a long time. This systematic review applied weight analysis method to summarize and synthesize the most common factors from twenty-one studies that determine the farmers’ adoption decision of improved crop varieties in a regular pattern in Ethiopia. Hence, the result revealed that factors like Access to credit, Participation in social...

Author(s): Abdurehman Mektel and Abdi Mohammed  

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Influence of informal financial literacy training on financial knowledge and behavior of rural farmers: Evidence from Uganda

July-September 2021

Financial literacy plays an important role in influencing financial behavior and knowledge of individuals. In this study, the impact of informal financial literacy training on rural smallholder farmers was assessed. Propensity score matching approach was used to assess training effects on distinct dimensions of financial knowledge. The study used a sample of farmers who are members of village savings and loans...

Author(s): Ntakyo Renzaho Proscovia, Johnny Mugisha, Robert Bangizi, Diana Namwanje and Robert Kalyebara  

Journal of Economics and International Finance
The economic impact of unemployment and inflation on output growth in South Africa

July-September 2021

Unemployment is not only pertinacious to output growth, but it has other social costs. As economies seek to develop through elimination of inequalities, alleviating poverty and ensuring output growth, inflation and unemployment stand as scarecrows to investors. This research aims to evaluate the economic effects of unemployment and inflation on output growth in South Africa. An ARDL model was employed to estimate...

Author(s): Leward Jeke and Lazarus Zungwe Wanjuu

Page 8 of 1229, showing 50 records out of 61440 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400