Articles

 

Page 8 of 1221, showing 50 records out of 61050 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
Police officers’ perceptions about corruption in Zimbabwe: A case of police officers at a University

January-June 2021

The study investigated police officers’ perceptions about corruption in Zimbabwe. The study was informed by Bourdieu’s theory of habitus. A case study design involving a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from sixty-four respondents sampled using a census method of sampling. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics and presented on tables and pie charts. The study revealed that...

Author(s): Tapfuiwa James Katsinde

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
Remembering summerdale: A scandal that reformed policing

January-June 2021

The following article contains never-before-published accounts from first-hand witnesses to the events surrounding the Summerdale Scandal, garnered by one of the authors in personal interviews with key stakeholders. These include interviews with former Evanston and Bartlett Police Chief William McHugh, former Illinois Police Superintendent James McGuire, former Cook County State’s Attorney Chief Investigator Paul...

Author(s): Greg Hoffman and Anne D. Kroemer  

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Effect of agricultural machinery on physical and hydraulic properties of agricultural soils

April-June 2021

The study assessed effect of farm machinery on both physical and hydraulic properties of agricultural soils used for rice cultivation in northern Ghana.  Two tractor models were used for the field experiment with field tests and soil sampling points classified as tractor tyre passage area (TTPA), ploughed area (PA) and unploughed area (UPA). The study used Randomised Complete Block Design (RCBD) with 3 blocks, 3...

Author(s): Felix K. Abagale

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management
Promoting sportsmanship awareness: An application of teaching a personal and social responsibility model in middle school physical education

January-June 2021

This research study, aims to examine the influence that an intervention program based on the Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility (TPSR) model and the multidimensional approach to sportsmanship has on middle school students. Researchers focused on the detection and examination of improvements on students’ sportsmanship awareness and contributions to their moral and character development. Participants were...

Author(s): Roberto Duro Sanchez, Timothy Hanrahan and James Concannon

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
The COVID-19 and earnings management: China’s evidence

April-June 2021

This study investigated the relationship between the COVID-19 outbreak and the Chinese listed firms’ earnings management practices. It also examined how this relationship was moderated by the Chinese listed firms’ corporate social responsibility (CSR) and the external corporate governance mechanism. The data in this study were mainly retrieved from the China Stock Market and Accounting Research (CSMAR)...

Author(s): He Xiao and Jianqun Xi

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
The post genocide reconciliation in Rwanda: Erasing ethnicity and building citizenship

January-June 2021

The Rwandan genocide, seen as the result of years of ethnic antagonization and segmentation, was followed by a political effort leading to the restructuration of Rwandan national identity in order to unify the society and eventually achieve national reconciliation. By implementing measures such as the removal of ethnic affiliation on national identity documents, or by reforming the national education curriculum, the...

Author(s): Ouafaa RAFI

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Knowledge of hypertension and diabetes comorbid patients about their medication in a municipal hospital in Ghana

April, 2021

Patients with hypertension and diabetes co-morbidity may have medication knowledge and therapy challenges that could impact on patients’ outcomes. The study examines knowledge of medication and therapy among hypertension and Type-2- diabetes mellitus co-morbid patients at a Municipal hospital in Ghana. This study was conducted at the medical outpatient department (OPD) of the Municipal Hospital in Tema (a Harbour...

Author(s): Kwakye, A. O., Buabeng, K. O., Opare-Addo, N. A. M. and Owusu-Dabo, E.  

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
What does a transformative organization culture look like?

April-June 2021

The author draws attention to the global, national and scholarly calls for transformative leadership to successfully navigate the dynamic and disruptive conditions of the 21st Century. Conventional leadership models used to navigate stable environmental conditions may not keep organizations operating optimally in a chaotic environment. The author argues that since environmental change is here to stay, organizations need...

Author(s): Allan D. M. Bukusi  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Virulence and multi-resistance of gram-negative bacilli strains isolated from some artisanal fermented dairy products sold in secondary schools in Benin

April 2021

This work aims at assessing toxin production capability and antibiotic resistance profiles of thermo-tolerant Gram-negative bacilli strains isolated from three types of fermented dairy products (yoghurt, dèguè millet and dèguè couscous). Samples collected in Abomey-Calavi and Cotonou were analyzed for microbial, biochemical and molecular parameters. Samples were contaminated with...

Author(s): Majoie Géroxie TOHOYESSOU, Wassiyath MOUSSE, Chimène NANOUKON, Haziz SINA, Akim SOCOHOU, Edwige AKA, Rodrigue TOLLO, Farid BABA-MOUSSA, Adolphe ADJANOHOUN and Lamine BABA-MOUSSA

Educational Research and Reviews
Career aspirations and decision making self efficacy: Secondary School Students’assessment based on KCSE exams in Kenya

April 2021

The purpose of the study was to determine career decision making self efficacy by assessing career aspirations and attainment in National examinations. The objectives of the study were to: Find out the students sources of career information, assess career aspirations, and to determine career decision making self efficacy. A descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The study population consisted of...

Author(s): Maureen Adhiambo Winga  

African Journal of Food Science
Contribution of fish in improving micronutrients content in complementary foods for children aged 6 to 23 months in Lindi Rural District

May 2021

Lindi region has high stunting prevalence of about 35%, and one of the factors that cause stunting is inadequate intake of micronutrients for children under 2 years old. This study aimed at assessing contribution of fish in improving micronutrients, specifically vitamin A, zinc and iron contents in complementary foods for children aged 6 to 23 months old children in Lindi Rural District. A cross-sectional study was...

Author(s): Hope Masanja, Theresia Jumbe and Renatha Pacific

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
Indigenous knowledge of conflict resolution for transformative peace building: Amare of Jama Woreda, Amhara - Ethiopia

January-June 2021

The paper focuses on the role of indigenous knowledge system in the quest for conflict resolution and sustainable peace building. The data were collected from key informants, in-depth interview, focus group discussion, and document analysis. To this end, purposive sampling is used to select the participants. The finding has revealed the existence of many local and community based customary practices and indigenous...

Author(s): Kefelegn Tesfaye

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Urban farmers land injustice: Assessing the impact of land development projects on agriculture in Dar es Salaam City

April-June, 2021

Land injustices are a global phenomenon but more vivid in developing countries, especially in Africa, where colonial hangover and the neo-liberal economic policies have been known to contribute into the plight of the urban poor including urban farmers. This paper examines the land injustices of urban farmers by taking Mbweni-Mpiji, a sub-urban area in the city of Dar es Salaam as a case study. The study used a...

Author(s): Mkwela Hawa

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Evaluation of the resource efficiency of guinea fowl production in the Savelegu-Nanton District of the Northern Region of Ghana

April-June 2021

Guinea fowl production offers an income source that could reduce the incidence of poverty of rural householders in Northern Ghana, considered one of the poorest regions in West Africa, due to its unimodal rainfall patterns that restrict the year-round production of crops. However, information on profitability and resource use in guinea fowl production in Northern Ghana is very limited. We assessed the resource-use...

Author(s): Nanette Baimbill-Johnson, Kwabena Asomanin Anaman and Ditchfield Amegashie

African Journal of Food Science
Marketing potential of improved dried sardine (Sardinella gibossa) and capelin (Mallotus villosus) in the Southern Kenyan coast

April 2021

Traditional dried small fish are an important source of protein for low income people in many developing countries. The aim of this study was to determine marketing potential of improved dried sardine and capelin as new products in markets accustomed to traditional dried small fish. One hundred and twenty participants were recruited among shoppers at supermarkets and open-air markets in Kenya. Each participant received...

Author(s): Odoli Ogombe Cyprian, Kolbrun Sveinsdottir, Peter Michael Oduor-Odote and Sigurjon Arason,

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Economy-wide impact of tax reform in Ethiopia: A recursive dynamic general equilibrium model

April-June 2021

This paper examined the macroeconomic influence of tax reform on the Ethiopian economy using the Dynamic Computable General Equilibrium model. It utilized the updated 2009/2010 Ethiopian Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) from 2005/2006 developed by Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI). To investigate the impact of tax reform on the Ethiopian economy, different simulations were made turn by turn. First, a...

Author(s): Takele Abdisa Nikus

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Seasonal impacts on antifungal activity and chemical composition of extracts from medicinal plants Turraea holstii and Clausena anisata

April, 2021

Curative dependence on season of harvest for medicinal plants is an alleged claim by traditional health practitioners. This study aimed to verify these claims by investigating antifungal activity and chemical profiles of two traditionally used medicinal plant species: Turraea holstii and Clausena anisata harvested in the rainy and dry seasons, with a view of establishing appropriate the season for optimal activity. The...

Author(s): Francis Machumi, Ester Innocent and Pius Yanda  

Educational Research and Reviews
Evaluation of asynchronous piano education and training in the Covid-19 era

April 2021

The aim of this study is to examine the success of music students in asynchronous piano education during the distance learning process in the spring semester of the 2019/2020 academic year in the Covid-19 outbreak. Participants of the study consisted of 34 students studying at Giresun University, 37 students studying at Nigde Ömer Halisdemir University and 32 students studying at Kirikkale University. Various...

Author(s): Izzet Yücetoker, Çigdem Eda ANGI and Tugçe KAYNAK  

Medical Case Studies
A case report of medulloblastoma in the cerebellopontine angle in 1-year old child

January-December 2021

Medulloblastomas (MB) are malignant embryonic neuroepithelial tumors of the cerebellum, accounting for 25% of primary tumors of the Central Nervous System of childhood, which predominantly grow in the cerebellar vermis and hardly in the cerebellopontine angle (CPA). The study aims to report the surgical management of a childhood medulloblastoma in CPA. The author reports the case of a 1-year-old male child who initially...

Author(s): Átila Barros Magalhães, Camilla Daniella Ricardo de Azevedo, Joana de Sousa Ribeiro, Brunno Gomes Pinho, Herison Harrider Silva Vaz, João Fabrício Palheta da Silva, Feliciano Cordeiro Vassoler Macedo and Erik Leonardo Jennings Simões

African Journal of Plant Science
Comparative effect of weed control methods on Mexican sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia) in maize

April 2021

Mexican sunflower management in arable crops is becoming increasingly important due to its prevalent growth habit. The field experiments were conducted to compare weed suppressive abilities of two cover crops and two maize herbicides on Mexican sunflower.  The treatments consist of the pre-emergence application of Primextra Gold (atrazine + metolachlor) at 4 l/ha, a post-emergence application of Aminoforce (2, 4-D)...

Author(s): Josephine Olutayo Amosun, Olubunmi Abiodun Aluko and Donatus Obinna Ilem

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Influence of a quasi-delegated management framework on sustainable distribution of quality drinking water in Umoja Innercore Estate, Nairobi

April-June, 2021

Managing drinking water in its distribution pathways is one of the main indicators of the quality of service provided to the consumer. Its quality management is important since human health and livelihoods depend on adequate, clean, reliable water supplies. Unfortunately, this is not true to many neighborhoods in developing countries and the quality of water distributed in Umoja Innercore is no exemption. This research...

Author(s): Nyakundi Victor, Munala Gerryshom, Makworo Micah, Shikuku James and Ali Muhammad

African Journal of Food Science
Application of wedge fracture test for texture analysis in boiled sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas)

April 2021

Several instrumental texture analysis methods have been developed for use in sweetpotato. However, there are very few reports on the use of the wedge fracture test. The purpose of the study was to develop a texture analysis method using a wedge fracture and evaluate its performance against compression test in assessing sweetpotato varieties with different cooking times. The optimal cooking time (OCT) of five sweetpotato...

Author(s): Linly Banda, Mukani Moyo, Mariam Nakitto, Jolien Swanckaert, Arnold Onyango, Esther Magiri, Gordon McDougall, Laurence Ducreux, Mark Taylor and Tawanda Muzhingi,

African Journal of Food Science
Bio-based packaging used in food processing: A critical review

April 2021

Food packaging plays an important role in ensuring the global quality of the food consumed by people. Technological progress has been achieved in recent years in the food packaging sector, leading to a great diversity of food packaging, including bio-based packaging. This review highlights the different types of biodegradable polymers that are used for food packaging production, their characteristics and effects on food...

Author(s): Romaric Ouétchéhou, Déley Sylvain Dabadé, Générose Vieira-Dalodé, Abadjayé Faouziath Sanoussi, Akouavi Balbine Fagla-Amoussou, Menouwesso Harold Hounhouigan, Djidjoho Joseph Hounhouigan and Paulin Azokpota

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Political opportunism, impunity and the perpetuation of Victor’s Justice: A case of the Rwandan Genocide

April-June 2021

The genocide in Rwanda remains one of the most tragic and horrendous events witnessed in Africa, and an important case study in the exploits of transitional justice. An approximated number of one million people were subjected to systematic rape, murder and torture with several thousands of people being displaced in the process of ethnic conflict in Rwanda-evidencing genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity....

Author(s): Mwansa Ancietos

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Financial accountability mechanisms in local governments in Uganda: a case of Kabale District Local Government

April-June 2021

The purpose of the study is to present financial accountability mechanisms in local governments, with reference to Kabale district local government. A cross-sectional research design, which used both quantitative and qualitative approaches to collect and analyze data, was adopted. Both simple random and purposive sampling techniques were used to select 117 respondents from 174 subjects. Questionnaires and personal...

Author(s): Perpetua Arinaitwe, Marus Eton, Moses Agaba, Abanis Turyehebwa, Bernard Patrick Ogwel and Fabian Mwosi

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Anti-hyperglycemic effects of Stemonocoleus micranthus (Fabaceae) stem bark on alloxan-induced hyperglycemic rats

April, 2021

This study evaluated the anti-hyperglycemic potential of Stemonocoleus micranthus Harms. (Fabaceae) stem bark. Three models used in this study were: normoglycemic animal model, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and alloxan-induced hyperglycemic model for acute and prolonged administration. Five (5) groups of rats (n=5) were used for all models; group 1 served as the control (received 2 ml/kg of distilled water; p.o.),...

Author(s): Florence N. Mbaoji, Collins A. Onyeto, Okechukwu O. Ndu, Bonaventure C. Obi and Akachukwu M. Onwuka  

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Prevalence, effects and alternative control methods of Haemonchus contortus in small ruminants: A review

April-June 2021

Small ruminants farming is a traditional activity mostly practiced by local populations in developing countries since several centuries. Nowadays, due to many biotic and climatic factors, it faces various problems which damage smallholders’ income especially those related to gastrointestinal parasites. In opposite to the chemical drugs use in controlling those parasites, medicinal plants have been investigated...

Author(s): Julienne KUISEU, Fréjus T. A. ZINSOU, Pascal Abiodoun OLOUNLADE, Géorcelin G. ALOWANOU, Adam D. ADENILE, Christian C. DANSOU, Sylvie HOUNZANGBE-ADOTE and Patrick A. EDORH

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Exploring causes and consequences of squatter settlement in Jimma Town, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

April-June 2021

This study conducted on the area of squatter settlement in Jimma town is aimed to explore the socio-economic factors contributing to squatter settlement and its effect on social, economic and institutional conditions of settler and development of the town. The study was guided by qualitative approach and employed a cross-sectional and phenomenological design. The primary data required for the analysis was collected...

Author(s): Nega Abera Akirso

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Analysis of the effects of climate variability on maize yields in Tano North District, Ahafo Region, Ghana

April-June, 2021

This study focuses on the effects of climate variability on maize yields in Tano North District for a 20-year period spanning 1995 to 2015. The Department for International Development model, the “Livelihood Sustainable Framework” was used to drive the tenets of the study which was informed by the Action Theory of Adaptation. Three farming communities namely; Duayaw Nkwanta, Yamfo and Tanoso were purposively...

Author(s): Ebenezer Oppong Amankwa and Daniel Buor

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Fiscal federalism, sub-national revolts and internal colonialism in Nigeria

April-June 2021

One subject that has remained contentious since the introduction of federalism in Nigeria has been how the revenue accruing to the nation will be shared between the federating units, namely, the federal, state and local government and among the states and the local government councils. The over centralization of power and resources in the first tier of government, has weakened other levels of governments, and undermined...

Author(s): Egobueze Anthony, Ojirika Callistus U. and Ikuinyi Owaji-Ibani

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Attitudes of the Sudanese people towards the performance of new transitional government: An exploratory study

April-June 2021

The article is exploratory in nature and uses descriptive statistical tools to describe the attitudes of Sudanese people towards certain policy issues faced by the Transitional Government in Sudan, which has emerged after the popular revolution of December 19, 2019, that ousted Bashir’s Islamite military regime. The new Transitional Government is now less than two-year-old. Hence it is difficult to...

Author(s): Ahmed Mustafa Elhussein Mansour and Adil Yousif

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
The influence of mental accounting, perceived trust and power of revenue authorities on tax compliance among SMEs in Zimbabwe

April-June 2021

This study is done against a background of perennial negative variances between the projected and actual tax collections in Zimbabwe. Studies that look at the influence of mental accounting, perceived trust and power of tax authorities on tax compliance seem to be lacking in Africa. The target population comprise of self-employed tax payers because these currently comprise the highest form of employment among...

Author(s): Marcus Mutanga, Nokuthula Ncube, Eukael Nombuyiselo Mbuyisa and Prisca Magodhini

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Identification of best maize-legume based cropping systems under conservation agriculture practices for Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia

April-June 2021

Cereal crops especially maize production in Ethiopian Central Rift Valley is affected by biotic and abiotic production. This study was conducted for two seasons (2015-2016) and the best cropping system was identified using Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. The experiment had six treatments (1) Continuous mono-cropping under conventional practice (CN), (2) continuous mono cropping under...

Author(s): Goshime Muluneh Mekasha, Walter Tamuka Mupangwa, Solomon Admassu Seyoum, Alemayehu Zemede Lemma, Haimanot Beruk Senbeta, Mesele Haile Onu and Mamud Aman Tello  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Isolation and characterization of a novel keratinolytic bacterial strain from soil samples of chicken feather keratinaceous-waste dumping sites of Ngaoundere (Cameroon)

April 2021

This study aims at characterizing new chicken feather-degrading bacteria isolated from soils of keratinic waste collected from four dumping sites of Ngaoundere. Fifteen proteolytic bacteria were isolated with three (D1, D2 and F1) showing the capacity to degrade feather in Basal Salt Media. Highest degradation rate (71.11 ± 3.05%) of feather was obtained from isolate D2 from Municipal slaughterhouse. The partial...

Author(s): Sileu Dombou Armelle Leslie, Adjia Zangue Henriette, Nso Emmanuel Jong, Njintang Yanou Nicolas and Tatsadjieu Ngoune Leopold

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management
Body image, self-esteem and health behaviour among senior high school students in Offinso Municipality of Ashanti Region, Ghana

January-June 2021

Body image perception has become a public health issue globally. Positive or negative feelings about one self can be influenced by individual and environmental factors. Research has shown that dissatisfaction with body image can have an impact on an individual’s quality of life including an individual’s self-esteem, interpersonal confidence, eating and exercise behaviours.  This study investigated the...

Author(s): Rilwan Yahaya, Daniel Apaak and Thomas Hormenu  

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Canadian plant breeder opinions regarding changes to plant breeders’ rights

April-June 2021

In 1991, Canada became a member of the International Union for the Protection of New Plant Varieties (UPOV). To further incentivize plant breeding research and development, Canada updated its plant breeders’ rights framework in 2015 to become compliant with UPOV-91 (the latest Act of the Treaty). This article reports the results of a survey assessing the impacts of UPOV-91 on Canadian plant breeders, and their...

Author(s): Chelsea Sutherland, Diego Macall and Stuart Smyth  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of phenotypic and biochemical responses of Pteris vittata during growth in arsenic contaminated soil and its effect on selected soil enzymes activity

April, 2021

Experiments were conducted with arsenic-hyperaccumulator, Pteris vittata, and non-hyperaccumulator, Pteris ensiformis, subjected to various arsenic toxicity levels (0 to 1500 mg As kg-1) in peat-moss or soil for up to 14 weeks, to evaluate phenotypic responses and total lipid with fatty acid profiles, and P. vittata influence on rhizosphere enzyme activities. P. ensiformis exhibited significant phenotypic toxicity...

Author(s): Osagie Idehen, Marceline Egnin, Ramble Ankumah and Raymon Shange  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Knowledge and adherence to social distancing guidelines in Nigeria during the COVID-19 pandemic

April-June 2021

Social distancing refers to actions or steps taken by an individual or groups of individuals with the main purpose of reducing physical and social interaction to curb the spread of infectious disease. This study sought to determine Nigerians’ knowledge of social distancing and why most people do not adhere to the guidelines amid the COVID-19 pandemic. A non-probability sampling method was used for this study; data...

Author(s): Ebidor U. Lawani-Luwaji, Pere-ere F. T. Victor and Dorcas B. Esene  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of planting density on yield and yield components of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) at two agro-ecologies of Ethiopia

April, 2021

Use of optimum plant spacing (planting density) is one of the important agronomic practices to maximize the productivity of lettuce. A field experiment was conducted to assess the responses of two lettuce varieties to different plant spacing at Debrezeit and Holeta Agricultural Research Centers representing two different agro-ecologies in Ethiopia. Nine treatment combinations of three levels of inter-row and three...

Author(s): Fekadu Gebretensay Mengistu, Getachew Tabor, Zebenay Dagne, Gizachew Atinafu and Fasil Tadesse Tewolde  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Awareness of sleeping sickness by the populations of the Bipindi historic focus: Lessons for ownership and sustainability of control interventions

April-June 2021

Socio-economic and socio-demographic factors have been considered as critical in disease epidemiology and need to be taken into consideration when designing health interventions. It is therefore strongly recommended to investigate population ownership to ensure sustainability of a given intervention. To this end, a household-based cross sectional survey was conducted to assess knowledge and perceptions regarding...

Author(s): Guy R Njitchouang, André Domche, Laurentine Sumo, Jeanne C Sondi-Dissake, Cédric G. Lenou-Nanga , Alphonse Acho and Hugues C. Nana-Djeunga,  

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Morphological and microsatellite characterization of improved Lablab purpureus genotypes

April-June 2021

Lablab purpureus is a multipurpose legume mainly grown by subsistence farmers for pulse, forage and vegetable. Despite these diverse uses that can be combined successfully under various agronomic conditions, the bean has not been extensively exploited. Dolichos production in Kenya is constrained by low yielding varieties, pests, poor growing techniques and varieties with non-preferred taste and flavor. A study to...

Author(s): David Ngure, Miriam Kinyua and Oliver Kiplagat  

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Water supply interruptions in Umzinto Water System: Ugu District, South Africa

April-June, 2021

The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa states that all citizens have a right to access adequate food and water. However, water services provision has remained one of the biggest challenges faced by most municipalities. The Umzinto water supply system under the auspices of the Ugu District Municipality (Ugu DM) was selected as the study area to evaluate the water supply interruption frequency. Data range for...

Author(s): Lorraine Thulisile Mwelase and Rimuka (Bloodless) Dzwairo

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Demographic profiling and characterization of cattle and cattle farmers in Botswana

April, 2021

Most published data on Botswana’s cattle population neither represent demographics of cattle and cattle ownership nor capture political and gender factors that affect cattle farming. Decline in cattle population has largely been attributed to unthrifty climatic conditions of the predominantly semi-arid desert terrain of the nation. This demographic and characterization study estimated cattle population, its spread...

Author(s): Goodhead Okechukwu Uchendu, Njoku Ola Ama, Andrew Olatunbosun Aganga and Othusitse, Rick Madibela  

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Performance evaluation of oil based drilling fluid formulated with castor oil

January-June, 2021

Oil based muds formulated from diesel oil have proven to be quite expensive and environmentally unfriendly. This current study focused on investigating the suitability of castor oil in formulating oil based muds. The experiment in this work was conducted at different temperature conditions ranging from 40 to 80°C. The density and specific gravity of castor oil based mud were found experimentally to be 0.3 ppg and...

Author(s): S. G. Udeagbara, N. U. Okereke, A. Kerunwa, I. Oguamah, O. I. Nwanwe, J. E. Odo, B. Ikejimba and R. Okeke

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity
Toxoplasma gondii: Deeper understanding of epidemiology, virulence and pathophysiology enhances diagnosis and informs vaccine design

January-June 2021

Toxoplasma gondii is an extremely widespread intracellular obligate parasite that infects both animals and birds. This protozoan pathogen usually causes asymptomatic infection in humans but can cause significant disease in congenitally infected infants, immunodeficient patients and occasionally in immunocompetent individuals. In the complex life cycle of T. gondii, sexual development occurs uniquely in felines whereas...

Author(s): Shiferaw Bekele Woyesa and Andrew W. Taylor-Robinson,

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of the on-farm dairy technologies in Ethiopia: A review

April, 2021

The objective of this review is to provide an overview of the major achievements of on-farm dairy technologies in Ethiopia by reviewing a variety of documents from proceedings, articles, journals, and original research papers. Following the on-station generation and evaluation of dairy technologies, on-farm participatory verification of improved dairy cattle production packages has started. Since then, there are...

Author(s): Endale Yadessa, , Ulfina Galmessa, Lemma Fita and Temesgen Jembere

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
Human security and threats associated with the impacts of 2019 Hong Kong social unrest

January-June 2021

Hong Kong has just experienced unprecedented social unrest that started in 2019. The unrest dragged the city into a chaotic situation that had not been seen in the last 50 years. Violence and crimes occurred across every corner of the territory, affecting every citizen’s livelihood. Several studies have been carried out, analyzing its social, economic, and political causes. However, most of them are limited to the...

Author(s): Bryan Tzu Wei LUK

International Journal of Livestock Production
Goat farmers’ production objectives and trait preferences in the North West province of South Africa: An approach to identify selection criteria for community-based breeding program

April-June 2021

Breeding practices and trait preferences are key to defining sound breeding objectives and designing genetic improvement programs at community level. The current study identifies these factors for village goats within a pilot community-based breeding program in Pella village, North West province, South Africa. Thirty-five farmers were interviewed using semi-structured questionnaire survey to characterize goat...

Author(s): Thobile Fortunate Mtshali, Olivia Ntanganedzeni Mapholi, Keabetswe Tebogo Ncube, Edgar Farai Dzomba, Tlou C. Matelele, T. C. Chokoe, T. D. Mphahlele, Farai Catherina Muchadeyi and Khanyisile Hadebe

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Molecular characterization of water-borne multi-drug resistant Escherichia coli

April 2021

Antibiotics are very important in the fight against infectious disease caused by bacteria and other microbes for decades. Today microbes have developed ways to resist antimicrobial agents targeted at them. We sought to characterize and simultaneously detect virulence genes associated water-borne antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli, obtained from water sampled from ground and surface water sources. The Analytical...

Author(s): Stephen T. Odonkor, Kennedy K. Addo and Anthony M. Sallar

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Bacteriological characteristics and resistance profiles of Vibrio cholerae O1 strains isolated in the Republic of Benin in 2020

April 2021

This study aims to carry out a bacteriological characterization and determine the resistance profile of Vibrio cholerae O1 strains isolated during the epidemiological season of 2020 in Benin. To achieve this goal, 43 diarrheal stool samples were analyzed. The samples were taken during the epidemic period of 2020. Bacteriological analyses consisted of enrichment of the samples in buffered peptone water followed by...

Author(s): Yves Eric Denon, Désirée Metodakou, Mathieu Odoun, Alidehou Jerrold Agbankpe, Victorien Dougnon, Rolande Assogba, Pascaline Mevodjo, Germaine Whannou and Honoré Bankolé,

Page 8 of 1221, showing 50 records out of 61050 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400