African Journal of
Pharmacy and Pharmacology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0816
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPP
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 2282

AJPP Articles

Tolerance profile of therapeutics at the Abidjan Cardiology Institute (CÔTE D’IVOIRE)

June 2024

Tolerance of treatments is an important factor in compliance and quality of care for various pathologies. The objective of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of adverse events observed in patients at the Abidjan Cardiology Institute (ACI).  This descriptive, observational, cross-sectional study involved 200 patients of all ages who were undergoing drug treatment for cardiovascular diseases or other...

Author(s): Manan Siméon YOBO-BI, Kanga Sita N&#;ZOUE, Mankoh Yves-Cédric KEE, Diemon Linda KPEA, Massiré TOURE, Cheick Oumar DIALLO and Mamadou KAMAGATE,

Impact of Artemisia annua and Moringa oleifera on Viral Load, T Cell Activation, and Exhaustion in Ugandan People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH)

June 2024

Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) effectively controls HIV replication in HIV-positive individuals, but chronic immune activation persists, leading to increased virus replication, T cell depletion, and exhaustion, necessitating lifelong HAART to prevent disease progression. This study explores the potential of supplementing HAART with Artemisia annua and Moringa oleifera leaf powders as adjuvants to restore...

Author(s): Silvano S. Twinomujuni, Patrick E. Ogwang, Esther C. Atukunda, Phillip Ssekamatte, Diana Sitenda, Rose Nabatanzi, Martin Amanya, Hussain Y. Ungo-kore, Felicitas Roelofsen, Bannet Asingura, Bernard S. Bagaya and Joel Bazira  

Evaluation and validation of limited sampling strategy for estimating individual exposure of mycophenolic acid in renal transplant children receiving concomitant tacrolimus

May 2024

Limited sampling strategies (LSS) for estimating the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) of mycophenolic acid (MPA) in renal transplant children receiving concomitant tacrolimus have been developed, but they have not yet undergone full validation. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the predictive performance of previously published LSS of MPA in an independent pediatric population and to...

Author(s): BROU Nguessan Aimé, TE BONLE Leynouin Franck-Olivier, BALAYSSAC Eric, N’ZOUE Kanga Sita and SANGBEU Bertrand

Clinical and parasitological evaluation of cutaneal lesions in Mesocricetus auratus infected with Leishmania amazonensis

May 2024

Cutaneous leishmaniasis is an infectious-parasitic disease that is vector-transmitted by female Phlebotomus species through a blood meal. The drugs recommended by the Ministry of Health show moderate efficacy and numerous adverse reactions, making it necessary to develop new drugs. However, it is essential to establish new and vibrant diagnostic techniques detecting and quantifying the parasites in experimental animals...

Author(s): Bruno Bezerra Jensen, Claudia Dantas Comandolli-Wyrepkowski, José Fernando Marques Barcellos, Aline Fagundes da Silva, Paula Figliuolo da Cruz Borges, Rebecca Sayuri Barbosa Hanada, Francimeire Gomes Pinheiro, and Antonia Maria Ramos Franco  

An in vitro evaluation of the antileishmanial and cytotoxic activity of methyl gallate associated with conventional treatment for cutaneous leishmaniasis

May 2024

Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a non-contagious infectious-parasitic disease caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania sp. It is considered a neglected tropical disease and involves public health issues because it affects socially vulnerable populations. The therapy recommended by the Brazilian Ministry of Health as the standard treatment for CL presents numerous challenges. Therefore, it is necessary to look for...

Author(s): Rebecca Sayuri Barbosa Hanada, Bruno Bezerra Jensen, Richaelly Pinheiro dos Santos, Paula Figliuolo da Cruz Borges, Francimeire Gomes Pinheiro, Mayara Arguello da Silva, Ana Caroline dos Santos Castro, Juliana Maria de Morais and Antonia Maria Ramos Franco  

Antioxidant and antibiofilm activity of Ageratum conyzoides L, and Bidens pilosa L against wound pathogens

April 2024

Biofilm infections represent a significant challenge in the medical field due to escalating antibiotic resistance. Plants offer a promising avenue for addressing this issue, as they harbor a diverse array of phytochemicals with various biological activities, including antioxidant properties crucial for preventing biofilm formation in wounds. This study aimed to explore the antioxidant and antibiofilm capabilities of...

Author(s): Catherine Namuga, Haruna Muwonge, Moses Solomon Agwanya and Johnbaptist Kirabira

Effects of the use of piper betle l. leaf extract associated with adipose-derived stem cells on ulcers in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice

April 2024

Diabetic ulcers often present challenges in healing or may heal incompletely without the restoration of proper function. Piper betle L. is recognized as a valuable traditional medicine for treating open wounds due to its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, as well as its ability to stimulate fibroblast proliferation. Additionally, adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) have the capacity to self-renew and...

Author(s): Van Huong Nguyen, Pham Phuoc Hung Lam, Thi Minh Thu Ngo, and Ngoc Hieu Nguyen,

Effects of Adansonia digitata L fruit pulp and Lawsonia inermis L leaves extracts on some smooth muscle preparations

April 2024

Plant materials serve as valuable sources of new medicinal agents, with a considerable number of them being used medicinally. However, it is important to follow systematic research methodology to evaluate the pharmacological properties of these plant materials. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects on some smooth muscle preparations of Adansonia digitata L (Bombacaceae) fruit pulp and Lawsonia inermis L...

Author(s): Musab A. M. Abdelrahim  

Approval of conventional medicines in Cameroon in 2023: Why do some fail?

March 2024

This study focuses on the work of the specialized commission responsible for assessing the conformity of registration files for drugs seeking marketing authorization (MA) in Cameroon during 2023, particularly examining why certain applicants submit noncompliant files for approval. First, the files submitted to the specialized commission in 2023 were listed. The data on the reasons for noncompliance were then compiled,...

Author(s): Zoa Bindzi Joseph Bertin Alexis, Etoundi Ada Valérie, Minyem Ngombi Afuh Aude Perine, Tsafack Edmond Elisée, Khou-kouz Nkoulou Claude Hervé, Mballa Magalie Flore, Nyangono Ndongo Martin, Yaba Dana Basil and Nnanga Nga  

Antihyperglycemic and pancreatic ?-Cells protective effects of Cassia siamea in Alloxan-induced diabetic wistar rats

January 2024

The study aimed to investigate the β-cell protective effects of ethanol extracts of Cassia siamea (Fabaceae) leaves (LECS). Initially, acute toxicity of LECS (2000 mg/kg/day/bw; po) was assessed in rats. In vitro, antioxidant activity was evaluated on HUVEC cultures. Subsequently, acute hypoglycemic and antihyperglycemic properties were examined for three doses of LECS (100, 200, and 400 mg/kg/bw; po) in Wistar...

Author(s): Camille KOFFI, N’goran Mathieu KOUAME, Kouassi Eugène KOFFI, Kanga Sita N’ZOUÉ, N’guessan Alain Roland YAO, Brahima DOUKOURE and Mamadou KAMAGATE  

Pharmacotherapeutics of cerebrovascular accidents in the medical intensive care unit of the Abidjan Cardiology Institute (Ivory Coast)

November 2023

Stroke is responsible for 52% of vascular deaths in Africa, compared to 38% in Europe. A rigorous and rapid pharmacotherapeutic approach, based on the rational use of drugs, could improve this figure. This work aimed to study the pharmacotherapeutic treatment of strokes in the medical intensive care unit of the Abidjan Cardiology Institute. A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study carried out on patient records...

Author(s): Gbongue Eric TIA, Kouakou Etienne EFFO, Gniènèfèrètien Nounaféri Awa SILUE, Amankou Donaldo Jean-Fabius AHUA, Ahou Axelle Edith KOUADIO, Geneviève N&#;GUESSAN-IRIE and N’doua Gisèle KOUAKOU-SIRANSY  

Immunomodulatory effect of Artemisia annua and Moringa oleifera on viral load among PLWH on antiretroviral therapy in Uganda

November 2023

Contemporary highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is effective and tolerable for a long time but cannot eradicate human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection by either elimination of viral reservoirs or enhancement of HIV-specific immune responses. HIV infects the B cell germinal centers in follicles of lymphoid tissue and induces dysfunction, which may persist during HAART, negatively affecting IgG subclass...

Author(s): Silvano Twinomujuni, Patrick E. Ogwang, Esther C. Atukunda, Amanya Martin, Mary Nantongo, Richard Otim, Rose Nabatanzi, Felicitas Roelofsen, Bernard Bagaya and Joel Bazira  

Polyphenol content, antioxidant and antiproliferative effects of a plant mixture composed of four medicinal plants with hepatoprotective potential

October 2023

Reactive oxygen species (ROS), known as normal by-products of various cellular processes, are involved in several human diseases, including cancer and liver diseases. The present study aimed to (i) determine the polyphenol contents, (ii) assess the antioxidant, and (iii) antiproliferative effects of a mixture composed of Balanites aegyptiaca, Calotropis procera, Cochlospermum tinctorium, and Acanthospermum hispidum....

Author(s): Boly Rainatou, Kindo Abdourahim, Traore Tata Kadiatou, Belem-Kabre Wendkouni Leila M. Esther, Barro Lassina, Compaore Souleymane, Compaore Moussa, Carraz Maelle and Ouedraogo Noufou  

Hydrocotyle bonariensis Comm ex Lamm (Araliaceae) leaves effects on rabbit’s blood pressure and electrocardiogram

September 2023

Hydrocotyle bonariensis Comm ex Lamm (Araliaceae) is traditionally used to treat various pathologies like hypertension. This work aims to evaluate the impact of hydro-ethanolic extract of its leaves on the blood pressure and cardiac activity of rabbits, and then to compare its hypotensive effect to conventional hypotensives. Intravenous injection of the hydro-ethanolic leaf extract (10; 20; 40; 80 and 160 mg /kg body...

Author(s): Komla Kaboua, Tcha Pakoussi, Aklesso Mouzou, Balakiyém Kadissoli, Mindede Assih, Aboudoulatif Diallo, Patrick BOIS and Kwashie Eklu-Gadegbeku  

Assessment of the in vivo acute toxicity of aqueous extracts of artavol® antimalaria herbal tea

September 2023

Acute toxicity testing plays a pivotal role in the initial safety assessment of products. It examines the effects of a single or multiple doses of a product administered to animals or taken by humans within a 24-hour period. This test holds particular importance in determining the toxic characteristics of products intended for use in humans, animals, and agriculture. Despite the availability of numerous herbal medicinal...

Author(s): Joseph Oloro, Amon A. Ganafa, Oscar O. P’okello, James M. Mucunu and Timothy E. Maitho

Attitudes towards vaccines and intentions to vaccinate against COVID-19 among undergraduate students at the University of Zambia

August 2023

Negative attitudes regarding vaccines and unwillingness to accept vaccinations are major barriers to managing the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, this study assessed the attitudes towards vaccines and intentions to vaccinate against COVID-19 among undergraduate students at the University of Zambia. This cross-sectional study was conducted among undergraduate students from August to September 2021. Data were collected...

Author(s): Martin Kampamba, Moonga Kalima, Christabel Nang’andu Hikaambo, Moses Mukosha,, Steward Mudenda and Ozawa Sachiko,  

Microbial and physical evaluation of selected cough syrups sold at peripheral drug outlets in Bushenyi District, South Western Uganda

August 2023

Syrups, being non-sterile liquid pharmaceutical formulations, are prone to microbial contamination. The most common microbial contaminants are bacteria and fungi. Contamination of oral liquid pharmaceuticals makes them hazardous due to potential to cause infections, and may also change their physical, chemical, and organoleptic properties. This study assessed the microbial quality and physical characteristic parameters...

Author(s): Johnmary Matovu, Mark Gonahasa, Edson Ireeta Munanura, Ibrahim Ntulume and Jonans Tusiimire,  

Synthesis of organic compounds using yellow yam (Dioscorea praehensilis) tyrosinase as catalyst

July 2023

The authors report the synthesis of some bioactive organic compounds which could be of pharmacological interest using Dioscorea praehensilis tyrosinase immobilized on calcium-alginate beads. The enzymatic synthesis of these compounds involved pyruvic acid as a source of carbonyl groups, ammonia and catechol. Catechol was used as substrate and a parent compound that supplied aromatic ring carbons for the reactions. The...

Author(s): Olutosin Samuel Ilesanmi, Omowumi Funke Adedugbe, David Adeniran Oyegoke, Victory Ayo Olagunju and Isaac Olusanjo Adewale

Assessment of antibiotics use and associated problems at Jimma Health Center, South West Ethiopia

July 2023

Misuse of antibiotics is the main cause for resistance development. The objective of this study is to assess patterns of antibiotics use and associated problems at Jimma Health Center. The study was conducted from February 25, 2016 to March 25, 2016. For the analysis of prescribing indicators retrospectively 295 patient charts that fulfills inclusion criteria were systematically selected from a total of 9800 charts from...

Author(s): Geremew Kinati Terfa and Gemechu Zeleke  

Effects of traditional remedy Sarenta and glibenclamide combination on hyperglycemia orally induced in rats

July 2023

Herbal preparations are commonly used by low-income populations to treat diabetes. The objective of this work was to evaluate interaction between Sarenta remedy with antidiabetic drug such as glibenclamide. Experimental study was carried out according to protocol described by Kambouche.  Before giving different solutions on study, baseline blood glucose was taken using "One call plus" glucometer, then...

Author(s): Kouakou Sylvain, Yapo Guy, Djadji Ayoman, Adehouni Yacouba, Kouakou-Siransy G. and Irié-N’Guessan G.  

Variation of antioxidant and antibacterial activities of ethanolic extracts of propolis in three bee-keeping agro-ecological zones of Uganda

July 2023

Propolis is a resinous plant material collected by bees to defend their colony. This study evaluated the antibacterial and antioxidant activities of ethanolic extracts of Ugandan propolis in three bee-keeping agro-ecological zones. Antibacterial assays were performed on two Gram-positive (S. aureus and S. pneumoniae) and two Gram-negative (E. coli and P. aeruginosa) bacteria within a concentration range of ~1.6 to 100...

Author(s): Julius Kyomya, Mariam Kaanyi Kirabo, Wilberforce John Mayoka, Rehema Namunyenga, Rogers Jaggwe, Lawrence Imanirampa, and Jonans Tusiimire,  

Assessment of pharmacy professionals’ knowledge and practice on the management and dispensing of investigational drugs in clinical trials

June 2023

In quality approach for the development of clinical research in Africa, the level of knowledge and practices of professionals influences the quality of the trial, the confidence of the sponsors in the performance of sites. We evaluated the management and dispensing of experimental drugs in Burkina Faso. From January to June 2018, we conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study with a sample of pharmacists and state...

Author(s): Grissoum Tarnagda, Moussa Ouedraogo, Bavouma Charles Sombié, Luc Kouka Delma, Eric Nagaonle Somé, Jean Claude Romaric Pingwendé Ouédraogo, Olivier Sombié, Maxime K.  Drabo and Rasmané Semdé  

Genetic diversity of pvcsp and pvs25 in Plasmodium vivax isolates in malaria-endemic areas in Asia, Africa, and America: A systematic review

June 2023

Analysis of genetic diversity is an important tool for evaluating Plasmodium vivax drug resistance, relapse patterns, and vaccine development. P. vivax circumsporozoite protein (pvcsp) is involved in sporozoite binding to liver cells. The three pvcsp patterns, i.e., VK210, VK247, or P. vivax-like types, are indentified in P. vivax isolates, which are characterized by repeated sequences. The VK210 pattern is a major...

Author(s): Bashir Abdirahman Guled, Wanna Chiajaroenkul, and Kesara Na-Bangchang,  

A review of phylogeny, medicinal values, phytochemistry and toxicity of Sarcophyte piriei Hutch (Balanophoraceae)

June 2023

In recent years, plants have shown potential as sources of antimicrobial agents due to their immense phytochemical constituents, and there is a need to continuously search and develop potent antimicrobial agents to combat the growing threat of antimicrobial resistance worldwide. The challenges facing the utilization of ethnomedicine are lack of sufficient studies to ascertain their therapeutic use. Sarcophyte is a...

Author(s): Dennis Jack Opwoko, Timothy Wachira and Joseph Mwanzia Nguta  

Relationship between vancomycin trough concentration and 24-h area under the curve concentration in Tunisian patients

June 2023

The 24-h area under the curve concentration (AUC24 h) is associated with better clinical and bacteriological response to vancomycin in patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus who achieve the target AUC24 h between 400 and 700 mg×h/L. Recent consensus recommends maintaining trough concentrations between 15 and 20 mg/mL as a convenient target  to reach an AUC/minimum inhibitory concentration...

Author(s): Sarra MAHFOUDHI, Emna GAIES,, CHARFI Rim,, Nadia JEBABLI, Mouna BEN SASSI,, Hanene EL JEBARI, Daghfous Riadh, and Sameh TRABELSI,

Assessment of antibiotics use and associated problems at Jimma Health Center, South West Ethiopia

April 2023

Misuse of antibiotics is the main cause for resistance development. The objective of this study is to assess patterns of antibiotics use and associated problems at Jimma Health Center. The study was conducted from February 25, 2016 to March 25, 2016. For the analysis of prescribing indicators retrospectively 295 patient charts that fulfills inclusion criteria were systematically selected from a total of 9800 charts from...

Author(s): Geremew Kinati Terfa and Gemechu Zeleke  

Bioactivities of Picrasma javanica Blume. leaf extract

March 2023

Picrasma javanica Blume. is locally known as Nilghanta. Traditionally, the plant is used as an anti-pyretic. The aim of this study was to determine the biological properties of P. javanica leaf extract. The writhing test and tail flick response were determined to assess peripheral and central analgesic activities, respectively. Castor oil was fed orally to induce diarrhea in the test animals. Paw edema method was...

Author(s): Tasnuva Sharmin and Md. Shahidur Rahman  

Cannabis and regulatory science: A review of challenges in Africa

March 2023

To some Cannabis is antisocial anathema, to others it is a harmless sedative-hypnotic, or narcotic analgesic and to others it occupies a cultural position as religious sacrament. Some fear its use leads to psychosis and addiction; to others still it is a legal anomaly and should be decriminalized. Whatever the case may be, in Africa where Cannabis is a recreational drug. It is caught in a bizarrely legal and regulatory...

Author(s): Norman Zimunda Nyazema  

Prevalence and possible psychoactive effects of hair cream use among students

February 2023

In the last decade, there have been different mental health challenges among students due to academic stress, especially during examinations. This has led to the need to explore the relationship between psychoactive ingredients, behavioral responses and academic stress in relation to the use of hair creams. The objectives of the study were to identify hair creams containing psychoactive ingredients in use by female...

Author(s): Francis Adebayo Folaranmi, Ayodapo Oluwadare Jegede and Oluwole Isaac Adeyemi

Anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of methanolic extract of Elaeis guineensis Jacq. leaves (Arecaceae) and its fractions

February 2023

Elaeis guineensis Jacq. is an arborescent monocotyledon of the Arecaceae family. It is a plant originated from tropical rainforest of West Africa. For centuries, it has been a source of food and a natural remedy against several pathologies. The aim of the present research was to evaluate anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of methanolic extract E. guineensis Jacq. (Arecaceae) leaves and phytochemical groups....

Author(s): Madièye Sene, Firmin Sylva Barboza, Abdou Sarr, Fatou Kine Dione, Charlot Diatta, Mamadou Ndiaye, Awa Ndiaye-Sy and Guata Yoro Sy

In vitro inhibition of cyclooxygenases, anti-denaturation and antioxidant activities of Malian medicinal plants

February 2023

Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) is involved in the production of prostaglandins that sustain the inflammatory process. Inflammatory cells release a number of reactive species. Furthermore, reactive oxygen species can initiate intracellular signaling cascades and enhance the expression of pro-inflammatory genes. The objective was to study the cyclooxygenase and protein denaturation inhibition and antioxidant activity of ten...

Author(s): Mahamadou BALLO, Karim TRAORE, Abdoulaye D.A. GUINDO, Seidina A.S DIAKITE, Blaise DACKOUO, Raogo OUEDRAOGO, Sékou BAH, Mahamadou DIAKITE, Rokia SANOGO and Estelle N. H. YOUL  

Acute and sub-acute toxicity evaluation of aqueous stem bark extract of Zanthoxylum Zanthoxyloides (Lam.) in male Albino Wistar rats

February 2023

Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides has been used for decades in traditional medicine across West African countries to treat several ailments such as malaria and pain. However, sometimes it is used without information on its toxicity level. This present work aimed to explore the toxicity level of Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides bark aqueous extract (AZZ) on albino Wistar rats after single and repeated administrations. For the acute...

Author(s): Atèhèzi TOUGOMA, Komi Sagnan ATCHRIMI, Oto-Obong Victor IDAH, Gideon Umezuruike EGESIE and Samuel Odu ODEH

Anti-viral compounds from Jatropha curcas seed extract with anti-HIV-1 and anti-SARS-CoV-2 action

January 2023

Many studies have dealt with the medicinal properties of Jatropha curcas; however, there are limited studies on the scope of its antiviral potential. This is a fact associated with the current challenges posed by HIV-AIDS and COVID-19, which has reinforced the need to expand the knowledge about its antiviral resource. Based on the search for natural products with anti-HIV-1 and anti-SARS-CoV-2 activities, this work...

Author(s): Elvino José de Sousa Ferrão and Edilson Armando De Germano Janeque

Acute toxicity and laxative effect of the aqueous extract of the leaves Crossopteryx febrifuga (Benth) in rats

January 2023

The leaves of Crossepteryx febrifuga (Euphorbiaceae) are commonly used in the Republic of Congo in traditional medicine as a laxative. The present study aims to justify the traditional use of C. febrifuga in the treatment of constipation. The acute toxicity of the aqueous extract was evaluated at the doses of 2000 and 5000 mg/kg in mice in accordance with the OECD (2001) guideline no. 423. The laxative activity of the...

Author(s): Elion Itou RDG,, Etou Ossibi AW, Boukongo R. P., Mambeke H. M., ,Morabandza C. J. and Abena AA

Clinical Pharmacy in South Africa: Qualitative investigation of perspectives of practicing pharmacists

November 2022

The National Department of Health identified the need for Universal Health Coverage, highlighting improved access to quality healthcare in South Africa.Clinical pharmacists play a vital role in various settings, including medication safety, therapeutic drug monitoring and antimicrobial stewardship. Healthcare-related key performance indicators measures quality that ensure accountability, improve patient safety and...

Author(s): Elmien Bronkhorst, Natalie Schellack and Andries GS Gous

Obesity related alterations in kidney function and plasma cytokines: Impact of sibutramine and diet in male Wistar rats

November 2022

Obesity is a global problem due to widespread consumption of high fat diet (HFD) with implications to well-being. This study was to investigate the modulatory effect of sibutramine and normal diet on obesity-induced alteration in kidney functions and adipokines in Wistar rats. Hundred rats were divided into four groups of 25 each and fed with either normal rat chow (NRC) (group I, control group, n=25) or HFD (n=75)....

Author(s): Francis Uchenna AGU, Melford Uche ELENDU, Hope Kelechi OKECHUKWU, Chikodili Adolphus MBAH, Kennedy Chinonye OBIOHA, Isaiah Orji ABALI, Eghosa Edorisiagbon IYARE and Daniel Chukwu NWACHUKWU

In vivo studies of the immunomodulatory effect of aqueous extract of Artemisia herba alba

September 2022

Historically Artemisia herba alba (AHA) is widely used in traditional Moroccan medicine. Few studies have been carried out to confirm its traditional use, in particularly immunological studies and to the authors’ knowledge; no study has treated the in vivo immunomodulatory effect of AHA aqueous extracts. This work was established to assess the immunological effects of AHA, including the humoral and cellular...

Author(s): Ali Lahna, Abdeljaouad Ezzahir, Martin Ndayambadje, Youness Limami, Younes Zaid, Abdallah Naya and Mounia Oudghiri  

Maternal-fetal repercussions of Angylocalyx oligophyllus leaves aqueous extract in pregnant rat

September 2022

Angylocalyx oligophyllus (Fabaceae) is a shrub used traditionally to treat diabetes mellitus and intestinal parasites. Although it is also used by pregnant women, no scientific study has yet revealed its effects on pregnancy. This work aimed to assess the toxic effects of A. oligophyllus leaves aqueous extract on pregnancy, reproduction and fetal development in pregnant rats. The acute toxicity of the A. oligophyllus...

Author(s): Tenezogang Takoukam Christian, Tchamadeu Marie Claire, Bogning Zangueu Calvin, Emambo Patience, Wankeu Nya Modeste, Dongmo Alain Bertrand and Massoma Lembe Dieudonné  

Evaluation of the pharmaceutical quality of two nutraceutical lysine products in South Africa

August 2022

Dietary supplements, particularly nutraceuticals, are an expanding sector on the South African market, especially since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, regulatory authorities do not regulate nutraceuticals and concern arose regarding safety, quality and efficacy of the product reaching the end-user. The aim of the study was to evaluate the pharmaceutical quality, specifically the physical and the...

Author(s): Jonathan Tinotenda Chanyandura and Norman Zimunda Nyazema  

Characterization of native, acetylated and enzymatically modified amura starch (Tacca involucrata) for tablet binding

August 2022

This research is aimed at producing alternative starch used for tablet binding from amura tuber. The microbiological load and physicochemical properties of native and modified amura starches were determined using plate counting method and standard method of BP. Amylose and amylopectin content of native and modified amura starches were determined using spectrophotometric method. Binding and disintegrant abilities of...

Author(s): Abubakar M., Dickson  M. A., Egwim C. E,., Bilkisu M. I.,  Murtala  Y., Lawal  I and Aliyu B. S  

Dynamics of herbal medicine processing and production in Benue State Nigeria

July 2022

The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge base of traditional medicine practitioners (TMPs) in Benue State in relation to current good manufacturing practice for effective quality, safety, and increased economic value. A cross-sectional study was conducted among the TMPs using questionnaire. Information such as practice area, type of herbal medicine preparations, water quality, preservatives as well as...

Author(s): Obi P. Adigwe, Philip F. Builders, John Alfa and Peter Oladosu  

In vivo antiplasmodial activity of an aqueous extract of leafy stems of Ipomoea pes-caprea (L.) R.Br. in Swiss mice infected with Plasmodium berghei

June 2022

The study aimed to evaluate the in vivo antiplasmodial activity of an aqueous extract of aerial parts of Ipomoea pes-caprea in mice infected with Plasmodium berghei. Extracts of Ipomoea pes-caprea were obtained from the decoction of the dried leafy stem of the plant. The extracts obtained were used for the evaluation of the antiplasmodial activity which was done according to two methods: the Rane test was used to...

Author(s): Eric Gbongué TIA, Thierry-Lenoir Ayoman DJADJI, Landry Sylvain KOUAKOU, karim TUO, Etienne Kouakou EFFO, Adebo Yacouba ADEHOUNI, Nounaféri Awa Gniènèfèrètien SILUE, Axelle Edith Ahou KOUADIO, Geneviève N’GUESSAN-IRIE and  Gisèle N’doua KOUAKOU-SIRANSY  

Formulation and evaluation of gastro-retentive floating tablets of griseofulvin

June 2022

About 50% of an oral dose of griseofulvin passes through the gastro-intestinal tract unabsorbed and is excreted in faeces. Short residence time of the low soluble griseofulvin, in stomach and small intestine, limits its dissolution.  Griseofulvin is highly soluble in acidic pH, and so a gastro-retentive floating matrix system was developed to control dissolution rate and thereby enhance solubility to develop an...

Author(s): Jonathan Tinotenda Chanyandura, Madan Sai Poka, Patrick Hulisani Demana and Musa Autamashih  

Assessment of the immunomodulatory activity of Artavol® aqueous extract in Plasmodium berghei infected mice

May 2022

ARTAVOL® is an herbal product derived from de-artemisinised extracts of Artemisia annua combined with lemon grass extract and avocado seed powder as a base locally used in Uganda for malaria prevention. This study assessed the immunomodulatory activity of the aqueous extract of Artavol® in Plasmodium berghei infected mice. The immunomodulatory activity of the aqueous extract of Artavol® was evaluated on...

Author(s): Martin Amanya, Clement Olusoji Ajayi, Bernard Natukunda, Francis Wasswa, Alice Bayiyana, Rose Nabatanzi, Obondo Sande and Amon Agaba  

Development of novel preparation method for rapid release of paclitaxel as a dry powder for inhalation: A preparation method for dry powder inhalers

May 2022

The purpose of this experiment was to develop a novel dry powder inhalation preparation method. Paclitaxel dry powder for inhalation was prepared by spraying a paclitaxel-ethanol solution directly onto an inhalable lactose carrier. This process was carried out under a relatively low temperature, avoiding potential damage to the drug from exposure to high temperatures. After preparation, the particle morphology, size,...

Author(s): Wenxiu Hong,, Rongfeng Hu, Tori Czech, Qingrong Xia,, Jun Liang,, and Jihui Tang  

Antibacterial activities of Bidens pilosa L, Hoslundia opposita Vahl, and Ageratum conyzoides L against some common wound pathogens

May 2022

Bacterial infection cause delayed wound healing, and the rising cases of antibiotic resistance call for alternative solutions. This research aims to determine and compare the antibacterial activity of selected research plants when extracted by different methods using different solvents. The plants were extracted with ethanol, methanol, acetone, water, chloroform, and ethyl acetate using Soxhlet and maceration...

Author(s): Catherine Namuga, Haruna Muwonge, Margaret Lubwama, Nakyejwe Janet, Tahalu Sekulima and John Baptist Kirabira  

Ethanol extracts of Terminalia catappa leaves and Persea americana seed attenuate renal damage associated with Streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

April 2022

Kidney is an essential organ responsible for excretion and detoxification. The use of streptozotocin in rat model experiments has provided rooms for researchers to test the effectiveness of medicinal plants that might possess nephroprotective and antidiabetic properties; so as to help in the treatment of diabetes complications. The study was aimed to evaluate the attenuating effects of ethanol extracts of Taminalia...

Author(s): Peter Folorunsho Ayodele, Olayinka Fisayo Onifade, Olawale Dada Williams, Olaniyi Stephen Omowaye and Mariam Olaide Salimon  

Herbal medicine for psoriasis and their molecular targets: A systematic review

March 2022

Psoriasis is an incurable, chronic, recurrent immune-mediated in?ammatory dermatosis characterized by epidermal hyperplasia and excessive in?ltration of in?ammatory cells into the dermis and neovascularization. The study aimed to provide a systematic review on the in vitro, in vivo, and clinical studies to support traditional uses of herbal medicine for psoriasis treatment.  The systematic review was performed by...

Author(s): Yosita Kasemnitichok, Wanna Chaijaroenkul and Kesara Na-Bangchang,  

Knowledge, perception and beliefs of human health workers and veterinarians on antimicrobial resistance in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

February 2022

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major public health problem in both hospital and community acquired infections. This study assessed knowledge, attitudes and perceptions on AMR among human health workers and veterinarians in Ouagadougou. A cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire was applied among medical health and veterinary structures in Ouagadougou, on February 2020 to January 2021. A total...

Author(s): Souleymane Soré, Fatimata Bintou Josiane Diarra, Emmanuel Sampo, Sandaogo Hamidou Ouandaogo, Abdoul Salam Ouédraogo and Idrissa Sanou,

A cross-sectional survey on COVID-19 knowledge and precautionary measures of the pharmacists and patients in community pharmacies

January 2022

In the global pandemic of COVID-19, community pharmacists play key roles in implementing personal protective measures to control their own risk as well as the patient’s risk of being infected with COVID-19. This study was designed to explore the COVID-19 knowledge and precautionary measures of the pharmacists and patients in community pharmacies. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on the pharmacists and...

Author(s): Eriko Kobayashi, Yusuke Kanemaru, Kotomi Shioya, Junichi Asaka, Satoshi Yuge, Kenzo Kudo and Nobunori Satoh  

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