Articles

 

Page 7 of 1270, showing 50 records out of 63458 total, starting on record 301, ending on 350

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antimicrobial activities of the extract of shea tree (Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertn. F.) leaf and bark on some selected clinical pathogens

December, 2023

The use of plants and plant products in the treatment of various ailments has been with humanity since the dawn of time and the potentials of these plants are so enormous that the continuous search for their hidden treasures is more crucial because of the rise in antibiotic resistance. This study was designed to determine the antimicrobial activities of the shea tree (Vitellaria paradoxa) extracts against some selected...

Author(s): Lawrence Adelani Adetunde , Oliver Awo and Abdul-Wahab Mbelayim Imoro

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Phytochemical compounds present in COVI-MXG herbal preparation inhibits RNA-Dependent RNA polymerase from SARS-CoV-2: A molecular docking study

December, 2023

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has been identified as the agent responsible for COVID-19 pandemic. Currently, no therapeutic agents have proven effective in combating the virus. Managing the infection is mainly palliative in nature, involving infection prevention strategies and supportive therapy anchored on drugs that practitioners have had previous usage experience. Previously exploited...

Author(s): Olanike Catherine Poyi, Kakjing D. Falang and Jacob A. Kolawole  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Effects of different nitrogen forms and concentration combinations on American ginseng seedling growth

December, 2023

This study investigated the impact of various nitrogen forms on American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) seedling growth. Thirteen treatments of inorganic and organic nitrogen combinations were tested in the first year and growth indicators were measured. In the second year, treatments with significant growth promotion effects were further verified. The results showed improved growth of American ginseng seedlings when the...

Author(s): Nan Zou, Chongwei Li, Guozhong Chen, Wanxin Huang, Ping Zhu, Yuping Hou and Xinfu Bai  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Qualitative, quantitative composition and evaluation of the antioxidant activity of polar extracts of stem bark of Hexalobus crispiflorus A. Rich (Annonaceae family): Central African species

December, 2023

Hexalobus crispiflorus A. Rich., synonym Hexalobus grandiflorus Benth, is a plant in the Central African pharmacopoeia, widely used in the treatment of skin diseases and diabetes. The present study is a contribution to the qualitative and quantitative analysis and evaluation of the antioxidant activity of this plant. Preliminary phytochemical tests carried out on the different crude extracts of H. crispiflorus revealed...

Author(s): Ngaïssona Paul, Worowounga Xavier, Issa-Madongo Mathurin, Komokoïna-Yamadjiyo Arthur Stanislas, Namkona Frédéric Armel, Koane Jean Noël, and Syssa-Magalé Jean-Laurent

Journal of the Nigeria Society of Physiotherapy
Cardiopulmonary physiotherapy as a specialty: Students’ experience and factors that influence their career choice

July-December 2023

Studies have shown that physiotherapy students have limited knowledge about cardiopulmonary physiotherapy specialty despite the increased need for cardiopulmonary physiotherapy services in Nigeria. The study aims to assess undergraduate physiotherapy clinical students' experiences in the cardiopulmonary physiotherapy specialty and the factors that influence their career choice. A cross-sectional survey was conducted...

Author(s): Ayelawa Samuel Damilola, Overcomer Temiloluwa Binuyo, Omotola Adam Onigbinde and Abiodun Jeremiah Olaniyi  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Groundwater quality assessment and human health risks in Ovitoto, Otjozondjupa Region, Namibia

December 2023

Namibia, a dry country relies heavily on groundwater resources which is susceptible to anthropogenic contamination. The study assessed the quality and health risks of borehole water supplied to residents of the Ovitoto community in Otjozondjupa region of Namibia. Water samples were collected from nine boreholes across nine communities over a period of six months and subjected to physicochemical and microbial analyses....

Author(s): Priskila Mwatukange, Erold Naomab and Omotayo Rafiu Awofolu  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Possible human health risk of selected heavy metals’ mobility from municipal waste compost amended agricultural soil

December 2023

Use of organic compost in soil amendment in agricultural practice may tend to transfer heavy metals and can be a health concern. This study aims to investigate the possible mobilization of selected heavy metals from municipal compost amended soil. Experimental plots (250 m2) were divided into four equal portions and alternate portions were amended with municipal compost and left for 5 weeks. Soil physicochemical...

Author(s): Wasiu Bolaji Tomori, Kehinde Oluwasiji Olorunfemi, Vincent Olanrewaju Onibon and Tolulope Oyelekan Oyewunmi,  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Geospatial assessment of land surface temperature in Owo Forest Reserve Area, Ondo State Nigeria

December 2023

Nigeria forest reserves acts as the last succour for the entire citizenry and also have significant contributions to her economy. This study was intended at assessing the Land Surface Temperature (LST) in Owo Forest Reserve Area (FRA) with a view for sustainable forest management. The objectives set for the research includes: (i.) assessing the vegetation changes in Owo FRA, (ii.) evaluate the LST and (iii.) relate...

Author(s): Victor A. Ijaware

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Digital ethics and taxpayers’ attitude in Greece: Evidence and policy recommendations for the future

October-December 2023

New technologies transform public policies and the services provided to citizens, contributing significant added value to them individually or collectively. The same applies to the case of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Tax Administration (TA). Contemporary TA integrates in its operation a number of algorithmic applications in high impact areas of taxation. This paper aims to analyze Greek taxpayers’ attitudes...

Author(s): Maria Priniotaki

African Journal of Plant Science
Combining ability of aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch) resistance in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.)

December 2023

General combining ability (GCA) describes the general usefulness of the parental form in terms of the concerned trait, whereas specific combining ability (SCA) indicates importance of the joint action of the genes of parental forms. Such information is useful to identify the best combiners which may be hybridized to build up favourable genes. This present investigation aimed to determine the GCA and SCA effects of...

Author(s): Adelaide Pingdewinde Ouédraogo, Agyemang Danquah, Jean-Baptiste Tignegre, Jeremy Tinga Ouédraogo, Jonathan Narh Ayertey and Kwadwo Ofori

African Journal of Biotechnology
Callus induction of Tacca integrifolia Ker Gawl using stem nodal segment

December 2023

A study was conducted to determine the optimum concentration of plant growth regulators on in vitro callus induction of Tacca integrifolia using stem nodal segment. Fresh, dry weight and morphology of callus were evaluated and the results showed significant effects on callus induction when analyzed at a 5% level of significance. Among the treatments, Murashige and Skoog with only 6-Benzylaminopurine (1.0 mg/L) produced...

Author(s): Nur Azalina Azman, Asmah Awal, and Fatimah Abdol Latif

African Journal of Biotechnology
Isolation and molecular identification of tannase producing fungi from soil

December 2023

The study was conducted to isolate and identify tannase producing fungi from soil. Soil samples were collected aseptically and cultured on tannic acid agar (TAA) to screen for tannic acid hydrolysis. The observed isolates were sub-cultured to obtain pure culture and were later subjected to secondary screening in the Czapek medium. The biomass weight, tannase activity, and gallic acid concentration in the fermentation...

Author(s): Mutiat Adetayo Omotayo, Oluremi Nurudeen Olaleye, Simeon K. Odetunde and Mary Oluwatoyin Avungbeto  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Identification of antagonistic bacterium strain and biocontrol effects on ginseng root rot disease

December 2023

From healthy mountain-cultivated ginseng leaves, 45 endophytic bacteria strains were isolated. Antagonistic bacterium strain FS17 was screened with the confront culture method, and identified as Bacillus subtilis based on morphological characteristic and 16S rRNA sequence analysis. Growth rate method was used to determine that the fermentation broth of FS17 had inhibitory effect on 10 plant pathogenic fungi, and the...

Author(s): Chunyuan Zhou, Chengci Piao and Hao Zhang,

African Journal of Biotechnology
Inoculation effectiveness of native and exotic Bradyrhizobium species strains in a Senegalese agricultural soil: A comparison on modern and traditional peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) cultivars

December 2023

Peanut is a key component of Senegal’s predominantly cereal-based farming systems, but its production is challenged by low soil fertility. Rhizobial inoculation is a promising strategy to improve crop yield and reduce the use of chemical nitrogen fertilizers. The aim of this study was to isolate the most specific and effective bradyrhizobial strain for peanut, and to determine the degree of variability in the...

Author(s): Godar Sene, Nibourou Top, Maimouna Cissoko, Nogaye Niang, Cheikh Ndiaye, Issa Faye, Mansour Thiao, Saliou Fall, and Samba Ndao Sylla,

African Journal of Biotechnology
Preferential expression of somatic embryogenesis in five elite genotypes of Theobroma cacao (L.) associated with explant type and protocols used

December 2023

This study aims to identify the suitable subculturing time, culture media (protocols) and explants type suitable for somatic embryogenesis expression in five elite genotypes of Theobroma cacao L. Thus, petals and staminodes explants extracted from immature flower buds of genotypes (C1, C8, C9, C14, and C16) are first grown in different media (CIM and CDM) to assess the subculturing time. Then, successive transfers in...

Author(s): N’goran Poh Konan Georges, Minyaka Emile, Kouassi Kan Modeste, Kone Siaka, Djeni N’dede Theodore, Kouamé Christophe and N’zi Jean-Claude  

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
The impact of self-management education and exercise intervention on pregnant women’s back pain experiences in low- and middle-income countries

October-December 2023

Pregnancy-related back pain is a frustrating health problem worldwide because of its high prevalence. Approximately 50% of women experience back pain during pregnancy and 25% may continue to experience pain after delivery. The impact of a self-management education and exercise intervention were determined on pregnant women’s back pain experiences in a low- and middle-income setting. The aim was to establish the...

Author(s): Loveness A Nkhata, Charity Kapenda and Jane Chela  

Educational Research and Reviews
The perception of junior secondary school teacher to their level of motivation in Bo District, Southern Region of Sierra Leone

December 2023

The study assessed the perception of junior secondary school teacher to their level of motivation in Bo district, Southern Region of Sierra Leone. It adopted a descriptive research design to collect data on a sample size of 298 teachers. Self-administered perception questionnaire on teacher motivation (SAPQTM) was developed on the basis of the objectives of the study. Data was collected and analyzed using descriptive...

Author(s): Tony Patrick George

Educational Research and Reviews
Meta-cognitive knowledge, locus of control and understanding mathematical jokes: A study in students with and without learning disabilities

December 2023

This study examined how metacognitive knowledge and locus of control are associated with understanding mathematical jokes in students with and without learning disabilities. This study looked at a sample of 60 ninth-grade students of which 30 had a learning disability diagnosis and 30 had no learning disabilities. Students were tested using three instruments: a metacognitive knowledge questionnaire, a locus of control...

Author(s): Saied Bishara

Educational Research and Reviews
The effect of differentiated instruction on gifted students' critical thinking skills and mathematics problem solving attitudes

December 2023

It is known that a significant portion of the world's child population is gifted. Studies on the applications that can be used in the education of these gifted students have been given importance in recent years. In this study, the effect of differentiated instruction method on mathematics problem solving attitude and critical thinking skills of gifted students at primary school level was examined. The research is a...

Author(s): Aybala Çayir and Emine Balci

Educational Research and Reviews
Examining e-learning adoption intention among academic staff in higher education institutions: A developing country context

December 2023

E-learning presents a significant opportunity for developing countries to rapidly increase the availability of higher education to their population. However, e-learning is not widely adopted in many developing countries such as Nigeria. This study aims to advance our understanding of the determinants of e-learning adoption by examining the factors influencing e-learning adoption intentions among academic staff in higher...

Author(s): Thomas Tega Tonukari and Hod Anyigba

Educational Research and Reviews
The perception of junior secondary school teachers on their performance in Bo District, Southern Sierra Leone

December 2023

The study investigated the effects of motivation on the performance of Junior Secondary School teachers in Bo district, Southern Sierra Leone. It adopted a descriptive research design to collect data on a sample size of 298 teachers. The descriptive statistics analysis revealed that the performance of teachers was high; this implies that teachers rated their performance as of a high standard. They indicated that most...

Author(s): Tony Patrick George

Educational Research and Reviews
Teacher professional development in Zimbabwe: Bridging resources to serve young children

December 2023

This bounded case study illuminates the planning, delivery, and evaluation of early childhood professional development sessions conducted by the educational experts with a Zimbabwean non-profit organization in response to a need for professional development for early childhood teachers. Ethnographic and grounded theory methods were used by participant observers to collect and analyze data, including observational notes...

Author(s): Lea Ann Christenson and Patrick Makokoro

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Kenya's evolving recognition and non-recognition policy under moi: A case of China and Taiwan (1990-1998)

October-December 2023

This study delves into the transformation of Kenya's foreign policy with regard to recognition and non-recognition, with a particular focus on its handling of China and Taiwan during the period spanning 1990 to 1998. Historically, Kenya's recognition policy adhered to the conventional norm of emphasizing the recognition of sovereign states over specific governments, as exemplified by Dr. Njoroge Mungai's...

Author(s): Ogeto Danvas Mabeya  

Scientific Research and Essays
Endogenous knowledge and farming methods for Jatropha curcas L. in southern Chad

October-December, 2023

To assess the level of knowledge of the farming population and the ecological importance of Jatropha curcas, ethnobotanical surveys were carried out among the local population in three villages in the province of Logone Oriental, namely Bébédjia, Miandoum and Komé. A total of 250 people of different sexes were surveyed. The results of these surveys showed the socio-economic importance of this...

Author(s): OUMAR Dany, DJEKOTA Christophe Ngarmari, SABO Prospère and MBAIDE Yeba

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Variability of the electric field of magnetospheric convection in recurrent activity during the solar cycle 24

October-December, 2023

This paper employs a statistical approach to investigate the diurnal variability of the magnetospheric convective electric field (MCEF) during recurrent activity, considering the phases of solar cycle 24. This study reveals that the magnetosphere exhibits greater dynamism during the maximum and descending phases on recurrent days. The diurnal variability of the MCEF on days of recurrent geomagnetic activity indicates...

Author(s): Dama Alfred Stéphane, Kaboré Salfo, Sandwidi Sibri Alphonse and Ouattara Frédéric  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Prevalence, determinants, and consequences of teenage pregnancy on teenage girls in selected health areas of the Limbe Health District in Cameroon

October-December 2023

Teenage pregnancy is a significant public health concern in many low- and middle-income countries, including Cameroon. It leads to adverse health outcomes for both the mother and child, as well as social, economic, and educational challenges. Little is known about teenage pregnancy in the Limbe Health District. This study aimed to address this gap by determining the prevalence of teenage pregnancy, identifying the...

Author(s): Myra M. Mande, Malika Ekeme, Chrisantus E. Ukah, Claudine M. Shei, Syveline Z. Dang, Sylvester N. Atanga    

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Factors associated with viral suppression and rebound in adult HIV patients on antiretroviral therapy

October-December 2023

Suppression of viral load and its maintenance are necessary for reducing morbidity and mortality linked to HIV infection. The present study aims to investigate the factors associated with viral load rebound in adults receiving antiretroviral treatment. The study was conducted in two outpatient treatment centers (CTAs) in Bangui. This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted from August 1 to 31, 2023. The study...

Author(s): Diemer Saint Calvaire Henri, Longo Jean de Dieu, Woromogo Sylvain Honore, Doyama-Woza Rodrigue Herman, Fandema Emmanuel and Gérard Grésenguet  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Prevalence of sexual dysfunction, factors, and psychological effects on adult males in the Buea Health District, Cameroon

October-December 2023

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of sexual dysfunction, associated factors, quality of life and health seeking habit of males in the Buea Health District (BHD). A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out on sexually active males. Sexual dysfunction and quality of life were assessed using the International Index for Erectile Function (IIEF) and the Sexual Quality of Life Scale-Male...

Author(s): Tanze Shella Nkafu, Simo Wambo André Gaetan, Enoru Eyong Eta Divine and Tendongfor Nicholas  

International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology
Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance among yield and yield related traits of advanced Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] breeding lines

July-December 2023

In Ethiopia, tef is one of the most significant crops that are grown extensively as a staple cereal crop. The evaluation of genetic variability in crop species is one of the key activities in plant breeding, which supports in the creation of breeding strategies to meet a diversify objectives. A field experiment was therefore conducted to determine genetic variability, heritability, and genetic advanced for yield and...

Author(s): Girma Ashe, Solomon Chanyalew and Bulti Tesso  

African Journal of History and Culture
Changes in the customary marriage traditions and their implication for the girl child: A gender perspective

July-December 2023

In Ghana, customary marriage traditions have witnessed some level of changes. This study examined these changes and their implications for the girl child development, using the Gurishies of Bongo in the Upper East Region as a case. Purposive and quota sampling techniques were employed to select 41 participants in a case study design. Face to face interview was employed in gathering primary data and were analysed...

Author(s): Akosewine Francis Akapini, Flora Chirani and Florence Naah Bamora  

African Journal of History and Culture
Equines on the Islands of Malta from the tenth to the twenty-first centuries AD

July-December 2023

Donkeys probably first arrived on Malta 3000 years ago. The first written record appears in the late tenth century when wild donkeys were present on an unoccupied Malta and were captured by itinerant traders for export, mainly to Sicily. In 1091 Sicily invaded Malta and confiscated all the inhabitants’ horses and mules. Horse numbers declined from 600 animals in 1565 to 130 by 1638. Donkeys were always most...

Author(s): R Trevor Wilson

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Morphometric structuring and diversity of ticks of the subgenus Rhipicephalus (Boophilus), in the Savannah District, Côte d’Ivoire

July-December 2023

The existence of a biological barrier between Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) annulatus and Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) decoloratus, which are considered species within the subgenus Rhipicephalus (Boophilus), is increasingly questioned due to observed hypothetical hybridization among them. To investigate this presumed hybridization, we conducted a morphometric characterization study of the...

Author(s): Kouassi Y. J. M. Privat, N’Goran K. Edouard, Kanh K. H. Michael, Gragnon B. Guillaume and M’Bari K. Benjamin  

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Investigating the challenges facing effective implementation of free primary education in Bo District, Southern Sierra Leone

July-December 2023

This paper aims to examine the obstacles hindering the successful implementation of Free Primary teaching in Kakua chiefdom, Bo district, Southern Sierra Leone, focusing on the adequacy of funding and provision of educational resources to schools. The research employed a survey design with a cross-sectional approach, involving the collection of both qualitative and quantitative data from various respondents...

Author(s): Tony Patrick George

African Journal of Business Management
Perceived performance in creative and cultural entrepreneurship: A lecture of music industry entrepreneurs in Cameroon

November

The aim of this study is to shed light on the performance criteria used by cultural entrepreneurs, specifically those in the music industry in the Cameroonian context. Adopting a qualitative multiple-case study approach, semi-structured interviews were conducted with a sample of 14 music industry entrepreneurs selected using the reasoned choice method. Analysis of these entrepreneurs' discourse using Nvivo 10...

Author(s): Nelson Aubin Diffo Lontsi  

Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology
The effect of curing condition and use of additives on compressive strength of lime/pozzolana mortar

July-December, 2023

Previous studies have shown that the obsidian pozzolana of the Sabaloka area processes a high pozzolana index. Therefore, it was chosen to study the effect of its curing condition and use of additives on the compressive strength of lime pozzolana mortar. The investigation revealed that the strength of pozzolana mortar is affected positively or increases with the curing condition (humidity, time, and temperature); also...

Author(s): Mamoun E. E., El Zamzami M. A. and Abazar M. A. Daoud  

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Assessing the determinants of farm households’ choice of livelihood diversification strategies in Sub Zoba Debarwa, Eritrea

October-December 2023

Smallholder rural farm households face increasing pressure to diversify their livelihood strategies to supplement their meager and unstable agricultural productivity. The objective of the study was to assess the determinants of smallholder rural farm households’ choice of livelihood diversification strategies in sub-Zoba Debarwa, Zoba Debub, and Eritrea. Data were collected from 201 randomly selected rural...

Author(s): Ghirmai Tesfamariam Teame and Degol Abrham Tekle  

African Journal of Health Sciences and Technology
Factors determining adherence to follow-up care for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV among pregnant women in Cross River State, Nigeria

November 2023

Adherence to the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in developing countries faces several barriers. The aim of the study is to identify factors determining adherence to follow-up care in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission among pregnant women living with HIV in Cross River State, Nigeria. It is a cross-sectional study applying systematic sampling techniques among antenatal attendees living...

Author(s): Iquo E. Okon, Etanguno E. Owowo, Deborah E. Okon and Grace O. Effiong

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Direction of material creep during the deformation phase in shear zones, role in mining prospecting: A case of the Nassara-Torkera gold deposits in the Gaoua region, Burkina Faso, West Africa

October-December, 2023

Mineralization at the Nassara and Torkera gold deposits is situated at the contact between volcanic rocks (basalt-andesite) and volcanosedimentary rocks (pyroclastite, black shale) within the echelon faults of the large West Batié shear zone (WBZ). Along the mineralized body, shear deformation is intense, accompanied by significant hydrothermal fluid circulation. The objective of this study is to determine the...

Author(s): Pascal Ouiya, Gounwendmanaghre Hubert Zongo, Adama Ouedraogo Yameogo, and Seta Naba  

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Financial accountability mechanisms in local governments in Uganda: A case of Kabale District Local Government

October-December 2023

The purpose of the study is to present financial accountability mechanisms in local governments, with reference to Kabale district local government. A cross-sectional research design, which used both quantitative and qualitative approaches to collect and analyze data, was adopted. Both simple random and purposive sampling techniques were used to select 117 respondents from 174 subjects. Questionnaires and personal...

Author(s): Perpetua Arinaitwe, Marus Eton, Moses Agaba, Abanis Turyehebwa, Bernard Patrick Ogwel and Fabian Mwosi  

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Validation of women abuse screening tool (WAST-S) in the Mozambique National Health Service (significance for HIV prevention and ART treatment Adherence): A quasi-experimental crossover study

July-December 2023

Intimate partner violence (IPV), includes a wide range of abusive behaviors perpetrated by someone involved or who was involved in an intimate relationship with the victim. It is a serious and preventable public health problem globally. This article reports on the validation of an adaptation of the Women Abuse Screening Tool (WAST-S) in Mozambique and recommends its application for more effective prevention and ART...

Author(s): Joaquim Matavel, Khátia Munguambe, and Osvaldo Loquiha  

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Global economic policy uncertainty, oil shocks and volatility in some Southern African Development Community stock markets: A GARCH-MIDAS approach

October-December 2023

This study investigates the effects of global economic policy uncertainty and oil shocks on stock market volatility in Botswana, Mauritius, and South Africa. Datasets from periods preceding and during the COVID-19 pandemic are utilized to provide evidence on the impact of global economic policy uncertainty (GEPU) and oil shocks on stock returns volatility in these countries. The examination employs a mixed data sampling...

Author(s): DRAMA Bédi Guy Hervé

African Journal of Food Science
Effect of endosperm maturity on the physicochemical composition and sensory acceptability of coconut (Coco nucifera) milk and yoghurt

November 2023

The effect of endosperm maturity on the physicochemical compositions and sensory acceptability of coconut milk and yogurt was studied. The influence of fermentation time on the physicochemical characteristics and sensory acceptability of coconut yogurt was also determined. Varied coconut endosperm maturity (soft, medium and hard) and fermentation time (6, 12, 18 and 24 h) were used to produce milk and yogurt. The...

Author(s): Lydia Konadu, Doreen Dedo Adi, John Acquah-Mensah and Ellen Olu Fagbemi

African Journal of Food Science
Physico-chemical, functional and anti-nutritional properties of taro (Colocasia esculenta) flour as affected by cooking and drying methods

November 2023

The effects of cooking medium, cooking time, and drying conditions on the physicochemical, functional, pasting, and anti-nutritional properties of taro flour were studied. Physicochemical and functional characteristics indicated that flour from taro slices cooked in water had higher L*, WAI, and OAC, and intermediate WSI, a*, and b* values. Acidic cooking treatment significantly decreased the oxalate and phytate content...

Author(s): V. Kumar, H. K. Sharma and S. Fatima

African Journal of Plant Science
An investigation of the photophysiology and phenology of cultivated African violet plants

November 2023

African violets (Streptocarpus ionanthus), originally native to the Eastern Arc Mountains of Africa and adjacent submontane or montane forests in Kenya and Tanzania, are commonly grown as ornamental plants and have been extensively studied by horticulturists. However, there is a lack of laboratory data regarding their ecophysiology. Given the growing interest in conserving African violets in their threatened natural...

Author(s): O. Roger Anderson  

African Journal of Plant Science
Occurrence and distribution of viruses associated with papaya ringspot disease in Kenya

November 2023

Papaya ringspot disease is a serious threat to papaya production in Kenya. For effective management, it is important to determine the occurrence and distribution of the viruses associated with the disease. A survey was conducted in 2017, covering a total of 103 papaya fields in major papaya production areas in the country. To determine the disease incidence, 20 plants per field were visually inspected for symptoms...

Author(s): Naomi Nzilani Mumo, Elijah Miinda Ateka, George Edward Mamati, Fredah Karambu Rimberia and George Ochieng’ Asudi

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Pharmacotherapeutics of cerebrovascular accidents in the medical intensive care unit of the Abidjan Cardiology Institute (Ivory Coast)

November 2023

Stroke is responsible for 52% of vascular deaths in Africa, compared to 38% in Europe. A rigorous and rapid pharmacotherapeutic approach, based on the rational use of drugs, could improve this figure. This work aimed to study the pharmacotherapeutic treatment of strokes in the medical intensive care unit of the Abidjan Cardiology Institute. A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study carried out on patient records...

Author(s): Gbongue Eric TIA, Kouakou Etienne EFFO, Gniènèfèrètien Nounaféri Awa SILUE, Amankou Donaldo Jean-Fabius AHUA, Ahou Axelle Edith KOUADIO, Geneviève N&#;GUESSAN-IRIE and N’doua Gisèle KOUAKOU-SIRANSY  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Immunomodulatory effect of Artemisia annua and Moringa oleifera on viral load among PLWH on antiretroviral therapy in Uganda

November 2023

Contemporary highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is effective and tolerable for a long time but cannot eradicate human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection by either elimination of viral reservoirs or enhancement of HIV-specific immune responses. HIV infects the B cell germinal centers in follicles of lymphoid tissue and induces dysfunction, which may persist during HAART, negatively affecting IgG subclass...

Author(s): Silvano Twinomujuni, Patrick E. Ogwang, Esther C. Atukunda, Amanya Martin, Mary Nantongo, Richard Otim, Rose Nabatanzi, Felicitas Roelofsen, Bernard Bagaya and Joel Bazira  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Market value chain of honey production in Northern Ethiopia

November, 2023

Farm commodities that are grown to sell for profit and purchased by parties separate from a farm are seen as cash crops. Coffee, cotton, and honey are produced for sale in South and Western Ethiopia. As honey emerged as a cash commodity, farmers in Northern Ethiopia became involved in honey production as an income source. Studies on honey production have focused on central, south, and western Ethiopia. Northern and...

Author(s): Filmon Hadaro Hando  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Comparative analysis of immediate and residual effects of farmyard manure, triple superphosphate, and lime on maize yields in western Kenya

November, 2023

The effects of farmyard manure (FYM) and triple superphosphate (TSP) as sources of phosphorus, when applied with or without lime, on selected soil chemical properties, and the initial and residual maize yields, were compared for two consecutive seasons at two acidic, phosphorus-deficient sites, Khwisero and Maseno, in western Kenya. Nutrient inputs, consisting of two sources of phosphorus: TSP and FYM, applied as sole...

Author(s): Peter Opala, George Odhiambo and Erastus Anzetse

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Floral biology and phenology of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas [L.] Lam.) in Cuba: Bases for genetic improvement

November, 2023

Despite the fact that some aspects related to the flowering of the sweet potato have been studied previously, to date, in Cuba and tropical regions, only general descriptions have been documented without detailed information on the biology and floral phenology of the sweet potato, aspects of interest for genetic improvement. To carry out the research, four sweet potato genotypes obtained and released by the genetic...

Author(s): Alfredo Morales Rodríguez, Dania Rodríguez del Sol, Sergio Rodríguez Morales, Yuniel Rodríguez García, Nadir Trujillo Oviedo, Alay Jiménez Medina and Osmany Molina Concepción

Page 7 of 1270, showing 50 records out of 63458 total, starting on record 301, ending on 350