Articles

 

Page 7 of 1245, showing 50 records out of 62229 total, starting on record 301, ending on 350

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Diffusion of water harvesting for rainfed agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa: Case of zaï practice in Burkina Faso

April-June 2022

After the droughts of the 1970s, the so called zaï technique (small water harvesting pits), which is a water harvesting technique, has been promoted to farmers in several Sahelian countries to allow rainfed crops to adapt to dry spells. Its temporal diffusion remains a subject of little research. This study highlights the determinants of zaï diffusion in the Sahelian and Sudano-Sahelian zones in Burkina Faso....

Author(s): Beteo Zongo, Omer S. Combary, Souleymane Ouédraogo, Patrice Toé and Thomas Dogot

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Alkalinization and moist heat treatments of substrates for cultivation of edible mushrooms in pupunha and cocoa residues

May, 2022

In search of a healthier diet, the consumption of edible mushrooms has been expanding, as well as the use of agro-industrial residues for cultivation and the use of less costly techniques. In this work, residues of pupunha palm (Bactris gasipaes Kunth.) and cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) were tested as a substrate to produce Pleurotus pulmonarius CCB19, as well as two forms of disinfection: Moist heat (autoclaving) and...

Author(s): Geni Alves Casteliano, Tizá Teles Santos, Camila Oliveira Bezerra, Andréa Miura da Costa, Cid Edson Mendonça Póvoas,  Antonio Fábio Reis Figueirêdo,  Marliane de Cássia Soares da Silva, José Maria Rodrigues da Luz, Maria Catarina Megumi Kasuya, Givaldo Rocha Niela, Antônio Zózimo de Matos, José Luiz Bezerra and  Ana Paula Trovatti Uetanabaro  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Response of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to sulfur impurity supplied as triple-super phosphate under gypsum and urea fertilizer backgrounds

May, 2022

On-farm experiments (24) were conducted in two seasons to assess the influence of sulfur impurity in triple-super phosphate (TSP) on wheat. The experiments were laid-out in completely randomized block design in triplicate. Nutrients investigated include: Nitrogen (N), sulfur (S) and phosphorus (P). The TSP is tested to contain about 2 to 6% sulfur as impurity. However, wheat did not show response to sulfur from TSP....

Author(s): Assefa Menna  

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Early marriages and parental influence: An evidence from Momba District in Tanzania

April-June 2022

This study aims to find how parents influence early marriage among girls in Momba District. Households’ socio-economic characteristics were explored as factors influencing parents to marry off their daughters early. Cross-sectional design was adopted in the collection of data from 120 respondents in Momba District. Multiple regressions were used to analyze the data. Results showed that age, occupation, and...

Author(s): James Anthony Nyangas and Tabia Aswile

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Effects of shifting non tax revenue from Local government authorities to Tanzania Revenue Authority: The case of Morogoro Municipality

April-June 2022

The transfer of property tax and billboard fees collection from Local Government Authorities (LGAs) to Tanzania Revenue Authority (TRA) has had drastic consequences for LGAs budgets. This study seeks to examine the effects of shifting the collection of non-tax revenue from LGAs to TRA with reference to Morogoro Municipal Council (MMC). A questionnaire was administered to a sample size of 88 respondents, purposefully...

Author(s): Mohamedi Hussein and John B. Tlegray

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Historical and projected meteorological droughts in the Beninese Niger River Basin, Benin

April-June, 2022

Droughts are part of extreme meteorological phenomena that generate serious social, economic and environmental consequences. This study seeks to characterize the historical (1976-2019) and projected (2021-2050) meteorological drought in the Niger River Basin in Benin. To achieve this, the present study used daily rainfall observations and simulations of two regional climate models (RCM) (HIRHAM and REMO) from fifteen...

Author(s): Adechina Eric Alamou, Halissou Yarou, Aliou Moussa Djibril, Obada Ezechiel, Iboukoun Eliézer Biao and Félicien Djigbo Badou

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Assessment of aflatoxin awareness in The Gambia

April, 2022

Aflatoxins belong to a category of mycotoxins that have impacted mankind since the beginning of organized cultivation. This toxin is produced by certain molds in food and feeds and results to adverse health effects to both humans and animals, as well as economic barriers to farmers and countries. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the current level of aflatoxin awareness and knowledge of its contamination,...

Author(s): Ebrima A. A. Jallow, , Lamin B. Sonko Dumevi Rexford Mawunyo and Jalil Yusufu  

African Journal of Business Management
Investigating the driving forces of the formation of Chinese born global firms

April 2022

The traditional internationalization process theory posits that firms expand to overseas market after solid domestic firms’ experience. However, from the 1980s, we witnessed a breed of young entrepreneurial firms, which took on internationalization early in their evolution. They are called  ‘Born Globals’. This study presents an integrative conceptual framework and identifies the underlying...

Author(s): Xi Chen

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Nutrient uptake and use efficiencies of strip intercropped cassava, maize and pepper as affected by fertilizer type and age of oil palm fields in an oil palm-based intercropping system

April-June, 2022

Field trials were conducted to examine the responses of Cassava, Maize and Pepper to fertilizers   in the alleys of 3, 4 and 6 years oil palm fields. Fertilizers: NPK (1.44 kg/plot), Ferti Plus (9.68 kg/plot) and poultry manure (6.17 kg/plot) were applied two weeks after planting. Results showed that fertilizers significantly influenced N uptake and some indicators of N use efficiencies measured. NPK enhanced...

Author(s): Obi E. A., Agele S. O., Aiyelari O. P. , Adejoro S. A. and Agbona A. I.  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
The effectiveness of Moringa Oleifera seed coagulant in reducing the turbidity and modifying the physico-chemical characteristics of water

April 2022

Moringa oleifera plant is unique due to its coagulation effect on turbid water. However, the extent to which the seed’s powder coagulant changes the physico-chemical characteristics of treated water has not been discussed in previous studies. In addition, there are limited data and information on the optimum concentration of M. oleifera seed powder coagulant and the nature of the sludge that forms after the...

Author(s): Johnson U. Kitheka, Imelda N. Njogu, Geoffrey M. Muluvi, Caro W. Hunja, Festus Mutiso, D. Kioko and Josphert Kimatu

International Journal of English and Literature
Ian McEwan's Solar and Helon Habila's Oil on Water: A comparative ecocritical study

April-June 2022

This study juxtaposes Ian McEwan’s Solar and Helon Habila’s Oil on Water to illustrate their areas of convergence and divergence concerning their portrayal of ecological discourse. Attention is paid, to how McEwan and Habila deploy characterisation (particularly of the main characters and female     characters) to bring to the fore the overwhelming influence of socio-political and...

Author(s): Abiodun Oluwasola Fakemi

UNIZIK Journal of Educational Research and Policy Studies
Distance learning (e-learning) in Obafemi Awolowo University during Covid-19 pandemic school lock-down in Nigeria: The prospects and challenges

January-June, 2022

The advent of Covid-19 pandemic compelled the Nigerian education system, especially the university system that relied mostly on face-to-face instruction method, to migrate to distance learning through e-learning method. In order to mitigate the effects of the pandemic, the educational sector appears to be leaning toward e-learning globally. However, the adoption of this method in Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU) during...

Author(s): Ayotunde David Odewale, John Monday Etebom and Jonhson Oladimeji Edema  

African Journal of Business Management
Challenges small and medium enterprises (SMEs) face in acquiring loans from commercial banks in Tanzania

April 2022

Commercial banks in developing economies play an important role in promoting the growth of SMEs through the loan provided since they create conducive environment for their growth and success. The study focuses on investigating the challenges SMEs face in acquiring loans from commercial banks. The study used 120 respondents who were purposively and randomly selected. Both primary and secondary data were used. Data were...

Author(s): Nassoro Gassiah and Jaraj Kikula

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Phytochemical analysis and safety evaluation of ethanol roots extract of Erythrina sacleuxii hua in Wistar albino rats

April, 2022

Erythrina sacleuxii, one of five Erythrina species found in Kenya, is a stiffly multi-branched deciduous tree reported to have antiplasmodial, antifungal, anti-bacterial and anti-cancer activities. This study aimed at evaluating acute and sub-acute oral toxicity of E. sacleuxii roots ethanolic extract. Phytochemical analysis was conducted on Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and Gas Chromatography-Mass...

Author(s): Mwanasiti O. Mwakumanya, Florence A. Ng’ong’a, Mutinda C. Kyama and Esther N. Maina  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
An analysis of average temperature and elevation on tuberculosis incidence within the Appalachian region

April-June 2022

This research has demonstrated conflicting findings related to how environmental factors may affect the spread of tuberculosis (TB). A better understanding of this may have implications for health planning given the changing world climate. This study examines environmental factors, specifically elevation and temperature, demographic and income covariates and their association with TB incidence within the Appalachian...

Author(s): Michaela Gross, Skai Schwartz and Benjamin Jacob  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Review and thematic analysis of guiding principles for effective crisis communication using social media

April-June 2022

Effective crisis communication on social media targets and tailor’s crisis information to influence risk perception and ensures messages are accepted. The aim of the current research is to map the research available and summarize key findings of the guiding principles and strategies for social media-based risk and crisis communication during emerging infectious diseases. North American-focused literature assessing...

Author(s): Melissa MacKay, Jillian Jaworski, Jennifer E. McWhirter, Daniel Gillis and Andrew Papadopoulos

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Further insights on monetary transmission mechanism in Nigeria

April-June 2022

This study investigated the response of the different monetary policy channels to several macroeconomic variables in Nigeria and established the dominant channel on output from the period of 1986 to 2017 using quarterly data. Variables such as private sector credit, inflation rate, monetary policy rate, exchange rate, all share index and real output were used to carry out this investigation. The study adopted the...

Author(s): Oyadeyi Olajide Omowonuola and Akinbobola Temidayo 

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and oxytocic activities of Dracaena steudneri Engl. stem bark aqueous extract in Wistar rats

April, 2022

Dracaena steudneri Engl. (Dracaenaceae) is a medicinal plant that is used in labour by traditional birth attendants to induce labour, relieve pain and treat various diseases; albeit no documentation. This study determined the analgesic, anti-inflammatory and oxytocic effects of the D. steudneri stem bark aqueous extract. D. steudneri stem bark was collected, authenticated, oven-dried at 45ºC for 48 h, pulverized...

Author(s): Mercy Gladys Tenywa, Amon Ganafa Agaba, Clement Olusoji Ajayi, Casim Umba Tolo and Esther Katuura  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Potential of biochar for clean-up of heavy metal contaminated soil and water

April 2022

Heavy metals exist in the environment naturally aside those due to anthropogenic impact. These metals are removed from effluents and water using different techniques like adsorption, oxidation/reduction, chemical precipitation, membrane separation, filtration and ion exchange. Biosorption is very effective because it is highly renewed naturally, is cheap, and can remove metals greatly because the pollutant can be...

Author(s): Yvonne Adaobi Onmonya, Sadiq Galadima Adamu and Maryam Sadiq

Journal of African Studies and Development
African diaspora experience of transnationalism, social networks and identity: The case of Zimbabwean social workers in the United Kingdom

April-June 2022

This paper examines transnationalism, social networks and identity as part of the experiences of the African Diaspora, in particular, Zimbabwean social workers in the UK. The above terms are closely associated with increasing international skilled migration from Africa in the global south, to the global North where there are better employment opportunities. This paper defines transnationalism, social networks, identity,...

Author(s): Chogugudza Crisford (Ph.D.)

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Factors influencing availability and conservation of green water for sustainable agricultural production and livelihoods in drylands of Kenya

April 2022

Green water is the water that is used in biomass production, and if well conserved this water can boost agricultural production. Drylands experience erratic rainfalls, poor soils and high rates of evapotranspiration. This situation has been made worse by climate variability as drylands are very sensitive to climate change due to their delicate nature. The effect of climate change in ASALs has resulted in poor...

Author(s): Anne Munyasiri Simiyu, Charles Maina Gichaba, Dorothy Akinyi Amwata and Alfred Opere  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antioxidant and antihyperlipidemic activities of unique nicotinyl polysaccharide from the green seaweed Ulva pertusa

April, 2022

Nicotinyl derivative of polysaccharide (NU) from the green seaweed Ulva pertusa (Chlorophyta) has unique structure and strong antioxidant activity in vitro. In the present study, in vivo antioxidant and antihyperlipidemic activities were tested in the livers of hyperlipidemic mice. Activity levels of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), catalase, and malondialdehyde were observed. At the 500 mg/kg...

Author(s): Yuzhou Wan, Xintao Chang, Lin Liu, Shaopeng Wang, Huimin Qi and Fang Yan  

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Salivary cortisol, postpartum psychological status and bonding attachment

April-June 2022

While several studies have investigated how stress-related situations affect cortisol levels, few studies have examined the relationship between cortisol levels and psychological measures related to postpartum psychological status. This study investigated the relationship between salivary cortisol and postpartum psychological status and bonding attachment. This study is a cross-sectional study. Participants were...

Author(s): Atsuko Kawano and Chihoko Sankai  

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Diversity of lichens at Mount Cameroon, South West Region, Cameroon

April-June 2022

Concern about maintaining the biodiversity of lichen communities’ species has been an issue with lichenologists for many years. Many of the understudied regions face increasing threats from urban development, pollution, and potentially climate change, among other factors. The objective of this study was to examine the diversity of lichens on Mt. Cameroon. To achieve this objective, eight collection sites were...

Author(s): Orock A. E. and Fonge B. A.

African Journal of Business Management
Disruptive thinking in social entrepreneurship: Challenges and effectiveness

April 2022

With the emerging field of social entrepreneurship, academicians have raised several research agendas to give a unitary direction to the theoretical groundings and foundations of this concept. The current review is one such attempt to explore the definition of social entrepreneurship and its linkage to social innovation and disruptive thinking. This review aims to understand students’ perspectives and familiarity...

Author(s): MK Agarwal, and Selma Ndiwakalunga Mulunga

Journal of African Studies and Development
Conditions that work: Reconnecting fiscal decentralization to responsiveness in Uganda and Thai Municipal Governments

April-June 2022

Globalization puts extra pressure on local governments to be more responsive and accountable. The belief from theory is that with high levels of fiscal autonomy, the elected public officials would be more responsive to allocate resources to the local priority areas determined by citizen interests and preferences. On the face of it, responsiveness reads like the normative outcome of fiscal autonomy in the developing and...

Author(s): Kiwanuka Michael, Pratt Richard Dick and Kamnuanslipa Peersit

African Journal of Biotechnology
Molecular characterization of Escherichia co-resistance genes from chicken meat

April 2022

Escherichia coli multi-resistance to a variety of antimicrobials is a result of gene mutation on plasmids, integrons and transposons. The aims of this work were to: (1) detect genotype and phenotype antibiotic resistance genes in E. coli, and (2) determine whole-genome sequencing to discover E. coli gene multi-drug resistance in chicken meat. Samples were gathered, processed, and analysed bacteriologically; thereafter...

Author(s): Nagwa Thabet Elsharawy, Hind A. A. Al-Zahrani and Amr A. El-Waseif

Journal of General and Molecular Virology
Field deployable Reverse Transcriptase–Recombinase Polymerase Amplification (RT-RPA) for detection of Maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV)

January-June 2022

Diagnosis of maize lethal necrosis (MLN)-causing viruses is key in MLN surveillance programs and in testing seed for zero tolerance of Maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV) in seed lots. This is crucial for MLN management in farmers’ fields and in commercial seed fields. A customized MCMV detection assay that is specific, sensitive, affordable, and portable is therefore important for this task. Reverse...

Author(s): F. M. Mwatuni,, M. G. Redinbaugh, S. Miller, X. Ma, B. N. Aggrey and L. M. Suresh

African Journal of Biotechnology
Optimization of PCR protocol for ISSR marker based genetic diversity assessment of acid lime [Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle] germplasm in Eastern Nepal

April 2022

Acid lime [Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle] is a valuable commercial fruit crop grown in Nepal's Terai to high hills which has high economic, cultural and medicinal importance. Due to low quality planting materials and poor orchard management, production and productivity of acid lime are extremely low in Nepal. The present study aimed at optimization of Inter-Simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR)-polymerase chain...

Author(s): Nabin Narayan Munankarmi, Neesha Rana, Tribikram Bhattarai, Ram Lal Shrestha, Sujan Chaudhary and Sangita Shrestha

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation, biochemical characterization and safety screening of potential probiotic lactic acid bacteria from spontaneously fermented cereal products from Western Kenya

April 2022

The global demand for non-dairy beverages has sky rocketed especially so during this Covid-19 pandemic for potential health benefits. Development of probiotic strains from fermented cereal and legumes with the ability to grow well and adapt to gastrointestinal conditions at the same time possess high therapeutic ability will be a great achievement. This study aimed at isolating and screening probiotic potential Lactic...

Author(s): Beatrice Aleyo Akweya, Joseph Mwafaida Mghalu, Rahma Udu M. Yusuf and Tochi Bitange

African Journal of Plant Science
Combining ability and gene action for bacterial wilt disease resistance in wild tomato (Solanum pimpinellifolium) and cultivated tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) genotypes

April 2022

Bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum is one of the most destructive and widespread diseases of tomato in Kenya. The objective of this study was to determine the combining ability effects and gene action conditioning bacterial wilt disease resistance in tomato. Eight parents were crossed in North Carolina II mating design scheme to produce sixteen F1 hybrids. The F1 hybrids and the parental genotypes were...

Author(s): Faith Wangui Mathai, Pascal P. Okwiri Ojwang and Robert Morwani Gesimba

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
The impact of socio-economic factors on livestock farmers’ knowledge and skills in the Eastern Cape Province: The case of Marselle farmers

April-June 2022

Marselle farmers have continued to struggle to produce effectively despite obtaining free land and funding from the Land Bank. One key challenge thought to be behind this poor performance is the farmers’ lack of proper livestock farming skills and knowledge. This study thus sought to determine the effect of various socio-economic factors on the acquisition of critical livestock rearing skills and knowledge of...

Author(s): Tshuma M. C.  

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Perception of clinical nurses in a Nigerian tertiary hospital towards continuing professional development programs

April-June 2022

Continuing professional development program has become a vital tool to update the knowledge, skills and competence of health professionals worldwide. Nursing in Nigeria under the Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria (NMCN) joined the clique and commenced Mandatory Continuing Professional Development Programme (MCPDP) about a decade ago. This study was set to elicit the perception of clinical nurses in Obafemi...

Author(s): Timothy Olatunji Oladosu, Aderonke Bosede Awoseemo, Aduragbemi Timothy OLAWUMI, Janet Oluseun Oladosu and Abigeal Omotolani Odesiji  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Biological control using essential oil of Ocimum gratissimum and four other biopesticides on Formicococcus njalensis, the most active mealybugs species in the transmission of CSSV (Cocoa swollen shoot virus)

April, 2022

A laboratory investigation was conducted to evaluate the use of Ocimum gratissimum essential oil to control the development of Formicococcus njalensis, the main vector of Cocoa Swollen shoot virus (CSSV) in West Africa. Commercial biopesticides (Squad, Agriphy, Mycotal and Banole), the essential oil of O. gratissimum obtained by hydrodistillation were compared at the concentration of 0, 1000, 2000 and 3000 µl.l-1...

Author(s): Bolou Bi Bolou Antoine, Kouakou Koffié, Diby Lucien, Belé Luc, Bené Yeboi and Kouamé Christophe

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
In vitro antiproliferative potential of crude extracts from Carica papaya L. (Caricaceae) black seeds against prostate cancer cell lines'

April, 2022

Black seeds from papaya plants are utilized as traditional medicine in African and Asian cultures to improve the functioning of the male reproductive system and management of prostate cancer. This study analyzed the phytochemical composition, antiproliferative activity and cytotoxicity of Carica papaya black seeds against the prostate cancer cells and Vero cells. Phytochemical screening was performed by standard...

Author(s): Benson Mcheza Kateihwa, Hulda Swai, Jeremiah Waweru Gathirwa and Elingarami Sauli  

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Morphological variation in Diospyros mespiliformis (Ebenaceae) among different habitats in Benin, West Africa

April-June 2022

Interesting morphological traits in tree organs are essential for selecting the best plant germplasm. Variation in morphometric traits of leaf, fruit and seed of multipurpose tree Diospyros mespiliformis were studied in two climatic zones in Benin using 735 trees from 4 major habitats (provenances) in each climatic zone. Morphological trait measurements were combined with architectural parameters and analyzed using...

Author(s): Gnonlonfin L., Biaou H. and Ouinsavi C. A. I. N.

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Morphological and molecular characterisation of termite species in Taita Taveta County, Kenya

April 2022

The diversity of termites remains obscure despite having seized the equatorial ecological community with numerous effects both environmental and solvent. In the current study, morphology and DNA based techniques were used to appraise the heterogeneity of termites in Taita Taveta County. Soldier termites were arbitrarily fragmented from the five main plant lives in the study region. A dissecting microscope was used to...

Author(s): Paulyne Akoth, Huxley M. Makonde, Nancy L. M. Budambula and Hamadi I. Boga

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Communication strategies employed by the Barangay health workers in promoting reproductive health in Magsaysay, occidental Mindoro

April-June 2022

The descriptive research aims to identify the communication strategies employed in promoting topics on Reproductive Health and the communication problems encountered in promoting Reproductive Health information. The study was conducted in selected Barangays in Magsaysay, Occidental Mindoro. This study employed descriptive research method. The sample size was determined by the epinfoTM software with 80% confidence level....

Author(s): Mary Yole Apple Declaro-Ruedas  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation and identification of phytopathogenic bacteria in vegetable crops in West Africa (Côte D’ivoire)

April 2022

Yield losses in food crops due to plant pathogenic bacteria are significant and increasing over the years. The increasing losses caused by bacterial plant pathology are explained by the emerging resistance of bacteria to the chemical agents used in plant protection. Moreover, these chemical agents harm the environment through residue accumulation leading to soil pollution and the perturbation of the soil's inner...

Author(s): Akoua Emmanuella Adioumani, Solange Kakou-Ngazoa, Trebissou Jonhson Noel David, Thibaud Martin, Audrey Addablah, Aristide Koudou, Kan Stephane Kouassi, Sina K. Mireille, N’golo Coulibaly, S. Aoussi and Mireille Dosso

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Determination of pesticide residue levels in some common food crops: The suitability for human consumption

January-June 2022

Indiscriminate use of pesticides to boost agricultural produce and in public health to control pests has raised the emphasis on pesticide residue levels in foods. This study analyzed the pesticides residue levels in some common food crops consumed in Nigeria, and ascertained their suitability for human consumption. The samples were analyzed for the presence of 15 organochlorine and 10 carbamate pesticide residues using...

Author(s): Ujuamala Uloma Ezeani, Onyemaechi Johnson Afonne , Michael Chukwudi Ezeani and Ben Enoluomen Ehigiator  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of medium maturity group of soybean (Glycine max L. Merr) for agronomic performance and adaptation in Sudanian zone of Burkina Faso

April, 2022

Soybean is an economically important crop that provides oil and high-quality protein. In Burkina Faso, soybean is one of the promising crops identified in the framework of the strategy for the development of agricultural sectors. However, very few improved varieties have been developed. The identification of newly improved varieties with high agronomic potential and adapted to the climatic conditions will strengthen...

Author(s): Ibié Gilles Thio, Nofou Ouédraogo, Inoussa Drabo, Frank Essem, Fidèle Bawomon Neya, Pierre Alexandre Eric Djifaby Sombié, Fabrice Wendyam Nikiema, Oumar Boro, Bouma Thio, James Bouma Néya, Bertin M&#;bi Zagré, Mahamadou Sawadogo and Paco Sérémé

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Ethanol extracts of Terminalia catappa leaves and Persea americana seed attenuate renal damage associated with Streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

April 2022

Kidney is an essential organ responsible for excretion and detoxification. The use of streptozotocin in rat model experiments has provided rooms for researchers to test the effectiveness of medicinal plants that might possess nephroprotective and antidiabetic properties; so as to help in the treatment of diabetes complications. The study was aimed to evaluate the attenuating effects of ethanol extracts of Taminalia...

Author(s): Peter Folorunsho Ayodele, Olayinka Fisayo Onifade, Olawale Dada Williams, Olaniyi Stephen Omowaye and Mariam Olaide Salimon  

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Antitumoral effect of Striga hermonthica (Delile) Benth. methanolic extract is mediated by alterations on procaspase-3 and cyclin B expression in prostate cancer cell lines

April-June 2022

Cancer is one of the major public health problems of the 21st century. Its incidence is increasing in both developed and low-income countries. This trend is justified by the change in people's lifestyles. Cancer of the prostate is one of major cancer types affecting male population. The present study focused on the use of methanolic extract of Striga hermonthica (Delile) Benth. to evaluate total phenolics and...

Author(s): Mindiédiba Jean BANGOU,, Tangbadioa Hervé COULIDIATI, Aminata P NACOULMA, Abdoulaye SEGDA, Emmanuel AM THIOMBIANO and Georges Anicet OUEDRAOGO,  

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Experiences of a long-term female psychiatric in-patient with psychiatric symptoms in Japan

April-June 2022

This study aimed to clarify the effects of long-term hospitalization of a psychiatric in-patient on her specific psychiatric symptoms and behaviors to provide suggestions regarding nursing support for in- patients. Unstructured interviews were conducted over several months with a long-term female patient (Ms. A) hospitalized in a psychiatric hospital between August 2017 and 2018. Analysis was performed using descriptive...

Author(s): Emiko Ishida and Akira Ishida  

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Presidential election petitions in Ghana: A catalyst for democratic maturity

April-June 2022

Ghana’s multiparty democracy continues to attract global attention. While every election comes with its dynamics, it also provides valuable lessons for the country’s democratic maturity. Drawing mainly from desk study and using Linz and Stepan’s three dimensions of democratic consolidation, the study examined how the two presidential election petitions, 2012 and 2020, have catapulted the democratic...

Author(s): Akpeko Agbevade and Desmond Tweneboah-Koduah

Journal of the Nigeria Society of Physiotherapy
Point prevalence and risk factors for work-related musculoskeletal disorders among academic staff in a Nigerian University

January-June 2022

Work-Related Musculo-Skeletal Disorder (WRMSD) is a common complaint among the working population. In spite of the keen interest of Nigerian researchers in this subject, there is a dearth of information concerning university academic staff. Yet, this group of workers are critical to high-level manpower development. The aim of this study is to assess the risk factors and determine the point prevalence of WRMSD among...

Author(s): Margaret Bukola Fatudimu, Afolakemi Odekunle and Talhatu Kolapo Hamzat  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Prevalence of anemia and associated factors in HIV-1 infected children before and after initiation of antiretroviral therapy in Burkina Faso: A retrospective study

April 2022

Anemia is a public health problem and has significant adverse health consequences in HIV-infected persons. In Burkina Faso, there are little data on anemia in HIV-1 infected children. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of anemia and its associated factors in HIV-infected children before and after their highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). This was a retrospective study that involved a cohort of 151...

Author(s): Serge Theophile Soubeiga, Albert Theophane Yonli, Bapio Valerie Elvira Jean Telesphore Bazie, Henri Gautier Ouedraogo and Jacques Simpore,

Educational Research and Reviews
Students’ perceptions of the impact of guidance and counselling programs on academic needs satisfaction in secondary schools within the Rift Valley Region, Kenya

April 2022

Guidance and counselling is increasingly becoming an important service in secondary schools in Kenya and the world at large. The needs of learners in secondary schools are constantly changing as the society is changing paving way for counselling services to be up scaled to address both academic and other issues. The purpose of this study is to investigate the views of students on the impact of guidance and counselling...

Author(s): Godfrey Ngeno

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Knowledge and understanding about genetically modified (GM) crops among smallholder farmers in Northern Ghana

January-June 2022

Ghana had made steady progress towards the commercialization of Genetically Modified (GM) crops amidst mounting opposition. This paper presents findings of an empirical study on smallholder farmers’ knowledge and understanding of GM crops. Data used in this study was sourced from a survey conducted among members of Farmer Based Organizations (FBOs) in Northern Ghana in which 120 FBOs across 10 districts in the...

Author(s): Zakaria H., Abujaja A. M, Quainoo A. K. and Obeng F. K.    

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Herbal medicine development and compliance to regulatory guidelines in Imo State Nigeria

April, 2022

Herbal medicine is an important age-long resource for healthcare. The aim of this study was to determine the development of herbal medicine in relation to compliance to regulatory guidelines and product development in pursuance of the integration of herbal medicine into the healthcare system in Nigeria. Using Imo State as a case study, a cross-sectional investigation was conducted among the Traditional Medicine...

Author(s): Adigwe P. Obi, Builders F. Philip, Ibekwe, N. Nneka and Onavbavba Godspower  

Page 7 of 1245, showing 50 records out of 62229 total, starting on record 301, ending on 350