Articles

 

Page 7 of 1189, showing 50 records out of 59446 total, starting on record 301, ending on 350

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Vertical versus horizontal expansion of food security crops in Sudan: A causality analysis of 1961-2017

April, 2020

This research used FAO statistical data to test the causality between production, area and yield for Sudan’s three major food crops; sorghum, wheat and millet. Results indicated a sizable gap in yield between Sudan and some selected top producing countries for the selected crops. Two-way causality was observed from production to area and vice versa for sorghum crops, accentuating horizontal expansion, while the...

Author(s): Nagat Ahmed Elmulthum, Amal Saeed Abass and Abda Abdalla Emam  

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Information and communication technologies and patient empowerment: A complex skein

January-June 2020

This article aims to explore the relationship between patient empowerment and information and communication technologies (ICTs). Indeed, ICTs are considered important for increasing access to medical information and for patients’ other experiences, thereby nourishing the empowering rhetoric. The paper presents a research study conducted in Italy that focuses on the self-assessments made by online health...

Author(s): Alberto Ardissone  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Chemical composition of essential oil of Melissa officinalis L. and antioxidant activity from Boa Vista-RR, Brazil

April, 2020

In this work, the chemical composition of the essential oil of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) was determined by CG-FID.In the essential oil of M. officinalis,there area total of 22 chemical constituents, among them are geranial (34.6%), neral (26.0%), γ-caryophyllene (7.5%), caryophyllene oxide (5.3%), -pinene (5.3%) and sabinene (3.6%); it also has antioxidant capacity and total phenolic compounds in vitro....

Author(s): Ismael Montero Fernández,  Pedro Rômulo Estevam Ribeiro,  Selvin Antonio Saravia Maldonado, Vany Perpetua Ferraz, Ricardo Santos Alemán, Jhunior Abrahan Marcia Fuentes and Luis Antonio Beltrán Alemán  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Biological activities of Bonsupari (Caryota urens L.) fruits

April, 2020

In Asian subcontinent, Caryota urens L. plant is well known. Its leaf has antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. The work aims to analyze the composition of the plant’s fruit extract and its aqueous and organic soluble fractions for its cytotoxic, thrombolytic, antioxidant, membrane stabilizing and antimicrobial properties. 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity assay,...

Author(s): Tasnuva Sharmin, Md Shahidur Rahman, Sirajis Salekin and Kamrun Nahar  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Assessment of physicochemical properties of Besease wetland soils, Ghana

April, 2020

The shallow and erodible soils of low fertility uplands have led to farmers extending their cultivable areas to wetlands for optimal crop production since these systems have the potential for exploitation in the dry season. To ensure its sustainable use, the physicochemical and the hydrological characteristics of the valley bottom should be ascertained. Studies were conducted to assess the suitability of wetlands for...

Author(s): Thomas Atta-Darkwa, Samuel Kwasi Asomaning, Alex Amerh Agbeshie, Eric Oppong Danso Gilbert Ayine Akolgo, Emmanuel Amankwah and Prosper Achaw Owusu  

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Personality traits and emotional intelligence among health care professionals in a tertiary hospital

April-June 2020

Emotional Intelligence (EI) is considered fundamental to get along with others in the workplace. The dearth of literature on personality traits and EI among healthcare professionals calls for concerns. Therefore, this study examined personality traits and emotional intelligence among healthcare professionals in a tertiary hospital in Maiduguri. A cross-sectional survey design was adopted, and an accidental sampling...

Author(s): Pindar Sadique Kwajaffa, Onyencho Victor Chidi, Mshelia Anthony Ali, Yerima Mohammed Mukhtar and Musami Umar Baba  

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Moral panic and social order: Analysis of Akwa Ibom street children

April-June 2020

The incidence of street children around the world had raised concern about social order. Scholars have paid attention to socioeconomic and psychological implications ignoring the cultural dynamics that contribute to this development. This paper focuses on a category of street children in Akwa-Ibom state of Nigeria. They are the child-witches, thrown to the street due to witchcraft label masterminded by parents and...

Author(s): Lydia Isioma Chineyemba  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antimycobacterial activities, cytotoxicity and phytochemical screening of extracts for three medicinal plants growing in Kenya

April, 2020

Tuberculosis (TB), an airborne disease, is among the ten leading deadly diseases worldwide. Despite the efforts of WHO and its partners to eradicate it, it is still a public health issue especially with the rise of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and extensively drug- resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB). Commiphora species (Burseraceae family) are known in the Kenyan traditional medicine to treat respiratory...

Author(s): François Nimbeshaho, Charity Ngina Mwangi, Fred Orina, Meryl Chacha, Nicholas Adipo, Jones O. Moody and Elizabeth M. Kigondu  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Use of the medicinal plant Bauhinia forficata Link. by carriers of type 2 diabetes mellitus: A study in the Brazilian amazon

April, 2020

This study utilized a quantitative approach and obtained results from 33 questionnaires and ten (10) semi structured interviews of people with diabetes. The results obtained were as follows: Participants used hypoglycemic plant species (cow's paw, carqueja and eucalyptus) in the form of an infusion, mostly once a day; a large percentage of participants believed that some plant species have the ability to aid in...

Author(s): Kristiane Alves Araújo, Maxim Repetto, and Ires Paula de Andrade Miranda  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Analgesic, anxiolytic and sedative-like activities of leaves of Alpinia calcarata Roscoe in mice

April, 2020

The objectives of the study were to evaluate the analgesic, anxiolytic and sedative-like activities of methanol extract of leaves of Alpinia calcarata Roscoe in mice model. Analgesic activity was investigated using the acetic acid-induced writhing test and formalin-induced paw licking test. In vivo neuropharmacological effects, including anxiolytic and sedative effects were examined by open field, light-dark, elevated...

Author(s): Mahmuda Ferdous, A. F. M. Shahid Ud Daula, Shahnaz Naznin, Farjana Yeasmin and Mohammad Anwarul Basher  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Extracts and gel formulations of Spondias mombin L. stem and its main compound ellagic acid reduce cutaneous inflammation in experimental models

April, 2020

Spondias mombin L. is a medicinal plant traditionally used for the treatment of vomiting, diarrhea, hemorrhoids, wounds and inflammation. In this study, the topical anti-inflammatory activity of S. mombin stem and ellagic acid was investigated. From the dried stem, powdered bark and wood were separately subjected to ethanol extraction by static maceration to obtain the EESB (bark) and EESW (wood) extracts. These...

Author(s): Karla Michelli Garcia de Oliveira, Fernanda Kelly Costa, Ana Lúcia Santos de Matos Araújo, Fernanda Maria Pinto Vilela, Mirian Pereira Rodarte, Maria Silvana Alves,  Célia Hitomi Yamamoto and Orlando Vieira de Sousa  

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Compost biomass, pH value and C, N, K contents of some local wild plant species: Case of Panicum maximum L., Trypsa- cum laxum L. and Pueraria javanica (Benth.) Benth, in the Region of Kisangani, Democratic Republic of Congo

April-June 2020

Soil fertility transience and weed management are often among decried impediments undermining agricultural productivity in many tropical countries. A study aiming at transforming baffling problems of abundant weed biomasses especially that of Panicum maximum (T1), Tryps-acum laxum (T2) and Pueraria javanica (T3), often cause of crop yield loss into advantage to enhance soil fertility, increase crop productivity as well...

Author(s): Tanzito  Adjumati  Georges, Adipandi  Balewamegoto  Richard, Dungu  Makalu  Alexis, Monde  Te-Kazagba Godfroid and Ibanda  Pembele  Angele  

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
A case series of maternal-newborn delivery outcomes in rural Zambia

April-June 2020

In rural Zambia, pregnant mothers are referred from rural primary health facilities designed to provide Basic Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (BEmONC) to district hospitals where Comprehensive Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (CEmONC) can be provided when needed. Maternity waiting homes (MWH) are residential dwellings where mothers can await delivery and may offer a possible early referral source to CEmONC,...

Author(s): Julie M. Buser, Carol J. Boyd, Cheryl A. Moyer, Davy Zulu, Alice Ngoma-Hazemba, Jessy T. Mtenje, Andrew D. Jones and Jody R. Lori  

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Three-step optimized block backward differentiation formulae (TOBBDF) for solving stiff ordinary differential equations

January-June 2020

A three-step optimized block backward differentiation formulae for solving stiff ordinary differential equations of first-orderdifferential equations is presented. The method adopts polynomial of order 6 and three hybrid pointschosen appropriately to optimize the local truncation errors of the main formulas for the block. The method is zero-stable and consistent with sixth algebraic order. Some numerical examples were...

Author(s): Ukpebor L. A. and Omole E. O.  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Phyllanthin and hypophyllanthin determination by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of six stonebreaker species from different regions of Brazil

April, 2020

Stonebreaker is a medicinal plant traditionally used for the treatment of urolithiasis among other illnesses. However, several species of the genus Phyllanthus L. are called “quebra-pedra” (stonebreaker) by the general population in Brazil, due to taxonomic similarities, although the use of a species with a low content of active compounds may lead to a less effective treatment. P. niruri and P. tenellus are...

Author(s): Kátia Viviane Alves Novellino, Suellen Rodrigues Bernardo, Marcelo Raul Romero Tappin, Rosa de Belém das Neves Alves, Dijalma Barbosa da Silva, Marcos José da Silva, Roberto Fontes Vieira, Maria das Dores Dutra Behrens and Davyson de Lima Moreira  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Genetic variation via SSR polymorphic information content and ecological distribution of Nigerian sesame

April 2020

Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) of the family Pedaliaceae is an important and old oil crop that is cultivated mainly in the tropical and subtropical regions of Asia and Africa for several economic values. Several molecular markers have been employed to study the genetic diversity of this important crop. The study focused on the genetic diversity through polymorphism information content (PIC) by the use of Simple Sequence...

Author(s): Olusola Thomas ODUOYE, Opeyemi Ayokunnu OLUWASANYA, Oluwabukola Omowumi ARIKAWE, Abiodun SUNDAY, Omowumi Abidemi AYEKUN and Oyejide Suara OYENPEMI  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Lipase and esterase activities of lactic acid bacteria isolated from different biotopes

April 2020

The lipolytic and esterase activities of fifteen strains of lactic acid bacteria isolated from different biotopes of Algeria and Mauritania were tested on MRS medium supplemented with lipidic substrates. Five of them showed maximum activity in the presence of tributyrin; the activity is therefore a tributyrin esterase. These strains were identified by MALDI-TOF in Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus durans. The study...

Author(s): Amina DELLALI, Halima ZADI KARAM and Nour-Eddine KARAM  

Journal of Languages and Culture
Orality, performance and creativity: A descriptive perspective of the Izon Obobo bi necromancy

January-June 2020

African traditional literature is fraught with songs, dances, riddles, jokes, proverbs as well as chants, incantations, invocation, rituals and musical performances. Some of these features are found in earlier poet, Christopher Okigbo’s Labyrinths and comparatively recent poet, Christian Otobotekere’s A Sailor’s Son: in the wake of dance and games.  Oral poetry in Izọn tradition is diverse but one...

Author(s): Odingowei M. Kwokwo and Tariliye E. Angaye    

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Medicinal plants used in gynecological procedures in Uganda

April, 2020

Distress and pains among other gynecological challenges mothers go through during childbirth result in mortality. This has compelled people particularly in developing countries to use traditional medicine to induce birth due to lack of more effective alternatives. In Uganda, from time immemorial most child birth and pregnancy related problems have been solved using medicinal plants as a primary alternative to...

Author(s): Mercy Gladys Tenywa, Amon Agaba, Patrick Engeu Ogwang, Casim Umba Tolo and Clement Olusoji Ajayi, Esther Katuura  

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Evidence of perpetration of intimate partner violence among HIV positive couples: A systematic scoping review

April-June 2020

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a key public health and social concern among couples in countries globally. A systematic review was conducted to find out information concerning literature on the perpetration of IPV among couples infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The main objective of this study was to search for evidence of IPV among couples infected with HIV. Specifically, literature related to the...

Author(s): Felix Apiribu, and Busisiwe Purity Ncama  

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene
Traumatic dental injuries among a selected population of adolescents in Southern Nigeria

January-June 2020

This work aims to determine the causes, scene and types of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) among adolescents, and to compare the findings in males with those in females. Information was elicited from a selected population of junior secondary school students by means of a close-ended, structured, self-administered questionnaire. Information elicited included age, gender, previous experience of trauma to the oral...

Author(s): Joycelyn O. Eigbobo and Efetobo V. Orikpete  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Genetic diversity for immature pod traits in Ethiopian cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] landrace collections

April 2020

This study was undertaken to evaluate the extent and pattern of genetic diversity for immature pod traits in Ethiopia cowpea landrace collections. Eighty one landraces and improved cultivars were tested in a 9 x 9 simple lattice design. Analysis of variance revealed highly significant (P<0.01) or significant (p<0.05) differences among the genotypes for all traits. The first four principal components were able to...

Author(s): Selamawit Ketema Ashinie, Bizuayehu Tesfaye, Gemechu Keneni Wakeyo and Berhanu Amsalu Fenta  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Algae: Potential biotechnological source in the Arabian Gulf

April 2020

Arabian Gulf is characterized by being nutrient-rich, which contributes to the biodiversity of marine macro- and microalgae. Marine algae are a potentially prolific source of many valuable products that may represent useful leads in developing the quality of human life. The studies on the bioactivity of marine algae in the Arabian Gulf region are very recent; thus, there are not many studies on this field. This review...

Author(s): Sakinah Hussain Al-Haddad  

African Journal of Food Science
Fruit juices in polysaccharides edible films

April 2020

In this study, jambolan and grape juices were used to produce polysaccharide-based edible films by the solvent-casting technique. The polysaccharides used were carboxymethyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, high-methoxyl pectin, low-methoxyl pectin, sodium alginate, and locust bean gum. The films exhibited good mechanical resistance and flexibility, with tensile strength (8 to 28 Mpa), elongation at break (6...

Author(s): Hulda Noemi Mamani Chambi, Bianca Souza da Costa, Wiliene Camila de Lima, Daniel Consul Kassardjian and Flávio Luís Schmidt

African Journal of Plant Science
Occurrence, distribution and severity of finger millet blast caused by Magnaporthe oryzae in Kenya

April 2020

Finger millet is a food crop that provides nutritional security and is climatically resilient for farming and agricultural diversification. However, its quality and yield remain low due to biotic and abiotic factors, the greatest of which is blast disease caused by Magnaporthe oryzae. We surveyed the occurrence, distribution and severity of finger millet blast in five counties, namely, Busia, Bungoma, Kisii,...

Author(s): Margaret Odeph, Wycliffe Wanjala Luasi, Agnes Kavoo, Cecilia Mweu, Matthew Ngugi, Fredah Maina, Naomi Nzilani and Wilton Mwema Mbinda  

African Journal of Plant Science
Wild blackberry (Rubus spp.) differ in duration to reproductive phase under conventional production in Kenya

April 2020

The purpose of this study was to determine the duration from planting to reproductive phase, of wild blackberry (Rubus spp.) collected from the wild.It was carried out at the Horticulture Research and Teaching Farm, Egerton University, Njoro, Kenya. The experimental layout wasa randomized complete block design (RCBD) replicated three times; treatment was four wild blackberry species and one cultivated cultivar. The days...

Author(s): Kenneth Omondi Ouma, Robert Morwani Gesimba and Joseph Ngwela Wolukau

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Food hygiene knowledge, attitude and practices among hospital food handlers in Elmanagil City, Sudan

April 2020

Food borne diseases (FBDs) can occur due to the health status of the food handlers. The present study aimed to assess food hygiene knowledge, attitude and practices among hospital food handlers of ElManagil City, Sudan. A cross-sectional study was administered to evaluate knowledge, attitudes, and practices, in food hygiene among hospital food handlers through a questionnaire. The food handlers expressed a level of...

Author(s): Omar B. Ahmed,Shadia S. Mohamed, Anas S. Dablool and Mohammed A. Elawad,

Scientific Research and Essays
Prevalence of hepatitis B virus and HIV infections among pregnant women visiting healthcare institutions in Ebonyi State, Nigeria.

April-June, 2020

This study aims to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and HIV infections among pregnant women visiting Healthcare Institutions within Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Blood samples were collected from 100 pregnant women who visited Rural Improvement Missionary Hospital (RIMH) and General Hospital (GHE) within Ebonyi State. The presence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in serum was determined using Antec...

Author(s): Nwuzo A. C. , Emioye A. A., Moses I. B., Adiat A. M., Ugbo E. N., Agbom J. N., Ariom T. O., Okata-Nwali O. D., Ugadu I. O., Ayomoh E.  

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Antioxidant and alpha amylase inhibitory activity of Nepalese medicinal plants from Gorkha district

April-June 2020

The aim of this study is to evaluate the antioxidant activity, α-amylase inhibition activity, estimation of total phenolic and flavonoid content and the toxicity in ten medicinal plants Woodfordia fructicosa, Tectaria coadunate, Prunus cerasoides, Abrus precatorius, Eclipta prostrate, Poranopsis paniculata, Chenopodium album, Oroxylum indicum, Curcuma caesia, and Butea monosperma collected from Gorkha District of...

Author(s): Junita Rai, Khaga Raj Sharma and Yuba Raj Pokharel  

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Probability functions of road failures in a typical basement complex region, South-western Nigeria: A case study of Akure - Oba Ile Airport Road

April-June, 2020

In this study, effort has been made to achieve a comprehensive geophysical investigation on immediate and remote causes of structural/foundation failures, specifically highway(s) within the southwestern basement complex region of Nigeria. Geophysical survey involves the use of Very Low Frequency Electromagnetic method (VLF-EM) which was complemented with electrical resistivity method using two techniques; 2D Electrical...

Author(s): Oyedele Akintunde Akinola, Bawallah Musa Adesola, Ozegin Kesyton Oyamenda, Ilugbo Stephen Olubusola, Ajayi Christopher Ayodele and Aigbedion Isaac  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
New microchondrometer to measure hectoliter weight in small samples of wheat

April, 2020

The hectoliter weight or test weight is an important wheat quality parameter for international trade and is traditionally evaluated on devices with a volume of 250, 500, 1000 or 1100 ml. At the experimental level, especially in crop improvement and in greenhouse studies, the amount of grain is often insufficient to determine hectoliter weight. The present work aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using a new 15.30 ml...

Author(s): Lauro Akio Okuyama, Paulo Henrique Caramori and Man Mohan Kohli  

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Woody species diversity conservation and carbon sequestration potential of coffee agroforestry systems in the Western Region of Cameroon

April-June 2020

This study sought to assess the contribution of coffee agroforestry systems (CAFS) in conserving tree diversity and carbon stocks in the western region of Cameroon. Inventory was carried out in 52 plots laid out in CAFS and in adjacent secondary forest. Above-ground biomass was estimated using allometric method. A total of 30 species belonging to 19 families were identified in CAFS and 30 species belonging to 15...

Author(s): Lucie Félicité Temgoua, Alex Bruno Dong Etchike, Marie Caroline Momo Solefack, Pricelia Tumenta and Junior Nkwelle  

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Molecular characterization and phylogenetic analysis of Newcastle disease virus isolated from poultry in North Central States of Nigeria

April-June 2020

Newcastle disease (ND) is a highly contagious viral disease constituting a continuous threat to the poultry industry worldwide. This study evaluated the genetic characteristics of Newcastle disease viruses (NDVs) obtained from backyard commercial poultry farms and live bird markets during active and passive surveillance in different regions of Plateau and Nasarawa States of Nigeria between 2009 and 2017. The partial...

Author(s): Helen Owoya Abah, Ismaila Shittu, Paul Ayuba Abdu and Chinwe Justina Aronu  

African Journal of Business Management
Doing well by doing well? Evidence from manufacturing sector of Pakistan

April 2020

According to the value enhancement and agency cost theory, corporate voluntarily contribution has a positive or negative impact on the overall performance of a firm. In contrast to these theories sometimes corporate giving has no impact on the firm’s performance. This article will provide insight on the impact of corporate giving on Pakistan’s publically traded manufacturing companies. This article also...

Author(s): Asma Khan, GaryKayakachoian and Khadija Hassan  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Lime requirements for bean production on two contrasting soils of Lake Victoria Crescent agro-ecological zone

April, 2020

In East Africa, research has indicated that N, P and soil acidity are the major production constraints to common bean production. The optimum pH for bean production in tropical soils ranges from 5.8 to 6.5. But in Uganda, 23% of beans are grown in soils with pH below 5.0. Research conducted on common bean production is mainly about the major nutrients and information about lime requirements to address soil acidity in...

Author(s): P. Kyomuhendo, M. M. Tenywa, O. Semalulu, A. Lenssen, R. Yost, R. Mazur and S. Kybogola

African Journal of Agricultural Research
The response of pigs to diets containing varying levels of cocoa placenta meal (CPM) supplemented with an exogenous enzyme complex

April, 2020

A nineteen-week experiment was conducted to establish the effects of an enzyme supplementation on growth performance, economics of production, carcass components and blood profile of pigs fed diets containing different levels of cocoa placenta meal (CPM). Twenty-five Large White grower pigs with mean initial live weight of 15.4 kg were randomly allocated to five treatments: T1 (0% CPM), T2 (5% CPM), T3 (10% CPM), T4...

Author(s): John Dafaar Damsere, Michael Boateng, Kwame Owusu Amoah, Yaw Oppong Frimpong and Daniel Boye Okai  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Estimates of genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance for agronomic and yield traits in soybean (Glycine max L.)

April 2020

A study with 20 soybean genotypes was conducted in 2015 and 2016 to determine the genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance for some agronomic and yield traits in some soybean genotypes for selection criteria in a breeding programme. The field experiments were laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) and replicated three times. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed significant variation among...

Author(s): Jandong, E. A., Uguru, M. I. and Okechukwu, E. C.  

Educational Research and Reviews
How do games affect the writing skills of young EFL learners?

April 2020

English and Turkish languages have different orthographies. The orthography of English is considered relatively deep since many English letters can correspond to more than one sound; many sounds can be represented by more than one letter and English has a number of consonant digraphs/clusters such as th, sh, ch, and ck to represent a single sound. Whereas, the Turkish orthography presents a good example of the total...

Author(s): Mustafa Şevik  

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Impact of foreign direct investment and inflation on economic growth of five randomly selected Countries in Africa

April-June 2020

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has been viewed as a major source of finance for developing countries and it has gained significant momentum since the sweep of globalization in the early 1990. This is because most of the developing countries see FDI as important in their strategy for growth. In this study, the impact of FDI and inflation on economic growth was examined. Five countries in Africa were selected randomly...

Author(s): Adeniyi Foluso Opeyemi  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Physicochemical and microbiological evaluation of water from western part of the Rio Grande does Norte, Brazil

April 2020

The water quality evaluation with reference to parameters of drinkability is made through a series of analyses, which are physicochemical or microbiological. This study aims to evaluate the physicochemical and microbiological parameters of drinking water distribution network in the western part of the Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Water samples were collected in several neighborhoods, and divided into 5 zones. In each of...

Author(s): Manoel Marcelino da Silva, Francisco Marlon Carneiro Feijó, Nilza Dutra Alves, Gardênia Silvana de Oliveira Rodrigues, Caio Sergio Santos and Fernando da Costa Fernandes  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Effects of Ambrosia maritima (Damsissa) ethanolic extract on phenylhydrazine hydrochloride-induced anaemia in rabbits (Lepus cuniculus)

April 2020

This work was performed to evaluate the anti-anaemic activity of the ethanolic extract of Ambrosia maritima (Damsissa) in phenylhydrazine hydrochloride (PHZ)-induced anaemia in rabbits. Twenty-five adult rabbits of different sexes were equally divided into 5 groups. The induction of anaemia was performed by subcutaneous administration of PHZ at a dose of 30 mg/kg body weight and maintained a dose of 15 mg/kg body...

Author(s): Marwa H. A. Alhassan, Osama H. A. Ali, Wadah J. A. Osman, Khadiga M. Osman, Mona S. Mohamed, Ahmed O. Alamin and Ramzi A. Mothana  

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Macroscopic and microscopic features of diagnostic value for Warburgia ugandensis Sprague leaf and stem-bark herbal materials

April-June 2020

Warbugia ugandensis is among the ten most utilized medicinal plants in East Africa. Stem-bark and leaves are used as remedies for malaria, stomachache, coughs and several skin diseases. Consequently, the plant is endangered because of uncontrolled harvest from the wild and lack of domestication. There is therefore fear of poor quality commercialized products due to lack of quality control mechanisms. The objective of...

Author(s): Onyambu Meshack Ondora, Nicholas K. Gikonyo, Hudson N. Nyambaka and Grace N.Thoithi  

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Re-useable plastic crates as a veritable tool for handling of fresh fruits and vegetables: Lagos State as a case study

January-June 2020

Nigerian Stored Products Research Institute (NSPRI) developed plastic packaging crates of International standard and best practices known as reusable plastic crates (RPCs) in lieu of raffia woven baskets (RWBs) for the transportation and storage of fresh fruits and vegetables in 1986. In collaboration with Lagos State Ministry of Agriculture, Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition and Postharvest Loss Alliance for...

Author(s): Olusola B. Benson, Isaac A. Ambee, Adaora N. Osegbo and Egobude U. Okonkwo  

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Effect of tetanus toxoid immunization training program on knowledge and attitude on female nursing students in Government Universities in Khartoum State

April-June 2020

Tetanus is an acute infectious disease, most cases occur due to lack of vaccination or incomplete immunization on exposure leading to increase morbidity and mortality. Studies reveal that adequate knowledge regarding tetanus is more important for the prevention of maternal and neonatal tetanus in the future. The study aims to study effect of tetanus toxoid immunization training program on knowledge and attitude of...

Author(s): Amani Abdelgader Mohamed and Faiza Ali Nasor  

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Midwives perspectives on risk factors influencing maternal morbidity and mortality rates in Zambia: A case of Lusaka and Mumbwa Districts

April-June 2020

Maternal and neonatal mortality has remained a public health challenge in developing countries, particularly in Zambia despite the efforts to improve access and use of maternal health care services universally. Majority of these maternal deaths could be prevented by ensuring access to good-quality maternal health services, such as antenatal and postnatal care, and skilled attendance during child birth, including...

Author(s): Kalusopa Mwiinga Victoria, Mukwato Katowa Patricia, Muleya Mutinta, Kwaleyela Concepta, Musenge Emmanuel, Chapima Fabian, NambalaSianchapa Brenda, Jon Oyvind Odland, Babil Stray-Pedersen and Maimbolwa Connie Margaret  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
A preliminary study to assess knowledge, preferences, and perception of adult population of Karachi about scored and colored oral solid dosage form

April, 2020

Beyond the pharmacological activity, the differences have been observed in the preferences of solid dosage form on the basis of color and swallowing difficulty in the studies conducted by a different researcher. The aim of the study is to insight the perception of the general population of Karachi about the color, scoring and splitting of tablets. A convenience sampling technique was used to collect data. Knowledge,...

Author(s): Aatka Ali, Madiha Mushtaque, Sarah Jameel Khan, Sidra Kanwal Ali, Tahmina Maqbool, and Rida Masood  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Antihyperglycaemic and antioxidant activities of Sansevierialiberica as justification for its antidiabetic claims

April, 2020

Diabetes has become a global emergency because of its high prevalence, morbidity and mortality while the available hypoglycaemic drugs possess various adverse effects and are expensive. This has necessitated a continuous search for cheaper antidiabetic agents of plant origin with fewer or no side effects. The study evaluated the antihyperglycaemic activities of the methanol extract of Sansevieria liberica Gerome and...

Author(s): Aanuolu Jesudunni Ajileye, Marcus Durojaye Ayoola, Anthony Adebolu Elujoba and Kemi Feyisayo Akinwunmi  

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Predicting the compressibility factor of natural gases containing various amounts of CO2 at high temperatures and pressures

January-June 2020

In recent years, many natural gas reservoirs have been discovered with varying CO2 contents, many of which are at supercritical conditions. Calculation of compressibility factors for such reservoirs is important. Therefore, this research presents an extensive review of the various methods to calculate the compressibility factor for different natural gases containing CO2 at various temperatures and pressures. It also...

Author(s): Adel M. Elsharkawy and Leena A. Elsharkawy  

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Preparation of thermal neutron absorber based B4C/TiO2/polyaniline nanocomposite

April-June, 2020

B4C nanoparticles (NPs) have been integrated at that point veiled by TiO2 NPs lastly composited by utilizing polyaniline (PANI), (B4C/TiO2/PANI). Shields of thermal neutrons by B4C/TiO2/PANI have been considered, B4C/TiO2/PANI nanocomposite was described by FTIR spectroscopy, and nanometer size, morphology, and structures of tests were estimated by SEM and XRD. The electric property was additionally performed by the...

Author(s): Seyed Hossein Hosseini, Mona Tarakameh and Sama S. Hosseini  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
The impact of sea water intrusion on the spatial variability of the physical and chemical properties of ground water in Limbe-Cameroon

April 2020

A significant proportion of the population of Limbe, a coastal town in Cameroon, relies on ground water (gw) to satisfy their drinking water needs. The coastal aquifer is threatened by pollution from sea water intrusion and hence the aim of this study was to determine the suitability of the water. Physico-chemical analysis were carried out on samples collected from the study area and the Revelle Index was calculated and...

Author(s): MOTCHEMIEN Rigobert and FONTEH Mathias FRU  

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