Articles

 

Page 7 of 1135, showing 50 records out of 56709 total, starting on record 301, ending on 350

July 2018

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
An overview of epidemiology and etiology of bacteria associated with diabetic injuries and their dominant infection at Central Region, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most chronic and dangerous diseases worldwide and in the Saudi society in particular. Swabs (168) from DM injuries were collected from inpatient and outpatient departments. Analysis of variance revealed the high incidence of diabetic foot infections compared to other injuries by an average of 51 and 33, respectively. Adults’ category was significantly the highest age category...

Author(s): Hissah A. Alodaini and Alia A. Shoeib,  

July 2018

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Bacterial identification and drug susceptibility pattern of urinary tract infection in pregnant Women at Karamara Hospital Jigjiga, Eastern Ethiopia

Urinary tract infections are the most common bacterial infections during pregnancy and if left untreated in pregnancy it may result in acute pyelonephritis, abortion, premature delivery, low birth baby and even still birth. Thus the aim of this study was to determine the bacterial profile and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of urinary tract infection in pregnant women at Karamara Hospital Jigjiga, Eastern Ethiopia. A...

Author(s): Adugna Negussie, Getenet Worku and Ermiyas Beyene  

July 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Prospects of alternative copping systems for salt-affected soils in Ethiopia

Soil salinization is one of the major constraints in achieving food security and environmental degradation in Ethiopia. Restoration of salt-affected lands into productive lands and protection of newly developed areas from the spread of salinity is therefore of paramount importance. In high salinity areas where technical solutions to soil rehabilitation are expensive and time consuming and growth of normal field crops is...

Author(s): Asad Sarwar Qureshi, Tesfaye Ertebo and Melese Mehansiwala  

July 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Effects of organic fertilizer (NPK 5-9-19) and mineral (NPK 12-11-18) on soil chemical properties in tomato crop in the South and Mid-west of the Ivory Coast

A study on mineral and organic liquid fertilizer was carried out in the South and Central West of Ivory Coast during a period of two years in order to improve soil fertility in tomato crop. More specifically, it evaluated the effects of 4 doses of organic fertilizer (NPK 5-9-19), associated or not with mineral fertilizer (NPK 12-11-18) on the content of soil organic matter, C/N ratio, the sum of exchangeable bases,...

Author(s): Angui T. K. P.,  Kotaix  A. J. A., Kassin K. E., N’goran K. E., Pierrec Z. K. and Bonfoh B.  

July 2018

International Journal of Library and Information Science
Involvement of library users in collection development of hybrid academic libraries in Tanzania

Collection development in any academic library is an on-going process. It is undertaken by librarians and library services staff with inputs from different stakeholders, including the academic and non-academic staff, administrators, and students. The main objective of this paper is to assess the involvement of library users in collection development of hybrid academic libraries in Tanzania. A triangulation approach for...

Author(s): Kardo Joseph Mwilongo

July 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Pulcandi a healing natural ash coal against gastric acidity: Scientific comprehension

As a coal, Pulcandi possesses the property of removing excess gastric and intestinal gas. Pulcandi powder has anti-diarrhea activity by decreasing intestinal fluid content and adsorbing microbes and toxins. The aim of this study was to demonstrate and to establish consequences of Pulcandi powder use on gastric acidity. For evaluating these consequences, it was investigated in vitro kinetic tests on acidity. These tests...

Author(s): Akpalo Edéfia, Aba Eklu Gudrun, Awaga  Kwami Lumo and Aba Eklu Abatévi

July 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Comparative evaluation of the protective effect of leaf extracts of Vernonia amygdalina (bitter leaf) and Ocimum canum (curry) on acetaminophen induced acute liver toxicity

The quest for alternate medicine in preventing and combating hepatotoxicity led to the screening of aqueous and ethanol extracts of dried leaves of Vernonia amygdalina Delile (bitter leaf) and Ocimum canum Linn (curry leaf) for phytochemicals and in vitro antioxidant properties. Some rats were pretreated with the extracts and later administered with 2g/kg of body weight single dose of acetaminophen and the...

Author(s): Michael Okey Enemali and Stanley Chidi Udedi  

July 2018

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Social media as a means to overcome stress and depression among women

Depression constitutes a serious challenge in personal and public health. Tens of millions of people each year suffer from depression and only a fraction receives treatment (de Choudhury, 2013). Stress and depression drains one of the feel-good factors essential to sustain the energy that gives the impetuous to hope and move forward. Depression in women is made more complex because of factors such as reproductive...

Author(s): V. R. Revathy, I. A. Aram and V. S. Sharmila  

July 2018

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Twitter and sports journalism in Germany: Application and networks during the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics

Professions in the communication realm are affected by Twitter’s rapidity, agenda setting, and myriad utilization possibilities. This study addresses potentials of Twitter for journalists in the sport context and assessed journalists’ Twitter activity, as well as journalists’ Twitter networks and their change in the course of the 2014 Winter Olympics. The sample was composed of the accounts of 30...

Author(s): Christoph G. Grimmer and Thomas Horky  

July 2018

International Journal of Library and Information Science
Marketing of information products and services in public libraries in South West, Nigeria

The study examines the marketing of information products and services in public libraries in South West, Nigeria. A descriptive survey research design was adopted. The population comprises professionals and library officers. Questionnaire was used as means of data collection. The sections consist of A and B. Section A dwells on the socio-economic variables of the respondent, Section B consist on availability of...

Author(s): Kutu Jacob O. and Olabode Olajide

July 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Determinants of collective marketing and marketable surplus for smallholder sorghum producers in Oyam district, Uganda

In 2000, Uganda instituted a tax rebate of 10 to 15% to industries willing to use locally sourced raw materials. This attracted Nile Breweries Ltd (NBL) to start using locally produced sorghum for beer production in 2002 and intervened in the sorghum value chain through mobilization of farmers into producer groups, established bulking centers and appointed buying agents. Despite these interventions, some farmers still...

Author(s): Nangobi R. and Mugonola B.

July 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Technical efficiency and profitability of potato production by smallholder farmers: The case of Dinsho District, Bale Zone of Ethiopia

The study aimed to analyze the technical efficiency and profitability of potato production by smallholder farmers in Dinsho District of Bale Zone of Ethiopia. Cross sectional data collected in 2015/16 production year from 147 surveyed households was utilized in achieving these objectives. Non-parametric net crop revenue analysis and Cobb-Douglas stochastic frontier approach were used to analyze enterprise profitability...

Author(s): Ahmed Kasim Dube, Burhan Ozkan, Amanuel Ayele, Diriba Idahe and   Ahmed Aliye

July 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
The Role of Pastoralists’ Indigenous Knowledge and Practices in Reducing Household Food Insecurity in West Pokot, Kenya: A Binary Probit Analysis

In recent decades, researchers and development practitioners have explored strategies to manage shocks and reduce food insecurity in the arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) especially through introduction of modern scientific approaches and interventions; for instance promotion of exotic livestock breeds, but these interventions have not yielded desired results. This has been attributed to the fact that most of these...

Author(s): Deborah Namayi Muricho, David Jakinda Otieno and Willis Oluoch-Kosura

July 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Determinants of microfinance loan utilization by smallholder farmers: The case of Omo Microfinance in Lemo District of Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia

This study investigated factors determining microfinance loan utilization by smallholder farmers from Omo Microfinance institution in Lemo District of Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Both primary and secondary data were used and a total of 118 sampled farmers were considered for the interview. Both descriptive statistics and independent double-hurdle model were used to analyze the microfinance loan utilization and loan...

Author(s): Amanuel Ayele and Degye Goshu

July 2018

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Sedimentary facies and depositional environments of the neoproterozoic sediments of the Gambaga-Nakpanduri massifs, Voltaian Basin

The classification of the sediments into facies and the various environments in which the sediments of the northeastern Voltaian basin were deposited has not been clearly described.  Using detailed field mapping together with petrographic studies, six sedimentary facies has been identified; F1 is defined by asymmetric wave formed ripple marks, F2 indicates flute casts on micaceous sandy shales, F3 has bifurcated...

Author(s): Mahamuda Abu  

July 2018

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Sovereign treasury solvency and financial performance management in Nigeria

The paper assessed sovereign treasury solvency and financial performance management in Nigeria from 1999 through 2016. The aim of this study is to determine the degree of solvency in Nigeria’s sovereign treasury. Ex-post ‘facto’ empirical analysis is the research method employed. Financial analysis was employed with financial performance indicators; descriptive statistics, econometric evaluation...

Author(s): Christopher Enyioma Alozie  

July 2018

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Towards equity in water pricing in small water systems: An Alberta case study

Small water systems have water technology that has a higher cost structure than those of large cities. Consequently they cannot enjoy “comparable” consumption patterns. It is shown that full cost pricing is not compatible with achieving equity for small system residents and marginal cost pricing would not cover the capital costs. Therefore, provinces could seek legal recourse for higher federal transfers,...

Author(s): Gopal Achari , Mohammed H. I. Dore and Aaron Janzen    

July 2018

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Prevalence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency (A-376/202) in homozygous sickle cell patients in Senegal and its clinical impact

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most common worldwide enzymopathy with approximately 400 million individuals affected. This inherited disease is sex-linked recessive inheritance. The high prevalence of certain variants of G6PD in different populations and ethnic groups increases the likelihood of finding associations with other pathologies. Sickle cell disease and thalassemia are the most...

Author(s): Dominique Doupa, Ousseynou Boye, Maguette Ndiaye, Mamadou Djité, Pape Matar Kandji, Sidy Mohamed Seck, Demba Makalou, Aminata Lam, Marie Pierre Diouf, Arame Ndiaye, Blaise Felix Faye, Souleymane Thiam, Abdourahmane Samba, Fatou Diallo, Papa Madieye Gueye, Alassane Diatta, Babacar Faye, Ibrahima Diagne and Saliou Diop  

July 2018

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Polycystic ovary syndrome: Impact of obesity and aging on the profile of gonadotrophin and adrenal hormones

Many studies have been conducted to understand thoroughly the mechanism of polycystic ovaries syndrome (PCOS), but very few of them came from Africa. The aim of this study, was firstly to make a diagnostic of this syndrome, according to Rotterdam criteria, and secondly to assess the correlation of obesity and age on this pathology. The study was conducted at Bouaké, within the medical School and Hospital, during...

Author(s): Dere K. A. L., Koffi K. G., Niamke A. G., Bita D. V., Manhan K. E. and Tiahou G. G.  

July 2018

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Factors associated with atherogenic dyslipidemia among hypertensive patients at southern Ethiopia

Atherogenic dyslipidemia worsens cardiovascular functions and supporting data concerning dyslipidemia among hypertensive patients in Ethiopian situation is very limited. The objective of this study was to assess factors associated with atherogenic dyslipidemia among hypertensive patients at Southern Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 238 hypertensive participants at Hawassa University comprehensive...

Author(s): Agete Tadewos Hirigo and Eshetu Nigussie Geleta  

July 2018

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Experimental analysis on rheological and fluid loss control of water-based mud using new additives

There have been many improvements on the drilling fluids due to the increased amount of environmental and safety concerns. Decreasing the amount of toxic additives found in the drilling fluid can help to reduce the environmental impact. It is very important to have an in depth knowledge of all the properties of drilling fluids in order to design an effective mud. This is because drilling fluids can have great variations...

Author(s): Biltayib Misbah Biltayib, Masoud Rashidi, Saad Balhasan, Reem Alothman, Mufazzal S. Kabuli  

July 2018

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism
Enhancing employee performance using selected leadership styles of middle-line managers in the hospitality industry in Mid-Western Uganda

This study explains the success of employee performance using selected leadership styles of middle-line Hotel managers in Mid-western Uganda. The simple random sample included 196 employees from ten Hotels. The respondents completed the measures of styles of leadership (democratic, autocratic and laissez faire) and employee performance. Bivarriate correlations and regression matrices were used to test for the...

Author(s): David Mwesigwa

July 2018

Journal of African Studies and Development
Groundwater conflicts or disputes? Experience from Mbarali District in Tanzania

This article examines conflicts and or disputes attributed to ineffectiveness of groundwater governance. The study adopted sequential exploratory research design. A random sample of 90 water users was involved in the survey. The key informants and focus group discussions were used to collect qualitative data. Content analysis was used to analyze qualitative data. Frequency and percentage distribution of the responses...

Author(s): Samwel J. Kabote and Johnson L. Gudaga  

July 2018

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Anatomy of pay in decentralisation by devolution in Tanzania

Decentralization has become an eminent discourse for boosting people’s participation in decision making. Arguably, one of the pillars to boost good governance. Nevertheless, various levels of governance, which have resulted from decentralisation by devolution have varied perspectives on rewards for the work they perform especially the lowest namely village and ward levels. The contestation is on who deserves to...

Author(s): King Norman A. S.  

July 2018

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Comparative investigation of alternative assessment methods used in Turkey and United States elementary 4th grade mathematics curriculum

This study investigated the applicability of alternative assessment methods used in 4th grade mathematics curriculum in Turkey and the United States with the intent of implementing these methods more effectively in elementary schools. The sampling included six elementary schools with twelve teachers in Adıyaman in Turkey; four elementary schools with twelve teachers in Pittsburgh, PA in the U.S. Qualitative data were...

Author(s): Mehmet Demir, Cynthia, A. Tananis and Uğur Başboğaoğlu

July 2018

Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology
A comparative study of sustainable end-of-life management in automobile and construction industry: A case of Kano City, Nigeria

It was argued that either the construction industry to continue to be conservative and inefficient on the premise that it was distinctive or it should have opened-up to learn lessons from the best practices models in other sectors like manufacturing. This paper is a comparative study of the sustainable end-of-life management practices in the automobile and the Nigerian building sector with the aim of examining the...

Author(s): Aminu Lawan Abdullahi and Angela Lee  

July 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Attenuation effect of plant canopy sizes on microclimate in urban greenspaces within Nairobi City, Kenya

Diversity of plant species could have a different influence on urban microclimate and thermal comfort. However, the magnitude of different plant species to ameliorate urban microclimate by cooling the urban microclimate and improving thermal comfort based on their allometric properties at any particular time of the day is unknown for urban environments. This paper presents the result of a study conducted in Kenya to...

Author(s): Matsaba Emmanuel Ochola, Adimo Aggrey Ochieng, Njoroge John Bosco, Wesonga John Mwibanda and Sodoudi Sahar  

July 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Effect of substrate media on growth, yield and nutritional composition of domestically grown oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus)

The effect of substrate (medium) on growth, yield and nutritional composition of domestically-grown oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) was investigated. Six different substrates namely sawdust only (SDO), sawdust + corn waste + CaCO3 (SDW), sawdust + rice bran + CaCO3 (SDR), sawdust + banana leaves (SBL), sawdust + cassava peel (SDC) and cassava peel only (CPO) were used.  The substrates were pasteurized with...

Author(s): Onyeka, E. U., Udeogu, E., Umelo, C. and Okehie, M. A.

July 2018

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Universal basic education (UBE) policy implementation challenges: The dilemma of junior secondary schools administrators in Nigeria

The study examined the challenges hindering implementation of the universal basic educational (UBE) policy in Nigeria. The study is a descriptive survey research. The population of the study comprised all the two hundred and twenty one principals in Ebonyi state public junior secondary schools. Proportionate stratified random sampling technique was used to select 100 principals for the study. Instrument used for data...

Author(s): Aja S. N., Egwu S. O., Aja-Okorie U., Ani T. and Amuta N. C.  

July 2018

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education
Implementation of mechanical engineering curriculum in school and industry in the 3 and 4 years vocational high school programs (VHS) for the improvement of the quality of graduates to meet the requirement of ASEAN economic community

In field application, there are various models of Vocational High School (VHS) education based on the period of study, education design in school or industry and competence design. There are 3 year VHS programme, 4 year VHS programme and community college. Vocational education in Indonesia challenges the Asean Economic Community. The appropriate vocational education curriculum either 3 year or 4 year VHS program is...

Author(s): Amiruddin, Djoko Kustono, Syamsul Hadi, Djuanda, Nurlaela Latief, Moch Bruri Triyono and Soetyono Iskandar  

July 2018

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Observations on the biology of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., in Tekeze Reservoir, Northern Ethiopia

The study was done to examine some aspects of the reproductive biology of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in Tekeze Reservoir a newly man made hydropower reservoir. A total number of 1826 specimens of Nile Tilapia (O. niloticus) were collected from the reservoir from July 2015 to June 2016. Size at first maturity, sex ratio, gonado-somatic index (GSI), breeding season and fecundity were studied. The overall...

Author(s): Tsegay Teame, Haftom Zebib and Tesfay Meresa  

July 2018

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Anthropometric measurements for young males in Saudi Arabia

The purpose of this study was to fill the gap of not having enough anthropometric data for young males in Saudi Arabia. Developing an anthropometric database on Saudi adults will help the local designers, manufactures and producers to create more efficient industrial applications, and products for Saudi population. The study was performed in the Riyadh city, the capital and the largest city in Saudi Arabia, among a...

Author(s): Waleed Basuliman

July 2018

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Ethiopia’s health extension program: Opportunities and challenges of its implementation in Shiromeda

This study assesses the opportunities and challenges of implementing health extension program in Shiromeda Health Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. It has three key objectives: to examine prospective and retrospective views of health extension workers towards health extension program; determine the challenges faced by clients in their health service utilization and examine the challenges extension workers face during...

Author(s): Dessalegn Mekuriaw Hailu  

July 2018

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Influence of postharvest treatments on the proximate composition and sugar contents of fresh maize

Freshly harvested maize is highly perishable and it rapidly losses its sweetness within 3 days of harvest. This study investigated the influence of steeping on the proximate composition and sugar content of fresh maize stored at tropical ambient conditions (28 ± 2°C and 70% RH). The solutions used for steeping were salt (8%), sugar (10%), combination of the salt-sugar solution (2:3 v/v) while the control had...

Author(s): Isaac Babatunde Oluwalana, Matthew Kolawole Bolade, Olusola Samuel Jolayemi, Olumuyiwa Adekanmi Babarinsa, Olumuyiwa Abidemi Jeje and Toyin Paulina Ojo  

July 2018

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Wearable nutrition and dietetics technology on health nutrition paradigm shift in low and middle income countries

Real-time, effective and affordable nutrition and dietetics wearable technology and sensors are emerging field with immense opportunities and benefits to the global nutrition challenge. As a powerful public health nutrition game changer, it requires more research and development support in tackling food security and nutrition safety challenges and evidence in local and global priorities needs worldwide. Such revolution...

Author(s): Ernest Tambo, and Jeanne Yonkeu Ngogang,  

July 2018

African Journal of Cellular Pathology
Comparative study of the effects of aqueous and ethanol fruit extracts of Phoenix dactylifera L. on the cerebellar cortex of Artesunate–Amodiaquine treated adult Wistar rats

This study was to evaluate the effects of aqueous and ethanol fruit extracts of Phoenix dactylifera on the cerebellar cortex of Artesunate-Amodiaquine (AS–AQ) treated Wistar rats. Thirty-six adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into nine groups (n=4). Group 1 served as the control; Group 2 received 2.86/8.75 mg/kg AS–AQ. Group 3 received 2.86/8.75 mg/kg AS–AQ + 100 mg/kg ascorbic acid; Groups...

Author(s): M. N. Budaye, S. S. Adebisi, A. A. Buraimoh, S. S. Lazarus and A. N. Agbon  

July 2018

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
Remedying the retreat in the protection of citizens’ international human rights

The article argues that in the light of the many continuing gross abuses of international human rights perpetrated in many parts of the world and the growing disillusionment with the international human rights regime as a whole, the regime needs comprehensive reassessment.  It is argued that the underlying cause of this situation is the disunity of the present global system and its competing systems of...

Author(s): Graham Nicholson

July 2018

African Journal of Cellular Pathology
Phenotypic detection of multidrug resistant extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing Escherichia coli from clinical samples

A clinico-laboratory investigation of multidrug resistant (MDR) characteristics of extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing Escherichia coli pathotypes from some hospitals in Bauchi metropolis, Nigeria, was carried out. A total of 198 E. coli isolates were recovered from different patients’ age group (0 to above 70 years), comprising of 134 males and 85 females, as both out-patient (126) and in-patient...

Author(s): Iliyasu M. Y., Uba A. and Agbo E. B.  

July 2018

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
The amelorative effect of L-arginin and omega-3 fatty acid against sodium valproate induced hepatotoxicity

Sodium valproate (VPA) used in epilepsy and has hepatotoxic effect in mammals. This work is to assess the role of L-arginin and omega-3 fatty acid against VPA oxidative stress on liver. This study was carried out on 70 rats divided into 7 groups each of 10 rats treated orally once daily 6days/ week; Group I (control), Group II ( L-arginin): each rat was received 300 mg/kg L-arginin, Group III (omega-3): each rat...

Author(s): Dalia M. Amin, Marwa T. Abaza, Walaa M. Sarhaan, Amany I. Ahmed, Amr A. Moustafa  

July 2018

Journal of Bioinformatics and Sequence Analysis
Evaluating the computing efficiencies (specificity and sensitivity) of graphics processing unit (GPU)-accelerated DNA sequence alignment tools against central processing unit (CPU) alignment tool

Bioinformatics is an emerging field, where information technology usage can significantly accelerate life science research. It is a relatively new field and the scope of exploring new tools and techniques seems immense. One major field where bioinformatics plays important role is next generation sequence analysis (NGS), in which an unknown genome is shuttered into pieces and tried to align it to a reference known genome...

Author(s): Shrikant Pawar, Aditya Stanam and Ying Zhu  

July 2018

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Modeling an Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) assessment system for municipalities in Greece with public accounting of austerity

The new form of local government organization should be competent and effective in order to provide 21st century services equivalent to the citizens of every country. Its new developmental role can be fulfilled by implementing management techniques that will be conducive to local development. The use of accounting ratios from financial statements is necessary to municipalities as well as to every accounting body to...

Author(s): Panagiotis Pantelidis, Michail Pazarskis, Athanasia Karakitsiou and Vaia Dolka

July 2018

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Population status, feeding ecology and activity pattern of common bushbuck (Tragelaphus Scriptus decula) in Sekele Mariam Forest, West Gojjam, Ethiopia

A study on the population status, feeding ecology and activity pattern of common bushbuck (Tragelaphus scriptus decula) was carried out in the Sekele Mariam Forest from December 2016 to August 2017 including wet and dry seasons. Data were collected using total count and direct observation method. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and compared with Chi-square test and one way ANOVA. Average...

Author(s): Wubie Bayih and Mesele Yihune  

July 2018

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Old habits die hard: Resistensia Nacional Mozambicana (RENAMO) propensity for military confrontation against its professed embracement of peaceful conflict resolution, 1976 to 2017

This article reviews Tavuyanago’s publication entitled Resistensia Nacional Mozambicana (RENAMO): from military confrontation to peaceful engagement, 1976 to 2009’. In this article, Tavuyanago gave much credit to Renamo for the creation of democratic space in Mozambique’s post-civil war political landscape. RENAMO had waged a brutal guerrilla war against Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO)...

Author(s): James Hlongwana  

July 2018

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Why is Tanzanian opposition weak twenty five years since its re-introduction?

This paper examines the performance of opposition parties and the prospects of multiparty politics in Tanzania. At independence in 1961 and during Colonial Rule, Tanganyika now Tanzania Mainland was enjoying a multiparty democracy but moved to one party state during 1970s. The Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) has won all elections since re-introduction of multiparty politics in 1992. The debate now is on the performance of...

Author(s): Mangasini Atanasi Katundu  

July 2018

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Mineralogical and geochemical properties of clay deposits in parts of Southeastern Nigeria

The rocks underlying many parts of Southeastern Nigeria had undergone extensive alterations to form considerable clay deposits. The mineralogical compositions of some of these clay deposits were evaluated with the X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) method to ascertain the suitability of the deposits as raw materials. Results of the analyses indicated that kaolinite (Al2Si2O5 (OH)4) is the dominant clay mineral. Traces of bentonite...

Author(s): Onyekuru S. O., Iwuoha P. O., Iwuagwu C. J., Nwozor K. K. and Opara K. D.  

July 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Modelling the relationship between innovation, strategy, strategic human resource management and organisation competitiveness

Several studies have been conducted to establish the link between strategy, human resource management (HRM) practices and organisation performance, yet no study has explored the alignment between strategy, innovation, strategic HRM and their impacts on organisation competitiveness. Therefore, the present study sets out to align strategy, innovation, strategic human resource management (SHRM) and organisation...

Author(s): J. E. Agolla  

July 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Pathways to the poor in Swaziland: What is the nature of micro insurance channels and distribution strategy?

When distribution is neglected, micro insurance fails. This considered, the objective of this study was twofold – to explore the nature of micro insurance distribution channels and to understand the distribution strategy of a commercial insurance company in Swaziland. Using interviews with the senior managers of a commercial insurer and its distribution partners, this study generated in-depth qualitative data on...

Author(s): M. Kanyangale and M. Lukhele  

July 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Untangling the concept of entrepreneurship towards a common perspective

There continues to be a lack of a commonly agreed perspective of entrepreneurship despite the concept being studied for a long period of time. Definitions of the concept and constructs of study in the field have depended on the researcher’s conceptualisation of what constitutes entrepreneurship and as a result there are variations in the study focus and measurement of entrepreneurship. An analysis of literature...

Author(s): Charles Mwatsika, Patrick Kambewa and Levison Chiwaula  

July 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Biofertilising, plant-stimulating and biocontrol potentials of maize plant growth promoting rhizobacteria isolated in central and northern Benin

Plants constantly interact with a multitude of microorganisms that they select among other things through their roots. Some bacteria, known as plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), are able to stimulate growth and control plant diseases, thanks to the expression of a wide range of beneficial properties to the plant. The aim of this work was to search for biofertilizing, plant-stimulating and biocontrol potentials...

Author(s): Nadège Adoukè Agbodjato, Olaréwadjou Amogou, Pacôme Agossou Noumavo, Gustave Dagbénonbakin, Hafiz Adio Salami,  Rachidath Karimou, Abdel-Madjid Alladé, Oyedele Adedayo, Farid Baba-Moussa, Adolphe Adjanohoun  and Lamine Saïd Baba-Moussa  

July 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antimicrobial resistance patterns of Enterobacteriaceae recovered from wastewater, sludge and dumpsite environments in Kakamega town, Kenya

Enteric bacterial resistance to antibiotics and the emergence of resistant pathogens in the environment is a global threat to public health. In Kenya, sewage treatment plants are not designed to eliminate enteric microbes, whereas domestic, medical and other hazardous wastes are all discarded in common solid-waste dump sites. Arising from these practices, waste treatment sites in developing countries may be important...

Author(s): Clarice Malaho, Sifuna Anthony Wawire, and William A. Shivoga,  

Page 7 of 1135, showing 50 records out of 56709 total, starting on record 301, ending on 350