Articles

 

Page 4 of 1169, showing 50 records out of 58448 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200

August, 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Effects of salt stress on antioxidant system activity and peroxidation damage in root tip cells of strawberry

In this study, strawberry seedlings were treated with 250 mmol·L-1 NaCl solution; then the O2- production rate, the content of H2O2 and thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS), electrolyte leakage (EL), the enzyme activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), and catalase (CAT) in the root tip cells were determined to be used for analysis after salt stress. The results revealed that the O2-...

Author(s): Ji-Zhong Wang, Cong Jin, Yun-Peng Wang, Bo-Qing Chen and Ji-Zhong Wang

August, 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Effect of explant source and different hormonal combinations on in vitro regeneration of Heracleum candicans Wall: An important medicinal herb

In vitro regeneration of plants is influenced to a great extent by genotype, the type of explant used, media composition and plant growth regulators. This research was devised to study the effect of explant source and different hormonal combinations on the in vitro regeneration of Heracleum candicans. Two different explants viz; leaf and petiole were used to investigate their morphogenic response on MS medium...

Author(s): Mahroofa Jan, Seema Singh, Farhana Maqbool and Irshad Ahmad Nawchoo

August, 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Anti-Xanthomonas activity of Antarctic fungi crude extracts

Agriculture suffers considerable losses in its production caused by plant diseases. In the citrus culture some problems were associated with citrus canker caused by Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri. That same way, sugarcane plantations are impaired to leaf scald disease caused by Xanthomonas albilineans. One of the measures used to contain citrus canker is the spray of cupric bactericides; however for scalding leaves...

Author(s): Juliano Henrique Ferrarezi, Juliana Aparecida dos Santos, Lara Durães Sette, Henrique Ferreira and Daiane Cristina Sass

August 2019

International Journal of Livestock Production
Evaluation of proximate content and vitamin profile of Moringa oleifera seed hull

Moringa plant is a plant with increase awareness of its health and nutritional benefits in Nigeria. This study was conducted to examine the nutrient composition of underutilized hull of Moringa oleifera seed. Proximate composition, antinutrients, minerals and vitamins profile of the hull were determined using standard analytical methods. The hull contained crude protein 5.25±0.011%, crude fibre...

Author(s): Ibraheem Ademola Saheed, Nuhu Aliyu, Musa Muhammed and Ashade Noah Oluwasegun  

August, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
The trade of the cattle fair in alagoas’ agreste:a description of this step of the comercialization process

This paper presents a descriptive study about the economic activity in cattle fairs from Alagoas’ countryside, Brazil, through visits in loco, application of questionnaires and secondary data obtained from Adeal in the two main fairs on Alagoas’ countryside, Brazil. The objective was to study the quantity of animals in the events, identifying the marketing channel and its segments, the negotiation volume and...

Author(s): José Adeilton da Silva Filho, André Maia Gomes Lages, José Crisólogo de Sales Silva, Conceição Maria Dias de Lima and Luciano Celso Brandão Guerreiro Barbosa  

August, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Transpiration, water extraction, and root distribution of Tahiti lime (Citrus latifolia Tanaka) plant under different micro-sprinkler placements

Measurements of transpiration in cultivated plants are of utmost importance, especially in semi-arid regions where there is low water availability with this, the present work aimed to determine daily transpiration, root distribution, and soil water extraction of ‘Tahiti’ lime plant under different micro-sprinkler placements in semi-arid conditions of northern Minas Gerais state. We assessed soil water...

Author(s): Welson Lima Simões, Eugenio Ferreira Coelho, Mauricio Antonio Coelho Filho, Miguel Julio Machado Guimarães, Marcelo Rocha dos Santos and Edio Luiz da Costa  

August 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Identification of rice genotypes tolerant to submergence at seedling stage in Uganda

Floods have destroyed over 2000 acres of rice in Uganda which affected yield and caused losses to farmers. This problem is more pronounced when fields are not well leveled, and the mode of irrigation is by surface flooding. Majority of lowland rice fields in East African region are of this nature and are thus prone to yield losses. There are no submergence tolerance varieties identified in Uganda, so far. To address...

Author(s): Anna Bildadi Mlaki, Paul Gibson, Richard Edema, Jean Claude Habineza, Gerald Mwanje, Jimmy Lamo and Ephraim Nuwamanya  

August 2019

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Integrated geophysical approach for imaging sedimentary outcrop at Northwestern Peninsular Malaysia

An outcrop is a visible exposure of bedrock or ancient superficial deposits on the surface of the Earth. In recent years, outcrop studies have become very important to understand the geology of the earth. The lack of studies on outcrops depends on the interpretations and observations at the surface of the earth only. Besides that, lack of specific physical value for the type of materials can cause misinterpretation of...

Author(s): Nordiana Mohd Muztaza, Nordiana Ahmad Nawawi, Hazrul Hisham Badrul Hisham, Muhamad Taqiuddin Zakaria and Adeeko Tajudeen Olugbenga

August 2019

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen and associated risk factors among pregnant women in Gandhi Memorial Hospital, Addis Ababa

Hepatitis B is the world’s most common serious liver infection caused by Hepatitis B virus (HBV). Rate of vertical transmission is very high from infected mother to baby and has adverse effect on both. A cross-sectional study involving a total of 384 pregnant women attending Gandhi Memorial Hospital in Addis Ababa from April to June 2017 was conducted to determine the seroprevalence and risk factors of HBV among...

Author(s): Zemenu Abera Negesse and Daniel Getahun Debelo

August, 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
DPPH radical scavenging activity of extracts from Rhamnus prinoides

Hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanolic extracts from leaves and stem-bark of Rhamnus prinoides were evaluated for their antioxidant activity by DPPH radical scavenging assay. The leaves extracts showed scavenging activity ranging from 03.33±0.89 to 55.03±3.40 µg mL-1 while the stem-bark extracts showed relatively strong scavenging activity ranging from 03.65±1.02 to 59.55±2.27...

Author(s): Manoharan Karuppiah Pillai, Lehlohonolo Isaac Santi and Sibusisiwe Magama

August 2019

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Integrated effect of nitrogen and vermicompost levels on yield and yield components of carrot (Daucus carota L.) at Woreta, Northwestern Ethiopia

The N fertilizer or organic resources alone may not provide sufficient amounts or may be unsuitable for improving specific constraints to crop production. In view of this, a field trial was conducted at Woreta ATVET College horticultural farm, Ethiopia to determine integrated effect of nitrogen and vermicompost levels on yield and yield components of carrot, nantes type, during 2017 main rainy season. Nine treatments...

Author(s): Tadila Getaneh and Amare Mezgebu  

August 2019

International Journal of Livestock Production
Evaluation of varying levels of Vernonia amygdalina leaf meal on growth, hematological parameters and as anticoccidial

Among the currently available poultry feed additives, natural herbs and plants have been widely advocated due to their reported widespread beneficial effects. Vernonia amygdalina is one of such potential feed supplements which have recently been reported as having a wide range of beneficial effects on production performance. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of varying levels of V. amygdalina leaf meal on...

Author(s): Banjoko O. J., Adebayo. I. A., Osho I. B. and Olumide M. D.  

July-September 2019

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
The effect of blending of extracts of Sudanese Adansonia digitata and Tamarindus indica on their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities

Adansonia digitata (Bombacaceae) and Tamarindus indica (Fabaceae) are the most popular herbal products in Sudan; they are used as food ingredients and in traditional treatments of various diseases. The aim of this study is to investigate phytochemical contents, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities of plants fruit, leaf and bark ethanolic extracts. The phytochemical screening of different extracts...

Author(s): Ayat Ahmed Alrasheid, Shimaa AbdelRahman Ahmed, Sahar Hussein Eltilib,  Mawa Ibrahim Alnour, Marvit Osman Widdatallh, Layla Fathi Yassin, Kowther Isam Eldein, Einas Gamal Mohieldin, Alaa Abdulmoneim Mohamed and Saad Mohamed Hussein Ayoub  

July-September 2019

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Immunomodulatory activities of polysaccharides isolated from plants used as antimalarial in Mali

Medicinal plants used against malaria in Mali have previously been tested for their antiplasmodial activities using their organic solvent and water extracts. As the healers mainly use the water extracts for their treatments of malaria-patients, our aim was to study the water-soluble components from Malian plants used for treatment of malaria. Argemone mexicana (aerial parts), Sarcocephalus latifolius (root bark), Vitex...

Author(s): Adama Dénou,, Adiaratou Togola, Kari Tvete Inngjerdingen, Bing-Zhao Zhang, Abubakar Ahmed, Dalen Gwatau Dafam, John C.Aguiyi Rokia Sanogo, Drissa Diallo, and Berit Smestad Paulsen  

July –December 2019

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds
Biomass accumulation and yield expression among winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus L. DC) accessions

Winged bean accessions were screened to evaluate biomass yield potential. The experiments, carried out during 2015 and 2016 to test nineteen accessions were laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design and replicated three times. Data collected on number of days to 50% flowering (DTF), number of days to 50% pod (DTP), total number of pods (TNP) per plant fresh (FSW) and dry shoot weight (DSW), dry pod weight (DPW),...

Author(s): B. A. Lawal, M. A. Azeez, G. O. Egedegbe, A. M. Omogoye, I. A. Raji and E. K. Akintola  

August 2019

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Challenges and opportunities for implementation of Integrated Water Resource Management in Omo-Gibe Basin, Ethiopia

Water is an essential element for the environment, food security and sustainable development. However, uncoordinated and competitive use of the resource can lead water to face the “tragedy of the commons”. Fragmented effects done so far in watershed management did not bring significant changes. Integrated water resource management is the ideal solution for sustainable development of the basins. This paper is...

Author(s): Yericho Berhanu Meshesha and Mulugeta Bekele Abdi

August 2019

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Proximate, mineral and phytochemical compositions of Vernonia amygdalina leaves grown under hot and humid tropical conditions

This study was conducted to determine the proximate and phytochemical compositions of Vernonia amygdalina leaves, to ascertain its nutritional potentials. V. amygdalina plants were cultivated, and the leaves were harvested at maturity, cleaned and apportioned into two; one portion was oven dried whilst the other was air-dried- all to a moisture content of about 15%. The dried samples were pulverized and used for...

Author(s): Moses Teye, Victor Y. A. Barku and Faustina F. Yeboah  

August 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Prevalence of urinary tract infection and antibiotic resistance pattern in pregnant women, Najran region, Saudi Arabia

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is one of the commonest infectious disease in pregnancy, and in pregnancy we have very limited number of antibiotics to treat the UTI.  This study was conducted on 151 patients who attended the gynecology clinic during the study period. Nineteen UTI proven cases of UTI were studied for prevalence of microorganism and sensitivity pattern against different antibiotics. Among the bacteria...

Author(s): Ali Mohamed Alshabi, Majed Saeed Alshahrani, Saad Ahmed Alkahtani and Mohammad Shabib Akhtar  

August 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Detection of multidrug-resistant enterobacteria simultaneously producing extended-spectrum β-lactamases of the PER and GES types isolated at Saint Camille Hospital Center, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Resistance to a wide variety of common antibiotics is observed among clinical strains designated as extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producers. These produce enzymatic proteins that effectively inactivate cephalosporins and aztreonam and are a serious global health problem that complicates treatment strategies. Many studies report a high prevalence of ESBL producers among Gram-negative bacilli. The purpose of...

Author(s): Mètuor Dabiré Amana, Tiemtoré Rahimatou Yasmine Wend-Kuni, Bangré Yasmine Aminata, Zohoncon Théodora Mahoukédé, Sougué Serge, Zongo Jacob Koudbi and Simporé Jacques  

August 2019

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Family engagement: A model for improved health outcomes in Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico has been undergoing economic and health crises, which were exacerbated by damages from hurricane Maria in 2017. Family is central to the Latino culture, in which it is commonly referred to as familismo. The term implies strong family ties and engagement in all aspects of Puerto Rican life. This study examined how it could be harnessed as a powerful tool to improve health outcomes in that context. The...

Author(s): Carlos Nesbeth, Wilfredo Alonso, Vincent Agboto, Manuel Acevedo and Elmang Nchako

August 2019

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Seasonal analyses of solar radiation on flat ground for different stat of sky: Case of Nouakchott, Mauritania

This paper proposes a method to evaluate the available solar energy according to different types of sky (clear sky, moderately covered sky and covered sky). Four semi-empirical models for the estimation of solar radiation (Link Cloudiness Factor (LCF), Perrin-Brichambaut (PB), Ghouard (GD), Bird Hulstrom (BH)) have been used to predict the solar radiation according to the sky conditions. An analysis of the influence of...

Author(s): Eslemhoum Jiddou ABDI, Mohamed Mahmoud ALI, Boudy BILAL, Nourou DIA, Mamoudou NDONGO, Ckeikh Mohamed Fadel KEBE and Papa Alioune NDIAYE

July-December 2019

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Prevalence of malaria and the associated risk factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care in health institutions of Damot Woyide district, Southern Ethiopia

Malaria during pregnancy is a cause of morbidity and mortality in pregnant women and their fetuses eventually the newborns and infants. Hence, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence and risk factors of malaria among pregnant women that attend antenatal clinics in health institutions found in Damote Woyide district. A health institution based cross-sectional study was conducted. Socio-demographic data were...

Author(s): Tesfaye Tilla, Solomon Sorsa and Solomon Asnake  

July –September 2019

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Probabilistic approach for shale volume estimation in Bornu Basin of Nigeria

The gamma ray log has over the years provided the conventional means for shale volume (Vsh) estimation. Knowledge of Vsh is used in the prediction of petrophysical parameters like effective porosity and water saturation, which are the input parameters for the calculation of oil in place. Currently, many studies have been conducted on the Bornu Basin of Nigeria, to access its hydrocarbon potential. Unfortunately, the...

Author(s): Stephen Adjei, Aggrey N. Wilberforce, Daniel Opoku and Isah Mohammed  

August, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Farmers’ perception of the parasitic weed Alectra vogelii Benth. and their cowpea varietal preferences in Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso was the third largest cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] producing country in West Africa in 2017. Cowpea is the fourth leading staple grain legume crop produced in the country. However, its production is hampered by several constraints, among which parasitic weeds are some of the most devastating. Alectra vogelii Benth. and Striga gesnerioides Wild Vatke are the main parasitic weeds in cowpea production...

Author(s): DIENI Zakaria, BATIENO T. Benoit Joseph, ILBOUDO Dieudonné, TIGNEGRE Jean-Baptiste De La Salle, BAMA B. Hervé, ZIDA M. W. Felicien Serge, ZONGO Hamadou, SIDIBE Hamadou, PODA S. Léandre, TRAORE Karidiatou and OUEDRAOGO T. Jeremy  

August, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Impact of tsetse and trypanosomiasis control on poverty: A case of Pate Island of Lamu County, Kenya

The livestock rearing households of Pate Island in Lamu County of the Northern Coast of Kenya had been participating in the control of tsetse flies and trypanosomiasis. The objective of this study was to estimate the change in household wealth index resulting from tsetse and trypanosomiasis control. The study was conducted on 254 project households and 282 non-project households in the County. Using structured...

Author(s): Seth Onyango, Sabina Mukoya-Wangia, Josiah Kinama and Pamela Olet  

July-December 2019

Journal of Clinical Medicine and Research
Choice of contraceptives and determinants influencing utilization among women: The case of Muk-Lami town, western Wollega zone of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

This study was conducted in Muk-Lami town located at 498 km from Addis Ababa and 54 km far from the Western Wollega zonal city, Ghimbi. The study was concerned with reproductive health and contraception where females in the study area have less exposure to contraceptives, choice and proper utilization of methods. This study attempted to investigate major determinants of contraceptive choice, use and side effects on...

Author(s): Endale Wondimu, Daniel Getahun and Kasahun Gudeta  

July-December 2019

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity
Hepatitis B vaccination and its associated factors among health care workers working in Wolayita Sodo Hospitals, Southern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Hepatitis B is the principal public health problem among diverse segments of inhabitants. However, attention is not given on its prevention strategy, especially among health care workers. Hence, the intention of this study was to assess hepatitis B virus vaccination status and associated factors among health care workers working in Wolayita Sodo hospitals, Southern Ethiopia. An institution based cross-sectional study...

Author(s): Agegnehu Bante, Megbaru Debalkie, Asmare Getie, Biresaw Wassihun, Abera Mersha, Yimam Ahmed, Gedeno Kusse, Jemal Beketa, Jemal Seid and Mulugeta Abate  

August, 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Evaluation of cytotoxic activity of triterpenes from Clusia studartiana

Family Clusiaceae is spread throughout tropical as well as temperate zones, presenting many triterpenes, reported as selective antitumoral agents. The aim of this study is to isolate and identify triterpenes from Clusia studartiana C. M. Vieira & Gomes da Silva and evaluate their cytotoxicity in melanoma (SKMEL 28) and myeloid leukemia (K562) cell lines. Thus, the hexanic extract was processed by phytochemical...

Author(s): Lavínia de C. Brito, Marcia V. de Carvalho, Vagner P. da Silva, Alan P. Heringer, Priscila M. da Silva, Ana Paula G. A. Fontão, Maria R. Figueiredo and André Luiz F. Sampaio  

August, 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Modulatory effects of Momordica balsamina on Th1/Th2 cytokine profiles in immune-challenged rats

There is an ever-growing interest to identify plants that boost the immune system functions. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the immunomodulatory effects of Momordica balsamina (MB) leaves extract in BCG-immunized rats. Thirty rats were randomly divided into five groups (n = 6). MB extract was suspended in 1% carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC).  Firstly, animals were challenged subcutaneously with...

Author(s): Iman H. Abdoon, Bashier Osman, Maowia M. Mukhtar and Hatim Ali Elsheikh  

August, 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Comparative study of proximate, mineral and phytochemical analysis of the leaves of Ocimum gratissimum, Vernonia amygdalina and Moringa oleifera

The aim of this study is to make a comparative analysis of the proximate, mineral and phytochemical compositions of the leaves of Ocimum gratissimum, Vernonia amygdalina and Moringa Oleifera plants found within our vicinity in Nigeria. The analyses were investigated in accordance with standard procedures and compared. Of the 3 plants, M. oleifera had highest (P<0.05) crude fat, crude protein and total ash but lowest...

Author(s): M. D. Olumide, O. A. Ajayi and O. E. Akinboye  

August, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Prospects and challenges of agro-industry in Bangladesh: An agripreneur view

Agriculture sector plays an important role in overall economic development of Bangladesh. A plurality of Bangladeshis earns their living from agriculture. Agriculture is the largest employment sector in Bangladesh. Bangladesh is a fertile agrarian country where agriculture and its related branches have been acting as the main livelihood of major portion of citizen since independence. Agro-industry is playing...

Author(s): Dhanonjoy Kumar  

August 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Anti-dermatophytic activity of hexane extracts of Azadirachta indica A. Juss.

Dermatophytes cause superficial fungal infections that pose public health problem to man and animals. Long term treatment with antifungal agents is required to control these infections. Various parts of Azadirachta indica are claimed to have significant medicinal value in treatment of infections especially ringworm. To determine the antifungal activity of the oil and fractions against dermatophytes isolated from...

Author(s): Ungo-kore H. Y., Ibrahim Y. K. E. and Tytler B. A.  

August, 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Studies on the sod culture and the management of soil moisture for the improvement of waxapple quality

In Taiwan, Kaohsiung and Pingtung districts are the main cultivating areas of waxapple in Taiwan. The quality of waxapple is commonly involved in appropriate fertilization. Therefore, the demonstration orchards were established in Kaohsiung and Pingtung districts. This research was conducted to the effects of sod culture and management of soil moisture on the improvement of waxapple quality. The results showed that soil...

Author(s): Yong-Hong Lin and Juei-Yu Chiu

August, 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Morphological and molecular characterization of Jatropha curcas L. germplasm in Botswana

Jatropha curcas L. is an undomesticated plant species that has recently received great attention for its utilization in biofuel production in many countries including Botswana. The experiment investigated 30 J. curcas accessions, and the results revealed high significant differences (P<0.01) among accessions for peduncle length, number of seed per fruit, length of fruit stalk, fruit length, fruit width, seed length,...

Author(s): C. Gwafila, U. Batlang and S. Ngwako  

August, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Chemical composition of Urochloa brizantha depending on the seasons and cutting frequencies

The aim of this research was to assess the chemical composition of Brachiaria brizantha cv. Piatã variety and to determine which cutting frequency is the most suitable for autumn, winter and spring. The experimental design adopted was the completely randomized in factorial scheme with plots subdivided in time. Each plot consisted of four cutting frequencies (21, 28, 35 and 42 days between cuts) and sub plots were...

Author(s): José Augusto Velazquez Duarte, Marco Antonio Previdelli Orrico Junior, Nivaldo Passos de Azevedo Junior, Fernando Miranda de Vargas Junior, Denise Baptaglin Montagner, Poliana Campos Burin, Gustavo Daniel Vega Britez Marcos Arturo Ferreira Aguero, Nelson David Lesmo Duarte and Wilfrido Meza Giménez  

August, 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Antioxidants enhance banana embryogenic cell competence to Agrobacterium mediated transformation

Gene transfer into the plant cell is a key step towards its successful genetic modification and its efficiency is heavily dependent on plant and bacterial cell biological status and a wide array of physical conditions. Gene transfer efficiencies in East African Highland Banana (EAHB) cell lines remains low compared to other monocotyledonous crops like rice and wheat due to factors such as high oxidative stress. The use...

Author(s): B. Namukwaya, B. Magambo, G. Arinaitwe, C. Oweitu, R. Erima, D. Tarengera, D. L. Bossa, G. Karamura, A. Muwonge, J. Kubiriba and W. Tushemereirwe

August 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Optimisation of biological wastewater treatment for yeast processing effluent using cultured bacteria: Application of response surface methodology

In the present study, the interactive effects of temperature and cultured bacteria on the performance of a biological treatment system of wastewater from a local yeast producing plant were investigated. The main objective of this study was to optimize the operating parameters that reduce organic load and colour. Biological treatment was conducted using a Central Composite Design (CCD) and optimised using Response...

Author(s): Manhokwe S., Shoko S. and Zvidzai C.  

August 2019

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Determination of chlorogenic acid content in beans and leaves of coffea arabica using UV/Vis spectrometer

Chlorogenic acid (CGA) is one of the compounds found in coffee beans and other parts of coffee plant. However, its relative content in different coffee plant parts is least researched. Therefore, this study was designed to determine the contents of CGA in coffee leaves and beans. Green coffee beans and leaves were collected from South part of Ethiopia to study the content of CGA using UV/Vis spectrometer with...

Author(s): Adane Tadesse Dado, Yoseph Alresawum Asresahegn and Kusse Gudishe Goroya  

August 2019

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Adsorption of chromium by brewers spent grain -g- poly (acrylic acid-co-acryl amide) from electroplating effluent

Toxic metal ions have lethal effects on all forms of life and these metal ions could enter the food chain when untreated waste effluents are discharged into the environment. In recent years, the use of low-cost adsorbent materials has been widely investigated in search of replacement for the costly methods that are currently used for removing these toxic metal ions from waste streams. In this study, the remediation of...

Author(s): Samuel A. E., Nwankwo I. C., Ezebor F. and Ojuolape A. A.  

July-September 2019

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Knowledge and practice of married men towards safe motherhood in Ibadan North Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria

Men are the major decision makers in the home; thus, this study was designed to assess the knowledge and practice of married men towards safe motherhood in Ibadan North Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria. A descriptive cross-sectional study was adopted using a multi-stage and proportionate sampling technique to recruit three hundred and ten married men.  A semi-structured questionnaire used to solicit...

Author(s): Musibau A. Titiloye, Zaynab Alabi and John A. Imaledo

July –September 2019

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Comparison of fluorescence polarization assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the diagnosis of bovine paratuberculosis

Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (Map), is the etiological agent of paratuberculosis, a disease that affects cattle and causes economic losses to the animal husbandry industry. Its opportune diagnosis, in herds, is part of the control measures of the disease; therefore, the objective of this work was to compare paratuberculosis detection of infected bovines with the Fluorescence Polarization Assay (FPA)...

Author(s): Raquel Torres-Velez, Marco Antonio Santillán-Flores, Dionisio Cordova-López, Olga Lidia Martinez-Martinez and Claudia Celic Guzmán-Ruiz  

July-September 2019

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Characterization and agricultural potentials of some pedons derived from sand stone parent rock near Abeokuta, Southwestern Nigeria

Successful crop production requires the knowledge of soil variation and the evaluation of the agricultural potentials of the land. Detailed land resource survey of approximately 100 ha land in Abeokuta North Local Government Area of Ogun State was carried out. Identified soil mapping units were examined in modal profiles. The soils were classified using the USDA Soil Taxonomy, FAO/IUSS World Reference Base (WRB) system...

Author(s): Orimoloye J. R., Amadi-Rapheal K. A. S. and Akinbola G. E.  

August 2019

African Journal of Cellular Pathology
A comparative study of cultural and molecular techniques for the identification of bacterial contaminants of cockroaches (Periplaneta americana)

The increasing trends of insect associated bacterial infection in humans are severely hampered by disparaging number of bacteria obtained with the culture-based technique. This study therefore determined how the analysis of the 16S rDNA sequences would compare in terms of precision and reliability to the most adoptable culture-based technique. Results obtained depict enhanced accuracy of  molecular technique over...

Author(s): O. D. Popoola, B. T. Thomas and M. O. Efuntoye

August 2019

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Role of farmers’ organizations to agricultural development in Mezam Division, Cameroon

This study was carried out from January 2018 to March 2019 in Mezam Division of the North West Region of Cameroon on the role of farmers’ organizations to agricultural development, particularly the case of the Program for the Improvement of Competiveness of Family Agro-pastoral Farms and the North West Farmers’ Organization (NOWEFOR). The objective of the study was to analyze the role of farmers...

Author(s): Kenette FRU MBANGARI, Guillaume Hensel FONGANG FOUEPE and Mathias FRU FONTEH  

August, 2019

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Sciatica: Medical treatment or Physiotherapy?

Low back pain is usually self-limiting. It has a sizeable impact on patients, and is associated with high healthcare and societal costs as much as $16 billion each year. Patients are commonly treated in primary care but a small proportion is referred to secondary care and may eventually have surgery. There are numerous treatment approaches for sciatica. Many people receive only medical treatment and are unaware of the...

Author(s): Mehreen Saleem, Salman Iftikhar, Ramsha Javaid,Tayyaba Rana, Maheen Rana and Yasir Arfat  

August, 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Preparation and physicochemical characteristics of cross-linked resistant starch under heat-moisture treatment

Sweet potato starch was subjected to cross-linking to achieve high content of resistant starch (RS) under heat-moisture treatment and the physicochemical properties of cross-linked sweet potato starches were investigated. The cross-linking agent was sodium trimetaphosphate and sodium tripolyphosphate (STMP/STPP). A maximum RS content (72.45%) was obtained after 10% STMP/STPP (99/1% w/w) at 120°C and pH 11.5...

Author(s): Meifang Cao, Yunyun Li and Qunyu Gao

August, 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Comparative study of fatty acid composition and nervonic acid contents of four tropicals plants: Ricinodendron heudelotii, Cyperus esculentus, Citrullus colocynthis and Irvingia gabonensis from Côte d’Ivoire

This work was carried out to compare the potential applications of Ricinodendron heudelotii, Cyperus esculentus, Citrullus colocynthis and Irvingia gabonensis oil seeds by investigating their physicochemical parameters. Physicochemical parameters of the extracted oils were respectively as follow: Refractive index (1.49; 1.46; 1.45 and 1.44), acid value (1.35±0.02; 1.87 ± 0.45; 13.85 ± 0.02...

Author(s): DIOMANDE Issaka, DJOHAN Ferdinan, SORO Peforo, KOFFI Camille, KAPONGO K. Bertin and TIAHOU G. Georges  

August, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Quantifying the response of different maturity groups of maize (Zea mays L.) supplementary irrigation in the Sudan Savannah of Nigeria

Field trials were conducted during the 2014 rainy season under rainfed and supplementary irrigation conditions to study the response of different maturity groups of maize to supplementary irrigation in the Sudan savannah. The treatments consisted of three early (2009 EVDT, 1999 EVDT and TZECOMP5W), one late (TZL COMP1SYN), one intermediate (IWDC2SYN) and one extra early (2009 TZEE) maturing maize varieties which were...

Author(s): Ismail Ibrahim Garba, Adnan Aminu Adnan and Abdulwahab Salisu Shaibu  

August, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of tillage and mulching on agronomics performances of maize and soil chemical properties in Linsinlin Watershed of Centre of Benin

Soil conservation has become an important aspect in achieving food security. The objective of this study is to assess the effect of two agricultural practices on the agronomic performance of maize and the chemical properties of soil. A field experiment was carried out on loamy-sand soil using Fisher Block design. Tillage systems and mulching significantly affected maize growth and yield components. The interactive...

Author(s): Akplo Tobi Moriaque, Kouelo Alladassi Félix, Azontonde Hessou Anastase, Houngnandan Pascal, Benmansour Moncef, Rabesiranana Naivo and Mabit Lionel  

August, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Adaptability and stability of saccharine sorghum cultivars

The Brazilian bioenergy sector has been trying the use of saccharine sorghum in order to optimize ethanol production. However, there are few varieties fitted to this objective and little knowledge about their adaptability and stability. Then, the purpose of this work was to study the adaptability and stability of saccharine sorghum, taking into account the effects of the G x E interaction, to select superior genotypes...

Author(s): Guilherme Cassicala Eculica, Pedro César de Oliveira Ribeiro, Aluízio Borém de Oliveira, Nádia Nardelly Lacerda Durães Parrella, Pakizza Sherma da Silva Leite and Rafael Augusto da Costa Parrella  

Page 4 of 1169, showing 50 records out of 58448 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200