Articles

 

Page 4 of 1174, showing 50 records out of 58657 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200

October 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Selection of Lactobacillus strains newly isolated from Algerian camel and mare fermented milk for their in vitro probiotic and lipolytic potentials

The main objective of this study was the characterization of new lactobacilli probiotic strains belonging to lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Eighty-eight strains were isolated from different Algerian camel and mare fermented milks; three of them were pre-selected for their stability, fast growth and resistance to acidity and bile salts. Cell viability was assessed in simulated gastric and intestinal conditions. On the other...

Author(s): Sabrina Amara, Halima Zadi-Karam and Nour-Eddine Karam

October, 2019

African Journal of Business Management
The impact of geographical location on inclusion of small and medium enterprises in the mining global value chain in Zambia: A case of selected small and medium enterprises (SMES) in the mining area

The global value chain approach has become a useful strategy to reduce poverty in the mining area by forming linkages among various players. This approach gives an opportunity to all stakeholders to participate in any suitable activity along the value chain. Once small and medium enterprises (SMEs) enter the value chain, they supply and earn sustainable income. Unfortunately, geographical location of the mines acts as a...

Author(s): Peter Kanyinji and Gelson Tembo  

October, 2019

African Journal of Business Management
The overlooked role of market knowledge in the market integration of Ethiopian pastoralists

In response to rapid globalization, African countries have dedicated considerable efforts to transform rural producers into businesses and integrate them with global markets. Pastoralists are mostly isolated from the other livestock value chain members. This makes it difficult for them to acquire knowledge regarding how the market functions and what the value chain members’ want. This study explores how much...

Author(s): Teklehaimanot Mebrahtu Leake, Paul T. M. Ingenbleek and Hans C. M. van Trijp

October-December 2019

Journal of African Studies and Development
Performance management and health service delivery in the local governments of Uganda

Today, many African countries are faced with enormous challenges of health service delivery; one of the arguments advanced for the persistent health service delivery malaise is the inadequate management of the health sector human resource. It should therefore be noted that performance management in the health sector has been paid lukewarm attention by both health resource managers. Performance management has...

Author(s): Malowa Davis Ndanyi  

October 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Biotechnological potential of the Carapa guianensis, Bertholletia excelsa and Copaifera spp. oils

The use of vegetable species for treatment or prevention of diseases is one of the most ancient medicine techniques in humanity. In Amazon rainforest, there are numerous of plant species that possess biotechnological potential, and due to this, this study aimed at carrying out a bibliographic review describing the biotechnological potential in Carapa guianensis, Bertholletia excels, and Copaifera spp. oils. This study...

Author(s): Naila Fernanda Sbsczk Pereira Meneguetti, Dionatas Ulises de Oliveira Meneguetti,, and Amauri Siviero,  

October, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Inventory on banana (Musa spp.) as trading commodities in Maluku islands, Indonesia

This study was conducted with the aim of providing the latest situation on banana genotypic diversity present in the market places, their cultivations, their market chain and trading facilities in Maluku Province, Indonesia. A survey method was used, in which different markets, farmers and government institutions were visited and interviewed. Seventeen genotypes of three different species and different genome and ploidy...

Author(s): Leunufna Semuel, Woltering Ernst, Hogeveen- van Echtelt Esther and Van der Waal Johannes  

October, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Influence of plant population density on growth and yield of Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) at Wondo Genet South Ethiopia

A field experiment was conducted at Wondo Genet Agricultural Research Center in the production season of 2013/2014 and 2014/2015 with the objective of identifying the best combination of intra and inter-row spacing for optimum plant population density of rosemary. The treatments consisted of five intra-row spacing (50, 60, 70, 80, and 90 cm) and three inter-row spacing (60, 80 and 100 cm) with a total treatment...

Author(s): Nebret Tadesse  

October, 2019

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Pharmaceutical polymorphisms and its influence on the dissolution profile of two pioglitazone brands

1Pharmacognosy Laboratory,Faculty of Chemical Sciences, Juarez Durango State University, Mexico. 2Technology and health laboratory, Academic Coordination Altiplano Region, Autonomy University of San Luis, Potosi, Mexico.  

Author(s): Eduardo Lozano Guzmán, Saúl Alejandro Aguirre Rentería, María Guadalupe Nieto Pescador, Maribel Cervantes Flores, Ángel Antonio Vértiz Hernández and  Francisco Javier Moreno Cruz  

October, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of flowering slips on the yield of sweet potato (Ipomoea batata (L.) Lam.) tubers

Creating a nursery for sweet potato cultivation in tropical and subtropical areas including Okinawa is not necessary because planting is possible throughout the year. In general, sweet potato blooms under natural conditions in tropical and subtropical areas. Sweet potatoes are grown from non-flowering slips, which farmers generally select from a field of a previous cropping. Although the selection and collection of...

Author(s): Yoshihiro Okada, Masateru Madanbashi, Nittaya Nokham, Achara Pawasut and Pedcharada Yusuk  

October 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Analysis of the educational bulletin presented to the teachers of the basic stage in the Jordanian Ministry of Education and the future model extracted from it

The study aimed at analyzing the educational bulletin presented to the teachers of the basic stage and the Jordanian Ministry of Education and the future model extracted from it. The study addressed bulletins issued before 2018. A classification of nine key areas was used in the analysis of the content. Results showed that the educational content distributed to multiple areas, that is, educational, knowledge, healthy,...

Author(s): Mohammad Salman Al-Khaza’leh, Mohammad Issa Al-Hourani and Bilal Ayed Al-Khaza’leh  

October-December 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Moisture requirements for Pinus sylvestris seeds: Variation in germination among provenances from different elevations

Patterns of climatic variables are likely to change significantly in the coming century, with important but poorly-understood consequences for plant communities. This experiment determined how seeds of P. sylvestris collected from different elevations in two geographical regions performed when placed in simulated moisture stress conditions. Eight provenances from two regions (Norway and France) were chilled for zero and...

Author(s): Melusi Rampart  

October-December 2019

Journal of Entomology and Nematology
Preliminary evaluation of the effect of three rates of ground leaves and fruits powders of Myristica fragrans on Meloidogyne incognita infecting sunflower in vivo

Three rates of ground leaves and fruits powders of Myristica fragrans (5, 10 and 20 g/pot) were evaluated for their nematicidal effect against M. incognita infecting sunflower plants under greenhouse conditions. Results indicated that all tested applications significantly enhanced sunflower plant growth characters. Moreover, all tested treatments significantly gave better results with a significant correlation...

Author(s): Gad, S. B. and Osman, M. A.,

July-December 2019

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research
China’s path of rural poverty alleviation through health care financing: The case of Taijiang County-Guizhou Province

China has made considerable progress in economic, social, cultural and political fields since reform and opening-up started in 1978. In the last forty years the country lifted over 700 million people out of poverty by implementing large-scale, long-lasting, government-led, and very effective rural poverty alleviation and development plan. In health care financing, the country also achieved universal health insurance...

Author(s): Gebremichael Kibreab Habtom, Berhane Keleta and Ying-juan Liu

October-December 2019

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Investors’ perception and profitability of listed companies: Evidence from Nigeria

The stock market has continually been a source of economic development in most developing countries. This study examined the relationship between investors’ perception and profitability of quoted companies in Nigeria using secondary data obtained from the annual reports of forty (40) companies. The study employed the multiple regression techniques to analyze the relationship between investors’ perception...

Author(s): Akinola Abisola and Akinsulere Femi  

October-December 2019

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
The role of board characteristics on the relationship between International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) adoption and earnings management: Evidence from China

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) adopting on earning management by considering the role of board size and board independence. Univariate tests and multivariate regression analysis were employed to test whether the level of earnings management is significantly lower after the adoption of IFRS and whether the role of board size and board...

Author(s): Khaldoon Albitar, Ahmad Alqatan and Wei Huang

October, 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Empirical analysis of foreign direct investment and economic growth in Pakistan using VECM model

Theoretically Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is considered as a growth accelerating component that has attained significant heed in the development of the country in the past decade. Pakistan has been selected due to its geostrategic location, which is a major attraction for developed economies to invest in for lucrative returns. This study objective is to trace the long as well short run analysis among FDI, Gross...

Author(s): Iqra Ashraf,, Shi Yong,, Raja Muhammad Afzal and Guo Kun,

October, 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Internal control and quality service delivery in a public health sector: A case study of a Local Government in Uganda

The main objective of this paper was to examine the effect of internal control on quality health service delivery in Greater Iganga Local Government. This study adopted a cross-sectional research design. A population of 205 health facilities were targeted. Stratified and simple research techniques were applied to obtain a sample size of 127 health facilities whose accounting managers, health managers and instructors,...

Author(s): Gordon Otieno Ong’unya and Kalenzi Abbey  

October-December 2019

Journal of African Studies and Development
The rationale behind the Penan Kubaan Ethnic Group’s refusal to seek wage employment in the mainstream economy of Malaysia

Penan ethnic group in Sarawak, Malaysia are assumed to be lagging in development flows since Brooks’ administration. The Kubaan Penan ethnic group resides in the remote area of the forest and their daily activities are planting vegetable and hunting for food. Many of them refuse to go out to improve their quality of life financially. It is in contradiction to the Malaysian nature which works 15 hours extra than...

Author(s): Najib Esa Mohd and Saad Zabariah  

October-December 2019

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Urban land use planning and its effects on the provision of public sanitation facilities in the Wa Municipality, Ghana

This study has investigated the implications of land use planning on the provision and management of public sanitation facilities in the Wa Municipality, using three zones (Zone 1-Jangbeyiri and Suriyiri; Zone 2-Kpaguri; Zone 3-Mangu) of different land use and socioeconomic characteristics. A mixed method approach was utilized. Field surveys including 374 respondents, key informant interviews, and spatial planning...

Author(s): Prosper B. Laari, Sumaila A. Bayorbor and Gideon Sagoe

July-December 2019

Journal of Oceanography and Marine Science
Influence of climatic factors on Sargassum arrivals to the coasts of the Dominican Republic

Since 2011, the coasts of North America, Mexico, and the Caribbean have experienced an unusual increase in the arrival of Sargassum. A large amount of Sargassum has caused significant economic losses in the tourism sector of the Dominican Republic as well as the entire Caribbean region.  The present article discusses the possible factors contributing toward this unusual increase. Large Sargassum masses are...

Author(s): Mendez-Tejeda, Rafael, and Rosado Jiménez, Gladys A.  

October-December 2019

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Soil bulk density, soil moisture content and yield of Tef (Eragrostis tef) influenced by Acacia seyal Del canopy in Parkland agro-forestry system

The effect of Acacia seyal tree on soil bulk density, soil moisture content, grain and biomass yield of tef (Eragrostis tef) were examined on six selected comparable A. seyal trees on croplands. Composite soil samples (6 trees × 3 distances × 2 soil depths) were collected at three distances from the tree base (1, 2.5 and 9 m) and two soil depths (0-15 and 15-30 cm) in four radial directions. Grain and...

Author(s): Abera Tesfaye and Bekele Lemma  

October 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Optimizing DNA isolation protocol for rosemary (Rosemarinus officinalis L) accessions

Rosemary plant is in high demand due to its application in traditional health care, food flavoring, fragrance and pharmaceutical industries. It contains high level of secondary metabolites which are responsible for its beneficial activities. Application of molecular techniques would facilitate the production of these substances and screening of accessions. The isolation of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplifiable...

Author(s): Zewdinesh Damtew Zigene, Bizuayehu Tesfaye Asfaw and Tesfaye Disasa Bitima  

October 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Probiotics Lactobacillus strains: A promising alternative therapy against to biofilm-forming enteropathogenic bacteria?

Biofilms formation stands out in context of persistent intestinal infections caused by Enterobacteriaceae, which are associated with a high resistance to antimicrobial agents’ and phagocytosis by host defense cells. Hence, understanding the mechanisms involved in this process becomes major for the development of new preventive and therapeutic strategies. Lactic acid bacteria, including species of the genus...

Author(s): Mariane Silveira Magalhães Fernandes, Maria Leilah Monte Coelho Lourenço, Brendda Miranda Vasconcelos and Victor Alves Carneiro,

October 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Prevalence of HEV markers among healthy and patients with hepatitis B and C in Upper Egypt

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection has a worldwide distribution and represents an important cause of acute hepatitis. This study aimed to investigate the frequency of HEV infection, and risk factors associated with this infection in healthy individual and patients with hepatitis B and C in Upper Egypt. Samples were collected from different governorates (Luxor, Assuit, Aswan and Sohag governorates) in Upper Egypt. Serum...

Author(s): A. M. El-Adly  

October 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Diketopiperazine alkaloids produced by the endophytic fungus Penicillium citrinum and evaluation of their antileishmanial activity

Chromatographic fractionation of the antileishmanial extract obtained from fermentation of the endophytic fungus Penicillium citrinum, isolated from leaves of Ageratum myriadenia, yielded three diketopiperazine alkaloids; cyclo(L-Pro-L-Leu) (1), cyclo-(L-Pro-L-Phe) (2) and tryprostatin B (3). The structures of these compounds were established on the basis of spectroscopic methods and comparison with the literature....

Author(s): Luiza Guimarães Tunes, Vívian Nicolau Gonçalves, Daniela Nabak Bueno, Carlos Leomar Zani, Luiz Henrique Rosa and Betania Barros Cota  

October 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Nutritional enhancement of cocoa pod husk meal through fermentation using Rhizopus stolonifer

This study evaluated the effect of fermentation period on the proximate composition, anti-nutritional content, fibre fractions and amino acid profile of cocoa pod husk meal (CPHM). Cocoa pod husk was taken through a solid state fermentation process involving Rhizopus stolonifer as its starter culture for a period of two weeks. The fermented CPHM was dried and analyzed for its proximate composition, anti-nutritional...

Author(s): Olugosi O. A., Agbede J. O., Adebayo I. A., Onibi G. E. and Ayeni O. A.  

October, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Agromorphological evaluation within a collection of local tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) populations collected in Burkina Faso and Mali

Tomato is a vegetable of great economic importance in Burkina Faso. This study evaluated agromorphological diversity within 40 tomato accessions from Burkina Faso and Mali. Trials were conducted during 2015 growing season and IPGRI descriptors were considered in collecting data on field as well as in laboratory. Results revealed the collection to be interestingly diversified. All studied characters presented several...

Author(s): TRAORE Cheick Omar#, TARPAGA W. Vianney#, BOURGOU Larbouga# and ROUAMBA Albert  

October, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of blended fertilizer types and rates on fruit yield and nutrient use efficiencies of hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) at Asossa, Western Ethiopia

A field experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of different blended fertilizer types (NPSB and NPSBZn) and their rates on fruit yield, nutrient concentration, nutrient uptake and nutrient use efficiency of hot pepper at Assosa, Western Ethiopia. The experiment was set with eight treatments (recommended NP, three different blended rates for each NPSB and NPSBZn and unfertilized plot) laid out in randomized...

Author(s): Nimona Fufa and Girma Abera  

October, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Some maize agronomic practices in Ethiopia: A review of research experiences and lessons from agronomic panel survey in Oromia and Amhara regions

There is a huge maize yield gap in Ethiopia. The use of improper maize agronomic practices could contribute to maize yield gaps. Agronomic panel survey (APS) and a baseline survey were carried out by EIAR and CSA, respectively in collaboration with CIMMYT for three years (2015-17) to assess the rates and types of inorganic fertilizers applied; maize varieties used and plant densities maintained by farmers in major maize...

Author(s): Tesfaye Balemi, Mesfin Kebede, Tolera Abera, Gebresilasie Hailu, Gebreyes Gurmu and Fite Getaneh  

October, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Growth performance and carcass characteristics of cross-bred rabbits fed diets containing palm kernel oil residue

This study was conducted to explore the potential of palm kernel oil residue (PKOR), as substitute for wheat bran (WB) on growth performance and carcass characteristics of cross-bred rabbits in Ghana. Forty-eight seven-week old rabbits (1113± 318.20 g) were randomly allotted to 4 dietary treatments in a completely randomized design. The rabbits were given diets in which WB was replaced with PKOR at 0, 25, 50 and...

Author(s): Nuamah E., Teye M., Odoi F. N. A. and Teye P. K.  

October, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Trichoderma asperellum (UFT201) functions as a growth promoter for soybean plant

This work is aimed at evaluating the efficiency of Trichoderma asperellum, UFT 201 as a growth promoter of soybean plant in the Cerrado biome in Tocantins, Brazil. Two field experiments were performed in two different cities using different concentrations (1, 2, 3 and 4 kg ha-1) (Porto Nacional and Formoso do Araguaia). For inoculation treatments with Trichoderma asperellum UFT 201 (comprising the granulated product),...

Author(s): Aloisio Freitas Chagas Junior, Lillian França Borges Chagas, Brigitte Sthepani Orozco Colonia, Luciane de Oliveira Miller and José Claudio de Oliveira  

October 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Evaluation of hepatoprotective, antioxidant and cytotoxic properties of aqueous extract of turmeric rhizome (Turmesac®)

In the present study, the hepatoprotective, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of aqueous extract of turmeric rhizome (Turmesac®) were evaluated. In brief, Turmesac® was extracted from turmeric rhizome. 3-(4,5- dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide(MTT) assay was used to evaluate the hepatoprotective and cytotoxic activities of the Turmesac® against the human liver (HUH-7) and breast cancer...

Author(s): C. T. Sadashiva, H. M. Firoz Hussain and S. Nanjundaiah  

October-December 2019

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
African animal trypanosomosis in cattle in Bénin: A review

African animal trypanosomosis is a disease transmitted by tsetse flies and tabanid to domestic mammals which seriously affects their health status and considerably reduces their productivity. This study proposes to make a synthesis on the bovine trypanosomosis and the various works undertaken in Benin country from 1960 to 2018. After general information on bovine trypanosomosis, the various vectorial agents responsible...

Author(s): Soha Sèsséya Arnaud Sas, Adjibodé Ayodélé Gabriel, Agbankpé Alidéhou Jerrold, Farougou Souaïbou, Youssao Abdou Karim Issaka, Kpodékon Tchokponhoué Tchégninougbo  Marc and Dougnon Tossou Jacques,  

October-December 2019

Journal of Entomology and Nematology
Characterization of the Soil Nematode Fauna of Makerere Hill, Kampala, Uganda

Soil nematode faunal analysis is necessary to ascertain the health status of the soil ecosystem. Composite soil samples were taken at designated sites; A, B, C and D from the Makerere Hill area, Kampala and analyzed to characterize the nematode fauna status. Soil samples were collected vertically at 0-5 cm, 5-10 cm and 10-15 cm core depths with a 5 cm wide soil auger. A total of  7,900 nematodes were collected from...

Author(s): Nzeako S. O., Talwana H., Teye E., Sekanjako I., Nabweteme J. and Businge M. A.

October 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Poverty alleviation through teaching for thinking: A case of one teachers’ college in Masvingo Province

There is an assumption that education is incapacitated to alleviate poverty. The objective of this study is to explore the nature and impact of education being offered at one teachers’ college in Masvingo Province. The study argues that the college is not offering education, which is instrumental for poverty alleviation. Qualitative data were generated using in depth interviews, focus group discussions and...

Author(s): Sonile Gwede  

October, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Yield gaps, adoption and seed commercial behaviour: Implications for chickpea seed system in Ethiopia

The paper presents the yield gaps, adoption of improved varieties and the commercial behaviour in seed of smallholder chickpea producers based on the primary data collected from 612 randomly selected farmers covering 36 kebeles from 18 chickpea-producing districts, in 2017. The results indicate that the estimated average yield gaps were lower by 37.97 and 49.17% for desi chickpea and by 29.62 and 40.97% for kabuli...

Author(s): Dawit Alemu and Zewdie Bishaw  

October, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of level and time of nitrogen fertilizer application on growth, yield and yield components of maize (Zea mays L.) at Arba Minch, Southern Ethiopia

Maize is most important cereal crop used for human diet, livestock fed, and for many industrial applications in many parts of the world. However, the national average productivity is quite below the world average which might be attributed to nutrient deficiency among many problems. A field experiment was conducted during 2016/2017 croppping season to determine the effect of level and time of nitrogen fertilizer...

Author(s): Keyro Assefa and  Zenebe Mekonnen  

October 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Variable DNA methylation in Ensete (Ensete ventricosum) clones associated with developmental stage revealed by Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphisms (AFLPs) with Methylation-Sensitive enzyme

Ensete (Ensete ventricosum) is an important perennial species in Ethiopia. It is used for food and fiber. The mode of propagation is asexual and sexual. Asexual form of reproduction is by natural and anthropogenic induced sucker. This research aims to investigate and measure the methylation diversity of natural and anthropogenic induced sucker forming Ensete. Twenty-seven individuals from Hawassa University research...

Author(s): Hewan Demissie Degu and Bizuayehu Tesfaye  

October 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Development and validation of an analytical method for quantification of total flavonoids in Alternanthera brasiliana by ultraviolet-visible absorption spectrophotometry

Alternanthera brasiliana is popularly known in Brazil as "penicillin" or "benzetacil" and is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of infections and for the healing of wounds. It is also used as an ornamental plant due to the characteristic purple coloration of its leaves when cultivated in shade. The objective of this study was to develop and validate an analytical methodology by...

Author(s): José M. T. de Alencar Filho, Hyany A. P. Teixeira, Iure S. de Carvalho, Milenna V. V. de O. Alencar, Nathália A. C. de Souza, Tarcísio C. de L. Arraújo, Emanuella C. V. Pereira, Isabela A. Amariz, Pedrita A. Sampaio, Pedro J. Rolim-Neto, Larissa A. Rolim, and Edigênia C. da C. Araújo,  

October, 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Influence of Nitrogen and Phosphorus fertilizer Rates on Seed Yield, Yield Components and Quality of Onion (Allium cepa L.) at Kulumsa in Arsi Zone, South East Ethiopia

Onion is an important vegetable crop commercially grown both by large and small scale farmers in Ethiopia. Its production is highly dependent on availability of high and good quality seed, which is constrained by a number of problems including declining soil fertility and inappropriate fertilizer application. A study was conducted to investigate the effects of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) fertilizer rates on onion...

Author(s): Demis Fikre Limeneh, Hussien Mohammed Beshir and Fekadu Gebretensay Mengistu  

October 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Impact of note taking during reading and during listening on comprehension

This study aims to determine possible impact of note taking during reading and listening on Turkish Language prospective teachers’ comprehension success. Moreover in the study comprehension scores of the groups were investigated in terms of academic score and gender variables. Study was designed in causal-comparative research. The study was conducted with 72 s graders studying at the Department of Turkish Language...

Author(s): Hüseyin Özçakmak  

October 2019

African Journal of Food Science
The tomato paste quality attributes along the industrial processing chain

Tomato is widely consumed in the world and its concentrated paste represents the main product from industrial tomato cultivars. One of the industry's biggest challenges is to produce in a sustainable and effective chain to simultaneously fulfill the cost reduction and quality improvement demands. This study aimed to show the loss of tomato paste quality attributes along its industrial processing chain, focusing on...

Author(s): Karla Ariane Silveira Munhoz and Flávio Luís Schmidt  

October 2019

African Journal of Food Science
Phytochemical components of beverages from African star apple (Chrysophyllum albidum) tissue fractions under ambient storage

There is increasing awareness of functional potentials of African star apple (ASA) as an underutilized tropical fruit, yet little is known of alterations to its product properties during storage. Changes in antioxidant and antinutritional composition of beverages derived from ASA peel, pulp and seed coat fractions during 8-week storage at 26°C were investigated. Drinks derived...

Author(s): Folasade Olabimpe ADEBOYEJO, Modupeola Adelaju OGUNTOYE and Oluwatosin Eniola AWE  

October 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Impact of vessels on sediment transport and diversity in Lake Taihu, China

In shallow lakes, waves from different sources play a major role in sediment transport and the release of associated nutrients. This study was conducted to analyze the impacts of waves generated by wind or vessels, on nutrient concentrations and microbial diversity in China’s third largest lake, Taihu. The study area is fixed at 100 m length of sailing vessel and 10 m width from where water samples were collected,...

Author(s): Qhtan Asmaa and Yiping Li  

July –December 2019

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Phylogenetic assessment of selected Ghanaian groundnuts, in reference to U.S. mini-core based on Kompetitive allele-specific PCR (KASP) and axiom single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array protocols

Groundnut farming has always been an essentially major agricultural venture, both commercially and in subsistence, to the inhabitants of the Northern Regions of Ghana. The current study sought to assess the relationship and genetic diversity, through a phylogenetic analysis, among twenty-five (25) Ghanaian groundnut genotypes, in reference to US groundnut mini-core collection, based on the Kompetitive allele-specific...

Author(s): Oppong-Sekyere, D., Akromah, R., Chu, Y., Ozias-Akins, P. and Gimode, D.  

July –December 2019

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
The influence of solvent’s polarity on physicochemical properties and oil yield extracted from pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima) seed

The effect of solvent polarity, polar and non-polar solvents, on pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima) seed oil yield and quality based on selected physicochemical properties was investigated. Five different solvents, like petroleum ether, hexane, cyclohexane, acetone and ethanol were used on a laboratory scale in this study. Results showed that both physicochemical properties and oil yield extracted from the pumpkin seed were...

Author(s): Lesten Eliez Chisomo Chatepa and Kingsley Masamba  

October 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Characterization of bacterial pathogens associated with milk microbiota in Egypt

Milk is a substantial source of nutrients needed by all humans across lifespan development. Given its nutritional composition, milk is considered a vehicle for various microbes including beneficial and pathogenic bacteria. In this study, 270 milk samples comprising raw cow and buffalo milk and pasteurized milk with different shelf-life durations were tested along with pasteurized organic milk for the presence of...

Author(s): Hager Yehia Shalaby, Kholoud Baraka, Madiha Salah Ibrahim and Eman Mohammad Khalaf  

October-December 2019

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Applying an indirect method for estimating and modelling the aboveground biomass and carbon for wood energy in the arid ecosystems of Aϊr Tenéré of Niger

Maintaining the economic, ecological and social services provided by the oases and the valley ecosystems of Aϊr, in the northern part of Niger, is important for local communities. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the supply and regulation services provided by these ecosystems through wood energy and carbon sequestration. Semi-structured surveys and dendrometric parameter measurements of woody species were...

Author(s): Massaoudou Moussa, Tougiani Abasse, Idrissa Kindo Abdou and Mahamane Larwanou

October 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation and characterization of potential phosphate solubilizing bacteria in two regions of Senegal

Many soils of the inter-tropical regions are P-deficient because of their high fixing power and low P content. Rock phosphate resources used to produce the phosphate fertilizers are exhausted and chemical fertilizer are causing environmental degradation. This issue raised the question of sustainability of fertilization and subsequently has enhanced the interest in the use of microorganisms as biofertilizers. The aim of...

Author(s): Christian Valentin Nadiéline,, Mame Farma Ndiaye, Saliou Fall,, Tatiana Krasova,, Antoine Le Quéré, and Diégane Diouf,  

October 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
High frequency of Torque Teno virus (TTV) among Egyptian hemodialysis patients

Very little reports are yet available for the infection rate of Torque Teno virus (TTV) among hemodialysis patients in Upper Egypt. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the frequency and the possible genotypes of TTV in chronic renal failure patients undergoing dialysis. This cross-sectional study was carried out between August 2016 and February 2017 in three haemodialysis units in Minia, Egypt. Blood samples were...

Author(s): Noha A. Hassuna, Medhat Abdel-Fattah, Shrouk Omran, Wael M. Abd Elghany, Rasha F. Ahmed and Reham Ali Ibrahem

Page 4 of 1174, showing 50 records out of 58657 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200