Articles

 

Page 4 of 1245, showing 50 records out of 62229 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200

International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research
FRET as a tool for the studies of structural changes in full-length bacterial phytochrome, Agp1

July-December 2022

Bacteriophytochromes (BphPs) are light-regulated biliprotein photoreceptors widely occurring in bacteria. BphPs exists in two spectral distinct states: the red-light absorbing state (Pr) and the far-red light-absorbing state (Pfr). BphPs are composed of an N-terminal photosensory core module and a light-controlled C-terminal histidine kinase module. The detailed mechanism on how photoconversion, initiated by a...

Author(s): Njimona Ibrahim,, Ngah Yayah Emerencia, Mfopa Adamou and Nkengazong Lucia

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
The school and contemporary education in Nigeria: Lessons from John Dewey

July-December 2022

Education and development are dialectically intertwined, but the current approach to education in Nigeria does not really portray this dialectics. Education tends to be tailored towards paper certification. This has fostered a wrong epistemology where people see schooling as an adventure to be given degrees. This mainly theoretical research faults the Nigerian educational process and radically exposes the gulf between...

Author(s): Oyenuga Olukayode Felix and Idowu Oladele  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Knowledge and attitudes of health workers in bouake, Cote d’ivoire on zika virus disease in the context of a global epidemic

July-September 2022

Since January, 2012, the Pacific region has faced a heavy burden of concurrent epidemics of dengue, chikungunya, and zika virus infections. In 2016, WHO developed a global response strategic framework to ensure that zika virus is a priority and accelerated area of public health research. This study conducted in Bouaké (Côte d'Ivoire) is part of this framework. The main objective was to assess the...

Author(s): S. I. Soumahoro, D. P. Kouassi, A. M. Sokodogo, M. Coulibaly, W. A. Tuo , A. D. Kouamé, S. Yéo and G. H. A. Yao,  

African Journal of Food Science
Waste-to-wealth; nutritional potential of five selected fruit peels and their health benefits: A review

July 2022

Waste-to-wealth is a notion describing the process of transforming waste, an end product to get rid of, into potential value-added products. The total global food waste is predicted to be approximately one third of the edible parts of food manufactured for human consumption, amounting to about 1 - 3 billion tonnes per year, which is equivalent to the total food production in sub-Saharan Africa; 842 million...

Author(s): Gbenga-Fabusiwa Funmilayo Joy, Jeff-Agboola Yemisi A, Ololade Zacheeus Sunday, Akinrinmade Remilekun and Agbaje David Olusegun

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Dynamics of herbal medicine processing and production in Benue State Nigeria

July 2022

The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge base of traditional medicine practitioners (TMPs) in Benue State in relation to current good manufacturing practice for effective quality, safety, and increased economic value. A cross-sectional study was conducted among the TMPs using questionnaire. Information such as practice area, type of herbal medicine preparations, water quality, preservatives as well as...

Author(s): Obi P. Adigwe, Philip F. Builders, John Alfa and Peter Oladosu  

African Journal of Cellular Pathology
Galinsoga parviflora restored associated motor coordination through increased linear distribution of Purkinje Cells in mercury chloride-induced toxicity of mice’s cerebellum

July-December 2022

Mercury (Hg) is a poisonous substance associated with diseases, such as ataxia and Joubert syndrome. Therefore, it is important to find a way to disrupt the process of Hg poisoning in the cerebellum, by exploring the medicinal value of local herb such as Galinsoga parviflora (GP). This study examined the effects of aqueous leaf extract of GP in HgCl2-induced cerebellar toxicity in adult male mice. Twenty-five adult male...

Author(s): John Tabakwot Ayuba, Akeem Ayodeji Okesina, Ibe Michael Usman, Michael Kunle Ajenikoko, Theophilus Pius, Nicholas Kusiima, Saidi Odoma, and Mario Fernandez Edgar  

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Parents’ involvement and students’ academic performance in Ryakasinga centre for higher Education-Sheema District, Uganda

July-December 2022

The study examined parents’ involvement (PI) and students’ academic performance (SAP) in Ryakasinga Centre for Higher Education (RCHE) - Sheema district - Uganda. The objectives were to examine the effect of parenting, learning at home, and volunteering on students’ academic performance in RCHE. The study was underpinned by Systems theory. The sample size was 117 with 43 teachers and 74 Form 4 students...

Author(s): Mugumya Duncans, Basheka Benon, Mwesigye Adrian Rwekaza, Atibuni Dennis Zami, Aduwo Jennifer Rose and Ahimbisibwe Emmanuel Karoro

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Influence of Ca CaCl2 dipping on postharvest quality and shelf life of bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L. cv. California Wonder)

July, 2022

Bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) experiences significant loss during postharvest handling. This study aimed to provide an alternative postharvest handling technology for the vegetable. The factor studied was Ca CaCl2 at 4 levels: 0% (distilled water), 3, 6 and 9%. Weight loss and total soluble solids were determined at an interval of 3 days whereas total chlorophyll, Fe, ascorbic acid and Ca content were determined at...

Author(s): Maurine Atieno Aloo, Arnold Mathew Opiyo and Mwanarusi Saidi  

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Bacterial load reduction efficacy, acceptability and cost benefit of a locally produced Hand sanitizer in a tertiary Hospital in Uyo, Nigeria

July-December 2022

Local production of hand hygiene products result in increased availability and compliance with hand hygiene in healthcare settings and significant cost saving to hospitals if effective and acceptable. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness, acceptability, and cost benefit of a locally produced hand sanitizer to commercial hand sanitizer products. This was a comparative cross sectional study carried out...

Author(s): Ekuma, Agantem E., Oloyede, Iso P., Akinjogunla, Olajide J., and Akpan, Richard  

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Accessibility to and utilization of maternal, neonatal and child health (MNCH) services by rural women: A case study of health centres in Mutare district based on the 3 delays model

July-December 2022

High maternal, neonatal and child mortality rate constituting about 70% of the population in Zimbabwe. Zimbabwean rural women have faced challenges in accessing and utilizing Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health (MNCH) services. Rural areas in Zimbabwe have had high prevalence of home deliveries and pregnancy related complications associated with lack of access to and utilization of MNCH services, resulting in high...

Author(s): Netsai P. Ndhlovu-Ncube, Greanious A. Mavondo, Obadiah Moyo, Chikuse F. Farai, Ndhlovu T. Chitonga, Mavondo Joy, Mkhwanazi B. Nkazimulo, Musarurwa Cuthbert and Cynthia N. Chaibva  

Journal of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health
Neuroprotective activity of Conyza aegyptiaca hydroethanolic extract against ethanol-induced neurodegeneration in adolescent Wistar rat’s brain

July-December 2022

Alcohol consumption is a common well-known source of brain damages. This work aimed to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of Conyza aegyptiaca against ethanol-induced neurodegeneration in a Wistar rat binge drinking model. Animals, pretreated orally once a day during 3 days with the hydroethanolic extract of C. aegyptiaca (HECA 250 and 500 mg/kg), received daily intraperitoneally 7 g/kg of ethanol for 3 more days,...

Author(s): Yendubé T. Kantati,  Kanfitine Digbandjoa, Mabozou Kpemissi, Aboudoulatif Diallo, Simplice D. Karou, Povi Lawson-Evi, Kossi Metowogo, and Kwashie Eklu-Gadegbeku  

African Journal of Plant Science
Identification and relative quantitative comparison of compounds in bottle gourds [Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.]

July 2022

To study the diversity and cultivar-specific of phytochemicals in bottle gourd, Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)-based untargeted metabolomics method was used to analyze the metabolic profiles of two groups of bottle gourd cultivars exhibiting different tastes and flavors: fresh and slightly bitter (BBGs) / fragrant and sweet (SBG). A total of 155 metabolites (16 differential metabolites and 139...

Author(s): Zhaohui Zhang, Xuan Du, Na Liu and Chunhong Chen

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Medicinal plants and onychomycosis: potential and evidence of antifungal activity - an integrative review of the literature

July, 2022

Onychomycosis is a fungal infection of the nails, also known as nail mycosis and Tinea unguium, which affects 6.9 to 23.2% of the general population. It is most commonly found in people aged 60 years and older. Onychomycosis is caused by dermatophyte fungi, non-dermatophyte filamentous fungi and yeast. Treatment includes topical or oral antifungal drugs. The use of other auxiliary, alternative and/or complementary...

Author(s): Bruna Lima Perissato and Reginaldo dos Santos Pedroso  

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Creating a psychological paradigm shift in students’ choice in tertiary education in Sri Lanka through education vertical integration

July-December 2022

Tertiary education is a turning point in anybody's life. Students' choice of tertiary education is crucial for them, their family members, and the country. All parents would like to see their children reach the heights in education and develop many career prospects. In Sri Lanka, critical job profiles are limited to medical doctors, engineers, accountants, and lawyers. However, the fact remains that this type of...

Author(s): Edirisinghe Lalith, Siriwardena Sampath and Ranwala Lakshmi 

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of lime, NPK fertilizer and intercropping on selected properties of an acid mollic andosol in potato (solanum tuberosum) production systems

July, 2022

This study investigated the effects of intercropping, liming, and NPK fertilizer application on soil pH, available soil phosphorus (P), and total soil nitrogen (N) in potato production system during a two season’s field experiment in Molo sub-county, Kenya. A randomized complete block design with a split-split plot arrangement of treatments and three replicates was used. Main plot factors were NPK fertilizer...

Author(s): Naom K. Mose, Joyce J. Lelei and Josephine P. Ouma  

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Analysis of multi-country manufacturing value-added (MVA) using a dynamic panel model

July-September 2022

Industrialization is required to increase an economy's competitiveness and living standards, as well as to catch up to more developed economies; while low and lower-middle-income countries' average performance over the last five decades has been disappointing at 6.7 and 17.4%, respectively. Fabrication exports account for 37.1% of total low-middle-income average exports and 9.6% of low income. As a result, this...

Author(s): Alemnew Mekonnen Wolde

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Investigating the resistance of barnyard grass populations to pretilachlor in direct-seed rice in the Central Region of Vietnam

July, 2022

Barnyard grass (Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.) is a major weed widely distributed across the world and causes serious damage to rice production. Yield loss due to barnyard grass was estimated at about 7 to 27% in Vietnam. This study aimed to investigate the rice production, weed impacts, herbicide usage and herbicide resistance in the Central Region of Vietnam. A survey of farmers producing rice and yield loss due...

Author(s): Nguyen Thi Thu Thuy, Tran Thi Anh Tuyet, Paul Kristiansen and Nguyen Vinh Truong  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using crude leaf extracts of Acacia nilotica, Azadirachta indica, Carissa spinarum, Melia azedarach, Senna didymobotrya and Warburgia ugandensis, and their antifungal activity against Sporisorium scitamineum

July 2022

Bio-synthesised silver nanoparticles are effective in controlling several micro-organisms. They are correspondingly environmentally friendly, affordable, and easy to synthesise when compared with chemically synthesised silver nanoparticles. This study investigated the efficacy of biosynthesized silver nanoparticles against the fungus Sporisorium scitamineum, the causal agent of sugarcane smut. The reduction of silver...

Author(s): Nkhabindze Bongani Z., Wanyika Harrison N., Earnshaw Diana M. and Ateka Elijah M.,

African Journal of Biotechnology
Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of propolis obtained from Gboko, Nigeria

July 2022

The use of propolis for the treatment of various ailments in which inflammation and pain is involved is cross-cultural. This report was designed to investigate the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of propolis obtained from Gboko, Benue State using hexane, ethyl acetate, and ethanol solvents. Propolis sample obtained from beehives was homogenized, extracted and dried at 40°C. The dry extract was prepared in...

Author(s): IPAV Selumun Solomon, IGOLI John Ogbaji, TOR-ANYIIN Terrumun Amom and ANYAM John Vershima

African Journal of Food Science
Knowledge, practices and intention to consume omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids among pregnant and breastfeeding women in Morogoro Municipality, Tanzania

June 2022

Omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids are beneficial throughout the human life cycle. With regard to early child development, maternal fatty acid status influence cognitive and psychomotor development of the unborn child. Regardless of their importance in early childhood development they still receive less attention when compared to other nutrients. This paper aimed to assess knowledge, practices and intention to consume...

Author(s): Tesha A. P., Mwanri A. W. and Nyaruhucha C. N.

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Spatial and temporal variability of soil micronutrients and their relationships with wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) yield and some major soil variables

June, 2022

Studying the spatial and temporal variability of soil micronutrients and their effects on plant growth is important for implementing precision-farming and/or economizing fertilizer management. The present investigation was done through soil sampling (0–20 cm depth) from three locations in central Ethiopia. The tools employed include, descriptive and/or classical statistics. The concentrations of available copper...

Author(s): Assefa Menna  

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Implementation of multi-month dispensing among people living with HIV in Tanzania

January-June 2022

The global efforts to end the HIV pandemic are currently geared towards achieving ideal viral suppression among People Living with HIV (PLHIV) on ART. Tanzania adopted a number of strategies including Multi-Months Dispensing (MMD) allowing stable clients to attend the clinic twice or three times a year. This study examined the implementation of MMD in Tanzania. This was a cross-sectional study that employed quantitative...

Author(s): George Ruhago, Godbless Mariki, Frida Ngalesoni, , Beatrice Christian, Irene Makundi , and Marina Njelekela  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Comparison of the infestation of three rubber tree clones by Phragmantera capitata (Sprengel) S. Balle (Loranthaceae) in the South-west region of Cameroon

June, 2022

Rubber tree clones are used for their high latex production, resistance to the diseases and to the climatic conditions. The aim of this study was to characterize the parasitism of Phragmanthera capitata on three rubber clones. The study was carried out in the rubber plantations of the Cameroon Development Corporation located in 4 villages around Muyuka and Tiko, two locality of the Fako Department, South-West Region of...

Author(s): Jacques Bruno Ngotta Biyon, Patrice Brice Mvogo Ottou, Rosette Christelle Ndjib, Joseph Marie Ondoua and Victor Désiré Taffouo  

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Conservatism and social justice: Why do some teachers strive harder for social justice while others do not?

January-June 2022

Teachers are seen as change agents in the world of social justice because they embody the educational ideals of equality and fair treatment. The aim of this study is to examine the more conservative personal and social attitudes of teachers that may affect how their social justice beliefs play out in the classroom. The research findings reveal important results about the relationship between the attitudes of resistance...

Author(s): Öngel Gülay and TabancalI Erkan

African Journal of Biotechnology
Modulation of ethoxyresorufin-o-deethylase, benzoxyresorufin-o-dealkylase and pentoxyresorufin-o-dealkylase expression by African walnut seeds lipid extract in 3-methylcholanthrene induced breast cancer in Wistar rats

June 2022

Breast cancer is prevalent among women worldwide. African walnut (Tetracarpidium conophorum) seeds extract have been shown to have medicinal properties. This study is to determine the effects of feeding T. conophorum seeds lipid extract on 3-methylcholanthrene (MC) induced breast carcinogenesis and the expression of ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (CYP1A1), benzoxyresorufin-O-dealkylase (CYP1B1) and...

Author(s): Uhunmwangho Esosa Samuel, Oyiborhoro Onoriode and Oluwaseun Olafusi Celestina 

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Maize intercropped between Eucalyptus urophylla in agroforestry systems in Brazil

June, 2022

The objective of this work was to evaluate the agronomic characteristics of maize intercropping with Eucalyptus urophylla at agroforestry system in two triple row distance (alleys) at different sampling distances and positions in relation to the eucalyptus external row (transect), and three positions in relation to the cardinal points: east side, west side and middle. Eucalyptus (E. urophylla) seedlings were planted...

Author(s): Wander Luis Barbosa Borges, Maria Fernanda Guerreiro, Luiz Fernando Braz da Silva Biga, Maria Luiza Franceschi Nicodemo and Carlos Eduardo Silva Santos  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Research achievements and recommendations in crop management for enhancing the productivity of spices: A review

June, 2022

Spices are invaluable crops in Ethiopia and research. Just like coffee, their production started many years ago. Availability of diverse agro ecology allowed the country to cultivate different spices. Lowland (ginger, turmeric, black pepper, cardamom, and vanilla) and highland seed spices (black cumin and white cumin, fenugreek, and coriander) were some of the target in research. Appropriate crop management practices,...

Author(s): Girma Hailemichael, Abukiya Getu and Behailu Mekonnen  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Effects of climate variability on local communities living in and around Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda

June 2022

This paper explores the effects of climate variability on local communities living within and around Queen Elizabeth National Park (QENP), their coping mechanisms, and challenges encountered. Data was collected from 250 respondents through questionnaires administered to small holder farmers, salt miners, and fisher folks, as well as in-depth interviews and focus group discussions (FGDs) held with selected households in...

Author(s): Nalwanga F. S., Sowman M., Mukwaya Paul, Musali Paul, Nimusiima Alex and Mugume Isaac

African Journal of Biotechnology
Assessment of genetic diversity of local rice accessions cultivated in Guinea revealed by SNPs markers, and identification of markers associated with tolerance to iron toxicity

June 2022

Rice is the staple food in the Republic of Guinea. However, its production is seriously hampered by iron toxicity. The fight against this stress necessarily involves the search for tolerant or resistant varieties. The study aims to determine quantitative trait locus (QTL) associated with tolerance to iron toxicity and to identify genotypes tolerant or resistant to iron toxicity. Thus, 90 local rice accessions collected...

Author(s): Barry Mamadou Laho, Sawadogo Nerbéwendé, Ouédraogo Mahamadi Hamed, Sawadogo Tégawende Alphonse, Kaboré Boukaré, Camara Sawa, Barry Mamadou Billo, Bationo-Kando Pauline and Sawadogo Mahamadou

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Analysis of the determinants of adoption of bio-herbicide technology for sustainable food production in the North-Eastern Region of Nigeria

June, 2022

There is a growing concern in many developing countries of sub-Saharan Africa on the harmful effects of synthetic herbicide usage on the agro-ecology, as well as food crop production. Therefore, this study focused on analyzing the factors that influence the adoption of bio-herbicide technology as an alternative to the chemical herbicides used by rural farmers in the North-Eastern region of Nigeria. Multi-stage random...

Author(s): Adewuyi K. A. and Offar G.  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Floral activity of Chrysomya putoria Wiedemann, 1830 (Diptera: Calliphoridae) enhances the pollination and fruit set rate of Ricinus communis L., 1753 (Euphorbiaceae)

June, 2022

Experiments were conducted to study the foraging behaviour of blowfly species, Chrysomya putoria (Diptera: Calliphoridae) on Ricinus communis (Euphorbiaceae) in Sudano-Sahelian area of Cameroon in 2017 and 2018. To do so, castor bean plants were flagged and fly foraging parameters were recorded. The effects of blowfly activity on pollination and fruiting rate of R. communis were estimated by comparing unrestricted and...

Author(s): Michelson AZO’O ELA, Bouba AINE BIDIKI, Beaudelaine Stéphanie KENGNI, Sidonie FAMENI TOPE, Arianna THOMAS-CABIANCA, and  Fernand-Nestor TCHUENGUEM FOHOUO  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Effect of a modified lifetime model on e-waste generation in Nigeria under defined reuse options

June 2022

Reliable data on e-waste generation is important for environmentally sound management systems. This study models e-waste generation from existing data on electrical electronics imports, consumption and e-waste generation from Nigerian households. Structured questionnaires were used to obtain information on Electrical Electronic Equipment (EEE) use, reuse, and disposal from households in Nigeria households. Data from...

Author(s): Odeyingbo O., Baldé C. P. and Forti V.

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education
Challenges and opportunities for the technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in Somalia: A case for Puntland

January-June 2022

The purpose of this paper is to examine the context and circumstances surrounding technical and vocational education training (TVET) in Somalia in general, and Puntland State in particular, in order to have a positive impact on reducing chronic youth unemployment, which currently stands at 67% across the country. The existing condition, difficulties, and prospects of the TVET education industry in Puntland were surveyed...

Author(s): Farah Abdiqani Ahmed and Farah Dahir Abshir 

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Pre-harvest Loss Assessment of Maize crop in Semi-arid Areas in Tanzania Due to Rodent pests

June, 2022

Two experiments were conducted, first was to estimate maize seedling damage in farmers’ fields and a simulation experiment. This study aim to investigate the impact of rodent pest species, damage to maize crop in semi-arid areas at pre-harvest, with a view to provide farmers with appropriate information on rodent pest management interventions. In farmers’ fields, damage assessment was done by counting the...

Author(s): Emmanuel C. M. Mlyashimbi, Didas N. Kimaro, Akwilin J. P. Tarimo, Robert S. Machang’u, Moses Isabirye, Rhodes H. Makundi, Herwig Leirs, Apia W. Massawe, Mashaka E. Mdangi, Steven R. Belmain and  Loth S. Mulungu  

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Assessment of dairy goat production in Korahey Zone, Somali, Ethiopia; Constraints and opportunities

June 2022

Characterization of dairy goat production, constraints, and opportunities was the aim of this study. The study was conducted in selected districts of Korahay Zone, Somali Regional State. The weredas and populations (owning goat) were selected purposively to assess management practices, performance of dairy goat, and problems of goat production in selected districts of Korahay Zone. Parameters like milk production of...

Author(s): Wondimagegn Tadesse, Mintesnot Tafese and Halimo Abdikadir  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Formulation and evaluation of gastro-retentive floating tablets of griseofulvin

June 2022

About 50% of an oral dose of griseofulvin passes through the gastro-intestinal tract unabsorbed and is excreted in faeces. Short residence time of the low soluble griseofulvin, in stomach and small intestine, limits its dissolution.  Griseofulvin is highly soluble in acidic pH, and so a gastro-retentive floating matrix system was developed to control dissolution rate and thereby enhance solubility to develop an...

Author(s): Jonathan Tinotenda Chanyandura, Madan Sai Poka, Patrick Hulisani Demana and Musa Autamashih  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Dominant practices, information, and constraints of soil moisture conservation and nutrient management for range pastures in a sedentary grazing system in South-Western Uganda

June, 2022

Range pastures constitute the major source of livestock feeds throughout the year in the grazing areas of Uganda. However, pasture yields have been declining overtime, yet there is limited information on efforts of improving pasture productivity through soil moisture conservation and nutrient management. This study assessed soil moisture conservation and nutrient management practices used by livestock farmers, sources...

Author(s): Dina Nabasumba, Robert Muzira, Geoffrey Beyihayo, Joseph Okello, and Halid Kirunda  

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
In-vitro antioxidant potential of conventional herbal decoction aiding diabetes metabolomics

January-June 2022

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a risk factor of oxidative stress through the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS triggers cell damage which enhances the risk of several diabetes associated disorders such as neuropathy. There are many treatment options but no cure, and the quest for the natural, cost-effective treatment regimen is ongoing. Therefore, the present study was conducted to observe the in-vitro...

Author(s): Saara Ahmad, Hamna Rafiq, Asra Khan and Inara Merani  

African Journal of Biotechnology
The role of N-terminal module of PhyB in modulating root and hypocotyl growth length in Arabidopsis

June 2022

Phytochrome belongs to red/far-red light family of photoreceptors. It exists in two spectral forms named red light absorbing form (Pr), said to be the inactive form and far-red light absorbing form (Pfr) which is the active form. This photoreceptor is structurally divided into two modules- the amino acid (N-) terminal photosensory module and caboxylic acid (C-) terminal His kinase-like catalytic output module. Five...

Author(s): Njimona Ibrahim, and Baluška František

African Journal of Biotechnology
The effect of foliar application of zinc oxide nanoparticles and Moringa oleifera leaf extract on growth, biochemical parameters and in promoting salt stress tolerance in faba bean

June 2022

Salinity is major abiotic stress limiting plant growth worldwide. Plant adaptation to salinity stress involves diverse physiological and metabolic pathways. In this study, we assessed the effects of foliar application of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) and Moringa leaf extract (MLE) on salt tolerance in faba beans (cultivar, Sakha 4). Morphological, chemical, and biochemical parameters of plants grown under saline...

Author(s): Sherif M. Ragab, Losenge Turoop, Steven Runo, and Steven Nyanjom,

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research
Sources, preservation and quality status of some locally cultivated vegetable seeds in Ndop, Northwest region, Cameroon

January-June 2022

Vegetable production is an important economic activity in Cameroon. Due to poor health status of the seeds, the yield is decreasing. Sources, preservation, and quality status of some locally cultivated vegetable seeds was investigated. Seeds were obtained from local farmers, agro-shops, and local markets in four villages of Bamessing, Bamali, Bamunka and Bambalang. The seed sources and preservation methods were recorded...

Author(s): Pindeh Titah Charles, Erve Nouck Alphonse, Kain Chia Genevieve and Kinge Tonjock Rosemary

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education
Study of the most important factors supporting the success of entrepreneurship in vocational education: Self-efficacy

January-June 2022

When the desire that grows in a person is balanced with will and ability, self-confidence grows, especially when someone gets motivation and support from seeing that he can develop more than he thinks. In entrepreneurship, it is necessary to have self-confidence; self-confidence will provide the motivation needed for the business to thrive. Without a sense of self-confidence, every effort made will be in vain. This...

Author(s): Setiawan Ariyono and Suryono Wiwid

Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
Evaluation of heavy metals on soil microflora diversity in Robertkiri, Idama and Jokka in Niger Delta Area of Nigeria

January-June 2022

The increase in the population and industrial growth has led to increased production of industrial and domestic waste, which contains heavy metals in different forms, hence affect the diversity and activities of soil microflora and environmental sustainability. This research was aimed at evaluating the heavy metals on soil microflora diversity in soils of Robertkiri, Idama and Jokka in Akuku-Toru Local Government Area...

Author(s): Duke Okoro and Ikyaahemba Philip Tordue  

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Comparison of contrast radiography and ultrasonography in diagnosing gastrointestinal obstruction in rabbits

April-June 2022

Gastrointestinal (GI) obstruction in rabbits is common due to the peculiarities of their gastrointestinal tract.  This condition usually has an acute progression before the rabbit succumbs or recovers. Due to the acute nature of gastrointestinal obstruction in rabbits, early detection is important. Contrast radiography and ultrasonography are two non-invasive imaging procedures that can be used to detect underlying...

Author(s): Olatunji-Akioye A. O., Akinbobola B. and Oni Z. O.  

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management
Management practices and academic performance of government-aided secondary schools in Uganda

January-June 2022

This paper presents findings from a study carried out to examine how management practices affected academic performance of public secondary schools in Yumbe District in Northern Uganda. The study was premised on the prevailing poor and declining academic performance of public secondary schools despite increased funding and capitation by the government. The primary objective of the study was to examine the effect of...

Author(s): Galukande-Kiganda Michael

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
“You’re almost glancing behind a curtain”: HIV care provider perceptions regarding integration and value of pre-visit electronic tablet-based patient-reported outcomes data collection in two North American clinics

January-June 2022

This study was conducted to assess provider perceptions regarding value of tablet-based patient-reported outcome (PRO) assessments in routine care. Patients self-administered a brief PRO assessment of several clinical domains on-site prior to HIV clinic visits. Providers were given succinct summary results. 1:1 interviews were conducted with providers regarding PROs utility and their integration into care, and coded...

Author(s): Rob Fredericksen, Duncan Short, Emma Fitzsimmons, Divya Korlipara, Shivali Suri, Brenda Jacobs, Jean Bacon, Abigail Kroch, Alexandra Musten, Vincent Hodge, Moti Ramgopal, Darrell Tan, Jeff Berry, Deborah Yoong, Mark Naccarato, Kevin Gough, Justin Mcreynolds, William Lober and Heidi Crane  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Stability of productivity parameters of six cocoa clones [Theobroma cacao (Malvaceae)] during the main production season in Côte d'Ivoire

June, 2022

The strong climatic fluctuation observed during the major cocoa production period with reductions in rainfall and rising temperatures lead to a low graining index. This climatic situation makes cocoa marketing difficult for producers. The stability of quantitative productivity parameters in six cacao clones on farm was analyzed during the main production season. Flowering, average pod weight, number of beans per pod,...

Author(s): M’BO Kacou Antoine Alban, AKOBE Luc Jocelin, GOLI Siagbé, BÉNÉ Yéboi, S. Elain APSHARA and KOUAME Christophe  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Experimental study on the effect of light quality on the quality of hydroponic Cichorium endivia L. in plant factory with artificial light

June, 2022

In recent years, plant factories have developed rapidly and played an important role in modern agricultural production. Finding the best lighting formula has become the most basic and important research topic for the industrialization of the plant factory with artificial lighting (PFAL) hydroponic Cichorium endivia L. In this paper, the LED plant growth lamp with adjustable ratio of red, blue and white light intensity...

Author(s): Xinfa Wang, Zubko Vladisla, Onychko Viktor, Mingfu Zhao and Zhenwei Wu  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Recycling Mwea irrigation water for sustainable agriculture

June 2022

Declining quantity and quality of irrigation water coupled with increasing water demand are serious challenges facing paddy rice production in the world. Reuse of agricultural waste water is increasingly popular in paddy systems but few studies have been done with regards to its quality and effects on soil productivity and environmental risks. The aim of this study was to assess the suitability of effluents from the...

Author(s): Onderi Josephine N. and Danga Benjamin O.

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Tracking antibacterial components of Pteris multifida Poir and its antibacterial mechanism

June, 2022

Pteris multifida is an effective Chinese herb for treating dysentery caused by Escherichia coli. It might be a good veterinary antibiotic alternative. In this study, we optimized the extraction condition based on the antibacterial activity of crude extracts from P. multifida, tracked its antibacterial components, and investigated their antibacterial activity, as well as its antibacterial mechanism. The results revealed...

Author(s): Zhong Wang#, LiQi Wang#, JingJing Qian, PingYao Nan and XiaoYing Wang  

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