Articles

 

Page 4 of 1206, showing 50 records out of 60270 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200

African Journal of Food Science
Changes in physicochemical properties and bioactive compounds of tomato pulp submitted to different processing techniques

November 2020

Tomato is a vegetable/fruit highly consumed all other the world. This study was to assess the effect of some postharvest processing such as thermal treatment, microwave, ultrasound and ultrasound combined with heat treatment on some physicochemical characteristics as well as nutrients content of tomato pulp during storage at room temperature. Results showed that the pulp samples submitted to ultrasonic and microwave...

Author(s): Edwige Bahanla Oboulbiga, Charles Parkouda, Boubacar Savadogo, Aimée W. D. B. Guissou, Korotimi Traore, Alfred S. Traore, Hagrétou Sawadogo-Lingani and Mamoudou H. Dicko

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activity of methanol extract of Garcinia Kola Heckle fruit mesocarp

November, 2020

The phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activities of the methanol extract of Garcinia kola fruit mesocarp were investigated against four bacteria and two fungi in the study. The extract was investigated for the presence of phytochemicals using standard phytochemical screening methods. The results revealed the presence of flavonoids, tannins, alkaloids, terpenoids, cardiac glycosides, and reducing sugar. The...

Author(s): Ali Ibeabuchi Jude, Adonu Cyril Chekwube and Okorie Ndidiamaka Hannah

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Inhibitory effects of Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell.) Brenan stem bark extract on α-glucosidase activity and oxidative stress

November, 2020

In this study, we investigated the promising potential of Anadenanthera colubrina bark extract (BEAc) as a product to combat diabetes mellitus (DM). We evaluated the inhibitory effects of BEAc on α-glucosidase and the oxidation of biomolecules, as well as its main phytoconstituents. In terms of free radical scavenging, BEAc exhibited a dose-effect relationship. BEAc was more efficient than rutin and butylated...

Author(s): Odelio Joaquim da Costa, Robson dos Santos Barbosa, Ilsamar Mendes Soares, Eber Euripedes de Souza, Luís Fernando A. Gellen, João Pedro Pereira P. Lemos, Raimundo Wagner S. Aguiar, Adão Lincon B. Montel and Sérgio Donizeti Ascêncio  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Lavandula angustifolia aqueous extract ameliorates anxiety and depressive-like behaviors in chronic mild stress-treated male rats

November, 2020

The study aims to show the possible anxiolytic and antidepressant-like properties of an oral lavender’s flower aqueous extract (LAE) in chronic mild stress (CMS) model of rats. Test and control rats received LAE (200 or 400 mg/ kg) and distilled water respectively. Tests of Sucrose preference (SP), elevated plus maze (EPM), and open field (OFT) were used to evaluate rats’ behavioral changes.  The...

Author(s): Mir Behrad Aghazadeh Ghadim, Asma Neisy, Mohsen Sisakht and Zahra Khoshdel ⃰  

African Journal of Food Science
Conceptualization and designing of a beef quality determination framework based on beef supply chain in Tanzania

November 2020

A framework for determining the quality of beef was developed based on the assessment of Beef Supply Chain (BSC) between the slaughter and retail points. In this respect, slaughtering, distribution, retailing and consumer preferences models were developed for assessing the beef processing designed features (BPDFs) across the BSC specifically in Slaughtering Facilities (SFs), Beef Distributing Facilities (BDFs), and Beef...

Author(s): J. T. Mwashiuya, G. Mwaluko and S. V. Manyele  

African Journal of Business Management
Health service in Brazilian private and public hospitals: Budgetary participation, feedback and performance from clinical managers’ perception

November 2020

Budgetary control is pointed as a managerial mechanism suitable for cost reduction and control as well as performance evaluation of institutions. In health organizations, budget is used for funds allocation, coordination, control and communication of the institutions’ strategies.  In this context, the research will observe the phenomenon of budgetary process from the perspective of Health Service managers of...

Author(s): Gisele Cristina dos Santos, Carlos Alberto Grespan Bonacim and Luiz Eduardo Gaio

African Journal of Business Management
Sunday consumer behavior: A case study in retail marketing

November 2020

The Sunday opening of shops is a very debated topic on both international and national levels. On a European level, the regulation of Sunday work is varied, with most Member States that, like Italy, do not impose restrictions on openings and working hours. The present work aims to analyze the European reference framework of Sunday openings, focusing on the Italian situation, which is currently experiencing proposals for...

Author(s): Pierluigi Passaro, Paola Perchinunno and Dario Schirone

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the pollutant load of effluents discharged Northwestern of Lake Tanganyika, in the Democratic Republic of Congo

November 2020

The qualitative and quantitative analysis of pollutant loads from effluents discharged into Lake Tanganyika has been studied, with a view to evaluate remediation strategies. The discharge of effluents into Lake Tanganyika calls for concern as it poses serious threats to the biological wealth of the lake. Physico-chemical and microbiological parameters were evaluated for pollution from the effluent source to Lake...

Author(s): Lumami Kapepula, Théophile Ndikumana, Musibono Dieu-Donné, Patricia Luis Alconero, Njoyim Estella Buleng Tamungang, Irene Tarimo and Bart Van der Bruggen  

African Journal of Food Science
Physical properties of selected groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) varieties and its implication to mechanical handling and processing

November 2020

The physical properties of agricultural materials are functional in solving many glitches associated with machine design during handling and mechanical processing. Physical properties of five groundnut varieties (“Obolo”, “Yenyawoso”, “CRI Nkatie”, “Agbeyeyie” and “Pion”) and their relations to the design of food processing equipment were studied. Obolo variety...

Author(s): Hayford Ofori, Francis Amoah, Isaac Kojo Arah, Mohammed-Kamil Abukari Piegu, Isaac Albert Aidoo and Eric Donald Nii Akpen Commey,

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of on-farm water management practices and irrigation water source on soil quality in Central Ethiopia

November, 2020

Soil salinity is the major factor that limits agricultural productivity in arid and semi-arid regions. The use of improved farm management practices in such areas is becoming a highly concerning issue to sustain agricultural productivity. This study, therefore, was conducted to evaluate the effect of on-farm water management practices and irrigation water sources on soil quality. The experiment was conducted on 16...

Author(s): Demelash Wendemeneh, Mekonen Ayana, Partap Singh and Amare Haileslassie    

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Determinants of fish consumption in the state of Qatar: Post blockade

November, 2020

This study used a count data model to analyse the factors that affect fish consumption in Qatar after the blockade; aiming for effective evaluation, formulation and implementation, of policies for the fishery sector. To achieve this, the community of Qatar is divided into three groups based on their fish consumption rate: high, moderate, and low consumer. The determinants of fish consumption were confirmed using the...

Author(s): Sana Abusin, Noor Al-Emadi and Engi Elmaghraby  

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Socio-economic and cultural values of two species of crabs (Cardisoma armatum Herklots and Callinectes amnicola Rochebrune) in Southern Benin, Africa: Management of post-harvest losses and exoskeletons

July-December 2020

Crabs play an important economic and bio-ecological role in most aquatic ecosystems and occupy an important place in the variety of trophic niches. Callinectes amnicola Rochebrune and Cardisoma armatum Herklots are two edible species widely exploited in Benin. The present work aims to i) evaluate the socio-economic and cultural importance of those two crab species, ii) analyze the dynamics of the value chain, and iii)...

Author(s): Toussaint Mikpon, Durand Dah-Nouvlessounon, Nadège Adoukè Agbodjato, Halfane Lehmane, Olaréwadjou Amogou, Christine N’Tcha, Wassiyath Mousse, Haziz Sina, Hyacinthe Ahissou, Adolphe Adjanohoun and Lamine Baba-Moussa  

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Status and perception of intestinal parasitosis among students of a health professional institution in N’Djamena, Chad

November 2020

Intestinal parasitic diseases remain an epidemiology a real problem in Chad, but little research has been done in this area. The purpose of the study is to determine the status of intestinal parasites infection among students in a health professional training institution and to assess their level of perception of this health problem. This prospective and descriptive study took place between June and July 2018. A total...

Author(s): Hamit M. A., , Fombotioh N., , Nack J., Noumga H. ; Issa R. A., , Kemba S., , Brahim B. O., Zenaba M. K. and. Bilong Bilong C. F.  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Wrong time medication administration errors: Frequency and their causes at Adult University Teaching Hospitals in Zambia

November, 2020

Wrong-time medication administration errors (WTMAEs) can have serious consequences for medication safety. The study was a cross-sectional study that employed a prospective observation technique and was conducted from 4th June to 20th July 2018 at Adult University Teaching Hospital (AUTH) in the Internal Medicine and Surgery departments. A total of 1749 doses were observed being administered to 325 inpatients and the...

Author(s): Martin Kampamba, Tilolele Mwanza, Kennedy Saini, Hanzooma Hatwiko, Luke Biete and Christabel Nangandu Hikaambo  

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
A focus on the Riemann's hypothesis

July-December 2020

Riemann's hypothesis, formulated in 1859, concerns the location of the zeros of Riemann's Zeta function. The history of the Riemann hypothesis is well known. In 1859, the German mathematician B. Riemann presented a paper to the Berlin  Academy of Mathematic. In that paper, he proposed that this function, called Riemann-zeta function takes values  0 on the complex plane when s=0.5+it. This hypothesis...

Author(s): Jean-Max CORANSON-BEAUDU  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Drivers and restrictions of range pasture improvement by agro-pastoralists in Kiruhura District, Uganda

November, 2020

Range pastures provide the basic ruminant feeds resource for livestock production in semi-arid areas despite ruminant nutrition remaining a challenge affecting productivity. Different livestock development interventions have been promoted to improve livestock nutrition with low farmer adoption rate. A cross sectional exploratory study was conducted between March and July 2018 to identify the drivers of range pastures...

Author(s): Twinamatsiko Robert, Nalule Agnes Sarah and Okello Samuel  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of ten botanical insecticides against the sweet potato Weevil, Cylas formicarius (Fabricius, 1798) (Coleoptera: Brentidae)

November, 2020

The sweet potato weevil, Cylas formicarius (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Brentidae), is a destructive insect pest that damages sweet potatoes both in the field and during storage. To identify new environmentally friendly insecticides to control this insect pest, three assays (olfactory test, anti-feeding assay, and toxicity assay) were conducted to evaluate the efficacy and mode of action of 10 botanical insecticides against...

Author(s): Liyun REN, Ganghui ZHENG, Bimei CHEN, Longfei He, Yongmei LIAO and Baoshan CHEN,  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of calorie protein ratio on the growth performance and haematology of two strains of pullet chicks

November, 2020

In a 56 days experiment, 432-day old chicks were used to determine the influence of varying levels of calorie:protein ratio on the growth performance and haematology of two strains of commercial pullet chicks. Each of the strains, (i)Nera Black (NB) and (ii)Isa Brown (IB) were randomly allocated to three dietary levels of calorie:protein ratio designed to contain normal calorie:protein ratio (NC:P), high calorie:protein...

Author(s): F. A. S. Dairo, Y. O. Oyewole and S. O. Olawumi  

African Journal of Marketing Management
Collective action for improved market access among smallholder maize farmers in Masindi District, Uganda

July-December 2020

Smallholder farmers dominate maize production in Uganda. They produce limited quantities of the crop and market individually. Collective action offers an opportunity of reducing transaction costs, increasing bargaining power thus making it possible to contract with large buyers for better prices. Masindi Seed and Grain Growers Association Limited (MSGGL) with help from Uganda Development Trust (UDET), African...

Author(s): Ssajakambwe Fred, Elepu Gabriel, Walekhwa Peter N. and Mulebeke Robert  

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Evaluating mothers’ knowledge and attitude as a contributing factor to the low childhood immunization uptake in Ebonyi State, Nigeria

November 2020

Childhood immunization remains one of the most important and cost-effective public health interventions that reduces both morbidity and mortality associated with infectious diseases in children yet it is still underutilized. The study assessed the level of knowledge and attitude of mothers towards childhood immunization. This is a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study involving 141 mothers that brought their babies...

Author(s): Uzoma Vivian Asiegbu, Dorathy Chinwe Obu, Alfred F.I. Una, Chinonyelum Thecla Ezeonu, and Obiora Kingsley Asiegbu  

African Journal of Business Management
The effects of organizational learning on the security of banking’s information system in Indonesia

November 2020

Organizational learning improves the security of information system. This study aimed to test and prove whether organizational learning had an effect on the security of information system. Data was gathered through survey, by administering questionnaires to public banks in Indonesia, and was tested using SEMPLS. This study employed explanatory research methodology. The findings showed that insecure information system...

Author(s): Said Herry Safrizal and Marjulin

Journal of General and Molecular Virology
A two-end point analysis reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay for the detection of maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV)

July-December, 2020

Maize lethal necrosis (MLN) disease is a major constraint on maize production in Eastern Africa since its first report in 2012 in Kenya. The main causative agent is maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV) which co-infects maize with other viruses from the family Potyviridae. In Africa, Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) is the most common potyvirus that co-infects maize synergistically with MCMV. MCMV can be transmitted by...

Author(s): Francis M. Mwatuni,, Margaret Peg Radinbaugh, Sally Miller, Xing Ma, Aggrey B. Nyende,  L. M. Suresh and Ivan Obare  

Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
Determination of Heavy Metals in Wastewater and Their Toxicological Implications around Eastern Industrial Zone, Central Ethiopia

July-December 2020

The purpose of this study was to determine the concentration and toxicological implications of heavy metals (Cr, Cd Zn, Fe, Pb and Cu) in effluents coming out Eastern Industrial Zone (EIZ). Wastewater samples were collected from three points (0, 200 and 500 m) from discharge point was collected with three replications. The wet digestion procedure was employed to solubilize the metals from the collected samples. The...

Author(s): Dagne Bekele Bahiru  

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Characters association and path coefficient analysis of orange fleshed sweetpotato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.] genotypes evaluated in Hawassa, Ethiopia

October-December 2020

The experiment was conducted to assess associations between root yield and yield- related traits of orange-fleshed sweetpotato genotypes to identify traits that have maximum effect on root yield of sweetpotato to make possible selection. Twenty-four Orange Fleshed Sweetpotato genotypes were evaluated in 2017 main cropping season at Hawassa Agricultural Research Center using a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with...

Author(s): Bililign Mekonnen, Andargachew Gedebo and Fekadu Gurmu  

African Journal of Marketing Management
The impact of M-banking quality service on customer’s satisfaction during Covid-19 lock down: The case of Bank of Abyssinia, Ethiopia

July-December 2020

COVID-19 pandemic posed a great challenge for the financial industry in Ethiopia leading to an increase of mobile banking services which becomes a new normal and necessity for users of financial services. The study seeks empirically to test the impact of m-Banking quality service on Bank of Abyssinia customer’s satisfaction during COVID-19. A quantitative study approach and a descriptive research design with...

Author(s): Eyob Ketema and Yalemwork W/Selassie  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Moving beyond manual software-supported precision irrigation to human-supervised adaptive automation

November, 2020

This paper “looks across the river” to explore computer engineering applied within agriculture, particularly precision irrigation. It begins with work by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). They developed guidelines for estimating a crop’s water requirements. These guidelines describe a set of equations (Penman-Monteith form) drawn from the physics of evapotranspiration. The...

Author(s): Peter George Raeth  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of sugarcane bagasse ash and manure amendments on selected soil properties in Western Kenya

November, 2020

This research determined the effects of incorporating sugarcane bagasse ash and cattle manure on soil pH, available P, and cation exchange capacity (CEC) during a 2 seasons’ field experiment in Kakamega County of Western Kenya. The experiment used a Randomized Complete Block Design, 3 replications, and a 3 × 3 factorial arrangement of treatments. Sugarcane bagasse ash and cattle manure application showed...

Author(s): Tabere D. Taddeo Bidai, Joyce J. Lelei and Josephine P. Ouma  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Demographic factors and perception in rhizobium inoculant adoption among smallholder soybeans (Glycine max L. Merryl) farmers of South Kivu Province of Democratic Republic of Congo

November, 2020

The use of rhizobium inoculants fertilizer in soybean production has been practiced for over a century all over the world, but in Africa, the technology is relatively new. Rhizobium inoculants have been disseminated in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) by Nitrogen 2 Africa (N2AFRICA) project of CIAT and later IITA since 2010. However, demographic factors and perception in rhizobium adoption remain unknown. We...

Author(s): Ndusha Bintu Nabintu, Onwonga Richard Ndemo, Nabahungu Leon Sharwasi, Mushagalusa Nachigera Gustave, Kazamwali Muzee and Keya Shellemia Okoth  

African Journal of Business Management
Effect of human capital accounting on earning per share of equity owners of deposit money banks in Nigeria

November 2020

The study examined the effect of human capital accounting on Earning per Share (EPS) of deposit money banks in Nigeria. Secondary data were collated from annual reports of the sixteen deposit money banks listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange between 2006 and 2017. The study employed static panel data of fixed and random effect to explore the relationship between human capital accounting and EPS of deposit money banks in...

Author(s): OLAOYE Clement Olatunji and AFOLALU Anthony Buyide  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Pesticide use in vegetable production in rural Uganda - A case study of Kabale District, South western Uganda

November, 2020

A study to investigate commonly grown vegetables, commonly used pesticides, and pesticide use practices was conducted in Kabale District, in South-western Uganda. This is because indiscriminate pesticide use and poor application practices can leave pesticide residues in food rendering it unsafe for consumption. The study revealed extensive pesticide application in Brassica oleracea; var. capitata (cabbage), Brassica...

Author(s): Hannington Ngabirano, and Grace Birungi  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Evaluation of the elemental, nutritional and antioxidant properties of Cov-Pla herbal preparations

November, 2020

The outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic has had a dramatic effect on human existence and still shows no sign of abating. Scientists worldwide are therefore working assiduously to get new drug treatments to help mitigate the crisis. Some of those efforts involve research to obtain Covid-19 treatments from natural sources. The present study is aimed at evaluating the elemental, nutritional and antioxidant properties of...

Author(s): Ukpe Ajima, Jacob Adegboyega Kolawole, Kakjing Dadul Falang, Bukata Bayero Bukar, Kennedy Iliya Amagon, James Garba Damen, Yusuf Amuda Agabi, Richard Joseph Kutshik, Ishaya Yohanna Longdet, Simji Samuel Gomerep, Ismaila Shittu,  Stephen Daniel Davou, and Noel Nen’man Wannang,  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Cultivation of edible mushrooms in Namibia: Prospects and challenges of small scale farmers

November, 2020

The demand for mushroom cultivation rapidly increases over years in Namibia as more people discovered its health and medical benefits, as well as the mushroom economic value. However, high temperatures at some parts of the country had made the cultivation difficult though watering in the mushroom houses was recommended as a measure to decrease temperature and rise up the humidity in the mushroom houses. In order to...

Author(s): Fimanekeni Ndaitavela Shivute  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Biochemical characterization and genetic variability among thirteen black pepper genotypes

November, 2020

There is limited information on the biochemical variability of black pepper genotypes in Ethiopia.  Dried fruit samples from 13 introduced black pepper accessions were used for biochemical analysis. All the determinants were done in triplicates.  Biochemical data ranged for essential oil between 1.70-3.60%; oleoresin, 8.30-12.15%; ash, 5.72-7.05%; acid insoluble ash, 1.97-4.06%; crude fiber, 13.61-17.96%;...

Author(s): Dejene Bekele and Andargachew Gedebo  

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Organic carbon sequestration in mineral soil layers of cold-temperate mixed forests

October-December 2020

The aim of this study is to analyze the concentration of soil organic carbon (SOC) and C stocks in cold-temperate mixed forests in southern Québec, Canada. More specifically, the analysis deals with SOC concentrations and C stocks with respect to other key soil properties and environmental factors (such as soil pH, nitrogen, texture, structure, bulk density, litter thickness, drainage), including vegetation data...

Author(s): Diane Saint-Laurent, Jean-Sébastien Berthelot and Lisane Arsenault-Boucher  

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Training needs assessment and preferred approach to enhancing work performance among clinical nurses in University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan, Oyo State, South-western Nigeria

October-December 2020

Nurses are a very important group of healthcare providers whose professional competence is central to effective health care delivery. Clinical service delivery is constantly evolving and healthcare providers require periodic training for contemporary professional skill. This study assessed the training needs and preferred approach to enhancing work performance among clinical nurses in University College Hospital,...

Author(s): David Ayobami Adewole, Mobolaji Modinat Salawu and Segun Bello  

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Treatment outcomes of tenofovir versus zidovudine-based first-line antiretroviral therapy regimens at Zewditu Memorial Hospital: A retrospective cohort study

July-December 2020

Tenofovir-based regimen is the preferred first line treatment in Ethiopia despite limited local data on its effectiveness and tolerability over zidovudine-based regimen. Therefore, this study compared the outcomes of tenofovir and zidovudine-based regimens focusing on toxicity driven regimen substitution and mortality. A retrospective cohort study was conducted in Zewditu Memorial Hospital. All ART naïve patients...

Author(s): Abel Terefe, Mamo Feyissa and Workineh Shibeshi  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Evaluating the antibacterial, antioxidant and wound healing properties of the stem bark extract of Khaya grandifoliola (Welw) CDC (Meliaceae) (African mahogany)

November, 2020

The study was conducted to evaluate the antibacterial, antioxidant, and wound healing properties of the stem bark of Khaya grandifoliola (Welw) CDC (Meliaceae). A preliminary phytochemical screening conducted showed the presence of tannins, alkaloids, saponins, reducing sugars, flavonoids, terpenoids, and phenols in the stem bark (KG) as well as its ethanol extract (KGE). The antibacterial activity of KGE was evaluated...

Author(s): Anna Kwarley Quartey, Emmanuel Orman, Nana Ama Mireku-Gyimah, Phoebe Esinam Goku, Fadila Alidu and Linda Owusu Boateng  

African Journal of Food Science
Microbial analysis and factors associated with contamination of ready-to-eat chili pepper sauce in Buea municipality, Cameroon

November 2020

Chili peppers sauce is a dietary complement largely consumed in Cameroon. It is consumed in a powder or wet (pepper sauce) form or directly introduced into cooked food. In this study, the microbiological quality of chili pepper sauce used as food complement in the Buea municipality was assessed. The study was an observational and cross-sectional study involving 70 chili pepper sauce samples from food vendors. The...

Author(s): Tendongfor Nicholas, Ndikaka Vannessa Emlah, Nyassa Raymond Babila, Henry Dilonga Meriki, Tiapang Laura Mbino and Yanou Kamdep Pamela  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Role of microorganisms in biodegradation of food additive Azo dyes: A review

November 2020

Food additives Azo dyes are synthetic compounds added to foods to impart color and improve their properties. Some azo dyes have been banned as food additives due to toxic, mutagenic, and carcinogenic side effects. Long exposure to foods containing azo dye leads to chronic toxicity. Some microorganisms are capable to degrade these dyes and convert them to aromatic amines. In human body, microbiota can play a vital role in...

Author(s): Fatimah Alshehrei  

African Journal of Business Management
Supplier selection in global uncertainty: Using a case study approach to identify key criteria required for building resilience in the supply chain

November 2020

The rise in disruptions to supply chain is a major concern to most organizations. Supply chain managers need an innovative framework to respond to them. This research considers the supplier selection stage a strategic point to act. With careful selection, resilience is built in their operations. However, the challenge becomes what criterial factors to consider in the selection process, especially with global...

Author(s): Maleghemi Olusegun C.  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Net income analyses of maize agribusiness in Wukari Taraba State, Nigeria

November, 2020

The study was carried out to ascertain effects of agribusiness functions and experience on small scale maize agribusiness operators’ net income in Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria. A purposive sampling was used to select four area-markets namely Rafin-Kada, Gindin-Doruwa, Bantaji and Kente markets, where maize agribusiness owners predominantly carry out production and marketing of maize grain. Fifteen small scale...

Author(s): Godwin Odo Onogwu, Kingsley I. Okeke-Agulu , Osayi Chinwe Prisca and Agelaga Kume Benedict  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Involvement of key stakeholders in controlling animal diseases in rural settings: Experiences with African swine fever in Uganda

November, 2020

Key stakeholders’ involvement in the design and enforcement of effective African swine fever (ASF) biosecurity measures is very vital. Unfortunately, many times key stakeholders are less involved in the policy designing process. This study analyzed information from stakeholders in Mukono District, to assess the acceptability of enforcing ASF biosecurity measures among key stakeholders. Mukono District has a high...

Author(s): Peter Ogweng, Charles Masembe, Johnson Francis Mayega, Ibrahim Keeya, Charles Tumuhe, Rodney Okwasiimire and Vincent Muwanika  

Educational Research and Reviews
The children's book selection criteria: Evidence from preschool and primary school teachers

November 2020

The aim of this study is to comparatively examine the views of the preschool and primary school teachers about the criteria that qualified children books should have. The research group is comprised of 297 teachers (130 preschool teachers and 167 primary school teachers—of the first graders). The views of the teachers concerning the criteria that qualified children books should have were collected through the...

Author(s): Bilge Nur Dogan Guldenoglu

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
A map of the World: Cognitive injustice and the Other

July-December 2020

This paper employs critical geography to advance a fresh philosophical orientation of cognitive injustice and Otherness. Operating under the assumption that modern cartography is entangled with power, knowledge and politics, this study examines how maps construct and sustain the identity of the social, cultural and political Other. Synthesizing Boaventura de Sousa Santos’ work on abyssal thinking and ideologies of...

Author(s): Delon Alain Omrow  

ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences
High ambient temperature and water rationing impacts on antiretroviral adherence in Greater Gaborone, Botswana in 2016

July-December 2020

Countries with the highest HIV prevalence, Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho and South Africa are also experiencing an increase in climate variability, rising temperatures and drought. This study investigates perceived challenges of high temperatures and water scarcity/rationing on monthly clinic attendance and ARV adherence for people living with HIV in Greater Gaborone, Botswana. A systematic random sample of adult women...

Author(s): Matlhogonolo Kelepile and Sue C. Grady

African Journal of Food Science
Probiotic potential of lactic acid bacteria isolated from traditionally fermented legume products of Western Kenya

November 2020

Fermentation as a processing technique has been used for a long time by people of Western Kenya to improve the quality of raw food material. During fermentation, lactic acid bacteria (LAB) synthesize vitamins and minerals, produce biologically active peptides with enzymes such as proteinase and peptidase, and remove some ant-nutrients. The medicinal and flavor enhancing properties of fermented foods are due to the...

Author(s): Beatrice Aleyo Akweya, Joseph Mwafaida Mghalu, Rahma Udu M. Yusuf and Tochi Bitange

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Assessment of the hand hygiene status of internally displaced persons in Jos and environs, Nigeria

November 2020

Internally displaced persons (IDPs) are often predisposed to infectious diseases because of the temporary nature of their abode which usually does not have adequate water and hygiene facilities. A hundred (100) samples of hand-washed water taken under aseptic conditions from the hands of the IDPs prior to the emergence of COVID-19 were analyzed using standard bacteriological procedures to determine the total plate and...

Author(s): John O. Egbere, Collins E. Odu, Anayochukwu C. Ngene, Margaret M. A. Danladi, Chinedu G. Ohaegbu and Philomena D. Ayika

African Journal of Marketing Management
Linking market access to improved nutrition among smallholder maize farmers in Masindi and Kiryandongo Districts, Uganda

July-December 2020

Markets are stimuli for improved farm production and quality produce. Therefore, integrating rural households into market systems is essential for improved standard of living. Increased market access and commercialization makes households dependent on markets for services including food for consumption. This reduces dependency on own food consumption which in most cases offers limited variety foods as compared to market...

Author(s): Ssajakambwe Fred, Mulebeke Robert, Elepu Gabriel and Walekhwa Peter N.  

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
The evaluation of Cleopatra I score for predicting preterm birth in subjects with threatened preterm labour

November 2020

This work aims to evaluate the Cleopatra I model for the prediction of spontaneous preterm birth (PTB) in subjects having threatened preterm labour. This is a hospital-based prospective observational study done over a period of one year. A total of one hundred and eleven (111) subjects enrolled in the study. Their demographic factors and previous obstetric history were recorded. A cervical length with a cut-off of 25 mm...

Author(s): Varsha Maran, Nandita Maitra, Tosha Sheth, Palak Vaishnav and Niyati Takhatsinh Parmar  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Mapping and characterization of Ijede community - A semi-urban population in Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos, Nigeria

October-December 2020

Demographic and health surveys provide household level data on population dynamics and health-related issues. Findings from a well characterized community can be used by relevant stakeholders to plan appropriate and acceptable health interventions for the benefit of the citizens. This project aimed to characterize Ijede community in Ikorodu LGA of Lagos State, Nigeria in preparation for a more appropriate Demographic...

Author(s): Agatha N. David, Oluwatosin O. Odubela, Abideen O. Salako, Adeola Y. Olukosi, Oluwagbemiga Aina, Ajibaiye Olushola, Adesola Z. Musa, Baruwa Basit, Samson Awolola, Babatunde L. Salako,  

Page 4 of 1206, showing 50 records out of 60270 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200