Articles

 

Page 4 of 1221, showing 50 records out of 61005 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200

African Journal of Biotechnology
Effect of VIUSID-Agro™ on the conversion of somatic embryos of coffee (Coffea arabica L.) cv. Red Caturra rojo-884

June 2021

A critical factor in the in vitro propagation protocol via somatic embryogenesis of coffee is the survival and growth of plants under ex vitro conditions. The objective of this work was to determine the effect of VIUSID Agro™ during the conversion of somatic embryos of coffee cv. Red Caturra rojo-884 in semi-controlled culture conditions. Two solutions (0.5 and 0.8 mL L-1) of the biostimulant were evaluated on in...

Author(s): Laisyn Posada-Pérez, Raúl Barbón Rodríguez, Alina Capote Pérez, Anabel Pérez Pérez, Yenny Padrón Montesino, Bulent Kukurtcu, Dion D. Daniels, Guillermo Reyes and Rafael Gómez-Kosky

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Convergences and numerical analysis of a contact problem with normal compliance and unilateral constraint

January-June 2021

This paper represents a continuation of a previous study on “Analysis of a Sliding Frictional Contact Problem with Unilateral Constraint”. This study considers a mathematical model which describes the equilibrium of an elastic body in frictional contact with a moving foundation. The contact is modeled with a multivalued normal compliance condition with unilateral constraints, associated to a sliding version...

Author(s): Yahyeh Souleiman  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Evaluation of leaf extracts of Artemisia afra Jacq. ex Willd. and Leucosidea sericea Eckl. & Zeyh. for genotoxicity and the modulation of EMS-induced genotoxicity

June, 2021

A battery of short-term in vitro assays for apoptosis and/or cell cycle arrest, cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and antigenotoxicity are used to screen and establish the efficacy of medicinal plants. This study evaluated three concentrations (0.1, 0.2 or 0.4 mg/ml) of methanolic leaf extracts of Artemisia afra and Leucosidea sericea and their individual mixtures with Ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) (0.15 mg/ml) for induction of...

Author(s): Asita Okorie A., Sibusisiwe Magama and Lengala Nthabiseng M.  

African Journal of Food Science
Meat quality status and postharvest handling practices along the meat value chain in Kenya

June 2021

In Kenya, meat value chain (MVC) is an important component of the food supply chain serving as a source of nutrients and income. However, information regarding processing practices, hygiene and equipment use as affecting meat quality still remains unclear despite its relevance for data and for assessment for development of meat quality in the meat trade. Therefore, a cross sectional survey of selected slaughterhouses...

Author(s): Catherine Kunyanga, David Edgar Kimani and Grace Werikhe

African Journal of Biotechnology
Efficacy of thymol and eugenol against bacterial wilt bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum

June 2021

Bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum is a major constraint to production of potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L). To date, there are no known conventional bactericides which provide effective control of this soil borne pathogen. This study aimed at investigating the antibacterial activity of eugenol and thymol which are the major components of thyme and clove essential oils, respectively against R. solanacearum....

Author(s): George Oluoch, Edward George Mamati, Viviene Matiru and Moses Nyongesa

Educational Research and Reviews
Mathematics anxiety, attitude and performance among secondary school students in Kenya

June 2021

Mathematics anxiety and attitude have a great influence on mathematics performance. This article presents an analysis of the relationship between Mathematics anxiety, attitude and performance. The study adopted a correlational research design. The analysis is based on the responses of 367 students who were randomly selected from 55 secondary schools. An adapted Mathematics Anxiety Scale (MAS) and Attitude towards...

Author(s): Casty Mukami Mutegi, Ciriaka Muriithi Gitonga and Peter Rugano

Journal of Entomology and Nematology
Preliminary studies on cowpea genotypes resistance to Callosobruchus maculatus F. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in Ethiopia

April-June 2021

Cowpea is one of the few legumes which adapt well in warm semi-arid and arid climate conditions making it a potential crop for farmers living in dry area of Ethiopia. Since Ethiopia is considered as secondary center of genetic diversity for cowpea, Ethiopian national lowland pulses research program had made effort in the collection of cowpea landraces from different parts of Ethiopia and identified production...

Author(s): Mulatwa Wondimu, Emana Getu and Birhanu Amsalu

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Physiological quality of African eggplant seeds as influenced by natural fermentation and drying methods

April-June 2021

Seed extraction and drying methods are important procedures employed after harvesting fruits of African eggplant as these methods affect the seed quality. This study sought to evaluate the seed physiological quality of two cultivars of African eggplant subjected to various durations of natural fermentation and different drying methods. In the first study, fruits were fermented for 0, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h before seed...

Author(s): Hillary Mireku Botey, Julius Onyango Ochuodho, Lucas Ngode, Eric Owusu Danquah and Richard Agyare R.  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Phytochemical properties and antimicrobial activity of Buchholzia coriacea and Psychotria microphylla leaf extracts on bacterial pathogens isolated from aquatic environments in Nigeria

June, 2021

The use of medicinal plants as alternative therapy for the treatment of microbial infections is significant in the maintenance of good health, especially in developing countries. The aim of this study was to determine the phytochemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Buchholzia coriacea and Psychotria microphylla leaf extracts on bacteria isolated from aquatic environments in Nigeria. Exactly 736 water samples...

Author(s): Ude I. U., Moses I. B., Okoronkwo C., Ovia K., Okafor C., Chukwunwejim C. R., Okata-Nwali O. D., Iroha C. S., Akuma S., Peter I. U., Uzoeto H. O., Ngwu J. N., Onuorah A. L., John-Onwe B. N. and Iroha I. R.  

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Pain index and health-related quality of life in a Nigerian patient’s cohort with sickle cell anaemia

June 2021

The severity of sickle cell anaemia (SCA) often causes painful episodes of vaso-occlussive crises and affects quality of life. Poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) associated with sickle cell disease has been established. The study aim was to determine the relationship between pain index and HRQoL in Nigerian patients with SCA. The study was a cross-sectional survey of SCA individuals. Data collection was done...

Author(s): Festus Olusola Olowoselu, Oluseun Peter Ogunnubi, Olufunke Itunu Olowoselu, Osahon Enabulele, Olufemi Abiola Oyedeji, Oluwamuyiwa Anthony Ayanshina, and Vincent Oluseye Osunkalu  

African Journal of Plant Science
Efficacy of soil solarization on the control of root-knot nematodes infecting eggplant (Solanum melongena) in Plateau State

June 2021

The efficacy of soil solarization was tested for the control of root-knot nematodes in Foron District of Barkin Ladi Local Government Area of Plateau State using three commercially available cultivars of eggplant (Solanum melongena) namely: Yallo Bello, Chida Masoyi and Farin Yallo. Two levels of soil solarization based on time of exposure namely: Four weeks, five weeks and a control were employed. Soil temperature for...

Author(s): Vou Moses Shutt, Diana Unwana Affiah, Brains Ode Okechallu and David Longwap Wonang

African Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Surgical repair of thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection in the Sub-Saharan Africa: 30-day outcomes from a Cameroonian Center

June, 2021

The real incidence of thoracic aorta aneurysm and dissection (TAA) in the sub-Saharan region is unknown. Owing to diagnostic limitations and the absence of specialized centers, reports on TAA surgery have been anecdotal. We report our 30-day outcomes over an 8-year period following TAA surgery at the Shisong Cardiac Center, a Cameroonian cardio-surgical institution. Between November 2010 and May 2018, TAA was diagnosed...

Author(s): Charles Mve Mvondo, William Ngatchou, Hermann Nestor Tsague Kengni and Marcellin Ngowe Ngowe  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Phenotypic characterization of the Guaymi breed in conservation centers of Panama

June, 2021

Not all regions of the world have access to advanced means of analysis, such as molecular or quantitative genetics. In the absence of these or other means of selection, phenotypic analyses are used for breed differentiation as well as to evaluate productive aptitude. The objective of this work is to characterize morphometric variables and zoometric indices, as well as the morphological and phaneroptic characterization,...

Author(s): Axel Villalobos-Cortes, Maria Carbono, Axael Rodríguez, Esteban Arosemena and Marcelino Jaen  

International Journal of Livestock Production
Assessing thermal neutral zones in Sri Lanka for ten different dairy cattle breeds and crosses: An approach using temperature humidity index (THI)

April-June 2021

The magnitude of heat stress in dairy cattle is assessed using temperature humidity index (THI) widely in the world. The present study was conducted to assess the appropriateness of incorporating THI in recommending dairy cattle breeds to different areas of Sri Lanka. The study considered 10 different cattle genotypes commonly reared for milk production in the country.  Daily THI values were computed by employing a...

Author(s): Gamameda Liyanage Lalanie Pradeepa Silva, Batugedara Vidanelage Ranjith Punyawardena, Ajith Kumara Hettiarachchi, Wanninayaka Mudiyanselage Malinda Prashad Hulugalla and Gayani Madhushani Sirinayake Lokuge  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Prescription of antimalarials at Kisangani University Clinics, Democratic Republic of Congo

June, 2021

The objective of this study was to contribute to the improvement of medical prescription of antimalarials at Kisangani University Clinics. This a cross-sectional study with retrospective data collection, based on 200 medical prescriptions from patients aged 3 days to 80 years, treated for malaria from March to December 2019. The study took place between March and May, 2020. Sixty one percent of patients suffered from...

Author(s): Sarah WAY LONDO, Jean-Jeannot JUAKALI SKV, and Francine NSUADI MANGA  

Journal of Land Management and Appraisal
Sustainability assessment of land transactions and project benefits sharing in Papua New Guinea

January-June 2021

There is an increasing concern that land transactions in Papua New Guinea are perceived by some landowners and key government officials as unsustainable due to inequitable sharing of benefits among the tripartite stakeholders. This paper investigates issues surrounding the perceived inequality of benefits derived from land transactions in forestry, mining, oil and gas projects in the South Pacific country using...

Author(s): Imen I. Papa and Jacob A. Babarinde

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Phytochemical composition of Capsicum frutescens and its effect on body weight and carcass yield of Cobb500 broilers

June, 2021

This study aimed to establish phytochemical composition and determining the effect of Capsicum frutescens powder on body weight and carcass yield of Cobb500 broilers. Four hundred and fifty broilers at 35 days were randomly assigned to treatments defined by three dietary inclusion levels (1.1, 2.2, 4.4%) of C. frutescens powder for each of the three durations (13 days, 19 days, 24 days) prior to 59 days of age. A...

Author(s): Sebulime Peregrine, Ocaido Michael and Okello Samuel  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Occupational health impacts of climate change across different climate zones and elevations in sub-Saharan East Africa

June 2021

Climate change will cause Sub-Saharan tropical countries to experience a disproportionate increase in the number of extremely hot days when compared to Western countries with more temperate climates. We use the High Occupational Temperature Health and Productivity Suppression (HOTHAPS) model to estimate the potential impact of rising temperatures on worker productivity in different climate regions within Ethiopia,...

Author(s): Samuel Kruse, Odilichi Ezenwanne, Matthias Otto, Tord Kjellstrom, Patrick Remington, Bruno Lemke, Belay Simane and Jonathan A Patz

Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology
Potential use and benefits of automation for traffic control in roadway construction

January-June, 2021

This paper addresses the impact of using automated flagging devices in road construction instead of using construction workers. To examine the efficacy of automating this construction activity, a group of drivers with diverse characteristics/demographics was involved in the study. The diverse characteristics included gender, age, years of driving experience, and level of formal education (e.g., high school, college, and...

Author(s): Chris Jordan, Ahmed Senouci and Neil Eldin  

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Factors influencing adoption of improved maize seed varieties among smallholder farmers in Kaduna State, Nigeria

April-June 2021

This study ascertained factors influencing adoption of improved maize seed varieties in three local government areas of Kaduna State, North-central Nigeria. It collected cross-sectional data for a sample of 180 randomly selected farming households across three local government areas of the State in 2015/16. Both descriptive and inferential analyses were performed on the data. The descriptive statistics differentiated...

Author(s): Oluwatoyin Bukola Chete  

Journal of African Studies and Development
A synthesis model of community orientation toward child sexual abuse in the central region of Ghana

April-June 2021

Sexual abuse of children is very prevalent in Ghana. The pandemic has been a worrying phenomenon to parents, community leaders and government in recent years because of increasing cases of the phenomenon. This study purposed to determine the common causes of child sexual abuse and the effect on children. The study also concerned itself with community knowledge, attitude and care toward child sexual abuse. Data were...

Author(s): Solomon Abekah Keelson

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Application of linear regression models in predicting the density of Glossina fuscipes fuscipes (Diptera: Glossinidae) in Kajo-keji County, Central Equatoria State, South Sudan

January-June 2021

Glossina fuscipes fuscipes remain the main tsetse vectors of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense that causes Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT) in South Sudan, where HAT Control Strategy does not involve vector control component. Information on the fly apparent density/trap/day helps identify priority areas for vector control. Insecurity and logistic problem makes it impossible for vector control to be carried out. Fly-human...

Author(s): Yatta S. Lukou, Mubarak M. Abdelrahman, Yassir O. Mohammed, Loro G. L. Jumi, Erneo B. Ochi, Yousif R. Suliman and Intisar E. Elrayah

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Production of indigenous poultry among smallholder farmers in Tigania West Meru County, Kenya

May, 2021

The study was conducted to evaluate factors that significantly influence indigenous poultry production among smallholder farmers in Tigania west Mer County using the production function approach. The study relied on primary data collected by administering structured questionnaires to 359 respondents randomly selected from 5 wards using the multi stage stratified random sampling and probability proportionate to size...

Author(s): Evans Mwiti Mathiu, Samuel Njiri Ndirangu and Samuel Chege Mwangi  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Constraints to banana (Musa spp) production in Beni territory of North-Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo

May, 2021

The objective of this study was to characterize the banana production systems and to identify the constraints it faces. A questionnaire survey and field observations were carried out with banana producers. At the end of the surveys, three main banana production systems were found: Monoculture (10%), banana-food crops intercropping (7%) and agroforestry (83%). In addition, four types of banana (cooking banana, plantain,...

Author(s): Balimwacha Mukulu Evariste, Kambale Muyisa Musongora and Katembo Vikanza Paul  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
A community perspective of flood occurrence and weather forecasting over Kampala City

May 2021

Weather and climate issues have become increasingly recognized among the global challenges especially in the era of climate change. Kampala city has faced a number of flooding events in the past that have led to serious damages in many low lying areas of the city. A study was conducted in one of the flood prone areas in Kampala city to understand the community perspectives on flood occurrence and weather forecasting in...

Author(s): Nimusiima Alex, Faridah Nalwanga, Isaac Mugume, Bob Alex Ogwang and Peter Waswa

African Journal of Plant Science
Effects of organic and inorganic fertilizers on sweet potato production in Iwo, Nigeria

May 2021

Sweet potato (Ipomea batatas) is one of the most important horticultural crops for human consumption and livestock feed. All parts of the plant are found useful to human consumption, animal feed, and industrial uses. Fertilizer applications have been shown to improve vegetative and storage parameters could be enhanced, but inorganic fertilizers are not always readily available, or are too expensive for prevalently...

Author(s): V. I. Esan, O. O. Omilani and I. Okedigba  

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Media usage profile of adolescents in varied economic background

April-June 2021

Media plays an important role in social development and teenagers are the future of the society. This study made an attempt to elicit responses from teenagers on media content by projecting questions such as; what kind of content are teenagers viewing/reading mostly? What are their favourite programmes; Do they search for any information about nutrition and health related matters? What is the primary source of...

Author(s): Maheshwar Mekam, Sylvia Fernandez Rao, Jagdish Buwade, Narender Karnam and Balakrishna Nagalla  

Educational Research and Reviews
A resource recommendation for improving musical expression and narration in piano education: An examination of loeschhorn op. 65 etudes

May 2021

This current study primarily focuses on the contribution of the etudes, which have a significant role in piano education, to musical expression and narration improvement. Starting from this point of view, Op. 65 etudes by Albert Loeschhorn which were released as studies for improving technical and musical expression and with the aim of being used in different stages of piano education were investigated. According to...

Author(s): Akgül Alper

African Journal of Biotechnology
Quantification and characterization of faecal sludge produced in Kara

May 2021

In Kara (Togo), as in most major sub-Saharan African cities, there is very little sewerage and autonomous systems are the most commonly used. These autonomous systems produce faecal sludge that must be drained and treated adequately in order to preserve the health of the population and protect the environment. Indeed, the risks are real, given the use of fresh faecal sludge in agriculture and the potential dangers of...

Author(s): Piyabalo KODOM, Edem Komi KOLEDZI, Nitale M’Balikine KROU, Kwamivi N. SEGBEAYA and Bouwèdèo TOI BISSANG

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Community implementation of human landing and non-human landing collection methods for Wuchereria bancrofti vectors

January-June 2021

In the drive towards elimination of lymphatic filariasis, enhanced surveillance of vector mosquitoes requires sound sampling methods which can be easily implemented and accepted by communities. Several tools have been validated as alternatives to human landing catches (HLC) for this purpose, but little is known about their effectiveness compared to HLC in terms of the vector density patterns. This study aimed at...

Author(s): Simon P. Sawadogo, Achille S. Nikièma, Sanata Coulibaly, Lassane Koala, Abdoulaye Niang, Clarisse Bougouma, Roland W. Bougma, Olivier Gnankine, Frances M. Hawkes, Daniel Boakye and Roch K. Dabiré  

African Journal of Educational Management, Teaching and Entrepreneurship Studies
Social skills levels for homeschooling students compared to public school students

May-August 2021

In the United Sates, the use of education has been evolving in accordance with the needs of society. The primary role of education in the 20th century ranged from instructing the youth in various religious doctrines as well as preparing them to live independently. Schooling has also been critical in assimilating immigrants into the mainstream society as well as preparing workers for industrialization in the 20th...

Author(s): Sameer Abuzandah

African Journal of Biotechnology
Precise assessment of angular leaf spot severity using the Leaf Doctor app for common beans

May 2021

Angular leaf spot (ALS) is one of the most severe diseases of common bean. However, there is as yet no standardization of the phenological stage, inoculum concentration, diagrammatic scale (DS), and day of assessment for screening ALS resistance in bean lines. The present study aimed to evaluate the potential for assessment of ALS severity in common beans using the Leaf Doctor app and inoculation at the V2 phenological...

Author(s): Caléo Panhoca de Almeida, Gabriel Francesco Janini Bonfante, Jean Fausto de Carvalho Paulino, Bianca Cristina de Deus, Flávia Rodrigues Alves Patrício, Sérgio Augusto Morais Carbonell, Alisson Fernando Chiorato and Luciana Lasry Benchimol-Reis

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Impact of mining on environment: A case study of Taita Taveta County, Kenya

May 2021

Research on the impacts of mining on the environment was conducted on nine purposive selected mining sites in Kamtonga and Mkuki, Taita Taveta County, Kenya. The FOLCHI method was adopted to quantify the environmental impact of mining activities in gemstone mining sites. The affected environment surrounding the pits was broken down into three components such as Topography, Vegetation and Air. The effect of the three...

Author(s): Irene Wakio Mwakesi, Raphael Githiga Wahome and Daniel Weru Ichang’i

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Phenotypic and molecular characterization of multiple-resistant gram-negative bacteria in urine of pregnant women attending antenatal clinic of Mother and Child hospital, Ondo, Nigeria

May 2021

Phenotypic and molecular characterization of multiple antibiotic resistant Gram-negative bacteria in urine samples of pregnant women in Mother and Child Hospital, Nigeria was reported. In the study, 407 apparently healthy pregnant women were recruited. Structured questionnaire was administered to the patients to obtain their socio-demographic information and the medical history. Urine samples were collected, processed...

Author(s): Eunice Damilola Wilkie, Anthonia Olufunke Oluduro, Thonda Oluwakemi Abikeand Chidinma Vivian Chukwudum

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Prevalence of diaper rash and associated factors among babies aged 0 to 24 months in Adama Administrative City, Central Ethiopia: A cross sectional study

May 2021

The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of diaper rash and identify associated factors with diaper rash among children between 0 and 24 months of age in Adama Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study was conducted with mothers using structured questionaries during face to face interview to assess risk factors associated with diaper rash. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 21 and Chi-square test was used to...

Author(s): Siraj Jewaro, Yemane G. Mariam and Belay Ali  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Synthesis, physicochemical and antimicrobial properties of rhenium (I) tricarbonyl complexes of isatin Schiff bases

May 2021

The Schiff base of isatin and sulphanilamide (L1; C14H11N3O3S) was prepared and reacted with Re(CO)5X (X = Cl and Br) in toluene to give [Re(C14H10N2O)(CO)3X] (X = Cl, 1 and X = Br, 2). The prepared Schiff base of isatin and 4-methoxyaniline (L2; C15H12N2O2) was reacted with Re(CO)5X in toluene to give [Re(C14H10N2O)(CO)3X], where X = Cl, 3 and X = Br, 4. L2 and Re(CO)5Br were refluxed in dry toluene under nitrogen and...

Author(s): Adebomi A. Ikotun, Abimbola A. Owoseni and Gabriel O. Egharevba  

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
‘Clickbait-style’ headlines and journalism credibility in Sub-Saharan Africa: Exploring audience perceptions

April-June 2021

In the proliferated age of technologies, the field of journalism has been faced with several challenges that have inevitably pushed journalism practice to unpreceded heights. Overtly, journalists have resorted to various strategies to compete with various media platforms such as social media and other citizen journalistic strategies. Journalists have also resorted to the use of advertising/strategic communication...

Author(s): Judith Flora Wanda Baraka Samson Chipanjilo, Gregory Gondwe and Joseph Kerunga

Journal of Clinical Medicine and Research
Electrocardiogram parameters in patients with hypertensive heart failure in Abakaliki, South-Eastern Nigeria

January-June 2021

Hypertension and Hypertensive Heart Failure (HHF) constitutes a growing burden of non-communicable forms of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Africa. This work was designed to investigate Electrocardiogram (ECG) parameters in HHF subjects. A cross-sectional study involving 100 subjects of equal number of HHF and normal subjects were used. Questionnaires were administered; socio-demographic and medical profiles of the...

Author(s): Njoba Sunday, Ani Celestine, Uzoigwe Zona, Okeke Adaobi, Ugwuchukwu Nnaemeka, Anyaeji Pamela, Odoh Chikaodili, Ndubuisi Augustine, Nworgu Choice, Ikwuka David, Ugwu Princewill, Ugwudike Patrick and Nwachukwu Daniel  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Characteristics and pharmacological management of COVID-19 patients admitted at a hospital in Nairobi, Kenya

May, 2021

COVID-19 is a novel viral disease with little known about its management. The Nairobi Hospital (TNH) has been involved in managing these patients. This study sought to describe the patients admitted in the hospital due to COVID-19, their management and outcomes. This was a retrospective review of COVID-19 patients admitted at TNH between March and October 2020. Demographic and clinical data, pharmacological management...

Author(s): Kizito M. Mariita, Angela N. Wanjala and Carol K. Maina  

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Haemonchosis: A review on dreaded strongylosis that affects the zootechnical performance of sheep

January-June 2021

Haemonchosis is a parasitosis that affects the abomasum of small ruminants, especially sheep. It is a disease that affects temperate as well as tropical and subtropical regions and can infest animals of any age, resulting in a significant loss of income to farmers. Haemonchus contortus is the parasite responsible for haemonchosis in small ruminants. It is haematophagous and causes serious diseases that decimate the...

Author(s): Christian Cocou DANSOU, Julienne KUISEU,  Pascal Abiodoun OLOUNLADE, Erick Virgile Bertrand AZANDO, Latifou LAGNIKA, Andre Boha ABOH, Patrick A. EDORH  and Mawule Sylvie HOUNZANGBE-ADOTE

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Rangeland rehabilitation using micro-catchments and native species in Turkana County, Kenya

April-June 2021

Turkana County is prone to perturbations and famine owing to the prevailing climatic conditions. Due to degradation through natural and anthropogenic activities such as charcoal burning; over time, existing woodlands have been degraded, necessitating rehabilitation. Several drylands adapted plant species studied over the years for the response to the needs of the communities were identified and isolated through a...

Author(s): Jesse O. Owino, Jackline Kemboi and Gabriel M. Muturi  

African Journal of Plant Science
Improvement of the kola tree cuttings root (Cola nitida) in nursery by removing the terminal bud of the semi-lignified plagiotropic cuttings

May 2021

The influence of the terminal bud treatment and genotype on the cutting of plagiotropic semi-lignified kola tree cuttings was studied with the aim of vegetative propagation. Two dressing modes cuttings (B1: Presence of terminal bud and B2: Absence of terminal bud) were tested on three genotypes (D9L20A3, 315 and 323) in a split-plot design with the genotype in the large plot and the cutting dressing mode in the small...

Author(s): Drolet Jean-Marc Séry, Bouadou Bonsson, Yao Casimir Brou⊃, Nadré Gbédié, Yaya Ouattara, Hyacinthe Légnaté and Keli Zagbahi Jules

African Journal of Educational Management, Teaching and Entrepreneurship Studies
Effective financial resources management for school improvement and development in Uganda

May-August 2021

This paper sought to explore the extent to which financial resources can be managed and optimized to foster school improvement and development in Uganda. The research questions aimed at investigating the nature and amount of the governments' and parents' contributions, how financial resources are optimized to achieve school budgetary objectives, and its effect on school developments such as the provision of...

Author(s): Tomusange Robert,  Muweesi Charles and Kyagaba Aisha

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Preliminary investigation on the quality of amasiri sandstone (Southeastern Nigeria) as construction material

April-June, 2021

The need to source for local construction materials that are appropriate for the massive developmental projects in Ebonyi State, southeastern Nigeria, has necessitated sampling and testing of the Maastrichtian Amasiri Sandstone in the Akpoha area of the state. Petrographic analysis and aggregate tests were conducted on six samples randomly selected from the rock deposit underlying the area. The petrographic analysis...

Author(s): Chioma Elizabeth Nwimo, Modestus Chijioke Ohaegbulem, Okechukwu Pius Aghamelu, Nonyelum Stella Iloanya and Chijioke Martin Nwachukwu

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Is Faurea rochetiana a potential candidate for Dendroclimate studies? Wood samples from semi-arid woodlands of southern Ethiopia

April-June 2021

Sustainable management of economically and ecologically important tree species such as Faurea rochetiana merely depend on acquiring reliable information on growth dynamics and structure in response to the changing climate. Formation of the growth ring boundaries is pre-requisite for conducting several denroclimatology studies. Hence, the objective was to verify the formation of growth ring boundaries of F. rochetiana....

Author(s): Asmelash Tesfaye Gebremedhin

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Stunting, feeding practice and its associated factors among children age from 6-59 months in Ziway Dugda Woreda, Arsi Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

January-June 2021

Adequate nutrition is vital to children’s growth and development. Globally, about 155 million children were stunted. About half of the child's mortality was related to child malnutrition in developing countries, including Ethiopia. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of stunting, feeding practice, and associated factors among children age 6 to 59 months in Zeway Dugda district in 2019. A community-based...

Author(s): Meless Gebrie and Antenh Benti

African Journal of Biotechnology
A rapid detection method on-site for Zygosaccharomyces based on loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) combined with a lateral flow dipstick (LFD)

May 2021

The Zygosaccharomyces is notorious for its remarkable spoilage characteristics. In the present study, the visual and rapid identification of the genus Zygosaccharomyces was performed by a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay using specific primers in Mini Dry Bath within 30 min at 65°C followed by a lateral flow dipstick (LFD) detection. The sensitivity evaluation revealed LAMP-LFD assay with...

Author(s): Yang Liu≠, Jun Wu≠, Li-Qing Chen, Ya Shi, Hong-Xia Zhao, Wei Chen, Hong Li and Lu-Ping He,

African Journal of Biotechnology
Production of truncated peptide (cellobiohydrolase Cel6A) by Trichoderma reesei expressed in Escherichia coli

May 2021

Enzymatic cellulose hydrolysis is an important step for the production of second-generation biofuels. The filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei is among the most important organisms for obtaining cellulolytic enzymes. The Cel6A (CBH II) cellulase from T. ressei plays an important role in cellulose hydrolysis and acts on the non-reducing end of cellulose, in contrast to Cel7B (CBH I), which acts on the reducing end of...

Author(s): Miriam Shirley Tellez Calzada, Juan Antonio Rojas Contreras, Jesus Bernardo Paez Lerma, Nicolas Oscar Soto Cruz and Javier López Miranda

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on growth and phosphorus uptake of maize (Zea mays L.) at different levels of soil phosphorus and soil moisture

May 2021

Studies have shown arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) enhance phosphorus (P) uptake and drought tolerance in maize (Zea mays L.) grown in semiarid soils. However, little is known regarding the contribution of AMF to maize treated with different levels of phosphorus and grown in different soil moisture levels. This study was conducted to determine the effects of AMF (Glomus fasciculatum) inoculation on growth and P...

Author(s): Bouzeriba T.B Alsunuse, Mehjin A.M Al-Ani, Mikaeel Y. Faituri, Dennis S. Ashilenje, Ahmed A. Alawami and Peter D. Stahl  

Journal of Internet and Information Systems
Use of social media in migration decision making

January-June 2021

The use of social media in migration decision making has attracted the attention of researchers in recent works. The current study investigated the influence of social media on decisions by migrants to move from their hometowns to the city. Their use of social media for integration activities in the city and the methods they use to connect with their family and friends back home were also studied. A survey was used to...

Author(s): Martin Gameli Akakpo and Hayford Alufar Bokpin  

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