Articles

 

Page 3 of 1155, showing 50 records out of 57748 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150

March 2019

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
The voices of culture, conservation and the media event around bullfight ‘Jallikattu’ in Tamil Nadu, India

In the Southern Indian ‘State of Tamil Nadu’, the traditional Jallikattu sport involving young men competing against bulls is described as one of the ancient living sports in the modern era. Based on petitions by animal rights groups, the Supreme Court of India banned the ancient sport of Jallikattu in 2014 on the grounds of animal cruelty. The ban of this traditional sport ignited protests culminating in a...

Author(s): Jayashree B, Arul Aram and Yasmin Ibrahim  

March 2019

International Journal of English and Literature
Ambivalent identity and self repatriation in the plot characterisation of selected black auto/biographical novels

Literature of the Black Diaspora locates within its multi-layered gamut, a kaleidoscope of artistic productions; self-narratives careered by the quest for identity and self-expatriation from a ruthless atmosphere of slavery and racial subjugation. Studies have fixated on thematic preoccupation, language form in works of Afro-American and Caribbean traditions. Not so much has been explored especially on identity and...

Author(s): Ndubuisi Martins Aniemeka  

March 2019

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Post-epidemic lead exposure to animals following a decontamination exercise in gold mining village of Bagega, Zamfara State, Nigeria

This study focused on the evaluation of environmental lead contamination due to artisanal gold mining at a Nigerian village of Bagega one year after a clean-up exercise was carried out. Water samples were collected from earthen dams, faucets and wells, while plant and soil samples from grazing fields, residential areas and sites within the vicinity of the gold mine. The collected samples were digested and analyzed for...

Author(s): Mohammed Bashir Tijjani, Bello Mohammed Agaie, Kenneth Idowu Onifade, Abdullahi Sulaiman Mainasara, Ibrahim Lamidi Yusuf and Abdulyakeen Olawale Tijjani  

March 2019

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Comparative study of physico-chemical parameters with national and international standard and the insect community of Erelu Reservoir in Oyo town, Oyo State, Nigeria

Assessment of water bodies is very crucial to determine its quality and proffer solution before it has an adverse impact on its biota and direct users of the water body. Insect communities and physico-chemical parameters in comparison with national and international criteria of Erelu Reservoir were investigated to determine their impacts on insect community of the reservoir. Water and insect macro-invertebrates sampling...

Author(s): Popoola K. O. K, Sowunmi A. A. and Amusat A.I.  

March 2019

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Controversy and conflict over cemeteries and burials in Wolaita, South western Ethiopia

The controversy and conflict over cemetery places in Wolaita need scholarly and governmental attentions because displacing the existing cemeteries and emerging demands for new cemeteries due to urbanization and other factors make cemetery issues become challenging. This study intends to further explore the challenging nature of cemetery issues in rural and urban areas from different perspectives. The qualitative...

Author(s): Sagaye Santime

March 2019

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Modern counseling approaches in Ethiopia allied to the Westerners system

The underlying points of reference in the study was to obtain relevant information from modern and professional counselors in view of the societal understanding and interest, using the counseling services in their lifetime along with analysis of the  modern counseling system efficacy in the country. The two big institutions employing modern counseling systems were carefully chosen with purposeful selection of study...

Author(s): Getachew Abeshu Disassa and Tsehay Baissa Into

March 2019

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
The affective commitment of academics in a university in Botswana

Affective commitment remains an essential factor in key outcomes such as work performance and productivity, and has been shown to have the strongest positive relation with positive work behaviours when compared with normative commitment and continuance commitment. Using a sample of 164 academic employees at the University of Botswana, this study assessed the extent to which they had affective commitment to the...

Author(s): Esther Nkhukhu-Orlando, Byron Brown, Debra Rose Wilson, Ntonghanwah Forcheh, James G. Linn and Thabo T. Fako

March 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Comparative efficiency of three bait types for live trapping of small rodents in Central Africa

Low capture rates are a persistent problem in field studies of small rodents in Central Africa. This study aims to improve trapping efficacy by comparing the effectiveness of three types of bait placed in Sherman live traps: the traditionally used fresh manioc, palm nut and bait composed of peanut butter mixed with corn flakes. Trapping sites were located in the buffer zones of a total of five forest national parks in...

Author(s): Jean-François Mboumba, Maxime R. Hervé, Katy Morgan, Timy Tionga , Alyssa Taylor, Natasha Lowery, Fabrice Mezeme Ndong, Anicet Christel Maloupazoa Siawaya, and Nicola M. Anthony

March 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Trends in compensation for human-wildlife conflict losses in Kenya

Human-wildlife conflicts (HWC) can cause substantial losses. Compensation for such losses is essential to foster positive community attitudes toward wildlife conservation. Monetary compensation for the loss of human life, injury, crop and property damage, or livestock depredation by wildlife is a common strategy for mitigating HWC. We analyzed inter-specific, spatial, inter-annual and seasonal variation in...

Author(s): Joseph M. Mukeka, Joseph O. Ogutu, Erustus Kanga and Eivin Røskaft

March 2019

Journal of Bioinformatics and Sequence Analysis
Computational characterization of providence virus non-structural proteins: Evolutionary and functional implications

Providence virus is the only member of the family Carmotetraviridae and carries a positive single stranded RNA genome that encodes three open reading frames. The smallest open reading frame encodes the structural proteins. The largest open reading frame encodes a large putative protein, p130. The second overlapping open reading frame encodes two non-structural proteins; p40, a proposed accessory protein and p104, the...

Author(s): Nakayinga Ritah

March 2019

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Magnetic source basement depth determination of Ikogosi Warm Water Spring South Western Nigeria and the environ using aeromagnetic data

Structural features of Ikogosi Warm Spring and its environs have been delineated using qualitative and quantitative interpretation methods. Euler-Deconvolution and local wave number methods were adopted for quantitative and qualitative interpretation of aeromagnetic data sheet 243 by Geological Survey Agency of Nigeria (GSN) in 2008, respectively. Euler solution revealed depth range of -2.98 to -290 m to the magnetic...

Author(s): Ayobami I. Ojoawo and Muideen I. Lateef  

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
A review on golden species of Zingiberaceae family around the world: Genus Curcuma

Genus Curcuma has a long history of traditional uses, ranging from folk medicine to its culinary uses. More than 70 species of Curcuma are distributed throughout the world but extensively cultivate in Asian, Australian and Western African counties. Many phytochemical, pharmacological and molecular studies have been conducted on several Curcuma species worldwide. The interest on its medicinal properties have increased...

Author(s): Ewon Kaliyadasa and Bhagya A. Samarasinghe  

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Nutritional status of three sugarcane varieties grown in the northeast region of Brazil

The diagnosis of plant nutritional status was a tool to improve crop fertilization and thus ensure better productivity. This study aimed to evaluate the nutritional status of three sugarcane varieties (RB92579, RB98710 and RB961552) in the plant-cane and first regrowth cycles in the sub-humid region of the state of Alagoas, located in the Northeast of Brazil. The experiment consisted of a randomized complete block...

Author(s): Daniele Costa de Oliveira, Mauro Wagner de Oliveira, Vinicius Santos Gomes da Silva, Terezinha Bezerra Albino Oliveira, Hugo Henrique Costa do Nascimento and Siglea Sanna de Freitas Chaves  

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Mathematical modelling of greenhouse drying of red chilli pepper

The purpose of this study was to examine twelve different mathematical models for red pepper plant (Capsicum annum L.) and to investigate the appropriate models of mass fraction (Mt / Mo) in relation to drying time.This study attempted to assess the efficiency and profitability of the drying of red pepper under the plastic tunnel greenhouse and a total of twelve models, including Newton, Page, Improved Page, Henderson...

Author(s): Bekir YELMEN, Çağrı ÜN,  Havva Hande ŞAHİN and  Mert YÜKSEKDAĞ  

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
A synthesis of Ethiopian agricultural technical efficiency: A meta-analysis

In Ethiopia, technical efficiency studies started about three decades ago. These studies have reached different conclusions regarding agriculture efficiency based on technical efficiency scores. This study represents the first attempt to use meta-analysis to examine the mean technical efficiency estimates in agriculture in Ethiopia. The current study employed 45 frontier studies published from 1993 to 2014 for the...

Author(s): Tesfaye Solomon and Tadele Mamo  

March 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Effects of varying factors on performance of construction projects in terrorism hit areas of the world

Construction projects have encountered poor performance due to the insecure environment caused by insurgency and terrorism in the world. The real cause includes lack of desired resource and reluctance of stakeholders/project teams to work in such areas. The project suffers a massive loss of finances, time overrun and poor quality which ends up the project in the midway. In the current research, various risks which...

Author(s): Waqas Anwar, Eduardo Munive Hernandez and Mohammad Khurshid Khan

March 2019

African Journal of Business Management
The joint effect of firm capability and access to finance on firm performance among small businesses: A developing country perspective

The purpose of this paper was to establish the joint effect of access to finance and firm capability on small businesses’ performance in Kampala, Uganda. The study adopted a cross-sectional design with a sample of 384 small businesses. Self administered questionnaires were used in data collection and data was collected from August to November 2018. The study utilised SPSS to perform correlation and regression. The...

Author(s): Peter Turyakira, Sendawula Kasimu, Pedson Turyatunga and Saadat Nakyejwe Kimuli  

March 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Estimating the maximum probable annual losses due to flooding

This paper aims to estimate the maximum probable annual losses to the risks of flooding. While examining the frequency of the event, it was observed that, at least one accident occurred periodically, which resulted in maximum losses. This is an empirical study and it is based on maximum losses due to floods per year, as obtained from the International Disaster Database and Munich Re. The analysis is based on 66 extreme...

Author(s): Emad A. A. Ismail, and Fuad A. A. Awwad

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Reputation effect of the moral hazard on contract farming market development: Game theory application on rice farmers in Benin

A good reputation is the basis for rice farmers to survive and gain trust from buyers in a competitive business environment. However, due to the existence of information asymmetry between buyers and rice farmers, the moral hazard problem is the key obstacle that impedes the benefits of related shareholders and hinders the efficiency of contract farming negotiations. It is crucial to design a control mechanism to avoid...

Author(s): Odountan Ambaliou Olounlade, Li Gu-Cheng, Lacina Traoré, N’banan Ouattara, François Vihôdé Dossouhoui and Gauthier Biaou  

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Sorption-desorption isotherms of diuron alone and in a mixture in soils with different physico-chemical properties

Herbicide mixture is a widely used weed control practice in many agricultural areas. However, interactions between the herbicide mixture and soil may alter the soil dynamics. This research evaluated the effect of the physicochemical properties of the soils in the application of diuron alone and in a mixture with hexazinone, by means of sorption-desorption Freundlich isotherms. 14C-diuron sorption (isolated and mixed)...

Author(s): Vanessa Takeshita, Kassio Ferreira Mendes, Pedro Jacob Christoffoleti, Valdemar Luiz Tornisielo and Ana Carolina Dias Guimarães  

March 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Purification and characterisation of a novel broad spectrum anti-tumor L-glutaminase enzyme from marine Bacillus subtilis strain JK-79

L-glutaminase is a therapeutic enzyme used in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). In this study, the extracellular L-glutaminase produced by Bacillus subtilis strain JK-79 was purified to homogeneity. The purified L-glutaminase has specific activity of 937 U mg−1 with KM and VMax value of 8 × 10-2 mM and 200 µM/ml min, respectively. Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel...

Author(s): Jambulingam Kiruthika and Sudhakar Swathi  

March 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Hepatitis C virus infection in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus in Cotonou, Benin

Screening of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection by molecular test is not routinely performed for the care of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients in most countries of Sub-Saharan Africa such as Benin. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of HCV infection in patients infected with HIV in Cotonou. This study was conducted from February to June 2017 on HIV infected patients from the National...

Author(s): Sogbo Frederic, Kpossou Aboudou Raïmi, Affolabi Dissou, Lafia Barnabe and Zannou Marcel,  

March 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Ultra high dilutions: A review on in vitro studies against pathogens

Multiple in vitro studies using homeopathic medicines are conducted for their effectiveness against various microbes. The reporting of results and the methodology in many studies are a query. The present review reveals the evidence based medicinal effects of homeopathic medicines on various plant and human pathogens in vitro with the help of quality studies. The studies showed positive outcome for homeopathic medicines....

Author(s): Aditya Dilipkumar Patil, Anuj Deepakrao Chinche, Atul Kumar Singh, Sana Parvej Peerzada, Snehal Ashok Barkund, Jay Nilesh Shah and Arun Bhargav Jadhav

March 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Isolation of five type IIG restriction modification (RM) enzyme genes with different DNA recognition sites from a single environmental DNA sample

A new method of screening type IIG restriction modification (RM) enzyme has been developed using REBASE, a database of all known and putative restriction enzymes and methyltransferases found throughout the bacterial genome sequences available in GENBANK. The in silico analysis of a group of putative type IIG RM enzymes in Microcystis aeruginosa showed a high sequence homology at both ends. This peculiarity allows for...

Author(s): Le Thi Kim Tuyen, Bach Khanh Hoa and Lam Nguyen-Ngọc

March 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
The use of social networks among university students

The changes that are experienced in technology are influencing various fields as well as educational environments. From this point of view, it is seen that the tools used in educational environments as well as those used by students are diversified depending on the change in technology. Based on the characteristics of learners in the twenty-first century, it is observed that current technology takes part in...

Author(s): Can Meşe and Gökçe Sancak Aydın  

March 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Equitable access to education and development in a knowledgeable society as advocated by UNESCO

Any vision of knowledge societies must affirm the core aspirations for peaceful and sustainable knowledge societies in a way that acknowledges the interests of all stakeholders. It is essential to recall that knowledge societies are concerned with human development, not only with technological innovation and its impacts. This report focuses the role equitable access to education play in achieving equitable knowledge...

Author(s): Chemulwo Monicah Jemeli and Ali Muhammed Fakandu

March 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Turkish Background Families Live In Germany and Education: In Term of Families, Students, Teachers

The aim of this research is to determine the problems, supports and suggestions for families of Turkish background living in Germany about their children’s education. It is also intended to determine opinions of Turkish background students living in Germany and Turkish background teachers working in Germany about Turkish background families’ parents’ role. Phenomenology, which is one of the qualitative...

Author(s): Menekşe Eskici  

March 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
One-hand clapping: Gender equality and its challenges in pastoralist secondary education in Afar region: A quality concern

One way of conceptualizing educational quality is that it is a function of effectiveness, efficiency, responsiveness, equality, relevance and sustainability (Barrett et al. 2006). Quality education rejects gender discrimination and social injustice. Gender equality in Ethiopia, as an anchor of quality education, has long been explained numerically. The Annual Abstracts the Ministry of Education published each year do...

Author(s): Bekalu Tadesse Moges

March 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
The effect of daily sight reading studies of the guitar students on sight reading and guitar performance

This study was conducted to analyze the effects of regular sight reading studies of classical guitar students on their sight reading and their performance of classical guitar. In the research, experimental method was used with a pretest-posttest control and experimental group. The application process was carried out with 14 undergraduate students studying Music and Fine Arts Education Department from Marmara University....

Author(s): Ajda Aylin CAN  

March 2019

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Medicines prescribing pattern in northern Ghana: does it comply with WHO recommendations for prescribing indicators?

The prescribing of medicines is critical in the treatment of diseases in general practice. Inappropriate prescribing can negatively influence the goals of treatment, which makes the assessment of the patterns of prescriptions essential. The objective of this study was to assess the medicines prescribing pattern in health facilities in the Northern Ghana, a developing economy in Africa, using the prescribing indicators...

Author(s): Baba Sulemana Mohammed and Salifu Alhassan Tiah  

March 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
The prevalence of tuberculosis and rifampicin resistance among the Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolates at Federal Medical Centre Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria

Tuberculosis (TB) has become a global health challenge; it is a serious problem in sub-Saharan Africa, where rates of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) co-infection and drug resistance are high. The prevalence and rifampicin (RIF) resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) among patients attending Federal Medical Centre Makurdi, Benue State was investigated. Sputum samples collected from 200 patients were tested...

Author(s): Vange O., E. U. Umeh and E. T. Azua  

March 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Detection of pathogenic bacteria and fungi on biometric surface of Automated Teller Machines located in Brazilian public hospital

The Automated Teller Machine (ATM) is used by millions of people as an alternative to gain time instead of using traditional banking systems in Brazil and ATMs are frequently localized in São Paulo city around the hospitals. However, ATMs might be potential devices for microbial accumulation and transmission in the community. The objective of the present study was to evaluate forty-two ATMs, in two hospital areas...

Author(s): Simone Aquino, José Eduardo Alves de Lima, Moisés Oliveira da Silva and Gabriela Fabricio de Sousa  

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Phenotypic plasticity in soybean (Glycine max (Merrill)) genotypes with contrasting growth characteristics subjected to planting density stress at different developmental stages

A study was conducted to determine phenotype plasticity responses in soybean genotypes subjected to plant density stress at different phenological stages. Plants planted at supra optimal population density (500,000 plants per hectare) were thinned to 400,000 population density at 4 developmental stages: V1 (Full expansion of first trifoliate leaves), V3 (Four nodes with 3 unfolded trifoliates), V6 (Seven nodes, with 6...

Author(s): Mebelo MATAA and Isaac SICHILIMA

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Soil hydro-physical attributes under management practices for pineapple genotypes cultivation

Pineapple is a rustic species but may respond positively to conservation practices of soil management. This work aimed to evaluate the physical properties of the soil under conservation management practices for the cultivation of pineapple genotypes. The treatments consisted of four varieties of pineapple, two levels of gypsum (0 to 4 t ha-1), two levels of management (with and without cover crop - millet), and two soil...

Author(s): Wanderson Mendes Martins, Leonarda Grillo Neves, Kelly Lana Araújo, Adriel Fernandes Correa, Walmes Marques Zeviani, Bruno Montoani Silva, Leonarda Grillo Neves, Thiago Alexandre Santana Gilio and Milson Evaldo Serafim  

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Aries Guineagrass (Megathyrsus maximus Jacq cv. Aries) pasture establishment without chemical control in an environmentally protected area

This study aimed to evaluate the Aries Guineagrass (Megathyrsus maximus sin. Panicum maximum Jacq. cv. Aries) and the weed community dynamics under different soil tillage and sowing methods in Southern Brazil, to create alternatives for sustainable farming in areas where weed chemical control is restricted. The experiment was carried out in split-plot design with randomized blocks and four replications; the main plots...

Author(s): Carlos H. G. Coimbra, Sebastião B. C. Lustosa, Leonardo Deiss, Anibal de Moraes, Edilson B. de Oliveira and Alda L. G. Monteiro  

March 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Phytochemical analysis and antinociceptive activity of bitter ginger (Zingiber zerumbet) cultivated in Manaus/Amazonas

The present work concerns the analgesic effects of zerumbona, obtained from Zingiber zerumbet L. Smith cultivated in Manaus/Amazonas. The compound has been studied for decades because it has potent cytotoxic activity against liver and prostate tumor cells, colon, and breast. The plant is rich in sesquiterpenes, glycosylated flavonoids that present important pharmacological activities; standing out cytotoxic activity...

Author(s): Carlos Cleomir de Pinheiro, Daniely Pinheiro Machado, Marcia Seixas de Castro, Carlos Danniel Freitas Pinheiro, Francisco Amadis Batista Ferreira, Élisson de Souza Leite, Isac Tayah and Alex Panizza  Jalkh  

March 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Study of oxygen transfer processes improvement for domestic wastewaters treatment

In aerated processes, the oxygen transfer was limited by the presence of the suspended matter as colloid and the dissolved matter, which might decrease the biological degradation effectiveness. In this publication, three series of tests were conducted to study possibilities to reduce these matters: bacterial adaptation which was conducted in a biological aerated filter, adsorption/biosorption conducted on a biological...

Author(s): Stenelvie Dajeavine NGALA, Ahmed SALIM, Sarah JERROUMI, Brahim LEKHLIF, and El Hassan MALIL  

March 2019

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Structural, magnetic and transport properties of samarium (Sm) doped Cu-Zn ferrites

The present work is focused on investigating the effect of rare earth ion on structural, magnetic and transport properties of (Cu0.5Zn0.5Fe2-x)SmxO4[x = 0.00, 0.05 and 0.10] ferrites which were prepared by solid state reaction technique at 1100°C for 3 h. The X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that rare earth free sample shows formulation of single phase cubic spinel structure with no extra peak whereas Sm...

Author(s): Prodip Kumar Mondal, Mohammad Alamgir Hossain, Mohammed Nazrul Islam Khan and Shibendra Shekher Sikder

March 2019

Scientific Research and Essays
Precision attributes based index for the selection of efficient agricultural machinery

Development and introduction of high capacity, precise, reliable and energy efficient machinery/equipment is the need for judicious use of inputs. Manufacturing of agricultural machinery in India is varied in nature and starts from village artisans, tiny units, cottage to small scale industries, organized tractor and agricultural machinery manufacturers including energy and processing machinery industry. Precision in...

Author(s): Manjeet Singh, Karun Sharma, Pramod Mishra, Bharat Patel and S. K .Singh  

March 2019

African Journal of Business Management
The impact of intellectual capital on firms’ financial performance and market value: Empirical evidence from Italian listed firms

The purpose of this paper is to extend the understanding of Intellectual Capital (IC) in the context of Italian listed firms. In this study, the Valued Added Intellectual Coefficient (VAIC) is employed as a measure of IC to investigate the relationship between IC, firms’ financial performance and market value. The empirical investigation is developed by using data drawn from a sample of 135 Italian listed...

Author(s): William Forte, Gaetano Matonti and Giuseppe Nicolò  

March 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Critical success factors for green supply chain management practices: An empirical study on data collected from food processing companies in Saudi Arabia

The aim of this research paper is to explore critical success factors required to implement green supply chain management. A descriptive analytical method was used by which a questionnaire was developed based on literature review and suggestions of academics as well as experts. It was distributed to a sample of 360 managers selected from food processing companies in Saudi Arabia. Out of 360 questionnaires, 278 were...

Author(s): Rashid M. Alhamali  

March 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Satisfaction of university community on in house sourcing (Samara University) versus outsourcing (some selected government universities in Ethiopia)

Outsourcing noncore activities are the best solution for many organizations. This study was conducted to study the comparative analysis of university community satisfaction on outsourcing in some selected universities in Ethiopia using both primary and secondary data. Samples were taken from students, teachers and support staff of four universities. The research identified that by outsourcing the different non-core...

Author(s): Mesud Mohammed, Nega Abebe and Mulatu Wondim  

March 2019

African Journal of Business Management
The status quo of East African stock markets: Integration and volatility

This paper presents the current stock markets’ situation of East African markets compared to Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE). The study uses weekly price indices of Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, and Uganda, South Africa as a performance benchmark for the African market. The period used is from 17th January 2008 to 31st March 2017. The stock indices’ returns results show in general that there is relatively...

Author(s): Marselline Kasiti Atenya  

March 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Effectiveness of commonly used antiseptics on bacteria causing nosocomial infections in tertiary hospital in Malaysia

The antimicrobial inhibitory effects of five common antiseptics [Chlorhexidine (CHX), Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), Iodine, Ethanol and Dettol] were investigated using agar well diffusion method. The organisms used included methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Acinetobacter baumannii, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella species and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The undiluted concentrations of the antiseptics showed...

Author(s): Hassanain Al-Talib, Alyaa Alkhateeb, Ahmad Syahrizal Ahmad Ruzuki, Nadia Farhana Zulkifli, Syakirah Hamizi, Nur Syazwani Muhammad and Amilah Fadhlina Abd Karim  

March 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
In vivo safety and hypolipidemic effect of Bifidobacterium adolenscentis CH2 in female albino rats

This paper studied the safety and physiological effect of acute intake of Bifidobacterium adolescentis CH2 in albino rats using yogurt as a carrier. Thirty-six female albino rats were divided into three groups: control group received standard diet and water daily; yogurt group received standard diet, water, and 0.5 ml yogurt; B. adolenscentis-yogurt (probiotic yogurt) group received standard diet, water, and 0.5 ml B....

Author(s): Ehiwuogu-Onyibe Joy, Ayodele Opeyemi, Mordi James and Elemo Gloria

March 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Survey of bacterial contamination and antibiotic resistance pattern of Bangladeshi paper currency notes in Mymensingh city

Paper currency notes, which are transferred from one individual to another, are known to carry microorganisms on their surface. As people have to exchange currencies repeatedly to buy goods and services in their everyday life, risk of spreading infectious diseases may be enhanced. Thus, it is important to identify the bacteria associated with currency and evaluate their multidrug resistance pattern. Consequently, the...

Author(s): Nanda Barua, Abdullah Al Momen Sabuj, Zobayda Farzana Haque, Manisha Das, Muhammad Tofazzal Hossain and Sukumar Saha  

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Foodborne diseases, fish and the case of Aeromonas spp.

Food intake is an imperative need of living beings in order to obtain the nutrients and energy necessary for their growth and development. All human beings worldwide have the right to access to nutritious and safe food. Food safety is a term that has become increasingly important in food production; is defined as the set of conditions and actions necessary along all phases of the food chain (from its primary production...

Author(s): Alejandro De Jesús Cortés-Sánchez, Luis Daniel Espinosa-Chaurand, Rodolfo Garza-Torres, Mayra Diaz-Ramirez, Ma. De La Paz Salgado-Cruz, Lilia Sánchez-Minutii  and Raquel García-Barrientos  

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Application of nitrogen in different phenological states of the corn crop

Corn is a crop of high productive potential, but to achieve this, it is essential to apply production technologies, especially fertilizers with a high level of nitrogen. The objective of this work was to evaluate the influence of nitrogen fertilizer in different phenological stages on corn production. The experiment was installed in the experimental plot of the Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad Nacional de...

Author(s): Eulalio Morel López, Florencio David Valdez Ocampo, Amílcar Isidro Servín Niz, Modesto Osmar Da Silva Oviedo, Oscar Caballero Casuriaga, Wilfrido Lugo Pereira, Derlys Fernando López Ávalos, Carlos Alberto Mongelos Barrios, Edith Ruiz Díaz and Ruth Ester Pistilli  

March 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of biogas slurry and conventional fertilizer on the abundance, diversity, and function of the soil microbe community in continuously cropped Chinese chives

The effects of biogass slurry and conventional chemical fertilizer as topdressings on relative abundance and community diversity of soil microbes in fields under continuous cropping of Chinese chives were investigated. It was found that topdressing treatment altered soil bacteria community and diversity, where relative abundance and taxonomic diversity were greater in the biogas slurry treatment. Although average well...

Author(s): Fengling Guo, Jinping Wu, Zhenbiao Jiao, Jie Zhou, Jiaping Fu, Qinglin Li and Zhengming Qiu  

March 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Simple sequence repeat (SSR) marker-based DNA fingerprinting of some varieties of rice (Oryza sativa L.) released in Nigeria

Over time, precise, specific and rapid identification of variety have been achieved via fingerprinting with molecular markers. In this research, 13 out of 45 screened simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were employed to fingerprint 27 rice varieties (22 are commercially released while five are suspected duplicates from the hands of marketers with different names) in Nigeria. The SSR primer pairs (13) were polymorphic...

Author(s): Ishaq, M. N., Ehirim, B. O., Nwanyanwu, G. C. and Abubaka, R. I.  

Page 3 of 1155, showing 50 records out of 57748 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150