Articles

 

Page 3 of 1221, showing 50 records out of 61005 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Screening for the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection among dyspeptic patients using simple fecal antigen and serum antibody diagnostic methods at Mukalla city Hospitals, Hadhramout, Yemen

June 2021

Helicobacter pylori is the most common infection in the world, and the most main causes of dyspepsia are related to H. pylori infection. In that respect, several non-invasive methods for the diagnosis of H. pylori infection were utilized. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of H. pylori infection and its associated variables among dyspeptic patients in Mukalla city, Hadhramout-Yemen during a period from...

Author(s): Eidha Ali Bin-Hameed and Huda Mohammed Barajash

African Journal of Biotechnology
CRISPR/Cas genome editing: A frontier for transforming precision cassava breeding

June 2021

Improved agricultural production of essential crops through advanced breeding is important for increasing access to nutritious food for the world's rapidly growing population, which is expected to reach 9.8 billion by 2050. Recent advancements in the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR-associated protein9 (CRISPR/Cas9) genome editing process, which uses single-guide RNA for genome...

Author(s): Bicko Steve Juma, Cecilia Mweu, Mathew Piero and Wilton Mbinda,

Educational Research and Reviews
The effectiveness of response to intervention (RTI) diagnostic program in diagnosing and improving the difficulties of reading and writing in a Jordanian sample

June 2021

The study aims to investigate the impact of an educational program that was developed based on the response to intervention model for diagnosing and improving the difficulties of learning to read and write among a sample of students in Jordan. The number of the study participants was 60 male and female students, with learning difficulties in fourth, fifth, and sixth grades in government schools affiliated with the...

Author(s): Sabah Hasan Hamdan Al-Onizat

African Journal of Plant Science
Efficacy of soil solarization on the control of root-knot nematodes infecting eggplant (Solanum melongena) in Plateau State

June 2021

The efficacy of soil solarization was tested for the control of root-knot nematodes in Foron District of Barkin Ladi Local Government Area of Plateau State using three commercially available cultivars of eggplant (Solanum melongena) namely: Yallo Bello, Chida Masoyi and Farin Yallo. Two levels of soil solarization based on time of exposure namely: Four weeks, five weeks and a control were employed. Soil temperature for...

Author(s): Vou Moses Shutt, Diana Unwana Affiah, Brains Ode Okechallu and David Longwap Wonang

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Probiotic properties of Lactobacilli isolated from human milk and their inhibitory effect on gastrointestinal pathogenic bacteria

June 2021

Breast feeding has critical effects on the newborns and either mother’s health. Some of such health-improving effects of the mother’s milk is associated with the beneficial microbes, lactic acid bacteria (LAB), which are normally present in the mother’s milk. Thus, human milk-associated lactobacilli were isolated in this study and some of their probiotic properties was investigated. Afterwards,...

Author(s): Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal, Niloofar Moghadam Maragheh, Zahra Rajabi, Mohammad Bagher Hosseini, Moslem Papizadeh, Gholamreza Hassanpour, Sara Sharifi Yazdi, Mojtaba Memariani, Shabnam Haghighat Khajavi, Seyedeh Masoomeh Abrichamchian langaroodi, Hedroosha Molla Agha Mirzaei and Mehrnaz Mirzababaei

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Occupational health impacts of climate change across different climate zones and elevations in sub-Saharan East Africa

June 2021

Climate change will cause Sub-Saharan tropical countries to experience a disproportionate increase in the number of extremely hot days when compared to Western countries with more temperate climates. We use the High Occupational Temperature Health and Productivity Suppression (HOTHAPS) model to estimate the potential impact of rising temperatures on worker productivity in different climate regions within Ethiopia,...

Author(s): Samuel Kruse, Odilichi Ezenwanne, Matthias Otto, Tord Kjellstrom, Patrick Remington, Bruno Lemke, Belay Simane and Jonathan A Patz

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Antifungal effect of plants extracts against Pestalotiopsis microspora responsible for post-harvest rot disease of pineapple (Ananas comosus (L.) Merr) fruit in Cameroon

June, 2021

Rotten fruits are known to cause major losses in post-harvest conservation. One of the causal pathogen of pineapple rot was investigated and the antifungal effects of selected plants extracts were evaluated in vitro against fungal pathogen; Pestalotiopsis microspora. The fruits samples were randomly collected from farms after harvest. The samples were collected in Awae; the experiment was conducted at Agricultural...

Author(s): YAOUBA Aoudou, METSOA ENAMA Bernadette, NSEME MBOMA Yves Didier and NYAKA NGOBISA Aurelie Irène Claire    

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Agronomic and economic evaluation of nitrogen fertilizers types and levels on bread wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) in the vertisols of northern highlands of Ethiopia

June 2021

Optimum nitrogen fertilization from the right source is the most important production factors for higher grain yield of wheat. Study to investigate the effect of type and rate of Nitrogen fertilizer on yield of bread Wheat was conducted in Ofla and Endamehoni districts of northern Ethiopia in 2017 and 2018 main cropping season. The treatments consists four levels of different sources of nitrogen fertilizer (Prilled...

Author(s): Assefa Workineh and Adhiena Mesele  

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Physiological quality of African eggplant seeds as influenced by natural fermentation and drying methods

April-June 2021

Seed extraction and drying methods are important procedures employed after harvesting fruits of African eggplant as these methods affect the seed quality. This study sought to evaluate the seed physiological quality of two cultivars of African eggplant subjected to various durations of natural fermentation and different drying methods. In the first study, fruits were fermented for 0, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h before seed...

Author(s): Hillary Mireku Botey, Julius Onyango Ochuodho, Lucas Ngode, Eric Owusu Danquah and Richard Agyare R.  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Antidiabetic effect of grape seed (OPC 95%) powder on nSTZ-induced type 2 diabetic model rats

June, 2021

Grape seeds (GSs) have been claimed for antidiabetic effects since long. Due to its rich phytochemical potential, current study was aimed to evaluate the antidiabetic effect of GSs powder (GSP) (OPC 95%) on neonatal streptozotocin (nSTZ) induced T2DM rats. STZ (90 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally in 48 h old rat pups. After 3 months, 24 T2DM rats were selected by OGTT for 28-days experiment and divided into...

Author(s): Mohammad Mahedi HassanTusher, , Mohammad Asrafuzzaman, Mohammad Hafizur Rahman, Mohammad Jayed Mahmud Shuvo,  Mohammad Mahbub Ali, M. Mosihuzzaman and Begum Rokeya,  

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Prevalence and risk factors of Hepatitis B virus infection among blood donors in Gabonese National Blood Transfusion Center: A cross-sectional and analytic study

January-June 2021

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is prevalent in Gabon and poses a potential risk of transmission by blood transfusion. However, few studies have examined epidemiological data regarding HBV infection of Gabonese blood donors. This article reports on research conducted to estimate the seroprevalence of HBV and associated risk factors in the urban population of Gabon. A cross-sectional and analytic study survey of blood...

Author(s): Maulot-Bangola D., Nkoa T., Rebienot P. O., Mangala C., Moundanga M., Boussougou O., Vigan Codjo F. and Fokam J.  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Importance and diversity of Mycorrhizae under plantain cultivation in the slash-and-burn and non-burn cropping systems in the forest region of Kisangani, Tshopo Province, D.R. Congo

June, 2021

Mycorrhization is known to have beneficial effects on growth vigour and protection against certain pathogens in several plant species including plantains, which has so far been little studied in the Kisangani forest region. This study aimed to determine the importance and biodiversity of mycorrhizae under plantains in the slash-and-burn and non-burn cropping systems. This research was carried out in two experimental...

Author(s): Kasaka D., Onautshu O., Muliwambene K., Lebisabo B., Baert G., Swennen R., Haesaert G. and Dhed&#;a D.  

African Journal of Food Science
Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of lactic acid bacteria isolated from spontaneously fermented vegetable amaranth

June 2021

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are Gram-positive, non-spore-forming, catalase-negative cocci or rod-shaped bacteria that produce lactic acid as a major fermentation product. They are also involved in the production of fermented foods. They have applications in industry and human health, such as food preservation and probiotics. The aim of this research was to isolate, characterize, and classify indigenous lactic acid...

Author(s): Ibinabo Tamunodiepriye Iruene, Eliud Nalianya Wafula, Josiah Kuja and Julius Maina Mathara  

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Socioeconomic and demographic predictors for adoption of new sugarcane varieties in Nandi County, Kenya

April-June 2021

Despite there being high demand for sugarcane products globally, low yielding varieties in Kenya persist. A study was conducted in Nandi, Kenya to assess age, level of education, gender, level of awareness, price of produce and cost of changing to new varieties, perception of risks, planting materials and scale of farm operations as predictors of adoption for new sugarcane varieties. Purposive and multistage sampling...

Author(s): Joseph Kipkorir Cheruiyot  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Effect of VIUSID-Agro™ on the conversion of somatic embryos of coffee (Coffea arabica L.) cv. Red Caturra rojo-884

June 2021

A critical factor in the in vitro propagation protocol via somatic embryogenesis of coffee is the survival and growth of plants under ex vitro conditions. The objective of this work was to determine the effect of VIUSID Agro™ during the conversion of somatic embryos of coffee cv. Red Caturra rojo-884 in semi-controlled culture conditions. Two solutions (0.5 and 0.8 mL L-1) of the biostimulant were evaluated on in...

Author(s): Laisyn Posada-Pérez, Raúl Barbón Rodríguez, Alina Capote Pérez, Anabel Pérez Pérez, Yenny Padrón Montesino, Bulent Kukurtcu, Dion D. Daniels, Guillermo Reyes and Rafael Gómez-Kosky

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Substrate and genotype effects on kola (Cola nitida [Vent.] Schott and Endlicher.) tree cuttings growth in nursery

June, 2021

The kola tree (Cola nitida) belongs to family Malvaceae grown mainly for its seed. It is highly prized for its socio-cultural and industrial uses. However, there is a significant high variability due to a high proportion of allogamy in the reproduction mode. The influence of substrate and genotype on kola tree cuttings has been studied in order to propagate it vegetatively. Six growing substrates: 100% Black soil, 50%...

Author(s): Drolet Jean-Marc Séry, Bouadou Bonsson, Adolphe  Zézé, Yaya Ouattara, Nadré Gbédié, Hyacinthe Légnaté and  Jules Keli  

African Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Surgical repair of thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection in the Sub-Saharan Africa: 30-day outcomes from a Cameroonian Center

June, 2021

The real incidence of thoracic aorta aneurysm and dissection (TAA) in the sub-Saharan region is unknown. Owing to diagnostic limitations and the absence of specialized centers, reports on TAA surgery have been anecdotal. We report our 30-day outcomes over an 8-year period following TAA surgery at the Shisong Cardiac Center, a Cameroonian cardio-surgical institution. Between November 2010 and May 2018, TAA was diagnosed...

Author(s): Charles Mve Mvondo, William Ngatchou, Hermann Nestor Tsague Kengni and Marcellin Ngowe Ngowe  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Phenotypic characterization of the Guaymi breed in conservation centers of Panama

June, 2021

Not all regions of the world have access to advanced means of analysis, such as molecular or quantitative genetics. In the absence of these or other means of selection, phenotypic analyses are used for breed differentiation as well as to evaluate productive aptitude. The objective of this work is to characterize morphometric variables and zoometric indices, as well as the morphological and phaneroptic characterization,...

Author(s): Axel Villalobos-Cortes, Maria Carbono, Axael Rodríguez, Esteban Arosemena and Marcelino Jaen  

Scientific Research and Essays
Phenotypic screening of multidrug-resistant E. coli from water and fish collected from different fish farms within Abakaliki metropolis, Nigeria

April-June, 2021

The aim of this study was to screen fish farm water and fishes reared in fish farms within Abakaliki metropolis for multi-drug resistant Escherichia coli. Exactly 30 fish samples and 30 water samples were obtained from 10 different fish farms using sterile bottles from January to June, 2018. Samples were analyzed by standard microbiology methods. Susceptibility test to antibiotics was done by Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion...

Author(s): Chibuike K. U., Iroha I. R., Moses I. B., Chukwunwejim C. R., Peter I. U., Edemekong C. I. Ndugo C.M., Ngene O., Egbuna N. R., and Okonkwo-Uzor N. J.  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Phytochemical properties and antimicrobial activity of Buchholzia coriacea and Psychotria microphylla leaf extracts on bacterial pathogens isolated from aquatic environments in Nigeria

June, 2021

The use of medicinal plants as alternative therapy for the treatment of microbial infections is significant in the maintenance of good health, especially in developing countries. The aim of this study was to determine the phytochemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Buchholzia coriacea and Psychotria microphylla leaf extracts on bacteria isolated from aquatic environments in Nigeria. Exactly 736 water samples...

Author(s): Ude I. U., Moses I. B., Okoronkwo C., Ovia K., Okafor C., Chukwunwejim C. R., Okata-Nwali O. D., Iroha C. S., Akuma S., Peter I. U., Uzoeto H. O., Ngwu J. N., Onuorah A. L., John-Onwe B. N. and Iroha I. R.  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Cultural heritage as a pathway for sustaining natural resources in the Maasai’s Pastoral Social-Ecological System in Kajiado County, Kenya

June, 2021

The Maasai pastoralists inhabiting Kajiado County are known for rearing large herds of animals. Livestock has enabled them to attain food and nutritional security. However, natural resources are dwindling fast under the swift development context. The private holding of land is becoming more prevalent in an area formally known for its communal land setup. The emerging land tenure systems have disregarded the traditional...

Author(s): James Kaoga, Daniel Olago, George Ouma, Gilbert Ouma and Joshua Onono  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Long-term spatial-temporal temperature characteristics of a pastoral ecosystem in Kajiado County, Kenya

June, 2021

Kajiado County is mainly Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs) and as such it is faced with harsh climatic conditions. The county is dominantly inhabited by the Maasai pastoralists who depend on climate-sensitive natural resources for their provisions and production needs. As such, they are faced with low productivity. Therefore, the study investigated historical temperature characteristics combined with surveys on the...

Author(s): James Kaoga, Daniel Olago, George Ouma, Gilbert Ouma and Joshua Onono  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Optimization of oxygen consumption and reduction of organic matter from waste during the fermentation phase: Case of the composting platform in Lomé, Togo

June 2021

In the context of carbon financing it is required that the rate oxygen inside the windrows exceeds 8% to avoid anaerobic decomposition. Thus, the objective of this study is to optimize oxygen consumption and  reduce organic matter in the waste during the fermentation phase. Windrow turning is monitored, which includes monitoring of temperature, pH, organic matter, humidity and certain metals.Temperature monitoring...

Author(s): Edem Komi Koledzi, Kwamivi Nyonuwosro Segbeaya, and Nitale M’Balikine Krou

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Determination of the optimum tilt angle for photovoltaic modules in Senegal

June 2021

This paper deals with finding the optimum tilt angle of solar panels for solar energy applications. The objective is to maximize the output electrical energy of the photovoltaic (PV) modules. A mathematical model was used to determine the optimum tilt angle of solar collectors in Senegal on a daily and monthly basis, as well as for a specific period. Then, the configuration of the optimum tilt angle was analyzed by...

Author(s): Adama Sarr, Cheikh M. F. Kebe and Ababacar Ndiaye

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Evaluation of selected multipurpose tree species and moisture conservation structures for degraded dryland rehabilitation in Dugda Dawa District, Southern Ethiopia

April-June 2021

Land degradation affecting the livelihoods of people living in dryland areas, particularly the Sub-Saharan Africa countries like Ethiopia. Degraded land rehabilitation in dryland is a challenging task due to moisture limitation. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of soil and water conservation structures on growth of planted tree and rehabilitation of indigenous plant species in West Guji Zone, Dugda Dawa...

Author(s): Siraj Kelil, Sisay Taye, Desta Negeyo, Feyisa Seboka, Hayleyesus Agonafer, Tadessa Negash and Bultu Kusa  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated to Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) in soils of Sikasso region (Mali)

June 2021

In Mali, studies on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) characterization and diversity are still few, despite the important roles played by these microorganisms in plant growth and in degraded soils restoration. Sorghum is one of the staple food grains in Mali and as such plays a key role in food security in Mali. This study aims to determine diversity of AMF strains associated to sorghum in Sikasso region soils in Mali....

Author(s): Souleymane KONÉ and Fallaye KANTÉ

African Journal of Biotechnology
Antimicrobial potentials of idiolites of endophytic fungi isolated from the leaves of Dacryodes edulis

June 2021

The growing levels of antimicrobial resistance have triggered interest in the search for alternative compounds to wage the war against it. Plants have been shown to harbor endophytic fungi that produce bioactive idiolites, which have potential lead compounds in the development of new drugs. This study evaluated the antimicrobial activity of endophytic fungi isolated from leaves of Dacryodes edulis. Endophytic fungi...

Author(s): Malachy C. Ugwu, Dave E. Ochiaja, David C. Nwobodo, Collins Chimezie and Chiamaka B. Ugwu

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Phytochemical composition of Capsicum frutescens and its effect on body weight and carcass yield of Cobb500 broilers

June, 2021

This study aimed to establish phytochemical composition and determining the effect of Capsicum frutescens powder on body weight and carcass yield of Cobb500 broilers. Four hundred and fifty broilers at 35 days were randomly assigned to treatments defined by three dietary inclusion levels (1.1, 2.2, 4.4%) of C. frutescens powder for each of the three durations (13 days, 19 days, 24 days) prior to 59 days of age. A...

Author(s): Sebulime Peregrine, Ocaido Michael and Okello Samuel  

Journal of Land Management and Appraisal
Sustainability assessment of land transactions and project benefits sharing in Papua New Guinea

January-June 2021

There is an increasing concern that land transactions in Papua New Guinea are perceived by some landowners and key government officials as unsustainable due to inequitable sharing of benefits among the tripartite stakeholders. This paper investigates issues surrounding the perceived inequality of benefits derived from land transactions in forestry, mining, oil and gas projects in the South Pacific country using...

Author(s): Imen I. Papa and Jacob A. Babarinde

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Mealybugs on fruit crops in the Sao Franciso Valley, Brazil

June, 2021

Mealybugs are agricultural pests occurring all over the world. The Sao Francisco Valley is one of the most productive regions regarding the cultivation of fruit crops in Brazil, demanding a proper phytosanitary management that can be obtained through the biological control of pests. Fortnight samples of mealybugs associated with roots, trunk, leaves and fruits of grapevines, pear, apple, persimmon, guava and Barbados...

Author(s): Maria das Graças Rosa de Sá and José Eudes de Morais Oliveira  

International Journal of English and Literature
Metaphors stemming from nature in the poetry of Mahmoud Darwish

April-June 2021

This is a critical paper inspecting metaphors, the most artistic device, in Mahmoud Darwish's poetry. This research classified metaphors into three basic categories: metaphors of trees and plants such as wheat, metaphors of animals and birds such as butterfly, hoopoe, and dove, and metaphors of concrete and abstract natural elements. This study reports the fact that Darwish was brought up in a rural community. His...

Author(s): Nawal Al-Sheikh  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Preliminary evaluation of genetic inheritance of root traits of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) for tolerance to low soil phosphorus

June, 2021

Common beans are an important nutritious food crop to many people in developing countries. Inadequate soil-P is one of the major constraints to high bean seed yield productivity. Information about genetic effects that control inheritance of root traits in common bean grown under low soil-P conditions is scarce, and that is a challenge for genetic enhancement. This study was therefore implemented to determine inheritance...

Author(s): Nathan Aliel Kachiguma, Beatrice E. Ifie, John S. Y. Eleblu, Moses F. A. Maliro, Pangirayi B. Tongoona and Kwadwo Ofori  

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Occupational hazards, risk and injuries of fish processors in Tombo a coastal fish landing site, Sierra Leone, West Africa

January-June 2021

Fish and fish products bear potential hazards and risks of public health concern. A preliminary study of hazards, injuries and risks among fisherfolk in Tombo, Sierra Leone, West Africa was carried out on November 2018. Sixty subjects from among the organized fish processor groups were interviewed with semi-structured questionnaire. Results obtained from the study were analyzed with Microsoft Excel and presented in...

Author(s): Olapade Olufemi Julius, Kpundeh Mathew Didlyn, Quinn Patrick George and Nyuma Grace Janet Yawa  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Substitution of non-biodegradable plastic food packagings by ecological food packagings at Abomey-Calavi University (Benin): State of place and microbiological quality of packagings

June 2021

Challenging with environmental problems and health due to non-biodegradable plastic wastes, Abomey-Calavi university heads have banned the use of any Non-biodegradable Plastic Food Packagings (NPFP) on all campuses.  This study aimed to verify the effective implementation of this decision and assess the microbiological quality of ecological primary food packagings used in Abomey-Calavi campus. To achieve the...

Author(s): Agossou P. Noumavo, Messan A. B. Ohin, Noel Tovide, Lucile Adjovi, Rachelle Dissou, Lamine Baba-Moussa, Fatiou Toukourou and Farid Baba-Moussa

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
In-vivo anti-inflammatory activity of different parts of Adansonia Digitata

June, 2021

The aim of the study is to investigate the anti-inflammatory property of the different parts of Adansonia digitata (Malvaceae) extracts. A. digitata is an important medicinal plant to West Africa including Ghana. The plant is used effectively in folk medicine to treat inflammatory diseases such as joint disorders, asthma, toothache and painful swelling. Carrageenan-induced pedal oedema in 7-day old chicks was was the...

Author(s): Anna Kwarley Quartey, Isaac Ayensu, Emmanuel Orman, Nana Ama Mireku-Gyimah, Yakubu Jibira and Phoebe Esinam Goku  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Nitrate concentration and nitrate/ammonium ratio on lettuce grown in hydroponics in Southern Amazon

June, 2021

Lettuce has a predisposition to nitrate accumulation and has led many researchers to develop research to reduce this accumulation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of nitrate concentration (NO3-) and nitrate/ammonium ratio (NO3-:NH4+) on growth, production and accumulation of these nitrogen compounds in lettuce grown in a hydroponic system in southern Amazon. There were performed two experiments...

Author(s): Daiane de Souza Lauton Wenceslau, Daniele Fátima de Oliveira, Hudson de Oliveira Rabelo, Guilherme Ferreira Ferbonink, Luiz Antônio Augusto Gomes, Érica Carina Aparecida Leonel and Gustavo Caione  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Efficacy of thymol and eugenol against bacterial wilt bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum

June 2021

Bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum is a major constraint to production of potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L). To date, there are no known conventional bactericides which provide effective control of this soil borne pathogen. This study aimed at investigating the antibacterial activity of eugenol and thymol which are the major components of thyme and clove essential oils, respectively against R. solanacearum....

Author(s): George Oluoch, Edward George Mamati, Viviene Matiru and Moses Nyongesa

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Molecular characterization of carbapenem resistant Gram-negative rods in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Mansoura University Children's Hospital

June 2021

Carbapenems are group of extended-spectrum β-lactam antimicrobials frequently used for treating multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) infections. This study aimed at detecting and characterizing carbapenem resistance (CR) genes among GNB isolated from patients treated in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of Mansoura University Children's Hospital (MUCH), Egypt. It is a prospective study conducted...

Author(s): Heba Elsayed Eldegla, Islam Nour,  Nehad Nasef , Basma Shouman, Hesham Abdel-Hady, Mayada Zeid, Nawal S. Gouda, Manal M. Nomir, Abd Elazeez Shabaan, and Noha Mostafa Mahmoud,

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Phenotypic diversity study on chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes managed under different soil fertility levels for Adzuki bean beetle (Callosobruchus chinensis L.) resistance in Ethiopia

April-June 2021

Chickpea is one of the main annual crops in Ethiopia both in terms of its total cultivated area of pulses and its role in direct human consumption. The major problem to increase pulse production is the loss of seed viability and seeds damage from insect infestation particularly Adzuki bean beetle. Research works conducted on diversity study on chickpea varieties grown under different soil fertility levels were scanty....

Author(s): Sisay Argaye, Gemechu Keneni and Wakuma Bayissa  

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Acute human immunodeficiency testing and linkage to Care: An evaluation of community-based 4th generation antigen/antibody testing

January-June 2021

As a relatively novel testing algorithm, the experience with 4th generation HIV testing and linkage to care outcomes is limited. The purpose of this study is to report descriptive outcomes regarding patients with acute HIV infection who received antigen/antibody (Ag/Ab) reactive results and linkage to care services. HIV testing and linkage data from four AIDS Healthcare Foundation (AHF) Wellness Centers in Los Angeles...

Author(s): Sagar R. Amin, Henna Patani, Adam C. Sukhija-Cohen, Steven M. Rivera and Jeffrey D. Klausner

African Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Short-term follow-up of patients implanted with aortic valve bioprosthesis sutureless type Intuity Elite at the Robert Debré University Hospital in Reims (France)

June, 2021

To report the operative data, the immediate surgical results and the short-term follow-up of patients who were implanted with an Edwards’s elite intuity bioprosthesis at the Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Department of Reims (France). This was a retrospective and prospective study that was carried out from May 2015 to October 2017 in the Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Department of the Robert...

Author(s): Katche Koutoua  Eric, Souaga  Kouassi Antonin, Kirioua-kamenan  Yeboua  Aimé, Amani Kwadjau Anderson, Kendja  Kouassi Flavien, Niava  Gnamien  Randolphe and  Ruggieri Giovanni  

Educational Research and Reviews
Household education expenditures in Turkey for higher education exam preparation

June 2021

The study explored the household education expenditures for higher education exam preparation in Turkey. The study employed the case study design, one of the qualitative research designs. The study group consisted of families whose children were preparing for the higher education exam. The families were living in the city of Zonguldak. While determining the study group, criterion sampling technique and snowball sampling...

Author(s): Polat Husrevsah? Selda and Yel?z Öztürk

African Journal of Plant Science
Genotypic screening of tomato’s AREB 1 gene for drought tolerance and computational protein structure prediction

June 2021

In this investigation, the coding sequence of the drought-stress inducible gene AREB1 in tomato derived from cDNA indicated 100% identity with the reference gene in the NCBI PlantEnsembl database. The protein structure of the AREB1 sequence derived from polymerase chain reaction from tomato DNA template was done using ExPASy and its protein parameter tools ProtParam. The structures of AREB1 protein showed a MolProbity...

Author(s): Ja’afar Umar, Adamu Aliyu Aliero, Kasimu Shehu and Obadiah Caleb Dikko

African Journal of Plant Science
Viral synergism and its role in management of maize lethal necrosis disease

June 2021

Maize lethal necrosis disease (MLND) in Kenya has been reported to be caused by a coinfection between a non-potyvirus Maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV) and a potyvirus Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV). The control of the disease in Kenya has been a challenge owing to the synergistic interactions that exist between the two viruses. This study, sought to determine the stage of synergism between the two viruses and its role...

Author(s): Robert K. Leitich, Jackson C. Korir, John O. Muoma and Dennis O. Omayio

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Indigenous knowledge of plant uses by the community of Batiaghata, Khulna, Bangladesh

June, 2021

Southwestern region of Bangladesh is very rich in floral diversity, and their diversified uses. An extensive survey was conducted to investigate ethnobotanical applications of botanical species by the community of Khulna, Bangladesh. We focused on plants and community relationships, identify the most important species used, determine the relative importance of the species surveyed and calculated the Fidelity level (FI)...

Author(s): Tama Ray, Sharif Hasan Limon, Sajjad Hossain Tuhin and Arifa Sharmin  

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Screening for drought tolerance in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) using in vitro technique

June 2021

Drought is an important abiotic factor that is affecting crop production worldwide. Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) is an important fibre affected by drought. Identifying cotton lines that are drought  tolerant  is  crucial  for  breeding  for  drought  tolerance  in  cotton,  hence  this  experiment was undertaken to evaluate 12 lines of cotton for drought...

Author(s): Khadijat Suleiman Jaafar, Maimuna Abdulmalik Mohammed and Sagir Mohammed Mohammed  

Journal of Law and Conflict Resolution
A counterbalance between the unions’ right to disclosure of information and the employers’ right to the privacy or confidentiality of information

January-June 2021

The issue of disclosure of information during negotiations has been a concern to both unions and employers. Unions have the right to have access to information that is in possession of the employer, while the employer has the right to refuse to disclose such information if the disclosure will affect their privacy or if the information requested is confidential and the disclosure will negatively impact on the competitive...

Author(s): Tenza Mlungisi Ernest

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Pain index and health-related quality of life in a Nigerian patient’s cohort with sickle cell anaemia

June 2021

The severity of sickle cell anaemia (SCA) often causes painful episodes of vaso-occlussive crises and affects quality of life. Poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) associated with sickle cell disease has been established. The study aim was to determine the relationship between pain index and HRQoL in Nigerian patients with SCA. The study was a cross-sectional survey of SCA individuals. Data collection was done...

Author(s): Festus Olusola Olowoselu, Oluseun Peter Ogunnubi, Olufunke Itunu Olowoselu, Osahon Enabulele, Olufemi Abiola Oyedeji, Oluwamuyiwa Anthony Ayanshina, and Vincent Oluseye Osunkalu  

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Triple Shehu transform and its properties with applications

January-June 2021

In the current paper, the concept of one-dimensional Shehu Transform have been generalized into three-dimensional Shehu Transform namely, Triple Shehu Transform (TRHT). Further, some main properties, several theorems and properties related to the TRHT have been established. Triple Shehu transform was used in solving fractional partial differential equations, with the fractional derivative described in Caputo sense. The...

Author(s): Sameehah R. Alkaleeli, Ahmad A. H. Mtawal and Mbroka S. Hmad  

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Factors influencing adoption of improved maize seed varieties among smallholder farmers in Kaduna State, Nigeria

April-June 2021

This study ascertained factors influencing adoption of improved maize seed varieties in three local government areas of Kaduna State, North-central Nigeria. It collected cross-sectional data for a sample of 180 randomly selected farming households across three local government areas of the State in 2015/16. Both descriptive and inferential analyses were performed on the data. The descriptive statistics differentiated...

Author(s): Oluwatoyin Bukola Chete  

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