Articles

 

Page 3 of 1139, showing 50 records out of 56903 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150

September 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Stability for descriptors of Solanum aethiopicum Shum group (family Solanaceae)

Solanum aethiopicum Shum group is a nutrient-rich and income-generating crop enterprise in various sub-Saharan Africa countries. Despite its importance, the development of its improved varieties has not been prioritized. Until now, no field-based descriptor development reference for the crop is available for testing candidate varieties for distinctiveness, uniformity and stability. The purpose of this study is to...

Author(s): Nahamya Pamela Kabod, Godfrey Sseremba, Ruth Buteme, Michael Masanza, Elizabeth Balyejusa Kizito and Katwijukye Apolo Kasharu  

September 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Inheritance and combining ability of cowpea resistance to bruchid (Callosobruchus maculatus F.)

The bruchid, Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) is one of the most destructive pests and causes substantial losses to cowpea during storage in tropical and subtropical regions. The development of successful breeding strategy requires knowledge on gene action and trait inheritance in local and improved sources. In this study, the mode of inheritance, the types of gene action and maternal effects of cowpea resistance to...

Author(s): Weldekidan Belay Miesho, Ulemu Mercy Msiska, Hailay Mehari Gebremedhn, Geoffrey Maxwell Malinga, Patrick Obia Ongom, Patrick Rubaihayo and Samuel Kyamanywa  

September 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Inheritance and combing ability in maize using a 7x7 diallel cross

Twenty one F1s produced from 7x7 diallel mating along with the 7 parents were evaluated to notice the inheritance and combining ability of different traits to obtain high heterotic crosses. Genetic analysis and combing ability were analyzed following Hayman’s and Griffing’s diallel analyses, respectively. Hybrids projecting positive or negative potency ratio with >1.0 value for those traits is also the...

Author(s): S. Begum, S. S. Alam, S. H. Omy, M. Amiruzzaman and M. M. Rohman  

September 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Genotype by environment interaction and stability analysis of cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] genotypes for yield in Ethiopia

Ethiopia is claimed to be a center of diversity for cowpea production. The crop is the most drought tolerant and could help the country overcome the recurrent drought problem; however, the yield is very low due to lack of effort to develop varieties. This research was conducted to evaluate the stability of cowpea genotypes and to estimate the magnitude of genotypes by environment interaction (GEI) effect on grain yield....

Author(s): Tariku Simion, Wassu Mohammed and Berhanu Amsalu  

September 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Evaluations of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) varieties for yield and yield related traits in central zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

A field experiment was carried out at Laelay maichew and Tahtay maichew districts in central zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia, for two consecutive seasons (2014/2015 to 2015/2016) under rain fed conditions. The objective of the study was to evaluate and select best performing faba bean varieties. Ten faba bean varieties including the local check were evaluated in randomized complete block design (RCBD) in three...

Author(s): Kiros Wolday  

September 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Tinea capitis:A tropical disease of hygienic concern among primary school children in an urban community in Nigeria

Tinea capitis is the most common dermatophyte infection in school age children in developing countries and is known to impact negatively on their health and well-being. This study determined the prevalence of T. capitis and its relationship with hygiene among primary school pupils in Ile-Ife. This descriptive cross-sectional study recruited randomly selected pupils from public and private schools in Ile-Ife from March...

Author(s): Olusegun Temitope Afolabi, Olumayowa Oninla and Funmito Fehintola  

September 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Seroprevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics within Kaduna metropolis, North-Central, Nigeria

Chlamydia trachomatis is a major causative agent of sexually transmitted disease (STD), which can damage a woman’s reproductive organs. The prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection was investigated among 200 pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in three hospitals located within Kaduna metropolis, North-Central, Nigeria. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay technique was performed to detect chlamydia...

Author(s): Garba, B. F.,  Abdulsalami, M. I. and Egbe, N. E.  

September 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Assessment of major causes of heart failure and it’s pharmacologic management among patients at Felege Hiwot referral hospital in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

Heart failure is a complex, clinical syndrome of signs and symptoms that are caused by defects in cardiac structure, function, or both, resulting in impairment of peripheral circulation and organ oxygenation. It is a staggering clinical and public health problem and the study of the epidemiology on heart failure demonstrated that heart failure is associated with significant mortality, morbidity, and health care...

Author(s): Melkamu Ayana Zeru  

September 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Association of body weight, scrotal circumference, heart girth and penile development with spermatogenesis in the Nubian bucks

This study was designed to monitor the morphological development of the reproductive tract of the Nubian bucks in relation to puberty. Thirty-two Nubian male kids were used in this study. Their ages ranged between 1 day and 24 weeks. The study was undertaken to correlate the body weight (BW), heart girth circumference (HG), scrotal circumference (SC), testicular descent into the scrotum and penile separation from...

Author(s): Shaaeldin Sara Abdelrahman, Makawi Sharaf Eldin Abdalla, Tingari Muddathir Darderi and Eltayeb Ahmed Eltayeb Ali

September 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Assessment on major reproductive health problems of dairy cattle in Boloso Sore, Southern Ethiopia

The ultimate goal integrated herd health management is to lower calving interval, decrease the number of services per conception thereby increasing reproduction and production but reproductive health disorders affect the reproductive performance of the dairy cows, the number of potential replacement needed to maintain a constant herd size and the longevity of the cow in the herd. There was insufficiency research...

Author(s): Filmon Misebo, Tadele Gashaw and Melese Yilma  

September 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Prevalence and clinical pathology caused by infectious bronchitis virus in poultry birds at Sindh, Pakistan

Poultry is a major meat and eggs producing sector that generates high income throughout the world. Despite worldwide growth of poultry, it is influenced by various infectious pathogens especially infectious bronchitis virus (IBV). As a result of heavy economic losses through high morbidity, mortality, deficient performance, low weight gain, abnormal colour and misshapen eggs, this study is designed on identification and...

Author(s): Benazir Kanwal, Amjad Ali Channo, Nazeer Hussain Kalhoro, Hidayatullah Soomro, Nazar Ali Korejo and Saima Tauseef  

September 2018

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Performance of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fed with diets containing caffeine

The objective of this study was to investigate the possible effects of caffeine on the performance of juveniles of Nile tilapia. One hundred and forty four (144) juveniles of Nile Tilapia with mass, total length and initial mean height of 2.94 ± 0.16 g, 5.19 ± 0.14 cm and 1.49 ± 0.04 cm, respectively, were used. The fishes were housed in 24 plastic boxes in a closed water recirculation system, where...

Author(s): Bárbara de Cássia Ribeiro Vieira, Pedro Pierro Mendonça, Bruno Borges Deminicis, Paula Del Caro Selvatici and Renata Gomes da Silveira Deminicis  

September 2018

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Anaesthetic effects and haematological responses of heterobranchus bidorsalis juveniles exposed to clove oil

This study aims to investigate the use of clove oil as an anaesthetic agent for Heterobranchus bidorsalis juveniles and assess the effects on the test fish, using some hematological parameters. Different concentrations of clove oil (0.8 to 1.2 ppm) were used in static water to determine the induction time and recovery time of the test organisms. Behavioral changes of the test fish were observed, the time the fish became...

Author(s): Olufayo M. O. and Ojo O. M.  

September 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Drivers and socioeconomic factors influencing individual and household adaptation to climate change: A case study of residents of Leeds, UK

The dynamic nature of human adaptation and coping strategies to climate change continues to arouse the interest of environmental researchers. This study contributed to this growing area of research by examining the drivers and some socioeconomic factors influencing individual and household adaptation to climate change. Data were collected through household surveys and in-depth interviews. Descriptive statistics,...

Author(s): Eberechukwu J. Ihemezie, Cynthia N. Onunka , and Amaka P. Nnaji  

September 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Access to land and agricultural based livelihoods in Northwestern Ethiopia: Implications for land use

Land has been curtail national asset and seen as central to economy, the social and political spheres of community as well as the overall society. The objective of this paper has been to assess the implication of accessing land and agricultural based livelihoods of smallholder on land use. The underpinning research involved both primary and secondary data. Primary data were generated using household surveys, focus group...

Author(s): Genanew Agitew Brhanu  

September 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
The effects of crop market participation in improving food security among smallholder crop producer farmers: The case of Central Ethiopia, Ada’a Woreda

Merely providing support on improved yields for increased crop productivity to smallholder farmers can not improve the household food security. But parallel support for market linkages to crop producer smallholders can reap the full benefit of this increased crop productivity because lack of reliable and accessible market linking system has been found to be one of the main constraints faced by smallholder crop producer...

Author(s): Chalachew Shibabaw Belay  

September 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Genotoxic effects of Peganum harmala L. in relation to traditional use

Peganum harmala L. is a well-known medicinal plant, widely distributed and used in folk medicine. Recently, numerous reports have been published regarding the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of P. harmala and its major alkaloids components. However, mammalian toxicity due to P. harmala alkaloids extract has been rarely investigated. The present research aimed to study the genotoxic effects of harmala plant...

Author(s): Salim M. Abderrahman, Sameh Soliman and Mohammad G. Mohammad  

September 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
In vitro anticancer screening of Colombian plants from Piper genus (Piperaceae)

Historically, knowledge of ethnobotany, which has revealed different phytochemical and pharmacological compounds from traditional plants, has formed the basis for new anticancer drug discovery. The use of some Piper species in traditional medicine against cancer, suggests that genus Piper is a promising source of new compounds with anticancer activity. A total of 28 ethanolic extracts were obtained from 16 different...

Author(s): Diego R. Muñoz, Adrián G. Sandoval-Hernandez, Wilman A. Delgado, Gonzalo H. Arboleda and Luis E. Cuca  

September 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Quality of tuberculosis treatment services in public hospitals of Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia, 2016

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global health problem, responsible for ill health among millions of people each year. It is the second leading cause of death from an infectious disease worldwide following human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Tuberculosis control measures are limited by the quality of care provided at the local level. Providing a quality and timely care for patients with TB is crucial in prevention and...

Author(s): Shibiru lencho Megene, Elias Ali Yesuf, Dejene Melese and Zalalem Kaba Babure  

September 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Macrofungal diversity in Yangambi Biosphere reserve and Yoko reserve rainforests of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Detecting and understanding patterns in the distribution of taxa is a fundamental element in implementing biodiversity conservation. Regarding fungi, understanding how functional diversity varies with forest types helps to define their niche and allows predicting the impact of forest degradation on communities of macrofungi. It also allows better understanding of the way in which they realize their ecological function...

Author(s): Héritier MILENGE KAMALEBO, Hippolyte NSHIMBA SEYA WA MALALE and André DE KESEL  

September 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
In vitro micropropagation of Rhinacanthus nasutus (L) Kurz

The study was aimed to standardise a protocol for the in vitro mass propagation of Rhinacanthus nasutus (L) Kurz, an anticancer shrub. Leaf, node and inflorescence explants were inoculated onto the Murashige and Skoog’s (MS) medium enriched with different combinations and concentrations of growth regulators. Maximum callusing percentage was achieved in leaf explants in MS medium supplemented with 5 mg/l 2,4-D....

Author(s): Nissar Ahmad Reshi, Sudarshana M. S. and Girish H. V.  

September 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Study on community perception of termite expansion and control in Borana plateau: Case study of Southern Oromia, Ethiopia

Ecologically termites can be divided into damp wood dwellers, dry wood dwellers under and above ground dwellers in Dire, Miyo and Moyale districts. The combination of methods and tools such as stakeholder, key informant interview, group discussions, timelines, transect walk, community sketches were used. About 90 pastoralists were interviewed formally on its expansion and control techniques. The cause of termite...

Author(s): Demisachew Tadele Ayana, Wondimu Tolcha Adugna, Jaldesa Doyo Liban, Abiyot Lelisa Deke and Amsalu Tilahun Fete  

September 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Diversity, distribution and habitat association of birds in Menze-Guassa Community Conservation Area, Central Ethiopia

A study was conducted in Menz-Guassa Community Conservation Area (MGCCA) from November 2016 to March 2017, to assess the diversity, distribution and habitat association of birds. Three habitat types including forest, grassland, and moorland habitats were identified based on their vegetation composition. Point count method in Eucalyptus and Juniperus forest, and line transect technique in grassland and moorland habitats...

Author(s): Yihenew Aynalem and Bezawork Afework  

September 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Occurrence of diarrhea and utilization of zinc bundled with ORS among caregivers of children less than five-years in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

In response to the high occurrence of diarrhea in Ethiopia, the Federal Ministry of Health employed an effective strategy that included administration of zinc together with oral rehydration salt to treat children suffered diarrhea since 2013. Nonetheless, information on zinc bundled with ORS uptake is limited and thus this study has examined zinc utilization among beneficiaries. A community based cross-sectional study...

Author(s): Solomon Hassen, Jemal Haidar and Agajie Likie Bogale  

September 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Success story of implementing the self-sustaining agricultural extension system in Rwanda

Rwanda is implementing the self-sustaining extension system through Farmer Field Schools (FFS) and Farmer Promoters (FP) approaches. The objective of this paper was to find out the impact of self-sustaining extension system in order to help stakeholders to improve its current implementation. The methodology includes a desk review of reports, face to face interview with 60 participants and 5 focus group discussions...

Author(s): Musabyimana Innocent, Ranganathan, Sankaranarayanan and Hilda Vasanthakaalam  

September 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
On-Farm Demonstration of Improved Varieties of Faba bean (Vicia fabaL.) in Gemechis, Chiro and Tullo Districts of West Hararghe Zone, Oromia National Regional State of Ethiopia

The experiment was carried out in Gemechis, Chiro and Tulo districts of West Hararghe Zone with the objectives of enhancing production and productivity of faba bean on farmers’ fields and to improve linkage among stakeholders and create awareness on improved faba bean varieties. Three kebeles were selected purposively based on faba bean production potential. Accordingly, Walenso Defo kebele from Gemechis,...

Author(s): Fekede Gemechu, Mideksa Babu and Asfaw Zewdu  

September 2018

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
In vitro assessment of Leuconostoc mesenteroides zinc nanoparticles against Salmonella serovars recovered from broilers chickens

Salmonella serovars are responsible for a variety of acute and chronic diseases in poultry. Leuconostoc mesenteroides probiotic can exert antimicrobial activity by producing diverse fermentative metabolites with bactericidal or bacteriostatic activities such as lactic and acetic acids, fatty acids, hydrogen peroxide or diacetyl and antimicrobial proteins such as bacteriocins and peptidoglycan hydrolase enzymes. This...

Author(s): Ahmed Orabi, Ismail Radwan, Mohamed Rady and Marwa Yehia  

September 2018

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of crude aerial part extracts of Satureja Punctata (Benth) Briq

This study evaluates the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the crude extract of an aerial part of Satureja punctata (Benth.) Briq. The dried aerial part of S. punctata (Benth.) Briq was extracted separately using aqueous, ethanol and n-hexane. The antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa was assessed using disc diffusion method, and the minimum...

Author(s): Mesfin Melaku, Yalemtsehay Mekonnen and Melaku Tefera  

September 2018

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Antibiotic resistance genes in diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) isolated from livestock organic wastes in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) are often disseminated through the fecal matter of livestock and waste products including slurry and manure. The study aimed to characterize archived DEC recovered from cattle fecal matter, manure and slurry for quinolone resistance and extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) with focus on trends in antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. The susceptibility of the bacteria was...

Author(s): Evariste BAKO, Asseta KAGAMBEGA, Germaine MINOUNGOU, Noah Obeng NKRUMAH, Tounwendsida Serge BAGRE, Cheikna ZONGO, Oumar TRAORÉ, Réné DEMBÉLÉ, Sidi MOCTAR, Anne OUEDRAOGO and Nicolas BARRO  

September 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Analysis of spatial variability in rainfall trends in Baringo County, Kenya

This study assessed actual rainfall trends and variability in Baringo County. The objective of the study was to determine whether there were variations in rainfall trends by agro ecological zones. Meteorological rainfall data for the period 1981 to 2010 from three distinct agro-ecological zones covering highland (LH 2), low land (IL 6) and midland (LM 5) was used. The choice of rainfall stations was informed by...

Author(s): Ednah Chemutai Koskei, Jackson John Kitetu and Charles Wambongo Recha  

September 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Healthcare waste management practices and risk perception of healthcare workers in private healthcare facilities in an urban community in Nigeria

Medical waste, despite the relatively small amounts in which it is generated, is a major concern for healthcare professionals and the government mainly because it poses risks to humans and the environment. Previous studies have shown that there is poor management of medical waste in developing nations, and Nigeria is not an exception. Some have surveyed the associated risks but few have studied the risk perceptions...

Author(s): Afolabi Olusegun Tope, Aluko Oludare Olufemi, Afolabi Bolade Kehinde and Fehintola Funmito Omolola  

September 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Seasonal variation of heavy metal speciation in soil and stream sediments from hospital waste dumpsite in Ilesa, Southwestern Nigeria

A speciation study of selected heavy metals in soil and stream sediments around a hospital waste dumpsite was investigated. Sequential extraction procedure was used to fractionate the metals into 4 fractions: Exchangeable and bound to carbonate, oxyhydroxide of Fe and Mn, organic matter and the residual fraction. Speciation analysis of Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Cd and Pb in soil revealed that a major portion of the metals were...

Author(s): Fakoya O. T., Oluyemi E. A., Olabanji I. O., Eludoyin A. O., Makinde O. W. and Oyinloye J. A.  

September 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
The impacts of climate change and variability on crop farming systems in Semi-Arid Central Tanzania: The case of Manyoni District in Singida Region

This paper focuses on the impacts of climate change and variability on crop farming. The main objective of this paper is to assess the impacts of climate change and variability on crop farming systems in Manyoni district, Tanzania. This paper used mixed research design with both quantitative and qualitative research approaches. The research used different methods in collecting information concerning the impacts of...

Author(s): Jackson Sawe , Claude G. Mung’ong’o and Godfrey F. Kimaro

September 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies of biosorption of zinc ions from industrial wastewater using derived composite biosorbents from walnut shell

The biosorption process of Zn (II) ions in industrial wastewater was investigated using derived composite biosorbents from walnut and snail shells. Composite adsorbents were produced by activating walnut shell carbon (WSC) with phosphoric acid to obtain acid-treated walnut shell carbon (AWSC) and WSC and AWSC were independently impregnated on chitosan to produce walnut shell carbon impregnated on chitosan (WSCC) and...

Author(s): Olafadehan, O. A., Akpo, O. Y., Enemuo, O., Amoo, K. O. and Abatan, O. G.

September 2018

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
The half way series expansion

A new formula for mathematics is derived which gives the upper half of the series expansion of the expression (ay+b)2n, where n,  is a natural number. A proof of the new formula is given followed by a simple example to test its accuracy. This formula is helpful whenever n is large. Key words: Series Expansion, fluid models, Intermolecular Potential model  

Author(s): Alpha Ibrahim Turay  

September 2018

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Maximizing profit in the poultry farming sector: An application of the robust linear programming technique

Managing the limited resources of money, time and space poses a real problem in the livestock business in general and the poultry sector in particular. The stochastic linear programming with recourse will permit the formulation of a mathematical model that could easily be solved in order to attain the objective of maximizing profit but this will be hindered by the presence of some parameters like demand and supply which...

Author(s): Mathias A. Onabid and Therence A. Tchoffo  

September 2018

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
‘Mine to Win’: a Book that Binds Aspects of Ethiopian Christianity Education and Philosophy

The author of this book, Hiwot Teffera, is among the vibrant politers of the then generation called ‘YaTiwulid’. This period extends from 1972- 1992 , and many of them were young and involved in different political factions of the time. She and some of her friends are destined to share their experience, knowledge and reading; however, many could bear fruit  because of Red and White Terrors of the time....

Author(s): Asmamaw Addis and Solomon Girma  

September 2018

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
Moderate communitarianism is different: A Response to J. O. Famakinwa and B. Matolino

Moderate communitarianism is a thesis introduced into African philosophical literature by the Akan philosopher Kwame Gyekye. He suggests that this thesis better accounts for the Akan and, to some extent, African social set-up than what he calls radical communitarianism (a thesis which he attributes especially to John Mbiti and Ifeanyi Menkiti). However, Gyekye is criticised by J. O. Famakinwa and B. Matolino for...

Author(s): Hasskei M. Majeed  

September 2018

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Collodiaphyseal angle in the diagnosis of coxa vara and coxa valga in adult Nigerans

Collodiaphyseal angle (CDA) is the angle formed between the femoral neck axis and the diaphysis axis. The aims of this study were to determine the normal range of collodiaphyseal angle in adults and to determine any difference in the collodiaphyseal angle between right and left femur and also between sexes. 340 subjects consisting of 170 (50%) males and 170 (50%) females were included in this study. Plain radiographs...

Author(s): Abiodun A. A., Ikem  I. C., Adeyemi D. O., Ofusori D. A. and Komolafe O. A.  

September 2018

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Laboratory evaluation of six new cassava genotypes to Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) infestation

Two products, chips and flour, processed locally from six new cassava genotypes; 98/0505, 01/1368, 05/1636, 05/0473, 01/1371 and 01/1412 obtained from National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI), Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria were evaluated for losses (qualitative and quantitative) caused by rust red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum under storage conditions (25 to 30°C and 70 to 90% RH) in the General Laboratory,...

Author(s): Zakka U., Lale N. E. S., Onoriode A. H. and Ehisianya C. N.  

September 2018

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
A study on the causes of apple (Malus Domestica) fruit loss at Chencha Woreda of Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Apple (Malus domestica) is a temperate climate fruit tree grown in the highland climates. Specifically, it is widely and largely cultivated in the Gamo Gofa administrative zone at Chencha woreda in Ethiopia. Although there is inadequate information regarding the cause of fruit loss, some other details reveal the production status of the fruit in the area. This study was aimed at assessing the causes of apple fruit loss...

Author(s): Behailu A. and Kebede J.  

September 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Farmers’ knowledge and perceptions of leaf spot disease of groundnut and its management in Northern Region of Ghana

Groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) is an important food source as well as cash crop for the people of Northern Ghana. The crop yield is low partly due to biological constraints which include diseases like leaf spot. A survey was conducted among 200 farmers in four districts of the Northern Region of Ghana, from June to August, 2014 using a structured questionnaire. The objectives of this study were to assess farmers’...

Author(s): Moses Neindow, Elias Nortaa Kunedeb Sowely and Abdul-Halim Abubakari  

September 2018

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Management for sustaining the fishery resources in Pulicat estuary, India

The study aims to establish strategies on how to manage coastal fisheries conflicts and livelihood in Pulicat estuary. This estuary, lying in the east of the Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh States in India, is the second largest brackish water body in India, the first being the Chilika estuary in the State of Odisha. The total area of the estuary is 759 km2 with many island as part of it. But only 360 km in the southern...

Author(s): S. Jerard Majella Francis and I. Arul Aram  

September 2018

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
And the Oscar goes to . . . Global Cinema!!! Taking a Close-Up Look at the Business and Legal Challenges and Opportunities of International and U.S. Film Industries

For over 120 years, the global cinema industry has been an important segment of the world economy which has had a significant impact on the economy and culture of countries. This article analyzes the world film industry, with a close up focused on the U.S. movie market, utilizing SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) as a strategic tool to consider the internal and external challenges and opportunities...

Author(s): Joyce Boland-DeVito  

September 2018

International Journal of English and Literature
A study of the portrayal of virginity in Ugandan novels

This paper examines the portrayal of virginity in Akiki K. Nyabongo’s, Africa Answers Back (1936), Mary Okurut’s Invisible Weevil (1998) and Jane Bakaluba’s Honeymoon for Three (1975). The study analyzes the place of virginity in African traditional marriage. The girls are trained by the elder mothers and aunts to remain a virgin until their wedding night. In Africa, virginity is highly valued that...

Author(s): Mary Naula, Joseph Jakisa Owor and Cornelius Wambi Gulere  

September 2018

International Journal of English and Literature
Capitalism versus narcissism: Death of a salesman's psychoanalytic critique

Arthur Miller's, Death of a Salesman seems to have lost some ground to its once established position as many critics of late downplayed the demise of its protagonist Willy Loman by inscribing the causes of his death on 'narcissism' and excessive self-importance other than delving into the deeper causes behind his tormented and isolated private life. However, the author argues that Willy's life gets...

Author(s): Nurul Anwar  

September 2018

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Integrated geosciences prospecting for gold mineralization in Kwakuti, North-Central Nigeria

Geoscience prospecting for gold mineralisation was conducted in Kwakuti town located within Latitudes 9.362500°N to 9.387500°N and Longitudes 6.920833°E to 6.945833°E in Northern Nigeria. The deployed geosciences techniques comprise surface geological mapping, processing and analysis of aeromagnetic total magnetic field intensity data using Oasis Montaj software and X-ray fluorescence analysis of soil...

Author(s): Ejepu J. S., Unuevho C. I., Ako T. A. and Abdullahi S.  

September 2018

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research
Optimization of nutritional and environmental conditions for biomass production and sporulation of entomogenous fungus Lecanicillium lecanii CA-1-G using two-stage cultivation system

Some factors on sporulation of Lecanicillium lecanii CA-1-G by one-time-at-a-factor have been studied. These factors include carbon and nitrogen sources, carbon-to-nitrogen ratios, mineral elements and vitamins together with water potentials, temperatures, dark/light cycles and pHs. On the basis of these results, together with “two-step” cultivation and orthogonal method, we optimized the culture conditions...

Author(s): Li Gao  

September 2018

Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
Production of bioethanol from stems of Sorghum saccharatum monitoring kinetic parameters of fermentation

The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of three stumps of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in the ethanol bioconversion of the diluted stems of sweet sorghum (Sorghum saccharatum L.) and to monitor the kinetic parameters of fermentation. Therefore, different initial concentrations of three stems from S. cerevisiae are used to ferment the juice. The juice obtained was formulated from one kilogram (1 kg) of...

Author(s): I. Mossi, E. S. Adjou, C. P. A. Dossa, G. Nonviho M. M. Conforte Adda, B. B. Yehouenou and D. C. K. Sohounhloué

September 2018

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Evaluation of canal water conveyance and on-farm water application for a small-scale irrigation scheme in Ethiopia

This study was conducted to identify and understand the current level of canal water conveyance and on-farm water application efficiency of Lemchek-Sewur small-scale irrigation scheme in Ethiopia. The water conveyance efficiency of canals was determined by estimating discharge at different segments. On-farm water application efficiency was evaluated from the amount of water actually applied and from soil moisture...

Author(s): Alebachew Shumye and Ing Pratap Singh  

Page 3 of 1139, showing 50 records out of 56903 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150