Articles

 

Page 3 of 1245, showing 50 records out of 62229 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Parents’ involvement and students’ academic performance in Ryakasinga centre for higher Education-Sheema District, Uganda

July-December 2022

The study examined parents’ involvement (PI) and students’ academic performance (SAP) in Ryakasinga Centre for Higher Education (RCHE) - Sheema district - Uganda. The objectives were to examine the effect of parenting, learning at home, and volunteering on students’ academic performance in RCHE. The study was underpinned by Systems theory. The sample size was 117 with 43 teachers and 74 Form 4 students...

Author(s): Mugumya Duncans, Basheka Benon, Mwesigye Adrian Rwekaza, Atibuni Dennis Zami, Aduwo Jennifer Rose and Ahimbisibwe Emmanuel Karoro

Journal of Economics and International Finance
The nexus between savings and investment in the East African Community: Co-integration and error correction models

July-September 2022

This study examines the effect of savings on investment in East African countries in the face of the recent reduction in trade barriers and other regional integration policies. The findings reveal that among all the regions in Africa, East Africa had the lowest household saving for the period 2000-2016 and only Burundi and Kenya savings and investment rates were co-integrated. The policy implication is that the domestic...

Author(s): Jalloh Mamoud Abdul

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Bacterial load reduction efficacy, acceptability and cost benefit of a locally produced Hand sanitizer in a tertiary Hospital in Uyo, Nigeria

July-December 2022

Local production of hand hygiene products result in increased availability and compliance with hand hygiene in healthcare settings and significant cost saving to hospitals if effective and acceptable. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness, acceptability, and cost benefit of a locally produced hand sanitizer to commercial hand sanitizer products. This was a comparative cross sectional study carried out...

Author(s): Ekuma, Agantem E., Oloyede, Iso P., Akinjogunla, Olajide J., and Akpan, Richard  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Agriculture in sub-Sahara Africa developing countries and the role of government: Economic perspectives

July, 2022

Recent agricultural and economic growth has been impressive in sub Saharan Africa (SSA), and explained in part by decades of donor investments. Sustaining recent progress will hence require a fundamental reshaping of SSA host country government policy priorities, which traditionally underinvest in agricultural research. This article investigates country-specific factors that explain government’s tendencies towards...

Author(s): Patrick Kanza, Jeffrey Vitale, Pilja Park Vitale  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Dynamics of herbal medicine processing and production in Benue State Nigeria

July 2022

The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge base of traditional medicine practitioners (TMPs) in Benue State in relation to current good manufacturing practice for effective quality, safety, and increased economic value. A cross-sectional study was conducted among the TMPs using questionnaire. Information such as practice area, type of herbal medicine preparations, water quality, preservatives as well as...

Author(s): Obi P. Adigwe, Philip F. Builders, John Alfa and Peter Oladosu  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Influence of Ca CaCl2 dipping on postharvest quality and shelf life of bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L. cv. California Wonder)

July, 2022

Bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) experiences significant loss during postharvest handling. This study aimed to provide an alternative postharvest handling technology for the vegetable. The factor studied was Ca CaCl2 at 4 levels: 0% (distilled water), 3, 6 and 9%. Weight loss and total soluble solids were determined at an interval of 3 days whereas total chlorophyll, Fe, ascorbic acid and Ca content were determined at...

Author(s): Maurine Atieno Aloo, Arnold Mathew Opiyo and Mwanarusi Saidi  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Influence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and phosphorous on the growth, nutrient uptake, chlorophyll content and some metabolites of eggplant (Solanum melongena L. VAR. Yalo) under saline conditions

July 2022

The effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and phosphorous (P) on the growth, nutrient uptake, chlorophyll content and some metabolites of eggplant (Solanum melongena L. VAR. Yalo)  were determined under saline conditions,  through a greenhouse experiment conducted for six weeks. Seedlings were planted in polythene bags previously filled with sand, 1 g of P and 50 g of AMF for all concentrations (0, 50,...

Author(s): Nouck Alphonse Ervé, Shang Erica Wiraghan, Muyang Rosaline Fosah, Choula Fridolin, Thiaze Ifouet Alice, Fotso and Taffouo Victor Desiré

African Journal of Biotechnology
Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of propolis obtained from Gboko, Nigeria

July 2022

The use of propolis for the treatment of various ailments in which inflammation and pain is involved is cross-cultural. This report was designed to investigate the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of propolis obtained from Gboko, Benue State using hexane, ethyl acetate, and ethanol solvents. Propolis sample obtained from beehives was homogenized, extracted and dried at 40°C. The dry extract was prepared in...

Author(s): IPAV Selumun Solomon, IGOLI John Ogbaji, TOR-ANYIIN Terrumun Amom and ANYAM John Vershima

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Satisfaction with childbirth care: Correlations between SERVICEQUAL dimensions

July-September 2022

The model known as SERVICEQUAL (SQ) examines the correlation between service satisfaction and the gaps that occur between customers’ expectations prior to service and perceptions after being served. The gaps are tested over five dimensions: tangibles of the service, assurance, empathy, reliability, and responsiveness of the service provider. This paper aims to examine the satisfaction of women with childbirth care...

Author(s): Iris Gertner Moryossef and Keren Or-Chen

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Sampling techniques for the optimal measurements of macromycetes diversity in the Soudano-Guinean ecozone (West Africa)

July-September 2022

Fungi range among the most important organisms in the world thanks to their ecological roles in the ecosystems and their socio-economic importance for human beings. Still, the global fungal species richness is full of uncertainties as evidenced by various estimates. Estimating fungal species richness and diversity is raising many questions related to the sampling effort (in space and time). This study aims to determine...

Author(s): Habakaramo Patrick M., Tchan Kassim I., Hegbe Apollon DMT, Abohoumbo Gildas, Hounsouvo Berince S. R., Tchemagnon Odilon, Dramani Ramdan and Yorou Nourou S.

African Journal of Food Science
Sieving fractionation, phenolics profile and in vivo antioxidant activities of Dichrostachys glomerata Forssk. powder

July 2022

Powder fractions of Dichrostachys glomerata were produced by drying the fruits to 10% moisture, grinding followed by sieving to differentiate powders of sizes <180, 180-212, 212-315 and ≥315 µm, respectively. The obtained powders were analysed for their phenolics profile and in vivo antioxidant activities in rats were evaluated. Lyophilized ethanolic extract and crude powder were used for comparison. The...

Author(s): Mbassi Linda Stella, Baudelaire Elie Njantou, Tsague Marthe Valentine, Nguimbou Richard Marcel, Rup-Jacques Sandrine, Deli Markusse, Fomekong Guy Christian, Dicko Amadou and Njintang Nicolas Yanou,

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Vegetation dynamics in a fragile ecosystem in relation to land use: The case of the dune cordon of Namaro, southwestern Niger

July 2022

In southeast Niger, the degradation of the environment led to the reactivation of moving dunes that threatens infrastructure, fields, and river with silting. To stabilize the dune cordon of Namaro, which is heavily cultivated and grazed, anti-erosion devices: living hedges and grassland has been developed. The objectives of this work are then to characterize the impact of grassland and hedges on floristic diversity and...

Author(s): IDE Issoufou, TOURE Amadou Abdourhamane, NOMA Halarou, RAJOT Jean Louis, HASSANE Bouba, TIDJANI Adamou Didier and  GARBA Zibo

African Journal of Biotechnology
Fatty acid profiles in Chinese Maiwa yak milk across the lactation cycle

July 2022

An experiment was conducted to determine fatty acid (FA) pro?les in Chinese Maiwa yak milk across the lactation cycle. Sixty-one healthy, similar weight, 4-7 years old, 3-6 parity Maiwa yaks with unrelated background were selected randomly from Hongyuan County, Sichuan province, in southwest of China (with the altitude over 3500 m). The yaks graze on natural pasture all year around without irrigation, fertilizer, or...

Author(s): Xie J. J., Zhu J. J., Ran R., and Jiang M. F.,

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Effect of individual CEOs’ characteristics on firms’ performance: Evidence from China

July-September 2022

This paper investigates the effect of individual chief executive officers’ (CEOs’) characteristics on corporate performance. CEOs across 50 Chinese firms over time were selected and it was discovered that CEOs’ specific factors play a significant role in their firms’ performance. CEOs’ demographic characteristics include their legal background, dual position (that is, as both CEO and...

Author(s): Law Philip and Ningnan Wanggao

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Technical efficiency of pineapple production and challenges in Southern Benin

July, 2022

The need to improve the productivity and quality of pineapple produced to meet demand and supply with international standards necessitates exploring production potentials. So, assessing the technical efficiency of pineapple producers is essential to avoid waste of resources and above all to target advices for improving the productivity of the pineapple producers. Studies conducted on pineapple in Benin have paid less...

Author(s): Moïse K. B. Sodjinou, Alidou Assouma-Imorou, and Ambaliou O. Olounlade,  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Emergence of Diarrhoeagenic Klebsiella pneumoniae Carrying astA and senB genes in Nigeria

July 2022

Klebsiella pneumoniae is increasingly being isolated from the stool of Nigerian patients. K. pneumoniae was isolated from stool samples submitted to two clinical laboratories in Nigeria from patients presenting with various symptoms of gastrointestinal tract infections, including diarrhoea. The authors characterized the virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes of these K. pneumoniae strains. Sixteen pure cultures of...

Author(s): David Olusoga Ogbolu, Akinwale Majeed Akinlabi, Adeolu Sunday Oluremi, Adewale Adegboyega Oke and Mark Alexander Webber,

African Journal of Biotechnology
Effect of different concentrations of plant growth hormones on callus induction and regeneration of Shea tree (Vitellaria paradoxa)

July 2022

The slow natural regeneration pattern of the Shea tree due to the long gestation period and intense harvest has limited the domestication and genetic improvement of this tree. These limitations have necessitated the need for an alternative method of conserving the Shea tree outside the natural habitat. The propagation of the Shea tree by the in-vitro clonal technique presents such an alternative method. The purpose of...

Author(s): Aguwa  I., Gana A. S., Salaudeen M. T., Tolorunse K. D., Nmadu J. N., Baba K. M., Osunde Z. D. and Okafor J. O.

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Status of bamboo species (Poaceae) (Kunth) in Menoua, Agroecological Zone 3 of Cameroon

July-September 2022

Studies on bamboo resources are limited in Congo Basin. This study assessed species diversity, distribution, characterisation and socio-economic importance of bamboo to livelihood in Menuoa, Cameroon. Ninety questionnaires, one focus group discussion per village, observation and interviews were administered in 9 villages. Yushania alpina (K. Schum.) W.C.Lin, Phyllostachys aurea Carrière ex Rivière & C....

Author(s): Mankou Vanessa Ruth, Avana Marie-Louise, Nfornkah Barnabas Neba and Kaam Rene

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Tax audit of legal entities, assisted by informational technology performed from revenue authorities

July-September 2022

This paper aims to explain how an information system upgrade aids tax authority efficiency in a developed country with significant deficiencies and weaknesses in its tax system and citizens’ tax awareness. Simultaneously, this research considers modern tax audit methods and their effect on legal entities. Through literature review, a questionnaire was drafted and sent to state tax auditors responsible for public...

Author(s): Lazos Grigoris, Petridou Maria, Karagiorgos Alkiviadis and Karagiorgou Dimitra

International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research
Root and hypocotyl growth of Arabidopsis seedlings grown under different light conditions and influence of TOR kinase inhibitor AZD

July-December 2022

We set up six light conditions to investigate the changes in the development of Arabidopsis thaliana hypocotyls and roots. Seedlings grown for 96 h under darkness were scored with shorter roots and longer hypocotyls. In shoot-shaded conditions, seedlings were unable to carry out photosynthesis, resulting in insufficient stored nutrients for root development. In the three groups of different light intensities applied to...

Author(s): Yan Xingyu, Yamashita Felipe, Njimona Ibrahim, and Baluška František

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Analysis of agro-morphological diversity among plantains (Musa species AAB) in Benin Republic, West Africa

July, 2022

The purpose of this study was to investigate the morphological diversity of plantain accessions from three main plantain growing districts in Benin Republic. Sixteen descriptors were used including 5 quantitative. Overall, 31 cultivars were identified and associated with various names depending on the sociolinguistic groups. Results indicated the presence in each district of the three types of inflorescences (male...

Author(s): Fanou Alain AHOHOUENDO, Codjo Euloge TOGBE, Fernande Gbènato HONFO, Finagnon Robert AGBOVOEDO, Christophe Cocou TOSSOU and Bonaventure Cohovi AHOHUENDO  

International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research
FRET as a tool for the studies of structural changes in full-length bacterial phytochrome, Agp1

July-December 2022

Bacteriophytochromes (BphPs) are light-regulated biliprotein photoreceptors widely occurring in bacteria. BphPs exists in two spectral distinct states: the red-light absorbing state (Pr) and the far-red light-absorbing state (Pfr). BphPs are composed of an N-terminal photosensory core module and a light-controlled C-terminal histidine kinase module. The detailed mechanism on how photoconversion, initiated by a...

Author(s): Njimona Ibrahim,, Ngah Yayah Emerencia, Mfopa Adamou and Nkengazong Lucia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Entomopathogenic fungi (Aspergillus oryzae) as biological control agent of cattle ticks in Tanzania

July-September 2022

Ticks are the most important ectoparasites that are responsible for severe economic losses in livestock industry. The use of chemical acaricides is the most common method used to control ticks in livestock. This study was conducted to determine the efficacy of Aspergillus oryzae as an alternative biological agent in controlling ticks to enhance livestock productivity. The efficacy of A. oryzae at different...

Author(s): Sylvia S. Msangi, Never Zekeya, Esther G. Kimaro, Lughano Kusiluka and Gabriel Shirima  

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Effects of earnings management on firms’ market-adjusted return

July-September 2022

Earnings announcement affects respective firms’ share prices based on their performances. Financial markets react to the bottom figure of the financial statements, which the authors believe include earnings management components. Similarly, earnings surprise also affects the market share. Therefore, they believe that there is a need for empirical analysis to understand the effects of earnings management and...

Author(s): QURESHI Qazi Ghulam Mustafa, MARD Yves and AUBERT Francois

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Biosorption of heavy metals using bacterial isolates from e-waste soil

July 2022

The discharge of untreated wastes containing heavy metals into the environment is a challenge to living cells, and in the search for treatment method, biosorption has been an economical and easy technique for heavy metals removal. This study was carried out to determine the biosorption capacity of bacterial isolates from electronic wastes soil. The isolates from e-waste soil were screened and selected for heavy metals...

Author(s): Olubode T. P., Amusat A. I., Olawale B. R. and Adekola F. F.

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Environmental implications of pesticide use and application practice on beekeeping: Evidence from Gudeya Bila Woreda of East Wollega Zone in Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

July 2022

The existence of honeybees within the ecosystem is crucial in worldwide agricultural production. Exposure of these insects to residues of many contaminants or poisonous materials like plant protection products (pesticides) causes death or reduces their activity. This study aims to assess the status of pesticide application, its use and possible impacts on bee communities in East Wollega Zone of Oromia Regional State,...

Author(s): Gadissa Abaya Alemu, Damene Shimeles and Teklu Berhan Mellese

African Journal of Microbiology Research
In vitro antibacterial activity of mixed Garcinia buchananii B. and Curcuma longa L. ethanolic extracts against Streptococcus pneumoniae

July 2022

Streptococcus pneumoniae is the main bacterial cause of community-acquired pneumonia. In children, 22% of the deaths are due to pneumonia as the single leading cause of death. The local people in Uganda use herbs like Curcuma longa Linnaeus and Garcinia buchananii Baker to manage upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs). The ethanolic extracts of the C. longa rhizome and G. buchananii stem bark have individually...

Author(s): Atuhaire Joan Keziah, Nabasumba Anzerea Joan, Munanura Edson Ireeta, Anyama Norbert G., Rubayiza Paul, Kaggwa Bruhan, Ndagire Margaret and Kyeyune Henry

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Knowledge and attitudes of health workers in bouake, Cote d’ivoire on zika virus disease in the context of a global epidemic

July-September 2022

Since January, 2012, the Pacific region has faced a heavy burden of concurrent epidemics of dengue, chikungunya, and zika virus infections. In 2016, WHO developed a global response strategic framework to ensure that zika virus is a priority and accelerated area of public health research. This study conducted in Bouaké (Côte d'Ivoire) is part of this framework. The main objective was to assess the...

Author(s): S. I. Soumahoro, D. P. Kouassi, A. M. Sokodogo, M. Coulibaly, W. A. Tuo , A. D. Kouamé, S. Yéo and G. H. A. Yao,  

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Analysis of multi-country manufacturing value-added (MVA) using a dynamic panel model

July-September 2022

Industrialization is required to increase an economy's competitiveness and living standards, as well as to catch up to more developed economies; while low and lower-middle-income countries' average performance over the last five decades has been disappointing at 6.7 and 17.4%, respectively. Fabrication exports account for 37.1% of total low-middle-income average exports and 9.6% of low income. As a result, this...

Author(s): Alemnew Mekonnen Wolde

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
The implementation of complementary subjects for English Course in teacher training institutes

July-December 2022

In 2007, some curricular changes of teacher training system were initiated in Mozambique with teacher training course model 10+1. The changes included the teaching of English together with other new subjects that required the training of teachers capable of implementing them to meet the needs of primary education curriculum. In order to examine the implementation of the curricular changes in primary teachers’...

Author(s): Cuane Geraldo Joel 

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Combining local ecological knowledge and field investigations to assess diet composition and feeding habit of forest elephants in Campo-Ma’an National Park, Southern Cameroon

July-September 2022

Forest elephants are nocturnal and elusive animals, making it difficult to perform direct observations on them. Data on elephants’ diet and feeding habit are lacking despite most forest elephants’ habitats being lost to anthropogenic activities; yet such knowledge may be important for their conservation, particularly in a human dominated landscape.  Local ecological knowledge and field investigations...

Author(s): Djoko Isaac Blaise, Weladji Robert Bertrand and Paré Patrick

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Distribution, diversity and abundance of small mammals in different habitat types in the Usangu area, Southern Tanzania

July-September 2022

Habitat type and their vegetation composition play important role in determining the abundance and diversity of animals including small mammals, hence any change in habitat type will influence their abundance and spatial distribution. This study aimed at investigating the influence of habitat types (that is, Wetland grassland, Miombo and Vachellia woodlands) on small mammal abundance, diversity, and richness in the...

Author(s): Munisi Evaline J., Masenga Emmanuel H., Mjingo Eblate E., Kiwango Halima, Nkwabi Ally K., Lyamuya Richard D., Mikole Rajabu A., Timbuka Christopher D. and Gear Fraser

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
The school and contemporary education in Nigeria: Lessons from John Dewey

July-December 2022

Education and development are dialectically intertwined, but the current approach to education in Nigeria does not really portray this dialectics. Education tends to be tailored towards paper certification. This has fostered a wrong epistemology where people see schooling as an adventure to be given degrees. This mainly theoretical research faults the Nigerian educational process and radically exposes the gulf between...

Author(s): Oyenuga Olukayode Felix and Idowu Oladele  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Understanding the role of finance in technology adoption among smallholder maize farmers in Nigeria

July, 2022

Maize is an important staple food in Nigeria; however, Nigeria’s local maize production only meets about 60% of its demand due to low yield (t/ha). The low maize yield has been linked to limited technology adoption, while finance has been identified to strongly impact technology adoption. Using a qualitative approach, data were collected through focus group discussions and interviews to identify the typology of...

Author(s): Oluwamayokun A. Fadeyi, Rajendra Adhikari and Ammar A. Aziz  

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Cross sectional study on prevalence of malaria case and malaria infection in children under 15 years after the military crisis in Bouake, Côte d’Ivoire

July-December 2022

During the recent crisis in Côte d’Ivoire that lasted 9 years (2002-2021) many health workers were moved from the affected areas to safer places, The aim of the study is to update malaria epidemiology in one of the most affected area (Bouake city) after the crisis ended. Cross-sectional surveys were conducted in children aged 6 months - 14 years old, one in the rainy season and in the dry season in three...

Author(s): Serge-Brice ASSI, Lacinan OUATTARA, Bertin Ncho TCHIEKOI, Offianan Andre TOURE, Franck REMOUE, Kalou Dibert ZIKA, Norbert Lingue KOUASSI, Issa COULIBALY, Raphael N’GUESSAN, and Akre Maurice ADJA  

Journal of African Studies and Development
Time spent by women and men in households on economic and care activities during productive hours in Morogoro District, Tanzania

July-September 2022

Using a cross sectional survey, this study investigated variations in time spent between men and women in economic productive and non-economic reproductive activities in a rural environment in Morogoro District in Tanzania. The study investigated 323 married or cohabiting women between the ages of 15 and 49 who lived in six villages across three wards. To determine the time expenditure disparity between men and women,...

Author(s): Kwigizile Edith T., Mahande Michael J. and Msuya John M.

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Biochemical evaluation of autoclaved and solid state fermented tropical pasture grasses

July-December 2022

Grass constitutes the nutritional basis for most livestock, whether domesticated or wildlife. The present study evaluates the enhancement of the nutritional value of five different pasture grasses: Palisade grass (Urochloa brizantha), Biscuit grass (Paspalum vaginatum), Giant star grass (Cynodon plectostachyus), Goose grass (Eleusine indica), and Stubborn grass (Sida acuta) for use as animal feeds and xylanase...

Author(s): Theresa Ezedom, Egoamaka Egbune, Marian Ehikordi, Nwabuaku Ezeugo, Favour Eledu, Juliet Esiete, Joan Eriamiator, Oluchukwu Ezeugo, Charity Friday, Chidiebere Egholenwa, Ernest Ekene, Success Efemevotor and Nyerhovwo Tonukari  

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Excess refractive indices and validation of mixing rules using binary mixture of methyl laurate + Pentan-2-ol at various temperatures (298.15, 303.15, 308.15, 313.15, and 318.15K)

July-September, 2022

Refractive index is a characteristic parameter of fluids with numerous industrial uses. The values of refractive indices of many pure liquids are known or can be found in the literature. However, when experimental values of the liquid mixtures are not available then refractive indices of binary mixtures and multi-component liquids are frequently assessed from the pure constituents using mixing rules. The refractive...

Author(s): Sunita Rani, Nisha Sangwan and Rajesh K. Siwach  

African Journal of Business Management
Effect of anxiety perception on consumers’ luxury nostalgic consumption intention

July 2022

In a quest to investigate whether perceptions of death anxiety can influence the intention of nostalgia consumption of luxury brands, based on Terror Management Theory (TMT), the present study examines the influence of perceived death anxiety on consumers’ nostalgia feeling, and its impact on consumers’ intention of purchasing nostalgia luxury products. Data were collected online and offline from 419 brand...

Author(s): Chen Xi and Wang Dandan 

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Impacts of cassava whitefly pests on the productivity of East and Central African smallholder farmers

July-September 2022

A key constraint to smallholder cassava production systems in Africa is the cassava whitefly pest species. These pests are a group of several cryptic species within Bemisia tabaci that cause direct damage to cassava and vector viruses that cause disease. We employ a farm-level stochastic production frontier (SPF) model to determine the impacts of the cassava whitefly pests on the productivity and technical efficiency...

Author(s): Paul Mwebaze, Sarina Macfadyen, Paul De Barro, Anton Bua, Andrew Kalyebi, Fred Tairo, Donald Kachigamba, Christopher Omongo and John Colvin  

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
An overview of agricultural extension in Ghana and Burkina Faso and implications for sustainable agriculture in West Africa

July-September 2022

Agricultural extension is the medium through which external agricultural technologies have been transferred to and transplanted in Africa to improve agricultural performance. Over a period of close to a century, different agricultural extension models have been proposed but their structure and content has virtually been the same: top-down, linear, non-participatory transfer of technology with no feedback loops for...

Author(s): Niagia Santuah, Joseph Abazaami, Katharine Kaunza-nu-dem Millar and Joseph Amikuzuno    

Journal of African Studies and Development
Governance principles for local level groundwater management in Njombe District, Tanzania

July-September 2022

Groundwater governance is a necessary condition for groundwater management that in turn improves access to clean and safe drinking water. However, it is one of the developmental issues, which has not been addressed squarely in Tanzania. Using governance principles, we explored groundwater governance in Njombe district where water for domestic use depends on groundwater source. The study used cross-sectional research...

Author(s): Gudaga, J. L., Kabote S. J. and Malisa, E. T.

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Determinants of the adoption of rainwater harvesting technologies in Kebri-Beyah District, Somali Region, Ethiopia

July-September, 2022

The study was conducted in 2019 in the Eastern Ethiopia Somali region Kebri-beyah district to identify the determinants of the adoption of rainwater harvesting technologies (RWHT) in the district. The study revealed several determinants for the adoption of RWHT in Kebri-Beyah district, among the factors include a level of education, access to finance, training, extension service and approaches which are major...

Author(s): Dahir Yosuf Abdi and Tadeos Shiferaw  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using crude leaf extracts of Acacia nilotica, Azadirachta indica, Carissa spinarum, Melia azedarach, Senna didymobotrya and Warburgia ugandensis, and their antifungal activity against Sporisorium scitamineum

July 2022

Bio-synthesised silver nanoparticles are effective in controlling several micro-organisms. They are correspondingly environmentally friendly, affordable, and easy to synthesise when compared with chemically synthesised silver nanoparticles. This study investigated the efficacy of biosynthesized silver nanoparticles against the fungus Sporisorium scitamineum, the causal agent of sugarcane smut. The reduction of silver...

Author(s): Nkhabindze Bongani Z., Wanyika Harrison N., Earnshaw Diana M. and Ateka Elijah M.,

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
The nexus between the interaction among Cowpea actors and its market shares in Uganda. A case of Oyam District

July-September 2022

With the increased use of technology in agriculture, new improved farming and varieties of seeds have been adopted. The study explored how the interaction among the actors helped in sharing vital information on market shares of improved cowpea and relative to improved beans. A cross-sectional research design was used, while quantitative and qualitative approaches were adopted. The respondents were purposively selected...

Author(s): Tobby Akecha, Prossy Isubikalu, Losira. N. Sanya, Naris Mubangizi, Jacob Agea G, and Marus Eton  

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
IFRS-9 adoption and income smoothing nexus: A comparison of the post-adoption effects between European and Sub-Saharan African Banks

July-September 2022

This paper compares the post-adoption effects of IFRS 9 on the income smoothing behavior of banks in Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa. The researchers extend their analysis to examine the effect of country-level governance on income smoothing. Using a sample of listed commercial banks in Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa, the authors employ varying econometric tests and panel regressions to investigate the hypotheses. The...

Author(s): Taylor Daniel and Aubert François 

Educational Research and Reviews
A research on the levels of perceived stress and quality of life of physical education teachers: A pilot study in Türkiye

July 2022

The study focuses on the classification of occupational stressors perceived by physical training teachers in Turkey and the correlations of these stressors between some workload, biographic and quality of life variables. This research was conducted face to face among physical education teachers in public and private schools in the cities of Bal?kesir, Kocaeli, Bursa, Kütahya, Osmaniye, Yalova, Ankara, Antalya,...

Author(s): Alpay Numan 

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Impact of the agricultural advisory service on the productivity of maize and cotton in the cotton-growing zone of North Benin

July-September 2022

Agricultural advisory services play a key role in disseminating agricultural information and technology to farmers. This study aims to assess the impact of agricultural advisory on improving agricultural productivity in Benin. The study uses cross-sectional data collected from randomly selected maize and cotton farmers located in the cotton basin of northern Benin.  A total of 809 cotton and maize farmers (with...

Author(s): Régina Dossi Clarisse BONOU-ZIN, Léonard Cossi HINNOU, Alfred Oluwatogni AYEDOUN and Esdras Abréwa Rêmilokoun OBOSSOU  

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Surveillance of plasmepsin 2 copy number gene in Plasmodium falciparum isolates from Senegal

July-December 2022

The development of resistance to antimalarial drugs is a major challenge for global malaria control. Full Plasmodium falciparum resistance to dihydroartemisinin–piperaquine treatment has been reported recently in Cambodia. These events were directly associated with increased copy number variations (CNVs) in the plasmepsin system, including the PfPlasmepsin 2 gene. Pfplasmepsin 2 copy number was the most...

Author(s): Amy Gaye, Tolla Ndiaye, Mouhamad Sy, Awa B. Deme, Baba Dieye, Yaye Die Ndiaye,  Mamadou Samb Yade, Mamadou Alpha Diallo, Khadim Diongue, Mamane N. Garba, Amy Bei, Ibrahima Mbaye Ndiaye, Aita Sene, Abdoulaye Tine, Sarah K. Volkman, Aida Sadikh Badiane and Daouda Ndiaye  

African Journal of Food Science
Waste-to-wealth; nutritional potential of five selected fruit peels and their health benefits: A review

July 2022

Waste-to-wealth is a notion describing the process of transforming waste, an end product to get rid of, into potential value-added products. The total global food waste is predicted to be approximately one third of the edible parts of food manufactured for human consumption, amounting to about 1 - 3 billion tonnes per year, which is equivalent to the total food production in sub-Saharan Africa; 842 million...

Author(s): Gbenga-Fabusiwa Funmilayo Joy, Jeff-Agboola Yemisi A, Ololade Zacheeus Sunday, Akinrinmade Remilekun and Agbaje David Olusegun

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