Articles

 

Page 2 of 1155, showing 50 records out of 57748 total, starting on record 51, ending on 100

April 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Complete genomic sequence and recombination analysis of wheat yellow mosaic virus isolate from Zhouzhi in China

Wheat yellow mosaic virus (WYMV) is the causal agent of wheat yellow mosaic disease in China. WYMV was detected in wheat sample collected from Zhouzhi of Shanxi province. The nearly complete genomic sequence of Zhouzhi isolate (WYMV-ZZ) was determined; it was compared with six complete sequences of WYMV isolates (five Chinese isolates and one Japanese isolate). WYMV-ZZ and the other six different WYMV isolates shared...

Author(s): Zong-Ying Zhang, Cui-Ji Zhou, Yun-Feng Wu, Da-Wei Li, Jia-Lin Yu and Cheng-Gui Han  

March 2019

International Journal of Livestock Production
The effect of using either soybean or groundnut straw as part of basal diet on body weight gain, and carcass characteristics of Gumuz Sheep

The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of soybean or groundnut straw replacement for hay on live weight change and carcass characteristics of Gumuz sheep at Pawe Agricultural Research Centre. Thirty yearling male intact Gumuz sheep with initial body weight of 18.91 ± 2.6 kg (mean ± SD) were used in the experiment. The study consists of 90 days of feeding trial period after acclimatization of 15...

Author(s): Mezgebu Getnet Alebel, Mengistu Urge Getnet Assefa, Bainesagn Worku and Ayele Abebe  

March 2019

International Journal of Livestock Production
Growth and carcass characteristics of Afar lambs at two concentrate levels supplementation and slaughter weights fed Tef Straw Basal Diet

An experiment arranged in 2×2 factorial was carried out to evaluate the effect of concentrate levels, targeted live weights, and their interaction on live and carcass performance of Afar lambs.  Forty yearling lambs were divided into 5 groups; one group was slaughtered at the beginning of the experiment and the other groups were randomly assigned to four treatments. Significantly (P≤0.05) higher dry matter...

Author(s): Worknesh Seid Adem, Getahun Kebede Yadete and Wude Tsega Beyene  

March 2019

International Journal of Livestock Production
The prevalence of foot related problems in working donkeys and its implication on the livelihood of donkey owners in Hawassa City, Southern Ethiopia

A cross sectional study was conducted from April 2014 to April 2015 to assess foot related problems in working donkeys and their effects on the owners’ livelihood in Hawassa City. The hoof problems in donkeys included hoof abnormality, apparent lameness or standing lameness. 369 owners owned 1 to 5 donkeys, 161 (43.35%) and 1(0.3%). 14(3.8%), 6(1.6%), 211(57.2%) and 138(37.4%) were illiterate, educated in...

Author(s): Asrat Solomon, Amene Fekadu, Bereket Molla, and Desie Sheferaw  

March 2019

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Adoption of cocoa input technologies under agricultural transformation agenda among women cocoa farmers in Ile-Ife, Osun State

Majority of women cocoa farmers in Ile-Ife are poor and are often excluded from beneficial programs and trainings that can improve their welfare. The study analyzed the effect of public agricultural transformation programme on women farmers. Specifically, the critical issue of access to, and adoption of productivity enhancing input are analyzed. Data for the analyses were drawn from women farmers in cocoa (cash crop)...

Author(s): Adesiyan O. F., Adesiyan A. T. and Agbonlahor M.  

March 2019

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Viable alternatives to cotton-wheat crop rotation for semi-arid climatic conditions

A study was conducted in the research area of Agronomy Department, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad during 2014-2015 to evaluate a sustainable and economical wheat-based rotation system under agro-climatic conditions of Faisalabad, Pakistan. Guar, maize, mash bean, mung bean, soybean, millet and some fodders (maize, millet and sorghum) were grown in Kharif season while wheat was the main crop in Rabi season....

Author(s): Hafiz Qamar Zia Ali, Fahmeed Ahmad Choudhary, Salman Hayat, Rashid Iqbal, Tasneem Khaliq and Ashfaq Ahmad  

March 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Effective solid waste management: A solution to the menace of marine litter in coastal communities of Lagos State, Nigeria

Effective management of solid wastes is a goal that is yet to be achieved in many countries, even developed ones. In attempt to carry out a study on effective waste management system as a solution to the menace marine litters posed on coastal communities, three coastal areas in Lagos State Nigeria which are known for fishing, recreation, housing, and other various coastal activities were selected. Three groups of...

Author(s): Nubi Afolasade T., Nubi Olubunmi A., Laura Franco-Garcia and Oyediran, Laoye O.

March 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Design, realization of a fixed bed downdraft gasifier and conduction of preliminary gasification tests with balanites aegyptiaca hulls, rice husk and charcoal

This work is focused on the design and testing of a co-current fixed bed gasifier with two air injections. The electric power of the gasifier was set at 10 kW. The design is based on experimental data relating to specific gas production rate, engine power efficiencies, biomass flow rate, pyrolysis and reduction time etc. The gasification tests were conducted with rice husk, hulls of balanites aegyptiaca and charcoal....

Author(s): Ibrahim Harouna Gado, Oumar Sanogo, Tizane Daho, Balarabé Issa and Pakmogda Josué  

March 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Shared household septic tank: A case study of Fiapre in the Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana

This study investigated the feasibility of utilizing composite septic tank to reduce cost, save space and prevent faecal related diseases. Survey research methodology was adopted based on people’s experience with septic tank, water use, soil properties, land space, user numbers and user satisfaction. The study also provides procedure in the design of a two-compartment septic tank with soil absorption field for...

Author(s): Francis Attiogbe, Andrews Nkansah and Francis Atta Kuranchie  

March 2019

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Antibiotic sensitivity and sodium chloride susceptibility patterns of Flavobacterium columnare isolated from clinical columnaris in cultured Clarias gariepinus

Antimicrobial resistance is a global concern, especially with the backdrop of the development of possible environmental and public health hazards. Flavobacterium columnare has been observed to be multi-drug resistant but highly susceptible to sodium chloride, hence the need for susceptibility profiling. Therapeutic efficacy of commonly used antibiotics and sodium chloride was tested in-vitro against four isolates of F....

Author(s): Oladosu Gbolahanmi Akinola and Oladosu Oluwatomilola Olakunbi  

March 2019

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Rabies serosurvey of domestic dogs in Kigali City, Rwanda

In Rwanda, rabies is a threat to public health and the control is mainly done by vaccinating pet dogs annually. However, it is unknown whether dogs that received rabies vaccination achieved protective antibody levels. This study assessed factors influencing rabies antibody titres in vaccinated and non-vaccinated pet dogs in Kigali City, Rwanda. A questionnaire was used to gather information on 137 study dogs and clotted...

Author(s): Pie Ntampaka, Philip Njeru Nyaga, James Kinuthia Gathumbi and Michael Tukei  

March 2019

African Journal of Plant Science
Influence of combined application of P fertilizer and lime on Mucuna flagellipes nodulation, growth and yield

Field studies were carried out in the Teaching and Research farm of Cross River University of Technology, Obubra, Nigeria in 2016 and 2017 cropping seasons to determine the effects of lime and phosphorus on the nodulation of Mucuna flagellipes. The experimental design was a 3 × 4 factorial of three lime rates: 0, 1 and 2 t CaCO3/ha and four P rates: 0, 20, 40 and 60 kg P/ha laid out in a randomized complete block...

Author(s): Agba O. A., Eze S. C., Atugwu A. I., Awere S. U. and Chukwu C.  

March 2019

African Journal of Plant Science
Predicting aflatoxin content in peanuts using ambient temperature, soil temperature and soil moisture content during pod development

Higher than acceptable aflatoxin levels in peanut kernels (Arachis hypogaea L.) and related products is a worldwide food safety concern. Strict regulatory standards by major importers of peanuts limit the marketability of peanuts for many developing tropical countries including Zambia. The incidence of pre-harvest aflatoxins is strongly linked to soil and weather conditions during pod-development. This study aimed to...

Author(s): Hendrix Muma Chalwe, Obed Isaac Lungu, Alice Mutiti Mweetwa, Elijah Phiri, Jones Yengwe, Samuel Muriu Christopher Njoroge, Rick Lynn Brandenburg and David Jordan  

March 2019

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Correlates and self-management strategies of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) among nursing students in a Nigerian teaching hospital

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe premenstrual disorder characterized by distressing symptoms and significant impairments in personal, social and professional functioning. The study aimed to determine the magnitude of Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and PMDD among nursing students of Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH) Sokoto State, Nigeria. A cross-sectional survey of 135 consenting...

Author(s): Bakare A. T., Panti A. A., Yunusa M. A. and Obembe A.  

March 2019

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Poisonings with heavy metals and neoplasms - possible correlations

As a side effect of industrialization, some diseases have developed only recently, becoming a challenge for the medical specialists both in research and medical treatment fields. Among these, the poisoning with heavy metals occupies a certain category that must retain attention, due to since the effects of this kind of poisoning are very serious effects if these injuries poisonings are not properly recognized and...

Author(s): Lucia Bubulac, Dan Octavian Marculescu and Victor Lorin Purcarea  

March 2019

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Growth and feed utilization in Clarias gariepinus fingerlings fed on Acacia auriculiformis leaf supplemented diets

Effect of ‘Earleaf’ plant (Acacia auriculiformis) as feed additive was examined on Clarias gariepinus fingerlings (4.2±0.5 g) over a period 56 days against farm-made feed which served as the control. A. auriculiformis leaves were collected, air-dried (under shade), powdered and added at varying inclusion levels (0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0%) to basal diets containing 40% crude protein. Fish were randomly...

Author(s): AFE Oluwafunmilola Eunice and OMOSOWONE Olajumoke Olamiposi  

March 2019

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Socio-economic characteristics of small-scale catfish farming enterprise in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area, Rivers State, Nigeria

The study of the socio-economic characteristics of any group is a requirement to a successful implementation of effective government assisted programme. The study examined the socio-economic characteristics, production processes and production constraints of small-scale catfish fishing enterprises in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area in Rivers State, Nigeria. Simple randomized sampling technique was used to select 60...

Author(s): AMACHREE Dokuboba, JAMABO Nene and JOSEPH Dorah E.  

March 2019

African Journal of Plant Science
Evaluation of triticale (X. Triticosecale Wittmack) genotypes for adult plant resistance to stem rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici)

Stem rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici) is one of the three rust diseases that infect triticale (X. Triticosecale Wittmack). Twenty-six triticale genotypes were evaluated for adult plant resistance (APR) to stem rust (Sr) infection in the greenhouse in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD). R-TR (resistant –trace or minimal uredinia) reactions were observed on 6 genotypes EUT046, EUT59, EUT090, EUT093,...

Author(s): Isaiah Aleri, James O. Owuoche and Pascal P. Okwiri Ojwang

March 2019

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
The spatio-temporal dynamics of the fish assemblage of the man-made Lake Buyo (Cote d'Ivoire, West Africa)

This study aims to characterize the spatio-temporal variation of the fish assemblages in relation to the environmental variables of Buyo Dam Lake. Sampling was performed from July 2017 to June 2018 using experimental fishing and commercial fishing. Spatio-temporal analysis indicated a significant variation (p <0.05) in pH, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids, and water transparency. A total of 45 species...

Author(s): Binta Eric Pacôme GOLI BI, Tanoh Marius KAMELAN, Kouassi Brahiman KIEN, Siaka BERTE and Essetchi Paul KOUAMELAN  

March 2019

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Green sonochemical synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Bridelia micrantha extract and evaluation of their antibacterial activity

The emergence of drug resistance and multiple drug resistance has necessitated the discovery of novel strategies for development of new generation of antimicrobial agents from natural substances for control of microbial infections. Metal nanoparticles have proven to have antimicrobial properties, but the chemical methods used in their production use hazardous chemicals and nanoparticles produced are unstable. In this...

Author(s): Kithokoi Kilonzo Jackson, Lawrence Ochoo, John M. Maingi, Sauda Swaleh and Wilson Njue  

March 2019

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Antioxidant activity, total phenolic and flavonoid content of selected Kenyan medicinal plants, sea algae and medicinal wild mushrooms

Medicinal plants are good sources of bioactive compounds that guards the body against cancer and chronic ailments. A lot of studies have been done on medicinal values of higher plants but less on marine sources and wild non-edible mushrooms. The study aimed to assess the antioxidant activity, total flavonoid and total phenolic content from selected Kenyan medicinal plants, sea algae and mushrooms. The plants were...

Author(s): Belinda Nasike Siangu, Swaleh Sauda, Mwonjoria Kingori John and Wilson Mbiti Njue  

March 2019

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Prediction of the water saturation around wells with bottom water drive using artificial neural networks

This study is concerned with the water coning phenomenon that takes place around production wells of hydrocarbon reservoirs. In this paper, the development of artificial neural networks to predict the water saturation buildup around vertical and horizontal wells with a good level of accuracy is described. In the development of expert systems, it is assumed that water encroachment originates from an active aquifer which...

Author(s): Muhammad Alrumah and Turgay Ertekin  

March 2019

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Quantitative research on the influence of interlayer to thermal recovery horizontal wells in thick oil reservoir

At present, the effect of different development patterns of interlayer like the length and the longitudinal position of interlayer on thermal recovery modes such as steam stimulation (CSS) and steam flooding (SF) is still a qualitative understanding, and there is no systematic study yet. Therefore, it is difficult to control the thermal production of thick oil reservoirs according to different interlayer patterns. In...

Author(s): Dong Liu, Zong-Bin Liu, Jun-Ting Zhang, Jian-Min Zhu and Li-Lei Wang  

March 2019

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
A reconnaisance study to delineate the potential mineral zones around the schist belt areas Of Kano State, Nigeria using airborne magnetic data

This work presents a reconnaissance study to delineate potential mineral zones in the schist belt areas of Kano State. These parts of the state have received little or no attention for a long time and activities of artisanal miners suggest that the area is of economic mineral value. Airborne magnetic data acquired from Nigerian Geological Survey Agency (NGSA) were first reduced to the equator before subjecting them to...

Author(s): Shehu Sani Jamaluddeen, Musa O. Aku, Muhammad Saleh, Abdulrahim Ali Bunawa and Salihu Bolaji Sharafa

March 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Advances in carotenoid increments in storage parts of African staple crops

The importance of vitamin A and other carotenoids in controlling micronutrient based deficiencies in particular VAD has been emphasized in recent years. This has resulted into demands for availing these nutrients in forms that are easily accessible for most of the populations in micronutrient deficient areas. Specifically in Africa, various programs have been instituted to bio-fortify crops with nutrients with more...

Author(s): Ephraim Nuwamanya and Evans Atwijukire  

March 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Genetic Diversity Analysis of Ethiopian Elite Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Varieties Based on Agronomic Characters

This research aim to assess morphological diversity of the elite chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties in Ethiopia. Nineteen elite varieties of chickpea in Ethiopia were used to analyze the means and components of variability (genetic, phenotypic and environmental), and interrelationships (genetic and phenotypic) for yield and various other yield components. Such nineteen varieties were planted by the technique of...

Author(s): Zerihun Jida and Shiferaw Alemu  

March 2019

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Assessment of the trend and risk factors of under-five diarrhea morbidity and mortality in two selected communities in the West-Mamprusi District

Diarrhea episodes among children under five years with its devastating consequences have been a concern to stakeholders in child survival strategy programs. Mothers are key in the prevention of diarrhea among children since they are the care givers. The main aim of this paper is to assess the trend and risk factors of under-five diarrheal disease in the study areas. Descriptive research design was employed for the...

Author(s): Bashiru Mahama  

March 2019

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Determinants of khat chewing among urban households of Wolkite Town, Gurage Zone, Ethiopia

Khat is the second largest export item with great economic value in Ethiopia, but  the ongoing increased number of chewers in the country indirectly affects economic productivity by decreasing work-hours, household’s economic production, diversion of money to buy khat, absenteeism from work and unemployment. The study aimed at analyzing the status of khat consumption and identifying the determinants of...

Author(s): Yonnas Addis, Chigign Adamu, Dubale Abate and Habtamu Mossie  

March 2019

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
The role of Faidherbia albida tree species in parkland agroforestry and its management in Ethiopia

Agroforestry has been defined as a dynamic ecologically based natural resources management system that through the integration of trees on farms and in the agricultural landscape, diversifies and sustains production for increased social, economic and environmental benefits for land users at all levels. This paper highlighted the role of Faidherbia albida tree species in Parkland Agroforestry and its management. Large...

Author(s): Tsegu Ereso  

March 2019

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Evaluation of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) varieties for yield and yield components

Lack of well adapted potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) varieties is a production problem accounting for low yield. Farmers grow local landraces. A field experiment was conducted to investigate the performance of potato varieties for yield and yield components from 2013 to 2015 under rain fed condition using improved varieties and a local landrace. There were differences among varieties for all traits. Year had little effect...

Author(s): Solomon Fantaw, Asrat Ayalew, Daniel Tadesse, Zenebe G/Medhin and Eshetu Agegnehu  

March 2019

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Famers perceptions on effectiveness of extension delivery approaches to Mbororo female livestock farmers in North-West Region Cameroon

The purpose of the study is to determine farmers’ perception on agricultural extension delivery approaches on Mbororo female livestock farmers in North-West Cameroon. Primary data was collected using structured questionnaires established to Mbororo women. Interviews guides were used to get more information on the perception of Bororo female livestock farmer on effectiveness extension services delivery. Secondary...

Author(s): Loveline Enjoh Forbang, Fonteh Amungwa and Tohnian Nobert Lengha  

March 2019

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Determinants of agriculture participation among tertiary institution youths in Ghana

The study was conducted to examine the determinants of agriculture participation among tertiary institutions youth in Ghana. The study first, examined what factors influences youth decision to participate in agriculture activities and second, the intensity of participation of those youths who are participating in agriculture. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select respondents for the study. Data collected...

Author(s): Martinson Ankrah Twumasi, Yuansheng Jiang, Monica Owusu Acheampong  

March 2019

International Journal of Science and Technology Education Research
Distribution of ABO and Rh (D) blood groups among students attending secondary and preparatory schools in Bote town, Oromia national regional state, Ethiopia

Knowledge of distribution of ABO and Rh blood groups is helpful for effective management of blood banks and safe blood transfusion services. The prevalence of these blood groups varies worldwide and may not be found in equal numbers even among ethnic groups. The aim of this study was to find out the distribution of ABO and Rh (D) blood groups among students attending high schools in Bote town, Ethiopia from...

Author(s): Amsalu Wakgari Fufa and Daniel Getahun Debelo

March 2019

Journal of Land Management and Appraisal
Utilization of valuations for secured lending in Abuja, the federal capital city of Nigeria

Utilization of secured lending valuations (SLV) by deposit money banks (DMBs) has not been sufficiently investigated in Abuja, Nigeria. Adequacy of the reports, factors influencing their use and how DMBs utilized them for loans were examined. Primary data collected from Estate Valuation (ESV) firms and DMBs were analyzed. Although the study showed that substantial portions of the report were adequate, crucial aspects...

Author(s): Babatunde Isaiah Olajide and Ajayi Cyril Ayodele

March 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Determination of optimum plant density of broadcasting, row planting and transplanting on yield and yield components of Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] in Central Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia

The low national   tef productivity is mainly attributed by lack of improved agronomic practices.  The row planting and transplanting is one of the promising planting techniques proved to boost the yield of tef. The objective was to determine the optimum seed rate, row, broadcasting and plant population in intra and inter row spacing of transplanted tef. A field experiment was carried out at Laelay...

Author(s): Chekole Nigus, Haftamu Hailekiros and Kiros Wolday  

March 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Generation and evaluation of heterogeneous genotypes of tomato for small-scale farmers

Tomato is broadly distributed in tropical and subtropical America, where small farmers cultivate commercial and landraces or heirloom genotypes, which exchange genes within them when are planted in the same plot. In this context, three different genetic groups of tomato were evaluated for agromorphological and yield traits under greenhouse to assess the differences in function of the genotypic homogeneity and...

Author(s): José C. Carrillo-Rodríguez, José L. Chávez-Servia, Ricardo Lobato-Ortiz and Catarino Perales-Segovia  

March 2019

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
An overview of agricultural extension in Botswana and needed reforms

Crops and livestock sectors constitute agriculture in Botswana. The sectors are dominated by small-scale farmers engaged in traditional production systems. National Agriculture Policy calls for an effective extension service to ensure continued farmer capacity building, increased efficiency and production by the sectors. Several extension approaches adopted over 79 years have been replaced one after the other since 1926...

Author(s): Flora Modiane Tladi-Sekgwama  

March 2019

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Protective effect of vitamin C against theobromine induced hepatorenal and cardio toxicity in male albino Wistar rats

The protective effect of vitamin C against theobromine induced toxicity in male albino Wistar rats was investigated. Twenty-five (25) male Wistar rats weighing between 140 – 160 g were divided into 5 groups with 5 rats in each group. Group 1 served as the control. Group 2 received 700 mg/kg body weight of theobromine daily for 4 days. Group 3 was administered 100 mg/kg body weight of Vitamin C daily for 21 days....

Author(s): Utibe Evans Bassey, Edet Okon Akpanyung, Dennis Uju Nwaokonko and Burch Takim Ndifon

March 2019

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Determinants of neonatal sepsis among neonates admitted in a neonatal intensive care unit at Jinka General Hospital, Southern Ethiopia

In the face of recent improvements in neonatal care, the influences of neonatal sepsis remain a public health problem in developing countries. Thus, identifying the determinants of neonatal sepsis is an indispensable matter of enhancing neonatal care. Therefore, this study intends to identify the determinants of neonatal sepsis among neonates admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Jinka General Hospital in...

Author(s): Erkihun Ketema, Mesfin Mamo, Direslegn Miskir, Sultan Hussen and Negussie Boti  

March 2019

Journal of Oceanography and Marine Science
Spatial variability in autumnal equatorial upwelling intensity within the Gulf of Guinea as inferred from in situ measurements

In attempt to study the spatial differences in autumnal equatorial upwelling intensity relative to bio-productivity in the eastern equatorial Atlantic, oceanographic in situ data along regions 10°W, 0°E, 2.5°E and 6°E, collected in the Gulf of Guinea during autumn cruise carried out in September 2007 were analyzed. The surface mean values for temperature along 10°W, 0°E, 2.5°E and 6°E are...

Author(s): Nubi O. A., Oyatola O.O,and Bonou F,  

March 2019

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Firm specific determinants of financial distress: Empirical evidence from Nigeria

This paper in an attempt in answering the basic research question on what actually determines financial distress of firms in the manufacturing sector in the country employed the fully modified ordinary least square (FMOLS) on annual time series data of eighteen listed manufacturing firms on the Nigeria stock exchange (NSE) which was obtained from their audited financial statement. The endogenous variable used in the...

Author(s): Fredrick Ikpesu  

March 2019

African Journal of History and Culture
‘‘We Did Not Come as Mercenaries…!’: Linking the Origin, Ethnic Identity and Settlement of the Nubis in Uganda

Focusing on the period 1894 to 1995 and drawing on both written and oral sources, this article explores the origin, ethnic identity and settlement of the Nubians since their advent in Uganda. Ugandan Nubians abandoned some aspects of their former African traditional customs and adopted new ones borrowed from the Arabic culture, constituting a unique and distinct ethnic group. Using a historical research design and...

Author(s): Abudul Mahajubu, Balunywa M. and Musisi F.  

March 2019

African Journal of Food Science
Effect of traditional and hermetic bag storage structures on fungus contamination of stored maize Grain (Zea mays L.) in Bako, Western Shoa, Ethiopia

The experiment was conducted between December 2017 and May 2018 at Bako, Ethiopia to study the effectiveness of traditional (Gombisa, Sack) and Hermetic bag storage structures and storage periods on fungal contamination of stored maize grain on agar plate method. The incidence and frequency of storage fungi was determined at 0, 2, 4 and 6 months of storage periods. The experiment was replicated three times in factorial...

Author(s): Negasa F., Solomon A. and Girma D.  

March 2019

African Journal of Food Science
Status of commercial maize milling industry and flour fortification in Kenya

Maize is the most widely consumed staple food by the Kenyan population. Its wide consumption and centralized processing make it an appropriate fortification vehicle to supply essential micronutrients to the population. The legislation was enacted in 2012 that makes it mandatory for all commercial maize mills in Kenya to fortify the maize flour with specified micronutrients as a public health effort to reduce the...

Author(s): S. Khamila, D. S. Ndaka, A. Makokha, F. Kyallo, P. K. Kinyanjui, O. J. Kanensi and J. Mwai  

March 2019

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Factors associated with non-adherence of HIV/AIDS patients to HAART regimen in a healthcare facility in Ikot Ekpene, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimen, of at least 95%, is necessary for effective therapeutic response among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLWHIV). This study determined the factors associated with non-adherence of PLWHIV to HAART regimen among patients attending a healthcare facility in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Two hundred and fifty one patients, aged 18 to 70 years,...

Author(s): Augustina Onwunata, Omotayo O. Ebong and Geoffrey Enoh  

March 2019

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Effect of blended chemical fertilizer (sulfur, nitrogen and phosphorus) on yield and yield components of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in the rainy season

Potato is the fourth most important crop and consumed all around the world and is one of the main favorite vegetable in Ethiopia. However, the national productivity is very low as compared to the potential of the crop.  One of the main reason for low productivity is low soil fertility. Hence, a field experiment was conducted from 2016-2018 with 9 combination of nitrogen, phosphorous and sulfur fertilizers arranged...

Author(s): Solomon Fantaw, Derajew Asres and Aleminew Tagele  

March 2019

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Occupational hazards associated with human brucellosis in abattoir settings: A case study of Dodoma abattoir in Tanzania

Brucellosis is one of the most widespread zoonotic diseases posing a serious obstacle to public health, food safety and security and, socio-economic development in most African countries. A cross-sectional study was conducted to establish practices that may pose occupational risks of transmission of brucellosis to people working in abattoirs in Tanzania. A total of 452 serum samples; 190, 200 and 62 from cattle, goats...

Author(s): Denice Luwumba, Lughano Kusiluka and Gabriel Shirima  

March 2019

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Knowledge, attitude and uptake of family planning services among women of reproductive age group attending outpatient clinic at a tertiary health institution in Edo State, Nigeria

Globally, family planning service is an essential element of reproductive health care and contributes immensely to the reduction of the worldwide burden of maternal and child morbidity and mortality. This study was designed to assess the knowledge, attitude and uptake of family planning services, among women of reproductive age group attending outpatient clinic at Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Nigeria. A...

Author(s): Innocent Alenoghena, Sunday Yerumoh and A. M.  Momoh               

March 2019

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Combined exposure pattern of household products used by consumers

To accurately evaluate the health risk of consumers from the combined effects of substances in multiple used household products, data on co-use and multiple-use habits and practices of consumers necessarily constitute a fundamental element of the exposure assessment process. To understand the current combined use pattern of household products, reliable combined exposure data were investigated. Eleven household product...

Author(s): Joo-Hyon Kim, Moon-Young Hwang and Kwangseol Seok  

March 2019

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
Corporate social responsibility: An old wine in a new gourd

A corporation’s moral obligation is said to be sustained by two viewpoints: the narrow and broad views. The narrow view restrains a corporation’s moral obligation to the corporation’s owners and shareholders while the broad view, which is often deployed to support Corporate Social Responsibility initiatives, extends the corporation’s moral obligation towards others beyond the confines of the...

Author(s): Peter Sena Gawu and Husein Inusah  

Page 2 of 1155, showing 50 records out of 57748 total, starting on record 51, ending on 100