Articles

 

Page 2 of 1139, showing 50 records out of 56903 total, starting on record 51, ending on 100

October 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Mapping soil terrain resources and descriptions of agro-ecological zone in Dawuro and Gamo Gofa zones in south-western Ethiopia

This study aims to identify and delineate land resources including soil, water and terrain resources, and major river basins, with demographic data and agro-ecological zone classification of general climatic conditions and vegetation characteristics of Gamo Gofa and Dawuro zones in South-western Ethiopia. Metadata source and visual assessment were used for this purpose. Agroecology zone classification is based on...

Author(s): Asrat Guja Amejo  

October 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Investigating risk factors associated with the persistence of malaria in the Obang valley, North West Region, Cameroon

Malaria interventions - vector control using long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) or indoor residual spraying, chemoprevention and case management including diagnosis and treatment of infections - are highly effective and affordable. These interventions have led to a significant reduction in malaria prevalence, and a marked decline in morbidity and mortality associated. Despite these increasing control efforts, this...

Author(s): Tiburce Gangue, Laurentine Sumo, Ngum Helen Ntonifor, Etso I. Che and Hugues C. Nana-Djeunga,  

October 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Perceived socio economic barriers to maternal health seeking behavior among rural women: The case of Raya-Alamata District, Southern Tigray, Ethiopia

Maternal health care service utilization is one of the components of the reproductive and child health interventions package with the aim of improving both maternal and child health. It is the health of the women during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum period. Thus, the overall objective of this study is to investigate the perceived socio economic barriers to maternal health seeking behavior of rural women in Raya...

Author(s): Hayelom Abadi Mesele  

October 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Review of challenges and opportunities for dairy cattle farming under mixed system of Homa Bay County, Western Kenya

The objective of this review was to determine challenges and opportunities facing dairy cattle production in Homa Bay County, which lies within the Lake Victoria basin. Three cattle production systems were included: farms keeping indigenous breeds; farms keeping crosses of indigenous and exotic breeds and farms keeping exotic breeds. Both primary and secondary data were collected using questionnaires, key informant...

Author(s): Joshua Orungo Onono and Augustine Ochieng  

October 2018

International Journal of English and Literature
The practice of process approach in writing classes: Grade eleven learners of Jimma preparatory and Jimma University community preparatory school in focus

The purpose of this study is to explore the practices of process writing approach in grade eleven students at Jimma Preparatory School and Jimma University Community Preparatory school in Oromia Regional State. To accomplish this purpose, the study employed a descriptive study method, which was supplemented by both quantitative and qualitative research to enrich the data. The study was carried out in two school selected...

Author(s): Habtamu Shiferaw Adula

October 2018

International Journal of English and Literature
Learning the English Passive Voice: Difficulties, learning strategies of Igbo ESL learners and pedagogical implications

From the author’s teaching experience, a greater number of Nigerian university students either stick monotonously to the active English sentences or use the expletive “It” structure. This paper investigated the difficulties Igbo bilinguals encounter when learning the English passive and the grammar learning strategies they adopt to overcome the difficulties. For the study, 30 Igbo speaking 100 level...

Author(s): Scholastica Chinyere Amadi  

October 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
In vivo antitumor effect of the aqueous extract of Punica granatum in the sarcoma 180 murine model

Punica granatum, specifically the fruit, has a long ethno medical history and is a phytochemical reservoir of great medicinal value. The phytochemistry and pharmacological actions of all P. granatum components suggest a wide range of clinical applications. The aim of the present study is to investigate the anticancer potential of aqueous extract of P. granatum (AEPG) in experimental models. The chemical composition of...

Author(s): Talita Santos Bastos, Danilo Barauna Nascimento da Costa, Rafael Barreto Vieira Valois, Sara Maria Thomazzi, Marismar Fernandes do Nascimento, Grace Anne Azevedo Dória, Ricardo Guimarães Amaral, Silvana Vieira Floresta Gomes, Isabel Bezerra Lima-Verde, Cláudia Andréa Lima Cardoso, Francine Ferreira Padilha, Margarete Zanardo Gomes, Juliana Cordeiro Cardoso, Adriana Andrade Carvalho andRicardo Luiz Cavalcanti de Albuquerque-Júnior,   

October 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Effects of methanolic calyx extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa on body weight, blood cholesterol and liver marker enzymes in Wistar rats

Eighty male albino rats were used to investigate the effects of methanolic calyx extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa on body weight, blood cholesterol and liver enzymes markers. Twenty-eight days oral administration of 100, 200, 400 and 800 mg/kg body weight of the extract showed a significant (p<0.05) time-dependent decrease in the body weights of all the treated groups when compared with the control, with 100 mg/kg...

Author(s): Emmanuel I. Nnamonu, Vincent C. Ejere, Edmund C. Mbegbu, Chiemekam S. Ezechukwu and Anthony O. Ejim  

October 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Knowledge of medicinal plants used by residents in two peripheral districts of Boa Vista, Roraima, Northern Brazilian Amazon: Phytotherapy as a new strategy in collective health

The aim of the study was to describe local knowledge about the use of medicinal plants cited by study participants, as well as to examine how phytotherapy serves as an important strategy of integrative and complementary practice in coping with health problems. The research is characterized as an exploratory study of the descriptive type. Non-probabilistic snowball sampling generated a sample of one hundred and ten...

Author(s): Kristiane Alves Araújo, Ires Paula de Andrade Miranda, Calvino Camargo and Maxim Repetto  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Statistical analysis of impact of climate change on crop potentials productivity on a regional scale in Nigeria

Yield improvement is the main aim of all agricultural activities. Therefore, it is important to have an idea about the yield that can be produced from a piece of land before investing in it. This work is aimed at analysing the impact of climate change on crop yield potential and predicting the crop yield potential in six geo political zones in Nigeria using global solar radiation as the only limiting factor of...

Author(s): K. O. Rauff and A.A. Ismail  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Use of artificial neural networks to assess yield projection and average production of eucalyptus stands

Eucalyptus stands growth depends on genotype, age, quality of the local soil and silvicultural treatment. Environmental factors, mainly the water availability to plants throughout the years, temperature and solar radiation are relevant to production capacity. The models used in Brazil to stimulate the future production of forestry stands are those that estimate growth and/or production according to age, basal area and...

Author(s): Aline Edwiges Mazon de Alcântra, Ana Carolina de Albuquerque Santos, Mayra Luiza Marques da Silva, Daniel Henrique Breda Binoti, Carlos Pedro Boechat Soares, José Marinaldo Gleriani and Helio Garcia Leite  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Does zinc uptake relate well with differential zinc efficiency of barley genotypes?

To some extent, differential zinc (Zn) efficiency of cereals, particularly differences between species may be attributed to phytosiderophores (PSs) release and inorganic Zn (Zn2+) uptake; however, the discrepancies within a given species are still under discussion. Moreover, studies on the explanations of differential Zn efficiencies of barleys are limited. That is why using two barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) cultivars...

Author(s): Emin Bülent ERENOĞLU  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of Anacardium occidentale, Ricinus communis and Spirulina sp. on the diets of broiler chickens

The use of antibiotics as a growth promoter was banned because of residues that are left in animal products. Alternatives to antibiotics that promote animal growth and health without leaving residues in food are being sought. An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of a commercial mixture of functional oils and algae (FOA) on growth and gut morphology in broiler chickens. A total of 224 one day-old Cobb male...

Author(s): Patricia Rossi, Lilian Kelly Pereira, Sabrina Endo Takahashi, Paulo Segatto Cella, Patricia Franchi Freitas, Jackeline Dall Agnol de Lima, Pedro Valério Dutra de Moraes and Guilherme Cesar Trindade de Freitas  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Launching a Startup Business in the Agribusiness Market: The Process of becoming a Successful Entrepreneur

Last December 2017, Prof. Marisa del Pozo Lite (Complutense University of Madrid) was invited to give a session as member of the International Advisory Board of CEIBS-Africa to a group of 40 African Business Women in the Agribusiness Market – as part of the Alumni Reunion Agenda of CEIBS-Africa Program held at Harvard University in 2017. Getting a venture underway in the agribusiness market is often easier...

Author(s): Maria Luisa del Pozo Lite

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of soil compaction on aerial and root growth of Erythrina velutina Willd.

Compaction can be a triggering factor for a process of soil degradation and formation of degraded areas. Understanding plant development in soils compacted is of fundamental importance, since they allow to identify species able to resist the limiting condition of the compaction, being able to be indicated to recover degraded areas that have compacted soils as limiting factor. The objective of this study was to evaluate...

Author(s): Luan Henrique Barbosa de Araújo, Gualter Guenter Costa da Silva, Camila Costa da Nóbrega and Ermelinda Maria Mota Oliveira  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Application of cow manure and inorganic fertilizer in one season and carryover of effects in sesame on tropical ferruginous soils

The aim of this research was to find whether Sesamum radiatum growth requires cow manure and nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium (NPK) fertilizers. We examined the survey vegetable over two growing seasons on ferruginous soil: from June to December in 2009 (Season 1) and 2010 (Season 2). We used cow manure (0, 20, 30 and 40 t.ha-1) and NPK 10:10:20 (0, 50, 100 and 150 kg.ha-1) during season 1 and no amendments during season 2...

Author(s): D. R. A. Sanya, and  L. G. Amadji,  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Impact of companion cropping on incidence and severity of maize ear rots and mycotoxins in Western Kenya

Mycotoxins are harmful to health and mainly arise from ear rots, affecting maize in the field. This work analysed the effect of the cropping system on ear rot and final effect on mycotoxins from four sub-counties (districts) of western Kenya, Butere, Kisumu, Siaya and Vihiga, where plots comprising maize planted either as pure stand or in mixture with legumes, predominantly common bean treated as “Maize...

Author(s): Maxwell J. Owuor, , Charles A. O. Midega, Meshack Obonyo and Zeyaur R. Khan  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Control of broadleave and grass weeds in Saccharum officinarum with the use of pre-emergence herbicides

In order to identify combinations of effective preemergent herbicides for weeds in sugarcane, an experiment was conducted at the Agricultural School of Concepción; Concepción, Paraguay. The experimental model was subdivided plots, with two factors: A1 without herbicide for broadleaf weeds, A2 diuron (dose 3 t ha-1), A3 atrazine (dose 4 kg ha-1), A4 sulfentrazone (dose 1.2 t ha-1) and B1 without herbicide...

Author(s): Amilcar Isidro Servín Niz, Carlos Alberto Mongelós Barrios, Modesto Osmar Da Silva Oviedo, Miguel Angel Florentín Rolón, Oscar Luis Caballero Casuriaga, Florencio David Valdez Ocampo and Javier Ismael Benítez Vergara  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Distribution of rainwater by species of caatinga vegetation

This study aimed to estimate the redistribution of rainfall in a Caatinga vegetation fragment of about 50 years in fallow system, in late stage of regeneration. To quantify the throughfall, rainfall collectors were installed in six individuals of the species Croton blanchetianus, Mimosa tenuiflora, Cnidoscolus quercifolius, Aspidosperma pyrifolium and Poincianella bracteosa, totaling 30 rainfall collectors. For the...

Author(s): Ane Cristine Fortes da Silva, Jacob Silva Souto, José Augusto da Silva Santana, Patricia Carneiro Souto and José Adeilson Medeiros do Nascimento  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Comparison of Grafting Techniques and their Effects on some Growth Parameters of Ten Elite Cocoa Clones (Theobroma cacao L.)

Cocoa productivity in Côte d’Ivoire has been on a downward trend for the last decades due to many factors key among them being the non-availability of quality planting materials. However, some elite clones developed in the country are available and need to be adopted by farmers. This study was conducted in Soubré, Côte d’Ivoire to evaluate the grafting techniques (top grafting and budding)...

Author(s): Kouassi Koffi Daouda, N’Zi Jean-Claude, Kahia Jane, Diby Lucien, Kouassi Jean-Luc, Bene Kouadio and Kouamé Christophe  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Gas exchange and chlorophyll content in tomato grown under different organic fertilizers and biofertilizer doses

The correct management of organic fertilization has been shown as an extremely viable alternative in the production of vegetables, providing high yields concomitant to the reduction of synthetic fertilizers. The improvement of the production can be interpreted by the physiological behavior, favored by the organic fertilization with the supply of nutrients. Thus, an experiment was carried out to evaluate the gas exchange...

Author(s): Jackson de Mesquita Alves, Alex Serafim de Lima, Evandro Franklin de Mesquita, Sebastião de Oliveira Maia Júnior, Rosinaldo de Sousa Ferreira, Francisca Lacerda da Silva and Jessica da Mota Santos  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Mechanical harvest methods efficiency and its impacts on quality of narrow row cotton

The large scale cultivation of cotton in the Cerrado areas was made possible by large investments in technology, particularly in mechanized harvesting, which makes the business viable. However, the use of harvesters causes qualitative and quantitative losses to the final product, reducing the profitability of production. This study aimed to evaluate the fiber characteristics of narrow row cotton using harvesting Pro-12...

Author(s): Nayra Fernandes Aguero, Renildo Luiz Mion, Cíntia Michele Baraviera, Myllena Teixeira Martins, William Lima Crisostomo and Carlos Alberto Viliotti  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Nutritive value and degradability “in situ” of dry matter elephant grass silages with addition of babassu meal

The goal of this study was to evaluate the nutritive value and the in situ degradability of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum) silages with addition of babassu meal (BaM). PVC silos with 0.25 m in diameter and 0.75 m in height were used. It was done by adopting a compression of 550 kg/m3 in a completely randomized design with five repetitions. It was found that increasing linear effect (P< 0.05) on the...

Author(s): Ricardo Alves de Araújo, Rosane Cláudia Rodrigues, Clésio dos Santos Costa, Francisco Naysson Sousa Santos, Carlos Magno Lima Galvão, Francivaldo Oliveira Costa, Ivone Rodrigues da Silva and Sanayra da Silva Mendes    

October 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antiviral effect of the seaweed Osmundaria obtusiloba against the Zika virus

Zika virus (ZIKV), a mosquito-borne member of the family Flaviviridae, is a human pathogen of global significance. Recently, ZIKV, has become a public health problem with increases in numbers of cases and a strong association between ZIKV outbreaks and the spread of cases of Guillain-Barré Syndrome and microcephaly. In this study, the extracts of the seaweed Osmundaria obtusiloba (O. obtusiloba) (native to the...

Author(s): Claudio Cesar Cirne-Santos, Caroline de Souza Barros, , Caio Cesar Richter Nogueira, Leonardo dos Santos Corrêa Amorim, Renata de Mendonça Campos, Norman Arthur Ratcliffe, Valeria Laneuville Teixeira, Davis Fernandes Ferreira and Izabel Christina Nunes de Palmer Paixão  

October 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Malaria parasite clearance rate of crude methanol extract of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta in mice infected with chloroquine sensitive strain of Plasmodium berghei

This study aims to determine the malaria parasite clearance rate of crude methanol extract of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta in mice infected with chloroquine sensitive strain of Plasmodium berghei. P. berghei was injected in mice and left for 3 days for establishment. Blood sample collected and diluted with phosphate buffer saline was used for infection. Five (5) groups of animals (mice) were used in this study each...

Author(s): Eze, Chinelo C., Attama, Anthony A., Ibezim, Emmanuel C., Berebon, Dinebari P. and Agbo, Martina C.

October 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Chemical composition, oviposition deterrent and larvicidal activities of the wood extracts of Tabebuia avellanedae from the Cerrado of Brazil

Tabebuia avellanedae is an important timber source belonging to the family of Bignoniaceae. The latter is known for its richness in terms of variety of bioactive chemical constituents, and it has been used in folk medicine for treatment of various diseases. The aim of this work was to investigate the chemical composition, oviposition deterrent and larvicidal activities of the wood extracts of T. avellanedae from the...

Author(s): Jaqueline Cibene Moreira Borges, Eder Alves Pereira e Silva, Tarcísio Castro Alves de Barros, Ilsamar Mendes Soares, Sérgio Donizeti Ascêncio, Rodrigo Ribeiro Fidelis and Raimundo Wagner de Souza Aguiar  

October 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Physician prescription practice of antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infection at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre Moshi, Tanzania

Upper respiratory tract infection occurs commonly in both children and adults and is a major cause of morbidity worldwide. Inappropriate antibiotic prescription for upper respiratory tract infections is associated with increasing antibiotic resistance, healthcare costs, adverse events, and poor patient outcomes. The objective of this study was to determine physician prescription practices of antibiotics for upper...

Author(s): Aisha Mavura, Geofrey N Sigalla, Florida Muro, Rosemary Malya,, Petro P. Nambunga, Noel Sam and Debora C. Kajeguka  

October 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Simple bioanalytical method development and validation of micronised Domperidone 20 mg tablets using LCMS-MS and its pharmacokinetic application in Healthy Indian Volunteers

The current investigation deals with an validated Liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analytical method for the quantification of micronised domperidone in plasma of human volunteers. The validation of LC-MS/MS method was accomplished by evaluating the inter-day and intra-day precision and accuracy in a linear concentration range of 3.33-100 ng/ml. The entire study was an attempt...

Author(s): Mohi Iqbal Mohammed Abdul, Sabahuddin Siddique, Syed Ata Ur Rahman, Durdana Lateef, Shubhasis Dan and Anirbandeep Bose  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
A review of the evaluation of irrigation practice in Nigeria: Past, present and future prospects

Irrigation practice across the world is vital to successful green revolution all year round to achieving sustainable development goals in food security, socio-economic and rural development. However, irrigation practice in Nigeria has not achieved the set goals despite the huge investment involved. Moreover, the level of investment and abundant water resources ought to have expedited the goals of food self-sufficiency...

Author(s): Bashir Adelodun and Kyung-Sook Choi  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Corynespora leaf fall of Hevea brasilensis: Challenges and prospect

Hevea brasiliensis is the major source of natural rubber. Natural rubber being a unique biopolymer of strategic importance needs to be continuously well managed and protected against biotic damages. Many rubber producing countries include South East Asia, Africa and Latin America among others. Corynespora leaf fall caused by Corynespora cassiicola is currently considered as the most destructive leaf disease of Hevea...

Author(s): Umoh Florence and Fashoranti Ebenezer L.  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Occurrence of plant bacterial diseases in Jordan

Different studies were done in order to investigate the occurrence of bacterial diseases on different crops grown in Jordan during different growing seasons. Surveys were made and different bacterial diseases have been recorded based on symptoms and pathogenic nature. Morphological characters, biochemical tests and PCR detections were employed in order to detect and identify the causal agents of different inspected...

Author(s): Hamed Khlaif, Ibtihal Abu-Obeid and Bilal Werikat

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Management of Dinoderus porcellus L. (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) infesting yam chips using varietal resistance and botanical powders of three medicinal plants

In Benin, stored yam chips are severely attacked by Dinoderus porcellus Lesne which causes important losses. The use of medicinal plants combined with the insect-resistant yam chips can be an efficient alternative of chemical insecticides for yam chips protection. This study aims to evaluate an integrated pest management of D. porcellus using combined effects of resistant yam chips (Boniwouré, Gaboubaba,...

Author(s): Loko Yêyinou Laura Estelle, Gnaho Annick Christelle, Toffa Joelle, Orobiyi Azize, Dansi Alexandre and Tamò Manuele  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
The Production and prediction of major chinese agricultural fruits using an econometric analysis and machine learning technique

This paper investigates and explores the relationship between agricultural gross domestic product (AGDP) and major fruit output: apple, citrus, pears, grapes and bananas in China. The ordinary least square (OLS) method and the augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) test were used to analyze the data, and the Johansen co-integration test was used to interpret the results. The machine learning technique was used to examine and to...

Author(s): Abdul Rehman, Zhang Deyuan and Luan Jingdong  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Prevalence, cultural and pathogenic characterization of Zymoseptoria tritici, agent of wheat septoria leaf blotch, in Algeria

Wheat is the 2nd most important culture in the world.  Septoria leaf blotch is one of the most important wheat diseases. It is caused by Mycosphaerella graminicola (an: Zymoseptoria tritici). The aim of this study is to evaluate the presence and the importance of this disease in Algeria. A collection of 625 isolates was made through the years (2010, 2011, and 2013). Isolates were collected from the Algerian zones...

Author(s): Wahiba HARRAT, and Zouaoui BOUZNAD  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Sandy soil fertility restoration and crops yields after conversion of long term Acacia senegal planted fallows in North Cameroon

Tree planted fallow is an agroforestry system that may restore degraded soils and protect them from erosion. In this study, sandy soils properties of Acacia senegal planted fallows (AF) were assessed and compared to those from the continuous cropped system (CC) in 3 sites from Northern Cameroon in order to determine its suitability to restore soil fertility and sustain crop productivity. Soil samples were collected from...

Author(s): Simon Djakba Basga, Oumarou Palou Madi, Jules Balna, Fanta Chimène Abib, Désiré Tsozué and Aboubakar Njiemoun  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Intra- and inter-specific interference between slender amaranth and red pepper

Competition interferes with the growth and development of plants, whether of the same species or not. The aim of this work is to evaluate the intra-specific interference of slender amaranth plants (Amaranthus viridis) at different densities and distances, and in an inter-specific interaction with red pepper (Capsicum baccatum var. pendulum). The experiment was conducted in four replications and in a randomized complete...

Author(s): Izabela Orzari, Matheus Falcai Barbasso, Bruno Vinícius Rodrigues Silva, Isa Marcela Rodrigues Furlini Braga and Pedro Luis da Costa Aguiar Alves  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Pasture quality of Panicum maximum cv. Tanzania subjected to different rest periods for milk production

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of two defoliation intervals on the morphological characteristics of the experimental group. Chemical composition characteristics of a Tanzania grass pasture (Panicum maximum) and the performance of crossbred cows on intermittent grazing were examined. The digestibility of the dry matter, the digestibility of the organic matter fibrous, the voluntary dry matter...

Author(s): Alberto Chambela Neto, José Fernando Coelho da Silva, Bruno Borges Deminicis, Ismail Ramalho Haddade, Gustavo Haddad Souza Vieira, Leonardo Barros Dobbss and Thiago Lopes Rosado  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Coffee growers’ local knowledge on shade tree species in Adola Rede District, Guji Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Farmers have a detailed local knowledge about different tree species which are either retained or planted on their farms. Thus, it is possible to learn from farmers’ observations to enhance understanding of local agro-ecological knowledge. This study aimed to investigate coffee growers’ local knowledge on shade tree species. The study was conducted at Adola Rede District, in Guji Zone, Southern Ethiopia. To...

Author(s): Aschalew Emire and Zebene Asfaw  

October 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Comparative survey of three processes used for the extraction of total phenol content and total flavonoid content of Anacardium occidentale L. and the assessment of its antioxidant activity

Three processes were used for the extraction of total phenol and total flavonoid contents of Anacardium occidentale L. and to determine its antioxidant activity. Whatever the extraction process was, the total flavonoid and total phenol contents were of the same order. With the microwave-assisted extraction (MAE), 666.07 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/100 g dry matter (DM) of total phenol content was obtained from the...

Author(s): MADJITOLOUM BETOLOUM Salomon, TALLA Emmanuel, NYEMB Jean Noël, NGASSOUM Martin Benoît, TSATSOP TSAGUE Roli Karole and MAHMOUT Yaya  

October 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Resveratrol inhibits cell viability and proliferation via apoptotic pathways in ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is the most common female malignancy and the main cause of death from gynecological malignancies. Resveratrol (3,4,5 tri-hydroxystilbene) is a phytoalexin and a polyphenolic compound present in human dietary material such as peanuts, mulberries, grapes and red wine. We demonstrated that resveratrol depressed the proliferation of HO8910PM cells in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner in vitro (P <...

Author(s): YAO Jing-ping, XU Fei, LI Rong, LI Meng and QU Jun-wei  

September 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Temperature effects on cooked food in the tropics: A case study of local soups in Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria

This study examined the effects of temperature on cooked food in Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria. It utilized the survey research design. Primary data about cooked food conditions between hours of reheating were generated from women in the area using copies of checklist. Temperature data were collected for a period of one year from Department of Geography and Regional Planning, Delta State University, Abraka. The data were...

Author(s): Nwagbara M. O., Obisesan A. and Ozabor F.  

September 2018

African Journal of Food Science
A comparative study on stability of different types of coconut (Cocos nucifera) oil against autoxidation and photo-oxidation

This study aimed to compare the stability of five types of coconut (Cocos nucifera) oil available in Sri Lanka. The types of coconut oil studied were coconut pairing oil (CPO), white coconut oil (WCO), refined bleached and deodorized coconut oil (RBDCO), virgin coconut oil (VCO) and coconut oil (CO). Oils were exposed to elevated temperature (60±5°C) in the presence of excess air or oxygen to induce...

Author(s): Subajiny Sivakanthan, Dilini Bopitiya and Terrence Madhujith  

September 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Isolation and identification of probiotic Lactobacillus species from traditional drink kunun-zaki fortified with paddy rice and sweet potatoes

The present study was conducted to determine the probiotic properties of the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from Kunun-zaki processed with different thickeners. Kunun-zaki was processed using 50:50 and 80:20 millet and sorghum. A total of seven isolates that is, Lactobacillus (Lb.) lactis, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus brevis, Lb. acidophilus, Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus delbrueckii and...

Author(s): Victor-Aduloju A. T. , Anyamene C., Ogbu K. N. and Ishiwu C. N.

September 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Proximate composition, physical characteristics and mineral content of fruit, pulp and seeds of Parinari curatellifolia (Maula) from Central Malawi

In this study, proximate composition, physical characteristics and mineral content of fruit, pulp and seeds of Parinari curatellifolia (Maula) fruits from Bunda forests in Central Malawi were determined. Proximate composition included crude protein, crude fat and crude fiber, while physical characteristics included mass, length, thickness of whole fruit and kernels and minerals included potassium, magnesium, manganese,...

Author(s): Lesten Eliez Chisomo Chatepa, Kingsley Masamba and Macdonald Jose  

September 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Clinopodium nubigenum (Kunth) Kuntze essential oil: Chemical composition, antioxidant activity, and antimicrobial test against respiratory pathogens

The essential oil of leaves and flowers of Clinopodium nubigenum (Kunth.) Kuntze (Lamiaceae) collected in the province of Pichincha-Ecuador was steam distilled and analyzed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS) to determine its chemical composition. The majority of the compounds identified were carvacrol acetate (42.1%), carvacrol (20.6%), pulegone (6.3%) and thymol (5.5%). Antioxidant activity was assessed by...

Author(s): Paco Fernando Noriega, Tatiana de Los Ángeles Mosquera, Edison Antonio Osorio, Pablo Guerra and Andrea Fonseca

September 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Anti-inflammatory property of the methanol leaf extract of Parinari kerstingii (ENGL) in rats

The anti-inflammatory effect of the extract of Parinari kerstingii leaves was investigated using egg albumin-induced rat paw oedema, leukocyte mobilization, and acetic acid-induced vascular permeability assay methods. Heat and hypotonicity-induced heamolysis of human red blood cell membrane were also used to assess its membrane stabilizing effect and to determine its inhibitory property on phospholipase A2 activity....

Author(s): Odu Nwamaka Maureen, Tchimene Kenne Michel, Ogugua Victor Nwadiogu, ObongaWilfred, Sunday Patrick Gaza Anze and Nwanguma Bennett Chima  

September 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Phenotypic characterization of the West Africa dwarf goats and the production system in Liberia

Data on characterization of animal genetic resources are valuable in the development of breeding and conservation schemes to ensure their sustainable use. A survey was conducted to collect baseline data on the phenotypic characteristics, production system, traits of economic importance and challenges faced by goat farmers in Liberia. The survey was carried out in the 15 counties of Liberia and covered 1314 animals in...

Author(s): Arthur Bob Karnuah, Richard Osei-Amponsah, Gregory Dunga, Arthur Wennah, Walter T. Wiles and Paul Boettcher  

September 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Production performance evaluation of koekoek chicken under farmer management practice in Tigray region, northern Ethiopia

The objective of the study was to introduce and evaluate production performance of Koekoek chicken under smallholder farmers’ management practice and enhance their household income. This on farm experiment was conducted in eastern and south eastern zone of Tigray region. About 53 food insecure smallholder farmers were selected in collaboration with the experts and village administrators. Eighty seven percent of...

Author(s): Shumuye Belay, Mehari Resom, Haftom Yemane and Haileslassie Amare  

September 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Livestock production system characterization in Arsi Zone, Ethiopia

Despite its vital role in the country’s economic activities, livestock sector was considered as poor investment for development in Ethiopia. But currently, it is being given due attention in government policy planning, especially in the last two growth and transformation plans. Arsi zone is known for its own cattle breed known as “Arsi breed” (one of the six local breeds of the country) and has huge...

Author(s): Tamrat Gebiso  

September 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Poultry manure as a protein supplement in indigenous goat production in Zimbabwe

The abundance of poultry litter in most farms in the sub-Saharan Africa is becoming an environmental problem. The objective of this study is to evaluate the proximate value, in-vitro digestibility of dried poultry manure (DPM) and its subsequent effect on growth, pH, and volatile fatty acid production of indigenous goats in Zimbabwe. Eighteen goats were randomly allocated to two treatment diets: grazing veld grass plus...

Author(s): Washaya S., Tavirimirwa B., Namilonga R., Tembure N. and Kaphuma A.  

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